From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For other uses, see Toyota (disambiguation).

Toyota Motor Corporation
Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki-gaisha


Public (TYO: 7203, LSE: TYT& NYSE: TM)


Automotive Robotics Financial services Biotechnology


August 28, 1937


Kiichiro Toyoda


Toyota City, Aichi, Japan

Area served


Key people

Fujio Cho (Chairman and Representative Director) Katsuaki Watanabe (Vice chairman and Representative
Director) Akio Toyoda(President and Representative Director)

Shoichiro Toyoda (Honorary Chairman)[1] Products Automobiles Financial Services

Revenue Operating income Profit Total assets Total equity Employees Parent Divisions

¥18.9 trillion (FY2010)[2] ¥147.5 billion (FY2010)[2]

¥209.4 billion (FY2010)[2] ¥30.3 trillion (FY2010)[2] ¥10.3 trillion (FY2010)[2] 71,116 (for TMC, total Toyota 320,808)[3] Toyota Group Lexus Scion


522 (Toyota Group) Hino Motors, Ltd., Daihatsu Motor Co., Ltd.,Toyota Financial Services, DENSO,Toyota Industries


Toyota Global

Toyota Motor Corporation (Japanese:

Toyota Jid sha Kabushiki-

gaisha?, TYO: 7203), LSE: TYT, NYSE: TM, commonly known simply as Toyota and abbreviated as TMC, is a multinational automaker headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan. In 2009, Toyota Motor Corporation employed 71,116 people worldwide (total Toyota 320,808).[3] TMC is the world's largest automobile manufacturer by sales[4][5] and production.[6] The company was founded by Kiichiro Toyoda in 1937 as a spinoff from his father's company Toyota Industries to create automobiles. Three years earlier, in 1934, while still a department of Toyota Industries, it created its first product, the Type A engine, and, in 1936, its first passenger car, theToyota AA. Toyota Motor Corporation group companies are Toyota (including the Scion brand), Lexus, Daihatsu and Hino Motors,[7] along with several "non-automotive" companies.[8] TMC is part of the Toyota Group, one of the largest conglomerates in the world. Toyota Motor Corporation is headquartered in Toyota City, Aichi and in Tokyo.[9] In addition to manufacturing automobiles, Toyota provides financial services through its Toyota Financial Services division and also builds robots.


1 History


1.1 Recent company developments 

2 Name

1.1.1 2007±2010 financial crisis 1.1.2 2009±2010 vehicle recalls

3 Company overview 4 Logo and branding

o o

4.1 Marketing 4.2 Sports

5 Toyota philosophy


5.1 Toyota Production System

6 Operations


6.1 Worldwide presence 

6.1.1 Toyota North America

7 Product line


7.1 Electric technology 


7.1.1 Plug-in hybrids 7.1.2 All-electric vehicles

7.2 Cars 

8 Motorsport

7.2.1 SUVs and crossovers 7.2.2 Pickup trucks 7.2.3 Luxury-type vehicles


8.1 TRD

9 Non-automotive activities

o o o o o o

9.1 Aerospace 9.2 Philanthropy 9.3 Higher education 9.4 Robotics 9.5 Finance 9.6 Agricultural biotechnology

In 2008.375 million from Toyota for its delayed response in notifying the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration regarding the defective accelerator pedals.1 Government bailouts 11 Production and sales numbers 12 Environmental record 13 See also 14 References 15 External links [edit]History Main article: History of Toyota Toyota started in 1933 as a division of Toyoda Automatic Loom Works devoted to the production of automobiles under the direction of the founder's son. 2010.[17][18][19] The record fine and the high profile hearings caused accusations of conflict of interest. Toyota Motor Co. Toyota CEO Akio Toyoda testified before the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform. 2009.[12][13] The US Sales Chief.10 Financial information o 10. Toyota recalled more than 8 million (accounts differ) cars and trucks worldwide in several recall campaigns. and briefly halted production and sales. Toyota paid the fine without an admission of wrongdoing. Senior managing director Takahiko Ijichi said that recallrelated costs in the financial year that ended March 2010 totaled US$1. 2010.[14] On February 24.[15] On 6 April 2010. Toyota reported a record annual net loss of US$4. as a result of recent recalls.[10] Its first vehicles were the A1passenger car and the G1 in 1935.[20] [edit]Name . The US government sought a record penalty ofUS$16.[16] On 18 May 2010. making Toyota number one in the world.93 billion (¥180 billion). [edit]2009±2010 vehicle recalls Main article: 2009±2010 Toyota vehicle recalls From November 2009 through the first quarter of 2010. James Lentz. making it the latest automobile maker to be severely affected by the 2007±2010 financial crisis.[11] [edit]Recent company developments [edit]2007±2010 financial crisis On May 8. was established as an independent company in 1937.2 billion. Kiichiro Toyoda. was questioned by the United States Congress committees on Oversight and Investigations on February 23. Toyota's sales surpassed General Motors.

Hong Kong and Taiwan.[24] In predominantly Chinese speaking countries using simplified "[25] (pronounced as "F ngtián" inMandarin Chinese characters (e. Kiichir Toyoda. e. Since "Toyoda" literally means "fertile rice paddies". which are "clear").[28] Toyopet Crown and the Toyopet Corona.[29] The name was soon dropped for the American market but continued in other markets until the mid 1960s.[26] The first vehicle sold under this name was the Toyopet SA[27] but it also included vehicles such as the Toyopet SB light truck. changing the name also helped to distance the company from associations with old-fashioned farming.Toyota headquarters in Toyota City. the name was not well received due to connotations of toys and pets. the company ran a public competition to design a new logo. Toyopet Stout light truck. The newly formed word was trademarked and the company was registered in August 1937 as the "Toyota Motor Company". Toyota's small-sized vehicles were sold under the name "Toyopet" ( ). preferred "Toyota" ( ) because it took eight brush strokes (a fortuitous number) to write in Japanese. who had married into the family and was not born with that name. However.g. which translate to "fertile rice paddies" in the Chinese language as well. Japan Vehicles were originally sold under the name "Toyoda" ( ). [edit]Company overview . from the family name of the company's founder. In September 1936.g. China). From September 1947. was visually simpler (leaving off the diacritic at the end) and with a voiceless consonant instead of a voiced one (voiced consonants are considered to have a "murky" or "muddy" sound compared to voiceless consonants. These are the same characters as the founding family's name "Toyoda" in Japanese. when Toyota eventually entered the American market in 1957 with the Crown.000 entries the winning entry was the three Japanese katakana letters for "Toyoda" in a circle. But Risabur Toyoda. Toyota is known as " Chinese ). Out of 27.[21][22][23] In predominantly Chinese-speaking countries or regions using traditional Chinese characters. Toyota is known as " ".

Inc. Toyota also began production of the world's best-selling hybrid car.With over 30 million sold. and Honda Motor Co. Two years later. Toyota entered into a joint venture with General Motors called NUMMI. In 1999. The Chicken tax of 1964 placed a 25% tax on imported light trucks. Due to the 1973 oil crisis. The Toyota Motor Company received its first Japanese Quality Control Award at the start of the 1980s and began participating in a wide variety of motorsports. the New United Motor Manufacturing. The factory was an old General Motors plant that had been closed for two years. the T100 (and later theTundra). By the early sixties. Toyota. and the Scion brand. Virginia and Tianjin were also set up. Nissan Motor Co. in 1997. the Prius. operating an automobile-manufacturing plant in Fremont. Toyota Motor Europe Marketing & Engineering. several lines of SUVs. the corporation decided to set up TMME. Toyota began to branch out from producing mostly compact cars by adding many larger and more luxurious vehicles to its lineup. the Toyota Motor Company and Toyota Motor Sales merged into one company. a sport version of the Camry. In the 1990s. began building plants in the US by the early eighties.[30] In 1982. Bases in Indiana. with the launch of their luxury division Lexus in 1989. California. to help market vehicles in the continent. and their small vehicles employed a low level of quality in order to keep the price low. TMUK. Toyota then started to establish new brands at the end of the 1980s. yet sporty. the company decided to list itself on the New York and London Stock Exchanges. American car manufacturers had considered small economy cars to be an "entry level" product.[30] In response to the tariff. automobiles targeted specifically to young adults. as the company's cars had become very popular among British drivers. known as the Camry Solara. With a major presence in Europe. a group of several affordable. due to the success of Toyota Team Europe. the Corolla is one of the most popular and best selling cars in the world. consumers in the lucrative US market began turning to small cars with better fuel economy. Toyota set up a base in the United Kingdom. including a full-sized pickup. the Toyota Motor Corporation. . the US had begun placing stiff import tariffs on certain vehicles. Two years later.

Indiana. but Toyota decided to use the plant in Princeton. It also began the construction of two new factories. as late as January 27. USA. However.Toyota Deutschland's headquarters in Cologne In 2001. only limited availability existed at the dealer level in the US. 2007. UFJ merged with the Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi to become the Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group.[31] The UFJ was listed among Fortune Magazine's largest money-losing corporations in the world. in addition to factory-equipped satellite radio models. one to build the RAV4 in Woodstock. As of 2008. As a result of Japan's banking crisis.[33] The company was number one in global automobile sales for the first quarter of 2008.[34] On December 7. the Tundra. The company has also found recent success with its smaller models²the Corolla and Yaris²as gas prices have risen rapidly in the last few years. [edit]Logo and branding . Toyota released an update of its full size truck. Mississippi. 2004.[citation needed] While the press release enumerated nine models. Major Lexus dealerships have been offering satellite radio kits for Lexus vehicles since 2005.[32] At the time. Canada and the other to build the Toyota Prius in Blue Springs. with Toyota's chairman serving as a director. "Motor Trend" named the Tundra "Truck of the Year. the UFJ was one of the largest shareholders of Toyota. This plant was originally intended to build the Toyota Highlander. instead. which was accused of corruption by the Japan's government for making bad loans to alleged Yakuza crime syndicates with executives accused of blocking Financial Service Agency inspections. Toyota managed to enter a Formula One works team and establish joint ventures with French motoring companies Citroën and Peugeot a year after Toyota started producing cars in France. Toyota's Toyo Trust and Banking merged with two other banks to form UFJ Bank.Sirius Satellite Radio and XM Satellite radio kits were not available for Toyota factory radios. Ontario. In 2007. Toyota ranked eighth on Forbes 2000 list of the world's leading companies for the year 2005. produced in two American factories. a US press release was issued stating that Toyota would be offering Sirius Satellite Radios." and the 2007 Toyota Camry "Car of the Year" for 2007. all Toyota and Scion models have either standard or available XM radio kits. USA. In 2002. one in Texas and one in Indiana.

[edit]Marketing MEGAWEB. To remedy this. Toyota introduced a new worldwide logo in 1989 in conjunction with and to differentiate it from the newly released luxury Lexus brand. Toyota's permanent exhibition showroom and museum in Odaiba.A replica of the 1936 Toyota Model AA. The overlapping of the two perpendicular ovals inside the larger oval represent the mutually beneficial relationship and trust that is placed between the customer and the company while the larger oval that surrounds both of these inner ovals represent the "global expansion of Toyota's technology and unlimited potential for the future. with the original Toyoda logo In 1936. Toyota entered the passenger car market with its Model AA and held a competition to establish a new logo emphasizing speed for its new product line. there were no guidelines for the use of the brand name. Tokyo . one was selected that additionally resulted in a change of its monikor to "Toyota" from the family name "Toyoda. The original logo no longer is found on its vehicles but remains the corporate emblem used in Japan. There are three ovals in the new logo that combine to form the letter "T". which stands for Toyota. which led to inconsistencies in its worldwide marketing campaigns.000 entries. dealer signage. advertisements. and the vehicles themselves in 1990."[35] The logo started appearing on all printed material. "TOYOTA". Still. which was used throughout most of the world." It was believed that the new name sounded better and its eight-stroke count in the Japanese language was associated with wealth and good fortune. After receiving 27.

what a feeling!" (1978±1985. Long-term thinking as a basis for management decisions. which it was instrumental in developing. Adding value to the organization by developing its people. the Toyota Way has four components:[42] 1. 2.[37] Recently.[36] "Who could ask for anything more" (1986±1989).[40] Toyota's managerial values and business methods are known collectively as the Toyota Way. "Everyday" (1997±2000)". and "Moving Forward" (2004±present). In April 2001 the Toyota Motor Corporation adopted the "Toyota Way 2001.[36] The ownership experience has been targeted in slogans such as "Oh. "I love what you do for me. and Toyota in motorsports [edit]Toyota philosophy Main article: The Toyota Way Toyota's management philosophy has evolved from the company's origins and has been reflected in the terms "Lean Manufacturing" and Just In Time Production.[39] which includes a throwback to the "old days of travel. Recognizing that continuously solving root problems drives organizational learning. in the US). The Toyota Way incorporates the Toyota Production System. Toyota Racing Development. "Get the feeling!" (2001±2004).Toyota's marketing efforts have focused on emphasizing the positive experiences of ownership and vehicle quality. Toyota Racing." an expression of values and conduct guidelines that all Toyota employees should embrace. 3." [edit]Sports See Toyota Center. Toyota Park. Toyota!" (1990± 1997). . 4. Toyota's new United States marketing strategy has included such hits as "Swagger Wagon" [38] and the marketing for the new Avalon. Under the two headings ofRespect for People and Continuous Improvement. Toyota summarizes its values and conduct guidelines with the following five principles:[41]  Challenge  Kaizen (improvement)  Genchi Genbutsu (go and see)  Respect  Teamwork According to external observers. A process for problem-solving.

Edwards Deming. and more. Make decisions slowly by consensus. are: Challenge. Create continuous process flow to bring problems to the surface Use "pull" systems to avoid overproduction Level out the workload Build a culture of stopping to fix problems. 9. even at the expense of short-term goals 2. the principles of the Toyota Way are:[42] 1. Become a learning organization through relentless reflection and continuous improvement [edit]Operations . 3. are true.[where?] one that they studied Piggly-Wiggly's just-in-time distribution system. implement decisions rapidly 14.[vague] Regardless of the origin. 6. and one that they were given the principles from a WWII US government training program (Training Within Industry). live the philosophy. The Toyota Way. 8. 4. Three stories of its origin have been found.[edit]Toyota Production System Main article: Toyota Production System Toyota has long been recognized as an industry leader in manufacturing and production. Base your management decisions on a long-term philosophy. Develop exceptional people and teams who follow your company¶s philosophy 11.[41] As described by external observers of Toyota. 7. to get quality right the first time Standardized tasks are the foundation for continuous improvement and employee empowerment Use visual control so no problems are hidden Use only reliable. thoroughly tested technology that serves your people and processes Grow leaders who thoroughly understand the work. one that they followed the writings of W. 5. Respect your extended network of partners and suppliers by challenging them and helping them improve 12. Kaizen (improvement). Genchi Genbutsu (go and see). the principles described by Toyota in its management philosophy. Go and see for yourself to thoroughly understand the situation (genchi genbutsu) 13. thoroughly considering all options.[citation needed] It is possible that all these. and teach it to others 10. Respect. and Teamwork.

Toyota.9% of Isuzu Motors Ltd. Japan. about 500. The world headquarters of Toyota are located in its home country in Toyota. Toyota has introduced new technologies including one of the first mass-produced hybrid gasoline-electric vehicles.[45] In 2005.000 fewer than the number produced by GM that year. It displaced GM and became the world's largest automobile maker for the year 2008. Toyota's market share struggles in Europe where its Lexus brand has three tenths of one percent market share. which manufactures Subaru vehicles.D. Power and Consumer Reports[44] although they led in automobile recalls for the first time in 2009. Toyota. Toyota brands include Scion and Lexus and the corporation is part of the Toyota Group. Its subsidiary. Toyota Financial Services sells financing and participates in other lines of business. but a small market share in Europe. Its also sells vehicles in Africa and is a market leader in Australia. consistently rank near the top in certain quality and reliability surveys. It held the title of the most profitable automobile maker (US$11 billion in 2006) along with increasing sales in.Toyota Pavilion at the Expo in Aichi Toyota has grown to a large multinational corporation from where it started and expanded to different worldwide markets and countries.54 million vehicles. and an eight-speed automatic transmission. Due to itsDaihatsu subsidiary it has significant market shares in several fast-growing Southeast Asian countries. among other countries. They also acquired 5. it has gained market share in the United States. Toyota also owns 51% of Daihatsu. Aichi. produced 8.7% of Fuji Heavy Industries.[43] Advanced Parking Guidance System (automatic parking). Toyota Motor is the fifth largest company in the world.[46] According to the 2008 Fortune Global 500. primarily J. the United States. of which it says it has sold 2 million globally as of 2010. 2006 and will be introducing Isuzu diesel technology into their products. and Toyotaproduced Lexus and Scion automobiles. compared to nearly two percent market share as the US luxury segment leader. Toyota has a large market share in the United States. . Since the recession of 2001. and 16. a four-speed electronically controlled automatic with buttons for power and economy shifting. on November 7. combined with its half-owned subsidiary Daihatsu Motor Company.

Turkey. Vietnam and the United States.[51] Akio Toyoda became the new president and CEO of the company on June 23. Poland. Canada.742 . Malaysia. India. Australia. Toyota's brand sales had risen 9.[52] [edit]Worldwide presence The Camry is assembled in several facilities around the world including Australia.707. South Africa. Toyota has factories in most parts of the world.[48] Toyota currently maintains over 16% of the US market share and is listed second only to GM in terms of volume.969. Vietnam.[47] Toyota has experienced quality problems and was reprimanded by the government in Japan for its recall practices.152.771. andRussia.In the first three months of 2007. Colombia. India.957 1. Toyota has manufacturing or assembly plants inJapan.884 8. Taiwan.348 million units. namely for the current Emperor of Japan. Thailand. Thailand.495 3. the United States. Sri Lanka.013 1. In November 2006. the United Kingdom. Czech Republic.Philippines. The difference in performance was largely attributed to surging demand for fuel-efficient vehicles. Argentina. Pakistan. Indonesia. China. China. Toyota together with its half-owned subsidiary Daihatsu reported number one sales of 2.Portugal. Venezuela.346. Brazil. Malaysia. Egypt. Russia. 2009 by replacing Katsuaki Watanabe who became the new vice chairman by replacing Katsuhiro Nakagawa. and more recently. Toyota Motor Manufacturing Texas added a facility inSan Antonio. manufacturing or assembling vehicles for local markets.2% largely on demand for Corolla and Camry sedans. the Philippines.[50] In January 2009 it announced the closure of all of its Japanese plants for 11 days to reduce output and stocks of unsold vehicles. France.[49] Toyota Century Royal is the official state car of the Japanese imperial family. Toyota's net revenue by geographical regions for the year ended 31 March 2007[53] Geographic region Japan North America Europe Asia Others Total sales ( Yen in millions) 8. Mexico. Japan. Toyota was hit by the global financial crisis of 2008 as it was forced in December 2008 to forecast its first annual loss in 70 years.

Kentucky. gasoline engines in Indonesia and manual transmissions in India and the Philippines. IMV called for diesel engines to be made in Thailand. Europe. has been in production in Canada since 1983 with an aluminium wheel plant in Delta. Africa. Ontario since 1988. in Cambridge. California and operates as a holding company in North America. Latin America and the Middle East with three IMV vehicles: The Toyota Hilux (Vigo). and is known as Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America.In 2002. the Fortuner. For vehicle assembly. for supply to the countries charged with vehicle production. British Columbia which currently employs a workforce of roughly 260. California.300 workers. Oceania. also in Woodstock. Its first vehicle assembly plant. Matrix crossover vehicles and Lexus RX 350 luxury SUVs. and the Toyota Innova. Argentina and South Africa. employing 45 people and producing 2000 trucks annually. with a workforce of 4. These four main IMV production and export bases supply Asia. Toyota Canada Inc.. Toyota initiated the "Innovative International Multi-purpose vehicle" project (IMV) to optimize global manufacturing and supply systems for pickup trucks and multipurpose vehicles. now produces Corolla compact cars. Indonesia. Its second assembly operation in Woodstock.[56] Toyota Technical Center. A Toyota dealership in Fremont.[55] In 2006. Its manufacturing headquarters is located in Hebron. Ann Arbor Twp. MI . Ontario began manufacturing the RAV4 late in 2008.[54] [edit]Toyota North America Main article: Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America Toyota Motor North America headquarters is located in Torrance. Toyota's subsidiary Hino Motors opened a heavy duty truck plant. and to satisfy market demand in more than 140 countries worldwide. Toyota would use plants in Thailand. or TEMA.

Texas. Indiana. Toyota marketing. Toyota had a joint-venture operation with General Motors at New United Motor Manufacturing Inc. Toyota is a public corporation and the company's shares are traded on the Tokyo Stock Exchange.. among others. Toyota has sold more hybrid vehicles in the country than any other manufacturer. Inc. in Fremont. (NUMMI). .Toyota has a large presence in the United States with five major assembly plants in Huntsville. to go after the large truck market in the United States.Georgetown. sales. Toyota Motor Sales. San Antonio.S. Production on a new manufacturing plant in Tupelo. West Virginia. [edit]Product [edit]Electric line technology Toyota Prius. such as the new Tundra. The Mississippi operation is scheduled to go online with production in July or August of 2011. Princeton. Inc. It has started producing larger trucks. which began in 1984 and ended in 2009. Indiana. Toyota uses a number of slogans in its American TV commercialssuch as It's time to move forward. Camry Hybrid. the Camry and the Tundra are manufactured. in Lafayette. The company eventually began providing this option on the main smaller cars such as Camry and later with the Lexus divisions. North America is a major automobile market for Toyota. Highlander Hybrid. and various Lexus products. Mississippi was scheduled for completion in 2010 but is currently on indefinite hold. Alabama. U. an example being the Toyota Prius.[57] It still has a jointventure with Subaru at Subaru of Indiana Automotive. Toyota is also pushing hybrid vehicles in the US such as the Prius. Kentucky. A new plant in Blue Springs. Toyota also sponsors Club Deportivo Guadalajara. In these assembly plants. Buffalo. flagship of Toyota's hybrid technology Main articles: Hybrid Synergy Drive and Hybrid electric vehicle Toyota is one of the largest companies to push hybrid vehicles in the market and the first to commercially mass-produce and sell such vehicles. and distribution in the US are conducted through a separate subsidiary. Mississippi is currently being finished after being put on hold during the recent economic downturn. New York Stock Exchange and the London Stock Exchange.A. which started in 2006. or Moving forward. Smart way to keep moving forward. California. (SIA).

and SUVs with a Hybrid Synergy Drive option (Toyota has said it plans to make a hybrid-electric system available on every vehicle it sells worldwide sometime in the 2010s).0 million vehicles by May 31. 2007.0 million mark was reached by August 31.[63]Hybrids are viewed by some automobile makers as a core segment of the future vehicle market.43 million by August 2009.[64] [edit]Plug-in hybrids Main article: Plug-in hybrid Plug-in Prius concept . with hybrids sold in 50 countries. 2009. and by 2030 Toyota plans to offer its entire lineup of cars. RX 400h.[59]Toyota's CEO has committed to eventually making every car of the company a hybrid vehicle.producing some hybrid luxury vehicles. with worldwide cumulative sales of 1. Toyota and Honda have already said they've halved the incremental cost of electric hybrids and see cost parity in the future (even without incentives). consisting of theGS 450h. Worldwide sales of hybrid vehicles produced by Toyota reached 1. as a brand.[61][62] Lexus also has their own hybrid lineup.[58] Lexus LS 600h hybrid sedan. It labeled such technology in Toyota cars as "Hybrid Synergy Drive" and in Lexus versions as "Lexus Hybrid Drive. The popular minivan Toyota Sienna is scheduled to join the hybrid lineup by 2010. the LS 600h/LS 600h L. Highlander. trucks. and Camry." The Prius has become the top selling hybrid car in America. and launched in 2007. now has three hybrid vehicles in its lineup: the Prius. and the 2.[59][60] Toyota's hybrid sales are led by the Prius. Toyota.

are sold under the Scionbrand. coupes. Like GM's Volt.[67] [edit]All-electric vehicles Toyota is speeding up the development of vehicles that run only on electricity with the aim of massproducing them in the early part of the next decade.[72] Several small cars.[65][66] On June 5. had ended in 2006.[70][71] Toyota plans to release an electric version of theRAV4 by 2012 using components from Tesla and the platform of the RAV4. Fitzgerald Toyota in Washington D. to compact Corolla. Toyota agreed to purchase US$50 million of Tesla common stock subsequent to the closing of Tesla's planned initial public offering.[69] Tesla will buy Toyota's recently closed NUMMI factory for US$42 million. Toyota officially lists approximately 70 different models sold under its namesake brand. including four Toyota dealerships: Westboro Toyota in Boston. which range from the subcompact Toyota Yaris. Second generation Toyota Estima Hybrid [edit]Cars Further information: List of Toyota vehicles As of 2009. and full-size Avalon. the United States. including the FT-EV and FT-EV II. 2008. A123Systems announced that its Hymotion plug-in hybrid conversion kits for the Prius would be installed by six dealers.[68] Toyota has made many concept electric vehicles. it uses a lithium-ion battery pack. Road tests for the current prototype. Sienna.[72] Many of these models are produced as passenger sedans. Toyota launched a collaboration with Tesla Motors to create electric vehicles. Toyota of Hollywood in Los Angeles. and Madison Wisconsinbased Smart Motors. and others. and crossovers. In May 2010.. trucks. to midsizeCamry. The PHEV (plug-in hybrid electric vehicle) could have a lower environmental impact than existing hybrids.Toyota is currently testing its "Toyota Plug-in HV" in Japan. hybrids. such as the bB and tC.[72] Vans include the Previa/Estima. and Europe.C. called "e-com". including sedans. vans.[72] [edit]SUVs and crossovers .

Toyota Motor Corporation assembled around 150.[73] [edit]Luxury-type vehicles Further information: List of Lexus vehicles As of 2009. and only 70.[72] [edit]Pickup trucks The examples and perspective in this section may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. to midsize Venza and Kluger/Highlander.[72] Other SUVs include the Land Cruiser Prado and FJ Cruiser.[72] Toyota SUVs range from the midsize 4Runner to full-size Land Cruiser. the Tundra has captured 16 percent of the full-size half-ton market in the US. Texas.000 Standard and Double Cabs. the company sells nine luxury-branded models under its Lexus division. The Tacoma is also produced at the company's San Antonio facility. Crown Royal. As of early 2010.[72] A limited-edition model produced for the Emperor of Japan is the Century Royal.000 Crew Max's in 2007. and Crown Athlete. US. 2WD and 4WD versions.Toyota crossovers range from the compact Matrix and RAV4. In addition to the Tundra. [edit]Motorsport Main article: Toyota in motorsports . Outside the United States. Please improve this article and discuss the issue on the talk page. (August 2010) 2007 Tundra Double Cab The Tundra is a full-size pickup truck sold by Toyota that originally went into production in 1999 for the 2000 US model year. with a smaller body and smaller engine than its bigger brother.[72] Luxury-type sedans produced under the Toyota brand include the Century. gasoline and diesel engine. Toyota produces the Hilux in Standard and double cab. The BBC's Top Gear TV show featured 2 episodes of a Hilux that was deemed "virtually indestructible". US. ranging from the LS sedan to RX crossover and LX SUV. Toyota also produces theTacoma.[citation needed] The all new Tundra is assembled in San Antonio.

Toyota also runs a driver development programme known as TDP (Toyota Young Drivers Program) which they made for funding and educating future Japanese motorsports talent. sponsored by the manufacturer . they failed to match their success in other categories.[74] Toyota Motorsport GmbH. however despite having experienced drivers and a larger budget than many other teams. Germany) was previously responsible for Toyota's major motorsports development including Formula One.[75]Toyota has also studied participation in the general aviation market and contracted with Scaled Composites to produce a proof-of-concept aircraft. Super GT. with and headquarters in Cologne.TRD is also responsible for Toyota's involvement in NASCAR motorsports. On 4 November 2009 Toyota announced they were pulling out of the sport due to the global economic situation. Toyota entered Formula One as a constructor and engine supplier.Toyota has been involved in many global motorsports series.2 million in the new venture which will produce the Mitsubishi Regional Jet. Toyota Motorsport GmbH also developed cars for World Rally Championship and Le Mans Series. In 2002. as well as designing technology for vehicles used in all forms of racing. Toyota enjoyed success in all these motorsports categories. having invested US$67. [edit]TRD Toyota Racing Development was brought about to help develop true high performance racing parts for many Toyota vehicles. Toyota also makes engines and other auto parts for other Japanese motorsports including formula Nippon. the TAA-1 in 2002. TRD has often had much success with their after market tuning parts.[76] [edit]Philanthropy The Toyota Municipal Museum of Art in Aichi. slated for first deliveries in 2013. with five second places their best results. They also represent their Lexus brand in other sports car racing categories. formula 3 and formula Toyota series. [edit]Non-automotive [edit]Aerospace activities Toyota is a minority shareholder in Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation.

as Sakichi Toyoda had planned to establish a university as soon as he and Toyota became successful. Designed for use with wheelchairs. almost in real-time". A specific example of Toyota's involvement in robotics for the elderly is the Brain Machine Interface." "Toyota Youth for Understanding Summer Exchange Scholarship Program.[77] Toyota created the Toyota USA Foundation.[80] The thought controls allow the wheelchair to go left. right and forward with a delay between thought and movement of just 125 milliseconds." and "Toyota Funded Scholarship. helping low-income community members for education. Toyota showcased its trumpet-playing robot. with his mind. Toyota Technological Institute founded the Toyota Technological Institute at Chicago in 2003." "Toyota Community Scholars" (scholarship for high school students)."[78] It has contributed to a number of local education and scholarship programs for the University of Kentucky.[79] Toyota has been developing multitask robots destined for elderly care. "United States Hispanic Chamber of Commerce Internship Program. [edit]Higher education Toyota established the Toyota Technological Institute in 1981." "Toyota International Teacher Program.[80] [edit]Finance . United Negro College Fund (40 annual scholarships). and entertainment.Toyota is supporter of the Toyota Family Literacy Program along with National Center for Family Literacy. Indiana. and others. Toyota is supporter of the "Toyota Driving Expectations Program. it "allows a person to control an electric wheelchair accurately. National Underground Railroad Freedom Center (US$1 million) among others." "Toyota TAPESTRY.[78] [edit]Robotics Main article: Toyota Partner Robot Toyota trumpet-playing robot In 2004. manufacturing.

China  Toyota Roof Garden Corporation in Miyoshi-Cho. Ltd.51% ± March 31. 2006)  Lexus 100% (1989)  Scion 100% (2003)  DENSO (24. 2006)  PT Toyota Astra Motor (49% ± 2003)  PT Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indonesia (95% ± 2003) [edit]Government bailouts Toyota's financial unit has asked for an emergency loan from a state-backed lender on March 16. Ltd.  Toyota Motor North America (100% ± 2004)  Toyota Canada Inc.Toyota Financial Services Corporation provides financing to Toyota customers. Nagoya. with reports putting the figure at more than US$3 billion. Ltd. including:  P.2% ± March 31.T. Toyota Bio Indonesia in Lampung.66% ± June 28.0% ± September 30. 2006)  Fuji Heavy Industries (16.74% ± September 30. 2009. In addition. Toyota is foreign-listed on the New York Stock Exchangeunder NYSE: TM and on the London Stock Exchange under LSE: TYT. and Sapporo exchanges under company code TYO: 7203.. in Western Australia and Southern Australia  Toyota Floritech Co. in Sichuan. owned via Toyota Motor North America  Toyota Tsusho ± Trading company for the Toyota Group  Daihatsu Motor Company (51. 2006)  Toyota Industries (23. Toyota has 540 consolidated subsidiaries and 226 affiliates.[81] As reported on its consolidated financial statements. [edit]Agricultural biotechnology Toyota invests in several small start-up businesses and partnerships in biotechnology.. in Rokkasho-Mura.9% ± November 10. Osaka. Aomori Prefecture  Sichuan Toyota Nitan Development Co. Aichi Prefecture [edit]Financial information Toyota is publicly traded on the Tokyo. Indonesia  Australian Afforestation Pty. (23. Fukuoka. 2006)  Aisin Seiki Co. It says the international financial situation is . 2008)  Isuzu Motors (5. Kamikita District. Toyota has been publicly traded in Japan since 1949 and internationally since 1999.

013 1938 4.142 1937 4.981 1940 14. forcing it to ask for an emergency loan from the Japan Bank for International Cooperation. It is the first time the state-backed bank has been asked to lend to a Japanese car manufacturer.squeezing its business.787 .615 1939 11.[82] [edit]Production and sales numbers Typical breakdown of sales by region Total Calendar Year Japan United States Production Sales Production Sales Sales 1935 20 1936 1.

824 1950 11.703 1949 10.1941 14.611 1942 16.922 1948 6.706 1951 14.827 1944 12.302 1943 9.106 1953 16.713 1955 22.821 1947 3.496 1954 22.275 1946 5.786 .720 1945 3.228 1952 42.

471.1956 46.643 1966 587.194 1960 154.190 .856 1959 101.097.350 1963 318.770 1961 210.764 1965 477.211 1970 1.937 1962 230.495 1964 425.539 1967 832.527 1958 78.405 1969 1.609.130 1968 1.716 1957 79.

557 1983 3.308.220.114.344 1981 3.336.996.272.851 1977 2.955.225 1980 3.157 1979 1982 3.033 1972 2.335 1984 3.1971 1.665.929.622 .487.429.133 1973 2.758 1978 2.098 1974 2.249 1985 3.053 1976 2.720.293.980 1975 2.

975.000[84] 1999 5.697[83][83] 2.125[83] 1996 3.355.206[87] .561.005.456[83] 2.462.863[83] 1990 4.502.848[83] 1994 3.031.071[83] 2.619.504.750[83] 2.277[83] 2.046[83] 2.660.956.723[86] 1.902[83] 2.949[83] 1998 5.060.000[85] 2000 5.341[83] 2.931.273[83] 1989 3.308.057.508.279 1988 3.064[83] 1995 3.167 1987 3.373[83] 2.276[83] 1997 3.941[83] 1993 3.120.954.171.356[83] 1992 3.291[83] 1991 4.1986

556[92] 2.524[96] 2007 9. The plan contains four major themes involving the environment and the corporation's development.600[95] 2.309.543.060. ". emissions and noise during vehicle .667[91] 2.503[88] 1.174[100] 1.305.153.212[92] 2.873[89] 2. The assessment includes.620.232.260.147[101] Production Sales Production Calendar Year Total Japan Sales Sales United States Japan production numbers 1937 to 1987.2001 5.236[98] 4.439[100] 3.296[citation needed] 2006 9.046.826.119.314[citation needed] 2004 7.547.085.756.741.261..[102] Global production since 1998.662[99] 2009 7.635[91] 1. Daihatsu and Hino.743[88] 4.291.515[97] 2.368.631[97] 2.861[98] 2.049[93] 2005 8.786[95] 5.454."[103] Toyota had previously released its Eco-Vehicle Assessment System (Eco-VAS) which is a systematic life cycle assessment of the effect a vehicle will have on the environment including production.177[92] 4. design. and disposal.217.825[citation needed] 2008 9. "arrival of a revitalized recycling-based society. global and Japanese production.368.754[97] 5. and sales.497.817[94] 2.197[98][90] 2003 6.324[89] 1.. The five-year plan is directed at the. [edit]Environmental record The Toyota Motor Corporation (TMC) implemented its Fourth Environmental Action Plan in 2005.218.254[citation needed] 2002 6.076[94] 2.143[94] 4. fuel efficiency.770.706[95] 2. Japanese sales since 2001 consolidated incl.611.387.234. production.166[91] 4.542. usage.996.911.017.138.199[100] 1.307[89] 4.847.866.637[88] 2.

2008 and 2009 [109][110][111] In 2007. 32.69 mpgUS (8. Only Lotus Cars which sold the Elise and Exige powered by Toyota's 2ZZ-GE engine did better with an average of 30."[104]2008 marks the ninth year for Toyota's Environmental Activities Grant Program which has been implemented every year since 2000.use. the company plans to donate US$1 million and five vehicles to the Everglades National Park. Toyota's Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) fleet average of 26. Themes of the 2008 program consist of "Global Warming Countermeasures" and "Biodiversity Conservation. and total distance traveled. the reduction of substances of environmental concern.[108] The United States EPA has awarded Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America. When the vehicle is operated in a fuel-efficient manner. The system takes into consideration rate of acceleration.[112] [edit]See also Companies portal Japanese Car portal  Hiroshi Okuda  Leading firms by activity  The Toyota Group  List of Toyota vehicles  List of Toyota engines  List of Toyota manufacturing facilities . Individual results vary depending on traffic issues. 36.2 mpg-US (7. and CO2 emissions throughout the life cycle of the vehicle from production to disposal."[105] Since October 2006. Toyota's new Japanese-market vehicle models with automatic transmissions are equipped with an Eco Drive Indicator. but the Eco Drive Indicator may improve fuel efficiency by as much as 4%. starting and stopping the vehicle. the Eco Drive Indicator on the instrument panel lights up.[107] However new figures from the United States National Research Councilshow that the continuing hidden health costs of the auto industry to the US economy in 2005 amounted to US$56 million. the disposal recovery rate.813 L/100 km. Inc (TEMA) with a ENERGY STAR Sustained Excellence Award in 2007. engine and transmission efficiency.79 L/100 km.05 mpg-imp) exceeded all other major manufactures selling cars within the United States. This donation is part of a program which provides US$5 million and 23 vehicles for five national parks and the National Parks Foundation. The money will be used to fund environmental programs at the park.3 mpg-imp). and speed.[106] Along with Toyota's eco-friendly objectives on production and use.

"Toyota Passes GM as World's Largest Automaker". New Statesman. "Toyota Takes Sales Crown from GM". Retrieved 2010-05-25. Japan-zone. The New York Times. 2009). Retrieved 2010-08-27. 2006-11-16. Retrieved 2010-08-29. Autoblog. OICA. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 2010-0224. Retrieved 2010-09-11. 16. Elizabeth (January 21. ^ Valdes-Dapena. ^ "Toyota CEO Akio Toyoda's Testimony Before Congress . ± Companies (6)". Toyota. Retrieved June 1. . 2. Micheline (2010-05-18). ^ Strott. ^ "Company > Company Profile". a telematic service offered in Japan  Multimode manual transmission [edit]References 1. formerly the company's football (soccer) club and still sponsored by them  G-BOOK. 2010-07-27. 8. ^ "World Ranking of manufacturers year 2009". List of Toyota transmissions  Toyota Production System  Australian Motor Industries  Toyota Australia  Toyota Verblitz. Retrieved 2010-05-25. Peter (2010-02-23). 12. the company's rugby team  Nagoya Grampus. May 2010. ^ "Toyota: Automotive".ABC News". Retrieved 2010-09-11. 11. 1999-02-22.4 Million Fine Over Pedals". 6. ^ "Toyota: Non-Automotive".go. ^ "Toyota Company History from 1867 to 1939". ^ Marr. ^ Korzeniewski. 5. 3. 10. ^ a b "Toyota In The World 2010" (PDF). "Witnesses: Toyota problems could be electronics". Jeremy (2009-01-21). Retrieved 2010-08-27. ^ "Modern Japan ± Japan Inc. 4. ^ [1] [dead link] 13. ^ Maynard. Kendra (2009-01-22). 2009. "No Dispute: Toyota displaces GM as world's largest automaker ² Autoblog". Retrieved 2010-0911. Abcnews. ^ a b c d e "Financial Summary FY2010: Toyota Motor Company". 15. Retrieved Retrieved 2010-09-11. "Toyota Pays Its $ MSN Money(Microsoft Money). TOYOTA. The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-08-27. ^ "US seeks $16m fine from Toyota". 14.

Chester (2004). 2004-09-28. Retrieved 2008-12-27.17. [dead link] 21. ^ Toyota's 50th Anniversary in America ² Toyopet. 2009. AP via CBS News. ^ "Toyota: A history of the First 50 Years". Matthew Dolan. The Wall Street Journal. Toyota Motor Corporation.". 36. ^ "Toyota Truck 48HP". ISBN 0-470-82110-8. 2005. 2005-11-17. Retrieved 2010-08-29. Forbes. 34. Retrieved 1 June 2010. ^ "Toyota China". p102. ^ "Toyota Avalon Plane TV commercial". Retrieved 2010-0419. 18. TOYOTA. 228. 2008-04-24. 2007. 2009-09-23. 1988. ^ "Toyota: A history of the First 50 Years". Retrieved AFP. 1999. 39. YouTube. Pedr Davis. 24. Associated Press. 2010-04-13. retrieved on 4 August 2008 30. Automotive (US News). ISBN 0947079998. official: Toyota indicates it will pay $16. Retrieved 2009-12-15. . p12. ^ "U. ISBN 0-517-61777-3. ^ "The Long Run ² Toyota: The first 40 years in Australia". Retrieved 2008-12-27. Ford Strips Its Own Vans". p24.Japan Times Weekly: April 30. 18 May 2010. ^ a b 35. 22. Mary (2007-10-29). CNN. ^ "Forbes Global 2000". p64. seek a feel-good connection". 11 May 2010. ^ "Toyota returns to profit despite recall crisis". Retrieved 2009-12-15. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 37. ^ Ex-UFJ Execs. ^ Toyota archives (English)(Japanese) 27. 23. (Hong Kong) Corporate Information" (in Chinese).4 million fine". Retrieved 2010-09-11. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd. "Toyota agrees to pay fine for delaying disclosure of gas pedal defects". company profile Yahoo Finance. ^ "Company > Vision & Philosophy > Nov/Dec 2004". ^ "Toyota Claims World's Best-Selling Automaker Title". ^ "Kanaal van Sienna".". 28. ^ "Article: Toyota hopes to continue "Moving Forward" with new ad campaign. Toyota brochure No.S. ^ Ralph Vartabedian and Ken Bensinger (2010-04-19). 26. Automotive News. Los Angeles Times. 33. South Hurstville: Type Forty Pty Ltd. ^ a b "To Outfox the Chicken Tax. "Article: Toyota's ad constants: Stress quality. The America's Intelligence Wire. 2004. 2010. 32. Toyota. September 22. "Lexus: The Relentless Pursuit". 31. ^ "Crown Motors Ltd. 1988. YouTube.S. ^ "AP: Toyota Has Paid $16..4M Fine to U. 25. Japan 29. Retrieved 1 June 2010. ^ UFJ Holdings Inc. 19. ISBN 0-517-61777-3. ^ Dawson. Retrieved on May 8. 38. Retrieved 2010-03-19. Retrieved 2009-10-31. Toyota Motor Corporation. 2010-04-19. 20.

^ Fackler. ^ ""Toyota patents"". ^ "TOYOTA: IMV Project". ^ Vlasic. narrows sales gap with Toyota on non-U. Theautochannel. 2008-12-04. Retrieved 2010-09-11. ^ G. ^ Maynard.40. ^ "A New Year's Greeting from Toyota President Katsuaki Watanabe". The Toyota Way: 14 Management Principles from the World's Greatest Manufacturer. ^ a b "Toyota Global Hybrid Sales Top Two Million Mark". The New York Times. Bloomberg. "Toyota's 1st in safety recalls for 1st time". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2009-07-25. ^ Strategos-International.S. 58. Retrieved 2009-1024. ^ "Toyota names Akio Toyoda as next president". [dead link] 49. 200801-01. Retrieved 2009-12-30. "Toyota Will Shut California Plant in First Closure". ^ "Toyota's Woodstock plant opens". p. 2008. 2005). "Car Slump Jolts Toyota. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 47. ^ Toyota's plan for Lexus is a reminder of its real goal (August 1. Canadiandriver. Retrieved 2009-08-29. Matt (July Most recalled Cars[dead link] Business Week Online at Yahoo News. 2009-09-04. Retrieved 2010-09-11. AutobloGreen. ^ [2][dead link] 57. ^ Alan Ohnsman and Kae Inoue (2009-08-28). 2006-11-09. 53. Kelly Blue Book Green. The New York Times. Financial Times. ^ a b Toyota internal document. "Toyota to Shut Factories for 11 Days". 55. 62. ^ [dead link] 46. 59. ^ "Toyota Surpasses GM in Global Sales in First Quarter (Update3)". Martin (2009-01-07). Fackler. MSNBC. 2004. 2006). Archived from the original on February 21. 45. .M. ^ a b Liker. Retrieved 200802-29." April 2001 42. ^ "Toyota tops 2 million hybrid sales worldwide". UPI. 2009-01-09. freep. ^ Breakdown of sales and distribution by geographical markets from company 20Fs Retrieved 2010-09-11. Retrieved 2010-03-28. 56.The New York Micheline (2008-10-10). ^ Hyde. Retrieved 2009-01-06. J. 60. Toyota. 52. Halting 70 Years of Gain". ^ "Consumer reports lists Toyota as having the most reliable cars". "Toyota May Make Prius a Brand and Widen the Model Lineup". ^ "Toyota: over two million Prius sold since launch" 44. Justin (2009-12-30). "The Toyota Way 2001. 16. Bill. Retrieved 2009-10-24. Toyota Production System and Lean Manufacturing. Detroit Free Press. 61. Retrieved 2009-01-06. Martin (2008-12-23). 51. 43. 24 April 2007 48. demand ± Salt Lake Tribune 50.

com. En. Retrieved 2010-08-29. ^ "Uninformed Wall St. Cal Cars Initiative. 2009-07-01. 2003-11-23. ^ Alan Ohnsman (2010-05-20). . 80. 78. Calcars. ^ a b c d e f g hi j k l m n o p qr s t Toyota Motor Corporation (1998). 79. Retrieved 2009-07-25. May 23. 82. Ford Stays on Sidelines". ^ Toyota press release of first flight 77. ^ "Technology | Robot trumpets Toyota's know-how". Toyota Motor Corporation. 2001. Calcars. ^ a b "Toyota Developing A Wheelchair Driven By The Mind". 81. TMC to Invest in Tesla".2 mln in Mitsubishi passenger jet. ^ "Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle". Frequently Asked Questions". 67. ^ "World motor vehicle production by manufacturer". ^ "Tesla to pay $42 million for NUMMI plant . 84. TOYOTA. 70. ^ "Toyota Outlines Motor Sports Activities for 2009".Bloomberg Businessweek. 65. OICA. Retrieved 2010-09-11. Retrieved 2009-07-25. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 85. BBC. ^ "Report Toyota PHEV Road Test in Japan + Possible Unveiling in Fall". 73. ^ "Toyota Advances PHEVs to Fleets to 2009. Toyota Motor Corporation. ^ "News Releases > Tesla Motors and Toyota Motor Corporation Intend to Work Jointly on EV PopSci. 2007-02-02. Jose Mercury News". ^ "World motor vehicle production by manufacturer". Retrieved 2009-07-25. Retrieved 2010-09-11. Automotive News. ^ "Automotive News ± hybrid segment article". 2008". 76. Toyota Motor Corporation Global Site. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 72. 2010-05-21. Retrieved 2008-07-11. 2004-03-11. Retrieved 2010-05-30. greentechmedia. Abc. Retrieved 2008-07-05. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Toyota Product Line up 2009" (PDF). 69. China Economic Net. Retrieved 2010-01-20. Related GM News". ^ "Toyota for investors. 74. ^ a b [dead link] [dead link] "Toyota Education". 64. 83. Retrieved 2010-09-11. 71. 1999-06-01. Retrieved 2010-05-30. TOYOTA. Outline of Toyota. Journal Columnist Critiques Volt. ^ "Japan asked to bail out Toyota ± ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)".ce. OICA. Retrieved 2010-09-11. 68. 2008-06-05. Retrieved 2009-07-01.63. 75. 2000-06-01. ^ "Toyota to sink $67. Mercurynews. Retrieved 2010-08-29. ^ "Toyota Dealers Sold on Hymotion Plug-In Hybrids". 2008-0828. ^ "Toyota Philanthropy". Retrieved 2010-05-20. "Toyota to Acquire $50 Million Stake in Tesla Motors (Update1)". Toyota Motor Corporation. ^ "Top Gear ± Episode Archive ± Series 3". BBC

Retrieved 2010-05-30. ^ "World motor vehicle production by manufacturer". 95. 97. ^ "Toyota Reports 2007 and December Sales". 2010-01-11. Theautochannel. ISBN 0-517-61777-3. 2005 retrieved April May 13. 2003 retrieved 30 April 2008 . 91. Theautochannel. Automotive News. Retrieved 2009-07-25. ^ "Toyota Reports 2008 and December Sales". ^ a b c "TMC Announces Results for December 2008 and CY2008". 1988. Retrieved 2009-07-25. Retrieved 2010-05-29. ^ a b c "TMC Announces Results for December 2009 and CY2009". 102. Theautochannel. Toyota Motor Corporation. ^ a b c "Overseas Production Up in CY 2001". Toyota Motor Corporation.S. Retrieved 2009-07-25. ^ "Toyota Reports 2005 and December Sales". Toyota Motor Corporation. 2008 104. Retrieved 201005-30. Toyota Motor Corporation. Toyota Motor Corporation. ^ Toyota Unveils "Eco-VAS" for Environmental Assessment Japan's Corporate News June ^ a b c "TMC Announces Results for December 2006 and CY2006". ^ "Toyota Announces Best Sales Year in Its 46-Year History. 90. ^ a b c "TMC Announces Results for December 2005 and CY2005". p461. ^ "Toyota Sets Sales Record for Sixth Year in a Row". 103. ^ a b c "Overseas Production Continues to Climb in CY2002". 2004-11-17. Breaks Sales Record for Eighth Year in a Row".com. & YTD"". Theautochannel. 2003-01-27. Retrieved 201005-30. Retrieved 2010-05-30. Retrieved 2010-05-30. 200601-26. Retrieved 2009-07-25. Retrieved 2010-05-29. 200901-28. 94. Toyota Motor Corporation. 87. Retrieved 2009-07-25. ^ Toyota Outlines Fourth Toyota Environmental Action Plan japancorp. 2002-01-24. ^ a b c "Worldwide Production and Sales Continue to Increase". 2005-01- 25. 2001-06-01. 89. Retrieved 2010-05-30. total vehicle sales by make. ^ ""Data Center: U. Toyota Motor Corporation. Theautochannel. 2004-11-17. 98. Toyota Motor Corporation. 96. 200801-28.86. 200701-26. Retrieved 2010-05-30. OICA. Toyota Motor Corporation. 101. 93. ^ a b c "TMC Announces Results for December 2007 and CY2007". Dec. 100. 88. 99. 92.. Retrieved 2010-05-30. ^ a b c "Worldwide Production Up in CY2003".com. ^ Toyota: A history of the First 50 Years. Retrieved 2010-05-30.

Inc. Oct 16.  2005 Toyota Highlander Hybrid. New Feature Aims to Encourage Environmentally Considerate Driving JCN Newswire Sept new and redesigned models were recommended because of the automaker's excellent track record. ^ Toyota to Introduce Eco Drive Indicator. Small Car Demand [edit]External links This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. Autoblog. 2007 ("Consumer Reports will no longer recommend any new or redesigned Toyota-built models without reliability data on a specific 110. ^ "NUMMI Truck Plant : ENERGY STAR".69 mpg ² Autoblog". "Previously. (August 2010) Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Toyota Wikinews has related news:Category:Toyota ." the publication said in a ^ "New Study Shows $56 Billion in Hidden Health Damage From Autos". 2004 from CanadianDriver 2009-10-21. 111. ^ Toyota Announces Million Dollar Donation to Everglades National Park. 2008 retrieved same day 108. ^ May 06. Please improve this article by removing excessive and inappropriate external links. Retrieved 2009-10-23.105. Pressroom. 2008 retrieved 30 April 2008 106.  Consumer Reports reverses practice of automatically recommending all new Toyota cars and trucks[dead link]. Energystar. Pressroom. (2004)  Toyota up close Sales figures of Toyota. 2006 retrieved 30 April 2008 107. "Toyota tops big company CAFE ratings for 2007 model year with 29. Retrieved 2009-07-25. Sam (2008-07-25). ^ "Manufacturing & Engineering : EPA Recognizes Toyota with 2007 Energy Star Sustained Excellence Award / Toyota". Retrieved January 11.  Toyota becomes 3rd ranked US automaker behind GM and Ford Bloomberg Report. Retrieved 2009-07-25. Retrieved 2009-07-25. Retrieved 2009-07-25. ^ "Manufacturing & Engineering : EPA Recognizes Toyota with 2008 Energy Star Sustained Excellence Award / Toyota". ^ Toyota Environmental Activities Grant Program Accepting Applications Japan's Corporate News Apr 25. cnn.")  Toyota Struggles to Meet Hybrid.

Official global sites  Toyota Global .Japanese  Toyota Automobile Museum in Aichi. in English Official regional websites  Toyota Australia  Toyota Brazil  Toyota Cambodia  Toyota Canada  Toyota Europe  Toyota Germany  Toyota Greece  Toyota Indonesia  Toyota Ireland  Toyota Italy  Toyota Malaysia  Toyota Mexico  Toyota New Zealand  Toyota Philippines  Toyota South Africa  Toyota Taiwan  Toyota Thailand  Toyota UK  Toyota USA [hide] v‡d‡e « previous ² Toyota road car timeline. Japan  Toyota Motorsport GmbH official site.English  Toyota Japan . North American market. 1 Type Model year Subcompact Corolla 0 1 Tercel Starlet 2 3 1980s 4 5 6 Corolla FX Corolla Corolla 7 8 9 0 1 2 Paseo 3 4 Tercel Tercel Tercel 1990s 5 6 7 Terc Pase .

Corolla Compact Corona Camry Camry Camry Mid-size Full-size Sport compact Sports Cressida Celica Celica Supra Cressida Celica Celica Supra Cressida Corolla GT-S Celica Supra MR2 Cressida Celica Supra MR2 [hide] Aval Celica v‡d‡e Toyota light truck timeline. Corolla II. Corsa L20 Tercel. Corsa L30 Tercel. Corsa L50 Corolla. SprinterE80 Corona T150 Compact Camry V10 Vista V10 Compact luxury Corolla. 1985±presen Type Model year 5 6 1980s 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 Starlet KP70 Tercel. 1980s±presen Type Compact Crossover Compact SUV Mid-size Crossover Mid-size SUV Full-size SUV Minivan Pickup Toyota Pickup Land Cruiser Toyota Van Toyota Pickup Toyota Pickup T100 [hide] v‡d‡e 1980s 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 4Runner 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 1990s 6 7 8 RAV4 4Runner 4R Land Cruiser Previa « previous ² Toyota road cars timeline. North American market. Sprinter E100 Corona T190 Corolla. Corolla II. Sprinter E1 Corona EXIV Corona Cynos Cynos Camry V20 Vista V20 Camry V30 Vista V30 Camry V40 Vista V40 . Corsa L40 1990s 5 6 7 8 Starlet KP80 Starlet KP9 Subcompact Tercel. Corolla II. Corolla II. Sprinter E90 Corona T170 Corona EXIV Corolla.

Chaser. Chaser.Cresta X80 Mark II. Cressida.Chaser. Cr M Crown S120 Crown S130 Crown S130/S140 Celsior UCF10 Century VG40 Celica T160 Carina T170 Carina ED T180 Celica T180 Carina T190 Carina ED T200 Soarer Z30 Celica T200 Cavalier C Crown S15 Celsior UCF Prius NH C Supra A80 Toyo Lexus ± a division of Toyota Motor Corp.Compact Wagon/VAN Carina Surf Caldina T190 Scepter Mid-size car Windom XV10 Aristo S147 Mark II. Cresta X90 Mid-size wagon Full-size Hybrid Flagship car Celica A60 Sport compact Carina A60 Carina T150 Carina ED T160 Sports Roadster Limited edition Soarer Z10 Celica Supra A60 MR2 AW10/11 Soarer Z20 Supra A70 MR2 SW20 Toyota Sera [hide] v‡d‡e C C W Mark II. Cresta X70 Mark II. Chaser. ± vehicle productio Type Compact Mid-size Full-size Crossover SUV Coupé Sport [hide] v‡d‡e 1980s 9 0 1 2 3 4 1990s 5 6 7 8 9 0 ES LS ES GS LS ES RX LX SC Toyota Motor Corporation Marques Toyota ‡ Lexus ‡ Scion ‡ Daihatsu ‡ Hino ‡ Subaru (FHI shareholder) ‡ Isuzu (shareholder) ‡ Yamaha (Yamaha shareholder) Current vehicles 4Runner ‡ Allion ‡ Alphard ‡ Auris ‡ Aurion ‡ Avalon ‡ Avanza ‡ Avensis ‡ Aygo ‡ bB ‡ Belta/Vios ‡ Blade ‡ Camry ‡ Century Comfort ‡ Crown Hybrid ‡ Crown Majesta ‡ Crown Royal ‡ Dyna ‡ Etios ‡ Estima/Previa ‡ Estima Hybrid ‡ FJ Cruiser ‡ Fortu VIGO ‡ Innova ‡ iQ ‡ Isis ‡ ist ‡ Kijang Innova ‡ Kluger ‡ Kluger Hybrid ‡ Land Cruiser ‡ Land Cruiser Prado ‡ LiteAce ‡ Mar Sette ‡ Porte ‡ Premio ‡ Prius ‡Probox ‡ Quick Delivery ‡ Ractis ‡ Raum ‡ RAV4 ‡ Regius Ace ‡ Rush ‡ Sai ‡ Semibon ‡ Sequo Cruiser ‡ Vanguard ‡Vellfire ‡ Venza ‡ Verso ‡ Verso-S ‡ Vitz/Yaris ‡ Voxy ‡ WISH . Cressida.

1993) Mk.1982) Celica LB Turbo · TOM'S Corolla G5 · Dome Celica Turbo Group C (1983 .1970) 7 Group 5 (1977 .1994) TOM'S Celica C · 83C · 84C · 85C · 86C · 87C · 88C · 89C-V · 92C-V · TS010 IMSA GTP (1988 .1999) Group 7 (1968 .Past vehicles 2000GT ‡ AA ‡ Allex ‡ Altezza ‡ Aristo ‡ Brevis ‡ Caldina ‡ Cami ‡ Camry Solara ‡ Carina ‡ Carina ED ‡ Celica ‡ Celsior Spacio/Verso ‡ Corsa ‡Cressida ‡ Cresta ‡ Curren ‡ Cynos ‡ FA/DA ‡ DA115 ‡ Duet ‡ Echo ‡ FJ40 ‡ Fun Cargo ‡ Gaia ‡ G Cruiser ‡ MR2 ‡ MR-S ‡Nadia ‡ Opa ‡ Origin ‡ Paseo ‡ Picnic ‡ Platz ‡ Progrès ‡ Pronard ‡ Publica ‡ Regius ‡ Revo ‡ Scep Marino ‡ Starlet ‡ Stout ‡ Supra ‡ T100 ‡ Tamaraw ‡ Tercel ‡Tiara ‡ Van ‡ Verossa ‡ Toyota Vienta ‡ Vista ‡ Voltz ‡ WiLL 1957 Sports ‡ 4500GT ‡ A-BAT ‡ Alessandro Volta ‡ Avalon ‡ AXV-II ‡ Toyota AXV-III ‡ AXV-IV ‡ CAL-1 ‡ Camry TS Sporty Sedan ‡ Corona Sports Coupe ‡ Crown Convertible ‡ CS&S ‡ CX-80 ‡ DMT ‡ Dream Car ‡ Dream Car Model ‡ eC Celica ‡ F3R ‡ FCHV ‡ Fine-N ‡ Fine-S ‡ Fine-X ‡ FSC ‡ FT-86 ‡ FT-CH ‡ FT-EV ‡ FT-HS ‡ FT-SX ‡ FTX ‡ FX-1 ‡ FXV 10 ‡ Motor Triathlon Race Car ‡ MP-1 ‡ NLSV ‡ PM ‡ Pod ‡ Prius Custom Plus Concept ‡ Project Go ‡ Publica Sports ‡ R X ‡ Street Affair ‡ SV-1 ‡ SV-2 ‡ SV-3 ‡ TAC3 ‡ VM180 Zagato ‡ Winglet ‡ X ‡ X-Runner Engines ‡ Transmissions ‡ Manufacturing Facilities ‡ Hybrid Synergy Drive ‡ Toy [hide] Concept vehicles v‡d‡e Toyota Racing Personnel: Tadashi Yamashina | John Howett | Pascal Vasselon | Ove Andersson | Tsutomu Tomita Noted drivers: Timo Glock | Kamui Kobayashi | Cristiano da Matta | Allan McNish | Olivier Panis | Mika Salo | Formula One cars: TF101 | TF102 | TF103 | TF104 | TF104B | TF105 | TF105B | TF106 | TF106B | TF107 | TF108 | TF109 | TF110 [hide] v‡d‡e Toyota sportscar racers (1968 .1999) TOM'S LMP · GT-One (TS020) [hide] v‡d‡e Automobile industry in Japan Marques Association v‡d‡e ASL · Daihatsu · Dome (Jiotto · Hayashi) · Duesen Bayern · Honda (Acura) · Isuzu · Kojima · Mitsuoka · Mazda (Amati · Autoza Trucks · Otomo · Subaru · Suzuki (Hope) · Tommy Kaira · Toyota (Hino Motors · Lexus · Scion · Sigma · TOM'S) · Yamaha Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association [hide] Nikkei 225 companies of Japan 7&i · Advantest · ÆON · AGC · Ajinomoto · ALPS · ANA · Asahi Breweries · Asahi Kasei · Astellas · Bank of Yokohama · Bridgestone · Canon · C Saison · CSK · Daiichi Sankyo · Daikin · Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma · Daiwa House · Daiwa Securities · Denka · Denso · Dentsu · DNP · Dowa · E Industries ·Fujifilm · Fujikura · Fujitsu · Fukuoka Financial · Furukawa · Furukawa Electric · GS Yuasa · Heiwa Real Estate · Hino · Hitachi · Hitach . I · 88C · HF89 · Mk III Le Mans (1998 .

Front Retailing · JGC · JR Central · JR East · JR West · JSW · JT · JTEKT · JX · Kajima · Kansai Electric Power · Ka Line · Kobelco · Komatsu · Konami ·Konica Minolta · Kubota · Kuraray · Kyocera · Kyowa Hakko Kirin · Marubeni · Maruha Nichiro · Marui · Matsui S Corporation ·Mitsubishi Electric · Mitsubishi Estate · Mitsubishi Heavy Industries · Mitsubishi Logistics · Mitsubishi Materials · Mitsubishi Motors · Mi Kinzoku ·Mitsumi · Mizuho · Mizuho Securities · Mizuho Trust · MOL · MS&AD · MUFG · NEC · NGK · Nichirei · Nikon · Nippon Express · Nippon K Suisan ·Nissan · Nissan Chemical · Nisshin Seifun · Nisshin Steel · Nisshinbo · Nittobo · NKSJ · Nomura · NSG · NSK · NTN · NTT · NTT Data · NTT d Metals · Panasonic · Panasonic Electric Works · Pioneer · Resona · Ricoh · Sanyo · Sapporo Brewery · Secom · Sekisui House · Sharp · Shimz · Shin-Ets JSAT · SoftBank · Sojitz · Sony · SUMCO · Sumitomo Chemical · Sumitomo Corporation · Sumitomo Electric · Sumitomo Heavy Industries · Sumitomo Cement · Sumitomo Realty · Sumitomo Trust · Suzuki · T&D · Taiheiyo Cement · Taisei · Taiyo Yuden · Takara · Takashimaya · Takeda · TDK · Teijin Dome · Tokyo Electron · Tokyo Gas · Tokyu · Tokyu Land · Toppan · Toray · Toshiba · Tosoh · TOTO · Toyobo · Toyota · Toyota Tsusho · Trend Micr Electric · Yokohama Rubber [hide] v‡d‡e TOPIX 100 companies of Japan Core 30 7&i · Astellas · Canon · Honda · JFE · JR East · JT · KDDI · KEPCO · Komatsu · Mitsubishi Corporation · Mitsubishi Estate · Mitsui & docomo ·Panasonic · Shin-Etsu · Sony · Sumitomo Mitsui Financial · Takeda · TEPCO · Tokio Marine · Toshiba · Toyota ÆON · AGC · Asahi Kasei · Bank of Yokohama · Bridgestone · Chubu Electric Power · Daiichi Sankyo · Daikin · Daiwa House · Daiw Central · JR West · Kao · Keyence · Kirin · Kobelco · Kubota · Kyocera · Kyushu Electric Power · Marubeni · Mitsubishi Chemical · M Large 70 Fudosan · MOL · MSIG ·Murata · NEC · Nidec · Nikon · Nippon Oil · Nitto Denko · ORIX · Resona · Ricoh · Rohm · Secom · Sekisui H Corporation ·Sumitomo Electric · Sumitomo Metal Mining · Sumitomo Metals · Sumitomo Realty · Sumitomo Trust · Suzuki · T&D · T Japan · Yamada Denki Categories: Companies listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange | Companies listed on the London Stock Exchange | Companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange | Toyota | Automotive companies of Japan | Bus manufacturers | Car manufacturers of Japan | Companies based in Aichi Prefecture | Companies based in Michigan | Companies based in Tokyo | Companies established in 1937 | Companies of Japan | Motor vehicle manufacturers of Japan | Multinational companies | Family businesses .Mitsukoshi · Isuzu ·Itochu · JFE · J.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful