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CONTENTS

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CONTENTS

1. SEDIMENTARY BASINS OF INDIA 2. TECTONIC SETTING OF BASINS 3. PETROLIFEROUS BASIN OF INDIA BOMBAY OFFSHORE BASIN CAMBAY BASIN KERALA-KONKAN BASIN JAISALMER BASIN ASSAM BENGAL BASIN MAHANADI KRISHNA AND GODAVARI CAUVERY GONDWANA VINDHYAN 4. LIST OF FIGURES 5. LIST OF TABLES 6. REFERENCES

CLASSIFICATION OF SEDIMENTARY BASIN
Indian basins are classified variously on the basis of structural and tectonic styles. The present scheme of classification has been adopted mainly from Dickinson (1976) Dickinson and Seely (1979) Kingston et al.(1983) with modifications wherever necessary to

The basins are grouped under the following classes depending on their genetic relationship to these mechanisms and plate tectonic set ups: 1. (2) Intra-cratonic rifting-interior grabens.accommodate the complexities typical of certain Indian basins. ONGC published a sedimentary Basin map of India in 1976 categorizing the basins on the basis of the stages of exploration. TECTONIC SETTING OF BASINS Basins in the following four major tectonics set ups are recognized: Divergent margin. Raju (1979) first published a classification of basins based on tectonic criteria. RIFTED SETTINGS: IIA MARGINAL AULACOGEN IIB PERICRATONIC RIFT IIC INTRACRATONIC RIFT IID INTRACRATONIC .Tripura-Cachar and West Bengal. like Assam. The following mechanisms are envisaged in the formation of Indian basins: (1) Epicontinental seas on crustal sags-Interior Basins. continental-continental collision and pre-breakup extensional regime of intracratonic rifting along primordial trends. There are 26 sedimentary basins in total as classified by ONGC. INTERIOR BASINS 2. convergent. (3) Continent margin basins related to breakup of Gondawana in Jurassic-cretaceous. (4) Basins related to trans-continental wrench faults along major geofractures.TRANSTENSIONAL BASIN IIE MIOGEOCLINAL PRISM 3. OROGENIC SETTINGS IIIA SUPERPOSED BASIN IIIB PERIPHERAL FORELAND BASIN IIIC INTER OROGENIC FORELAND BASIN IIID FORE-ARC BASIN IIIE REMNANT OCEAN BASINS . and (5) collisions of the Indian plate with the Eurasian and Indo-sinian plates.

.SEDIMENTAR BASINS OF INDIA (TECTONIC C ASSIFICATION). TE T CL CAT OF SE E TARY BASINS OF INDIA (Modified after biswas etal. 1993) .

TERRESTRIAL RIFT VALLEYS 2.PERIPHERAL FORELAND BASIN EASTERN BENGAL BASIN RAJASTHAN BASIN PUNJAB BASIN LOWER ASSAM BASIN GANGA BASIN UPPER BASIN .PROTOOCEANIC RIFT TROUGHS 1.INTRA-ARC BASINS 5.FORE-ARC BASINS ANDAMAN BASIN KOHIMA FOREARC BASIN TIRPURAMIZORAM FOREARC BASIN ANDAMAN SEA 4.TECTONIC SETTING DIVERGENT SETTINGS TYPE OF THE BASINS 1.BACK-ARC BASINS 6.PASSIVE MARGIN BASINS 1.TRENCH-SLOPE BASIN 3.REMNANT OCEAN BASINS 8.TRENCHES 2.RETRO-ARC FORELAND BASINS 7. DORMANT OCEAN BASINS CONVERGENT SETTINGS 1. ACTIVE OCEAN BASINS 2.INTRACRATONIC BASINS INDIAN EXAMPLES INTARPLATE SETTINGS VINDHYAN BASIN CHATTISGARH-BASTAR BASIN CUDDAPAH BASIN KALADGI BASIN BHIMA BASIN KUTCH BASIN SAURASHTRA SHELF SURAT BASIN BOMBAY-RATNAGIRI BASIN KONKAN BASIN KERALA BASIN WESTERN BENGAL BASIN MAHANADI BASIN KRISHNA-GODAVARI BASIN PALAR BASIN CAUVERY BASIN MANNAR BASIN DEEP WATER BASINS OF EAST AND WEST COAST 1.

1.REWA BASIN DAMODAR BASIN NARMADA BASIN HYBRID SETTING 1.INTRA-CONTINENTAL WRENCH BASINS 2.9.SUCCESSOR BASINS CLASSIFICATION OF PETROLIFEROUS BASIN OF INDIA PRESENT SCHEME OF CLASSIFICATION On the above described considerations. Assam-Arakan fold belt CATEGORY II: Sedimentary basins with known accumulation of hydrocarbons.PIGGYBACK BASINS 10.TRANSROTATIONALBASINS SATPURA BASIN SON BASIN S. Cambay 2. Assam shelf 3. Himalayan foreland 2. Bombay offshore 4. the total basin inventory is worked out to be 26 which are classified into 4 categories limiting the offshore up to 200m isobaths. Vindhyan .FORELAND INTERMONTANE BASINS TRANSTENSIONAL BASINS KAREWA BASIN TRANSFORM SETTINGS 2. Ganga 3.IMPACTOGENS 4. Krishna-Godavari 5. Andaman-Nicobar CATEGORY III: Basins geologically considered prospective with hydrocarbons shows. 1. Cauvery 6. CATEGORY I: Proved petroliferous basins with commercial production. Rajasthan 2.TRANSPRESSIONAL BASINS 3. Kutch 3.AULACOGENS CAMBAY BASIN PRANHITA GODAVARI BASIN MAHANADI BASIN PURNEA BASIN 3. but from which no commercial production has yet been obtained 1.

1. Satpura-South Rewa-Damodar 4. Bhima-Kaladgi 7. Bastar 10. Out of which 394.km.700 sq. Chhattisgarh The total sedimentary basinal area works out to be 1.784.4. Kerela-konkan-lakshadweep 6. Narmada 5. Pranhita-Godavari 9. . Cuddapah 8.500 sq. Falls in offshore up to 200m isobaths. Spiti-Zanskar 3. Deccan Synclise 6. Bengal CATEGORY IV: Basins with uncertain prospects which may be prospective on analogy with similar basins in the world. Karewas 2. Mahanadi 7.km. Saurashtra 5.

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