Glossary of Zen names and terms as used in the Kwan Um School

AIGO (Korean): word for responding to an incomprehensible situation, such as sudden death, or grief, or even surprise. Anuttara Samyak Sambodhi (Sanskrit): "perfect universal samadhi"; the enlightenment experience in which a person becomes a Buddha. Avalokitesvara (Sanskrit): bodhisattva of compassion (see Kwan Seum Bosal). beads: a string of beads resembling a bracelet or necklace, used for counting bows or repetitions of a mantra in various sects of Buddhism. Also known as a "mala." Bhikshu (Sanskrit): a fully ordained monk. Bhikshuni (Sanskrit): a fully ordained nun. Blue Cliff Record (Chinese: Pi-Ye-Lu; Japanese: Hekigan Roku): compiled in 1125 CE, one of the most important collections of kong-ans, still in use today. bodhi (Sanskrit): "awakening"; enlightenment. Bodhidharma (Sanskrit): the first Zen patriarch; he reputedly came to China in 520 CE. and sat for nine years facing a wall at Shao-Lin temple. bodhisattva (Sanskrit): a being whose actions promote unity or harmony; one who vows to postpone one's own enlightenment in order to help all sentient beings realize liberation; one who seeks enlightenment not only for oneself but for others. The bodhisattva ideal is at the heart of Mahayana and Zen Buddhism. bodhisattva teacher: in the Kwan Um School of Zen, one who has met certain training requirements, usually over at least ten years, and has taken sixty-four precepts. bosalnim (Korean): in Korea, a lay woman who helps at a temple Buddha (Sanskrit): an awakened one; refers usually to Siddhartha Gautama (sixth century BCE), historic founder of Buddhism. Buddha-nature: that which all sentient beings share and manifest through their particular form; according to Zen, the Buddha said that all things have Buddha-nature and therefore have the innate potential to become Buddha.

center: the vital energy center of the abdomen; in many Zen traditions it is considered to be the seat of the heart-body-mind. Focusing one's attention on the hara is a technique used in some forms of Zen practice for centering and developing samadhi power. ch'i (Chinese): life force. Chogye order: the major order in Korean Buddhism, formed in 1356 by the unification of the Nine Mountains Schools of Zen. Dae Soen Sa Nim (Korean): title used by Zen Master Seung Sahn's students in referring to him; "great honored Zen Master." In the Korea tradition, all Zen Masters are referred to as "Soen Sa Nim." "Dae" (great) is added to their title when a teacher turns sixty. dharani (Sanskrit): a long, mystical chant supposed to have innate power to induce various kinds of insights or magical powers. dharma (Sanskrit): the way or law; the path; basically, Buddhist teaching, but in a wider sense any teaching or truth. dharma room: in Zen Master Seung Sahn's centers, the meditation/ceremony hall. dharma teacher: in the Kwan Um School of Zen, one who has met certain training requirements, usually over at least four years, and has taken ten precepts. DOL (Korean): shout to cut off discriminative thinking. Dok Sahn, Duk Sahn (780-865 CE) (Korean; Chinese: Te-shan): one of the greatest Zen Masters in history; trained for forty years studying the Diamond Sutra, then was stumped by a simple question from a tea-vending woman and converted to Zen. dukkha (Pali): suffering. enlightenment: awakening. five precepts: the first five lay vows of Buddhism: I vow to abstain from taking life. I vow to abstain from taking things not given. I vow to abstain from lying. I vow to abstain from misconduct done in lust. I vow to abstain from intoxicants, taken to induce heedlessness.

great freedom: freedom from all conceptual understanding and bondage that comes in the wake of enlightenment. great path: the path of liberation towards which a practitioner strives, or the path tread by a

bodhisattva. hapchang (Korean; Japanese: gassho): the gesture of placing the hands palm to palm before the chest to indicate respect, gratitude, and humility. hara (Japanese): see center HIT: the sound of a palm or stick hitting a table or floor; used to cut off discriminative thinking. inka (Korean): "public seal;" certification of a student's completion of, or breakthrough in, kongan practice. interview: a formal, private meeting between a Zen teacher and a student in which kong-ans are used to test and stimulate the student's practice; may also occasion informal questions and instruction. Ji Do Poep Sa Nim (JDPSN) (Korean): "dharma master"; a student who has been authorized to teach kong-an practice and lead retreats. The title is "Ji Do Poep Sa" for teachers who are monks or nuns. Joju (778-897 CE) (Korean; Chinese: Chao Chou; Japanese: Joshu): his Chinese name is from the town in northern China where he lived and taught for the last forty years of his life; one of the most famous Zen Masters in history; prominent during the golden age of Zen in T'ang Dynasty China (618-907 CE). kalpa (Sanskrit): an eon; the time period during which the physical universe is formed and destroyed. An unimaginably long period of time. karma (Sanskrit): "cause and effect," and the continuing process of action and reaction, accounting for the interpenetration of all phenomena. Thus our present thoughts, actions, and situations are the result of what we have done in the past, and our future thoughts, actions, and situations will be the product of what we are doing now. Individual karma results from this process. kasa (Korean): brown piece of cloth worn around the neck or over the shoulders, symbolic of Buddhist vows and precepts. KATZ! (Korean): traditional Zen belly shout; used to cut off discriminative thinking. kensho (Japanese): seeing one's own true nature; an experience of awakening. Kido (Korean): "energy way"; a chanting retreat. kimchee (Korean): spicy pickled cabbage. kong-an (Korean; Japanese: koan): a paradoxical or irrational statement used by Zen teachers to cut through students' thinking and bring them to realization. Kwan Seum Bosal (Korean; Sanskrit: Avalokitesvara; Chinese: Kwan Yin; Korean: Kwan Um; Japanese: Kanzeon): "one who perceives the cries of the world" and responds with compassionate aid; the bodhisattva of compassion.

sarira (Sanskrit): "body". Japan. complete extinction of individual existence. entry into bliss. Ma Jo (709-788 CE) (Korean. patriarch: the founder of a school and his successors in the transmission of its teaching. Buddha's successor in leading the sangha. prajna (Sanskrit): wisdom. roshi (Japanese): "venerable (spiritual) teacher". the community of all practitioners. Lin Chi (d. shanti (patience). and Tibet. . not. sila (restraint or morality). nirvana (Sanskrit): a state of perfect inner stillness and peace. Mahakashyapa (Sanskrit): outstanding student of the Buddha. vigor (energy or effort). small crystals sometimes found among cremated remains of monks. death. Chinese: Ma-tsu): the great patriarch of Chinese Zen during the early T'ang period. and rebirth. a collection of forty-eight traditional kong-an cases composed in 1228 by the monk Mu Mun Ekai (1184-1260). samsara (Sanskrit): the cycle of birth. nothingness. in Korean Zen tradition. Mu Mun Kwan (Korean): "The Gateless Gate". mala: see beads mantra (Sanskrit): sounds or words used in meditation to cut through discriminating thoughts so the mind can become clear. a Zen Master. these are the six paramitas: dana (generosity). founder of the Lin-chi (Rinzai) school of Zen. an intensive retreat of 21 to 90 days. In Mahayana Buddhism. enlightenment. samadhi (Sanskrit): a state of intense concentration. satori (Japanese): the experience of awakening. sangha (Sanskrit): in the Mahayana and Zen traditions. prajna (wisdom). cessation of rebirth. Mahayana (Sanskrit) Buddhism: the Buddhism practiced in northern Asia. and regarded as sacred relics. 866 CE) (Chinese): Chinese Zen Master. usually studied before the Blue Cliff Record. Korea. dhyana (meditation). in Korean Buddhism. moktak (Korean): fish-shaped wooden instrument used as a drum to set the rhythm for chanting.Kyol Che (Korean): "tight dharma". may refer to a family of students under a particular master. one of the two schools still active in Japan. mu (Japanese): nothing. encompasses schools in China. paramita (Sanskrit): virtues or "perfections" of a Buddha.

ten directions: Buddhist cosmological concept. and attached to no particular content. Chinese: Yun Men. zendo (Japanese): "Zen hall. a state of attention that is free from thoughts." dharma room. east. directed to no object. sesshin (Japanese): see Yong Maeng Jong Jin. Participants follow a schedule of bowing. southwest. northwest. including Sri Lanka. Thailand and Burma. All the Zen Centers in the Kwan Um School of Zen are under the spiritual direction of Zen Master Seung Sahn. shikantaza (Japanese): "just sitting". "valorous or intrepid concentration. southeast." paraphrased "to leap like a tiger while sitting. and each offers regular practice and periodic retreats." In the west it is a short silent retreat of two to seven days involving thirteen hours of formal meditation practice a day. Soen Sa Nim (Korean): "honored Zen teacher. and working. During the retreat each participant has interviews with a Zen Master or Ji Do Poep Sa Nim. perceptions. . Zen Center: meditation communities which may include a residence. south. northeast. impulses." a Zen Master. one who has met certain training requirements. north. sitting. transmission: formal handing over of the lineage succession from teacher to student. Sunim (Korean): Honorific used in addressing or referring to a monk or nun. TOK: the sound of the moktak. Shakyamuni Buddha (Sanskrit): "sage of the Shakya clan. west.senior dharma teacher: in the Kwan Um School of Zen. Theravada (Sanskrit): the southern school of Buddhism. with an emphasis on sitting meditation. sutra (Sanskrit): Buddhist scriptures. up. Chinese: Ch'an. down. and has taken sixteen precepts." the historical Buddha. zafu (Japanese): a round meditation cushion. What one receives when one becomes a Zen Master Un Mun (Korean. Japanese: Ummon): Zen Master during the golden age of Zen in T'ang Dynasty China (618-907 CE). consisting of discourses by the Buddha and his disciples. Korean: Son. feelings. meditation hall. usually over at least nine years. chanting. Sanskrit: Dhyana): meditation practice. skandhas (Sanskrit): the five aggregates which make up human existence: form. eating. Zen (Japanese. consciousness. Yong Maeng Jong Jin (Korean): literally.

| Glossary No. Common and easy way of sitting. 4. and attain freedom through this process. Dependent Origination [paticcasamuppada (P). | Glossary No. and the teaching of it. nirvana (Skt). http://perso. norm (law) (of existential forms). Buddha (Skt P) butsu (J). Dharma (Skt). pratityasamutpada (Skt). Doän The person in charge of the zendo. Daruma (J) Bodhidharma (Skt) The first patriarch of Zen in China. Awakened One. The insight (awakening) into this law and unconditioned peace [nibbana (P). engi (J)] The truth or law that all phenomena are dependently originated upon causes and conditions. control the relationship. | Glossary No. twenty eighth after the Buddha Gotama (P) or Gautama (Skt). The total mastery and maturity of this law made Gotama Buddha. 1. 5.Zen Glossary Agura No. Glossary sounding signals. pulling in both feet under both thighs. . 2. 3. One can rely on this truth.wanadoo. ho (J) Forms (of existence).prestreau/dicozen Entries and other foreign words are Japanese (J) unless otherwise noted as Chinese (C). Chukai[-sho] One bell sound signalling the end of sitting. Furyumonji No building or relying upon letters (conceptual constructs). utilize this law. leading sutra recitation. thus phenomena are interrelated and relative in nature. etc. Sanskrit (Skt) or Pali (P). dhamma (P). Gassho (J) anjali (Skt) Folding hands expressing total unity and complete harmony of the self and others. Byojoshin (kore do) Even and constant mind (is itself the [awakened] way). nehan (J)] comprise two elements of buddhahood.

Kun-an (C) Universal truth. leading sutra recitation. sounding signals. Kesa (J). Keisaku or kyosaku Wakening device. Isshu Folding hands at walking and standing.Hakama Meditation skirt. etc. In later tradition. Kaijo [-sho] One (bell) sound. Kinhin (J) cankama (P) cankrama (Skt) Walking meditation.In Rinzai tradition the left hand covers the right hand.. This is also called shashu. dharma-dhatu-samadhi-mudra (Skt) Dharma realm concentration seal which shows one’s perfect unity with the universal truth (realm). warding off sleepiness. Kekkafuza (J) paryanka (Skt) Full cross-legged or full lotus position. kasaya or kasava (P) Monk’s robe. Jikijitsu The person in charge of the zendo. etc. Kensho jobutsu Seeing the nature and becoming buddha. Hokkaijoin (J). usually meant the universal theme(s) taken from . Igi-soku-buppo Dignified forms (deportments) are themselves buddha (awakened) dharmas (forms). signalling the end of sitting. Koän (J). Jikishi-ninshin Directly pointing to the human mind. in the Rinzai tradition. (literally. decayed colored [robe]). kasaya (Skt). Hankafuza Half cross-legged or half lotus position.

Seiza Formal sitting posture.e. nirvana (Skt) Unconditioned peace. levitation.. asking) Mushin No superfluous thought. such as apparition. The master tests how well the disciple understand and lives it. (literally. or master. deriving from Obaku (Huan-po). given by the master to the disciple for the latter’s study and realization. It stresses satori (enlightenment) through koän practice. realization beyond conceptual learning. Psychological abnormality. Awakening and awakened life based on it. bowing with gassho. illusion. Makyo Devil’s realm. Monjin Greeting. Satori Enlightenment and insight into the existential truth. (literally. Rakusu The simplest kesa with five cloth strips. no mental fabrication. nibbana (P). Roshi Reverend teacher. Mushotoku No grasping.deeds and words of the masters. Kyoge-betsuden Transmission outside scriptures. a nautical term describing the calm following a storm). Rinzaishu One of the three living zen traditions. etc. sitting on the lower legs. Sesshin . Obakushu One of the three living zen traditions. Samu Manual works at zendo or zen monastery. Nehan (J). possession (defilement). i.

where the center of gravity and life lies.) (literally.Intensive extended sitting (usually one week starting each day at 4 or 5 a.m. ritual.m. Susokukan Breath counting meditation. Zabuton .” unique zen position. negating “Soto Sect” or “Zen School. Unyo (J). the awakened way. embracing or [directly] touching the mind). such as recitation. essence of zazen. Dogen later identified as the founder of Japanese Soto repudiated any sectarianism. (literally. prayer. Teisho Presentation of the gist of the teaching. Sutra (Skt). Sotoshu One of the three living zen traditions.” and admitted only one Awakened Way. Tan Allotted seat on the platform (sho) for zazen. Sokkon-tosho “Now-here. sutta (P) Short sentences or aphorisms which facilitate easier memory of the essential tenet of teaching. etc. It stresses shikantaza and igisokubuppo. no enlightenment) and no other accessory means thereto. Shijo Staying at stillness (zazen) Shijin totsuraku [-datsuraku] Dropping off the body/mind or freedom from/of the body and mind. auspicious) circumbulation to express reverence to a person or a tower depositing the person’s remains. and going until 9 p. Shikan-taza Pure (unconditioned) sitting at absolute here and now in total awakening and full functioning with no special (limited) ends (no possession. suture). Tanden Three inches below the navel. pradaksna (Skt) Right (clockwise. showing one’s right side always to the person or the object. padakkina (P).

Zafu Round pillow for >Zen practice > glossary A Zen Glossary No. dhyana (Skt) Zen is from chan (C) the transliteration of jhana or jhan (Prakrit). not the so-called meditation using concepts or other kinds of symbols. (Formerly called futon. total unconditioned mediation. Zendo Zazen hall.missourizencenter. however. Source: www. (literally. senior of five years standing. It is concretely shikantaza.loose cross legged sitting position ( not full or half-lotus ) angyo . Za-zen Upright sitting with no mental fabrication. cessation of all physical and mental fabrications. It is. Zen (J). sitting meditation).Amitabha Buddha ango .Amitabha Buddha Amida kyo .Arhat .Sitting mattress. not only in sitting but also in standing.master or teacher. probably shortened form for za [sitting]futon). San-zen (entering zen) is zazen. following) meditation. It is unconditioned meditation.'going on foot' Zen pilgrimage Anja .Assistant to Abbot's personal : Jiisha Arakan . Zazen is shikin-totsuraku. Amida Butsu . honorific title. Acalanatha . Zen-ji Zen teacher or master. 2. moving.Sukhavati vyuha (Skt) one of the three important -scriptures of the Pure Land School Amida Nyorai . or lying down. jhana (P).90 to 100 day summer training period for monks angura .see Fufo myo o ajari . meaning meditation. Zuisokukan Breath watching (literally.

Buddhism Buppo .Asgura .monk Bikuni .the Hindu god Brahma.Asura.see Kegon kyo banka .Lecture Hall bessu . . Bommo kyo =Brahamajala (Skt.Buddha .Buddha wisdom Bodaidaruma .the first stage of zen training bonpu nu joshijki .Buddha nature Bushido .see Dainich Nyorai-Vairochana Bodhisattva the-'All Illuminating One' Bo .Buddha nature-one's own true nature Butasuda . sign of correct transmission bussho .Kannon with a fierce face and horse's head in-the crown Batto .'Way of the Warrior' or Samurai bushin in .cleaning monastery after evening sutra recitation Bato Kannon .large bronze bell outside the dojo (not in town temples) Bonten .ordinary consciousness bonsho .Priest.Sutra containing the 10 main and 48 lesser precepts of the Mahayana = "Sutra of Brahma's Net" Bompu Zen .nun Birushana/Birushanofu .intrinsic wisdom.) .Bodhidarma bodai shin = bodhicitta (Skt. .sitting in meditation for its physical advantages.) .Bodhisattva bosatsu kai .) . the lowest of the four dhyana-heavens Bosatsu .the inherently enlightened heart mind.evening sutra recitation banka zoji .Bodhisattva precepts Bukkyo .Bodhi-mind .Buddha mind seal. or residence of priest bodai (=Bodhi Skt.white ceremonial footwear for Soto ceremony Biko . 'Titans' Avatanasaka Sutra .

tea chado . with a figure of Buddha or Bodhisattva.the Eye of the Buddha Butsudo .Tea House Chidoron . founded by Dogen.. Buddhahood dai. Dharmkaya.Butsu . discourses on the-Great Wisdom Scriptures dai fushi .undivided world of sameness and intuition cha .. rest period between periods of practice Cosmic Buddha .Buddhist alter shrine.the Middle Way chukai .one of the dragon kings. also another term for the Eternal.the officers under the Abbot in charge of running the -temple choka . former name of Eiheiji temple.Buddha butsudan . a small model of which most Japanese Buddhists have at home.the Buddha Way butzuzo .'taking off the robes'.'view of sameness'..see Daichidoron chi e .'great liberation'. Daichidoron . all things are identical in their-Buddha nature byodo no sekai .insight from meditation Chiji . .Buddha image byodo kan .'great inflexible resolve' dai gedsatsu . a tablet with the names of family dead.the Tea Ceremony Chaseki ..Buddha Hall enshrining the main religious image of a Zen temple Butsugen .the Mahaprajnaparamita Shastra.see Dainichi Nyori. deities who bring rain and protect the dharma Butsuden . Daibutsuji .morning recitation of sutras chudo .'the way of tea' Chanoyu . offerings of food and flowers are made in memory of the dead and Sutras are chanted before it.Great Buddha Temple. enlightenment . Butsudanda Ryo o .great.Tea House Chashitsu .

'the Dharma succession'. usually depicted smiling and carrying bags full of rice Dainichi Nyorai . main temples of a school daiji .large bell to announce service Densuryo . wrote Shobogenzo dojo .office in charge of the Buddha Hall Dento roku . honorific title of Zen Master daisan .rules/precepts of Mahayana Buddhists daikensho .the Littany of the Great Compassionate One.'handing on the robe'.interview with Zen instuctor daishi .founder of Soto Zen in Japan.dharma den .the Cosmic Buddha Vairocana.Mahayana Buddhism daijo kai .a 'great opening' leaving no doubt Daikoku ten = Mahakala (Skt. a -scripture addressed to Kanzeon Bosatsu dai hon zan .daigo tettei .) .'Transmission of the Lamp' Dera . the Zen lineage of Masters datsuma or ho .Kitchen guardian representing gratitude and abundance.temple Do .person who hits bells and gongs in temple Dogen [1200 1253] .great head temple.altar attendant densho .'great death' of the ego leading to enlightenment Daishi .'great master'-posthumous title Daruma .meditation centre/room .compassion.hall. Daiosho . = dharma succession Denko roku . temple building den'e or denne or den I . loving kindness towards all living beings Daijo . = Dharma Doan .'great priest'. the All Illuminating One.the Way.Bodhidharma : first Chinese Zen Patriarch Daruma sojo .complete enlightenment Daihishin Dharani .'Transmission of Light' by Japanese Zen Master Keizan Jikin 1268 1325 Dennan .

chant 'the line of sucession' Emma samma or Emma o . the perfect harmony of the three truths kutai .'sitting still'.Dogen's Zazen rules."the Tao Teh Ching" . hatred and delusion Fugen .the Lord of the Dead.satori wisdom egen .actual perceptible forms of all existence chutai . manifest for example in the blossoming of flowers or the speech of humans ketai .Samantabhadra Bodhisattva of Awakening. "Rules for meditation" fukatoku .the concept of the indivisibility of living beings from their environment enza .the circle.self enlightened Pratyekabuddha Enjudo .Dokkaku .leader or master Doto kyo .the Middle way.the nonsubstantial nature of all phenomena.the 7 kinds of rags used for making the kesa Fusatsu . the active love aspect of the Eternal Buddha.fundamental unity.self enlightened Pratyekabuddha dokusan .Zendo Doshi . one of the Kings of Light. = zazen Fudo myo o .'The Immovable One'.law of cause and effect .Chinese Taoist book e .Yama raja .'life prolonging room' = infirmary of monastery enji . often depicted on a six tusked elephant Fukanzazengi .interview room Donai . represents the dynamic will to enlightnment which is to be found in the middle of the flames of greed.private. face to face interview with a roshi at set times [ = sanzen in Rinzai tradition ] dokusan shitsu .ungraspable funzoe . non duality esho funi .Eye of Widom eko . holds the Mirror of Karma which reflects good and evil deeds of the deceased Engaku . karma enso .ceremony to renew vows held twice a month ( = uposatha days of Theravada . symbol of true reality en'yu santai .

lying'.Hungry ghost.verse praising the Buddha.gesture ( mudra ) of putting hand together to express respect.'Unborn'.community work fushiryo .'On beyond. sitting.not thinking fushi ogami . together beyond'.complete detatchment gedappuku = kesa gedo zen . trainees sit here if they arrive late for meditation or have a cold gaki . compiled by Lei an Cheng shou in 1204 gaitan .the wrong way.front and back porches.'summer sitting'.quilt filled with cotton wool Futoroku .bow down in worship fusho .the "five degrees of Zen of Master Tozan" goseki . zen done solely to gain powers genjo koan . meditation platform/corridor outside the meditation hall. Zen practice throughout daily life .'walking.a koan that appears naturally in daily life geta . gedatsu . true reality Fusuryo .collected writings of Nichiren Daishonin go un . head teacher in the dojo go i .the five skhandas gya tei gya tei . gratitude ge .'back hall'. section of meditation hall godo .practice. mantra from the Heart Sutra Gyo or Gyoji .head monk (in Soto sect). endless training gyo ju za ge .'traces of enlightenment' in someone not yet perfectly enlightened ( which leaves no trace ! ) Gosho Zenshu .tradition) fushinzama . = gatha Skt. reverence.wooden foot gear geza .the Record of the Lamp.karma godo . = ango go . Preta gassho .office where accounts regarding the Zendo life are kept futon .

holy men Hiparakutsu .half lotus position hannya = Prajna (Skt) .'the other side'. weeks in March and September when people visit Temples and decorate the graves Hijo . Abbot's quarters Hijuri .Mount Hiei."the Blue Cliff Record" collection of koans henro .'white paper'. renewal days.short Japanese poem .'taking up needles and treating with moxa'. the Scripture of Great Wisdom hara .day of birth of the Buddha:April 8th hanka fuza . Harana ..Dharma ho .Heart Sutra.'ten foot square'.cave near Rajagrha where Makakashyo was meditating when Shakyamuni Buddha entered parinirvana hishiryo . etc. hasshodo .haiku .skirt like garment hakushi . Japanese headquarters of Tendai sect Higan .lotus Hekiganroku .pilgrim Hiei Zan . repairing. days reserved for working.Wisdom Hannya Haramita Shingyo .Treasure Hall of temple/monastery . empty state of consciousness which is a precondition for the experience of awakening han .region of body just below the navel haramitsu = paramita (Skt).hanging wooden block struck to announce start of a period of Zazen Hanamatsuri .beyond thinking Ho .'bowing seat' hakama .Dharma successor hasu .5:7:5 syllables haiseki .noble eight-fold path Hassu .Varanasi in India where Shakyamuni Buddha first taught-after his enlightenment hashin kyoji .large wooden fish drum Hodo .

the wheel of the law hosan . one's own True Nature Hotoke .one of the 5 Chinese schools founded by Isan Reiyu Ihai .'Dharma duelling' Hossen .days off hossen .'a thought not arising'.main or root monastery of sect horin .hall of temple where ceremonies and lectures are held Honshi .'Most Excellent Mirror Samadhi' scripture written by Tozan Ryokai.a vow or petition hussu .'dharma gate'.hogen . consciousness free from deluded thoughts Igyo Zen .) .'Law Body' of Buddha. master who confirms trainees transmission Hon'u bussho .'one great affair' the Buddha's appearance in the world ichiji fusetsu .Dharmapada Sutra hokyo .ceremony where trainee is given rank Chief Junior or Shushosho hosshin = Dharmakaya (Skt.mirror Hokyo Zammai . karma .Bliss body of Buddha Hokkekyo .the one great vehicle of the Buddha ichinen fusho .fly whisk.'cause fruit'.Lotus Sutra Hokke kyo Myoho Renge Kyo . a symbol of transmission ichidaiji .True Master.the Eye of Law Hojin = Sambhogakaya (Skt.'not a single word' was said by the Buddha and Patriarchs describing the ultimate reality ichiji kan = wato ichijo . cause and effect.) . one of the Soto Zen founders homon .wooden memorial tablet with name and date of death written on it inga . the teaching of the Buddha Hondo .Buddha hotsugammon .'Buddha nature present from the beginning' honzan .Lotus Sutra Hokku kyo .

e.'cause and effect are one' inka .set of formal bowls for meals or begging bowl jihi .small bowl shaped bell with the cushion beneath it innen .priest constantly with Abbot or a senior who can help. but is not a servant.suffix after name = temple or monastery jihatsu .'one's own power'.body jippo . direct transmission issai shujo . precentor inochi .'direct pointing to the heart' without dualistic thought or action jikko .seal of approval.Inga icharyo . acknowledgement by a Master that a pupil has completed his/her training Inka shomei .head monk in Rinzai sect.unity jakujo .the attainment of Buddhahood in one human lifetime ittai . often the future Abbot Jijo .attendant or assistant chaplain at services (carries incense box) jikijitsu . the goal of training itto .ten dirctions. director of Zendo jikido . i. the whole cosmos jiriki .assistant jiisha jin .karma Ino . endeavouring to attain enlightenment through one's own efforts rather than those of others jisha .'from my soul to your soul'. Zen Master's personal attendant monk .head leader of chanting in ceremonies.complete inner 'stillness [and] peace' ji .'retreat room' of Roshi ishin den shin .'legitimate seal of clearly furnished proof' Inkin .officiant who keeps time during zazen jikishi ninshin .'all sentient beings' isshi injo .life 'integrity' of a given thing Inryo .'one truth'.the training of a Zen student by a single Master issho jobutsu .compassion jiisha .attendant.

poetic expression of wisdom.stage. becoming a lay Buddhist Jukyo .Shin Buddhism Jodo shu . jo .the Ten Ox herding Pictures (analogy for stages of practice/enlightenment) Juichimen Kannon .attendant's office attached to a Zendo jisho .) 788 897CE Zen master famous for Koan 'Mu' ju or juko .the ten stages of developing Buddha wisdom Jukai .samadhi.Pure Land Buddhism Jodo .fourth heaven in the world of form.the ten powers of a Bodhisattva Jushi . protector of women and children.week retreat when lay trainees take/renew precepts Jukai Tokudo .Confucianism juni zuda .Zendo monitor who uses kyosaku Jukai .office quarters of monastery where the business side of the Zendo is conducted joriki .meditaion power Joshu Jushin . ju . the ten stages of the Bodhisattva Jugyo nozu .Chao chou Ts'ung shen (ch. the personification of the world Joju .festival of the attainment of Buddhahood on 8th December.the ten fields of knowledge of a Buddha ju riki.festival when trainees and lay Buddhists take/renew precepts Jukai Sesshin .'self nature'. the saviour of all beings during the time between the death of Shakyamuni and the birth of Maitreya. a Zen ceremony where the Abbot ascends to the high alter to be tested in mondo (questions and answers).Kshitigarbha Bodhisattva of benevolence and mercy.Kannon with eleven faces juji .Jisharyo . Buddha nature Jizo . one of the kessai ceremonies Jodomon .Pure Land teaching Jodo Shinsu .see zuda gyo ju riki .Pure Land sect Jogo ten .eulogy.see Miroku . depicted as a priest with shaven head and robes carrying a begging bowl.lay ordinataion. zazen Jodo . gatha Skt.

'Kaidan stone' tablet at the front of a Zen monastery which says 'meat. 'Flower Garland Sutra'.'opening of silence'.hall where founder's relics are kept kaiseki .Kapilavastu in India kado .'household air' kai . striking wooden block or gong to awaken monks in the morning or to mark the end of a period of sitting meditation Kaimyo .an exclamation with no exact meaning Kegon kyo .buying or drinking alcohol speaking of the shortcomings of others praising oneself and reviling others denying material and spiritual aid to others anger disparaging the Three Treasures .precepts Kaidan .precepts : Zen Buddhists receive the 10 Mahayana precepts at the Jukai ceremony-to refrain from : the taking of life theft unchastity lying selling.the Chief Administrator of a temple kanno doko . posthumous title for temple founder Kaisando . alcohol prohibited' kaigen .Kasyapa disciple of the Buddha 'Katsu' or 'khatz' .'Buddhist precept name' given by a Master on the initiation of a student Kairitsu or Kai .] ) .ordination hall Kaidan seki .way of flowers = ikebana kafu . Dharma and Sangha ) Kaisan .Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva of Compassion Kan shiketsu . believed to be the teachings of Shakyamuni Buddha in the 3 weeks following His enlightenment .( Buddha.a light meal Kanin .Avatamsaka Sutra.'mountain founder'. one attached to the world of appearances Kasho = Makakshyo .Kabira . term for founder of a monastery. experience of awakening or consecration of a statue kaijo .'dry shit stick'. fish. direct and immediate non dualistic communication between Master and student Kannon or Kwannon or Kanzeon ( = Kuan Yin [Ch.'mutual exchange of feeling'.'opening the eye'.

wrote Denkroku. a formulation or story pertaining to the ultimate truth.'seeing into one's true nature' .activity kikai . Ko . robe as symbol of transmission from Master to successor kesa bunko . cannot be solved by logic koh .inner white robe kinhin .incense kokoro .'drink tea'. Zazen yojinki.Confucius koan .full lotus position for sitting meditation kendo .(=kung an Ch.Diamond Sutra .'the way of the sword' martial art kensho . the first day of anga ki .the grief of the heart kolomo or koromo . not as deep as satori kensho godo . a round made by the Master to check rows of practitioners during zazen kesa .Keisaku = Kyosaku Keisan Jokin [1267 1325] . mindful walking Kissako . kalpa Skt.mind = shin kokoro kanashiku . Zen life is not something special separated from daily life ko .full outer robe of a priest or monk.founder of Dai Hon Zen in which kesa is kept kessai . dharma successor of Dogen.Satori awakening kentan .wide sleeved black robe of monk worn under the kesa Kongo kyo . the opening of the-Buddha eye. Kyojukaimon and most of the Soto Zen ceremonials keisu .a long period of time.'Blood Line' unbroken lineage from master to disciple ketsuge .) 'public document' or 'standard'.walking meditation.'looking at the tan'.'sea energy' = tanden kimono .series of ceremonies performed when a trainee achieves rank of Chief Junior (shusosho) ketchimyaku .bowl shaped gong used during chanting kekka fuza .'beginning the summer'.

'special transmission outside the teaching'.discourse on a Zen textbook = teisho ku . void.mani jewels. person administering kyosaku and other duties Kyudo . Bodhidharma's kesa was made of it -kyo .'great monk' kotsu .blossoms. wish fulfilling gems manji .general mental attitude kyuge betsuden .diagram expressing religious view of the universe (= Mandala) mandara .fish shaped drum used to beat rhythm during chanting mokusa or moxa .Kitchen Kuo Butsu .' a thread on which jewels are strung ' kyogai .Kasyapa the disciple of the Buddha makyo . heavenly red flowers mani ju .thick green tea.ninefold prostration Makakashyo .oral teaching during Zazen kutsujum .long wooden stick applied to shoulders to encourage zazen practice.'burn herb' or incense next to the skin causing scars .swastika. whipped to a froth in the Tea Ceremony mayoi . the next Buddha.present era of predicted decline of Buddhism matcha .koso . vacuity Kuin .Sunyata.fantasies or hallucinations experienced during zazen manda ryu o .a roshi's baton or stick about 15" long koza .Dharmagahana Bhyudgata Raja (Skt) : a Buddha mentioned in the Lotus Sutra who taught the understanding of the Absolute kusen .dragon Mandara .Maitreya Bodhissatva. transmission from mind to mind kyosaku or keisaku . ancient symbol of Indian Buddhism mappo .delusion Mikkyo .fine textured cloth resembling cotton.Tantric Buddhism Miroku bosatsu .sutra or teaching.Zen archery kyuhai . emptiness. the Loving One mokugyo .

meditating on the koan Mu Mujinni Bosatsu .mokusho zen .(= wu wei Ch.Manjushri Bodhisattva of Wisdom.actualisation of the supreme way in daily life muku sho .without any goal or profit seeking myo . an enlightened person lives completely natyrally leaving no trace mu .that which exists in its original unconditioned state mushin .) 'non doing' muji .'zen of silent enlightenment' ego mu i . without koans Mon .mystic law Myo ho renge kyo .Lotus Sutra naisan .nirvana.impermanence mujodo no taigen .serene reflection Mumonkan .'without concepts and thoughts'.no heart mushotoku . extinction of desire and delusion Nehan .visiting the roshi secretly for sanzen when special circumstances warrant it namu amida butsu . the wisdom aspect of the Eternal Buddha monshin .15th February nembutsu recitation of the name of Amida Buddha in Jodo sect = 'Namu Amida .day for observing the Death of the Buddha .temple gate mondo .a famous koan muga ."Honour to the Lotus Sutra" mantra nehan .'question and answer' sessions when student asks Master about aspects of Buddhism Monju Bosatsu .famous collection of koans munen/muso ."Homage to Amidhaba Buddha" mantra namu myoho renge kyo . a state of meditative absorption musa .'leaving not trace'.Aksayamati Bodhisattva of devotion mujo Mind .a bow from the waist with the hands in gassho mosshoseki .mystic myo ho .mu practice.

left outside the monastery for several days No or Noh.) jewel capable of removing all suffering nyoihoju .Obaku Zen sect ocha .'occupying the court'.woman priest.Pure Land sect nenge misho . Buddha nature Nyorai zo shin .patchwork robe of monk or a monk who wears the patchwork robe nyoi .experience of the Void or Emptiness oryoki .wooden or jade sceptre carried by celebrant during ceremonies.a Buddhist priest otoki . 'thus gone'. priestess ni sodo .green tea ochazuke .Tathagata.wish fulfilling gem Nyorai .nun Niwa zume .Japanese festival of the equinox ojin .'smiling and twirling a flower' transmission from Shakyamuni Buddha to Mahakashyapa.'Tathagata treasurehoue'.jewel = cintamani (skt. from master to student nenju .Japanese dance drama nosu or noshi .e.) transformation body of Buddha.Butsu' nembutsu shu .(Nirmanakaya Skt. set of bowls for meals and begging Osho .formal thanksgiving to Roshi in Zendo ninkyo funi . Buddha Nyorai zo .tea poured over boiled rice Ohigan .dinner .'mind of Tathagata treasure-house'.formal meals. the mind of human beings is identical to that of the Buddha oba san .'person phenomenon not two' ni oshi .monk or priest Obaku shu . one of the experiences that a novice has to go through before admittance to a monastery. absorption to the point of self forgetfulness Oneness . can be shape of lotus representing the compassion of Kanzeon nyoi . i. oneness.

human beings tenjo .lotus blossom ri .the Three Treasures: Namu kie Butsu Namu kie Ho Namu kie So .hungry ghosts chikusho . marks end of ango. question asked by a student during the Master's teisho Sambo .a series of ten pictures depicting Zen training. less formal kesa robe worn around the neck renge .measure of distance about 1/3 mile rinne . cycle of birth and death in the six realms Rinzai .hell gaki .'wheel of life'.'requesting a work'.abbreviated.Lankaravata Sutra. defender of the Buddhist faith sabetsu no sekai .Ox Herding Pictures .a dragon.arhat (lohan of differentiation and intellectual understanding saiketanden .mountain in India known as Vultures Peak Ryo .devas .see tanden saiza .) humans who have achieved full enlightenment rakusu . gods Rokuso . monks count the number of ro spent in the monastery as a rank of seniority Rohatsu or Rohachi . the Lanka Entering Scripture Ryogon kyo . a 12th Century Chinese priest rakan . titans ningen .beasts shura .'Sixth Patriarch' Hui Neng Roshi .Shurangama Sutra Ryoji or Ryozen .dinner sakugo .day of the Buddha's enlightenment .'venerable teacher' Ryoga kyo or Ryogi kyo . attributed to Kaku an Shi en.8th December Rohatsu Sesshin -Sesshin comemorating the Buddha's enlightenment ending on 8th December rokudo .Zen school ro .six realms of existence: jigoku .asuras .'twelth month'.

dying Senju Kannon . the historical Buddha 'shako' .Shakyamuni Buddha.'entering transformation'. form and no form sange .) samo/samu .the three bodies = trikaya (Skt) Sanso .the Three Refuges San mon .the main gate of a Zen monastery sanshin . whilst still in a mortal body settai .to attain Buddhahood in a single moment. working meditation sampai .feeding the Hungry Ghosts ceremony held twice a year seiza .teacher sesshin .unit of measure just over a foot in length .Japanese sitting posture.'mountain monk' name a Roshi uses to describe himeslf sanzen .the 32 distinguishing marks of a Buddha San Ki Kai .a meditation retreat setsuna jodo . kneeling with the back straight and the buttocks on the heels Sekko .the three evil realms: hell.contrition.'to unify the mind' .giving to pilgrims Shaka Nyorai . Buddhist Cannon Sarei .the three worlds of desire.the Tripitaka.physical work as part of everyday life in monastery.enlightenment experience Segaki .sammyaku smabodai .complete and perfect enlightenment sammai or zammai = samadhi (Skt.Kannon with a thousand arms sensei . sincere repentance sanju ni so .a Zen master Semmon Dojo .interview with teacher Sanzo .'this!': a cry pointing to reality shaku . hungry ghosts and beasts sangai .tea drinking ceremony in a Monastery satori .(triple) prostration with the forehead on the ground and the palms upwards sanakudo .Zen Institute senge .

Shariputra disciple of the Buddha shashu . intuition. meditation using no devices such as breath counting or a koan Shikaryo . see Shiku seigon Shiho . I vow to attain it.'just (nothing but) sitting '. smell. shin .dharma transmission shikantaza . short religious text or word.Pure Land Buddhism shingi .'body and mind dropped away' shin san shiki . hands are joined with the fingers curled on the chest Shigu Seigan .a male Buddhist novice vowed to observe the 10 precepts shamon .mantra.shakujo .the four modes of birth: from womb. Desires are inexhaustible. will.consciousness : realms 1 to 6 are taste.esoteric sect of Buddhism shin jin datsu raku .the Four Vows. soul.concept of indivisible oneness of mind and body shiki soku ze ku.general directing office of a monastery shiki . 'heart'. also used as a suffix shingon .rules of monastic daily life. intellect. I vow to save them. 8 is Alaya vijnana or 'seed' repository shikishin funi .'Phenomena become emptiness.relic of the Buddha or priest Sharihotsu .the Four Vows: Sentient beings are numberless.thinking shisho . moisture or metamorphosis . emptiness becomes phenomena'.'new arrival'. the core sentence of the Heart Sutra shiku seigon . sight. 'true words' Shingon . 7 is Manas (the source of persistent I Awareness). egg. novice awaiting admission to a monastery shiryo . expression of respect similar to a gassho. sound. The Buddha Way is unsurpassable.mind.a novice. monk or priest shari .a Buddhist priest's staff mad from wood and metal shami . True Self. touch. The Dharmas are boundless. I vow to put an end to them. spirit. ku soko ze shiki .Abbot installing ceremony shin to . Buddha Nature Shin Buddhism . I vow to master them.

human shaped form of Kannon.'sentient beings and Buddha are not two (different)' shodo .'birth and death are themselves nirvana' .'all beings are endowed with Buddha nature from the very beginning' shura .the Patriarchs of Zen.'seeing one another'.. school shujo honra hotoke nari .'nature and form are not two' Shoshi .'way of writing'. established in 1191 at Fukuoka by Eisai shoji .tinted paper screens forming the walls of Japanese rooms shoji = samsara (Skt.-shu .) .Japans first Zen Temple.samsara and nirvana are the same shojin ryori .sentient beings shobo . caligraphy Shofuku ji .100 koans shu .Hinayana Buddhism Sho Kannon . 28 in India and 6 in China Shoyo roku . a disciple shoso funi .trainee's hall .book by Zen Master Dogen 'Treasury of the True Dharma Eye' sho Butsu ichi nyo .the four noble truths sho . church.teacher. small tuft of hair left on head which is removed during the ordination ceremony shuryo or sodo .satori.'genuine master' Shoshigata . understanding sho .the realm of birth and death shoji soku nehan .'one who hears'.sect.Zen style vegetarian cuisine Shojo . wisdom. the first period of Buddhism Shobogenzo .shisho .Buddha curl. tutor shi tai .practice . usually protrayed standing and holding a lotus and a vial/vase of water of compassion shoken or shokan . first dokusan between student and master after the student's enlightenment has been recognised shomon ..'Record of Great Serenity' .'the true law'.

usually 3 months.temple or monastery Sodo .short poem.point just below the navel tanga or tanka . religious mendicancy.rice straw mat.'staying in the guest's room'. power of Amitabha Buddha to liberate those who recite his name tatami .Chief Junior trainee selected by Abbot to lead trainees for 100 days So .manifesting one's Buddha Nature Sonja .monk's dormitory in a Zen monastery Sojo .'holding the bowl'.wooden platform about 3 ft high around zendo where trainees sit. begging for food and alms Tamo .overnight stay of wandering monk in a monastery tang zume .) Sotoba .'power of others'.Stupa taiko .head of the tan tariki .) = hara (skt) . compiled extracts from the Shobgenzo Shushosho . eat and sleep tanden = saietanden = Dantien (ch.Sangha sodo or semmen dojo or zendo .Sangha Sodan .pickled raddish takushatsu .residential sub temple of a Zen Monastery .listening to roshi's lectures as a group Soto .Shuso . trial period for a monk requesting acceptance into a monastery tanka .title meaning 'Great Ancestor' takuan ."What is truly meant by Training and Enlightenment". 5:7:5:7:7 syllables tan to . about 6ft x 3ft Tatchu .head monk or head of designated training period.honorific title of an Indian Zen Patriarch sosan .senior member of the priesthood who has undergone at least 5 years training taiso .Buddhist High Priest sokoshin jobutsu .Buddhist Priest So . ensures that the rules of the dojo are followed Shusogi .Bodhidharma tan .Zen sect (ts'ao tung Ch.

Bodhisattva or Patriarch wato .Deva .clear penetrating vision.(T'ien t'ai Ch.(hua t'ou Ch.'circular kesa' simplified kesa worn by lay ordained trainees Yakuseki . caligraphy or painting tokudo .'authorised transmission' Ten . 'cloud plate' usa .distinctive gateway to a Shinto Temple Tosotsuten .evening meal.senior priest on night duty in training temple tennitsu .Buddhist swastika symbol Torii . heaven Tendai .monk ordination ceremony: 'leaving home' tomoe .bronze board gong with cloud design used to call monks to meals.Cakraarti Raja (Skt) .Wheel Turning King Tenzo .'song of praise' to Buddha.temple Toba . beyond normal human vision tenkien .word or phrase from a koan Wegasa . hence phenomena in the natural and human worlds unsui .) . taken as 'medicine' .one of 6 worlds.cook in monastery Tera . the fourth heaven of Buddhist mythology Tosu .) Buddhist sect Ten doku .Stupa tokonoma .'cloud robe' = unsui unpan .Lavatory of a Zen Monastery uji .'Dharma talks'. 'god' Ten .that which is removed from its native state by conditioning.'cloud water': a novice wasan . beyond normal human hearing Tenrinno .clear penetrating hearing. time unno .'read revolving' recitation of long sutras with each monk reading the beginning and end of a volume tengetsu .alcove in Tea House with a work of art. flow.existence.teisho .Tushita Heaven. lecture tekiden . Deva realm.

some monks undertake begging tours Oct 5th : memorial day to Bodhidharma (Daruma) .square sitting mat zafu .''Spotless Reputation' a highly enlightened layman living at the time of the Buddha Yuimakyo . some monks undertake begging tours Apr 8th : birth of the Buddha .Vimalakirti Sutra consisting of the discourses of Vimalakirti zabutan .Zen meditation zazenkai .twelvefold practice of a Hinayana monk Zen observance days : Jan 1st : New Year-three days rest and reading sutras Feb 15th : death of the Buddha . one day gatehring Zempanryo .Zen priest zuda or Zudo gyo .Yakushi Nyorai .Rohatsu Dec 21st : winter solstice-party These notes were compiled from various sources (the books of D T Suzuki.monks and laity purchase Daruma dolls and the monks honour the sage with special chanting Oct 15th : monks change robes ( no special ceremony ) Dec 8th : enlightenment day of Buddha .offering food to of persons practising zazen.Vimalakirti (Skt. bowing mat zaniku . male and female.blanket about 1 metre square zazen .quarters reserved for Roshi zenbyo .Hanamatsuri Jun 21st : summer solstice Jul 1st : monks change robes ( no special ceremony ) Jul 15th to Aug 15th : Obon . especially on Aug 15th Sept 20th to 26th : equinox called Higan.'Book of rules for Zen Monasteries' by Chinese Master Tsu Chiao in 1101 Zenji . .zazen done after 9pm (the usual bedtime in a Zen monastery) yo in . e.kapok filled cushion used in zazen zaku or zagu .'Zen Teacher' Zenshu .piece of cloth carried by monk on which bowing is done.Zen sect Zenso .yin and yang the principle of polarity. etc. earth and heaven.Mehan Mar 18th to 24th : equinox called Higan. P Jiyu-Kennett.the Buddha of Healing yaza . Yuima .'Zen sickness' makyo or attachment to ones own enlightenment experiences Zendo or Sodo .) .g.large hall or room where zazen is practised Zen'en Shingi .

a great enlightened one also. A Ai-nuke Ai-uchi Akago no kokoro Amado Angya Antan Arayashiki mutual escape mutual striking down mind of an infant. C Humphreys. GLOSSARY OF JAPANESE ZEN TERMS No. 3. T Deshimaru and the Rider Encyclopedia to name a few). Guatarma Siddharta. the founder of Buddhism becoming and being. The words are Japanese unless specified. child's mind "rain door" travelling on foot: a Buddhist pilgrimage assignment of living space all conserving consciousness B Baito tea made with plum seed and sugar served as the ceremony for the beginning of each day evening services evening cleaning limit of reality enlightenment also P'u-t'i Ta-mo or Ta-mo or Daruma.D Katagiri. see Wu-hua Banka Banka soji Bhutakoti Bodhi Bodhidharma Bosatsu Buddha Bukkwa . founder of Zen Bodhisattva or p'u-sa.eighth Buddhist patriarch. Butsudo or hondo. the twenty.

the ritual of the tea ceremony Zen forever "always-so-ness" the tea ceremony perseverance the state of things as they are sincerity droop and drift true man wisdom. tranquility spirit. abstract form of energy originating in the Tan Tien or Hara Chih-jen : see Shijin Chih-mo : see Shih-mo Choka Chu-chang / shujo Ch'un ch'i Chung Yung : see Chuyo suchness Morning services staff pure spirit doctrine of the Mean .Bushi Bushido Busshin-gyo Butsuden a knight or military scholar "the way or code of the military or martial scholar" Buddha-mind act temple building enshrining an image or images of the Buddha C Ch'a-ch'a / sassatsu Chado Ch'an Ch'ang Ch'ang-tao Cha-no-yu Chen / tei Cheng Ch'eng / makoto Ch'eng-ch'eng / jojo Chen-jen Chih / jaku / chi Ch'i / ki lively and self assured the way of tea.

a form of sanzen that part of a monastery other than its administrative quarters chanting scriptures in the meditation hall Daienkyochi Daigaku / Ta Hsueh Dai-hannya Daikon-hatsu Daiyu /T a-yung / Myoyu / Miao-yung Daruma Daruma-ki Dentoroku / Ch'uan-teng Lu Deshi Doka Dokusan Donai Donai fugin E ekagrata Enju Enjudo one-pointedness growing vegetables life prolonging room. comprising forty-eight cases are frequently held in Zen monasteries mirror wisdom great learning ceremony of reading the sutra titles collecting white radishes for pickling an aesthetic quality perceivable in a work of art or in nature itself.Chuyo/Chung Yung doctrine of the Mean D Daido mumon from the preface to the Mumonkan. a monk of the later Sung dynasty.The sword in the hand of a swordsman. the healing room of a monastery . 5th October "transmission of the lamp" a disciple or pupil of a Shisho [spiritual master or teacher] poetry of the Tao individual consultation with a Zen master. a Zen text by Huik'ai(1183-1260. or any activity carried out with something more than technique Japanese name for Bodhidharma memorial day for the Bodhidharma.Discourses on the text.

five syllables in the first line.F Fen / bun Fudo-shin Fuga Fugin Funi Furyu Fushiki / Fuchi / Pu-shih Fusu mutuality immovable mind refinement of life chanting scriptures nonduality feeling for nature beyond knowledge monk in charge of the accounts and business affairs of a monastery a monk assigned as attendant to the head monk Fuzui G Gaki Gyodo hungry spirits ceremony of chanting scriptures whilst moving H Haiku form of poetry having three lines. seven in the second. five in the third a divided skirt worn as 'over-trousers' transient vain waiting on the table of the dining room mid-term or half term day special meal upper or outer coat open on all sides Hakama Haka naki Handaikan Hange Hansai Haori Happo biraki .

.u Hsi-hsi / Kiki Hu-jan nien ch'i/Kotsunen nenki I i/gi ichinen/i-nien iho / ihori Inji [sanno] Inji gyo innen isagi-yoku justice one thought hut attendant to the master secret good deeds anecdote or incident leaving no regrets.Hashin kyuji rest. taking up the needle and moxa treatment everyday mind Higan-hatsu poverty receiving visitors at the head temple skillful means dharma drum escapade at night 'main hall'. with a clear conscience.. mending and preparation. like a brave man."The rain of Dharma" wreathed in smiles sudden awakening of thought Heijo-shin Hin / P'in Hinsetsu Hoben Hokku Hoko Hondo Honrai no memmoku / Pen-lai mien-mu Honshin Hoshin / Fang-hsin Ho. begging.. with no reluctance . alternative name for the Butsuden or Buddha Hall original face original mind runaway mind chanting. used by monks whilst walking in the street.

such as offices. complete annihilation of the ego love the particular. worship.J jaku jaku metsu tranquility absolute tranquility. etc. the thrice-daily announcement of time "opening the samadhi meditation". bathing . kitchen. chanting scriptures in the administrative quarters a day or period of relaxation from monastery routine softness jen-jin ji / shih Jihatsu Jikijitsu jisei jiyu/tzu-yu jizai/tzu-tsai jodo / ch'ang-tao Joju Joju fugin Josaku juan ho ho ti K Kaichin Kaihan Kaijo Kaiko Kaisan-ki Kaisei Kaiyoku "Release from the samadhi meditation". arising in the morning an opening discourse by the master memorial day for the founder of the monastery end of training term "opening the bath". retiring at night "opening the han". absolute nothingness. 'parting-with-life verse' self-reliance self being "always-so-ness" the administrative quarters of a monastery. etc. as distinct from the universal ri/li the bowl used by a monk for meals and begging the elder monk who supervises the others during meditatin.

another term for satori "inspecting the platform". covering the chest see ch'i returning to the monastery spiritual rhythm the master's address of encouragement rules for daily routine "sutra-going". the master's visit to the meditation hall a garment worn by a Zen monk around the neck.kake mono scroll kami nagara no michi gods. non interference with natural affairs the 'taste' of sabi a summon from the master a small kesa kan-mi Kansho kara karma karuna / hi / pei Kashaku Katan kaya Kayu Keisaku love for sentient beings "hanging up the priest's staff" participation in a large general Zen meeting bodily existence soft cooked rice the staff or stick used to administer discipline during meditation the art of swordsmanship "seeing one's nature". the practice of meditation while walking in the meditation hall end of term examination affect kendo Kensho Kentan kesa / kasaya ki Kiin ki-in / ch'i-yun Kikan Kiku Kinhin Kitan ryshaku klesa/bonno .

ko/heng Koe Koju-sai kokoro/hsin kokoro tomeru / kokoro tomuna kokoro wo tomeru

success seasonal change of robes reception day for lay followers the mind or heart not to have the mind 'stopped' drifting or shifting from one thing to another; the attention being taken by an object, transferred to it and staying there informal encouragement suchness striking the evening bell exchange or rotation of duties meakness of spirit emptiness a device, or means, usually used for aiding satori escape from dilemma the emptiness in which infinite possibilities exist the field of conscious thought a treat or special meal day of rest

Kokuho kono-mama Konsho Kotai ksanti ku / k'ung kufu kufu / kung-fu kyo / hsu kyogai / ching-chieh / ching-ai Kyoo Kyusoku

Li / rei Li / ri Li / ri Liao-hsi / ryotari

propriety furthering reason blown adrift

Manjusri [name] meijin misai no ichinen Miso Mogusa mondo / wen-ta Monju Bosatsu [name] moshin mu / wu muga mujushin-ken Mumonkan

Monju Bosatsu genius subtle trace of thought bean paste the plant 'yomogi' used in moxabustion questions and answers; discussion Manjusri delusive mind nothing, negation no ego sword of no abiding mind a collection of forty-eight koan compiled in China in the thirteenth century abiding state of ignorance no-mind-ness no mind's mind recognising the reality which is not subject to birth and death; supreme enlightenment no thought wonder something mysterious arising from the inner being, without intellect

Mumyo mushin mushin no shin Musho-bonin

muso myo / miao myoyu / miao-yung

naniyara yukashi Nikki

moved, without knowing why, by something aesthetic diary or journal

Nisshitsu Nitten soji Niwa-zume Niya sannichi nyunan-shin

entering the master's room daily cleaning "occupying the courtyard" two nights and three days soft heartedness

Obon omou omowanu O-shikunichi

a mid-August festival celebrating the return of ancestral spirits to think of or long for to keep the mind empty twice monthly day of rest; the fourteenth day and the last day of the month master



"the eighth day of the twelfth lunar month" a week of training beginning on the 1st December and finishing on the 8th December, commemorating the Buddha's enlightenment day on the latter of these dates Old scholar or old teacher; a Zen master


Saba Sabi Saiza Samu Sando

left over rice loneliness lunch working in the garden proceeding to the hall

another name for the Zendo or meditation hall a twice yearly week of intensive meditation and special lectures meditation in complete quietness 'gathering one's thoughts?' the head monk or chief administrator of a Zen monastery the quarters of the head monk or administrator days in the month containing the digits four or nine a teacher or master of scholarship. the spiritual father of a student or disciple preparation preparations for the new year a brief rest whilst out begging "mutual seeing". its priests known as yamabushi [priests who lie down in the mountains] staff going to service at the Buddha hall of the head temple on the first and fifteenth day of each month breakfast "gathering rice" serving special Zen dishes to lay followers Sarei Satori / Wu Segaki Sembutsu-jo Sesshin Shijo Shika Shikaryo Shikunichi Shisho Shitaku Shogatsu shitaku Shokei Shoken shugendo Shujo : see Chu-chang Shukushin Shukuza Shumai Shussai . Shinto.Sanno Sanzen attendant. religion or art. usually by the use of a koan daily tea ceremony enlightenment feeding the hungry spirits [gaki] the 'Buddha-selecting place'. the first interview between a novice and master an eclectic religion consisting of Buddhism. Taoism and shamanism. attending to the master going to a Zen master to receive instruction.

a form of sanzen "general tea ceremony" T Ta Hsueh : see Daigaku Takuhatsu great learning "carrying the bowl". the practice of begging carried out by monks "platform". used by pilgrims or novices who desire to enter the monastery "occupying the overnight room" shaving the head discourse or commentary by a Zen master visiting a lay follower's home kitchen a party on the night of the winter solstice pickled Japanese vegetables Tan Tana-gyo Tanga Tanga-ryo Tanga-zume Teihatsu Teisho Tenjin Tenzo Toya Tsukemono W Wabi wu solitariness. seat honouring family ancestors staying overnight as a guest a room set aside for overnight lodging.Shutto Shuya Sodo Soji Sosan Sozarei to put in an appearance [usually at a ceremony] fire watching "priest or monk hall". a Zen monastery house cleaning general consultation with a Zen master. transcendentiality see mu .

release from daily routine Zen-shu Zuii-za This file is the work of Stan Rosenthal. UK. Davids. Tel (0222) 228858 email fear@thor. Pembrokeshire. building in which monks live and practice zazen. Wales. Stan Rosenthal may be contacted at 44 High This is because the files were originally written .ac. ie. Hopefully not too frequently. being abiding state of ignorance Y yamabushi Yawaragai Yaza priests who lie down in the mountains gentleness of spirit individual seated meditation by night Z Zanka Zazen Zendo returning to one's home temple. Cathays. Wales. zen monastery or school a Buddhist Zen sect "sitting as one pleases". UK. NOTE: You may find and odd sentence or missing information every now and again in the files. St. if possible. Please use email as first method of contact. paper copies. Dyfed. South Glamorgan. monastery or school seated meditation "meditation hall". The author has asked that no hard copies.wu chi Wu-hua Wu-ming limitless becoming. are made. Bill Fear may be contacted at 29 Blackweir Terrace.

2.The Chinese word for zen. of course. The dharma is often thought of as the teachings of the Buddha. 4. Right Right Right Right Right Right Right Right View (or Understanding) Thought (or Resolve) Speech Conduct Livelihood Effort Mindfulness Concentration . Dharma . 4.An awakened or enlightened being who renounces the experience of nirvana in order to remain with unenlightened beings and work for the liberation of all. however. the Path. however. the 'way' referred to by 'dojo' does not necessarily have to be zen. As a general rule. Cosmic Law and Universal Truth. varies depending on the teacher. Theoretical questions are usually discouraged but often permitted (again very much of this depends on the teacher). Technically speaking. Dojo .The dharma (almost as difficult to define as zen) is thought of variously as the Way. Bodhisattva .thus missing info Source: www.htm Zen Glossary No. 5. dojo could also refer to a room where judo is taught. 3. Ch'an . The ethical rules of Buddhism are included but the dharma encompasses far more than that.swzc. it was always there. The word ch'an predates the Japanese word zen. The format and length of the interview. since zen originated in China and came to Japan later. for example.25 disks were very old and had bad sectors .Literally: the room or hall (do-) of the way (-jo). Dokusan is a critical element of zen training and an important part of sesshin. it refers to a room or building in which zen is practiced. and this is a legitimate view.The Eightfold path was given by the Buddha as part of the Four Noble Truths and as such. Many of the 5. and whether it revolves around koan work or involves another kind of exchange. For our purposes. 7. theoretical matters. though it is by no means limited to sesshin: some modern teachers have expanded the practice of dokusan to include communication by telephone and e-mail. Eightfold Path . The bodhisattva ideal is closely associated with Mahayana Buddhism.A private interview between a student and a zen teacher or master. The dharma is as much something to do as it is something to discuss or read ry. Dojo is often used interchangeably with zendo. Dokusan . but it's important to note that the Buddha didn't create the dharma. 1. as the main way out of suffering. 6. 8.on a machine using CP/M and had to be converted to dos format. dokusan pertains more to a student's personal practice and experience than it does academic. It is the fundamental spirit underlying zen and Buddhism.

Suffering is all around us. Each student will recite the ten precepts during the ceremony and explain to the assembly what each precept means to him or her personally. The effect.Walking meditation. It is said that koan work can lead to kensho. the others being the jiki-jitsu. may come to pass many years from now or even in a subsequent lifetime. Jisha . And the sharing of other forms of life. etc.The Buddhist doctrine of cause and effect. jukai signifies a serious commitment to zen. Kinhin .The Buddha's motivation for leaving his home and taking up a spiritual life was to understand duhkha (suffering) and find a solution to suffering. Those attending a sesshin are most aware of the jisha's role as the person who directs dokusan. Jukai . All matters having to do with time are the responsibility of the "jiki" (provided the decisions do not conflict with the activities or wishes of the roshi). Jiki-jitsu . craving can be ended and thus suffering can be ended The way to end craving is the Eightfold Path Gatha . A significant step marked by a ceremony of the same name(s). 4. taking refuge in the precepts or taking up the way of the bodhisattva. It is folly to try to describe this experience in words. Ino . At sesshin. The important point to remember is that no actions are isolated and independent.Literally: "Small Vehicle".The timekeeper for a sesshin or for any meditation gathering. Because 'small vehicle' has at times been used as a derogatory term by other traditions. The effect of an action taken today (or thought or word spoken. a kensho reportedly gives one a glimpse of one's own nature and the true nature of reality.One of the four or five main leaders of a sesshin. tanto and often the tenzo. here is a meal gatha often spoken before eating: We venerate the three treasures. though koan work is not the only way. Considered by most to be the oldest form of Buddhism.An enlightenment or awakening experience. jisha. it is a part of life The cause of suffering is craving and attachment There is a way out. however.Taking the precepts. the other two being Mahayana (great vehicle) and Vajrayana (indestructable vehicle). 2. The work of many hands. The jiki usually leads kinhin as well. 1. Although its meditative aspect is of prime importance. all are tied together in cause and effect.A short sutra. the jisha announces when dokusan begins and guides students in and out.) might not occur today. Hinayana . Karma . The Four Noble Truths are the answer that came to the Buddha as part of his enlightenment. to the ten main precepts of Buddhism and to the salvation of all beings.Four Noble Truths . whether good or bad. Kensho . many followers prefer to use the term Therevada (Teaching of the Elders) to describe their beliefs. kinhin . the Ino is in charge of any matter that involves the mouth. The Ino leads chanting at sesshin and also directs oryoki-style meals. And are thankful for this food. 3.The roshi's attendant during sesshin. An ino is often present and leads chanting at other zen gatherings besides sesshin. One of the three main branches of Buddhism. As an example.

remembering that all things are interrelated. Koans are sometimes thought of as zen riddles. living in the present moment. when you notice and cognize. Some request it simply to shake off sleepiness. Mahayana . when you recline.A short zen dialogue between master and student. nirvana simply means an end to samsara. In the Mahayana tradition. when joyful. Although this is the branch to which zen belongs and zen traces its origin back to the Buddha himself. The student asks a question that is troubling him or her. to combine the two: kinhin begins very slowly at first and then switches to a brisk pace (the change is marked by an audible signal). but the word . and the master responds not with theory or logic. watch the noticing and cognizing.This has come to mean a certain kind of formal. Mudra . Although mudra technically refers to the whole body and the body does not have to be that of the Buddha. Kyosaku . but the old distinctions have become less important so that today some teachers closer to the soto school have also used koans. in common usage this term most often refers to the hand positions chosen for statues of the Buddha. There is less emphasis placed on nirvana and individual salvation in this tradition and more emphasis placed on saving all sentient beings. The master Muso Kokushi said: "When you walk. thus making physical problems unlikely. Instead. Used during long periods of zazen (mainly during sesshin) to strike practitioners on the back or on the part of the shoulders close to the neck. question or episode from the past that defies logical explanation.Literally: cessation or extinction. it is never given to those who do not request it. but instead in a way that encourages the student to reach a deeper level of perception. generally Mahayana is considered to be a newer form than Hinayana." Mondo . watch the sitting. One of the three main branches of Buddhism. Koans were originally recorded and used by the rinzai school of zen. Many great mondos became koans. finally making an intuitive leap (see kensho). when you sit. Hands should be held in the shashou position. when you see and hear. A student undertaking koan work is meant rather to exhaust the use of reason and conceptual understanding. watch the reclining. ritualized eating. It has become traditional. watch the joy.Literally: "Great Vehicle". The kyosaku is not used for punishment: this is made clear by the fact that receiving the kyosaku is voluntary.Wake-up stick or encouragement stick. the other two being Hinayana (small vehicle) and Vajrayana (indestructable vehicle).Awareness. Koan . watch the walking. when angry. Oryoki . such as teaching or protecting. Ceremonial walking of the kyosaku (without any striking) is done early in the morning to signify opening the dojo and late in the evening to begin the closing. It would be difficult to overemphasize the importance of mindfulness in zen and Buddhism. Mindfulness . in North America at least. but others say the blows can actually relax tense muscles. but this is not entirely accurate since most riddles are intended to be solved through reason. watch the anger. the bodhisattva eschews nirvana until all sentient beings are saved. Each hand position is symbolic of a certain characteristic such as supreme wisdom or serenity.A position of the body which is symbolic of a certain attitude or activity. Some schools of zen perform kinhin extremely slowly while others do it rapidly. usually from the past.also serves the purpose of moving one's legs after a long period of zazen. Nirvana .Originally: a public record. watch the seeing and hearing. A zen paradox. Although nirvana is the ultimate goal of many Buddhists it should never be confused with the Western notion of heaven.

As mentioned with regard to other matters. Silence is maintained except for the chanting of certain meal sutras. though speaking in hushed tones is permitted when clarification or further instructions are needed. usually physical. Rohatsu . Rinzai ." This also establishes an important link.The day set aside to commemorate the enlightenment of the Buddha.In Buddhist thought this is the continuing cycle of birth. The hands. utensils and especially bowls used for this style of eating. receptivity and gratitude. This set. though it can be performed at any time during one's daily life. samu is a form of meditation done while working. This is work. equally as often. palms upwards. When done. Periods of samu are often part of a sesshin. which originated in China. was the first school of zen to be brought to Japan. certainly many years of training and some degree of "enlightenment" are required before becoming a roshi is even considered. Its initial introduction near the end of the 12th century did not take hold. Although the approach has varied down through the centuries.Work Practice. one should seek out instruction from a knowledgeable practitioner or teacher for the correct form and mental approach. Some of these years of preparation are often spent teaching the dharma as a sensei. Samsara ." Roshi . which is held together by tying one of the larger napkins around it. Normally done in a set of three and normally done towards the altar. the new roshi is considered a dharma heir or dharma successor of the established roshi. The rinzai tradition places more emphasis on dokusan and koan work than the soto tradition. the other being soto. In most zen traditions. Belief in samsara does not necessarily require a belief in reincarnation in it strictest. However. Samsara is looked upon in a negative light because of all the suffering that life entails (as elucidated in the First Noble Truth). these are bows that lead immediately into a kneeling position and then quickly into a position with one's forehead gently touching the floor. All beings are trapped in this unpleasant cycle until they reach enlightenment. Simply stated. The cause of this cycle is craving as eludicated in the Second Noble Truth. or from non-Japanese sources. the utensils and bowls are immediately washed with tea (while still at one's seat) and wrapped up again in the same specific way. It's appropriate to cultivate an attitude of emptying. Eating is commonly done while seated on one's cushion in a position similar to meditation posture. though on occassion one can be seated at a table.Also known as deep bows or prostrations. A roshi can be a man or a woman. Raihai . a monk or a layperson. but a subsequent transfer from China did succeed. Rinzai. done in a mindful and aware manner. letting go. Tasks should be carried out in silence. Many zen centers and sanghas will organize a rohatsu sesshin early in December to mark this zen "holiday. Samu . which traditionally is celebrated on the eighth of December.Venerable master of zen. The sequence in which the pieces are used and the actions performed are carefully done by ritual. a positive trend seen in North American today is that the distinctions between the two schools are not considered very significant and teachers often quote zen masters from both schools. was traditionally given to a nun or monk upon ordination. an established master will elevate a teacher to the level of roshi through a process known as "dharma transmission.One of the two main schools of zen still active in Japan. . are raised in a gesture symbolic of lifting the Buddha's feet over one's head. death and rebirth.oryoki actually refers to the specific collection of napkins. traditional sense and it should be mentioned here that many people practice zen but do not believe in reincarnation.

A recognized teacher of zen.One of the two main schools of zen in Japan. The title sensei. Tanto . community or group practicing together. The tendency towards caution (one could even say mistrust) regarding words and concepts which is a common thread in zen finds its greatest expression in the soto school. Thus it follows that there is less emphasis placed on dokusan and koan study in the soto tradition and more emphasis placed on shikantaza.One of the main leaders of a sesshin. One of the best known is the Heart Sutra. whether the occasion is for a special ceremony or regular weekly zazen meeting. Suffice it to say that a sesshin is a silent retreat that involves many periods of zazen and also private interviews with a teacher (see dokusan). Zen practiced this way is sometimes called mokusho. though the wrong impression may be given by using this 'shorthand' definition. Sutras are chanted as part of most zen gatherings. Profound satori is very close to an enlightenment experience (see kensho).Zen family. Sutra .A Buddhist cannon written in prose form. but no concepts or objects of thought are in the mind (ideally). Shikantaza . first one hand should gently be made into a loose fist with the thumb held inside. Sensei . To form this position. since the effect of a sesshin is often to let more of the world into our lives instead of escaping from it. like the title roshi. the other being rinzai. A short sutra is often called a gatha. though the length can be shorter or longer and an odd number of days is not required. Perhaps following the Buddhist doctrine of nonduality. near the base of the ribs. The tanto is usually an experienced senior student who is familiar with the roles of the other leaders and thus is able to offer guidance if any confusion arises. to be the highest form of zazen."Just sitting. The other hand is then wrapped around the fist with the thumb resting in the slight indendation at the top of the first hand. During sesshin it's good practice to hold the hands in shashou not only in the zendo or just during kinhin." An intense form of zazen where no mental aids such as counting the breath are used.The position in which to hold the hands for kinhin and whenever moving about in the zendo. Some consider shikantaza. but more commonly it is done in a rhythmic way in a normal tone of voice. and periods of samu are generally included. 5 or 7 days.Most easily translated as a meditation retreat. but during almost any time that's spent standing or walking. Together the hands are held at the upper part of the stomach area.Sangha . . A state of great mental alertness is cultivated. Many feel the word retreat has the wrong connotations. Some sutras are intentionally recited in a monotone. This convention is not adhered to rigidly. the tanto is in charge of the smooth running of the zendo. which is strongly recommended in the soto tradition. The chanting of sutras can at times be a form of singing. at least in North America. is usually 3. all living beings make up our sangha. self and indeed all concepts drop away. In its largest sense. which means the zen of silent enlightenment.A very deep state of meditation in which notions of duality. it should be noted that many zen teachers and students in Western cultures today do not consider the line between soto and rinzai to be of great importance. traditionally is positioned after the teacher's name rather than before. Sesshin . though when commonly used sangha means our fellows in the local zen center or the group in our area with whom we practice. however. Soto . Meals are often eaten oryoki style. Shashou . Satori . The duration of a sesshin.

thereby placing less emphasis on concepts. Rather. and way to count the breath. one should seek out instruction from a knowledgeable practitioner or teacher for the correct posture. nor is the aim to blank out one's mind completely. While some schools of Buddhism emphasize elaborate cosmologies. Zazenkai . a tenzo is often considered to be one of the main leaders for sesshin. From China zen moved on mainly to Japan. Often a koan is discussed. Zen . Tenzo . Certainly zen practitioners can exhibit a degree of respect and admiration for the Buddha.The celebration of the Buddha's birth. enlightenment and death. being aware of one's breath is recommended and most practitioners of zazen do this by counting breaths in one way or another.e. meditation). but sitting in a chair is also permitted. Though not limited to sesshin. Attendees are allowed to sit in a relaxed posture and may quietly shift position to remain comfortable. zen offers meditation (zazen) as the best way to discover things directly for oneself. chanted formulas and arcane images and gestures. a daily teisho traditionally is part of the schedule during sesshin.A single day devoted to meditation. including his birth. When Mahayana Buddhism was introduced it was influenced by the indigeneous Chinese religion Taoism.Seated still meditation. Zazen . Vesak . When the mind wanders. Unlike meditation done in some other spiritual traditions. one gently turns attention back to the breath. it's a celebration of the dharma and a day to remember the entire life of the Buddha. and on occasion some teachers will permit a question and answer period following the teisho. The talk is not a sermon or an academic lecture. Similarly today. meaning concentration (i. Most zen teachers maintain that zazen is essential to practicing zen. the birthplace of the Buddha and Buddhism.Teisho . yet trusting the value of the talk to sink in. The word ch'an is a transliteration of the Sanskrit word Dhyana. and in that tradition vesak is considered more that just a commemoration. Most scholars believe.The head cook for a monastery or sesshin.Zen.Literally: presentation of the shout. although a teacher need not be present. Sometimes people not familiar with zen are invited. usually on a cushion on the floor. which traditionally is set in May on the day of the full moon. This can be considered a one day sesshin. Another distinctive chracteristic of zen is that the person of the Buddha is regarded with somewhat less reverence than in most other Buddhist traditions. Determining the correct posture for zazen can be a challenge. although it found some acceptance in other regions. for example. Commonly: a talk by a zen teacher (a sensei or roshi). As mentioned with regard to other matters. Zazen is usually broken into periods of 25 or 30 minutes. zazen usually does not involve concentrating one's mind on a subject. Instead of peering intently at the teacher and concentrating on every word. some students will look at nothing in particular and just allow the words to wash over them. devotional practices. as well. it is more a presentation of insight than an exposition of factual knowledge. or ch'an as it was called originally. Buddhism had earlier come to China from India. especially for his solitary quest for enlightenment without the guidance of anyone before him and for his burning . which often happens. is a branch of Mahayana Buddhism that first appeared in China in sixth and seventh centuries. usually done together with a group. mental approach. Traditionally the role of tenzo was a position of high honor in zen monasteries. that it was from exposure to Taoism that zen developed its great caution and reluctance towards using words and concepts as the path to enlightenment. Korea and Vietnam. This is a very important holiday to Therevadans (see Hinayana).

banka Afternoon chanting.) As with the English word "hall.Zen room or hall.austinzencenter. One zen master. (However. chôka Morning chanting.shtml Zen Glossary No. At Mt.) Zendo . that zen is certainly not the only tradition that considers the Buddha to be just an admirable person and not a godlike figure. govern. This is the main room. They are given space and time to engage fully in the pursuit of their Zen studies. free from distractions such as television. Thus a bit of disregard for the Buddha now and then is considered healthy. dônai Everyone who lives "in" the zendô. The densu is in charge of the daily chanting as well as all other ceremonies. Baldy Zen Center.desire to cure the world's suffering. The densu also takes care of communicating with the "outside" world. the officers and students. it's important to note that quiet. 5. As the "guestmaster" the densu also keeps track of who is coming or leaving. however. washed out the student's mouth with soap! (It should be noted . butsuden." zendo is sometimes used to refer to an entire building or teaching center. where zazen and other zen practices are observed. During seichu the entire community gathers for morning chanting.e. zen Buddhists do believe the Buddha was just a man after all and that being fixated on this man is not a sensible path to enlightenment. Baldy the densu takes care of the Buddha Hall. . During sesshin the entire community takes part in the ceremony. The morning chanting is the very first item on the schedule after the formal morning tea. It is held in the Sutra Hall and lasts between 35 and 45 minutes. Traditionally the dônai are the monks and nuns in training. the room should be private and quiet. music and noise from nearby automobile traffic or pedestrians. i. isolated locations are not the only place to practice! Zen should be taken out into the real world as well. and sometimes a little traffic noise is a good reminder of that. correspondence. Literally den means hall and su to manage. when he heard a student speak reverently of the Buddha. whether it be in a monastery. If possible. retreat center or residential An altar is not essential but usually one is present. densu At Mt. Baldy Zen Center the tradition is that dai-sesshin starts with banka on the previous day. phone calls etc. Source: www. The chanting takes place in the "Buddha Hall" which we call "Sutra Hall" at Mt. For opening a Dai-sesshin banka starts around 3 pm. during seichu only the densu and his staff chant. However.

inji The rôshi's attendant.e. assisting by doing errands. it should have its place here.e. During seichu it is served in a formal fashion but does not require formal attire. and kan to "oversee". hôsan sarei Sarei in the time you are free from sanzen i. before the samu period. The inji lives in a cabin connected to the rôshi's quarters by a covered walkway. The person that serves in these quarters is called the inji. jikijitsu .. read. During sesshin however it is part of the formal afternoon schedule and is held before banka. where he lives. to burn moxa (acupuncture). inryô Although we do not used this term at Mt. dai is "table". Baldy.. The rôshi only needs to ring his bell an the inji is ready to serve. is reserved for the handaikan and whoever did not take part in the first meal. Literally it refers to a day on which you may pick up the needle (to mend your robes). called handaikan. there are no burning candles on the butsudan. The inji position is a very demanding job. driving. Duties include all imaginable facets of a caretaker.handaikan Every formal meal is served by assigned servers. Han literally is "meal". cleaning... Residents may leave camp for walks or shorter hikes. A second meal. write letters. such as robes. Formal meals are served in a specific ceremonial fashion and the handaikan are selected by the shoji from the dônai.. such as cooking. the zendô also stays closed.. hashinkyuji The official term for a rest day. that is also formal. and apply other medicines. There is no sanzen and no samu. Inryô refers to the quarters to which the rôshi retreats i.

Literally "the one who assists with the incense". Often calligraphy is found on the board admonishing the practitioners to work hard. jokei Helpers to the jikijitsu. manifesting strength. rules". admonishes. The jikijitsu keeps time. the begging . Time is traditionally measured by incense burning.The person in charge of the zendô. they assist in running the zendô and also help people to stay on track. or tanto jokei for the tanto tan. It is the leading position in the zendô. the warning stick.the director or head monk. They take their names for the tan on which they sit. jokô The main assistant to the jikijitsu who also measures time. either jiki jokei for the jikijitsu tan. corrects. The evening ends with the opening of a zazen period that will last until the next morning when it is time for kaijo. kaichin The end of the formal day. a wooden board hung outside the zendô. Jikijitsu and joko alternate the "timekeeping" duties and switch seats every night. The jikijitsu also carries the keisaku. Each side of the zendô has one jokei. a fatherly role. loosen" and chin "arrangements.the characters literally mean "those who always stay". densu. kaijo . The ubiquitous 7-5-3 pattern with the accelerating "rolls" in-between is played with a wooden mallet. inspires. tenzo the cook. jôjű Officers that take care of the running of the Zen Center. kaihan Sounding the han. Kai means "to release. The positions are shika . In Japan these officers did not take part in takuhatsu. Going to sleep we end our formal practice. inji. and various other positions. These officers are not required to come to the zendô if their duties do not permit.

e. when thinner garments are worn. The kanju ranks above the head monk. kôan Literally it means public plan. the densu wakes the lower camp. Hands are held in sashu. nitensôji . In the summer. He oversees the general activities without having to do the daily administrative work himself. proposal. Ropes are used to lift the long robes to the middle of the calf as we walk in single file and unison step. The flattened end is used to "massage" the shoulder muscles while at the same time the sound produced wakes other practitioners as well. when monks wear several layers of robes. kanshô Refers to the officer sitting in the sanzen waitingroom as well as to the bell itself. to begin and jo is silence. The jikijitsu and his staff walk with the stick and use it as necessary.Wake-up. Kai means to open. kanju The overseer of a temple. kinhin Walking meditation in-between zazen periods. the donai. the shika. the stick used to be of a softer wood such as pine. The understanding of the student is tested by the master during sanzen. The shoji is in charge of waking up the upper camp i. keisaku The "warning" stick. Traditionally made from hard wood (oak) in the winter. Waking up we begin our samadhi. samadhi. It refers to the zen "problem" that the master assigns to the student.

the day of Shakyamuni Buddha's enlightenment. Samu is not work as such. Sometimes officers are assigned to specific duties such as taking care of the sewing. At Mt. The master holds personal interviews. and gives talks during sesshin. ryôtô The dorm master or cabin leader. Everyday a brief time is devoted to cleaning and maintenance of the facilities. sandô Entering the zendô . and is then led to his/her seat. it is an integral part of formal zen training.. The shôji announces the new arrival and leads the newcomer to the butsudan. Silence is kept and the tasks are fulfilled with a minimum amount of talking necessary to complete the project. It is celebrated in the winter by rôhatsu dai-sesshin which traditionally is the most demanding retreat. sewing ryôtô. The assigned tasks are meant as opportunities to manifest and deepen one's experience. vacuuming. The official title then would be e. Restocking bathroom tissue. woodwork etc. This period of time is regarded as part of formal practice and is usually done in robes. sanzen . After being seated tea is served to everyone: sarei.everyone is introduced to the zendô. cleaning sinks.A short cleaning period during the day. Bigger jobs are taken care of in the samu period. Additional meetings with the master and very little sleep combined with the cold weather help to make this a unique experience. three deep bows.g. Baldy Zen Center it is Kyozan Joshu Rôshi. rôshi A zen master. samu Work practice. called sanzen. The newcomer does sampai.. rôhatsu December eighth. sweeping. called teishô. either as a returning or as a new student.

. There is more time to socialize. The begin and the end of the formal day always contain sarei and tea is served to everyone. Sanzen is given during seichu twice a day... listen to music. etc. join together and shin is heart. All distractions are reduced to a minimum and a rigorous schedule from 3:00 AM to 9:00 PM is in effect. The daily practice is less formal and rôshi usually travels to other centers to give dai-sesshin. mind. . hike. seikan The period of time between strict training periods. Setsu means to touch. introducing new students to the master. seichu The period of strict regulations. When rôshi gives teisho and holds sanzen the kind of sesshin is called dai-sesshin. join. Baldy and gives sanzen and often teisho.The individual meeting with the rôshi. The shika leads the rôshi to official functions such as chanting. A special "general" sarei is sometimes served in the Sutra Hall with rôshi. teishô etc. During seichu rôshi stays at Mt. At have to go. it is called sô-sarei. shika The head monk/nun or director.. deciding on the schedule. Everything from planning sesshin. sesshin A strict period of time in which samu practice is suspended. serving. It is not optional . There is absolutely no talking. During sesshin the rôshi sees about 40 people 4 times daily. Baldy Zen Center there are two seichu periods yearly. bowing etc. Samu is replaced by additional meditation.that is 1140 interviews! sarei Having tea together. cooking in advance. In dai-sesshin there are usually four sanzen. summer and winter seichu.. There are formal and informal types of sarei.. administrating sanzen. In these times the center hosts groups and conferences. The sanzen procedure is formal and includes ringing the kansho bell. lasts on the shika. In sanzen the work on the kôan is "inspected" by the master. Dai-sesshin are also scheduled during seichu. 7 days . Much of the time however is devoted to preparing camp for the groups and seminars. This is a senior position and is usually held by a senior monk/nun.

tantô . shôten The helper of the tenzo. shôken Literally "seeing for the first time". shôken-kô. Instead of going to sanzen at one's choice a formal order is kept. The day takuhatsu is received a special chanting of the Heart Sutra at the closing of the zendô expresses the gratitude of the recipients. Traditionally the new student brings some fine incense as donation. usually the jikijitsu. tachu A sub-temple within the grounds of the larger temple. Baldy Zen Center usually the last sanzen of a dai-sesshin is held in this fashion. Sometimes when there is no ordained resident taking the position of the tenzo the main cook is called the shôten and fulfills all the duties of a tenzo. The shôji is the counterpart of the jikijitsu. He takes care of the students and manifests a "motherly" role in the zendô. Mt. At. By having tea together the formal relationship of masterstudent is established. takuhatsu The traditional begging. anytime. At Mt. Baldy a small monetary donation is the custom.literally means "The one who serves the saint(s)". The bell is struck by the kansho instead of the student. It is a hard job to be there for everyone. Outside the zendô the shôji plans work assignments etc. Baldy Zen Center takuhatsu is done by one person.shôji Shôji . At Mt. A brief ceremony in the rôshi's quarters in which the shika introduces a new student to the master. sôsan General sanzen. In Japan the begging is done by the dônai and the jôjű stay at the temple. The selection of the characters reflects that his duties mainly are done in the zendô where you find a statue of Manjushri.

It means the vegetables are not prime choice.the term for optional sitting after closing of the formal schedule.. It is one of the most demanding positions. In Japanese monasteries the term is also used to mean returning to one's home temple after completing monastic training. zendô .. Joshu Rôshi speaks about passages from the rinzai-roku and examples from the mumon-kan. makes sure all the ingredients are present. not really "fresh" as sold in stores. The vast majority of food we eat comes from takuhatsu. The second zendô is open for yaza and in the summer time outside yaza in the fire circle is an option. teishô The lecture of the zen master on the traditional texts. tenzo The tenzo does much more than a "cook" does. During zazen there is absolute silence. It refers to the seat at the very top of the side across from the jikijitsu. Recent sightings of bears however made that option less attractive. The tenzo prepares meal plans for sesshin. The tantô also is part of the jikijitsu staff and carries the keisaku. zanka A temporary leave of absence of a monk/nun. Teishô is open to the public.. There could be thirty people in the zendô and still you would be able to hear a pin drop.The head monk of the tan.the meditation practiced in the zendô. If this position is assigned it is usually a senior monk/nun. teisho is held in the Sutra Hall and the master ascends to the high chair from which he delivers his lecture. the sitting platform. zazen periods last between 45 and 50 minutes. there is no moving. zazen Sitting zen . It is the job of the tenzo to provide nutritional meals from the donations received from takuhatsu. yaza Night sitting .

hang out in the space between your thoughts (Alan Cohen) Be kind whenever possible. Just imagine Japanese calligraphy. (Gandhi) Using Special Characters For Wall Quotes Characters from foreign languages can be particularly effective in enhancing the ambience of a zen room. The zendô officers live in small individual rooms which at times they share with their support staff. These kinds of rooms tend to be minimalist in design and any quotes for walls placed there should also be of this nature. what you say. Chinese and Tibetan characters. You’ll find below some ideas as to what you can incorporate on your wall decor or elsewhere in the room – a mandala design or a circular mantra placed in the center of the floor or ceiling can provide a great effect. (Buddha) The foot feels the foot when it feels the ground. Meditative Wall Quotes Meditation is the tongue of the soul and the language of our spirit (Jeremy Taylor) If you want to find God. 2009 by Filed under Wall Quotes 1 Comment Wall quotes can provide an excellent finishing touch to a zen room – a room dedicated to relaxation. yoga.The place where zazen is practiced. (Buddha) Imagination is more important than knowledge. tea or meditation. Sanskrit letters or sacred symbols as wall quotes… . and what you do are in harmony. for example. (Albert Einstein) Happiness is when what you think. Source: www. It is always Wall Quotes For a Zen Room August 27. In Japanese monasteries the monks/nuns live in the zendô.mbzc. (Dalai Lama) It is better to travel well than to arrive.

After enlightenment.S. it is a religion of the art of life. We cannot see our reflection in running water. Iyengar) Yoga is the cessation of mind. (Chinese Proverb) Yoga Quotes Yoga teaches us to cure what need not be endured and endure what cannot be cured. Now tell me about hundreds of things. (Kakuzo Okakura) If a man has no tea in him. (Jason Crendell) The state of severance of union with sorrow is known by the name of yoga. the teapot is behind you. carry water.Zen Proverbs The reverse side also has a reverse side Move and the way will open Before enlightenment. (Sydney Smith) Find yourself a cup. (Saki) . chop wood. carry water. (Bhagavad Gita) Tea Wall Quote Decals Tea is more than an idealization of the form of drinking.K. chop wood. (Patanjali) Yoga is the perfect opportunity to be curious about who you are. (Taoist Proverb) Teachers open the door… You enter by yourself. It is only in still water that we can see. (B. he is incapable of understanding truth and beauty (Japanese proverb) I always fear that creation will expire before teatime.

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