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MicroStation Basic 2D Graphics
E&IS TRAINING MATERIALS
Basic 2D MicroStation
Kellogg Brown & Root 601 Jefferson Ave., Houston, TX 77002 Phone 713-753-2000 • Fax 713-753-5353
T able of Contents
MicroStation Basics__________________________________________ 1
NT Overview ___________________________________________________ 1 Logging On: Project Explorer & MicroStation SE _______________________ 1 MicroStation SE Graphics Environment ______________________________ 4 Cursor/Mouse Button Definitions ____________________________________ 4 Moveable/Resizeable Views _______________________________________ 4 Status Bar Overview _____________________________________________ 4 MicroStation Screen Menus _______________________________________ 4 Views and View Scale Manipulations ________________________________ 4
VIEWS ___________________________________________________________ 4 VIEW MANIPULATION ______________________________________________ 5
Element Attributes _______________________________________________ 5 Grids _________________________________________________________ 5 Basic Element Placement Commands _______________________________ 5 Basic Element Manipulation Commands ______________________________ 5 Undo/Redo ____________________________________________________ 5 Saving and Exiting the Design File __________________________________ 6 Exiting MicroStation / Logging Off ___________________________________ 6 DAY ONE - WRITTEN QUESTIONS_________________________________ 7 DAY ONE - LAB EXERCISE _______________________________________ 8
7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day1.doc
Kellogg Brown & Root
Once selected.0 platform. This is known as the Project Explorer and MicroStation environments.doc 1 Kellogg Brown & Root . To access MicroStation SE at Project Explorer.D E S I G N F I L E B A S I C S MicroStation Basics NT Overview MicroStation SE runs on the NT4. 2. this should remain the default. Logging On: Project Explorer & MicroStation SE 1. This will execute the login script to mount the required project and standards directories. we have developed an environment which will automatically connect you to the desired project. The Project Explorer screen will display the project list. Refer to the NT Users Handout for information specific to the NT operating system. By selecting Options-->Tree View you can choose whether to display the project list by Project Name or by Project Number. discussed in the next section. Double Click on the Project Explorer icon in the PROJECT EXPLORER Program Group. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day1.
The drive letter will be displayed in the status bar along with the path. Project Explorer will display an information box identifying the project you are connected to. Select your technology Work space. TECHNOLOGY CODE: 2DTRN. 4. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day1.doc 2 Kellogg Brown & Root . Use the slider bar to the right of the screen to locate your project number or name. Make a note of the path for future reference. Double-click the KBR Ustation icon from the KBR Ustation program group to execute MicroStation SE. 3. Locate the technology code and select it by clicking on it. Select Connect to connect to that project directory.D E S I G N F I L E B A S I C S 1. 2. Select OK. This will bring up the KBR Ustation Work Space dialog box. 5. use JOB NUMBER: 8d200503. the dialog box will shrink to a small “key” icon indicating that Project Explorer is running. Double-clicking on the Project number or name will display a list of available technology codes. using the down arrow and scroll bar. For class purposes. (workspaces for MicroStation SE will be designated with a SE suffix). If the user has selected “minimize on use” from the options pull down. Click on the Accept button.
MicroStation SE will start up with a MicroStation Manager Dialog box (step 9). 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day1. Select the desired design file. select the OK button.doc 3 Kellogg Brown & Root . To activate MicroStation. select the technology Work Space. The project directory and technology code path should display automatically. A single click identifies the file and lets you continue making selections on the form.D E S I G N F I L E B A S I C S 1. MicroStation will use the “Default User Interface” which is the MicroStation SE Power Draft interface. 3. 2. On this form. The list of design files based on the default file extension shown under List of File Types will appear. A double click selects the file and activates MicroStation SE immediately.
Left/Right. Diagonal) Status Bar Overview Command Name.D E S I G N F I L E B A S I C S MicroStation SE Graphics Environment Create a new file for use in an exercise to follow along in class: 1.(Up/Down. Cursor/Mouse Button Definitions Data Reset Tentative Moveable/Resizeable Windows Use Data Button to Move or Re-size by Title Bar or Frame Edge Directional Arrows . Copy VIEW.DGN to "your initials".doc 4 Kellogg Brown & Root . File --> Copy 2.Called from Pull Down Menus Tool Box Views VIEWS 8 Views Maximum Turning Views On/Off Dual Screen Preference 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day1.Located on the Menu Bar Tool Frame . Quad. Use the file just copied to follow along with the lecture. Command prompt Snaps Locks Levels MicroStation Screen Menus Use Data Button to Pick Pull Up/Down .DGN 3.
Note: To negate the last undo operation. After you undo a drawing operation. Undo place line). choose Redo from the Edit menu. You can. The tool used to perform the operation is shown (for example.D E S I G N F I L E B A S I C S VIEW MANIPULATION Refresh View Zoom In Zoom Out Window Area Reset Button on cursor . Next Element Attributes Color Style Weight Grids Grid Lock Unit Lock .doc 5 Kellogg Brown & Root . and Partial Ellipse Shapes Basic Element Manipulation Commands Delete element Undo/Redo Negates the last drawing operation. the operation previous to the negated operation can be undone. The size of the Undo Buffer determines how many operations can be negated.usually set at half the distance of Grid Turn grids on and off Basic Element Placement Commands Lines and Line Strings Circles. therefore. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day1. undo a series of previous operations by repeatedly choosing Undo.Exit's view command FIT Rotate Pan Previous. You cannot undo settings changes. Arcs.
D E S I G N F I L E B A S I C S Saving and Exiting the Design File Save Settings (<CTRL><F>) File -> Close Exiting MicroStation / Logging Off Select EXIT from the FILE pulldown menu Select the EXIT button from the PROJECT EXPLORER workspace form.doc 6 Kellogg Brown & Root . Double click the Project Explorer icon (key) to expand it. Select FILE --> Exit. NOTE: Make sure you do not have the project drive open in Explore! 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day1.
Under which option on the menu bar are the View Open/Close options found? 6.D E S I G N F I L E B A S I C S DAY ONE . Where can you find the Window Area command? 4.doc 7 Kellogg Brown & Root . What function does "Save Settings" perform? 5. Describe two of the three buttons on the mouse. What does the FIT command do? 3.WRITTEN QUESTIONS 1. Which command do you select to exit graphics and return to the Explore Dialog box? 7. 2. Which command do you select to completely log out of MicroStation? 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day1.
FIT VIEW to display all active elements. After the instructor has checked your work. do a SAVE SETTINGS. 5. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day1. Log in to the NT workstation using your USERNAME & PASSWORD.DGN to "PIDyour initials". EXIT PROJECT EXPLORER completely. 9. Using the element placement commands you learned in class.8D200503 Tech Code .2DTRN. Make sure that both the Grid dots and the Grid crosses are visible in your view.) Create the new file by copying the seed. Wentzell would use PIDWRW.LAB EXERCISE 1. When you have completed FIGURE 1. (Example: William R. All elements should be on the grid as shown in the diagram. 6. Exit the design file.1. 3.DGN. 2.D E S I G N F I L E B A S I C S DAY ONE .dgn file in your project directory: File --> Copy Copy SEED. 8.1. Create a design file using the prefix PID and your initials. 7. complete the drawing in FIGURE 1.DGN 4. Select the PROJECT EXPLORER icon and enter the following accounting information: Job # .doc 8 Kellogg Brown & Root .
Part 1 _________________________________ 5 DAY TWO .Chapter 2 T able of Contents Element Manipulations ______________________________________ 1 Tool Settings Dialog Box __________________________________________ 1 Utilities .WRITTEN QUESTIONS ________________________________ 4 DAY TWO .Part 2 _________________________________ 6 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day2.LAB EXERCISE.-> Keyin________________________________________________ 1 Element Identification ____________________________________________ 1 Manipulate Element Palette________________________________________ 1 Modify Element Palette ___________________________________________ 2 Change Element Palette __________________________________________ 2 Level Concepts & Commands ______________________________________ 2 Change Element Level _________________________________________ 3 DAY TWO .doc i Kellogg Brown & Root .LAB EXERCISE.
which is used to browse. the Key-in window must have the input focus. the Method. Element Identification Set Hilite (color) 1 Data Point to Identify an Element Element will highlight 1 Data Point to accept. and Fill Color controls are displayed in the window. Area. Before you enter key-ins. If the key-ins of a single application (MicroStation or selected MDL) are displayed. the title bar identifies the application. if the Place Block tool is selected. you cannot see the tool settings for the selected tool.-> Keyin Opens the Key-in window.doc 1 Kellogg Brown & Root . the blinking text cursor appears in the key-in area and the title bar is highlighted. Copy Element Move Element Rotate Element ORIG/COPY Scale Element ORIG/COPY Mirror Element ORIG/COPY Mirror Element ORIG/COPY 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day2. Identify the element. Enter a data point to position the results. Note: When the Tool Settings window is closed. When the Key-in window has the input focus. or Reset to Reject Manipulate Element Palette To manipulate an element: 1. The window is dockable and can be resized so only the key-in field is visible. Utilities . If closed. Not all settings are specific to particular tools. The settings still affect the behavior of the tool.E L E M E N T M A N I P U L A T I O N Element Manipulations Tool Settings Dialog Box Controls for adjusting tool settings are displayed in the Tool Settings window. The Tool Settings window displays settings specific to the selected tool. 2. the window opens automatically when a tool with settings is selected. Select the manipulation tool. For example. construct. 3. and enter key-ins. Fill Type.
View Number: Sets the view for which the level map is indicated. double click the desired level to make it active.E L E M E N T M A N I P U L A T I O N Modify Element Palette Modify Element Partial Delete Element Extend Line by Distance Extend Line by Key-in Extend Two Lines to Intersection Extend Line to Intersection Change Element Palette Change Weight Change Color Change Style Change Symbology Change Element to Active Fill Type Filled Elements Match Element Attribute Level Concepts & Commands Each element in a design is on one of 63 levels. which are numbered 1 through 63 and can also be given names. View Levels: Sets the level map for the chosen view.doc 2 Kellogg Brown & Root . the level name (if any) to which the Active Level is set is shown in the status bar. To set the active Level. Elements on levels shown in black are displayed in the view. To manipulate the levels displayed. and elements residing upon it are always displayed in all views. The Active Level is the same level in all views. The circle indicates the Active Level. The level on which new elements are placed with most tools is the Active Level. select the “Level” button on the status bar. The level number to which the Active Level is set is shown in the Primary tool bar. In the dialog box. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day2. select Settings -> Level -> Display from the menu bar.
g. Accept the change. Drag through the level map.E L E M E N T M A N I P U L A T I O N TO: Toggle the display of elements on a level Set many levels at once Set a rectangular block of levels Set the active level DO THIS Click the level.doc 3 Kellogg Brown & Root . Turn on the attributes you wish to change in the Tool Settings Dialog Box. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day2. Double-click the desired level. Select or fence the element(s). Select the Change Element Attributes tool. Level: 1. Press <Shift> while dragging. e. you must select the view(s). Using the one of these alternate key-ins can be faster than using the controls in the View Levels settings box.7. To Display levels: To Hide levels: ON=<level_list> OF=<level_list> TO LIST: Levels by number Range(s) of levels.9-15 After either key-in. 2. 4. indicated by hyphen (-) EXAMPLES: SET LEVELS ON 2.9 SET LEVELS ON 2-4 SET LEVELS ON 2-4. 3. Note: Elements on the Active Level are displayed in all views Change Element Level To change an element’s attributes.4.
E L E M E N T M A N I P U L A T I O N DAY TWO . Name at least one EXTEND LINE command and describe how to use it: 9. etc.doc 4 Kellogg Brown & Root . How are the current parameters (view. How many views does a MicroStation design file have? 7. How many levels does a MicroStation design file have? 2. Which command do you select to completely log out of MicroStation? 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day2. Can each view have different levels turned ON or OFF? 8. Which command do you select to exit graphics and return to the MicroStation Manager Dialog box? 11. How many levels can be ACTIVE simultaneously? 4. How many levels can be DISPLAYED simultaneously? 3. How do you set the active color to red? 6. levels. How do you change the ACTIVE LEVEL assignment? 5. ) saved? 10.WRITTEN QUESTIONS 1.
Part 1 The purpose of this lab is to familiarize the user with Element Symbology. it’s because the SAVE SETTINGS command was not executed. Do a FIT on view 1. COLOR.8D200503 Tech Code . ITEM Main Process Line Secondary Process Lines Drum Level Gauge Bridle Level Transmitter Temperature Indicator Analyzer Element Sample Draw Electrical Signal Lines Light Regulator LG B LT Tl AE SD E LR ID M S LEVEL 1 1 5 2 2 2 2 2 5 2 2 WEIGHT 6 2 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 STYLE 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 COLOR yellow yellow red green green green green green red green green 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day2. Log on to the system and access the drawing created during DAY 1 .LAB EXERCISE.doc 5 Kellogg Brown & Root . DO NOT PLACE TEXT ON YOUR LAB WORK. Select the MWKSHELL icon and enter the following accounting information: Job # . DO NOT CREATE ANOTHER DRAWING. how to change the symbology of existing elements and how to place elements with the desired symbology. 4.1). 6. The user will also practice View Scale manipulations. 2.LAB EXERCISE. and STYLE.E L E M E N T M A N I P U L A T I O N DAY TWO . Text on the lab sheets is strictly informational.2DTRN. Update the drawing using the following parameters (FIGURE 2. 5. NOTE: If the drawing does not display on the screen in the same way as when it was last exited. 1. 3. Log in to the NT workstation using your USERNAME & PASSWORD. Use the CHANGE SYMBOLOGY command to change the WEIGHT.
E L E M E N T
M A N I P U L A T I O N
DAY TWO - LAB EXERCISE- Part 2
1. Complete the attached drawing (FIGURE 2.2) as closely as possible, setting the parameters shown below prior to placing the elements. Create a continuation arrow like the one labeled PCD (do not place text).
ITEMS Level Indicating Cont. P&ID Connector Box Electrical Signal Lines
ID LIC PCD E
LEVEL 2 1 2
WEIGHT 0 2 0
STYLE 0 0 2
COLOR green white green
2. To become familiar with view manipulations, do the following exercises. Turn on views 2, 3 and 4. Display the LG element in view 3. Display the DRUM in view 1. Display a part of your drawing as shown in view 4. Zoom out in view 2 as far as possible. (Maximum Window Limit). The finished result should resemble FIGURE 2.3. 3. Save the current parameters using the Save Settings command. 4. Exit the design file. 5. Exit KBR MicroStation completely.
7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day2.doc
Kellogg Brown & Root
T able of Contents
Group Manipulations _________________ 1
Element Selection Sets______________________ 1 Fence Placement and Removal _______________ 1 Fence Mode ______________________________ 1 Fence Contents Manipulation _________________ 2 Additional Element Manipulation Tools__________ 2 DAY THREE - WRITTEN QUESTIONS _________ 3 DAY THREE - LAB EXERCISE _______________ 4
Element Selection Sets________________ 5
REFERENCE SHEET ____________________ 5
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Kellogg Brown & Root
G R O U P
M A N I P U L A T I O N S
Element Selection Sets
ELEMENT SELECTION TOOL - See reference sheet for additional information. "Handles" Single Click Click and Drag <Click> <Shift>and Drag Drop Set Drop Elements Copy - Move – Delete Select All Select None Select by Attributes
Fence Placement and Removal
Place Fence Block Place Fence Shape Note: One Fence at a time!
The Fence (Selection) Mode determines the fence contents -- whether the elements (or parts of elements) inside, outside, or overlapping the fence are "contained" by the fence. Inside Overlap Clip Manipulates only those elements completely inside the fence. Manipulate only those elements inside or overlapping the fence. Manipulate only elements completely inside the fence. Elements overlapping the fence will be clipped at the fence boundary. Manipulate only those elements completely outside the fence. Manipulate those elements outside or overlapping the fence Manipulate only elements completely outside the fence. Elements overlapping the fence will be clipped at the fence boundary.
Void Void-Overlap Void-Clip
Note: It is not necessary to place the fence in order to set the Fence Selection Mode. Conversely, once the fence is placed, you can adjust the Fence Selection Mode to change the fence contents without moving or replacing the fence.
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Kellogg Brown & Root
doc 2 Kellogg Brown & Root .G R O U P M A N I P U L A T I O N S Fence Contents Manipulation Delete Fence Contents Copy Fence Contents Move Fence Contents Change Symbology Fence Contents Additional Element Manipulation Tools Copy Parallel Distance Copy Parallel Key-in Move Parallel Distance Move Parallel Key-in 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day3.
Which palette contains the Copy Parallel command? 8. How do you drop elements from a selection set? 3. Describe three types Modes associated with using a fence. 4. Can more than one Fence be active simultaneously? 6.WRITTEN QUESTIONS 1. How is an active Fence shape removed? 5. Can a Fence be used more than once? 7. What option on the MAIN PALETTE allows you to create an Element Selection Set? 2. Which fence mode would be useful to clean up the area outside of the drawing border? 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day3.doc 3 Kellogg Brown & Root .G R O U P M A N I P U L A T I O N S DAY THREE . Which Fence Mode will copy all elements touching the fence if COPY FENCE CONTENTS is selected? 9.
6. 3. Use the Extend Line command and as many "Selection Set" or Fence operations as possible to manipulate groups of elements.G R O U P M A N I P U L A T I O N S DAY THREE .doc 4 Kellogg Brown & Root . Use these parameters: 4.2 when complete. Log off the system.1). 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day3. Log on to the system and access the drawing worked on during DAY 2 . ITEM Secondary Process Lines Pump Pressure Indicator Box P&ID Connector Box Exchanger ID S P Tl BOX PCD EXCH LEVEL 1 5 2 1 1 5 WEIGHT 2 2 0 0 2 4 STYLE 0 0 0 0 0 0 COLOR Yellow Red Green White White Red 5. Exit KBR MicroStation completely.LAB EXERCISE The user will learn the use of ELEMENT SELECTION SETS and FENCES to modify and copy groups of elements in this lab. Make the following additions to the drawing (FIGURE 3. Your drawing should be the same as Figure 3. have the instructor check your work. When you have finished the drawing. 1. DO NOT PLACE TEXT IN YOUR LAB WORK. Text on the lab sheets is strictly informational. 8. 7. 2.LAB EXERCISE.
consolidates selected elements into a group for manipulation a single entity. <ctrl>. to select one element. The fence commands are ideal for certain tasks.doc 5 Kellogg Brown & Root . to include elements into an existing selected set. to add to a selected set. Data point and drag. Some commands cause elements to be deselected automatically. placing a fence in a congested file can be very frustrating and confusing. such as commands from the MODIFY palette. Delete selected elements by selecting delete from the menu palette or by using the delete or backspace key on the keyboard. first make sure that the element selection tool is active. placing and modifying cells as well as fence manipulations.<shift>. Selecting Elements • • • • • Single data point. The Element Selection Tool is designed to help users modify and manipulate elements (individually or in groups) “on the fly”. “locks” elements from being manipulated “unlocks” 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day3. EDIT MENU Features Select All Group Ungroup Lock Unlock Places handles on all elements in the file. Deselecting Elements • • • Single data point on new element to deselect from previously selected selection set. For selecting. There are numerous group manipulation tools which can be substituted for fence commands.<data point> and drag. Single data point “in space” deselects ALL selected elements. Hold the <ctrl> key and data point element(s). to use as fence overlap command. releases “group”. The Element Selection Tool is the Large Arrow located in the upper right corner of the main palette. to use as fence inside command. Use the COPY ELEMENT palette commands. Hold <ctrl> key and data point element(s) to deselect from set.G R O U P M A N I P U L A T I O N S Element Selection Sets R E F E R E N C E S H E E T The ability to manipulate groups of elements in a graphics file can be an excellent time conserving tool. however. Manipulate Selected Element(s) • • • • Modify an existing element by dragging from the handles. It can be used in place of creating. deselecting and dropping elements. The most useful tool which can enhance your productivity are Element Selection Sets. <ctrl><data point> and drag.
doc i Kellogg Brown & Root .Chapter 4 T able of Contents Text Placement __________________________ 1 Text Settings __________________________ 1 Text Placement ________________________ 2 Editing Text ___________________________ 2 Enter Data Fields ______________________ 3 View Attributes ________________________ 3 DAY FOUR .WRITTEN QUESTIONS ______ 5 DAY FOUR .LAB EXERCISE ____________ 6 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day4.
TEXT PARAMETER Font Size EQUIVALENT KEYIN FT=(number) TX=height & width TH=height TW=width Line Length Line Spacing Weight Color Active Angle Level LL=(1 through 255) LS= WT= CO= AA=(degrees) LV= Text Justification Sets the position of text relative to its origin (the position where the data point is entered) when using the Place Text tool. This will activate the text settings dialog box. text is mirrored when using the element or fence Mirror commands. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day4. Mirror Text If ON. a SAVE SETTINGS (<ctrl><f>) will save them for future use. select the ELEMENT -> TEXT option from the menu. The following text parameters should be set prior to placing text in the design file.T E X T P L A C E M E N T Text Placement Text Settings To set text attributes.doc 1 Kellogg Brown & Root . Once these parameters are set.
Edit a text or text node element to replace. Identify the text. modify existing text elements. Change selected text-specific element attributes of a text or tag element(s). Copy and increment a text element that contains numbers. SELECT IN THE TEXT TOOL BOX: Place Text Place Note Edit Text Display Attributes of Text Element Match Text Attributes Change Text Attributes Place Text Node Copy and Increment Text Copy Enter Data Field Copy and Increment Enter Data Field Single Enter Data Field Automatic Fill In Enter Data Fields Use the JUSTIFY key-in (see Justify Enter Data Field). Display the attributes of a text or text node element. 4. Click the Reset button to discard the changes. TO: Place text in the design or fill in empty text nodes. make the desired changes to the text. text node. Copy the contents of one enter data field to another. Select the Edit Text tool. 3. Fill in or change an enter data Fill In field. Click the Apply button or press <Alt-A> to change the text element.T E X T P L A C E M E N T Text Placement The tools in the Text tool box are used to place text. or delete characters. Copy and increment the contents of an enter data field that contains numbers into another enter data field. add. and fill in enter data fields. Set the active text settings the same as the attributes of a text element. Editing Text Used to edit text in a text string. add. or delete characters. or dimension element to replace. 6.doc 2 Kellogg Brown & Root . In this class we will cover only the items highlighted in gray the table below. 5. Accept the text. Text Justification is preserved if the text is lengthened or shortened. press <Return>. Change the justification of an enter data field. Place a note. Place empty text nodes to be filled with text later. The text displays in the Text Editor window. See Entering and Editing Text. Fill in all enter data fields in a view. To start a new text line while typing in the edit field. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day4. In the Text Editor window. 2. 1.
Turning Fast Cells on can decrease view update time. cells are displayed as outlines. reference files are clipped to the largest rectangle that encloses the clipping boundaries. letting you see an element or modification before it is actually placed in the design. Note: Constructions typically are turned off in a view before plotting or rendering. If on. The Enter Data Field character is typically an underscore “_” and is placed in the design file using the Place text command. Enter data fields are particularly useful for variable text such as line numbers. dimension elements are displayed. If on. In general. If on.T E X T P L A C E M E N T Enter Data Fields An enter data field is a one-or-more-character placeholder for future text input. Clipping can decrease view update time if the reference file clipping boundaries in the view are non-rectangular. curves are smooth. If on. View Attributes Opens the View Attributes settings box. which is used to set view attributes that affect whether and how certain types and classes of elements are displayed and whether certain drawing aids are displayed. View Number ACS Triad Background Camera Constructions Sets the view for which attribute settings are displayed. the view background is displayed. This control is disabled (dimmed) if the active design file is 2D.that is. curve elements display as line strings (with line segments connecting the vertices). and all text elements in industrystandard fonts are displayed as outlines -. without fill. The Text tool box (see Text Placement section above) has special tools for copying and filling in enter data fields. the view camera is on for the view. a coordinate triad representing the Active Auxiliary Coordinate System (ACS) is displayed. If on. or title block information. Dimensions Dynamics (Enter) Data Fields Fast Cells Fast Curves Fast Font Fast Ref(erence File) Clipping 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day4. construction elements (those with the Class attribute of Construction) are displayed. Changes take effect only if applied with the Apply or All button. If on. all text elements in traditional MicroStation fonts are displayed in the fast font. Turning Dimensions off can decrease view update time. elements are dynamically updated as they are displayed or modified. If on. You can insert empty enter data fields in a text element and fill in the actual text later. If on. If on. Enter data fields are displayed.doc 3 Kellogg Brown & Root . If on. If off. construction elements are placed to assist in drawing but are not actually part of the design. Turning on Fast Ref. If on.
numbered line style. Since text elements take longer to display than most other elements. If on. and line weight of each element. all elements are displayed with a line weight of zero. If on. solid. numbered line style. If on. the grid is displayed. If on. reference file clipping boundaries. choose a different view from the View option menu.the color. elements are displayed with their line weight. and line weight associated with each level -. level symbology -.doc 4 Kellogg Brown & Root . If on. If on. elements are displayed with their custom line style. turning Text off can decrease view update time.is displayed in the view. If on. instead of the color. TX=2 1/8” text. are displayed . all elements with custom line styles are displayed with the standard solid line style (0). If off. If off. pattern elements are displayed. Its uniformly placed dots (grid points) and crosses (grid references) provide an indication of distances as a visual aid and a means of facilitating drawing precision with Grid Lock. If on.Scaled Drawings To calculate text size for scaled drawings. (8/1 x 1/1) = 8. To discard changes (not apply them). use the following formula: ‘Inverse of the drawing scale’ times ‘desired text size’ = TX (in Master Units) Ex: 1/8” . TX=8 ½” text.1 scaled drawing: 1” text. (8/1 x ¼) = 2. text elements are displayed. Applies the displayed attributes to all views. TX=1 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day4. (8/1 x ½) = 4. empty text nodes are displayed as small crosses with numeric identifiers. Applies attribute changes to the chosen View. Grid Level Symbology Line Styles Line Weights Patterns Ref(erence File) Boundaries Tags Text Text Nodes Apply All Text Sizes . closed elements with Fill Type of None or Opaque and text characters in a filled font display with color fill. If on. if they have one.T E X T P L A C E M E N T Fill If on. represented by dashed polygons. tags are displayed in the selected view(s). (8/1 x 1/8) = 1. TX=4 ¼” text.
Which dialog box contains the setting to turn off the display of Enter Data Fields? 5.WRITTEN QUESTIONS 1.T E X T P L A C E M E N T DAY FOUR . what should the text size be? 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day4. The PLACE TEXT command is used to place Text Strings. What is KBR’s standard text Font? 2. What command will allow you to select a different text font? 8. what must be done for the change to take affect? 7. Paragraphs and Enter Data Fields (True or False)? _________________________ 4.doc 5 Kellogg Brown & Root . What purpose does the TEXT JUSTIFICATION serve? 6. After identifying and editing text. Which of the following parameters affect text at the time of placing it? Active Weight ____ Active Color ____ Active Scale ____ Active Angle ____ Active Level ____ 3. If the drawing scale is 1/8”=1’ and you want the text to be plotted at 3/32”.
and access the PID file. Place text on the drawing as shown in FIGURE 4. Text PCD Box Drum Exchanger Size 1/8" 1/8" 3/16" 3/16" Level 1 1 5 5 Color 0 0 3 3 Weight 0 0 1 1 Font 11 11 11 11 Field Length 10 Characters 10 Characters 6 Characters 6 Characters 4. Turn the Enter Data Field Display OFF in view 1. Complete all unfinished lab exercises. if any. 5. Fill them in as shown in FIGURE 4. 9. 2.T E X T P L A C E M E N T DAY FOUR . When you have finished the drawing. The user will become familiar with Text placement. filling in Enter Data Fields and Text Editing. Exit completely out of MicroStation SE. 7. Exit the design file. Place Enter Data Fields in the drawing using the following specifications. have the instructor check your work. 1. 8.1.LAB EXERCISE The purpose of this lab is to familiarize the user with the parameters that affect Text. Data Field placement. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day4. Use the following parameters for the text strings: Text 1 Char Text All Other Size 1/8" 1/8" Level 9 9 Color 0 0 Weight 1 1 Font 11 11 Justification Lower Left Bottom Center 3. at this time.2.doc 6 Kellogg Brown & Root . Save Settings (<ctrl><f>) 6. Log on to the system.
WRITTEN QUESTIONS ________ 6 DAY FIVE .LAB EXERCISE ______________ 7 PRACTICE EXERCISEError! Bookmark not defined.doc i Kellogg Brown & Root . SCALED DRAWING EXERCISE ______________ 7 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day5.Chapter 5 T able of Contents Precision Drawing____________________ 1 Snap Locks ___________________________ 1 Working Units _________________________ 1 How working units are expressed ____________ 2 KBR’s Standard Working Units ______________ 2 Grid Settings ____________________________ 2 Precision Input Keyins __________________ 3 Measure Commands ____________________ 3 Automatic Dimensioning ________________ 3 Dimension Settings _______________________ 4 Dimension Element _______________________ 4 Dimension Size with Arrows_________________ 4 DAY FIVE .
you will see the cursor change to a large highlighted cursor. If you use a tentative to snap. see Snaps -> Button Bar. The midpoints of elements and segments of elements.doc 1 Kellogg Brown & Root . The number of positional units per sub-unit is called the working resolution. or meters and centimeters. The origins of cells. tentative points are forced to snap to nearby elements. Working Units Although MicroStation "thinks" in positional units. Working units are expressed as master units (the largest units in common use in a design) and fractional sub-units.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S Precision Drawing Snap Locks Snap locks are controls that are used to determine how tentative points snap to elements. If the point selected is not the one you want. The centers and centroids of elements. If on. SNAP MODE: Nearest Keypoint Midpoint Center Origin Bisector Snap Mode: TENTATIVE POINTS SNAP TO: The closest points on elements. simply move the mouse and select the “tentative point” again. The midpoints of entire elements. For more information about Snap Modes. must be accepted with a data point. Pre-defined keypoints on elements. Constrain an Element To: A “tentative point” used with one of the above. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day5. it lets you draw in "real world" units like feet and inches. These real world units are called working units. Snaps allow the user to be more accurate when placing elements associated with each other.
This can be keyed in as: GR=[units] or set on the Grid dialog box (Settings -> Design File -> Grid). the key in is GR=8. 10 inches 350 miles. It can also be set via the Grid dialog box (Settings -> Design File -> Grid). and 100 positional units (PU). They are most useful for non-scaled drawings. Cross hairs typically represent a master unit. Grid Reference sets the distance between grid references (the cross hairs) expressed as a multiple of Master/Grid. Examples: WORKING UNITS Feet / inches / thousandths Miles / feet / inches Millimeters / thousandths Yards / feet / inches Yards / feet / inches MU:SU:PU 120:10: (or 120:10) 350::6 :500: (or :500) :12:8 ::11 DISTANCE 120 feet. Turning on the Grid Lock forces each data point to lie on the grid cross hair or dot. 8 inches 11 inches KBR’s Standard Working Units DRAWING TYPE Scaled English Non-Scaled English Scaled Metric MASTER UNIT (MU) 1 FT 1 IN 1M SUB-UNITS (SU) 12 IN 16 TH 1000 mm POSITIONAL UNITS (PU) 2032 192000 80 Grid Settings Grids are tools used for quickly laying out drawings." (Distances are always keyed in this way.doc 2 Kellogg Brown & Root . the Grid Lock will normally override the unit lock.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S How working units are expressed Distances in design files are sometimes expressed in the form of three numbers separated by colons "MU:SU:PU. Grid Lock is not normally used when working with scaled drawings. the dots between the cross hairs are sub-units.g. For the labs up to this point. The table has examples of distances expressed in this form.) For example. If both the GRID LOCK and UNIT LOCK are on. e. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day5. This means there are 8 divisions between each set of cross hairs and 2/16” between each dot. This is typically set by entering GU=[mu:su:pu]. 6 inches One half millimeter 12 feet. GU=:2. To set this. your grid units have been set at 1/8 of an inch. Flow Sheets. four sub-units (SU). Grid Master is the distance between the individual dots in the grid. "3:4:100" means three master units (MU).
direction (angle) Places a Data Point at specified design plane coordinates. Using this method. Places a Data Point along the horizontal and vertical distances along the view axes. arc.doc 3 Kellogg Brown & Root . 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day5. from the most recently entered tentative point or data point. DX= delta X distance. ellipse. delta Y distance Measure Commands Used to measure distance. angular. B-spline curve. complex chain. curve. Minimum distance between two elements. multi-line.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S Precision Input Keyins Precision input is a method of entering data points with the keyboard. or complex shape. MicroStation has many dimensioning tools which can be customized for individual drawing types. we will simply be reviewing the dimension settings and using the Dimension Element tool for quickly dimensioning a detail. you can specify the exact location of a data point by specifying any of the following: XY= absolute X. Along an element [a] from an origin. [a] The radius of a circle or circular arc. In this class. shape. Items highlighted in gray will be covered in class. Note: Keyins are used “in place of” data points. relative to the Xaxis from the last Data Point or Tentative Point. absolute Y DI= distance. Perpendicular distance between an element [a] and a data point. [a] Line. The chart below describes some of the more commonly used measure commands. Automatic Dimensioning A dimension is a label in a design showing a linear. Places a Data Point at the specified distance and direction. or radial measurement. the measure commands can perform multiple functions. The primary and secondary axes of an ellipse or arc. DISTANCE: Between Points Along Element Perpendicular Minimum Between Measure Radius TO MEASURE: Cumulative distance from an origin. line string. Keyins are entered at the keyin window (select UTILITIES -> Key-in if it is not already open).
Select the Dimension Element tool. click the Next button (or press <Return>) to display the name of a different tool. designers and drafters in particular disciplines usually only need to change a few settings relating to dimensions. MicroStation's dimensioning tools are flexible enough to accommodate users in all disciplines. Define the units of measurement in dimensions. so the number of dimension settings available can seem daunting at first. Determine the characteristics of extension lines. select Element -> Dimensions. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day5. once you are familiar with their organization. Dimension settings are divided into the following categories in the Dimension Settings box: CATEGORY: Custom Symbols Dimension Lines Extension Lines Placement Terminators Terminator Symbols Text Tolerance Tool Settings Units Unit Format CONSISTS OF SETTINGS WHOSE PURPOSE IS TO: Include custom symbols in dimension text. dimension text Location.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S Dimension Settings As they work. Use custom terminators in dimensions. each discipline seems to frequently use a different group of settings. and the placement of dimensions in general. However.doc 4 Kellogg Brown & Root . The name of a dimensioning tool that can be used on the element displays in the status bar. Each dimension (except the first) is computed from the endpoint of the previous dimension. until the name of the desired tool displays. 3. Dimensions are placed in line (chained). Determine the characteristics of dimension text. If you desire a different tool. Affect how a particular dimensioning tool operates. finding the correct setting is no problem. Dimension Element To dimension an element: 1. To open Dimension Settings. Identify the element. Affect the dimension Alignment. However. Determine the characteristics of terminators. 2. Dimension Size with Arrows Used to dimension the linear distance between two points (length). Control the generation of toleranced dimensions. Determine the characteristics of dimension lines. Affect the unit display format in dimension text.
enter a data point to position the dimension text. Enter a data point to define the origin. or Reset to place the dimension in the design. or if it is set to Semi-Automatic and the text does not fit. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day5. 4. Enter a data point to define the endpoint of the dimension. Select the Dimension Size with Arrow tool.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S To dimension the distance between two points: 1. Go back to step 4 to define another dimension endpoint. 8. 2. (Optional) Press <Return> to edit the dimension text. 5. 3. letting you edit the dimension text. 7.doc 5 Kellogg Brown & Root . The Dimension Text dialog box opens if it is not already open. 6. Enter a second data point to define the length of the extension line (the offset distance from the origin to the dimension line). If Location is set to Manual.
WRITTEN QUESTIONS 1. What are KBR’s standard Working Units for Non-Scaled English drawings? 7.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S DAY FIVE . What are KBR’s standard Working Units for Scaled English drawings? 8.doc 6 Kellogg Brown & Root . How can the Working Units of a drawing be checked? 3. Under which menu item is the DIMENSION Palette found? 10. List three Precision Placement key-ins and describe their usage: 4. What are KBR’s standard Working Units for Metric drawings? 9. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day5. How can the absolute coordinates of an element be determined? 5. A Working Unit is made up of what three parts? 2. Name and describe one DIMENSION command. How do you measure the diameter of a circle? 6.
100 for the bottom left corner of the lower left column. Access this design file and check to see if the Working Units are set to KBR's standard for a scaled drawing.LAB EXERCISE In this lab. Log on to the system and COPY SEEDSCL. Starting at XY=100. Include ONLY the dimensions (the labels for DETAIL "A" and "100. make the necessary changes. Text LEVEL 1 2 3 10 WEIGHT 0 0 2 1 LINE CODE 4 0 0 0 COLOR 0 4 2 4 3.1. you will need to manually edit the dimensions using the edit dimension option. 1.DGN).P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S DAY FIVE . Dimension the drawing as shown in FIGURE 5. Note: Use a FENCE or an Element Select Set to copy the existing column and scale it twice. A simple dimensioning exercise is included to teach the user how to access the dimensioning commands. 2. HAVE THE INSTRUCTOR CHECK THE WORKING UNITS BEFORE CONTINUING ! SCALED DRAWING EXERCISE Do not use GRIDS and GRID/UNIT Locks in this lab.100" are strictly informational. The dimension settings for this design file have already been set.1. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day5. When dimensioning the detail. Use the following symbology: ITEM Center Line Column Bubbles Columns (Squares) Misc.g. If not.dgn to a new design file using prefix SCALE and your initials (e.1. Create the detail of the column shown in the lower right hand corner of FIGURE 5.. turn of the display under VIEW ATTRIBUTES and turn off the Grid and/or Unit lock before beginning. If you see a GRID displayed on the screen. the user will learn how to review the drawing working units and practice using precision input key-ins while creating a full scale drawing. Save the current settings. 2. SCALEWRW. exit the drawing and log completely out of MicroStation SE. 5. create the drawing as shown in FIGURE 5. 1.doc 7 Kellogg Brown & Root .) 4.
________________ 10 Placing Hatching into the wrench.doc i Kellogg Brown & Root .Part II _____________ 1 AccuDraw _____________________________ 1 Activating AccuDraw ______________________ 1 The AccuDraw Compass ___________________ 1 The Origin Point __________________________ 1 The Drawing Plane Indicator ________________ 2 The X/Y Axes ____________________________ 2 Drawing Plane Coordinate Systems __________ 2 AccuDraw's Window and the Input Focus ______ 2 DAY SIX .Chapter 6 T able of Contents Precision Drawing . ___________ 10 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day6.LAB EXERCISE________________ 4 DRAWING THE PROFILE ___________________ 4 Create a new file _________________________ 4 Place a line as a Construction Element ________ 4 Wrench Profile ___________________________ 5 Drawing the Shank.____________________ 7 Complete Wrench Profile ___________________ 8 Creating the Hexagonal Opening_____________ 9 OPTIONAL EXERCISE . _______________________ 7 Completing the Wrench.MODIFYING THE WRENCH _______________________________ 10 Creating a Complex Shape.
Use the HELP utility in MicroStation to explore these other topics under AccuDraw: A simple example of using AccuDraw Learning AccuDraw Activating AccuDraw AccuDraw compass AccuDraw drawing plane The AccuDraw window AccuDraw' settings box Activating AccuDraw By default. select the Start AccuDraw tool.) operate in conjunction with the compass. Once AccuDraw is activated. In the Primary tool bar.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S Precision Drawing . The compass acts as both a status indicator and a focus for input from the user. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day6. the previously entered data point. etc. This last point is important. In most cases. the current tool's needs. keyboard shortcuts. All AccuDraw directives (distance key-ins. AccuDraw is not active. The AccuDraw Compass The most recognizable feature of AccuDraw is its compass. The AccuDraw window will open. AccuDraw then generates the appropriate precision coordinates and applies them to the active tool. It is only visible when AccuDraw is active and has control of MicroStation's coordinate input. when MicroStation is started.doc 1 Kellogg Brown & Root . and any directive you have entered via either keyboard shortcuts or AccuDraw options. Normally. all drawing tools utilize it for dynamic data input.Part II AccuDraw AccuDraw is a drafting aid that evaluates such parameters as your current pointer location. the compass is located at the last entered data point. The origin is the focal point of all AccuDraw operations. As various AccuDraw options are selected their functions operate from the origin point. the AccuDraw compass does not appear until you enter the first data point after selecting a tool. the last coordinate directive. The Origin Point At the center of the compass is the origin point.
P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S The Drawing Plane Indicator Surrounding the origin point is the drawing plane indicator. This is important to remember as no AccuDraw keyboard shortcuts will work unless focus is in the AccuDraw window. To switch between Rectangular and Polar coordinate systems: 1. When the plane appears as a dashed rectangle. It appears as a square indicator. moving the focus from the Key-in window through the Tool Settings window to the AccuDraw window. Polar. When the plane appears as a dashed circle then the polar coordinate system (Distance. for specifying distances and angles relative to the origin. With the focus in the AccuDraw window. By default. the X/Y axes and the drawing plane indicators are also used to indicate the drawing plane's orientation in 3D. Under 2D the compass only shows the rotation of the drawing plane around the view axis similar to the Active Angle. Y. press <space bar>. Its primary purpose is to show the current orientation of AccuDraw's drawing plane and the current coordinate system in effect. The X/Y Axes The final part of the AccuDraw compass are the two axes. the rectangular coordinate system (X. It appears as a circular indicator. This echoes MicroStation's normal support for rectangular and polar coordinate values: • • Rectangular. Oriented at right angles to one another. after every data point or tentative point. for specifying distances along the drawing plane axes. the input focus cycles from the AccuDraw window through the Tool Settings window to the Key-in window. To differentiate between the two axes each is color coded. Hint: You can explicitly locate the origin to the current pointer location or tentative point using a keyboard shortcut (the <O> key). When working in a 2D design file the drawing plane portion of the compass functions simply as an indicator of the current coordinate system.doc 2 Kellogg Brown & Root . The focus order toggles between the AccuDraw window and the Tool Settings window unless the Key-in window is open. As you will learn later. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day6. AccuDraw's Window and the Input Focus When AccuDraw is active it becomes part of the input focus order controlled by the <Esc> key. Z) is in effect. Angle) is active. Pressing <Shift-Esc> reverses the cycle. the positive or +X axis is displayed in red while the positive or +Y axis is green in color. Drawing Plane Coordinate Systems AccuDraw's drawing plane supports two different coordinate systems. the focus is forced to the AccuDraw window where it will remain until you press the <Esc> key. these axes represent the drawing plane x and y axes. Fortunately. In this case.
However.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S The AccuDraw window initially comes up floating just like any other window. the fields found in the docked version change depending on whether you are in polar or rectangular mode and whether you are in a 2D or 3D design file. it can be docked to either the top or bottom edge of the MicroStation application window. As with the floating window version.doc 3 Kellogg Brown & Root . Docking the AccuDraw window has the advantage of minimizing its intrusion into the working area of your drawing. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day6.
If they are not. 7. Select the Place Line tool.dgn to a new file (“your initials”w. You will learn about: • • Drawing the profile Completing the wrench If you have trouble when going through the lesson. MicroStation lets you undo more than just the last operation. Look for the GR abbreviation in the status bar). Call up the new file you have just created. In the Primary tool bar. by choosing the Undo from the Edit menu. Enter a data point on one of the Grid cross hairs (your Grid Lock should be on. This is most useful after you finish using a tool and realize that you have made a mistake.dgn).LAB EXERCISE In this lab you will draw a simple wrench. 5. from the File menu. press the <space bar> to change them to X and Y. Remember. Move the pointer horizontally to the right of the first data point until it highlights. Set the Active Color to Red. From Settings -> Locks submenu. In MicroStation Manager.doc 4 Kellogg Brown & Root . 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day6. THE PROFILE DRAWING Create a new file 1. The tutorial is structured as a series of exercises that are meant to be performed consecutively. remember the following options: • • Reset.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S DAY SIX . select the Start AccuDraw tool. This is most useful when you have trouble using a tool. 3. 8. Place a line to use as a construction element 1. 2. As you move the pointer to the right. Make sure the Active Line Weight is zero. Undo. AccuDraw’s compass will appear as a dashed square at the location of the data point. The window’s fields should be labeled X and Y. choose Grid to turn on the Grid Lock. 2. by pressing the reset button. choose Copy. both fields in the AccuDraw window update to show the distance in the X and Y planes from the compass to the current pointer location. 6. Set the Active Line Style to Dashed. 4. Copy wrench.
e. Reset to finish. Wrench Profile The wrench’s profile includes the open end and the shank. Snap a tentative point to the left end of the reference centerline and enter a data point to begin the Profile. then set it by clicking on the snap mode icon in the status bar and selecting the correct snap mode. 9. The input focus will automatically be on the Y data field of the AccuDraw window. With X showing 5. The line should index ( i. a fat highlighted appearance of the line) to the vertical axis. 5..P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S This indicates the line currently being placed is now indexed to the X axis. 10. Move the pointer up vertically from the AccuDraw’s compass. 2. Select the Place SmartLine tool. and Y showing 0. Set the active Color to Blue. enter a data point to accept AccuDraw’s value. 6. The line is tentatively constrained at 5”.doc 5 Kellogg Brown & Root . Key-in a value of 5. Figure 1: Constrained line of 5 inches. it looks like this: Figure 2: Wrench Profile 1. 4. When the profile is drawn. AccuDraw’s Y field will display a 0 value and AccuDraw’s input focus (for a keyin value) will be on the X field. Set the active Line Style to Solid. 3. If the current tentative point snap mode is not set to keypoint. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day6. Set the active Line Weight to 1. 11.
Still in the Place SmartLine tool.5. 15. Key in 1. Note how AccuDraw locks the horizontal element to 1 unit of length. go to the Tool Settings window and set the Vertex Type to Rounded. Figure 4: Step 11 showing line indexed to X axis. 14. Enter a data point to place the segment. Enter a data point to place the segment. 13. Enter a data point to define the center point of the arc. Figure 3: Step 5 showing Tentative point. 9. 17. 11. Move the pointer to the right of the compass keeping the arc’s radius line indexed to the horizontal axis. In the Rounding Radius field. AccuDraw displays both the indexed radius indicator line and a dynamic arc. Click on the AccuDraw window to return input focus to AccuDraw. key-in 0.0. Key-in 0. The dynamic segment will lock to half an inch.9 which will appear in the Distance field of the AccuDraw window. 10. 16.1 and hit a return. The rounded arc vertex automatically displays. Step 7 showing vertical line segment 8. Move the pointer to the left of the AccuDraw compass. 12. Return to the Tool Settings window and set the Segment Type to Arcs and Vertex Type to Sharp. The AccuDraw drawing plane automatically switches to Polar coordinates.doc 6 Kellogg Brown & Root .P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S 7. Keep the line indexed to the compass’ X axis. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day6. Key-in 0.
To create the other half of the wrench. Completing the Wrench. set or confirm Mirror About: Horizontal 3. Figure 5: Wrench Shank 5.. Switch the drawing place coordinate system back to Rectangular (press <spacebar>). a mirrored copy is made from the first half. 4. 3. If a “circle” appears instead of the arc. 19. Move the pointer to the right of the compass until the dynamic line is indexed to the X axis.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S As you move the pointer to the right a semi-circular arc is dynamically displayed. In the Tool Settings window. Key-in 180°. Figure 6: Wrench arc data point 1 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day6. In the Manipulate Tool box. Key-in a Tab to switch input focus to the Angle field. 2. Enter a data point to place the line segmen 6. The first portion of the wrench is now complete. In the Tool Settings window. 1. Enter a data point to place the arc segment. Reset to complete the construction of the profile. move the pointer to the right of the AccuDraw compass. Drawing the Shank. 2. Set Make Copy option to on (has an X in its check box). 18. Enter a data point to place the line segment. Enter a data point on the wrench profile (the blue SmartLine created in previousexercises). 1. set Segment Type to Lines. select the Mirror tool.doc 7 Kellogg Brown & Root . 4.
Close the AccuDraw window. 2. As you move the pointer. 3. Snap a tentative point to the right end of the lower wrench profile. To establish the center point of the arc.Snap a tentative point to the reference centerline (the red dashed line). Reset to complete the arc. In the Tool Settings window set Segment Type to Arcs and Vertex Type to Sharp. the mirror image of the wrench profile is dynamically displayed. Accept the arc endpoint with a data point. Data point to accept the tentative point and begin the arc placement.doc 8 Kellogg Brown & Root . move the pointer in a clockwise rotation about the arc’s centerpoint. Snap a tentative point to the right end of the upper wrench profile (the horizontal line segment). 10. The location of the pointer defines the axis that the image is mirrored about.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S 5. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day6. 8. If the arc does not appear. 5. Complete Wrench Profile 1. Enter a data point to accept the mirrored copy of the wrench profile Figure 6: Mirrored wrench halves. Accept the center location with a data point. Figure 7: Wrench arc points and finished arc. 6. snap a tentative point to the right end of the reference centerline (the red dashed line). 7. 9. 6. Select the Place SmartLine tool. 4.
In the Tool Settings Window. Data point to accept the tentative point to place the hexagon.5 Area = Solid Fill Type = None 3. 6. In the Polygons tool box. A hexagon is dynamically displayed at the location of the pointer. 5. Snap a tentative point to the right end of the reference centerline. Enter a Data Point for the direction to place the hexagon. The wrench profile is complete and the reference centerline is no longer needed and can be deleted. 4.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S Creating the Hexagonal Opening 1. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day6. 2. Reset. set: Method = Circumscribed Edges = 6 Radius = 0. select the Place Regular Polygon tool.doc 9 Kellogg Brown & Root .
1. select the Create Complex Shape tool. Identify the wrench’s upper shank with a data point. 1.doc 10 Kellogg Brown & Root . Link the elements into a single complex shape which can then be modified and/or filled with a pattern. Accept with a data point. Set the hatch pattern symbology: Active Color = Red Active Line Style = Solid Active Line Weight = 0 2. Figure 8: Creating a single complex element from a chain. Placing Hatching into the wrench. select the Hatch Area tool. In the Tool Settings window set: Method = Automatic Max Gap = 0. 3. set hatching options to: Spacing = 0.0 Associative Pattern = On Method = Difference 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day6. In the Patterns tool bar. 2.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S OPTIONAL EXERCISE - MODIFYING THE WRENCH Creating a Complex Shape. In the Tool Settings window. When the last data point is entered. the entire outline of the wrench is highlighted.0004 Area = Solid Fill Type = None 3. In the Groups tool box. 5.125 Angle = 45 Tolerance = 0. 4. 6. Enter subsequent data points to accept each new link in the chain as it is highlighted.
P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S Difference mode hatching patterns the area between two or more closed shapes. 6. 7. Identify the wrench profile with a data point. Reset to complete. 5. Figure 10: Completed the hatching points. Both the profile and the hexagon will be highlighted. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day6. Accept the hexagon with a data point. each identified by data points. 4 5 Figure 9: Identifying hatching data points.doc 11 Kellogg Brown & Root . 4. This data point also accepts the profile. Identify the hexagon at the wrench’s closed end.
WRITTEN QUESTIONS ______ 7 DAY SEVEN .LAB EXERCISE ____________ 8 Line Terminator (For reference only)_______ 9 To Place the Terminator____________________ 9 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day7.Chapter 7 T able of Contents Cells & Symbol Libraries ______________ 1 Cell Libraries __________________________ 1 To Create and Attach a Cell Library___________ 2 To Attach a Previously Existing Cell Library ____ 2 Placing Cells __________________________ 2 To place the Active Cell: ___________________ 2 Cells Tool Box ___________________________ 4 Deleting Cells (CD= ) _____________________ 4 Cell Selector ___________________________ 4 Line Terminators _______________________ 5 To place the Active Line Terminator: __________ 5 Creating a Cell _________________________ 5 Cell Palette Commands__________________ 6 Compress Design ______________________ 6 DAY SEVEN .doc i Kellogg Brown & Root .
doc 1 Kellogg Brown & Root . they must be viewed using special tools available in the MicroStation environment." When you enter a data point to place the cell. the origin is placed at that point. To make it easy to update details throughout a design(s). To provide uniformity. consult the MicroStation Help files on the following topics: • • • Creating and Editing Cells Placing Cells Cells tool box 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day7. you first associate the cell library with the design file by attaching the cell library to the design file. that can be thought of as the cell's "handle. Cell libraries cannot be viewed as a normal design file. which are small drawings -. defined when the cell is created. although typically you will be using cell libraries already created for your project or technology (e. For further information. In this chapter. each new cell library is based on a seed cell library.created in MicroStation. CIVIL. Just as new design files are based on seed design files. Users can create their own cell libraries. Each cell has a cell origin. you will find procedures concerning using cells. including: For additional help on working with Cell Libraries.g.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S Cells & Symbol Libraries Cell Libraries Cell libraries are indexed files containing cells. see the MicroStation help files under the topics: • • Building a Cell Library Using multiple cell libraries Cells are used for these reasons: • • • To save time drawing patterns and repeated details.CEL). To place parts of a design in a cell library.usually of frequently-used or complex symbols -.
Reset to finish. choose New. 2. The Attach Cell Library dialog box opens.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S To Create and Attach a Cell Library 1. (Optional) To select a different seed file for the cell library. 4. By convention. Click the OK button. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day7. 3. use the Directories list box. 6. The Cell Library settings box opens. 3. 5. The Create Cell Library dialog box opens. Select the name of the cell library in the Files list box. or Return to step 2 to place another instance of the cell. In the Files field. The Cell Library settings box opens. choose Attach. 3. Placing Cells To place the Active Cell: 1. (Optional) To select a different destination disk drive. To Attach a Previously Existing Cell Library 1. Select the Place Active Cell tool. From the Element menu. From the File menu in the Cell Library settings box. 2." 7. choose Cells. key in a name for the new cell library. From the Element menu.doc 2 Kellogg Brown & Root .cel. choose Cells. From the File menu in the Cell Library settings box. Enter a data point to position the cell origin. click the Select button and select a seed file in the Select Seed File dialog box. Click the OK button. 4. 4. choose the desired drive from the Drives option menu. cell library files end in the extension ". (Optional) To select a different destination directory. 2.
the size is unchanged from the cell definition. Interactive If on. the size is decreased. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day7. [c] Off -. if Interactive is off. X Scale Y Scale Z Scale Relative Horizontal scale factor (along x-axis) [a] Vertical scale factor (along y-axis) [a] Depth scale factor (along z-axis) [a] If the active cell is a graphic cell and Relative is: On -. the size is increased. 3. to set CELL1 as the active cell and place in your design file. Key-in: AC= <cell_name> For example. Move your cursor and you will see the cell attached. and higher levels in cell are placed relative to the Active Level. [c] For example. If a scale factor is 1. the cell is placed on levels 45.cell is placed on same level(s) as in cell library (the level(s) that components were on when the cell was created). 1. consider a graphic cell that was created with elements on levels 5.doc 3 Kellogg Brown & Root . 47.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S The ACTIVE CELL (AC=) key-in can be used to make a cell in the attached cell library the active cell and place it in the design. Sets the angle by which the cell is rotated. key in AC=CELL1.lowest level in cell is placed on the Active Level. [a] Direction in the cell definition. 0. and 4.25). and 48. If Relative is on and the Active Level is 1. Items highlighted in gray will be covered in this class: TOOL SETTING: Active Cell Active Angle EFFECT: Can be keyed-in here or set in the Cell Library settings box (Element menu/Cells). The table below shows which tool settings affect cell placement and their effect on the cell. the cell is placed on levels 1. 7. If a scale factor is greater than 1. If a scale factor is between 0-1 (for example. allowing you to drag and drop it in your design file. Many other parameters can affect cell placement. the scale and rotation angle are defined graphically by data points. scale and level. such as the angle. If the Active Level is 45. and 8.
For additional information on Cell Selector . Deleting Cells (CD= ) Until you get familiar with cell libraries. use the CD=cellname keyin from the command line. File -> Load Cell Library. clicking a button has the effect of activating the associated cell and selecting the Place Active Cell tool.. SELECT: Place Active Cell Place Active Cell Matrix Select and Place Cell Define Cell Origin Identify Cell Place Active Line Terminator Replace Cell Hint: To select and place cells by clicking thumbnail representations. To recreate a cell.please consult the MicroStation HELP topics under Cell Selector. Each button is associated with a cell stored in a cell library. This opens the Select Cell Library to Load dialog box. For purposes of this class. The Cell Selector settings box is resizable and can be customized with buttons for cells from different cell libraries. The Cell Selector has a wide variety of options for loading and viewing cell libraries. you may find you have to create the same cell several times to achieve the symbol you want. Each button can be set to display either the associated cell or its name. The button configuration and the default button settings are automatically based on the contents of the cell library selected in the dialog box. Identify a cell and place an additional instance(s). Display the name and level of a cell that is in the design. we simply be viewing our cell library and placing cells. TO: Place the active cell. which is used to select a cell library. which is used to find and place cells. Cell Selector Cell Selector is found under the Utilities -> Cell Selector menu item. use the Cell Selector settings box (Utilities menu/Cell Selector). Replace a cell(s) (or all instances of a shared cell) in the design with another of the same name from an attached library.doc 4 Kellogg Brown & Root . File -> Exit… Closes the Cell Selector settings box. In the settings box's default button configuration. Define the cell origin (the point about which the cell is placed) when creating the cell. Place a matrix (rows and columns) of the active cell. Opens the Select Cell Library to Load dialog box. Selecting a cell library opens the Cell Selector settings box. Add a terminator to a line segment.. you must first remove the existing cell with the same name. To do this quickly. which is used to load the buttons.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S Cells Tool Box The tools in the Cells tool box are used to place and manipulate cells. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day7.
(Note. 3. or arc. If you are on an NT workstation. Accept the line terminator. Select the DEFINE ORIGIN command. (Where 'filename' is the name of your cell library). 4. make sure your cell library has been "Checked Out" to your workstation Attach the cell library using the RC= key: RC=filename. go to step 2.cel. Make sure your Fence Lock is either INSIDE or OVERLAP (depending on which you need). 7. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day7. If you are on a CLIX workstation (numbered IPxx or IXxx). Key in LT=terminator name Identify the element near the endpoint of the element where the terminator is to be placed. Make a selection set of or place a fence around the element(s). Draw element(s) to be included in the cell. which can also be set in the Cell Library or settings box (Element menu Cells). Sets Active Line Terminator scale. 3. 6. If it is attached correctly it should show that the cell library path is "rc=filename.cel".P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S Line Terminators Place Active Line Terminator is used to place the Active Line Terminator cell on a line. Data Point the origin (a small “o” will appear at this point). be sure your cursor is not on the line when accepting it). 2. 5. The terminator command will automatically calculate the angle and end point of a line and place the terminator accordingly. Creating a Cell 1. ALTERNATE KEY-IN: LT= <terminator> Scale TS= <scale> To place the Active Line Terminator: 1. 2. TOOL SETTING: Terminator EFFECT: Sets Active Line Terminator.doc 5 Kellogg Brown & Root . line string. primarily to place arrowheads.
description (where name = 6 character cell name.doc 6 Kellogg Brown & Root . 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day7. 10. Key in AC=name (same name as above) and place the cell to verify it works prior to deleting the original graphics used to create the cell. A message will display "CELL ADDED TO LIBRARY”.TARGET POINT CELL 9. Enter CC=name. This will verify the existence of nested cells.TITLE BLOCK CC=TARGET. (if successfully created). permanently removing deleted elements from the file. Cell Palette Commands Identify Existing Cells Select Cells Replace Existing Cells Compress Design Compresses the active design file. Note: Compressing prevents previous changes from being undone. description = optional 1-27 A/N characters) EXAMPLES: CC=TITLE.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S 8. and whether they have been used correctly. Note: This is extremely important if multiple cell libraries are used on the current drawing.
Does the Active Angle affect cell creation? 4. On what menu is the command to review the cell library? 6. Does the Active Scale affect cells being placed as Line Terminators? 7.WRITTEN QUESTIONS 1. What is the key-in to attach a cell library? 2.doc 7 Kellogg Brown & Root . What is the key-in to place an active cell? 3. (True or False) 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day7.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S DAY SEVEN . Text may be edited inside of a cell without dropping the cell. Does the Active Angle affect cell placement? 5.
1.g. be sure to place the origin at the tip of the arrowhead. Making use of the grid. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day7. copy 2DCLASS. have the instructor check your work.LAB EXERCISE This lab is designed to teach the user how to create cells and place them in the drawing as cells and as line terminators. at this time. if any. Place any remaining cells until your drawing is the same as FIGURE 6. NOTE: You may have to search the cell library to find them. DO NOT PLACE THEM ON THE DRAWING.4 and 6.doc 8 Kellogg Brown & Root . DIMENSIONS ARE STRICTLY INFORMATIONAL. 4.3 and make a cell out of each of them. Use the following specifications: FIGURE 6. Place these newly created cells in the drawing as shown in FIGURES 6.2 and 6. place the origin at the center of the line indicated for the two VALVES.5. In the File Manager. Place all ARROWS using the line terminator command.1.cel. TS= 2 for large ones. The cell origin is illustrated for each figure. When you have finished. 3. 6.CEL). Log on to the system.5. TS=1 for small ones.1 6.3 LEVEL 1 1 2 WEIGHT 1 1 1 COLOR 4 4 (FILL) 4 (FILL) CELLNAME OGV CGV ARR 6. 5. Access the PID drawing.2 6. 2.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S DAY SEVEN . For the arrowhead. Complete all unfinished lab exercises.CEL (e. 7.CEL to "your initials". KLC . Attach the cell library to the drawing: rc=your initials". Save current settings and log completely out of MicroStation SE. Create the graphics for FIGURES 6.
TS=1 by default). Enter LT=cellname to attach the cell as a terminator. 1. NOTE: AA= and AS= do not affect placement of Line Terminators. 4.doc 9 Kellogg Brown & Root . If accepting. It is understood that a cell library is attached prior to beginning. Enter terminator scale TS=# (where '#' is the scale factor. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\Day7. The terminator will be placed on the end of the line closest to your first data point. NOTE: The angle of the terminator is dictated by the angle of the identified element. Data Point the end of the element to place the terminator on. Data Point to accept or Reset to reject. use the same steps as in Creating a Cell. 2. 3. To create a cell as a terminator. the data point should not be in the same place as this would place two terminators on the end of the element identified. with the following exception: NOTE: The cell should have a zero degree direction when the graphics are created. To Place the Terminator 1.P R E C I S I O N D R A W I N G T O O L S Line Terminator (For reference only) The following is a step by step procedure for creating a cell to be used as a Line Terminator.
doc i Kellogg Brown & Root .Chapter 8 T able of Contents Reference Files & Plotting _____________ 1 Reference Files ________________________ 1 Attaching Reference Design Files ____________ 1 Identifying Reference Files__________________ 2 Reference Files Settings ___________________ 2 Reference File Manipulations _____________ 3 Reference File Move ______________________ 3 Define Reference File Clipping Boundary ______ 3 Scale Reference File ______________________ 4 View Manipulations _____________________ 4 Plotting / Printing_______________________ 4 KBR PLOT MANAGER ______________________ 5 Submitting Plots with PMGR ________________ 5 PRINT/PLOT .LASER PRINTS _______________ 6 DAY EIGHT .LAB EXERCISE ____________ 8 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\DAY8.WRITTEN QUESTIONS _______ 7 DAY SEVEN .
which means that the coordinates of the reference file's design plane are aligned with those of the active design file. They can be used as construction aids as well. give the attachments logical names and descriptions that help you remember which attachment is which. scaling. The Attach Reference file dialog box will appear. Inside MicroStation SE select File. 4. Reference. 1. If OK is clicked at this time the reference file will attach at the reference origin. 3. Elements in a reference file are displayed as though they were in the active design. without any rotation. plotted. Hint: Since the same design file can be attached many times. you can snap to them and even copy them into the active design file. and (in the case of reference design files) used for construction purposes.) Additional HELP on using Reference Design Files can be found in the MicroStation Help Files under: • • • Attaching reference design files Working with attached reference design files Reference Files tool box Attaching Reference Design Files The most common way to attach a reference design file is to attach it coincidentally. 5. The Reference file dialog box will appear. the Attach Reference file dialog box will change to allow users the option to save the full path and type in a logical name and description for the reference file. Select Tools. but they cannot be modified in any way. A reference design file is a design file that is attached or associated with the active design file. 2.doc 1 Kellogg Brown & Root . To select files within the same Technology code scroll down with the slide bar and double-click on the file to reference. (Although you cannot manipulate the elements in a reference file. When file is selected. or offset.R E E R E N C E F I L E S & P L O T T I N G Reference Files & Plotting Reference Files Reference files are design or raster files that can be attached and displayed. Attach. the description is optional. The logical name is required. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\DAY8.
and orientation of attached reference design files. rotating. enables the user to snap to the elements in the reference file.) the system will prompt you to identify the reference file. When on.R E E R E N C E F I L E S & P L O T T I N G Three options available on the reference file dialog box are: Display On/Off Snap Lock Locate Lock Keep the reference file attached. (These tools can also be selected from the Reference File Tool Box.) TO: Attach a reference file to the active design file.doc 2 Kellogg Brown & Root . When on. Control the positioning. Mask (cover) part of a reference file that is inside the clipping boundary. Selectively delete a reference file's clipping mask(s). but temporarily turn the display on or off. Refer to the on-line MicroStation HELP files for additional information about the individual commands. enables the user to use the copy commands to copy elements from the reference file into the active file. Items in gray will be covered in this class. and the command needs to know which file to act on. scaling. Detach reference design files from the active design file. This can be done a variety of ways as described below: • • • • • Reference File Dialog Box Data Point on the Reference File Identify by the Logical Name Identify by File Name Key in “ALL” to manipulate ALL reference files at the same t ime. scaling. The controls in the Reference Files settings box are used to adjust reference files settings as well. SELECT IN THE REFERENCE FILES TOOL BOX: Attach Reference File Define Reference File Clipping Boundary Define Reference File Clipping Mask Delete Reference File Clipping Mask(s) Define Reference File Back Clipping Plane Define Reference File Front Clipping Plane 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\DAY8. Set the front clipping plane for a 3D reference file. Set the back clipping plane for a 3D reference file. This is because you can have more than one reference file attached at a time (up to 255 reference files). Identifying Reference Files When manipulating reference files (moving. Reference Files Settings The tools in the Reference Files settings box (File menu/Reference) are used to: • • • Attach reference design files to the active design file. Change a reference file clipping boundary. etc.
To define the reference file clipping boundary's position. Rotate a reference file. Identify the reference file. 2.R E E R E N C E F I L E S & P L O T T I N G Reread and redraw a reference file to see recent changes made to it. Select the Move Reference File tool.a shape that defines the outside boundary of the area of a reference file that is displayed. Reload Reference File Move Reference File Scale Reference File Rotate Reference File Mirror Reference File About Horizontal Mirror Reference File About Vertical Detach Reference File Note: Tools that operate only on reference raster files are not in the Reference Files tool box. See To identify a reference design file: for more information. Reference File Manipulations Reference File Move Used to move a reference file. 2. 4.doc 3 Kellogg Brown & Root . Scale a reference file. Enter a data point to define the origin of the move. 1. Mirror a reference file about a horizontal axis. Select the Define Reference File Clipping Boundary tool. Mirror a reference file about a vertical axis. Detach a reference file from the active design file. place a fence with the Place Fence tool. 3. Move a reference file. unless it is selected in the Reference Files settings box. Define Reference File Clipping Boundary Used to define a reference file clipping boundary -. Enter a data point to define the destination. See To identify a reference design file: 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\DAY8. They can be accessed only through the Tools menu in the Reference Files settings box (see Using Reference Raster Files). Identify the reference file. 1. 3. unless it is selected in the Reference Files settings box.
4. key in 5 in the left-hand field and 1 in the right-hand field. For quick check prints and B-size drawings. text nodes. these additional view commands will be useful: Fit Reference Fit All Plotting / Printing There are a variety of ways to plot from a MicroStation drawing. unless it is already selected in the Reference Files settings box. 1.doc 4 Kellogg Brown & Root . This method pre-processes the file to make sure enter-data fields. See To identify a reference design file: for more information. For example. Select the Scale Reference File tool. 3. Note: This is a critical step if scaling reference files to make them larger. most projects generate a PLOT using KBR Plot Manager for D and E-size plots. Identify the reference file. are turned off and line weights are displayed correctly. Set the Reference File Clipping Boundary (see Define Reference File Clipping Boundary). or change the display characteristics at plot time. This option is typically a “what you see is what you get” method. For issue plots.R E E R E N C E F I L E S & P L O T T I N G Scale Reference File TOOL SETTING: Scale EFFECT: Sets the ratio of design file Master Units to reference (Master:Ref) file master units. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\DAY8. etc. Enter a data point to define the point about which to scale the reference file. you can submit a PRINT to a local HP4V or Bsize printer using the File -> Print/Plot feature in MicroStation. 2. so the user must remember to make sure the screen displays exactly what they want. to set five design file master units for each reference file master unit. This class covers the two primary methods: Plotting and Printing. View Manipulations When working with reference files.
Information about specific items can be found in the on-line HELP utility found on the PMGR dialog box. (Six characters or less. 5. 2. From the TOOLS menu. From the TOOLS menu on the PMGR dialog box. Verify the plot size. select PLACE DATE STAMP to place a date stamp in the drawing. Try to avoid putting any drawing data on level 55. Enter MDL L PMGR to activate the new PMGR dialog box. Select SUBMIT to save the selected plot parameters and submit the file for plotting. This section contains the necessary information for creating a named plot and submitting it to one of the production plotters located on KT26.R E E R E N C E F I L E S & P L O T T I N G KBR PLOT MANAGER The KBR Plotting Manager (PMGR) was developed to standardize and simplify the plotting interface on MicroStation platforms at KBR. 3. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\DAY8. Submitting Plots with PMGR 1. Many additional features are available for advance plotting capabilities. Comments • PMGR will automatically turn off level 55 in reference files when submitting plots during an interactive session. Enter a PLOT NAME or select one from the associated pick list. 6. You can key in the Width or the Height. If you forget to place a stamp. This prevents the problem of having date stamps superimposed on top of each other. 4.) Select a plotter.doc 5 Kellogg Brown & Root . Select a drop box. Plot Manager saves plot attributes as “named” plots that can be recalled for future modification and submittal. or it will place one automatically depending on your workspace setup. or select a scale by entering an associated scale. the utility will prompt you to place one when you select the “SUBMIT” option. Note: 8. A one to one drawing will be designated as a scale of 1:12. select FENCE to place a fence around the portion of the drawing to be plotted. 7. no spaces.
4. 12. Select Setup -> Layout to open the page layout options. 11. 7. To place a comment at the drawing border. see the MicroStation Help files under Plotting and Printing. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\DAY8.plt driver selected. If the plotter driver file "printer. 10. Make sure you have a B-size printer attached and designated as your default printer. Select Landscape orientation. Place a fence around the drawing (Snap to the border cut line for a more accurate plot size). make sure “border” is checked and type the comment in the description field. 3. For purposes of this class we will be submitting a plot to a default printer using the printer. Select a page size of 11 x 17 (this will only be available if your default printer is equipped with a B-Size tray). Select File -> Plot to submit the plot. the paper blue outline will fit the white paper space. 5. Select Entity -> Fence to designate that you will be plotting the fence contents. (See your NT handout if you are unsure how to do this. 1. Select OK to accept it.) Your instructor will tell you which printer number to use for class purposes. Select OK to exit the Page Setup dialog box. Select Setup -> Page to open the Page Setup dialog box which is used to select a page size for plotting. plot output is sent to the system default printer.R E E R E N C E F I L E S & P L O T T I N G PRINT/PLOT - LASER PRINTS Plots generated from File -> Print/Plot can be sent directly to your default laser printer if you have the printer. You can only turn on/off items highlighted in black.doc 6 Kellogg Brown & Root . Make sure you have a horizontal orientation. 13. 6.plt" is selected. This dialog box will show a rectangular area indicating how the plot will appear on the paper. 8. Make sure that “. 9.\printer. Select File -> Preview to preview the plot.. If selected correctly.plt driver. Select OK to exit the options dialog box.plt” displays next to the Plotter option on the Print Menu. This will normally display the screen options you have turned on. For general information about plotting. This dialog box shows options to adjust the appearance of the plot. 2. Select File -> Print/Plot A dialog box will appear on the screen with menu’s showing the options available for generating and submitting a print or plot. or saved to an output file using one of the other default printer drivers. Select Setup -> Options.
On what menu is the option for generating a b-size laser print? 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\DAY8.R E E R E N C E F I L E S & P L O T T I N G DAY EIGHT . The FIT command will fit both the Active File and the Reference File (True or False)? 3. What plotting method is used to print a D-size drawing? 7. What Reference File Manipulation command will allow copying elements from a reference file to the Active File? 4. What Reference File Manipulation command may be used to make the reference file attachment larger? 5. You can delete elements in a reference file .WRITTEN QUESTIONS 1.doc 7 Kellogg Brown & Root .TRUE or FALSE? 6. How many Reference Files can be attached to an active drawing? 2.
DGN except for the lower left warehouse. Attaching a reference file with a 1:1 scale . Plot the drawing (the instructor will tell you which plotter to use).2 Clip off all of reference file WAREHOUS. Turn off the Column Bubbles in the active file (level 2). Complete all unfinished lab exercise. 8. purposes). 13. 7/1/2005 N:\pds support_manuals\MicroStation 3D CLASS\2dclass\DAY8. Set up the view so that it appears similar to Figure 7. Attach SCALEBORD. 2. at this time. (The instructor will tell you which plotter to use for class Save the current settings and exit the drawing. 14. Attaching a reference file with a scale factor . if any. Attach the file 2DBORD.REF (using BORD as the logical name). Call up the PID file created earlier in class.non-scaled drawings: 3. Save settings and exit the drawing.REF as a Reference file. 6. 4. 11. 16. Scale the border (Master:ref ratio = 48:1). 10.3.doc 8 Kellogg Brown & Root . Turn off the parking strip lines in the reference file (Level 15). 1. Call up the SCALE drawing and attach WAREHOUS. 5. 12. have the instructor check your work. 9.R E E R E N C E F I L E S & P L O T T I N G DAY EIGHT .scaled drawings. which should be lined up with the columns in the active drawing.1 Plot the drawing. When completed.DGN (use WH as the logical name). 7. 15. Log on to the system. Move it into a position to resemble Figure 7.LAB EXERCISE In this lab the user will learn how to attach reference files and manipulate them. The reference file will have to be moved to make it resemble Figure 7.