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Copy of neurosurgery

Copy of neurosurgery

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Published by Danielle

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Published by: Danielle on Feb 20, 2011
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01/31/2013

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the usual base frequency in the awake state ~ β-range (> 13Hz)
this high frequency signal is usually low amplitude in the attentive brain
closure of the eyes immediately adds signals from the α-range (8-13 Hz), which are of slightly

higher amplitude
this range is usually used as the reference signal during anaesthesia
events which lead to higher frequency patterns →

activation

events which lead to lower frequency patterns →

depression,

a. β-waves> 13Hz

b. α-waves~ 8-13 Hz

"BATD"

c. θ-waves~ 4-7Hz

d. δ-waves

< 4Hz

all of these waveforms may be present in the sleep EEG, with slower frequencies and "sleep
spindles
" in the deeper planes
during REM sleep the EEG becomes activated, and the eye muscle EMG appears on the EEG
general characteristics include,

a.

symmetrical

b.patterns are predictable

c.

spike waveforms are absent

d.cannot be used to predict normal brain function

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