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Chapter 7 Practice Test A

Name: __________________________ Date: _____________

1. An economics professor randomly selected 100 millionaires in the United States. The
average age of these millionaires was 54.8 years with a standard deviation of 7.9 years.
What is the 95% confidence interval for the mean age, μ , of all United States
millionaires?

A) 53.3 < μ < 56.3 B) 51.7 < μ < 57.7 C) 53.5 < μ < 56.1 D) 52.8 < μ < 56.8

2. In a study of 100 new cars, 31 of them were white. Find p̂ and q̂ where p̂ is the
proportion of new cars that is white.

A) p̂ =0.31, q̂ =0.69 C) p̂ =0.69, q̂ =0.69


B) p̂ =0.69, q̂ =0.31 D) p̂ =0.31, q̂ =0.31

3. A recent poll of 700 people who work indoors found that 278 of them smoke. If the
researchers want to be 98% confident of their results to within 3.5%, how large a sample
is necessary?

A) 1062 B) 532 C) 751 D) 1301

4. A study of 60 bolts of carpet showed that their average length was 180 yards. The
standard deviation of the population is 6 yards. Which of the following is the 99%
confidence interval for the mean length per bolt of carpet?

A) (177.61, 182.39) C) (178.00, 182.00)


B) (178.20, 181.80) D) (175.21, 184.79)

5. John Davis, a manager of a supermarket, wants to estimate the proportion of customers


that will be using food stamps at his store. How large a sample is required to estimate
the true proportion to within 3% with 98% confidence?

A) 1,509 B) 756 C) 1,849 D) 1,067

6. In a sample of 855 bartenders, 48% heard complaints from patrons about work. If the
margin of error was 4.4%, what was the confidence level that was used?

A) 98% B) 99% C) 95% D) 90%

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Chapter 7 Practice Test A

7. Using Table G, find the values for χ 2 and χ 2 for α = .05 and n = 27.
left right

A) 16.928 and 41.337 C) 16.151 and 40.113


B) 15.379 and 38.885 D) 16.5395 and 40.725

8. The winning team's scores in 13 high school basketball games were recorded. If the
sample mean is 10.5 points and the sample standard deviation is 0.25 points, find the
98% confidence interval of the true mean.

A) (10.34, 10.66) B) (10.13, 10.87) C) (10.31, 10.69) D) (10.43, 10.57)

9. A previous study of nickels showed that the the standard deviation of the weight of
nickels is 100 milligrams. A coin counter manufacturer wishes to find the 80%
confidence interval for the average weight of a nickel. How many nickels does he need
to weigh to be accurate within 15 milligrams?

A) 32 B) 121 C) 45 D) 73

10. A random sample of 70 printers discovered that 30 of them were being used in small
businesses . Find the 95% limit for the population proportion of printers that are used in
small businesses.

A) 0.313 < p < 0.545 C) 0.390 < p < 0.467


B) 0.331 < p < 0.526 D) 0.215 < p < 0.642

11. Find the value of α as shown in the figure below.

A) 0.04 B) 0.01 C) 0.05 D) 0.02

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Chapter 7 Practice Test A

12. A study of peach trees showed that the average number of peaches per tree was 1500.
The standard deviation of the population is 100. A scientist wishes to find the 80%
confidence interval for the mean number of peaches per tree. How many trees does she
need to sample to be accurate within 20 peaches per tree?

A) 18 B) 27 C) 42 D) 25

13. What is the value for χ 2left for a 95% confidence interval when n = 18 ?

A) 7.289 B) 6.547 C) 8.312 D) 7.564

14. If p̂ is equal to 0.77, then q̂ is equal to

A) 0.50 B) 0.23 C) 0.77 D) 0.31

15. A previous analysis of paper boxes showed that the the standard deviation of their
lengths is 7 millimeters. A pakcer wishes to find the 98% confidence interval for the
average length of a box. How many boxes does he need to measure to be accurate
within 1 millimeters?

A) 189 B) 266 C) 49 D) 326

16. A report states that 38% of home owners had a vegetable garden. How large a sample is
needed to estimate the true proportion of home owners who have vegetable gardens to
within 3% with 96% confidence?

A) 1105 B) 650 C) 325 D) 553

17. The Pizza Shop wanted to determine what proportion of its customers ordered only
cheese pizza. Out of 80 customers surveyed, 15 ordered cheese pizza. What is the 99%
confidence interval of the true proportion of customers who order only cheese pizza?

A) 0115
. < p < 0.260 C) 0102
. < p < 0.273
B) 0.086 < p < 0.289 D) 0.075 < p < 0.300

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Chapter 7 Practice Test A

18. In a sample of 55 mice, a biologist found that 40% were able to run a maze in 30
seconds or less. Find the 99% limit for the population proportion of mice who can run
that maze in 30 seconds or less.

A) 23.0% < p < 57.0% C) 24.6% < p < 55.4%


B) 14.5% < p < 65.5% D) 31.5% < p < 48.5%

19. Identify the confidence interval used in the figure below.

A) 95% B) 99% C) 90% D) 98%

20. A researcher conducted a study of the access speed of 30 hard drives and concluded that
his maximum error of estimate was 30. If he were to conduct a second study to reduce
the maximum error of estimate to 6, about how many hard drives should he include in
his new sample?

A) 60 B) 750 C) 30 D) 150

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Chapter 7 Practice Test A

Answer Key
1. A
2. A
3. A
4. C
5. A
6. B
7. B
8. C
9. D
10. A
11. D
12. C
13. D
14. B
15. B
16. A
17. D
18. A
19. C
20. B

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