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Technical Support
Punlarp Maipaiboon

11 April 2005

RX antenna supervision by comparing RSSI
The purpose of this feature is to monitor the Rx antenna condition. Rx antennas can be
monitored for major problems by taking a long-term average of the difference between the Main Rx RSSI
and the Div Rx RSSI. This feature provides continuous antenna supervision for the BTSs, which have
main and diversity in use. It also offers an alternative solution for Tx monitoring in cells that use
duplexing. This detects, for example, antennas with poor VSWR and inadequate feeders.
The monitoring is based on the principle that all received bursts, where the Rx level of main
or diversity branch is above the defined limit value (-95dBm), are accepted as samples and used in the
averaging process. The differences of the TRXs connected to the same antennas are counted up, and
the average difference per main and diversity antennas is calculated. If the difference is above the
threshold (default value 10 dB), an alarm is activated. For the Nokia PrimeSite base station, the Rx
branch difference is calculated separately per TRX. The threshold default value of 10 dB can be
changed by a parameter at the BSC between 5-64. The functionality of the feature can be disabled by
using the maximum value.
It is still possible that both antennas are damaged simultaneously and the difference
algorithm cannot detect the fault. For this reason, the BTS also observes the assignment and handover
success rate per antenna. Excessive failures are detected by Bias-T unit, and an SWR alarm is raised.

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In case of alarm:
1 Check if the LNA is installed at the Diversity RX. If yes ignore alarm or adjust the parameter RXD
2 If no LNA installed at Diversity RX go to 2.1

00 3 0 1.50 0 0 0. -84 -85 -84 -86 -84 -84 -84 -86 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0 1 0 0 0.00 -0. Diff. Diff.2 (6) Technical Support Punlarp Maipaiboon 2. Ant:3 -84 -85 Ant:4 -84 -84 Antenna TRX 7 TRX 8 Avg. Ant:4 -84 -86 Ant:3 -84 -86 Antenna Ant:5 Ant:6 1 1 1. Ant:2 -84 -84 Ant:1 -87 -84 Antenna TRX 5 TRX 6 Avg.67 -0. Diff.50 Antenna TRX 1 TRX 2 Avg.25 Sector 14 TRX 5 TRX 6 TRX 7 TRX 8 Avg. 1.50 -0.25 -0. connect to BTS remotely by Remote BTS Manager open the RSSI comparison value in Supervision menu to get the compared result.00 TRX 3 -84 -87 n/a n/a 3 0.00 . Rel.67 1. Ant:1 -84 -84 Ant:2 -85 -85 Antenna TRX 3 TRX 4 Avg. Diff. Diff.00 TRX 4 -84 -84 n/a n/a 0 0.00 TRX 2 -84 -85 n/a n/a 1 0.00 Avg.67 -0. Diff. -85 -84 -85 -85 -85 -84 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0 1 1 0.00 Sector 15 TRX 9 TRX 10 TRX 11 Avg. Example: *************************** RSSI Comparision Values *************************** Newest values: TRX ID Ant 1 Ant 2 Ant 3 Ant 4 Diff.67 2.50 0 1 0. Diff. Diff.1 11 April 2005 To investigate. --------------------------------------------------------------------Sector 13 TRX 1 -84 -85 n/a n/a 1 0.

Diff.3 (6) Technical Support Punlarp Maipaiboon TRX 9 TRX 10 Avg. -85 -84 11 April 2005 -85 -85 0 1 0. Diff.67 1. Diff.50 0 1 0.00 TRX 2 -84 -85 n/a n/a 1 0.00 TRX 4 -84 -84 n/a n/a 0 0.50 Antenna TRX 1 TRX 2 Avg. Ant:5 -85 -84 Ant:6 -85 -85 1 1 1. Ant:1 -84 -84 Ant:2 -85 -85 Antenna TRX 3 TRX 4 Avg.00 Avg.00 3 0 1. Ant:3 -84 -85 Ant:4 -84 -84 Antenna TRX 7 TRX 8 Avg. Diff.00 0 1 0. Rel.50 Reliable values: TRX ID Ant 1 Ant 2 Ant 3 Ant 4 Diff. Diff.67 2.00 Sector 15 TRX 9 TRX 10 TRX 11 Avg.50 0 0 0. --------------------------------------------------------------------Sector 13 TRX 1 -84 -85 n/a n/a 1 0. Ant:4 -84 -86 Ant:3 -84 -86 Antenna TRX 9 TRX 10 Avg. Diff.00 -0.25 Sector 14 TRX 5 TRX 6 TRX 7 TRX 8 Avg.67 -0.50 -0.50 . Diff. -85 -84 -85 -85 -85 -84 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0 1 1 0. -84 -85 -84 -86 -84 -84 -84 -86 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0 1 0 0 0.25 -0.00 TRX 3 -84 -87 n/a n/a 3 0. Diff.67 -0. 1. Diff. Ant:2 -84 -84 Ant:1 -87 -84 Antenna TRX 5 TRX 6 Avg. Diff.

00 TRX 4 -104 -84 n/a n/a 20 0.00 TRX 4 -85 -84 n/a n/a 1 0. Diff. Diff. Rel.00 Avg. Rel. --------------------------------------------------------------------Sector 13 TRX 1 -84 -85 n/a n/a 1 0. --------------------------------------------------------------------Sector 13 TRX 1 -84 -104 n/a n/a 20 0. Diff.00 TRX 2 -84 -85 n/a n/a 1 0. 19.00 TRX 3 -104 -84 n/a n/a 20 0. Diff. Cable (3) failed Newest values: TRX ID Ant 1 Ant 2 Ant 3 Ant 4 Diff.00 TRX 4 -104 -84 n/a n/a 20 0. Cable (1) failed Newest values: TRX ID Ant 1 Ant 2 Ant 3 Ant 4 Diff.00 TRX 3 -104 -84 n/a n/a 20 0.00 TRX 2 -104 -85 n/a n/a 19 0. Cable (4) failed Newest values: TRX ID Ant 1 Ant 2 Ant 3 Ant 4 Diff. 10.00 Avg.5 4.00 Avg. --------------------------------------------------------------------Sector 13 TRX 1 -104 -85 n/a n/a 19 0. Diff.5 2. Diff. --------------------------------------------------------------------Sector 13 TRX 1 -84 -104 n/a n/a 20 0.00 TRX 2 -84 -104 n/a n/a 20 0.5 . Cable (2) failed Newest values: TRX ID Ant 1 Ant 2 Ant 3 Ant 4 Diff. Diff. Rel.00 TRX 3 -84 -104 n/a n/a 20 0. Rel.00 Avg. Diff.00 TRX 3 -85 -84 n/a n/a 1 0.00 TRX 2 -84 -104 n/a n/a 20 0.00 TRX 4 -84 -104 n/a n/a 20 0. 20 3.4 (6) Technical Support Punlarp Maipaiboon 11 April 2005 The following are the example of possible case: 1. 10.

Cable (6) failed Newest values: TRX ID Ant 1 Ant 2 Ant 3 Ant 4 Diff. 5.00 TRX 3 -85 -84 n/a n/a 1 0. 10 6. 10 7.00 Avg. Diff. --------------------------------------------------------------------Sector 13 TRX 1 -84 -104 n/a n/a 20 0. Rel. Diff. Diff. --------------------------------------------------------------------Sector 13 TRX 1 -84 -85 n/a n/a 1 0.00 TRX 4 -85 -84 n/a n/a 1 0.00 TRX 2 -84 -85 n/a n/a 1 0. Rel.00 TRX 3 -85 -84 n/a n/a 1 0.00 TRX 3 -85 -104 n/a n/a 19 0. Diff.00 TRX 4 -85 -104 n/a n/a 19 0.00 TRX 3 -85 -84 n/a n/a 1 0. Diff.75 . 5. Diff. Diff.00 TRX 2 -84 -85 n/a n/a 1 0.00 TRX 2 -104 -85 n/a n/a 19 0.00 Avg. Cable (8) failed Newest values: TRX ID Ant 1 Ant 2 Ant 3 Ant 4 Diff. Rel. --------------------------------------------------------------------Sector 13 TRX 1 -104 -85 n/a n/a 1 0. --------------------------------------------------------------------Sector 13 TRX 1 -104 -85 n/a n/a 19 0.00 TRX 4 -85 -84 n/a n/a 1 0.00 TRX 2 -84 -85 n/a n/a 20 0.00 TRX 4 -85 -84 n/a n/a 1 0. Diff.75 8.00 Avg.00 Avg. Cable (7) failed Newest values: TRX ID Ant 1 Ant 2 Ant 3 Ant 4 Diff.5 (6) Technical Support Punlarp Maipaiboon 11 April 2005 5. Cable (5) failed Newest values: TRX ID Ant 1 Ant 2 Ant 3 Ant 4 Diff. Rel.

Diff.00 TRX 3 -93 -82 n/a n/a 11 0.00 TRX 4 -93 -82 n/a n/a 11 0.5 For the case(9) if measure the Ant1 and Ant2 with Site Master. Newest values: TRX ID Ant 1 Ant 2 Ant 3 Ant 4 Diff. No any cable failed but one feeder and/or antenna have VSWR better that another or vice versa. . alarm can be activated. Diff. the VSWR for both are acceptable but one is quite better than another. In case RSSI comparison result show that RX cable like cable number (3)(4)(5)(6)(7)(8)… failed. However if cable (1) and (2) are failed simultaneously alarm will not generate because there is no diffence between them. 11. In this case the problem cab be the connector or Feeder jumper etc.00 Avg. this fall can be confirm by perform TRX test remotely. --------------------------------------------------------------------Sector 13 TRX 1 -82 -94 n/a n/a 12 0. Rel.00 TRX 2 -82 -94 n/a n/a 12 0.6 (6) Technical Support Punlarp Maipaiboon 11 April 2005 9.

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