This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
The synchronous motor “V Curves” shown below illustrate the effect of excitation (field amps) on the armature (stator) amps and on system power factor. When studying the effect of field excitation on motor performance, it is often assumed that the motor is loaded such that it draws a constant power from the supply. Since both the power and the voltage are constant, it follows that
where Ia is the active component of armature current, and
Ia . Zs = constant
When the synchronous motor operates with constant power input, the variation of armature current with field current is thus a V-shaped curve.In general, overexcitation will cause the synchronous motor to operate at a leading power factor, while underexcitation will cause the motor to operate at a lagging power factor. The synchronous motor thus possesses a variable-power-factor characteristic. Increasing the field amps above the value required for unity power factor operation will cause the machine to run with a leading power factor, while field weakening caused the motor power factor to become lagging. When the motor runs either leading or lagging, the armature (stator) amps increases above the unity power factor value.