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756TH RY'SHOP BATTALION SPONSORED BY PENNSY LINE

The history of the 756th Ry Shop Bn goes back as far as November 22m, 1942, which was the date of a War Department letter ordering the unit into active duty as of January 4th, 1943.

The Pennsylvania Railro.ad, 1Itlich had already spopsored three operating battalions - the 73oth, 717th and 724th - reassigned some of the officers from the latter two outfits to the new 756th, am supplied the remain:!er of the cadre from its civilian employees.

Highly specialized ~en of proven ability an:! execative backgrOUnd were released from their work,'regardless of the fact that it would be hard to replace them. J. C. Hill, vice;:>resident of the Pennsy, made the seleotions. The Army approved them, and the career of the 756th was officially launched.

The initial group of officers attended the Atlantic Coast Tra.~sportation Corps OTS at Fort Slocum, from Dec. 2, 191-12, to Jan. 6, 19t;3. Then they moved to the SOS Unit Training Center at Nelr Orleans, La, Others went .directly from the training school to Bucyrus, Ohio, to

car in France by the 756th Railwa;y Shop Bn., C-eneral Gray officiated at a battalion ceremony on June 19th at the 756th's shops in Marseille, dedicating 'ttle car to Tlsgt. Jack W.D. Mann, Jr.,of 1st MRS Hq., who lost his life during the German shelling of Stra3bourg on April 11, 1945.

Major E. C. Hanley, in the absence of Lt. Cel. Bates, CO of the 756th, introduced the speakers. The ceremorzy- opened with an invocation by Chaplain Lt. Cel.'c Fey, followed by a bl'ief address by Coi. Osc~ A. Di.amcnd, head of the Equipment Sect~on' at 1st MRS Hq., representing Colonel Stoddard.

Colonel Diamond congratUlated the 756th on its notableachievement,.a,nd the sacrifices which the officers and men of the battalion had undergone to make that aohievement possible. He spoke of his own association. with Sergeant

"He was not only a loyal and fin"'S,~.,,.~._~,'" "workmanpbbu4:,-'he~was-<ll-so,,', """",~ e-. ",~~",,! friem", said the Colonel.

"Forever Ca.rry A Melllorial"

Speaking from a platform at the side of the lO,OOOth oar, C-eneral Gray reviewed the achievements of the soldier~ railroaders, their importance to the comubt of the war, arxl dwelt upon hill

O'Nn per-sonal, recOlleotions of . Sergeant. "

=--,"""=. ~ ~~~-

'fitting, " the

oomes the. re:sp(llls'ibil:~ty tion of cars and }o.""niot,{,,;,;;

partioularly fitting, car should forever carry him.

"Nothing that I will say will assauge the sorrow and grief of' that mother, father and widow, but, we can tell them that we do feel that ~ were gl?d to have known him, an:! are proud, to have worked with him. There are no 'iI'Ords that can express our pride in his achievements, and our sorrow at his pas-

sing. .

"Therefore, on behalf of the 26,000 soldier-railreaders in ETOUSA, the mil-' lion-and-a-half railroaders who aTe doing such a splendid aOO' tremendous job at home, the hundred thousand French railroad men who have helped us carry these millions of tons of freight to our fighting ;lXIllies, and the thousands of Belgian and Dutch rail:roaclersflhc have entered into the spirit of railroad workmanship with us, I hereby dedicate this American-made ard Am~rican-erected box car, the lO,OOOt.h car to come from the production line of this 756th;ZYShop Bn, > to the memory of an enlisted

man. whose sense of duty ani adherence to /'1 a pqndple justifies us in awarding atzy' ,

(Continued On Page 2) ,/.-1"

prepare the Camp l,aUard quarters .for arrival of the battalion.

The battalion itself WaS formed at che North Staging Area at- New Orleans, from a cadre of 39 men chosen' ,,'rom the personnel. of the 753rd and 7S4th Shop Battalions. Rem~~r of the enlistedmen were selected lEi the UTC and tr-ansferred to the 756th on January 1), 1943. The.battalion became all official organizat10n on January 11th, designatei as a "~ilwl1iY Shop Battalion, Steam, Heavy," ~t.h a Tlo calling for a total of 682

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l't!E YANKEE BOClOOt

Newspaper for the personnel of the Military Railway Service •. Edited am reproduced at General Headquarters, M.R.S.

TiSgt. N. E. Kernjlll,'Editor

TI5 R. K. Waldron, Associate Ep.itor

Gontents of this ,p'Qblicat.l.on have been passed by SHAEF field,pres~ censor.

Last winter, while the war was still pounding away, my mail contained a very disturbed letter from some old friends of mine whose son was fighting in the Seve nth Army. Their pastor, who had steadfastly hung on to his outright Pacifist "point of view, had become so stirred by the progress of the war that almost every sermon was on loving one's enemies, coupled with increasingly inflammable denunciations of all who bore arms in combat, particu1~rly our own countrymen.

To people with sons or husbands overseas, those were fighting words, and it was not long until the parillh had become divided 'into two hostile c~s: those whose husbands, brothers and sons were in theArrrry; and those who stood foursquare 'for the pastor's ideology. It was an intolerable situation, solved finally by no less than the pastor'S removal to anothe.rplAAe ~..=-J£yel'''fiu1e.l, .. ~tMflking-'Was~ out of joint, and the-prilJl.ary purpose of the letter was to ask the question, "Do we have to love the German. and the Japs in order to remain Christian?" The answer, then as now, was perfectly 'simple. It is, "YES".

First of all, let's get down to the definition of terms. Until we all know l'lhat we mean by "love" we shall be hopelessly entangled in language. Unfortunately, the English Language uses "love" to describe any and every attachment,

all the way to an expression of preference for Vanilla flavor. I "love" God, my country, my parents, my wife and children, black coffee, my dog, and a parade. Before we go further, even the most pugnacious "argufier" would have to admi t that "love" covers a lot of territory -- from the sublime to the ridiculous.

The love of God and Country is quite different from the love for wife and children. In the former there is almost none of the warm, personal, sentimental affection th~t is so characteristic of the latter. Loving God is serving Him as His child, His creature. It is essentially, for mo st, of us, an exercise of the will rather than a spontaneous sentimental response'. There is little, if aizy; emotional reaction. It is not the same as "liking" a close friend. It is a duty imposed upon us by the very nature of things, stimulated, to be sure, by our gratitude for the beauty of the world into which He has placed us.

We can't control our "likes", somehow, but we can control our "love ". Fresh from a movie which has shown Ylbat went on at BUChenwald, Dachau, Lidice, or Bilivid, it is fatuous to' suppose that anyone in his right mind could "like" the debased scoundrels who perpetrated such obscene crimes. Thank God

we ~en't asked to. That isn't what

i',Love. your enemies'" means.

looking ,down from His cross, JesUs

reminded of the XXII Psalm. Its,

verse is liMy God, my God; why hast me ? ", The 12th verse is, oxen are coine about me; fat ~

close me in on eve~ side". 16th is ''For many dogs are come

me,and the council of which layeth siege against me." Still, He taught

to say "Our Father" - because whether lie' like it or not, we are all the children of qed, brothers of each-other.

~esus' love fot His enemies, His, murderers, was not maudlin sentimentality. It Was a supremely intelligent concern for the well_being of humanity en toto -

, comernwhich /dictated a realistic ~pn)acm to the problem of rehabilitatcomt>ahl:onship those child~~"-"'~""''''..,,~':', w):lq,a~_,.s:luP~di.tY',.,,--_oJ:!. ... lust

or ,greed, orffnrl.shandling had

them to forget' what they were. love for our enemies must be the S!llle thing. Firmly, intel1igent4r(please God l), prayerfully, thorou~, honestly, kindly we must address ourselves to the task of bringingou~ vanquished enemies back into . rignt relationship nth the rest "dr-":the peoples of the world. Thus "lonng" them, perhaps one ,liaywe shall once 'more be able to "like" them.

are

we c an be sure of producing it.

-- Chaplain Henning.

'!WO GET BRONZE STAR lIEDAIS

Two enlisted men of the 388th lIP Bn. 'llere awarded the Bronze Star Uedal on June 5th. Presentation was made at retreat formation 'b,y Lt. Col. ,Michael N' Mikulak, 388th C.O.

TiS Joseph R. CaJJ¥!bell, Company "C", received the award for "heroic achievement" in the vicinity of El Guettar,

Tunisia, on Jiarch 19t.l1,. 1943. C8mphell was a member of the 7th FA Bn. at that time. He enlisted in the Army in 1935 and left the United States for foreign 118rvice on August 2nd, 1942. Campbell participated in four D-DS;Yfl: Africa. Sicily, Italy and No1'lll8lld;y. He has five battle stars and the .Purple Heart with cluster. The day following his receipt of the medal, Campbell left for the USA. His home is at Ingrabam's Hill, Maine.

The other man receiving this high award was TiS Lester O. Wittiic:h, Company "Bn. W:l.ttlich '!I'as cited for his role in the imasion of No~, lIlrl.1e a member of the 29th Infantry Division. His wife and young daughter 11 ve at 14 South 23rd st., Belleville, Ill.

DEDICATE 10,000TH CAR. ••• (ContiID6d from Page One) boron!' _ might bestow."

At the cone.rusaon of nis address, General Gray stepped to the side of the car am unveiled the commemorative plaque on the door, as Chaplain Alexander rose and made ,the dedication prayer.

FollOWing the benediotion by Chaplain Breslau, General Gray gave the oommand to pass in revi_. The battalion, led by Captain Tillack, commander of troops, and preceded b,y the ll6th ~ Band, marched past the platform. Vembers of the 7S6th's day shift, dressed in their fatigues, went back into the shops am. ulilmed their positions on the assembly lilIe, for an inspection by the oUioial

:Dra7 -aM· the other offioers already mentioned, the following staft members and guests also occupied plaoes on the platform: Col. FR. HOBack, Director of Equipment, and Col. E. F. llcFadden, Direotor of Stores, both of lIRS General Headquarters: lIajor Hartzler and Lt. Delall8Y, 7S6th Shop Bn. Lt. Col. White, CO of.the 109th ~ GrUd DiT.l.sion; Lt. Col. R1ngberg, CO of the 164thShop Bn. ; Major Graczyk and Lt. LabeB, 2,3rd General Hospital; Lt. Syper,Id., 9th ArIq Hq., and director. CIt the SJCF, Coder, ADN, ani Wagon-Lita.

Car CO!!!pleted Jig 29th

'!'be 10,OOOth car, ~ 220.36Sl,,... cO!!!pleted on·..._,. 29th, and differed ~ its pr.dece,sora only in the plaques .~tached to both doors, carr,ri.Dc the in;cription: "The 1S6th RailllaJ'.~ ,l!a dedioates this, its 10, 000th oar _t.d on the European Continent, to the .-ort

of J8Ck WUu.. DaT.1.8 lIpl, Jl'., and_ ~ ~.' -IV ol;~r"""llortli'i-lIi'1"Uil'f- 'Rin~~Service who haft laid dOllD their lift'

fer their oountry. n

Tisgt .. )(ann, of Howland, Jlainil, .... secretary to the Vice President of the BaJICor " Aroostook RR in ohilian life" Enter1Jlc the »RS' in )laroh, 1942, he sened aB chief clerk on the Equip.eni\ Department at Headquarters. He 1,B,wrT.l.Y8d by his 'rife and parents, 11110 reside at HOII'land.

M_berB of the ri'ftt orew who drOft the last rivet, into the 10,OOOth

ss., New Castle, Pa.1 Arn-

old A. Cavelli, 1611 - 4th st., • E., Canton, Ohio; Ti5 OMille Craddock, 101 Marrtn St., cent.ralla, Ohio (tc), TiS Arthur Hearst, 150 Beach 66 St., Averne, L. I., N. r, (New Haven RR); TiS Peter J. OSll"sk;r,- 421, E~lewood se., llt. Pault Minn. (ON); TIS Carlos M. Ruis, 3431l Avenue "Qn. Fort Madiso~, Iowa (AT&SF); Ti5 weldin V. St1llllpf. 1402 W. pth se., Wilmington, Del. (PRR); and Pvt. Robert Hogan, Brilliant, Ohio (PRR).

The 7S6th R,y Shop Bn. _s stetioned in England for 14 months, and turned out over 10,000 cars there before mOving to Marseille in November, 1944. Their total production in Engla~ and Frame, if coupled up in a single line. '!I'OIlld make a train a hundred miles long. The shop averagas better than 100 cars per day.

Getting Ready

The- young Medical lieutenant walked past the ward each morning; in the yard one' of the inmates was always going. through all the motions of winding up and pitching an imaginary ball.

One of his friends finally asked. "Why do you stop each morning and watch that screwball go through his act."

"Well," he answered. "If things keep going the way they are, I'll be in there some day catching for that guy and I want to get onto his curves.')

From the 382nd ••••

'!be 382nd MP Battalion WaB honored last Friday by the presence of two distinguished visitors at a formal presentat.ion ceremol'\Y held in the Bois de Bouloglle. Major Ge_neral~J.l:!.lton"A."-;Rec,kord. Provost Marshal of the Em, Who was to leave for the States the next day, awarded two Silver Star Medals and one Bronze Star Medal to members of the unit. At an informal ceremol'\Y later, Lt. Col. Ida W. Danielson, Chie.! Nurse of the Em was presented with a beautiful birthday bouquet on behalf of the officers and men of th~ba_ttalion._

~~-- ""The Silver Stars were oresented to Pfc Joseph J. Lutsky, of Co. liD", am Pfc Antonio M. Lopez, Jr., Co. "A". Lutsky, who hails from Upper Darby, Pa., earned the award in Sicily for outstanding gallantry during a recon mission for the 26th Infantry, 1st Division. A veteran of three D-Days - North Africa, Sicily and Normandy - he also holds the Bronze Star Medal for heroiSlll. Lopez, from ChaIJiler, Arizona, fought with the 39th Infantry, 9th Div., from St. 10 to Aachen.

The Bronze Star Medal was pinned on S/Sgt. Richard G. Tregre, Co. "A", for particiPlltion on an extreinely important mission in the Hirtgen Forest, Germal'\Y, while with the 33lst Inf., 83rd Div. Hie home is in Wallace, La.

Both Lutsky and Lopez wear Presidential Unit Citations in addition to their other decorations. Sgt. Tregre has a Purple Heart, am all three possess Combat Infantrymants Badges.

Music for the presentation ceremol'\Y was furnished by the 317th ASF band.

Then the unit was massed informal~jn the recreation area where 1st/Sgt. Robert Q. stevensl of. Wasidngton,--D.C. am more recently Co. "A", presented roses to Lt. Col. Danielson "as a token of the reflpect am esteem the members or the battalion hold .for the Army Nurse Corps." It was a particular~ sincere tribute, since most of the men" are former combat soldiers, and many waar Purple Hearts.

Colonel Danielson thanked the men for the bouquet~ ~n~ongra~Jl1{teCl-Lt: Col. - George -B. 'Morse, CO of the 382m, from .

Chicago, Ill., .who.was also celebrating his birthday at the same time. . ~

From GHQ, MRS ••••

T/5 George Aumel' has returned to the fold after 8 long absence. He left MRS Hq, back in Algiers to return to the States, later coming back overseas 'with _ the 717th ~ Operating Bn. He is.now on the GHQ telephone switehboard, am in off-duty hOurs can no doubt be found harmonizing w:i. th T/4 Paul Ivory as of old.

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Captain John Vopatek thinkll maybe the telephone directory needs a bit ot changing. He is listed as ·"Information and Special Service Officer", and con-

tinually receives outside call.s from all over Paris on subjects ranging from''What

PAGE

train do I take to get to Brussels ?" to ''Wberecan I get a date for tonight - tall, blonde am beautiful?" But the captain is alwaYs obliging. He gives 'em the answer,ir he,can.

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From the 729th •• , ••

Even - af'ter trains began the newly-qompleted Weser'river that wasn't the end of the story 7';29th. Fire protection measurei had to be considered. So Lt. Hqlland, B&B supervisor (B&M'R¥), and s/sgt. L.E. Stephenson, Ggang foreman (Santa Fe), looked the situation over. Six side bays were spaced at intervals along the

bridge, am were equipped with water tanks 'and fire~fighting-apparatus. Sheet steel decking was installed the Inside.c,of ,8 'll'8ek the jol)~.,was;I_"","_"'~""'-'!lI

cars stenciled; 389 cars repaired; 16 loads transferred; five locomotives rerailed; am 1286 trains inspected, each with an average of 45 cars. co of ComPalzy' "Bn, and battalion Master Mechanic, is Capt. William F. Farlich, from Hosington, Kansas, and thB Missouri Pacific. Before coming to France, this compaI\?' erected oars in the U.K.

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Pfc Donald P. Myer, a car inspector in Co. "B", recently managed a get-together with his brother, Cpl. Robert E. ~er, of the 9l1th Ordnance H.A.M. Co. It was their only meeting in tr.ree yaar&

-- Capt. Joseph A. Vargas ItI.

-0...

t~ou~ a,f~eld of l~~competith~Fri8Cli-WalaO-C-ombinstion recent~ captu_~d the table-tennis crown in the 709th Grand Division. Sgt Slobin am Pfc Dennen were runners-up in a hotly-contested series.

~

Bingo has made its debut fl,t Chalindray t France, having been introduced "t the Hot Box Club, 794th service center. Local lassies and their chaperons heard the numbers called in both English and F-rench. They 'Very quickly got in the groove. Prizes and refreshments completed the evening, making it a huge success. Popular request now demands that Bingo sessions be held every Saturday night. For his contribution _. - namely, one of his famous home-made cakes - Pfc William B. Martin, Cypress Inn, Tenn., WIIS given a sp'e'cial round of applause at the initial party.

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Reqently:, in a pretty round-about, way !¢.ein brothers 'met fer-:t'ne--ftrst - time in nearly three years. Pf'e Frank Klein, of the . 762nd By Diesel Shop Bn., nad finished a long period of duty in

I Persia. After an airplane trip to Egypt,

The 729th has a rolling photo lab, Oran and Italy, he landed in Marseille. noused in a passegger coach, and COll- Then he started to track down his brothplete enough to be able to turn out 300 er, Robert L. Klein, who is with the picturelS a day if the occasion demands. ,794th. He finally traced him to ChalinConsisting of three rooms, two dark and dray, France, and proceeded there by one light, the car also includes living train. Robert then joined him in a ride quarters and kitchen facilities for tllO to Nancy. The brothers hope 'co see more men. The-coach was found in ".· ... '0 ... ' ... of e!1c1L.ot-her in.the near.,!Jlt.lp:e - at railroad yaTd, where it had been aban- '1676 l.Iaple st., 'tort lee, N.J~-· ---

doned by the Germans as unfit for pas- -0-

senger use' because of the shrapnel holes Six men in Compal'\Y "A", all pver 42,

ventilating the roof, sides and seats. were the first to get reservations on But carmen of the 729th said the chaa- tllat "dream beat", headed for home. All sis was in good corrl1tion, so it was six were charter memQe~ .. Qf~ -the--Un;i.t, patched up for use by the battalion pho- llarldng back to its activation at Fort tographer,Pfc RogerJ!aser, and his as-Custer,¥ioh. They are~ S/Sgt. Patrick sj,st3nt,~Pi'c -Jame. Hannah. The seat. J. Boshell, 824 Perkicmer St., Philadel-

were taken out, jlnd fiber board was hi P Pf J h Chi ' I.

to cover the windows for dark room work. p a, a. ; ~ osep arc, 2_3 Wash-

. burn Ave'l Chicago, Ill.; Pfc Joseph A.

In two weeks it was all read;y'for use. Dadera, 5640 W. 23rd Place, Cicero, Ill.

are facilities for handling t.he Pfc Harry D. Gilbert, 56 Chestl1llt St., hurrlreas of roll films brought in by men Rensselaer, N. Y.; Pvt Ra4;>h O. Johnson, of the battalion, as' well as the regular Nashwauk, Minn.; and Pfc Andres R. San- 4 x 5 cut film. Numerous glass plates, chez, 1510 Green St., Philadelphia, Pa. used in martY Gennan cameras, can also be Among their GI memories will be the "last processed. Most of the equipment is supper'" ,they enjoyed with their old budGerman, having been previous~ used in dies. A special table was set with ofimustrial laboratories for research and ricers' utensils instead of mess gear, propaganda. In theaceompan,ying photo, and ohampagne was SIlbsti tuted for the Pfc Naser is seen working at the enlarg- usuaf "coffee, milk and sugar". S/Sgt.

era Boshell made a short farewell speech

-0- . that had the men talking about it for

Company "B" of the 729th is right hours after he left. Good luck. and bon

proud of its production record, and voyage l - T /5 Samuel Kimberg.

would like to kna!r if any outfit can ..0-

beat this t)'Pical month's accomplish- From the 757th •••• ments: 1706 locomotiVes worked on; ue

boilers w~shed; 500 engines stenciled; The educational campaign intended to 8530 tons of coal unloaded and used;, 93 sti:mV.late ,·our EM into putting some of

monthly locomotive inspections; 4480 (Contim8!i On p. 4)

am :soissons - an average of more than 37 trains a ~, are moved. They total.ed U57 for the month of May. And this is only one of seven districts in which the 724th has men supervising railway operations over a total trackage of more than 1100 miles. The 724th ie commamed by Lt. Col. James D. Shea, from the CYStP&P.

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SWITCH SHAm ••••

and does one bang-up job. He was recently appointed Athletic Director, and activities in this field are exPected tc show results of ,the "Gralewicz touch", too.

(Continued from Page :3)

their spare time into study has taken the outfit by stann. Over 30 per cent of the personnel are already planning to take up some technical training. Shop practice and electricity are the favorites, with mechanical. drawing and radio close behind.

From the 752nd •••• '

With the battalion band sefenading, the 752nd baseball team blasted the officers' nine by a score of' 23 to' 2, in~ game played June 14th. ,Lt •. Col. aobert E. Triggs, the ou.tfit's, CO, threw out "';he first ball after the. ll!1tional anthem had been played. The game 1I'8S marked by the pit<:hing. of Freshour, Co.' "C", and the all-aroum batting ability of the battal.ion team.

From the 722nd ••••

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On June 9th the 757th celabrated its secom anniversary in fashionable style, and left the scars of two hard years of GI railroading behim. There was entertainnent, and eats, too, including ice cream and beer, to honor the occasion. Soft ball games were played, and a movie off the day. A year ago, the unit

. its at

The 722nd Operating Bn's June 7th issue of "Rambling Rails", unit publication, contains a resume at the outfit's standing on the point sYstem and 4Q-year business. Over the 85 mark are: Hq. Co. - M/Sgt. Ira Guilliams, 11l; T/sgt.John

Ensling, 107 T/5 George IkCarty,86.

Co. "- Edison Harris, 11l;

The 757th has a new EM Club, a projectdesigned under' the supervision of T/4 Dagastino am M/Sgt. Larxiress. Eighteen rooms of a former German apartment house liave been converted into a .recreataon spot, for the men. Co. "C" carpenters put in their bit, erecting a large bar, spraying the entire place a mellow cream color, and fixing up all the rough spots. Equipment and furniture are fast being added, and before long the club will be really a place for enjoying luxurious ease.

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At last report, "Hq" and "B"companies were tied in a hotly-contested battalion soft ball league rivalry, each with three wins am one loss. Arrangements have been made to give the winning team a 3-<iay pass to Paris.

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Pfc. RobinsoI)" 88.

tllll'orth of Co. "B" . just missed with a bare 84. On the old age front, the following are eligible for discharge: In Hq. Co. - T/sgt. Noman Stephenson, S/Sgt. Clifford Turner and Pfc Mike IkGlone. Co. "A" - Cpl. Charles Ryan, T/5 Eben Stonsch, and Pvt Albert Furk. Co. "E" - M/Sgt. Henry' Meyer. Co. "C" - Sgt. Gregorio Agostino, Sgt. Alfred Le Fers, and T/5 Julius Smith. Sgt. Agostino says he ,iotems to remain in the service, but would like a furlough to Italy. It seems he hasn't been home to see the family for abou~ forty years or so.

'IWO ARE COMMfSSIONED

The 1st MRS gained two new second lieutenants with the commissioning of M/Sgt. Harold J. Buring, from GHQ equipment Section, and T/sgt. Louis N. Matteo _!If .~7~4tl:l..1W'~~~"'~~

Lieu'tenant BIlring fs now assigned to

the Equipment Section of 1st MRS Hq.· In civilian life he worked for the Union Facific, at Boston. His home is at 5256 Ann Ave., Hammond, Ind.

Lieutenant Matteo is now with the Security Section of 1st MRS, special.izing in radio. He's from Cleveland. Ohio •

~'__"'S;~;~;:;;~f~~hl!!.:::::0.~l:Z~h~f~;;dl~fcjti~;e;:?-;o~in(-I·~-nie; ;:.yen'to.r1ous ~~ce·~uiiiiPi::;e

g came out on has been awarded to the 755th R1 Operattop by a lopsided 18 to 5 count. T/5 ing Bn, for superior performance of "exKneilly was the sparkplug for the win-:- ceptionally difficult tasks, and for the ners, while Captain Shingler exhibited achievement and maintenance of a high some especial~ good action on behalf of standard ot discipline nduring.th. peri-

the officers. od from 1.187 1 to December, 1, 19411, ac-

..0- cording to general orders issued by Hq.

COli: Z. "

A swimming pool and track have been ..0- 'IWO 724TH OFFICERS CHANGE H5IGNIA

located nearby, and plenty of competi- Newest officer promotions announced

tion along these lines is expected in From the,388th.... by the 724th are:

the coming weeks. To Maj or James' D. Shea,

-=c::..~~ ....... ~-~o.().-="=""""'='-~~'""="F=-I "'t"'h""eJm:ii!~u.t.e.d~~.lThlol1:a~Oh,~'£bMa""l~osC:alJ.Itr-I'",+<.,+,,;Pi'lc~~,'n';~~rormer assista:nt super-:;~_.c.·

Bq, Co. of the 757th has come for1l'8rd Os della 6 the CMStP&P, Lt. Colonel

r . • The lucky guy got 1 3 letters Shea's home is at 71) W. 4th st., Ottum-

with a brand new publication, "The Owl". in one dAV Gardella who i from' Li ht

-v, , s a - wa, Iowa. Before joining the 724th, he

Now on the news-stands every Thursday, field, Conn., says the letters date over was executive officer of the 744th Operit first'sn the light of day during the quite a long period, and·he turns pale ating Bn,

_k of June 14-20. Editors are T/5 when he thinkl! of having to maKe reply. To 1st Lieutemnt __ 2nd Lt. Howard M.

George Moroz and Pvt. Donald Peterson, ..0-

who have bullied Pfc Ray J. Sturtzer in- Eichstaedt, 301 Haven, Ave., Arcadia, Cal

to drawing cartoons for their journa.l. From the 707th. e.. He's now a yardma.ster in ~,he 724th.

Ray is an old hand at the game, inciden- T/5 Joseph Goncharuk was recently RECEIVES BRONZE STAR MEDAL

tally, his work having been published in transferred into the 707th Ry- Grand Di-

numerous magazines of prominence. "The vision from the 763rd Shop Bn., and is In a colorful cer-emony at Ronet, BelOwl n is printed on German paper, a quan- filling the position of water chemical. gillin, on May 30th, the Bronze Star Medal tity of which 1I'SS uncovered by the 757th. engineer. Joe had been on DS with the was received by Sgt. Cornelius Cowhey,

-0- 707tb since mid-llarch, and immediate~ of ThompSOnville, Conn. The presenta'_

The Plant Engineering Section is on after the transfer he wa~ promoted to tion was made by N~jor Robert E. Triggs, the ball these days, maintaining power- T/4. A chemical lab assistautat Colum- CO of the 752nd By 0rerating Bn.

plant facilities which are so limited bia University in civilian lifo, Sgt. The action for which the medal was

and in need of repairs consistantly. 2nd Goncharuk's home address is 1664 awarded took place on Sept. 8, 1944,

Lt. Glen J. eosatt, Parsons, Kansas, St., Ridgewood, Queens, N.Y. when Cowhey, then a Pfc, waswith the

former Missouri-Kansas-Texas RR employe~ -0- 12th Infantry. A rifleman and scout, he

haodles the plant and is in direct char- went forward by motor on recon patrol.

ge of these men who assist: T/sgt. From the 724th.... The group was suddenly confronted by an

Ch 1 "Call h enemy tank and two half-tracks, which

ar es r ace, s op engineer; Sgt. Ed. This operating battal.ion has shifted opened fire, killing the driver ,and one

ward Lenz, millright; Sgt. Edward King, . t i Previ .,_

hi fIt ,l.n 0 reverse in a b g wgy. au......,. other man. From a precarious position,

c e e ec rlcian; and Sgt Reason Fark, operating mostly toward the front, the Cowhey and the others poured rifle fire power engineer. -0- important movements are now going in the against the tank, finally exploding the oppositti direction, carrying troops and gasoline tank. Taking advantage of the equipment to be redeployed. In one dis- ensuing enemy confusion, the patrol retrict al.one, for installCe - the 6th Ar- mounted quickly and returned to the batrOndissment at Saint-Quentin, which in- talion with a report which materially cludes the aBsemb~ area at Heims. Laon, aided subsequent operations.

Orchids and posies to our reliable Special Service Off1oe1', 1st Lt. Sigmund J. Gralewicz who makes every attempt to secure e;,tertail1Jlent for the battalion

(ContiBled h'om Page One) men and officers.

Problems <luTing organization _roe numerous. The greatest single difficulty was in trying to figure out just how to place the 640 men assigned to the outfit by the UTe. The Form 20 cards _re of little help as a basis of selection, for they werE! woefully inaccurate and incomplet.e as to skill or classification. If a man I s home address was on Railroad street in Pawtucket, he had been classified as a railroader by the Army, and was therefore to be regarded as a prospective sheet metal worker. If a man had been a brakeman, switcp.man or engineer in civilian life, he was a railroader; and the 756th, being a railroad outfit, regardless of the fact that ·it was shop and not O'Oerating, ought to be able to use him, Tic or no TiC.

So a lot of the men were sent back into the replacement pool, and others _1'9 selected in tbeir stead. In the end, only about 10 per cent of the personnel were trained railroaders. But the rest 'll9re young fellows with natural mechanical aptitudes and plenty of ''wim and lfigor". It was hoped there would be time for technical training.

The battalion was at New Orleans until April 6th, spending twelve weeks in basic military training. A lot of the men had already gone through two or three months of baaic prior to joining the 756th, and the repetition was boring at best. But they did manage to win some drill and field meet competitions during their stay.

Then came GO No. 3 - "Headquarters, 756th Ry Shop Bn will close at N,O.S.A., New Orleans, La, , at 12100 0' clock midnight, 6 April 1943, and Will open at

Stages in the -construction of railroad cars on the 156th assembly line:

(Al T/5 RoscoeB. Zeller, Eubank, Ky. (Southern Ry), left, and s/sgt. Joseph Gambino, 672 Harrison Ave., Peekskill, NY. (NYC), are in charge of the wheels. (B) The hoist 1'Ihere uroerframes are turned over after assembly, and are set on their pennanent 'Irlte.!!;1s." ~1iext< the sictes~ are applied (C), .. tqen the end (D), and the roof (E). . Ln (F). the finishing

touches are being put on a Qar roof. (Photos by Lidikay).

J:iUcyrus, Ohio at 12:01, O'clock a.m., 71 were otten far outside this category. April 1943." The outfit moved in two The outfit was divided into two sectrains, en route two nights and one day. tions - locomotive, and car - and sent

There was both mili~ary and technical to two different shops. At Ebbw Junctraining at Bucyrus. Two trips were tion near NellPort, Wales, in an old made to Camp Perry for qualification in backshop of the Great Western RatlWlliY, arms, and there were also dail¥ drill the locomotive group formada depot and and field problems. On the railroading operated it until May 11, 1944, When it side, locomotives and ~eight cars were was twned over to the 757tq~ _ .The car worked on in-the oacl\shops of the NeW"· +"""gr""ou"'""p set up another depot in an aliIiostYork Central at Bucyrus. The 755th was completed wagon erecting shed at Haiat Camp Millard at the same time, and nault, Essex, about 15 miles from London. the shops wre not large enough for both Each unit operated separately, with its so half-day schedules were arranged. own headquarters and service facilities.

This arr-angemerrt was descr-ibed, however, . 'Ihere were 104 type 2-8-0 engines on

as "far from ideal!!. the sidings at Newport lIhen the *,ocomo-

A contract was then drawn up with the I tive group took over that shop. During Pennsylvania RR to have some of the 756th ei~ht months there, the 756th turned out men work in that railroad's enginehouse 358 completed 2-8-0's, seventy 0-6-0'5, and back shop at nearby Crestline, Ohio. and 24 Diesels. After kial runs they This setup existed from June 23 to July were all placed in storage.

29, 1943, developing between SO and 90 On several occasions, GI's were sent

men with excellent results. out to other locations to instruct Bri-

On July 24th a cadre lIhich had been Usb personnel in the methods of assemselected from the 756th for organization bly and operation of the Diesels.

of a new battalion -- the 76)rd -- left On Nov. 15th a car erecting depot was

for New Orleans. also started at Newport, and 251 forty-

Headed for overseas duty, the 7.S6th ton cistern cars were assembled there. moved east to Camp Patrick Henry on Au- Lack of tools and other f1I.Ipplies gust 9th, and embarked from Hampton handicapped the men in their work, but Roads on August 19th. Landing at Liver- the work got done somehow, just the same. pool, England, on September 3rd, the Marzy- of the hand tools were made by the unit moved first to a rest area at Bris- men themselves.

tol. VI'hen work started on tIT installations

The mission of a Railway Shop Batta- on Liberty Ships, supply demands multilion, according to the Army's field ma- plied man1 fold. It was even necessary nuals, is to repair railway equipment for the men to lace the berths, and man1 and to furnish the operating battalions evenings were spent at this job after a with finished and semi-finished parts full day in the shop. They used e total f~ running repairs. 'The 756th was or- of 1,140,000 feet of rope.

ganized. and olltfitted for that purpose. About April 1st most of tite detach-

But assignments in England and Wales (Coutii1Ul8d On Page 6

PAGE 6

THE YANKEE BOOVER

JUNE 28. 1945

29-B. Morton Rd.. Bryn Mawr, 'Pa, (PRR) Prisoners of war were put to work,

supervised the erection of two cranes. too, at first just to clean up and han-

Tracks were laid. machinery installed dle material. But gradually they were

water and electric service put in, and traimd and worked into production the necessary jigs, platfonns and spe- groups. Soon there were POW rivet gangs, cial rigs for car building were set up. supervised by GI's" and other detail And speed was essential, because ear jobs were also filled by them on the parts were alrea<v arriving at the port. line.

Jarruary 18, 1945, saw the first car Today the car assembly plant is a mo-

on its way. From then on, production del of efficiency. It is well-equipped, increased steadily until a maximum daily manned by skilled workers, and busy on output of 151 cars was reached on May an around-the-clock basis. The offices 17th. Tank ears, war flats and many of are right in the shops, so that complete the low-side gons were built on an open coordination exists. The din of rivet-· pier about half a mile from the main ing, movement' of crams and a thousand shop, necessitating the upkeep of two other noises, is terrific, but nobod;y

Meanwhile, the other section of the separate production lines most of the seems to notice.

756th had ~one to work in a SUbway pas- time. Commanding offioer of the 756th is Lt sen¥er car shop which they turned into a The construction of over 100 cars a Col. Howard U. Bates, 1206 Trinity Pl.,

~.!;_e:14;~,~.£~ e;r~.:t!pnn-lant.",,_~;:;~-:=- ~~!1"J~~QlUlf;lingd5_44~~de and 09Q_N~ Canton,~,_9hi? H~is,a veteran <>C _ ~

- Froo.uctton-w1i'§~.GWed" up at fIrst by feet long required plenT;y of coorai"na- -:31 ye~rviCe='rith""t;fie"'Pe'ruiSY, :and~-..:z""

the necessity of establishing a pool of has headed the battalion since its ac-

all classes of cars, requiring frequent tivation.

changes in the erection lines. The 756th still has most of its orig-

But a total of 9,698 cars, of all inal personnel. There are 78 enlisted

types, were erected from September, 1943 men and 14 officers from the Pennsylva-

through October, 1944. Of these, about Jua RR.

1,500 were completed with the aid of ---------------..---

British Royal Engineers, on an outside car erection ~antry.

In addition to the assembly line work a lot of other jobs confronted the group including loading and unloading of thousands of wagons and lorries. I Ten miles of yard trackage was used and maintained by the GI's.

The buzz bomb blitz added an unpleasant touch to the whole affair. Even a Red 8ross hut, erected by the men, was reduced to rubble when a robot bomb exploded rear it. Luckily, that happened at 2 ~.m., and th~re were no casualties.

This group also made installations on Liberty Ships, and converted three 1ST's

for the handling of rail eqlli12~nt._ ,,-, »r-

__:::-. ~ _ - --nte~.q;t~ance A "'" ~ '·;~~·'i~??'~~!:C~~';% ~;'-i~~:;hes~~r~~'

On_'l«Jvember 4, 1944, an advance unit two car units moved .on separate assembly of four officers and 16 EM flew over to lines on a 45-minute schedule. All of France, arriving at !.!arseille in the af- the parts had to be uncrated or otherternoon of that day. Then, leaving only wise prepared for use. Wheels had to be a warr~nt officer and four men behind in processed, journal bearings scraped, and England to close out a depot, the rest several hundred rivets driven on each of the 756th also went to Marseille, car.

reaching there on November 22nd .. .fter Behind the actual car build:ing scene, landing on the beach, bivouacking in the a ma~ntenance organization kept tools in I!'Ud and riding box cars all the way repaar-, cr~s services, and a myriad of

acr~ss Franc small detalls attended to so there would

_. . e..~. _, ._ _ ~ no .1.a"=iT'...J,he~~~oi. fj.!l~ d

~--~RuniOl- had~:rV=~ rJ.Tst~ ron~~

apartment buil~i?g, with restaurant at- Supply was a re.al headache. Air tached, was waltlng for occupancy in hammer rivet sets were searched for all Marseille, and that the work shops, ide- over France, but finally had to be hown all~ sui ~d for car building,. were only in from the States. Wilen the packages a flve~mlnute walk from the bl11et. were opened, they were found to contain

But what actually met their eyes on sledge rivet sets. So some had to be arrival was something different. The made until the proper type could be obapartment house, previously occupied by tained. Items such as field ranges were Germans, had been considerably damaged frozen for use by combat units. And afby a lam mine. All the window glass, ter VE-Day these same items were frozen and the frames, and even many of the again, for the stauing areas. But some-

~oors, were missing. The restaurant was how, supply usually came through with Just another empty room that could seat something, even if it was the wrong

about 50 persons. The shop was a roof- thing. - .

less shell, with the entire center blown Then the cars themselves started to

out. act up. A plague of hot boxes developed.

Tons of debris had to be removed from Cars that were built one day were

the apartment building. Celloglas was moved three blocks, loaded to capacity used to cover the windows. Double-decked that night, and were on their way to the wooden bunks were installed. A basement front the next day. There was no breakgarage was cleaned out and converted in- ing in, no coddling. Just plain abuse. to a kitchen, mess, and movie theater. This problem was relieved somewhat by Even "Heavy" Bryarrt set up his barber making an almost, perfect iourruu bearing shop business, and the dentist began on the axle, and hand-broaching each

pulling teeth again. journal brass.'·'

The shop, too, began to take on a To' operate a shop lfka that the 7C:6th

bett;r a~pearance as ne~ concrete floor" was built up by help from othe~ outfits. stes.. g:u'ders and rooflng :rere put in. Comparde s from the 66Sth and 766th Shop I~ was c Capt. Raymond L. TillscK, 136 Battalions, and other smaller groups,all F~fth :;:>t., Renova, Pa , (PRR), who super- became part of the setup. Credit for vi sed "he placement . of the new steel accomplishments is to be shared by all framm ... ork. 1st Lt. William H. Walters, of +hem,

Two SS troopers on the loose were captured recently qy a picked squad of 750th men. It all came about when Sgt

John E. Krumski was told by a liberated

Polish slave laborer that the SS crimin-

als were hiding out in the viCinity. The

Pole declared that it was one of these

Nazis who had been his overseer for five

years. "He is a wicked man," the ex-

slave laborer said. "Now he is hiding

out with a henchman and will do you much

harm." .

There were no Military Police within reach, so Sergeant Krumski'reported the

_Jlla_t~<to~"'L:t,.::-~ehaI'.lEls, M"-4C~me:nts' lr_.,~ Charlotte.., S'. C., 1Itio gave permiSSion to

round up a squad. The "posse" consisted

of Sergeant Krumski, Pfc George A. Bow-

ering, Eskdale, W. Va., Sgt Frank Doran, Collinsville, Ill., all (jf the 75Oth, and five 99th Division Infantrymen who happened along.

Directed by the Polish civilian, the party went by,truck to a fannhouse about 20 miles distant. Taking note of a barn at the rear of the farmhouse, the squad spread out to cover Sergeant Krumski and

_~~ !,O~hd c_i vilill!}. ~s t~.oJl~oJl.@~_~_. "...,~.

vue- .I.. .. -Ou.", - cor.

An elderly couple opemd the . door and the woman, in broken English, asked what the trouble was. They were told to produce the two SS troopers. The old couple tried to hint that "Annie doesn't live here any more", but Sergeant Krumski and several of his men entered and searched the house.

It was in a bedroom that they surprised the first Nazi. 'fThe Pole identified Irl.m as the ''wicked man" who had been his overseer, and he was placed under guard. He was dumbfounded, but docile. Out in the barn they found the other SS man, who resisted only slightly.

The reregades were returmd to to'lrIl and the proper authorities were notifie~ Sergeant Krurnski, whose home is at 35 Clifton Ave., Warwood, W. Va., is now known in the 750th as "Bring 'Em Back Alive."-

756TH'S¥ONSORED BY P~NNSY ••••

(Cont,inued from Page 5)

ment was broken up into still smaller groups to make installations in ships at several different points. An emergency order called for conversion of fourteen 1ST's into freight car ferries for use on and after D-Day.

Back at Newport,again, the unit began turning out more locomotives. A few men were assigned to the loading of rail equipment on boats.

Rest Of 756th In Car Shoo

"Let's pet it this waYI Woo!1stodc. SUpPO!g you have three bananas _"

750TH DOES A BIT OF MOPPING UP



Good Material to Work On!

"Soldiers,' said the chaplain, "the subject of my sermon today is liars. How many in this-congregation have ever read the 69th chapter of Matthew?"

Several hands went up.

"You are the fellows I want to talk to," the .~haplain said, "there is no such chapter.

-Bel~'o;r Castl",.