Engineering Standard

SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping Paints and Coatings Standards Committee Members
Barouky, Fikry Fouad, Chairman Hammad, Bakr Sulaiman, Vice Chairman Suller, Abraham A Seba, Zaki Ahmed Mansour, Mana Hamad Khashram, Maher Saud Homayed, Mohammed Ali Nujaim, Salah Ahmed

29 January 2008

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards
Table of Contents 1 2 3 4 5 6 Scope............................................................. 2 Conflicts and Deviations................................. 2 References..................................................... 2 Definitions...................................................... 4 Selection Requirements................................. 5 Description and Uses of Approved Protective Coating System (APCS)...... 11

Previous Issue: 5 November 2006 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 Revised paragraphs are indicated in the right margin Primary contact: Barouky, Fikry Fouad on 966-3-8746129
Copyright©Saudi Aramco 2008. All rights reserved.

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Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010

SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping

1

Scope This Standard defines the minimum mandatory requirements of the internal and external coating material selection and application for carbon steel pipelines and piping (including associated fittings and appurtenances). Excluded from this Standard all temporary coatings. This Standard is not applicable for the use of galvanized, alloy, or nonmetallic pipe where allowed by other Saudi Aramco standards.

2

Conflicts and Deviations 2.1 Any conflicts between this standard and other applicable Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards (SAESs), Materials System Specifications (SAMSSs), Standard Drawings (SASDs), or industry standards, codes and forms shall be resolved in writing by the Company or Buyer Representative through the Manager, Consulting Services Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran. Direct all requests to deviate from this standard in writing to the Company or Buyer representative, who shall follow internal company procedure SAEP-302 and forward such requests to the Manager, Consulting Services Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

2.2

3

References The selection of material and equipment, and the design, construction, maintenance, and repair of equipment and facilities covered by this standard shall comply with the latest edition of the references listed below, unless otherwise noted. 3.1 Saudi Aramco References Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedures SAEP-302 Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a Mandatory Saudi Aramco Engineering Requirement Storage, Handling and Installation of WeightCoated Pipe

SAEP-361

Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards SAES-H-001 SAES-H-002V SAES-H-100 SAES-H-101 Selection Requirements for Industrial Coatings Saudi Aramco Data Sheets Painting Requirements for Industrial Facilities Approved Protective Coatings System (APCS)
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Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010

SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping

SAES-H-101V SAES-H-201 SAES-L-120 SAES-L-310 SAES-L-350 SAES-L-410 SAES-L-450

Saudi Aramco Data Sheets General Specification for Over-the-Ditch Internal & External FBE Coating of Field Girth Welds Piping Flexibility Analysis Design of Plant Piping Construction of Plant Piping Design of Pipelines Construction of On-Land and Near-Shore Pipelines

Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications 01-SAMSS-005 09-SAMSS-080 09-SAMSS-089 09-SAMSS-090 09-SAMSS-091 09-SAMSS-099 09-SAMSS-113 09-SAMSS-114 3.2 Industry Codes and Standards National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE) RP0198 -2004 Swedish Standards Institution SIS 05 59 00 Pictorial Surface Preparation Standard for Painting Steel Surfaces The Control of Corrosion Under Thermal Insulation and Fireproofing Shop Applied, Internal Cement Mortar Lining of Steel Pipe Shop-Applied Baked Internal Coatings Shop-Applied External FBE Coating Shop-Applied Extruded P.E. External Coating System for Line Pipe Shop-Applied Internal FBE Coatings Specialized Coatings Tests External Renovation Coating for Buried Pipelines and Piping (APCS-113) Shop-Applied Extruded, Three-Layer Polypropylene External Coatings for Line Pipe

American Water Works Association AWWA C203 Coal-Tar Protective Coatings and Linings for Steel Water Pipelines
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either in or off Plant.20-M92 External FBE Coating for Steel Pipe German Standards DIN 30670 4 Definitions Responsible Standardization Agency Representative (RSA): The coatings engineer designated by the Manager. Coatings that have exceeded their shelf life shall not be used unless approved in writing by the RSA. Only approved products are allowed for use on Saudi Aramco jobs.020. Approved Product: See the definition in SAES-H-001.Shop Applied Standard for Cement-Mortar Lining of Water Pipelines .In Place AWWA C602 American Society for Testing and Materials ASTM D570 ASTM D1002 Standard Test Method for Water Absorption of Plastics Standard Test Method for Apparent Shear Strength of Single-Lap-Joint Adhesively Bonded Metal Specimens by Tension Loading (Metal-to-Metal) Standard Test Method for Impact Resistance of Pipeline Coatings (Falling Weight Test) Standard Test Method for Cathodic Disbonding of Pipeline Coatings Subjected to Elevated Temperatures ASTM G14 ASTM G42 Canadian Standards CAN/CSA-Z245.4 inch (100 mm) and Larger . Polyethyline Coatings for Steel Pipes and Fittings Page 4 of 31 . Consulting Services Department in accordance with Material Supply Organization's instruction MI-350.4 inch (100 mm) and Larger. Transision Lines: Pipeline or piping changes from buried conditions to above grade conditions.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping AWWA C205 Cement Mortar Protective Lining and Coating for Steel Water Pipe .

1. the coating shall terminate at the support. At changes from buried to above ground service in locations where sand accumulation is likely. Pipes in all subsea services shall be externally coated. the coating shall extend at least 1 m measured along the pipe above grade. road crossings.2 deemed impractical. 5. For shallow angle risers (45 degrees or less) the coating shall extend at least 8 m measured along the pipe above ground.4 All buried onshore pipes shall be externally coated.2 5.4 and 5. the below-ground coating system only needs to be carried up to grade level. mandatory drawings.1 5.1. and in-plant piping.6 Liquid coating systems shall not be used on new projects as the primary external coating on buried pipelines.1. (Above-ground portions of APCS-105 and APCS-115 must be protected from direct sunlight. For field girth welds consult with the coating RSA to use liquid coating if other systems given in item 5.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping 5 Selection Requirements 5. or similar mandatory documents. Exception: See Paragraphs 5.4.1. Page 5 of 31 . Plant piping and other above grade pipelines in industrial or marine exposure shall be externally coated as required in this standard or other Saudi Aramco standards. and it cannot be removed.3 5. (including camel and road crossings) an external coating suitable for buried service shall extend above ground as follows: a) b) For sharp angle risers (46 to 90 degrees). B. spool pieces.1 General Requirements for External Coatings 5. specifications. scopes of work. if a support on an existing line is encountered at a distance less than 8 m along the pipe.) Commentary Note: Where sand accumulation is not likely.5 5. For maintenance coatings.1. All onshore buried and subsea coated pipes shall be 100% holiday free and all holidays shall be repaired prior to burial. See the APCSs for details.6 for the use of renovation coatings in accordance with APCS-113A.1. and C on items such as fittings.

specifications.10 5. Internal coatings used in potable water service must meet FDA or equivalent requirements for suitability for use in contact with drinking water. Pipe to be thrust bored shall be coated with APCS-104 and top coated with APCS-113A to 1000 microns (40 mils) or APCS-105.1.6 below shall not be used under conditions that violate service limitations or other requirements given in the applicable APCS data sheets.12 5.5 even if the APCS for the selected coating specifies a lesser degree of cleanliness.3 .2. Buried stainless steel lines shall be externally coated with halide-free liquid coating approved by the RSA.3 shall be used. When internal coatings are required. or other similar mandatory documents.14 5. drawings. For new construction.2. 5.15 5. Coating systems listed in paragraphs 5. The robotic crawler shall be used for internal girth welds coating of Page 6 of 31 5.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping 5. buried carbon steel piping in diameters 4 inches and smaller shall be coated with APCS-113A. (See definitions in SAES-H-001). Preheating pipe substrate for FBE coating application on the girth welds shall be done by heat induction coils only.9 Hand-applied tapes of all types shall not be used. Ditch preparation and sand padding requirements for onshore buried pipe are given in SAES-L-350 and SAES-L-450. Cast iron pipe that has been shop-coated with enamel (or similar) does not require additional external coating prior to burial.1 Internal coatings are not mandatory in this Standard unless required in other Saudi Aramco Standards.2 5.1.1.1.1. The RSA must approve any other preheating methods in case there are difficulties and impractical to use the heat induction coils. APCS-113C.2 General Requirements for Internal Coatings 5. Only approved products shall be used. At road crossings the minimum allowable surface preparation prior to coating shall be near white metal Sa 2.13 5.11 5.1.2. the selections given in paragraph 5.8 5. or other systems with prior approval from RSA.4 through 5. scopes of work.7 5.1.1.1. Bare cast iron pipe shall be externally coated prior to burial in subkhas or other frequently wetted ground.

4) Jointing pipes with small diameters less than 10". or consult the piping RSA.3.2. APCS-103 APCS-100 APCS-101 APCS-102 APCS-2B APCS-2E APCS-100 APCS-101 APCS-102 APCS-103 APCS-2E APCS-2F APCS-2G APCS-102 APCS-2E APCS-2G Maintenance APCS-103 APCS-102 APCS-2B ACPS-2E Area to be Coated/Other Remarks All FBE products must be certified by FDA or equivalent for potable water services.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping pipe with diameters from 10" to 20". 2F. the holiday requirements shall be the same as for internal FBE coatings in 09-SAMSS-091. and the maximum partial pressure of H2S and CO2 is 345 KPa (abs) (50 psia) each. approved for immersion service. Pipe diameters with 24" and larger shall be coated with other conventional methods subject to prior approval from the Coating RSA. or Gas APCS-103 APCS-2A APCS-2E APCS-2F APCS-2G 5. 2E.0. 2) Consult RSA for maintenance coating on the girth weld areas for all pipeline diameters.6 5.3.2 Water. refer to SAES-H-201.3 Field Girth Weld Areas See remarks Page 7 of 31 .1 Water Potable 5. seek other methods recommended by other Standards. 5. When using APCS-2A. The RSA must approve any other preheating methods in case there are difficulties and impractical to use the heat induction coils. 5.2.5 Internal coatings in dead-leg and jump-over piping sections shall be 100% holiday free. Oil.4 5.2. 5. is applied as an internal coating in pipe.0 to 12. FBE powder products must have a current certificate from an approved third party lab valid for at least 24 months. When a liquid coating. the maximum service pressure is 6890 KPa (ga) (1000 psig). Preheating pipe substrate for FBE coating application shall be done by heat induction coils only. Various Services Approved Coatings System Categories New Constr. 1) Use robotic crawler for internal coating of field girth weld of pipe diameters from 10" to 20". 3) All internal coatings on the field girth welds must be 100% holiday free.3.3 Internal Coatings. and 2G the allowable pH range is 4.

1 Buried (Pipe joints) 5. APCS-22B. or APCS-19B.2 Buried (Field Girth Welds) APCS-104 APCS-113C APCS-113A APCS-113C 1) Use APCS-22 if the surface is slightly damp. (2) coat already lined pipe. cement-lined pipe.4. 3) Note the temperature limitation of APCS-113C when used for buried pipeline maintenance. For aesthetic or color coding refer to SAES-H-001.4. and (3) occasional. On sleeved crossings. 5. and (3) coat short runs of pipe (60 meters or less) that will not require subsequent bending. 5.3 APCS-104 APCS-113A/B Buried Fittings.. 2) APCS-113A may be used on new construction for (1) tie-in welds (2) girth welds on thrust bored pipe. Coat concrete anchors in accordance with Standard Drawing AA-036531. Steel anchors shall be coated with APCS113A/B. The casing shall be externally coated with any of these systems or with APCS-3. APCS-19B. e. APCS-19B Appurtenances and Spool Pieces 5.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping 5.4. the carrier pipe shall be coated with APCS-104. APCS-105.4 External Coatings for Onshore and Cross-Country Pipelines Approved Coatings System Categories New Constr. APCS-104 APCS-105 APCS-106 APCS-115 Maintenance APCS113A/B/C Area to be Coated/Other Remarks 1) APCS-106 may only be used in cases where subsequent field bending will not be required.5 Above Ground 5.4. isolated welds.g. Coat the portion of pipe covered by ring girders or saddles per SAES-L-120.4.4 Buried Road Crossings APCS113A/B/C APCS-19B APCS-22B APCS-10 Use APCS-22B if the surface is slightly damp. APCS-113A/B/C or APCS-115. APCS-113C is acceptable for maintenance to replace old tapewrapped spool.4. APCS-104 APCS-113A/C APCS-105 APCS-19B APCS-113A/B APCS-115 APCS-19B APCS-115 5. 2) APCS-113A may be used on new construction to (1) repair damaged FBE.6 Buried Anchors Not Required See Comments Not Required See Comments Page 8 of 31 . SAES-L-310 and SAES-L-410.

APCS-19B shall be used for short repairs.5. For free-standing conductors. In the splash zone. APCS-104 APCS-105 APCS-106 Maintenance APCS-104 APCS-105 APCS-106 APCS-107 APCS-19B Area to be Coated/Other Remarks When required for negative buoyancy.3 Fittings Appurtenances & Spool Pieces APCS-104 APCS-2E APCS-3 APCS-19B APCS-104 APCS-2E APCS-3 APCS-19B APCS-19B and APCS-19C may be used for subsea repairs. the risers shall be Monel clad for a distance of 0. APCS-22 and APCS-19C may be used in the splash zone.4 Risers APCS-104 APCS-105 APCS-3 APCS-19B APCS-19C Same as new Construction Free ends shall be securely and permanently fastened by mechanical means to prevent unwrapping. 5.3 m above and below the deck penetrations. Subsea Approved Coatings System Categories New Constr.5. 5.2 Field Girth Weld Area APCS-3 Not applicable The joint coating shall be protected by a heavy plastic mesh or by a hot marine mastic or foam infill. risers shall be Monel sheathed up to the first flange.5 External Pipe Coatings.5.5. See also SAES-H-004 5.1 Pipe Joints 5.5 Conductors APCS-22 APCS-19C APCS-22 APCS-19C For conductors on platforms.5. use Monel sheathing or APCS-19C in the splash zone. On sealed deck constructions. Page 9 of 31 .Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping 5. APCS-104 and APCS-105 shall be cement weight coated by the compression method. 5. Bare risers protected in the submerged zone by galvanic anodes are acceptable if both the Proponent Organization and the RSA concur. unless the design allows ready access to the risers to allow maintenance coating.

(See Standard Drawing AA-036913). 5. For Stainless Steel pipes. Otherwise. 5.26 on new construction.6.6. See Remarks Maintenance See Remarks Area to be Coated/Other Remarks Same as item 5. 5.1. obtain coating requirements from the RSA.6.5 Industrial and/or High Humidity Atmospheric Exposure APCS-1A APCS-1B APCS-22B APCS-26 APCS-26T APCS-4 APCS-6 APCS-26 APCS-26T APCS-26 APCS-26T APCS-1B APCS-1C APCS-22 When using APCS .6 External Pipe Coatings.1 Buried (All services except insulated) 5. Exceptions: APCS-113C or any polymeric modified Butimen tapewrap shall not be used on buried hydrocarbon lines on plot. In-Plant (Also refer to SAES-H-001) Approved Coatings System Categories New Constr. contact RSA if applied onto cold surfaces below 10°C. Use APCS-17A or APCS-17B for temperatures less than minus 40°C. Cover with polyurethane or foam glass insulation. minimum DFT should not be less than 200 microns. minimum DFT should not be less than 200 microns.6.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping 5. For APCS-2A.6. consult the RSA for coating material selection.4 APCS-4 Mild Atmospheric APCS-6 APCS-26 Exposure APCS-26T 5. When using APCS .3 Insulated (Hot System) See Remarks See Remarks No coating required when continuous operating temperatures exceed 70°C and the facility is in service at least 90% of the time.26 on new construction. consult the RSA for coating material selection. For Stainless Steel pipes.2 Insulated (Cold System) APCS-104 APCS-2A APCS-10 APCS-105 Same as new Construction Applies to pipe that will be operated continuously or intermittently below the atmospheric dew point.4. Page 10 of 31 .

refer to SAES-H-101.3 6. "Specialized Coatings Tests. Spirally-extruded.4 Service condition limitations for the APCS's assume continuous service. but not described in this Standard. For intermittent service. contact the RSA.2 6. Fused Polyethylene Shop-Applied Coal Tar Enamel Phased out Phased out Phased out Phased out Phased out Phased out Page 11 of 31 6. Only approved products shall be used.1 References to Specialized Tests Two specialized tests are referred to in some of the APCS sheets: a) b) TMA (Thermal Mechanical Analysis) Aleyeska Tape Shear Test These tests are described in detail in 09-SAMSS-099. consult the RSA to determine if the intent of the standard has been violated and what corrective action.6 . The APCS coating systems shall not be used under conditions that violate service limitations or other requirements in the applicable APCS data sheets.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping 6 Description and Uses of Approved Protective Coating System (APCS) 6.5 6.) In cases where a coating appears otherwise acceptable but has been applied at higher film thickness greater than the specified maximum. Index of all coating systems used in this standards Specification APCS-100 APCS-101 APCS-102 APCS-103 APCS-104 APCS-105 APCS-106 APCS-107 APCS-108 APCS-109 APCS-110 APCS-111 APCS-112 Title Shop-Applied Baked Phenolic or Baked Phenolic Epoxy Shop-applied Baked Modified Polyurethane Shop or Field-Applied Fusion Bonded Epoxy (Internal) Shop or Field-Applied Cement Mortar Shop or Field-Applied Fusion Bonded Epoxy (External) Shop-Applied. (See definitions in SAES-H-001. if any. is needed. For APCSs referred to." 6.

120°C* b) * (higher temperatures are available for heat exchanger coatings) Other: pH range 3. Maximum allowable partial pressures of H2S and CO2 are each 1725 KPa (abs) (250 psig). oil. valves. High Pressure Immersion Service Shop-Applied. country tubular goods and for plant piping spools not requiring field bending and fittings. Maximum allowable service pressure is 34. GENERAL DATA a) Uses: Internal coating for water.5 to 12. Extruded. pumps. II.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 Specification APCS-113A APCS-113B APCS-113C APCS-113D APCS-114 APCS-115 APCS-116 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping Title Liquid Coating systems with high Solid content (>85 to 100% by volume) for buried pipeline rehabilitation in Subkha/ high water table conditions Renovation and Repair Putty Type Coatings for Buried Services Visco Elastic Coating system for buried pipeline rehabilitation Liquid Coating System with low solid content (< 80% by volume) for buried pipeline rehabilitation in dry soil conditions Epoxy Phenolic System for Treated Seawater. SAP M/N: 1000197740 (old SAMS S/N: 09-697-805-00) Purchase Specification: 09-SAMSS-080 System (A). d) e) Page 12 of 31 . All pipe shall be stenciled "Do Not Bend" on external surface. Service Limitations: Temperature: Min. 0°C Max. TYPE OF COATING Shop-Applied Baked Liquid Phenolics/Phenolic Epoxy for Immersion Services. Three-layer Polypropylene External Coatings for Line Pipe Phased out APCS-100 I. c) Not Suitable For: Any service where bending is required after the coating has been applied. or gas service. Primarily used for heat exchanger tube bundles. 475 KPa (ga) (5000 psig).

Compatible Repair Coatings: None. Page 13 of 31 .Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping III. SURFACE PREPARATION AND COATING APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS a) b) c) Pipe: Per 09-SAMSS-080. Field Girth Weld Area: Not suitable for field applications.

TYPE OF COATING Shop-Applied Baked Modified Polyurethane.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping APCS-101 I. c) d) III. Field Girth Weld Area: Not suitable for field application. Maximum allowable partial pressures of H2S and CO2 are each 1725 kPa (abs) (250 psia). 100°C pH range 3. oil. Page 14 of 31 . or gas service. Maximum allowable service pressure is 34. Primarily used for cross-country pipelines and for country tubular goods. Purchase Specification: 09-SAMSS-080 System (B).5 to 12. Service Limitations: Temperature: Other: Min. SAP M/N: 1000197736 (old SAMS S/N: 09-697-800-00). 0°C Max. Compatible Repair Coatings: None. GENERAL DATA a) b) Uses: Internal coating for water. SURFACE PREPARATION AND COATING APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS a) b) c) Pipe: Per 09-SAMSS-080. II.475 kPa (ga) (5000 psig).

and fittings. Crawler-applied FBE. SAP M/N: 1000197742 (old SAMS S/N: 09-697-815-00). Use abrasive grit. b) c) d) III. oil. country tubular goods. GENERAL DATA a) Uses: Internal coating for water. and Pumps. Primarily used for cross-country pipelines.685 kPa (ga) (3000 psig). Sa3. new pumps and valves. Maximum partial pressures of H2S and CO2 are each 345 kPa (abs) (50 psia). Compatible Repair Coatings: Contact RSA. Preheat area to be coated with induction coiled heaters only. 90°C pH range 3.5 to 13. Purchase Specification: 09-SAMSS-091. Piping. SURFACE PREPARATION AND COATING APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS a) b) Pipe: Per 09-SAMSS-091. Profile 50 to 100 microns. 0°C Max.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping APCS-102 I. Service Limitations: Temperature: Other: Min. Field Girth Weld Area: White metal abrasive grit blast. c) Page 15 of 31 . and gas service. TYPE OF COATING Shop or Field-Applied Fusion Bonded Epoxy for Internal Coating of Pipeline. Maximum allowable service pressure is 20. Valves. plant piping spools not requiring field bending. II. sand is not acceptable.

Also. GENERAL DATA a) b) Uses: Internal coating for water services. some waters formed by desalination or reverse osmosis. c) Not Suitable For: 1) Applications where a subsequent external coating requires preheating a cement-lined pipe. the external coating (normally FBE) must be applied first.5. 120°C Minimum pH 5.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping APCS-103 I. 2) Soft waters such as steam condensate and boiler feedwater. Maximum fluid velocity 3 m/s. 0°C Max. or vibrate. TYPE OF COATING Shop or Field-Applied Cement Mortar Internal Coating for Pipelines. Maximum allowable partial pressures of H2S and CO2 are each 13 kPa (abs) (2 psia). d) Purchase Specification: Shop-applied: Field-applied: 01-SAMSS-005 AWWA C602 e) In potable water service. including oily water. flex. II. 475 kPa (ga) (5000 psig) allowed as long as pipe does not yield. joint compounds shall be certified suitable for contact with drinking water. Service pressures up to 34. Service Limitations: Temperature: Other: Min. In such cases. Page 16 of 31 . For coupling joint use SAP M/N: 1000187426 (old SAMS S/N: 09-239-660-00). Note: Hot-applied coal tar enamel per APCS-106 can be applied over cement-lined pipe.

St2 minimum. SURFACE PREPARATION AND COATING APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS a) b) c) Pipe: Per 01-SAMSS-005 for shop application and AWWA C602 for in situ field application.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping III. Compatible Repair Coatings: Cement mortar or grout. APCS-19A (in non-potable water service). SIS. Field Girth Weld Area: Hand-tool cleanliness. Page 17 of 31 . SAP M/N: 1000187426 (old SAMS S/N: 09239-660-00) (in potable water service).

TYPE OF COATING Shop or Field-Applied Fusion Bonded Epoxy (External). Max. Max. d) III.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping APCS-104 I. -20°C (in subkha or immersion): 110°C (in dry ground): 125°C c) Conventional FBE: SAP M/N: 1000197745 (SAMS S/N: 09-697-820-00). Suitable for subsea services if weight coating is not used or if weight coating is applied by the compression method. GENERAL DATA a) Uses: External coating for onshore buried and above ground services. SURFACE PREPARATION AND COATING APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS a) Pipe: Per 09-SAMSS-089. Max. Page 18 of 31 . Purchase Specification: 09-SAMSS-089. Also suitable for over-theditch coating of the field girth welds on FBE-coated pipe. Max. II. Service Limitations: 1) Conventional FBE (Tg up to 93°C) Temperature: Min. High Temperature FBE: SAP M/N: 1000628582 (SAMS S/N: 09-000449-00). 2) -20°C (in subkha or immersion): 65°C (in dry ground): 93°C b) High Temperature FBE (Tg greater than 93°C and up to 135°C) Temperature: Min.

High Temperature FBE: Use Epoxy patch compounds. b) c) Field Girth Weld Area: Per SAES-H-201. Compatible Repair Coatings: Conventional FBE: Use Melt sticks and epoxy patch compounds APCS-113AB. film thickness is 22 mils minimum and 30 mils maximum. Page 19 of 31 .Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping Commentary Note: For high temperature FBE application.

Suitable for subsea services if weight-coating is not used or if weight coating is applied by the compression method.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping APCS-105 I. SAP M/N: 1000197747 (old SAMS S/N: 09-697-830-00). Purchase Specification: 09-SAMSS-090. practical field girth weld coating system. 80°C c) Not Suitable For: Burial in oil-contaminated ground water or heavily oil soaked ground due to the lack of compatible. Note: Above-ground coating must be protected from direct sunlight by a coat of white urethane paint. SURFACE PREPARATION AND COATING APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS a) b) c) Pipe: Per 09-SAMSS-090. b) Service Limitations: Temperature: Min. TYPE OF COATING Three Layer Shop-Applied Spirally-extruded Fused Polyethylene (3-LPE). Field Girth Weld Area: Not suitable for field application. Page 20 of 31 . d) e) III. GENERAL DATA a) Uses: External coating for onshore buried and above ground services. 0°C Max. Compatible Repair Coatings: Heat shrink patches or heat shrink sleeves. SAP M/N: 1000194675 (old SAMS S/N: 09-612-366-00) or other system approved by the RSA. II.

70°C onshore. II. 0°C Max. Not Suitable For: Any service requiring bending after the coating has been applied. GENERAL DATA a) Uses: External coating for subsea pipelines (used in conjunction with concrete weight coating). onshore pipe that has been cement lined. Compatible Repair Coatings: Hot enamel dope. c) d) e) III. SURFACE PREPARATION AND COATING APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS a) b) c) Pipe: Per AWWA C203. TYPE OF COATING Shop-Applied Coal Tar Enamel. SAP M/N (SAMS S/N): None. 80°C subsea b) Other: No continuous contact with hydrocarbons if service temperature exceeds 50°C. Purchase Specification: None. Field Girth Weld Area: Not applicable to field applications. Page 21 of 31 . Service Limitations: Temperature: Min. with total coating and outerwrap thickness equal to 4 mm minimum. Also suitable as an external coating on buried.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping APCS-106 I.

a) b) This system can also be used for shop-coating of casing. TYPE OF COATING High Build Liquid Epoxy Coatings for Renovation and Repair of Buried Pipeline in high water table and immersion condition. SAES-H-002V. Purchase Specification: 09-SAMSS-113. b) Where chloride contamination is possible. For Coatings with solid content from 85% to100% by volume. Substrate shall be decontaminated by fresh water wash down to remove residual chloride salts.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping APCS 113A I. Generic Information: This APCS covers a variety of high build epoxy liquid coatings with or without reinforcing fillers. and reblast the substrate. For generic information. c) Maximum Service Temperature Limitations: 1) 2) d) 125°C in dry soil. 105°C in Subkha soil. GENERAL DATA Uses: Primarily for repair or renovation of external epoxy coating on buried piping. SURFACE PREPARATION AND COATING APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS a) Cleanliness: Surface Profile: Near white metal (SSPC-SP10) 60 micrometers (2. see the stock number descriptions in the SAMS catalog or in the Saudi Aramco Data Sheets. Residual chloride on the surface shall not exceed 40 mg/m². test the steel substrate for chloride salts contamination.5 mils) Use abrasives SAP M/N 1000161068 and 1000160374. pipeline fittings and appurtenances. and associated fittings and appurtenances. e) III. SAMS S/N: 1000686070 (old SAMS S/N: 09-000-497-00). pipelines. Page 22 of 31 . II.

The required voltages for holiday detection of the coating prior to burial are 2400 + 50 volts DC.1000 microns applied in wet on wet single-coat application. SAES-H-002V. d) e) Compatible Repair Coatings: APCS-113A. and application requirements shall be as given in the Saudi Aramco Data Sheets. mixing.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping c) Dry Film Thickness: 600 . Page 23 of 31 . Commentary Note: Mandatory technical properties and storage.

These coatings are essentially splash zone coatings that have been qualified for use up to 100°C. Page 24 of 31 . Substrate shall be decontaminated by fresh water wash down to remove residual chloride salts. Fittings. particularly those with exposed bolts (such as flanges or Weld + Ends) or sharp changes in dimension (such as split sleeves with butt straps). SURFACE PREPARATION AND COATING APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS a) Cleanliness: Surface Profile: Abrasive: Near white metal blast. TYPE OF COATING Putty Type Coatings for Renovation and Repair of Buried Pipes. Commentary Note: Mandatory technical properties and storage. 1000161200 and 1000160377. Dry Film Thickness: Compatible Repair Coatings: 1000-1625 micrometers APCS-113B.5 mils) minimum. II. and reblast the substrate. test the steel substrate for chloride salts contamination. Sa2. Residual chloride on the surface shall not exceed 40 mg/m².Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping APCS-113B I. III. a) b) c) SAMS S/N: 09-697-835.5 60 micrometers (2. Maximum Service Temperature Limitation: 100°C. b) Where chloride contamination is possible. Purchase Specification: 09-SAMSS-070 modified as follows: (1) the dry film thickness shall be as given below (2) immersion and cathodic disbonding tests shall be conducted at 90 ± 2°C. and Appurtenances. GENERAL DATA Uses: Primarily for repair or renovation of external epoxy coating on buried pipeline fittings and appurtenances. and application requirements shall be as given in the Saudi Aramco Data Sheets. c) d) e) The required voltage for holiday detection of the coating prior to burial is 4000 + 100 volts DC. SAES-H-002V. SAP M/N 1000161063. mixing.

immersion. Suitable for dry. Glass Transition Temperature: not exceed . for field girth weld on both new and old pipelines.0 N/mm² (minimum) @1. including oil-soaked soil. 1000600009.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping APCS-113C I. Shear Strength (ASTM D1002): 0. Service Limitations: Temperature: c) d) e) Min. as a corrosion protection. 70°C b) Not suitable for continuous contact with liquid hydrocarbons. Page 25 of 31 . TYPE OF COATING Non-Curing (Visco-Elastic) Mastic-based Coating System with a Backing Tape for Renovation and Repair of Buried Pipelines. GENERAL DATA a) Uses: Primarily used as an external protective coating system for repair and renovation of buried pipelines. 1000600007. 1000600008. 10°C Max. SAP M/N: Tape-backed Visco-elastic Coating: 1000600006.8 mm film thickness. and 1000600011 depending on width Adhesive/Paste: 1000600012 Sheathing: 1000600010 f) Purchase Specifications: Impact Resistance (ASTM G14): 15 J (minimum) Peel Strength (DIN 30670): 1. II. 1000600007 and 1000600011 depending on width Outer Wrap: 1000600006. It can be used.20°C. and subkha soil conditions.05 N/mm² (minimum).

sound coating after the removal of lose paints and debris. respectively. Wrapping can be applied over existing.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping Cathodic Disbonding Test (ASTM G42): No disbonding @ 60°C for 30 days Minimum thickness of the outer wrap and sheathing are 0. Wire brush is acceptable on small areas (less than 1 meter long).8 mm and 1. and 15 mm for pipes with diameters larger than 10". Surface Profile: Not critical Over lapping: For Visco-Elastic and adhesive tape: 20% the width of the tape for pipes with diameters up to 10". and 4 times the width of the girth weld bare area for pipe diameter greater than 12". III. SURFACE PREPARATION AND COATING APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS a) Generally. For outer tape: 50% of the tape width. e) Compatible Repair Coatings: APCS-113C b) c) Page 26 of 31 . d) For girth weld application: Visco-Elastic coating shall cover 3 times the width of the girth weld bare area for pipe diameter up to 12". Commercial blast (SSPC-SP 6 or equivalent).0 mm.

0 mils). Substrate shall be decontaminated by fresh water wash down to remove residual chloride salts. SAP M/N: 1000197749. test the steel substrate for chloride salts contamination. b) Where chloride contamination is possible.0 . Sa 2. Page 27 of 31 . and associated fittings and appurtenances in dry soil condition. Use abrasives: SAP M/N 1000161068 and 1000160374. Purchase Specification: 09-SAMSS-113. c) Generic Information: This APCS covers a variety of liquid coating systems. 1000197771. SURFACE PREPARATION AND COATING APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS a) Cleanliness: Profile: Near white metal blast.4. Residual chloride on the surface shall not exceed 40 mg/m². e) III.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping APCS-113D I. pipelines. TYPE OF COATING Liquid Coatings for Renovation and Repair of Buried Pipeline in Dry Soil Service. SAES-H-002V. GENERAL DATA Uses: Primarily for repair or renovation of external epoxy coating on buried piping. pipeline fittings and appurtenances for the same service conditions. 50 . a) b) This system may also be used for shop-coating of casing.5. 1000197800 depending on size for Liquid Coatings with solid content less than 85% by volume Maximum Service Temperature Limitations: 1) 2) d) 90°C in dry soil. see the stock number descriptions in the SAMS catalog or in the Saudi Aramco Data Sheets.100 micrometers (2. 1000197777. Not recommended for immersion in Subkha conditions. and reblast the substrate. II. For generic information.

Compatible Repair Coatings: APCS-113D.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping c) Dry Film Thickness: 500 . SAES-H-002V and the Manufacturer's Approved Data Sheet. Page 28 of 31 . Commentary Note: Mandatory technical properties and storage. mixing.750 microns applied in two coats or as recommended by the coating manufacturer's data sheet d) e) Use high DC volatge spark teste for holiday detection of the coating film after full curing period and before burial are 2400 + 50 volts DC. and application requirements shall be as given in the Saudi Aramco Data Sheets.

SIS Sa2. Dry Film Thickness Requirements: Total system 250 – 300 microns. II. GENERAL DATA a) b) c) Uses: Immersion service for high pressure treated seawater injection lines. Purchase Specification: None SURFACE PREPARATION AND COATING APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS a) b) Steel: Near white metal blast.65 microns (1. CO2 content: Maximum Pressure: 65°C None 2500 psig (17.5. SAP M/N: Topcoat: Primer:1000194991 and 1000195200 1000195205 and 1000195208 Service Condition Limitations: Maximum Temperature: H2S. Use abrasive grit SAP M/N 1000161068 or equivalent. applied in two coats of contrasting colors.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping APCS 114 I. Compatible Repair Coatings: APCS-114. c) Page 29 of 31 . surface profile 40 . and welds using contrasting colors. Brush-apply two stripe coats on all sharp edges.5 – 2 mil). TYPE OF COATING Epoxy Phenolic System for Immersion Condition in Treated Seawater at High Pressure Services.2 MPa abs. cutouts. Not suitable for potable water services.) d) III.

-20°C Max. Apply in accordance with Vendor's work procedure approved by CSD. 105°C c) SAP M/N: None. Surface roughness 50-100 microns. GENERAL DATA a) Uses: External coating primarily for onshore buried services. or other system approved by the RSA. Note: Above-ground coating must be protected from direct sunlight by one coat of white urethane paint. TYPE OF COATING Shop-Applied Three Layer Extruded Polypropylene (3-LPP) External Coatings for Pipelines. particularly in subkha and for elevated temperatures. b) Service Limitations: Temperature: Min. Field Girth Weld Area: Special heat-shrink sleeves for 3LPP-coated pipe per 09-SAMSS-114: Sa2-1/2. 2-layer or 3-layer flame-sprayed polypropylene system per 09-SAMSS-114: Sa2-1/2. SURFACE PREPARATION AND COATING APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS a) b) Pipe joints: Per 09-SAMSS-114. Page 30 of 31 . Purchase Specification: 09-SAMSS-114. c) Compatible Repair Coatings: Polypropylene melt-sticks or flame sprayed powder. II. Apply in accordance with approved installation procedure in SAES-H-204. III.Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping APCS-115 I. SAP M/N1000194675 .

109) are phased out. 108. 111. 3) Liquid coatings for pipeline rehabilitation are split as APCS-113A & APCS-113D. 2) All types of heat shrink sleeve (APCS-110. 112) are phased out. Revised the "Next Planned Update". 1) All types of tapewraps (APCS-107. Editorial revisions to correct typos and to remove a sentence (and stainless steel pipes) from APCS-113A Item II-a. Page 31 of 31 .Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Issue Date: 29 January 2008 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2010 SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping 5 November 2006 29 January 2008 Revision Summary Minor and editorial revisions.