Ref.

(4)-G77700-S0019-L063-A

Project:

Gilgel Gibe – II PROJECT ETHIOPIA
Description:

400 kV SWITCHYARD DESIGN REPORT’s & CALCULATION’s

Subject:

Report on Direct Stroke Lightning Protection of Electrical Equipments in Outdoor Switchyard

Note:

This report gives the calculations in justification of the lightning protection system designed for protecting the switchyard equipments and conductors from direct strokes of lightning.

........L............................ 4....... Calculation : 400kV Switchyard Handling: Unrestricted Page: 3 of 6 Contents page 1............................................... are reserved....................... 4 System Data..................... 6........................ The reproduction..............................................P....... Ltd.5 Attachments ...... 5 Conclusion ............................. All rights................ 2..... (4)-G77700-S0019-L063-A ........................................... Introduction ....................... 3........................................................................................ 5 Installation Data…………………………………………………………………………………......... 6 Siemens Power Engineering Pvt.............................................. Offenders will be liable for damages......................................................................................................... including rights created by patent grant or registration of a utility model or design........ 5 Conductor Data ......................................S.................... 6 References...... 7............... transmission or use of this document or its contents is not permitted without express written authority........................ 5.......................D..............

shield wires and other grounded metal objects intended for lightning shielding. including rights created by patent grant or registration of a utility model or design. (4)-G77700-S0019-L063-A . are reserved. the earth. or the element of the facility being protected. The sphere rolls up and over (and is supported by) the lightning masts. Ltd. The technique involves rolling an imaginary sphere of prescribed radius over the surface of the substation. Calculation : 400kV Switchyard Handling: Unrestricted Page: 4 of 6 1 Introduction The basic intent of this report is to provide design information to minimize direct lightning strokes on equipment and bus work within the substation. shield wires at elevation of 27.P. For the facility under consideration in this design report i. 400 kV Switchyard.75 metres is employed to protect the phase conductor at El+22M and bus work at EL+13. Equipment that touches the sphere or penetrates its surface is not protected from direct stroke of lightning.L. The calculations as per Attachment – 1 justifies the design and the zone of protection is shown in the DSLP Layout. The Rolling Sphere method is a simple technique for applying the EGM theory for shielding of substations. All rights.125M. The method employed for design of the shielding system is Electrogeometric model – Rolling Sphere Method. transmission or use of this document or its contents is not permitted without express written authority. A piece of equipment is protected from a direct stroke of lightning if it remains below the curved surface of the sphere by virtue of the sphere being elevated by shield wires or other devices. The Electrogeometric Model (EGM) is a geometric representation of a facility. Offenders will be liable for damages.e. together with suitable analytical expressions correlating its dimensions to the current of the lightning stroke is capable of predicting whether the lightning stroke will terminate on the shielding system. Siemens Power Engineering Pvt. The reproduction.D. that.S.

D.42 mm 450 mm 4 Installation Data Jack Bus Conductor at Coupling Bay Height of installation above FGL Main Bus Conductor Height of installation above FGL 13.P.125 m 22. All rights.L. including rights created by patent grant or registration of a utility model or design. are reserved. transmission or use of this document or its contents is not permitted without express written authority. (4)-G77700-S0019-L063-A .5F25’ 250 mm 6 mm Twin bundle of 954 MCM ACSR Cardinal 30. Offenders will be liable for damages.S. Ltd. The reproduction.0 m 5 Attachments Attachment-1: DSLP Calculation for 400kV Switchyard Siemens Power Engineering Pvt. Calculation : 400kV Switchyard Handling: Unrestricted Page: 5 of 6 2 System data 400kV AC Switchyard Nominal System Voltage System Frequency Rated Lightning Impulse Withstand Voltage Limiting Corona Gradient 400 kV 50 Hz 1425 kV 1500 kV/m 3 Conductor Data Jack Bus Conductor at Coupling Bay Type of Conductor Diameter of Sub-conductor Sub-Conductor spacing in bundle Main Bus Conductor Type of Conductor Outer Diameter Thickness 250/6 mm Tubular Bus of alloy ‘AlMgSi0.

(1)-G77700-S0019-L069-A Siemens Power Engineering Pvt. Thus the phase conductor is protected from direct strokes of lightning.P. the maximum allowable horizontal separation of the shield wire is 37. the maximum allowable horizontal separation of the shield wire is 58.75 m. Calculation : 400kV Switchyard Handling: Unrestricted Page: 6 of 6 6 Conclusion 1. Offenders will be liable for damages. The reproduction.0 m. As shown in the DSLP layout.12 m. the shield wires protecting the phase conductor at the Coupling Bay have a horizontal separation of 24. 3.0 m elevation by shield wires at elevation of 27. 7 References 1. including rights created by patent grant or registration of a utility model or design.998 – 1996(R2002) – IEEE Guide for Direct Lightning Stroke Shielding of Substations 2. Technical Data sheet for ACSR Conductor: Manufacturer – HASCELIK. Ltd. The results as per Case – 1 of the attached calculation reveals that for protection of the phase conductors of the Jack Bus in the Coupling Bay at 22. are reserved.75 m. the shield wires protecting the bus work have a horizontal separation of 48.L.D.73 m. (4)-G77700-S0019-L063-A .S. Technical Data sheet for Aluminum Alloy Tubular Conductor: Manufacturer – Corus 4. All rights.125 m elevation by shield wires at elevation of 27. All other equipments in the switchyard are at lower elevation than the Main Bus work and are hence protected by the shield wires. transmission or use of this document or its contents is not permitted without express written authority. IEEE Std.0 m. 2. 400kV Switchyard DSLP Layout – Drawing No. Thus the Main Bus conductor is protected from direct strokes of lightning. The results as per Case – 5 of the attached calculation reveals that for protection of the rigid conductors at the Main Buses at 13. As shown in the DSLP layout.

5. as per IEEE-std 998-1996 Conductor Data: Flexible conductor bundle Sub conductor Type Diameter Sub-conductor Spacing height of the conductor Rigid conductor Conductor Type Outer Diameter height of the conductor = = = = = = = 954 MCM ACSR Cardinal 0.082731 m radius of subconductors in m spacing between adjacent conductor in m ( eqn.25 m 13. we have Rc = 0. IEEE 998 . we have Rc = Rated Lightning Impulse withstand voltage 1425 kV Limiting corona gradient 1500 kV / m 0. C.1996) Rated Lightning Impulse withstand voltage Surge Impedence of the conductor carrying the surge Gilgel Gibe II Hydroelectric Project 1 .171194 m For Bundle Conductor . C.L.2832 ohms for Twin Bundle Rc x ln {(2xh)/Rc} . IEEE 998 . the radius of the bundle under corona is R'c = R0 + Rc = 0. C.45 m 22 m Tubular Aluminium Alloy 0. the equivalent radius is given by (r x l) R0 = where r l = = = 0. the equivalent radius is given by Rc x ln {(2xh)/Rc} .(Vc/E0) = 0 ( eqn.1 D.P CALCULATION FOR 400kV Switchyard By Rolling Sphere method. 5-2A.1996) = = E0 = = By solving the equation for R c.7.125 m for 400kV Twin Bundle In case of a twin conductor bundle.4778 ohms The allowable stroke current is obtained by the equation IS where = BIL ZS 2.1996) In case of a single conductor bundle. IEEE 998 .1.2 BIL / ZS = = for Tubular Conductor ( eqn. 60 x ( ln ( 2xh / R'c ) x ln ( 2xh / R 0 ) Zs = where h R'c R0 hence ZS = = = = average height of the conductor Corona radius of the bundle conductor Equivalent radius of bundle conductor 341.S (4)-G77700-S0019-L063-A ATTACHMENT .253925 m For tubular conductor the equivalent radius is given by By solving the equation for R c.03042 m 0.S. IEEE 998 .1996) for Twin Bundle For Single conductor the expression to determine surge impedance is 60 x ( ln ( 2xh / R'c ) x ln ( 2xh / r ) Zs = where h = average height of the conductor R'c = Rc = Corona radius of the single conductor r = metallic radius of single conductor ZS = 307.193255 m The surge impedence of conductors under corona is given as.(Vc/E0) = 0 where h Vc = average height of the conductor ( eqn.

185918 kA 10.863 m Maximum allowable horizontal seperation of the shield wires ensuring protection of object at height (A) X= 2L = 37.1996) for Twin Bundle for Tubular Conductor hence Combined protection by two shield wires here.125 m 14.` Case . 5-1B.18807 m (pg.188073 m 27.1996) Strike distance in m 1 for strikes on Shield Wire Allowable return stroke current in kA 33.12 m Gilgel Gibe II Hydroelectric Project 2 .75 m 13.8158 m 27.1 hence IS = 9.1 :- 'O' is the origin of the Rolling Sphere 'SW' denotes the location of the shield wire Object to be protected : Twin Conductor Bundle of Coupling Bus Now.25 IEEE 998 .73 m Case . allowable strike distance (S) height of shield wire (H) height of object to be protected (A) elevation difference between Shield wire & Object to be protected D= H-A elevation difference between Origin of the Rolling Sphere & Shield Wire E= S-D horizantal distance between Origin of the Rolling Sphere & Shield wire 2 2 S -E L= = = = = = = 36.8158 m 36.65 = = = ( eqn.625 m 21.2 :Object to be protected : Tubur Rigid Bus Conductor of Main Bus Now.S (4)-G77700-S0019-L063-A ATTACHMENT .75 m 28.062 m Maximum allowable horizontal seperation of the shield wires ensuring protection of object at height (A) X= 2L = 58.563073 m 29.75 m 22 m 5.19586 kA for Twin Bundle for Tubular Conductor The allowable stike Distance is obtained by the equation S where = S k IS S s wire = = 8 x k x I s0. IEEE 998 . allowable strike distance (S) height of shield wire (H) height of object to be protected (A) elevation difference between Shield wire & Object to be protected D= H-A elevation difference between Origin of the Rolling Sphere & Shield Wire E= S-D horizantal distance between Origin of the Rolling Sphere & Shield wire 2 2 S -E L= = = = = = = 33.0658 m 18.

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