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Weather Science Haiti v 1.6

Weather Science Haiti v 1.6

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Over 1 million Haitians reside in tents or shacks, without adequate protection from seasonal severe weather which is typical for Haiti. The rainy season, combined with lack of good sanitation, has a direct impact on medical risks. There is also food insecurity. Weather and climate info helps planners see urgency of resolving high risk of another disaster.

Prior to the 2010 Jan earthquake, there were supposedly enough cyclone shelters for entire Haitian population. Those inside quake area (Port au Prince and many points to South and South West) were obliterated. Millions of Haitians left those devastated areas, and moved to live in communities outside the quake zone, some of which have now increased in population 130-150%, while their cyclone capacity has not increased. Thus, all over Haiti there is an emergency need for severe weather shelter capacity, which is not being met.
Over 1 million Haitians reside in tents or shacks, without adequate protection from seasonal severe weather which is typical for Haiti. The rainy season, combined with lack of good sanitation, has a direct impact on medical risks. There is also food insecurity. Weather and climate info helps planners see urgency of resolving high risk of another disaster.

Prior to the 2010 Jan earthquake, there were supposedly enough cyclone shelters for entire Haitian population. Those inside quake area (Port au Prince and many points to South and South West) were obliterated. Millions of Haitians left those devastated areas, and moved to live in communities outside the quake zone, some of which have now increased in population 130-150%, while their cyclone capacity has not increased. Thus, all over Haiti there is an emergency need for severe weather shelter capacity, which is not being met.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Alister William Macintyre on Feb 16, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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In 2010, 16 hurricanes came close to Haiti without doing too much damage, according to
Marie Mirlène Ladouceur, of the Section of Humanitarian Affairs and Development (HDCS)
of the Minustah. Numerous hurricanes are expected again in 2011, but even if their number
can be estimated, it is not easy to estimate their intensity or the areas which they will affect.70
UN planning, for Hurricanes, in the past have focused on organization of NGO supplies so
that they can continue to do their important work. UN plans, in the past, have ignored the
need to replenish the supply of severe weather shelters which were destroyed by the 2010

70http://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-2886-haiti-climate-preparations-for-the-beginning-of-the-hurricane-
season.html

37 Weather and natural phenomena Science risks to Haiti

earthquake, or which have greater capacity needs due to population relocated in the
aftermath of the quake and cholera epidemic.
In 2011 there are some revisions to this planning. Some international organizations are
preparing aninformation campaign to be launched on June 1, 2011. During this campaign
flyers with photos will be distributed to the public.The June 2011 campaignplans to
prepare a family emergency kit containing the products necessary for survival during a week
like flashlights, food and medicines, among others.71
This effort won’t be much help to the over ½ million Haitians still in camps with tents and
tarps, or the ¼ million Haitians in T-shelters, which can at best withstand a level-1 hurricane,
and many of which have been built on known flood plains.
This is because many international efforts are designed in ignorance of Haiti reality, how it is
different from reality in the nations where the efforts are designed.

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