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Multiple-choice questions may continue on =

841 Ω

the next column or page – find all choices = 16 W .

before answering. The due time is Central

time.

Three 24 W, 116 V lightbulbs are connected Find the potential difference across R1 .

across a 116 V power source. Correct answer: 77.3333 V.

Explanation:

The potential difference across R1 is

R3 ∆V 1 = I R1

∆V s

= ·R

R1 Req

116 V

116 V R2 = · (560.667 Ω)

841 Ω

= 77.3333 V .

Find the total power delivered to the three

bulbs.

Correct answer: 16 W. 003 (part 3 of 3) 10 points

Explanation: Find the potential difference across R2 .

Correct answer: 38.6667 V.

Let : P = 24 W , Explanation:

The potential difference across R2 and R3

∆V l = 116 V , and is

∆V s = 116 V .

The resistance of each if the three bulbs is ∆V 2 = ∆V s − ∆V 1

given by = 116 V − 77.3333 V

(∆V l )2 = 38.6667 V .

R=

P

(116 V)2

=

24 W

= 560.667 Ω . keywords:

As connected the parallel combination of R2

and R3 is in series with R1 . Thus, the equiva- 004 (part 1 of 8) 10 points

lent resistance of circuit is In the figure below consider the case where

µ ¶−1 switch S1 is closed and switch S2 is open.

1 1 c

Req = R1 + +

R2 R3 38 Ω

µ ¶−1 13 Ω

1 1

= 560.667 Ω + + a b

560.667 Ω 560.667 Ω S2

27 Ω

= 841 Ω . 49 Ω

The total power delivered is

57 V

(∆V s )2 d S1

Ptotal =

Req

Felder, Jacob – Homework 8 – Due: Oct 31 2006, 9:00 pm – Inst: Vitaly 2

Find the current in the path from a to c. R13 and R24 are parallel, so

Correct answer: 1.11765 A.

Explanation:

c 1 1 1 R24 + R13

= + =

R3 Rab R13 R24 R13 R24

R1

R13 R24

a Rab =

b R13 + R24

R2 S2

R4 (51 Ω) (76 Ω)

=

51 Ω + 76 Ω

EB = 30.5197 Ω .

d S1

a Rab b

Let : R1 = 13 Ω ,

R2 = 27 Ω , EB

R3 = 38 Ω ,

R4 = 49 Ω , and R1 and R3 are in series, so

EB = 57 V .

Redrawing the figure, we have EB 57 V

I1 = I13 = = = 1.11765 A .

R1 R3 R13 51 Ω

c

a b

005 (part 2 of 8) 10 points

R2 R4 Find the current in the path from a to d.

EB d Correct answer: 0.75 A.

Explanation:

R2 and R4 are in series, so

R1 and R3 are in series, so

EB 57 V

I2 = I24 = = = 0.75 A .

R24 76 Ω

R13 = R1 + R3

= 13 Ω + 38 Ω

006 (part 3 of 8) 10 points

= 51 Ω .

Find the current in the path from c to b.

R2 and R4 are in series, so Correct answer: 1.11765 A.

Explanation:

R1 and R3 are in series, so

R24 = R2 + R4

= 27 Ω + 49 Ω

I3 = I1 = 1.11765 A .

= 76 Ω .

Simplifying the circuit, we have

R13 007 (part 4 of 8) 10 points

Find the current in the path from d to b.

a b Correct answer: 0.75 A.

R24 Explanation:

R2 and R4 are in series, so

EB

I4 = I2 = 0.75 A .

Felder, Jacob – Homework 8 – Due: Oct 31 2006, 9:00 pm – Inst: Vitaly 3

a R12 R34 b

008 (part 5 of 8) 10 points

Now consider the case where switch S2 is also

closed, so EB

c

38 Ω

13 Ω

R12 and R34 are in series, so

a b

S2

27 Ω

49 Ω

Rab = R12 + R34

57 V = 8.775 Ω + 21.4023 Ω

d S1 = 30.1773 Ω .

through the 13 Ω resistor.

Correct answer: 1.27497 A.

Explanation: EB

A good rule of thumb is to eliminate junc-

tions connected by zero resistance.

Switch S2 is closed, so R12 and R34 are in series, so

R1 R3

a c b I34 = I12 = Iab

R2 R4 EB

d =

Rab

EB 57 V

=

30.1773 Ω

= 1.88884 A .

When S2 is closed R1 and R2 are parallel,

so Since R1 and R2 are parallel,

V1 = V2 = V12

1 1 1 R2 + R 1 = I12 R12

= + =

R12 R1 R2 R1 R2 = (1.88884 A) (8.775 Ω)

R1 R2 = 16.5745 V .

R12 =

R1 + R 2

(13 Ω) (27 Ω) and

=

13 Ω + 27 Ω V1 16.5745 V

= 8.775 Ω . I1 = = = 1.27497 A .

R1 13 Ω

Find the current in the path from a to d

through the 27 Ω resistor.

R3 R4 Correct answer: 0.613872 A.

R34 = Explanation:

R3 + R 4

(38 Ω) (49 Ω)

=

38 Ω + 49 Ω V2 16.5745 V

I2 = = = 0.613872 A .

= 21.4023 Ω . R2 27 Ω

Felder, Jacob – Homework 8 – Due: Oct 31 2006, 9:00 pm – Inst: Vitaly 4

Find the current in the path from c to b

through the 38 Ω resistor.

Correct answer: 1.06383 A.

Explanation:

V3 = V4 = V34

= I34 R34

= (1.88884 A) (21.4023 Ω)

= 40.4255 V . E

Circuit B

1, the individual bulbs in circuit 2 are

V3 40.4255 V

I3 = = = 1.06383 A . 1. more than 4 times brighter. correct

R3 38 Ω

011 (part 8 of 8) 10 points

3. 4 times brighter.

Find the current in the path from d to b

through the 49 Ω resistor. 1

Correct answer: 0.825009 A. 4. as bright.

4

Explanation: 1

5. less than as bright.

4

Explanation:

V4 40.4255 V In circuit 1, the voltage across each light

I4 = = = 0.825009 A .

R4 49 Ω bulb is

E E

V =IR= R= ,

4R 4

so the power of each bulb in circuit 1 is

keywords: V2 E2

P1 = = .

R 16 R

012 (part 1 of 2) 10 points

In circuit 2, the voltage across each bulb is

Four identical light bulbs are connected ei- identical; namely E. Hence the power of each

ther in series (circuit 1) or parallel (circuit 2) bulb in circuit 2 is

to a constant voltage battery with negligible E2 1

internal resistance, as shown. P2 = = P1 .

R 16

We can see that the bulbs in circuit 2 are more

than 4 times brighter than the bulbs in circuit

1.

E

Circuit A

013 (part 2 of 2) 10 points

Felder, Jacob – Homework 8 – Due: Oct 31 2006, 9:00 pm – Inst: Vitaly 5

and removed from its socket, the remaining 3 = 38.1 Ω ,

bulbs

so

1. are unaffected. correct

E = I Rtotal

2. go out. = (0.38 A) (38.1 Ω)

3. become brighter. = 14.478 V .

4. become dimmer.

015 (part 2 of 3) 10 points

Explanation:

What is the magnitude of the potential differ-

Since the bulbs are parallel, after one of

ence VY X across the terminals y and x of the

the bulbs is unscrewed, the voltage across

battery?

each remaining bulb is unchanged, and the

Correct answer: 13.034 V.

brightness is unaffected.

Explanation:

The potential difference across the termi-

keywords:

nals of the battery is

014 (part 1 of 3) 10 points VY X = E − I r

A battery with an internal resistance is con- = 14.478 V − (0.38 A) (3.8 Ω)

nected to two resistors in series. = 13.034 V ,

13.6 Ω 20.7 Ω

or

E VY X = I [R1 + R2 ]

0.38 A 3.8 Ω

= (0.38 A) (13.6 Ω + 20.7 Ω)

x internal y

resistance = 13.034 V .

What is the emf of the battery?

Correct answer: 14.478 V. Therefore, the magnitude of VY X is

Explanation: 13.034 V.

R1 R2

016 (part 3 of 3) 10 points

What power is dissipated by the internal re-

E sistance of the battery?

I r Correct answer: 0.54872 W.

x internal y Explanation:

resistance The power dissipated by the r = 3.8 Ω

internal resistance is

Let : R1 = 13.6 Ω ,

Pinternal = I 2 r

R2 = 20.7 Ω ,

= (0.38 A)2 (3.8 Ω)

r = 3.8 Ω , and

I = 0.38 A . = 0.54872 W .

Rtotal = r + R1 + R2 keywords:

Felder, Jacob – Homework 8 – Due: Oct 31 2006, 9:00 pm – Inst: Vitaly 6

017 (part 1 of 1) 10 points

The following diagram shows part of an elec- Rs = R1234 + R5 + R6

trical circuit.

= 36 Ω + 26 Ω + 29 Ω

26 Ω 37 Ω

= 91 Ω .

A

78 Ω

63 Ω

35 Ω

29 Ω 12 Ω 1 1 1 R7 + R 5

= + =

B Req Rs R7 R5 R7

Rs R7

Find the equivalent resistance Req between Req =

Rs + R 7

points A and B of the resistor network.

Correct answer: 42 Ω. (91 Ω) (78 Ω)

=

Explanation: 91 Ω + 78 Ω

R5 R2 = 42 Ω .

A

This problem presents 20 versions all with

integer answers.

R7

R4

R1

R6 R3

B keywords:

R2 = 37 Ω ,

The resistance to the right of A0 B0 is the

R3 = 12 Ω , same as the resistance to the right of AB; that

R4 = 63 Ω , is, RAB = RA→0 B0 .

R5 = 26 Ω , A r A0 r r

R6 = 29 Ω , and

2r 2r 2r

R7 = 78 Ω .

Start from the right-hand side in determining B B0

the equivalent resistances. What is the resistance RAB between the

Step 1: R1 , R2 , and R3 are in series, so terminals A and B of this infinitely repeating

R123 = R1 + R2 + R3 chain of resistors.

= 35 Ω + 37 Ω + 12 Ω

2 r RAB

= 84 Ω . 1. RAB = r + ,

r + RAB

Step 2: R123 is now parallel with R4 , so 5

therefore RAB = r

1 1 1 R123 + R4 2

= + =

R1234 R4 R123 R123 R4 2 r RAB

2. RAB = r + ,

R123 R4 2 r + RAB

R1234 = therefore RAB = 2 r correct

R123 + R4

(84 Ω) (63 Ω)

= 3. RAB = r + 2 r − RAB ,

84 Ω + 63 Ω 3

= 36 Ω . therefore RAB = r

2

Felder, Jacob – Homework 8 – Due: Oct 31 2006, 9:00 pm – Inst: Vitaly 7

Explanation: E1

r1 r2

I1

Rseries = R1 + R2 + R3 + · · ·

a r3 b

A

1 1 1 1 I3

= + + +···

Rparallel R1 R2 R3

r4 E2 r5

The infinite chain can be redrawn as follows

A r A0 I2

2r RAB

Let : E1 = 22 V ,

E2 = 16 V ,

B B0

r1 = 3.5 Ω ,

1 2 r RAB r2 = 3.7 Ω ,

RAB = r + =r+ r3 = 3.5 Ω ,

1 1 RAB + 2 r

+

2 r RAB r4 = 4.7 Ω , and

r5 = 4.6 Ω .

(RAB − r) (RAB + 2 r) = 2 r RAB We consider

2

RAB − r RAB − 2 r 2 = 0 R1 = r1 + r2 = 3.5 Ω + 3.7 Ω = 7.2 Ω , and

R2 = r4 + r5 = 4.7 Ω + 4.6 Ω = 9.3 Ω .

p

r± r2 + 4 (2 r 2 ) r + 3r From the junction rule, I1 = I2 + I3 .

RAB = = = 2r .

2 2 Applying Kirchhoff’s loop rule, we obtain

two equations.

E1 − I 1 R1 − I 3 r 3 = 0

keywords:

E1 = I 1 R1 + I 3 r 3 (1)

019 (part 1 of 3) 10 points

E2 − I 3 r 3 + I 2 R2 = 0

Consider the circuit

22 V

3.5 Ω 3.7 Ω E2 = I 2 R2 − I 3 r 3

= (I1 − I3 ) R2 − I3 r3

I1

= I1 R2 − I3 (R2 + r3 ) , (2)

a 3.5 Ω b

A Multiplying Eq. (1) by R2 and Eq. (2) by

I3 −R1 and adding,

16 V

4.7 Ω 4.6 Ω E1 R2 = I 1 R1 R2 + I 3 r 3 R2 (3)

−E2 R1 = −I1 R1 R2 + I3 R1 (R2 + r3 ) (4)

I2

E1 R2 − E2 R1 = I3 [r3 R2 + R1 (R2 + r3 )] .

Find the current through the Amp meter,

I3 . Since

Correct answer: 0.716863 A. r3 R2 + R1 (R2 + r3 ) = (9.3 Ω) (3.5 Ω)

Explanation: +(7.2 Ω) (3.5 Ω + 9.3 Ω)

Felder, Jacob – Homework 8 – Due: Oct 31 2006, 9:00 pm – Inst: Vitaly 8

E1 R2 − E 2 R1 and the 3.9 V battery at the top of the circuit.

I3 = (5) Correct answer: 1.40367 A.

r3 R2 + R1 (R2 + r3 )

(22 V) (9.3 Ω) − (16 V) (7.2 Ω) Explanation:

= E1

124.71 Ω R1

= 0.716863 A .

I1

020 (part 2 of 3) 10 points R2

I2

Find the current I1 .

Correct answer: 2.70708 A.

Explanation: E2

From Eq. 1 and I3 from Eq. 5, we have I3

E1 − I 3 r3

I1 =

R1

22 V − (0.716863 A) (3.5 Ω)

= Let : R1 = 10.9 Ω ,

7.2 Ω

= 2.70708 A . R2 = 21.2 Ω ,

E1 = 3.9 V , and

E2 = 11.4 V .

021 (part 3 of 3) 10 points

Find the current I2 . At nodes, we have

Correct answer: 1.99022 A.

Explanation: I1 − I 2 − I 3 = 0 . (1)

From Kirchhoff’s junction rule,

I2 = I 1 − I 3 Pay attention to the sign of the battery and

= 2.70708 A − 0.716863 A the direction of the current in the figure. Us-

ing the lower circuit in the figure, we get

= 1.99022 A .

E2 + I 2 R2 = 0 (2)

keywords:

so

022 (part 1 of 1) 10 points E2 −11.4 V

In this problem assume that the batteries I2 = − = = −0.537736 A .

R2 21.2 Ω

have zero internal resistance. The currents

are flowing in the direction indicated by the Then, for the upper circuit

arrows.

3.9 V E1 − I 2 R2 − I 1 R1 = 0 . (3)

10.9 Ω

E1 + E 2 − I 1 R1 = 0

I1

I2 21.2 Ω

E1 + E 2 3.9 V + 11.4 V

I1 = = = 1.40367 A .

R1 10.9 Ω

11.4 V

I3 Alternate Method: Using the outside

loop

−E1 − E2 + I1 R1 = 0 (4)

Felder, Jacob – Homework 8 – Due: Oct 31 2006, 9:00 pm – Inst: Vitaly 9

E1 + E 2 Using determinants,

I1 = .

R1

¯ ¯

¯ 0 1 −1 ¯¯

keywords: ¯

¯ E1 + E 2 0 RD ¯¯

¯

¯ E3 RC RD ¯

023 (part 1 of 3) 10 points I1 = ¯¯ ¯

¯ 1 1 −1 ¯¯

¯ RA + R B 0 RD ¯¯

9.1 Ω ¯

¯ 0 RC RD ¯

I3

3.7 V

6.4 Ω Expanding along the first row, the numera-

tor is

I2

2.8 V 6.7 V ¯

¯ 0 1

¯

−1 ¯¯

3.9 Ω 1Ω ¯

D1 = ¯¯ E1 + E2 0 RD ¯¯

I1 ¯ E3 RC RD ¯

Find the current I1 in the 1 Ω resistor at the ¯

¯ E1 + E 2 RD ¯

¯

bottom of the circuit between the two power = 0 − 1 ¯¯ ¯

E3 RD ¯

supplies. ¯ ¯

¯ E1 + E 2 0 ¯

Correct answer: 0.846412 A. + (−1) ¯¯ ¯

Explanation: E3 RC ¯

RD = − [(E1 + E2 ) RD − E3 RD ]

− [RC (E1 + E2 ) − 0]

I3 = RD (E3 − E1 − E2 ) − RC (E1 + E2 )

E3

RC

= (9.1 Ω) (3.7 V − 6.7 V − 2.8 V)

I2 −(6.4 Ω) (6.7 V + 2.8 V)

E2 E1 = −113.58 V Ω .

RB RA

At a junction (Conservation of Charge) nominator is

I1 + I 2 − I 3 = 0 . (1) ¯ ¯

¯ 1 1 −1 ¯

Kirchhoff’s law on the large outside loop gives ¯

D = ¯¯ RA + RB 0 RD ¯¯

¯

(RA + RB ) I1 + RD I3 = E1 + E2 . (2) ¯ 0 R C RD ¯

¯ ¯

Kirchhoff’s law on the right-hand small loop ¯ 0 RD ¯

= 1 ¯¯ ¯

gives RC RD ¯

RC I2 + R D I3 = E 3 . (3)

¯ ¯

¯ 1 −1 ¯

− (RA + RB ) ¯¯ ¯+0

RC RD ¯

Let : RA = 1 Ω, = 0 − RC RD − (RA + RB ) (RD + RC )

RB = 3.9 Ω , = (6.4 Ω) (9.1 Ω)

RC = 6.4 Ω , −(1 Ω + 3.9 Ω) (9.1 Ω + 6.4 Ω)

RD = 9.1 Ω , = −134.19 Ω2 , and

E1 = 6.7 V ,

E2 = 2.8 V , and D1 −113.58 V Ω

E3 = 3.7 V . I1 = = = 0.846412 A .

D −134.19 Ω2

Felder, Jacob – Homework 8 – Due: Oct 31 2006, 9:00 pm – Inst: Vitaly 10

5 µF

Determine I2 . 1.1 MΩ

Correct answer: −0.258216 A.

Explanation:

Using determinants, 28 V

¯ ¯ S

¯

¯ 1 0 −1 ¯

¯

¯ RA + R B E1 + E 2 RD ¯

¯ ¯

¯ 0 E3 RD ¯

I2 = Find the charge on the capacitor 9 s after

D

the switch is closed.

Expanding the numerator along the first row, Correct answer: 0.000112744 C.

¯ ¯ Explanation:

¯

¯ 1 0 −1 ¯

¯

D2 = ¯ RA + RB E1 + E2 RD ¯¯

¯

¯ 0 E3 RD ¯ Let : R = 1.1 MΩ ,

¯ ¯

¯ E + E 2 RD ¯

= 1 ¯¯ 1 ¯−0 C = 5 µF ,

E3 RD ¯ E = 28 V , and

¯ ¯

¯ RA + R B E1 + E 2 ¯

+ (−1) ¯¯ ¯ T = 9 s.

0 E3 ¯

= RD (E1 + E2 ) − RD E3 When the switch is closed, the charge on the

− [E3 (RA + RB ) − 0] capacitor will rise exponentially:

= (9.1 Ω) (6.7 V + 2.8 V) − (9.1 Ω) (3.7 V) q = Q (1 − e−t/τ )

− (3.7 V) (1 Ω + 3.9 Ω) h i

= C E 1 − e−t/(R C)

= 34.65 V Ω , so

9 s

h i

= (5 µF) (28 V) 1 − e− (1.1 MΩ) (5 µF)

D2 34.65 V Ω = 0.000112744 C .

I2 = = = −0.258216 A .

D −134.19 Ω2

Determine I3 .

Correct answer: 0.588196 A.

Explanation:

Using equation (1)

I3 = I 1 + I 2

= 0.846412 A + (−0.258216 A)

= 0.588196 A .

keywords:

Consider a series RC circuit. The capacitor

is initially uncharged when the switch is open.

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