1988 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVES Answer all the questions. 1. I. II. III. IV. A. B. C. D. E. 2. A. B. C. D. E. 3. A. B. C. D. E.

Which of the units of the following physical quantities are derived? Area Thrust Pressure Mass I, II, III and IV I, II and III only I, II and IV only I and III only I and IV only The slope of a straight line displacement time graph indicates the distance traveled uniform velocity uniform acceleration acceleration at an instant uniform speed A man will exert the greatest pressure on a bench when he lies flat on his back lies flat on his belly stands on the both feet stands on one foot only stands on the toes of one foot
6
0

A. B. C. D. E. 6.

Which of the statements above are correct? I and II only II and III only II, III and IV only I, II, III and IV I, III and IV only A ball of mass 0.5kg moving at 10ms-1 collides with another ball of equal mass at rest. If the two balls move off together after the impact, calculate their common velocity. 0.2ms-1 0.5ms-1 5.0ms-1 10.0ms-1 20.0ms-1 A body is projected into space with an initial velocity Vo at an angle θ to the horizontal. Which of the following statements is/are correct about its motion? The total time of flight is VoCos θ g The maximum heights is VoSin2 θ 2g The range is Vo2Cos2 θ g I and II only I and III only II and III only II only III only The diagram below shows a body resting on an inclined plane. If the body slides down the plane, what will be its acceleration? (g = 10ms-2) 27.5ms-2 14.8ms-2 10.5ms-2 6.2ms-2 3.3ms-2
25N
300

A. B. C. D. E. 7.

I.

II.

III. A. B. C. D. E. 8.

cm

7

5

4. A. B. C. D. E. 5. I. II. III. IV.

The diagram above represents a portion of a venire caliper. What is its reading? 7.10cm 7.09cm 6.90cm 6.34cm 6.29cm When three coplanar non-paralled forces are in equilibrium they can be represented in magnitude and direction by the three sides of a triangle taken in order their lines or action meet at a point the magnitude of any one force equals the magnitude of the resultant of the other two any one force is the equilibrant of the other two.

A. B. C. D. E. 9. A. B.

15kg

A catapult is used to project a stone. Which of the following energy conversions takes place as the stone is released? The Kinetic energy of the stone is converted into gravitational potential energy The gravitational potential energy of catapult is converted into the Kinetic energy of the stone

C. D.

The gravitational potential energy is converted into elastic potential energy The elastic potential energy of catapult is converted into gravitational potential energy of the stone A ball is thrown vertically upwards from the ground with an initial velocity of 50cms-1. What is the total time spent by the ball in the air? (g = 10ms-2) 2.5s 5.0s 10.0s 15.0s 20.0s Which of the following correctly gives the relationship between linear speed v and angular speed w of a body moving uniformly in a circle of radius? v = wr v = w 2r v = wr2 v2 = wr v = w/r The motion of a body is simple harmonic if the acceleration is always directed towards a fixed point path of motion is a straight line acceleration is directed towards a fixed point and proportional to its distance from the point acceleration is proportional to the square of the distance from a fixed point acceleration is constant and directed towards a fixed point Which of the following statements about the gaseous state of matter is not correct? The molecules of a substance in gaseous state are in a constant state of motion have different speeds have a temperature which is a measure of the average kinetic energy have no intermolecular attractive force have a pressure which is determined by the number of molecules present Which of the following cannot be used to measure the temperature of a substance? Variation of pressure with temperature Expansivity of a liquid Change in resistance of a conductor Thermo-electric effect

E. 15. A. B. C. D. E. 16.

10.

Change in colour with temperature The clinical thermometer is characteristics by having a wide range of temperature wide bore long stem contrition narrow bore A given mass of gas has a pressure of 80Nm-2 at a temperature of 47˚C. If the temperature is reduced to 27˚C with the volume remaining constant, the new pressure is 46.0Nm-2 75.Nm-2 80.0Nm-2 85.3Nm-2 139.4Nm-2 Which of the following is a reason why a concrete floor feels colder to the bare feet than a mat on the same floor during the rainy season? Mat is a better conductor of heat than the feet Mat loses heat to the bare feet at a faster rate than concrete floor Mat loses heat to the bare feet while the concrete floor extracts heat from them Concrete floor is a better conductor of heat than the mat Mat is a better conductor of heat than the floor In which of the following is the expansion of solids a disadvantage? The fitting of wheels in rims Fire alarms The thermostat The bimetallic thermometer The balance wheel of a watch Which of the following best explains why a person suffers a more severe burn when his skin exposed to steam than when boiling water is poured onto his skin? Steam is at a higher temperature than boiling water Steam posse’s greater heat energy per unit mass than boiling water Steam spreads more easily over a wider area of the skin than boiling water Steam penetrates more deeply into the skin than boiling water

A. B. C. D. E. 11.

A. B. C. D. E. 17.

A. B. C. D. E. 12. A. B. C. D. E. 13.

A. B. C. D. E. 18. A. B. C. D. E. 19.

A. B. C. D. E. 14. A. B. C. D.

A. B. C. D.

E.

The specific latent heat of vaporization is released in changing from boiling water to steam Which of the following statements about radiant heat is/are not correct? Radiant heat cannot travel through a vacuum Rough surfaces emit radiant heat better than polished surfaces Dark surfaces absorb radiant heat better than bright surfaces I only II only III only I and II only II and III only 0.5kg of water at 10˚C is completely converted to ice at 0˚C by extracting 1880001 of heat from it. If the specific heat capacity of water is 4200 J Kg-10C-1, calculate the specific latent heat of fusion of ice. 9.0kJkg-1 84.0kJ kg-1 168.0kJ kg-1 334.0kJ kg-1 336.0kJ kg-1 The temperature t which the water vapour present in the air is just sufficient to saturate it is called the ice point boiling point steam point dew point saturation point Which of the following instruments may be used to measure relative humidity? Hydrometer Barometer Manometer Hypsometer Hygrometer Which of the following will affect saturation vapour pressure of a liquid? Temperature of the liquid Humidity of air Volume of vapour Volume of the liquid Mass of the liquid the

25. I. II. III. IV. A. B. C. D. E.

20. I. II. III. A. B. C. D. E. 21.

Which of the following statements is/are not correct about the image formed by a plane mirror? The magnification produced is I The image distance is the same as the object distance The image is real The image is laterally inverted I only II only III only I and III only II and IV only

26. A. B. C. D. E. 27.

A. B. C. D. E. 22. A. B. C. D. E. 23. A. B. C. D. E. 24. A. B. C. D. E.

What will be the characteristics of the image of the object OB shown above after reflection from the mirror? Diminished, real and erect Magnified, real and inverted Diminished, virtual and erect Magnified, virtual and erect Magnified virtual and inverted A transparent rectangular block 5.0cm thick is placed on a black dot. The dot when viewed from above, is seen 3.0cm from the top of the block. Calculate the refractive index of the material of the block 2/5 3/5 3/2 5/3 5/2 The velocities of light in air and glass are 3.0 x 108ms-1 and 1.8 x 108ms-1 respectively. Calculate the sine of the angle of incidence that will produce an angle of refraction of 30˚ for a ray of light incident on glass. 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.3 In an experiment to measure the focal length f of a converging lens, object distance u and corresponding image distances v were measured and 1/u plotted against 1/v to obtain the type of graph below:

A. B. C. D. E. 28.

A. B. C. D. E. 29.

32. B. II. E.0Ω Which of the following diagrams represents the magnetic field of two isolated unlike poles? A. B.65m. I only II only I and II only II and III only I. A. C. D. C. E. E. the period of vibration in second is 2. B.02 0. C. A.80 A and 0. E. Calculate the internal resistance of the cell. A.0cm 6. I. 34. E. 0.0Ω 9.005 Which of the following statements is/are not correct about a standing wave? It is formed by the superposition of two progressive waves traveling in the same direction All points on the wave are vibrating with maximum displacement It is formed by the superposition of two progressive waves of different amplitudes traveling in opposite directions. E. B. B. C.0cm The ability of the eye to focus objects at different distances is called power accommodation normal vision persistence on vision long sight The change of the direction of a wave front because of a change in the velocity of the wave in another medium is called refraction reflection diffraction interference dispersion A source of sound produces waves in air of wavelength 1. C. the object possesses an equal amount of positive charge less amount of negative charge no charge a positive charge an equal amount of negative charge A cell can supply currents of 0. C. If the speed of sound in air is 330ms-1. calculate the height of the object.0Ω 3.40 A through a 2Ω and a 5Ω resistor respectively. C.5 0. C. B. A. 38. A. how far is he from the cliff? 17m 34m 85m 170m 680m A sounding tuning fork is brought near the end of a pipe containing an air column and the loudness of the sound increases. 2.00 2. B. B. C. D. C. E.0 0. A.5s later. A. E. If a real image which is 4cm high is formed. 37. A. D. E. E. 33.III.4Ω 1. 35. B.0cm 4. D. II and III A boy standing some distance from the foot of a tall cliff claps his hands and hears an echo 0. How would f be found from this graph? f = the slope of the graph f = the intercept on the 1/u – axis f = the intercept on the 1/v – axis f = reciprocal of the slope f = reciprocal of the intercept in either axis An object is placed 36cm from a converging lens of focal length 24cm.0cm 10.2Ω 0. .0cm 8. A. This effect is due to diffraction an echo resonance interference reverberation If the leaves of a positively charged electroscope collapse completely as an object are brought near the cap of the electroscope. 39. D. If the speed of sound is 340ms-1. A. B. D. D. D. D. 30. 31. 36. D.

E. A. C. A. 47. D. 45. C. 120J 144J 240J 740J 8640J A transformer with 5500 turns in its primary is used between a 240V a. D.0V 2. A battery of e. C. C. What is the internal p. D. A. A. B. D. 43. B. D. E.c supply and a 120V kettle.0V 21. A. D. A. 11000 2750 460 232 10 Local action is normally prevented from taking place in a simple electric cell by introducing an oxidizing agent into the acid not drawing continuously for long periods amalgamating the surface of the zinc plate using a porous pot to isolate the zinc plate from the acid using dilute sulphuric acid Calculate the value of R when G shows no deflection in the circuit illustrated below. A. A.m. C.0V Calculate the total heat energy developed in 5 minutes by the system above. B. A. E. E. E. B. C. 42. E. 44. B. C.7V 2. E. 216000J 132200J 3600J 864J 220J 40. B. Calculate the energy it would consume when connected to a 220V source for 1 hour. 11Ω 36Ω 60Ω 120Ω 225Ω Two parallel conductors carry equal currents in the same direction. E. C. E. E. D.f. Calculate the number of turns in the secondary. 41. C.3V 16. 48. C. . B.d of the battery? 24. B. Which of the following statements is not a correct observation? Echo f the conductors will experience a force Each of the conductors can move The forces on the conductors will be equal There are concentric lines of force around each conductor The two conductors will repel each other It takes 4 minutes to boil a quantity of water electrically. 24 V and internal resistance 4Ω is connected to a resistor of 32Ω. D. D. 46. How long will it take to boil same quantity of water using the same heating coil but with the current doubled? (Neglect any external heat losses) 64 minutes 32 minutes 8 minutes 2 minutes 1 minute Which of the following statements is not correct? magnetic field is a region in which a magnetic force may be detected A line of force is a line along which a magnetic N-pole would tend to move if it were free Magnetic fields are scalar quantities Neutral points are obtained where the earth’s magnetic field is exactly equal and opposite to that due to the magnet The dip angle is the angle between the horizontal and the earth’s total magnetic field A lamp is marked 220V 60W.B. B. D.

A. D. E. D. 57.004cm2 if its resistance is 3. A. extension is no longer proportional to the applied load If the spring regains its shape or form after deformation. A. D. B. E. Calculate the kinetic energy of the electron. D.60000 ohm cm Which of the following particles or rays have the greatest penetrating power Beta particles Alpha particles Gamma particles Electrons Neutrons When sugar at the bottom of a glass of water gradually dissolves.0000267 ohm cm 0. 58. B. it is said to be elastic Calculate the resistivity of a wire of length 2m and cross-sectional area of 0. Water molecules are separated by large spaces between them Which of the following explains the concave meniscus of water in a glass tube? The adhesion between water and glass is greater than the cohesion between water molecules The cohesion between water molecules is greater than the adhesion between glass and water The molecules of water near the glass are moving faster than the molecules in the other parts The molecules of water at the water-air boundary are often attracted to the centre of the tube The weight of the water pulls the central part ofo the surface down The unit of inductance is the farad henry hertz ampere coulomb Which of the following is/are not affected by a magnetic field? Neutrons Cathode rays Alpha particles I only II only III only II and III only I. E. C. C. 52. C. E. . A. provided the elastic limit is not exceeded It the elastic limit is not exceeded. III. Which of the following statements best explains this? Water is suitable solvent for sugar The sugar and the water have become a single solution The volume of the sugar molecules does not change when the sugar dissolves Sugar molecules are smaller than water molecules E.6 x 10-19C is accelerated in vacuum from rest at zero volt towards a plate of 40KV. C. extension is no longer proportional to the applied load Beyond the elastic limit. 55. A.0ohm 0. B.26700 ohm cm 0.49. 50. I. A. 56. 4 x 10-25J 4 x 10-21J 6. D.00006 ohm cm 0. 54. C. II.4 x 10-15 J 2. E. D. 53.5 x 10-20 J A. B. What is the effect of using split-rings in a simple d. D. A. E. A. B. B. II and III Which of the following is not correct about isotopes of an element? They are the same neutron number the same proton number the same number of electrons the same chemical properties different physical property An electron of charge 1. 51. A. D. D. C. C. B.37500 ohm cm 0. E. the water level does not change appreciably. B.4 x 10-20 J 6. E. E. C. C.c motor? The direction of rotation of the coil is reversed The current in the coil flows in the same direction The current in the coil becomes alternating The direction of the force on the coil is reversed The contact with the voltage source is cut off Which of the following statements is not correct about a loaded spiral spring? The extension is proportional to the load applied. D. B. B. C. the contraction is proportional to the load removed Up to the yield limit.

59. Horizontally. (i) (ii) (iii) b.R of a machine are related by the equation. With the tube vertical and the open end uppermost.0m. (i) (ii) c. Explain how its construction minimizes heat exchange with the surroundings. Explain what is meant by: Electric field intensity electric lines force Two similar but opposite point charges – q and +q each of magnitude 5. Calculate the length of the air column when the tube is held. B. The distance of the balance point from the zero end. (Atmosphere pressure = 76cm of mercury) Explain why it is not advisible to sterilize a clinical thermometer in boiling water at normal atmosphere pressure. State the condition of equilibrium for a number of coplanar parallel forces. What is a mechanical wave? Describe with the aid of a diagram.A and the velocity ratio V. C. Which of the following electromagnetic radiation? X-ray Radio waves Sunlight Sound waves Infra-red radiations is not an b A. (i) (ii) b. C. State Boyle’s law.0 x 10-8C are separated by a distance of 8. A.0cm in vacuum as shown in the diagram below. E. Samples of A and B initially contain equal number of atoms. Draw the lines of force due to this system of charges. Determine the work done by a person using this machine to raise a load of 200kg through a vertical distance of 3. B. What is the ratio of the number of the remaining atoms of A to that of B after 200 years? 4:1 s:1 1:1 1:2 1:4 1988 THEORY SECTION B PART 1 (i) (ii) c. (Take g = 10ms-2) b. D. Show tht the efficiency E. M. Calculate the magnitude and direction of the resultant electric field intensity E at the point P. the force ratio M. (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) Calculate the following in the series circuit shown beside: reactance of the capacitor impedance of the circuit current through the circuit voltage across the capacitor average power used in the circuit 2a. if the body were moved to the 13cm mark. 1a. Calculate: The mass of the metre rule. 3a. D.R The efficiency of a machine is 80%. E. A metre rule is found to balance at the 48cm mark. Explain with the aid of a diagram what is meant by the moment of a force about a point. A thread of mercury of length 15cm is used to trap some air in a capillary tube with uniform cross-sectional area and closed at one end. 60. Vertically with the open end underneath. correct an eye defect. the length of the trapped air column is 20cm. When a body of mass 60g is suspended at the 6cm mark the balance point is found to be at the 30cm mark. produce an enlarged picture on a screen. (Take 1_ = 9 x 109 Nm2C-2) 4π Σ c. Explain with the aid of diagram how a converging lens could be used to ignite a piece of carbon. . Draw a labeled diagram of a vacuum flask. an experiment to show that sound needs a material medium for transmission. 4a. State three characteristics of sound and mention the factor on which each depends. Two radioactive elements A and B have halflives of 100 and 50 years respectively.A x 100% E = V.

OA and y/AO. determine the corresponding values of y. Attach your graphs to your answer book. Evaluate y/AD. Remove the prism. The record may be kept in pencil provided it can be read clearly. Repeat the experiment with i = 50˚. suspend a mass M = 70g from AC and adjust the position of the loop so that the line of actions of the weight of M lies along BD. 110 and 130 and 150g. Tabulate your readings. Repeat the experiment with M – 90. a thread AC. Draw a line along the direction of AC on the paper held behind the thread. Neither a detailed description of the apparatus nor a full account of the method of carrying out the experiments is required. Measure BO = y and AO. Attach your answer script. Draw BD at right angles to AC. 1988 PAPER I PRACTICAL You are required to record your observations as soon as they are made. By means of a loop of thread. Retain this weight m throughout the experiment. (i) Given that M/2m = y/AO in the experiment above. Draw the normal XY. scrap paper must not be used. Remove the prism. b. State the condition necessary for the equilibrium of three non parallel coplanar forces (ii) (iii) Calculate the magnitude of force F in diagram above. are in equilibrium. Join P3 and P4 producing it to meet line TN at Z. In each case. The observations and any mathematical working and answers to questions should be written in your answer book. Ensure that M and m hand off the force Place the prism provided on a tracing paper and draw its outline ABC. 1a. 55˚ 60˚ and 65˚. Replace the prism and fix two other points at P3 and P4 such that the pins appear to be in a straight line with the images of the pins of P1 and P2 when viewed from the side AC and of the prism. Locate the midpoint B of AC and mark its position on this line. You should however. If any place of the apparatus provided has a label with a letter on it. State two precautions you took to ensure accurate results. Measure and record the value of the angle A.board. Measure and record the angle of emergency e and the angle of deviation d. Plot your graph with M on the vertical axis and horizontal axis and find the slope of the graph. note any special precautions you have taken and it must be clear (by diagrams or otherwise) exactly what the readings mean and how they were obtained. if all the three forces acting at O. fixed at pulley A passes over a pulley at C on a force board and carries an unknown weight M. In each case. Evaluate (d – e). the In the diagram above. You are not expected to copy out your work again neatly. Draw a normal to the line AB and N. Also draw another line TN to the normal such that i = 45˚ Erect two pins at P1 and P2. this letter must be recorded in your answer book in order that the Examiner may identify which set of apparatus you used. measure and record the . deduce value of the known mass m from your graph.

The string is inclined at an angle of 60˚ to the wall. 4. read and record the values of I and V. (a) Distinguish between deviation and refraction. draw a ray diagram to show the path of the ray as it passes through the prism. yo and 80cm. Read and record I and V. D. Find the slope of the graph and the intercepts L1 and L2 on the vertical and horizontal axis respectively. Then place the jockey to make contact with PQ at J such that PJ – 40cm. Which of the following is not a vector quantity? Momentum Force Velocity Temperature Displacement Which of the following is not a consequence of a force field? weight surface tension Gravitational pull Magnetic force Electric force A boy pulls a nail from the wall with a string tied to the nail. Attach your traces to your answer script. 2. if d = I + e – A where the symbols are as shown on the diagram above. 60. 1989 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE (iii) (ii) 1. PQ is the potentiometer wire. Determining the slope of the graph and the value of V when 1 = 0. D. What did the voltmeter measure when the jockey made contact with potentiometer wire at J? (ii) What would be wrong with the connections if the ammeter deflected in the opposite direction during the experiment? State two advantages of using a potentiometer over a voltmeter for measuring potential difference. (iii) 3. C. A. A. 2. Plot a graph with (d – e) on the vertical axis and i on the horizontal axis starting both axis from the origin. The diagram above represents the trajectory of a projectile with an initial . E. If a ray of light is incident normally on face AB of the prism. Tabulate your readings. (i) Given that E = V + IR in the experiment above. (i) the What is the physical significance of intercept of the graph on the horizontal axis. use your graph to determine the value of R (ii) (a). C. B. Repeat the experiment with PJ – 50. Evaluate Lo = (11 + 12)/2 State two precautions you took to ensure accurate results. E. Tabulate your readings. 3. (Take refractive index of glass – 1. E. In each case. d and (d – e). A.corresponding values of e.5) b. If the tension in the string is 4N what is the effective force used in pulling the nail? 2N 2√3N 4N 4√3N 8N Connect up the circuit as shown above. B. State two precautions you took to ensure accurate results. Record the ammeter reading Io and the voltmeter reading VO when the jockey is not in contact with the potentiometer wire PQ. D. Plot a graph with 1 on the vertical axis and V on the horizontal axis starting both axis from the origin. B. C.

5ms-1 The motion of the prongs of a sounding turning fork is random translational rotational vibratory vibratory and rotational Which of the following is a derived unit? Metre Coulomb Kilogram Second Ampere An engine raises 100kg of water through a height of 60m in 20s.0ms-1 6. A. E. C. A. B. B.5gcm3 is suspended from a spring balance with half the volume of the block immersed in water. E. E. C. 12. C. D. 7. velocity U. weight only upthrust only Which of the following statements is correct about the equilibrium of the object represented in the diagrams below? B. D. 14. the time taken to reach the maximum height is 2Ug sin θ U sin θ 2g u con g U__ g sin θ U sin g D. 9. C. A. C. 10. E. A. B. A. C. 6. C.0ms-1 2. E. D. B. E. If g is the acceleration of free fall. C. C. C.000W 3000W 333W 300W 30W A thermometer has its stem marked in millimeter instead of degree Celsius.0ms-1 8. B. D. θ 5. A. .0g cm-3) 8g 25g 30g 40g 50g A piece of cork which is floating on water is acted upon by the forces of weight and viscosity weight and upthrust upthrust and viscosity A. With what tangential velocity will the stone move off the circle if the string cuts? 16. E. D. B. B. B. D. A. E. What is the reading of the spring balance? (Density of water = 1. D. D. calculate the moment of the force of 10 N about point P 60 Nm 60 3Nm 120Nm 120 3Nm 240Nm Which of the following is used to determine the relative density of the acid in a car battery? Hypsometer Hygrometer Manometer Hydrometer Spectrometer A block of material of volume 20cm3 and density 2. θ A.0ms-1 0.A. The lower fixed point is 30mm and the upper E. B. What is the power of the engine? {Take g = 10ms-2} 120. 8. 13. Using the diagram below. X and Y are in stable equilibrium Y and Z are in neutral equilibrium X is in unstable equilibrium Z is in stable equilibrium Y is in neutral equilibrium A stone tied to a string is made to receive in a horizontal circle of radius 4m with an angular speed of 2 radians per second. E. D. 11.

18. C. B. 117200J 113000J 4200J A block of ice at its melting point is left on a table in the atmosphere and it is observed to melt gradually. which of the following diagrams best represents the charge distribution on the can after this process? A. C.0˚C 10. A.0˚C 25. A. fixed point is 180mm. A. E. D. B. D. D. 15. E. 21. E. B. C. B. C.A. E. B. 17. E. D. What is the specific latent heat of the liquid? 60 Jg-1 120Jg-1 300Jg-1 360Jg-1 1500Jg-1 A positively charged sphere is suspended inside a hollow can placed on an insulating base. B. 19.5˚C 30. E. C. E.2Jg-1K-1. B. C. B. C. D.0˚C Which of the following surface will radiate heat energy best? Red White Black Yellow Blue Which of the following statements is not correct? Evaporation takes place only at the surface of a liquid? Boiling takes place through out the volume of a liquid Evaporation takes place at all temperatures Boiling takes place at a particular temperature for a liquid at a given external pressure The boiling point of a liquid is not affected by impurities Water in an open container boils at a lower temperature when heated at the top of a mountain than at sea-level because at the top of a mountain the relative humidity is higher than that at sealevel rays of the sun add more heat to the water temperature is lower than that at sea-level pressure is lower than that at sea-level Pressure is more than that at sea-level Which of the following substances is not a good conductor of electricity? Human body Glass Aluminium Earth Copper Calculate the heat energy required to vaporize 50g of water initially at 80˚C if the specific heat capacity of water is 4. D. 20. ˚C 10. A. A. D. . B. If the can is momentarily earthed and the charged sphere is then withdrawn. C. D. 22. 67. A. A. 16. (Specific latent heat of vaporization of water is 2260Jg-1) 533000J 230200J C. Which of the following statements is true about the melting process? The reaction force of the table on the ice breaks the ice water molecules heat extracted from the ice block makes the ice block cold The ice block absorbs heat from the atmosphere and its temperature rises The atmosphere and its temperature remained constant as it melts All the heat generated by a current of 2 A passing through a 6Ω resistor for 25 s is used to evaporate 5g of a liquid at its boiling point. D. Calculate the temperature in degree Celsius when the thermometer reads 45mm.

E. What will be the characteristics of the image of the object OB shown above after refraction through the lens? Magnified. Which of the following is the minimum angle for total internal reflection to take place in the medium? 30 36˚ 44˚ 46˚ 54˚ A. D. D. . A. A. B. C. D. C. B. C. B. C. E. B. D. E. D. D. Which of the following diagrams correctly illustrates the path of the beam? A. 30. inverted and magnified Diminished. E. virtual and inverted Real. B. What is the angle made by the reflected ray with the surface of the mirror? 125˚ 70˚ 65˚ 55˚ 35˚ The image in a pin-hole camera is always diminished enlarged upright inverted blurred The refractive index for a given transparent medium is 1. D. B. E. D. 27. C. E.4. 23. C.E. B. virtual and erect A beam of light consisting of both green G and Violet V colours is incident on a prism. 26. D. 29. 25. C. A. Which of the following instruments can be used to compare the relative magnitudes of charge on two given bodies? The electrophorus Ebonite rod Proof planes Gold leaf electroscope Capacitor A short chain is usually attached to the back of a petrol tanker trailing behind it to ensure that the petrol tanker is balanced on the road heat generated by friction in the engine can be conducted to the floor charges generated by friction in the tanker is conducted to the earth tanker moves slowly as the chain touches the road surface chain produces sound for the resonance of the tanker’s engine A ray of light is incident on a plane mirror at an angle of 35˚. B. E. C. A. The distance between a node and an antinodes for a transverse wave is equal to the wavelength thrice the wavelength One-half of the wavelengths one-quarter of the wave length Which of the instrument? Flute Trumpet Piano Drum Saxophone following is a stringed A. 24. virtual and inverted Erect. A. B. 31. E. real and diminished Diminished. A. C. 28.

C. 34.2s and 1. C. C. B. B. 39. In which of the diagram would a positive test charge experience less force as it moves from X to Y? III only II only I only I and II only I and III only E. A sound pulse sent vertically downwards into the earth is reflected from two different layers of the earth such that echoes are heard after 1. calculate the distance between the layers. C.5 x 107ms-1 6. A. Assuming the speed of the pulse is 2000ms-1. Calculate the number of vibrations made by the string in one second.2 x 108ms-1 The electric force between two point charge each of magnitude q at a distance of r apart in air of permittivity Eo is q2__ 4 π Eor rEo_ q2 4π q E0 qr2_ E0 q2___ 4 π E0r2 What is the total capacitance in the circuit represented by the diagram above? C1 = C + C1 1 + 1 + 1 C1 C2 C3 C1C2C3____ C1 + C2 + C3 A. D. 36. E.8 x 103ms-1 1. B. 3 6 150 300 600 Which of the following is not a property of longitudinal waves? Compression Reflection Refraction Polarization Diffraction 37. B. 35. A. E. D. C. B. B. C. 38. A. E. A. D.4s. the maximum displacement of particles from their equilibrium positions is called frequency amplitude period wavelength wave velocity A string is stretched tightly between two point 50cm apart. B.1 x 104ms-1 3. E. A. D. B. D. 200m 400m 2400m 2600m 2800m In a wave. The diagrams above show lines of force in electric fields. E. A. A. It is plucked at its centre and the velocity of the wave produced is 300ms-1. E. B. D. 7. E. D. C. A. What is the gravitational potential due to a molecule of mass m at a distance from it? (G – gravitational constant) Gm2_ r2 Gm r Gm2 r G2m2 r m2_ Gr2 Calculate the escape velocity for a rocket fired from the earth’s surface at a point where the acceleration due to gravity is 10ms-2 and the radius of the earth is 6 x 106m.32. 33. D. . C. 40. C.0 x 104ms-1 1.

C. E.mf. C. D. B. there is a zero deflection of the galvanometer when I1 – 40cm as shown in the diagram below. If the e.D. 2.m. D. E. 44.0 volts 3. B. I. the galvanometer indicates a null-deflection. D.0 x 10-4J B. C2__ C3 + C1 C 1C 2C 3 45. 48. Calculate the value of the resistance R. C.0 volts 4. D.c. 2. C.f. How much energy is consumed if the generator runs for 6 hours? 0. .2k Wh 7. B. C. II.2k Wh 3. D. D. 47. 2. What is the potential difference between X and Y? O volt 1. A. A. In the diagram below. E. E. B.0 x 10-9J A. 1. E.0 x 103J 42. A. supply of e.0 x 103J E. D. 2.0 x 10-3J D. 41.0k Wh 4.0 volts The circuit represented beside is used for charging an accumulator from a.5 volts 2. 1. B. 46. A.2k Wh 1. E. III. 62/3Ω 15Ω 20Ω 25Ω 24Ω Which of the following is not true of a discharge tube? The pressure of gas must be very low The glass tube must have two electrodes at the ends The gas in the tube must be carbon dioxide Air is gradually pumped out of the tube The coating on the walls of the tube at a certain stage glows Which of the following diagrams gives the correct magnetic field pattern around a current-carrying straight conductor? Calculate the energy stored in a 10 µ F capacitor if the potential difference between the plates is 20V. then the equation for the charging current is I = E1 + E2 r1 + r2 I = E1 – E2 r1 + r2 E1 – E1 r1 + r2 I = E1 – E2 r1 – r2 I = E1 + E2 r1 – r2 A portable generator is connected to six 100 W lamps and a 600 W amplifying system. B. 43. C. E1 and internal resistance r1. E. In a metre bridge experiment.0 x 10-4J C. B. Which of the following is/are correct about a plane rectangular current carrying coil placed in a uniform magnetic field? The forces in the two parallel sides produce a resultant translational motion The torgue is maximum when the plane of the coil is parallel to the direction of the field The forces on the two parallel sides are equal and opposite I only II only III only I and III only II and III only A.2k Wh A. of the accumulator is E2 with an internal resistance of r2.d. A. E. C.

A. E. . If Planck’s constant is 6. D. D. V is viscosity and U is up-thrust. E.c. What is the instantaneous p. A. E. E. Which of the following equations holds when the falling body P has attained a terminal velocity? V + ng = U V + U = mg = 0 V = mg_ U V – U = mg V + mg + U = 0 An electron jumps from one energy level to another in an atom radiating 4. A. D.d. E. Which of the following expressions is correct? F = EAe2 1 F = EAL c F = EAe L F = EAe 12 F = EA el A. C. A. B.49. C. 57. B. electrons are emitted from its surface.0 x 10-7m A. E. 50. C. B. The area of cross-section of the string is A and its Young’s modulus is E. C. 53. they emit discrete energy packets or quanta The energy emitted by the electrons in their orbits contain all possible wavelengths I only I and II only II and III only I and III only I. A. C. D. E. when it has reached 1/8th of a cycle? 45V 90V 90 2V 180V 180 2V Which of the following will not lower the surface tension of water? Detergent Methylated spirit Soap solution Grease Camphor Which of the following gives rise to the line spectra observed in atoms? kinetic energy of a moving atom Potential energy of an electron inside an atom Change of an electron from a higher to a lower energy level in the atom Disturbed proton in the nucleus Excitation of an electron in the atom Which of the following is/are essential properties of the Bohr’s model of the atom? The electrons in the orbits have discrete values for their angular momentum II. 56. A.6 x 10-34Js What is the wavelength of the radiation? (Take velocity of light = 3 x 108ms-1) 4. B. B. A. B.4 x 10-7m 4. C. 55. 51. D. D. D. C. B. III. C. II and III An elastic string of length / is stretched through a length e by a force F. 54. C. 52. E. Which of the following materials should be used fro the core in order to produce the strongest magnetic effect at J in the circuit illustrated in the diagram below? Copper Iron Brass Plastic Steel When a metal is heated to a high temperature. This process is known as photo electric emission artificial radioactivity field emission secondary emission thermionic emission In an a. I.5 x 10-19 joules. B. circuit the peak value of the potential difference is 180V. In the diagram above. D.4 x 10-4m 4. B. When the electrons jump from one orbit to another.

(b) (i) Describe an experiment to determine the frequency of a note emitted by a source of sound. w and wt represent. E. . The air in the pipe is set into vibration and fundamental note is produced. B. E. If the velocity of sound in air is 340ms-1. (i) Describe a simple experiment show how an induced e.f. with the aid of a diagram. can be produced. C. (ii) State two factors on which 1. C. D. 1.m. E. D.0 x 10-5K-1 calculate the safety gap that must be left between successive bars if the highest temperature expected is 41˚C (c) State three advantages and two disadvantages of thermal expansion of solids What is a wave motion? A. 10. 60. 59. what A and λ represent.5 x 10-7m 1. 2.0 x 10-5 K-1? to the (b) (i) (ii) Describe an experiment to determine the linear expansivity of a steel rod Steel bars. (a) λ 2π The equation. B. calculate the frequency of the note.s. E.f. D. each of length 3m at 29˚C are to be used for constructing a rail line. depends (c) (d) Explain what is meant by the r. C.m. (a) “The What is meant by the statement: linear expansivity of a solid is 1. 58. A pipe closed at one end is 1m long. y = A sin (Vt – X) represents a wave train in which y is the vertical displacement of a particle at distance X from the origin in the medium through which the wave is traveling. Thompson Henri Beequerel Niels Bohr Enrico Fermi 3. J. (i) If the alternating current is represented by 1. 1989 SECTION B THEORY linear expansivity of steel is 1. Explain.5 x 10-19m If a nucleus 3H decays. a nucleus 3 He is found 1 2 Accompanied with the emission of a neutron proton beta particle gamma particle alpha particle Which of the following statements is a correct consequence of the uncertainty principle? The uncertainty in our knowledge of energy and the duration taken to measure it are each less than Planck’s constant The complete knowledge of the position of a particle implies the complete ignorance of its energy It is possible to measure exactly both the position and momentum of a particle at the same time Both momentum and energy of a particle can be known with absolute certainty A particle’s kinetic energy cannot be measured accurately at anytime The phenomenon of radioactivity was first discovered by Marie Curie Sir J. A. State the laws of electromagnetic induction. (ii) (c) (a) (b) State two differences between a sound wave and a radio wave. value of an alternating current.D.m. If the magnitude of the induced e. B. A.

State two necessary . In each case.97 x 10-16eV if the work functions of the metal is 1. Repeat once and find average time for 20 oscillations. 75cm and 70cm. 8V. value 15.6 x 10-19J. Determine the slope of the graph. 2. L is the distance between the edge of the bench and the Contact the voltmeter across the given 2Ω standard resistor and join the combination in series with the accumulator. In a photoelectric cell. With length L = 90cm. Determine the slope m of the graph. Explain the term centre of gravity of a body and state how it is related to the stability of an object.m. (ai) emission (ii) Explain and threshold frequency Einstein’s photoelectric equation can be written as E = hf = hfo. Also determine the intercept on the vertical axis. record the corresponding reading V of the voltmeter. M and m. Repeat the experiment with length L = 85cm. illustrating your answer with observation phenomena. if in a circuit it has r.60 x 10-34 JS).0A when its phase angle is 30˚ the terms: photoelectric point on the rule where mass m is attached to the rule. h = 6. Adjust the resistance box S to 15Ω and record the reading of the voltmeter. Plot a graph with lot 100T along the vertical axis and log L along the horizontal axis. determine the time for the loaded metre rule to perform 20 vertical oscillations.33 x 1016 eV. draw a diagram to indicate the forces acting on the rule when in equilibrium. (leV = 1. If R is the reaction at the bench. Explain what is meant by the duality of matter.(ii) Calculate the instantaneous value of such a current. Tabulate your readings. Plot a graph of 1/v along the vertical axis and S along the horizontal axis. b. M the mass of the metre rule and m the mass of the attached load. What does such each of the symbols used in the equation above represent? Calculate the frequency of the proton whose energy is required to eject a surface electron with a kinetic energy of 1. (i) and (ii) Explain what is meant by a couple define the moment of a couple. Calculate the period T of oscillation in each case and tabulate your readings. Repeat with values of S = 12Ω.s. Evaluate the ratio e/m. 4. State one factor that may affect the numbers of emitted electrons. the resistance box S and a key K as shown above. In each case. Write down a relationship between R. 10Ω. 6 and 4Ω. Find the values of I/v in each case. determine the average time t taken by the metre rule to perform 20 vertical oscillations. no electrons are emitted until the threshold frequency of light is reached. Explain what happens to the energy of the light before emission of electrons begins. (b) (c) (iii) (d) (a) 1989 PAPER 1 PRACTICAL 1(a) Clamp the loaded metre rule firmly to the edge of the bench as a horizontal cantilever as shown above capable of performing vertical oscillations.

Measure and record ST. D. Four identical cells each e. III and IV only II. 1990 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE (iii) 1.5 x 10-6kg revolving around the earth has a radial acceleration of 4 x 107ms-3. D. 55˚ and 65˚. D. (i) State two conditions under which a piece of wire in a closed electrical circuit may not obey Ohm’s law. Draw four other lines for i = 35˚. b.0m 2. Fix two pins at P1 and P2 on the incident line making the angle i = 30˚ with KS. (iii) thickness 1. A. Mark the positions of P3 and P4. B. Plot a graph with XT on the vertical axis and ST on the horizontal axis. I. (i) (ii) State Snell’s law of refraction.00 x 103N An oscillating pendulum has a velocity of 2ms-1 at the equilibrium position O and velocity at same point R.m. C. and 65˚. 45˚. 55˚. By how much does the point object appear to be displaced? Draw a diagram to illustrate what is meant by a lateral displacement of a ray of light which passes through a rectangular glass block. Which of the following instruments is suitable for making the accurate measurement of the internal diameter of a test tube? A metre rule A pair of calipers A micrometer screw gauge A tape rule A set square A particle of mass 2. E. B. Repeat the experiment for I = 35˚. C. (ii) Explain why the e. A point object placed in contact with one surface of a glass block of A. Draw a line to pass through P3 and P4 and produce it to meet HG at T1 and KL at X1 respectively. III. E. E and internal resistance r are connected in series with a resistance R. 45˚. Draw a line making an angle i = 30˚ and KS as shown. and X1 T1.4m 0.6cm and of refractive index 1. D. Using the diagram below.f of a cell is usually greater than the p. II. A. Write down the formula for the current in the circuit. . C. Calculate the slope of the graph. calculate the height h of P above O. b. B. By looking through the side HG. Remove the glass block. What is the centripetal force of the particle? 6.x 10-13N 5.m. (Take g = 10ms2) 5. Remove the block and draw a normal KL cutting the faces at S and Q such that ES is about one-quarter of EF. III and IV only Replace the glass block carefully on its outline.00 x 10N 1.f. fix two other pins at P3 and P4 such that the pins at P3 and P4 appear to be in line with the images of pins at P1 and P2. A.6 is viewed along the normal to the opposite surface. at its terminals when the cell is used to supply current to an external circuit. B. 3.precautions taken when performing this experiment. II and IV only I. In each case. State two precautions you took when performing the experiment. II and III only I. 4.0m 0.2m 0. measure and record ST and XT. 3. C. E. IV.00 x 102N 2.1m Which of the following are contact forces? Force of tension Force of friction Magnetic force Force of reaction I.25 x 10-14N 1/6.d. (a) Trace the outline EFGH of the given rectangular glass block. 2.

A. I and IV only A plane inclined at an angle of 30˚ to the horizontal has an efficiency of 50%. 14. C.8Nm 0. calculate the tension T in the string (Take g = 10ms-2) 20/√3N 20N 50N 200√3N 200N An object weighs 10. Calculate the magnitude of the couple acting on the plate. D.50N The absolute zero temperature is defined as the temperature at which thermal motion ceases the temperature of a gas is 273˚C ice melts the volume of a real gas is maximum pressure of a real gas is maximum A cube made of a metal of linear expansivity α is warned through a temperature of t. D.50mm 3.0Nm A force F is applied to a body P as shown in the diagram below. B.65m 0. 15. E. E. calculate the distance PQ. C.55m 2.45m A simple pendulum makes 50oscillations in one minute. C. If the initial volume of the cube is V.20s 0.02s 0.83s 1. When the lift starts to ascent. D. C. What will be the reading on the machine? (Take g = 10ms-2) 66kg 4N 55kg 44kg 6Am 22kg 11kg 10. A.E. E. E. D. An object R leaves a platform XY with a horizontal velocity of 7ms-1 and lands at O. B. C. (Take g = 10ms-2) 7. A.67mm 3. A.00s The body P shown in the diagram above is in equilibrium. B. E.5? 4. . If the mass of the body is 10kg. B. C. C.6Nm 0. 5. D. What is the period of oscillation? 0. If it takes the same object 0. D. what is the increase in volume of the cube? 1 α /3 Vt ½ α Vt α Vt 2 α Vt A.4Nm 3. A. D. What is its reading? 3. A. D. B.20s 50. which of the following represents the work done? Fx F cos θ x Fx tan θ Fx sin θ Fx cos θ A. B.2Nm 1. B. A. E. A. C. 8. B. What is its weight when immersed in a liquid of relative density 1. C. If the body P moves through a distance r. D. B. 7.67N 8. D. 6. its acceleration is 2mm2.33mm 3. D. A.50N 6. C. 13.67N 5.3s to fall freely from Y to P. C. 11. E. The force parallel to the plan required to push a load of 120N uniformly up the plan is 40√3N 60N 120N 200N 240N The diagram above represents a portion of a micrometer screw guage.50N 4. E. B. 12. 6. 4N Two forces each of 4 N act on the opposite sides of a rectangular plate as shown in the diagram above.0 in water.10m 1.0N in air and 7. E. E. B. 9.30m 2.7mm 3.17mm A girl whose mass is 55kg stands on a spring weighing machine inside a life.

0m. 8.50m 87. B. II. C. A.75m 123.27 x 103J Heat transfer by convection in a liquid is due to the translatory motion of the molecules of the liquid increased vibration of the molecules of the liquid about their mean positions expansion of the liquid as it is heated latent heat of vaporization of the liquid ability of the liquid to evaporate at all temperatures 21. B. D. D. E. E. then the density of the water within this range. A. 16. C. 22. A.20m? 22.66 x 103J 1. B. A. C. 19. B. C. D. If the length of the column of hydrogen at 270˚C is 1. Calculate the distance of the bat from the reflector. E. 26. D. If the wave travels with A. III. 23.53 x 104J 7.38 x 106J 2. increases for a while and then decreases decreases for a while and then increases increases gradually decreases gradually remains the same How much heat is given out when a piece of iron of mass 50g and specific heat capacitor 460 Jkg-1 K-1 cools from 85˚C to 2˚C? 1. B. D. E. . E. D. 20. at what temperature will the length be 1.5˚C 32. I. 25.E. D.75m 16. II and III only I. E. E. A. IV.00m A tuning fork sounds louder when its stem is pressed against a table top than when held in air because a larger mass of air is set vibrating by the table top the whole table vibrates in resonance the whole table has acquired a larger frequency the fork and table has acquired a larger frequency the amplitude of the vibrating fork is increased Which of the following is/are characteristics of sound? pitch Loudness Quality Noise I only II only I and II only I. E. E. D. A. II. E. D. C. 18. C. A. C. Which of the following is not a suitable method for reducing loss of heat from a piece of hot iron? Wrapping it in cotton wool painting it black placing it in a vacuum placing it on the rubber supports keeping it in a closed wooden box When the direction of vibration of the particles of a medium is perpendicular to the direction of travel of a wave. 24.0˚C 360˚C Two solids P and Q of equal mass are heated to the same temperature and dropped simultaneously into two identical containers X and Y containing equal volumes of water at room temperature. B.38 x 103J 1. C. the wave transmitted is known as sound wave transverse wave longitudinal wave stationary wave mechanical wave A bat emits a sound wave at a speed of 1650 ms-1 and received the echoes 0. C. D.15s later. The temperature of X will rise higher than that of Y only if the volume of P is greater than that of Q specific heat capacity of P is higher than that of Q density of P is greater than that of Q density of P is lower than that of Q specific heat capacitor of P is lower than that of Q If the temperature of a small quantity of water in a closed container gradually increased from 0˚ to 4˚C. A. 17.75m 330. III and IV The diagram below represents part of a wave motion in air. A. B. C. B. B. B.0˚C 87.4˚C 77. 3 α Vt Dry hydrogen is trapped by a pellet of mercury in a uniform capillary tube closed at one end.

a speed of 300ms-1, calculate the frequency of the wave A. B. C. D. E. 27. I. II. III. IV. A. B. C. D. E. 28. I. II. III. A. B. C. D. E. 29. 360Hz 300Hz 250Hz 150Hz 100Hz Which of the following is/are necessary for the production of interference with two wave trains? The sources must be close to each other The waves must have the same frequency The waves must have the same amplitude The waves must travel with the speed of light I, II, III and IV I, II and III only I and II only II, III and IV only I, II and IV only A stone is dropped into the middle of a pool of water. Which of the following statements is/are correct? Spherical waves are set up in the water The water moves outwards to the sides of the pool Energy is transmitted outwards from the centre of disturbance I only II only III only I and III only II and III only A concave mirror of radius of curvature 20cm has a pin placed at 15cm from its pole. What will be the magnification of the image formed? 4.00 2.00 1.33 1.50 0.25 Where will the image of the object OB shown in the diagram below be located after reflection from the mirror? At F beyond C between O and P between P and F between F and C

31.

A. B. C. D. E. 32.

A parallel beam of light is to be obtained from the headlamp of a car. At hitch of the following positions should the source of light be placed from the pole of its spherical mirror? At the focal point At the centre of curvature Beyond the centre of curvature Between the focal point and the pole Between the focal point and the centre of curvature The diagram beside shows an incident ray AO inclined at an angle of 50˚ to the interface CB. The refracted ray CB is found to like along the surface. What is the refractive index of the medium X with respect to air? Sin 50˚ Sin 40˚ Sin 40˚ Sin 50˚ Sin 90˚ Sin 50˚ Sin 40˚ Sin 90˚ Sin 90˚ Sin 40˚ The eye defect illustrated by the diagram below is astigmatism long sightedness loss of accommodation short sightedness colour blindness A simple microscope forms an image twice the size of the object. If the focal length of the lens of the microscope is 20cm, how far is the object from the lens? 10m 20m 30m 40m 60m Which of the following pairs of light rays shows the widest separation in the spectrum of white light? Yellow and red Orange and green

A. B. C. D. E. 33. A. B. C. D. E. 34.

A. B. C. D. E. 30. A. B. C. D. E.

A. B. C. D. E. 35. A. B.

C. D. E. 36.

Violet and blue Blue and green Red and indigo Given that the gravitational constant is 7 x 10-41 Nm2 kg2, what is the force of attraction between 10˚kg mass of lead hanging one metre away from a 103kg mass of iron? 7 x 10-20N 7 x 10-8N 7 x 10-2N 7 x 103N 7 x 108N Calculate the current in the 3Ω resistor shown in the diagram below. 3.0A 4.0A 4.3A 12.0A 39.0A What is the electric potential energy between two protons each of charge q and at a distance of r apart? (Permittivity of free space = Σ0) 4 π Σ0q2r qr_ 4 π Σ0 q_ 4 π Σ01 q 2_ 4 π Σ0r q 2_ 4 π Σ0r2 A work of 30 joules is done in transferring 5 millicuoulombs of charge from a point B to a point A in an electric field. The potential difference between B and A is 1.7 x 10-4V 3.4 x 10-4V 1.5 x 10-1V 6.0 x 103V 1.2 x 104V What is the value of R when G shows no deflection in the circuit illustrated beside? 80Ω 75Ω 45Ω

D. E. 41. A. B. C. D.

20Ω 10Ω Which of the following field patterns between two unlike charges is correct?

A. B. C. D. E. 37. A. B. C. D. E. 38.

E. 42. A. B. C. D. E. 43. A. B. C. D. E. 44. A. B. C. D. E. 45. A. B. C. A charge of 1.0 x 10-5 coulombs experiences a force of 40N at a certain point in space. What is the electric field intensity? 8.00 x 106NC-1 4.00 x10-46NC-1 4.00 x 10-4NC-1 2.00 x 10-4NC-1 2.50 x 10-7NC-1 If the frequency of the a.c circuit illustrated is 500/ π Hz, what would be the reactance in the circuit? 0.0009Ω 400Ω 1030Ω 1400Ω 2500Ω Calculate the resistance of the filament of a lamp rated 240V, 40W 240Ω 360Ω 720Ω 1440Ω 2880Ω Birds can perch safely on overhead electric power cables without being electrocuted because birds can withstand high p.d. of the electric power cables any accumulated charge on the birds is quickly dissipated the feet of the birds are well insulated

A. B. C. D. E. 39.

π

A. B. C. D. E. 40. A. B. C.

D. E. 46.

the current is a.c. and has no particular direction there is no p.d. between the birds and the cables A cell of e.m.f. 1.5V and internal resistance of 2.5Ω is connected in series with an ammeter of resistance 0.5Ω and a resistor of resistance 7.0Ω. Calculate the current in the circuit. 0.15A 0.20A 0.60A 3.00A 6.67A A rectangular coil of wire can rotate in a magnetic field. The ends of the coil are soldered to the two halves of a split ring. Two carbon brushes are made to press lightly against the split ring and when these are connected in circuit with a battery and rheostat, the coil rotates. This is a description of a suspended-coil galvanometer a moving-cell ammeter a.d.c generator an electric motor an induction coil How long will it take to heat 3kg of water from 28˚C to 88˚C in an electric taking a current of 6A from e.m.f. source of 220V? [Take the specific heat capacity of water = 4180J-1K-1] 96s 1.20s 570s 600s 1200s Which of the following reduce(s) the effect of the back e.m.f generated in the primary coil of an induction coil? The capacitor in the circuit The make and break contact in the circuit The ratio of turns in the secondary I only II only I and II only II and III only I, II and III Which of the following particles conduct electricity through salty water? Atom

B. C. D. E. 51. I. II. III. IV. A. B. C. D. E. 52. I. II. III. IV.

Molecules Electrons Neutrons Ions When the pressure of the gas in a discharge tube in gradually lowered There is a violet glow in the tube The glow in the tube splits into bands which get further apart The glow and the bands eventually disappear and there is a green fluorescence in the tube The tube breaks into pieces Which of the following are correct? I and II only I and III only I and IV only I, II and III only I, II, III and IV only Which of the following statements about the atom is/are correct? Energy is needed to remove electrons from an atom Particles in the nucleus of an atom are bound together by strong forces A large amount of energy is required to separate the particles in the nucleus of an atom When the nucleus of a uranium atom is split, the energy released accounts for the difference in the masses of the products and the parent nucleus. I only I and II only I and III only II and IV only I, II, III and IV The nucleon number and the proton number of a neutral atom of an element are 238 and 92 respectively. What is the number of neutrons in the atom? 330 165 146 119 73 Water does not drip through an open umbrella of silk material unless the inside of the umbrella is touched. Which of the following phenomenon is responsible for this? Surface tension Hydrostatic up thrust

A. B. C. D. E. 47.

A. B. C. D. E. 48.

A. B. C. D. E. 49. I. II. III. A. B. C. D. E. 50. A.

A. B. C. D. E. 53.

A. B. C. D. E. 54.

A. B.

E. What fraction of the original radioactive nuclei will remain after 80 hours? 1/32 1/16 `/8 ¼ ½ A metal is illuminated with a radiation of energy 6. 60. (a) (b) State four other effects of heat on a substance other than expansion. 59. E. B. C. 55. Show that the displacements of a body moving with uniform acceleration is given by s = ut + ½ ar2 where u is the velocity of the body at time t = 0. B. 56. D. A. A. E. calculate the mass of the water that will boil away.32cV Which of the following is not a crystal? Sodium chloride Lead Copper (II) tetraoxosulphate (VI) Glass Germanium Viscosity in a liquid does not depend on the Nature of the liquid relative velocity between the liquid layers area of the surface in contact temperature of the liquid normal reaction between the liquid layers What is the difference between a crystalline and an amorphous solid? A crystalline solid has cubic structure while amorphous solid has hexagonal structure has regularly-repeating pattern while an amorphous solid has not is white while amorphous solid is yellow is always hard while amorphous solid is always soft melts on heating while an amorphous solid sublimates on heating Which of the following is not an evidence of the particle nature of matter? Diffusion Bronwnian motion Diffraction Crystal structure Photoelectricity 1. 58. C.38cV 10. B.C.26x106Jk-1 (d) 3.22cV 4.2x103Jkg-1K-1 Specific latent of vaporization of stream = 2.50cV. A. D. (a) (b) (c) Specific heat capacity of copper = 4. E. A particle moving in a straight line with uniform deceleration has a velocity of 40ms-1 at a point P. A. B.38cV 8. E. If the kinetic energy of the emitted electrons is 1. (ii) retardation Total distance covered A.0x102Jkg-1K-1 Specific heat capacity of water = 4.88cV. 20ms-1 at a point Q and comes to rest at a point R where QR = 50m. Viscosity Diffusion Osmosis A radioactive substance has a half-life of 20 hours. E. D. D. B. Define the capacitance of a capacitor State three factors on which the capacitance of a parallel-plate depends. Calculate the: (i) distance PQ. (c) 2. calculate the work function of the metal. C.59cV 3. B. C. explain how the Following can be obtained from a velocity-time graph. C. . D. 1990 SECTION B THEORY (a) Using a suitable diagram. 0. C. If the final steady temperature of the mixture is 100˚C. E. (ii) time taken to cover PQ (iii) time taken to cover PR Define the boiling point of a liquid Describe an experiment to determine the boiling point of small quantity of a liquid A piece of copper of mass 300g at a temperature of 950˚C is quickly transferred to a vessel of neglible thermal capacity containing 250g of water at 25˚C. A. (i) (iii) (b) Acceleration. D. D. 57.

The point of suspension to the floor L = 1.c. Do not alter the distance between the wires throughout the experiment. 60. b. 35. Repeat the b. You are provided with a pendulum bob. 30. Draw the circuit diagram and calculate the: (i)charge in either plate of each capacitor. Explain the italicized terms and write down the decay scheme of 238U as stated 92 above. Two capacitors of capacitance 4μF experiment for h = 40. Measure and record the distance y of the image from the lens. decays by beta emission with a small decay constant to an isotope of protactinium Pa. determine the value of g. y and m. fusion is not normally used for the generation of power. Why is a spherical bob preferred to bob of other shapes for use in this experiment? State two examples of simple harmonic motion other than the simple pendulum. 4. 1990 PAPER I PRACTICALS 1. Suspend the bob from the retort stand such that the bob just touches the floor.d.(c) (d) and Derive a formula for the energy W stored in a charged capacitor C carrying a charge Q on either plate. 238 π2 Using this equation and the value of your slope s. (ii) (iii) (a) (b) p. State three uses of radioisotopes. and 40cm. determine the corresponding values of a. Place the illuminated object at a distance x – 20cm from the lens to produce a focused image on the screen. across each capacitor. T and L related by the equation h = L – g T2 4 6μF are connected in series to a 100V d. h. (i) the If the relation between m and y in . In each case record the corresponding values of t. T and tabulate your results. energy of the combined capacitors Explain the terms nuclear fission and nuclear fusion State two advantages of fusion over fission and explain briefly why. a string retort stand and clamp. 80 and 100cm. Evaluate m a/a0. In each case. Plot a graph of h against T2. in turn. (i) are In the experiment above. T and T2. State two precautions you took to ensure accurate results. determine the period T of oscillation. Reduce the length of the pendulum with h = 20cm as shown in the diagram above. in spite of these advantages. Repeat the experiment for x = 25. measure the size of the image which is the distance between the images of the wires. Hence.. Record your values of h. Calculate your readings. (c) and U (ii) is a long half-life alpha emitter (iii) 92 decays to thorium Th which. Also.5m should be kept constant throughout the experiment. The protactinium isotope usually decays by beta emission to an element Y. In this position displace the bob and record the time t for 20 oscillations. 2. Measure and record their separation. State two precautions you took to ensure accurate results. Determine the slope S of the graph and the value of y for which m = 0. t. supply. Plot a graph of m against y. Determine the slope S of the graph and the intercept I on the vertical axis. (d) (a) You are provided with two illuminated wires at a fixed distance apart for use as object.

Evaluate 1/s. state what 1/s represents. also. 0. (a) A. place 50cm away from the focus of an emerging lens of focal length 15cm.00ms-2 4.25ms-2 3. 15 and 20.2N 115. E.0N 172.8660. Determine the slope s of the graph. Tabulate your readings. Connect the voltmeter across the resistor With the key closed adjust the rheostat to make the ammeter reading I = 0. use your graph to determine the value of k. of (ii) What will be the nature and position the image formed by the lens above if the object is situated at a distance less than the focal length of the lens? (iii) An object. Repeat the experiment for I = 0.00ms-2 3.6. C. Use your graph to determine the V when I – 0. D. where c and k are constant.8A. what is the height of the hill? 20m 40m 80m 160m 200m Two forces. D. A.5N 86. B. 5. B.experiment above is given by m = c + y/k. 1. D.0N A body moving with uniform acceleration has two points (5. Calculate the distance between the object and the screen.9. B. produces a focused image on a screen. State two precautions you took to ensure accurate results b. E. 0. (i) Draw the final circuit diagram of the experiment above. This is possible if it moves in a straight line moves in a circle is oscillating is in equilibrium has a varying acceleration A ball is projected horizontally from the top of a hill with a velocity of 20ms-1. If one of them makes an angle of 60˚ with the resultant. Record the corresponding voltmeter reading V. Remove the plug of the key. 3. Plot a graph of 1 against V. if it reaches the ground 4 seconds later. Cos 60˚ = 0. . (ii) value of (iii) Explain why the e. A. D.m. calculate its magnitude (Sin 60˚ = 0. E. In each case determine the corresponding value of V. Connect the circuit as shown above.8A.5 and 1. 4. C. 60) on the velocity-time graph of its motion Calculate a. Close the key K and record the ammeter reading 1o. C.6N 50. Connect the voltmeter across the resistor R = 1Ω and the rheostat in series with the resistor.f of a cell is usually A. A. B. B. 1. D. Greater than the p. 2. 1.00ms-2 9.3A.5000) 200. C. E.2.d across its terminals when the cell is used to supply current to an external circuit 1991 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVES Which of the following is a fundamental quantity? Speed Density Length Impulse Energy A body moves with a constant speed but has acceleration. C. whose resultant is 100N are perpendicular to each other.

14.2˚C 42. At which of the position does the pendulum have maximum kinetic energy.1˚C 1. 16. D. 20m long. 10. B. B.0 x 10-3K-1 1. An orange fruit drops to the ground from the top of a tree 4.0 x 10-6K-1 A waterfall is 420m high.0s 7. C. D. If the temperature of the surrounding falls. 6. C. D.0s 4. D.0˚C 100. The diagram above represents Six’s maximum thermometer. 12. C. E. 9.0ms2 . A. B. C. D. B. A. E. A.0˚C A. C. C.0 x 10-3K-1 2. in what direction he row his boat? West East North-west A. would not move S1 would not move upwards but S2 would move Both S1 and S2 would move upward S1 would move upwards and S2 would move downward S1 would move downwards but S2 would move upwards A wire. which of the following correctly states how the steel indices in the thermometer would respond to the change in temperature? S1 would move upwards but S2. E. E.0˚C 4. How long does it take to reach the ground? (g = 10ms-2) 3. E. D. A. 13. C. B.5m tall.0 x 10-4K-1 2. calculate the linear expansibility of the wire 1. If the efficiency of the machine is 40% find the value of W. If the change in length is 0. A. is heated from a temperature of 5˚C to 55˚C. If the river is flowing eastwards. Calculate the difference in temperature of the water between the top and bottom of the waterfall.00ms-2 The diagram below shows the position of a simple pendulum set in motion. E. C. B. 300N 200N 140N 120N 20N A boatman facing north wants to cross a flowing river to a point directly opposite its position at the other bank. Neglect heat losses.E. A.20 x 103 JKg-1K-1) 0. 11. (g = 10. B. 8.0 x 10-3K-1 1. E. D. 15. Using the .5s 6. B. E.02m. The set-up illustrated above shows a capillary tube of uniform cross-section area in two different arrangements. North-east South-west 7. D.5s 9.0s Power is defined as the capacity to exert a force product of force and time product of force and distance ability to do work energy expended per unit time The product PV where P is pressure and V is volume has the same unit as power work acceleration impulse force The diagram beside represents a block-andtackle pulley system on which an effort of 50N is just able to lift a load of weight W. At which of the motion. specific heat capacity of water = 4.

E. I. If a man wishes to bathe with water at 40˚C. A. 24. 21. Which of the following deductions from the graph are true? Temperature 0 C A. 23. E. C. B. A. IV. B. the ratio of the mass of hot water to that of cold water required is 1:3 3:1 3:7 7:3 15 : 8 Melting ice cools an orange drink far better than the same mass of ice-cold water because melting ice is at a lower temperature than ice-cold water water has a higher specific heat than ice floats and cools the air above the drink D. C. C. A. E. C. B. In the steady state. its volume increases I and II only I and III only II and III only I. 22. III. the steam trap stores the steam for future use prevents the steam from escaping ensures that only dry steam gets into the calorimeter allows condensed steam to go into the calorimeter determines the quantity of steam used A tap supplies water at 26˚C while another supplies water at 82˚C. E. B. Water has its maximum density at Q The volume of water is greater at 0˚C than 4˚C The volume of water decreases uniformly when cooled from 100˚C to 0˚C When water solidifies. E. B. data in the diagrams calculate the pressure of the atmosphere. D. B. D. C. 76cm of Hg 75cm of Hg 74cm of Hg 60cm of Hg 45cm of Hg A fixed mass of gas of volume 600cm3 at a temperature of 27˚C is cooled at constant pressure to a temperature of 0˚C. a ray of light RO strikes the arrangement at O and emerges along PQ. What is the change in volume? 54cm3 273cm3 300cm3 546cm3 600cm3 The boiling point of a liquid depends on the following except the nature of the liquid external pressure volume of the liquid impurities present in the liquid degree of its molecular cohesive force A steam trap is a component of the apparatus used in determining the specific latent heat of vaporation of steam. 16. The graph below shows the expansion of water as the temperature increases from 0˚C. D. II and III only I. II. B. II and IV only Two mirrors are inclined as shown in the diagram below. A. E. 18. D. 19. The emergent ray has been deviated through A. D. C. ice absorbs latent/heat during melting ice makes better thermal contact than water The saturation vapour pressure of a liquid depends on its volume temperature mass density pressure A. D. C. B. E. E. C. C.A. D. E. D. 17. 230˚ 180˚ 120˚ 60˚ 30˚ An image which can be formed on a screen is said to be . B. 20. A.

60 1. C. C. (the medium surrounding the prism is air) 10. A. B. 28. 26. A. B. D. E. III. D. E. 0. 25. A. II. D. II. A. E. C. D. D. 27. C. E. C. C. E. 29. C. E. D. B.5˚ 19. E. B.50 A ray of light is incident at an angle of 30˚ on a glass prism of refractive index 1. 31. E. D. B. E. Calculate the angle through which the ray is minimally deviated in the prism. 32. IV. D.67 2. D. B.5. 33. . B. B. I. I.40 0.5˚ Which of the following are true of planepolarised light? Plane polarization of light is the formation of hydrogen bubbles on the particles of light Plane polarization of light is the splitting of light into its spectra components A plane-polarized light vibrates in one plane Polarization of light is characteristics of transverse vibration I and II only I and IV only II and III only III and IV only I and III only At which of the following distances from the lens should a slide be placed in a slide projector if f is the focal length of the projection lens? Less than f Greater than 2f Greater than f but less than 2f Equal to f Equal to 2f What part of the camera corresponds to the iris of the eye? Shutter Film C. Y and B are yellow and blue transparent light filters respectively. III. A. III.1˚ 38. A. 34. The colour of a white opaque object when viewed through the filters is blue yellow black red green Which of the following is not a mechanical wave Wave propagated in stretched string Waves in closed pipes Radio waves Water waves Sound waves Which of the following remain(s) unchanged as light travels from one medium to the other? Speed Wavelength Frequency I only II only III only I and II only II and III only Which of the following statements above wave is/are correct? A wavefront is a line which contains all particles whose vibrations are in phase The direction of propagation of a wave is the line drawn parallel to the wavefront A wavefront is a circle which is common to all particles that are to be in the same state of disturbance I only II only III only I and II only II and III only What type of motion does the skin of a talking drum perform when it is being struck with the drum stick Random Rotational A.A. A. 30. A. Lens Diaphragm Focusing ring In the arrangement illustrated below. D. virtual blurred inverted erect real Calculate the refractive index of a the material of the glass block shown in the diagram below if YZ = 4cm. C. B. C. B.9˚ 40.50 1. B. I. II. A. E.5˚ 21.

D.6 x 10-8N 6. A particle of charge q and mass m moving with a velocity v enters a uniform magnetic field B in the direction of the field. II. A. The capacitance of C2 is twice C1. D. C.0ms-1 333. D. D. A. C. B. C.f source in the a.3 x 10-8N 6. C. 42. II and III only Which of the following modes of vibration of a stretched string is the first overtone? A. 4. D. E. 39.0ms-1 166. D. calculate the gravitational attraction between them.3ms-1 270.m. what is the reactance of the inductor? /450 0. E. If the gravitational constant is 6. A. A. E. 38. B.6 x 10-6N 2. C. D.C. D. The two points A and B are in phase Distance AB is half the wavelength of the wave AC and BD are the amplitudes of the wave The two points A and B represents the wave crests The wave has four crests A man standing 300m away from a wall sounds a whistle. 40. B. 41.c circuit illustrated above is 500/x Hz. A. E. 540. the energy stored up in C1 is W. Calculate the velocity of sound in air. 36. The force on the particle is qvB mqvB qvB/m mvB/q O If the frequency of the e. . III. 37. D.3ms-1 In which of the following is a stationary wave produced? A vibrating tuning fork held near the end of a resonate tube close at the end A string tightly stretched between two points and plucked at its middle The prongs of a tuning fork vibrating in air I only II only I and II only II and III only I.6 x 10-5N The capacitors C1 and C2 are connected as shown in the diagram below. C. C. A. 43. E. 35. the total energy stored in the system will be ½W 2 /3 W W 2W 3W A.6 x 10-11Nm-2kg-2. C. B. B.2m.8s later.9 450/ 450 900 Two objects of masses 80kg are separated by a distance of 0. E. If the key is later closed and the system is allowed to attain electrical equilibrium.7ms-1 83. B. I. E. E. When the key is opened. B. Vibratory Translational Circular The sound from a bell in an enclosed jar gradually faints away while the jar is being evacuated. E. C. A. The echo from the wall reaches him 1. Which of the following explains this observation? The pressure is reduced The sound waves are pumped out The waves are absorbed in the inner walls There is no more material medium The air is disturbed Which of the following statements is true of the diagram shown below? B.9 x 10-9N 1. E. D. B.

47. B. . D and E on the conductor shown below would electric charge tend to concentrate most? A. D.0Ω 50. E. C. a E. If the temperature of R increases A. If the number of turns in the primary coil of the transformer is 900. D. B. A. D. C. 46. B. 45. In which of the points labeled A. E. B. transformer is used. A. E. D. C. D. C. C. 53.44. 49. calculate the number of turns in the secondary coil of the transformer. B. A. B. E.751Jg-1 533. 0. The energy supplied is used to completely melt 160g of a solid at its melting point. E.33Jg-1 In the circuit shown below. 51. D. E. C. To operate door bell rated at 8V. R is the resistor whose resistance increases with increase in temperature.89Jg-1 168.02Ω 0. Which of the following is stored by a dry Leclanche cell? Chemical energy Nuclear energy Solar energy Heat energy Electrical energy Using the data in the circuit illustrated below. D. A.00Ω 20. Calculate the specific latent heat of fusion of the solid. E. 48. 30 240 248 450 1248 The diagram below shows a current-carrying wire between the poles of a magnet. 52.25Jg-1 8. 54. Isotapes of an element have the same number of electric charges on the nucleus the same chemical properties A. C. B. calculate the value of R 50. E. D. C. A. C. 2. C. In which direction would the wire tend to move? A. L1 becomes brighter and L2 becomes dimmer L1 becomes brighter and L2 does not change L2 becomes dimmer and L1 does not change L1 becomes dimmer and L2 does not change L1 and L2 becomes brighter A house is supplied with a 240V a. D. B. C.05Ω 5.0Ω A 90W immersion heater is used to supply energy for 5 minutes. B. Into the paper Out of the paper Towards the north pole of the paper Towards the south pole of the magnet Towards the top of the page A induction coil is generally used to rectify an alternating current produce a larges input voltage smoothen a pushing direct modulate an incoming radio signal produce a large output voltage The unit of stress is Nm N Nm-2 Nm2 Nm-1 Which of the following statements about viscocity are correct? viscocity opposes the gravitational force on that ball viscocity opposes the upthrust on the ball viscocity is in the same direction as the upthrust on the ball viscocity is in the same direction as the upthrust on the ball the ball falls faster the more viscuous the liquid is Which of the following statements is not correct. L1 and L2 are identical lamps. E. A. B.81 Jg-1 6. A. D. B.c mains. B.

0. B. calculate the: (i) maximum speed attained during the motion (ii) average retardation as the body is being brought to rest (iii) total distance traveled during the first 50s (iv) average speed during the same interval as in II Distinguish between temperature (c) A. The kinetic energy of the ejected electrons depends on the e source of the radiation intensity of the radiation detection device for the electrons amplitude of the radiation frequency of the radiation An electron of charge 1. State one precaution to ensure accurate results. E.0ms-2 after which the acceleration is reduced to 5.21eV 4. Calculate the kinetic energy of the electron. different nucleon numbers different proton numbers different atomic masses Which of the following representation is correct for an atom X with 28 electrons and 30 neutrons? 30X 28 28X 30 58X 30 58X 28 30X 2 When a metal surface is irradiated.386s-1 The work function of a metal is 4. C. (b) uniform A.347s-1 0. photoelectrons may be ejected from the metal. 58.48eV B.5 x 1020J The half-life of a radioactive substance is 2 second.76eV 11. A. D.42eV 5. E. State the units in which they are measured. 57. how the upper fixed point is determined for a mercury-in-glass thermometer.86eV. (a) Explain the terms acceleration and average speed.035s-1 0. C. D. D.0 x 10-25J 4. D. E. (a) and (b) A. What is the kinetic energy of the electrons ejected from the surface of the metal? 1.65eV and the metal illuminated with a radiation of 6. B.576s-1 1. C. The body maintains the speed attained for 60s after which it is brought to rest in 20s. 56. 59. C. D. 55. D. A body at rest is given an initial uniform acceleration of 8. E.v.4 x 10-20J 6. Calculate the decay constants.151s-1 0. 2.4 x 10-15J 2. (ii) State one advantage which a constant-volume gas . C. E. D. Using the graph.0ms-2 for the next 20s. A. 60. B. Draw the velocity-time graph of the motion using the information given above. heat. 4. (i) Describe with the aid of labeled diagram.6 x 10-19c is accelerated in vacuum from rest at zero volt towards a plate of 40K. B. A.C. E. 2. E. B. C.51eV Which of the following has the highest surface tension? Cold water Soapy water Warm water Oily water Salt water 1991 PART B THEORY 1.0 x 10-21J 6.

02. The colorimeter is then emptied. T1 = T2. explain why evaporation causes cooling. 80. capacitor and the resistor.T0) and Z = 100 – T1 Tabulate your T1 – T0 readings. (a) of A copper calorimeter contains water mass. Draw the vector diagram of the potential differences across the inductor. Explain how heat loss by conduction is minimized in a vacuum flask State two differences between boiling and evaporation of liquid. 2 shows the object position 01. (a) (i) diagram. Calculate (100 – T) and (T1. T5 and T6 of the mixtures respectively. State two precautions you would take if you were to perform this experiment in the laboratory (i) 200g of water at 100˚C is poured into 50g of water at 30˚C. 03. 90 and 100g to obtain the final temperatures. Fig. T4. T0 and of masses. Measure the temperature T0 and T1 on the diagram. When the current in the capacitor is 10A.m. . O). T3. T0. indicating two safety precautions. an illuminated object is placed on the axis of a thin converging lens and its image is produced on a screen. The procedure is repeated by adjusting the object positions to obtain corresponding image positions. m = 60.c circuit. (b) (c) Explain the terms hardness and intensity as applied to X-rays tube. 1991 PAPER I PRACTICAL (a) (ii) (iii) 1.thermometer has over other thermometers and one reason why it is seldom used as an everyday laboratory instrument (c) Using the kinetic theory of matter. (ii) describe the mode of operation of a modern X-ray tube. 4. A block of copper In the diagram shown below. (a) (b) heated of 100˚C is transferred into the calorimeter and the final temperature of the mixture T1 is recorded.1. The experiment is repeated with water at the initial temperature. starting both axes from the origin (O. 70. Explain the terms reactance and impedance in and a. the potential difference across the resistor is 140A and that across the inductor is 50V. an inductor and a capacitor in series. Determine from your graph the (i) slope of the graph (ii) value of the final temperature eof the mixture if water of mass 30g was used in the experiment. calculate the final temperature of the mixture (Neglect heat losses to the surrounding).f 240V and frequency 50Hz is connected to a resistor. A source of e. 2. . 3. Plot a graph of Z against m. m = 50g at room temperature. State the energy information which take place during the operation. Calculate the: (i) potential difference across the capacitor (ii) capacitance of the capacitor (iii) inductance of the indicator By means of a labeledb. (i) (ii) State three uses of X-rays State one hazard of overexposure to X-rays in a radiological laboratory. Assuming that the heat absorbed by the container is negligible. The room temperature and the six final temperatures have been drawn to scale in fig.

11. 3 shows the resistance R(i) – (v) in the resistance box.13. With the aid of a diagram below.5. Determine the slope s of the graph. I1 and I2. (I – v) through ammeters A2 are respectively shown by fig. Calculate Z = I2+(I1 – I2) and R-1 for each case.04. Evaluate (u + v) and uv for each case. With the circuit connected up and key closed. The experiment is . explain how a converging lens could be used to ignite a piece of carbon paper A illuminated object is placed on the axis of a converging lens and a magnified image is obtained on the screen. (a) In the circuit diagram shown above. (i) (ii) (iii) What is meant by the electromotive force of a cell State four factors on which the resistance of a given wire depends. X is an unknown resistance. Plot a graph R-1 against Z. Tabulate your readings. where shaded circles indicated that plugs are inserted and unshaded circles indicated that plugs have been removed. and the corresponding values of the currents I1 (I – v) through ammeters A1 and 12. R is a resistance box.14. and 15 Measure and record the object distances u and the image distances v. E is a battery. b. the resistance box is set at a new value to obtain new corresponding values of I1 and I2. 05. State two precautions you would take if you were to perform this experiment in the laboratory. b. Plot a graph of (u = v) against uv. K is a key and A1 and A2 are ammeters. Tabulate your readings. and the corresponding image position. repeated four times to obtain values of R. Determine slope s of the graph.12. explain how you would convert a millimeter into a voltmeter. The top of the resistance box is also shown above. State two precautions you would take if you were to perform this experiment in the laboratory. 4 and fig. Fig. Evaluate I/s. evaluate I/s. I1 and I2. (ii) (iii) 3. If the distance of the image from the lens is 45cm and the magnification is 2. Read and record the values of R. calculate the focal length of the lens. (i) Draw a ray diagram illustrating how a plane mirror can be used to determine the focal length of a converging lens.

B.0ms-1 8. A. C. 5. Calculate the coefficient of friction between the block and the Table (g = 10ms2) 0. Calculate A. A. E.20 0. II and III II and III only I and III only I and II only A.5ms-1 2. C. C.05 0. 2. B. 12m 24m 48m 72m 96m Which of the following has the same unit as the moment of a force? Force Power Work Momentum Impulse Solid weighs 0. D. B. D.0ms-1 Which of the following statements about solid friction is/are correct. E. Friction depends on the nature of the surface in contact Friction depends on the area of the contact Friction always acts in the direction of motion I only II only III only I and II only I. 6. C. B.0 x 106m3 2. (Take gas acceleration due to gravity) U2sin2θ g 2Usinθ g U cos θ g U2sinθ g U sinθ g What change in velocity would be produced on a body of mass 4kg if a constant force of 16N acts on it for 2s? 0. II. 9. What is the volume of the solid? (g = 10 ms-2) 2. is just sufficient to make a block of mass 4kg move on the table.5 x 10-6m3 3.1992 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE 1.00 A barometer can be used in determining the height of a mountain depth of a mine dew point Which of the following is correct? I. E. 4. D. D. C. D. 10. A.80 2. Which of the following is scalar quantity? Momentum Acceleration Displacement Distance Force The diagram below represents the trajectory of a projectile with an initial velocity U. the distance covered by the body during the acceleration. B.0 x 10-5m3 Which of the following will reduce the frequency of oscillation of a simple pendulum? increasing the mass of the bob decreasing the mass of the bob increasing the length of the string decreasing the length of the string increasing the amplitude of oscillation A force of 20N applied parallel to the surface of a horizontal table. . A. D. C. B. E. B. I. III. B. A. A.0 x 10-6m3 2. D. 3.040 N in air and 0. I. II. C. E.024 N when fully immersed in a liquid of density 800kg m-3.0 x 10-5m3 3. C. E. E. D.0ms-1 128.0ms-1 32. 7. A. D. B. C. E. 8. E. D. A. C. II and III A body accelerates uniformity from rest at the rate of 3ms-2 for 8 seconds. III. B. Calculate the time taken to reach the maximum height.50 0.

what is its volume at 30˚C? 142cm3 293cm3 303cm3 566cm3 849cm3 Which of the following best explains why a person suffers a more severe burn when his skin is exposed to steam than when boiling water pours on his skin? Steam is at a higher temperature than boiling water Steam possesses greater heat energy per unit mass than boiling water Steam spreads more easily over a wider area of the skin that boiling water Steam penetrates more deeply into the skin than boiling water The specific latent heat of vaporization is released in changing from boiling water to steam A small circular membrane is 10cm below the surface of a pool of mercury when the marometric height is 76cm of mercury.0 x 102 J kg-1˚C-1 2. A. A. C. Calculate the specific heat capacity of the metal.0m at 28˚C are to be used for constructing a rail line. what is the pressure of the membrane in Nm-3? (g = 10ms2) 1. What is the kinetic energy of the body just before it strikes the ground? (Neglect energy losses and take g as 10ms2) 5J 25 J 250 J 500 J 625 J Steel bars. C. what is the safety gap that must be left between successive bars if the highest temperature expected is 40˚C? 1. E.6 x 10-2cm 1. (Neglect heat losses to the surrounding) 2. 18.4 x 10-2 7. 14.600kg m-3. B. A. 16.4 x 10-2 J kg-1˚C-1 A. I.80 x 105 N m-2 1. B. 13.17 x 105 N m-2 1. D. each of length 3. 19. Blue A gas which obeys Charles’ law exactly has a volume of 283cm3 at 10˚C. B. D. C. D. D.5kg was heated from 27˚C to 47˚C in 4 minutes by a boiler ring of 75 W rating. B. D. B. B. E. A. 15.03 x 103 N m-2 1. E. B. 17.2 x 10-2cm 3. D. C.2 x 10-1cm 8. D. A.5 x 102 J kg-1˚C-1 1. Calculate the temperature of the gas when the volume is reduced to two-third of its marginal value by applying a pressure twice the original value? -71˚C 40˚C 131˚C 313˚C 404˚C Which of the following colours of surfaces will radiate heat energy best? Red White Black Yellow E.36 x 104 N m-2 Which of the following instruments is used to measure relative humidity? Hydrometer Barometer Manometer Hypsometer Hygrometer A metal of mass 1. 20. If the density of mercury is 13. E.8 x 10-2cm Which of the following statements is/are correct? Pure water freezes at 0˚C under normal pressure Water has its highest density at 4˚C The volume of a given amount of water at 0˚C is less that its volume at 4˚C I only II only I and II only I and III only II and III only A given mass of gas at a temperature of 30˚C is trapped in a tube of volume V.E. C. . 12. B. A. A. II. D. C. A.0 x 105˚C-1. C. III only A body of mass 5kg falls from a height of 10m above the ground. E. B. D. B. E.17 x 107 Nm-2 6. If the linear expansivity of steel is 1. III.5 x 10-3 J kg-1˚C-1 6. A. 11. C. C. E. D. E. C.

0cm 15. What is the distance of the object from the lens? 30cm 25cm 20cm 15cm 10cm The eye defect illustrated in the diagram below can be corrected by a A. D. 27. B. . D. B. 21. How would F be determined from this graph? f = the slope of the graph f = the intercept on the 1/u axis f = the intercept on the 1/v axis f = reciprocal of the slope f = reciprocal of the intercept on either axis The image of a pin formed by a diverging lens of focal length 20cm is 5 cm from the lens. III. its image moves closer to the lens moves away from the lens remains the same size becomes smaller. 23.3cm 3. C. A. A. C. C. Calculate the distance of the pin from the lens.2i Images formed by a convex mirror are always inverted. D. C. A ray of light strikes a plane mirror at an angle of incidence i. virtual and diminished erect. 29.0cm 20.3cm 10. -3. object distances u and corresponding image distances v were measured and 1__ plotted 1_ U V obtain the graph illustrated above. A.0 x 10J kg-1˚C-1 Which of the following diagrams shows the correct images of the letters JP as seen through a plane mirror? 25. D. E. D. A. the angle of deviation of the ray after reflection from the mirror. 1. real and diminished inverted. i 2i 90˚-i 90˚+i 180˚ . A. C. D. Determine in terms of I. I. B. virtual and magnified Which of the following statements is not correct for a light ray passing through a rectangular glass block which is surrounded by air? It suffers a displacement at the point of emergence emerges parallel to the incident ray is partly reflected at the point of incidence is deviated at the point of emergence is refracted in the block A. E. B. Which of the statements above is/are correct? III and IV only I and III only IV only III only II only A real image of an object formed by a converging lens of focal length 15cm is three times the size of the object. E. 28. E. 24. IV. B. In the experiment to measure the focal length f of a converging lens. E. C. real and magnified erect. B. 22. D. II. D. C. virtual and diminished erect. 26. E. C. B. B.0cm As an object is moved close to the focus of a converging lens from infinity. E. E.E. A.

D.0 4. E. 34. B. blue and orange blue.0 x x x x x 103Hz 103Hz 10-3Hz 10-3Hz 10-4Hz A. A.9s later? (Speed of sound in air – 330ms-s1) 36. B.25m 148. B. A. A.0 1.5 x 10-3s.0cm 47. 32. B. orange and blue orange. 31. blue and red The change of the direction of a wavefront as a result of a change in the velocity of the wave in another medium is called refraction reflection diffraction interference polarization The diagram below shows a wavefrom in which energy is transferred from A to B in a time of 2. the focal length of the objective is 50 cm and that of the eyepiece is 2. B. Radio waves Light waves X-rays Infra-red rays Ultraviolet rays How far from a cliff should a boy stand in order to hear the echo of his clap 0. B. C. A. The air in the pipe is set into vibration and a fundamental note of frequency 85 Hz is produced. C. E. E. red and orange red. E. B.0 5. 33. D.67m 74. C. Which of the following radiations have the highest frequency? . B. IV. What is the distance between the lenses? 20.5ms-1 The diagram below shows the magnetic field around a bar magnet which has its N- A. 38.5cm 125. C. A. I.0ms-1 330. 39. Calculate the frequency of the wave. D. convex mirror concave mirror diverging lens converging lens plano-converging lens When an astronomical telescope is in normal adjustment. E. A. E. D. 2.0m long. 36. 30. C. 37. orange and red red. B.67m Which of the following waves are longitudinal waves? Ripples on the surface of water Waves produced by a tuning fork vibrating in air Light waves Waves produced by a flute I and II only I and III only II and III only II and IV only III and IV only Which of the following statements is not true? Musical notes consist of the combinations of sound of regular frequency The combinations of overtones produced by an instrument determines the quality of the sound The loudness of sound is determined by its frequency The pitch of a note depends on the frequency of vibration of the source Noise can be produced by a combination of sound of irregular frequency A pipe closed at one end is 1. E. III. 40. D. D. C. D. E. C. C. B. A. II. Calculate the velocity of sound in the air. C. D. D. B.5cm 50.A.50m 297.0cm Which of the following is used for controlling the amount of light entering the eye? Cornea Pupil Iris Optic Nerve Ciliary muscle The angle of deviation of light of various colours passing through a glass prism decreases in the order of blue. C.0ms-1 85. E. A. E.0ms-1 170. E. C.0 1.0cm 52.5cm.0ms-1 42. (Neglect end correction) 340. D. 35.00m 366. D.

C. (Take π as 22/7). 48. A. Which of the following is correct? The cap will be positively charged and negatively charged leaves will diverge The cap will be negatively charged and positively charges leaves will diverge The cap and the leaves will be positively charge. 3. 43. E. C.75m 590. 50. E.f in a circuit is proportional to the rate of change of the number of lines of force linking the circuit a force is exerted on a current carrying conductor in a magnetic field the induced e. D. A negatively charged rod is brought near the cap of a gold-leaf electroscope. D. C.pole pointing north. 0.42 2.00m A.8 x 103Ω is used on a 240V mains supply. The cap is earthed momentarily while the rod is near to it. 1 3 5 7 9 and and and and and 2 4 6 8 10 46. A. E.40m 6. The rod is then removed. D. B.25m 183. D. E. 44. B. C. E. C. C.m. 0W 2W 4W 8W 16 W Which of the following is not a consequence of hydrogen bubbles covering the copper plate of a primary cell? Polarization Local action Formation of hydrogen electrode Increase in the resistance of the cell Generation of less current by the cell Calculate the length of a constant wire of cross-section area 4 π x 10. 150.0 x 10-4 J The diagram below show lines in electric fields. A. D.m. A.7s Lenz’s law of electromagnetic induction states that electromotive force is induced whenever there is a change in the magnetic flux linked with the circuit the induced current in a conductor is in such a direction as to oppose the change producing it the induced e.0 x 10-4 J 4.2 x 10-3 J 1. The neutral points in the field are likely to occur at A. E. B. A. B. . E.0s 20. 41.f is proportional to the current producing the magnetic flux Which of the following statements is not correct? a magnetic field is a region where a magnetic force can be detected magnetic fields are scalar quantities the magnitude of the magnetic force experienced by a moving charge depends on the speed on the charge the angle between the direction of the earth’s magnetic field and horizontal is called then angle of dip iron fillings can be used to trace out the magnetic around a bar magnet Calculate the energy stored in a 20μF capacitor if the potential difference between the plates is 40V. E. The cap and the leaves will be negatively charged The leaves will not diverge because the cap has been earthed Calculate the rate at which energy is used up in the circuit illustrated by the diagram below. B. C. 47.π m2 and resistivity 1. D. B. C. 49.6 x 10-3 J 8.0s 36. A. (Neglect heat losses to the surroundings). B. D.8kg J of energy would be expended when an electric heater of resistance 1. A.0s 2. D. 42.0s 90. E. B. D. C. Calculate the time in which 4. B.0 x 10-4 J 2.1 x 10-6Ωm required to construct a standard deviation resistor of resistance 21Ω. In which of the diagrams would a positive test charge experience the least force as it moves from X to Y? I only A.

B. C. D. E. 51.

II only III only I and II only II and III only What is the electric potential at point distance r from proton of charge q placed in a medium of permittivity ∈ 0? ` q2__ 4 π ∈ ,r2 q__ 4 π ∈ ,r 4 π ∈ 0r qr__ 4π ∈, 4π q2__ A. B. C. D. E. 56. A. B. C. D. E. 57. Accelerated and they continue in a straight line directionally reversed at the end of the plates deflected towards plate Y attracted by both plates deflected towards plate X An element whose half-life is 3 years has N atoms. How many atoms would have decayed after 9 years? 1 N atoms 8 1 N atoms 3 2 N atoms 3 5 N atoms 6 7 N atoms 8 When the nucleus of a uranium atom is split into two fragments of nearly equal mass, the sum of the masses of the fragments is less than the mass of the original nucleus. This difference is a measure of the experimental error in calculating the separate masses change of a momentum of each fragment potential energy lost nuclear energy released kinetic energy lost A sheet of paper is placed in the path of a beam of radiations from a radioactive source. Which of the following radiations will pass through the paper? Alpha rays Beta Rays Gamma rays I only II only III only II and III only I, II and III

A. B. C. D. E. 52.

∈ ,q2r

A. B. C. D. E. 53. A. B. C. D. E. 54. A. B. C. D. E. 55.

If the frequency of the a.c circuit illustrated above is 500 Hz. What would be the reactance in the π circuit? 0.01Ω 190.91Ω 200.00Ω 795.46Ω 1000.00Ω Which of the following statements is correct about cathode rays?. They are fast moving atoms ions neutrons protons electrons Which of the following gives rise to the line spectra obtained from atoms? Kinetic energy of a moving atom Potential energy of an electron inside an atom Change of an electron from a higher to a lower energy level in the atom Disturbed proton in the nuclues Excitation of an electron in the atom A stream of alpha particles is projected into an electric field between two plates X and Y as shown in the diagram below. Which of the following is correct? The particles are
Alpha particles

A. B. C. D. E. 58.

I. II. III. A. B. C. D. E.

59. A. B. C. D. E. 60.

The process by which a metal, heated to a high temperature, gives off electrons from its surface is known as photoelectric emission thermionic emission radiative emission field emission secondary emission An elastic string of length I is elastically stretched through a length e by a force F. The area of cross section of the string is A and its Young’s modulus is E. Which of the following expressions is correct? F = EAe2 I F = EAI e F = EAe I F = EAe F F = EA eI 1992 PART B THEORY

(b) paper;

Explain with aid of diagrams, how a concave mirror could be used to: (i) ignite a piece of carbon (ii) produce an exact copy of a picture on a screen

3.

(a) Draw a simple labeled diagram illustrating the principle of step-down transformer and explain how it works (b) State three ways by which energy is lost in a transformer and how they can be minimized. If a transformer is used to light a lamp rated at 60W, 220V from a 4400V a.c supply, calculate the (i) ratio of the number of turns of the primary coil to the secondary coil in the transformer. (ii) current taken from the mains circuit if the efficiency of the transformer is 95%. is meant by

A. B. C. D. E.

(c)

4.

(a) Explain what photoelectric emission. (b)

1.

(a) Explain what is meant by the following statements: The specific latent heat of fusion of ice is 3.4 x 102Jkg-1 (b) Describe an experiment to determine the specific latent heat of fusion of ice. State two precautions necessary to obtain an accurate result. Using the kinetic theory of matter. Explain why ice can change to water of 0oC without any change in temperature. (i) (ii) (iii) What is meant by resonance? Outline the necessary steps taken in a simple experiment to illustrate resonance. Explain why a vibrating turning fork sounds louder when its stem is pressed against a table top than when held in air.

Draw a labeled diagram showing the structure of a simple type of a photocell and explain its mode of operation. State four applications photoelectric emission. of

(c) (d)

(c)

In a photocell, no electrons are emitted until the threshold frequency of light is reached. Explain what happens to the energy of the light before emission of electrons begins. State one factor that may affect the number of emitted electrons. 1992 PAPER I PRACTICAL

2.

(a)

1.

(a)

Suspend a metre rule horizontally on the knife-edge supplied. Adjust the metre rule carefully until it settles horizontally. Read and record the point of balance G of the metre rule. Keep the knife-edge at the point G throughout the experiment. Suspend the object labeled Q at the 20cm mark of the metre rule. On the other side of G, suspend the mass m= 20g and adjust its position until the metre rule settles horizontally. Read off the position R of the mass m on the metre rule. Record the distance y between G and R. Also, record the value of m. Repeat the procedure keeping edge at G and the object Q at the 20cm mark but using the masses m = 30, 40, 50 and 60g on other side of G. In each case, record the distance y and the corresponding value of m. Determine the values of I /y, and tabulate your readings. Plot a graph of m against I/y. Determine the slope s of the graph. Evaluate s/x. State two precautions you took to obtain accurate results. (i) Explain what is meant by the centre of gravity of a body. State how this is related to the stability of the body. A body of mass 58g is suspended at the 20cm mark of uniform metre rule. The metre rule is adjusted on a pivot until it settles horizontally at the 40cm mark. Determine the mass of the metre rule. State the condition of equilibrium for a body acted upon by a number of coplanar parallel forces.

the diagram above. Tabulate your readings. Plot a graph of d against i. Draw a smooth curve through your points. Determine the value of d when I is 90˚. State two precautions you took to obtain accurate results [Attach your traces to your answer booklet]. (b) (i) State Snell’s law of refraction and explain why refraction occurs at the boundary between two media. Sketch a diagram to show the path of the ray through the glass block when the angle of incidence I = 90˚ in the experiment above. A coin lies at the bottom of a tank containing water to a depth of 130cm. If the refractive index of water is 1.3 calculate the apparent displacement of the coin when viewed vertically from above.

(ii)

(iii)

3.

(a)

(b)

(ii)

(iii)

2.

(a)

Trace the paths of five rays through the given glass block for angles θ = 65˚, 55˚, 35˚, and 25˚. For each ray, measure and record the angle of incidence I and the corresponding lateral displacement d as shown in

the

(b)

Connect the metre bridge as shown in the diagram above. Ab is bare constantan wire. For a length L = 20cm of the wire, connect the circuit and locate a balance point S on the wire PQ. Record the value of y and evaluate y-1. Repeat the experiment with L = 40, 60, 80, and 100cm. In each case, determine and record the corresponding value of y and y-1. Tabulate your readings. Starting both axes from the origin, plot a graph of L against y-1. Determine the slope s of the graph and the intercept I on the vertical axis. State two precautions you took to obtain accurate results. (i) Given that L = 200y-1 – 2 in r r experiment above, use your graph to determine the value of r.

0 x 103 kg m-1. E.3s.0 m s-1. A. E.9 12. C.5ms-2. D.0s A block of material of volume 2 x 103kg m-3 and density 2.50N An object is projected with velocity of 100 ms-1 from the ground level at an angle 0 to the vertical.0 17. D.5s and 45.0N A particles states from rest and moves with a constant acceleration of 0. If the total time of flight of the projectile is 10s. 25. D. B. A.5kg is suspended by a string and pulled by a horizontal force of 12n as shown in the diagram below. C.2ms-2 Which of the following is a derived unit? Ampere Kilogramme Second Ohm Kelvin A boy timed 20 oscillations of a certain pendulum three times and obtained 44.(ii) State two advantages of using a potentiometer over a voltmeter for measuring potential difference.6 and s-1 and at a constant speed of 3. M2U___ M1 + M2 M1 + M2 M1U M1 + M2 M1U M1U__ M1 – M2 A body of mass.1s 10.5s 7. A. B.25N 0. A. E. B.0s 100.0N 10. C.4ms-2 5. A.40N 0.26s 44. 9. Calculate the acceleration of the body towards the centre of the circle. 8.22s 2. If linear momentum is conserved. C. E. M1 + M2 B. C. Which of the following is not an example of a force? Tension Weight Friction Mass Thrust A body moves along circular path with uniform angular speed of 0. Calculate the mean period of oscillation of the pendulum. 2. 45.5 13. E.30s 45.0ms-2 5.5 x 103 kg m-3 is suspended from a spring balance with half the volume of the block immersed in water. B. 3.0s 50. A. D.30N 0. which of the following expressions correctly represents V? M1U__ D. Calculate the time taken by particle to vocer a distance of 25m. E. . B. D. C.7s respectively. A. 6. C. A. State four factors on which the resistance of a wire depends. 7. D. 4. g = 10ms-2) 0. A. 0. B. 2. m = 0. C. E. (Take g as 10ms-1) 7.10N 0.8ms-2 0. C. calculate 0. What is the reading of the spring balance? (Density of water 1.0ms-2 1.17s A boy mass M1 moving with a velocity U collides with a stationary body of mass M2 and both move with a common velocity V. D. Calculate the tension T in the string if the body is in equilibrium. E. B. B. [g = 10ms-2] 00 300 450 (iii) 00 1993 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE 1.13s 2. 5.

D. 16. C. A. D. E. E.0 cm forms an upright image four times the size of an object. virtual and real diminished. 14. What is the volume of the gas at –100˚C if its pressure remains constant? 346cm3 446cm3 546cm3 646cm3 746cm3 Which of the following are correct of planepolarized light? Plane polarization of light is the formation of hydrogen bubbles on the particles of light Plane-polarization of light is the splitting of light into its spectral components Plane-polarized light vibrates in one plane only IV. III. 11. B. D. E. 12. A. C. Polarization is characteristics of transverse waves I and II only I and IV only II and III only III and IV only None of the above An image which cannot be formed on a screen is said to be Inverted real virtual erect blurred Longitudinal waves cannot be diffracted refracted polarized reflected superposed The images formed by a diverging lens always diminished. D. B. D. virtual and magnified image erect.3cm 18. C. B. B. C. E. E. 21.5cm 45. B. D. C. E. C. virtual and erect magnified. B. calculate the increase in its volume. 20. E. Calculate the distance of the image from the lens. . A. E. E. virtual and inverted diminished. B. II. C. D. A. real and inverted In the normal use of simple microscope. 600 900 How far will a body move in 4 seconds if uniformly accelerated from rest at the rate of 2m s-3? 32m 24m 16m 12m 8m If the temperature of water is gradually increased from 0o to 4oC. B. real and magnified magnified. virtual and erect magnified.D. a person sees an inverted. E. 1 2 A. D. E. 18. B.8cm 37. 0. C. D.8cm3 3.6cm3 1. 19. virtual and magnified image erect. A. D. 10. virtual and erect inverted and real image the same size as the object A lens of focal lengths 15. B. A.0cm An object is placed between two mirrors which are inclined at an angle of 12o˚ and facing each other. increases for a while and then decreases decreases for a while and then increases increases gradually decreases gradually remains the same The expansion of solid can be considered a disadvantage in the fire alarm system thermostat riveting of steel plates balance wheel of a watch fitting of wheels on rims A solid metal cube of side 10cm is heated from 10˚C to 60˚C. A. B.6cm3 6. the density of the water within this range.2 x 10-5K-1. D. 17.2cm3 1.0cm3 A gas has a volume of 546cm3 at 0˚C. E. A. C. B. 15. Determine the number of images observed in the two mirrors. A. If the linear expansivity of the metal is 1. A. A. I.0cm 75. C. C. 13. 11.

I. I and II Which of the following instruments can be used to compare the relative magnitude of similar charges on two given bodies? Electrophorus Ebonite rod Proof plane Gold-leaf electroscope Capacitor The unit of inductance is Farad Henry Hertz Weber Tesia A household refrigerator consumes electrical energy at the rate of 200W.0HZ 6. C. A. E. D.00 N30. B.5cm and the wave travels a distance of 31. A. E. calculate the cost of operating the appliance for 30 days. III and IV III. D. D.20 N12.5Hz Which of the following have the longest wave lengths Infra-red rays Gamma rays X-rays Ultra-violet rays Radio waves A man stands in front of a tall wall and produces a sound. B.00 N33. E. A. C. (the speed of sound in air is 300ms-1). E. C. C. 22. C. B. E. B. calculate the frequency of the vibrator. D. D. A. A. E. D.II and I II. 31. C. B. 26. 30. If the distance between two successive throughs is 3. 3 4 5 In a ripple tank experiment. A. Belt Piano Sonometer A short chain is usually attached to the back of a petrol tanker and trailing behind it so that the petrol tanker is balanced on the road heat generated by friction in the engine can be conducted to the earth charges generated by friction in the tanker are conducted to the earth tanker can move slowly as the chain touches the road surface chain can produce sound in resonance with the noise from the tanker’s engine Which of the following indicates the correct sequence of steps taken in charging a goldleaf electroscope by indication? Removing the ebonite rod Bringing a negatively-charged ebonite rod close to the cap Earthing the cap Disconnecting the earthing III. D. E. C. II and IV II. 24. C. A.C. B. 27.00 A. . 28. I. E. D. B. C. IV. C. IV. A. B.5s. 600m 400m 330m 328m 165m Which of the following is correct about light and sound waves? Both of them are associated with energy transfer Both of them need material media for propagation They are both longitudinal waves Their velocities in air are equal Both of their can be polarized The quality of a note produced by a vibrating string is determined by the pitched of the note tension of the string material of the strings presence of overtones thickness of the string Which of the following is a percussion instrument? Flute organ C. III. a vibrating plate is used to generate ripples in the water. III. B. 25. B. 29.0Hz 12. N7. E. B. D. D.0Hz 97. E. calculate the distance from the wall. A. If he receives the echo of the sound two seconds later. D. II.33 N72.5cm in 1. 3. A.0Hz 73. 32. D. If electricity cost 5k per k Wh. E. E. IV and I III. IV. 23.

95 x 10-2ms-1 What is the gravitational potential due to point mass m at a distance r from it? (G = gravitational constant) gravitational) -Gm2 r2 -Gm2 r -m2 Gr2 -Gm r G2m2 r In a series R – C circuit. D. C.m. C. . V = Vo sinwt. C. D. D.13 x 104ms-1 3. C. 35. B. E. B.000N The function of the manganese (IV) oxide in a teclanche cell is to decrease the e. R.0 x 10-7C experiences a force of 0. the capacitive reactance.300N 3. B. the resistance of the resistor is 4Ω and the capacitive reactance is 3Ω. the inductive reactance. D. 1Ω 4Ω 5Ω 7Ω 12Ω The vector diagrams shown below represents the resistance. E.075N 0. E. B. 34. E. 8.59 x 10-2ms-1 3. A. 37. D.58 x 102ms-1 5.5ms-1. 21oVo sinwt IoVo 2 IoVo sin2wt Io2Vo2 A point charge of 1. A. Xc. (Take g as 10ms-3 and the radius of the earth as 6. A. A.4 x 106m). D. D. I = Io sinwt and the voltage. B. C. The current in the circuit will be maximum when XL < Xc XL = Xc Xc <XL R = XL R = Xc In a purely resistive a.050N 0. C. B. A. C. 33. B. D. the current. Z. A. If the velocity of the charge is 1. A.01T. D. in an R – L – C circuit.c circuit. E. 106 Vm-1 105 Vm-1 10-4 Vm-1 10-6 Vm-1 10-9 Vm-1 The potential difference between two points A and B situated at a distance d apart is V. 0. D. Which of the following expresses the magnitude of the electric field intensity between the two points assuming the field is uniform? Vd dV-1 Vd-1 V 2d d 2V Which of the following have the greatest penetrating power? Beta rays Alpha rays Gamma ray Electrons Neutrons A particle of charge 5 C moves perpendicularly to a magnetic field of magnitude -. Calculate the impedance of the circuit. E. B. B. 40. XL and the impedance. E. C. E. A. Calculate the escape velocity of a satellite launched from the earth’s surface. E. 42. E. calculate the magnitude of the force exerted on the particle.300N 0. 38. C.01 N in a uniform electric field. C.B. 39. 36. 41. IoVo A. Calculate the instantaneous power dissipated in the circuit in time t. Calculate the magnitude of the strength of the field.00 x 104ms-1 1.f of the cell prevent local action in the cell prevent polarization in the cell increase the density of the electrolyte increase the resistance of the cell A.

54. E. E. A. D. A. B. E. R. 46.50A 0. B. a current. 49. 53. E. B. I passes through the resistor. B. C. V is applied across the ends of a resistor of resistance. . C. 47. 50. The heat generated in the resistor in time. D. 1 in the diagram shown below. E. Na → 24 12 Mg+ + X + Energy A. 44. the galvanometer indicates a null-deflection. E.5A 0.0A 0. B. D. D.1A Which of the following is not a conductor of electricity? Human Glass Silver Earth Copper In the diagram below.25A 0.0V 3. What is X Alpha particle Beta particle Gamma ray X-ray Neutron If Einstein’s photoelectric equation is represented by hf = W = O where h is Plank’s constant f. D. D. D. B. 55. A. 43.0V 4. (Neglect the internal resistance of the cell) 4. 48. C. B.0V When a potential difference. A. J. E. A.0A 1.5V 2. The equation above represents a nuclear decay of sodium isotope. What fraction of the original radioactive nuclide will remain after 80 hours 1_ 32 A. E. D.00A 0. what does the symbol O stand for? Energy of the photons Maximum kinetic energy of the ejected electrons Threshold frequency of the photons Stopping potential of the electrons Velocity of the electrons The phenomenon of radioactivity was first discovered by Marie Curie Sir J.06A 24 11 A. 52. C. C. C. B. C. What is the potential difference between P and Q? o. A. C. E. A. E. E.D. C. A. A. B. B. C. Thompson Henri Becquerel Niels Bohr Enrico Fermi A radioactive substance has a half-life of 20 hours. 45.00A 4. C. Electrical resistance is the property of an electrical conductor that causes electrical energy to be converted into mechanical energy solar energy heat energy magnetic energy chemical energy Calculate the current. B.0A 2.0V 1. D. T is given by the expression V2It I2t I2Rt IR2t V2Rt Electric motor primarily converts electrical energy into chemical energy electrical energy into heat energy kinetic energy into potential energy Electrical energy into mechanical energy Mechanical energy into light energy What amount of current would pass through a 10Ω coil if it takes 21s for the coil to just melt a lump of ice of mass 10g at 0O if there are no heat losses? 16. the frequency of incident radiation and W the work function of the material. D.

II and III only Eight α . = 10ms-1. Derive equation connecting the three terms. body. 60. D. A. sealed at one end. it is said to be grounded excited stable ionized rediating Which of the following are emitted from a radioactive substance without a latering either the nucleon number or the proton number of the substance? Gamma rays B. jack. E.particles are emitted from an atom of 238 206 234 238 240 252 When an atom is in the ground state. (G. 59. The trapped air column is 13. D. C.B. . A uniform capillary tube of negligible expansivity. 58. B. (a) describe With the aid of labeled diagram. an experiment to illustrate the relationship between the volume and the temperature of a given mass of air at constant pressure. 57. E. B. Define the terms: mechanical advantage. 2 π = 22/7) I. B. calculate the cubical expansivity of the air at constant pressure. C. C. D. (a) (i) (ii) Explain what is meant by a machine.particles and size β . B. E. A. D.7cm long at 100oC. Alpha particles Beta particles Protons Neutrons 1993 PART B THEORY 1. E. Using the kinetic theory of gases. (ii) mechanical advantage of the (iii) (iv) effort required in raising the work done by the effort in raising the body. the collision of the molecules of a gas with the walls of the container is mainly responsible for the temperature of the gas viscosity of the gas pressure of the gas Which of the statement above is/are correct? I only II only III only II and III only I.4 mm is used to raise a body of mass 8000kg through a height of 20cm. (b) (c) Explain why the efficiency of a machine is usually less than 100% A screw jack whose pitch is 4. C. If the efficiency of the jack is 80%. D. A.7cm long at 0oC and 18. 1_ 16 1_ 8 1_ 4 1_ 2 Which of the following is used in a nuclear reactor to slow down fast moving neutrons? Carbondioxide gas Liquid sodium metal Concrete shield Graphite rods Boron rods According to the kinetic theory of gases. III. The length of the tommy bar of the jack is 70cm. calculate the: (i) velocity ratio of the jack. C. D. 2. A. contains air trapped by a pellet of mercury. E. E. explain why the volume of a fixed mass of gas at constant pressure (b) (c) A. C. velocity ratio and efficiency as applied to a machine. 56. II.

Tabulate your readings. State three methods by which high e. (a) to Use the measuring cylinder provided measure 100ml of water and pour it into the tin labeled A supplied. (ii) peak value of the current. State the laws of electromagnetic induction Draw a labeled diagram of a simple d. (iii) r. (a) (b) (c) increase in vertical oscillation and determine 1 for 20 oscillations. The current. Repeat the experiment for values of M = 100. draw a force diagram of the arrangement when the rule is in equilibrium and write down and equation relating R. 150. Label your graphs appropriately as A and B to 1. deflect the rule so that it performs . Explain what is meant by stating that a body is in table equilibrium. 1993 PAPER I PRACTICAL (c) (iii) 2. (b) (i) Define the moment of a force about a point If R is the reaction from the bench. Repeat the experiment with tin labeled B using exactly the same volume of water and recording the temperature every minute until the temperature falls to 60oC. I in an a. Calclulate the period T of oscillation.m. m is the mass of the meter rule and M the mass of the attached load.increases with temperature. 0 (a) Clamp the uniform meter rule supplied to the edge of the bench such that 90cm of the rule projects from the edge and the rule is capable of performing vertical oscillation as shown above. With M = 50g fixed to the free end of the rule. Insert the thermometer into the tin and record the temperature of the water every minute until the temperature falls to 60oC. 3. illustrating 4. in spite of these advantages. Deduce the following from this equation: (i) frequency of the current. 200 and 250g. fusion is not normally used for the generation of power. (ii) nuclear fission (b) (ii) State two advantages of fusion over and explain briefly why.m. Plot a graph of T2 against M starting both axes from the origin (0. plot two graphs of temperature against time from the readings obtained using tins A and B. your (a) case: answer with one example in each (i) (iii) nuclear fusion radiation hazards.f could be obtained from the generator.c circuit is given by the equation: I = 30 sin 100 π where t is the time in seconds. Explain the following. Determine the corresponding values of t. Determine the slope s and the intercept I of the graph. Evaluate T2. T1 and T2 in each case. m and M together (Take g as the acceleration due to gravity). Heat the water in the tin on a cork or wooden stand. On the same piece of graph paper and using axis and scales. Tabulate your readings.s value of the current. State two precautions you took to obtain accurate results.c generator and explain how it works. 0).

. Calculate the acceleration of the body in section OP of the graph 1. D. (b) (i) Give that R. R. State the factors on which the quantity of heat in a body depends. E. b represents the point of contact of the jockey with the bridge wire. read off the time taken to cool from 80oC to 65oC. 3. Also connect one end of the constant wire labeled W to point C in the circuit. Which of the following is scalar quantity? Tension Weight Impulse Upthrust Distance The diagram below represents the velocity time graph of a body-in motion. 40 50 and 60cm. Write down an equation relating the quantity of the heat to the factors. determine the corresponding values of X. B. Tabulate your readings. Determine the balance length X measured along the meter bridge wire. 1994 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE 1. From each graph. D. E. C. the total distance traveled by the body is 195m. (a) Deduce from your graph the effective resistance R if a length of Im of the constant wire is connected across the resistance S. By means of a crocodile clip. In each case. 0). connect a length L = 20cm of the wire across s. (b) (i) Explain how heat losses by radiation and convection are minimized in a vacuum flask.0ms-2 2.. A. L. Calculate the change in volume when 90g of ice is completely melted. R-1 and R-1. Plot a graph of R-1 against L-1 starting both axes from the origin (0.correspond with the tin used.5ms-2 7. graph (ii) in In the circuit diagram shown 3(a) above.3ms-2 19. C. Evaluate R where R = (200 – 2) x Determine the values of R-1 and L-1. (ii) (iii) (iv) 3. B. B. C. Complete the circuit and close the key K.8ms-2 9. State four factors on which the rate of evaporation of a liquid in an open container depends.5ms-2 The density of water is 1gcm-3 while that of ice is 0. State two precautions you took to obtain accurate results. 0cm3 9cm3 10cm3 90cm3 100cm3 A. Connect the 2Ω resistor and the object labeled s across the gaps AB and CD respectively in the meter bridge circuit as shown in the diagram above. A. Repeat the experiment for L = 30. S and K are related by the equation where K and S are constants I = I + I R KL S deduce from the values of k and S. Determine the slope of the graph and its intercept along the vertical axes. What is the potential difference between point a and point b at the balance point? Explain your answer briefly. 2. D.9-3. E. State two precautions you took to obtain accurate results.

35. B. D. g = I0ms-2) 0. 9. D. 8. E.00N m-2 39.05cm.7˚C A metal rod of length 40. (Density of water = 103gm-3. C. A body accelerates uniformly from rest at 2ms-2. C. D.0ms-1 450. D.0ms-1 What is the moment of the force F about point P in the diagram shown beside? Fy cos θ Fy Fy tan θ Fy sin θ Fy coses θ The density of a body is 5 x 103kg m-3 and it weighs 1. 10. B.5 x 10-5 K-1 5.0cm of mercury. 6. B. C.00ms-1 4. C. Calculate its velocity after traveling 9m. C. A.6˚C B.3˚C 52. A. A. C.5 x 10-5 K-1 4. B.20N 0. B. E. 5.08N 0.24ms-1 In which of the following simple machines is the effort applied between the load and the fulcrum? Scissors Pliers Wheel barrow Sugar tongs Nutcrackers A ball is dropped from a height of 45m above the ground. 1.00N m-2 97. C. If the new length of the rod is 40. B. 12. D.80N 1.2ms-1 30. E. 11. assuming that no air leaks out and that the change in volume of the air can be neglected.0ms-1 900. C. D. D. E.4. 7. E. Calculate the apparent weight of the body when totally immersed in water. B. 21.0˚C 37. calculate its linear expensivity.5 x 10-5 K-1 3. B. 36.5Nm-2 at 27˚C. calculate the new pressure of the air.25N m-2 A. 72__ cm3 76 x 500 The pressure of air in a tyre is 22. A. D.7˚C 62.0ms-1 300. C. E. B.0mm apart.07N m-2 45. E. Celsius when the length of the mercury thread is 33.02N 0.0 x 10-4 K-1 A gas occupies a certain volume at 27˚C. thermometer are found to be 90. E. What is the volume of the gas at the same temperature and a pressure of 76.5ms-1 4. D. A. E.2 x 10-3 K-1 2.6mm above the ice point mark? 33. D.00ms-1 18. If the air in the tyre heats up to 47˚C.00N The ice and steam points on a mercury in glass. At what temperature will its volume be three times the original volume assuming that its pressure remains constant? 81˚C 162˚C 354˚C 627˚C 900˚C 500cm3 of a gas is collected at 0˚C and at a pressure of 72.00cm at 20˚C is heated to a temperature of 45˚C.0 N in air. E. A. cm3 72 x 76 cm3 76 x 500 76c__ 72 x 500 cm3 A.00ms-1 6.0cm of mercury? 76 x 500 72 72 x 500 76 cm3 A. A.I0N m-2 24. . Calculate the velocity of the ball just before it strikes the ground (Neglect air resistance and take g as 10ms2 ) 21. 13. What temperature is recorded in degree. C.

B. 23. E.06 x 193J 8. E. B. B. 19.2Jg-1k) 1. D. C. A. E. Calculate the heat supplied per minute. Calculate the heat required to convert 20g of ice at 0˚C to water at 16˚C (Specific latent heat of fusion of ice = 336J g-1) (Specific heat capacity of water = 4. D. 20. A. C. in diagram shown below. C. D. D. D. D. B. A. B. E. D. 16. the steam trap stores the steam for future use prevents the steam from escaping ensures that only dry steam gets into the calorimeter allows condensed steam to go into the calorimeter determines the quantity of steam used 500g of water is heated so that its temperature rises from 30˚C to 72˚C in 7 A. E.35 x 106 J kg-1 1.38 x 103J 6. (Specific heat capacity of water = 4200J kg-1 K-1) 9000J 12600J 21000J 25200J 88200J A hygrometer is an instrument used to measure dew point temperature relative density relative humidity vapour pressure An electric kettle rated at 1500W boils away 0. B. 120˚ 90˚ 60˚ 45˚ 30˚ The image of an object placed at the centre of curvature of a concave mirror is inverted and magnified at the principal focus real and diminished erect and virtual at the centre of curvature A. the temperature change in P is observed to be twice that in Q. . 24.06 x 103J A tap supplies water at 30˚C while another supplies water at 86˚C. 1:1 1:3 1:4 1:2 4:1 The instrument used atmospheric pressure is hydrometer ratemeter barometer photometer manometer for measuring A. C. E.50 x 105 J kg-1 4. A. Calculate the total heat energy supplied.5 x 106J kg-1 1. In the steady state. C. minutes. E. D. Calculate the specific latent heat of vaporization of the liquid. C. C. D. B. 18. calculate the ratio of the mass of hot water to that of cold water required. 17. A. (Specific latent heat of ice = 336 J g-1) 26880J 12600J 10080J 8064J 4200J Calculate the angle of reflection of the ray of light at mirror m.3kg of a liquid at its boiling point in 300s. C. C. 22. When two objects P and Q are supplied with the same quantity of heat. 1:3 3:1 3:7 7:3 15 : 8 A steam trap is a component of the apparatus used in determining the specific latent heat of vaporization of steam. D. A. E. C. A. C. B. E. B. B. If the masses of P and Q are the same.14. Calculate the ratio of the specific heat capacities of P to Q. E. D. A. B. 1. 21.70 x 103J 7.00 x 102 J kg-1 80% of the heat supplied to a 30g block of ice at 0˚C completely melts it to water at 0˚C. E. If a man wishes to bath with water at 44˚C.50 x 102 J kg-1 3. 15.34 x 103J 5.

B. A. A. II and III are transverse A. magnified. B. 32. C. II. E. C.5Ω and a resistor of A. C. which of the following relationships is correct? n = 90/sin c n = sin c/90 sin 90 sin c = n sin c = I/n n = sin c_ sin 45 A simple magnifying glass is used to view an object. C. D. calculate its wavelength in the medium. 35. B. C.25. A. virtual and erect If the critical angle of a glass-air boundary is c and the refractive index of the glass is n. B. 29. B. B. The inability of the eye to focus near objects is known as long sight astimatism presbyopia glaucoma short sight A light wave travels from air into a medium of refractive index 1.9 x 10-7m.2m Which of the following has the shortest wavelength? infrared ray Gamma ray Ultraviolet ray Radio wave Visible light A cell of e. A note of frequency 2000Hz has a velocity of 400ms-1. 2. At what distance from the lens must the object be placed so that an image 5 times the size of the object is produced 20cm from the lens? 2cm 4cm 15cm 25cm 100cm Which of the following diagrams correctly illustrates refraction and partial reflection of light traveling from glass to air? B.0m 5. A. E.5Ω is connected in series with an ammeter of resistance 0. C. D.8 x 10-7m 4. D.0m 200. 28. 35˚ 55˚ 70˚ 105˚ 145˚ In the diagram below F and C respectively represent the focal point and the optical centre of the lens. III.f 1. 26. D. D. 30. . B. E.0m 0. C.2 x 10-7m 6. Calculate the angle of deviation of the ray after reflection. C. What is the wavelength of the note? 800. inverted and magnified diminished. E. A. E. E.6 x 10-7m 5. C. E. C. B.1 x 10-7m Which of the following waves? Ripples on water Sound waves in air Light waves from the sun II only I and II only II and III only I and III only I. virtual and inverted real.m. If the wavelength of the light in air is 5.54. E. A. A. A. I.5V and internal resistance 2. 33.0m 2. D. D. 34. virtual and inverted erect. D. B. D. E. real and diminished diminished. 27.5 x 10-7m 3. E. 31. what will be the characteristics of the image formed when rays from the object OA are re-fracted through the lens? D. The diagram below shows a ray of light IK incident on a plane mirror at K.

50 V 5. 40. the coil rotates. E. A.0Ω 8. 39. D.75 V 7. generator ad.A. D. A battery of e. What is the cost of lighting the lamp? 1k 2k 5k A.0Ω. D. 8.10A 3.c. C.15A 0.50 V 1.8Ω A particle of charge q and mass m moving with a velocity v enters a uniform magnetic field of strength B in the direction of the field. 45.0Ω 27. B.5Ω 2. E. C.d across the terminals. C. A.3Ω 0. C. Niels Bohr Ernest Rutherfold Werner Heinsenberg Louis de Broglie Erwin Schroedinger A battery of e. B. D.0Ω 1. . A. A. 38. C.20A 2. E. D. A. B. E. E. 36. B.c electric motor an induction coil an a. Calculate the current through R2 R11_ R1 R21_ R1 R21__ R1+R2 R11__ R1 + R2 R1R21_ R1 – R2 Which of the following is not part of an a. resistance 7. Calculate the current in the circuit.d. D. B. 250V is lit for 10 hours. Calculate the p. B. E. Calculate the resistance of the fuse wire. C. B. C. 41.0Ω 3.8Ω Which of the following scientists postulated that moving particles exhibit wave properties? A. C.25 V A rectangular coil of wire can rotate in a magnetic field. 43. 10V and internal resistance 2Ω is connected to a resistance of 6Ω. 42.0Ω 3. D. If it operates normally and I kWh of electrical energy cost 2k. D.f.00 V 2.0Ω 13. B. A. D. generator A car fuse is marked 15A and operates normally on a 12V battery. D. E. E. 0. E. C. C. The two ends of the coil are soldered respectively to the two halves of a commutator. 44.60A The electrical energy supplied Leclanche cell is obtained from nuclear energy magnetic energy solar energy chemical energy mechanical energy by a A. 37.m. B. 0. C. The force on the particle is qvB mqvB qvb/m mvB/q 0 A lamp marked 100W.c generator? Carbon brushes slip rings Commutator Field magnet Armature Calculate the effective resistance between points X and Y in the diagram beside. B.00A 6. E.m. Two carbon brushes are made to press lightly against the commutator and when these are connected in circuit with a battery and rheostat. This is a description of a moving-coil ammeter a.c. B.f E and negligible internal resistance supplies a current 1 to the combination of two resistances R1 and R2 as shown in the diagram below. 180. A.

A. circuit the peak value of the potential difference is 180V. D. D. (Neglect the internal resistance of the cell) I. 10k 20k What is the total capacitance in the circuit represented by the diagram beside? C1 + C2 + C3 1+1+1 C1 C2 C3 C1 C2 C3__ C1 + C2 + C3 C2_____ C1 + C3 C1 C2 C3 Calculate the time taken to heat 2kg of water from 50˚C to 100˚C in an electric kettle taking 5A from a 210 V supply.c supply and 120V kettle. E. E. B. C. 47. E. ∈o qr2__ E. E. A. A. A. 56. 50.7 minutes 6. What is the q2__ A. C. D. value of 220V 112V 150V 222V 240V 311V Which of the following substances is not an insulator? Aluminium Glass Plastic Clay Cork In an a. B. D. 48. A. B. B.D. 52. B.0A 2. 11999 2750 460 550 232 The electric force between two point charges each of magnitude q and at a distance r apart in air of permitivityo is q2__ 4 π ∈ or2 q__ 4 π ∈ or 4 π q__ ∈0 A. D. (Specific heat capacity of water = 4200kg1 -1 k 2. D. E. E. Calculate the current I in the diagram below. C.5 minutes 9. C. C.s. C. C. C. E. B. A.m. 53. A.5 minutes 5. Calculate the number of turns in the secondary winding. B. D. B. E. A.7 minutes 7.0A 2. C. D. 54. D.0A 5. B. 4 π ∈ 0r Beta-particles are electrons protons neutrons helium nuclei tritium nuceli Calculate the peak voltage of a mains supply of r.0A Which of the instrument? Flute Trumpet Piano Drum Organ following is a stringed .5A 4. 51.5 minutes Which of the following diagrams represents the magnetic fields pattern between two isolated unlike poles? B. 55. 46. 49.c. E. C. E. A transformer with 5500 turns in its primary winding is used between a 240V a. D.

0 x 10-7m 2. C.2Jg-1K-1) (Specific heat capacity of copper – 0. D. 57.80 days 6. E.00 days The nucleon number and the proton number of a neutral atom of an element are 238 and 92 respectively. What is the half-life of the radioactive material? 0. C. show how a virtual image of an object is formed by a: (i) concave mirror (ii) converging lens. B. (a) the Describe an experiment to show how frequency of the note emitted by a vibrating string depends on the tension in the string.4 x 10-7m (b) (i) Describe an experiment to determine the specific heat capacity of copper using a copper ball. field.00 days 4. Plank’s constant = 6.4Jg-1K-1) 2. D. D.8 x 10-7m 12. 58. Explain what is meant by a magnetic Describe an experiment to show that magnetic field exists around a straight wire carrying current. (a) (b) 1994 SECTION B THEORY 1. A. C.6 x 10-34Js) 0. Draw diagrams showing a vibrating fixed at both ends emitting. D. D. 3. C. E. it becomes an Ions an electron a neutron a proton a deuteron In 24 days a radioactive isotope decreases in mass from 64g to 2g. Calculate the wavelength of its threshold frequency. (Neglect the earth’s magnetic field) (b) string A. (Speed of light in vacuum = 3 x 108ms-1. Indicate the nodes and antinodes on the diagrams. (a) What is meant by the statement: The specific heat capacity of copper is 400 J kg-1 K-1? (iii) . calculate the final steady temperature of the mixture. B. A. E. E. A piece of copper ball of mass 20g at 200oC is placed in a copper calorimeter of mass 60g containing 50g of water at 30oC.6 x 10-19J. C. 59.75 days 2.3 x 10-7m 3. instantaneous potential difference when the phase angle is 40o? 45 V 90 V 90 2 V 180 V 180 2 V When atom 0 losses or gains a charge. B. (c) With the aid of a ray diagram. Draw a labeled diagram showing the pattern and directions of the magnetic field produced around the wire.A. E.58 days 4. (ii) (iii) (Specific heat capacity of water – 4.8 x 10-7m 1. B. A. What is the number of neutrons in the atom? 330 238 146 119 73 The work function of a metal 8. (i) fundamental frequency (ii) second overtone. State two precautions necessary to obtain accurate results. 60. B. Ignoring heat losses.

Draw a line to join P4 and P3. Explain. If a mass of 10g is hung at p.0). Plot a graph with a on the vertical axis and (I + e) on the horizontal axis. fix one pin at P2 and another pin at P4 such that they appear to be in a straight line with the images at P1 and P2. Plot a graph of d against x. starting both axes from the origin (0. 2. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. electric motor and explain how it works. Explain what is meant by the moment of a force about a point. Measure and record angles e and a. 15o. By means of simple diagrams only. Read and record the position of the pivot. with the aid labeled diagram. (a) (b) (ii) (c) Draw a labeled diagram of a simple d. Erect two pins at P1 and P2 on the line RN. Determine the values of d and x. Draw a line RN such that it makes an angle I = 5o with the normal. (i) A uniform meter rule AB is balanced on a knife edge which is 55cm from B. 20o and 25o respectively using a different outline in each case. Corresponding to the distance of its centre of gravity from the end of the rule. Balance the meter rule on the knife edge and record the scale mark C. 6. Looking through the face BC of the prism. Evaluate m = 50s. 8. (a) equilateral Trace the outline ABC of the You are provided with a uniform meter rule. . Repeat the experiment for I = 10o. Determine the slope of the graph and the intercept on the vertical axis. Determine the slope s of the graph. how a delicate magnetic material could be protected from the earth’s magnetic field. State two reasons why the efficiency of an electric motor is less than 100%. Tabulate your readings. Produce the line P4 P3 and that of RN to meet at D. Evaluate m=50s. Indicate the neutral point in the field. (i) laws of (b) results. 10 and 12cm respectively. distinguish between two classes of levers and give one example of each. In each case record the position of the pivot and determine the corresponding values of d and x. Replace the prism. which is 10cm from A. Suspend the given mass from the meter rule such that y = 2cm as shown on the diagram above.c. Repeat the experiment with Y = 4. Calculate the mass of the metre rule.(c) Sketch the magnetic field due to two straight parallel wire carrying current in the same direction. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate triangular glass prism as shown in the diagram above. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. Tabulate your readings. Balance the meter rule with the hanging mass on the knife edge. (d) 4. Remove the prism and the pins. State the laws of electromagnetic induction Explain how one of the illustrates the principle conservation of energy. a knife edge and a mass of 50g. (a) (iii) (ii) 1994 PAPER I PRACTICAL 1. Determine the slope s of the graph.

A.5kg is to be pulled up along a plane which is inclined at 30o to the horizontal. Starting both axes from the origin (0.3ms-1 16. 50 and 40cm respectively.3ms-1 3. Plot a graph with I on the vertical axis and L-1.8s 2. 0). close the key. Tabulate your readings.0ms-1 A student found out from a simple pendulum experiment that 20 oscillations were completed in 38 seconds. 5. Calculate the resistance of a 2m length of the wire.58rads-1 40rads-1 At what angle to the horizontal must the nozzle of a machine gun be kept when firing to obtain a maximum horizontal range for the bullets? 3. D.0N 75. C. The resistivity of a given wire of cross sectional area 0. Repeat the procedure when L = 70.5s A body of mass 7. Read and record the ammeter reading L. Tabulate your readings. E. 60. B.m. Calculate his average speed. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. D. E. Open the key. Evaluate p = k/s. C.0N The angular speed of an object describing a circle of radius 4m with a linear constant speed of 10ms-1 is 40. A. (a) Connect the circuit as shown in the diagram above. B. C.f of a cell.0ms-1 200. 4. B. (b) (i) (ii) (ii) Explain what is meant by the e.(Attach your traces to your answer booklet) (b) (i) (ii) (iii) What is meant by the critical angle of a medium? Show by a ray diagram how a right-angle glass prism Distinguish between dispersion and refraction of a beam of white light as it passes through a triangular glass prism. when the crocodile clip is not in contact with the constantan wire. Calculate the scope s of the graph and the intercept K on the vertical axis. D. Evaluate L-1. E. Read and record the ammeter reading. A. B. D.50rads-1 1. A. 1. C.00rads-1 14.0N 20. Io. 1995 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE Which of the following is a fundamental quantity? Heat capacity Electric current Torque Reactance Density A boy cycles continuously through a distance of 1.0km in 5 minutes. 0. If the efficiency of the plane is 75% what is the minimum force required to pull the body up the plane? 5.0N 200.0s 3. 3. C. 2.00rads-1 2. With the clip making contact with the constantan wire L = 80cm.9s 0. In each case read and record the ammeter reading I. D.6ms-1 20.0N 50.9 x 10-4Ωmm.7mm2 is 4.0s 1. E. State two effects of electric current and one application of each. Close the key. 6. What is the period of oscillation of the pendulum? 8. B. Plot a graph with I on the vertical axis and L-1I on the horizontal axis. . E. A.

0o Which of the following will reduce the frequency of oscillation of a simple pendulum? Increasing the mass of the bob Decreasing the mass of the bob Increasing the length of the string Decreasing the length of the string Decreasing the amplitude of the oscillation A car traveling at a uniform speed of 120km h-1 passes two stations in 4 minutes.2:1 1. E. D. 16. B. B.3kg. A. calculate t. 9. 14.0N 3. What will be its volume when it rises to just below the surface of the water if the atmospheric pressure is equivalent to a height of 10m of water? 6cm3 4cm3 3cm3 2cm3 1cm3 The pressure of a given mass of gas changes from 200Nm-2 to 100Nm-2. D.7 0. D.0N 7. D. calculate its mechanical advantage? 0.0:1 1. 11.0o 90. E. 8km 15km 22km 30km 60km A machine has an efficiency of 60%. B.5o 30. 0. E. C.0oC 12. C.0o 45. . B. A. B. (Take the linear expansitivity of brass at 1.0:1 1. Assuming conservation of energy. E. A.0oC 62.0:2 A. B. Calculate the Celsius temperature corresponding to 70o on the thermometer 41.0036m 0. (g = 10ms-1) 0oC 2/9oC 4/9˚C 9/4˚C 9/2˚C Hot water at temperature of t is added to ice that amount of water at a temperature of 30˚C. 13.0oC 50. 8. C.1800m 0. E. C.360m 0. Calculate the distance between the two stations. A. 90˚C 80˚C 50˚C 40˚C 30˚C An air bubble of volume 2cm3 is formed 20m under water. C. A. Calculate the ratio of the final volume of the gas to its initial volume 2. C. B. 7. B. What is the puthrust on the body? (g = 10ms-2) 13.3N 3. D. calculate the change in temperature of the body striking the ground level. B. D.8 x 10-5 K-1 0. A.5 10. D. E.3N A mercury-in-glass thermometer reads n – 20o at the ice point and 100o at the steam point.0o 22. C.5oC 70. A. E. Calculate the linear expansion of the rod for a temperature change of 100K. C. D. E. B.A.9 1. B. It displaces water of mass 0.0 A body weighing 10N in air is partially immersed in water.0018m A body of specific heat capacity 450J kg-1 K-1 falls to the ground from rest through a vertical height of 20m. C. D. If the resulting temperature of the mixture is 50˚C. D. A. A. E.0oC 75. 15. while its temperature drops from 127˚C to -73˚C. C.3600m 0. E. 10. A brass rod is 2m long at a certain temperature. D.5 2. If the machine is required to overcome a load of 30N with a force of 20N. C.4:1 2. E.0N 0.

A. E.50 1. II. C. II and III only I. The image of the object formed by the mirror is real. 120˚ 90˚ 60˚ 45˚ E.77kg 1.42cm3 1.35 x 103J 5. B. E.33 1. (Neglect heat looses to the surroundings) (Specific heat capacity of iron = 460 J kg-1 K1 ) (Specific heat capacity of water = 4200J kg-1 K-1) 0. C. B.87cm3 5.87cm3 1. D.06 x 103J When two objects P and Q are supplied with the same quantity of heat. D.82 x 10-4K-1) 0. 27. 25.63 1.58kg 0. C. B. A. 20. IV. III. 23.52cm3 1. C. 24. III and IV only the image of any real object formed by a diverging lens is always inverted magnified erect real the same size as the object Which of the following is not self-luminous? Incandescent electric bulb Incandescent fluorescent tube Lighted candle The moon The sun An object is placed on the principal axis and at the centre of curvature of a concave mirror. 4:1 2:1 1:1 1:2 1:4 A ray of light is incident on mirror m 1 and after reflection is incident on mirror m2 as shown in the diagram below. B. D. 26. what is the minimum frequency which will resonate with the wire. C. if the speed of the wave generated on plucking the wire is 200ms-1. D. 19. If the temperature of the mixture is 70˚C. A. D. B.02 Light travels in straight lines. A.50kg 2. E.06 x 103J 8. The temperature of glass vessel containing 100cm3 of mercury is raised from 10˚C to 100˚C. B. B.49 1. II. E.17. A. B. . C. 1m apart. B. (Real cubic expansivity of mercury = 1. E. A. E. 30˚ A ray of light is incident on a body x as shown in the diagram below. A. C.38 x 103J 6. B.22cm3 An iron rod of mass 2kg and at a temperature of 280˚C is dropped into some quantity of water initially at a temperature of 30˚C. E. D.72 x 103J 7. 50 Hz 75Hz A. A. A. D. D. C. D. B. A.15kg 1. If the masses of P and Q are the same. E. Calculate the apparent cubic expansion of the mercury. calculate the ratio of the specific heat capacities of Q to P. C. C. 18. E. the temperature change in P is observed to be twice that in Q. In which of the following is this principle manifested? Pinhole camera Formation of shadows Diffraction of light Occurrence of eclipse I and III only II and III only I. inverted and magnified at the principal focus real and diminished erect and virtual at the centre of curvature A wire is stretched between two points. calculate the mass of the water. I. 21.04kg How much heat is required to convert 20g of ice at 0˚C to water at the same temperature? [Specific latent heat of ice = 336 J g-1] 1. Calculate the angle of reflection of the ray at mirror m2. What is the refractive index of the body? 1. 22. D. II and IV only I.

m 3.5m 248. II. what will be its volume at 10oC. C.0ms-1 112. B. B. What is the magnitude of the electric force exerted on the charge? 3. A.6m 5.5ms-1 75. C. I. B.8 x 105N 3. B. 32.0m 4.8 x 10-1N 4. C.02s 0. A. If the echo of the sound is received 1 second later at the point. E. D. 35. 37.02 second. B. D. C. E. C. how far away is the hill from the point? 131. D. E. 31. E.n 2. 33. D. 30. C.50s 50. B. A. . E. A. Calculate its wavelength if its speed is 330ms-1 6. D.m An alternating voltage with a frequency of 50Hz has a period of A.2 x 10-5N 1. A. A. A. B.3m 162. 28.0ms-1 Which of the following media allow(s) the transmission of sound wave through them? Air Liquid Solid I only II only III only I and II only I. III. D. 34. D. II and III only Which of the wave characteristics can be used to distinguish a transverse wave from a longitudinal wave? Reflection Refraction Diffraction Poliarisation Interference A sound note of frequency 250Hz and wavelength 1. 526cm3 546cm3 556cm3 566cm3 819cm3 A. D.3m 325. C. E. 36.20s 0.C. 0. E.0 x 102 NC-1. D. E. 300ms-1 225.0ms-1 16. If the distance between three successive trouhghs of the waves is 15m. D. E.7m 251. B. C. A.0m The period of a wave is 0. If the pressure is kept constant. E. B. C.2 x 105M 1.00s A listener can detect the instrument from which a noise is being sounded because different instruments produce the same note with different Frequencies pitches loudness intensities overtones What is the escape velocity of a body on the surface of the earth of radius R if the gravitational constant is G and the mass of the earth is M? (Neglect energy losses to the surroundings) ___ √2GR ___ √2G R ____ √2GR2 ___ √2GM R ____ √2GM A charge of 1. E. 29.6 x 10-10C is placed in a uniform electric field of intensity 2.0 x 10-6N A balloon containing 546cm3 of air is heated from 0oC to 10oC. B.3m is produced at a point near a hill. C.05s 0. 100Hz 150Hz 200Hz Sixty complete waves pass a particular point in 4s. calculate the speed of the waves. D.

0V 49. Calculate is of A. C. VR. B.02Ω If the current in the resistor R is question 41 is 0.0μ 0. 45.4H 3. C. B.0 x 10oNm2C-2] 4π ∈0 3.5μ Calculate the quantity of charge flowing through a conductor if a current of 10A passes through the conductor for 10s. B.8H 0. the reactance of the capacitor. measured in micro-farad? 5. Calculate the inductive reactance of the circuit shown beside. .0V 3. D. E.00Ω 0. D. Calculate the electric potential at a distance of 20. A. E. C. 42. D. 46. D. V. A.d across the inductor.0V A. 14.4H 0.5V 5. 2. calculate the p. Calculate the inductance L of the coil in the circuit shown beside.2H A series R-L-C circuit is shown in the diagram below. E. B. 39. A capacitor of capacitance 25μF connected to an a. Which of the following vector diagrams correctly represents the phase relationship among I.5V 25. having the waveform shown in the diagram beside. Which of the following represent Xo? OS OR PQ RT OT What is the potential difference between X and Y in the diagram beside if the battery is of negligible internal resistance? 12. D. C. 44.c power source frequency 200Hz.01Ω 0. D. B.0μ 1. B.0V 250. C. A.75 x 10RV 6.0V 50. A. 0.0μF.00Ω 100. B.0μ 4. A. 47. C. A. 100C 20C 15C 10C 1C An alternating current.05A.00Ω 200. C. D.38. E. A.75 x 10 λ V 3. E. C. 48. E. B. What is the value of the capacitance C. B. VC and VL if VC is greater than VL and the symbols have their usual meaning? 43.00Ω The energy stored in a capacitor of capacitance 5μF is 40J. D. B.05Ω 0.0V π A.02Ω 50. 50. C.0cm from a point charge of 0. E. sinwt.30 x 10-12V A. B. C. E. C. D. E.8V 5.45 x 105V 8. D.0μ 3. is represented by the equation X = Xo.015C placed in air of permittivity [Take 1_ as 9.50Ω 0. Calculate the voltage applied across its terminal? 4000V 200V 16V 6V 4V The effective capacitance between points X and Y in the diagram beside is 1.40 x 10oV 6. D. 40. 41.6H 0.00Ω 5. E.

15A 0.0 x 108ms1 ] 3. E.67A Which of the following statements are not true of a moving-coil millimeter? It can be used to measure alternating current It has a linear scale It can be adapted to read higher values of currents A resistor connected in parallel with the millimeter would convert it to a volt meter I and IV only II and III only III and IV only I.5V and internal resistance 2. 53. . D. E. 51. 56. 55. 49.5A 2. 8 days 24 days 42 days A moving-coil meter with an internal resistance of 100Ω has a full-scale deflection when a current of 10m A flows through it.0V Calculate the current in the 3 resistor in question 48. B. D. 58. E. 57. D. A. A.00 x 107 Ω-1m-1 Which of the following is a wind instrument. A. II.25 x 107 Ω-1m-1 2. 0. C. Calculate the current in the circuit. B.5Ω and a load of resistance 7.6 x 10-34 Js. E. C. D. A. What value of resistance would convert it to read 10V at full-scale deflection? 20Ω 100Ω 600Ω 900Ω 1000Ω Which of the following are emitted from a radioactive substance without altering either the nucleon number or the proton number of the substance? Protons Neutrons Gamma rays Beta particles Alpha particles Which of the following is not a product of nuclear fission? Alpha particle Beta particle Gamma ray X-ray Neutron Calculate the energy carried by an Ex-ray of wavelength 6.0A 1. 50. velocity of light = 3. B. B. D. B.20A 2. A.5A A given wire of resistance 10Ω has a length of 5m and a cross-sectional area of 4. E. E. [Plank constant = 6.3 x 10-24J 3.1 x 10-16J 3.4A 1.f 1. D. E. B.0 x 10-40m. Calculate the time during which 5.0g has a half-life of 8 days. E. 0. A. C. C.m. A.50 x 107 Ω-1m-1 5. Calculate the conductivity of the wire.02 x 107 Ω-1m-1 2. C. B. A. C.25g of the nuclide would have decayed 1 day 2 days C. C. III. II and III only I. D.E.10A 3. 54. III and IV only A radioactive nuclide of mass 6.3 x 10-16J 1.00A 6. B. 0. C. D. A. I. E. 60. Guitar Organ Violin Piano Harp A cell of e.3A 0. 59. B. B. 2. IV. 52.0Ω. D. B. B. E. C.3 x 10-12J 3. A. D.80 x 107 Ω-1m-1 1. D. A. C. E.3 x 10-32J Which of the following cannot be explained by the molecular theory of matter? Conduction Radiation Convection Evaporation Expansion Which of the following is used for shielding radioactive fall-outs? Plastic Wood A.0 x 103 m2.

C. D. E.

Textile Aluminium Lead 4. 1995 SECTION B THEORY

(e)

State two methods by which the surface tension of a liquid may be reduced. Define the boiling point of a liquid. Describe with the aid of a labeled diagram, an experiment to determine the boiling point of a small quantity of a liquid. State two factors that may affect the boiling point of a liquid. using the kinetic theory of matter, explain why pure water changes to steam at S.T.P. without any change in temperature, although heat is being supplied to the water. 1995 PAPER I PRACTICAL

(a) (b)

1.

(a) Explain what is meant acceleration of free fall due to gravity, g. (b) (c)

by (c) (d)

State two reasons why g varies on the surface of the earth. A stone is projected upwards at an angle of 30o to the horizontal from the top of a tower of height 100m and it hits the ground at a point Q. If the initial velocity of projection is 100ms-1, calculate the (i) maximum height of the stone above the ground; (ii) time it takes to reach this (iii) (iv) time of flight; horizontal distance from the foot of the tower to the point Q (neglect air resistance and take g as 10 ms-2)

1.

(a) Suspend the given spiral spring vertically as shown in the diagram above. Attach a scale pan and note the pointer on the metre rule. Add a mass m = 70g to the scale pan and note the new position of the pointer. Determine the extension produced. Repeat the experiment for m = 90, 110, 130 and 150g respectively. In each case determine the extension e produced. Ignore the mass of the scale pan and tabulate your readings. If a hanger is used, both the mass of the hanger and the added slotted masses should be equal to 70, 90, 110, 130 and 150g. Plot a graph with e on the vertical axis and m on the horizontal axis, starting both axes from the origin (0,0). Determine the slope of the graph and the intercept on the axis. Also determine the difference in the extension x when the mass increased from 100g to 150g. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. With the load of 150g on the scale pan/hanger, set the spring into small vertical oscillation and determine the time for 10 complete oscillations. Calculate the period T1 of oscillation.

height;

2.

(a) State Faraday’s law of electromagnetic inductions. (b) Draw a labeled diagram of an induction coil and explain how it works. (c) How is the effect of eddy currents minimized in the coil? (d) State two reasons why a capacitor should be included in the primary circuit of the coil. (e) State three uses of an induction coil. (a) (b) (c) (d) What is surface tension? Explain the phenomenon in terms of intermolecular forces. Describe a simple experiment to demonstrate the surface tension of a liquid. State three examples to illustrate the effects of surface tension. Why does water wet a clean glass surface whereas mercury does not?

3.

Repeat the experiment for a load of 100g and determine the corresponding period T2 of oscillation. Evaluate the expression K = 39.5x T12 – T22 (b) the (i) (ii) State Hooke’s law. Deduce the force constant of spiral spring from the graph. (Take g as 10m-2) A spiral spring is compressed by 0.03m. Calculate the energy stored in the spring if its force constant is 300Nm-1.

taken to ensure accurate results. [Attach your traces to your answer script]. (i) (ii) Using your graph, deduce the value of L when I = 0o State Snell’s law of refraction and explain why refraction occurs at the boundary between two media. A microscope is focused on a mark on a table. When the mark is covered by a plate of glass 3.00cm thick, the microscope has to be raised 1.18cm for the mark to be once more in focus. Calculate the refractive index of the glass.

(iii)

(iii)

2.

(a)

3. Measure and record the thickness b of the glass block provided. Trace the outline ABCD of the glass on the sheet of paper as shown above. Remove the block and draw a normal at N. Draw an incident ray such that the angle of incidence i = 25o, Fix two pins at points P and Q on the incident ray. Replace the glass block and fix two other pins at points R and Y such that the pins appear to be in a straight line with the images of the pins at P and Q when viewed through the side DC of the glass block. Remove the block and join the points at R and Y, producing the line to meet DC at X. Join NX and measure its length L. Evaluate L-3 and sin2i.

(a)

Repeat the experiment for i = 35o, 45o, 55o and 65o. In each case, determine the corresponding values of L, L-2 and sin2i. Tabulate your readings Plot a graph of L-2 on the vertical axis and sin2i on the horizontal axis, starting both axes from the origin (0, 0). Determine the slopes of the graph and the intercept I on the vertical axis. Evaluate the expression K = (i/s)1/2. State two precautions

Connect the circuit as shown above. Open the key K and record the voltmeter reading E. Set the resistance R in the resistance box equal to 1Ω. Close the key, read and record the potential difference V on the voltmeter. Evaluate R-1 and V-1. Repeat the experiment for R = 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6Ω respectively. In each case, read and record the voltmeter reading V. Also evaluate R-1 and V-1. Tabulate your readings. Plot graph with V-1 on the vertical axis and R-1 on the horizontal axis, starting both axes from the origin (0,0). Determine the slopes of the graph and the intercept I on the vertical axis. Evaluate the expression: K = s/1. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. (b) (i) (ii) State ohm’s law. If the p.d across the resistance box in the circuit is measured, it would be observed that its value is less than the e.m.f. of the cell. Explain the reason for this difference. Explain what is meant by the potential difference between

(iii)

two points circuit.

in

an

electric

1996 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE 1. The diagram below represents a portion of a micrometer screw guage in which the horizontal scale is in millimeter. What is the reading on the instrument. 3.72mm 3.50mm 3.30mm 3.28mm 3.22mm A loaded test-tube which floats upright in water is carefully and slightly depressed and then released. Which of the following best describes the subsequent motion of the test tube? Circular Rotational Random Oscillatory Translational The diagram above illustrates the velocitytime graph of the motion of a body. Calculate the total distance covered by the body. 50m 65m 175m 225m 300m A ball of mass 5.0kg hits a smooth vertical wall normally with a speed of 2ms-1 and rebounds with the same speed. Determine the impulse experienced by the ball. 20.0kg ms-1 10.0kg ms-1 5.0kg ms-1 1.3kg ms-1 0.0kg ms-1 A rocket is launched from the surface of the earth. If the radius of the earth is 4.6 x 106m and the acceleration of free fall due to gravity is 10ms-1, calculate the escape velocity of the rocket. 2.53 x 104Ms-1

B. C. D. E. 6.

1.13 8.00 4.23 6.41

x x x x

104Ms-1 103Ms-1 103Ms-1 102Ms-1

A. B. C. D. E. 2.

A. B. C. D. E. 7.

The velocity ratio and efficiency of a system of pulleys are 6 and 80% respectively. How much effort is required to lift a load of mass 120Kg with this system. 25N 90N 96N 250N 960N Two spanners X and Y of lengths 15cm and 20cm respectively are used in turn to give a screw ff pitch 2mm one complete rotation. If Rx and Ry are the respective velocity rations of the spanners then the ration Rx Ry is 1 : 50 3 : 20 3:4 4:3 20 : 3 The magnitude of the force required to make an object of mass M move with speed V in a circular path of radius R is given by the expression mr v (mr)2 v mv2 r mv r2 mv r A body of mass 4.2kg moving with velocity 10ms-1 due east, hits a stationary body of mass 2.8kg. If they stick together after collision and move with velocity V due east, calculate the value of V. 3ms-1 6ms-1 7ms-1 15ms-1 17ms-1

A. B. C. D. E. 3.

A. B. C. D. E. 8.

A. B. C. D. E. 9.

A. B. C. D. E. 4.

A. B. C. D. E. 5.

A.

A. B. C. D. E.

C. 1:4 1:2 2:1 4:1 6:1 A.0 x 105Nm-2 Which of the following statements is not correct? Heat energy can be transformed into mechanical energy That total heat content of a body is the sum of the kinetic energies of its molecules If a body is heat.0 x 105Nm-2 2.000J 9. B. E. When these material are heated through the same temperature change. A. their increase in length is the same.63s 0. 13. . D. D. E.704. B. C. D. calculate the resistance of the thermometer when the temperature is 45oC. (g = 10ms-2) 24N 20N 16N 4N 0N A stationary object of mass 4kg is set in motion by a net force of 50N. 16. B.5 seconds. B.40s 0. Assuming that resistance changes uniformly with temperature. D. E. A. C. C.88s A platinum . C. C.9Ω 8.0 x 105Nm-2 3.50s 1. D. A. D. E. molecular movement remains constant A 400W immersion heater is used to heat a liquid of mass 0. B. The pressure of a fixed mass of gas is 2. what is the period of oscillation of y? 0. A. calculate the magnitude of the tension in the string. 17. If the lift moves upwards with acceleration of 2ms-2. its molecules move faster The total heat content of a body is the product of its specific heat capacity and its mass If a body is cooled. D.53s 0.376. E. If the period of oscillations of x is 1. 14. C. B. D. C. E. A. C. E.2Ω 1.0 x 105Nm-2 5.5kg. A.040.8Ω 3. 10. Calculate the value of it.000J 8. E.9Ω 6. B. A. B. E. A body of mass 2kg is suspended from the ceiling of a lift with a light intensible string. D. 18. if the temperature of the liquid increases by 2.20s 0.80s 1. B. 11. B.0 x 105Nm-2 at a known temperature. E. 12.resistance thermometer has a resistance of 5Ω at 0o and 9Ω at 100oC. If the object attains a speed of 5ms-1 in time.5oC in one second.000J The heating element in an electric kettle is usually located near the bottom of the kettle because water is a good conductor of heat heat can be more quickly radiated to all parts of the water no heat can be lost to the surroundings the convectional currents which are set up can carry heat to all parts of the water the molecules of the heating element can carry heat to all parts of the water A.83s 1. what will be the pressure of the gas if its volume is halved? 1.15.30s Two simple pendula and y make 400 and 500 oscillations respectively in equal time. (Neglect heat loses to the surroundings) 80 J kg-1K-1 320 J kg-1K-1 500 J kg-1K-1 1200 J kg-1K-1 2000 J kg-1K-1 What is the difference in the amount of heat given out by 4kg of steam and 4kg of water when both are cooled from 100oC to 80oC 336. A. 13. assuming that the temperature remains constant.0 x 105Nm-2 4.8Ω The linear expansivity of a metal P is twice that of another metal Q.000J 9.000J 672. Calculate the ratio of the original length of P to that of Q. calculate the specific heat capacity of the liquid. D.20s 1. C. 0. 19.

26. 9.63 1.0ms-1 The graph above shows the relationship between sin i and sin r for a ray of light in air incident on a liquid surface. B. its angle of refraction is 0o 42o 45o 60o 90o A ray of light is incident on a glass block as shown in the diagram beside.52 1. A.80 When a ray of light is incident normally on an air-glass interface. E. 23. . C. D. B. D. D.8. E. E. A. 28. B. A.48 The refractive index of a medium relative to air of 1.33 1. 1. E. D. D. D. D.58 1. The inside of a vacuum flask is usually coated with silver to reduce heat lost by convection conduction radiation absorption evaporation The saturated vapour pressure of a liquid increases as the volume of the liquid increases volume of the liquid decreases temperature of the liquid increases temperature of the liquid decreases mass of the liquid decreases Cloud formation is the direct result of precipitation vaporisation Fusion sublimation condensation Water boils at a lower temperature when heated at the top of a mountain than at sealevel because at the top of the mountain the saturation vapour pressure of water is higher than at sea-level sun adds more heat to the water temperature is lower than at sea-level relative humidity of the atmosphere is lower pressure of the atmosphere is lower The main reason why rice cooks faster in a pressure cooker than in cooking pot is that less heat escapes from the cooker the vapour pressure in the cooker is constant the rice is not affected by the draught over the cooker the vapour pressure in the cooker decreases the boiling point of water in the cooker is raised In which of the following media would sound waves travel fastest? Kerosine Alcohol Water Iron Air A. Calculate the critical angle for the medium to the nearest degree.50 1.50 1. 25. D.0ms-1 6. D. E. C. E. 20. 29. C. B. C. E. C. E. If i and r rare respectively angles of incidence and refraction deduce the refractive index of the liquid from the graph. 18o 34o 45o A. A ray of light strikes a plane mirror at a glancing angle of 50o. A. 20o 40o 50o 80o 100o A boy walks away from a plane mirror at a speed of 3msp1m in a direction normal to the surface of the mirror.0ms-1 4. 31. C. 27. B.5ms-1 1. A. E. C. what is the refractive index of the glass relative to air? 1. B. A. 21. C. B. C. B.25 0. A. D. If the reflected and the refractive rays are perpendicular to each other. 30. 22. B.65 1. C. B. Calculate the angle between the incident and reflected rays. E. C. A. E. 24. A. A. B. C. D.5ms-1 0. B.

If the frequency of the wave is 256Hz and the distance N1 N2 equals 1. 36.0ms-1 2. B. D.0m The diagram above represents a stationary wave set up in a string which is fixed at both ends. A. 40.3cm 5.0ms-1 A sound wave of velocity 350ms-1 is directed towards the surface of water.0Hz 1280. 128ms-1 192ms-1 384ms-1 768ms-1 1536ms-1 Calculate the power delivered by a 3-hase line of its voltage and current are 132KV and 60A respectively. B.5m. E.0cm 3.0cm 15. If the velocity of the wave is 250ms-1. A. calculate the frequency of the vibration 50Hz 100Hz 250Hz 400Hz 500Hz A siren has a disc of 64 holes and makes 20 revolutions per second. D.0 x 10-3kg and the tension in it is 10N.0cm 10. E. A.5m 3. A. D. E. 32. B.0Hz 640. calculate the speed of the wave. C. If a particle on the surface of the water makes to complete vertical oscillations in 1 second. B.8ms-1 350. How far from the lens is the object? 2. 68o 90o A converging lens of focal length 5cm forms a virtual image which is 10cm from the lens. D.0ms-1 1487.5ms-1 3500. 0.0ms-1 4. 1. E. A. E. B.96 x 106W 2. 39. B. 34. E. A. 41. B. C.0cm Which of the following instruments produces sound by the vibration of air column? piano guitar flute handbell talking drum The walls and ceilings of many standard auditoria are covered with perforated pads to increase the intensity of sound waves increase the loudness of sound waves reduce the effect of reverberations of sound waves increase the interference effect of sound waves decrease the frequency of sound waves A string of length 1. if the ratio of the wavelength of sound in water to that air is 425:100.0ms-1 3.0m 2. 35. D. 3. D.92 x 106W 3. Calculate the frequency of the sound from the siren. calculate the distance between two successive particles which are in phase. C. if the total mass of the string is 1.5ms-1 B. calculate the velocity of the wave in water. 82. A. B. D. E. E. 38. A. E. D. D. C.2Hz 16. E.0m vibrates in 10 loops.D.0m 50. B. C. A.5ms-1 The speed of sound in air is 330ms -1. D. how far from the centre of a storm is an observer who hears a thunder clap 2s after the lightning flash? (Neglect the time taken by light to travel to the observer) 1320m 660m 600m 330m 165m The diagram below illustrates a variation of the displacement y of a wave particle with time t. C. C. C.38 x 107W 7.0m 5. 2. C. . E. Calculate the speed of the wave. 33. 37. 42. D. 2.4ms-1 148.0Hz 20. B. A.0Hz The distance between two successive cest of a water is 1m. C. C.64 x 106W A.

4Ω 4. C. Calculate its electrical conductivity. 47. A.0 x 103cm2 has a resistance of 0. 45. The magnitude of the electric field intensity P can be expressed as 4 π ∈ or2 Q__ 4 π ∈ or2 Q__ 4 π ∈ or Q2___ 4 π ∈ or Q___ (4 π ∈ or)2 The electric potential of a point P in the diagram on Question 50 can be expressed as 4 π ∈ or 4 π ∈ or2 4 π ∈ or2 4π Q___ ∈ or Q2__ Q__ Q2___ Q2___ A. A cell of e. A.0 x 10-1Ω 2.0 x 103Ω 2. C.0 x 10-3Ω A wire of length 100cm and cross-sectional area 2.f 1.m. A highresistance voltmeter connected across the cell registers only 0. B. E. D. E. 46. the galvanometer gives a fill-scale deflection for a current of 10mA.0 x 102Ω 2. 5. C. E.E. E.0 x 106Ω-1cm-1 5. B. A. B.d. D. B. 51.92 x 104W The main function of the mouth piece of a telephone is to convert sound energy into heat energy light energy chemical energy electrical energy mechanical energy Which of the following is not a component of a.0Ω Soft iron is used in making the armature of an electric bell because it retains its magnetism for a long time losses its magnetism produces permanent magnets is not easily magnetized decreased the magnetic effect of a direct current The diagram beside illustrates an isolated metal sphere carrying charge W in a medium whose permittivity is so. Calculate the value of R. D. 7. 49. A.0 x 106Ω-1cm-1 2. Calculate the internal resistance of the cell.c electric motor? commutator field magnet slip rings Armature carbon brushes The diagram below illustrates the conversion of a galvanometer of resistance 2Ω to an ammeter. B. A. 43.m.0 x 10-6Ω-1cm-1 Lenz’s law of electromagnetic induction states that e. D.0 x 107Ω-1cm-1 5. D. A. C. C. A.m. C.0 x 105Ω-1cm-1 5.5V is connected in series with a resistor of resistance 3Ω.0Ω 2. E. E. C. D.f in a circuit is proportional to the rate of change of the number of lines of force linking the circuit a force is exerted on a current carrying conductor in a magnetic field the induced charge is constant for a fixed change of flux 48. C.5Ω 5. B. . D. A. B. C.10Ω. E. 44. D. B. D.9V.8Ω 2.f is induced in a circuit whenever there is a change in the magnetic flux linked with the circuit the induced current in a conductor is in such a direction as to oppose the change producing it the magnitude of the induced e. 2.0 x 10-2Ω 2. E. 50. 1. B.

E.0 x 10-5K-1) What is meant by dispersion of white light? State the colours in the spectrum of white light in ascending order of their wave lengths. 60. B.25g of a liquid at 0oC and 42. C.0A 13.000J 200J In the diagram below the resistor has a resistance of 8Ω while the reactance of the inductor and the capacitor are 10Ω and 16Ω respectively. E. C. A.347s-1 0.000J 4.132s-1 0. what would be the count rate per minute after 15 days? 20 25 50 200 400 1996 SECTION B THEORY 52. 59. 55. A. 3. D. E. B.E. A. 57. 54. A. 1. B. D. If the impendence of the circuit of 13Ω. D.0A The resistance in a series R-C circuit is 5Ω. calculate the reactance of the capacitor. D.924s-1 Which of the following substance is most viscous at room temperature? Water Alcohol Petrol Palm Oil Kerosine Which of the following is not part of the electromagnetic spectrum? Radio wave Gamma ray Infra-red ray Alpha particle 2. C. 56. 53. (Linear expansivity of glass = 1. B. 20. D. B. C. B. A. D. E. (a) (b) .000J 5. E. A. B.6A 3. if an alternating current of peak value 5A is passed through it for 100s. C. E. B. an experiment to determine the apparent cubic expansibility of a liquid. Q___ 4 π ∈ 2or Calculate the amount of heat generated in an external load of resistance 8Ω. Ex-ray Which of the following is used in a nuclear reactor to slow sown fast-moving neutrons? Carbon dioxide gas liquid sodium metal concrete shield Graphite rods Boron rods Which of the following particles/rays do not originate from the nucleus of the atom? Alpha particle Beta particles Neutrons Gamma rays X-ray The count rate of an alpha-particle source is 400 per minute. 65Ω 18Ω 16Ω 14Ω 12Ω What is the decay constant of a radioactive element whose half-life is 3 seconds. (a) Define expansibility of a liquid (i) the apparent cubic (b) labeled Describe with the aid of a diagram. E.2A 10. D. E.693s-1 0. E. A. C. C. Calculate the current in the circuit.8A 9.02g at 50oC. D. D. C. Calculate the real cubic expansibility of the liquid. If the half-life of the source is 5 days. A. 58. A. C. State two precautions that should be taken to ensure accurate result (ii) (c) A density glass bottle contains 44. B.23s-1 0. 0.000J 10.

(ii) State two precautions that should be taken to ensure accurate result. (c) State two (i) effects of viscosity (ii) applications of viscosity 1996 PAPER I PRACTICAL Use the knife-edged provided to determine and record the centre of gravity G of the metre rule. t.c source Draw the circuit diagram of the arrangement and determine the (i) charge on either plate of each capacitor (ii) potential difference across each capacitor (iii) energy of the combined capacitors (a) Explain the following terms: (i) viscosity (ii) terminal velocity (b) (i) Describe an experiment to determine the terminal velocity of a steel ball falling through a jar of glycerine.d2 and T2d. Evaluate (i) C = 4 π 2 (ii) K =√1 s s State two precautions taken to ensure accurate result. then clamp the cork on the retort stand so that the needle is horizontal. Push the steel needle firmly into the cork. (a) statement 4. If the illuminated object in the experiment is placed at a distance 20cm from the pole of the mirror. state two characteristics of its image formed on the screen. suspend the metre rule freely on the needle as shown in the diagram above slightly displace the free end of the metre rule sideways and release to set it into oscillations in the vertical plane. 15. In each case. (a) 3. (a) . (b) (i) (ii) What is meant by the statement the focal length of a concave mirror is 20cm? Draw a array diagram showing how a concave mirror is used as a shaving mirror. (iii) 1. Describe with the aid of a labeled diagram. Evaluate d2 and T2 d. Through this hole. starting both axes from the origin (0. “The capacitance of a parallel-plate capacitor is 2μF” (b) State: (i) three factors on which its capacitance depends (ii) three uses of capacitors (c) Derive a formula for the energy W stored in a changed capacitor of capacitance C carrying a charge Q either plate (d) Two parallel-plate capacitors of capacitance 2μF and 3μF are connected in parallel and the combinations is connected to a 50V d. Measure and record the distance d between G and the small hole at the 5cm mark on the metre rule. Plot a graph of T2d on the vertical axis against d2 on the horizontal axis. 20 and 25cm marks on the metre rule respectively. 0).(c) (d) (e) Which colour is deviated (i) least (ii) most? Explain why white light is dispersed when it passes through a glass prism. Repeat the experiment for the holes at the 10. Calculate the period T of oscillation. how a pure spectrum of white light can be produced on a screen. Tabulate your readings. determine the values of t. Determine the time t for 20 complete oscillations of the rule. Explain what is meant by the 3.

E.0rads-1 8. If they fall freely. Record the ammeter reading I.0ms-1 24. B. Set up the circuit as shown in the diagram above. 30. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate result.0ms-1 200. Determine the magnitude of its acceleration. C. B. State two reasons why the key in the circuit should be opened when readings are not taken. being lighter than the steel block. 5000N 500N 250N 50N 25N Two blocks of the same dimension. E. 50 and 60cm respectively. Close the key K. A. E. 6.0ms-1 A body of mass 20kg is set in motion by two forces 3N and 4N. (b) (i) Deduce from your graph. A. Determine the slope of the graph and the intercept on the vertical axis. 4.40kg attached to the end of a string is whirled round in a horizontal circle of radius 2.2. D. use the jockey to make contact with the potentiometer wire PC such that PB = L = 10cm. (ii) (iii) A. 5. A. In each case. B. D.35ms-2 0. E.0m with a constant speed of 8ms-1. one steel and the other wooden are dropped simultaneously from the same height. . Calculate the velocity with which the object strikes the object. State two sources of e. D.01s. is hit back in the direction opposite with a velocity of 15ms-1. E. the two blocks hit the ground simultaneously because they have the same acceleration two blocks reach the ground at the same time because their dimensions are the same wooden block. Calculate their equilibrant.05ms-2 A ball of man 0.25ms-2 0. B. 0. A. 0).53o east of north 5 N. C. repeat the experiment for L = 0. D. Read and record the value of I-1 when L = 0. Plot a graph of L on the vertical axis against I-1 on the horizontal axis starting both axes from the origin (0. neglecting air resistance.0rads-1 4. Calculate the angular velocity of the object. C.8rads-1 2. 5 N.0rads-1 16. [g = 10ms-1] 17. An object of mass 0. Tabulate your readings. the value of the current I in the circuit when the jockey makes contact with the potentiometer wire at C.m. Evaluate I-1.5ms-1 125.0rads-1 A. 40. 3. if the time of impact between the racked and the ball is 0. acting at right angles to each other.f other than the chemical cell.1kg approaching a tennis player with a velocity of 10ms-1. B. C. calculate the magnitude of the force with which the ball is hit.89ms-2 0.53o west of south determine and record the corresponding values of I and I-1. 400ms-2 2. reaches the ground first Steel block reaches the ground first because it is denser than the wooden block steel block takes half as much time as the wooden block to reach the ground because it is more massive than the wooden block Two forces 3 N and 4 N act on a body in directions due north and due east respectively.3ms-1 20. C. D. An object falls freely from a height of 25m unto the roof of a building 5m high. B. 1997 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE 1.

E. D.C. 16. What mass can be placed 2m away from the end of the bar to keep the bar horizontal? 5. Taking the earth as a sphere of radius 6. Calculate the increase in the volume of the material if its linear expansivity is 2.0 x 10-2cm 3. A. D.8K 2.0K D. C. B. A boy of mass 55kg sits on one arm of the bar at a point 5m away from the pivot. Calculate the upthrust of the liquid on the cube.0 x 10-6cm-3 4. A. E.0kg 55. A. E. A.4 x 10-2cm3 1.2m is submerged in a liquid of density 0.0kg 6. 5 N. 15. D. E. .003N A piece of copper of mass 30g loses 60J of heat energy. what is the safety gap that must be left between successive bars if the highest temperature expected is 40oC? 1.6 x 10-2cm3 8. D. D.0 x 10-6cm3 Which of the following explains why a thick glass cup cracks when boiling water is poured into it? Large increase in the heat capacity of the cup High density of water A. Calculate the change in temperature of the copper. C. E.8 x 10-2cm Which of the following diagrams correctly represents the variation of the volume V of a fixed mass of water with temperature T? B. if the linear expansivity of steel is 1.40 x 606m and assuming the inverse-square law of universal gravitation. 9.40 x 106m. In which of the following diagram is the pressure of the entrapped air equal to the atmospheric pressure? A. A solid material of volume 100cm3 is heated through a temperature difference of 40oC.016N 0. 2. 11. 10.37o south of west A missile weighing 400 N on the earth’s surface is shot into the atmosphere to an altitude of 6. 4. C. B. 0. What is the velocity ratio of the plank? XY/ZY XY/XZ ZY/XZ XZ/XY ZY/XY A uniform bar 15m long. is balanced on a pivot placed at its mid-point. B. 12. each of length 3m at 28oC. B. A.064N 0. C.0kg A solid plastic cube of side 0.0 x 10-3K-1. B. 13. D. A.6 x 10-2cm 1. D. C. C. A. 8. [g = 10ms-2] 0. D. A.0 x 106 -1 K .37o west of north 7 N. E. If the specific heat capacity of copper is 400 J kg-1 K-1. B. are to be used for constructing a rail line.2K 0.0 x 10-3cm3 5. E. 14.5K 5. D. C.025N 0.8kgm-3.37o north of east 7 N.0kg 70.2 x 10-1cm 7. C.9kg 50. what would be the weight of the missile at the altitude? 100 N 200 N 400 N 800 N 1600 N In the diagram below XY represents a plank used to lift a load from a point X on the ground onto a horizontal platform YP. E. B.008N 0. E. C. B. E. B.0K Steel bars.2 x 10-2cm 6. 7.

[Neglect the heat capacity of the materials of the cup] [Specific heat capacity of water = 4. A. A.0 x 106Hz Whenever light waves are restricted to a specific plane. 17.5 x 108Hz 2. D. E.14cm3 72. they are said to be diffracted refracted diffused regularly reflected plane-polarized The magnification produced with a converging lens is 5. A. E. C. E. C. focus and centre of curvature of a concave mirror. C.3 x 101 J 2. D. E. B. D. E.5cm 3. D. 25. .0 x 109Hz 4. D.3 x 106 J kg-1] 2. E.5cm3 A cup containing 100g of pure water at 20oC is placed in a refrigerator.0 x 107Hz 2. A. Unequal expansion of the interior and exterior walls of the cup Anomalous expansion fo water Greater specific heat capacity of water compared with that of glass Calculate the quantity of heat released when 100g of steam at 100oC condenses to water. Assuming that the temperature remains constant. C. 20. where will the image of the object be located? Between P and F Between F and C Beyond C At F At C A conveying lens of focal length 15cm is used to obtain a real image magnified 1½ times. C. B.3 x 102J 2. E.5 x 1010Hz 5. E. If two rays from a very distant object strike the mirror as shown. B. C. B.0cm What is the frequency of a radio wave of wavelength 150m if the velocity of radio waves in free space is 3 x 108ms-1? 4.3 x 105J 3. D. B. C. C. If the object is a square wire gauze of side 2cm.5cm3 18.3 x 107J A fixed mass of gas occupies a volume of 20cm3 at a pressure of 700mm Hg.0cm 7. D. C. A. Calculate the distance of the image from the lens 37.5cm 15. A. 19. 26. 24. A.0cm 15. F and C represents respectively the pole.7cm3 2. Two rays from a very distant object in the diagram below P. D.C. B. 18.0cm 5. B.3cm At what distance from a simple microscope must an object be placed so that an image 5 times the size of the object is produced 20cm from the lens? 2. D.0cm 3. If the refrigerator extracts heat at the rate of 840 J per minute calculate the time taken for the water to freeze. E. A.2J g-1K-1] [Specific latent heat of fusion of ice = 336Jg1 ] 15 minutes 20 minutes 42 minutes 50 minutes 84 minutes When white light is incident on a glass prism the spectrum produced on a screen placed beyond the prism is due to diffraction reflection refraction polarization interference 21.5cm3 15. 100cm2 A. B. 22. what will be the volume of the gas at 750mm Hg? 2. 23.3 x 104J 2. D. [Take the specific latent heat of vaporization of water as 2. calculate the area of the image.3cm 4.5cm 22. A. E. B.

A. E. B. D. B. A. 10 π /3 5 /2 π 4 π /3 2 /3 π π /3 An alternating current with a peak value of 5 A passes through a resistor of resistance 10. 31. 30. 27. E. 33. If the frequency of the note is 400Hz and its wavelength 1m.0 x 103Hz 1.0W 35. B. B. D. C.7 x 102Hz 3. B. 32. open at both ends. E.B. Calculate the phase difference between the points at a distance of 20cm apart. A. have light sensitive screens Inverted images are formed on the screen in both The distance between the lens and the screen is fixed in both The amount of light entering both the eye and camera can be adjusted The diagram below shows waves passing through a slit S. D. Which of the following points are in phase? O O O O O and and and and and P Q R S T C. B. E. C. A. 34.0 x 10-3s. B. C. 36. what should be the phase difference between the waves for maximum destructive interference to occur? 20o 45o 180o 225o 270o A pipe. D. A. D.0 x 103Hz 6. C. C. which of the following expresses the frequency of the note? [Neglect end-correction] 2V /L V /2L V /3L V /4L V /5L Which of the following statements is not correct? The pitch of a note depends on the frequency of the vibrating source The loudness of a note depends on its intensity The velocity of sound in air does not depend on the intensity of the note producing it The overtones present in a note determine its quality Wind speed has no effect on the speed of sound in air A progressive wave has a wavelength of 50cm. 2. E. 28. C. A. 1. C.0W 125. D. B. 400m 200m 125m 100m 50m The diagram below represents the profile of transverse wave. E. B.5s later.5W A.3 x 103Hz A. 40cm2 20cm2 01cm2 4cm2 Which of the following is not true of the similarities between a camera and the human eye? Both the camera and the eye have lightproof interiors Both the camera and the eye. produces a fundamental note.0W 50. The diagram below illustrates the profile of a progressive wave in which energy is transferred from P to Q in 3. Calculate the rate at which energy is dissipated in the resistor. E. E. A. D. E.4W 12. If the velocity of sound in air is V and L the length of the pipe. 29. D. 250. D. C. E. Calculate the frequency of the wave. C. B. D.3 x 102Hz Two identical waves traveling in the same direction are superimposed. 35. D. . calculate the distance between the bell and the wall. E. A. Which wave phenomenon is illustrated by the diagram? Reflection Refraction Polarization Diffraction Dispersion A sound note is produced by a ringing bell and the echo of the note from a nearby wall is received 0. C.0Ω.

D. What is the wavelength of the emitted radiation? [Plank’s constant = 6. C. 46. Speed of light in air = 3 x 108ms-1] 1. D. A.98 x 10-6m 3.f.0 x 10-4 5.00Ω A. of the cell is reduced to three-quarters of its e. 45.0 x 10-6 3.d. 41. B.0V 15. 15V. ultra-violet and blue only indigo and green only violet and red only ultra-violet and infra-red only A charge of 1.32 x 10-6m 2.01Ω 0. A. B. E. E.32 x 106m 6. D. The invisible part of the spectrum of white light consists of the following colours: red. and internal resistance 5Ω 60.82 x 10-6m 8. E. 42. D. A.c.f.0V 12. II and III only Calculate the terminal potential difference across a 20Ω resistor connected to a battery of e. light energy is converted to . Calculate reactance of the capacitor. 44. C.02Ω 50. II. C. D. C. The current in a series R-L-C circuit attains its maximum value when the impedance is greater than the capacitive reactance inductive reactance is equal to the capacitive reactance inductive reactance is greater than the resistance capacitive reactance is less than the resistance inductive reactance is greater than the capacitive reactance In a photocell.37. B. E. 40. 39. C. B. What is the magnitude of the electric field intensity at the point in Newton per coulomb? 8. C. C.00Ω 150. B. C. 38. 47.00Ω 100. D. B.0 x 10-5C experiences a force of 40N at a certain point in space. A.0 x 106 4.m. C.6 x 10-34 Js. B. On which of the following factors does the induced e. electrical energy chemical energy heat energy mechanical energy kinetic energy When a resistor of resistance R is connected across a cell the terminal p. B. The polarity of the magnet in each case is also indicated. power source of frequency 200 Hz.0V 6. B. III. 0.0 x 10-7 An atom radiates 1.0 x 10-4 2. an ammeter shows a steady current reading of 1.01 x 10-6m A capacitor of capacitance 25μF is connected to an a. 43. E.5V A magnet is being inserted into a coil of wire. B. I. D. Inside which of the rings will a magnetic field be observed? I only III only I and III only II and III only I. A. E. C. E.0A for 30 minutes while 6. E. orange and yellow only infra-red. II and III During the electrolysis of copper (11) tetraoxosulphate (VI) solution. E. [The internal resistance of the cell is expressed as] R /4 R /3 R /2 3R /4 3R A magnet is placed successively near rings made of the materials indicated in the diagrams below. π A. in the coil depend? Numbers of turns in the coil Strength of the magnet Speed with which the magnet is inserted into the coil I only II only III only I and II only I.m.3V 0. A. E. D.6 x 10-4kg of copper is A.m. D. D. A.5 x 10-19J of energy when an electron from jumps from one energy level to another.f.

A. calculate the current in the secondary coil. .30 x 10kg C-1] 0. B.8 x 108J 1.0 x 107J 1. D. C. B.5A 5. D. When a paint brush is removed from clean water. B. C. (Neglect energy losses in the transformer) 0. B. 55.0 x 108ms-1 9. E. E. B. B. E. 54. Calculate the error in the ammeter reading. given that the velocity of light is 3.0 x 1010J 3.6 x 1011J A. D. E. [The electrochemical equivalent of copper is 3. It emits an χ -particle and then a β -particle to achieve stability. C. D. E. D. D. B.001A 0. This is made possible by the process of sublimation diffusion osmosis evaporation capillarity The half-life of a radioactive material is 6 hours.8 x 109J 9.0 x 10-6 g. 35 17 37 17 CI O P Na 15 7 16 8 30 14 30 15 24 12 24 11 A. D. C. D. E.0A 12. C. What quantity of 1kg of the material would decay in 24 hours? 15/16kg 1/2kg 1/4kg 1/8kg 1/16kg 53.111A 1. C.5A Lenz’s law of electromagnetic induction is essentially a statement of inverse-square law of gravitation inverse-square law of magnetism inverse-square law of electrostatics law of conservation of momentum law of conservation of energy The odour of a leaking gas is perceived at a distance from the source. A. What is the proton number of the product? 81 82 53 86 89 In a nuclear reaction. the mass defect is 2.5A. D. E. 48. the bristles of the brush are pulled together because of the viscosity of the surrounding air the low density of water surface tension forces the weight of the brush bristles the mass of the brush bristles Which of the following is a pair of isotopes? 35 18 Ar and CI and N and Si and mg and 35 16 S A. B. 57. C. B. C. the current and the motion of a current-carrying wire in the field is easily remembered using octet rule right-hand grip rule Maxwell’s screw rule Ampere’s swimming rule Fleming’s left-hand rule The current in the primary coil of a transformer is 2.011A 0. B. If the coil has 50 turns and the secondary 250 turns. A. C. B.2A 0. 56. liberated. E. 50. Which of the following statements is not true of nuclear fission? A mother nucleus is broken into two daughter nuclei roughly of equal parts Neutron is normally used in bombarding heavy nucleus Two light nuclei are made to combine to form a heavy nucleus very enormous energy is released There is an apparent loss in mass A nucleus has a proton number of 84. E. 51. A. A.5A 2. 49. E. D. C.000A 1. A.100A The relationship between the directions of the magnetic field.A. A. Calculate the energy released. 52. C. E. D.

B. (a) two work output of the man total power developed by man given that the time taken to raise the box onto the platform is 50s. an experiment to show how the frequency of the note emitted by a vibrating string depends on the length of the string. a (a) . (i) Calculate the effective resistance of the bell (ii) What current would the bell take if the cells were arranged in parallel? Briefly explain what would happen to 1997 SECTION B THEORY 1. (ii) State two precaution necessary to obtain an accurate result. A. A man pulls up a box of mass 70kg using an inclined plane of a effective length 5m onto a platform 2.f. If the frictional force between the box and plane is 100N. 59. A. of 1. (a) Sketch the form of the magnetic flux pattern due to a current flowing (i) in a long solenoid (ii) through two long straight parallel wires when the directions of the current are opposite. D.0Ω. E. the average kinetic energy of its molecules decreases Molecules of a liquid move more freely than those of a solid Matter is made up of very tiny particles called molecules the molecules of a gas move more freely than those of a liquid (vi) 2. (c) A sonometer wire is plucked and it vibrates emitting a fundamental note. E. A. [g = 10ms-2] Explain the term resonance and give (vii) examples (b) (i) Describe with the aid of a labeled diagram. E.58. C. (ii) length of the wire were doubled with no change in the tension. C. The ratio of tensile stress to tensile strain is known as modulus of rigidity modulus of elasticity shear modulus bulk modulus Young’s modulus Which of the following is not correct about Rutherford’s model of the atom? the mass of an atom is concentrated in the nucleus The nucleus of an atom is positively charged The nucleus is surrounded by electron cloud The model is applicable to atoms with only one electron in the outer shell the diameter of the nucleus is of the order of 10-15 m Which of the following statements about kinetic theory of matter is not correct? The molecules of matter are always in motion When a body is heated.5V and an internal resistance of 1. C. [Show clearly how you arrive at your answer] 3. D. B. An electric bell takes a current of 0.2A from a battery of two dry cells connected in series. (a) (b) (c) Explain the term work Draw a diagram of a pulley system with a velocity ratio of 5. State the effect on the frequency of the note if the (i) tension in the wire were made nine times as large with no change in the length of the wire.m. B. draw the diagram of all the forces acting on the box when in motion and calculate the (i) minimum effort applied in (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) up the box velocity ratio of the plane mechanical advantage of the plane efficiency of the plane energy lost in the system (b) (c) pulling 4. D. Each cell has an e. 60.5m high at uniform speed. [Neglect the earth’s magnetic field] Draw a labeled diagram of an electric bell and explain how it works.

Draw a line RN such that it makes an angle i=20o with the normal. State Archimedes’ principle An object weighs 2. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. 2. starting both axes from the origin (0.(b) (c) (d) (e) stable element if it is bombarded by α -particles. (b) (i) between State two differences Trace the outline ABC of the equilateral triangular glass prism as shown above. the mirror and the pins. 25 and 30cm marks respectively. Also. Determine the slope s of the graph. (b) (i) which (ii) State the conditions under total internal reflection of light occurs Draw a ray diagram showing how a right angled isosceles . on the horizontal axis. Replace the prism. adjust the position of m and determine d and d1. In each case.2N when completely immersed in water. which has been drilled t the 50cm mark. 20. fix one pin at Q3 and another pin at Q4 such that they appear to be in a straight line with the images of the pins at Q1 and Q2. suspend the known mass m1 = 100g and adjust its position until the rule balances horizontally. 25 and 30cm marks respectively. Erect two pins at Q1 and Q2 on the line RN. read and record the new distance d2 of mass m1 from the pivot. using a different outline in each case. 15. Place the reflecting surface of the plane mirror in contact with the face AC of the prism. Remove the prism. In each case. Repeat the experiment with m suspended at the 15.7N in air and 1. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. Determine the slope s of the graph and the intercept on the vertical axis. Explain how the bombardment of Uranium with neutrons could lead to nuclear fission chain reaction and hence nuclear explosion. 30o. (a) 1. Calculate its relative density. Plot a graph of θ on the vertical axis and e on the horizontal axis. Suspend the object marked m at the 10cm mark of the metre rule. Looking through the face BC at the prism. Measure and record angles e and θ Repeat the experiment for i=25o. Evaluate d1 – d2. (a) Pivot the meter rule. 1997 PAPER I PRACTICAL (ii) (iii) the density and relative density of a body. On the other side of the pivot. Remove the prism. Draw a line to join points Q4 and Q3 Produce the line Q4 Q3 and that of RN to meet at T. 0). State three characteristics of nuclear activity State three applications of atomic energy State two postulates of Bohr’s model of the atom and two limitation of such a model. Tabulate your readings. [Attach your tracing to your answer booklet]. Determine and record the corresponding values of e and θ for each tracing. Read and record the distances d and d1 of m and m1 respectively from the pivot. Tabulate your values d1 d2 and d1 – d2. 40o and 50o respectively. repeat the entire experiment with m completely immersed in a beaker of water and at 10.

Without straightening out the loop. (i) From the experiment above. When the string is suddenly cut. What is the potential difference between points T and Q? Explain your answer Two equal lengths of wire made of the same material but of different diameters have an effective resistance of 0. 45. the stone will move towards the centre of the circle stop moving immediately move along a circular path of smaller radius fly off in a direction tangential to the circular path acquire greater centripetal force The term torque means the moment of a couple about an axis A. Using your graph and value of L deduce the value of K. (ii) . C. between the points A and B of the metre bridge. C. a ray of light is incident normally on the face AB of the prism. 65 and 75 respectively. Now obtain a balance at Q on the metre bridge wire PS with the jockey. D. D. Draw a labeled ray diagram showing the path of the ray as it passes through and out of the prism. Q represents the point of contact of the jockey with the bridge wire when the galvanometer shows null deflection. C. (b) it can A. In each case determine the corresponding values of PQ. connect a length 1 = 25cm measured along the loop. E. (iii) (a) You are provided with a standard resistor of resistance R = 1Ω and a closed loop of bare constants wire. 4. D. 2.8Ω when they are connected in parallel. Read and record the lengths PQ and QS. B. it is observed that a train travels the same distance as does a lorry. The two vehicles therefore have the same uniform acceleration instantaneous velocity initial velocity average velocity average speed A piece of stone attached to one end of a string is whirled round in a horizontal circle. With the plane mirror removed in the experiment above. A. Connect other components of the circuit as shown in the diagram above. If the cross-sectional are of one is four times the other. Determine the value of I for which r is maximum from your graph. QS and r.(iii) 3. 3. E. Measure and record its total length L. 55. Calculate the effective resistance r of the loop of the wire W given that r = PO R QS Repeat the experiment for I = 35. Draw a smooth curve through your points. W. B. Plot a graph of r on the vertical axis and I on the horizontal axis. B. 1998 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE 1. glass prism may be used to invert a beam of light. Tabulate your readings. Which of the following pairs of physical quantities comprises vectors? Capacitance and inductance Force ratio and velocity ratio Friction and momentum Energy and power Electric field potential and electric field intensity During the same time interval. A. E. Now straighten out the loop. calculate the resistance of the thicker wire. be shown that ‘max = 1/4KL. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate result. In the circuit diagram shown in question 3(a) above.

B. C. D. E. 5.

the resultant of several forces acting on a body in equilibrium two equal and opposite forces whose lines of action do not coincide two coplanar forces at right angles to each other the equilibrant of two concurrent forces A rectangular block of wood floats in water with two-thirds of its volume immersed. When placed in another liquid, it floats with half of its volume immersed. Calculate the relative density of the liquid 1.43 1.33 1.00 0.83 0.75 The diagram below shows a box X of weight W resting on a plank PQ that has its lower end P hinged to a horizontal floor PR. The plank makes an angle θ with the floor. Use this information to answer questions 6 to 8.

9.

A. B. C. D. E. 10.

A pilot records the atmosphere pressure outside his plan as 63cm of Hg while a ground observer records a reading of 75cm of Hg with his barometer. Assuming that the density of air is constant, calculate the height of the plane above the ground. (Take the relative densities of air and mercury as 0.00136 and 13.6 respectively. 120m 138m 274m 1,200m 12,000m An object is projected with a velocity of 100ms-1 at an angle of 60o to the vertical. Calculate the time taken by the object to reach the highest point. (Take g as 10ms-2) 5.0s 8.7s 10.0s 17.3s 20.0s The earth is not a perfect sphere because its equatorial axis is longer than the polar axis. Where on the earth’s surface would an object have its greatest weight? Halfway between the equator and the north pole Near the equator Halfway between the equator and the south pole At either pole At the equator A ball of man 5.0kg hits a smooth vertical wall normally with a speed of 2 ms-1 and rebounds with the same speed. Determine the impulse experienced by the ball. 20.0 kg ms-1 10.0 kg ms-1 5.0 kg ms-1 1.3 kg ms-1 0.0 kg ms-1 An object is heated from 30oC. The increase in its temperature on the Kelvin scale is 17K 27K 81K 246K 300K The Lower and upper fixed points of a mercury-in-glass thermometer are marked Y

A. B. C. D. E.

A. B. C. D. E. 11.

A. 6. A. B. C. D. E. 7. As the end Q of the plank is raised, the component of W, normal to the plank will increase decrease remain the same be slightly greater than W be independent of W If θ is equal to α at the time the box is just about to slide down the plank, the coefficient of static friction between the plank and the box is sin α cos α tan α sec α cot α If the box X is pulled up from P to Q, which of the following expresses the velocity ratio of the inclined plane? PR/PQ QR/PQ QR/PR PQ/PR PQ/QR B. C. D. E. 12.

A. B. C. D. E. 8. A. B. C. D. E.

A. B. C. D. E. 13. A. B. C. D. E. 14.

A. B. C. D. E. 15.

and 180mm respectively. On a particular day the mercury meniscus in the thermometer rises to 45mm. If the corresponding reading on a Celsius scale is 10oC, calculate the value of Y. 4mm 18mm 30mm 135mm 450mm A piece of brass of mass 170kg has its temperature raised from OoC to 30oC. Calculate its increase in volume, given the density of brass at OoC as 8.5 x 103kgm-3 and its cubic expansivity as 5.7 x 10-5 K-1. 3.4 x 10-5m3 4.3 x 10-5m3 3.4 x 10-4m3 3.4 x 10-3m3 3.4 x 10-2m3 the average kinetic energy of the molecules of a perfect gas is directly proportional to the pressure exerted by the gas volume of the gas molecules Kelvin temperature of the gas volume of the gas container Celsius temperature of the gas How much heat is emitted when a body of mass 200g cools from 37oC to 31oC? (Specific heat capacity of the body = 0.4 J g1 -1 K ) 4800 J 1200 J 480 J 202 J 90 J If the cubic expansivity of brass between 27oC and 100oC is 5.7 x 10-5K-1, what is its linear expansivity? 2.85 x 10-5K-1, 1.90 x 10-5K-1 1.86 x 10-5K-1 1.70 x 10-5K-1 1.62 x 10-5K-1 Air at temperature 527oC and pressure 30 atmospheres is admitted into the cylinder of an engine. Calculate the pressure of the gas when it has expanded to 5 times its volume and cooled to 127oC as it leaves the engine. 1.5 atmospheres

B. C. D. E. 20. A. B. C. D. E. 21.

2.5 atmospheres 3.0 atmospheres 12.8 atmospheres 15.0 atmospheres The inside of a vacuum flask is usually coasted with silver to reduce heat lost by evaporation condensation radiation conduction convection Dry oxygen is trapped by a pellet of mercury in a uniform capillary tube which is sealed at one end. The length of the column of oxygen at 27oC is 50cm. If the pressure of the oxygen is constant, at what temperature will the length be 60cm? 360.0oC 240.6˚C 237.0˚C 87.0˚C 36.0˚C A waterfall is 1,260m high. Calculate the change in temperature of a quantity of water that falls from the top to the bottom of the waterfall. (Neglect heat losses to the surroundings, take g as 10ms-2 and specific heat capacity of water as 4200 J kg-1 K-1) 0.3˚C 3.0˚C 33.3˚C 42.0˚C 100.0˚C A piece of metal is heated until it becomes red-hot. It is then quickly transferred into a beaker containing boiling water. What effect would this have on the boiling water? The boiling point rises slightly The boiling point rises sharply The rate of vaporization of the boiling water increases the boiling point first rises and then falls Neither the boiling point nor the rate of vaporization increases A 90-W immersion heater is used to supply energy for five minutes. The energy supplied is used to completely melt 180g of a solid at its melting point. Neglecting energy losses to the surroundings, calculate the specific latent heat effusion of the solid. 0.5 J g-1

A. B. C. D. E. 16. A. B. C. D. E. 17.

A. B. C. D. E. 22.

A. B. C. D. E. 18. A. B. C. D. E. 19.

A. B. C. D. E. 23.

A. B. C. D. E. 24.

A.

A.

B. C. D. E. 25. A. B. C. D. E. 26. A. B. C. D. E. 27. A. B. C. D. E. 28. A. B. C. D. E. 29.

2.5 J g-1 15.0Jg-1 150,0 J g-1 450.0 J g-1 If an ebonite rod is rubbed with fur both the ebonite rod and fur will be negatively charged the ebonite rod will be positively charged while the fur will have no charge there will be electron transfer only if the ebonite rods is earthed the ebonite rod will be negatively charged while the fur will be positively charged the ebonite rod will be positively charged while the fur will be negatively charged An eclipse of the sun by the moon occurs when the sun, the moon and the earth are all in a straight line and the earth casts a shadow on the moon moon casts a shadow on the sun moon is between the sun and the earth sun is between the moon and the earth earth is between the sun and the moon The phenomenon which occurs when light changes direction as it passes from one medium to another is called reflection polarisation interference diffraction refraction What is the image distance of an object placed at a distance of 2f from a converging lens of focal length f? f/4 f/2 f 2f 4f A converging lens of focal length 5cm is used as a magnifying glass by a man whose near-point is 35cm. Calculate the magnification given by the lens. 8 7 6 5 4 the images formed by diverging lenses are always

A. B. C. D. E. 31.

diminished, virtual and inverted diminished, virtual and erect diminished, inverted and real magnified, virtual and erect magnified, real and inverted An astronomical telescope, having an objective of focal length 100cm and an eyepiece of focal length 10cm, is used in normal adjustment. Calculate the separation of the lenses. 0.10cm 0.90cm 1.10m 1.80m 2.20m A lantern gives an image 3m square of a slide 7.62cm square on a screen. If the screen is 10m from the projection lens of the lantern, calculate the focal length of the lens. 40.3cm 26.1cm 24.8cm 0.7cm 0.3cm The intensity of light falling on the film in a camera depends on the brightness of the object diameter of the aperture stop speed of the shutter Which of the statements above is/are correct? I, II and III I and II only I and III only II and III only III only The shortest length of the air column in a resonance tube at resonance is 0.12m and the next resonant length is 0.37m. Calculate the frequency of vibration given that the speed of sound in air is 340ms-1. 1360Hz 694Hz 680Hz 347Hz 340Hz A sonometer wire under a tension of 10 N, produces a frequency of 250Hz when plucked. Keeping the length of the wire constant, the tension is adjusted to produce

A. B. C. D. E. 32.

A. B. C. D. E. 33. I. II. III. A. B. C. D. E. 34.

A. B. C. D. E. 30.

A. B. C. D. E. 35.

E.6 N 14. C. E. A.0 x 10-7m 6. 0.8Ω Calculate the resistance of the filament of a lamp rated at 240 V 60W. 43. B.0 N 12.30m Which of the following are both mechanical and transverse? Infra-red rays Gamma rays Sound waves Water waves Micro waves An electromagnetic wave of frequency 5.0Ω 1. A. Taking the speed of the wave in air as 3.0 N 1. D. 44. A. The thread used for suspending the magnet and the axis of the magnet are as indicated on the diagram. B. C. the polarity of the magnet depends on the amount of current passed direction of current magnetic material used size of the magnetic material orientation of the magnetic material in space A cell of e. E. B. E. If a body weighs 6.f. in the electrical method of magnetization. A. E. Calculate the internal resistance of the cell. A high resistance voltmeter connected across the cell registers only 0.2 x 10-6m 1.0 N 2.0 N 6. 36. D.0 x 10-7m 4. 37.1 N Which of the following instruments produces sound by the vibration of air column? Drum Violon Guitar Piano Flute Calculate the wavelength of a note which is one octave lower than a note of 256Hz in a medium in which the speed of sound is 352 ms-1.5 x 10-7m The gravitational force of the moon is onesixth that of the earth. D. E. The angle marked θ is called the angle of depression declination variation elevation dip Lenz’s law of electromagnetic induction states that the induced charge is constant for a fixed change of flux a force is exerted on a current-carrying conductor in a magnetic field the magnitude of the induced e. D. A.A. E. a new frequency of 350Hz. B. is incident on the surface of water of reflactive index. A. 45. E. C. C. 240Ω 360Ω 960Ω 11440Ω 2880Ω The diagram below illustrates a freely suspended bar magnet NS hanging from a point in a horizontal ceiling. C.0 N on the moon. C. Calculate the new tension. 39. in a circuit is proportional to the rate of change of the number of lines of force linking the circuit the induced current in a conductor is in such a direction as to oppose the change producing it A.50m 9.7 x 10-6m 8. 240Ω 4. C.0 N 41. 39.0 x 1014Hz. B. D. 36.m. E.0 x 108ms-1. A. B. 2. . A. calculate the wave length of the wave in water. C. B.m. B. 42. B. C. B. D.5Ω 2. D. E. C. calculate its weight on the earth. C.4Ω 2. D.69m 1.f.75m 5.2 N 19. D.38m 2. 1.5V is connected in series with a resistor of resistance 3. D. 38. 40.2. B.4 N 5.9V. A. D.2 N 7.

51. C.6 x 106ms-1.11 x 108ms-1 When light from a source is sent through a gas A. E.E. 47.5mm 503.s. B. D. (Electronic charge = -1.32 x 108ms-1 1. B.57 x 108ms-1 1.0mm 3. 1.7 Hz 50. E.1 x 10-31 kg) 3. 49. 24.3 x 10-17 N 5. D.25 0. 48. B.O x 10-21 N 1. 54. mass of an electron = 9. .f. D. D.3 x 10-13 N the direction of the magnetic field at a point in the vicinity of a bar magnet is along the line joining the point to a neutral point always away from the south pole of the magnet opposite the direction of the resultant field at that point always towards the north pole of the magnet the direction towards which the north pole of a compass needle would point In a series L – C circuit.0mm Which of the following explains the concave meniscus of water in a clean glass tube? The adhesion between water and glass molecules is greater than the cohesion between water molecules cohesion between water molecules is greater than the adhesion between glass and water molecules molecules of water near the glass move faster than the molecules at the centre of the tube molecules of water at the water-air boundary are often attracted to the centre of the tube weight of the water pulls the central part of the surface down An electron is accelerated from rest through a potential difference of 70kV in a vacuum. Use this information to answer questions 49 and 50. E. D. C. 0 5 500. B.).m. source of 50V (r. A.33 1.d. Calculate the power of the circuit.00 x 108ms-1 2. D.0 x 10-5T. B.46 x 108ms-1 1. C. 0 30 L 46. C. C. E. If the proton moves parallel to the field with a constant speed of 1. 100 W 80 W 60 W 20 W 10 W use the following data to determine the length L of a wire when a force of 30N is applied. Calculate the resonant frequency of the circuit. across L and R are 30V and 40V respectively.6 x 1019 C. A. respectively. 0. 50.5 Hz 80. E.1 x 10-14 N 2.2 Hz 36. o.60 Calculate the average power dissipated in the circuit. 52. E. assuming Hooke’s law is obeyed Force applied/N Length of Wire/mm 0 500. C. Hz connected in series with an inductor of inductance L and a resistor of resistance R. A. D. calculate the magnitude of the force exerted on it by the field. A.0 N 2.80 A. 5 10 510. the inductance and the capacitance are 0.75 0.0mm 503. C. A. is induced in a circuit whenever there is a change in the magnetic flux linked with the circuit A proton of charge 1. e. Calculate the maximum speed acquired by the electron.3 Hz 60.0 Hz the diagram below illustrates an a.6 x 10-19C is projected into a uniform magnetic field of flux density 5.c. B.5mm 506. D. E. 3. 53. C. A. B. The current in the circuit is 2A and the p. B.m. E.5 Hand 20μL.

E. II. and the maximum height attained when the ball is projected vertically upwards can be determined. C. B. D. B. C. D. B. E. D. . Neglecting air resistance and using your sketch. 60.0s 5. E. C. (c) A stone is projected vertically upwards with a velocity of 20ms-1.0s 12. The correct equation relating X and Y is X=Y–1 X=Y+1 X=1–Y X = 1/y X=Y The frictional effect between the layers of a moving fluid is called capillarity turbulence diffusion osmosis viscosity Two radioactive elements X and Y have halflives of 100 and 50 years respectively. E. certain wavelengths are absorbed an emission line spectrum results a dark line is left Which of the following is/are correct? I only III only I and II only I and III only II and III only Calculate the value of the half-life of a radioactive element whose decay constant is 0. State two physical properties of substances which may be used to measure temperature 2. This statement is known as the De Broglie’s law Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle Compton effect Frank-Hertz experimental law Wave-particle paradox 1998 SECTION B THEORY A. D.5s 3. A. E. explain how the acceleration of free fall due to gravity. Two seconds later.I. When the two stones meet. (ii) velocity of the first stone when they meet (Take g as 10ms-2) Distinguish between heat and temperature. 59. 1. 56. B. C. a second stone is similarly projected with the same velocity. 58.077s-1. B. g. 57. A. (a) (b) A. C. (a) Explain acceleration (b) (i) velocity- the term and uniform the Sketch describe (ii) A. C. 55. A. What is the ratio of the number of the remaining atoms of X to that of Y after 200 years? 4: 1 3: 1 1: 1 1: 2 E. D. the second one is rising at a velocity of 10ms-1.5s The process of increasing the energy of an atom via inelastic collision with an electron is known as ionization excitation field emission photoemission thermionic emission A radioactive nuclide of proton number X emits a β particle to form a new nuclide of proton number Y. B. D. D. calculate the: (i) length of time the second stone is in motion before they meet. A. time graph for the motion of a ball from the time it is projected vertically upwards until it returns to the point of projection. E. B. 0. III.1s 9. C. 1: 4 It is always not possible to determine exactly and simultaneously the position and momentum of a particle. Neglecting air resistance. Samples of X and Y initially contain equal number of atoms.

. a light of wavelength 5. explain how the resistivity of the wire may be determined. Determine and record the value of X when the metre rule is in horizontal equilibrium. Name two methods by which a beam of free electrons may be produced other than photoemission. Identify each of the physical quantities represented by the letters A. 2V and internal resistance o. B. (ii) maximum kinetic energy of the photo electrons? 3. (a) (b) The diagram above represents a photocell with its associated electric circuit. with the aid of a diagram. a rheostat. (iii) lost volts of the battery. calculate the: (i) frequency of the light (ii) energy of the incident photon (iii) maximum kinetic energy of the photoelectrons Speed of light – 3. (a) circuit (d) State one similarity and one difference between photoemission and evaporation. starting both axes from the origin (0.(c) State two reasons why mercury is preferred to alcohol as a thermometric liquid. D.f. Explain the term photoelectric effect. Tabulate your readings.6 x 10-34Js 1998 PAPER I PRACTICAL 1. one of resistance 2Ω connected in series to a parallel combination of two other resistors each of resistance 3Ω. State two application to photoelectric effect. You are provided with a uniform metre rule.00 x 108ms1 (e) (f) (g) (ii) (b) Using the experimental result and any necessary measurements.m. a high-resistance voltmeter and some connecting wires State two precautions necessary to obtain an accurate result. C. a key. the (c) What factor determines the: (i) current produced by photocell. 130 and 150g respectively. 0). (a) 4. 90.04 x 10-19J. 110. In each case determine and record the corresponding values of X and 1/x. (c) Plank’s constant – 6. Determine the slope of the graph and the value of m for which 1/x = 0. Evaluate 1/x. E and F.00cm mark of the metre rule. Suspend the given body M by means of a thread from 1. a knife edge and a body m of mass 50g. a battery. Repeat the experiment for the value of m = 70. (i) Describe. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate result.5Ω are connected in series. They are made to supply current to a combination of three resistors. Draw the circuit diagram and calculate the: (i) current in the circuit (ii) potential difference across the parallel combination of the resistors. Balance the loaded metre rule on the knife edge as shown in the diagram above. an experiment to measure the resistance of a wire given an ammeter of low resistance. Two cells each of e.0 x 10-7m is incident on a metal resulting in photoemission of electrons if the work function of the metal is 3. Plot a graph of m on the vertical axis and 1/x on the horizontal axis.

5. (iii) State two conditions necessary for total internal reflection to occur in a medium. replace the glass block on the outline PQRS. Evaluate: (i) K = 1-1 (ii) C = Lo/s State two precautions taken to ensure accurate result. the value of R = 30Ω. measure and record the values of x. Read and record the length TQ = L. B3. state two precautions taken to ensure accurate result. B3. Measure and record that angles x and y. Now fix a pin at T1 such that the pin at T1 and B1 are in line with the pin at O when viewed through the side SR of the glass block. In each ‘case. Remove the resistance box from the circuit and then determine the length Lo corresponding to R = O. Join the line OB1 and B1 T1. (b) (i) State Snell’s law of refraction and explain why refraction occurs at the boundary between two media Differentiate refraction from diffraction Connect the circuit as shown above. sin x and cos y. Remove the block. Draw the normal NOG. y. [attach your tracings to your answer booklet].f of a cell. (a) (iii) 2. Tabulate your readings. Evaluate L1 and R-1. 2. Calculate slope s of the graph. Plot a graph of R-1 on the vertical axis and L-1 on the horizontal axis. B4. determine value of x for which m = 0 State two conditions necessary to maintain the metre rule in the experiment above in equilibrium. along the GR at distances 1.5 + y1. 4 and 5m respectively from G. Erect a pin at O and another at B1. Using your graph. use your graph to determine the value of y. (i) using your graph. B4. Evaluate K = 1/s. Repeat the experiment for R = 20. measure and mark out points B1. Close the key and obtain a balance at point T on the potentiometer wire PQ. Explain what is meant by the e.m. L-1 and R-1. determine the value of h for which m = 100g.(b) the (i) (ii) Using your graph. determine the value of L for which R = 15Ω If the intercept 1 = 0. 0). starting both axes from the origin (0. 3 and 1Ω respectively. (b) (ii) (iii) (ii) . Plot a graph of sin x on the vertical axis and cos y on the horizontal axis. In each case. 3. 0). and B5. Remove the glass block. determine and record the corresponding values of L. From the point G. Repeat the experiment with the pin at B1 now fixed at B2. Evaluate sin x and cos y. starting both axes from the origin (0. and B5 respectively while the pin at 0 remains unaltered. Determine the slope s of the graph and its intercept 1 on the vertical axis. (a) Set Trace the outline PQRS of the glass block on a sheet paper as shown above. Tabulate your readings. B2. 3. 10. Mark a position O very close to P.

1999 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE 1. A. C. B. C. B. A. D. initially at rest. D. 2. The force between molecules of the same substance is termed.6N acts on a body of mass 40g. elastic force repulsive force cohersive adhesive force A net force of magnitude 0. Calculate the magnitude of the resulting acceleration 90ms-2 60ms-2 30ms-2 15ms-2 Palm oil from a bottle flows out more easily after it has been heated because the . 3.

7kg is projected vertically upwards with a speed of 5ms-1. A. moves due west for 8s at a uniform speed of 5ms-1. Calculate the magnitude of the centripetal force acting on the body. D. B. D. B. A. C.83s 0. 0. 13. C.75m If the force of attraction between the sun and the planets is removed. B.2 x 10-5K1] 50.A.06s A trolley of mass 4kg moving on a smooth horizontal platform with a speed of 1. C. A. C. 4. B. A. 9.0ms-1 collides perfectly with a stationary trolley of the same mass on the same plat form. C. C. Calculate the value of X. C.0Ns 4.00m 1. Calculate its new length [Linear expansivity of iron = 1. B. B. Calculate the maximum height reached.0N 17. B. C.0Ns 8. D. D. D. [g = 10ms-1] A.2N 30. A. [g = 10ms-2] 10N 50N 75N 100N A motor-cyclist. 10. 5. Calculate the value of the tension T. 300. C. Calculate the period of the motion. 2.0N 173. F as shown in the diagram beside. C. B. D.060m 51. 12.3N A pendulum bob executing simple harmonic motion has 2cm and 12Hz as amplitude and frequency respectively. D. B. A. C. while its steam point is 90o.00s 0. Molecules are given potential energy during the heating friction between oil layers is reduced oil molecules force each other out adhesion between the oil molecules and those of the bottle is increased A body weighing 100N moves with a speed of 5ms-1 in a horizontal circular part of radius 5m. C. B. 7.50m 3.0Ns The ice point of an ungraduated mercury-inglass thermometer is X. 14. passing a road junction. [Take g as 10ms-1 and neglect air resistance] 1. D. At the end of the 6s his displacement from the road junction is 50m in the direction of N53oE N37oE N53oW N37oW The time rate of change of displacement is known as speed velocity impulse acceleration A store of mass 0. A.006m 50.08s 0. 60˚ 48˚ 40˚ 30˚ Iron at 30˚C feels cooler to the hand than wood at 28˚C because their linear expansivities are not equal the temperature of the iron higher than that of the wood iron is a better radiator of heat than wood iron conducts heat more quickly from the hand than wood An iron rod of length 50m and at a temperature of 60˚C is heated to 70˚C. . B. 11. This thermometer reads 60o when the true temperature is 40oC. A.5Ns 1. D. He then moves due north for another 6s with the same speed. B.600m 51. D.200m A. D.25m 1. the planets will fall towards the sun scatter and stop moving continue to move at tangent to their original orbit continue to move perpendicular to their original orbits A 15kg mass suspended from a ceiling is pulled aside with a horizontal force. 6. Calculate the total momentum of the two trolleys immediately after the collision. 8. A. D.

60cm 10. 24. calculate the focal length of the mirror 3. 1. 16. A. A. If its magnification is 0. C. In this new position. A. A. D. 25. C. 22.060W 20. 26.800W 18. C. B. C.0 Which of the following statements is not correct? A sea breeze is due to convection in air Cotton materials are better than woolen ones for use in both weather Convectional currents play an important role in the cooling of the engine of a motor car the vacuum space in a flask helps to reduce heat loss by radiation Calculate the heat energy required to change 0.6. B.200 J 378. B. A. B. 23.600 J 336. A. B. B.000 J 340. C.000J kg-1] 75. [Specific heat capacity of water = 4200 J kg`k1] [Specific latent heat of fusion of ice = 336.75cm 6. 19. D. 20.15.2 12. D. The resultant waves in the air column will be Mechanical and transverse progressive and longitudinal stationary and transverse stationary and longitudinal The image of an object is located 6cm behind a convex mirror.00cm The refractive index of glass for yellow light is greater than that for red light because yellow light has a greater amplitude than red light is more intense than red light travels more slowly than red light deviates less than red light The real image of an object formed by a converging lens of focal length 15cm is three times the size of the object.00cm 15. The heat capacity of a substance is the energy required to raise the temperature of a unit mass of the substance by one degree required to raise the temperature of the substance by one degree absorbed by the substance at constant temperature lost by a unit mass of the substance The temperature of a piece of metal of mass 9g is raided from 10˚C to 110˚C when it absorbs 108J of heat energy. D. C. B. D. C. B. A. D. 17.0 120. twice this angle.000 J Which of the following statements about evaporation is not correct? The rate of evaporation of a liquid varies with temperature The molecules of an evaporating liquid have an average speed Evaporation occurs when faster molecules escape from the surface of a liquid Evaporation takes place inside a liquid Calculate the power rating of an immersion heater used for 10 minutes to increase the temperature of 10kg of water by 15K. D. 1. A.160W A ray of light is incident on a plane mirror at an angle of 20˚C. 18.1kg of ice at 0˚C to water boiling at 100˚C. C.050W 16. B. the angle between the incident ray and the reflected ray is 20˚ 40˚ 80˚ 120˚ The air column in a resonance tube is set into resonance by a vibrating turning fork. This mirror is rotated through. D. B. 21. A. A. C. Calculate the object distance 60cm 30cm 20cm 15cm Which of the following statements is not correct about long sight? A long-sighted person can see distant objects clearly light from a nearby object is focused behind the retina A.2 1200. B. D. [Specific heat capacity of water = 4200 J kg1 k-1] A. D. B. . D. C. C. Determine the specific heat capacity of the metal in J kg-1K1 .

D. 2gR 2 / Rg 2 / Rg R2 / 2g A.5 x 10-7Ωm 1. A. A. A. 20W bulbs. 100% 90% 75% 50% In a uniform electric field. 36. A. D. The eyeball is too short The defect is corrected by using a diverging lens The amplitude of a wave is the distance between two successive through of the wave separation of two adjacent particles vibrating in phase maximum displacement of the wave particle from the equilibrium position distance travelled by a wave in a complete cycle of its motion In order to obtain a sound note of a high pitch from a wire stretched by a constant tension. A. [Neglect end-correction] 24. the escape velocity of the rocket is expressed as A. C. calculate the distance from the open end to the next position where resonance occurs. C. . 34.8 x 107Ωm 5. B. D. Calculate the electric field intensity. B. C. 1.00cm 41. calculate the potential difference across the 20Ω resistor. The Parts of a bar magnet at which the magnetic effect is strongest are called the poles neutral points magnetic declination magnetic meridians A resistance wire of length 2m and of uniform cross sectional area 5. If R is the radius of the Earth and g the acceleration of free fall due to gravity.50cm Thunder is usually heard some seconds after lighting is observed because the human eye is more sensitive to light than the ear to sound sound and light travel in different media thunder occurs after lightning light travels faster than sound Using the diagram beside.8 x 10-7Ωm 5.C.7cm 33. [Neglect the internal resistance of the cell] 5V 10V 20V 60V 33.5 x 107Ωm Magnetic flux density is defined as the total number of magnetic lines of force surrounding a magnet number of magnetic lines of force per unit area normal to the magnetic field strength of the magnetic field surrounding a current carrying conductor magnetic force exerted on a unit magnetic pole The voltage and current in the primary of a transformer are 200Y and 2V respectively.56µF 3.00µF 3. B. D.2C is 4N. C. C. D. A. 38. A. A. D. B. D.7µF 9.50cm from the open end of the tube. calculate its efficiency. B. If the transformer is used to light ten 12V. calculate the effective capacitance of the circuit. C. 37.25cm 49. the wire must be short and thick short and thin long and thick long and thin If the position of resonance in a resonance tube is 16. D. C. C. D. B. B. C. B. 35. D. 29. Calculate its resistivity. B. 20Nc-1 8NC-1 5NC-1 2NC-1 A rocket of mass m is fired from the Earth’s surface such that it just escapes from the Earth’s gravitational field. 1. 28. B. D. A. 32. A.0 x 107m2 has a resistance of 2-2Ω. B. the magnitude of the force on a charge of 0. D.00µF Using the data on the diagram beside. 27. C. D. B. C. 30. C. 31.

D.113s-1 0. A. III. I. A 10-Ω coil takes 21s to melt 10g of ice at 0oC. B. 48. A.20m against a uniform field of intensity 25Vm-1. C. I. D. D. III. B.0 x 10-5 J 5.39. 46. B. C.01 x 1015Hz 1. Calculate its threshold frequency. 49.193s-1 A sheet of paper is placed in the path of the following radiations Alpha particles Beta particles Gamma rays Which of the radiations will pass through the sheet of paper I only II only I and II only II and III only Which Of the following are the essential parts of an atomic bomb? Uranium and neutrons Radium and polonium Nitrogen and neutrons Use the diagram above to answer Questions 42 and 43. C.6 x 10-19J] 2. C. D. B. D. D. 47. II and III II and III only I and III only I and II only A metal has a work function of 4. B. Assuming no heat losses. 5. II.375eV. 41. C. Which of the transitions will produce the emission of longest wave length? I II III IV Which of the transitions will emission of highest frequency? V IV III II produce A. D. [h = 6. A. A. 45.136s-1 0.30 x 1014Hz 1. I.0 x 10-6 J 1. 42.60 x 1014Hz The half-life of a radioactive substance is its average life time one-half the value of its decay constant the length of time needed by the substance to decay completely the length of time during which the activity of the substance reduces by 50% The half-life of a radioactive element is 5s. II. The diagram above illustrates the energy transitions of five electrons of an atom.0 x 10-6 J 1.06 x 1015Hz 6. A. [Specific latent heat of fusion of ice = 336 Jg-1] 16A 5A 4A 3A A point charge of magnitude 2C is moved through a distance of 0. C. A. B. leV = 1. C.6 x 10-34Js. Calculate its decay constant 0. C. . B. Calculate the work done on the charge. II. B. D. determine the current in the coil. D. B. 43. C.0 x 10-2 J Bohr’s atomic model proves most successful for the explanation of the: structure of the hydrogen atom line spectra of the hydrogen atom multi-electron atoms Which of the following statement is/are correct? I only II only I and II only I and III only 44.139s-1 0. A. C. A. A. B. III. D. B. 40. C. A. The following statements relate to atomic spectrum All elements emit and absorb characteristic spectra Spectral analysis is an important method of identifying environmental pollutants The chemical composition of stars could be determined using spectral analysis Which of the following statements above are correct? I.

It lands on the ground level at a horizontal distance of 20m from the foot of the tower. B. Calculate the error in the ammeter reading. D. The mass of copper deposited is 0.00033gC-1] (a) What is surface tension? 3. Uranium and a-particles Which of the following is not a safety precaution in a nuclear station? Radioactive materials are stored in gas casings Radioactive materials are handled with remote controlled tongs Technicians in nuclear stations wear radio sensitive badges which are checked regularly Radioactive materials are kept in thickwalled lead container 1999 SECTION B THEORY PART I 1. C. 2. A. Calculate the height of the tower. Explain plane polarization of light. .D. 4.66g in 30 minutes. the ammeter records a steady current of 1A. [g = 10 ms-2]. A stone is projected horizontally from the top of a tower with a speed of 5ms-1. 50. In an electrolysis experiment. [Electrochemical equivalent of copper = 0.

when the metal is fully submerged in water. the force M. using the Principle of moments to determine the mass of a metre rule. (a) (b) 9. (a) What is the principle upon which the lighting in a fluorescent tube operate? (b) State two factors on which the colour of light from a fluorescent tube depends. ratio (a) (b) 7.A x 100% VR An inclined plane of angle 10o is used to raise a load of 4500N through a height of 2m. (a) State the conditions for the equilibrium of a rigid body acted upon by parallel forces (b) (i) Describe an experiment.f of 100V and frequency of 160 Hz . apart from that can be plane polarized. 0. State two applications of polarized light A bullet of mass 120g is fired horizontally into a fixed wooden block with a-speed of 20ms-1.c source of the circuit has an e. If the plane is 75% efficient. Define Young’s modulus State the physical quantities one has to measure in order to determine the Young’s modulus of a wire. Calculate the: (i) magnitude of the resistance (ii) distance. 1. State three properties of waves (i) Describe with the aid of a labeled diagram. calculate (i) velocity ratio of the plane (ii) work done on the load (iii) Explain Charles’ law using the kinetic theory of matter. PART II 4.(b) State two methods by which the surface tension of a liquid can be reduced. A spiral spring. light (c) plane 8. (a) (b) State Hooke’s law of elasticity. salt solution and grape juice State Heisenberg’s uncertainty 3. (a) principle (b) (c) Mention two phenomena that can only be explained terms of the particulate nature of light. current carrying wire. (a) (b) 6. (b) State two methods by which the sensitivity of a moving coil galvanometer can be increased. Draw a ray diagram showing how a virtual image of an object is formed by a concave mirror.R of a machine are related by the equation: M. 2. (ii) State two precautions necessary to ensure accurate results (a) Sketch the magnetic flux pattern around a long. The a.A and the velocity ratio V. (c) A series RLC circuit comprises a 100Ω resistor a 3-H inductor and a 4-µF capacitor. Sugar solution. an experiment to show how the frequency of the note emitted by a vibrating string depends on the tension in the string. Calculate the relative density of the metal. (a) (b) List two types of waves. (ii) State two precautions necessary to ensure accurate results.1 s by a constant resistance. moved by the bullet in the wood Explain (i) Work (ii) power Show that the efficiency E.8cm. [Assume Hooke’s law is obeyed] Explain electrolysis Classify the following substances as electrolytes and non-electrolytes. paraffin. (a) (b) 10. extends by 10. (c) 5.m.5cm in air. loaded with a piece of metal. straight. The bullet is brought to rest in the blockin. the spring extends by 6.

U = 931 M ev] [1 eV = 1.00867u [Unified atomic mass unit.(i) Draw the circuit diagram of the arrangement. (a) (b) (c) Explain (i) fusion (ii) fission State three advantages of fusion over fission in the generation of power. 27 [Atomic mass of 59 Co = 58. circuit (v) Current in the circuit (vi) Average power dissipated in the circuit 5. Calculate the: (ii) Capacitance reactance (iii) Inductive reactance (iv) Impedance of the. Calculate.6 x 10-19J] π 1999 PAPER I PRACTICAL . in joules.00783u] [Mass of neutron = 1.9332u] 27 [Mass of proton = 1. the binding energy for 59 Co.

Ensure that M and mo hang off the force board. appears bent at the surface. State two precautions ensure accurate results. Tabulate your readings. Evaluate y/AO. With zero resistance in the resistance box. determine the corresponding values of y. 50o. Plot a graph of RN on the vertical axis and MS on the horizontal axis. suspend a mass M = 50g from AC and adjust the position of the loop so that the line of action of the weight of M lies along BP. Join OT with O as centre and using any convenient radius. Remove the block and draw the normal at O. partly immersed in water and place obliquely to the surface. at pulley A passes over pulley C on a force board and carries an unknown mass mo. Repeat the experiment for M = 70. (a) ray such that the angle of incidence i = 30o. necessary for 2. In each case. In each case. Open the key. adjust the rheostat to obtain the maximum possible reading on the ammeter. Replace the block and fix two other pins at points U and V such that the pins appear to be in a straight line with V such that the pins appear to be in a straight line with the images of the pins at P and Q when viewed through the block. Fix two pins at points P and Q on the incident ray. Draw PB at right angles to AC. 90. State two precautions ensure accurate results. Draw an incident Measure and record the e. (a) Trace the outline ABCD of the glass block on the sheet of paper as shown above. .1. Measure and record RN and MS. Do not adjust the rheostat again throughout the experiment. Measure BO = y and AO. Retain this mass mo throughout the experiment.m. taken to 3. 60o and 70o respectively. determine and record the corresponding values of RN and MS. Locate the mid-point B of AC and mark its position on this line. Remove the block and join the points at V and U. Tabulate your readings. (b) (i) (ii) taken to Explain refraction. Plot a graph of y/AO on the vertical axis and M on the horizontal axis. producing the line to meet DC at T. Draw a diagram showing why a metre rule. State two conditions the equilibrium of three nonparallel co-planar forces.f of the accumulator provided. Draw a line along the direction of AC on the paper held behind the thread. AO and y/AO. Draw the perpendiculars RN and MS. Connect the circuit as shown in the diagram above. Determine the slope s of the graph. (a) fixed In the diagram above. a thread AC. By means of a loop of thread. Determine the slope s of the graph. (b) (i) (ii) Distinguish between the resultant and the equilibrant of forces. Repeat the experiment for i = 40o. 110 and 130g respectively. draw a circle to cut the incident and refracted rays at R and S respectively.

read and record the reading of the ammeter IA. Determine the difference D between the intercepts of the graphs on the vertical axis. Now connect the resistor Q in series into the circuit and without altering the setting of the rheostat. 3. record the new ammeter readings IB for R = 1. each of e. Tabulate your readings. Calculate I-1A. is not normally used in place of a motor-car battery of 12 V to start a car. (b) Calculate the slopes SA in (i) and SB in (ii) above. close the key. 4.5V. Repeat the experiment for R = 2. read and record the value of IA. and calculate the corresponding value of I-1A.f other than the chemical cell. 3. On the same graph and using the same axes and scales.With R = 1Ω. 4 and 5Ω respectively. in each case. and 5Ω. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results.f 1. (ii) State two sources of e.m. (i) Explain why a battery of eight dry Leclanche cells. 2. Calculate the corresponding value of I-1B. . plot a graph of: (i) IA-1 on the vertical axis and R on the horizontal axis. In each case. (ii) IB-1 on the vertical axis and R on the horizontal axis.m.

5ms-1 2.3 0. [Density of water = 1 gcm-3] 1. A. B.22cm 5. C. Which of the following statements about the motion is correct? Its acceleration decreases before terminal velocity is attained When terminal velocity is attained the acceleration of the fluid becomes zero Its velocity increases before terminal velocity is attained There is no resultant force on the ball before it attains terminal velocity The driver of a car moving with a uniform speed of 40ms-1 observes a truck approaching in the opposite direction with a speed of 20ms-1.24cm 5. 3. B.6kg rests on a rough horizontal surface. V t A.0ms-1 20.26cm An iron rod is moved from the earth to the moon. 0. A. II. The reading on the instrument is 6. When the surface of a piece of chalk is scrapped the tiny particles that flake off are known as matter molecules elements atom The diagram below represents a section of a pair of vernier calipers. B. I. V t C. B.6 0.25 0. D. C. Which of the following properties of the rod would remain unchanged? Mass Weight Relative density I only II only III only I and III only A uniform cylindrical hydrometer of mass 20g and cross sectional area 0. C. B. 5. 9. A.48 1. D. C. B. D. A. [g = 10ms-2] 0. 2.0ms-1 A bus traveling at 15ms-1 accelerates uniformly at 4ms-2. t D. B. B.9 x 10-3m3 6.54cm2 floats upright in a liquid. A. A wooden block of mass 1. C. A.80 The apparent weight of a body wholly immersed in water is 32 N and its weight in air is 96 N. 4.0 x 103m3 D. [Density of water = 1000kgm-3 g = 10ms-2] 8. C.2 x 10-3m3 3.4 x 103m3 3. 10.0ms-1 60. 8. If the limiting frictional force between the block and the surface is 8N. C. B. III. D.5 0. Calculate the volume of the body. What is the distance covered in 10s? 150m 170m 350m 600m Which of the following sketches represents the velocity-time graph of the motion of a stone projected vertically upwards and allowed to return to the point of projection? V B. V . D. D. D. C. Calculate the coefficient of friction.25cm 5.2000 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE 1. 5.54 1. calculate the relative density of the liquid.2 A ball bearing is gently released from rest and allowed to fall through a viscous fluid. A. Calculate the speed of the car relative to that of the truck. C. A. A. D. 7. If 25cm of its length is submerged.

19. D. A. 2000J 1000J 20J 5J A machine of efficiency 80% is used to raise a body of mass 75kg through a vertical height of 3m in 30s. D. C. D. C. determine m 72g 1012g 198g 504g The resultant of two forces acting on an object is maximum when the angle between them is 180o 90o 45o 0o The bob of a simple pendulum takes 0. B. C. B. A. calculate the work done. 12. [g = 10ms2] 9. D.50s 0.8W Two bodies.72 x 10-4 k-1 2. –32oC –100oC –273oC –373oC The volume and pressure of a given mass of gas at 27oC are 76cm3 and 80cm of mecury respectively. one of the balls is moving with a known velocity while the other is stationary. calculate the apparent expansivity of mercury in a glass container.25s to swing from its equilibrium position to one extreme end. B. Calculate its volume at s.0ms-1 4. Calculate its period. D. B.5ms-1 3.0W 93. . A. A. D. A. Just before the collision. Calculate the power input. C. D.0 x 10-6 k-1.75s 1.00s The period of oscillation of a particle executing simple harmonic motion is 4 π seconds. 1. B. D.p A. 100 tan 30o 100__ Cos 30o 200 sin 30o 200__ Tan 30o A uniform metre rule of mass 90g is pivoted at the 40cm mark. Which of the following statements about the bodies is correct? The temperature of Q is higher than that of P P and Q have the same heat capacity P and Q have the same mass P and Q are the same temperature The cubic expansivity of mercury is 1. C. C. D. A.0ms-1 An inelastic collision takes place between balls of known masses.5ms-1 6.0m. 16. Which of the following physical quantities A.t. Determine the magnitude of T1.25s 0. B.4W 60. B. C.04 x 10-4 k-1 The diagram below shows the variation of volume V of a glass with temperature in a Charle’s law experiment.8 x 10 4 k-1 and the linear expansivity of glass is 8. The value of the temperature at the point x. 20.11. B. C. 21. B. Calculate the maximum speed of the particle. 1. 17.0W 75. D. 14. D. P and Q are in thermal equilibrium. 0. t The diagram above illustrates three forces T1 T2 and 100N in equilibrium. C. C. C. 18. 13. 15. B. B. A. If the rule is in equilibrium with an unknown mass m placed at the 10cm mark and a 72g mass at the 70cm mark. can be determined from the information given Speed of each of the ball after collision Kinetic energy of each ball after collision Total momentum of the two balls after collision Mutual forces exerted by the balls Using the forces-displacement diagram shown below. A.00 x 10-4 k-1 1.56 x 10-4 k-1 1. 22. A. If the amplitude of oscillation is 30.

. If the object is 6cm from the eye. 3. D. an incident ray AY makes an angle anticlockwise about Y through an angle of 200.0 x 10-2m 2. 23. D.33% 5. B. The displacement y of the wave particle is given as y = 4 sin π /3 (t+2) y = 4 sin π /3 (t+2/3) y = 4 sin π /3 (2t + 1) y = 4 sin π /3 (t+2) In the diagram below. 24. angular speed 1/3 π rad. while AY is fixed.2cm3 72. D.05g at 20oC. C.413m respectively. D. B. If the first and second resonant positions are 0. 27.0cm3 808. C. A. C. B. A.0m. 36. B. D. 34. B.00cm 16. 29.0 x 10-3m 1.00s.0 x 10-2m 1. 32. [Specific heat capacity of the material of metal = 450 Jkg-1 k-1] 4.50 x 103 J 2. C.8ms-1 Loudness increases as a vibrating tuning fork is brought=nearer the end of a pipe containing air column due to resonance echo reverberation difraction A. D.0m in 1. what angle will the reflected ray now make with the incident ray? 70o B.8cm3 100. D. 28. C. D. A.55% The temperature at which the saturated vapour pressure of a liquid is equal to the external atmospheric pressure is known as its dew point boiling point lower fixed point triple point A periodic pulse travels a distance of 20. calculate the focal length of the lens. Calculate the wave length 1. A. A.A. B. 30. B.0ms-1 339.4ms-1 480. B. C.15g. 509. A. B.00cm When white light passes through a triangular glass prism. 3.130m and 0. D. C. C.35 x 103 J The mass of water vapour in a given volume of air is 0. A. B. 26. A.0 x 102m A wave has an amplitude equal to 4. D. Calculate the relative humidity of the air.9cm3 A piece of metal of mass 50g is cooled from 80oC to 20oC. C. 80o 100o 120o A concave mirror can be used to produce a parallel beam of light if a lighted bulb is placed.6ms-1 169. C.55% 33. A. between its focus and the pole at its focus at its centre of curvature between its focus and centre of curvature A simple microscope forms an image 10cm from an eye close to the lens. C. 31. D. If the frequency is 2.33% 55. A. B. C. B.75cm 4. D.0 x 102 Hz.25 x 103 J 1. there is dispersion because of diffraction of light polarization of light the difference in speed of the components of light the interference of light waves in glass In which of the following media does sound travel faster? Water Brass Air Wood A tuning fork off frequency 600Hz is sounded over a closed resonance tube. 33. A. Calculate the amount of heat lost. D. calculate the speed of sound in air.80 x 103 J 1. C. while the mass of water vapour required to saturate it at the same temperature is 0. 25.00cm 15.

C. D.2A.50V 9. D. B. D. 37. A. B. 47.35. 0.0 minutes 52.0J Calculate the inductance of an inductor whose reactance is one ohm at 50 Hz 2. C. D. S and S N and S N and N S and N A device used to prevent wearing away of the make-and-break contacts of an induction coil is called a/an fuse electroscope resistor capacitor An inductor of inductance 10H carries a current of 0.30A 0. 36. Specific heat capacity of water = 4200 J Kg-1 K-1] 65. B. A. Which of the following factors does not affect the acceleration of free fall g? The distance of the object from the centre of the Earth The Latitude of the Earth on which the object is situated the mass of the object The rotation of the Earth The capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor is increased by making the area of the plates small and their separation large large and their separation small and their separation small and their separation equal Use the diagram below to answer Questions 38 and 39 B. B. 41. . 39. C.60A Calculate the terminal p. D. A. Calculate the current in the 3Ω resistor. B. A.5 minutes 10.36 x 10-3H 3. [Assume heat lost to the surrounding is negligible.d of the battery in the diagram 7. D. D.75A 0.00V 10. C. B. D. A. A. A.2J 1. C. The atomic number of the resulting nuclide is 198 83 38. 40. C. How long does it take the heater to raise the temperature of 1. D. In the diagram above the current passing through the 6Ω resistor is 1.55 x 10-4H Bohr’s theory provides evidence for the structure of the atom positive charge of an election existence of energy level in the atom positive charge on a proton A nuclide20284Y emits in succession an α – particle and β -particle. 42. 44. C. 1.11 0.5 minutes The region around magnet in which the magnetic influence is experienced is called magnetic flux magnetic field magnetic meridian magnetic declination If a bar magnet is accidentally broken into three pieces as shown in the diagram below the polarities of P and Q respectively are A. D. The factor which enables the ear to distinguish between a note played on different instruments is the pitch sound harmonics loudness An object is situated within the earth’s gravitational field. C. 46. B.5A. C. A. B. C. A. A. C. D. 45. D. A.25V An immersion heater is rated 120W. B.80V 11.00 x 10-2H 6. 60. B. B.18 x 10-3H 4.90A 0.10J 2. Calculate the energy stored in the inductor.0 minutes A.2kg water by 15oC. 43. C. B.

If 48g of this substance is stored. D. C.8 x 1010J Absorption line spectra exhibited by atoms is a result of change in the kinetic energy of a moving atom instability of the nucleons excitation of an electron in the atom transition of an electron from a higher to a lower energy level A. after how many days will 1.8 x 1011J 1. 49.0 x 108 ms-1] 1.8 x 1020J 1. [c = 3. A. D. 82 80 The half-life of radioactive substance is 14 days. B.8 x 1013J 1. A. C. D. 48.C. 50. D.5g of the original substance remain? 84 days 70 days 56 days 40 days A material of mass 1.02 percent. Calculate the amount of energy released in the process. B. B. .0 x 10-3kg undergoes a fission process which decreases its mass by 0. C.

6 x 1034 Js] PART II 2000 SECTION B THEORY PART I 1. (a) Define angle of contact (b) Draw sketches to show angles of contact for a capillary tube dipped vertically in (i) water (ii) mercury During the electrolysis of copper (II) teraoxosulphate (VI) solutions.48g of copper. Calculate the initial velocity of P. If the diameter of the wire is 2. polarization as applied to waves. Calculate the mass of copper liberated by one coulomb of charge 9. (c) 4.0 x 102 A flowing for one hour liberated 0. (a) (i) 7. 5.25kg losses onethird of its velocity when it makes a head on collision with an identical ball Q at rest.10. the engine of a vehicle moves it forward with a force of 9600 N against a resistive force of 2200 N. convection. A body of mass 0. After the collision. (iii) A force of 40 N is applied at the end of a wire 4m long and produces an extension of 0.2 x 105 k1J (c) An electric heater immersed in some water raises the temperature of the water from 40oC to 100oC in 6 minutes. After another 25 minutes. [Take plank-s constant h = 6. it is noticed that half the water had boiled away. (a) (i) State the laws of refraction of light . Neglecting heat losses to the surrounding.1 x 10-41kg moves with a velocity of 4. Calculate its (i) potential energy at the maximum height reached (ii) kinetic energy just before it hits the ground What is a projectile? (a) Define the term surface tension (b) Calculate the force required to lift a needle 4cm long off the surface tension of water is 7. Calculate the specific latent heat of vaporization of water. (a) (i) momentum (ii) (b) Define the term linear State the law of conservation of linear momentum A ball P of mass 0.6kg is thrown vertically upward from the ground with a speed of 20ms-1. a steady current of 4. calculate the acceleration produced Mention two modes of heat transfer other than 2. (b) An iron rod of length 30cm is heated through 50 kelvin. 13.3 x 10-2 Nm-1 State any three properties of matter which are common to all substances Define (i) Elasticity (iii) Force constant (ii) Young’s modulus 11. calculate the (i) stress on the wire (ii) strain in the wire (a) and (b) Differentiate between interference 12.2 x 107ms-1 between the cathode and anode of an x-ray tube. An electron of mass 9. 6. [Linear expansivity of iron = 1. (ii) Explain land and sea breezes. (i) (ii) State Newton’s second law of motion Show that F = ma where F is the magnitude of the force acting on a body of mass m to give it an acceleration of magnitude a. Calculate the wavelength. If the mass of the vehicle 3400kg.00mm. Q moves off with a speed of 2 ms-1 in the original direction of P. Calculate its increase in length.24mm. Mention two uses of polaroids 8.

5. (ii) Electric potential The diagram below illustrates two collinear electric charges of magnitudes + Q and – Q. A rectangular glass prism of thickness 12cm is placed on a mark on a piece of paper resting on a horizontal bench. (iii) electric field intensity E (i) What is meant by dielectric substance? (ii) List the factors which determine the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor and state the effect each of them has on the capacitance. calculate the atomic mass of 3H in atomic mass units. Define the following terms: (i) Electric field intensity. and indicate any two safety precautions. (a) (i) transformations State the energy . (a) (b) If Q = 4.00783 U.01410 U. 14. (iii) State three uses of x-rays (iv) Mention one hazard of over exposure to x-rays in a radiological laboratory. A possible fusion reaction is 2H + 2H → 3H + 1H + Q 1 1 1 1 where Q is the energy released as a result of the reaction. (i) Draw a ray diagram to show the apparent position of the mark in the glass prism. 1H = 1.03 Me V. 15. (ii) If the refractive index of the material of the prism is 1. of the material of an equilateral triangular glass prism using the minimum deviation method. (iii) The diagram below represents a section of a circuit.(ii) (b) Describe an experiment to determine the refractive index. from the point P. (ii) Distinguish between hard and soft x-rays. Calculate the effective capacitance in the section. 1 [2H = 2. The charges are equidistant from a point P at which a rest charge is placed. (b) which take place during the operation of a modern x-ray tube. calculate the apparent displacement of the mark. 1 1 1U = 931 MeV] (c) Copy the diagram and use arrows to indicate. n. the direction of the (i) electric force F1 due to + Q (ii) electric force f2 due to – Q.

5 N 7. B.00m s-2 The time rate of change of momentum is impulse force power pressure 2001 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE 1. 10.4 x 10-3m3 3. D. 7.5 N 4. Calculate the volume of the body [Density of water = 1000 kg m-3. D.0 N 12. A. D. If the lift acceleration upwards at 2.3 N 0. A. B. C. D. traveled by a body moving on a straight road with a constant speed? [The other symbols have their usual meanings] x = ut + ½ at2 x = ut x = v2 – u2 2a x = ½ at2 The amplitude of the motion of a body performing simple harmonic motion decreases with time because frictional forces dissipate the energy of motion the frequency of oscillation varies with time the period of oscillation varies with time energy is supplied by some external agencies The amplitude of a particle executing simple harmonic motion is 5cm while its angular frequency is 10 rad S-1. B.25m s-2 0. D. A. 3. g = 10ms2 ] 8. B. If the liquid displaced weighs 6N.0 N which of the following equations represents the distance x. determine the reading on the spring balance. C. C. A. Determine the frictional force on the block. C.0 N 5.5 N 3. Calculate the magnitude of the maximum acceleration of the particle 0. C.5ms-2. 6. B. increases with an increase in surface area decreases with an increase in surface area increases with a decrease in surface area increases with an increase in the applied force A. Which of the following physical processes cannot be explained by the molecular theory of matter. C. B. 4. D. [g = 10ms-2] 25. C. determine the upthrust on the object 20 N 10 N 6N 4N Which of the following statements about pressure is not correct? Pressure. A. 2. A. D. which is suspended from the roof of a lift carries a mass of 1 kg at its free end. Evaporation Thermal conduction Radiation of heat Convectional currents in fluids A spring balance. B. . B. B.00m s-2 5.0 N An object of weight 10N immersed in a liquid displaces a quantity of the liquid.9 x 10-3m3 6. D. 0.50m s-2 2. A.0 x 10-3m3 A block weighing 15 N rests on a flat surface and a horizontal force of 3 N is exerted on it. C.2 x 10-3m3 3. A. D.5. 9. The apparent weight of a body fully immersed in water is 32N and its weight in air is 96 N. 8. C. B. D. C. A.

D. 14. 21. C. B.1 m s-1 10. A.14]. B. . D. A. E. 21. B. 17. calculate the speed of the waves in shallow water. C. B. B. C.3 17. 25 N m-2 50 N m-2 500 N m-2 1000 N m-2 The volume of heat given out or absorbed when a substance changes its state at a constant temperature is known as 411. D. B. A. 21 38 48 151 A beam PQ pivoted at P carries a load of 80 N as shown below. 12. 22. C. C.6 m s-1 22. C.0 13. D.0oC 84. 23.1cm-3 254. B. D. If the angles of incidence and refraction are 45o and 30o respectively. A.5 m s-1 An incident ray is reflected normally by a plane mirror on to a screen where it forms a A. calculate its pressure at 247oC. B. Which of the following statements about elastic collision is correct? Momentum is lost due to the sound produced Loss in momentum is equal to loss in kinetic energy Both kinetic energy and momentum are conserved Kinetic energy is lost while momentum is conserved Electrical resistance is a property of an electrical conductor that causes electrical energy to be converted into mechanical energy heat energy magnetic energy chemical energy A simple machine with an efficiency of 75% lifts a load of 5000 N when a force of 500 N is applied to it. B. D. 8. 13. 32.3N A resistance thermometer has a resistance of 20Ω at 0oC and 85Ω at 100oC.11. If its resistance is 52Ω in a medium. D. C. D.0N 60. 19. A. Calculate the velocity ratio of the machine. C. Calculate the effort. A.6oC 80. 16. C.0 m s-1 10. 20. C. If its volume remains constant.2cm-3 112. 10. D.0N 26. C. D.0 A screw jack with a tommy bar of length 12cm is used to raise a car through a vertical height of 25cm by turning the tommy bar through 50 revolutions. C. D.5 25. B. A. B.7N 16.5cm-3 267. D.0N 13. calculate the corresponding temperature A.7cm-3 The amount of heat given out or absorbed when a substance changes its state at a constant temperature is known as0 latent heat heat capacity specific latent heat specific heat capacity Which of the following physical quantities affects the saturated vapour pressure of a liquid? Temperature Volume Mass Density Humidity is used to describe the amount of air in water vapour cloud available in the atmosphere air in equal volumes of cloud water vapour in the atmosphere Surface waves traveling in deep water at 15 ms-1 are incident at a shallow water boundary. Calculate the approximate velocity ratio of the jack [ π = 3. A.7oC A given mass of an ideal gas has a pressure of 500 Nm-2 at –13oC. A. required to keep it horizontal. 18. B. 15. [Neglect the weight of beam] A.

0 N 5. it is refracted away from the normal at the point of incidence Sound travels faster in air than in water The wavelength of sound changes when it travels from air to water The frequency of sound changes when it travels from air to water 29. D.8 Hz the magnitude of the gravitational force between two particles 0. C. If the mirror is rotated through 5o. B. 28 26 24 13 A piece of cloth appears green in sunlight. A.10m apart is 10N.0cm 15. B. D. When held in red light. D. C.9 Hz 358. C.7 cm 10. D. D. The resonating length of the wire is l while the wave length of the sound produced is λ . 30. C. 40. If the distance between them is increased to 0. B. B. it will appear green blue red black dispersion of white light by a glass prism occurs because white light consists of a mixture of seven different colours the refractive index of glass is different for each constituent colour of white light the speed of each colour of light in the glass is proportional to the refractive index of glass for each colour the speed of each colour of light in the glass is proportional to the angle of retraction in the prism Which of the following statements about sound is correct? When sound travels from air to a denser medium. . C. calculate the magnification of the image. T. A. 27. C.0 N 20. If an image is formed on a screen 260cm away from the lens. D. B. A. B. 26. Which of the following statements is not correct? The wave produced on the wire is stationary and longitudinal stationary and mechanical mechanical and longitudinal progressive and transverse Which of the following statements about the frequency of vibration of the wire is not correct? It is proportional to the mass per unit length of the wire equal to the frequency of the tuning fork inversely proportional to the length of the wire proportional to the square root of the tension If the frequency of the tuning fork at resonance is 256 Hz. Use the information Questions 29 and 31. calculate the displacement of the spot 8. A.5 N As the plates of a charge variable capacitor are moved closer together. 31.0 N 2. The mirror and screen are parallel and 1 m apart. D. f.4cm 17. A. B. 33. when the wire is stretched by a tension. A. B. calculate the magnitude of the new force. 28. 24. D.A. the potential difference between them A. D. A. B. 32.6 Hz 182.4 Hz 501. C. 25.20m. C. B. below to answer The diagram above shows the wire of a sonometer box set into resonance by a vibrating tuning fork of frequency. A. bright spot. C.6cm Convex spherical mirrors are preferred to plane mirrors as driving mirrors because the image produced is upright and clearly visible it provides a wider field of view the image produced is erect and diminished the image produced is not laterally inverted An object is placed 20cm from a lens. C. D. calculate the frequency of vibration of the wire when the tension in the wire is increased to 196N 130.

are connected in parallel across a potential difference of 250V: calculate the current in the circuit. B. C. A.7Ω 400. B.0 x 10-4J 1. A. C. C. D. Earth’s Which of the following statements about magnetic lines of force is not correct? A magnetic line of force is an imaginary line which the north pole of a magnet would describe if it is free to move Magnetic lines of force do not cross one another A. A. . D. B. 37. A. 45. If the electron transits from 2Ek to Ek level. C. 296. C. D. 220V.2Ω 806. B. 42. 7. B. 39. C. D. D. The presence of magnetic lines of force in a region indicates the presence of a magnetic field Magnetic lines of force are closely-packed together at neutral points The material used for constructing the core of an electromagnet is iron carbon copper steel In the circuit diagram below. D.05 J 0. D. A.5 A 1.010 J 0.7Ω The Earth’s magnetic equator through Jos in Nigeria. 36. B.0Ω 512. D.0 x 10-4J 9. 38. D. A. C. D. B. A.0 x 10-2J Three identical lamps each of power 100W. B.100 J 0. D. 43. D. C. 41. A.5 A 2. determine the wavelength of the photon that would be emitted 3 λo 2 λo ¾ λo 1 /3 λ o Production of x-rays in an x-ry tube begins with photo electric emission collision of electrons thermionic emission field emission of electrons 34. Calculate the resistance of its filament when it is operating normally.2 A 0. C. A. 35. the angle of variation is zero magnetic declination is 90o angle of dip is zero horizontal component of the magnetic field is zero passes A. calculate the energy stored in the inductor at resonance 0. B.0 x 10-2J 1.A. B. 40. increases decreases remains the same is doubled Use the diagram shown beside to answer Questions 34 and 35 C. D. 44. C. C.8 A An electric bulb is rated 60W. B.005 J Calculate the reactance of the inductor in the circuit diagram shown [ π = 22/7] 132Ω 214Ω 264Ω 269Ω In which of the following transitions is the largest quantum of energy liberated by an hydrogen atom when the electron changes energy levels?[ n is the quantum number] n = 2 to n = 1 n = 1 to n = 2 n = 2 to n =3 n = 3 to n = 2 A photon of wavelength λ 0 is emitted when an electron in an atom makes a transition atom a level of energy 2Ek to that of energy Ek. What is the effective capacitance in the circuit 2µF 6F 18µF 216µF What is the total energy stored by the capacitors 2. A. B. At Jos. B. C.

C. A. D. B. C. 48. D.46. IV and II IV. A. 47. B. B. II. How many neutrons are present in the atom? 11 12 23 34 A nitrogen nucleus bombarded with an alpha particle produces an oxygen nucleus and a proton. IV. The nucleon number and the proton number of a neutral atom of an element are 23 and 11 respectively. . I and III I. B. I. D. A. III. D. I. III and IV III. B. I. II. 49. C. III and II Electrons passing through crystals are diffracted because they are repelled by the atoms in the crystal are attracted by the atoms in the crystal possess wave properties are particles The duality of matter implies that matter exists as a particle of dual composition has momentum and energy has both wave and particle properties is made up of dual materials A. 50. electricity can be generated through the following processes. Arrange the processes in the correct order. C. The nuclear reaction for this process is 4He + 14N → 17O + 1H + Q 2 7 8 1 Which of the following statements about the reaction is not correct? the bombardment results into a nucleus with greater proton number It is an induced nuclear reaction It is a natural radioactive decay The sum of the initial nucleon numbers is equal to the sum of the final nucleon numbers In a nuclear reactor. The steam is used to drive turbines The heat energy released is removed by passing water through the reactor The turbines in turn generate electricity The water then passes through some form of heat exchanger to produce steam II. C. A. IV. D.

“Explain this observation and state how it can be corrected. 9. a long jumper took off . for the lead shot to reach its maximum height as t = u2 sin2 g where “g” is the acceleration of free fall due to gravity. The mass and wavelength of a moving electron are 9. 2001 SECTION B THEORY 1.6 x 10-34 J s] The diagram below represents the graph of electron energy against the frequency of the radiation incident on a metal surface. 7. (a) (b) 8. PART II 11. determine the mass of the copper deposited. OK. Given the time. illustrate the action of a Polaroid spectacle on a beam of sunlight. 2. If the electrochemical equivalent of copper is 3. an extension of 5cm is produced in the cord. (a) (b) Explain how a gas can be made to Conduct electricity name the electric charge carriers in gases. Interpret the (i) slope of the graph. (iii) intercept.4. (ii) intercept.27 x 10-7 kg C-1. Calculate the (i) time taken to reach the maximum height (ii) speed of the throw [g = 10 ms-2] A lead shot is projected from the ground level with a velocity u at an angle θ to the horizontal. The value of the e. A ball thrown vertically upward reaches a maximum height of 50 m above the level of projection. (a) as (b) distinguish between stress and strain used in elasticity when a force of 40N is applied to the free end of an elastic cord. 6. State two properties of cathode rays Explain how the intensity and energy of cathode rays may be increased 5. θ 10. OC. (a) What is meant by a beam of palarised light? (b) with the aid of well labeled diagrams.f of a voltaic cell which has dilute tetraoxosulphate (VI) acid as its electrolyte and copper and zinc as its electrode becomes less with use. show that the greatest height reached by the body is h max = u2 sin2 θ 2g 3. (a) (b) What is electrolysis? A current of 2A is passed through a copper volta-meter for 5 minutes. Calculate the work done on the cord.0 x 10-10m respectively. Calculate the kinetic energy of the electron [h = 6.m. (a) In his first attempt.0 x 10-31kg and 1.

(a) Explain the statement ‘the capacitance of a capacitor is 5µF’ (b) (i) State the factors upon which the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor depend. JeV = 1. (ii) State two precautions necessary to obtain accurate results. its length becomes 21.8576 m in his second attempt (i) State Hooke’s law of elasticity (ii) Describe an experiment to verify Hooke’s law (iii) State two precautions you would take if you were to perform this experiment in the laboratory A spiral spring of natural length 20. Calculate the fraction of the original quantity that will remain after 105 days.(b) (c) From the spring board with a speed of 8 ms-1 at 30o to the horizontal. Light of wavelength 5. its siren is sounded and echo was heard 8 seconds later. (a) atomic (b) (c) (c) 13. (i) How does a radioactive atom differ from a stable one? (ii) Explain ‘half life’ (iii) A sample of radioactive material has a half life of 35 days. He makes a second attempt with the same speed at 45o to the horizontal. (a) .00cm has a scale pan hanging freely in its lower end.90 eV.80cm. floors and ceilings of a recording studio heavily padded? (b) (c) (i) Explain timbre and overtones (ii) What is reasonance? As a ship approaches a cliff. When an object of mass 40g is placed in the pan.d across 8µF capacitor. show that he gains a distance of 0. calculate the velocity at which the ship was approaching the cliff. (iii) Draw an open-circuit diagram for this arrangement. 15. Given that the expression for the horizontal range of a project tile is v2 sin 0 g where all the symbols have their usual meanings.05cm. [g = 10 ms-1] Define specific heat capacity. A piece of copper block of mass 24g at 230oC is placed in a copper calorimeter of mass 60g containing 54g of water at 31oC. 12µF and 24µF is connected in series with a 90-V battery. (iv) Determine the p.0 x 108 ms-2. When nitrogen (atomic mass = 14. If the speed of sound in air is 340 ms-1. calculate the final steady temperature of the mixture. Assuming heat losses are negligible. [specific heat capacity of water = 4200J kg-1 K-1] [specific heat capacity of copper = 400 J kg-1 K-1] (i) (ii) (iii) What is an echo? State two useful applications of echoes Why are the walls. Calculate the mass of the scale pan. (iv) Stopping potential [plancks constant h = 6. When another object of mass 60g is placed in the pan. Number = 7) is bombarded with neutrons. the collisions result in disintegrations in which alpha particles are produced.6 x 1019 J] 12. (ii) State how the capacitance depends on each of these factors state in (b)(i) (d) A series arrangement of three capacitors of values 8µF.00 x 10-7m is incident on a material of work function 1.6x1-34 Js] [c = 3. (a) (b) diagram. Calculate the (i) photon energy (ii) kinetic energy of the most energetic photo electron. Represent this transmutation in a symbolic equation. 14. the length becomes 22. (i) With the aid of a labeled Describe an experiment to determine the specific heat capacity of copper using a copper ball.

0cm from the 0 cm mark of the meter rule. 25. Repeat the procedure for five other values of V = 15. 2001 PAPER I PRACTICAL 1. of K from the 0cm mark of the metre rule. on the vertical axis. of the graph (ii) intercept c.0. (x) (b) State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. (a) (i) (ii) Fix the 100g mass. marked P. measure and record the corresponding values of U. Balance the whole arrangement horizontally on a knife edge as shown in the diagram above.(iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) 10. Plot a graph of U on the vertical axis against V on the horizontal axis. at B. where S represents the water meniscus. Evaluate (i) K1 = I – 2s 100 s (ii) K2 = 26 /s – 160. Suspend another 100g mass marked Q at A. (ii) Explain how the position of the centre of gravity of a body affects the equilibrium of the body. a distance V – . (a) (i) State two conditions under which a rigid body at rest remains in equilibrium when acted upon by three non-parallel coplanar forces. Determine the: (i) slope. using an adhesive.0cm.0. U. In each case. s.0 and 35. horizontally inside the cylinder provided. Measure and record the distance. Using the diagram beside as a guide. Tabulate your readings. 2. O.0cm. carry out the following instructions (i) Place the pin. l = SO = 10. 20. Pour some water on the pin in the cylinder such that the length of the water column. the 80cm mark of the uniform metre rule. 30.0.

Evaluate k = light.(ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (b) Insert another pin. Determine the balance point. Tabulate your readings. Plot a graph of R2 on the vertical axis against R1 on the horizontal axis. 20.5 is placed on the page of a book. s. (x) (xi) (b) (i) material of (ii) s State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. 3. In each case. Plot a graph of h on the vertical axis against l on the horizontal axis. Read and record the distance h = PO Repeat the procedure for four other values of l= 15.5V. Determine the apparent upward displacement of the prints. B. of the graph. Adjust the position of P vertically upward or downward until it coincides with the image I of O formed by refraction at S. in the cork held by the boss of the retort stand. a length L = 100cm of wire P in the right hand gap and the other apparatus as shown in the diagram above. Determine the resistance required to convert it into a voltmeter. . A galvanometer with a fullscale-deflection of 1. reading up to 1. a resistor Rs = 1Ω and other necessary apparatus. 25 and 30 cm In each case measure and record the corresponding value of h. Determine the slope. The prints on the book are viewed vertically down wards from above. (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) Repeat the procedure for four other values of L = 90. Determine the slope. 70 and 60cm.5 x 10-3. (a) You are provided with two wires marked P and Q. obtain and record the values of ls and lp and evaluate R1 = (lp/h)Rs. Evaluate R2 = l0 Rs in each case. of the graph. 80. (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) connect Rs in the left hand gap of the metre bridge. ls Tabulate your readings. on the bridge wire AC Measure and record AB = ls and BC = lp Evaluate R1 = (lp/h)Rs. s. P. Explain total internal reflection of (ii) A rectangular glass prism of thickness 6cm and refractive index 1. A has a resistance of 50Ω. Define resistivity of the a wire. Repeat the experiment with the second wire. Q. Obtain values of Is and Ig for equal lengths of wire as used in wire P.

2002 SSCE PHYSICS . [g=10ms-2] 0. B. D. B. D. C. D.50 1. 2. liquids and gases is that all the three have fixed volume their molecules have the same size their molecules are always in motion all the three have the same inter molecular forces The force between the molecules of a liquid in contact with that of a solid is adhesive cohesive magnetic repulsive The energy needed to separate the nucleons against the forces which hold them together is nuclear energy mechanical energy ionization energy binding energy A reservoir is filled with a liquid of density 2000 kgm-1. A.0km 10. Determine the difference between the magnitude of displacement of the boy and distance traveled by him. D. A. 4. C. D. 5.262m 0.50 3. Calculates the depth at which the pressure in the liquid will be equal to 9100Nm-2.664m 0.819m A solid weighs 45 N and 15 N respectively in air and water. Determine the relative density of the solid. B. B.PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE 1. B. 3.455m 0. C. C. A.00 A boy travels 8km eastward to a point B and then 6km northward to another point C. B.0km 14. A.0km 4. 2. D. 6. One common characteristics of solids. C.33 0. 0. C. A.0km A.

D. Calculate the power generated by the machine. C.613 kg 0.0cm and force constant of 20 Nm-1 is compressed to 20. . the work done by a force? The product of the force and the distance moved. C. C.00 ms-2 An object is released from rest at a height of 25m.50m which is in equilibrium on a pivot at P. B. B. determine the magnitude. C.24s An object is acted upon by a system of parallel forces causing the object to be in static equilibrium. Calculate the energy stored in the spring. B. W. All the parallel forces must be equal in magnitude and direction The sum of the forces in one direction must be equal to the sum of the forces in opposite direction An object. A.0 J In the diagram below. A. D. mr v mr2 v mv2 r mv R2 A man was moving round a circular path continuously for 4 minutes and covered the following distances in the times stated below: Distance (in metres). If AP = 40cm.0 J 10. 12.280 kg 0. 16. 14.800 kg Which of the following statements correctly defines quantitatively. [g = 10ms-2] 60 W A. parallel to the line of action of the force from a reference point perpendicular to the line of action of the force from a reference point on a line through the reference point by the object A load of mass 120kg is raised vertically through a height of 2m in 20s by a machine whose efficiency is 100%.400 kg 0. Which of the following statements is not correct? The resultant of the parallel forces is zero The algebraic sum of all the moments of the forces is zero C. [g = 10 ms-2] -.0 J 100.0cm. v in a circular path of radius. of the weight of A. 11. [g = 10 ms-2] 25.25 ms-2 1. D. C. is held in equilibrium as illustrated in the diagram below. 8. m move with speed.00 ms-2 8. 1 2 3 4 Which of the following statements is correct about the motion of the man? The man was moving with uniform speed but non-uniform velocity The speed was changing constantly The velocity was uniform It was an instance of motion in which both speed and velocity are the same A car takes off from rest and covers a distance of 80m on a straight road in 10s. D. A. 15. A. calculate the mass of the rod. A.50s 2.00s 10.1 J 1. C. D. The magnitude of the force required to make an object of mass. Using the data on the diagram. 0. B. 9. B. A.7. A. A. 13. Calculate the time it takes to fall to the ground. D. 200 400 600 800 Time (in minutes). A. B. 23 N 17 N 7N 5N A spiral spring of natural length 30. 10. AB represents a uniform rod of length 1. B. C. C. D. B. 1. D. A. r is given by the expression. B.60 ms-2 4. Calculate the magnitude of its acceleration. D.00s 2.

28.0oC 64. 84. C. determine its mechanical advantage. C. 68º 56º 34º 18º A converging lens of focal length 15cm forms a virtual image at a point 10cm from the lens. B. B. A. C. D. Calculate the distance of the object from the lens. B. 24. Calculate the Celsius temperature corresponding to 70o on the thermometers. A.000J 117. [Neglect heat losses to the surrounding] 60oC 40oC 25oC 10oC Calculate the energy required to vaporize 50g of water initially at 80oC. D. 10. E0 represents the amplitude frequency period wavelength The size of the hole of a pin hole camera is increased.6 1. C. D. A.200J 234. C.0oC 58.2-1 k-1] [specific latent heat of vaporization of water = 2260 Jg-1] 113. the critical angle for the medium. A. C. B. A.8. A. The free end is displaced parallel to the table and then released. C. D. A.000J 23. 17. D. calculate. B. D.5 x 1010Hz 5.0 10. calculate the frequency of the radio wave. B. A. A. 22. B.5 x 109Hz 2. D. D.B. C. B. 20.0oC 75. If the velocity of radio waves in free space is 3x108ms-1. B. B. 27. A. B. 80 W 100 W 120 W A block and tackle system has 6 pulleys. to the nearest degree. 26. C.0oC the silver coating on the inside of a vacuum flask reduces heat loss by conduction radiation condensation convection Water of mass 120g at 50oC is add to 200g of water at 10oC and the mixture is well stirred. B.8 Which of the following actions will improve the efficiency of a pulley system? Reducing the mass of the pulley Increasing the frictional force between the string and the pulley Increasing the mass per unit length of the string of the pulley Increasing the mass of the pulley The ice and steam points of a certain thermometer are 20o and 100o respectively. 21.400J 420. 12. A. D. [specific heat capacity of water = 4. Calculate the temperature of the mixture. B. C. C. 25. D.0 x 109Hz 4.0 x 106Hz In the wave equation y=E0sin(200t – π x). A.00cm A. 4. The resulting wave form is transverse longitudinal stationary electromagnetic A radio wave has a wavelength of 150m. 18. C. D. D. . D.00cm 6. C. The resultant image formed becomes sharper reduced in size enlarged blurred The refractive index of a medium relative to air 1s 1. What type of motion does the skin of a ‘talking’ drum perform when it is struck with a drum stick? Random Rotational Translational Vibratory A slinky spring fixed at one end is placed horizontally on a table. 19. If the efficiency of the machine is 60%. 29.0 3.

C.4cm 8. D. 0.3cm 2. A. C.70 x 10-11 N 6. B. 42.2m When two notes of nearly equal frequencies are sounded together.f. calculate the magnitude of the gravitational field intensity of the earth on the particle. 40. B. C. C. 32. calculate the focal length of the eyes lens. C. D.0 N kg-1 160.0 N kg-1 Local action is normally prevented in a simple electric cell by introducing an oxidizing agent in the acid not drawing current continuously for long periods amalgamating the surface of the zinc plate using a porous pot to isolate the zinc from the acid The lead-acid accumulator consists of lead as the positive electrode lead oxide as the negative electrode hydrochloric acid as the electrolyte tetraoxosulphate (VI) acid as the electrolyte Which of the following actions will not led to an increase in the induced e. A. 37.03 x 10-10 N 6. in a coil of wire rotating between the poles of a magnet? Increasing the strength of the magnet number of turns in the coil speed of rotation of the coil gap between the poles of the magnet A transformer has 400 turns and 200 turns in the primary and secondary windings respectively. D. 33. 30. Calculate the depth of the sea.50cm In a compound microscope. D. C. B. If the current in the primary and secondary windings are 3A and 5A A. 39.0cm from the eye lens. A. B.3cm A pulse of a sound is transmitted from a ship and the reflection from the sea bed is recorded after 0. 38. A. . B. B. D. 41. Calculate the effective capacitance of the capacitors. C. B. C. 31.0m 156. A. D. B. 5.2s. D. B. A.00 µF 18. D. D. Three capacitors each of capacitance 18µF are connected in series.6 N kg-1 25.70x10-11 Nm2 kg-2] 6. the image formed by the objective lens is at a distance of 3. B. D. C. Calculate the magnitude of the force of attraction between them.7cm 3.03 x 10-7 N The magnitude of the gravitational attraction between the earth and a particle is 40 N. 34. a periodic rise and fall in sound intensity can be heard. A.17 µF Two spheres of masses 100kg and 90kg respectively have their centres separated by a distance of 1. C. 54. This phenomenon is called beats diffraction overtones resonance Which of the following instruments is not a wind instrument? Clarinet Saxophone Trumpet Xylophone Which of the following actions will not cause an increase in the frequency of a vibrating string? increasing the tension in the string Decreasing the mass per unit length of the string Decreasing the length of the string Increasing the cross sectional area of the string Which of the following items can be used to compare the relative magnitudes of electric charges on two bodies? Ebonite rod Gold leaf electroscope Proof planes The electrophorus 36. B. 312.m. A.0cm from the eye lens. D. D. A. D.00 µF 6.0m.C.0 N kg-1 12. B.0m 31. [G =6. C. A.00 µF 0. If the mass of the particle is 4kg. A. If the final image is at 25.70 x 10-10 N 6. C. 10.00cm 1. 35.0m 78.

50.3% 37. B. D. C. 45.2 H H H H A. B. . B. A. Determine the energy released in the transition from n = 3 t0 n = 2. B. D. A. In a model of the hydrogen atom.4 0.6 0. B. calculate the efficiency of the transformer. A. respectively. 44. α + 14N → Px + 2D 7 q 1 Determine the values of p and q in the equation. B.5% 30. 46. 3. C. D. frequency of the light intensity of the light time of exposure of the metallic to light Which of the following materials is used to control the rate of neutron production in a nuclear reactor? Boron rods Concrete shield Graphite rods Uranium rods Which of the following is usually used to cause fission in an atomic reactor? Alpha particles Beta particles Electrons Neutrons A nuclide X is produced by bombarding a nitrogen (N) nucleus with an alpha ( α ) particle with the release of heavy hydrogen (D) nucleus as shown by the following nuclear equation. 43. C. 12 and 6 14 and 7 16 and 8 19 and 8 A.0% 83. B. D.0% A freely-suspended magnet swinging in a horizontal plane comes to rest with its axis pointing approximately. D. 48. B. A. B. C. C. D. A.A. C. 47. D.8 0. 85. the number of electrons that may be emitted would depend solely on the area of the metallic surface A. D. C. C. D. of the coil in the circuit diagram shown below. L. C. north – south south – west north – east south – east Calculate the inductance. R 5 –R 4 5R 36 –5R 36 If a radioactive atom emits a beta particle. its mass number increases by one remains the same decreases by one increases by two When light falls on a metallic surface. 49. the energy levels Wn are given by the formula Wn = –R n2 Where n is an integer and R is a constant.

2002 SECTION B THEORY PART I 1. Define elastic constant. (c) maximum load. 8. (a) What is meant by (i) anode. (a) Explain how neon sings can be produced. 9. Heisenberg’s uncertainty 5. 2. 7. 6. (d) breaking point. Explain elasticity of a substance. Sketch a load-extension graph for the wire and on the graph indicate the (a) elastic limit. (ii) cathode. (a) (b) (a) (b) What is diffusion? State two factors which affect the rate of diffusion. (b) yield point. R. A wire is gradually stretched until it snaps. Explain The rise of water in a glass capillary tube the kinetic theory. as used in electrolysis? (b) List the ions involved in an electrolytic process with dilute tetraoxoosulphate (VI) acid as electrolyte. (b) State two factors on which the colour of light from a fluorescent tube depend. (a) Define horizontal range of a projectile. (b) The horizontal range. . 3. 4. of a projectile is given by the equation R = u2 sin 2Θ g (i) What does Θ in the equation represent? (ii) For what value of Θ would R be maximum? Explain the action of direct electric current in an electrolytic process with a dilute solution of sodium chloride as electrolyte. (a) State principle.

5mm long is viewed through a converging lens of focal length 10. 240V and frequency 50 Hz is connected to a series arrangement of a resistor. (a) to a Define the following terms as applied convex mirror: (i) principal focus. 25% efficient and having a screw of pitch 0. (a) (b) of an Lens. power of the lens. Explain the statement the power supply voltage of a source is 230V.f. Explain the statement the velocity ratio of a machine is 5. Explain saturated vapour (b) (c) (d) 12. (ii) mechanical advantage of the Machine.0cm. A screw jack. List three characteristics of pressure in a liquid The horizontal door of a submarine at a depth of 500m has an area of 0. the potential difference across the resistor is 140V and that across the inductor is 50V.(b) Mention two phenomena that can only be explained in term of the particulate nature of light.0cm held close to the eye. An object 2. [specific heat capacity of water = 4. 10. (iii) effort required to raise a load of 1000 N with the machine. Calculate the force exerted by the sea water on the door at this depth. Explain why a direct electric current is used instead of an alternating current in electroplating.2 x 103 J kg-1 K-1] [assume boiling point of water = 100oC 13. When the current in the capacitor is 10A. (a) (i) (ii) (iii) (b) (i) machine (ii) (c) What is meant by a machine? List two examples of a simple machine. calculate the (i) velocity ratio of the machine.4cm is used to raise a load through a certain height. (iii) radius of curvature. size of the image. an inductor and a capacitor. If in the process. Explain why a machine can never be 100% efficient. State one advantage and one disadvantage of using a convex mirror as a driving mirror Draw a clearly labeled diagram to illustrate how two converging lenses may be arranged to form a compound microscope.14]. Calculate the: (i) distance of the object from (ii) (iii) 14. calculate the mass of the water in the container.4m-2. Define the efficiency of a Connected to a 220V source is used to boil a certain quantity of water in a container of heat capacity 100 J kg-1 for 2 minutes. A source of e. the handle turns through a circle of radius 40. PART II 11. Calculate the: (ii) 3 ] (c) (c) other (ii) pressure (iii) A heating coil of resistance 20Ω . (i) (ii) Define relative density. (a) (b) the Define: (i) reactance.0cm from the lens. [Take π = 3. [Relative density of sea water = 1.m. A magnified image of the object is formed 30. If the initial temperature of the water is 40oC. (ii) pole. (ii) impedance.03] [Atmospheric pressure = 1. (i) Explain reasonant frequency RLC circuit.01x105 Nm-2] [Density of pure water = 1000 kg m[g = 10 ms-2] (i) List three effects of heat than expansion.

of a radioactive material. horizontally on the knife edge. Read and record the distances. carry out the following instructions. of m from the . Give the expression that relates the half life. 2002 PAPER I PRACTICAL 1. which has been drilled at the 50cm mark. Draw and label one vector diagram for the potential differences across the inductor. (i) State three applications of (ii) (iii) 15. (iii) inductance of the inductor. T. Explain: (i) nuclear fission. the changes that take place in the atomic structure of the element at each stage. Using the diagrams below as a guide. Ia. the capacitor and the resistor in (c) above. using equations where necessary.(i) (d) potential difference across the capacitor. II. (ii) a beta particle and (iii) gamma radiation. x. (c) A radioactive element X with atomic number 88 and mass number 226 emits in succession: (i) an alpha particle. Explain. Define half life. and the decay constant. (ii) (iii) (vi) Suspend the object marked m at the 10cm mark of the centre rule. (i) Pivot the metre rule. Suspend a 100g mass on the other side of the knife edge and adjust the position of the mass until the metre rule balances horizontally as shown in diagram 1 above. (a) (b) atomic energy. λ . (ii) nuclear fusion. (ii) capacitance of the capacitor.

0CM. Trace the ray PQ with two pins. 25 and 30cm marks of the metre rule respectively. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. Plot a graph of y1 on the vertical axis against y1 – y2 on the horizontal axis. 25 and 30cm marks. Tabulate your readings. State the conditions of equilibrium for a body acted upon by a number of coplanar parallel forces. Draw a normal NMP to meet AB and DC at M and P respectively such that | AM| = |DP| = 2. 20. In each case. Determine the slope of the graph. the angle between the emergent ray and face AB of the glass prism. [Attach your traces to your answer booklet]. carry out the following instructions. Repeat the procedure for four other values of i = 10o. Determine the slope of the graph. at P and Q respectively such that angle MPQ = i = 5o. Plot a graph of cos θ on the vertical axis against sin c on the horizontal axis. 15. adjust the position of the 100g mass until the metre rule balances horizontally. Explain what is meant by the centre of gravity of a body and state how it is related to the stability of the body. Evaluate y1 – y2 in each case. Trace the emergent ray with two other pins P3 and P4 such that they lie in a straight line with P2 and the image of P1 viewed through the glass prism. (i) length XY Measure of the and record the wire resistance provided. Remove the prism. Measure and record θ . In each case kept he position of the knife edge fixed and adjust the position of the 100g mass until the metre rule balances horizontally. (a) 3. (a) Using the diagram above as a guide. P1 and P2. Tabulated your readings. ABCD. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. 15o. Also repeat the procedure with m completely immersed in water contained in a beaker and suspended at the 10. State the laws of refraction of light. then read and record the new distance y2 of the 100g mass from the pivot. Explain what is meant by the statement the refractive index of a material is 1.65. (i) Fix a plane sheet of paper on the drawing board. . 20o and 25o. Repeat the procedure for four other positions of m at the 15.(v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) (x) (b) (i) pivot and y1. (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) (x) (xi) (ii) Place the rectangular glass prism on the paper and trace its outline. Replace the prism on its outline. 20. (b) (i) (ii) 2. of the 100g mass from the pivot. Evaluate cos θ and sin i.

I and the corresponding voltage drop. close the key. 4N 5N 48 N . B. I and the corresponding voltage drop. V across the wire. This explains the fact that matter can change spontaneously from one state to another matter cannot be destroyed force is required to change matter from one state to another matter is made up of tiny particles A piece of metal of relative density 5. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. V across the wire. Tabulate your readings.8 x 10-7Ω m. Determine the slope of the graph. B. close the key. Calculate its weight when fully immersed in water. A tuber of cassava can be processed into powder.(ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (b) (i) (ii) Connect the circuit shown in the diagram above. With R = 0Ω. Repeat the procedure for five other values of R = 5.2mm and resistance 7Ω has resistivity of 8. Setting R = 1Ω. A. Read and record current. 20. A. D. A piece of resistance wire of diameter 0. Mention and state the law on which the experiment in 3(a) is based.0 weighs 60 N in air. C. Plot a graph of V on the vertical axis against I on the horizontal axis. 2. Read and record the current. 10. K. calculate the length of the wire [ π = 22 /7] 2003 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE 1. C. 40 and 60Ω.

0 N 37. C. Determine the magnitude of the resulting impulse. Vel m/s 0 Time 12. B. 60 N A net force of 15 N acts upon a body of mass 3kg for 5s. 7.0 N 32. C. C. C.5kg ms-1 Which of the following statements correctly defines a simple machine? A device that can provide electric current which can only carry people from one place to another with which work can be done easily which changes the state of rest or of uniform motion of an object along a straight line A platinum resistance thermometer has a resistance of 4Ω at 0ºC and 10Ω at 100ºC. B. 9.2 Ω 2.0 N Which of the graphs below shows the motion of a body with uniform retardation? Vel m/s 0 D.0kg hits a smooth vertical wall normally with a speed of 2 ms -1. . Which of the following statements about the system is not correct? The momentum of the mass is maximum at Q The elastic potential energy of the spring is maximum at Q The kinetic energy of the mass is maximum at P The total energy of the system is always constant A ball of mass 5. C. D.0 N 10. A. calculate the change in length of the rod. 11. D. A moving object is said to have uniform acceleration if its displacement decreases at a constant rate speed is directly proportional to time velocity increases by equal amount in equal time intervals velocity varies inversely with time the period of an oscillatory motion is defined as the average of the times used in completing different numbers of oscillations time to complete a number of oscillations time to complete one oscillation A. 5. D. Assuming the resistance changes uniformly with temperature. A.0ms-1 The tendency of a body to remain at rest when a force is applied to it is called impulse momentum inertia friction A force acts on a body for 0. D. B.0kgms-1 to 21.D. A. D. B. 42. D.0kg ms-1 2.0ms-1 2. [linear expansitivity of the material of the rod is 3 x 10-5 K-1] 4 mm 3 mm 2 mm 1 mm A.0ms-1 9.0kg ms-1 5. A. 3. D. calculate the change in the speed of the body.5s changing its momentum from 16. B. 4. Vel m/s 0 Time Time C.5ms-1 1. C. C. B. 14. 10. C. B.0kg ms-1 10.0kgms-1 calculate the magnitude of the force. Vel m/s 0 Time D. time taken to move from one extreme position to the other The mass on a loaded spiral spring oscillates vertically between two extreme positions P and R equidistant from the equilibrium position Q. 25. B. B. D.7 Ω 3. 13. A. D. C. A. B. 6. 8. B. A. A.7 Ω A metal rod of length 100cm is heated through 100oC.0 Ω 6. 20. C. calculate the resistance of the thermometer when the temperature is 45oC. A.

C. 68.35m 1. 2. 15.91cm3 44. B. D. A. D. 20. C. A. D. If the refractive index of water is 1. B. C. 20 Hz 10 Hz 5 Hz 4 Hz A. D. A. C. 23. the image of the object formed by the mirror is real and magnified real and inverted erect and magnified erect and virtual A converging lens produces an image four times as large as an object placed 25cm from the lens. A. C. 100cm 33cm 29cm 20cm The horizontal floor of a water reservoir appears to be 1. 18. . B. C. B.52 x 104 Pa is 40cm3. B. D. 25. D. 16.30m travels 900m in 3. 24.0m deep when viewed vertically from above.23cm3 47. D. A. C.2 D A. 21. Deduce the frequency of the wave. The diagram above represents the displacement D versus time. calculate the real depth of the reservoir.0s.35m 1. 17.034 x 105 Pa.0D + 0. C. B. A wave of wavelength 0. C. It weakens the adhesive forces between molecules of a liquid and those of its container breaks completely the force of attraction between the molecules of a liquid adds to the heat content of a liquid increases the cohesive forces between liquid molecules When the pressure of a fixed mass of gas is doubled at constant temperature. B. Determine its power. B. + 20. A. the volume of the gas is increased four times doubled unchanged halved The volume of a given mass of an ideal gas at 327K and 9. D. B.14. 22. A. graph of a progressive wave. A. A. D.35. 68.0 Hz 750. C. D. calculate its frequency. Calculate its focal length.60cm3 30. A.35m A converging lens has a focal length of 5cm.0 Hz Which of the following conditions is necessary for the occurrence of total internal reflection of light? Light must travel from an optically less dense to a denser medium The angle of incidence must be equal to the critical angle The angle of incidence must be greater than the critical angle The angle of refraction must be 90o The image which cannot be formed on a screen is said to be inverted erect real virtual An object is placed in the principal axis and at the centre of curvature of a concave mirror. Calculate the volume of the gas at 273 K and 1.75cm3 19. B.0 Hz 225. B. t.00m 0. The heat capacity of a calorimeter is the amount of energy required to change the temperature of 1kg of the calorimeter by IK change 1kg mass of the calorimeter to liquid at the same temperature change the temperature of the calorimeter by IK melt the calorimeter into liquid at a constant temperature Which of the following statements about latent heat of vaporization is correct. C.0 Hz 270. B. D.

8 ms-1 8.00 A Which of the following factors does not affect the electric resistance of a wire? Length Mass Temperature Cross sectional area A current of 10 A passes through a conductor for 10s. calculate the charge flowing through the conductor 100. D. 33. B. C. B.0 C 1. C. D.2 D Which of the following pairs of light rays shows the widest separation in the spectrum of white light? Green and blue Orange and indigo Blue and violet Red and yellow Which of the following statements about the human eye and the camera is correct? Both form virtual images of objects The image formed by the eye is upright in the retina while that formed by the camera is inverted on the film The inside of both of them is blackened to absorb unwanted light The focal length of both the eye lens and the camera lens can be varied The speed of sound in air is directly proportional to its temperature on the Celsius scale its temperature on the thermodynamic scale the cube root of its temperature on the Celsius scale the square root of its temperature on the absolute scale Which of the following statements about the characteristics of sound waves is correct? Loudness decreases with increase in intensity The pitch of a note is determined by its amplitude The intensity of a sound wave is proportional to its amplitude The quality of a note depends on its overtones A sonometer wire of liner density 0. A. C. Guitar Which of the following features of an electrostatic line of force is not correct? It is n imaginary line which a positive charge would describe if it is free to move The tangent drawn at any point on a curved line of force shows the direction of the electric field intensity at that point It is sometimes curved It can cross another line of force in a region of intense electric field Which of the following statements about a force field is correct? Electrostatic. The combination is connected to an external load of 1. 0.0 D -0. Calculate the speed of a pulse which moves from one end of the wire to the other. 35. D. 28. 37.5Ω. C. 26.0 ms-1 100. B. 32. .20.14 A 2. C.0 C 10. D. D. A. B. gravitational and magnetic forces are always attractive Electric. 179. C. B. C. A. A. B. gravitational and magnetic fields obey inverse square laws Field lines are real but their corresponding fields are imaginary Field lines and their corresponding fields are both real A positively charged glass rod is placed near the cap of a positively charge electroscope. A. Calculate the current in the circuit. C. D. B.0 C 0. D. C. D. 34. B. B. 29. 30.0 ms-1 Which of the following instruments gives a pure note when sounded? Talking drum Siren Tuning fork D. A. D. C. C. 27. B. D. B. 31.00 A 1.57 A 1.C. 36. . B. D.0Ω are connected in parallel. D.1 C A. The divergence of the leaf is observed to decrease increase remain the same increase and collapse immediately Two identical cells each of emf 2 V and internal resistance 1. A. C.08kg m1 subjected to a tension of 800 N is plucked. A.0 ms-1 15. A. A. A.

B. B. B. 45. 46. In turn. B.38. calculate the voltage across the resistor. C. C. 40. C. The diagram above shows the resultant electric field pattern due to two electric point charges P and S. C. B. A. 44. . 10 V 20 V 25 V 400 V One difference between a reactance and a resistance in an alternating current circuit is resistance is larger than reactance energy is not dissipated in a reactance energy is stored in a resistance but not in a reactance the current in a reactance is lower than in the resistance 43. A. C.1 s 0. D. C. A. D. The nails are said to be magnetized by conduction single touch induction divided touch A. C. D. The bar magnet illustrated in the diagram above picks up an unmagnetised steel nail X. D. 41. calculate its half life. D. 12. C. A lamp is rated 240 V 60 W.077 s-1. A. D. D. 42. B. B. A. calculate the resistance of its filament. B. It supports the sensation of hearing does not cause the emission of electrons from metals is an electromagnetic wave is not capable of causing sun burn Which of the following statements is not true of the isotopes of an element? They are atoms of the same element have the same chemical properties have the same atomic number have the same mass number A radioactive element has a decay constant of 0. 240 Ω 360 Ω 960 Ω 1440 Ω The maximum power dissipated by a 100 Ω resistor in a circuit is 4 W. C. C. A. A. A. C.5 s 9. 39. 48. B. X picks up a similar nail Y and so on. B. A. D. C. D. Which of the following statements is correct? P is negatively charged while S is positively charged P is positively charged while S is negatively charged Both P and S are positively charged Both P and S are negatively charged 47. The direction of induced current in a straight wire placed in a magnetic field is determined by using Fleming’s right hand rule Maxwell’s screw rule Faraday’s law Lenz’s law Which of the following statements about an electromagnet is not correct? It is a temporary magnet Its strength depends on the current Its strength depends on the number of units in its coil It has permanent poles Which of the following statements is true of ultra violet radiations. D. 49. D. B.0 s 5. D. A.5 s The minimum energy required to remove an electron from an atom is known as excitation energy ionization energy binding energy photon energy Nuclear fission is preferred to nuclear fusion in the generation of energy because very high temperature are required for fusion the raw materials for fusion are not easily obtained energy obtained from fusion is relatively smaller the by product of fusion are very dangerous A. B.

At what value of θ will R be maximum? What is surface tension? 2. → 4He + 234Th 2 90 2003 SECTION B THEORY PART I 1. Which of the following reactions represents nuclear fusion? 2H + 2H 1 1 → 3He + 1n 1 0 B. 235u + 1n 92 0 234Th 90 238U 92 → 145Ba + 90Kr + 21n 56 36 0 C. of a projectile is given by the expression R = U2 Sin 2θ g where θ is the angle of projection. g the acceleration of free fall due to gravity and u the initial velocity. (a) and (b) State two objects each used in sports warfare which may be considered as projectiles the horizontal range R. (a) . → 0n + 234Pa -1 91 D.50. A.

(b) State two methods by which the surface tension of a liquid can be reduced Explain diffusion. (ii) loss in kinetic energy of the system just after the car has started moving. Define: 9. why (i) (ii) evaporation causes cooling.5 x 103kg. If the jar is 60cm tall and the speed of sound is 350ms-1. (b) (c) (ii) 11. (a) diagram. apart from that can be plane polarized. (i) 10. The tractor moved with a speed of 3. describe an experiment to illustrate the relationship between the volume and pressure of a given mass of gas at constant temperature. ( π = 3.14) (a) (b) What is meant by the wave-particle quality of matter? Mention one physical phenomenon. (a) explain (b) (i) (ii) 7. (a) (b) (a) light. that can be explained in terms of the wave nature and particle nature of light. plane (c) 3. 6. State one factor that can affect the rate of diffusion. A force of 40 N applied at the end of a wire of length 4 m and diameter 2. how an image is formed by a convex mirror (ii) State one advantage and one disadvantage of using a convex mirror as a driving mirror. (ii) first overtone. PART II 13. A tractor of mass 5. although heat is being supplied to the water. using a ray 5. vibrating at its (i) fundamental. boiling water changes to steam without any change in temperature. State two applications of polarized light. (iii) Explain the action of a compound microscope Illustrate using labeled diagrams only. two Explain the rise of water in a glass capillary tube using the kinetic theory. (iii) impulse in the rope when it jerks the car into motion Using the kinetic theory of matter. (a) (b) (iii) 8. in each case. What is the principle upon which the lighting in fluorescent tubes operate? State two factors which determine the colour of light from a fluorescent tube (ii) (iii) (i) Elasticity Young modulus Force constant 12. List two types of waves. (b) 4.00mm produces an extension of 0. (b) strain in the wire. (a) (b) Explain the term electrolyte and give examples. l. State the relationship between the mass of a substance liberated during the electrolysis and the charge passed.24mm. Calculate the (a) stress on the wire. a sonometer wire of length. (a) impulse (b) Define: (i) linear momentum State the principle of conservation of linear momentum.0ms-1 just before the towing rope becomes taut. (iii) second overtone A tuning fork vibrating at a frequency of 512 Hz is held over the top of a jar filled with water and fitted with a tap at the bottom. determine the . Illustrate.0 x 103kg is used to tow a car mass 2. State Boyle’s law With the aid of a labeled diagram. State two precautions necessary to obtain accurate results. Calculate the: (i) speed of the tractor immediately the rope becomes taut.

possible resonance position(s). no electrons are emitted until the threshold frequency of light is reached. (ii) accurate? (i) Explain. In a photocell. When is an ammeter said to be (i) sensitive. how a delicate magnetic material could be protected from the Earth’s magnetic field. [neglect end corrections] 14. using a labeled diagram. (ii) State one factor that may affect the number of emitted electrons 2003 PAPER I PRACTICAL . State the laws of electromagnetic induction (i) (ii) Explain photoelectric State four applications of photoelectric emission Draw and label a diagram showing structure of a photocell and explain its mode of operation. (i) Explain what happens to the energy of the light before emission of electrons begin. (a) point in (i) (ii) What is meant by neutral (b) (c) (d) 15. (a) emission (b) the (c) a magnetic field? Draw and label a diagram to show the pattern and direction of the magnetic field produced around a straight current carrying wire.

s. (xi) Determine the slope. 16.0. (a) Using the diagram above as a guide. Tabulate your readings. so that P3 and P4 and the images of P1 and P2 are in a straight line. Locate the images of P1 P2 through the mirror using two other pins P3 and P4. Draw a straight line through the pin points to meet AB at Q and CA produced at D. 14 and 12cm marks. (iv) Record the positions Y on m1 and Q of m2 (v) Evaluate l = P – Y and d = Q – P (vi) Repeat the procedure for four other position of m1 at 18. Remove the mirror. [Attach your traces to your answer booklet] . a knife edge. (vi) Replace the mirror on its outline. (x) Determine the slope of the graph. 4. (viii) Tabulate your readings (ix) Plot a graph of l on the vertical axis against d on the horizontal axis. (a) (b) You are provided with a metre rule. indicate the forces acting on the metre rule in the experimental set up above. evaluate and record l and d. of the graph. (vii) In each case.0cm. I.0. Also record the value of x. Trace the outline AB of the mirror. Evaluate k = 2s. (ii) Define moment of a force about a point and state its S.0 and 5. (i) With the aid of a diagram. 2. (xii) State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. (ix) Repeat the procedure for four other values of x = 2. 3. x-1 and tan θ . (xi) State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. CQ with pins P1 and P2 so that it meets the perpendicular line through A at C such that CA = x = 1. (i) Record the values of m1 and m2 (ii) Balance the metre rule horizontally on the knife edge and record the balance point G. (iii) With the knife edge at the 60cm mark of the metre rule. (i) Fix the drawing paper provided on the drawing board (ii) Place the mirror vertically with its longer side resting on the drawing paper. (iii) Draw a normal PQ to meet the outline at the middle Q (iv) Draw a straight line through A to meet the outline of the mirror at right angle.0cm. (x) Plot a graph of tan θ on the vertical axis against x-1 on the horizontal axis. two pieces of thread and two masses m1 and m2. Evaluate θ = ½ ( θ 1 + θ 2). (vii) Remove the mirror and pins P3 and P4. carry out the following instructions. (viii) Measure and record angle ACQ as θ 1 and angle ADQ as θ 2. unit. (v) Trace the incident ray.1. suspend m1 at the 20cm mark and m2 at a suitable mark such that the rule balances horizontally as illustrated in the diagram above.

(b) (i) and (ii) Distinguish between regular diffused reflections. (b) by (i) Explain what is meant . (iii) Let J make contact with XY at C. (ii) Close the key. (iv) Evaluate 1o 1 (v) Repeat the procedure for four other values of l = 40. Evaluate Io (viii) State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. Read and record the current I. Read and record the current Io when J is not in contact with XY. [ π = 22/7] 3.8 x 107Ωm. An object is situated 25cm in front of a plane mirror. (vii) From your graph.2m and resistance 7Ω has resistivity of 8. What is the size of the image relative to the object? (ii) potential difference between two points in an electric circuit. Tabulate your readings. calculate the length of the wire. A piece of resistance wire of diameter 0. R and other necessary apparatus. 70 and 85cm. (a) You are provided with a potentiometer XY. Determine the distance of the image from the object. (i) Connect a circuit as shown in the diagram above. Close the key. (vi) Plot a graph of I on the vertical axis against l-1 on the horizontal axis. a jockey. a standard resistor. 55. deduce the value of 1 when l-1 = 0. J. such that XC = l = 25cm.

C.279 0. 9. B. II and III An elastic string of force constant 200 N m-1 is stretched through 0. D.9gcm-3] 0. II. C. A.8m within its elastic limit. B. 6. A. B. D. A. C.0 J 128. C. B. . C.0 J A machine of velocity ratio 5 is used in lifting a load with an effort of 500 N.0 N in air. Temperature of the liquid. A. B. C. Area of the liquid surface.0 J 80. Calculate the energy stored in the string 64. 2500 N 2000 N 900 N 625 N The speed of an object in rectilinear motion can be determined from the area under a velocity-time graph area under a distance-time graph A.02 x 105 Pa. sinks when kerosene is added to the water.20 x 104 Pa 1. 3. A. A. An object weighs 60. [density of water = 1gcm-3. 11. 48. B. The molecular structure of a liquid is such that The molecules have unlimited freedom of movement molecular movement is restricted to vibration only intermolecular collisions take place all molecules move with the same speed Which of the following concepts is not an evidence of the particle nature of matter? Diffusion Brownian motion Diffraction Crystallization Which of the following statements about the mass and the weight of a body is not correct? Its mass is a scalar quantity weight is a function of the gravitational pull on it mass on earth and on the moon is the same weight at the equator and at the poles is the same A diver is 5. I and II only II and III only I and III only I.02 x 105 Pa 1. 10. B. and 44.00 cm3 90.54 x 105 Pa 5. A. 2004 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE 1. density of ice = 0. Calculate the relative density of X. If the atmospheric pressure is 1. determine the magnitude of the load. B. C. If the machine is 80% efficient. [g = 10 ms-2] 6. 4. 2. D.00 cm3 10. D. This is because the kerosene increases the surface tension of the water reduces the density of water reduces the surface tension of the water reduces the upthrust on the needle Calculate the change in volume when 90g of ice is completely melted.2m below the surface of water of density 1000 kgm-1. D. D. B.782 A steel needle floating on water. D.932 0.00 cm3 On which of the following factors does the viscosity of a liquid depend? Nature of the liquid.0 J 160. D. calculate the pressure on the diver. C. B. C. III. C.00cm3 9. D. A.5.2 in a certain liquid X. 3. I. A.20 x 105 Pa 7. A. 8.9 N in water. D.300 1. B.

02 N 0. D. 2. Determine the weight of the bob. A.02kg.4 cm Hg A. 19. D. 13.0 N 20. its volume becomes 1.00 N A ball bearing is projected vertically upwards from the ground with a velocity of 15ms-1.2 cm Hg 69. C. 15. 12. Calculate the time taken by the ball to return to the ground. C. D.0000 cm3 1. C.4 cm Hg 74. A. 14.0018 cm-3. C.2s.6cm Hg when the atmospheric pressure is 75.0020cm3 1. 22.0036 cm3 1. C.0cm Hg. Calculate the atmospheric pressure when this barometer reads 72. B. A. mercury is preferred as a thermometric liquid because it has a higher density has a lower specific heat capacity exhibits anomalous thermal expansion contains molecules which have very strong adhesive forces Which of the following values on the absolute scale of temperature is the ice point? 0K 32 K 100 K 273 K On a cold day. B.0180 cm3 A faulty barometer reads 72. If the maximum acceleration of the load is 20cms- A. A. D. C. C. B.4 cm Hg 74.5s A loaded spring performs simple harmonic motion with an amplitude of 5cm. . B. slope of a distance-time graph slope of a velocity-time graph A body is said to be moving with uniform acceleration if it experiences equal increases in velocity at equal time intervals decreases in velocity at equal time intervals increases in speed at equal time intervals decreases in speed at equal time intervals A body dropped from a certain height above the ground level. calculate its original volume 1. C. A. B. [g = 10ms-2] 1. D. A. 18. [g = 10ms-2] 0.20 N 20. a concrete floor feels colder to the bare foot than a mat on the same floor because the mat is a better conductor of heat than the foot mat loses heat to the bare foot at a faster rate mat is a better conductor of heat than the floor concrete floor is a better conductor of heat than the mat When a metal ball is heated through 30oC. 20. If the linear expansivity of the material of the ball is 2. Calculate the magnitude of the force 140. B. C.0 N 0.0cm Hg. Calculate the magnitude of the force 240 N 96 N 20 N 9N A force acting on a body causes a change in the momentum of the body from 12kg ms-1 to 16kgms-1 in 0. B. A. D. C. B.0 x 10-5 K-1. 21.C.5s 3.5s by a constant retarding force. B.0s 5.0 N 4. D. C. falls with uniform speed velocity acceleration retardation A body of mass 8kg moving with a speed of 30ms-1 is brought to rest in 2. D. D.8 N The bob of a simple pendulum has a mass of 0. A. D. B. 17.00 N 200. 16. 23. C. B. calculate the angular frequency of the motion 2 rad s-1 4 rad s-1 5 rad s-1 10 rad s-1 When compared with water. B. D. D. A. A.0s 7. D. 79.

24.062 s 0.970 s 0. A. Calculate its volume at 76 cm Hg and 0oC. 33. A. B. C.5 cm3 The basic difference between a transverse wave and a longitudinal wave traveling in the same direction in a medium is in the amplitude of the waves wave length of the waves direction of vibration of the particles of the medium period of vibration of the particles of the medium A wave traveling from water to glass suffers a change in its speed at the common boundary. is plotted against the image distance. B. C. 29. A. the linear magnification. On the basis of the kinetic theory. If the distance between the pin hole and the screen of the camera is 0. B. B. C. 31. D. A. 26. 34.242 s Which of the following reasons explains why the walls and ceilings of a standard concert hall are usually covered with perforated pads? To increase the intensity of sound waves increase the loudness of the sound waves A. B. lightning and thunder occurred simultaneously in the atmosphere. an increase in the temperature of a fixed volume of an ideal gas causes an increase in the number of the gs molecules a decrease in the density of the gas an increase in the average speed of the gas molecules a decrease in the pressure exerted by the gas The temperature of 900cm3 of an ideal gas at a pressure of 114cm Hg is 27oC. This is because the atmospheric pressure is higher at the surface than at the higher altitudes speed of sound is less than that of light temperature of the atmosphere decreases with altitude atmospheric density decreases with altitude A girl stands 80m away from a tall cliff and blows a whistle. D. A. D. focal length of the lens thickness of the lens radius of curvature of the lens diameter of the lens A magnified and virtual image of a near object is produced by prism binoculars astronomical telescope periscope simple microscope During a thunderstorm. . 27. D. B.3m.0 cm3 659. B. C. v. Which of the following properties explains this observation? Dispersion Refraction Interference Diffraction The image of an optical pin placed at the principal focus of a concave mirror will be formed between the principal focus and the pole at the centre of curvature between he principal focus and the centre of curvature at infinity A man 1. 28. 0. C. C. The distance OP represents the m 0 p v A. B. m. B.00 m 30. C.0 cm3 546. D. B. D. 50.3 cm3 1228. An observer on the earth’s surface sees the lightning flash shortly before hearing the thunder. A. D.50 m 1. 25. If the speed of sound in air is 330ms-1. C. In an experiment using a converging lens to produce real images on a screen. how long would it take for her to hear the echo of the sound? 2. calculate the height of the image of the man produced by the camera. B. D. C. as illustrated in the diagram below. D. A. A. A.62 m 18.18 m 1. C. D.485 s 0.8m tall stands 3m away from a pin hole camera. 32.

C. B. Newton’s universal law of gravitation states that the force of attraction between two masses M1 and M2 separated by a distance r is Gr2 M2 M2 GrM1 M2 GM1 M2 r2 GM1 M2 r A charge of 1. 35. if I kW hr costs 5 Naira. A. 39. Calculate capacitor V. 40. D. D. 42. D. B.d. D. A.8 x 10-5 N Which of the following statements is not correct? A magnetic field is a region in which a magnetic force may be detected A magnetic line of force is a path along which a magnetic north-pole would move if it were free Magnetic fields are scalar quantities Neutral points are obtained where the earth’s magnetic field is exactly equal and opposite to that due to a magnet The main function of the mouth piece of a telephone is that it converts sound energy to mechanical energy electrical energy chemical energy thermal energy An atom is normally electrically neutral because the number of electrons is equal to the number of protons A. C. B.6 x 10-2 8. 37. D. B. 14. 36. A.4 Naira 12. D. C. C. between he plates is 40 J J J J A. B.6 x 10-10C is placed in a uniform electric field of intensity 2.0 Ω 4. A. B. . A. 45.C. A. A.0 Naira The quantity of electric charge stored in a capacitor is measured in Farad Ampere Coulomb Volt 41. reduce the effect of reverberation of sound waves decrease the frequency of sound waves The sound from a vibrating tuning fork is louder when the tip of its stem is placed on a wooden table than when in air because the friction between the table and the tuning fork generates additional energy air molecules absorb sound waves but wood transmits sound waves the table increases the frequency of the tuning fork a larger mass of air is set into vibration by the table Charges on a conductor are evenly distributed over a surface of any shape concentrated on the inner surface of the conductor concentrated at the outer flat surface of the conductor generally concentrated at sharply curved surface Which of the following functions is performed by manganese IV oxide in the Leclanche’ cell? Control of local action Depolarisation of the cell Regulating current flow in the cell Reduction of the internal resistance of the cell A car fuse marked 3 A operates optimally on a 12 V battery. 3. calculate the resistance of the fuse 36. 3.0 x 105 NC-1. 46.0 Ω 15. Given that the gravitational constant is G.8 x 105 N 3. D.0 Ω Find the cost of running a 60 W lamp for 24 hours.5 Naira 7. B. D.2 x 105 N 1. C. A. C. D. 43. C. B. D. 44.2 x 10-5 N 1. C. C. C. A. D. C. B.0 x 10-4 4. B.0 Ω 9.2 Naira 2. B.2 x 10-2 1. D. Calculate the magnitude of the electric force exerted on the charge. 38.0 x 10-4 the energy stored in a 20µF if the p. A.

50.55g of this substance is left after decaying for 15 days.4 g A. C. D. D. B.8 g 12.6 g 37. number of electrons is equal to the number of neutrons number of protons is equal to the number of neutrons electrons of the atom are buried deeply in the nucleus In which of the following devices is the principle of photoelectric effect not applicable? Closed-circuit television camera Burglar alarm Solar cells Periscope Which of the following statements about Xrays is not correct? They are electromagnetic waves can be used to study crystal lattice can destroy living cells are produced from the nucleus of an atom A radio active substance has a half-life of 3 days. B. 49. If a mass of 1.B. D. C. C. . C. D. A. determine the original value of the mass 49. B. B. C. 48.2 g 24. D. 47. Which of the following representations is correct for an atom X with 28 electrons and 30 neutrons? 30X 28 28X 30 58X 30 58X 28 A. A.

Calculate the mass of the scale pan. (ii) electrodes. (iii) substances deposited on the electrodes: State the ratio of the volume of the substances deposited in (a) (iii) above. (b) 4. using arrows. the length becomes 22. (a) (b) of polarizing an 5. and. a long jumper took off from the spring board with a speed of 8 ms1 at 30o to the horizontal. . Define diffusion. identify the (i) electrolyte. Calculate the work done on the cord. calculate the refractive index of the glass. A parallel beam of unpolarized light is incident on a plane glass surface at an angle of 58o to the normal. 9. When an object of mass 40g is placed in the pan. 8. State three methods unpolarised light. He makes a second attempt with the same speed at 45o to the horizontal. (a) Define gravitational field intensity. indicate the relative magnitudes and directions of the vertical and horizontal components of the velocities of the bullet at the points A.the air at an angle above the horizontal. State Grahams law of diffusion 2004 EASSY SECTION B PART I 1. Given that the expression for the horizontal range of a projectile is u2 sin 2 θ g. Copy the diagram. In his first attempt. 3. [g = 10m s-2] (a) (b) Define youngs modulus When a force of 50 N is applied to the free end of an elastic cord. If the reflected beam is completely polarized. 6. 7. where all the symbols have their usual meanings. its length becomes 21. When the object is replaced with another of mass 60g. The diagram above illustrates the path ABC. Give three observations in support of de Broglie’s assumption that moving particles behave like waves. PART II Answer any three questions from this part. A C x 2. an extension of 4 cm is produced in the cord. show that he gains a distance of 0. B and C.80cm.8576m in his second attempt. of a bullet shot into 11.05 cm. [g = 10 m s-2] Z A spiral spring of natural length 20.00 cm has a scale pan hanging freely in its lower end. in a vertical x – z plane. (a) (b) 10. (a) For a water voltameter. List two properties of cathode rays Explain how the intensity and energy of cathode rays may be increased.

14. (i) (ii) Explain electromotive force List two sources of electromotive force other than a chemical cell. where y is in millimeters. (ii) A uniform capillary tube. y = 5 sin (3x – 4t). Calculate the (i) time of flight of the stone. (ii) stationary wave (i) List four physical properties of a wave (ii) Define amplitude and use it to distinguish between the node and antinode of a stationary wave. x is in metres and t is in seconds represents a wave motion. (ii) reasons to show that x-rays are waves. [Take π = 3. (a) . When the tube was held horizontally. write down the equation that relates T.36 x 104 kg m-3] 13. (ii) Find an expression for the (I) current passing through the circuit. (iii) given that the slope of the graph is 0. (iii) uses of x-rays other than those in medicine. (a) (b) (c) (c) Explain (i) wave motion. when it was held vertically with the closed end downwards. (a) fixed (b) (c) (c) 15. thrown horizontally from the top of a vertical wall with a velocity of 15ms-1. (i) make a sketch to show the of the graph. the length was 4. (iii) List the factors on which the frequency of vibration in a stretched string depends. r.992Ω respectively. density of mercury = 1. the length of the air column was 5. The electrical resistances of the element in a platinum resistance thermometer at 100oC. (II) maximum power dissipated in the cell and external load respectively. a plug key and an external load of resistance R. and internal resistance. closed at one end contained dry air trapped by a thread of mercury 8.5 x 10-2m. If a graph of l along the vertical axis is plotted against T2 on the horizontal axes.5 x 10-2 m long. 0oC and room temperature are 75.000 and 64. (i) State Boyle’s law. [g = 10m s(ii) Define upper fixed point and lower Point as used in thermometry. determine the value for g. [g = 10 ms-2. Determine the value of the atmospheric pressure. Draw a circuit diagram to illustrate the arrangement. 63. (III) efficiency of the cell. the voltmeter readings are Vo and V respectively. g.25. using a simple pendulum of length l. l and g hence obtain an expression for the slope of the graph. with the key opened and closed. The equation. (a) 2 ] (b) 12. State two (i) Properties of x-rays. Determine the (i) frequency (ii) period and (iii) speed of the wave. A chemical cell of electromotive force.0 x 10-2m. A voltmeter is connected across the cell. hits the horizontal ground at a point 45 m from the base of the wall.142] A stone. Use these data to determine the room temperature. (i) Explain the physical meanings of Vo and V. E. six different values of l were used to obtain six corresponding values of period T. (ii) height of the wall. For the arrangement in (b) above.(b) nature In an experiment to determine the acceleration of free-fall due to gravity. is connected in series with an ammeter.000.

of the graph (xi) Evaluate b = 4 π 2 x S (xii) State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results (b) (i) State Hooke’s Law for an elastic Material. and  250. (ii) Read and record the length. lo of the spiral spring.60x 10-19C] 2004 PAPER I PRACTICAL 1. S. You have been provided with a retort stand. a set of slotted weights and a pointer.lo (vi) Set the system into small vertical oscillations. (ix) Plot a graph of e on the vertical axis against T2 on the horizontal axis.00 x 104 V and the current in the tube is 2. Tabulate your readings. (ii) rate at which heat is removed from the target in order to keep it at a steady temperature.0.(b) (iv) hazards of x-rays. a metre rule. determine the (i) maximum frequency of the emitted radiation. The potential difference between the cathode and target of an x-ray tube is 5. (i) Set up the apparatus as shown in the diagram above. (vii) Determine the period. Calculate the energy stored in the spring if its force constant is 300 N m-1 . h = 6.0 ← . Given that only one percent of the total energy supplied is emitted as x-radiation.0 100. [Planck’s constant. (ii) A spiral spring is compressed by 0.0g. l. T.0g on the hanger (iv) Read and record the new length. Measure and record the time. of the spring.00 x 10-2 A. (v) Determine the extension e = l .03 m.200. a spiral spring. of the oscillations and evaluate T2 (viii) Repeat the procedure for four other values of m = 150. (iii) Place a mass m = 50.63x10-34J s] [electronic charge e=1. clamp and boss. (x) Determine the slope. t for ten complete oscillations.

(vi) and (vii) for four other values of d = 15. Tabulate your readings. 25.2. (ii) Adjust the position of the ray box until a sharp image of the cross wire is obtained in front of the box. a screen and a metre rule. 20. a key and a battery. read and record the potential difference V on the voltmeter. a plane mirror. Define the principal focus of a converging lens. l between F1 and the screen. (ix) Plot a graph of l-1 on the vertical axis against d on the readings. of the graph.0. (b) (i) Define potential difference between two points in an electric circuit. 3. read and record the voltmeter reading Vo (iii) Set the resistance R in the resistance box equal to 1Ω. This position of the cross wire is F1 (iv) Repeat the procedure with the lens reversed to obtain F2.0. (i) Connect the circuit as shown in the diagram above.0cm from the two principal foci of a converging lens respectively. (ii) With the key. (v) Replace the mirror with a screen. beside the cross wire. (i) Mount the plane mirror behind the lens and place the ray box in front of it as shown in diagram I above. s. (x) Determine the slope. 3. Close the key. Tabulate your readings. (a) You have been provided with a resistance box. 4.0 and 30. a ray box. K closed. Evaluate π R-1 and V01. (iii) Measure and record the distance of the cross wire from the lens. (a) (xi) (xii) (b) (i) You are provided with a converging lens.0cm and 40.0cm. (v) Plot a graph of V-1 on the vertical axis against R-1 on the horizontal axis (vi) Determine the slope of graph and the intercept I on the vertical axis. (vii) Measure and record the distance. (vii) Evaluate l-1 (viii) State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. Evaluate 1_ √S State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. a voltmeter. (ii) An object and its real image are located at distances 25. (iv) Repeat the procedure for five other values of R = 2. . calculate the focal length of the lens. 5 and 6Ω. Evaluate l-1 (viii) Repeat procedures (v). (vi) Move the ray box a distance d = 10.0cm from F2 and adjust the position of the screen beyond F1 until a sharp image of the wire is formed on the screen as shown in diagram II.

Which of the classifications is correct? electric potential (Vector) Momentum (Scalar) Gravitational field intensity (Scalar) Magnetic flux density (Vector) Which of the following statements about a spring balance and/or a chemical balance is not correct? The chemical balance operates on the principle of moments The spring balance operates on Hooke’s law Either may be used to measure the weight of a substance The reading of a spring changes over the surface of the earth. A. C. B.(ii) Explain why the emf of a cell is greater than the p. A.50m on the floor. C. B. A. moving at 3ms-1 on a rough horizontal floor is brought to rest after sliding through a distance of 2. D. C. A. 5. Which of the following phenomena is the practical evidence for the existence of the continual motion of molecules? Translational motion Rotational motion Brownian motion Oscilatory motion Each of the following physical quantities is classified as a vector or a scalar quantity. while that of the chemical balance remains constant The friction which exists between two layers of liquid in relative motion is called capillarity surface tension viscosity cohesion A body of mass 25kg. Calculate the coefficient of sliding friction. 2005 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE 1. D.09 0. D. 2. .18 0. 3.0ms-2] 0. [g = 10. B.d across the cell when it is supplying current through an external resistance. B. C. C. D. A. B.36 4.

B. D. A. If the metre rule balances horizontally.6 ms-2 24. B. B. B. C. 2:1 3:3 2:3 1:2 Which of the following types of motion does a body undergo when acted upon by a couple? Vibrational Translational Rotational Random A body starts from rest and accelerates uniformly at 5 ms-2 until it attains a velocity of 25 ms-1. Its acceleration is maximum at the extreme ends is constant and directed towards a fixed point is zero when it is displaced from the equilibrium position varies linearly with the displacement from a fixed point and is directed towards the fixed point A body of mass 5kg moving with a velocity of 10ms-2 collides with a stationary body of mass 6kg. Calculate the efficiency of machine. D.0 ms-2 48. B. D. C. 16. Calculate the temperature in A. Calculate the time taken to attain this velocity. D. D. A. 13. B. 2.00 ms-1 Fuel was consumed at a steady rate of 5. Determine the trust on the rocket. 4. 20 n 80 n 200 n 800 n Which of the following quantities has the same unit as energy? Power Work Force Momentum Which of the following sources of energy is renewable? Sun Petroleum Coal Uranium The lower and upper fixed points of a thermometer are 30mm and 180mm respectively. C. 12.0 ms-2 The frequency of a swinging pendulum is the A. B.0 s A particle accelerates uniformly from rest at 6. 17. A. A. D. 14. C. A. B. A. D. C. C. D.0 x 10-2 kg per second in a rocket engine and ejected as a gas with a speed of 4 x 103 ms 1 . C. 8. A. Determine the magnitude of the deceleration. number of complete oscillations the pendulum makes in one second number of amplitudes the bob makes in one second angle the bob swings through in one second distance the bob covers in one second Which of the following statements about an object performing simple harmonic motion is correct. D.0 ms-2 30. D.0 ms-1 50. C. C. C. 10. A. . 0. 85% 80% 60% 20% Messes m1 and m2 at the 20-cm and 65-cm marks respectively of a uniform metre rule freely suspended at its centre of gravity. A. 9. C. 7. 15. D. 9. B. D. calculate their common velocity. 18. B. determine the ratio m2: m1. A. C.55 ms-1 12. 6.0 s 125. B.0 s 10.D.5 s 5. 11.54 Which of the following simple machines is a second class lever? Wheel barrow Crowbar Claw hammer Seesaw A wheel and axle of radii 800mm and 200mm respectively is used to raise a body of weight 800 N by application of 250 N.0 ms-2 for 8s and then decelerates uniformly to rest in the next 5s. B.00 ms-1 30. If the two bodies stick together and move in the same direction after the collision.

Determine the temperature rise of the water at the bottom of the fall. D. If the waves enter water of refractive index 4/3. If the temperature of the body changes by θ oC. B. If the speed of the wave is 0.A. C. C.220V. 27.0 x 108 ms-1. 19.20ms-1. g = 10 ms-2] 0.33 x 108 ms-1 4. 23. .0oC 20. B.0oC 30. C. B. A.25 x 108 ms-1 1.190oC 8. B. A. B. A. [Assume no heat is lost] 1100 Jkg-1K-1 320 Jkg-1K-1 200 Jkg-1K-1 176 Jkg-1K-1 Water falls through a height of 50m. A. D.840oC 1. 25.5kg. 21. A. 28. B. C. c. calculate the specific heat capacity of the liquid. D. D. 29. D. C. Boiling takes place at 100oC while evaporation may take place at temperature lower than 100oC Which of the following statements is correct? The density of a liquid decreases when it expands The densities of liquids increase when the liquids are heated The real expansivity of a liquid is less than its apparent expansivity A liquid changes to solid when heated to a sufficiently high temperature The pressure exerted by a given mass of gas in a container decreases if the container is heated increases if the molecules of the gas move faster increases if the volume of the container is doubled decreases as the kinetic energy of the gas molecules increases Which of the following statements about a progressive mechanical wave is correct? It can be plane polarised Its energy is localized at specific points of its profile It does not require a material medium for its propagation Its frequency remains constant as it travels between different media The distance between two points in phase on a progressive wave is 5cm. and a heat capacity. If the temperature of the liquid increases uniformly at the rate of 2. A. B. B. 20. C. which of the following equations is correct? ms θ = mc-1 ms = C ms = s θ ms = c θ An immersion heater rated 400W. C. A. m. D. C.00 x 108 ms-1 2.33 x 108 ms-1 The amplitude of a wave is the distance traveled by the wave in a complete cycle of its motion 24.119oC 0. has a specific heat capacity s. D.0oC A body of mass. A.25s 0.5oC per second. A. C. D.00s 2. 10. 4.50s 0. B. Specific heat capacity of water = 4200 Jkg-1K-1. 26. [Neglect energy losses. D. A. B. calculate the speed of radio waves in water.400oC The energy required to change a solid to liquid at constant temperature is called thermal capacity specific heat capacity latent heat of fusion latent heat of vaporisation Which of the following statements about boiling and evaporation at atmospheric pressure is correct? Evaporation and boiling of water take place at 100oC Evaporation of water takes place at a temperature greater than 100oC Evaporation of water takes place at 100oC while boiling takes place at a higher temperature D.0oC 15.04s Radio waves travel in air at 3. C. 22. A. C. degrees Celsius when the thermometer reads 45mm. B. 4. D. calculate its period. is used to heat a liquid of mass 0.

5µF are connected in parallel and charged to a p. 8kg. B. D.B. 40W. B. 75% 50% 33% 25% An electric lamp is rated 240V. C.3C 3330.0 m The mass weight of a body on earth are 8kg and 80 N respectively. D. Calculate the charge on either plate of the capacitor. 10N 64kg. 120000. D. C. A. D.0C D. B. to drive current through the circuit components except the source p. D. A. C.4 m 0. 32. D.d across the internal resistance of the cell A constantan wire has a cross sectional area of 4 x 10-8 m2 and a resistivity of 1.00 N180. 33. 34. 36. B. C. 30. C. 10N Lenz’s law of electromagnetic induction states that a force is exerted on a current-carrying conductor in a magnetic field A. Determine the total charge acquired. B. C. 37. C.4µF and 0. A.5 m 5.2C 3.d. D.8 m 2. 39. 45µC 25µC 20µC 10µC A parallel plate capacitor of capacitance 600µF has a potential difference of 2000V between its plate. D. What is the cost of running the lamp for 72 hours if the electricity authority charges N2. D. C. C. 31. A. C. A. D. 41. A. If the incident ray is kept fixed while the mirror is rotated through an angle of 30o.00 Which of the following statements explains lost volt in an electric circuit? The total p.50 per kWh? N7. . Calculate the efficiency of the cell. calculate the length of the wire required. D. Determine the mass and weight of the body respectively on a planet where the pull of gravity is 1/8 that of earth. A. 10N 8kg. B. C.00 N720. 8 N 1kg.d from a source to maintain a flow of current through the circuit as well as the source p. 40. 35. of 50V. A. A. maximum displacement of the wave particle from the equilibrium position separation of two adjacent particles vibrating in a phase distance between two successive troughs of the wave Which of the following optical instruments does not depend on the use of plane mirrors? Kaleidoscope Simple microscope Sextant Simple periscope A ray of light is incident normally on a plane mirror. B. across all external components connected to the source of electricity p. 0o and 60o 90o and 30o 0o and 30o 90o and 60o In which of the following media is the transmission of sound waves fastest? Vacuum Air Wood Iron The ability of a material to store an electric charge when its plates are at different potentials is referred to as its conductance inductance capacitance resistance Two capacitors of capacitances 0.0C A chemical cell of internal resistance 1Ω supplies electric current to an external resistor of resistance 3Ω. B.d. A. 0.1 x 106 Ωm. determine the initial and final angle of reflection respectively. B. A. If a resistor of resistance 11Ω is to be made from this wire. B. 38.d.20 N18. 1. B. C.

50. B.0eV falls on a metal of work function 3. B. B. 47. D. [electronic charge.60 x 10-19C] 1. D. B. 44. B. A. C. electromotive force is induced in a circuit whenever there is a change in the magnetic flux linked with the circuit the magnitude of the induced electromotive force in a circuit is proportional to the rate of change of flux linking the circuit the induced current in a coil is in such a direction that it sets up a magnetic field which opposes the change producing it A bar magnet is placed near and lying along the axis of a solenoid connected to a galvanometer. The new nucleus formed has respectively. 46. D. B. D.0V 15. 49. Determine the energy evolved in stabilizing the nucleus of nitrogen of a mass number 14 with 7 protons and 7 neutrons. D. C. A. 43.0074µ and that of a neutron is 1. Uranium of atomic number 92 and mass number 238 emits an alpha particle from its nucleus.67 x 10-27kg] 42. D. natural radioactivity nuclear fission nuclear fusion chain reaction Light of energy 5. A.0 x 108 ms-1] [1µ = 1.0089µ. determine the stopping potential. [speed of light = 3. B. The pointer of the galvanometer shows no deflection when the magnet is moved away from the stationary solenoid the solenoid is moved away from the stationary magnet the magnet is moved towards the stationary solenoid there is not relative motion between the magnet and the solenoid An electric motor is a machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy electrical energy into mechanical energy high voltage to low voltage low voltage to high voltage Which of the following statements is not a reason for using soft iron in making the core of a transformer? It retains its magnetism for a long time is easily magnetised reduces energy loss due to hysteresis is easily demagnetised Which of the following statements is an advantage of nuclear fusion over nuclear fission? The resulting chain reaction which produces large amount of energy No radioactive waste is produced as byproduct Very high temperatures required in the process The end products is lead Beta particles are fast-moving protons electrons neutrons photons A process by which two light atoms join to form a new atom of higher atomic mass is A. 94 and 238 90 and 236 88 and 234 90 and 234 . D. D. C. e = 1. A.0eV and electrons are emitted. C. C. C. A. D. 48. atomic number and mass number.0V The mass of a proton is 1. C. B.0V 8. C.7V 2.B. C. A. A. 45.

[g = 10ms-2] A ball is projected horizontally from a height of 20m above the ground with an initial velocity of 0. how a wave can be plane polarized? (a) (b) Explain cations Draw and label an electrolytic cell.4ms-1. with the aid of a diagram. hits the horizontal ground at a point 45 m from the base of the wall. State (a) the principle upon which the lightning in fluorescent tubes operate. 5. Calculate the horizontal distance moved by the ball before hitting the ground.00cm to 10. Define elastic limit 6. 7. 2. [g= 10ms-2] Describe. (b) two factors on which the colour of light from a fluorescent tube depend.0Icm when a force of 20N is applied on it.2005 ESSAY SECTION B PART I 1. 3. Calculate the force constant of the spring. A stone thrown horizontally from the top of a vertical wall with a velocity of 15ms-1. (a) . Calculate the height of the wall. 4. (a) (b) Define Young modulus of elasticity A spiral spring extends from a length of 10.

015m.4 x 102Jg-1] [specific heat capacity of water = 4. a. Determine the magnitude of the maximum (i) velocity (ii) acceleration (c) A mas m attached to a light spiral spring is caused to perform simple harmonic motion of frequency f = ½ heat of fusion of ice can be determined by the method of mixtures.30kg. (i) Draw a ray diagram to show the deviation of the ray in the glass. at 100oC. Using the kinetic theory of matter.3 x 103 Jg-1] [specific latent heat of ice = 3. (b) (i) Describe how the latent specific 14. x in cm. (i) Explain the physical significance of k / m (ii) If m = 0. A ray of light is incident at an angle of 30o at an air-glass interface. (ii) State two precautions to be taken to ensure accurate results.5 sin 0. explain the definite structure of solids. Write down (i) an expression for the electric field intensity on the surface of the sphere. (ii) an expression for the electric potential at the surface of the sphere. (b) A body moving with simple harmonic motion in a straight line has velocity. v and acceleration.6ms-1 is 0.2Jg-1 K-1] (i) (ii) State (i) Explain refraction of a wave. Q. π = 3. and charge. Explain wave-particle paradox. . calculate the frequency of the wave. (a) Explain specific latent heat. Determine the total mass of water in the container. An isolated electrically-charged sphere of radius.45m. containing 20g of ice and 100g of water at 0oC.142] 12. critical angle two conditions necessary for total internal reflection of a wave to occur. [specific latent heat of steam = 2. 9. (ii) Determine the angle of deviation [Refractive index of glass = 1. is supported on an insulator in air of permittivity Eo. from its maximum position is given by x = 2. until the ice is completely melted. where t is in seconds.(b) 8. when the instantaneous displacement. Steam. is passed into a container of negligible heat capacity. (a) (b) (c) (d) π k / m . PART II (c) 11. k = 30N m-1 and the maximum displacement of the mass from the equilibrium position is 0. [g = 10ms-2. The distance between two successive crests of a water wave traveling at 3. where k is the force constant of the spring. (ii) interference wave patterns to be formed. (II) tension in the spring during the motion. 10. (a) energy (b) (ii) State the SI unit of each of the terms in (a) (i) above. (a) Sketch a diagram of a simple pendulum performing simple harmonic motion and indicate positions of maximum potential energy and kinetic energy.4 π t. r. (a) (b) State Hooke’s law of elasticity Define surface tension State two methods by which the surface tension of a liquid can be reduced.50] (i) Explain (I) electric potential (II) electric potential 13. calculate the maximum (I) kinetic energy of the system.

(a) (b) (c) (i) A nuclear reaction is given by 2H + 3H = 4He + 1n + energy 1 1 2 0 What type of nuclear reaction is it? The isotope of a nuclide has a half life of 5.(iii) (c) a relationship between the electric field intensity and the electric potential at the surface of the sphere. The plates of a parallel plate capacitor.0 x 10-3m apart are maintained at a potential difference of 5. 5. 2005 PAPER I PRACTICAL You have been provided with a retort stand.1x1031 kg] State two (i) differences between nuclear fusion and nuclear fission. split cork and other necessary apparatus. Calculate its decay constant. [electronic charge = 1. a spiral spring.60x1019 C] [mass of electron = 9. 1. (ii) force on the electron. 15. Calculate the magnitude of the (i) electric field intensity between the plates.40 x 103g. clamp and boss. carry out the following instructions (ii) . Use the diagram below as a guide.0 x 104V. (ii) peaceful uses of atomic energy (i) Explain chain reaction (ii) State (I) one condition necessary or chain reaction to occur (II) two components in a nuclear reactor used to control chain reaction. stop watch. (iii) acceleration of the electron. a set of masses.

II. I. If the resistance per unit length of the wire is 0. on the vertical axis. (vii) Plot a graph of T2 on the vertical axis against m on the horizontal axis. C. III. (ix) Evaluate k = 4 π 2/S [Take π = 22 /7] (b) (i) the State four factors on which resistance of a wire depend. (ii) A resistance wire of length 100cm is connected in a circuit. and IV only . III. of the oscillation. IV. D. t. C. T. B. 90. Which of the following phenomena causes capillarity of liquids in tubes of narrow bore? Viscosity Surface tension Osmosis Brownian motion Which of the following physical quantities are derived? Area Thrust Pressure Mass I. and IV I. determine t and evaluate T and T2. II. A. 110 and 130g. (v) Evaluate the period. of the graph and the intercept.02Ωcm-1. (ii) Suspend a man hanger on the free end of the spiral spring and add a mass. how much heat would be produced in the wire if a voltmeter connected across its ends indicates 1. II. A. Tabulate your readings. for 20 complete oscillations. (vi) Repeat the procedure for four other values of m = 70. (iii) Pull the hanger gently downwards and release to set it into vertical oscillations.0g to the hanger. B. (iv) Determine the time. I. Also evaluate T2. and III only I. (viii) Determine the slope. s.5V while the current runs for 1 minute? 2006 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE 1. 2. II. In each case.(i) Suspend the spiral spring vertically as shown in the diagram. m = 50.

0 ms-1 25. B. B. A. B.50 ms-2 10.93 N A solid body will float in a liquid if its density is less than that of the liquid mass is equal to that of the liquid density is greater than that of the liquid mass is less than that of the liquid An object is said to undergo oscillatory motion when it moves in an erratic manner to and fro about a fixed point in a circular path along a continuous path from the starting point A moving car of mass 800kg experiences a frictional force of 200N. If it accelerates at 2ms-2.00 ms-2 Uniform speed occurs when there is equal change of distance in equal times displacement in equal times velocity in equal times acceleration in equal times A car accelerates uniformly from rest at 5 ms-2. 3. 50. 4. 16 N 20 N 32 N 40 N magnitude of P in the Which of the following statements about simple harmonic motion is correct? The total mechanical energy is always conserved . C. 8. B. calculate the maximum speed. 10. 30O 40N 20cm 30cm P A. C. C.5 ms-1 speed v/ms-1 A.0 ms-1 D. Determine the reading of the spring balance [g = 10 ms-2] 0. C. A. B.0 ms-1 2. A. 600 N 1000 N 1600 N 1800 N A body is rotating in a horizontal circle of radius 2. D. D. If the car covered a total distance of 600m in 25s. 6. 30 ms-1 25 ms-1 20 ms-1 15 ms-1 Which of the following quantities is a vector? Speed Distance Energy Momentum A.50 ms-2 31. 12. C. C. D. Calculate the magnitude of the radial acceleration of the body 62. calculate the magnitude of the force applied to the car. Determine the diagram above.5 x 103kg m-3 is suspended from a spring balance with 2/3 of its volume immersed in a liquid of density 900kg m-3. I and III only A block of volume 3 x 105m3 and density 2. B. B. B. C. 13. C. D. The diagram above shows the speed-time graph of a car.57 N 0.18 N 0. D. C. 0 5 20 25 t/s A. A. 9.75 N 0. 0. B.5m with an angular speed of 5 and s-1. C. A. A. B. D. 11. D. Determine its speed after 10s. D.D. D. 7.25 ms-2 12. A. 5.

16. A. D. B. . 1. If the efficiency of the system is 40%. B. B.00 x 105 W 20. 18. 25. C.0 Ns 4. D. B. 15. 24. Calculate the magnitude of the impulse. 200 J 400 J 800 J 1600 J Which of the following statements about the mouth piece of a telephone is correct? It converts sound energy into acoustic energy mechanical energy electrical energy heat energy The potential energy in an elastic string of force constant k which has been extended by x metres is expressed as ½ kx2 kx2 ½ kx kx The engine of a train produces a force of 3000 N when moving at 30ms-1. D. [specific latent heat of vapourization of water = 2. D. D.00 x 104 W 3. 22. B. A. C. B. C. A. A force of 50 N applied to it lifts a load of weight W. D.0kg is thrown vertically upwards with a velocity of 2. D. 14. C. C. B. calculate the initial kinetic energy of the stone. The velocity ratio of an inclined plane. C. 23. C. B. D. A. calculate W. 21. B. A. Calculate the mass of the condensed steam.00 x 102 W 3. Calculate the power of the engine.0 Ns 0. D.9 x 104J of energy. D.00 x 104 W 9. A. D. B. inclined at an angle θ to the horizontal can be expressed as (sin θ -1) sin θ (cos θ )-1 cos θ A block and tackle system has six pulleys. 19. 300 N 200 N 140 N 120 N The sagging of overhead electrical cables is the consequence of linear expansivity superficial expansivity cubic expansivity conductivity The silvered surface in a vacuum flask reduces heat loss due to conduction convection radiation evaporation How long will it take to heat 2kg of water from 28oC to 88oC in an electric kettle taking 6A from a 220V supply? [specific heat capacity of water = 4180 J kg-1 k-1] 120 s 570 s 600 s 836 s The amount of energy required to change a kilogram of ice block into water without a change in temperature is head capacity of ice specific heat capacity specific latent heat of vaporization of ice specific latent heat of fusion of ice A quantity of stem at 100oC considenses to water at the same temperature by releasing 6.B. C.0ms-1. A. C. A. C. linear acceleration is directed to any variable point linear acceleration varies inversely with displacement period of oscillation varies linearly as acceleration due to gravity A force on a body causes a change in the momentum of the body from 12 kg ms-1 to 16 kg ms-1 in 0. B.0 x 10-1 kg 3. 28.0 Ns 20. D. D. A. C.0 x 10-2 kg A. C. A. 26. C. B. A. A.8 Ns Which of the following sources of energy is renewable? Petroleum Charcoal Hydro Nuclear A stone of mass 2.2 s.3 x 106 J kg-1] 3. B. 17.

D. second and centimeter second. 38. B. 39. A. 29. D. 0.0 m 2.0 x 10-3 kg 3. 37. D. B. D. B.0 Hz 50. D. C. A. C. 27.0 m 0. C.0cm is placed on the mark. A.C. Determine an expression for the A. B. C. 32. A.I. 33. B. B. D. C. If a glass block of thickness 18. B. D. C. D. B. C. A. 28. B. by how degrees would the reflect ray rotate? 60o 50o 40o 30o many Which of the following distances is usually adjustable in the camera? The distance between the Lens and the film diaphragm and the shutter shutter and the film diaphragm and the film A traveling microscope is focused on a mark on a table. B. 31. C. Calculate the frequency of the wave. C. D.5] 27 cm 24 cm 9 cm 6 cm In which of the following media would sound wave travel faster? wood Water Iron Mercury Which of the following actions is necessary in order to tune a string to produce a note of an octave higher than its fundamental? Doubling the length of the string Reducing the tension by half Reducing the mass per unit length Increasing the tension four times The acceleration due to gravity may be defined as the force of attraction of the sun on the earth with which the earth revolves around the sun with which the earth attracts one-kilogram mass of the moon on the earth An electron of mass m and charge enters a uniform electric field between two metal plates P and Q separated by a distance d. D. units of frequency. A. A. second and metre A note of frequency 2000 Hz has a velocity of 400 ms-1. 34.8 Hz 5. hertz and second hertz. C. metre and hertz metre.0 Hz A ray from a fixed object is incident on a plane mirror at an angle of 20o. 30. B. A. A. C.2 The eclipse of the moon occurs when the moon comes exactly between the earth and the sun earth comes exactly between the moon and the sun sun comes exactly between the earth and the moon moon reflects all the rays from the sun onto the earth Which of the following observations cannot be explained using the rectilinear propagation of light? Production of images by a pinhole camera Production of real images of objects by lenses Formation of an annular eclipse Diffraction patterns of light The distance between the successive crests of a wave traveling at 20ms-1 is 25cm. 3. C. 35. by how many centimeters will the microscope be moved upwards so as to focus the mark once again? [refractive index of glass = 1.5 0.0 x 10-4 kg The temperature of a liquid falls after some of it has evaporated because the liquid left is smaller in volume and the breeze easily cools it the more energetic molecules have escaped into the atmosphere the liquid left has latent heat after evaporation impurities are left behind The S. Calculate the wave length of the note. D. period and amplitude of a wave are respectively hertz. D. A. D. is rotated through 30o. .0 Hz 80. 36. If the mirror A. B. P is maintained at a potential V while Q is earthed. 5.

1 x 10-31kg.0Ω and 3. 0. D. A. B. B. D.8 x 105 ms-1 A radioactive substance of mass 768g has a half life of 3 years. 234 90 Th Ac Th B. C. A. P emits a gamma radiation. 41. D. [Me = 9. C. magnitude of the acceleration electron through the field. B. III. 43. 230 90 . Which of the following factors doe not affect the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor? Area of the plates Nature of the surface of the plates Distance of separation between the plates Nature of the insulating material between the plates The equivalent capacitance of a 3µF capacitor and a 6µF capacitor connected in parallel is 2. C. The Resultant nuclide is A. A.f. B.0µF 3. II. 49.50 A An electric lamp rated 120W in used on a 240 Vrms. C. D.m.8 x 108 ms-1 4. D. 42. II and III the breaking up of an atomic nucleus into two fragments of nearly equal sizes is known as nuclear fusion nuclear fission thermonuclear reaction natural radioactivity A 500 kV is applied across an Ex-ray tube. Calculate through the resistors. C.6 x 10-19C] 4. 48. 234 89 45.25 A 0. A. A. 1. B. C.30 A 0. 44. C. B. C. C. D.0Ω is connected to two resistors of resistances 2.35 A 0. Calculate the maximum velocity of the electrons produced. B. C. B. C. D.5V and internal resistance 1. 480Ω 360Ω 60Ω 2Ω Which of the following statements about a bar magnet is correct? Iron filings cling uniformly along the length of the bar magnet The magnetic properties are more pronounced at the middle of a magnet It is impossible to have the same poles at the ends of a magnet The magnetic properties are more pronounced at points near the ends of the bar The force experienced by a current-carrying conductor moving in a magnetic field is employed in the working of the moving coil ammeter electric bell electric motor Which of the statements above are correct? I and II only II and III only I and III only I.2 x 105 ms-1 1. 50. B.0Ω in series.0µF 4. B. A. D.5µF 9.2 x 108 ms-1 1. B. 47. e = 1. D. A. eV/md d/meV md/eV e/Vmd of the I. D.A. calculate the resistance of its filament. D. 40. A.0µF A cell of e. C. A. 46. After how many years does this substance leave only 6g undecayed? 21 18 15 12 Fusion is not usually used for generating electric power because no energy is released when fusion takes place very high temperatures are required to initiate fusion reaction the raw materials needed are not easily available heavy nuclei are involved An atom 234 91 A.

(b) State two factors that can affect the value of the acceleration of free fall at a place. Calculate the horizontal distance covered by the particle before hitting the ground. A particle is projected horizontally at 10ms-1 from a height of 45m.78 ms-2. (a) Explain the statement the acceleration of free fall due to gravity on the equator is 9. 2.D. [g = 10ms-2] . 234 91 Pa 2006 THEORY SECTION B PART I 1.

List three devices in everyday life which operate on the deflection of electric charges in a magnetic field. If the reflected beam is completely polarized. State the dimensions of (a) power (b) momentum (c) density (a) how many strokes are there in a petrol car engine? (b) List the strokes Sketch and label the cooling curve of liquid naphthalene as it cools from 85oC to 30oC. M1 and M2. The magnitude of the force of attraction between two bodies is directly proportional to the product of their masses. Determine the S. the Explain why water in a narrow glass tube has a concave meniscus while mercury.60 at an angle to the normal. The uncertainty in determining the duration during which an electron remains in a particular energy level before returning to the ground state is 2. Using the notations on the graph. 7. 4. 2. Calculate the uncertainty in determining its energy at that level. calculate the angle of incidence of the beam. . determine (a) (b) from 5. State two applications of 6. d. (b) To what type of gas does the equation in 4(a) above apply? (c) Re-write the equation in 4(a) above for gas at very low pressure.054 x 10-34 Js]. 7. force constant work done in stretching the spring 10 x 10-2m to 20 x 10-2m Distinguish between the forces of adhesion and cohesion Give one example each of the forces of adhesion and cohesion. Sketch a graph to show the characteristics of a p-n junction diode. and inversely proportional to the square of their distance.I. [Take h/2 π = h = 1. (a) network? (b) (c) 8. A particle dropped from a vertical height h falls freely for a time interval t. (a) Write down the Van der Waals equation of state. 8. has a convex meniscus. unit of the universal gravitational constant. PART I FOR CANDIDATES IN GHANA ONLY 1.3. 10. 9. 10. (b) Explain what is meant by the electrochemical equivalent of copper is 3. Sketch and explain a graph to show how h varies with (a) t. The diagram below represents the graph of the force applied in stretching a spiral spring against the corresponding extension produced within its elastic limit. 5. (a) electrolysis. What is a loop in an electrical State. List three observations in support of the deBroglie’s assumptions that moving particles behave like waves.3 x 10-7kgC-1. (a) (b) 6.0 x 10-9s. in the same tube. (b) t2. G using dimensional analysis. Which of the conservation laws does the law in 7(b) above express? 4. 3. A parallel beam of unpolarized light is incident on a plane glass of refractive index 1. Explain how audible beats arise when two tuning forks of slightly different frequencies f1 and f2 are sounded together (a) (b) What is doopler effect? State one practical situation in which doopler effect is experienced. in words. Kirchhoff’s second law of electrical network. PART II FOR ALL CANDIDATES I-V 9. apart.

(a) State two (i) laws of solid friction. determine the (i) focal length of the lens.R x 100% (ii) The efficiency of a machine is 80%. The radioactive nuclei 210 Po emits an 84 α particle to 206 produce Pb.f.11. (a) common (i) (ii) (b) (c) Name and explain the Defects of a primary cell. Take the masses of 210Po = 209. Draw a labeled diagram to show the essential parts of a dry leclanche cell. 82 4He = 4.001504 u.f. (ii) advantages of friction (iii) methods of reducing friction Draw and label a diagram of a pulley system with a velocity ratio of 5. 82 in MeV. calculate the (i) magnitude of the resistance (ii) distance moved by the bullet in the wood. Describe.0cm. (ii) Name the materials used for the positive terminal. the essential features of an astronomical telescope in normal adjustments. State two advantages of a secondary cell over a primary cell. Calculate the energy.R. Calculate the work done by a person using the machine to raise a load of 300kg through a height of 4m.m. (ii) object distance for which the image would be the same size as the object. A converging lens forms a real image of a real object. the force ratio M. the negative terminal and the electrolyte in a (I) leclanche cell. If the bullet is brought to rest in the block in 0. 1. (II) charged lead acid accumulator Define (i) proton number (ii) nucleon number (iii) isotopes A nuclide ZAX emits β -particles to form a daughter nuclide Y.1 s by a constant resistance. (i) Explain why six accumulators each of e.A. (a) State the conditions for the equilibrium of a rigid body acted upon by parallel forces (b) (i) Describe an experiment to determine the mass of a metre rule using the principle of moments.929421 u. (a) (b) (c) 13. (ii) State two precautions necessary to obtain accurate results in the experiment described in 11(b)(i) above. /V. (b) (c) 15. 12. 14. (c) A bullet of mass 120g is fired horizontally into a fixed wooden block with a speed of 20ms-1.936730 u. 84 206Pb = 205. Write a nuclear equation to illustrate the charge conservation. with the aid of a laebelled diagram.A.2V connected in series can be used to start the engine of a car whereas eight dry cells each of e. explain internal reflection. released in each disintegration. If the magnification is 2 and the distance between the image and the object is 90.m. (i) Show that the efficiency ε. and velocity ratio V.5V connected in series cannot be used. [g = 10ms-2] With the aid of ray diagrams. 1 And that 1u = 931 MeV. of a machine are related by the equation ε = M. (a) total (b) (c) 2006 PAPER I PRACTICAL .

(vii) Plot a graph of T2 on the vertical axis against M on the horizontal axis. Tabulate your readings. (vi) remove the prism. Also draw an incident ray to make an angle i= 25o with the normal at O. (x) From your graph. (ix) Evaluate k = 4 π /s. a clamp and set of masses. mark a point O and AB such that AO is about one-quarter of AB. starting both axes from the origin (0. (vii) with O as centre and using any convenient radius. carry out the following instructions: (i) fix the drawing paper provided to the drawing board. [Take π = 22/7]. (vi) Repeat the procedure for four other values of M = 100. 200 and 250g.2. Maintain this radius through-out the experiment. (ii) place the glass prism on the drawing paper and trace the outline. determine the period T. (xi) State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. T and T2. 150. optical pins and other necessary apparatus. (iv) draw a normal through point O. (iii) Deflect the rule slightly such that it performs vertical oscillation. Join points P3 and P4 and produce it to meet DC at I. (b) (i) Explain simple harmonic motion. (viii) Draw the perpendiculars EF and GH. (iii) remove the prism. You have been provided with a metre rule. Also draw a line to join OI. (ii) Fix a mass M = 50g at the free end of the rule. (iv) Determine the time t for 10 complete oscillations. with respect to a simple harmonic motion. In each case determine and record the corresponding values of t. when M = 180g. (v) Calculate the period T of the oscillations and evaluate T2. (viii) Determine the slope s. Measure and record d = EF and l = GH. 45o. draw a circle to cut the incident ray and the refracted ray at E and H respectively. (i) Clamp the metre rule to the edge of the bench such that 90cm of the rule projects from the edges as shown in the diagram above. Using the above diagram as a guide. of the graph and its intercept C on the vertical axis. and 65o respectively. ABCD of the prism. You have been provided with a rectangular glass prism.0). In . 1. Fix two other pins at P3 and P4 such that the pins appear to be in a straight line with the images of the pins at P1 and P2 when viewed through the clock along DC. (ii) Define period and frequency. Fix two pins at P1 and P2 on the incident ray. Ensure that the rule is capable of performing oscillatory motion. (ix) Repeat the procedure for four other values of i=35o. (v) replace the prism. 55o.

close the key. (vii) Plot a graph of I on the vertical axis against I-1 on the horizontal axis. (v) Repeat the procedure for I = 80. a key K and other necessary apparatus. State two factors on which the resistance of a resistance wire depends. an accumulator E. and ammeter A. s. when I = 90cm. . determine the current I when I = 55cm State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. (ii) Connect a circuit as shown in the diagram above. Read and record the ammeter reading I. a 2Ω standard resistor. With the clip making contact with the wire. read and record the ammeter reading and evaluate K-1. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. Calculate the critical angle for a water-air interface. 60 and 50cm. [Attach your traces to your answer booklet] State Snell’s law. Tabulate your readings. (a) each case measure and record d and l Plot a graph of d on the vertical axis against l on the horizontal axis. [refractive index of water = (viii) (ix) (x) (xi) (b) (ii) Determine the slope. Determine the slope of the graph. You are provided with a constantan wire. (vi) In each case.(x) (xi) (xii) (b) (i) (ii) 4/3] 3. (iv) Open the key. (i) Measure and record as shown in the diagram above. c on the vertical axis. (iii) Close the key. Evaluate I-1. Evaluate k = c/s using your graph. (i) Explain what is meant by the potential difference between two points in an electric circuit. 70. of the graph and its intercept. read and record the ammeter reading Io when the crocodile clip is not in contact with the constantan wire.

A. C. U + F – mg = 0 U – F = mg F – U – mg = 0 A body moving at a accelerates when it is in rectilinear motion translational motion circular motion vibrational motion constant speed 2007 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE 1. 8. 2. speed time A. C. 5. An object of mass 2kg moves with a uniform speed of 10ms-1 for 5 s along a straight path. U as he descends towards the ground at a steady velocity.I. using a parachute.80 x 103 kg m-3 1.20 x 103 kg m-3 8. B. B. Which of the following observations is not an effect of surface tension? Droplets of water dripping slowly from a tap Mercury spilled on a clean glass plate forms small spherical droplets An insect walking across the surface of a pond Water flowing out more easily than engine oil from container Which of the physical quantities is correctly paired with its corresponding S.00m3 of another liquid of density 8. F and an upthrust. D. A. 6. II and III A man of mass m. D. which of the following expression is correct? FU = mg A. 7. Which of the following sketches describe the motion of the vehicle? B.20 x 103 kg m-3 Which of the following statements about solid friction are correct? It is a force occurs between the surfaces of two bodies in contact depends on the area of contact I and II only I and III only II and III only I. 3. A. Calculate the density of the mixture 5. D. 4. 0 ms-2 1 ms-2 3 ms-3 4 ms-2 The term rectilinear acceleration means the rate of increase of velocity along a circular path in a unit time distance along a rectangular path in a unit time displacement along a straight-line path in a unit time velocity along a straight path in a unit time A vehicle moving with a uniform speed is gradually brought to test.00 x 103kg m-3 is mixed with 3. unit? Density [kg m-1] Power [J s-1] Specific latent heat [J kg-1k-1] Pressure [N m-1] A liquid of volume 2. C.00m3 and density 1. A. C. D.B. B. C. experiences a viscous drag. I. speed speed A. A. C. D.13 x 103 kg m-3 5. speed time time time D. B. C. . B. D. C. C. D. 9.00 x 103 kg m-1. D. B. If the acceleration of free fall is g. B. II. A. Determine the magnitude of its acceleration. III.

Calculate the magnitude of its velocity after traveling 9 m. A. A body accelerates uniformly from rest at 2 ms-2.00 N 2400. B. If the object is in equilibrium.0 N 240. D. B. 18. D. Calculate the magnitude of its velocity after traveling 9 m. 50.00 N 800. D. 19. C.0 N 120. B. A. 15.0 N 200. A block of mass 4. C. C. calculate the accelerating force. 50 ms-1 25 ms-1 20 ms-1 5 ms-1 A car of mass 800kg moves from rest on a horizontal track and travels 60 m in 20s with uniform acceleration. C.0N 17. C. D. A.0N A swinging pendulum between the rest position and its maximum displacement possesses kinetic energy only potential energy only gravitational energy only both kinetic and potential energy A. B. B. D. Calculate the change in the speed of the particle. 30o P 0 F A. 17.5N 11. B.0 N Mechanical energy can be either kinetic or electric chemical or potential potential or kinetic electric or heat The ice and steam points on a mercury-inglass thermometer are 10cm and 30cm respectively.00 N A plane inclined at 30o to the horizontal has an efficiency of 50%. C. A. The diagram above illustrates three forces acting on an object at point O. D.10.0 ms-1 10N A.5 ms-1 6. C. 11. Calculate the temperature in degree celius when the mercury meniscus is at the 14cm mark. If the spring is then stretched and released. . C. 16. C. 12.3N 20. Assuming there were no frictional forces. 240.03s. A body accelerates uniformly from rest at 2 ms-1. 10. s= v–u I 2 s = v + 2u I 2 s= v+u I 2 s = 2V + u 2 I 14. A. B. B. B. Calculate the force parallel to the plane required to push a load of 120N uniformly up the plane.15kg for 0.50kg is hung from the same spiral spring.0 ms-1 36. A. A. determine the magnitude of the force P.0 ms-1 18. what is the angular frequency of the subsequent motion? [g = 10 ms-2] 10 √ 5 rad s-1 5 √ 2 rad s-1 5 rad s-1 √5 rad s-1 An external force of magnitude 100N acts on a particle of mass 0. D. C. D. 4.0kg causes a spiral spring to extend by 0. The block is removed and another body of mass 0. D.16 m from its unstretched position. B. 13.00 N 1600. 20oC 30oC 34oC 70oC D.

determine the angle between P and Q in radians. θ /oC 150 100 97 95 t/s C. C.00030 k-1 0. B. 22. II. According to the kinetic theory of gases.1 π 2π 10 π π . B. If the wave length of the wave is 0. D. B.4Jg-1 k-1 cools from 37oC to 31oC. 23. θ /oC 150 100 97 95 t/s 26. A. D. Determine the new temperature of the gas.02030 k-1 A body of mass 200g and specific heat capacity 0. 24. D. 0. a solution of common salt is heated gradually until most of it boils away. C. A. The distance between two points P and Q along a wave is 0. A. molecules vibrate faster about their mean positions Conduction takes place in solids while convection takes place in fluids I and II only II and III only I and III only I. C.01970 k-1 0. which of the following properties of a gas can be affected by the collision of the gas molecules with the walls of its container? Temperature Energy Viscosity Pressure The pressure of fixed mass of an ideal gas at 27oC is 3 Pa. C.00032 k-1 0. B. B. B. B. 100oC 227oC 273oC 500oC Which of the electromagnetic? X-rays Sound waves Water waves Tidal waves following waves is A. It is then heated to 80oC such that 0. D.20. A. 4800 J 1200 J 480 J 202 J At standard atmospheric pressure. C. If the initial volume of the cube is Vo. A. Which of the following diagrams correctly illustrates the temperature ( θ ) versus time (t) graph for this process? A. C. I.05m. B. θ /oC 150 100 97 95 t/s B. D. the correct expression for the increase in volume of the cube is 1/3 Vo θ 1/3 Vo θ 2 Vo θ 3 Vo θ A relative density bottle of volume 50cm3 is completely filled with a liquid at 30oC. Calculate the apparent cube expansivity of the liquid. D. 27. θ /oC 150 100 97 95 t/s D. D. D. 29. C. II and III A cube made of a metal of linear expansivity R is heated through a temperature θ . A. 25. A. B. III. D. C.10m.75cm-3 of the liquid is expelled. Which of the following surfaces will radiate heat energy best? Red surface White surface Black surface Yellow surface Which of the following statements distinguishes thermal conduction from convection? Conduction requires a material medium while convection does not In convection. 0. while in conduction. The gas is heated at a constant volume until its pressure is 5Pa. 21. Calculate the quantity of heat released by the body. A. C. 28. there is actual motion of hot material.

A. II and III 36. C. A. III. 2 cm 9 cm 16 cm 18 cm In which of the following pieces of apparatus is the radius of curvature equal to twice the focal length? Converging lens Diverging lens Converging mirror Parabolic mirror When an object is placed at the centre of curvature of a concave mirror. D. A. B. 33. B. 34. The most probable explanation for this phenomenon is that the comb has been given magnetization by induction electric charges by induction electric charges by conduction electric charges by friction Which of the following components is used for storing electric charges? Inductor Resistor Capacitor Electrometer Which of the following operations does not represent an action of a force field? Falling of a mango fruit from the tree Picking of nails using a bar magnet Repulsion of two like charges Pushing of a wheel-barrow on a level ground A.30. B. which is viewed vertically downward from above the prism. B. C. B. A. Which of the following expressions correctly defines the apparent upward displacement of the object? d /n dn d /n-2 d(n – l) n Which of the following factors can affect the speed of sound in air? The temperature of the surrounding The direction of wind The pitch of the sound I and II only II and III only I and III only I. D. C. D. D. C. 31. B. If it is moved 8cm farther away from the mirror. This observation is due to an echo resonance interference reverberation Which of the following statement about sound waves is not correct? Sound waves can be reflected refracted diffracted polarized Which of the following statements is correct about resonance? Resonance occurs when a body vibrates with its natural frequency is forced to vibrate at its own natural frequency by another body vibrating at the same frequency vibrates at the frequency of the body causing the vibration vibrates with an irregular frequency A dry plastic comb used in combing hair was found to attract pieces of paper and dust. D. D. B. D. A. C. A. A. B. C. D. C. C. D. B. 32. 40. 37. A. B. . A sounding tuning fork is brought near the open end of a pipe containing air and the loudness of the sound is observed to increase. A. 38. D. 41. C. C. A. B. 42. its image is formed at? the focus infinity the centre of curvature a distance twice the radius of curvature A rectangular glass prism of thickness d and absolute retractive index n is placed on a point object. C. Which of the following phenomena is not a direct consequence of rectilinear propagation of light? Lunar and solar eclipses Images of object in pinhole camera Diffraction of light Shadows of opaque objects An object is placed 10cm in front of a plane mirror. D. I. 35. 39. C. A. II. D. determine the distance of the final image from the mirror. B.

D. 44. D. chain reactions result from the release of electrons photons neutrons protons There is always an uncertainty involved in any attempt to measure the position and momentum of an electron simultaneously. D. D. C.00 N7. B. B. D. 0. B. 49.44 Which of the following electromagnetic wave can be detected by its heating effect? Ultraviolet radiation X-rays Gamma rays Infrared radiation If a gas is excited by high voltage to produce a discharge. The element must have decayed by emitting a beta particle an alpha particle a gamma ray a neutron the correction sequence of energy transformation in the operation of an X-ray tube is X-rays Kinetic energy of thermo electrons III. B. III. and the light is examined in a spectrometer. C. 47. C. A. A. II. C. D. A. B. 46. calculate the cost of running the lamps. IV. C. I II. 43. III. II. III. C. B. II.00 Ω 7. D. IV. 48.00 Ω 5. C.75 Ω 4. 320 J 400 J 10800 J 72000 J Five 80 – W and three 100 – W lamps are run for 8 hours. Calculate the effective resistance between P and Q in the diagram shown above.A. 40W is used for 30 minutes. 50. This statement is known as the de Broglie’s law Heisenberg uncertainty principle Franck-Hertz experimental law Wave-particle paradox A. N280. IV. C. I IV.00 per unit. A.00 Ω A bulb marked 240V. 45. If the cost of energy is N5. Potential energy of the target atoms Heat energy of the emitted electrons IV. B. an explosion is observed the rainbow colours are seen an emission spectrum is observed dark lines are observed The number of protons in an element increased by one after a radioactive decay. A. I III. B. . Calculate the heat generated.20 N1. I In a nuclear reactor. A. II. A.00 N28. B. D. I. C. D.

II. A man pulls up a box of mass 70kg using an inclined plane of effective length 5m unto a platform 2. 5. force ratio of the plane.0 A is maintained in the voltameter for 1 hour. 7. (i) draw a diagram to illustrate all the forces acting on the box while in motion. .9 x 103 kgm-3] [ electro chemical equivalent of copper = 3. Calculate the (a) stress on the wire (b) strain in the wire [ π = 3. if the body were moved to the 13cm mark. Define: (a) Electrolysis: (b) Electrolyte. 3. (b) State two examples to illustrate the effects of surface tension. velocity ratio of the plane if it is included at 30o to the horizontal. [ density of copper = 8. State two effects to show (a) the existence of matter waves (b) that radiation behaves like particles. If the total surface area of the cathode is 60cm-2 and a steady current of 5. III. 11.25mm when a force of 50N was used to stretch it from its end. Tensile stress Tensile strain Yield point A wire of length 5. from (c) 4. calculate the value of polaroids.(a) (b) (c) 8. If the frictional force between the box and the plane is 100N.3 x 10-7 kgC-1] (a) (b) Define: Explain thermionic emission State two applications of electrical conduction through gases.5m high at a uniform speed. 6. [g = 10 ms1 ] A stone projected horizontally from the top of a tower with a speed of 4 ms-1 land on the level ground at a horizontal distance 25m from the foot of the tower. A metre rule is found to balance horizontally at the 48cm mark. PART II FOR ALL CANDIDATES 9. the balance point is found to be at the 30cm mark. minimum effort applied in pulling up box. (a) for a (b) State the conditions of equilibrium number of coplanar parallel forces. 10. Calculate the height of the tower.142] (a) List two factors that can affect the rate of Diffusion. (b) two uses of polaroids. Calculate the (i) total time of flight of the particle (ii) speed of the particle at its maximum height.0m and diameter 2. [g = 10ms-1] State: (a) the difference between plane polarized light and ordinary light. Calculate the (i) mass of the metre rule (ii) distance of the balance point the zero end. When a body of mass 60g is suspended at the 6cm mark. 2. 2007 THEORY SECTION B PART I 1. (c) electrode: Copper of thickness d is plated on the cathode of a copper voltameter.0mm extends by 0. A particle is projected at an angle of 30o to the horizontal with a speed of 250ms-1. (ii) Calculate the: I.

(a) (c) (ii) (b) (c) a tuning fork.2 x 10 J kg K] [specific latent heat of vaporization of steam = 2.26 x 10 J kg]. A piece of copper of mass 300g at a temperature of 950oC is quickly transferred into a vessel of negligible thermal capacity containing 250g of water at 25oC. a burette and other necessary apparatus. If the final steady temperature of the mixture is 100oC. describe an experiment to determine the boiling point of a small quantity of a liquid. A pipe closed at one end is 100cm long. (i) (ii) (i) with What is a wave motion? State two differences between a radio wave and a sound wave. 15. [velocity of sound in air = 340 ms-1] describe the mode of operation of a modern X-ray tube. [assume the velocity of sound in air is known] (ii) State two precautions necessary to obtain accurate result in the experiment described in 13(b)(i) above. (a) With the aid of a simple diagram. Given that you are provided from a 4400V a. (a) (i) diagram. as applied to X-rays. Define.c. calculate the mass of water that will boil away. describe with the aid of a diagram.12. (ii) State the energy transformations that take place during the operation of the X-ray tube. (b) (i) State three ways by which energy is lost in a transformer (ii) Mention how each of the losses in (b)(i) above can be minimized.0 x 10 J kg K] [specific heat capacity of water = 4. Calculate the (i) ratio of the number of turns in the primary coil to the number of turns in the secondary coil of the transformer. [specific heat capacity of copper = 4. an experiment to determine the frequency of a note emitted by a source sound. (a) (b) (c) Define the boiling point of a liquid. If the pipe is set into vibration and a fundamental note is produced. supply. With the aid of a labeled (b) 13. With the aid of a sketch diagram. (i) Hardness (ii) Intensity State: (i) Four uses of X-rays One hazard of over exposure to X-rays in a radio-logical laboratory 14. 220V . the following terms. (ii) current taken from the mains circuit. calculate the frequency of the note. (c) A 95% efficient transformer is used to operate a lamp rated 60 W. explain How a step down transformer works.

k2 = F/s [Take π = 22 /7] (xii) State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. Evaluate: I. Also. determine the period T of the oscillations. Plot a graph of T2 on the vertical axis against L on the horizontal axis. C of the graph on the T2 axis. Tabulate your readings. 70 and 50cm In each case determine t and evaluate T. Evaluate T2 and L = l – 30 Repeat the procedure for four other values of l = 110. Also determine the intercept. (ii) Measure and record the distance l=130cm from the centre of the bob to the point Using the above diagram as a guide. T2 and L. Carry out the following experiment: (i) set up the apparatus as shown in the diagram above.(iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) (x) (xi) of suspension of the pendulum. of the graph. (a) You are provided with a retort stand. carry out the following experiment: (i) place the equilateral triangular glass prism on the . Allow the pendulum to oscillate freely. What is meant by the period oscillations (ii) of an oscillating 2007 PAPER I PRACTICAL 1. s. Determine the time t for 20 complete oscillations. clamp and boss. a pendulum bob. k1 = 4 π 3 s II. 90. Displace the pendulum through a small angle and release. (a) (b) of body? (i) Explain acceleration of free fall due to gravity. a piece of thread and other necessary apparatus. 2. starting both axes from the origin (0.0) Determine the slope.

what is meant by the (x) (xi) (xii) (b) (i) potential Explain 3. ensure that the value of R in RB1 is equal to the value of R in RB2. Evaluate y = ¼. measure and record the potential difference Vo across the standard resistor Rx. (i) Measure and record the e. 4 and 5Ω respectively. Plot a graph of e on the vertical axis and θ on the horizontal axis. 40o and 45o. Remove the prism. Read and record the potential difference V1 across Rx (vi) Evaluate V1-1 (vii) Repeat procedure (v) for four other values of R = 2. Replace the prism on its outline: Place the reflecting surface of the plane mirror in contact with face AC of the prism. s. In each case. Tabulate your readings.(ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) (x) (xi) (xii) (xiii) (b) (i) the (ii) drawing paper. Tabulate your readings. in the resistance boxes such that R in RB1 = R in RB2 = 1Ω (iv) With K open and K2 closed. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. .0) Determine the slope s. Measure and record the angles θ at T and e at D. [Attach your traces to your answer booklet]. (ii) Connect a circuit as shown above. (viii) Evaluate V1-1 in each case. Fix two pins R1 and R2 vertically on line no. (ix) Plot a graph of V1-1 on the vertical axis against R on the horizontal axis starting both axes from the origin (0. Remove the prism. Draw line NO such that it makes an angle i=25o with the normal at point O on side AB.f. fix two other pins at R3 and R4 such that the pins appear to be in a straight line with the images of the pins at R1 and R2. Trace the outline ABC of the prism. of the graph and the intercept on the horizontal axis. 35o. Produce R4R3 to meet line NO produced at T. measure and record the corresponding values of θ and e. State two conditions necessary for total internal reflection to occur in a medium. two keys K1 and K2 and other necessary apparatus. (iii) Set the resistance R. Repeat the procedure for four other values of i=30o. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. Determine the slope. starting both axes from the origin (0. the mirror and the pins. of the graph and the intercept I on the vertical axis. of the accumulator.m. You have been provided with an accumulator E. 3. a standard resistor R3. (a) difference between two points in an electric circuit. Draw a line to join points R3 and R4. two resistance boxes RB1 and RB2. Evaluate k = s-1.0). (v) Close K1 and K2. State four characteristics of image of an object formed by a plane mirror. Looking through face BC of the prism. In each case.

If the air inside a rigid box is heated. B. III. D. A. 2. speed and time The diagram above illustrates a Hare’s apparatus. C. II and III Which of the statements about Archimedes’ principle is correct? The upthrust on a body is a measure of the mass of fluid displaced weight of the body volume of the body weight of the fluid displaced Which of the following is/are in random motion? Pollen grains in water The molecules of hydrogen gas Fine chalk particles floating in air. B. C. h1 = h2 l 1 2 l B. h1 = h2 l 2 2 l C. I. II and III A car traveling with a uniform velocity of 30ms-1 along a horizontal road overcomes a constant frictional force of 600N. II. . D. B. mass and time Speed. Which of the following sets of quantities is fundamental? Length. mass and distance Distance. II. the average speed of the molecules increases pressure of the air increases average separation of the molecules increases Which of the statements above are correct? I and II only II and III only I and III only I.5A passes through the circuit. A. of 3V. 6. h2 heights of column of liquids. C. h1 = H2 l 4.m.e2 represent densities and h1. Calculate the power of the engine of the car 18kW 20kW A. I and II only I and III only II and III only I. Which of the following equations is correct? A. B. 5. length and time Speed. D. 2 2008 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE 1. III.(ii) A cell has an e.f. When it is connected across a resistor of resistance 4Ω. 3. D. B. C. A. Calculate the internal resistance of the cell. I. e1. h1 = l 1l l 1 2 D. a current of 0. A.

C. Which of the following diagrams correctly indicates the velocity VR of the wind relative to the ship? B. B. 16. . 180kW 200kW A rectangular block of dimensions 2. 8. D. If the objects stick together after collision.5m weighs 200N. 7. D.0m x 1.C.60ms-1 0. B. it was found to reduce. A. 13. B.67ms-1 2. A. A. F2 and F3 which keep the bar AB in horizontal equilibrium. D. F3 F2 A B A. The explanation for this observation is that it is very hot at the equator the spring balance has expanded the acceleration of free fall due to gravity varies with location the mass of the body is reduce A ship moving northward with speed VS is acted upon by a wind blowing the due west at a speed VW. 14. 9. D. 15. The diagram above represents the displacement – time graph of the motion of an object thrown upwards. Calculate the maximum pressure exerted by the block on a horizontal floor.00ms-1 3. D. C. D. Which of the following equations is correct? F3 = F1 + F2 F2 = F1 + F3 F1 = F2 – F3 F1 = F2 + F3 A mass attached to a string is moving in a circular path. 10. A. B. B. D. C.25kg moves at a height h above the ground with a speed of 4cm-1. C. A. B. B. C. 100Nm-2 200Nm-2 300Nm-2 400Nm-2 d/m P 11.0m x 0.33ms-1 Which of the following devices converts heat energy to electrical energy? Transformer Dynamo thermocouple Thermostat A ball is dropped and it hits the floor at a point A. D. It rebounds upwards to a point B. B. If the speed is doubled. If A. C. A. 0. the tension in the string will be doubled halved four times as great one-fourth as much An object of mass 2kg moving with a velocity of 3cm-1 collides head-on with another object of mass 1kg moving in the opposite direction with a velocity 4ms-1. While moving from A to B its kinetic energy is increasing potential energy is increasing potential energy is decreasing kinetic energy remains constant An object of mass 0. 12. D. The diagram above shows three forces F1. C. D. B. The velocity of the object at the point P is maximum uniform zero terminal A very sensitive spring balance was used to determine the weight of an object at the north pole. C. F1 t/s A. When the same spring balance was used to measure the weight of the same object at the equator. calculate their common speed.

230V.A. A. 19. C. If a given mass of the gas is 273 Held at constant pressure and its volume at 0oC is 273m3. B. D. D.8m 4. C. C. [Specific heat capacity of water = 4200 Jkg-1 K-1] A. . The diagram above illustrates the sun. C. 20. B. the temperature is higher pressure is lower humidity is higher temperature is constant Light is considered as a transverse wave because it travels through materials without causing disturbance of the medium through space with constant speed in a direction parallel to the plane containing the electric and magnetic fields in a direction perpendicular to the plane containing the electric and magnetic fields Efficiency = Load distance__ x 100% Effort distance Efficiency = 100% Mechanical Advantage Velocity Ratio x 18. D. C.02 minutes 7. determine the volume of the gas at 273oC.04 minutes The working principle of a pressure cooker is based on the increase in the volume of steam inside it complete trapping of heat inside it increase in the pressure of the pot decrease in the pressure of the pot It takes a shorter time for a liquid to boil at the top of a mountain than at the base because at the top. calculate the increase in length of the rod (in metres) in terms of α 20 α 200 α 2000 α 20000 α The cubic expansivity of a certain gas at constant pressure is 1 K-1. 23. B. B.5kg is heated from 30oC to 80oC using an electric kettle which is rated 5A. 17. C. C. [g = 10ms-1] 0. D. C. determine the value of h. Calculate the time taken to reach the final temperature. An observer at the point P on earth observes annular eclipse partial eclipse total eclipse no eclipse The letter F is placed in front of a plane mirror as illustrated in the diagram beside A. 24. Which of the following represents the image observed? A. 273m3 546m3 819m3 1092m3 Water of mass 1. its mechanical energy at this height is 12 J. B. A. 26.0m 4. D. C. C. 4. If the linear expansivity of the material is α .6m Which of the following equations for the efficiency of a machine is correct? Efficiency = Velocity Ratio ___ x 100% Mechanical Advantage Efficiency = Input__ x 100% Output A. B. D. moon and earth in the same straight line during an eclipse. 25. D. the design of the thermostat of an electric iron is based on the emission of electrons from metals when heated increase in size of metals when heated increase in the density of metals when heated change in the mass of metals when heated A metal rod of length 50cm is heated from 40oC to 80oC. D. 21.8m 5.30 minutes 10. A. A. A. B. B. B. A. B. D. D. 22.57 minutes 5.

If the radius of curvature of the mirror is 4. d= λ T. 35. A. 30. inverted and enlarged virtual. If d is the distance of the reflecting surface from the source. D. A. A. 36. given that the charge of an electron is 1. then d=2t A. d= 2T d=2T λt λt D. [ 1_ = 9. D. A sound wave is produced from a source and an echo is heard t seconds afterwards.0 x 10-18C. B.00m in front of the mirror 1. The ball will be negatively charged be positively charged have an excess of negative charges on the side nearest the rod have an excess of positive charges on the side nearest the rod Two bodies each carrying a charge of 2. v the speed. C. D. B.00 x10-10C are 5cm apart. erect and diminished virtual. 27. λ the wavelength and T the period of the wave.00m behind the mirror 2. C.0m. B. D. A.0m. D. C.20 1.B. A. A. erect and enlarged When viewed straight down. B. erect and enlarged real. 34. In the day time. B. 28.44 7. 32. Calculate the magnitude of the force between the charges. A. 1cm 9cm 12cm 15cm Which of the following defects of vision is as a result of the eye ball being too long? Long sight Astigmatism Short sight Loss of accommodation 33. B. C.6 x 10-19C? 18 19 25 37 Which of the following is a unit of the time rate of flow of electric charges? Coulomb Ampere . C. 29. the image formed will be 2. because light has undergone internal reflection refraction diffraction diffuse reflection The distance between a concave mirror and a object placed in front of it is 1. how many excess electrons does the object posses. B. D. A. B. D. C. D. calculate the height of the image formed. a fish in a pond is farther below than it appears to be nearer than it appears to be found at exactly the same point it is seen seen beside its image A converging lens and a screen are placed 20cm and 80cm respectively from an object in a straight line so that a sharp image of the object is formed on the screen. C. A.00 x 109Nm2C-2] 4π ε o 1. 31. λ B.44 x x x x 10-7 N 10-9 N 10-11 N 10-11 N A. B. C. D. it is possible to see under shady areas such as under a tree. If the object is 3cm high. If the charge on an object is measured as 4.25m in front of the mirror 1. D. C. C. C.20 7. 2t A negatively charged rod is held close to an uncharged metal ball on an insulating stand.25m behind the mirror The image of an object formed by a convex mirror is real. 37. B.

5µF A voltmeter is a device that draws high current has a very low resistance has a very high resistance is able to measure both voltage and current Which of the following actions will not increase the sensitivity of a moving coil galvanometer? Using a strong temporary magnet Increasing the area and umber of turns of the coil Using a weak hair spring Using a light pointer Fleming’s right hand rule is also called the motor rule dynamo rule screw rule thumb rule A transformer is required to supply 12VFMS to operate a toy train set from a 240VFMS. its mass number decreases by 1 atomic number decreases by 1 mass number increases by 1 atomic number increases by 1 Nuclear fission is preferred to nuclear fusion in the generation of energy because very high temperatures are required for fusion the raw materials for fusion are easily obtained energy obtained from fusion is relatively smaller the by-products of fusion are very dangerous A. A.0 x 108Ω-1m-1 Three capacitors each of capacitance 1. II.1Ω. 40. D. Volt Watt A wire. . C. II and III A direct current of 5A flows through a 0. C. When the magnet is rapidly moved towards the coil an e. 38. D.5µF are connected in series.2H inductor. A. B. A. III. 48. I. C. B. 47. calculate the number of turns required in the primary coil. 44. 42.0 x 107Ω-1m-1 2. 45.6µF 0.5J 5.0 x 107Ω-1m-1 5. A.5µF 0. is induced in the coil the galvanometer needle deflects the magnet is attracted by the coil Which of the statements above are correct? I and II only II and III only I and III only I. A. D. Calculate the electrical conductivity of the wire 2. 43. D. I. D. D.0 x 108Ω-1m-1 5. B. C. Calculate the energy stored in the inductor. B. B. 46. If the number of turns in the secondary coil is 100. B. D. B. D.0J Both rays and X-rays can be produced by thermionic emission have low frequencies have short wavelengths Which of the statements above is/are correct? I only II only III only I and III only When a radioactive substance undergoes a beta decay. C.5J 1. The total capacitance in the circuit is 2. 0. 39.0m long and with cross-sectional area 2. A. II. 5 12 2000 2400 The diagram above illustrates a bar magnet near a coil connected to a galvanometer. C.C.m. 41. III.0µF 1. B. C. D. B. A. 1. B. C.f. C. A. D. A.0 x 10-7m2 has a resistance of 0. C.0J 2. A. D. D. C. B.

4. the ammeter records a steady current of 1A. initial to the due to height 3.0 x 105V.00033gC-1] The horizontal component of the speed of a particle projected at 30o horizontal is 50ms-1. C. An electron of charge 1.0s 5. Explain plane polarized light. 7. (a) Using a labeled diagram of a tall vessel.0s 9.49. 13. (ii) yield point (Y). (iii) breaking point (B). (b) speed at the maximum reached. In an electrolysis experiment. D. 8. Camphor is a chemical that sublimes and interacts with water reducing the surface tension where it is put. If the acceleration of free fall gravity is 10ms-2. 5. B. (b) When will it attain terminal velocity? Use the diagram below to answer question 6. (a) Sketch a load-extension graph for the wire. A. Explain why the toy boat illustrated above would move forward with the camphor placed at the back of it but would be stationary before the placement of the camphor. (a) .5s 2. 9.60 x 10-19C is accelerated under a potential difference of 1. 2008 PAPER 2 THEORY SECTION B PART I 1.077s-1. C.66g. 6. A. D. Control in nuclear reactors is effected with boron rods because the rods have the ability to absorb electrons absorb neutrons accelerate electrons slow down neutrons A radioactive element has a decay constant of 0. (b) Indicate on the graph the (i) elastic limit (E). show all the forces acting on it. Calculate the energy of the electron in joules. A ball bearing falls through a viscous liquid. B. 50. Calculate its half-life. A wire is gradually stretched by loading it until it snaps.1s 0. The mass of copper deposited in 30 minutes is 0. (a) (b) On what principle does lighting in a fluorescent tube operate? State two factors which determine the colour of light produced in a fluorescent tube. [Electrochemical equivalent of copper = 0. Calculate the error in the ammeter reading. determine its (a) initial speed. Define electrolysis.

50Hz a. [The s. 13. Show that the total distance x covered by the particle is given by = ut + ½ at2 where a is the magnitude of acceleration.03kg. calculate the length l of the wire when it is vibrating in the fundamental mode.6 x105 K-1] Explain why there is no temperature change when a solid being heated changes into liquid at its melting point. (a) (i) (b) State Einstein’s equation of photoelectric effect. potential difference across the capacitor. (iii) The sonometer wire in 13(b) (ii) above is under a tension of 1200N.p. (a) (b) (c) circuit. (a) boiling and (b) The equation y = a sin (wt – kx) represents a plane wave traveling in a medium along the x-direction. State: (i) Newton s second law of motion. (i) What are beats (ii) A sonometer wire has a frequency of 259Hz. PART II 11. (ii) Calculate the: (I) impedance in the (II) (III) current in the circuit. (iii) the law of floatation. State two differences between 14. A 40µF capacitor in series with a 40Ω resistor is connected to a 100V. If a metre of the wire has a mass of 0. (ii) kerosene. Calculate the beat frequency. (b) (b) (c) 12. y being the displacement at the point x at time t. (a) State Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle. Calculate the increase in length of the rod when its temperature rises to 33oC [Linear expansivity of zinc = 2. (a) 10.v. It is sounded alongside a tuning fork of frequency 256Hz. with (a) A particle moves on a straight path An initial speed u and final speed v in time t. (i) Draw a circuit diagram of the arrangement. (b) State one phenomenon that can only be explained in terms of the wave nature of light.(b) Classify each of the following substances as an electrolyte or a non-electrolyte: (i) sugar solution. Treat the air in the vessel as an ideal gas]. (i) Given that x is in metres and t is in seconds. .c. (iii) State whether the wave is traveling in the positive or negative x-direction. A closed inexpansible vessel contains air saturated with water vapour at 77oC. Calculate the new pressure in the vessel if the temperature is reduced to 27oC. 15. of water at 77oC and 27oC respectively are 314mmHg and 27mmHg. (ii) What physical quantity does w /k represent? Justify your answer. List two similarities between the human eye and the photographic camera. (ii) the principle of conservation of energy. The total pressure in the vessel is 1007 mmHg. (iv) lemon fruit juice. What is a magnetic field? With the aid of a labeled diagram describe an experiment to show that a magnetic field exists around a straight wire carrying current. (c) (d) evaporation. (iii) alkaline solution. state the units of k and w. supply. (ii) What conservation principle does the equation represent? List three applications of photocells. The length of a zinc rod at 23oC is 200m.

50.0 x 1015Hz. a knife edge. (iii) Suspend a mass M = 20g on the other side of G. (vi) Repeat the procedure for four other values of M = 30. (vii) Evaluate L-1 in each case. (ii) Using the thread provided. (viii) Plot a graph of M on the vertical axis against L-1 on the horizontal axis. (ii) work function. 40. ensure that W is kept constant at the 15cm mark and the knife edge at G. Tabulate your readings. (iv) Read and record the position Y of the mass M on the metre rule.63 x 10-34Js] 2008 PAPER I PRACTICAL 1. (i) Suspend the metre rule horizontally on the knife edge. calculate the: (i) threshold wavelength. Adjust the position of the mass until the metre rule balances horizontally again. Also determine and record the distance D between W and G. and 60g.0 x 108 ms-1. If the surface is illuminated by light of frequency 5. [c = 3. Keep the knife edge at this point throughout the experiment. (iii) kinetic energy of the emitted photoelectrons. In each case. (a) 0cm 15cm G Y 100cm D L W M You are provided with a uniform metre rule. masses and other necessary apparatus. (v) Determine and record the distance L between the mass and G. suspend the object labeled W at the 15cm mark of the metre rule. .(c) A photo emissive surface has a threshold frequency of 4. h = 6.02 x 1014Hz. Read and record the point of balance G of the metre rule.

Evaluate s D State two precautions taken to obtain accurate results. s. (a) (x) 3. (vii) Evaluate R2 = ly RX. (a) Determine the slope. Obtain the balance points P and the values of lx and ly. of the graph. a length L = 100cm of wire A in the right hand gap and the other apparatus as shown in the diagram above. (iii) Record the distance d. 75 and 65cm. (vi) Now move the lens towards the object until another sharp image of the object is formed on the screen. (iv) Place and move the converging lens between the illuminated object and the screen until a sharp diminished image of the object is formed on the screen. You are provide d with two resistance wires labeled A and B. (xi) Determine the slope. (vii) Read and record the new position l2 of the lens. (i) Explain the statement the focal length of a converging lens is 15cm. determine and record the balance point P and the lengths lx and ly. In each case. (ii) 2. (i) Fix a metre rule on the bench with its graduated side facing up. (ii) Determine and record the balance point P on the bridge wire NQ. (viii) Evaluate and record L = (l1 – l2) also evaluate L2 and D = d1 – L2. of the graph. (ix) Repeat the procedure for four values of d = 85.(ix) (x) (xi) (b) (i) moments. (xii) Evaluate k = 8/4. s. a 1Ω standard resistor RX and other necessary apparatus. lX (v) Repeat the procedure for four other values of L = 95. (ii) Place the illuminated object at the 0cm end and the screen at the 100cm end of the rule such that the distance d between the illuminated object and screen is 100cm. Also evaluate R1. (ii) Distinguish between a real image and a virtual image. (i) Connect RX in the left hand gap of the metre bridge. 65 and 55cm. (iii) Measure and record lx = NP and ly = PQ. lX . (v) Read and record the position l1 of the lens. Tabulate your readings. (xiii) State two precautions taken to obtain accurate results. also evaluate and record d2. Using the above diagram as a guide. 85. 75. (iv) Evaluate R1 = ly RX. carry out the following instructions. State the principle of Define centre of gravity. (vi) Repeat the experiment with the second wire B. (b) Plot a graph of D on the vertical axis against d on the horizontal axis.

[g = 10ms-2] 11. C. B. D. B.(viii) (ix) (x) (xi) Plot a graph of R2 on the vertical axis against R1 on the horizontal axis. B. D. Determine the slope. 800 N 500 N 80 N 50 N A body of volume 0. (ii) Potentiometer over a voltmeter for measuring potential difference. liquids and gases Which of the following properties of a steel bar can be measured in terms of the dimension of length only? Weight Density Pressure Volume In a hydraulic press. D. State two advantages of (b) using a (i) cell. 2. A. calculate the force obtained. Define internal resistance of a 2009 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE 1. If the area of the larger piston is 200cm2. B. s of the graph. C.70 N A. A. Evaluate k = S State two advantages of using a potentiometer over a voltmeter for measuring potential difference. a force of 40 N is applied to the smaller piston of area 10cm2. Calculate the upthrust on the body. 4.27 N 33.81 N 112.046m3 is immersed in a liquid of density 980kgm-3 with ¾ of its volume submerged. In which of the following states of matter do the molecules vibrate about their mean positions? Liquids only Solids only Liquids and gases only Solids. C. A. . C. 3.

B. 30 m 60 m 450 m 900 m A moving body accelerates when it changes its direction at constant speed maintains a constant linear speed covers equal distances in equal times in a straight line is acted upon by balanced forces the following properties of a solid are measured on earth: weight Specific heat capacity Density I and II only II and III only I and III only II. act eastwards and northwards respectively on a body. C. B. Two forces 6 N and 8 2N 7N 10 N 14 N The period of a simple pendulum of length 80. 16. 17. B. If the effort applied by the machine is twice the weight of the box. B. C.0 cm A body of mass 5kg moving with a velocity of 30ms-1 due east is suddenly hit by another body and changes its velocity to 50ms-1 in the same direction. I.0 J 6. Vibrational motion Random motion Translational motion Rotational motion A body moving in a circle at constant speed has a velocity tangential of the circle a constant kinetic energy an acceleration directed towards the circumference of the circle Which of the statements above are correct? I and II only II and III only I and III only I. III. II. 8. 14.50 0.0 cm 240. N. B. D. 12. A. 5. D.0cm was found to have doubled when the length of the pendulum was increased by X.80 1. A. B.0 J 60. B.10 N Which of the following types of motion will be produced when a pair of equal and opposite non-collinear parallel forces acts on a body. C. D. Calculate the distance traveled in 30s. Calculate X.5oC at 100oC. C. . If the thermometer has no zero error. 7. D. A. calculate the velocity ratio of the machine. D. D. D. 10. A. C. 338. B. II and III A car moves with a speed of 20ms-1. A. III.hour kilowatt A stone of mass 0. B.0 J A machine of efficiency 80% is used to lift a box. 6. and III Which of the vector diagram below represents the following position vectors? B. calculate its maximum kinetic energy. 15. C.7 cm 40. II. D. I. A. B. what will it register at 55oC? A. 13. A. Calculate the magnitude of their equilibrant. A. D. I. C.D.0 cm 160. C.63 0. 100 Ns 150 Ns 250 Ns 400 Ns Electrical energy is measured in ampere coulomb kilowatt . D. 0. A. B. D. 11.0 J 30. 26. 9.60 A faulty thermometer registers 102. Calculate the magnitude of the impulse received. [g = 10ms-2] 3.5kg is dropped from a height of 12m. C. D. A. C. C. C. A.

20. D. C. 25. D. 30 s-1 10 s-1 3 s-1 1 s-1 Which of the following waves is not transverse? Light waves Sound waves Sea waves Radio waves Light traveling through a small pinhole usually does not make a shadow with a distinct sharp edge because of diffraction interference reflection refraction The angle of incidence of a ray of light on a plane mirror is 55o. A. 0.0 D A. B. it was noticed that contrary to Boyle’s law the volume increased as the pressure increased. I. B. B. B. A. The best explanation of this is that Boyle’s law is only true for ideal gases a fixed mass of gases a mixture of gases a gas at variable temperature It takes 4 minutes to boil a quantity of water using an electrical heating coil. D.0 x 10-3K-1.53 m 0. 21. .5 D 5.84 m As a bicycle tyre was being pumped up. C. C. B. C. D. 26. B. 35o 45o 55o 110o A concave mirror forms a magnified and erect image only when the object is placed at the centre of curvature at the focus between the focus and the pole of the mirror beyond the radius of curvature A thin lens is placed 50cm from an illuminated object. 29. C.26 m 0. B. A. 27. Calculate the rate at which the boat receives the waves. A. D. the melting point of the ice is raised is lowered remains unchanged is first raised. Barometer Hypsometer Hygrometer The maxim displacement of a vibrating tuning fork is its amplitude frequency period wavelength A boat is rocked by waves of speed 30ms-1 whose successive crests are 10m apart. 28. A.44 m 0.4oC A rod of initial length 2m at a temperature of 25oC is heated to 80oC. D. III. 30. How long will it take to boil the same quantity of water using the same heating coil if the current is doubled? [Neglect any external heat losses] 8 minutes 4 minutes 2 minutes 1 minute When table salt is added to ice. D. D. III and IV only I. then lowered Which of the following factors affect the rate of evaporation of a liquid? Exposed surface area Temperature of the surroundings Thermal capacity of the liquid Relative humidity of the surrounding II and III only II. II. Calculate the increase in length of the rod if its linear expansivity is 4. D.A. D. A. C. B. C. D. 2. B. A. C. A. B. C. III and IV only I. D. C. A. C. C.0oC 56. A. 24. D.6oC 55. C. IV. A.0oC 56. B. B. A. Calculate the power of the lens in dioptres. II and IV only Which of the following instruments is used to measure relative humidity? Hydrometer B. 54. 23. Determine the angle between the reflected ray and the mirror. The image produced has linear magnification of ¼. 19. 22. B. 18.

42. B. 10. D. B. D.9V.0 V 3. A.40 x 10-5Ω cm has a cross sectional area of 7. D. D. the conductor eventually loses all its charges.0 V If the direction of the current in a straight wire is reversed. A. B. A. Calculate the internal resistance of the cell. . 39. This is because the electric charges evaporate from the surface of the conductor charges are conducted to earth charges on the conductor are neutralized by opposite charges from the surrounding air charges ionize the surrounding air The electric potential at P is given by the expression 4π 4π 4π Q___ 4π 37.0Ω 5.50 cm 68. C. A.m. A. C.f. 35. B. D. Calculate the length of this wire that will be required to make a 4.0 D Which of the following characteristics of light determines its colour? Velocity Wavelength Amplitude Intensity Which of the following is not a part of electromagnetic-spectrum? X-rays Microwaves Infrared radiation Alpha rays Sound interference is necessary to produce the phenomenon of beats Droppler effect acoustic resonance echo A satellite in circular motion around the earth does not have a gravitational forces acting on it a uniform velocity an acceleration a centripetal force acting on it When a conductor mounted on an insulating stand is charged and left for sometime.0 V 11.m.f. 31. C.94cm A battery of e. 41. B.90cm 11. A.0Ω 3. C. 1.5Ω and 4. D.50 x 10-4cm-2. 40. B. B.18cmΩ 15. 33.0V and internal resistance 0. C. C. D. 12. C. 2. B.0 series resistors.C. A.5V is connected in series with a resistor of resistance 3. C. Calculate the terminal voltage of the battery? 13. B. If a similar resistor is connected in series with it the effective resistance of the circuit is halved total power dissipated is doubled total current in the circuit is halved terminal voltage halfed A cell of e.0 V 1.0Ω resistor 82.0 D 25. the magnetic field remains the same A. C.0Ω A wire of resistivity 4. A. 32. D. 38. C. C.0Ω 6. D. 34. B. D. ε 0 ε rR The magnitude of the electric field intensity at P is given by the expression 4π 4π 4π 4π Q___ ε 0 ε rr2 ε 0 ε r(R + r)2 ε 0 ε r(R – r)2 ε 0 ε rR2 Q___ Q_______ Q______ A. A resistor of resistance R is connected to a battery of negligible internal resistance. ε 0 ε rr Q______ ε 0 ε r(R + r) ε 0 ε r(R – r) Q___ Q_______ A. B. A.0A voltmeter connected across the cell registers 0. 36. D. D.

State three methods of polarizing and unpolarized light.6 x 10-19C. circult records 5.2 x 10-9 m 2.5Hz 225. e = 1. D. C. Calculate the value of frequency that will make the circuit to resonate. B.0µF in an a.8 A 7. A. 49. . D. The numbers 238 and 235 represent their atomic numbers nucleon numbers proton numbers neutron numbers The main difference between x-rays and yrays lies in their ionizing ability absorption rate mode of production mode of propagation An electron of mass 9. [h = 6. C. circuit.4 x 10-9 m 1.02 x 10 J If the atom de-excites from n = wavelength of the emitted radiation is 2. 112.5A.6 x 10-34 Js. A. A.60 x 10-19 J 1.0Hz 353. B. D.B.4 x 10-7 m 1. B. Determine the value of the electronic charge. (a) State faraday’s second law of electrolysis (b) An electric charge of 9. D. A. 1. [g = 10 ms-2] Explain why mercury does not wet glass while water does. 5. Calculate the horizontal distance covered by the particle just before hitting the ground. A. C.c. With the aid of a sketch.20 x 10-8m 2009 PAPER 2 THEORY SECTION B PART I A particle is dropped from a vertical height h and falls freely for a time t. 44.85 48. 2.55 x 10-17m 7. D. becomes parallel to the wire ceases to exist is oppositely directed An ideal step-down transformer steps up power energy current voltage An inductor of inductance 1.10 x 10-24m 4.0 x 1023 atoms. 47. A.5 A The table below shows the energy distribution for various levels of an atom. B.6 2 –3. D. 3.6 x 1034 Js] 9. Calculate the wavelength of the associated wave [h = 6. Use it to answer 46 and 47. B. 1.1 A 3. 50. C.60 x 10-18 J 1. 43.1 x 10-31kg moves with a speed of 107ms-1. the peak current in the circuit is 7.51 4 – 0. C. D. Energy level (n) Energy (eV) 1 – 13. D.25 x 10-11m 6.9 A 3. B. (a) (b) Explain what is meant by cations Draw and label an electrolytic cell A. C.6 x 104C liberates 1 mole of a substance containing 6. Two isotopes of uranium are designated as 238U and 235U.c. D.2 x 10-7 m 2. (b) t2 A particle is projected horizontally at 15 ms-1 from a height of 20m. A.39 3 – 1. B. 6.02 x 10-18 J 1.5 Hz 707. C. Calculate the first excitation energy of the atom. 4.21 Hz an ammeter connected to an a. B. 45. C.0H is connected in series with a capacitor of capacitance 2.0 x 108 ms-1] 46. explain how h varies with: (a) t. C. c = 3.

50 100 Temp(oC) 11. (a) Give a retort stand and clamp. (c) 13. Give three observation in support of de Broglie’s assumption that moving particles behave like waves. (mmHg) 760 500 9. State two conditions necessary for the: (i) production of stationary wave in a medium. (b) Using a suitable diagram. (a) sterilize a (d) .P. (iii) occurrence of total internal reflection of wave. List two properties of cathode rays Explain how the intensity and energy of cathode rays may be increased. State two differences between a wave and a radio wave. Pure water is known to boil at 100oC and at an atmospheric pressure of 760mmHg.0ms-2 for 20s after which the acceleration is reduced to 4. the length of the trapped air column is 15cm.P (mmHg) S. a simple pendulum and a pencil. A ray of light is incident on one face of an equilateral glass prism. (iii) average speed during the same time interval as in (ii) above. (b) modulus (a) (b) (a) (b) (b) Young’s (c) 8. [Atmospheric pressure = 76 cm Hg]. Explain why is not advisable to Clinical thermometer in boiling water at normal atmosphere pressure.V.V. State the effect of an increase in pressure on the (i) boiling point.0ms-2 for the next 10s. Calculate the length of the air column when the tube is held (i) horizontally. (ii) total distance traveled during the first 20s. Draw the velocity-time graph of the motion using the information given above. calculate the: (i) maximum speed attained during the motion. and (ii) melting point of water. Explain the following terms: (a) tensile stress. 10. S. explain how the following can be obtained form a velocity-time graph: (i) acceleration (ii) total distance covered A body at rest is given an initial unform acceleration of 6. From the graph. a stout pin. What general conclusion can be drawn form the information given above and from the graph? (d) A thread of mercury of length 20cm is used to trap some air in a capilalary tube with uniform crosssectional area and closed at one end. Explain why a vibrating tuning fork sounds louder when its stem is pressed against a table top than when held in air. With the tube vertical and the open end uppermost. (ii) vertically with the open end underneath. (ii) formation of interference wave patterns. State two precautions necessary to obtain accurate results.7. (a) sound (b) (c) 12. Define diffusion State two applications of electrical conduction through gases. describe how you would use thee apparatus to determine the centre of gravity of an irregularly shaped piece of cardboard of a moderate size. The body maintains the speed attained for 30s. The graph shown above is that of the saturated vapour pressure (svp) of water against temperature.

(a) between a (b) (c) (d) State moving coil galvanometer and a. . [ π = 3. (ii) line absorption spectra Draw a labeled diagram showing the structure of a simple type of photocell and explain its mode of operation.6eV to one of –10.6 x 10-19J] 15. A source of e. State the principle on which the potentiometer is based when it is functioning.00 x 108ms-1. [h = 6.6 x 10-31Js. Mark this position with a piece of chalk. two essential differences 14. the capacitor and the resistor. the potential difference across the resistor is 80V and that across the inductor is 40V. State tow (i) reasons to show that x-rays are waves. (ii) uses of x-rays other than in medicine. Calculate the refractive index of the glass if the angle of minimum deviation is 41o. (ii) capacitance of the capacitor. Place one of the rules on a knife edge and determine its centre of gravity C. (iii) inductance of the inductor. Calculate the energy and wavelength of the emitted radiation.c generator. (a) (c) (d) (i) (ii) You are provided with two metre rules and other necessary apparatus. Draw the vector diagram of the potential differences across the inductor. (a) (b) 2009 PAPER I PRACTICAL 1. 110V and frequency 60 Hz is connected to a resistor. Calculate the: (i) potential difference across the capacitor. An electron jumps from an energy level of –1. c = 3.m.1114] Briefly explain the following terms: (i) emission line spectra.4 eV in an atom. When the current in the capacitor 2Λ.(i) (ii) Draw a ray diagram to show the path of the ray through the prism. an inductor and a capacitor in series. Explain the term eddy currents and state two devices in which the current are applied. eV = 1.f.d.

Evaluate k = s/Q. (viii) Read and record the value of d in metres. (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) (x) (b) (i) (ii) thermometer and other necessary materials. Ensure that the graduated face of the metre rule is facing upwards. In each case determine the corresponding values of t. plot two graphs of temperature on the vertical axis and time on the horizontal axis from the readings obtained using tins C and D. Use the measuring cylinder provided to measure 100cm3 of water and point it into the tin labeled C. Heat the water in the tin almost to boiling (90oC). (iv) Attach the mass M = 100g firmly to the rule AB at C using sellotape. Insert the thermometer into the tin and record the temperature of water every minute starting from 85oC until the temperature falls to 60oC. State four factors which affect the rate of evaporation of a liquid in an open container. Define the term couple as it relates to rotational or oscillatory system.(iii) (b) Read and record the mass MR of the metre rule written on the reverse side of it. On the same graph sheet and using the same axes and scales. read off the time taken to cool from 85oC to 65oC. T and T2. Explain how heat losses by radiation and convection are minimized in a vacuum flask. where Q = 2/25d2 (xi) State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. 2. Repeat the experiment with the tin labeled D using exactly the same volume of water and temperature range. (a) (i) You are provided with a measuring cylinder. Evaluate the period T and T2. repeat the procedure for other values of h = 50. (xi) Determine the slope s. (v) Suspend the metre rule by two parallel threads of length h = 40cm each at the 10cm and 90cm marks. (ix) Keeping d constant throughout the experiment. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. Tabulate your readings. 60. two different tins labeled C and D. (a) 3. 70 and 80cm. (vii) Determine the time t for 20 complete oscillations. of the graph. Remove the tin and place it on a cork or wooden stand. (ii) Give two practical applications of a couple in everyday life. . (vi) Set the rule AB into a small angular oscillation about the vertical axis through its centre of gravity. Label the graph appropriated as C and D to correspond with the tins used. Tabulate your readings. (x) Plot a graph of T2 on the vertical axis and h on the horizontal axis. From each graph.

m. Repeat the procedure for other values of l=35.f. Plot a graph of 1-1 on the vertical axis and Ii on the horizontal axis starting both axes from the origin (0.(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (b) (i) (ii) Connect the circuit as shown in the diagram above. close the switch. Calculate the e. of a battery.f. recast into a cube and allowed to cool to its original temperature? Density Volume Specific heat capacity Electrical resistance A. 65 and 80cm. . Another cell Y is balanced by a length of 60. of Y. read and record the value 11 of the ammeter. Close the switch. Evaluate 1-1. Open the switch. D. B. Use the jockey to make contact with PQ at the 20cm mark such that PJ=I=20cm. 1.00V is balance by a length of 40. Which of the following properties of a long steel bar would alter if the bar were melted.m. C. 50. In each case determine the corresponding values of Ii and l-1. Tabulate your readings.0cm on the same wire.m. From your graph deduce the value Io of I1 when I-1 = 0.f. With the jockey J not making contact with PQ. Evaluate 1o/I State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. Define the e. A cell X of e.z. 2010 SSCE PHYSICS PAPER 2 OBJECTIVE 1. PQ is a potentiometer wire 100cm long and R is a standard resistor of 5Ω. Read and record the ammeter reading I.0).0cm on a potentiometer wire.

C. [g = 10ms-2] 10ms-1 15ms-1 20ms-1 30ms-1 Which of the following statements best describes a rigid body? A body which is not easily deformed when deformed remains its shape is brittle when deformed remains deformed A simple harmonic oscillator has a period of 0. II. Calculate the magnitude of the retaining force. C. D. A. 3. The velocity of X relative to Y at the time they pass each other is 200kmh-1 100kmh-1 40kmh-1 20kmh-1 8. D. A. A. 9. B. C. Which of the following statements about static friction is correct? It is independent of the nature of surfaces in contact depends on the area of surfaces in contact depends on the relative motion between the surfaces in contact depends on the weight of the moving body Two cars X and Y traveling in opposite directions along the same highway at uniform velocities 110kmh-1 and 90kmh-1 respectively pass each other at a certain point. B. C. B. D. B. 1. D.00 N A.00N 45. then it is moving with a uniform velocity The rate of change of its momentum with time takes place in a direction opposite to that of its motion The particle failing freely covers equal distances in equal time intervals. B. A. D. C. 5. B. C. Which of the following instruments is the best for measuring the diameter of a thin constantan wire? Callipers Metre rule Micrometer screw gauge Venier callipers What is the density of a fuel relative density 0. then it is dynamic equilibrium If the resultant force acting on the particle is greater than zero. A. C.0 π A vertical string.0ms-2. The average speed of an object is determined by dividing the sum of its initial and final speeds by two only when the acceleration is changing uniform increasing decreasing A body is projected horizontally from the top of a cliff 45m above the ground. Which of the following statements about the system are correct? The potential energy of the mass is a minimum at the middle of the swing Its kinetic energy is a maximum at the middle of the swing The sum of the potential and kinetic energies is constant throughout the swing I. 7. C. . C. A. I. 10. 6. D.72? [Density of water = 1000kg m-3] 72kg m-3 720kg m-3 7200kg m-3 72000kg m-3 The types of motion which a cylindrical drum rolling down an inclined plane undergoes are circular and translational rotational and translational rotational and circular rectilinear and circular Which of the following statements about a moving particle is correct? If the resultant force acting on the particle is zero.0 π 400. B. B. D. A. 13. D. A.25m. B. Calculate the speed in ms-1 at the centre of the oscillation. 12.0 π 100.02s and amplitude of 0.2 π 25. 11. III. calculate the speed of projection. If the body lands at a distance 30m from the foot of the cliff. C. C. suspended from a fixed point and having a small mass attached to the free end is set into oscillations.25 N 8. II and III I and II only II and III only I and III only A moving body of mass 25.0kg undergoes a uniform retardation of 20. C. B. D. D.2. A. 4. B. D. A. 1. B. A.

The temperature it records at 380mmHg is –25oC –20oC 20oC 25oC The advantages of the thermoelectric thermometer include the following characteristics except that it can measure rapidly changing temperatures can measure high and low temperatures can measure temperature almost at a point is fairly sensitive In a thermos flask. B. heat loss by radiation is minimized by the silvered surfaces vacuum within the double walls plastic stopper cork support The press P. B. the temperature rises by 1K mass 1kg. 24. A. D. 500. Which of the following equations is correct about the gas? PV = constant T P_ = constant T P_ = constant V T D. D. Calculate the quantity of heat required to melt it completely. C. B. the temperature rises by 1000 K mass 1kg. C. If the frequency of the wave is 0. 16. C. 22. 21. 14. B. 5. the temperature rises by 1000K In electric drill rated 400 W is used to drill a hole in copper of mass 400g in 20s. volume V and absolute temperature T of a given mass of an ideal gas. A. II.0kJ kg-1] 1500J 10000J 10500J 15000J Dew point is not affected by temperature wind the amount of water vapour atmosphere atmospheric pressure A. B. B.D. C. III.4 J of heat energy is supplied to a body of mass 1000 kg.0m The ability of a wave to spread around corners is called polarisation dispersion . A. C. Calculate the rise in temperature if all the heat produced is absorbed by the copper. [Specific heat capacity of the solid =1.4J kg-1k-1 of a body means that when 26. i_ = constant T PV Specific heat capacity 26. D. D. C.25Hz.0 kJ kg-1k-1] [Specific latent heat of fusion of solid = 2. in the A. change simultaneously. D. D. C. C. D.0m 50. 20. A. C. 15. [Specific heat capacity of copper =400 J kg1 -1 k ] 100oC 75oC 50oC 45oC A solid of mass 0. D. B.0m 80. D. B. 23. A. 25.0m 40. B. the temperature rises by 1K mass 1000kg. A. D. B. 19.00 N Which of the following sources of energy is/are exhaustible? Solar Fossil fuel Tidal power II only III only I and II only II and III only A machine is said to be a third class lever when the load is between the fulcrum and effort fulcrum is between the effort and load effort is between the fulcrum and load fulcrum is directly below the load A thermometer records 690mmHg at steam point and 440mm at ice point. A. I. B. C. B.5kg initially at 50oC melts at 60oC. 17. C. A. A certain wave has a speed of 20ms-1. calculate the distance between successive crests of the wave. A. 18. A.

velocity in water velocity in air sine of angle of refraction Sine of angle of incidence apparent depth real depth wavelength in air wavelength in water Uses the diagram below to answer question 36 and 37. From the diagram above. C. the correct equation for the refractive index n of the medium is n = tan i n = sin i__ Sin 90o n= sin i____ Cos (90o–i) A. D. A. 32. The refractive index of water is given by the expression. the frequency of the stationary wave emitted. A. the location of the image formed is between principal focus and pole between principal focus and centre of curvature at infinity at centre of curvature 30. 27. D. A. D. D. D. B. 34. A. C. A lens that is thinner at the middle and thicker at the edges is diverging converging plano-convex converging meniscus Which of the following electromagnetic waves has the longest wavelength? Radio wves Gamma rays Infrared waves Ultraviolet rays The amplitude of a sound wave determines its frequency quality loudness pitch As the air column of length L in an air pipe decreases. 31. 28. A. B. C. A. C. D. D. except periscope sextant kaleidoscope binoculars When an object is placed at the principal focus of a concave mirror.C. 35. B. B. decreases increases varies as L2 varies as L A positively charged glass rod is placed near the cap of a positively charged electroscope. B. B. n = sin 90o A ray of light travels from air to water. C. D. B. 26. A. C. 33. B. B. B. C. C. D. except water pumping machines ceiling fans electric irons television sets A. A. D. 29. C. D. . C. diffraction reflection The following devices use plane mirrors in their operations. The divergence of the leaf is observed to decrease increase remain the same increase and collapse immediately Capacitors are used in the following devices.

D. B. A.0V 9.C. C. A. D.25 x 10-8m Oxidation of the filament in a light bulb is prevented by the introduction of hydrogen oxygen argon mercury vapour In a cathode ray tube. I. Calculate the maximum voltage that can be read by the voltmeter. 36. B. D. A. 49. If each of the capacitance and inductance in the circuit is reduced by 50% and no other changes are made. 0. D. B. circuit is 1000kHz. E stored in an inductor of inductance L when current I passes through it is given by the equation E = ½ Ll2 E = Ll2 E = 1/2 Li E = ½ L 2l Eddy currents can be reduced by using coil of high resistance winding the coil on a soft iron core creating holes in the metal plates using coil of low resistance An electron moves with a speed of 2.0 x 106ms-1 in a straight line. 47. B. C.97A 1. 42. B. [mass of an electron = 9. B. D. D. A. V across the parallel resistors 2. C. B. B. 45.24 x 10-8m 7. C. . C. 37.0V 2. B. 39. C. B. A. A. 41. A. D.c. the function of the Xplates is to deflect the electron beam horizontally deflect the electron beam vertically reflect the electron beam generate sinusoidal waves A nuclide represented as 70X has a neutron 32 proton ratio of 0. B. A. 46. Which of the following factors does not affect the electric resistance of a wire? Length Mass Temperature Cross-sectional area Which of the following factors will increase the sensitivity of a moving coil meter? Strong spring Low number of turns Small area of coil Soft iron core In other to prevent bar magnets from losing their strength. 20V 30V 38V 40V In the wiring of houses.6 x 10-34 Js] 3. 44. A. unlike poles facing each other and the keepers placed at their ends unlike poles facing each other and the keepers placed between them The resonant frequency of an a.3V 3.51 x 10-9m 4.7V A galvanometer of internal resistance 50Ω and full scale deflection of 20mA is converted into a voltmeter by connecting a resistor of resistance 1950Ω in series to it. D. C. 40. C.5 A. D.1 x 10-31 kg] [Planck’s constant = 6. A. the connected to the wire coloured blue brown yellow yellow and green fuse is 43. C. they are stored with keepers such that the two bars are placed with like poles facing each other and the keepers placed at their ends like poles facing each other and the keepers placed between them A. 48. D. the resonant frequency will become 250kHz 750kHz 1000kHz 2000kHz The energy. Calculate the wavelength of the electron wave. D. D. A.63 x 10-10m 6. B. 38. C.03A 5.00A Determine the potential difference. C. D.60A 0. A. B. Calculate the current. C.

0. D. If the original length 2. C. B. D. A stone is projected vertically upward with a speed of 30ms-1 from the top of a tower of height 50m. A. 50.B.8 1.5 Neutrons are used to induce radioactivity because they are energetic have to charge have no mass are ionizing artificial 2010 PAPER 2 THEORY SECTION B PART I 1.24mm. C.2 1. [g = 10ms-2] A force of 40N is applied at the free of a wire fixed at one end to produce an extension of 0. determine the maximum height it reached from the ground. . Neglecting air resistance.

Name these gases and the respective electrodes at which they are given off. 7. When a lead – acid accumulator is fully charged. (a) 4. PART II 11. (c) can rotate a light paddle wheel inside a discharge tube An X-ray tube operates at a potential of 2500V. 10. During each interval the body is uniformly accelerated. be 12. State one reach each why cathode rays: (a) are not electromagnetic waves (b) cast sharp shadows of objects in their Path. (b) Sketch a distance – time graph for a particle moving in a straight line with: (i) uniform speed (ii) variable speed (c) A body start from rest and travels distance of 120. (b) State the wave characteristics which are exhibited by the particles named in (a) above. (a) (b) (c) Explain the terms: (i) inertia (ii) inertial mass List three factors which affect the rate of evaporation of water in a pond Two ice cubes pressed together for some time were found to stick together when the pressure was removed.2 x 103kgm-3 and 1. [e = 1. 9. calculate the: (a) stress on the wire (b) strain in the wire 3. A suction pump is used to withdraw air from the top of the liquid columns in the tubes by means of a T – piece arrangement until the liquid in A rises to a height of 26. (a) State two factors which affect the angle of deviation of a ray of light through a triangular glass prism. Two vertical capillary tubes of the same diameter are lowered into beakers situated at the same level. If the power of the tube is 750W. 13. (b) Seven virtual images of an object are formed when two plane mirrors are . (i) Calculate the velocity of the body at the of each successive time interval.6 x 10-19C. 6. containing liquids A and B of densities 9.0mm respectively. Calculate the height of the liquid in tube B.30 x 103kgm-3 respectively. (b) List two uses of polariods.1x1031 kg] (a) Write down the names of two particles used in explaining the wave nature of matter. 5.and diameter of the wire are 3m and 2. (a) Differentiate between plane polarization and interference as applied to waves. (a) State two factors which affect the mass of elements deposited during electrolysis. (ii) Sketch a velocity – time graph for the motion. calculate the speed of the electron striking the target. State the mathematical expression for this constant. 300 and 180m in successive equal time intervals of 12s. mass of electron = 9. evolution of gases occurs at the electrodes.0cm. (a) List two examples each substances with: (i) low viscosity (ii) high viscosity (b) When is a liquid said to viscositatic? of (b) The product of the uncertainties in Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle is equal to or greater than a constant. Distinguish between perfectly elastic collision and perfectly inelastic collision. (a) State the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle (d) 8. (b) List two non-electrolytes. Explain this observation.

If A1 reads 4.5Ω connected to two resistors of values 2. (a) Copy and complete the table given above in your answer booklet.0Ω and R.0 8.0 10. of the waves. (i) Determine the speed.0eV -2.0Ω and RΩ. 15. calculate the: (i) equivalent resistance of the combined resistors 2. [6.(c) inclined at an angle θ to each other. 226 Ra → 222Rn + 4 α (Equation A) 88 14 7 N+4 2 α → 86 2 17 8 O+ 1 1 P (Equation B) (iv) 14. f/Hz 2.0 x 108 ms-1] (c) The following nuclear equations represent two types of radioactivity.7eV n0 12.0 4. What does the slope of the graph represent? Identify each type and explain briefly the difference between them.0 (ii) (iii) n1 -5. (a) State three conclusions that can be drawn from Rutherford’s experiment on the scattering of alpha particles by a thin metal foil in relation to the structure of the atom. Calculate the value of θ .0A. a student was able to generate series of transverse waves by varying the frequency of the dipper and all the waves so generated covered a distance of 0.6 x 10-34Js. C = 3.2s.6 x 1019 J. A1.0V battery of internal resistance 0.0 6. If an excited electron moves from n2 to n0 calculate the: (i) frequency (ii) wavelength of the emitted Radiation. lev = 1. Plot a graph with f on the vertical axis and λ -1 on the horizontal axis. (ii) current through A2 and A3 (iii) value of R.0eV (b) n2 . The diagram above illustrates a 9. D2 and A3 are ammeters of negligible internal resistances. By means of a ripple tank. v. n3 0.80m in 0.0eV λ /m λ -1/m-1 The diagram above illustrates the energy levels of an electron in an atom.

Suspend the pendulum bob such that it hangs freely in front of the drawing paper. Stick two points P1 and P2 on the line MO. (a) (ii) (iii) (iv) (i) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) (x) (xi) (xii) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (xiii) (xiv) Place the glass block on a drawing sheet and trace its outline ABCD as shown in the diagram above. Replace the block on its outline and mount the plan e mirror vertically behind the block such that it makes good contact with the face AB.0). measure and record the width W of the block.772 (xviii) State two precautions taken to obtain accurate results. Set the pendulum bob oscillating through a small amplitude and determine the time t for 20 oscillations. T. Remove the block. Evaluate and record d2. (xvi) Determine the intercept I on the horizontal axis. . Draw a line making an angle i= 10o with the normal. Draw a normal ON to DC at a point about one-quarter the length of DC. Evaluate G = d2_ h Repeat the procedure for four other positions of P1. Determine and record the period. Mark the new position P1 of the centre of the bob. 2. Differentiate between oscillatory and rotational motions.(xv) 2010 PAPER 1 PRACTICAL ALTERNATIVE A 1. (i) Distinguish between the and frequency of oscillation of a simple pendulum. Remove the drawing board so that the pendulum bob can swing freely. (xvii) Evaluate A = 1___ 19. Draw a line RP Representing the rest position of the pendulum string and mark the position P of the pendulum bob at rest. Measure and record the perpendicular distance. Measure and record the vertical height h of P1 above P. starting both axes from the origin (0. (ii) (i) fix the drawing paper on the drawing board and hold the board with two clamps such that it is vertical. stick two other pins P3 P4 such that they appear to be in a straight line with the images of pin P1 and P2 seen through the block. (a) (b) period Plot a graph with G on the vertical axis and h on the horizontal axis. d of P1 from the line RP. Tabulate your readings. Displace the pendulum bob to one side in a plane parallel to the drawing board. Looking through the face CD.

(i) Explain the term refractive index and give a mathematical expression for it in terms of wavelength. State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results. 50. Evaluate m = sin e and n = cos ( θ /2). (i) Set up a circuit as shown in the diagram above. Tabulate your readings.0). Plot a graph with m on the vertical axis and n on the horizontal axis. starting both axes from the origin (0. Read and record the voltmeter reading. Plot a graph with V-1 on the vertical axis and x-1 on the horizontal axis. 40. State two devices in which law does not apply. Determine the slope. s of the graph and evaluate θ = 2Ws. (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) (xvi) (xvii) (b) (x) (b) (i) Ohm’s (ii) Make contact with the potentiometer wire AB using the jockey at a point C such that AC = x = 20cm. (ii) Close the key K. Calculate the current in each resistor. of the graph (B) intercept. a key K. Draw lines OQl. Repeat the procedure for i = 20o. Repeat the procedure for other values of x=30. (ii) State the conditions necessary for total internal reflection to occur for a given pair of media. 40o and 50o. s. Nl produced. OlQ and normal Ol. a potentiometer AB. Evaluate x-1 and V-1. Measure and record 0. Determine the: (A) slope. e and d. 60 and 80cm. (a) You are provided with a voltmeter V. c. A current of 1A is supplied to two resistors of resistances 2Ω and 3Ω connected in parallel. Draw a perpendicular line from the midpoint of OOl to meet AB at Q. 3. . V. 30o.(viii) (ix) (x) (xi) (xii) (xiii) (xiv) (xv) Join P3 and P4 with a straight line and extend it to touch the face CD at Ol. a chemical cell/battery E two standard resistors R1 and R2. a jockey and other necessary materials. Tabulate your readings. on the vertical axis State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results.

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