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MSC 00025

NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

RECOVERY QUARANTINE EQUIPMENT

FAMILIARIZATION MANUAL

Landing and Recovery Division

MANNED SPACECRAFT CENTER HOUSTON,TEXAS

June 18, 1969

LANDING AND RECOVERY DIVISION

RECOVERY QUARANTINE EQUIPMENT

FAMILIARIZATION MANUAL

REPORT NUMBER

ID ATE

June 18. 1969

PREPARED BY:

MSC 00025

APPROVED:

Recovery Systems Branch

APPROVED:

(D I V 151 ON I <, \_ 1I_~'\Jt---------------~'(___----

J. B. Hammack, Ch i&ana i nq & Recovery Di vis ion

APPROVED:

(PROGRAM OFF I c s ) )

NO. OF PAGES

42

REVISIONS ~-D-A~T~E--'-~P~R~E~PA~R~E~D~B~y---r------~~~~~--A~p~p~R~a7.v7A~Ls~------------------1CHG. LETTER

MSC FORM 151A (JUL 66)

BRANCH

01 VISION

PROGRAM OFFI CE

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;!] CONTENTS

Section

1.0 I NTRODUCT I ON

2.0 MOBILE QUARANTINE FACILITY 2. 1 STRUCTURE

2.2 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

2.3 BIOLOGICAL ISOLATION 2.4 CLIMATIC CONTROL SYSTEM 2.5 FRESH WATER SYSTEM

2.6 WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

2.7 DECONTAMINATION/TRANSFER LOCK 2.8 MICROWAVE OVEN

2.9 EMERGENCY OXYGEN SYSTEM

2.10 EMERGENCY DECOMPRESSION SYSTEM 2.11 COMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT

2.12 EQUIPMENT STORAGE

2.13 TRANSPORTATION

3.0 TRANSFER TUNNELS

4.0 BIOLOGICAL ISOLATION CONTAINERS 5.0 BIOLOGICAL ISOLATION GARMENT

6.u SAMPLE TRANSPORTATION CONTAINERS

6.1 CONTROLLED TEMPERATURE SHIPPING CONTAINER 6.2 CRYOGENIC SHIPPING CONTAINER

6.3 PHOTOGRAPHIC FILM SHIPPING CONTAINER

3 4

7 8 8 9 9 15 15 18 18 23 23 25 25 30 30

33 33 33

iii

CONTENTS
Sect ion Page
6.4 ALSRC SHIPPING CONTAINER • 33
6.S DSE TAPE SHIPPING CONTAINER 39
6.6 CONTINGENCY SAMPLE/DSEA SHIPPING CONTAINER 39
7.0 REFERENCES 42 iv

Figure

2 3 4

5 6

7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

17 18 19 20 21 22

FIGURES

Mobile Quarantine Faci1 ity in storage area Mobile Quarantine Facil ity

Mode Panel

Waste Management System

Decontamination/transfer lock (outside) Decontamination/transfer lock (inside) Biological Isolation Container for water sampler Biological Isolation Containers for film Microwave oven

Oxygen mask

Door for decompression panel access Decompression panel

Recovery engineer's battery-operated interphone Doctor's battery-operated interphone

Storage locker locations

MQF Sl ing assembly

MQF I ift point (typical) Shipboard transfer tunnel LRL transfer tunnel

Page 2

5

6

10 11 12 13 14 16 17 19 20 21 22 24 26 27 28 29

Heat seal ing device for Biological Isolation Containers 31

Biological Isolation Garments

Control led-Temperature Shipping Container

v

32 34

Figure

23 24 25 26 27 28

FIGURES - CONTINUED

Cryogenic Shipping Container

LS-160B Liquified Gas Container Photographic Film Shipping Container ALSRC Shipping Container

DSE Tape Shipping Container

Contingency Samp1e/DSEA Shipping Container

Page 35 36 37 38 40 41

vi

1 .0 I NTRODUCT I ON

In response to the requirements established by the Interagency Committee on Back Contamination (ICBC), the Landing and Recovery Division is providing Recovery Quarantine Equipment (RQE) for biological isolation of the fl ight crew, command module (CM), and personnel who may come in contact with them. This equipment will be put into use during recovery and transportation of the CM and crew. Additionally, the RQE provides a means of handling and shipping lunar samples, biological samples, films and tapes, and specified equipment to the Lunar Receiving Laboratory (LRL) for examination as soon as possible following a lunar landing mission. The specific items of RQE are:

Mobile Quarantine Facility

Shipboard Transfer Tunnel

LRL Transfer Tunnel

B i 0 log i cal Isola t ion G a rme n t s

Decontaminants and dispensers

Biological Isolation Containers

Controlled-Temperature Shipping Containers

Cryogenic Shipping Container

Photographic Film Shipping Containers

Apollo Lunar Sample Return Container (ALSRC) Shipping Containers

DSE Tape Shipping Container

Contingency Sample/DSEA Shipping Container

2.0 MOBILE QUARANTINE FACILITY

The Mobile Quarantine Facil ity (MQF), shown in figure 1, is

a self-contained skid-mounted unit designed to biologically isolate the fl ight crew and a maximum of three support personnel fol lowing

a lunar landing mission. Adequate 1 iving facil ities are provided for the occupants of the MQF while biological isolation is maintained during the transfer from the recovery area to the LRL. These

N

Figure 1 - Mobile Quarantine Faci 1 ity in storage area

facil ities include sleeping quarters, galley, lounge, and lavatory. Biological isolation is insured by maintaining a negative differential pressure within the MQF with two fans, and by filtering all effluent air from the MQF through ultrahigh-efficiency biological filters.

Control of the interior environmental conditions is provided

by two air conditioners and two space heaters. These are individually adjusted to maintain a comfortable temperature and humidity for the occupants. Fresh water is suppl ied through the water subsystem from either an internal 30-gallon tank or an external source. The waste water is contained in waste water tanks located below floor level

at the forward end of the MQF. Additionally, a fecal waste tank

is provided for containment of all waste from the toilet. Most of

the MQF functional systems are powered by electricity. This power

is suppl ied either by external power sources or onboard sources.

2.1 STRUCTURE

The MQF is a double-wal led structure with the outer wall designed as the pressure vessel. Insulation is installed between the two walls, and the inner wall is primarily vinyl-covered aluminum to provide a durable interior surface.

There are four double-pane windows in the MQF. Two are fixed and are located on the sides of the lounge area. One is located in the end door and is an integral part of the door structure.

The fourth window is in the lavatory, and is pinned at two locations at the top and pivoted on the bottom flange. Rotation of the two handles above the window allows release of the window for an emergency exit.

Entry into the MQF can be gained through two doors -- one in the aft end and one on the side. The side door has a conventional latch and locking mechanism on one side. The top and bottom are secured by pins which are controlled by a rotational handle located in the center of the door. Framing the side door on the inside is a flange which provides a smooth surface for bonding the shipboard transfer tunnel (sec. 3.0) to the MQF. This entrance will be used primarily for transfer of equipment from the CM.

The end door has a three-point latching mechanism fixed to the inside of the door. Additionally, there is a lock which is hand operated from the inside and key operated from the outside

to secure the door. A Velcro hook seal ing surface surrounds the outside of the end door to provide a bonding surface to the LRL biological isolation tunnel. This entrance will be used primarily for ingress and egress of the crew.

3

2.2 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

The electrical power for the MQF and its associated systems is provided by several sources. These sources are:

External:

440 V ac - Shipboard/LRL Power

28 V dc - Aircraft Power

Onboard:

Auxil iary Power Unit (APU) (diesel powered)

Emergency Power System (battery powered)

Primary power, whi Ie the MQF is onboard ship or at the LRL, is 440 V ac connected to the MQF from two external sources.a This power is transformed to the different levels required by the MQF systems. Aircraft 28 V dc power is also provided by two sourcesa and is converted to 110 V ac by a pair of rotary convertors located on the service platform at the front of the MQF (figure 2). For the time intervals when the MQF is not connected to the 440 V ac or 28 V dc power sources, the APU provides 110 V ac to a I imited number of the MQF systems. If these power sources should fail, the Emergency Power System automatically suppl ies 110 V ac to both essential busses and activates the Power Loss Alarm. Upon restoration of the power, the emergency system is automatically dropped off and the batteries are automatically recharged by an in-I ine trickle charger.

Distribution of the power is control led at two places: (I) external junction box and (2) Mode Panel. Connectors located on the side of

the external junction box allow selection of power from either the

440 V ac source or 28 V dc source by connection of the power cables

to the desired plugs. Distribution of the power is then controlled

from the interior of the MQF by the Mode Panel (figure 3). The Mode Panel provides buss selection and Normal or APU power selection for most of the electrical loads in the MQF.

The Mode Panel also contains elapsed time meters, alarm systems, waste water tank indicators, APU controls, differential pressure fan speed controls and two differential pressure gages. This panel is located in the lounge on the forward bulkhead. It is secured by five

a

All MQF systems can be operated using a single source.

4

Notes:

1. Provides MQF with power during transfer operati ons.

2. Contains CM-MQF transfer tunnel, supports and decontam i nant bott I es •

3. Contains hoisting s ling and spreader bars.

4.Allows material to be passed into and out of MQF. Items being "outlocked" are decontaminated.

5. C M-MQF transfer tunnel interface.

6. MQF-LRL transfer tunnel interface.

Foward end

Lifting lug

I

Forward window (emergency escape exit)

Right side

1l-""""'..JL,J'---,---.JJIt:L.-""'- Em erg enc y power system

Tunnel compartment (note 2)

water

waste water

Aft end

Left side

Transfer lock (note 4) Hoist sling compartment (note 3)

A Converters

35 feet 9 feet

8 feet 8 inches 6 tons

Length - Width Height Weight -

[0} 0 0 [[]

Top

Figure 2.- Mobile Quarantine Facility.

End door (note 6)

Figure 3 - Mode Panel

6

quick-fasteners and hinged to allow access to the wIrIng behind the panel. Immediately below the Mode Panel is an access panel containing all of the major terminal strip junctions for the electrical system.

The elapsed time meters automatically record the times when the essential and main busses are engaged so that a time history may be obtained.

The alarms on the Mode Panel are for (1) loss of normal electrical power, (2) loss of differential pressure and (3) activation of the emergency oxygen system. Each alarm system has a reset button, test button, visual alarm and audible alarm. If either of the two essential busses loses power, the Emergency Power System is automatically engaged and suppl ies power to that buss and the alarm. Upon correction of the power loss the alarm is automatically reset. The Minimum Differential Pressure alarm is activated if the differential pressure drops below 0.10 inches of water. This alarm is automatically reset when the differential pressure reaches 0.20 inches of water. The Oxygen alarm is activated in the event of loss of cabin pressure above 12,000 ft altitude when the MQF is being transported by aircraft. Adjacent to the Mode Panel is a multiple connector which is ~sed to connect the internal alarm system to the external alarm box.

Waste water tank level indicators display the water level in the tank when the switch is depressed to the right or to the left tank circuit. This system util izes power from the Emergency Power System batteries and has a normally closed circuit breaker to protect the circuit.

Controls for the APU are grouped on the right hand side of the Mode Panel (figure 3). These switches control the main buss selection and operation of the APU. Also displayed on the panel are the voltage and amperage output of the APU. The two differential pressure fan speed controls in the lower right hand corner adjust the speed of

each of the two differential pressure fans.

2.3 BIOLOGICAL ISOLATION

To provide biological isolation of the MQF interior and occupants, a negative pressure is maintained by two exhaust fans mounted on the exterior of the MQF. The fan speeds are controlled by two variac controls on the Mode Panel and the differential pressure is monitored on

a The MQF is stored with essential systems operating for the duration of the quarantine period. It is protected during this period by an external alarm box.

7

differential pressure gages mounted above the panel. All effluent

air is passed through two ultrahigh-efficiency a filters before it exits the MQF. Identical filters are fitted to the air inlets. Seals are provided at all openings to maintain the pressure integrity of the MQF structure.

An alarm system activates in the event the differential pressure drops below 0.1 inch of water. This system is automatic with audible and visual alarms. A reset capabil ity is provided to reset the audible alarm in the event that a differential pressure of 0.1 inch of water

or less is to be maintained for a long period of time.

Items passed into and out of the MQF are passed through a decontamination/transfer lock. All I iquid wastes are decontaminated before they are drained from the waste water tanks into sealed polyvinylchloride- 1 ined steel drums. These drums are returned with the MQF and stored during the quarantine. All fecal wastes are treated and held in sealed tanks onboard the MQF.

2.4 CLIMATIC CONTROL SYSTEM

Control of the environment is provided by two air conditioners

and two heaters. The air conditioners are mounted in the top of the

MQF structure in the bunk area and the lounge area. Each air conditioner is powered by a separate buss and is controlled by a separate thermostat. Additionally, each air conditioner fan has a three-position switch (high-off-low) located on the side of each unit. Power to the air conditioners can be diverted to the heaters through cl imatic control switches on the Mode Panel.

The heaters are located near floor level in the lavatory and lounge areas and are also powered by separate busses. Controls for the heaters are mounted on the face of each heater. The control is set to the desired position and the temperature is maintained by a bimetal! ic switch.

2.5 FRESH WATER SYSTEM

Fresh water for the MQF is initially suppl ied from an external source through a connector located on the forward right side of the MQF. Thiss connection, which has an adapter for 3/4-in. or 1 1/2-in. water hoses, leads to a 30-gal fresh water tank located below the right hand forward bunk. Additionally, the water pressure from the external source may be used to pressurize the remainder of the fresh

a Filters are 99 percent efficient with 0.45 micron or larger particles.

8

water system. Water for drinking is provided through the cold water faucet located on the sink. Hot water is provided by an electric water heater located below the lavatory.

If external water pressure is not available, water pressure is provided by a water pump located under the right hand aft bunk. This pump is operated by a switch located above the sink in the galley and the pressure is controlled by an integral pressure switch in the pump.

2.6 WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

All fluid wastes are collected by the waste management system which is shown in figure 4. This system contains two 18-gallon tanks for storage of waste water and one 50-gallon fecal waste tank for storage of all toilet wastes.

The waste water system collects the water drained from the air conditioners, sink, tub, lavatory and decontamination/transfer lock.

The water level inside these tanks is monitored by probes located in each tank. Displays for the Empty and Full probes are located on the Mode Panel. Either tank may be selected by the use of the tank selector switch which is located above the indicator I ights. When either tank

is full, a waste water drain system connected to the waste water drain pipes is operated to empty the tank. Opening of the drain valve located on the forward platform allows the water to drain from the tank to the waste water drain system.

The fecal waste tank collects all wastes from the toilet and will not be emptied prior to the completion of the quarantine period. This constraint required the incorporation of a toilet which minimized the volume of flush fluid for each usage. This was accompl ished by the incorporation of a hand spray to pre-wet and rinse the toilet bowl. Emptying of the toilet bowl is accompl ished by depressing a footoperated pedal located at the base of the toilet.

2.7 DECONTAMINATION/TRANSFER LOCK

Transfer of any object into and out of the MQF while maintaining biological isolation is accompl ished by the use of a single-chamber, double-door, pass-through decontamination/transfer lock (figures 5 and 6). Passage of items such as the Apollo Lunar Sample Return Container (ALSRC) and medical samples out of the MQF requires each item to be heat-sealed into a Biological Isolation Container (figures 5,7 and 8). After the item is sealed, it is placed into the lock and soaked in a solution of 5000 ppm sodium hypochlorite for a period of 15 minutes. Fol lowing the soak period, the solution is drained from the upper lock

and the door interlock mechanism is reset to allow the outer lock door to be opened for removal of the item.

9

Waste water tank

r o

~Barrel (8 places)

Waste water system

Figure 4. - Waste management system.

Figure 5 - Decontamination/transfer lock (outside)

11

Figure 6 - Decontamination/transfer lock (inside)

12

Figure 7 - Biological Isolation Container for water sampler

13

Figure 8 - Biological Isolation Container for film

Passage of items into the MQF is accompl ished without packaging or decontamination of the items. The item is placed in the lock and the outer door is closed. Engagement of the outer door lock is

accompl ished through the interlock mechanism before the inner lock door is opened.

A mechanical pump and handle is accessible through the forward bulkhead adjacent to the lock. This provides a redundant method of lock operation in the event the electric pumps are inoperative.

2.8 MICROWAVE OVEN

A microwave oven is provided in the galley for heating food and water (figure 9). This commercial unit utilizes microwave energy to heat an object within the oven. This requires that any item placed within the oven be devoid of metal, foil, or metall ic decoration because metall ic surfaces reflect the microwave energy.

The item to be heated is placed in the oven and the door closed.

The duration of the heating cycle is controlled by either of two

timer dials located on the front of the unit. After the timer is set, the start button is depressed to initiate the heating cycle. At the end of the cycle, the unit is automatically shut off and the item may be removed from the oven. Safety switches are incorporated in the unit and the unit stops its operation if the door is opened before the

cycle is completed. To complete the cycle, the door must be closed

and the start button reset. Illumination inside the unit is provided by a separate switch on the face of the unit.

2.9 EMERGENCY OXYGEN SYSTEM

An Emergency Oxygen System is provided to supply suppl imental oxygen to six persons for 30 minutes. In the event of loss of aircraft pressure at altitudes above 12,500 feet, the system automatically provides pressure to 13 oxygen masks. The masks are similar to those used on commercial aircraft and incorporate an air rebreather flapper valve to suppl iment the oxygen supply. These masks are located above each chair, each bunk and in the lavatory. Activation of the individual masks requires a tug on the oxygen mask feed 1 ine which opens the oxygen valve to the mask (figure 10).

An alarm system is also automatically activated in the event of loss of aircraft pressure. Two alarms, one in the bunk area and one in the lounge, alert the passengers to don the oxygen masks. After each person has donned his mask, the audible alarms may be turned off by depressing either of the alarm reset buttons located adjacent to

the alarms. The alarm indicator 1 ight will remain illuminated until

15

Figure 9 - Microwave oven

16

Figure 10 - Oxygen mask

17

the pressure altitude is lower than 10,000 feet. At that time the regulator will shut off and the alarm system will automatically reset.

A manual switch is located on the regulator which allows a fixed amount of oxygen to flow through the system.

2.10 EMERGENCY DECOMPRESSION SYSTEM

On each side of the MQF, decompression panels are provided to prevent structural damage in the event of sudden decompression of the aircraft. These panels are normally covered with an outer door during sea level operations and storage (figure 11). For fl ight, the outer doors are removed to expose the closed-cell polyurethane decompression panels (figure 12) which blowout if a positive pressure differential exceeds 6 inches of water. Should sudden decompression occur during fl ight, the panels may be replaced from the exterior by removal of

the retaining screws around the frame. The frame is then replaced with a new decompression panel which is installed from the exterior

of the MQF.

2.11 COMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT

The communications subsystem provides an audio interface through the wall of the MQF. Two independent battery-operated interphone circuits (one located near the transfer lock for the recovery engineer's use, figure 13, and one near the Mode Panel for the doctor's use, figure 14) are available at any time during the MQF operations.

Additional shipboard equipment includes a portable audio mixing unit external to the MQF which controls the following items:

INTERNAL HARDWARE

Item

Function

3 Telephone Handsets

Interface with shipboard radio system and provide third intercom loop.

3 Laval ier Microphones

Internal audio.

3 Overhead Microphones

Internal audio.

2 Speakers

Monitor external audio.

I 8

Figure II - Door for decompression panel access

19

Figure 12 - Decompression panel

20

Figure 13 - Recovery engineer's battery-operated interphone

21

N N

(a)

(b) Externa 1

Internal

Figure 14 - Doctor1s battery-operated interphone

EXTERNAL HARDWARE

Item

Function

Telephone Headset

Interfaces with shipboard radio system and provides third intercom loop.

2 Intercom Headsets

Provide communications for external doctor and medical technician with internal doctor.

External Microphone

Provides interview capabil ity.

Speaker

Monitors internal audio.

All microphones, handsets, and headsets may be fed to tape recorders and to the press pool. In addition, the mixing unit provides input for TV audio and shipboard motion picture audio, and provides

an output for a shipboard publ ic address system.

In the aircraft, a headset is connected to the intercommunication system giving the MQF access to al I aircraft intercom and radio systems.

2.12 EQUIPMENT STORAGE

The loose equipment required to support the personnel in the MQF, ref. I, is normally stored in the storage lockers in the MQF. Storage location of each item is I isted under a locker designation which is shown in figure 15.

Each locker is secured with a single latch located on the edge

of each locker door. Trays are provided for the bunk lockers for storage of loose equipment. Additionally, the space behind the left lower bunk is util ized for storage of the transfer tunnel once it is brought inside the MQF.

2.13 TRANSPORTATION

The MQF was designed for use aboard ships, aircraft and mobile land carrier. The outer rail on the MQF frame is designed to fit the C-141 aircraft and the 25K aircraft loader. This allows the MQF to

be secured for transportation aboard the aircraft without any modifications or additional tie-downs. Additionally, the 25K aircraft

loader is util ized to transport the MQF from Ell ington AFB to the LRL.

23

Left side elevation

B 15

Bll

B 1

o =

=e>

o

~I B 7 10 OTII B 4

Right side elevation

-------------------~

Figure 15. - Storage locker locations

Lifting capabil ity is provided by a stainless steel cable sl ing assembly (figure 16) which is connected to the MQF at four 1 ift points. This sl ing assembly terminates in a pear 1 ink which provides a single lift point for a crane. This sl ing assembly is easily disassembled for transportation with the MQF equipment.

For movement on building floors or ship decks, four industrial rollers are provided. These rollers are placed under the skids on each corner of the MQF and steered with handles. To place the MQF on the rollers, 1 ift points (figure 17) must be placed into the MQF frame and jacks util ized to 1 ift the MQF. These 1 ift points are removable for transportation and storage.

3.0 TRANSFER TUNNELS

There are two transfer tunnels associated with the MQF for transfer of personnel and equipment. The shipboard tunnel (figure 18) is used to provide a biologically isolated passageway between the MQF and the CM. The LRL tunnel (figure 19) is used to transfer the quarantined personnel and equipment from the MQF to the LRL. Both of these tunnels are fabricated from vinyl and have a tubular framework.

The shipboard tunnel is secured to the inner flange of the MQF side door with pressure sensitive tape. Attachment of the tunnel to the CM is accompl ished by connecting straps to the CM hatch frame on the tunnel. Tightening of the straps provides a compressive seal on the heat shield around the hatch. A flap is provided over the hatch opening to seal the hatch opening prior to disassembly of the tunnel. When the tunnel is disassembled, it is drawn into the MQF, while maintaining negative pressure, and stored after the side door is secured.

The LRL tunnel is erected at the LRL prior to the arrival of the MQF. Velcro pile is bonded to the tunnel flanges for securing the tunnel to the LRL and the MQF. When the MQF is mated to the LRL tunnel, all of the personnel in the MQF exit to the LRL. There is also a flap provided to seal the MQF end of the tunnel prior to the disassembly of the tunnel. When the flap is sealed, the tunnel is drawn into the lRL and the LRL entrance door is closed.

4.0 BIOLOGICAL ISOLATION CONTAINERS

Biological Isolation Containers (BIC's) are provided to package any item that is required to be passed out of the MQF. These containers are fabricated from 10-mil polyethelene film and are suppl ied in various sizes and shares to suit the items being transferred out of the lock.

25

Figure 16 - MQF Sl ing Assembly

26

Figure 17 - MQF 1 ift point (typical)

27

N 00

Figure 18 - Shipboard transfer tunnel

Figure 19 - LRL transfer tunnel

29

To package each item, any sharp edge or protrusion must be covered with a foam cushion to prevent puncture of the BIC. The item is placed in the BIC and the opening is partially sealed by use of the seal ing device shown in figure 20. Vacuum is then appl ied to the BIC and final heat seal ing is accompl ished. A second BIC is placed over the original container to provide a redundant protective sea 1.

5.0 BIOLOGICAL ISOLATION GARMENT

The Biological Isolation Garments (BIG's) are single-piece suits(figure 21) designed to totally envelop and biologically isolate the wearer. The garments are constructed primarily of Bar-bac fabric material and sealed by a single-zipper closure which extends from the crotch to the top of the hood. A visor/mask assembly in the hood provides the wearer visibi I ity. The type of garment worn by the astronauts (Type A) has an air-inlet flapper valve and an air-outlet high efficiency fi Iter. The type worn by the swimmer or other personnel who

may require them (Type B) has an air-inlet high efficiency filter and

an air outlet flapper valve. The filter is a replaceable canister having 98 percent efficiency for .45-micron or larger particles.

Additional features of the garments include an emergency hood detachment capabil ity, self-contained 1 ife preserver unit (LPU) and adjustment straps. The hood/mask assembly may be removed in an emergency by separation of the Velcro closure strip located at the base of the hood. The LPU components are located in pouches on both sides of the garment and it is inflated by a C02 cartridge attached to the LPU. Admustment straps on the legs of the garment are suppl ied to assist the wearer in adjusting his garment.

The garment is available in three sizes: small, medium and large. Each person requiring a garment will be fitted and an appropriate size garment issued for his use.

6.0 SAMPLE TRANSPORTATION CONTAINERS

Fol lowing the lunar landing mission, it is of prime importance

to return the lunar samples, biological samples and flight crew data back to the LRL for analysis. Since sample integrity is affected by transit time and environment, sample transportation containers have been provided for return of samples following a lunar landing mission. These containers are as fol lows:

a. Control led Temperature Shipping Container

b. Cryogenic Shipping Container

30

Figure 20 - Heat sealing device for Biological Isolation Containers

W N

Figure 21 - Biological Isolation Garments

c. Photographic Film Shipping Container

d. ALSRC Shipping Container

e. DSE Tape Shipping Container

f. Contingency Sample/DSEA Shipping Container

6.1 CONTROLLED TEMPERATURE SHIPPING CONTAINER

The Controlled Temperature Shipping Container (figure 22) is designed to transport biological and medical samples back to the LRL while maintaining a specimen temperature of 40 to 100 C. The container is basically a commercial Linde LD-40 I iquid nitrogen refrigerator with specially designed racks and canisters (figure 7) for holding items such as sample vials and test tubes, and a portable cool ing and temperature controll ing device for maintaining the temperature of the samples within the desired I imits. A water bath is used to surround the samples to maintain a uniform temperature inside the container.

6.2 CRYOGENIC SHIPPING CONTAINER

The Cryogenic Shipping Container (figure 23) is designed to transport biomedical samples back to the LRL while maintaining the sample temperature below -700C. This container is a commercial Linde LD-40 I iquid nitrogen refrigerator with specially designed racks and canisters. It is serviced with I iquid nitrogen from a commercial LS-160B I iquified gas container (figure 24). The LS-160B storage container has a normal capacity of 42 gallons of liquid and operates at a pressure of 22 psig.

6.3 PHOTOGRAPHIC FILM SHIPPING CONTAINER

Two Photographic Film Shipping Containers (figure 25) are

suppl ied for return shipment of the lunar flight films. These containers have a hard cased outer shell with a foam inner I ining to protect the film magazines from shock and vibrations. Additionally, temperature and humidity sensors are provided to monitor interior conditions during transit.

6.4 ALSRC SHIPPING CONTAINER

Return of the lunar samples to the LRL for analysis is one of the primary objectives of the lunar mission. Two ALSRC Shipping Containers (figure 26) are provided for transportation of the Apollo lunar sample

return containers. These shipping containers have a hard outer case

33

Figure 22 - Controlled Temperature Shipping Container

Figure 23 - Cryogenic Shipping Container

35

Figure 24 - LS-16oB Liquified Gas Container

36

Figure 25 - Photographic Film Shipping Container

Vv 00

Figure 26 - ALSRC Shipping Container

with a foam inner I ining to protect the ALSRC against shock and vibration during transportation. The hinged I id is secured with latches on both sides and front of the container to form a watertight seal. A vent is provided in the case to compensate for atmospheric pressure changes during transit.

6.5 DSE TAPE SHIPPING CONTAINER

The DSE Tape Shipping Container (figure 27) is constructed of magnetically shielded metal and has a lockable hinged cover. The CM data storage equipment tape will first be enclosed in a separate metal case before it is packaged in the shipping containers.

6.6 CONTINGENCY SAMPLE/DSEA SHIPPING CONTAINER

The contingency lunar sample and the DSEA are shipped in a container which is constructed similar to the ALSRC Shipping Container (figure 28). The primary difference is in its size. Special features such as foam inner lining, watertight seals and a vent are incorporated in the shipping container. For a normal mission, Volume A5,which contains the contingency lunar sampleJwil1 be returned in the MQF to the LRL.

39

Figure 27 - DSE Tape Shipping Container

40

. surfaces lined with

Note: I nte nor. thane foam.

2in. thick ure

. container.

le/DSEA shipping

- Conti ngency samp

Figure;)Q.

7.0 REFERENCES

1. MQF Provision List

42

MSC -16ro-69

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