Philippine College of Criminology THE STATUS OF THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE (PNP) IN POLICECOMMUNITY PARTNERSHIP

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A Thesis Proposal Presented to the Faculty of College of Criminology

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In Partial Fulfillment for the Degree Bachelor of Science in Criminology

Submitted by Jacob, Mark Lester P. March, 2011

DEDICATION

I would like to dedicate to the following who significantly helped me in completing this thesis. my parents, who gave me the appreciation of learning and taught me the value of perseverance and hard work, My mother Teresita P. Jacob, for her overall support and understanding, while completing this reaserch study, to my father Odilon R. Jacob, for giving his support ,motivation and encouragement inspired me in the preparations of this thesis. To my entire classmates especially to all the 4c4 section for their unselfish support by providing their knowledge and help that greatly contributed to the accomplishment of this work , lastly to the creator almighty Jesus Christ for giving me the power and life to continue life¶s never ending pursuit to learn.

wife. FORONDA. kind. MERCEDES A. providing us hope and inspiration. for allowing us to pursue this study for us to grow and succeed in our chosen field endeavor. LINDON AGAS . To our immediate family. To our ever admired and respected adviser. for endowing us her unrelenting guidance and support.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT It is a pleasure to thank those who made this thesis possible who in one way or another help in the realization of this research. To our colleagues and friends for their valuable input in this study. and understanding. To PROF. And above all. DR. sons and daughters who were always loving. passion and determination to complete this study . to our God Almighty who gave us courage.

Table of contents. Theoretical and conceptual framework ««.««««««««««««««. E..TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Title Page ««««««««««««««««««« Dedication««« «««««««««««««««.. B. Hypothesis ««««««««««««««.««««««««««««««««««. i ii iii iv v CHAPTER I I. Significance of the Study ««««««««. Abstract«. Statement of the Problem «««««««« C.. Definition of Terms«««««««««««. D.. «««««««««««««««. 1 3 8 9 9 10 11 . Scope and Limitation «««««««««« F. INTRODUCTION ««««««««««««««« A. Acknowledgement .

Instrumentation «««.««««««.«««««««««. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES SYNTHESIS A. E. Synthesis ««««. Statistical Treatment «.. Research Design «««««. METHODOLOGY A..«««««««« C..««««« 22 23 24 24 25 . B. Sampling Design««««. D.CHAPTER II II. Collection of data «««««««««««.««««.«.«««««««« 15 III.

ABSTRACT .

the faith community. .CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION During the past previous years even up to these present times. most of the public schools suffers from fraternity/gang wars. some barangays had difficulties in sustaining peace and order even within their local subordinates and many young individuals failed to realized their worth. several neighborhood were no longer safe for living. a problem that could had been resolved if and only the community will took its part to help in the resolution said issues for if there is an organized community partnership it will develop relationships within individuals. deflecting to illegal drug use. and other agencies to identifies problems and issues and then work together to develop solutions. neighborhoods. thus. These predicaments were just only part of the many dilemmas that our Country must handle. we can still noticed as the headlines dictates that crimes particularly against persons and property continuous to increase.

Barangay Peace Keeping Action Team (BPATs) and most specially the SAMBAYAN programs from which all were envisions to a) to strengthen policecommunity partnership in addressing peace and order concerns. In fact. b) to organize and mobilize sectors of the community as a united front against threat to peace and security and c) to help empower and develop people. But the question was still there. several programs were already launch by the PNP just to bring closer the police to the community it serves such as the creation of the Community Oriented Policing System. ³DO THIS PROGRAMS WERE REALLY IMPLEMENTED AND EFFECTIVE ENOUGH?´ . PDG RAUL BACALZO.Among the agencies that must be involved in the development and enhancement of a successful community partnership was the Philippine National Police particularly thru its Police Community Relations Branch which was presently governed and guided by the Eight Foundation Initiatives Policy wherein the enhancement of the PoliceCommunity Partnership was one of the major concerns as emphasized by the present Chief PNP.

THEORETICAL AND CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK .

. to what extent on the aforementioned programs are implemented? 2.4 Media Relation 2..1 Extent said PNP programs were implemented 2.Statement of the Problem The purpose of this study is focused on measuring the extent of partnership between the PNP and the Community .2 Health Services 1.1 Ugnayan sa Barangay 1.2 Efficiency of the PNP in implementing police-community programs .3 Anti Drug Campaign 1. As perceived by the respondents. 1. What are the programs of the PNP in maintaining harmonious relationship with the community? 1.

? 4. How significant is the perception made by the three (3) group of respondents on the extent to which the aforementioned programs are implemented.2 Effectiveness of the PNP program.2.. What are the common problem encountered by the respondents in the implementation of the aforementioned programs? . 3.

Personnel. Importance of the Study This Study will benefit the following sectors: to wit: PNP Administration. 1.3 Effectiveness of the PNP program. to wit: 1. 1. The finding of the study will be used by the officers and men in the formulation of policies and enhancement on the development in community partnership.1 Extent said PNP programs were implemented. .Hypothesis of the Study The study will prove the following null hypothesis. The PNP personnel particularly assigned with Police Community Relation Branch will also benefited with this study since they serve as a the front-liner unit in dealing with police-community interaction and implementing PNP planned program of activities specially on crime prevention.2 Efficiency of the PNP in implementing police-community programs. There is no significant difference in the evaluation made by the three (3) group of respondents on the status of the PNP Community Partnership in terms of : 1..

this study represent the PNP¶s continuing attempts to improve delivery of basic police services through a more effective crime prevention program anchored upon police-community relationships. will more likely to reveal how responsive the two-way communication between the police and the community could be firmly established with the end on view of attaining better peace and order situation in or communities and consequently. wherefrom police services begins and end.Community .------------------------------------- . Media . Monica. Bagbag and Nagkaisang Nayon. thus. To the community namely the Barangay of Sta. to identify the extent to which this programs and activities were being implemented.

Ten (10) people and Three (3) Media Personalities from the community.Scope and Delimitation This study focuses mainly on measuring the extent of partnership between the PNP and the Community resulting from the existing PNP programs such as Ugnayan sa Barangay. Three (3) group of respondents composed of Five (5) PNP personnel . efficiency of the PNP in implementing police-community programs and effectiveness of the PNP programs. Monica. The variables included are extent said PNP programs were implemented.Health Services . Media Relation being implemented by the PNP personnel of Novaliches Police Station-4 particularly at three (3) selected barangays namely Sta.Anti Drug Campaign. This study covered a period of Five (5) years . . from 2005 -2010. Bagbag and Nagkaisang Nayon.

refers to act or omission punishable by law.an act which is considered as undesirable. and private individuals representing a wide range of competing and often conflicting interest. Community Oriented Policing . changing interactions between representatives of the police organizations and an assortment of governmental agencies. Crime .is a philosophy which allows a law enforcement agency and citizens to work together to solve problems of crime and social conflicts and ultimately improve the quality of life in that community. It requires both law enforcement and the community to change many of their perceptions and expectations of policing.Definition of terms For the purpose of clarity and to avoid any ambiguities the following terms are defined in the context by which they are used in this study to serve as common frame of reference between the researcher and the reader: Police Community Relations ± are complicated and constantly. and as a behavioral maladjustment. public groups. .as a legal concept.

. and others). Concept ± is defined as a generalized idea or notion about the nature or a thing a way of thinking or an event. Programs are sequence of actions to done to complete a task event or action. Crime Prevention ± refers to the measures that are taken to reduce criminal opportunity and criminal victimization.Community ± is the sum total of all individuals or citizens in a particular place having no particular territorial boundary and could be segmented on the basis of their purpose or nature (such as the business community. the religious community. Effectiveness ± refers to the ability of an action or things to produce the desired effect or result. Strategy ± refers to techniques of doing something and designed to avoid obstacles that would result to failure. Development Plants/Programs - are future actions intended to be done with the objective of attaining development goals.

.as used in this study refers to the network status created by the community in providing the neighborhood police with necessary logistical and moral support. Police Public Information ± refers to an activity that makes the public understand why the police agency performs as it does and endeavors that such public be supportive of that performance.Participation . Interdependence .means involvements or the process of being included.

CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES SYNTHESIS .

group or institution under investigation. validation.CHAPTER III THE METHODOLOGY OF RESEARCH AND PROOCEDURE This chapter discusses the methods of research employed by the researcher to gather the needed data. Carter and Good defines it as a process of gathering facts concerning nature and status of anything that is of interest and important. sampling technique. Research Design This study will employ the Descriptive Method of research. administration and retrieval. It is also useful when the investigation wishes to known or capture the process which explains the characteristics and behavior of a person. It includes the Research design. This Study will focused on the assessment on the extent of the police-community relationship between Police Station 4 personnel and the community consigned within . and the statistical treatment of data. the instruments used with its construction.

Sampling Technique Choosing of respondents will be done at a random state. four (4) . Novaliches. wherein during the observation phase at the site were PNP programs were usually conducted. Bagbag and Nagkaisang Nayon in the hope to come up with the baseline data that would be used as a guide for more effective programs that would help enhance the already existing police-community partnership. Quezon City such as Sta. Government employee. Quezon City. Security Guards. The researchers believed that this people would be a great help in the evaluation of the extent and effectiveness of PNP programs being implemented and conducted by Police Station 4 (Novaliches Police Station) at Barangay of Sta. Bagbag and Nagkaisang Nayon. Respondents The researchers of the study will have fifty (50) respondents consisting of Barangay Officials.three (3) selected Barangays of Novaliches Proper. Monica. Monica. Law Enforcers and other citizens from every Barangay for at least a one (1) month. Businessman. Novaliches.

and other civilian personnel present at said vicinity. The respondents check the blank space that corresponds to their perspective answer. Interview: This is the secondary source of data. 2. Government employees. Questionnaire: It was the primary source of data. It contained questions designed to answer the problems stated in Chapter 1. Traffic Enforcers. yet informally by the researcher to augment the questionnaire. . The unstructured interviews were conducted personally. the following instruments were employed: 1.pages questionnaire will be randomly distributed among Barangay Officials. Instrument Used To gather the needed data. The responses were given numerical values which were subsequently computed using the appropriate statistical tool. Law Enforcers. Businessmen.

Construction of the Instrument To formulate the concept and framework of the study. . and to determine the variables and indicators to be used. Validation of Instrument The researchers will pre-test the instrument to fifty (50) respondents who were not among the chosen respondents.3. Observation: This is another secondary source of data. The direct observations by the researcher helped in their analysis of the data and gave weight to the veracity of the answer in the questionnaire. The purpose of this try-out was to find several vague confusing items in the questionnaire. The result of the pre-test was considered in the revision for the final draft. additions and deletions. the researcher will read literatures and studies related to the subject of the study. The researcher prepared the initial draft of the questionnaire based on these readings and showed this draft to their adviser whom in turn suggested some minor changes.

reliability and objective in the interpretation of the result. the groups were able to obtain one hundred percent (100%) retrieval. Statistical Treatment of Data The data that will be yield at a given questionnaire and will be tallied. tabulated and subjected to statistical treatment in order to ensure validity. it was personally administered.Administration and Retrieval of the Questionnaire The researcher will ask for the approval of the Commanding Officer to float the questionnaire. Likewise. . several problems encountered. with the help from several colleagues in the department. Common cases will be investigated. the frequency and percentage distribution will be applied in order to determine the personal profile of the respondent. Once approved.

the responses will be under the degree of frequency with weight of 5. the five-point Likert Scale method of measuring attitudes will be utilized.4. Each statement has five responses. The respondents reacted to every perception item by checking one out of five possible answer or response. vision and function. Frequency and perception distribution P = _____ f______ x 100 N . the weighted mean was applied.2 and 1.3. the score was the sum of the weight of the responses checked. In this study.To determine the effectiveness of performance as to mission. To qualify. the responses on the rating scale. Thus. The responses of the respondents will be categorized into five and will be given corresponding weights which will be multiplied by the number of replies in each category and will be added and then divided from the sum of the product. Formula: 1.

which becomes the verb description: . of respondents The equivalent point assigned to each indicate item and extent to existence of each weighted average.Where: f = Frequency N = No. of respondents 2. Weighted Mean Wx = ___Wx___ N Where: Wx = Sum of the product of the frequency N = No.

4.49 - 3 Moderately Effective 1.49 - 2 Ineffective 1.49 - 4 Effective 2.5.0 - 5 Very Effective 3. Please check the items applicable to you.50 .50 .3.50 .Weighted Mean: Verbal Interpretation: 4. 1. Profile of the respondents Direction: Read every statement carefully and indicate which options apply to you.1.0 .49 - 1 Very Ineffective Appendix 1: Sample Questionnaire 1.50 .2.1 Gender: ____ Male .

4 Highest educational attainment .50 ____50 ± 60 1.____ Female 1.3 Civil Status: ____Married ____Single ____Widow / or ____Separated 1.2 Age: ____20 .30 ____30 ± 40 ____40 .

____ High School Level ____ High School Graduate ____ College Level ____ College Graduate ____ Some units in Master¶s Program ____ Master¶s Degree holder ____ With (LLB and LLB units) 1.5 Job Description ______ Law Enforcer ______ Government Employee ______ Baranggay Officials .

What are the programs being implemented by Novaliches Police Station that help enhance police-community partnership? How effective are these programs? .15 years ____ 16 ± 20 years ____ 21 ± 25 years ____ 26 ± 30 years ____ 31 above years 2.______ Businessman ______ Driver ______ NGO¶s 1.6 Length of service: ____ 1 ± 5 years ____ 6 ± 10 years ____ 11.

______ Conduct of Ugnayan/Dialogues to develop community awareness. . _______ Very Effective _______ Effective _______ Moderately Effective _______ Ineffective _______ Very Ineffective ______ Conduct of lectures/seminars to increase knowledge on illegal drugs. _______ Very Effective _______ Effective _______ Moderately Effective _______ Ineffective _______ Very Ineffective ______ Conduct of Pro-Active Operations. crime prevention and abuse.

_______ Very Effective _______ Effective _______ Moderately Effective _______ Ineffective _______ Very Ineffective ______ Conduct of police visibility on crime prone areas. _______ Very Effective _______ Effective _______ Moderately Effective _______ Ineffective _______ Very Ineffective ______ Immediate response for assistance. .

_____ Some Components of the PNP programs have little or no effect at all police community relationship buildup. _____ Wrong conceptual premise on implementation. . What are the common problems encountered by the respondents in the implementation of the aforementioned PNP programs and activities? _____ Lack of budget. _____ Overworked personnel. _____ Measures success in terms of the activities it had accomplished without regard to the impact of the activities to the populace. _____ More Programs than personnel can handle. _____ Lack of cooperation and interest among civilian citizens._______ Very Effective _______ Effective _______ Moderately Effective _______ Ineffective _______ Very Ineffective 3.

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