Vivian Lee Period:8 Sept 29th ’06

The Birth of the Internet
The internet, known today as something you research with, interact with, and even play online computer games. This was unknown to the public for the first two decades after its birth in the late 1960s. Hundreds and even millions of people use the internet around the world. With its very fast growth of use in the past 10 years the Internet has changed the way millions of people communicate. However, the truth behind joining computers in a network came from the U.S. military during the 1960s. The Department of Defense started the creation of a network of computers. The system was designed so that even if some of the computers in the network were shut down, the system could still function. “The Internet began in the fall of 1969, computer scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), succeeded in logging on via telephone wires to a computer at Stanford University in Palo Alto,400 miles (640 kilometers) to the north. “ The network known as ARPANET has four host computers, or "nodes," sharing data via telephone wires. By the middle of the next year, there were 10 such nodes. Soon, as more and more computers at universities were added to the system. The National Science Foundation (NSF) became a main force in the birth of the Internet. During the 1980s, according to an estimate, the Internet grew at a rate of 10 % per month, doubling in size every 10 months. “Throughout 1994, on average, a new computer was linked to the Internet every 30 seconds. In 1983, there were approximately 560 host computers on the Internet; by 1994, the number had skyrocketed to nearly 4 million worldwide. The number of computers populating "cyberspace" is now believed to exceed 100 million. As of early 2005, there were more than 880 million Internet users around the world, a figure that represents a nearly 105 percent growth since 2000. Of the worldwide users, an estimated 204 million are American, an increase of more than 110 percent over 2000 levels. “With Internet-enabled cellular phones and personal digital assistants becoming common, this number is expected to continue its fast-paced increase.”

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