World HealtH StatiSticS

2009

WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data
World health statistics 2009.
1.Health status indicators. 2.World health. 3.Health services – statistics. 4.Mortality. 5.Morbidity. 6.Life expectancy.
7.Demography. 8.Statistics. I.World Health Organization.
ISBN 97892 4 156381 9

(NLM classification: WA 900.1)

© World Health Organization 2009
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Acknowledgements
This publication was produced by the Department of Health Statistics and Informatics of the Information, Evidence and
Research Cluster, under the direction of Ties Boerma and Carla AbouZahr, assisted by Jessica Ho, and in collaboration with
WHO technical programmes and regional offices and with other agencies in the United Nations system.
The following WHO staff contributed to the content of this publication: Mohammed Ali, Michel Beusenberg, Monika Bloessner,
Cynthia Boschi Pinto, Sylvie Briand, Anthony Burton, Alexandra Cameron, Claudia Cappa, Martin Catterall, Claire Chauvin,
Mercedes de Onis, Chris Dye, Daniel Ferrante, Christopher Fitzpatrick, Alexandra Fleischmann, Marta Gacic Dobo, Jun
Gao, Sandra Garnier, Neeru Gupta, Regina Guthold, Rifat Hossain, Mehran Hosseini, Ahmadreza Hosseinpoor, Chandika
Indikadahena, Mie Inoue, Derege Kebede, Gauri Khanna, Teena Kunjumen, Richard Laing, Enrique Loyola, Doris Ma Fat,
Fatima Marinho, Ramon Martinez, Liz Mason, Colin Mathers, Chizuru Nishida, Vladimir Pozniak, Dag Rekve, Leanne Riley,
Randa Saadeh, Lale Say, Sunil Senanayake, Jonathan Siekmann, Jacqueline Sims, William Soumbey-Alley, Yves Souteyrand,
Tessa Tan-Torres, Khin Win Thin, Catherine Watt, Lara Wolfson, Nevio Zagaria and Jelka Zupan. WHO is grateful to UNICEF
(Edilberto Loaiza, Tessa Wardlaw), the Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (Gerhard K. Heilig,
François Pelletier) and to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Ann Goding, Brandon O’Hara, Wick Warren) for their
valuable contributions. Alison Commar, Veronique Joseph and Wahyu Retno Mahanani have kindly assisted in checking tables
for accuracy.
The publication was edited by Laragh Gollogly. Support for the online database was provided by Katherine O’Neill, Steve
Moore, Florence Rusciano and John Rawlinson. Production support was provided by the Department of Knowledge
Management and Sharing, including Caroline Allsopp, Ian Coltart and Maryvonne Grisetti. Graphic design and layout was by
Sophie Guetaneh Aguettant. We thank Petra Schuster for her administrative support.
Cover design: Michel Beusenberg, Denis Meissner and Sophie Guetaneh Aguettant.

Printed in France.

2

Table of Contents
Introduction

7

Part I. Health-related Millennium Development Goals

9

Summary of status and trends
Regional and country charts

10

1. Children aged <5 years underweight for age (%)
2. Under-5 mortality rate (probability of dying by age 5 per 1000 live births)
3. Measles immunization coverage among 1-year-olds (%)
4. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births)
5. Births attended by skilled health personnel (%)
6. Contraceptive prevalence (%)
7. Adolescent fertility rate (per 1000 girls aged 15–19 years)
8. Antenatal care coverage (%): at least 1 visit
9. Unmet need for family planning (%)
10. Prevalence of HIV among adults aged ≥15 years per 100 000 population
11. Proportion of males aged 15–24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)
12. Proportion of females aged 15–24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)
13. Antiretroviral therapy coverage among people with advanced HIV infection (%)
14. Malaria mortality rate per 100 000 population
15. Children aged <5 years sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (%)
16. Children aged <5 years who received any antimalarial treatment for fever (%)
17. Tuberculosis treatment success under DOTS (%)
18. Access to improved drinking-water sources (%)
19. Access to improved sanitation (%)

Part II. Global Health Indicators
Table 1

13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

33

Mortality and burden of disease

35

Life expectancy at birth (years)
Healthy life expectancy (HALE) at birth (years)
Neonatal mortality rate per 1000 live births
Infant mortality rate (probability of dying between birth and age 1 per 1000 live births)
Under-5 mortality rate (probability of dying by age 5 per 1000 live births)
Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1000 population)

3

Table 2

Cause-specific mortality and morbidity

47

Mortality
Maternal mortality ratio per 100 000 live births
Cause-specific mortality rate per 100 000 population
Age-standardized mortality rate by cause per 100 000 population
Distribution of years of life lost by broader causes (%)
Distribution of causes of death among children aged <5 years (%)
Morbidity
Prevalence of tuberculosis per 100 000 population
Incidence of tuberculosis per 100 000 population per year
Prevalence of HIV among adults aged ≥15 years per 100 000 population

Table 3

Selected infectious diseases : number of reported cases

59

Cholera
Diphtheria
H5N1 influenza
Japanese encephalitis
Leprosy
Malaria
Measles
Meningitis
Mumps
Pertussis
Plague
Poliomyelitis
Congenital rubella syndrome
Rubella
Neonatal tetanus
Total tetanus
Tuberculosis
Yellow fever

Table 4

Health service coverage

71

Antenatal care coverage (%)
Births attended by skilled health personnel (%)
Births by caesarean section (%)
Neonates protected at birth against neonatal tetanus (PAB) (%)
Immunization coverage among 1-year-olds (%)
Children aged 6–59 months who received vitamin A supplementation (%)
Children aged <5 years sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (%)

4

Children aged <5 years with fever who received treatment with any antimalarial (%)
Children aged <5 years with ARI symptoms taken to facility (%)
Children aged <5 years with diarrhoea receiving ORT (%)
Unmet need for family planning (%)
Contraceptive prevalence (%)
Antiretroviral therapy coverage among HIV-infected pregnant women for PMTCT (%)
Antiretroviral therapy coverage among people with advanced HIV infection (%)
Tuberculosis detection rate under DOTS (%)
Tuberculosis treatment success under DOTS (%)

Table 5

Risk factors

83

Access to improved drinking-water sources (%)
Access to improved sanitation (%)
Low-birth-weight newborns (%)
Infants exclusively breastfed for the first six months of life (%)
Children aged <5 years stunted for age (%)
Children aged <5 years underweight for age (%)
Children aged <5 years overweight for age (%)
Adults aged ≥15 years who are obese (%)
Alcohol consumption among adults (≥15 years) (litres of pure alcohol per year)
Prevalence of current tobacco use among adults (≥15 years) (%)
Prevalence of current tobacco use among adolescents (13–15 years) (%)
Prevalence of condom use by adults at higher-risk sex (15–49) (%)
Proportion of population aged 15–24 years with comprehensive
correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)

Table 6

Health workforce, infrastructure, essential medicines

Health workforce and infrastructure
Number of physicians and density per 10 000 population
Number of nursing and midwifery personnel and density per 10 000 population
Number of dentistry personnel and density per 10 000 population
Number of community health workers and density per 10 000 population
Number of other health service providers and density per 10 000 population
Hospital beds per 10 000 population
Essential medicines
Median availability of selected generic medicines in public
and private sectors (%)
Median consumer price ratio of selected generic medicines in public
and private sectors

5

95

Table 7

Health expenditure

107

Total expenditure on health as a percentage of gross domestic product
General government expenditure on health as a percentage of total
expenditure on health
Private expenditure on health as a percentage of total expenditure on health
General government expenditure on health as a percentage of total
government expenditure
External resources for health as a percentage of total expenditure on health
Social security expenditure on health as a percentage of general government
expenditure on health
Out-of-pocket expenditure as a percentage of private expenditure on health
Private prepaid plans as a percentage of private expenditure on health
Per capita total expenditure on health at average exchange rate (US$)
Per capita total expenditure on health (PPP int. $)
Per capita government expenditure on health at average exchange rate (US$)
Per capita government expenditure on health (PPP int. $)

Table 8

Health inequities

119

Inequalities in skilled birth attendance
Inequalities in measles immunization coverage among 1-year-olds
Inequalities in under-5 mortality rate (probability of dying by age 5 per 1000 live births)

Table 9

Demographic and socioeconomic statistics

131

Population: total (000s)
Population: median age (years)
Population: under 15 (%)
Population: over 60 (%)
Annual population growth rate (%)
Population in urban areas (%)
Civil registration coverage (%): births and mortality rate
Total fertility rate (per woman)
Adolescent fertility rate (per 1000 women)
Adult literacy rate (%)
Net primary school enrolment ratio (%)
Gross national income per capita (PPP int. $)
Population living on <$1 (PPP int. $) a day (%)

Footnotes

142

6

Introduction
World Health Statistics 2009 contains WHO’s annual compilation of data from its 193
Member States, and includes a summary of progress towards the health-related Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs) and targets. This edition also contains a new section on reported
cases of selected infectious diseases.
The contents of this book have been collated from publications and databases produced
and maintained by WHO’s technical programmes and regional offices. Indicators have
been included on the basis of their relevance to global health, the availability and quality of
the data and the reliability and comparability of estimates. This set of indicators provides
a comprehensive summary of the current status of national health and health systems,
including: mortality and burden of disease, causes of death, reported infectious diseases, health
service coverage, risk factors, health systems resources, health expenditures, inequities and
demographic and socioeconomic statistics.
The section on inequities presents statistics on the distribution of selected health outcomes
and interventions within countries, disaggregated by sex, age, urban and rural settings, wealth
and educational level. Such statistics are primarily derived from analyses of household surveys
and are currently available only for a limited number of countries.
All statistics have been cleared, in consultation with Member States, as WHO’s official
figures, unless otherwise stated. The estimates published here should, however, still be regarded
as best estimates made by WHO rather than the official view of Member States.
As the demand for timely, reliable and comparable health statistics continues to increase,
so does the necessity to communicate clearly the quality and limitations of these statistics. An
online version of this publication and metadata describing the sources, estimation methods
and the quality of estimates is available at http://www.who.int/statistics. The online version
will be regularly updated as new data become available during 2009.
WHO presents World Health Statistics 2009 as an integral part of its ongoing effort to
inform better measures of population health and national health systems.

7

Part I
Health-related
Millennium Development Goals

Summary of status and trends
Health is at the heart of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Goals 4, 5 and 6 specifically
focus on health, but all the MDGs have health-related aspects; achieving them will not be possible
without progress on food security, gender equality, the empowerment of women, wider access to
education and better stewardship of the environment.
At the midpoint between 2000 and 2015, the analysis shows encouraging signs of progress,
particularly in child health; it points to areas where current gains need to be sustained, particularly
in relation to AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria; and areas where there has been little or no movement,
notably maternal and newborn health. More detailed and updated data for 2008, reported in World
Health Statistics 2009, show major differences in progress between and within countries and regions.
Looking forward to 2015 and beyond, the challenges presented by weak health systems, the health
transition and emerging health threats will become increasingly prominent.
Overall, the proportion of children under five years of age suffering from under-nutrition
(according to the WHO Child Growth Standards) declined from 27% in 1990 to 20% in 2005.
However, progress has been uneven and an estimated 112 million children are underweight. Undernutrition is an underlying cause in more than one third of child deaths.
In 2007, there were an estimated 9 million child deaths, significantly fewer than the 12.5 million
estimated in 1990, with a 27% decline in the under-5 mortality rate over that period to 67 per 1000
live births in 2007. Reducing child mortality increasingly depends on tackling neonatal mortality;
globally, an estimated 37% of deaths among children under five occurs in the first month of life, most
in the first week. Countries making the least progress are generally those affected by high levels of HIV/
AIDS, economic hardship or conflict.
Much of the progress in reducing child mortality can be attributed to increased immunization
coverage, use of oral rehydration therapies during episodes of diarrhoea, use of insecticide-treated
mosquito nets, access to artemisinin-based combination therapies, efforts to eliminate disease due to
Haemophilus influenzae type b infection and reduced disease incidence due to improved water and
sanitation. However, because the availability and use of proven interventions at community level
remain low, pneumonia and diarrhoea still kill 3.8 million children under five each year.
Every year some 536 000 women die of complications during pregnancy or childbirth, 99% of
them in developing countries. The global maternal mortality ratio of 400 maternal deaths per 100 000
live births in 2005 has barely changed since 1990. Most maternal deaths occur in the African Region,
where the maternal mortality ratio is 900 per 100 000 live births, with no measureable improvement
between 1990 and 2005.
Progress in reducing maternal mortality and morbidity depends on better access to, and use of,
good maternal and reproductive health services. The proportion of pregnant women in the developing
world who had at least one antenatal care visit increased from slightly more than half at the beginning
of the 1990s to almost three quarters a decade later. Over the period 2000–2008, 65% of births
globally were attended by skilled health personnel, 4% more than in 1990–1999.
Globally, the contraceptive prevalence rate increased from 59% in 1990–1995 to 63% in 2000–
2006. Nonetheless, in some regions it remains very difficult to reduce the considerable unmet need
for family planning and the high rates of adolescent fertility. Globally, there were 48 births for every
1000 women aged 15–19 years in 2006, only a small decline from 51 per 1000 in 2000.

10

In 2006, an estimated 3300 million people were at risk of malaria. Of these, some 1200 million
were in the high-risk category (living in areas with more than one reported case of malaria per
1000 population per year). Although it is still too early to register global changes in impact, 27
countries (including five in Africa) have reduced reported cases of the disease and/or deaths resulting
from it by up to 50% between 1990 and 2006. Coverage of interventions for the prevention and
treatment of malaria has increased. There has been a significant growth in the production and use of
insecticide-treated mosquito nets, although global targets are still not being met. By June 2008, all
but four countries and territories with a high burden of the disease had adopted artemisinin-based
combination therapy as the first-line treatment for falciparum malaria, and use of combination
therapies is being scaled up.
The MGD target in respect of halting and reversing the incidence of tuberculosis was met globally
in 2004. Since then the rate has been falling slowly.1 Tuberculosis prevalence and death rates per
100 000 population declined from 296 in 1990 to 206 in 2007 for the former, and from 28 in 1990
to 25 in 2006 for the latter. Globally, the tuberculosis case-detection rate under the DOTS approach
increased from an estimated 11% in 1995 to 63% in 2007. The rate of improvement in case detection
slowed after 2004, largely as a result of earlier successes in the countries with the largest number of
cases. Data on treatment success rates under the DOTS approach indicate consistent improvement,
with rates rising from 79% in 1990 to 85% in 2006. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and HIVassociated tuberculosis pose particular challenges in some regions.
New estimates indicate that 2.7 million people were newly infected with HIV during 2007 and that
there were two million deaths related to AIDS, bringing the total number of people living with HIV
to 33 million. The percentage of adults living with HIV globally has remained stable since 2000. Use
of antiretroviral therapy has increased; in the course of 2007, about one million more people living
with HIV received antiretroviral therapy.2 However, despite this, of the estimated 9.7 million people
in developing countries that need treatment, only 3 million were receiving the medicines. Progress
has been made in prevention, but at the end of 2007 only 33% of HIV-infected women had received
antiretroviral drugs to reduce the risk of mother to child transmission.
An estimated 1200 million people are affected by neglected tropical diseases, chronic disabling
infections that thrive in conditions of impoverishment and weak health systems. In 2007, 546 million
people were treated to prevent transmission of lymphatic filariasis. Only 9585 cases of dracunculiasis
(guinea-worm disease) were reported in the five countries in which the disease is endemic, compared
with an estimated 3.5 million reported in 20 such countries in 1985. The global prevalence of leprosy
at the beginning of 2008 stood at 212 802 reported cases, down from 5.2 million cases in 1985.
Lack of safe water and poor sanitation are important risk factors for mortality and morbidity,
including diarrhoeal diseases, cholera, worm infestations and hepatitis. Globally, the proportion of the
population with access to improved drinking-water sources increased from 76% to 86% between 1990
and 2006. Since 1990, the number of people in developing regions using improved sanitation facilities
has increased by 1100 million. Nevertheless, in 2006, there were 54 countries in which information
was available where less than half the population used an improved sanitation facility.

1

WHO. Global tuberculosis control 2008 report.

2

WHO, UNAIDS, UNICEF. Towards universal access: scaling up priority interventions in the health sector; progress report 2008.

11

Although nearly all developing countries publish an essential medicines list, the availability of
medicines at public health facilities is often poor. Surveys in about 30 developing countries indicate
that availability of selected medicines at health facilities was only 35% in the public sector and 63%
in the private sector. Lack of medicines in the public sector forces patients to purchase medicines
privately. In the private sector, however, generic medicines are often sold at several times their
international reference price, while originator brands are generally even more expensive.
The following charts provide country by country and regional summaries of progress for key MDG
indicators for which data are available for most countries. For each indicator, countries are sorted
within the relevant WHO region by level of the indicator at latest available year. Countries with no
data, or for which a particular indicator is not relevant, are included at the end of each regional list.
Depending on the availability of data for each indicator, there are three types of charts.

Chart type I
For three indicators: under-5 mortality rate, access to improved drinking-water sources, and
access to improved sanitation facilities, the charts show data for the latest available year, index
of trends since 1990 (1990=100) , and the index of overall trend between 1990 and 2015
(1990=100) required for the country to achieve the Millennium Development Goal.

Chart type II
For five indicators: children under five years who are underweight, measles immunization
coverage in children under one year, births attended by skilled health personnel, HIV prevalence
in adults 15–49 years, and tuberculosis treatment success under DOTS, the charts show data for
the latest available year and index of trends since 1990 (1990=100).

Chart type III
For 10 indicators: maternal mortality ratio, contraceptive prevalence rate, adolescent fertility
rate, antenatal care coverage (at least one visit), unmet need for family planning, proportion
of people aged 15–24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%),
antiretroviral therapy coverage among people with advanced HIV infection, mortality rate due
to malaria, children aged under five years sleeping under insecticide-treated mosquito nets, and
children aged under five years who received any antimalarial treatment for fever, the charts show
only data for the latest available year.
Further details can be found in the country tables as indicated in each chart.

12

1. Children aged <5 years underweight for age (%)

Swaziland

6.1

Chile

0.6

Belarus

1.3

Jordan

3.6

Gabon

8.8

United States of America

1.3

Bosnia and Herzegovina

1.6

Egypt

5.4

Sao Tome and Principe

10.1

Brazil

2.2

Bulgaria

1.6

Iraq

7.1

Algeria

10.2

Argentina

2.3

Serbia

1.8

Morocco

9.9

Equatorial Guinea

10.6

Jamaica

3.1

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

1.8

Syrian Arab Republic

10.0

Botswana

10.7

Mexico

3.4

Czech Republic

2.1

Pakistan

31.3

Congo

11.8

Dominican Republic

4.2

Montenegro

2.2

Somalia

32.8

Ghana

13.9

Trinidad and Tobago

4.4

Kyrgyzstan

2.7

Afghanistan

32.9

Zimbabwe

14.0

Belize

4.9

Republic of Moldova

3.2

Sudan

38.4

Senegal

14.5

Colombia

5.1

Romania

3.5

No Data

Cameroon

15.1

Peru

5.2

Turkey

3.5

Bahrain

Gambia

15.8

Bolivia

5.9

Ukraine

4.1

Djibouti

Uganda

16.4

Uruguay

6.0

Armenia

4.2

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Kenya

16.5

El Salvador

6.1

Uzbekistan

4.4

Kuwait

Lesotho

16.6

Ecuador

6.2

Kazakhstan

4.9

Lebanon

Côte d'Ivoire

16.7

Nicaragua

7.8

Albania

6.6

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

United Republic of Tanzania

16.7

Honduras

8.6

Azerbaijan

14.0

Oman

Guinea-Bissau

17.4

Guyana

11.9

Tajikistan

14.9

Qatar

Namibia

17.5

Guatemala

17.7

No Data

Saudi Arabia

Rwanda

18.0

Haiti

18.9

Andorra

Tunisia

Malawi

18.4

No Data

Austria

United Arab Emirates

Benin

20.2

Antigua and Barbuda

Belgium

Yemen

Liberia

20.4

Bahamas

Croatia

Mozambique

21.2

Barbados

Cyprus

Central African Republic

21.8

Canada

Denmark

Togo

22.3

Costa Rica

Estonia

Singapore

3.3

Guinea

22.5

Cuba

Finland

Mongolia

5.3

Zambia

23.3

Dominica

France

China

6.8

Comoros

25.0

Grenada

Georgia

Viet Nam

20.2

Nigeria

27.2

Panama

Germany

Philippines

20.7

Angola

27.5

Paraguay

Greece

Cambodia

28.4

Mali

27.9

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Hungary

Lao People's Democratic Republic

36.4

Democratic Republic of the Congo

28.2

Saint Lucia

Iceland

No Data

Sierra Leone

28.3

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Ireland

Australia

Mauritania

30.4

Suriname

Israel

Brunei Darussalam

Chad

33.9

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Italy

Cook Islands

Eritrea

34.5

Latvia

Fiji

Ethiopia

34.6

Lithuania

Japan

Burkina Faso

35.2

Luxembourg

Kiribati

Madagascar

36.8

Malta

Malaysia

Burundi

38.9

Monaco

39.9

Niger

Netherlands

Marshall Islands

Norway

Micronesia (Federated States of)

Nauru

Thailand
Democratic People's Republic of Korea

17.8

Indonesia

19.7

Sri Lanka

22.8

Poland

Maldives

25.7

Portugal

New Zealand

Myanmar

29.6

Russian Federation

Niue

Nepal

38.8

San Marino

Palau

Bangladesh

39.8

Slovakia

Papua New Guinea

Timor-Leste

40.6

Slovenia

43.5

India

Spain

Republic of Korea

Sweden

Samoa

Solomon Islands

No Data
Cape Verde

Mauritius

Seychelles

South Africa

No Data

Key

Bhutan

Country trend
1990

7.0

Latest available

Switzerland

Turkmenistan

Tonga

United Kingdom

Tuvalu

Vanuatu

AFR = WHO African Region; AMR = WHO Region of the Americas; SEAR = WHO South-East Asia Region; EUR = WHO European Region;
EMR = WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR = WHO Western Pacific Region.
This chart shows the percentage of under-5-year-olds who are underweight in each country.
Within each WHO region, countries are sorted by the latest available data since 2000.
Regional averages are not available at this time. The bold lines indicate trends since a baseline established in 1990–1995 (specific year varies by country).
Further details can be found in Table 5.
13

2. Under-5 mortality rate (probability of dying by age 5 per 1000 live births)

Seychelles

16

Canada

6

San Marino

2

United Arab Emirates

8

Mauritius

17

Cuba

6

Iceland

3

Qatar

10

Cape Verde

32

United States of America

8

Sweden

3

Bahrain

10

Algeria

37

Chile

9

Finland

3

Kuwait

11

Botswana

40

Antigua and Barbuda

11

Luxembourg

4

Oman

12

South Africa

59

Costa Rica

11

Norway

4

Syrian Arab Republic

17

Comoros

66

Barbados

12

Andorra

4

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

18

Namibia

68

Saint Lucia

13

Portugal

4

Jordan

20

Eritrea

70

Bahamas

13

Italy

4

Tunisia

21

Lesotho

84

Dominica

14

Slovenia

4

Saudi Arabia

25

Zimbabwe

90

Uruguay

14

Czech Republic

4

Lebanon

29

Swaziland

91

Argentina

16

France

4

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

33

Gabon

91

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

17

Greece

4

Morocco

34

Sao Tome and Principe

99

Saint Kitts and Nevis

18

Spain

4

Egypt

36

Togo

100

Grenada

19

Austria

4

Iraq

45

Gambia

109

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

19

Germany

4

Yemen

73

Malawi

110

Ireland

4

Pakistan

90

Madagascar

112

Senegal

114

Ghana

Regional average

19

Regional average

Peru

20

Colombia

20

Cyprus

4

Sudan

109

Mexico

21

Belgium

4

Djibouti

127

115

Brazil

22

Monaco

5

Somalia

142

United Republic of Tanzania

116

Ecuador

22

Denmark

5

Afghanistan

257

Mauritania

118

Panama

23

Netherlands

5

Ethiopia

119

El Salvador

24

Switzerland

5

Kenya

121

24

Israel

5

Benin

123

25

Malta

6

Congo

125

Suriname

28

United Kingdom

6

Singapore

3

Côte d'Ivoire

127

Paraguay

29

Croatia

6

Japan

4

Uganda

131

Jamaica

31

Estonia

6

Republic of Korea

5

Liberia

133

Nicaragua

35

Hungary

7

Australia

6

Cameroon

148

Trinidad and Tobago

35

Belarus

7

New Zealand

6

Equatorial Guinea

150

Dominican Republic

38

Poland

7

Brunei Darussalam

9

Guinea

150

Guatemala

39

Lithuania

7

Palau

10

Regional average

Honduras
Belize

145

Angola

158

Bolivia

57

Slovakia

8

Malaysia

11

Democratic Republic of the Congo

161

Guyana

60

Serbia

8

Viet Nam

15

Mozambique

168

Haiti

76

Montenegro

10

Fiji

18

Zambia

170

Latvia

10

Cook Islands

18

Central African Republic

172

Bulgaria

12

China

22

Niger

176

Russian Federation

12

Tonga

23

Burundi

180

Romania

14

Rwanda

181

Thailand

7

Bosnia and Herzegovina

14

Nigeria

189

Sri Lanka

21

Albania

15

Burkina Faso

191

Maldives

30

Ukraine

Mali

196

Indonesia

31

198 Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Chad

209

Sierra Leone

262

Guinea-Bissau

Samoa

27

Philippines

28

Nauru

30

16

Vanuatu

34

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

17

Tuvalu

37

55

Republic of Moldova

18

Micronesia (Federated States of)

40

Nepal

55

Turkey

23

Mongolia

43

Bangladesh

61

Armenia

24

Niue

46

Georgia

30

Marshall Islands

54

Kazakhstan

32

Kiribati

63

Kyrgyzstan

38

Papua New Guinea

65

Azerbaijan

39

Lao People's Democratic Republic

70

Uzbekistan

41

Solomon Islands

70

Turkmenistan

50

Cambodia

91

Tajikistan

67

Regional average

Key
1990

Country trend
MDG target

Regional average

India

72

Bhutan

84

Timor-Leste

97

Myanmar

113

Regional average

65

Latest available
2015

15

AFR = WHO African Region; AMR = WHO Region of the Americas; SEAR = WHO South-East Asia Region; EUR = WHO European Region;
EMR = WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR = WHO Western Pacific Region.
This chart shows estimated under-5 mortality for 2007 with countries sorted by level within each WHO region.
The bold lines indicate trends since 1990.
The thin lines indicate the projected trend needed to achieve the MDG target of a reduction by two thirds between 1990 and 2015.
Further details can be found in Table 1.
14

82

22

3. Measles immunization coverage among 1-year-olds (%)

Rwanda

99

Antigua and Barbuda

99

Belarus

99

Bahrain

99

Seychelles

99

Argentina

99

Hungary

99

Kuwait

99

Mauritius

98

Brazil

99

Kazakhstan

99

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

98

Eritrea

95

Cuba

99

Kyrgyzstan

99

Syrian Arab Republic

98

Ghana

95

Ecuador

99

Monaco

99

Tunisia

98

Liberia

95

Nicaragua

99

Russian Federation

99

Egypt

97

Burkina Faso

94

Peru

99

Slovakia

99

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

97

Algeria

92

Saint Kitts and Nevis

99

Turkmenistan

99

Oman

97

Swaziland

91

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

99

Uzbekistan

99

Saudi Arabia

96

Botswana

90

El Salvador

98

Finland

98

Jordan

95

United Republic of Tanzania

90

Grenada

98

Poland

98

Morocco

95

Angola

88

Bahamas

96

Ukraine

98

Qatar

92

Sao Tome and Principe

86

Belize

96

Albania

97

United Arab Emirates

92

Gambia

85

Dominica

96

Azerbaijan

97

Pakistan

80

Lesotho

85

Dominican Republic

96

Czech Republic

97

Sudan

79

Zambia

85

Guyana

96

Georgia

97

Djibouti

74

Senegal

84

Mexico

96

Israel

97

Yemen

74

Malawi

83

Uruguay

96

Latvia

97

Afghanistan

70

South Africa

83

Colombia

95

Lithuania

97

Iraq

69

Madagascar

81

Canada

94

Romania

97

Lebanon

53

Kenya

80

Saint Lucia

94

Spain

97

Somalia

34

Togo

80

Guatemala

93

Bosnia and Herzegovina

96

Democratic Republic of the Congo

79

United States of America

93

Mozambique

77

Guinea-Bissau

76

Burundi

75

Cameroon

74

Cape Verde

74

Regional average

Bulgaria

96

91

Croatia

96

91

Estonia

96

90

Luxembourg

96

Nauru

99

Honduras

89

Netherlands

96

Niue

99

Panama

89

Republic of Moldova

96

Tonga

99

Chile

Trinidad and Tobago
Costa Rica
74

Regional average

93

Guinea

71

Suriname

85

Slovenia

96

Cook Islands

98

Namibia

69

Bolivia

81

Sweden

96

Japan

98

Mali

68

Paraguay

80

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

96

Mongolia

98

Uganda

68

Jamaica

76

Turkey

96

Brunei Darussalam

97

Congo

67

Barbados

75

Iceland

95

Singapore

95

Côte d'Ivoire

67

Haiti

58

Portugal

95

Tuvalu

95

Mauritania

67

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

55

Serbia

95

Australia

94

Sierra Leone

67

Andorra

94

China

94

Zimbabwe

66

Germany

94

Marshall Islands

94

Comoros

65

Armenia

92

Kiribati

93

Ethiopia

65

Belgium

92

Micronesia (Federated States of)

92

Central African Republic

62

99

Norway

92

Philippines

92

Nigeria

62

Sri Lanka

98

San Marino

92

Republic of Korea

92

Benin

61

Maldives

97

Montenegro

90

Gabon

55

Thailand

96

Denmark

89

Equatorial Guinea

51

Bhutan

95

Greece

Niger

47

Cyprus

Bangladesh

88

Chad

23

Myanmar

Regional average

Regional average

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

91

88

Malaysia

90

87

Viet Nam

83

France

87

Fiji

81

81

Ireland

87

Cambodia

79

Nepal

81

Italy

87

80

86

79

Indonesia

Switzerland

New Zealand

67

86

78

India

United Kingdom

Solomon Islands

Tajikistan

85

Vanuatu

65

Timor-Leste

63

Austria

79

Samoa

63

79

Papua New Guinea

58

Lao People's Democratic Republic

1990

40

73

Malta

Country trend

Regional average

Palau

Regional average

Key

94

Latest available

AFR = WHO African Region; AMR = WHO Region of the Americas; SEAR = WHO South-East Asia Region; EUR = WHO European Region;
EMR = WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR = WHO Western Pacific Region.
This chart shows the percentage of under-1-year-olds fully immunized against measles with countries sorted by 2007 level within each WHO region.
The bold lines indicate trends since 1990.
Further details can be found in Table 4.
15

84

92

4. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births)

Mauritius

15

Canada

7

Ireland

1

Kuwait

4

Algeria

180

United States of America

11

Bosnia and Herzegovina

3

Qatar

12

Cape Verde

210

Bahamas

16

Denmark

3

Saudi Arabia

18

Namibia

210

Barbados

16

Greece

3

Bahrain

32

Botswana

380

Chile

16

Italy

3

United Arab Emirates

37

Swaziland

390

Uruguay

20

Sweden

3

Jordan

62
64

Comoros

400

Costa Rica

30

Austria

4

Oman

South Africa

400

Cuba

45

Czech Republic

4

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

97

Eritrea

450

Trinidad and Tobago

45

Germany

4

Tunisia

100
130

Madagascar

510

Belize

52

Iceland

4

Egypt

Togo

510

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

57

Israel

4

Syrian Arab Republic

130

Gabon

520

Mexico

60

Spain

4

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

140

Mozambique

520

Suriname

72

Switzerland

5

Lebanon

150

Uganda

550

Argentina

77

Hungary

6

Morocco

240

Ghana

560

Brazil 110

Netherlands

6

Iraq

300

Kenya

560

Colombia 130

Slovakia

6

Pakistan

320

Equatorial Guinea

680

Panama 130

Slovenia

6

Yemen

430

Regional average

99

Regional average

Gambia

690

Dominican Republic 150

Croatia

7

Sudan

450

Burkina Faso

700

Paraguay 150

Finland

7

Djibouti

650

Ethiopia

720

El Salvador 170

Norway

7

Somalia 1 400

Congo

740

Jamaica 170

Belgium

8

Afghanistan 1 800

Côte d'Ivoire

810

Nicaragua 170

France

8

Mauritania

820

Ecuador 210

Malta

8

Zambia

830

Peru 240

Poland

8

Benin

840

Honduras 280

United Kingdom

8

Zimbabwe

880

Bolivia 290

Cyprus 10

Guinea

910

Guatemala 290

Latvia 10

United Republic of Tanzania

950

Guyana 470

Lesotho

960

Haiti 670

Mali

970

No Data

Central African Republic

980

Antigua and Barbuda

Portugal 11

Senegal

980

Dominica

Luxembourg 12

Cameroon 1 000

Grenada

Belarus 18

Burundi 1 100

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Ukraine 18

Democratic Republic of the Congo 1 100

Saint Lucia

Republic of Moldova 22

Guinea-Bissau 1 100

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Regional average

900

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

10

Bulgaria 11
Lithuania 11

Regional average

Liberia 1 200

Estonia 25

Russian Federation 28

Rwanda 1 300

9
13

Republic of Korea

14

58

Georgia 66

Chad 1 500

Thailand 110

Armenia 76

Niger 1 800

Maldives 120

Azerbaijan 82

Sierra Leone 2 100

Democratic People's Republic of Korea 370

Albania 92

Myanmar 380

Turkmenistan 130

No Data
Sao Tome and Principe

Timor-Leste 380

Kazakhstan 140

Seychelles

Indonesia 420

Kyrgyzstan 150

Regional average

Bhutan 440

Bangladesh 570

Andorra …

Nepal 830

Monaco …

27

46

Malaysia

62

Philippines 230
Cambodia 540
Lao People's Democratic Republic 660
No Data
Cook Islands …
Kiribati …
Marshall Islands …
Micronesia (Federated States of) …

San Marino …
Serbia …

AFR = WHO African Region; AMR = WHO Region of the Americas; SEAR = WHO South-East Asia Region; EUR = WHO European Region;
EMR = WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR = WHO Western Pacific Region.
This chart shows the estimated maternal mortality for each country for 2005 with countries sorted by level within each WHO region.

16

Mongolia

Papua New Guinea 470

Montenegro …

Further details can be found in Table 2.

45

Fiji 210

No Data

India 450

14

China

Solomon Islands 220

Tajikistan 170

450

Singapore

Viet Nam 150

Turkey 44
Sri Lanka

Angola 1 400

6

Brunei Darussalam

Romania 24

Nigeria 1 100

4

Japan
New Zealand

Regional average

Uzbekistan 24

Malawi 1 100

Australia

Nauru …
Niue …
Palau …
Samoa …
Tonga …
Tuvalu …
Vanuatu …

420

82

5. Births attended by skilled health personnel (%)

Mauritius

99

Antigua and Barbuda

100

Albania

100

Kuwait

100

Botswana

94

Barbados

100

Belarus

100

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

100

Algeria

95

Canada

100

Cyprus

100

Qatar

100

South Africa

91

Saint Kitts and Nevis

100

Germany

100

United Arab Emirates

100

Congo

86

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

100

Ireland

100

Jordan

99

Gabon

86

Cuba

100

Latvia

100

Bahrain

99

Namibia

81

Chile

100

Lithuania

100

Lebanon

98

Sao Tome and Principe

81

Argentina

99

Luxembourg

100

Oman

98

Cape Verde

78

United States of America

99

Malta

100

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

97

Benin

78

Bahamas

99

Netherlands

100

Saudi Arabia

96

Swaziland

74

Grenada

99

Switzerland

100

Syrian Arab Republic

93

Democratic Republic of the Congo

74

Uruguay

99

Turkmenistan

100

Djibouti

93

Zimbabwe

69

Ecuador

99

Croatia

100

Tunisia

90

Equatorial Guinea

63

Trinidad and Tobago

98

Czech Republic

100

Iraq

89

Cameroon

63

Saint Lucia

98

Finland

100

Egypt

79

Togo

62

Dominican Republic

98

Kazakhstan

100

Morocco

63

Comoros

62

Brazil

97

Poland

100

Sudan

49

Regional average

Mauritania

61

Jamaica

97

Portugal

100

Pakistan

39

Côte d'Ivoire

57

Colombia

96

Slovenia

100

Yemen

36

Gambia

57

Belize

96

Uzbekistan

100

Somalia

33

Lesotho

55

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

95

Estonia

100

Afghanistan

14

Burkina Faso

54

Costa Rica

94

Hungary

100

Bosnia and Herzegovina

100

Republic of Moldova

100

91

Russian Federation

100

90

Slovakia

100

Cook Islands

100

99

Malaysia

100

Malawi

54

Dominica

94

Central African Republic

54

Mexico

94

Rwanda

52

Senegal

52

Madagascar

51

El Salvador

84

Bulgaria

Ghana

50

Guyana

83

Italy

99

Niue

100

Mali

49

Paraguay

77

Serbia

99

Palau

100

Mozambique

48

Nicaragua

74

Romania

99

Republic of Korea

100

Angola

47

Peru

73

Montenegro

99

Samoa

100

Zambia

47

Honduras

67

Ukraine

99

Tuvalu

100

Liberia

46

Bolivia

66

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

98

Japan

100

United Republic of Tanzania
Regional average
Sierra Leone

46

Guatemala

41

Armenia

98

Brunei Darussalam

100

Haiti

26

Kyrgyzstan

98

Singapore

100

Uganda

42

Georgia

98

Australia

99

Kenya

42

Azerbaijan

89

Mongolia

99

Guinea-Bissau

39

Tajikistan

83

Tonga

99

Guinea

38

Turkey

83

Fiji

99

Nigeria

35

China

98

Burundi

34

Eritrea

28

Niger

18

Maldives

84

Chad

14

Indonesia

73

Ethiopia

6

Myanmar

57

Bhutan

51

India

47

Timor-Leste

19

Nepal

19

Bangladesh

18

Regional average

Panama
Suriname

46

42

Regional average

No data

Thailand

97

Andorra

Nauru

97

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

97

Austria

Marshall Islands

95

Belgium

Denmark

New Zealand

94

France

Vanuatu

93
90

Key
Country trend
1990

96

99

Sri Lanka

No data
Seychelles

92

Regional average

48

Latest available

Regional average

Greece

Kiribati

Iceland

Micronesia (Federated States of)

88

Israel

Viet Nam

88

Monaco

Norway

Philippines

60

San Marino

Cambodia

44

Spain

Solomon Islands

43

Sweden

Papua New Guinea

39

United Kingdom

Lao People's Democratic Republic

20

AFR = WHO African Region; AMR = WHO Region of the Americas; SEAR = WHO South-East Asia Region; EUR = WHO European Region;
EMR = WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR = WHO Western Pacific Region.
This chart shows the percentage of births attended by skilled health personnel.
Within each WHO region, countries are sorted by the latest available data since 2000.
The bold lines indicate trends with baselines established between 1990–1999.
Further details can be found in Table 4.
17

59

92

6. Contraceptive prevalence (%)

Mauritius 75.9

Colombia 78.2

United Kingdom 82.0

Iran (Islamic Republic of) 73.8

Algeria 61.4

Uruguay 77.0

France 81.8

Morocco 63.0

South Africa 60.3

Cuba 73.3

Albania 75.1

Tunisia 62.6

Zimbabwe 60.2

Paraguay 72.8

Turkey 71.0

Egypt 59.2

Swaziland 46.0

United States of America 72.8

Romania 70.0

Syrian Arab Republic 58.3

Botswana 44.4

Ecuador 72.7

Republic of Moldova 67.8

Jordan 55.8

Congo 44.3

Peru 71.3

Portugal 67.1

Namibia 43.7

Mexico 70.9

Uzbekistan 64.9

Regional average

70.0

Regional average

Iraq 49.8

Dominican Republic 69.8

Turkmenistan 61.8

Yemen 23.1

Kenya 39.3

Jamaica 69.0

Azerbaijan 55.4

Djibouti 17.8

Lesotho 37.3

Afghanistan 10.3

Malawi 41.7

Nicaragua 68.6

Armenia 53.1

Zambia 34.2

El Salvador 67.3

Bosnia and Herzegovina 47.5

Sudan

Gabon 32.7

Argentina 65.3

Georgia 47.3

No Data

7.6

Honduras 65.2

Serbia 41.2

Bahrain

Sao Tome and Principe 29.3

Chile 60.7

Tajikistan 37.9

Kuwait

Central African Republic 27.9

Bolivia 58.4

13.5

Lebanon

Madagascar 27.1

Guatemala 43.3

United Republic of Tanzania 26.4

Suriname 42.1

Cameroon 26.0

Democratic Republic of the Congo 31.4

Regional average

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

No Data

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Oman


Andorra …

Trinidad and Tobago 38.2

Austria …

Qatar

Comoros 25.7

Guyana 34.6

Belarus …

Saudi Arabia

Togo 25.7

Haiti 32.0

Belgium …

Somalia

Bulgaria …

United Arab Emirates

Ghana 25.2

No Data

24.4

Croatia …

Uganda 23.7

Antigua and Barbuda

Burundi 19.7

Bahamas

Cyprus …

Benin 18.6

Barbados

Czech Republic …

Rwanda 17.4

Belize

Denmark …

Mozambique 16.5

Brazil

Estonia …

Ethiopia 14.7

Canada

Finland …

Burkina Faso 13.8

Costa Rica

Germany …

Nigeria 12.6

Dominica

Greece …

Senegal 11.8

Grenada

Hungary …

Niger 11.2

Panama

Iceland …

Gambia

9.6

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Ireland …

Guinea

9.1

Saint Lucia

Israel …

Mali

8.1

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Italy …

Kazakhstan …

Eritrea

8.0

Mauritania

8.0

Kyrgyzstan …

Guinea-Bissau

7.6

Latvia …

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Angola

6.2

Lithuania …

Sierra Leone

5.3

Luxembourg …

Chad

2.8

Thailand 71.5

Malta …

Sri Lanka 70.0

Monaco …

Democratic People's Republic of Korea 68.6

Montenegro …
Netherlands …

No Data
Cape Verde

Côte d'Ivoire

Indonesia 60.3

Equatorial Guinea

Bangladesh 58.1

Liberia

Seychelles

Regional average

43.0

Pakistan 27.6

Regional average

Mongolia 69.0
Japan 52.0
Philippines 48.9
Cambodia 40.0
Lao People's Democratic Republic 32.2
No Data
Australia …
Brunei Darussalam …
Cook Islands …
Fiji …
Kiribati …
Malaysia …
Marshall Islands …
Micronesia (Federated States of) …
Nauru …
New Zealand …
Niue …

Norway …

57.2

Poland …

India 56.3

Russian Federation …

Nepal 48.0

San Marino …

Maldives 39.0

Palau …
Papua New Guinea …
Republic of Korea …
Samoa …

Slovakia …

Myanmar 37.0

Slovenia …

Bhutan 30.7

Spain …

Timor-Leste 10.0

Singapore …
Solomon Islands …

Sweden …
Switzerland …
Ukraine …

AFR = WHO African Region; AMR = WHO Region of the Americas; SEAR = WHO South-East Asia Region; EUR = WHO European Region;
EMR = WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR = WHO Western Pacific Region.
This chart shows the percentage of women married or cohabiting who report current use of at least one method of contraception.
Within each WHO region, countries are sorted by the latest available data since 2000.
Further details can be found in Table 4.
18

China 90.2
Viet Nam 78.5

Tonga …
Tuvalu …
Vanuatu …

85.5

7. Adolescent fertility rate (per 1000 girls aged 15–19 years)

Algeria

4

Canada

14

San Marino

1

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

4

Burundi

30

Trinidad and Tobago

35

Netherlands

4

Tunisia

6

Mauritius

35

United States of America

41

Switzerland

4

Saudi Arabia

7

Rwanda

40

Cuba

42

Slovenia

5

Oman

11

Botswana

51

Bahamas

43

Cyprus

6

Kuwait

14

Namibia

51

Dominica

48

Denmark

6

Bahrain

15

Seychelles

54

Chile

49

Sweden

6

Qatar

16

South Africa

54

Saint Lucia

49

Italy

7

Lebanon

18

Ghana

74

Barbados

51

France

8

Morocco

18

Eritrea

85

Grenada

53

Finland

9

Pakistan

20

Mauritania

88

Brazil

56

Norway

9

United Arab Emirates

23

Sao Tome and Principe

91

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

57

Andorra 10

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

25

Cape Verde

92

Jamaica

58

Belgium 10

Djibouti

27

Comoros

95

Peru

59

Germany 10

Egypt

27

Lesotho

98

Argentina

62

Luxembourg 10

Jordan

28

Sierra Leone

98

Costa Rica

63

Czech Republic 11

Iraq

68

Suriname

63

Greece 11

Syrian Arab Republic

75

Yemen

80

Regional average

Regional average

61

Regional average

Senegal

100

Zimbabwe

101

Uruguay

63

Austria 12

Gambia

104

Paraguay

65

Spain 12

Somalia

123
151

Ethiopia

109

Antigua and Barbuda

67

Albania 13

Afghanistan

Côte d'Ivoire

111

El Salvador

67

Croatia 13

No Data

Swaziland

111

Haiti

69

Poland 13

Sudan

Benin

114

Saint Kitts and Nevis

74

Iceland 14

Kenya

116

Mexico

82

Israel 15

117

Democratic Republic of the Congo

124

Panama

85

Bosnia and Herzegovina 16

Nigeria

126

Bolivia

88

Montenegro 16

Equatorial Guinea

128

Belize

90

Ireland 17

Burkina Faso

131

Guyana

90

Latvia 17

Congo

132

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

91

Malta 17

Central African Republic

133

Guatemala

92

Portugal 17

Liberia

137

Colombia

96

139

Cameroon

141

Ecuador 100

Belarus 20

Zambia

146

Honduras 108

Estonia 20

Guinea

153

Nicaragua 109

Hungary 20

Madagascar

154

Turkmenistan 20

Uganda

159

Slovakia 21

Angola

165

Guinea-Bissau

170

98

Regional average

Serbia 24

Malawi

178
185

Maldives

8

United Kingdom 26

Mali

190

Sri Lanka

28

Uzbekistan 26

Chad

193

India

45

Kazakhstan 27

Niger

199

Bhutan

46

Tajikistan 27

Thailand

46

Kyrgyzstan 28

Indonesia

54

Timor-Leste

59

Ukraine 30

Nepal 106

Romania 35

Bangladesh 127

Georgia 37


Regional average

56

Bulgaria 38

No Data

Azerbaijan 44

Myanmar …

Turkey 51

13

Australia

15

Tonga

16

Mongolia

19

Tuvalu

22

New Zealand

29

Samoa

29

Fiji

30

Palau

31

Viet Nam

35

Kiribati

39

Cook Islands

47

Micronesia (Federated States of)

51

Cambodia

52

Philippines

55

Nauru

69

Papua New Guinea

70

Marshall Islands

88

Lao People's Democratic Republic 110
No Data
Solomon Islands …

Monaco …

AFR = WHO African Region; AMR = WHO Region of the Americas; SEAR = WHO South-East Asia Region; EUR = WHO European Region;
EMR = WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR = WHO Western Pacific Region.
This chart shows estimated adolescent fertility, also known as the birth rate: births in 15–19-year-old girls per 1000 girls in this age group per year.
Within each WHO region, countries are sorted by the latest available data since 2000.

19

Malaysia

26

No Data

Further details can be found in Table 9.

6

28

Russian Federation 28

Democratic People's Republic of Korea …

5

Niue

Republic of Moldova 25

No Data
Togo

24

Japan
Singapore

Brunei Darussalam

Armenia 25

Mozambique

Gabon

5

19

United Republic of Tanzania

Dominican Republic

2

China

Lithuania 19
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Republic of Korea

Regional average

35

Vanuatu …

11

8. Antenatal care coverage (%) : at least 1 visit

Cape Verde

98

Antigua and Barbuda 100

Kazakhstan 100

Oman

100

Gambia

98

Barbados 100

Belarus 99

Jordan

99

Botswana

97

Cuba 100

Bosnia and Herzegovina 99

Lebanon

96

Sao Tome and Principe

97

Dominica 100

Turkmenistan 99

Djibouti

92

Rwanda

96

Grenada 100

Ukraine 99

Tunisia

92

Namibia

95

Saint Kitts and Nevis 100

Uzbekistan 99

Iraq

84

Gabon

94

Argentina

99

Republic of Moldova 98

Syrian Arab Republic

84

Uganda

94

Dominican Republic

99

Serbia 98

Egypt

74

Zambia

94

Saint Lucia

99

Albania 97

Morocco

68

Zimbabwe

94

Bahamas

98

Kyrgyzstan 97

Sudan

64

Burundi

92

Brazil

97

Montenegro 97

Pakistan

61

Ghana

92

Uruguay

97

Georgia 94

Yemen

47

Romania 94

Somalia

26

94

Afghanistan

16

Armenia 93

No Data

Regional average

Malawi

92

Trinidad and Tobago

96

South Africa

92

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

95

Lesotho

90

Belize

94

Algeria

89

Colombia

94

Turkey 81

Bahrain

Kenya

88

Paraguay

94

Azerbaijan 77

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Senegal

87

94

Tajikistan 77

Kuwait

Sierra Leone

87

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Regional average
Costa Rica

92

No Data

Congo

86

Honduras

92

Andorra …

Equatorial Guinea

86

Jamaica

91

Burkina Faso

85

Peru

91

Côte d'Ivoire

85

Nicaragua

90

Bulgaria …

Democratic Republic of the Congo

85

Suriname

90

Croatia …

Mozambique

85

El Salvador

86

Cyprus …

Swaziland

85

Haiti

85

Czech Republic …

Mongolia

Benin

84

Ecuador

84

Denmark …

Viet Nam

91

Togo

84

Guatemala

84

Estonia …

China

90

Cameroon

82

Guyana

81

Finland …

Guinea

82

Philippines

88

Bolivia

77

Angola

80

No Data

Madagascar

80

Canada

Greece …

Liberia

79

Chile

Hungary …

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

94

Qatar

Austria …

Saudi Arabia

Belgium …

United Arab Emirates

France …

Guinea-Bissau

78

Mexico

Iceland …

78

Panama

Ireland …

Mauritania

75

United States of America

Israel …

Comoros

75

Malaysia

79
69

Lao People's Democratic Republic

35

Eritrea

70

No Data
Australia …
Brunei Darussalam …
Cook Islands …

Italy …

73

Fiji …

Latvia …

Mali

70

Lithuania …

Central African Republic

69

Luxembourg …

Nigeria

58

Maldives 100

Niger

46

Sri Lanka

99

Monaco …

Chad

39

Thailand

98

Netherlands …

Ethiopia

28

Indonesia

93

Norway …

Bhutan

88

Poland …

No Data

Malta …

Mauritius

Myanmar

76

Portugal …

Seychelles

India

74

Russian Federation …

Timor-Leste

61

Bangladesh

51

Nepal

44

Regional average

74

San Marino …

Japan …
Kiribati …
Marshall Islands …
Micronesia (Federated States of) …
Nauru …
New Zealand …
Niue …
Palau …
Papua New Guinea …
Republic of Korea …
Samoa …

Slovakia …
Slovenia …
Spain …

No Data

Singapore …
Solomon Islands …

Sweden …

Democratic People's Republic of Korea …

Switzerland …
United Kingdom …

AFR = WHO African Region; AMR = WHO Region of the Americas; SEAR = WHO South-East Asia Region; EUR = WHO European Region;
EMR = WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR = WHO Western Pacific Region.
This chart shows the percentage of women who received antenatal care from skilled health personnel at least once during pregnancy.
Within each WHO region, countries are sorted by the latest available data since 2000.
Further details can be found in Table 4.
20

99

Cambodia

Germany …

United Republic of Tanzania

Regional average

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Regional average

61

Tonga …
Tuvalu …
Vanuatu …

89

9. Unmet need for family planning (%)

Uganda 40.6

Haiti 37.5

Georgia 16.4

Yemen 50.9

Rwanda 37.9

Bolivia 22.7

Armenia 13.3

Syrian Arab Republic 30.6

Ghana 34.0

Honduras 16.9

Romania 11.9

Djibouti 26.3

Ethiopia 33.8

Nicaragua 14.6

Azerbaijan 11.5

Tunisia 12.1

Mauritania 31.6

Dominican Republic 10.9

Turkmenistan 10.1

Jordan 11.0

Senegal 31.6

El Salvador

8.9

Republic of Moldova 6.7

Egypt 10.3

Lesotho 30.9

Peru

8.1

Turkey 6.0

Morocco 10.0

Burundi 29.4

Paraguay

6.6

France 3.2

No Data

Burkina Faso 28.8

Colombia

5.8

Albania 1.2

Afghanistan

Mali 28.5

Ecuador

5.0

Bahrain

Gabon 28.0

No Data

Malawi 27.6

Antigua and Barbuda

Zambia 27.4

Argentina

Benin 27.2

Bahamas

Eritrea 27.0

Barbados

Bosnia and Herzegovina …

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Namibia 25.1

Belize

Bulgaria …

Oman

No Data
Andorra …

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Austria …

Iraq

Belarus …

Kuwait

Belgium …

Lebanon

Algeria 24.6

Brazil

Croatia …

Pakistan

Kenya 24.5

Canada

Cyprus …

Qatar

Madagascar 23.6

Chile

Czech Republic …

Saudi Arabia

Chad 23.3

Costa Rica

Denmark …

Somalia

United Republic of Tanzania 21.8

Cuba

Estonia …

Sudan

Guinea 21.2

Dominica

Finland …

United Arab Emirates

Cameroon 20.2

Grenada

Germany …

Mozambique 18.4

Guatemala

Greece …

Nigeria 16.9

Guyana

Hungary …

Congo 16.2

Jamaica

Iceland …

Niger 15.8

Mexico

Ireland …

Zimbabwe 12.8

Panama

Israel …

Regional average

Mauritius

24.4

3.3

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Italy …

Saint Lucia

Kazakhstan …

No Data
Angola

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Kyrgyzstan …

Botswana

Suriname

Latvia …

Cape Verde

Trinidad and Tobago

Lithuania …

Central African Republic

United States of America

Luxembourg …

Comoros

Uruguay

Malta …

Côte d'Ivoire

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Equatorial Guinea

Netherlands …

Gambia

Norway …

Guinea-Bissau

Liberia

Maldives 37.0

Portugal …

Sao Tome and Principe

Nepal 24.6

Russian Federation …

Seychelles

Myanmar 19.1

San Marino …

Sierra Leone

South Africa

Bangladesh 11.3

Swaziland

Indonesia 8.6

Togo

Poland …

India 12.8

12.4

Mongolia 4.6
No Data
Australia …
Brunei Darussalam …
China …
Cook Islands …
Fiji …
Japan …
Kiribati …
Malaysia …
Marshall Islands …
Micronesia (Federated States of) …
Nauru …
New Zealand …

Serbia …

Spain …

Sri Lanka 8.0

Niue …
Palau …
Papua New Guinea …
Republic of Korea …

Sweden …

Samoa …

Switzerland …

No Data
Democratic People's Republic of Korea …

Viet Nam 4.8

Slovakia …
Slovenia …

Timor-Leste 3.8
Bhutan …

Cambodia 25.1
Philippines 17.3

Monaco …
Montenegro …

Regional average

Lao People's Democratic Republic 39.5

Tajikistan …
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Singapore …
Solomon Islands …

Ukraine …

Thailand …

United Kingdom …
Uzbekistan …

AFR = WHO African Region; AMR = WHO Region of the Americas; SEAR = WHO South-East Asia Region; EUR = WHO European Region;
EMR = WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR = WHO Western Pacific Region.
This chart shows the percentage of women who are fertile and sexually active but report that they are not using any method of contraception.
Within each WHO region, countries are sorted by the latest available data since 2000 .
Further details can be found in Table 4.
21

Tonga …
Tuvalu …
Vanuatu …

10. Prevalence of HIV among adults aged ≥15 years per 100 000 population

Comoros

<41

Cuba

67

Slovakia

<11

Egypt

18

Algeria

87

Bolivia

132

Turkmenistan

<14

Tunisia

46

Madagascar

116

Nicaragua

211

Czech Republic

17

Pakistan

89

Gambia

741

Chile

244

Slovenia

<29

Morocco

95

Mauritania

744

Mexico

267

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

<30

Lebanon

101

Niger

757

Canada

268

Hungary

39

Senegal

886

Ecuador

275

Finland

55

Benin

1 161

Costa Rica

295

Malta

59

495

Sudan

1 253
2 870

Eritrea

1 264

Peru

382

Poland

59

Djibouti

1 348

Uruguay

391

Germany

73

No Data

Argentina

409

Mali

1 437

Burkina Faso

1 498

Guinea

Regional average

448

163 202

Somalia

Mauritius

Georgia

75

Afghanistan

77

Bahrain

United States of America

452

Lithuania

1 520

Colombia

490

Romania

77

Iraq

Sierra Leone

1 523

Paraguay

501

Norway

79

Jordan

Liberia

1 615

Brazil

510

Serbia

79

Kuwait

Guinea-Bissau

1 692

Honduras

598

Sweden

82

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Ghana

1 722

Guatemala

691

Uzbekistan

85

Oman

Burundi

1 903

El Salvador

743

Israel

98

Qatar

Ethiopia

1 907

Panama

810

Armenia

99

Saudi Arabia

Angola

1 962

Dominican Republic

902

Kazakhstan

102

Syrian Arab Republic

Rwanda

2 342

Barbados

914

Denmark

108

United Arab Emirates

Nigeria

2 886

Trinidad and Tobago

1 240

Kyrgyzstan

113

Yemen

Chad

3 102

Jamaica

1 386

Greece

115

Haiti

1 823

Azerbaijan

120

1 863

Netherlands

134

2 066

Austria

138

Japan

9

Guyana

2 360

United Kingdom

154

Philippines

14

2 508

Belarus

158

Republic of Korea

33

Ireland

161

New Zealand

42

Belgium

172

Mongolia

<52

Togo

3 184

Congo

3 330

Equatorial Guinea

3 343

Côte d'Ivoire

Belize
Suriname

3 697 4 735

Regional average Cameroon

4 580

Bahamas

Uganda

5 155

No Data

Gabon

5 308

Antigua and Barbuda

Central African Republic

5 582

Dominica

Iceland

<212

Tajikistan

239

United Republic of Tanzania

5 771

Grenada

Malawi

11 367

Saint Kitts and Nevis

France

278

Mozambique

11 761

Saint Lucia

Republic of Moldova

286

Namibia

13 885

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Italy

296

Zimbabwe

14 609

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Spain

Zambia

15 087

South Africa

16 293

Regional average

China

65 89

Australia

107

Singapore

113

Lao People's Democratic Republic

149

Malaysia

428

370

Viet Nam

446

Portugal

379

Cambodia

755

Switzerland

398

Papua New Guinea

1 395

Regional average

336

Lesotho

21 548

Latvia

509

No Data

Botswana

22 757

Bangladesh

11

Russian Federation

774

24 301

Sri Lanka

25

871

Swaziland

Estonia

Brunei Darussalam

<109

1 082

Bhutan

Ukraine

Cook Islands
Fiji

Indonesia

161

No Data
Cape Verde

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Kenya

Sao Tome and Principe

Seychelles

No Data

Country trend

Kiribati

Andorra

Marshall Islands

290 295

Nepal

389

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Micronesia (Federated States of)

Myanmar

667

Bulgaria

Nauru

Thailand

1 191

Croatia

Cyprus

Niue

Luxembourg

Palau

Monaco

Samoa

Montenegro

Solomon Islands

San Marino

Tonga

Turkey

Tuvalu

Vanuatu

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Maldives

Timor-Leste

Key

Albania

India

Regional average

No Data

1990

Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Regional average

Latest available

AFR = WHO African Region; AMR = WHO Region of the Americas; SEAR = WHO South-East Asia Region; EUR = WHO European Region;
EMR = WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR = WHO Western Pacific Region.
This chart shows the estimated prevalence of HIV infection in adults aged 15–49 years with countries sorted by 2007 level within each WHO region.
Limited data availability for the MDG target age group 15–24 has obliged us to report prevalence in the 15+ age group.
The bold lines indicate trends since 2001.
Further details can be found in Table 2.
22

11. Proportion of males aged 15–24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)

Namibia

62

Guyana

47

Ukraine 43

No Data

Rwanda

54

Haiti

40

Armenia 15

Afghanistan

Swaziland

52

Dominican Republic

34

Azerbaijan

Bahrain

18

No Data

Djibouti

Albania …

Egypt

Andorra …

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Argentina

Austria …

Iraq

37

Bahamas

Belarus …

Jordan

36

Barbados

Belgium …

Kuwait

Malawi

36

Belize

Bosnia and Herzegovina …

Lebanon

Benin

35

Brazil

Bulgaria …

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Congo

35

Canada

Croatia …

Morocco

Cameroon

34

Chile

Cyprus …

Oman

Ethiopia

33

Colombia

Czech Republic …

Pakistan

Ghana

33

Costa Rica

Denmark …

Qatar

Mozambique

33

Kenya

47

Bolivia

Zimbabwe

46

No Data

United Republic of Tanzania

40

Antigua and Barbuda

Uganda

38

Zambia
Cape Verde

Regional average

5

30

Cuba

Estonia …

Saudi Arabia

Dominica

Finland …

Somalia


Côte d'Ivoire

28

Central African Republic

27

Ecuador

France …

Sudan

26

El Salvador

Georgia …

Syrian Arab Republic

Burkina Faso

23

Grenada

Germany …

Tunisia

Guinea

23

Guatemala

Greece …

United Arab Emirates

Mali

22

Honduras

Hungary …

Yemen

Democratic Republic of the Congo

21

Jamaica

Iceland …

21

Mexico

Ireland …

19

Nicaragua

Israel …

Italy …

Senegal

Nigeria
Chad
Lesotho

19

Panama

Madagascar

16

Paraguay

Kazakhstan …

Niger

16

Peru

Kyrgyzstan …

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Latvia …

Lithuania …

No Data
Algeria

Saint Lucia

Angola

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Luxembourg …

Botswana

Suriname

Malta …

Burundi

Trinidad and Tobago

Monaco …

Comoros

United States of America

Montenegro …

Equatorial Guinea

Uruguay

Netherlands …

Eritrea

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Norway …

Gabon

Poland …

Gambia

Portugal …

Guinea-Bissau

Republic of Moldova …

Liberia

Romania …

Mauritania

Nepal

44

Russian Federation …

Mauritius

India

36

San Marino …

Sao Tome and Principe

No Data

Serbia …

Seychelles

Bangladesh …

Slovakia …

Sierra Leone

Bhutan …

Slovenia …

South Africa

Democratic People's Republic of Korea …

Spain …

Togo

Indonesia …

Sweden …

Maldives …

Switzerland …

Myanmar …

Tajikistan …

Sri Lanka …

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Thailand …

Turkey …

Timor-Leste …

Turkmenistan …
United Kingdom …

Viet Nam

50

Cambodia

45

Marshall Islands

39

Philippines

18

No Data
Australia …
Brunei Darussalam …
China …
Cook Islands …
Fiji …
Japan …
Kiribati …
Lao People's Democratic Republic …
Malaysia …
Micronesia (Federated States of) …
Mongolia …
Nauru …
New Zealand …
Niue …
Palau …
Papua New Guinea …
Republic of Korea …
Samoa …
Singapore …
Solomon Islands …
Tonga …
Tuvalu …
Vanuatu …

Uzbekistan …

AFR = WHO African Region; AMR = WHO Region of the Americas; SEAR = WHO South-East Asia Region; EUR = WHO European Region;
EMR = WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR = WHO Western Pacific Region.
This chart shows the percentage of men who correctly identify the two major ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV, who reject the two most common local
misconceptions about HIV transmission and who know that a healthy-looking person can transmit HIV.
Within each WHO region, countries are sorted by the latest available data since 2000.
Further details can be found in Table 5.
23

12. Proportion of females aged 15–24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)

Namibia

65

Jamaica

60

Bosnia and Herzegovina 48

Djibouti

18

Swaziland

52

Guyana

53

Serbia 42

Morocco

12

Rwanda

51

Dominican Republic

41

Ukraine 42

Syrian Arab Republic

7

United Republic of Tanzania

45

Suriname

41

Belarus 34

Somalia

4

Sao Tome and Principe

44

Haiti

34

Uzbekistan 31

Iraq

3

Zimbabwe

44

Cuba

30

Montenegro 30

No Data

Gambia

39

Honduras

30

27

Afghanistan

Eritrea

37

Trinidad and Tobago

28

Armenia 23

Bahrain

Cape Verde

36

Nicaragua

22

Kazakhstan 22

Egypt

Kenya

34

Peru

19

Kyrgyzstan 20

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Zambia

34

Bolivia

15

Albania

6

Jordan

Uganda

32

No Data

Azerbaijan

6

Kuwait

Burundi

30

Antigua and Barbuda

Tajikistan

3

Lebanon

Togo

28

Argentina

No Data

Cameroon

27

Bahamas

Lesotho

27

Barbados

Congo

26

Belize

Ghana

25

Brazil

Malawi

24

Senegal

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Andorra …

Oman

Austria …

Pakistan

Qatar

Bulgaria …

Saudi Arabia

Canada

Croatia …

Sudan

21

Chile

Cyprus …

Tunisia

Ethiopia

20

Colombia

Czech Republic …

United Arab Emirates

Mozambique

20

Costa Rica

Denmark …

Yemen

Madagascar

19

Dominica

Estonia …

18

Ecuador

Finland …

18

El Salvador

France …

Guinea-Bissau

18

Grenada

Georgia …

Mali

18

Guatemala

Germany …

Regional average

Comoros
Côte d'Ivoire

23

Belgium

Nigeria

18

Mexico

Greece …

Central African Republic

17

Panama

Hungary …

Guinea

17

Paraguay

Iceland …

Sierra Leone

17

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Ireland …

Benin

16

Saint Lucia

Israel …

Burkina Faso

15

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Italy …

Democratic Republic of the Congo

15

United States of America

Latvia …

Algeria

13

Uruguay

Lithuania …

Niger

13

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Luxembourg …

Chad

7

Equatorial Guinea

4

Malta …
Monaco …
Netherlands …

No Data
Angola

Botswana

Gabon

Liberia

Mauritania

Mauritius

Seychelles

South Africa

Norway …

Regional average

Thailand

46

Nepal

28

India

20

Bangladesh

16

Poland …
Portugal …

21

Republic of Moldova …
Romania …
Russian Federation …

No Data

San Marino …

Bhutan …

Slovakia …

Democratic People's Republic of Korea …

Slovenia …

Indonesia …

Spain …

Maldives …

Sweden …

Myanmar …

Switzerland …

Sri Lanka …

Turkey …

Timor-Leste …

Turkmenistan …

Cambodia

50

Viet Nam

42

Mongolia

35

Marshall Islands

27

Philippines

12

No Data
Australia …
Brunei Darussalam …
China …
Cook Islands …
Fiji …
Japan …
Kiribati …
Lao People's Democratic Republic …
Malaysia …
Micronesia (Federated States of) …
Nauru …
New Zealand …
Niue …
Palau …
Papua New Guinea …
Republic of Korea …
Samoa …
Singapore …
Solomon Islands …
Tonga …
Tuvalu …
Vanuatu …

United Kingdom …

AFR = WHO African Region; AMR = WHO Region of the Americas; SEAR = WHO South-East Asia Region; EUR = WHO European Region;
EMR = WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR = WHO Western Pacific Region.
This chart shows the percentage of women who correctly identify the two major ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV, who reject the two most common
local misconceptions about HIV transmission and who know that a healthy-looking person can transmit HIV.
Within each WHO region, countries are sorted by the latest available data since 2000.
Further details can be found in Table 5.
24

13. Antiretroviral therapy coverage among people with advanced HIV infection (%)

Namibia

88

Costa Rica >95

Romania 73

Morocco

31

Botswana

79

Cuba >95

Republic of Moldova 58

Tunisia

29

Rwanda

71

Chile

82

Poland 36

Lebanon

26

Senegal

56

Brazil

80

Uzbekistan 24

Djibouti

16

Benin

49

Argentina

73

Kazakhstan 23

Egypt

9

Zambia

46

57

Hungary 22

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

5

Gabon

42

Panama

56

Belarus 20

Swaziland

42

Uruguay

56

Lithuania 18

Mali

41

El Salvador

51

Serbia 17

Kenya

38

Belize

49

Russian Federation 16

Afghanistan

Burkina Faso

35

Peru

48

Latvia 15

Bahrain

Regional average

Mexico

62

Regional average

Regional average

Pakistan

3

Sudan

1

No Data

17

Malawi

35

Honduras

47

Azerbaijan 14

Iraq

Uganda

33

Guyana

45

Kyrgyzstan 14

Jordan

Equatorial Guinea

31

Suriname

45

Armenia 12

Kuwait

United Republic of Tanzania

31

Jamaica

43

Ukraine

8

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Ecuador

42

Tajikistan

6

Oman

No Data

Regional average

30

Ethiopia

29

Côte d'Ivoire

28

Haiti

41

Qatar

South Africa

28

Colombia

38

Albania …

Saudi Arabia

Guinea

27

Dominican Republic

38

Andorra …

Somalia

Lesotho

26

Guatemala

37

Austria …

Syrian Arab Republic

Nigeria

26

Nicaragua

30

Belgium …

United Arab Emirates

Angola

25

Bolivia

22

Bosnia and Herzegovina …

Yemen

22

Bulgaria …

Cameroon

25

Paraguay

Democratic Republic of the Congo

24

No Data

Mozambique

24

Antigua and Barbuda

Cyprus …

Burundi

23

Bahamas

Czech Republic …

Mauritania

23

Barbados

Denmark …

Cambodia

Mauritius

22

Canada

Estonia …

Papua New Guinea

38

Central African Republic

21

Dominica

Finland …

Malaysia

35

Philippines

31

Viet Nam

26

China

19

Croatia …

Algeria

20

Grenada

France …

Guinea-Bissau

20

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Georgia …

Sierra Leone

20

Saint Lucia

Germany …

Togo

19

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Greece …

Gambia

18

Trinidad and Tobago

Iceland …

Congo

17

United States of America

Ireland …

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Israel …

Liberia

17

Zimbabwe

17

Italy …

Ghana

15

Luxembourg …

Chad

13

Malta …

Eritrea

13

Monaco …

Niger

10

Madagascar

4

Thailand

61

25

Montenegro …

Indonesia

15

Netherlands …

Myanmar

15

Norway …

Sri Lanka

14

Portugal …

No Data
Cape Verde

Regional average

5

Comoros

Bangladesh

7

San Marino …

Sao Tome and Principe

Nepal

7

Slovakia …

Seychelles

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

0

Slovenia …
Spain …

No Data

Sweden …

Bhutan …

Switzerland …

India …
Maldives …

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Turkey …

Timor-Leste …

Turkmenistan …

Lao People's Democratic Republic >95

Regional average

67

No Data
Australia …
Brunei Darussalam …
Cook Islands …
Fiji …
Japan …
Kiribati …
Marshall Islands …
Micronesia (Federated States of) …
Mongolia …
Nauru …
New Zealand …
Niue …
Palau …
Republic of Korea …
Samoa …
Singapore …
Solomon Islands …
Tonga …
Tuvalu …
Vanuatu …

United Kingdom …

AFR = WHO African Region; AMR = WHO Region of the Americas; SEAR = WHO South-East Asia Region; EUR = WHO European Region;
EMR = WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR = WHO Western Pacific Region.
This chart shows the percentage of people with advanced HIV infection currently receiving antiretroviral therapy according to standards of the Joint United Nations
Programme on HIV/AIDS for each country for 2007 with countries sorted by level within each WHO region.
Further details can be found in Table 4.
25

28

14. Malaria mortality rate per 100 000 population

Algeria

0

Argentina

0

Armenia

0

Egypt

0

Cape Verde

<1

El Salvador

<1

Azerbaijan

0

Iraq

0

South Africa

<1

Mexico

<1

Turkmenistan

0

Morocco

0

Swaziland

<1

Paraguay

<1

Georgia

<1

Oman

0

Botswana

2

Costa Rica

<1

Kyrgyzstan

<1

Saudi Arabia

0

Eritrea

2

Belize

<1

Turkey

<1

Syrian Arab Republic

0

Zimbabwe

10

Bolivia

<1

Uzbekistan

<1

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

<1

<1

Afghanistan

<1

Pakistan

<1

Madagascar

12

Brazil

<1

Tajikistan

Sao Tome and Principe

19

Colombia

<1

No Data

Comoros

36

Dominican Republic

<1

Albania

Yemen

4

Namibia

47

Ecuador

<1

Andorra

Djibouti

14

Ethiopia

51

Guatemala

<1

Austria

Somalia

41

Rwanda

59

Honduras

<1

Belarus

Sudan

85

Kenya

74

Nicaragua

<1

Belgium

No Data

Regional average

Senegal

80

Panama

<1

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bahrain

Mauritania

85

Peru

<1

Bulgaria

Jordan

Mozambique

92

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

<1

Croatia

Kuwait

Burundi

94

Malawi
Gabon

Suriname

5

Cyprus

Lebanon

95

Haiti

8

Czech Republic

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

96

Guyana

10

Denmark

Qatar

United Republic of Tanzania

98

Central African Republic

100

Côte d'Ivoire

103

Regional average

Gambia
Ghana

<1

Regional average

Estonia

Tunisia

Antigua and Barbuda

Finland

United Arab Emirates

Bahamas

France

Barbados

Germany

Greece



No Data
104

106
109

Canada

Togo

113

Chile

Hungary

Cameroon

116

Cuba

Iceland

Zambia

121

Dominica

Ireland

Congo

124

Grenada

Israel

Angola

128

Jamaica

Italy

Uganda

145

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Kazakhstan

Benin

146

Saint Lucia

Latvia

Sierra Leone

154

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Lithuania

Nigeria

156

Trinidad and Tobago

Luxembourg

Democratic Republic of the Congo

158

United States of America

Malta

Guinea

164

Uruguay

Monaco

Liberia

171

Montenegro

Chad

173

Netherlands

Burkina Faso

178

Norway

Guinea-Bissau

180

Poland

Mali

201

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

0

Portugal

Equatorial Guinea

220

Sri Lanka

<1

Republic of Moldova

Niger

229

No Data
Lesotho

Mauritius

Seychelles

Regional average

Nepal

<1

Romania

Thailand

<1

Russian Federation

India

1

San Marino

Indonesia

2

Bhutan

3

Bangladesh

4

Myanmar

19

Timor-Leste

93

No Data
Maldives

Serbia

Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Ukraine

United Kingdom

2

Republic of Korea

0

China

<1

Malaysia

<1

Philippines

<1

Viet Nam

<1

Lao People's Democratic Republic

1

Regional average

Cambodia

4

Vanuatu

13

Solomon Islands

30

Papua New Guinea

45

No Data
Australia

Cook Islands

Fiji

Japan

Kiribati

Marshall Islands

Micronesia (Federated States of)

Mongolia

Nauru

New Zealand

AFR = WHO African Region; AMR = WHO Region of the Americas; SEAR = WHO South-East Asia Region; EUR = WHO European Region;
EMR = WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR = WHO Western Pacific Region.
This chart shows the estimated number of deaths from malaria for 2006 with countries sorted by level within each WHO region.
Further details can be found in Table 2.
26

Brunei Darussalam

Niue

Palau

Samoa

Singapore

Tonga

Tuvalu

7

<1

15. Children aged <5 years sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (%)

Azerbaijan

1

Sudan

Tajikistan

1

Somalia

9

Djibouti

1

Armenia …

Iraq

0

Georgia …

No Data

Kyrgyzstan …

Afghanistan

Russian Federation …

Egypt

Niger

56

Suriname

Gambia

49

No Data

Ethiopia

42

Argentina

No Data

Sao Tome and Principe

42

Bahamas

Guinea-Bissau

39

Belize

Togo

38

Bolivia

Mali

27

Brazil

3

28

Malawi

23

Colombia

Turkey …

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Zambia

23

Costa Rica

Turkmenistan …

Morocco

Ghana

22

Dominican Republic

Benin

20

Ecuador

Angola

18

El Salvador

Senegal

16

Guatemala

United Republic of Tanzania

16

Central African Republic

15

Regional average

Oman

Pakistan

Albania …

Saudi Arabia

Andorra …

Syrian Arab Republic

Guyana

Austria …

Yemen

Uzbekistan …
Not applicable

Haiti

Belarus …

Not applicable

13

Honduras

Belgium …

Bahrain

13

Jamaica

Bosnia and Herzegovina …

Jordan

Burkina Faso

10

Mexico

Bulgaria …

Kuwait

Uganda

10

Nicaragua

Croatia …

Lebanon

Comoros

9

Panama

Cyprus …

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Burundi

8

Paraguay

Czech Republic …

Qatar

Congo

6

Peru

Denmark …

Tunisia

6

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Estonia …

United Arab Emirates

Kenya

6

Not applicable

Sierra Leone

5

Antigua and Barbuda

France …

Germany …

Cameroon
Rwanda

Côte d'Ivoire

14

Finland …

Eritrea

4

Barbados

Liberia

3

Canada

Greece …

Zimbabwe

3

Chile

Hungary …

Mauritania

2

Cuba

Iceland …

Democratic Republic of the Congo

1

Dominica

Ireland …

Equatorial Guinea

1

Grenada

Israel …

Guinea

1

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Italy …

Nigeria

1

Saint Lucia

Kazakhstan …

Swaziland

0

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Latvia …

No Data

Trinidad and Tobago

Lithuania …

Algeria

United States of America

Luxembourg …

Botswana

Uruguay

Malta …

Cape Verde

Monaco …

Chad

Montenegro …
Netherlands …

Gabon

Madagascar

Timor-Leste

8

Norway …

Mozambique

Indonesia

0

Poland …

Namibia

Bangladesh …

Republic of Moldova …

South Africa

Bhutan …

Romania …

India …

San Marino …

Mauritius

Myanmar …

Serbia …

Seychelles

Nepal …

Slovakia …
Slovenia

Sri Lanka …

18

Viet Nam

5

Cambodia

4

No Data
China …
Malaysia …
Papua New Guinea …
Philippines …
Republic of Korea …
Solomon Islands …
Vanuatu …
Not applicable
Australia …
Brunei Darussalam …
Cook Islands …
Fiji …
Japan …
Kiribati …
Marshall Islands …
Micronesia (Federated States of) …
Mongolia …
Nauru …
New Zealand …

Niue …

Spain …

Thailand …

Palau …

Sweden …

Democratic People's Republic of Korea …

Switzerland …

Not applicable
Maldives …

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Portugal …

No Data

Lesotho

Not applicable

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Samoa …
Singapore …

Ukraine …
United Kingdom …

AFR = WHO African Region; AMR = WHO Region of the Americas; SEAR = WHO South-East Asia Region; EUR = WHO European Region;
EMR = WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR = WHO Western Pacific Region.
This chart shows the percentage of children under five years of age who slept under an insecticide-treated mosquito net the night prior to the survey.
Within each WHO region, countries are sorted by the latest available data since 2000.
Further details can be found in Table 4.
27

Tonga …
Tuvalu …

16. Children aged <5 years who received any antimalarial treatment for fever (%)

Comoros

63

Haiti

5

Tajikistan

2

Sudan

50

Gambia

63

Nicaragua

2

Azerbaijan

1

Djibouti

10

1

No Data

Somalia

8

Armenia …

Iraq

1

Georgia …

No Data

Kyrgyzstan …

Afghanistan

Russian Federation …

Egypt

Turkey …

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Turkmenistan …

Morocco

Ghana

61

Honduras

Uganda

61

No Data

Cameroon

58

Argentina

United Republic of Tanzania

58

Bahamas

Zambia

58

Belize

Central African Republic

57

Bolivia

Benin

54

Brazil

Oman

Pakistan

Albania …

Saudi Arabia

Andorra …

Syrian Arab Republic

El Salvador

Austria …

Yemen

Guatemala

Belarus …

Not applicable

46

Guyana

Belgium …

Bahrain

44

Jamaica

Bosnia and Herzegovina …

Jordan

Côte d'Ivoire

36

Mexico

Bulgaria …

Kuwait

Madagascar

34

Panama

Croatia …

Lebanon

Cyprus …

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Qatar

Democratic Republic of the Congo

52

Colombia

Sierra Leone

52

Costa Rica

Equatorial Guinea

49

Dominican Republic

Burkina Faso

48

Ecuador

Congo

48

Togo

48

Guinea-Bissau
Guinea
Regional average

36

Uzbekistan …
Not applicable

Nigeria

34

Paraguay

Mauritania

33

Peru

Czech Republic …

Niger

33

Suriname

Denmark …

Tunisia

32

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Estonia …

United Arab Emirates

Mali

32

Not applicable

Burundi

30

Antigua and Barbuda

France …

Angola

29

Barbados

Germany …

Kenya

27

Canada

Greece …

Chad

Finland …

Swaziland

26

Chile

Hungary …

Sao Tome and Principe

25

Cuba

Iceland …

Malawi

24

Dominica

Ireland …

Senegal

22

Grenada

Israel …

Mozambique

15

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Italy …

Namibia

14

Saint Lucia

Kazakhstan …

Ethiopia

10

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Latvia …

Rwanda

12

Trinidad and Tobago

Lithuania …

Zimbabwe

5

United States of America

Luxembourg …

Eritrea

4

Uruguay

Malta …
Monaco …

No Data
Algeria

Montenegro …

Netherlands …

Botswana

Cape Verde

Timor-Leste

47

Norway …

Gabon

India

12

Poland …

Liberia

Indonesia

1

South Africa

Not applicable

Regional average

10

Portugal …
Republic of Moldova …

No Data

Romania …

Bangladesh …

Lesotho

Mauritius

Seychelles

San Marino …

Bhutan …

Serbia …

Myanmar …

Slovakia …

Nepal …

Slovenia …

Sri Lanka …

Spain …

Thailand …

Sweden …

Democratic People's Republic of Korea …
Not applicable
Maldives …

Switzerland …
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Ukraine …

Lao People's Democratic Republic

9

Viet Nam

3

Cambodia

0

No Data
China …
Malaysia …
Papua New Guinea …
Philippines …
Republic of Korea …
Solomon Islands …
Vanuatu …
Not applicable
Australia …
Brunei Darussalam …
Cook Islands …
Fiji …
Japan …
Kiribati …
Marshall Islands …
Micronesia (Federated States of) …
Mongolia …
Nauru …
New Zealand …
Niue …
Palau …
Samoa …
Singapore …
Tonga …
Tuvalu …

United Kingdom …

AFR = WHO African Region; AMR = WHO Region of the Americas; SEAR = WHO South-East Asia Region; EUR = WHO European Region;
EMR = WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR = WHO Western Pacific Region.
This chart shows the percentage of children under five years of age with fever in the two weeks prior to the survey who received any antimalarial medicine.
Within each WHO region, countries are sorted by the latest available data since 2000.
Further details can be found in Table 4.
28

17. Tuberculosis treatment success under DOTS (%)

Mauritius

92

Barbados

100

Malta

100

Tunisia

91

Algeria

91

Saint Kitts and Nevis

100

Bosnia and Herzegovina

97

Lebanon

90

Eritrea

90

El Salvador

91

Albania

93

Somalia

89

Sierra Leone

87

Cuba

90

Norway

93

Pakistan

88

Rwanda

86

Nicaragua

89

Slovenia

92

Egypt

87

Democratic Republic of the Congo

86

Costa Rica

88

Turkey

91

Morocco

87

Kenya

85

Uruguay

87

Cyprus

88

Oman

86

Zambia

85

Honduras

86

Portugal

87

Syrian Arab Republic

86

United Republic of Tanzania

85

Chile

85

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

87

Bahrain

86

Ethiopia

84

Paraguay

83

Tajikistan

84

Iraq

84

Mozambique

83

Bolivia

83

Serbia

84

Burundi

83

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

82

Turkmenistan

84

Cape Verde

79

Haiti

82

Romania

83

Madagascar

78

Saint Lucia

80

Kyrgyzstan

82

Malawi

78

Mexico

80

Uzbekistan

81

Niger

77

Panama

79

Slovakia

81

Nigeria

76

Peru

78

Bulgaria

80

Namibia

76

Dominican Republic

78

Denmark

77

Ghana

76

Bahamas

75

Georgia

75

Mali

76

Ecuador

74

Poland

75

Senegal

76

Brazil

72

Andorra

75

Regional average Guinea

75

Colombia

71

Israel

74

Cameroon

74

Guyana

68

Lithuania

74

United States of America

64

Latvia

73

Argentina

63

Belgium

73

Canada

57

Kazakhstan
Austria

South Africa
Côte d'Ivoire
Burkina Faso

Regional average
75

74
73
73

Afghanistan

84

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

83

Yemen

83

Sudan

82

United Arab Emirates

79

Kuwait

78

Djibouti

78

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

77

Jordan

71

Saudi Arabia

69

Qatar

69

72

Nauru

100

71

Tonga

100

Belarus

70 70

China

94

Armenia

69

Cambodia

93

Czech Republic

69

Viet Nam

92

Lao People's Democratic Republic

92

75

Botswana

72

Dominica

50

Uganda

70

Guatemala

47

Togo

67

Jamaica

41

Lesotho

66

No Data

Zimbabwe

60

Antigua and Barbuda

Estonia

68

Gambia

58

Belize

Sweden

63

Grenada

Republic of Moldova

Regional average

Regional average

Vanuatu

90

62

Micronesia (Federated States of)

90

60

Kiribati

90

Chad

54

Congo

53

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Azerbaijan

Gabon

46

Suriname

Ukraine

59

Solomon Islands

90

Swaziland

43

Trinidad and Tobago

Russian Federation

58

Philippines

88

Mauritania

41

Hungary

46

Mongolia

88

Angola

18

Croatia

30

Australia

85

Singapore

84

Brunei Darussalam

84

Republic of Korea

81

Marshall Islands

75

No Data

No Data
Benin

Bangladesh

92

Finland

Central African Republic

Indonesia

91

France

Comoros

Maldives

91

Germany

Equatorial Guinea

Bhutan

89

Guinea-Bissau

Nepal

88

Liberia

Sri Lanka

87

Sao Tome and Principe

Seychelles

Country trend

Greece

Iceland

Tuvalu

75

Ireland

Papua New Guinea

73

Italy

New Zealand

70

86

Luxembourg

Fiji

66

India

86

Monaco

84

60

Myanmar

Montenegro

Palau

79

53

Timor-Leste

Netherlands

Japan

77

48

Thailand

San Marino

Malaysia

Spain

No Data

Switzerland

Cook Islands

United Kingdom

Niue

Samoa

Regional average
Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Key
1990

Regional average

87

Latest available

AFR = WHO African Region; AMR = WHO Region of the Americas; SEAR = WHO South-East Asia Region; EUR = WHO European Region;
EMR = WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR = WHO Western Pacific Region.
This chart shows the percentage of new smear-positive patients registered for treatment under DOTS who were cured (with laboratory confirmation) or completed their
course of treatment in 2006 with countries sorted by level within each WHO region.
The average for each region is shown in the horizontal line. The bold lines indicate trends since 1990.
Further details can be found in Table 4.
29

86

92

18. Access to improved drinking-water sources (%)

Mauritius

100

Barbados

100

Andorra

100

Lebanon

100

Botswana

96

Canada

100

Austria

100

Qatar

100

Namibia

93

Uruguay

100

Belarus

100

United Arab Emirates

100

South Africa

93

Saint Kitts and Nevis

99

Cyprus

100

Egypt

98

Gabon

87

United States of America

99

Czech Republic

100

Jordan

98

Gambia

86

Costa Rica

98

Denmark

100

Tunisia

94

Sao Tome and Principe

86

Saint Lucia

98

Estonia

100

Djibouti

92

Algeria

85

Argentina

96

Finland

100

Pakistan

90
89

Comoros

85

Guatemala

96

France

100

Syrian Arab Republic

Côte d'Ivoire

81

Chile

95

Germany

100

Morocco

Zimbabwe

81

Dominican Republic

95

Greece

100

Iraq

77

Ghana

80

Ecuador

95

Hungary

100

Sudan

70

Lesotho

78

Mexico

95

Iceland

100

Yemen

66

Senegal

77

Trinidad and Tobago

94

Israel

100

Somalia

29

Malawi

76

Regional average Colombia

93

Luxembourg

100

Afghanistan

22

Burkina Faso

72

Guyana

93

Malta

100

No Data

Burundi

71

Jamaica

93

Netherlands

100

Bahrain

Congo

71

Panama

92

Norway

100

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Cameroon

70

Suriname

92

Slovakia

100

Kuwait

Guinea

70

Brazil

91

Spain

100

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Central African Republic

66

Cuba

91

Sweden

100

Oman

Benin

65

Bolivia

86

Switzerland

100

Saudi Arabia

Rwanda

65

El Salvador

84

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

100

Honduras

84

United Kingdom

100

84

Bosnia and Herzegovina

99
99

Australia

100

Japan

100

Niue

100

Tonga

100

Malaysia

99

Cook Islands

95

Micronesia (Federated States of)

94

Philippines

93

Tuvalu

93

Viet Nam

92

Palau

89

China

88

94

Liberia

64

Uganda

64

Eritrea

60

Nicaragua

79

Bulgaria

Mali

60

Paraguay

77

Croatia

99

Mauritania

60

Haiti

58

Georgia

99

Swaziland

60

Latvia

99

Togo
Regional average

59 59

Peru

No Data
Antigua and Barbuda

Portugal

99

Zambia

58

Bahamas

Serbia

99

Guinea-Bissau

57

Belize

Armenia

98

Kenya

57

Dominica

Montenegro

98

United Republic of Tanzania

55

Grenada

Albania

97

Sierra Leone

53

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Russian Federation

97

Angola

51

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Turkey

97

Chad

48

Madagascar

47

Nigeria

47

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Equatorial Guinea
Ethiopia

42

Mozambique

42

Niger

42

Cape Verde

Seychelles

MDG target

1990
Country trend

Regional average

97 97

Kazakhstan

96

Republic of Moldova

90

100

Kyrgyzstan

89

98

Romania

88

India

89

Uzbekistan

88

Nepal

89

Azerbaijan

78

Maldives

83

Tajikistan

67

Sri Lanka

82

Bhutan

81

Bangladesh

80

Indonesia

80

Myanmar

80

Timor-Leste

62

46 Democratic People's Republic of Korea
43
Thailand

No Data

Key

Ukraine

Regional average

87

No Data

2015
Latest available

Belgium

Ireland

Italy

Lithuania

Monaco

Poland

San Marino

Slovenia

Turkmenistan

Regional average

Regional average

Samoa

88

Mongolia

72

Solomon Islands

70

Cambodia

65

Kiribati

65

Lao People's Democratic Republic

60

Fiji

47

Papua New Guinea

40

No Data
Brunei Darussalam

Marshall Islands

Nauru

New Zealand

Republic of Korea

Singapore

Vanuatu

AFR = WHO African Region; AMR = WHO Region of the Americas; SEAR = WHO South-East Asia Region; EUR = WHO European Region;
EMR = WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR = WHO Western Pacific Region.
This chart shows the percentage of the population using an improved drinking-water source with countries sorted by 2006 level within each WHO region.
The bold lines indicate trends since 1990.
The thin lines indicate the projected trend needed to double, by 2015, the proportion of people with sustainable access to safe drinking-water.
The MDG target is worded in terms of halving, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking-water.
Further details can be found in Table 5.
30

83 82

89

19. Access to improved sanitation (%)

Mauritius

94

Uruguay

100

Andorra

100

Qatar

100

Algeria

94

Canada

100

Austria

100

United Arab Emirates

97

Malawi

60

United States of America

100

Cyprus

100

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

97

South Africa

59

Bahamas

100

Denmark

100

Syrian Arab Republic

92

Gambia

52

Barbados

99

Finland

100

Jordan

85

Zambia

52

Cuba

98

Germany

100

Tunisia

85

Cameroon

51

Grenada

97

Hungary

100

Iraq

76

Equatorial Guinea

51

Saint Kitts and Nevis

96

Iceland

100

Morocco

72

Angola

50

Costa Rica

96

Luxembourg

100

Djibouti

67

Swaziland

50

Chile

94

Netherlands

100

Egypt

66

Botswana

47

Trinidad and Tobago

92

Slovakia

100

Pakistan

58

Zimbabwe

46

Mali

45

Kenya

Regional average

Argentina

91 87

Spain

100

Yemen

46

100

Sudan

35

El Salvador

86

Sweden

42

Guatemala

84

Switzerland

100

Afghanistan

30

Burundi

41

Ecuador

84

Czech Republic

99

Somalia

23

Gabon

36

Jamaica

83

Bulgaria

99

No Data

Suriname

82

Croatia

99

Bahrain

99

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Lesotho

36

Namibia

35

Guyana

81

Portugal

Comoros

35

Mexico

81

Greece

98

Kuwait

Guinea-Bissau

33

Dominican Republic

79

Albania

97

Lebanon

Uganda

33

Colombia

78

Kazakhstan

97

Oman

Brazil

77

Uzbekistan

96

Saudi Arabia

Bosnia and Herzegovina

95

United Republic of Tanzania

33 33

Regional average Liberia

32

Panama

74

Central African Republic

31

Peru

72

Estonia

95

70

Belarus

93
93
93

Democratic Republic of the Congo

31

Paraguay

Mozambique

31

Honduras

66

Georgia

Benin

30

Nicaragua

48

Ukraine

Nigeria

30

Bolivia

43

Kyrgyzstan

Senegal

28

Haiti

19

Côte d’Ivoire

24

No Data

Mauritania

24

Antigua and Barbuda

Sao Tome and Principe

24

Rwanda

Regional average

100
100

Australia

100

92

Cook Islands

100

Tajikistan

92

Samoa

100

Armenia

91

Tonga

96

Belize

Montenegro

91

Malaysia

94

23

Dominica

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

89

Tuvalu

89

Congo

20

Saint Lucia

Turkey

88

Philippines

78

Guinea

19

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Russian Federation

87

Fiji

71

Burkina Faso

13

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Azerbaijan

80

Palau

67

Madagascar

12

Republic of Moldova

79

Viet Nam

65

Togo

12

Latvia

78

China

65

Ethiopia

11

Romania

72

50

Sierra Leone

11

Thailand

96

No Data

Mongolia
Lao People's Democratic Republic

48

Ghana

10

Sri Lanka

86

Belgium

Papua New Guinea

45

Chad

9

Myanmar

82

France

Kiribati

33

Niger

7

Maldives

59

Ireland

Solomon Islands

32

Eritrea

5

Bhutan

52

Israel

Cambodia

28

Indonesia

52

Italy

Micronesia (Federated States of)

25

Lithuania

Cape Verde

Seychelles

Regional average

Timor-Leste

41 37

Bangladesh

36

India

28

Nepal

27

No Data

MDG target

1990
Country trend

93 93

Niue
Japan

Serbia

No Data

Key

Regional average

2015

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Latest available

Malta

Monaco

Norway

Poland

San Marino

Slovenia

Turkmenistan

United Kingdom

Regional average

No Data
Brunei Darussalam

Marshall Islands

Nauru

New Zealand

Republic of Korea

Singapore

Vanuatu

AFR = WHO African Region; AMR = WHO Region of the Americas; SEAR = WHO South-East Asia Region; EUR = WHO European Region;
EMR = WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR = WHO Western Pacific Region.
This chart shows the percentage of the population using an improved sanitation facility with countries sorted by 2006 level within each WHO region.
The bold lines indicate trends since 1990.
The thin lines indicate the projected trend needed to double, by 2015, the proportion of people with sustainable access to basic sanitation.
The MDG target is worded in terms of halving, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to basic sanitation.
Further details can be found in Table 5.
31

60

69

Part II
Global Health Indicators

Table 1

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Mortality and burden of disease
Indicators derived from mortality rates provide a good picture of overall population health. These indicators include
infant and child mortality (the probability of dying between birth and 1 and 5 years of age, respectively), adult
mortality (the probability of dying between 15 and 60 years of age) and overall life expectancy at birth.
Almost 20% of all deaths are of children less than five years old. Neonatal mortality (deaths during the first 28
days of life per 1000 live births) accounts for a large proportion of child deaths in many countries. Neonatal mortality
rates are considered a useful indicator of overall maternal and newborn health and the care that mothers and babies
receive.
Estimates of mortality are derived from death registration data reported annually to WHO. For countries where
such data are not available or are of poor quality, survey and census sources are analysed and used to create life tables
for each country.
Countries with low life expectancy invariably have high levels of child mortality. For example, life expectancy
at birth in the WHO African Region was estimated at only 52 years in 2007, compared with 76 years in the WHO
Region of the Americas. Child mortality in the two regions was 145 per 1000 live births and 19 per 1000, respectively.
In several African countries, recent improvements in child survival have not been reflected in higher life expectancy
because they have been offset by higher levels of adult mortality due to HIV/AIDS and, in some countries, conflict.
However, mortality statistics alone are not sufficient to fully describe, measure and compare the health states of
populations. This is because death rates underestimate the burden of ill-health caused by noncommunicable adult
disease by not providing any information on non-fatal health outcomes. Hearing loss, visual impairment and mental
disorders are the most common causes of disability worldwide. A summary measure of population health therefore
needs to capture both fatal and non-fatal health outcomes. Life expectancy estimates reflect how many years a person
might be expected to live. Healthy life expectancy is an estimate of how many years they might live in “good” health.
These estimates are based on country life tables, analyses of 135 causes of disability for 17 regions of the world and
69 health surveys in 60 countries. The estimates of healthy life expectancy are more uncertain than those for life
expectancy, because it is difficult to ensure comparable measurements of disability across countries and account for
limitations in the data.

35

1. Mortality and burden of disease
Member State

Life expectancy at birth a
(years)

Male

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Côte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti

Healthy life expectancy
(HALE) at birth b
(years)

Female

Both sexes

Male

1990

2000

2007

1990

2000

2007

1990

2000

2007

41
66
65
74
38
69
69
62
74
72
60
67
73
54
70
66
73
72
50
53
57
69
64
63
71
68
47
49
56
55
74
65
52
48
69
68
66
56
58
66
75
51
69
72
74
68
64
47
72
49

40
68
68
76
46
71
71
67
77
75
62
69
72
61
71
63
75
67
54
58
61
72
51
67
75
68
48
45
54
51
77
66
48
46
74
70
68
60
53
68
75
50
70
75
75
72
64
46
75
52

41
71
70
78
51
74
71
66
79
77
66
71
75
63
72
65
77
64
57
61
64
73
56
70
74
69
48
48
58
51
78
66
48
46
75
72
72
63
54
71
77
52
73
76
78
74
64
50
76
53

42
71
68
81
44
71
76
70
80
79
66
74
74
54
77
76
79
76
51
57
59
75
68
70
76
75
49
51
61
58
80
69
53
50
76
69
72
61
62
70
78
59
76
76
78
75
68
51
78
55

42
73
71
83
51
74
78
73
82
81
66
75
74
62
78
75
81
73
56
62
64
77
52
74
79
75
50
48
61
54
82
71
48
48
80
73
77
65
55
73
79
56
78
80
79
79
68
52
79
58

42
74
73
85
55
75
79
73
84
83
70
77
76
64
78
76
82
72
58
65
68
78
56
76
77
76
50
50
64
52
83
73
48
47
81
75
79
67
56
75
81
57
79
81
82
80
68
54
81
58

42
69
66
77
41
70
72
66
77
76
63
70
73
54
74
71
76
74
51
55
58
72
66
66
73
71
48
50
59
56
77
68
52
49
72
68
69
58
60
68
76
54
72
74
76
71
67
49
75
52

41
71
70
80
49
73
74
70
80
78
64
72
73
61
75
69
78
70
55
60
63
74
51
70
77
72
49
47
58
52
79
69
48
47
77
71
72
62
54
71
77
53
74
78
77
75
67
49
77
55

42
72
71
81
53
74
75
69
82
80
68
74
75
64
76
70
80
68
57
63
66
75
56
73
76
73
49
49
61
52
81
70
48
46
78
74
75
65
55
73
79
54
76
78
80
77
66
52
78
56

36

Female

Both sexes

2007
36
64
62
72
44
65
64
59
72
70
59
63
66
56
65
58
70
57
50
54
57
65
49
62
66
63
42
42
51
45
71
59
43
40
67
65
64
55
48
63
68
45
66
68
69
68
57
44
70
47

36
64
63
76
47
66
69
63
75
74
60
68
66
55
69
66
74
63
50
56
59
68
48
66
67
69
43
43
55
45
75
64
42
40
72
68
69
58
49
66
71
48
70
71
71
72
61
46
73
50

Neonatal
mortality
rate c
(per 1000
live births)
2004

36
64
62
74
45
66
67
61
74
72
59
65
66
56
67
62
72
60
50
55
58
67
49
64
66
66
43
43
53
45
73
61
42
40
70
66
66
56
48
65
69
47
68
69
70
70
59
45
72
48

60
9
22
2
54
8
10
18
3
3
35
5
4
36
8
3
2
17
36
30
24
10
46
13
4
7
32
41
48
30
3
9
52
42
5
18
13
25
30
10
8
64
5
4
2
2
22
47
3
45

MDG 4
Infant mortality rate a
(probability of dying between birth and age 1
per 1000 live births)
Male

Female

MDG 4
Under-5 mortality rate a
(probability of dying by age 5
per 1000 live births)

Both sexes

Male

Female

Table 1

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
Adult mortality rate a
(probability of dying between 15 and 60 years
per 1000 population)
Both sexes

Male

Female

Both sexes

1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007
179
39
58
8
157
28
26
51
9
9
81
25
15
116
18
13
9
38
114
98
94
20
45
55
11
16
116
128
95
92
8
50
116
127
19
30
32
97
69
20
18
122
12
13
12
13
43
134
9
131

176
22
40
4
132
14
19
34
6
5
60
17
11
73
12
11
5
28
92
74
66
16
65
31
9
15
107
125
88
95
6
34
124
130
10
25
25
68
76
23
14
111
7
8
5
5
43
123
6
110

176
14
35
3
121
11
15
23
5
4
36
14
9
52
11
6
4
25
80
61
50
15
33
22
9
10
108
122
77
94
5
27
117
132
9
16
20
55
82
19
11
104
5
5
3
4
43
114
5
95

156
36
49
7
143
22
21
45
7
7
74
18
16
93
12
9
7
32
107
83
84
16
44
43
9
12
108
98
78
78
6
40
109
112
16
43
22
79
64
32
14
87
9
9
10
9
41
120
6
100

154
19
34
4
120
11
15
30
5
4
55
13
9
59
12
8
4
20
86
63
60
12
63
25
7
12
100
95
71
80
5
28
116
114
9
35
17
55
71
16
11
79
6
5
5
4
41
110
4
84

154
13
30
3
110
8
12
20
4
3
33
11
9
42
10
5
3
18
75
52
45
10
32
18
7
10
100
94
63
79
5
21
109
116
7
22
14
44
76
13
10
74
5
4
3
3
41
102
3
73

168 165 165
37 21 13
54 37 33
8
4
3
150 126 116
25 13
9
24 17 14
48 32 22
8
5
5
8
5
4
78 58 34
22 15 12
15 10
9
105 66 47
15 12 11
12
9
5
8
5
4
35 24 22
111 89 78
91 68 56
89 63 48
18 14 13
45 64 33
49 28 20
10
8
8
14 14 10
112 104 104
113 110 108
87 80 70
85 88 87
7
5
5
45 31 24
113 120 113
120 122 124
18 10
8
36 30 19
28 21 17
88 62 49
67 74 79
26 20 16
16 12 10
104 95 89
10
7
5
11
6
5
11
5
3
11
4
3
42 42 42
127 116 108
7
5
4
116 97 84

263
48
75
10
273
32
31
63
10
10
102
33
18
160
19
17
11
47
184
158
127
25
59
64
12
20
207
194
129
145
9
62
171
206
23
39
41
130
108
27
20
175
14
15
13
14
57
212
10
195

260
26
48
5
203
17
22
40
7
6
72
21
13
96
13
14
7
32
144
113
85
20
91
35
10
18
191
189
115
158
7
44
186
210
12
32
30
91
121
28
16
158
8
10
7
6
57
189
6
164

260
16
40
4
168
12
17
27
6
5
41
15
10
64
11
8
5
28
123
90
58
17
41
24
10
12
192
185
98
155
6
33
171
214
10
19
24
71
131
21
13
147
6
7
5
5
57
171
5
142

257
44
63
8
241
26
25
49
8
9
93
25
20
143
14
12
8
39
185
137
123
19
55
52
10
15
204
183
109
133
7
58
172
197
19
52
29
110
99
37
16
126
10
11
11
11
53
188
8
154

254
22
40
5
179
13
17
31
6
5
65
17
11
86
13
11
5
25
145
98
83
14
84
29
8
15
188
178
97
144
5
40
187
201
10
42
22
77
111
20
12
113
7
7
6
5
53
168
5
129

37

254
14
34
4
148
10
14
21
5
4
37
12
10
57
12
6
4
22
124
78
56
11
38
19
8
12
189
174
83
141
5
31
172
204
8
26
17
60
120
15
10
105
6
6
4
3
53
152
4
112

260
46
69
9
258
29
28
56
9
10
98
29
19
151
17
15
10
43
184
148
125
22
57
58
11
18
206
189
119
139
8
60
171
201
21
45
35
120
104
32
18
151
12
13
12
12
55
200
9
175

257
24
44
5
191
15
20
36
6
6
69
19
12
91
13
12
6
28
144
106
84
17
87
32
9
16
190
184
107
151
6
42
186
205
11
37
26
84
116
24
14
136
8
8
6
5
55
179
6
147

257
15
37
4
158
11
16
24
6
4
39
13
10
61
12
7
4
25
123
84
57
14
40
22
9
12
191
180
91
148
6
32
172
209
9
22
20
66
125
18
11
127
6
6
4
4
55
161
5
127

501
158
198
143
588
193
198
279
124
153
285
262
105
305
188
282
139
158
379
345
307
181
246
272
151
216
436
408
316
330
132
254
364
411
196
193
253
310
303
252
129
372
223
155
110
230
232
432
152
395

540
157
175
125
474
203
179
210
97
126
259
249
115
251
166
354
130
243
339
291
263
157
584
239
113
222
446
550
387
412
100
284
448
458
137
160
227
287
435
179
124
433
187
140
107
172
232
486
122
375

524
142
147
100
383
187
165
242
79
104
219
242
116
251
138
329
111
328
320
265
238
145
520
211
108
217
431
454
313
436
88
275
468
469
117
142
163
247
394
142
109
419
156
124
83
146
233
399
116
381

447
104
165
60
431
138
103
135
66
74
165
147
107
333
109
107
75
104
331
266
247
86
176
150
112
97
370
340
231
260
71
145
315
350
98
148
139
231
233
154
86
254
89
111
61
95
166
342
99
287

448
103
131
50
344
160
92
96
55
63
157
146
89
258
94
125
68
150
293
218
200
79
539
126
85
97
376
441
240
358
61
163
424
390
69
106
97
195
388
116
75
354
74
90
56
76
166
347
77
280

448
92
121
44
312
157
88
102
46
52
137
146
83
258
86
115
61
197
276
194
172
69
513
106
80
91
368
401
213
404
55
117
448
426
59
85
77
174
351
93
61
357
62
79
44
65
166
317
70
307

476
133
181
102
513
165
150
207
96
114
225
205
106
319
146
194
107
132
353
309
277
134
209
212
133
158
399
370
267
295
102
189
338
380
147
172
197
271
268
206
108
321
158
133
86
163
198
386
126
342

498
130
153
88
410
181
136
149
77
95
208
197
105
254
129
242
100
199
315
257
231
117
559
183
101
160
407
492
311
384
81
213
435
424
103
135
163
242
410
149
100
399
132
115
82
124
200
418
100
328

489
117
134
72
347
172
126
166
63
78
176
194
104
254
112
223
86
266
298
233
204
106
514
159
96
155
397
426
259
419
72
187
456
447
88
115
120
211
371
119
86
390
110
102
63
106
201
357
93
344

1. Mortality and burden of disease
Member State

Life expectancy at birth a
(years)

Male

Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg

Healthy life expectancy
(HALE) at birth b
(years)

Female

Both sexes

Male

1990

2000

2007

1990

2000

2007

1990

2000

2007

71
68
64
61
58
48
28
65
46
63
71
73
59
53
65
72
57
75
64
61
43
41
53
53
64
65
75
57
59
61
64
72
75
74
69
76
65
61
58
63
72
61
51
64
63
59
25
67
66
72

72
72
68
65
67
50
57
65
51
65
74
75
57
55
68
75
57
76
65
64
48
44
56
56
64
68
78
60
64
65
64
74
77
76
70
78
68
58
51
63
75
62
57
65
67
46
50
70
67
75

72
70
70
66
68
52
61
67
55
67
76
77
57
57
68
77
56
77
67
65
52
46
57
59
68
69
80
63
67
70
58
77
79
79
69
79
70
59
53
63
78
63
60
66
68
43
54
70
65
77

75
70
69
63
69
50
53
75
51
69
79
81
65
57
72
78
60
79
66
64
48
47
61
56
68
74
81
57
61
65
69
78
78
80
71
82
70
70
63
65
75
68
53
75
69
63
45
70
76
79

76
74
73
69
74
52
63
76
55
71
81
83
63
59
75
81
60
81
68
70
52
50
64
60
70
76
82
62
67
70
69
79
81
82
74
85
73
68
54
67
76
69
59
76
72
54
54
74
77
81

76
74
76
70
75
54
65
79
59
72
83
84
61
61
76
82
58
82
70
72
56
51
63
64
74
78
83
65
70
74
69
82
82
84
74
86
74
70
56
68
79
69
62
76
73
47
58
75
77
83

73
69
67
62
63
49
36
70
49
66
75
77
62
55
69
75
58
77
65
62
45
44
57
55
66
69
78
57
60
63
66
75
77
77
70
79
67
65
61
64
73
65
52
70
66
61
31
68
71
75

74
73
70
67
70
51
60
71
53
68
78
79
60
57
71
78
58
78
67
67
50
47
60
58
67
72
80
61
66
68
67
76
79
79
72
81
71
63
53
65
76
65
58
71
70
51
52
72
72
78

74
72
73
68
72
53
63
73
57
69
79
81
59
59
72
80
57
80
68
69
54
48
60
62
71
73
82
64
68
72
63
80
81
82
72
83
72
64
54
65
78
66
61
71
70
45
56
72
71
80

38

Female

Both sexes

2007
65
62
63
59
58
45
54
61
49
60
70
71
50
50
62
71
49
71
61
58
46
40
52
53
61
62
73
56
60
60
50
71
72
73
62
73
62
53
47
56
69
55
53
59
60
38
47
63
58
71

67
64
66
62
63
46
56
71
51
64
75
76
53
53
67
75
50
74
62
62
48
43
55
55
64
69
75
57
61
62
58
74
74
76
66
78
64
60
48
60
69
59
54
68
64
41
49
66
68
75

Neonatal
mortality
rate c
(per 1000
live births)
2004

66
63
64
60
61
46
55
66
50
62
72
73
52
51
64
73
50
72
61
60
47
42
53
54
62
66
74
56
60
61
54
73
73
74
64
76
63
56
48
58
69
57
54
64
62
40
48
64
63
73

10
18
13
17
12
47
21
4
41
10
2
2
31
44
25
3
43
3
11
19
39
47
22
32
17
5
1
39
17
19
63
4
3
3
10
1
16
32
34
25
7
30
30
6
19
52
66
11
5
3

MDG 4
Infant mortality rate a
(probability of dying between birth and age 1
per 1000 live births)
Male

Female

MDG 4
Under-5 mortality rate a
(probability of dying by age 5
per 1000 live births)

Both sexes

Male

Female

Table 1

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
Adult mortality rate a
(probability of dying between 15 and 60 years
per 1000 population)
Both sexes

Male

Female

Both sexes

1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007
18
59
45
73
51
128
99
14
137
21
6
8
72
111
45
8
82
10
27
61
152
157
70
113
49
17
6
82
64
62
45
9
11
9
30
5
33
58
71
68
17
68
135
16
35
86
153
35
11
9

16 13
37 35
29 22
43 32
31 22
109 97
68 51
10
5
104 85
18 17
4
3
5
4
72 72
100 87
35 27
5
4
77 79
7
4
22 16
40 30
124 103
142 130
56 46
84 61
35 22
10
6
3
2
66 54
38 26
41 33
41 39
7
4
6
4
5
4
29 28
4
3
24 18
43 32
85 89
56 50
10 10
47 36
87 63
12
8
31 28
89 72
125 103
20 17
8
6
4
3

12
48
41
63
43
112
77
10
105
17
6
6
48
96
36
6
69
9
33
59
121
127
58
97
41
13
5
84
56
46
39
8
9
7
25
4
31
44
57
62
14
57
104
11
29
76
122
35
10
7

13
30
25
37
27
95
53
7
80
14
3
4
48
87
26
4
65
5
20
38
98
115
48
72
29
9
2
68
34
31
35
5
5
4
25
3
22
33
68
48
7
39
67
9
25
79
100
20
9
4

11
28
18
28
19
85
40
5
65
14
2
3
48
76
26
3
67
3
14
29
82
105
44
53
19
5
1
55
23
25
33
3
4
3
24
2
17
24
71
43
9
30
49
9
23
64
83
16
6
3

15
53
43
68
47
120
88
12
122
19
6
7
60
104
41
7
76
9
30
60
137
142
64
105
45
15
5
83
60
54
42
8
10
8
27
5
32
51
64
65
16
62
120
14
32
81
138
35
10
8

15 12
34 31
27 20
40 30
29 21
102 91
61 46
9
5
92 75
16 16
4
3
4
3
60 60
93 81
31 27
4
4
71 73
6
4
21 15
39 29
111 93
129 118
52 45
78 57
32 20
9
6
3
2
67 54
36 25
36 29
38 36
6
3
6
4
5
3
27 26
3
3
23 18
38 28
77 80
52 46
9
9
43 33
77 56
11
9
28 26
84 68
113 93
20 17
8
6
4
3

21
70
59
98
66
204
160
18
219
25
7
10
103
163
52
10
121
11
35
81
246
264
97
157
60
19
7
109
97
75
58
11
13
10
35
7
41
69
105
92
20
80
172
20
41
109
218
41
15
11

18
39
34
53
38
174
105
13
162
19
5
6
102
140
40
6
113
8
28
53
198
240
75
113
41
12
4
86
51
46
52
8
8
6
35
5
28
51
126
71
13
54
106
15
35
113
174
22
11
6

15
40
25
38
26
155
76
7
127
19
4
5
102
116
31
5
117
5
21
39
160
218
61
79
25
7
3
67
33
34
48
5
5
4
33
4
21
36
131
64
11
41
74
10
33
89
141
18
7
4

14
61
55
88
54
191
135
14
189
19
7
8
80
142
42
8
118
10
39
83
214
215
79
146
54
15
6
124
85
69
48
9
11
8
32
6
38
51
89
83
16
69
154
15
33
96
193
41
12
8

15
34
30
48
31
162
89
9
139
17
4
5
80
122
29
5
110
6
24
53
172
196
65
105
37
10
3
97
45
42
43
6
6
5
31
4
26
38
107
69
10
47
95
11
28
100
154
22
11
5

39

13
35
20
34
21
145
64
6
110
17
3
4
80
101
30
4
114
4
17
39
140
178
59
73
23
6
2
77
29
31
41
4
5
4
30
3
19
27
111
62
10
36
66
10
26
78
125
18
7
4

18
66
57
93
60
198
148
16
204
22
7
9
92
153
47
9
120
11
37
82
231
240
88
152
58
17
6
117
91
72
53
10
12
9
34
6
39
60
97
88
18
74
163
17
37
102
206
41
13
10

17
37
32
51
35
168
97
11
151
18
4
5
91
131
35
5
112
7
26
53
185
218
70
109
39
11
3
91
48
44
48
7
7
5
33
5
27
44
117
70
11
50
101
13
32
107
164
22
11
5

14
38
22
36
24
150
70
6
119
18
3
4
91
109
30
4
115
4
19
39
150
198
60
76
24
7
3
72
31
33
45
4
5
4
31
4
20
32
121
63
11
38
70
10
29
84
133
18
7
4

194
180
254
240
385
411
920
301
433
326
183
162
283
352
242
157
300
117
285
286
473
502
474
346
239
304
112
306
286
291
253
133
107
129
175
109
241
318
300
246
112
290
386
311
291
287
952
214
287
160

189
165
228
226
265
408
337
318
414
292
143
138
342
327
195
124
323
116
266
292
428
473
447
358
275
271
92
289
248
238
243
120
103
101
182
98
195
422
483
283
86
326
345
320
208
629
418
184
293
121

192
193
204
239
252
398
287
283
349
254
133
122
356
309
219
104
343
111
248
300
367
453
398
323
214
245
68
250
229
161
386
94
86
82
214
88
181
427
406
315
71
319
320
312
198
795
352
175
344
106

145
153
173
181
177
343
398
107
337
213
70
67
196
272
110
77
241
56
237
198
377
377
293
276
170
133
69
257
266
208
171
81
71
60
144
53
166
150
210
225
84
156
354
118
193
214
502
149
107
79

116
124
141
158
142
352
231
120
322
183
63
61
248
251
79
63
258
48
227
178
326
356
278
255
157
114
57
220
217
148
169
70
55
51
138
48
123
194
417
191
62
170
312
117
142
432
316
115
103
67

108
124
122
159
125
349
217
92
284
159
57
56
292
240
85
55
291
46
211
161
295
353
287
233
124
103
48
177
188
100
180
54
48
43
127
44
117
185
370
174
49
166
291
115
133
670
287
106
115
54

169
167
214
210
284
377
768
204
386
272
128
115
240
312
175
118
271
86
260
243
425
441
385
310
205
219
91
282
275
252
213
108
89
95
159
81
205
235
255
236
102
224
369
215
241
247
844
186
196
121

152
145
185
193
203
379
281
218
368
240
104
100
297
289
135
94
291
82
246
234
378
415
361
306
218
193
75
256
232
193
207
96
79
76
160
73
161
308
449
239
78
250
328
218
174
520
368
154
197
95

150
159
164
200
188
372
248
186
316
208
96
89
325
275
150
80
317
79
229
229
331
403
351
278
169
174
58
215
209
131
291
75
66
62
170
66
150
307
387
249
63
243
305
213
164
725
319
145
231
81

1. Mortality and burden of disease
Member State

Life expectancy at birth a
(years)

Male
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia

Healthy life expectancy
(HALE) at birth b
(years)

Female

Both sexes

Male

1990

2000

2007

1990

2000

2007

1990

2000

2007

51
46
68
58
42
74
56
55
66
68
64
74
60
73
63
44
55
60
55
54
74
72
63
36
45
67
73
68
58
64
71
57
71
67
62
67
71
75
68
64
67
64
47
64
69
68
62
76
59
66

55
45
69
67
45
76
56
56
68
72
66
76
61
72
67
48
56
55
58
59
76
76
70
45
46
66
76
71
61
67
73
60
71
70
66
70
73
76
72
64
68
59
43
68
71
67
65
78
59
68

58
49
70
72
47
78
57
56
70
73
68
78
60
72
70
47
53
58
59
62
78
78
70
50
48
63
78
71
63
69
74
61
71
75
67
71
76
76
76
65
70
60
49
69
72
66
66
81
59
69

54
50
73
56
45
78
63
60
73
74
67
81
66
79
68
49
60
65
61
54
80
78
72
37
46
74
80
72
59
75
75
60
75
71
68
75
77
75
76
71
73
74
49
71
73
74
64
82
62
70

58
48
74
67
48
80
59
61
75
77
68
84
67
77
72
50
62
60
64
60
81
81
75
46
48
77
81
76
62
73
78
63
76
74
73
78
80
76
80
71
75
72
46
73
77
73
70
84
63
73

61
51
75
75
50
82
59
61
76
78
70
85
69
76
75
48
59
61
64
63
82
83
76
53
50
78
83
77
64
76
79
64
77
77
74
80
82
76
82
73
77
73
51
76
78
75
70
84
63
74

53
48
70
58
43
76
59
57
69
71
66
77
63
76
65
47
57
63
57
54
77
75
68
37
46
70
77
70
58
69
73
58
73
69
65
71
74
75
72
68
70
69
48
67
71
71
63
79
61
68

56
47
71
67
47
78
57
58
71
74
67
80
64
74
70
49
59
57
61
60
78
79
73
45
47
70
79
73
62
70
76
61
74
72
70
74
77
76
76
68
71
65
45
70
74
70
67
81
61
70

59
50
72
73
49
80
58
58
73
76
69
81
64
74
72
48
56
59
61
63
80
81
73
51
49
70
81
74
63
72
76
63
74
76
71
75
79
76
79
69
73
66
50
72
75
70
68
82
61
71

40

Female

Both sexes

2007
51
43
62
64
41
71
52
49
61
65
61
71
55
65
61
42
48
52
53
55
72
72
63
44
42
56
72
64
56
62
65
55
63
66
59
64
69
68
68
58
63
55
43
62
64
60
60
74
52
61

53
44
66
64
43
74
53
52
65
69
62
76
62
66
63
42
52
53
57
55
74
74
66
45
42
68
74
67
55
67
68
57
66
67
64
70
73
66
74
63
68
65
44
67
69
66
63
76
54
64

Neonatal
mortality
rate c
(per 1000
live births)
2004

52
44
64
64
42
72
52
51
63
67
62
73
58
65
62
42
50
52
55
55
73
73
64
44
42
62
73
65
55
64
67
56
64
67
62
67
71
67
71
61
65
60
43
64
66
63
61
75
53
62

41
26
5
24
54
3
24
40
9
11
11
2
18

24
35
49
20
14
32
3
3
16
41
47
16
2
5
53
13
11
32
12
11
15
5
3
4
4
12
10
7
48
11
11
13
14
2
38
11

MDG 4
Infant mortality rate a
(probability of dying between birth and age 1
per 1000 live births)
Male

Female

MDG 4
Under-5 mortality rate a
(probability of dying by age 5
per 1000 live births)

Both sexes

Male

Female

Table 1

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
Adult mortality rate a
(probability of dying between 15 and 60 years
per 1000 population)
Both sexes

Male

Female

Both sexes

1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007
111
130
18
82
160
12
70
90
23
42
45
8
79
12
79
139
102
65
22
98
8
10
57
148
128
8
8
26
111
22
28
71
38
62
49
17
13
20
8
37
26
19
121
38
20
21
42
12
69
37

91
108
12
44
139
7
61
86
20
27
38
5
54
14
52
129
88
73
22
63
6
7
37
112
114
23
4
13
91
11
21
60
31
35
33
9
7
13
5
25
21
18
117
21
15
21
44
6
68
24

76
74
11
27
126
6
55
84
15
19
33
5
39
9
37
119
88
54
23
43
5
5
31
85
103
58
3
11
79
8
20
53
27
18
26
7
3
8
5
19
13
11
113
16
12
18
35
2
68
21

94
118
14
76
135
8
55
71
18
34
45
6
63
12
58
131
79
49
28
99
6
7
47
139
112
55
6
24
93
14
24
66
29
54
36
14
10
15
8
24
21
14
112
22
15
19
38
16
61
33

77
98
10
42
118
5
48
67
12
22
37
4
43
11
38
121
68
55
28
63
5
6
30
105
100
22
3
11
77
14
19
53
24
30
24
7
5
12
5
16
17
13
109
21
13
17
10
4
60
22

64
67
9
25
107
5
43
66
15
16
33
3
31
8
27
112
69
41
28
43
3
4
25
80
91
14
3
10
66
11
16
46
21
16
19
6
3
7
4
12
10
8
105
16
12
11
8
1
60
19

103 84 70
124 103 71
16 11 10
79 43 26
148 129 117
10
6
5
63 55 49
81 77 75
21 16 15
38 24 18
45 38 33
7
5
4
71 49 35
12 13
9
69 45 32
135 125 115
91 78 79
57 64 47
25 25 25
99 63 43
7
5
4
9
6
5
52 34 28
143 109 83
120 107 97
31 23 37
7
4
3
25 12 11
102 84 73
18 13
9
26 20 18
69 57 50
34 28 24
58 33 17
43 29 23
16
8
6
11
6
3
18 13
8
8
5
4
30 21 16
23 19 12
17 16 10
117 113 109
30 21 16
18 14 12
20 19 15
40 28 22
14
5
2
65 64 64
35 23 20

176
220
24
113
262
13
102
139
27
50
58
9
107
14
98
203
144
95
28
144
10
13
74
308
235
8
10
33
133
25
36
98
46
82
72
20
16
24
9
45
34
24
201
44
25
26
51
12
105
48

143
178
15
57
228
8
75
131
22
31
47
6
69
15
59
187
122
109
28
86
7
9
47
233
212
29
5
15
107
13
26
80
37
42
43
10
9
15
6
30
24
22
194
24
17
26
48
6
103
31

117
116
12
31
205
6
60
127
17
23
40
6
47
11
38
171
124
75
28
55
5
7
38
178
193
73
4
12
92
9
25
69
31
21
33
8
4
11
5
22
16
14
185
17
13
20
38
3
102
27

160
198
20
109
237
9
81
119
20
42
57
7
90
14
80
198
115
77
33
140
8
9
62
299
225
55
7
30
130
16
32
90
36
73
51
16
12
19
8
28
27
18
190
27
19
24
49
18
98
40

131
160
13
53
206
6
60
112
14
26
46
5
58
12
48
182
97
89
32
84
6
7
39
226
202
27
4
14
105
16
25
71
30
37
30
8
7
14
5
19
20
17
184
26
15
20
19
4
96
26

41

107
105
10
30
186
5
48
109
16
19
40
3
39
9
31
166
101
61
32
54
4
5
31
173
184
17
3
12
89
12
20
61
26
19
23
6
3
9
4
14
12
11
176
19
13
14
15
1
95
23

168
209
22
111
250
11
92
130
23
46
58
8
98
14
89
201
130
87
30
142
9
11
68
304
230
31
9
32
132
21
34
94
41
78
62
18
14
21
9
37
31
21
195
36
22
25
50
15
101
44

137
170
14
55
217
7
68
122
18
29
47
5
63
14
54
184
110
99
30
85
6
8
43
230
207
28
5
15
106
14
25
76
33
40
37
9
8
15
5
24
22
20
189
25
16
23
34
5
100
29

112
110
11
30
196
6
54
118
17
21
40
5
43
10
34
168
113
68
30
55
5
6
35
176
189
46
4
12
90
10
23
65
29
20
28
7
4
10
5
18
14
12
181
18
13
17
27
2
99
25

368
432
209
287
499
107
385
322
263
215
230
155
263
164
195
524
331
274
567
352
116
143
272
585
456
209
128
202
265
289
146
347
138
164
281
263
176
94
236
285
239
318
465
272
201
217
295
80
282
222

327
561
198
182
458
90
436
314
222
172
219
136
322
179
164
466
343
401
463
306
100
105
185
458
455
255
107
168
230
253
139
310
158
163
241
216
155
80
163
310
237
445
587
214
205
259
235
74
280
200

299
561
184
110
437
75
424
326
208
154
190
119
401
174
147
525
366
393
448
285
78
88
202
394
439
230
85
161
216
234
139
294
169
124
231
209
132
77
114
318
215
448
428
185
201
297
235
61
279
192

296
349
128
341
412
62
329
243
121
120
195
67
196
73
133
363
238
195
399
350
67
93
137
528
393
75
65
131
235
112
101
278
99
123
167
102
80
82
102
155
114
117
386
193
144
140
268
40
217
148

257
481
112
161
377
54
368
234
121
99
183
61
198
98
106
392
227
319
313
296
67
67
121
396
395
84
61
97
205
140
85
252
103
120
129
86
66
77
62
155
106
161
510
134
117
165
203
39
215
124

228
529
98
79
359
47
381
236
103
89
159
56
192
94
90
476
266
342
303
276
57
58
127
322
389
81
54
91
192
116
82
237
105
98
121
79
54
54
47
148
92
164
371
97
101
165
203
46
214
116

332
390
170
313
453
84
359
280
194
168
213
112
230
118
164
441
285
233
495
350
92
119
207
558
424
147
97
172
250
210
124
317
119
144
226
184
127
90
171
218
177
218
423
233
172
179
282
60
249
193

292
521
157
172
412
72
403
272
172
136
201
99
262
140
135
428
286
358
395
300
84
86
153
431
425
176
85
142
218
199
112
283
132
142
187
152
111
78
114
230
173
309
546
174
161
213
220
57
246
168

264
544
143
94
393
61
402
281
157
121
175
87
302
133
119
498
316
365
381
280
68
73
164
362
414
160
69
134
204
179
111
266
138
111
178
145
93
69
81
232
154
312
397
141
152
235
220
53
244
163

1. Mortality and burden of disease
Member State

Life expectancy at birth a
(years)

Male
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Healthy life expectancy
(HALE) at birth b
(years)

Female

Both sexes

Male

Female

Both sexes

1990

2000

2007

1990

2000

2007

1990

2000

2007

53
69
64
36
73
67
70
60
44
59
73
61
58
63
59
75
74
65
61
65
70

55
69
67
34
76
69
72
63
50
55
76
62
57
65
50
77
77
69
63
64
69

57
71
68
39
78
71
75
66
50
52
78
68
57
66
47
79
79
70
66
66
72

57
75
76
40
77
76
78
62
48
67
80
71
58
68
63
80
81
70
64
72
74

59
74
76
42
81
77
80
66
53
61
83
73
58
71
54
82
83
74
65
73
75

61
76
75
43
83
78
81
68
55
55
84
75
58
73
49
83
84
75
68
74
76

55
72
69
38
75
71
74
61
46
63
77
66
58
66
61
78
77
67
63
68
72

57
72
72
38
78
73
76
65
52
58
79
67
57
68
52
80
80
71
64
68
72

59
73
71
41
81
75
78
67
52
54
81
71
58
69
48
81
82
72
67
70
74

50
64
60
34
71
64
69
59
44
47
71
61
50
58
42
72
73
62
58
59
65

52
66
65
37
75
70
74
60
46
48
76
65
50
64
42
75
76
65
57
65
66

51
65
63
35
73
67
71
59
45
48
74
63
50
61
42
74
75
63
57
62
66

35

7
56
1
4
2
23
49
17
2
8
27
17
40
2
3
7
38
9
9

48
52
64
66
69
63
58
61
47
65
72
73
51
72
69
63
62
70
64
56
52
57

54
54
68
66
71
67
59
63
45
62
75
75
48
74
71
63
66
71
68
59
41
43

58
56
71
66
72
71
60
64
46
62
77
77
51
76
72
65
67
72
70
62
45
45

55
58
72
71
72
67
65
63
51
75
75
78
53
79
76
70
65
74
68
59
55
63

61
59
70
72
75
72
65
63
47
73
78
80
49
80
79
69
68
77
72
63
44
46

64
61
69
73
76
76
67
65
51
73
80
82
52
81
79
71
70
78
75
66
47
44

51
55
67
69
70
65
62
62
49
70
73
76
52
75
72
66
63
72
66
58
53
60

57
56
69
69
73
70
62
63
46
68
76
78
48
77
75
66
67
74
70
61
42
44

61
58
70
69
74
73
63
65
48
68
78
80
52
78
75
68
69
75
72
64
46
45

52
49
64
59
65
64
53
58
41
55
68
71
45
68
64
58
61
64
62
53
39
40

55
52
62
64
67
67
57
58
44
64
68
73
45
72
70
60
62
68
66
55
40
38

53
51
63
62
66
66
55
58
42
60
68
72
45
70
67
59
61
66
64
54
40
39

29
39
12
10
13
16
37
21
30
7
4
3
35
4
7
26
18
11
12
41
40
36

42

2007

Neonatal
mortality
rate c
(per 1000
live births)
2004

MDG 4
Infant mortality rate a
(probability of dying between birth and age 1
per 1000 live births)
Male

Female

MDG 4
Under-5 mortality rate a
(probability of dying by age 5
per 1000 live births)

Both sexes

Male

Female

Table 1

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
Adult mortality rate a
(probability of dying between 15 and 60 years
per 1000 population)
Both sexes

Male

Female

Both sexes

1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007
80 74 66
24 13
8
19 10 13
184 176 169
8
3
2
14 10
7
10
6
3
87 66 54
122 102 89
51 58 48
8
5
4
31 22 20
76 70 67
44 36 32
75 99 71
7
4
3
7
5
5
36 23 18
99 83 63
30 13
7
34 15 16

64
22
11
153
7
10
7
84
119
47
7
20
82
36
64
5
6
24
83
22
32

58
9
13
146
2
7
4
64
99
53
4
14
76
28
86
3
4
15
67
10
13

52
6
16
141
2
6
4
53
87
44
3
13
72
22
62
2
4
12
49
6
13

72
23
15
169
7
12
8
86
121
49
7
26
79
41
70
6
7
30
91
26
33

66 59
11
7
12 14
161 155
3
2
8
6
5
3
65 53
100 88
56 46
4
4
18 17
73 70
32 27
93 66
3
2
5
4
19 15
75 57
11
6
14 15

158
28
21
308
10
16
12
119
200
66
10
38
118
54
101
8
9
44
126
36
39

140
15
13
292
4
12
6
86
162
77
6
27
109
41
140
5
6
27
101
14
17

120
9
15
278
3
9
4
69
140
61
5
24
103
33
96
3
5
20
74
7
19

141
25
12
271
8
12
8
124
206
61
8
27
133
48
90
6
8
29
108
26
37

125
11
14
256
4
8
5
90
166
71
5
19
122
35
125
3
5
17
87
11
15

107
7
17
245
2
7
4
72
144
57
4
17
115
24
86
3
4
13
61
7
14

149
26
17
290
9
14
10
121
203
64
9
32
125
51
96
7
9
37
117
31
38

133
13
14
274
4
10
6
88
164
74
6
23
115
38
132
4
6
22
94
13
16

114
8
16
262
3
8
4
70
142
59
4
21
109
28
91
3
5
17
67
7
17

345
184
317
583
152
269
207
225
535
345
146
368
296
280
279
114
126
248
217
259
153

331
209
248
668
97
215
167
205
412
446
122
343
345
276
492
87
99
194
218
328
195

304
185
237
542
81
191
141
185
447
557
105
213
344
270
644
78
79
180
188
282
152

270
94
127
473
93
103
81
174
379
190
60
159
259
179
207
66
62
187
180
147
87

254
106
99
475
56
79
72
151
313
324
49
132
279
179
409
56
54
130
179
163
90

234
90
104
447
47
74
59
138
312
484
43
95
284
164
603
48
45
121
163
141
77

310
139
227
529
123
187
145
201
461
271
103
271
277
229
241
90
95
218
198
203
120

293
158
175
579
77
147
121
179
363
386
86
244
312
227
448
72
76
162
199
248
144

269
139
172
494
64
133
102
162
381
520
74
155
314
218
618
63
62
151
175
212
115

155 112 87
103 88 75
24 20 17
33 34 33
45 28 20
70 39 22
93 68 52
46 40 29
110 96 86
21 19 16
15 10
8
9
6
5
97 89 74
11
8
7
24 16 14
70 61 41
48 39 29
30 23 19
39 23 12
96 76 59
101 109 105
66 81 62

120
75
30
27
36
64
67
38
101
16
12
7
96
8
21
51
47
24
40
83
98
58

87
64
25
26
22
36
49
28
88
14
8
5
88
7
12
44
38
17
23
66
106
72

67
55
21
29
15
21
37
31
79
12
6
4
73
6
11
30
28
15
13
51
102
56

138
89
26
30
41
67
81
42
106
18
13
8
96
10
22
61
48
27
40
90
99
62

100 77
76 65
22 19
30 31
25 18
38 21
59 45
35 30
92 82
17 14
9
7
6
5
89 73
7
6
14 12
53 36
38 28
20 17
23 13
71 55
108 103
77 59

208
171
29
38
57
85
112
58
182
24
17
11
160
13
27
86
64
35
58
131
171
101

146
138
24
40
35
45
81
45
156
22
11
7
146
9
19
73
49
27
31
101
186
129

110
114
21
36
24
24
57
36
137
18
9
6
118
8
16
48
35
21
16
75
178
95

158
129
35
31
47
79
84
48
167
18
14
8
154
10
23
61
60
29
53
123
155
90

111
105
28
29
27
43
61
40
143
16
9
6
141
8
14
51
46
21
29
95
169
115

83
86
25
34
18
22
43
37
125
14
7
5
113
7
13
34
33
17
14
70
162
85

184
150
32
34
52
82
99
53
175
21
15
10
157
11
25
74
62
32
56
127
163
95

129
122
26
34
31
44
71
42
149
19
10
6
143
9
16
62
48
24
30
98
178
122

97
100
23
35
21
23
50
37
131
16
8
6
116
8
14
41
34
19
15
73
170
90

413
362
314
236
146
216
301
272
499
287
140
129
414
172
196
250
271
178
235
312
368
353

330
374
207
253
144
189
346
268
600
377
101
108
532
144
181
252
222
185
202
277
683
708

287
361
152
259
139
150
372
251
571
394
81
98
488
135
162
226
204
187
193
258
578
714

293
256
128
156
103
147
192
278
400
112
111
78
356
91
98
144
237
117
168
248
286
227

233
289
188
157
88
117
206
246
562
136
77
67
498
83
90
151
180
98
136
214
599
625

200
293
220
140
79
86
210
268
456
148
60
60
458
80
87
141
164
94
113
187
528
720

358
309
222
196
124
182
247
275
450
199
131
104
385
132
147
198
256
148
202
277
327
292

283
331
197
205
117
154
277
257
579
257
95
88
513
114
135
202
202
143
169
246
640
666

244
326
189
200
109
119
292
260
515
273
75
79
472
108
124
183
185
142
153
222
550
713

43

1. Mortality and burden of disease
Member State

Life expectancy at birth a
(years)

Male

Healthy life expectancy
(HALE) at birth b
(years)

Female

Both sexes

Male

Female

Both sexes

2007

Neonatal
mortality
rate c
(per 1000
live births)

1990

2000

2007

1990

2000

2007

1990

2000

2007

2004

25
76
64

34
78
66

39
81
67

37
82
70

42
85
73

42
86
74

31
79
67

38
81
70

41
83
71

34
74
60

36
78
64

35
76
62

1
66
14

49
68
57
68
59
68

49
71
61
68
61
70

51
73
63
70
63
72

53
74
58
75
61
71

52
77
63
76
64
74

54
78
66
78
66
77

51
71
58
72
60
69

51
74
62
72
63
72

52
76
65
74
64
74

45
65
56
64
55
65

46
69
57
70
57
69

45
67
57
67
56
67

40
11
35
10
38
17

52
62
64
72
62

53
65
65
75
64

55
67
67
77
65

55
64
72
79
66

56
68
73
81
68

58
70
74
82
70

53
63
68
76
64

55
66
69
78
66

57
68
70
80
68

48
60
58
68
58

49
62
63
72
61

49
61
61
70
59

41
27
12
4
28

RANGES OF COUNTRY VALUES
Minimum
Maximum
Median

WHO REGION
African Region
Region of the Americas
South-East Asia Region
European Region
Eastern Mediterranean Region
Western Pacific Region

INCOME GROUP
Low income
Lower middle income
Upper middle income
High income
Global

44

MDG 4
Infant mortality rate a
(probability of dying between birth and age 1
per 1000 live births)
Male

Female

MDG 4
Under-5 mortality rate a
(probability of dying by age 5
per 1000 live births)

Both sexes

Male

Female

Table 1

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
Adult mortality rate a
(probability of dying between 15 and 60 years
per 1000 population)
Both sexes

Male

Female

Both sexes

1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007

5

3

2

4

2

1

5

3

2

7

4

3

6

3

1

6

3

2

80

74

61

40

39

43

60

57

53

184

176

176

156

154

154

169

165

165

308

292

278

299

256

254

304

274

262

952

708

795

528

625

720

844

666

725

42

31

23

36

25

19

40

28

22

52

35

27

48

30

23

50

33

25

263

239

226

154

142

125

207

197

176

114

104

94

99

90

81

107

97

88

189

170

151

172

156

139

181

163

145

423

454

429

325

376

374

374

414

401

37

24

18

30

20

15

34

22

16

45

29

21

38

24

17

42

27

19

207

180

163

116

100

91

162

140

127

82

62

50

79

61

48

81

61

49

112

81

62

117

87

67

114

84

65

302

283

252

257

219

187

280

252

220

29

20

14

24

16

11

27

18

13

36

24

16

29

20

13

32

22

15

215

229

221

97

98

94

157

165

159

88

74

64

75

64

56

82

69

60

113

95

83

108

92

81

111

93

82

270

246

229

217

189

175

245

219

203

32

25

17

40

32

20

36

28

19

42

32

21

50

38

24

46

35

22

190

160

144

137

102

85

165

132

115

111

97

85

95

83

74

103

90

80

169

147

130

156

136

121

162

142

126

364

365

339

300

307

292

332

336

316

58

47

38

60

49

39

59

48

38

78

61

48

85

67

52

81

64

50

248

226

201

193

159

132

221

194

168

40

28

20

33

24

17

37

26

19

48

34

24

40

29

20

44

31

22

265

284

276

127

136

138

197

212

208

11

7

6

9

6

5

10

7

6

13

9

8

11

7

6

12

8

7

155

129

115

77

67

62

117

98

89

65

56

48

61

52

45

63

54

46

92

78

67

91

78

66

91

78

67

247

236

217

175

162

147

212

200

183

45

Table 2

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Cause-specific mortality and morbidity
Out of every 10 deaths worldwide, 6 are due to noncommunicable conditions; 3 to communicable, reproductive or
nutritional conditions; and 1 to injuries. Many developing countries have mortality patterns that reflect high levels of
infectious diseases and the risk of death during pregnancy and childbirth, in addition to the cancers, cardiovascular
diseases and chronic respiratory diseases that account for most deaths in the developed world.
Years of life lost (YLL) take into account the age at which deaths occur by giving greater weight to deaths
occurring at younger ages and lower weight to deaths occurring at older ages. Globally, communicable diseases account
for 51% of years of life lost, with noncommunicable diseases accounting for 34% and injuries for 14%. However,
there are large variations across regions. In high-income countries, communicable diseases account for only 8% of
years of life lost, compared with 68% in low-income countries.
This table includes country-specific results from death registration, health system information systems, incidence
and prevalence surveys, survey and census data on child deaths, sibling deaths and deaths in the household as well
as studies on deaths due to HIV/AIDS and conflict. There are considerable uncertainty ranges for many countries
due to limitations in data availability, quality and timeliness. Uncertainty in estimated all-cause mortality for 2007
ranges from ±1% for high-income countries to ±15–20% for sub-Saharan Africa, reflecting a large difference in data
availability. Uncertainty ranges are generally larger for deaths from specific causes. For example, the relative uncertainty
for deaths from ischaemic heart disease ranges from around ±12% for high-income countries to ±25–35% for subSaharan Africa.
For any given disease, incidence is the number of new cases each year, prevalence is the number of people with the
disease at a point in time, and mortality is the number who die from that cause each year.
While global tuberculosis prevalence is estimated to have decreased between 1990 and 2007 due to improved
treatment, incidence has increased over this period, mainly due to a resurgence in the WHO African and European
Regions. These numbers are surrounded by much uncertainty due to an absence of population-based data on the rates
of clinically confirmed tuberculosis cases. In most countries, tuberculosis case-detection estimates are based primarily
on the number of people with pulmonary tuberculosis who present to health facilities; those who do not reach health
facilities are not included in the calculations.
The prevalence of HIV infection is highest in the African Region. Two thirds of the global total of 33 million
people with HIV live in this region. In countries with generalized epidemics, HIV prevalence is estimated from
antenatal clinic attendees and population-based surveys. In concentrated and low level epidemics (where HIV
prevalence in pregnant women is below 1%), estimates are derived from surveillance of populations with high-risk
behaviours.

47

2. Cause-specific mortality and morbidity

2007



<10

65

18
<10
<10

<10
<100

<10
<50
11
<10
<100
37

<10

585
8


62
129
48
210
<10

253
130
7
3
21

170

<10
197

<10





132

<1

0

128

0
0


0


4



<1
146
3
<1

2
<1


178
94
4
116

<1
100
173

<0.01
<1
36
124

<0.01
103




0
158

14

30
3
2
2
22
1
4
10
1
1
10
5
5
44
0
8
1
5
12
43
24
8
37
3
7
5
41
68
77
15
<1
31
38
51
1
15
5
6
51
4
1
55
6
1
<1
1
65
72
1
91



0.1

11.3

0.5
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.5
4.2

0.3
0.1
0.4
0.1
2.5
5.7
1.2
1.3

156.5
1.3

0.1
27.8
34.4
12.8
23.9
0.0

61.7
38.8
0.0
0.5
0.5
0.1
39.8

0.1
73.1

0.0

0.0
0.2
9.6
0.0
65.2

1 800
92
180

1 400

77
76
4
4
82
16
32
570
16
18
8
52
840
440
290
3
380
110
13
11
700
1 100
540
1 000
7
210
980
1 500
16
45
130
400
740

30
810
7
45
10
4
370
1 100
3
650

48

2004
1 309
752
565
373
1 071
674
515
1 064
355
409
856
509
678
730
531
854
437
677
835
708
765
670
594
625
473
733
924
919
832
840
374
591
868
910
458
627
483
713
716
570
439
946
578
437
412
559
642
921
495
862

719
485
268
127
480
296
207
673
136
176
593
231
289
411
213
614
175
351
388
407
241
467
277
286
193
529
431
429
381
389
131
274
404
418
160
279
215
323
341
301
163
422
318
207
265
304
345
427
190
495

Injuries

2007

Noncommunicable

2006

Communicable

2007

Injuries

2005

Cancer

Female

of which:
Cardiovascular

MDG 6

TB among
HIV-positive
people e

MDG 6

TB among
HIV-negative
people d

MDG 6

Distribution of years of life
lost by broader causes f,h,i,j
(%)

Age-standardized
mortality rates by cause f,g
(per 100 000 population)

Noncommunicable

Cause-specific mortality rate
(per 100 000 population)

Malaria c

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Côte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti

Mortality

MDG 5
Maternal
mortality ratio a
(per 100 000
live births)
HIV/AIDS b

Member State

2004
164
149
98
127
190
160
139
178
126
131
110
115
114
107
144
140
150
122
144
102
239
120
104
133
106
129
160
158
147
147
135
102
152
160
132
143
117
123
125
64
119
170
166
131
82
178
95
159
167
100

97
58
60
29
206
45
46
44
32
38
27
76
37
100
38
150
44
118
82
99
74
41
111
78
29
42
110
200
73
96
33
66
173
117
46
73
150
61
99
35
54
250
49
50
27
52
62
207
38
84

77
12
43
7
81
17
18
13
6
4
37
36
12
61
22
5
5
33
78
57
54
6
84
30
16
5
82
80
67
78
6
53
78
82
10
20
22
66
79
29
14
74
5
9
9
4
40
81
4
72

18
71
42
80
11
70
67
79
78
82
57
45
68
27
66
71
81
41
16
30
34
83
10
50
65
87
12
11
25
15
79
31
13
12
71
59
34
25
13
58
64
14
84
75
78
83
49
10
85
20

5
16
15
12
8
12
15
7
16
13
6
19
20
12
12
24
15
26
6
13
11
11
7
20
20
8
6
9
8
7
15
16
9
6
19
21
44
9
8
13
22
12
12
16
14
14
11
9
11
8

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
Morbidity

Distribution of causes of death among children aged <5 years (%)

MDG 6
Prevalence of tuberculosis l
(per 100 000 population)

2004
19.1
33.8
50.5
52.5
18.2
64.4
48.1
49.3
47.0
54.9
32.9
43.3
39.8
43.5
70.3
30.1
38.9
44.1
21.9
32.6
31.3
55.8
31.0
32.3
42.5
28.1
15.2
19.9
30.3
17.2
52.8
22.1
21.9
18.2
41.8
50.3
52.3
33.5
26.6
29.1
44.3
26.9
49.2
37.5
15.1
50.6
32.7
19.6
45.9
28.0

0.0
0.0
0.2
0.4
1.2
1.7
0.1
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.8
0.1
0.0
4.8
2.0
0.4
1.7
1.5
0.0
0.2
0.0
22.7
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.7
2.6
0.6
6.7
0.0
0.0
6.6
3.1
0.0
0.2
1.7
0.1
6.5
0.0
0.0
4.3
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.7
0.0
4.7

24.3
13.7
13.1
0.1
22.4
0.0
1.0
13.6
0.0
0.0
19.8
0.8
0.1
21.0
0.0
0.5
0.3
3.8
15.6
25.3
18.8
0.6
14.4
19.4
1.5
1.2
19.4
22.1
20.3
16.4
0.2
11.8
13.3
14.2
0.4
10.5
9.1
9.3
9.7
10.0
1.8
14.8
0.0
1.0
21.5
1.0
26.4
17.9
1.3
18.6

0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
2.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
19.3
10.7
12.8
0.0
0.8
0.0
14.2
1.2
2.9
0.0
8.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
2.7
0.0
2.5

1990
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
9.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
25.1
1.0
0.1
0.0
0.2
0.3
0.0
0.0
21.7
10.0
0.5
21.9
0.0
3.0
15.8
18.1
0.0
0.0
0.7
12.2
29.7
0.0
0.0
14.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
16.8
0.0
1.0

32.7
9.9
12.2
2.1
30.0
1.0
4.1
11.9
2.0
0.8
22.0
5.5
1.1
14.8
0.0
2.4
0.9
7.3
19.1
18.2
20.4
3.1
17.0
17.3
1.1
16.2
24.9
28.5
19.1
20.3
1.6
9.1
16.8
18.1
4.1
8.3
6.6
10.0
11.1
14.6
3.3
17.6
0.4
3.2
3.5
1.9
17.2
23.1
1.2
22.5

1.4
2.6
5.3
2.8
1.6
2.1
6.6
2.6
9.1
4.2
1.1
14.1
7.2
2.8
5.4
16.1
10.2
10.1
2.4
2.0
5.2
4.3
4.0
2.9
7.8
8.2
2.1
2.1
2.5
2.6
5.9
6.8
2.4
2.0
4.0
9.0
6.3
4.0
3.3
2.3
5.3
2.6
8.8
8.5
5.1
9.7
3.2
2.7
4.1
1.3

MDG 6
Incidence of tuberculosis l
(per 100 000
population per year)

MDG 6
Prevalence
of HIV
among
adults
aged ≥ 15
years b (per
100 000
population)

Other

Injuries

Pneumonia

Malaria

Measles

Diarrhoea

HIV/AIDS

Neonatal

i,k

22.5
40.0
18.3
42.0
16.4
30.9
40.0
22.0
41.9
40.1
24.2
33.6
51.6
12.8
19.4
48.9
49.2
33.0
13.5
18.6
24.1
36.2
10.7
27.6
46.6
46.3
15.9
14.8
26.6
15.0
39.5
28.0
12.5
13.6
49.5
20.9
23.4
16.7
11.9
41.1
45.2
11.8
41.6
49.6
54.7
36.8
20.2
14.6
47.4
21.4

436
42
45
39
514
16
96
52
7
18
58
54
120
639
8
62
16
65
140
924
377
160
344
124
91
43
179
288
928
188
7
449
318
251
45
327
88
188
209
0
30
292
126
32
14
22
841
275
12
1 485
49

2000
346
40
48
20
530
8
52
94
6
11
113
45
57
500
5
110
12
39
128
515
238
70
445
83
108
64
338
455
758
228
5
380
485
420
21
269
51
112
313
12
14
472
76
13
9
16
713
592
7
761

2007
238
22
56
19
294
9
35
81
6
10
86
51
60
387
3
69
9
46
135
363
198
55
622
60
65
41
403
647
664
195
4
280
425
497
12
194
43
83
485
31
11
582
54
7
6
9
441
666
6
1 104

1990
168
25
38
36
205
10
60
33
7
23
35
44
76
264
7
38
20
40
77
540
255
94
307
84
58
27
95
154
585
81
10
175
145
125
38
116
53
85
169
0
18
177
74
25
9
21
344
165
15
582

2000
168
25
48
22
250
6
40
71
6
14
75
44
47
239
4
73
16
40
85
340
190
63
640
60
102
44
198
321
530
168
6
160
302
262
19
105
42
56
353
7
14
368
49
11
6
15
344
343
9
708

2007
168
17
57
19
287
5
31
72
6
12
77
44
40
223
4
61
12
40
91
246
155
51
731
48
59
39
226
367
495
192
5
151
345
299
12
98
35
42
403
15
11
420
40
6
5
9
344
392
8
813

2007


87

1 962

409
99
107
138
120
2 508

11
914
158
172
1 863
1 161
<109
132

22 757
510


1 498
1 903
755
4 580
268

5 582
3 102
244
65
490
<41
3 330

295
3 697

67

17


108
2 870

Table 2

Mortality

2. Cause-specific mortality and morbidity

2007


42
10
<10
25

54
<50
81


3
173


<10
89
<10

29
48
65
<200
75
27



4
6

<10
<10
3
55
<10

<10



<10
<10
<50
<10
896
61

<10


<1
<1
0
<0.001
220
2

51



96
106
<0.001

109


<1
164
180
10
8
<1


1
2
<0.01
0







74


<0.001
1



171


2
10
19
2
6
48
13
5
64
3
1
1
35
43
9
1
38
2
1
10
46
30
15
47
8
2
0
26
37
2
11
1
1
1
1
3
1
17
26
49
2
17
22
7
2
37
41
1
8
1


3.1
3.4
0.1
1.4
39.5
3.0
1.3
28.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
40.8
11.8
0.4
0.0
14.2
0.1

1.9
23.5
14.4
8.4
23.7
1.7
0.0
0.0
2.5
2.4
0.2

0.0
0.0
0.1
0.4
0.0

0.6
38.9


0.7
1.7
0.5
0.1
226.2
21.2

0.3
0.0


150
210
130
170
680
450
25
720
210
7
8
520
690
66
4
560
3

290
910
1 100
470
670
280
6
4
450
420
140
300
1
4
3
170
6
62
140
560

4
150
660
10
150
960
1 200
97
11
12

50

2004
580
794
484
891
518
938
686
664
817
767
405
387
716
830
554
429
699
436
827
515
844
925
835
740
761
693
375
713
690
687
1 018
459
368
372
605
284
711
1 145
729
730
454
1 012
828
710
715
581
931
654
635
419

242
411
186
515
184
430
330
400
384
440
185
123
333
387
430
199
343
244
426
163
389
428
449
372
347
359
161
382
344
437
586
190
121
155
289
103
433
792
344
245
275
653
440
471
435
278
432
409
393
186

Injuries

2007

Noncommunicable

2006

Communicable

2007

Injuries

2005

Cancer

Female

of which:
Cardiovascular

MDG 6

TB among
HIV-positive
people e

MDG 6

TB among
HIV-negative
people d

MDG 6

Distribution of years of life
lost by broader causes f,h,i,j
(%)

Age-standardized
mortality rates by cause f,g
(per 100 000 population)

Noncommunicable

Cause-specific mortality rate
(per 100 000 population)

Malaria c

Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg

Mortality

MDG 5
Maternal
mortality ratio a
(per 100 000
live births)
HIV/AIDS b

Member State

2004
167
157
117
81
106
166
117
162
142
81
113
154
127
145
67
135
127
132
186
119
149
161
112
111
142
204
126
100
127
106
152
155
121
132
134
120
126
168
129
52
69
111
141
156
90
101
161
80
153
136

32
109
83
36
99
136
90
113
105
36
64
45
97
84
20
28
80
31
47
103
101
104
119
178
68
63
34
116
233
95
486
30
29
29
71
39
59
152
113
22
32
95
129
115
91
72
192
60
128
46

20
40
34
31
37
78
73
5
82
24
4
6
68
72
25
5
73
4
26
51
77
83
41
67
47
3
4
56
31
28
42
7
9
5
35
8
29
25
82
42
13
35
62
5
20
86
84
29
5
7

69
40
44
61
39
15
16
72
12
66
75
79
21
21
70
86
20
83
64
32
16
12
43
16
39
86
79
30
32
47
25
79
76
85
48
76
53
56
11
55
61
50
24
73
60
10
9
54
69
77

11
20
22
8
24
7
11
22
6
10
21
15
11
8
5
9
7
12
11
17
7
5
17
17
14
11
18
14
37
25
34
13
15
10
17
16
18
20
8
3
25
14
14
21
19
5
7
17
26
16

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
Morbidity

Distribution of causes of death among children aged <5 years (%)

0.0
3.7
0.8
0.0
2.1
3.2
2.8
0.7
2.6
0.4
0.0
0.0
13.8
1.3
0.1
0.0
3.6
0.0
3.0
1.3
1.6
1.6
5.5
2.5
1.4
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
5.8
0.0
0.0
0.1
10.0
0.0
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.6
51.9
1.1
0.8
0.0
0.0

0.0
11.8
13.7
13.9
13.8
14.5
22.6
0.0
19.4
3.2
0.0
1.0
7.0
11.9
19.2
0.3
10.4
0.0
1.2
15.3
15.3
16.6
12.4
17.9
14.8
0.3
0.0
19.8
13.1
13.7
15.9
0.4
0.5
0.0
12.2
0.7
13.1
16.5
15.3
16.3
0.8
19.9
16.9
0.0
10.3
3.2
14.8
16.2
1.1
2.5

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
7.6
2.9
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.7
0.5
0.0
1.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
4.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
5.7
8.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.9
1.1
0.0
0.0
10.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
9.0
0.2
0.0
0.0

1990
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.3
0.0
23.3
1.0
0.0
6.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
20.4
27.0
0.0
0.0
25.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
22.9
19.1
0.3
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
12.8
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
15.6
0.0
0.0
0.0

1.1
10.3
11.4
12.7
11.7
18.0
24.9
3.7
24.0
12.9
0.8
0.6
7.6
12.9
18.9
1.4
11.7
4.7
6.3
13.4
16.4
19.9
7.2
19.8
14.0
3.3
2.8
14.1
7.5
12.5
17.8
2.0
0.4
1.5
9.1
3.9
10.5
14.0
18.1
9.6
4.6
16.5
17.6
1.9
8.7
2.4
17.8
12.1
4.8
0.0

1.3
7.4
3.9
3.2
2.8
2.2
4.2
10.2
2.2
2.8
11.2
7.9
4.4
2.9
1.4
6.4
3.4
4.8
2.6
2.1
2.5
1.9
5.8
8.9
4.6
5.3
9.8
2.8
28.9
9.1
6.6
2.9
6.2
3.4
4.6
12.3
4.4
6.9
3.3
1.0
7.0
5.0
2.2
12.5
9.1
2.4
1.7
2.2
16.4
10.5

MDG 6
Prevalence
of HIV
among
adults
aged ≥ 15
years b (per
100 000
population)

Other

Injuries

Pneumonia

Malaria

Measles

Diarrhoea

HIV/AIDS

Neonatal

2004
65.2
48.2
44.0
40.4
37.8
19.7
24.4
43.7
21.5
31.1
46.5
45.5
30.9
33.1
47.6
47.4
34.2
40.3
63.4
38.1
22.6
20.4
41.4
21.8
38.6
56.1
33.2
39.8
27.9
43.5
40.9
41.5
44.8
53.6
41.7
23.8
44.1
37.4
25.8
41.9
34.2
37.4
30.9
46.1
50.0
28.2
24.2
46.0
32.3
52.4

MDG 6
Incidence of tuberculosis l
(per 100 000
population per year)

MDG 6
Prevalence of tuberculosis l
(per 100 000 population)

i,k

32.3
18.4
25.8
29.3
31.8
11.6
17.0
41.7
23.0
49.6
41.5
44.9
15.3
10.2
12.4
44.5
10.5
50.3
23.4
29.9
18.2
15.7
27.3
28.4
26.5
35.1
54.3
17.0
13.9
21.0
18.5
53.2
48.1
41.4
26.7
59.1
27.8
25.0
13.8
29.6
53.2
21.2
21.6
39.5
21.3
11.8
15.9
22.5
45.4
34.5

24
183
282
48
133
169
245
50
312
68
14
21
359
350
51
15
533
30
7
113
241
404
39
479
141
67
5
586
443
50
88
19
11
11
10
62
19
95
125
1026
89
90
428
56
64
225
476
46
64
19
51

2000
20
119
194
36
69
274
114
72
486
42
8
13
434
491
98
9
368
19
7
90
332
273
98
403
70
43
3
443
326
40
71
12
7
7
7
45
11
141
393
546
33
156
344
91
35
356
435
22
115
11

2007
19
82
140
27
48
469
134
39
579
30
5
11
379
404
83
5
353
16
6
87
448
276
136
366
71
19
3
283
244
27
79
11
6
6
7
28
9
139
319
423
25
134
289
55
23
568
398
17
69
9

1990
15
114
167
37
82
108
72
32
159
51
18
26
153
185
39
20
223
33
5
74
119
158
27
306
98
41
6
168
343
36
56
24
14
14
7
47
17
58
112
513
45
55
179
34
50
184
199
30
40
23

2000
14
85
124
27
54
224
85
66
331
30
10
16
254
225
82
11
211
21
4
68
200
192
79
306
73
36
4
168
270
31
56
14
9
9
7
34
9
141
405
420
28
135
162
83
27
553
242
22
77
14

2007
13
69
101
21
40
256
95
38
378
21
6
14
406
258
84
6
203
18
4
63
287
220
122
306
59
17
4
168
228
22
56
13
8
7
7
21
7
129
353
365
24
121
151
53
19
637
277
17
68
12

2007

902
275
18
743
3 343
1 264
871
1 907

55
278
5 308
741
75
73
1 722
115

691
1 520
1 692
2 360
1 823
598
39
<212
290
161
163

161
98
296
1 386
9

102



113
149
509
101
21 548
1 615

77

Table 2

Mortality

2. Cause-specific mortality and morbidity

2007

<10
488
15

47


<50

10




<10
379
51
246

18
<10

<10
28
115



3

<50
<50
<50
12
<10
<10
<10

<10
<10

28
80






12
95
<1

201


85

<0.001




0
92
19
47

<1


<1
229
156


0
<1

<1
45
<0.001
<1
<1



0



59





19
0

45
21
13
4
63
1
32
60
3
2
9
0
29
4
8
45
11
29
3
22
1
1
6
32
53

1
1
28
8
4
44
9
14
41
3
3
7
10
18
16
14
57
1
2
5
3
1
27
5

2.5
81.1
4.9
0.1
27.7
0.0

14.9
0.5
0.2


0.1

0.1
81.7
1.9
73.2

1.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
6.8
39.8

0.0

0.9

0.7
16.6
1.4
1.5
0.3
0.1
0.8

0.1
0.9
0.6
3.6
70.2






510
1 100
62
120
970
8

820
15
60


46

240
520
380
210

830
6
9
170
1 800
1 100

7
64
320

130
470
150
240
230
8
11
12
14
22
24
28
1 300






18

52

2004
799
796
623
953
967
433
961
812
731
501
682
321
923

655
777
775
513
1 093
769
425
398
705
1 030
909
595
391
664
717
735
417
772
602
534
620
583
456
512
470
963
706
904
878
691
522
674
766
357
788
678

372
376
275
334
451
206
502
383
453
174
364
114
475

394
365
419
243
619
420
154
162
309
471
417
314
158
396
409
390
168
419
278
173
320
314
200
273
168
634
463
645
409
424
205
289
408
214
400
396

Injuries

2007

Noncommunicable

2006

Communicable

2007

Injuries

2005

Cancer

Female

of which:
Cardiovascular

MDG 6

TB among
HIV-positive
people e

MDG 6

TB among
HIV-negative
people d

MDG 6

Distribution of years of life
lost by broader causes f,h,i,j
(%)

Age-standardized
mortality rates by cause f,g
(per 100 000 population)

Noncommunicable

Cause-specific mortality rate
(per 100 000 population)

Malaria c

Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia

Mortality

MDG 5
Maternal
mortality ratio a
(per 100 000
live births)
HIV/AIDS b

Member State

2004
139
140
137
306
166
123
121
140
89
92
83
118
289

65
136
112
91
135
116
155
136
128
182
158
70
140
103
103
91
104
113
138
163
93
177
134
56
161
129
138
142
153
108
128
152
93
127
140
107

81
105
53
165
112
25
61
90
43
55
33
39
86

49
108
96
73
129
119
24
39
71
127
109
36
42
39
91
36
52
100
74
60
59
54
40
35
67
97
54
218
147
43
67
64
40
18
103
76

74
87
28
35
83
6
34
73
10
25
32
7
32

39
81
56
82
24
60
6
5
39
86
81
33
4
16
64
29
35
65
33
41
44
4
9
17
6
10
9
8
83
27
17
31
32
5
71
24

19
8
55
35
11
85
56
18
78
58
58
77
51

48
12
33
11
60
27
85
77
44
10
13
56
79
63
26
62
45
25
44
45
43
81
78
59
72
74
79
62
10
63
60
54
58
87
18
49

8
5
17
30
5
9
10
9
12
18
10
16
17

13
7
11
6
15
13
9
18
17
4
6
11
16
21
10
9
20
11
23
15
13
15
12
25
22
16
12
29
7
11
22
16
9
9
11
27

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
Morbidity

Distribution of causes of death among children aged <5 years (%)

0.1
11.2
2.2
0.7
1.1
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.2
14.3
0.6
41.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.3
3.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.1
0.0
2.2
0.8
1.5
1.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.6
3.2
0.0
0.0
1.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1

21.2
18.5
14.6
15.1
18.0
0.0
17.8
16.0
2.6
4.7
19.3
3.7
17.7

14.8
13.6
21.4
2.0
19.6
24.4
0.1
0.3
15.0
21.4
13.5
0.0
0.0
20.0
13.2
7.9
12.9
17.0
12.5
13.9
14.3
0.0
0.4
3.6
0.3
2.6
2.1
1.5
22.0
7.4
0.6
4.8
12.3
0.0
18.6
13.4

2.6
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.0
1.5
3.7
0.0
0.0
1.1
0.0
0.2

0.0
0.4
3.2
0.0
27.2
3.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.9
11.0
0.7
0.0
0.0
5.5
0.9
0.0
2.4
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.1
0.0
9.7
0.0

1990
2.2
14.6
0.1
1.4
16.5
0.0
1.6
11.2
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0

0.4
15.8
3.3
10.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
16.4
20.4
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.0
0.0
9.2
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
6.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.0
0.0
4.5
0.0

24.4
23.3
8.3
9.0
22.7
0.0
12.4
19.1
5.2
9.3
16.1
1.0
15.7

14.2
16.6
16.0
2.1
13.1
17.3
1.2
2.0
13.7
28.6
17.0
11.0
0.4
11.7
14.5
15.4
11.2
10.5
9.9
12.1
13.0
2.4
2.7
1.4
1.0
13.7
25.0
2.2
28.5
0.0
2.0
1.2
9.3
0.0
15.7
11.2

3.1
2.2
5.8
18.6
1.8
3.8
2.1
3.0
8.9
8.8
2.4
8.8
3.9

3.5
2.6
2.2
2.2
9.4
2.2
5.3
11.5
3.8
1.5
2.0
3.0
10.2
4.4
2.1
2.4
6.8
2.2
8.8
8.9
3.4
5.2
10.1
6.4
8.7
13.4
9.0
12.7
2.1
3.6
9.2
8.2
2.6
0.0
3.6
14.5

MDG 6
Prevalence
of HIV
among
adults
aged ≥ 15
years b (per
100 000
population)

Other

Injuries

Pneumonia

Malaria

Measles

Diarrhoea

HIV/AIDS

Neonatal

2004
29.5
13.2
35.9
39.3
22.1
35.7
31.2
27.9
46.6
41.3
0.0
34.9
30.5

46.8
22.5
38.3
28.1
0.0
36.8
44.3
43.3
36.1
13.5
19.5
19.5
36.3
27.5
42.4
27.7
38.0
28.2
44.4
33.1
37.5
48.5
42.3
34.8
55.1
26.8
36.3
39.1
22.0
57.3
64.8
64.9
17.6
29.6
0.0
31.0

MDG 6
Incidence of tuberculosis l
(per 100 000
population per year)

MDG 6
Prevalence of tuberculosis l
(per 100 000 population)

i,k

16.9
16.9
32.9
15.7
17.8
60.5
33.3
18.6
36.7
35.7
60.5
51.6
31.9

20.1
14.1
14.9
13.7
30.6
15.9
49.1
42.9
30.9
15.3
13.6
65.8
53.1
35.9
22.0
45.6
28.8
29.5
22.9
30.4
31.6
43.9
44.6
52.3
34.9
43.4
27.7
39.9
15.6
31.7
23.4
19.7
54.1
70.4
47.8
29.8

367
380
159
143
640
10
605
585
53
101
263
3
477

134
287
411
650
170
629
11
10
145
317
282
118
8
40
430
96
74
498
95
394
799
88
51
71
223
105
118
69
190
17
26
45
36
9
346
68
53

2000
359
362
135
96
571
6
431
619
39
42
173
2
297

98
499
267
481
44
312
7
11
85
278
489
0
5
13
413
104
60
486
90
210
600
53
36
78
113
215
197
164
442
15
20
35
27
6
272
67

2007
417
305
121
48
599
5
281
559
39
23
100
2
234
49
80
504
162
532
33
240
6
7
56
292
521
0
4
14
223
71
45
430
73
136
500
28
23
81
126
151
128
115
590
12
18
39
25
5
240
65

1990
177
258
118
129
275
11
302
228
28
61
188
4
205

149
181
171
322
85
243
14
10
108
125
131
59
10
26
181
64
47
250
60
317
393
52
67
60
165
65
74
45
167
10
16
27
32
12
135
43

2000
217
425
109
71
300
7
248
277
24
32
128
3
205

112
378
171
671
44
199
9
11
68
152
272
0
6
12
181
52
47
250
59
184
329
35
46
66
72
138
136
113
348
10
15
26
23
7
114
47

2007
251
346
103
47
319
6
215
318
22
20
97
2
205
32
92
431
171
767
33
173
8
7
49
174
311
0
6
13
181
60
47
250
58
126
290
25
30
70
90
141
115
110
397
9
14
25
19
6
101
46

2007
116
11 367
428

1 437
59

744
1 348
267


<52

95
11 761
667
13 885

389
134
42
211
757
2 886

79

89

810
1 395
501
382
14
59
379

33
286
77
774
2 342






Table 2

Mortality

2. Cause-specific mortality and morbidity

Noncommunicable

of which:

Communicable

MDG 6

Noncommunicable

MDG 6

2007

2007

980


2 100
14
6
6
220
1 400
400
4
58
450
72
390
3
5
130
170
110
10

15
<10

56
<10

<10

18
721
5

65

876
<10
<10

<10
47

80


154



30
41
<1

<0.01
85
5
<1


0
<0.01
<1

49
5
5
98
3
3
2
21
55
38
3
8
59
18
40
1
1
2
42
15
5

15.1
0.2

50.2
0.1



7.8
192.9
0.3
0.0
12.6
10.4
276.8
0.0
0.1

3.1
6.0

852

650
1 033
345
628
480
694
1 148
867
379
681
986
728
707
372
360
679
884
516
737

398

340
468
164
368
209
370
601
389
131
301
543
389
331
171
140
382
642
164
482

149

119
184
113
164
165
78
156
151
131
114
125
109
125
115
125
57
75
134
147

96

62
171
27
48
57
36
247
159
30
458
235
87
122
32
34
46
34
92
79

74

17
83
12
5
4
50
72
69
7
8
57
31
83
5
5
25
72
42
6

18

63
11
73
82
80
41
16
19
81
30
21
52
10
83
81
59
23
40
74

8

19
6
14
13
16
9
12
12
12
62
23
17
7
12
13
15
5
19
21

380
510

45
100
44
130

550
18
37
8
950
11
20
24

57
150
430
830
880


138


<10



249
41

<10
237
7
<50
<10


27

470
1049

93
113



<0.001
0

145



98


<0.001
13
<1
<1
4
121
10

47
76
2
1
3
5
9
17
41
11
2
2
29
0
2
16
12
4
20
10
26
52


61.8

0.6
0.1



52.2
3.7

0.0
49.0
0.0
0.5
0.6

0.9
3.5

89.1
212.8

663
818
658
751
537
701
1 100
979
786
881
410
441
851
450
521
880
749
441
611
941
833
816

365
381
346
364
332
437
832
507
369
632
243
175
395
179
204
663
397
209
295
544
389
377

96
143
83
123
58
112
95
123
138
127
65
147
150
133
167
68
89
100
115
108
146
145

83
86
28
60
53
39
71
71
169
130
37
26
130
50
52
49
37
92
64
110
125
147

70
78
31
26
41
26
48
30
80
9
18
7
79
9
12
48
39
21
39
60
85
85

21
16
61
61
44
63
42
59
10
72
53
84
13
73
74
42
52
44
46
27
9
8

9
7
8
14
15
11
11
11
10
19
28
9
8
18
15
10
9
35
15
12
6
6

54

2004

Injuries

2006

Injuries

2007

Cancer

2005

Cardiovascular

Female

TB among
HIV-positive
people e

MDG 6

Distribution of years of life
lost by broader causes f,h,i,j
(%)

Age-standardized
mortality rates by cause f,g
(per 100 000 population)

TB among
HIV-negative
people d

Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Cause-specific mortality rate
(per 100 000 population)

Malaria c

Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia

Mortality

MDG 5
Maternal
mortality ratio a
(per 100 000
live births)
HIV/AIDS b

Member State

2004

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
Morbidity

Distribution of causes of death among children aged <5 years (%)

MDG 6
Prevalence
of HIV
among
adults
aged ≥ 15
years b (per
100 000
population)

Other

Injuries

Pneumonia

Malaria

Measles

Diarrhoea

HIV/AIDS

Neonatal

MDG 6
Incidence of tuberculosis l
(per 100 000
population per year)

MDG 6
Prevalence of tuberculosis l
(per 100 000 population)

i,k

2004

1990

2000

2007

1990

2000

2007

2007

22.4

43.0
17.8
29.2
39.5
43.7
34.9
17.3
21.3
47.3
14.2
22.2
44.1
25.2
48.7
49.8
27.4
27.4
34.7
56.3

0.7

0.0
0.9
2.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
44.9
0.0
0.1
2.6
1.2
32.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.8
0.0

19.9

0.0
20.9
0.7
0.4
1.3
8.1
19.1
7.9
0.1
5.4
13.1
7.5
10.2
0.0
0.3
19.0
24.1
20.6
3.2

1.6

0.0
0.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
12.5
0.1
0.0
0.0
3.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

15.4

0.0
13.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
10.2
2.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
21.0
1.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.1
0.0

23.6

14.2
27.9
13.8
8.3
1.6
8.3
24.5
8.0
1.0
1.9
14.7
6.2
11.7
0.6
0.3
12.2
27.0
9.4
5.2

2.8

7.0
1.5
7.5
7.7
5.5
3.8
3.6
2.8
6.4
72.9
5.5
7.0
3.3
2.8
4.5
3.3
2.4
15.8
2.4

13.6

35.9
16.9
46.8
44.0
47.8
33.8
20.3
14.9
45.0
5.5
17.8
32.9
16.6
47.9
45.1
38.0
19.1
14.6
32.9

380

113
465
52
55
66
625
597
769
44
109
409
109
629
5
14
94
193
336
92

420

52
675
39
32
27
300
414
515
27
107
375
115
740
4
7
41
191
223
56

468
41
55
941
27
20
15
180
352
692
23
79
402
155
812
5
5
27
322
192
33

195

43
207
50
40
43
312
249
301
56
60
174
66
267
7
18
61
112
142
54

237

37
377
37
26
23
185
249
576
35
60
212
79
801
5
9
35
117
142
36

272
32
32
574
27
17
13
128
249
948
30
60
243
116
1198
6
6
24
231
142
29

886
79

1 523
113
<11
<29

495
16 293
370
25
1 253
2 066
24 301
82
398

239
1 191
<30

35.2
25.3
24.0
65.2
41.5
43.2
30.9
14.3
20.2
31.5
41.4
52.6
25.3
50.4
41.3
34.1
17.3
49.6
47.6
31.8
20.0
24.4

0.1
4.2
0.0
3.9
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
7.7
5.8
0.5
0.0
9.8
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.2
1.4
0.0
14.4
30.4

9.2
13.5
15.3
1.4
13.0
15.4
22.2
15.9
15.5
0.8
10.1
0.1
12.9
0.1
1.7
22.3
5.7
9.0
13.9
17.0
15.3
10.6

1.7
0.0
4.3
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.0
1.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
6.1
0.0
0.5
3.5
0.0
0.0

27.2
24.2
1.8
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
20.8
0.0
0.1
0.0
18.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
10.4
0.0
0.2
0.5
16.9
1.4

0.0
16.3
8.9
2.0
10.7
13.2
25.6
5.8
19.0
0.4
3.5
2.0
15.3
1.7
4.7
23.8
2.1
6.2
10.7
19.8
19.1
12.7

1.5
2.6
2.5
3.1
9.0
3.1
5.5
3.2
4.4
13.9
6.1
4.3
2.9
10.9
10.5
4.9
2.5
6.6
5.0
4.3
2.4
4.4

25.2
13.9
43.1
24.5
25.6
24.5
15.9
59.8
12.4
47.7
38.2
41.0
15.3
36.9
41.6
14.9
56.0
28.4
20.7
23.0
12.0
16.0

706
702
45
17
49
83
105
593
206
67
47
9
215
7
35
114
278
46
365
265
436
409

644
656
34
15
30
49
130
422
391
120
27
9
364
4
27
139
143
39
248
164
658
479

378
750
28
15
28
34
75
203
426
102
24
12
337
3
23
140
102
39
220
130
387
714

322
308
34
11
31
49
64
296
163
41
30
12
178
9
28
68
139
35
202
133
297
329

322
374
28
11
25
31
92
211
340
84
18
12
339
6
24
93
98
34
183
100
602
685

322
429
24
11
26
30
68
166
330
102
16
15
297
4
22
113
77
34
171
76
506
782


3 184

1 240
46

<14

5 155
1 082

154
5 771
452
391
85


446

15 087
14 609

55

Table 2

Mortality

2. Cause-specific mortality and morbidity
Mortality

Noncommunicable

of which:

2007

2007

1
2 100
130

3
1 049
21

0
229
2

0
98
8

0.0
276.8
0.9

284
1 309
691

103
832
364

52
306
129

18
486
68

3
87
31

8
87
52

3
62
12

900
99
450
27
420
82

198
11

10
10
4

104
<1
2

7
<1

45
4
28
6
17
16

47.6
0.9
2.3
0.9
1.4
0.8

841
499
701
590
790
557

390
202
365
332
458
243

147
130
107
142
101
139

126
66
131
79
109
68

80
25
52
56
12
24

13
55
31
30
70
57

7
20
17
15
18
19

650
180
91
9
400

87
11
65
4
34

61
3
<1

17

41
20
8
2
20

21.1
2.1
12.9
0.1
6.8

794
675
692
408
612

409
337
401
164
301

126
125
133
135
130

108
104
102
43
93

68
29
27
8
51

21
49
53
77
34

10
22
20
15
14

2004

Injuries

2006

Injuries

2007

Cancer

2005

Cardiovascular

Female

TB among
HIV-positive
people e

MDG 6

TB among
HIV-negative
people d

MDG 6

Malaria c

MDG 6

Distribution of years of life
lost by broader causes f,h,i,j
(%)

Age-standardized
mortality rates by cause f,g
(per 100 000 population)

Communicable

Cause-specific mortality rate
(per 100 000 population)

Noncommunicable

MDG 5
Maternal
mortality ratio a
(per 100 000
live births)
HIV/AIDS b

Member State

2004

RANGES OF COUNTRY VALUES
Minimum
Maximum
Median

WHO REGION
African Region
Region of the Americas
South-East Asia Region
European Region
Eastern Mediterranean Region
Western Pacific Region

INCOME GROUP
Low income
Lower middle income
Upper middle income
High income
Global

56

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
Morbidity

Distribution of causes of death among children aged <5 years (%)

MDG 6
Prevalence
of HIV
among
adults
aged ≥ 15
years b (per
100 000
population)

Other

Injuries

Pneumonia

Malaria

Measles

Diarrhoea

HIV/AIDS

Neonatal

MDG 6
Incidence of tuberculosis l
(per 100 000
population per year)

MDG 6
Prevalence of tuberculosis l
(per 100 000 population)

i,k

2004

1990

2000

2007

1990

2000

2007

2007

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

5.5

0

0

0

0

0

0

9

70.3

51.9

26.4

27.2

29.7

32.7

72.9

70.4

1485

761

1104

585

801

1198

24 301

35.7

0.1

12.2

0.0

0.0

10.5

4.2

28.4

109

98

75

64

72

60

391

4 735

21.0

5.0

16.3

3.9

15.6

20.4

2.4

15.4

324

436

475

168

319

363

37.7

0.7

12.7

0.0

0.2

12.7

5.9

30.0

82

51

38

57

40

32

448

39.0

0.4

19.5

5.5

0.4

13.7

5.3

16.2

554

417

280

202

189

181

295

37.8

0.7

14.0

0.1

0.0

14.9

5.7

26.7

52

68

51

37

51

49

336

32.6

0.3

16.7

3.0

2.3

19.6

3.5

21.9

227

203

139

110

107

105

202

46.2

0.3

12.0

0.8

0.3

9.8

7.5

23.1

320

260

197

129

115

108

89

24.6

3.2

17.1

4.0

11.9

20.1

2.5

16.5

398

421

387

192

260

269

1 842

38.3

0.8

17.2

3.9

1.9

13.7

5.8

18.2

393

311

219

149

140

134

263

34.8

9.3

11.7

0.1

0.2

11.6

5.0

27.2

127

115

100

72

95

109

1 482

43.4

0.2

3.5

0.4

1.0

4.3

9.5

37.7

33

21

17

29

18

16

241

30.6

2.5

16.8

3.8

7.4

17.1

4.0

17.8

296

259

206

125

136

139

644

57

Table 2

Mortality

Table 3

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Selected infectious diseases
This table is compiled from countries’ most recent reports of cases of selected infectious diseases. These are officially
reported numbers, but vary greatly in quality, representativeness, comparability and information value. The selection
of diseases for inclusion in this table was made primarily on the availability of data. Where possible, the table
distinguishes between zero cases reported and no information available for a country.
In isolation, these numbers provide no indication of the relative risk of disease, nor of the quality of disease
reporting in different countries. However, this table does indicate the current status of officially reported infectious
disease data at the global level and the major reporting gaps. Given the variation in the methods countries use to
obtain these numbers, no attempt has been made to calculate incidence or prevalence. Further information on disease
incidence and prevalence and immunization coverage rates for vaccine-preventable diseases can be obtained from the
relevant disease-specific programmes at WHO.
To interpret these numbers, one needs to consider both epidemiological patterns and data collection efforts in
specific countries. Some diseases – malaria and yellow fever, for example – are endemic to certain geographical regions,
but are extremely rare elsewhere. Diseases such as plague are prone to outbreaks which cause case numbers to fluctuate
wildly over time. Some diseases are best tackled with preventive measures such as mass drug treatment, so reporting
the number of cases is a lower priority than estimating the population at risk. For vaccine-preventable diseases, case
numbers are affected by immunization rates. Diseases such as H5N1 influenza, Japanese encephalitis and malaria are
difficult to identify without specialized laboratory tests that are often not available in developing countries. In many
settings, cases of some diseases – malaria is a common example – are identified through clinical signs and symptoms
alone. Some diseases are reported under the International Health Regulations, while other diseases are monitored by
countries or by WHO in the context of specific control programmes.
Despite ongoing efforts to enhance disease surveillance and response, many countries face challenges in accurately
identifying, diagnosing and reporting infectious diseases due to the remoteness of communities, lack of transport and
a communication infrastructure, and shortage of skilled health-care workers and laboratory facilities to ensure accurate
diagnosis. No inference can be drawn from these figures about a country’s effort or progress in controlling particular
diseases.
Case numbers are a poor indication of the burden of disease. Diseases such as H5N1 influenza and plague have
high mortality rates, while diseases such as polio and leprosy have low mortality but result in heavy losses of healthy
years of life. Some diseases with very small case numbers can potentially cause devastating epidemics, so mandatory
reporting is essential. For diseases that are considered eradicable, such as leprosy and polio, case reporting is essential to
ensure eradication efforts are targeted to the affected areas. In 2007, over 200 000 new cases of leprosy were reported
globally and 1385 new cases of polio. The true numbers of cases are likely to be higher.
59

3. Selected infectious diseases
Member State

Number of reported cases

Cholera a

Diphtheria b

2007
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Côte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti





18 422



3


















365

10
1




168

1 555
7 785


8





28 269

372

H5N1
influenza c,d
2008

104
0
0
0
4
0
0
0
0
0
4
0
0
86
0
5
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
5

5
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0

60

Japanese
encephalitis b

Leprosy e

2007










0


1














1






3













0


0








0
0
0
204

0
0

0


0
0
0

0


295



0


4 330

0
0

0

0


0
0


0

26

0

1 269
0
312




0
2
5 357
0


0
345



0
0


588
239
315
549

8
345
631

1 528
510
108
261
0
11
1 204

244



8 820

Malaria f

Measles b

2007

2007

433 412






1


110








850



458 041


2 487 633

59 848







110 389












4 708

1 141
35
0
0
1 014
0
0
1
11
20
0
0
7
2 924
0
1
64
0
341
11
0
166
1
0

1
12
43
394
100
101
0
49
441
0
109 023
0
0
84
1
0
5
0
0
0
2
3 550
55 577
2
24

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Number of reported cases

Mumps

b

Pertussis

b

Plague

h

Poliomyelitis b,d

Congenital
rubella
syndrome b

17
0
0
0
8
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
21
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
41
0
0


0

0

0
0
0
2

0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
17

0




0

0

0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0

2008


















346







9 831





345
908







1 043





5 579

Rubella b

Neonatal
tetanus b

Total
tetanus b

Tuberculosis i

Yellow fever b

2007

824

4


11 575
133
579

129
0
91

0
318
54

0


83
0
0

5 299




1 108

0

1 386
252 701
2 294
0
0
420
0

74
267
0
1 297
176

11
0

5 904
13
0

921
0
2 587
1
5 379
133
12
0
0
87
0
156
293
0
0
0
0
46
0
596

269
44
0
561

1 472
0
2

1 048

125
0
55
0
2 024

123
0
9
186
1 250
3 799
81
3
















































966

61

152
0

0
25
0
96
87
36
13
4
0
5
13 226
0
7

0
29
3
0
25
18
8 672

88
4
15
386
126
1

118

4 236
74 746
2
0
2
0
0
48
33
0
0
4
101

1

40
0
4
0
70
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
206
0
0
0
0
9
0
1
0
0
5

0
13
14
50
48
0
0
68
100
0
2 112
4
1
3
0
0
31
0
0
0
0
0
379
0
0

71
2
11
0
790
0
6
0
3
0
3
1
0
1 034
2
0
1
0
9

9
1
0
281

0
13
14
242
147
5
0
68
100
3
2 112
65
2
3
0
1
31
5
0
0
0
0
1 153
3
0

13 213
165
8 439
2
21 422
2
4 985
497
281
189
1 356
32
109
104 296
8
1 051
322
54

328
5 686
737
3 002
38 444
136
1 080
2 614
3 595
19 421
13 220
463
158

2 513
1 166
465 877
7 188

3 552

322
14 071
382
432
8
267
23 575
66 099
135
1 208


0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

6
0
0
13

0
2
0

2
0
0
0

0

7
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
204

0

Table 3

Meningitis

g

3. Selected infectious diseases
Member State

Number of reported cases

Cholera a

Diphtheria b

2007
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg







119

24 121


4

12

2
179



8 546
153





2 635

19
4 696


1




1 206



169



3 063


H5N1
influenza c,d
2008

0
4
0
0
0


0

0
0
1

0
9
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
94
0
0
0
3 354
183
32
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
5

0

1
2
18
0
0

0
0
0

62

Japanese
encephalitis b

Leprosy e

2007



8
























22

0











0







0
0




0


0


0
0






0



0
0
4 017


0
0


0

0
0

0


44
0

0

0
0
0

0
164
107
887
8



4 187
6


27



594



803
58
26
29



137 685
17 723
25
0



6
11
0


63
20

125


4
319
8

Malaria f

Measles b

2007

2007




30




1 214 921





25

3 123 147










1 476 562

15 712
3



184






96







0
0
0
1 684
0
5
55
1
1 446
0
0
39
0
0
44
567
6
2
0
0
3
1
0
0
0
0
0
36 900
19 456
133
230
64
539
321
0

41
13
1 516
0

40
1 678
0
373
2
1
59
0
0

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Number of reported cases

Meningitis

g

Mumps

b

Pertussis

b

Plague

h

Poliomyelitis b,d

Congenital
rubella
syndrome b

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
873
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0

0

0


0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0




0
0
20
0
0
0
0

0

0

0
0


0
0
0

Neonatal
tetanus b

Total
tetanus b

Tuberculosis i

Yellow fever b

2007








612







403



263




























0

475
108
329


18

827
6
7 998

0
85


23
0
2
0
0
0

233
16
4



1 612
150
7
877
0

202
266

0

1 193

4
217


145
81
0

0
10
14
0
2


409

0
480


0
63

487
29
0
97
0
0
39
824
71
48
4
70 729

267
3 140
78
2 635
474
0

1
69

0

71
13
27
45
0

94
17
0


















































63

0
0
0
11 354
0
0

10
187
0
0

0
0
225

175
0
0
0
26
0
0
0
0
0
0

168
20
51
19
3
429
0

3
2 692
387
0

3
1
7
32

3
1
13
0

0
2
2
34
0
1

0
62
0
0

0
0
0

10
0
0
2
27
4
0
38
0
0
0
937
141
3
6
0
0
0
0

0
0
52
0

0
15
0
0
0
13
0
0
0

0
64
15
34
6
1

0
62
0

8

0
7

1 027
10
1
3
27
8
0
92
13
4
0
7 005
141
11
17
1
0
22
10

1
4
52
0


17
1
4
0
13
0
1
0

3
2 373
3 448
4 887
942

694
168
38 040
52
85
1 921
1 462
1 238
1 867
1 183
7 429
257
3
2 348
6 199

233
7 915
1 974
381
2
592 587
160 617
4 701
2 726
135
143
979
78
9 433
109
6 195
38 360
103
274
1 720
3 080
478
143
788

772
925
0

0
0
0

0


0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0



0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Table 3

2008

Rubella b

3. Selected infectious diseases
Member State

Number of reported cases

Cholera a

Diphtheria b

2007
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia


475





3







2 622

14

264



24
1 661

1















1 453





90

H5N1
influenza c,d
2008

3
0
2
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0

5
0
0
44
0
0
0
10

0

0
11
0
0
0
0
0
39
0
0
0

0
0
91

0
0
0

0
0
3

64

Japanese
encephalitis b

Leprosy e

2007
















0







0



0

























0
0

0

0

0
0
0
0
28
0
0
435

0



0

0

0


0


0

0
7
0
0


0



0
0
0

1 521

190

455

64


243
141

0

38
2 510
3 637

3
4 436



610
4 665


2
496
4

270
403
19
2 514



12





12
0



20

Malaria f

Measles b

2007

2007

790 510













75
6 327 916







1 308 234
2 969 950


705
128 570












122







2 864

0
143
394
20
2
2
0
11
13
0
0

12
0
2 248
267
1 088
21
0
1 415
10
25
0
282
2 613
0

24
2 801
0
0
0
0
0
530
40
0
361
180
10
353
173
26
0
0
0

0
0
4 648

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Number of reported cases

Mumps

b

Pertussis

b

Plague

h

Poliomyelitis b,d

Congenital
rubella
syndrome b

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
15
0
0
5
0
0
0
11
353
0
0
0
32
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0






0
0

0
0
0

0


0

0
0

0
0
0


0

0

0
0

0
2
172
1
0
0

0
1
8

0
0
0

0
0
0

2008




1 453


















3 480
6 704
























Rubella b

Neonatal
tetanus b

Total
tetanus b

Tuberculosis i

Yellow fever b

2007



341

10
0

2
7 880
0

965
18

0

0
0


75
141


0

73

0
207

140


4 147
191
223
4 569
1 757
5 291
1 855

0
0


0
0
32

0
0
15
0

0
1
0
1
164
47

0
0
28

13
0
0
879
7 325
331
51
3 204
12 573
0

75
267
0
78

8
47
17
1 987
22
11
14
36
35
8 116

0
0
0

0
0
68

591











1




































65

68
136


6
2
0
0
6
102
0

6 363
0


2
0
0
227
1
10
0
10
466
0

16

0
0
4
0
0

22 890
6
26
35
3
2 958
30 846
14
0
0
0

5
0
32

10
7
14
0
19
0
0
0
0
4
0

0
0
4
17
49
15
0
32

0
0
23
163
0

0
586
0
0

0
4
121
0
0
0

0
0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
21

10
7
36
0
117
0
0
0
1
49
0

2
0
32
17
259
15
0
155

1
4
194
163
0

2
743
0
2

10
51
1 261
19
9
0

0
12
15
1
0
0
0

0
0
27

15 344
7 608
9 578
59
3 894
8
19
1 714
86
11 531
47

1 856
41
11 937
18 214
42 588
5 091
3
14 355
187
81
1 453
5 773
44 016
0
38
187
88 747
5
833
2 087
1 276
17 796
86 566
2 827
1 173
116
10 927
1 610
9 425
33 103
4 053
4
18
4


58
1 984



0
0
1
0
0
0
0

0

0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0

0
0

0
27

0
0
0
0
0
0


0
0
0

0
0
0

Table 3

Meningitis

g

3. Selected infectious diseases
Member State

Number of reported cases

Cholera a

Diphtheria b

2007
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

H5N1
influenza c,d
2008

Japanese
encephalitis b

Leprosy e

2007

Malaria f

Measles b

2007

2007

3 984

178
2 219


1

41 643

2

13 731






1 428

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0


0
0
7
0
0
0
0
0
3
3
0




















0

0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0


0
45

0
0
0
0
0

43
0

282

1

12


15
414
66


1 706
43





506

1 170 234







36 773



2 778 207




37
635

9
201
1
0
15
0
0
0
1 149
31
267
44
327
0
0
1
1 015
403
2
3 893
1


65






276
1

32
1 609
7




1 946

2 286
65

0
0
0
0
0
0
5
0

81

3
0

0
0
0
0
32
10
0
0






0












5


0



0


0



0
0

0



38

0

184
173
0
30
0


1
389

11



4

3
683
588
434

6


285 439



358
0








89



223 299

0
8
0
0
4
3
59
0
3 776
1 005

1 022
7 726
30
0
863
0
32
17
13
535
242

66

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Number of reported cases

Meningitis

g

Mumps

b

Pertussis

b

Plague

h

Poliomyelitis b,d

Congenital
rubella
syndrome b

Neonatal
tetanus b

Total
tetanus b

Tuberculosis i

Yellow fever b

2007





















80
0
0
780
5
22
0


10 337
1 153


3 013
46

414
1 430
9 299
284

50
3
0
0
38
21
706
35
1 347

556
0
57
0
0
689

140
46
23
0





















0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0



0
0
0
0
0
0


0
0

0

0
0
0


81
41
0
9
83
2
1
0

1 072
69
5
163
0
15
2

0
705
341
19

28
0
0
8
0
0
0
0
31
3
0
0
172
0
0
0
0
6
0
4
0

41
11
0
8
0
1
1
0
31
3
11
44
187
2
0
0
1
6
1
136
0

7 108
1 146

5 347
504
176
90
142
6 130
135 604
2 317
4 528
12 627

2 764
96
95
1 155
2 228
28 487
200

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0


0


0
0
0
0
0

0
0


377



















0

0


16 524
562
0

2 921

2 569

715
2 088
4 151

19 118

5 059
6 082

0
27
0
0
6
63
0
0

2 198

1 163
0
8 739
23
106
0
0
183
2 760
34
0









257



59
7






700

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0

0
0

0

0

0

1

0
0
0

0


0
1

0
7
0
0
51
644
15
0
605
5 822

31

11
0
202

62
3 530
165
93
242

4
18
0
0
0
5

0
102
0

0
18
0
0
0
0
1
36
48
0
5

6
18
0
0
6
19
0
0
1 007
28

4
18
20
3
0
0

116
48
1
5

1 021
1 796
14
130
941
7 527
1 378
12
21 303
11 028
56
1 639
24 520
4 864
380
6 326
41
3 392
54 457
3 537
13 378
10 583

0
3

0
0


0
0
0

0
0

0


0


0

67

Table 3

2008

Rubella b

3. Selected infectious diseases
Member State

Number of reported cases

Cholera a

Diphtheria b

2007

H5N1
influenza c,d
2008

Japanese
encephalitis b

Leprosy e

2007

Malaria f

Measles b

2007

2007

RANGES OF COUNTRY VALUES
Minimum
Maximum
Median

1
41 643
179

0
3 354
0

0
22
0

0
4 330
0

0
137 685
66

0
6 327 916
15 712

0
109 023
7

110 837

4 327


2 286


103
3 675
228
170
80






9



4 772


4 715

31 037
2 854
169 528

4 089
5 865



1 477 412

3 624 395

76 408
163
69 301
6 949
15 670
112 280

128 450
49 281

54
177 963

410
3 728
121
14
4 273






8 435


9 487

44 994
166 395
1 860

213 373





92 211
177 525
1 689
9 345
280 771

WHO REGION
African Region
Region of the Americas
South-East Asia Region
European Region
Eastern Mediterranean Region
Western Pacific Region

INCOME GROUP
Low income
Lower middle income
Upper middle income
High income
Global

68

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Number of reported cases

Meningitis

g

Mumps

b

Pertussis

b

Plague

h

Poliomyelitis b,d

Congenital
rubella
syndrome b

Neonatal
tetanus b

Total
tetanus b

Tuberculosis i

Yellow fever b

2007

263
9 831
908

0
252 701
85

0
70 729
23

1
966
257

0
873
0

0
172
0

0
74 746
5

0
2 112
0

0
7 005
4

0
592 587
1 356

0
204
0

31 344





47 958

71 154

260 916

21 197
18 019
72 981
28 798
14 213






434
0
893
0
58
0


19

31

3 993
13 182

67 927
12 071
85 194

1 346
63
1 373
5
951
2 348

5 157
718
8 780
205
1 220
3 790

561 149
119 780
972 441
105 288
155 559
664 722

212
53

0







77 669
31 890
408 270

34 566
78 268
17 540
31 468
161 842





503
882
0
0
1 385



27
23

69

21 433
99 638
74 516
853
196 440

2 333
3 699
32
22
6 086

6 995
12 248
489
138
19 870

759 378
1 501 430
276 533
41 583
2 578 939



13
0

Table 3

2008

Rubella b

Table 4

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Health service coverage
Health service coverage indicators reflect the extent to which people in need actually receive important health
interventions. Such indicators include the care of women during pregnancy and childbirth, reproductive health
services, immunization to prevent common childhood infections, vitamin A supplementation in children, and
treatment for common childhood diseases and infectious diseases in adults.
The data show that there have been significant improvements in the coverage of public health interventions since
1990. For example, immunization rates for measles, diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus, hepatitis B, and Haemophilus
influenzae type B have increased in most regions. However, there are significant variations between regions. The
highest immunization rates are found in the Americas and Europe and the lowest rates in the South-East Asia Region.
Coverage indicators are typically calculated by dividing the number of people receiving a defined intervention by
the population eligible for or in need of the intervention. For example, the indicator on immunization coverage among
1-year-old children is calculated from the number of children having received a specific vaccine divided by the total
population of children under one in each country. For indicators on antenatal care and skilled attendance at delivery,
the denominator is live births.
The main sources of data on coverage are household surveys and respondents’ answers to questions about service
use. The principle types of surveys are the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) 30-cluster survey, the
UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS), and the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS).
The other source of data is administrative records of routine service provision, which provide data on the
numerator. The denominator is estimated on the basis of census projections.
Neither source of data is perfect: administrative records tend to overestimate coverage as a result of double
counting in the numerator and uncertainty in the denominator. Household surveys are generally considered to be
more reliable but are subject to respondent reporting errors as well as to margins of uncertainty due to sampling errors.
In generating global estimates, it is good practice to reconcile data from multiple sources in order to maximize the
accuracy of the estimate.
Regional aggregates are not available for several coverage indicators, reflecting limited availability of data for several
indicators and also due to the fact that some conditions – such as malaria – are not of public health significance in
several countries.

71

4. Health service coverage
Member State

MDG 5

Antenatal care
coverage a
(%)
At
least
1 visit

At
least
4 visits

2000–2008

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Côte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti

16
97
89

80
100
99
93


77
98

51
100
99

94
84
88
77
99
97
97


85
92
69
82

98
69
39

90
94
75
86

92
85

100



85

92


41
41



89
71


45


21




61

58

97
88


18
79
27
60

72

18


83

75


45




95
47

7

MDG 5

Births by

Births
attended
by skilled
health
personnel b
(%)

caesarean

1990– 2000–
1999 2008

2000–
2008


89
77

23
100
97
93
99
100
100
99
98
q
14
100
100
p
99
79
n
64
15
n
47
99

s
97
99
99
42

34
55
98
r
89
46
12
100
89
s
93
52

100
97
45
100
100

100

70

14
100
95

n
47
100
99
98
p
99

n
89
99
99
n
18
100
n
100

n
96
n
78
51
66
n
100
r
94
97
100
99
54
34
44
63
100
q
78
s
54
14
100
98
s
96
s
62
n
86
100
94
57
100
100
100
100
97
74

s
93

section a
(%)

Immunization coverage among 1-year-olds d
(%)

Neonates
protected at
birth against
neonatal tetanus c
(%)

MDG 4

DTP3

Measles


24.3





9.0
30.8
25.8
4.7


3.5

19.5


3.6

14.6

7.7
41.3

23.6
0.7

1.8
2.0
26.3
10.7

0.4
30.7
40.5
26.7

3.2


6.4
16.2
28.5

18.4

4.0
20.3
10.0

HepB3

Hib3

1990 2000 2007

1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 2000 2007 2000 2007

13
30
75

34






71
48
70



88
48
63
23

59
63
40

55
67
11
19

75
69
14


45
78
60


36




90
53

80

20
88
83

38
89
93

86
60

86
87
65
87

85
86
79
93
53

87
78
99
99
79
74
34
56
89
79
82
32
97
98
82
87
75
67
90
56

94
77

98
38
84
85

72

32
86
64

77






85
77
89



85
87
85
67

68
92
77

57
51
58
54

60
36
39


70
57
67


76




81
45

46

73
87
70

81






93
66
91



85
93
86
71

78
93
65

80
78
87
81

77
54
60


78
89
90


76




91
81

77

35
95
80
97
41
95
91
92
91
75
99
93
98
76
94
98
82
95
72
76
79
80
90
99
99
89
59
75
65
49
95
80
36
28
97
85
75
70
34
76
82
73
93
94
86
98
78
46
99
50

70
97
92
94
88
99
99
92
94
79
97
96
99
88
75
99
92
96
61
95
81
96
90
99
97
96
94
75
79
74
94
74
62
23
91
94
95
65
67
98
90
67
96
99
87
97
99
79
89
74

25
94
89

24
99
87

95
90

86
94
69
91

93
91
74
96
41

92
66
93
99
66
86
38
48
88
88
82
20
95
97
88
94
79
93
95
54

92
93

98
35
90
85

31
97
92
98
31
95
83
93
90
81
99
99
97
83
93
99
95
89
79
92
80
85
97
98
99
93
57
74
59
53
91
86
37
24
91
85
74
70
33
97
88
72
93
95
97
98
56
40
97
46

83
98
95
96
83
99
96
88
92
85
95
95
97
90
93
95
99
96
67
95
81
95
97
98
99
95
99
74
82
82
94
81
54
20
94
93
93
75
80
99
89
76
96
93
97
99
92
87
75
88


96

84



55

33


97


70
60
75

98


85
94
99
94









72
74


97
89


98
89




83
98
90
91
83
97
92
85
94
85
97
93
97
90
93
91
94
96
67
95
81
94
85
95
99
95
99
74
82
82
14
79


94
92
93
75
80
99
89
76
95
93
93
99
92
87

25




90


83

90
72

90
97



86






90






86



91

61



92


78
32



95




95
83
99
96

94
85

95
97

93

98
96
67

81
95

98
99

99
74


94



94

93



88

96
97
90
99


75
25

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

2000–2007

8.0








4.3


89.2



23.8
60.7

60.0


28.3


33.3

34.5
37.5



34.3


34.5

65.5


55.0





54.6

Children aged <5 years
(%)
MDG 6

Sleeping
under
insecticidetreated
nets f

MDG 6

With fever who
received treatment with any
antimalarial f

2000–2007




18





1







20







10
8
4
13


15




9
6


6





1

1

With ARI
symptoms
taken to
facility e

With
diarrhoea
receiving
ORT e

2000–2007




29





1







54







48
30
0
58


57
32



63
48


36





52

10


45.3
52.6




41.9


32.5


30.1

89.5

70.9
35.7

51.5
91.3

49.7


35.9

45.4
40.6



6.5


56.7

47.5


35.0







42.5


89.1
26.6




41.9


31.3


70.1

84.9

60.6
30.1

38.2
64.8

51.3


26.5

35.8
24.2



17.7


55.4

27.0


33.0





44.9

MDG 5
Unmet need
for family
planning g
(%)

MDG 5
Contraceptive
prevalence h
(%)

2000–2006

1.2
24.6




13.3


11.5


11.3




27.2

22.7





28.8
29.4t
25.1
20.2



23.3


5.8

16.2










26.3

10.3
75.1
m
61.4

6.2

o
65.3
53.1


55.4


58.1




18.6
30.7
58.4
47.5m
44.4



13.8
19.7
40.0
26.0


27.9
2.8
60.7n
90.2u
78.2
25.7
44.3




73.3


68.6
31.4

17.8m

73

Antiretroviral therapy
coverage (%)
MDG 6

Pregnant
women
(PMTCT) i,j

People with
advanced
HIV
infection j

2007

2007





9













40



>95



18
14

22


34
1




5


12





9

6



20

25

73
12


14


7

20

49
49

22

79
80


35
23
67
25


21
13
82
19
38

17

>95
28

>95


0
24

16

MDG 6
Tuberculosis
detection rate under
DOTS k
(%)

MDG 6
Tuberculosis
treatment success
under DOTS l
(%)

1995

2000

2007

1995

2000

2006








12


5


6




84
38
39

70



12
20
40

45


36
73
15

54
72
90

53

82

52

40

18

127
15

136
31
47
23
62
6
100
17
24



85
86
41
75
71
73
7
90
24
16

50
33
61



79
31
88
49
90

120
34

97

60
13
47

63

64
54
98
32
102

76
51
49
41
46
52
79
66
173
40
58
89

45
71
81
57
69
90
81
18
27
61
91
62
44

18
105
80
81

56

120
42
46
109
42
67
64
61
69
42








83





71




73
97
62

67



25
45
91



37
47
79
96

90

100

68

90

60

80

75

86

87
50
68
100
54
87
74
73
91

73
83



78

90
79
94
77
73
63

60
80
91
77
35

57

82
95
80
93
69

76


93

70
91
78

62

84
93
91
75
18

63
69
85
71
60
75
86
92
100
70
73


89
83
97
72
72
84
80
73
83
93
74
57
79

54
85
94
71

53

88
73
30
90
88
69
86
86
77
78

Table 4

Children aged
6–59 months
who received
vitamin A
supplementation e
(%)

4. Health service coverage
Member State

MDG 5

Antenatal care
coverage a
(%)
At
least
1 visit

At
least
4 visits

2000–2008

Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg

100
99
84
74
86
86
70

28



94
98
94

92

100
84
82
78
81
85
92


74
93

84



91

99
100
88


97
35

96
90
79



95
v
57
65
79
37
41

12



63

75

69


66
49
62

54
81


37
81
94



68


94

52





76
70
66


MDG 5

Births by

Births
attended
by skilled
health
personnel b
(%)

caesarean

1990– 2000–
1999 2008

2000–
2008

100
n
96
n
99
46
52

21
100

99
100
99


96

44

100
35
31

93
n
21
55
99

q
42
43


100


95
100
97
100
44
85
98
98
7
100
89
40

94
100

94
n
98
n
99
79
p
84
s
63
q
28
100
6
99
100

86
n
57
98
w
100
50

99
41
s
38
s
39
n
83
n
26
n
67
100

n
47
q
73
97
89
100

p
99
s
97
100
99
n
100
42
90
100
n
98
n
20
100
98
q
55
n
46
100
100
100

section a
(%)

Immunization coverage among 1-year-olds d
(%)

Neonates
protected at
birth against
neonatal tetanus c
(%)

MDG 4

DTP3

Measles


41.9
25.8
27.6
22.0

2.7
19.0
1.0
7.1
16.1
18.8
5.6

13.0
27.8
3.7


11.4
1.7


3.0
13.0
28.0
15.6
8.5
4.1


25.4
19.1
37.4


18.5
10.0
4.0

13.9
5.1

21.1

5.1
3.5

19.2
24.0

HepB3

Hib3

1990 2000 2007

1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 2000 2007 2000 2007


60
82
74
37
58


24
5


84
85


35


52
27
40
56
39
60


81
64
71
70





49

60

51

12



33


88
96
60
86
98
88


38
84
97
71
76
86

75
61
76
85
68
35
53
73
31
90
99
99
56
58
85
75
78
91
43
74
73
87

78
75
66

32

61
80

89

80

74


48
42
80
83
61
38

54
84


39
92


76


41
66
49
82
41
93


85
82
82
75



51

44

68

77

58


31
51



85
67
85
87
62
80

85
94


67
90


88


80
95
92
91
43
94


86
83
83
69



54

87

74

83

47


76
89


99
88
84
98
97
51
86
93
52
85
96
84
55
85
73
93
84
88
92
86
42
71
86
55
98
99
91
54
72
99
87
79
97
73
88
96
94
99
75
80
99
98
42
97
79
74
52
92
97
91

96
96
99
97
98
51
95
96
65
81
98
87
55
85
97
94
95
88
98
93
71
76
96
58
89
99
95
67
80
97
69
87
97
87
76
98
95
99
80
93
99
99
40
97
53
85
95
98
97
96

92
69
68
87
80
77


49
97
90
94
78
92

80
58
54
80
66
17
61
83
41
84
99
99
70
60
91
83
65
93
83
86
90
92

84
97
71

18

82
82

84

90

99
68
89
98
99
33
88
93
56
89
99
97
38
83
80
90
84
88
97
84
45
42
88
45
95
99
98
58
75
99
78
86
96
90
86
85
91
97
75
90
98
99
53
96
86
82
55
94
94
98

96
79
99
98
96
33
97
95
73
83
99
98
38
90
98
97
94
88
99
82
75
63
94
53
86
99
97
62
75
99
62
92
96
96
85
98
98
93
81
94
99
94
50
98
74
83
88
98
95
99


68
38
93
99




95

26

91
55
84

88






95



65
99
67

97
94


93
99

90
95
44

95
86


92
99
49

93
70
99
98
96

97
95
73
84

29
38
90
94
87
94
88
99
82
83

94

86


6
74
97
58

99
96
85

98
94
81
96
99
94
50
97
74
85

98
96
87










86
96
86

83

94

88
33





95
99
98




85
94
55






98


79




2
91

93
59
99

96


95
73
83
97
87

90

94
94
88
99
82


94

86
99
97




92
95
95
85

98

81

99


97
74


56
95
99

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

2000–2007



11.1


38.0

45.8




80.1


60.2



68.2
58.6

28.7
48.7


18.2
75.1







8.5

33.3


47.0
18.1


54.6
43.0


Children aged <5 years
(%)
MDG 6

Sleeping
under
insecticidetreated
nets f

MDG 6

With fever who
received treatment with any
antimalarial f

2000–2007





1
4

42




49


22



1
39






0

0







6



18



3


With ARI
symptoms
taken to
facility e

With
diarrhoea
receiving
ORT e

2000–2007





49
4

10




63


61



44
46

5
1


12
1

1







27



9







67.3

63.4


43.6

18.7



47.7
68.9
73.6

33.6



42.0
4.3
64.1
31.5
53.9


67.3
61.3





75.0

75.0
70.5
49.1


62.1
32.3


58.8
62.2



46.3

35.7


55.7

27.5



35.4
48.2
50.1

37.0



36.6
46.3
51.7
43.8
55.7


26.0
48.4





39.0

24.9
74.0
29.2


20.4
50.5


75.2
58.1


MDG 5
Unmet need
for family
planning g
(%)

MDG 5
Contraceptive
prevalence h
(%)

2000–2006

10.9
5.0
10.3
8.9

27.0

33.8


3.2t
28.0

16.4

34.0



21.2


37.5
16.9


12.8
8.6







11.0

24.5



39.5


30.9




69.8
72.7
59.2
67.3

8.0

14.7


81.8
32.7
9.6
47.3

25.2


43.3
9.1
7.6
34.6
32.0
65.2


56.3
60.3
73.8
49.8m



69.0
52.0
55.8

39.3



32.2


37.3



75

Antiretroviral therapy
coverage (%)
MDG 6

Pregnant
women
(PMTCT) i,j

People with
advanced
HIV
infection j

2007

2007






14
7

7



21



21



11
24

22














69






32
7



38
42
9
51
31
13

29



42
18


15


37
27
20
45
41
47
22


15
5




43


23
38


14
>95
15
26
26
17

18

MDG 6
Tuberculosis
detection rate under
DOTS k
(%)

MDG 6
Tuberculosis
treatment success
under DOTS l
(%)

1995

2000

2007

1995

2000

2006




50

86


15
51



74
18

16


43
45






0
1
42






106

58





41
63




6

54
56

43
64
31
58




34

38


50
55
46
11
19
106
25

12
20
58
51

7
31
100
23
70
94
53
34
65
42
40
72
65
78
32
113
2

61
66
46
72
65

35
76
28
67
0
0
66
64
113
54
36
0

40
53

39
49
87
51
0
68
68
68
37
0
61
0
83
77
81
69
72
66
90
60
78
89
62
16

162
90
0






89


61
86



76
58

54


61
78






79
91




80
67



75



70
61

47
79



79

87
79

76
70
80
85




63
77
50


86
68

91
73
89
64

84
87
85
92

78
74
45
70
90
79
80
91
69
82
77
72
92

80

92

50
78
74
87
91

90
68
84
66


46
58
75

76


47
75

68
82
86
46

86
91
83
84

74

41
53
71
72
85
90
78
82
92
73
90
66

77
74

Table 4

Children aged
6–59 months
who received
vitamin A
supplementation e
(%)

4. Health service coverage
Member State

MDG 5

Antenatal care
coverage a
(%)
At
least
1 visit

At
least
4 visits

2000–2008

Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia

80
92
79
100
70


75




99
97
68
85
76
95

44


90
46
58


100
61



94
91
88




98
94

96
100
99
95


97

40
57

91
35


16






31
53
y
66
70

29


78
15
47


83
28



79
87
70




89
76

13






MDG 5

Births by

Births
attended
by skilled
health
personnel b
(%)

caesarean

1990– 2000–
1999 2008

2000–
2008

47
50
81

r
40

95
40
99
74
93

99

40
q
44
46
68

q
9
100
p
93
61
18
n
42
100

91
q
19
100
86
47
61
56
56
100
100
99
100
p
99
p
99
99
26
100
100
100
100


91

s

51
54
100
84
r
49
w
100
95
n
61
p
99
94
88

99
s
99
63
q
48
57
81
97
19
100
p
94
74
18
n
35
100

98
n
39
100
91
p
39
77
n
73
60
100
100
100
100
n
100
99
100
q
52
100
98
100
100

81
96

section a
(%)

Immunization coverage among 1-year-olds d
(%)

Neonates
protected at
birth against
neonatal tetanus c
(%)

MDG 4

DTP3

Measles

1.0
3.1


1.6
34.3

3.2
37.0
36.1



11.4
5.4
1.9

12.7

2.7
13.7
23.5
19.6
1.0
1.7

16.6

7.3


4.7
26.9
15.8
7.3

34.0

37.7
8.5
21.4
17.2
2.9






11.6

HepB3

Hib3

1990 2000 2007

1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 2000 2007 2000 2007

45
81
82
86
45


24
61
59




66
37
62
23

35


39
17
61


93
50


78
66
19
57







85



38


47
81
70
96
43
80
52
38
76
75
81
99
92

79
59
68


57
94
90
82
25
54
99
87
98
50
98
73
67
69
64
85
95
85
79
93

92

83
99
82
96
89

71
88

76

58
84
88
95
50


44
79
81




86
75
86
74

64


91
57
51


94
71


24
47
65
72







81






72
86
89
94
89


60
86
87




85
82
91
82

83


94
72
53


95
81


60
81
82
65







82



5


56
73
88
99
49
74
94
62
84
96
85
99
92

93
71
84
69
8
71
96
85
86
34
35
99
88
99
56
83
97
62
92
97
80
97
87
91
95
87
98
97
74
99
88
96
93
74
69
94

81
83
90
97
68
79
94
67
98
96
92
99
98
90
95
77
81
69
99
81
96
79
99
47
62
99
92
97
80
91
89
58
80
99
92
98
95
92
92
96
97
99
99
99
94
99
63
92
86
96

46
87
90
94
42
63
92
33
85
53
85
99
84

81
46
88

74
43
97
90
66
22
56
99
86
98
54
99
86
68
67
72
88
96
89
82
74

96

84
99
89
98
90
99
92
92

57
75
95
97
40
94
39
40
88
97
85
99
95

95
68
82
79
44
72
97
90
83
31
24
99
90
99
61
96
98
59
68
91
79
98
96
80
97
91
99
97
90
99
70
99
99
96
82
95

82
87
96
98
68
74
93
75
97
98
79
99
95
92
95
72
86
86
99
82
96
88
87
39
54
99
93
99
83
94
88
60
66
80
87
99
97
94
91
92
97
98
97
99
99
99
71
92
97
96



94
90


36

88
97
87
99
93

43



58


90
83


99

99

96

57


19
99
58
89
93
88
98


99


96
94

93

82
87
87
98
68
82
93
74
97
98
90
99
98
90
95
72
85

99
82

88
87

41
99

99
83
91
88
59
66
80
88
98
97
94
91
95
99
98
97
99
99
99
69
92
99
96






93
45


97
75
99








96
90
83


99
93


96



38


86
80





12



92

96


87
89

44
72
83

96
98
79
99
78
89
90





96
78
87


99
95
99

95
88

66
80

88
97
94




96
99
99
99

92

96

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

2000–2007
76.2
65.4


72.0







64.7

25.5
49.8

51.5

87.5


65.3
69.6
33.7



60.2





76.0







84.1






Children aged <5 years
(%)
MDG 6

Sleeping
under
insecticidetreated
nets f

MDG 6

With fever who
received treatment with any
antimalarial f

2000–2007

23


27


2















56
1

















13





42

34
24


32


33







15

14




2
33
34

















12





25

With ARI
symptoms
taken to
facility e

With
diarrhoea
receiving
ORT e

2000–2007
47.9
42.7
36.5
61.1




38.1
24.3














62.6
62.8
89.4
98.1
37.8
28.0
55.4
54.1


71.5
69.3


34.3
29.3




57.7
54.1
47.2
26.2
32.8
29.4






80.5
47.2








66.8
36.6
54.8
57.6








59.7
34.9




27.9
18.6













MDG 5
Unmet need
for family
planning g
(%)

MDG 5
Contraceptive
prevalence h
(%)

2000–2006
23.6
27.1
27.6
41.7m


x
37.0
39.0
28.5
8.1




31.6
8.0
3.3
75.9

70.9




4.6
69.0


10.0
63.0
18.4
16.5
19.1
37.0
25.1
43.7


24.6
48.0




14.6
68.6
15.8
11.2
16.9
12.6







27.6






6.6
72.8
8.1
71.3
17.3
48.9



67.1z




6.7
67.8
11.9
70.0


37.9
17.4











29.3

77

Antiretroviral therapy
coverage (%)
Pregnant
women
(PMTCT) i,j
2007

32













46

64






7






4










60






MDG 6

People with
advanced
HIV
infection j

2007
4
35
35

41


23
22
57




31
24
15
88

7


30
10
26



3

56
38
22
48
31
36



58
73
16
71






MDG 6
Tuberculosis
detection rate under
DOTS k
(%)

1995
52
42
64
107
17



86

12

8

91
59

22


77

72

11



1
90


14
102
0

79
33
30



34



73


2000

44
73
75
17
41
19

88
64
24

61

89
47
50
82
90
57
46
40
78
41
12

28
123
3

32
7
4
88
44
4
92
29


10
5
32
0
56
55
70
113

36

2007
69
41
80
92
23
74
33
39
69
99
97

76
0
93
49
116
84
90
66
11
60
97
53
23

33
125
67
90
98
15
58
93
75
66
87
44
14
67
85
49
25
155
139




39

MDG 6
Tuberculosis
treatment success
under DOTS l
(%)

1995
55
71
69
97
59
100




80



90
39
66



72

80

49

77
84
70
67


51
83


69
81
76


65




80


2000
70
73
78
97

100
91

93
76
93

87

89
75
82
56
25
86
76
30
82
65
79

70
93
74

67
63
77
90
88
72
79
66

83
80
68
61

100
100
92
0

73

2006
78
78
48
91
76
100
75
41
92
80
90

88

87
83
84
76
100
88

70
89
77
76

93
86
88
60
79
73
83
78
88
75
87
69
81
62
83
58
86
100
80




69

Table 4

Children aged
6–59 months
who received
vitamin A
supplementation e
(%)

4. Health service coverage
Member State

MDG 5

Antenatal care
coverage a
(%)

MDG 5

Births by

Immunization coverage among 1-year-olds d
(%)

Neonates
protected at
birth against
neonatal tetanus c
(%)

Births
attended
by skilled
health
personnel b
(%)

caesarean

2000–2008

1990– 2000–
1999 2008

2000–
2008

1990 2000 2007

1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 2000 2007 2000 2007

Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia

87
98

87




26
92

99
64
90
85


84
77
98
94

40


68




6
56




79


42

74

47



100
100
100
85
s
34
84


85
80



76
81
85
94

52
s
99

q
42
p
100
100
100
p
43
r
33
91

99
r
49
n
90
s
74

w
100
n
93
n
83
n
97
n
98

s

3.3
14.7



20.0
16.3


20.6
25.0

4.5

7.9
16.5
28.9
14.8
2.1
aa
17.4
11.4

45


85



71
23


72
72
92
63


63

75

65


57



75
48
68

92
61
92
91


90

85

86


94



84
68
72

91
72
93
86


92

89

51
83
86

84


70
30
79
99
80
57
65
85
96
90
87

80

48
89
97
37
96
98
95
87
38
77
94
99
58
70
72
91
81
96
87
94
97

84
95
99
67
95
99
96
78
34
83
97
98
79
85
91
96
86
98
85
96
96

51
84
99

85


77
19
72
86
86
62
83
89
99
90
91

92

52
95
98
44
98
99
91
82
33
79
95
99
62
71
77
99
88
97
83
97
95

94
94
99
64
96
99
97
79
39
97
96
98
84
84
95
99
93
99
86
98
95



97

97
99

77

88
77



76


90

95

94
99
99
64
95
99

79

97
96
98
78
84
95
4

98
84
96
96






59



88
92




98
86



94
89

64

99
98


97
96


84

99
92
99


Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

61
84

96
92
81
99

94
99


78

97
99

94
91
47
94
94

30



68
54
83

47
ac
75


62





29
14
72
71


51

99
81
81

99
38
100
99
99
n
39
98
99
98
89
95
77
22
47
69

19
s
62
99
98
90
83
100
100
42
99
100

n
46
99
99
n
100
93
95
n
88
36
q
47
69





20.5
21.2
3.4

3.1
10.4
15.2
22.0
3.2
30.2
23.8
4.9

25.1
9.9

2.1
4.8

39
47


40
20


41



77



47

24
17
62
57

55
63


86
50


70



84



86

86
54
78
76

59
82


86
69


85



88



88
51
86
52
89
78


73
86
70
93
78

95
52

80
87
80
90
97

66
61
88
69
90
87


58
95
90
95
86
97
81
59
99
94
88
78
91
89
99
94
84
97
71
85
75

63
80
99
91
98
96
99
95
68
98
92
86
90
93
96
99
65
55
83
74
85
66


77
94
82
93
84

99
45

85
84
78
90
97

76
63
88
84
91
88


64
95
90
97
85
97
82
56
99
94
92
79
94
90
96
90
77
96
76
78
76

70
88
99
88
98
96
98
97
64
98
92
92
83
96
94
96
76
71
92
87
80
62



97

94
71

81

4
92


90
92
5
75
5

15

76



99
89
98
96
98
97
68
96
92

83
92
94
98
76
71
67
87
80
62




74






92
92

93
88


2





99
88

76


68
11
92
92

94
94


71

87
80

At
least
1 visit

At
least
4 visits

section a
(%)

MDG 4

DTP3

Measles

78

HepB3

Hib3

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

2000–2007
75.3


49.0




24.0
39.4




80.5


2.9
46.6



39.3




15.8





45.5


72.0


53.1

67.4
47.1

Children aged <5 years
(%)
MDG 6

Sleeping
under
insecticidetreated
nets f

MDG 6

With fever who
received treatment with any
antimalarial f

With ARI
symptoms
taken to
facility e

With
diarrhoea
receiving
ORT e

MDG 5
Unmet need
for family
planning g
(%)

MDG 5
Contraceptive
prevalence h
(%)

2000–2007
16


5




9



28
3
0



1

22


52




8



50

26



2

2000–2007
47.2
26.7
92.5
94.0


48.0
60.0








13.0
21.0
64.8
63.0








71.6
88.8




76.8
67.7
63.9
58.4
84.0
68.3

2000–2006
31.6
11.8

41.2



5.3m











60.3m


8.0
70.0

7.6

42.1

46.0




30.6
58.3m

37.9m

71.5

13.5

8
38






10



16





5

23
3

47
48






61



58





3

58
5


22.7


67.8
41.0
50.9

73.5



59.4


67.7


82.7

69.1
26.3

3.8



12.1
6.0
10.1

40.6



21.8





4.8
50.9
27.4
12.8


21.0


74.4

46.7





62.2


78.8


94.7
87.0
53.2
61.6

10.0
25.7

38.2ab
62.6
71.0
61.8

23.7


82ad
26.4
72.8
77.0
64.9


78.5
23.1
34.2
60.2

79

Antiretroviral therapy
coverage (%)
Pregnant
women
(PMTCT) i,j

MDG 6

People with
advanced
HIV
infection j

2007



21





57


<1

67





2007
56
17

20





28

14
1
45
42



6
61


9






34



32







47
29


19


29



33
8


31

56
24


26

46
17

MDG 6
Tuberculosis
detection rate under
DOTS k
(%)

MDG 6
Tuberculosis
treatment success
under DOTS l
(%)

1995
62


29
62
80





62








2000
53

83
33
16
37
71
32
48
63

67
32




84

48

2007
48
80

37
96
44
77
50
64
78
0
85
31

55
0
0
80
30
72
74

1995
44

89
69
86
64
90
65
86


79








2000
52

82
77
85
82
84
81
83
66

77
79




79

69
86

2006
76
84

87
84
81
92
90
89
74

87
82

43
63

86
84
77
87


13
67









61
85
76


73
30
1


12
123

101

17

51

27

52
84
79
4
31
78
82
55

45

61
15
129

78
76
84
152
51
55
18
0
51
87
95
45
52
68
82
46
58
27


60
75









73
76
68


74
91
66



93

91

69

63

74

78
83
85
80
88
76
92
75

69

79
67
100

91
91
84
75
70
59
79

85
64
87
81
90
82
92
83
85
60

Table 4

Children aged
6–59 months
who received
vitamin A
supplementation e
(%)

4. Health service coverage
Member State

MDG 5

Antenatal care
coverage a
(%)
At
least
1 visit

At
least
4 visits

2000–2008

MDG 5

Births by

Births
attended
by skilled
health
personnel b
(%)

caesarean

1990– 2000–
1999 2008

2000–
2008

section a
(%)

Immunization coverage among 1-year-olds d
(%)

Neonates
protected at
birth against
neonatal tetanus c
(%)

MDG 4

DTP3

Measles
1990 2000 2007

HepB3

Hib3

1990 2000 2007 1990 2000 2007 2000 2007 2000 2007

RANGES OF COUNTRY VALUES
Minimum
Maximum
Median

16
100
91

6
97
62

7
100
93

6
100
95

0.4
41.9
13.7

5
93
57

24
95
70

5
95
83

20
99
80

8
99
87

23
99
92

17
99
86

24
99
90

20
99
94

4
99
90

4
99
92

2
99
90

11
99
94

73
94
74

61
89

45
83
42

45

48
87
40
95
42
85

46
92
48
96
59
92

3.3
31.3
7.5
19.0
11.9
34.1

48
52
76
21
56
42

61
73
85
51
69
75

31
42
59
10
39
28

57
80
59
83
67
93

56
92
61
91
73
86

74
93
73
94
84
92

57
74
70
80
71
94

54
91
65
93
75
85

74
93
69
96
87
92

5
69
10
42
40
59

69
88
30
78
85
85

4
74

38
5
1

34
91

57
20
3

66
82
93

77

38
51
76

48

39
62
90
98
61

41
70
95
99
65

3.5
18.9
29.9
26.8
15.9

49
72
46
83
61

65
81
74
86
74

78
83
83
84
81

58
75
80
84
72

61
71
93
91
72

75
81
94
93
82

59
81
73
88
75

60
73
92
93
73

77
78
96
95
81

2
36
70
59
32

72
55
94
67
65


2
54
75
14

21
7
77
81
26

WHO REGION
African Region
Region of the Americas
South-East Asia Region
European Region
Eastern Mediterranean Region
Western Pacific Region

INCOME GROUP
Low income
Lower middle income
Upper middle income
High income
Global

80

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

2000–2007

Children aged <5 years
(%)
MDG 6

Sleeping
under
insecticidetreated
nets f

MDG 6

With fever who
received treatment with any
antimalarial f

2000–2007

With ARI
symptoms
taken to
facility e

With
diarrhoea
receiving
ORT e

2000–2007

MDG 5
Unmet need
for family
planning g
(%)

MDG 5
Contraceptive
prevalence h
(%)

2000–2006

Antiretroviral therapy
coverage (%)
MDG 6

Pregnant
women
(PMTCT) i,j

People with
advanced
HIV
infection j

2007

2007

MDG 6
Tuberculosis
detection rate under
DOTS k
(%)

MDG 6
Tuberculosis
treatment success
under DOTS l
(%)

1995

2000

2007

1995

2000

2006

2.9
89.2
48.9

0
56
9

0
63
31

4.3
92.5
53.3

17.7
98.1
47.2

1.2
50.9
17.9

2.8
90.2
44.4

<1
>95
21

0
>95
26

0
107
48

0
136
48

0
173
64

25
100
74

0
100
79

18
100
80

47.9

34.7

38.9

14




36

10


36.9

62.3

63.2

35.7

34.7

47.3

24.4

12.4


24.4
70.0
57.2

43.0
85.5

34
36
24
71
1
13

30
62
25
17
5
28

23
26
1
3
12
15

36
43
18
12
25
37

47
73
69
51
60
77

62
78
74
69
87
91

72
81
83
77
83
92

75
75
87
70
86
92

55.6
29.2


40.7

13



32
13


41.7
64.6


54.0

44.9
33.9


39.4

20.4
12.4


35.2
71.0

69.7
63.3

81

24
30
52

33

27
36
37

31

17
9
6
20
11

31
25
35
23
28

50
72
72
36
63

68
90
71
75
79

79
87
70
75
82

84
87
72
66
85

Table 4

Children aged
6–59 months
who received
vitamin A
supplementation e
(%)

Table 5

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Risk factors
Certain risk factors are associated with increased mortality and morbidity. The most common preventable risks are:
poor infant feeding practices, low birth weight, being overweight or obese, childhood and maternal under-nutrition,
unsafe sex, use of tobacco, harmful use of alcohol, unsafe water and lack of sanitation. Collectively, these preventable
risks contribute to over 40% of the 58 million deaths that occur worldwide annually and one third of global loss of
healthy life years.
Exclusive breastfeeding among children under six months of age has increased in recent years and the rate in
developing countries is almost 40%. Low birth weight is an important predictor of health and survival of the newborn
and reflects maternal malnutrition, ill-health and overwork and inadequate health care in pregnancy. The countries
with the highest incidence of low-birth-weight infants are located in Africa or South-East Asia, where at least 22% of
infants are affected. A high proportion of infants are not weighed at birth, and estimates rely on mothers’ subjective
assessments.
Child growth is the most widely used indicator of nutritional status. Fewer data are available on levels of obesity in
children, but in some countries in the European Region as many as 20% of children are overweight.
The prevalence of current tobacco smoking is an important predictor of the future burden of tobacco-related
diseases. In 36 countries, over 25% of youths smoke.
Harmful use of alcohol can cause chronic alcohol dependence, hepatic cirrhosis, cancer and acute injuries. Of the
20 countries with the highest alcohol consumption per capita, 18 are European. Factors that influence the reliability
of this indicator include: unmeasured informal production, tourist consumption, stockpiling, waste and spillage,
smuggling, duty-free sales and variations in beverage strength.
Unsafe water supplies and inadequate sanitation and hygiene increase the transmission of diarrhoeal diseases,
schistosomiasis, trachoma, hepatitis and cholera. Although more people have access to safe water and improved
sanitation globally compared with those in 2000, rapid population growth has hampered improvements in many
countries. Close to a billion people are still without access to improved water supplies, half of whom live in the African
and Western Pacific Regions. Over 2 billion people are without improved sanitation.
Data on risk factors and health-related behaviours are generally drawn from household surveys. Where data are not
available, statistical techniques may be used to develop estimates.

83

5. Risk factors
Member State

Urban

1990
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Côte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo

MDG 7
Access to improved sanitation a
(%)

MDG 7
Access to improved drinking-water sources a
(%)


100
99
100
37
95
97
99
100
100
82
98
100
88
100
100
100
100
73

91
99
100
93

100
62
97

76
100

78

99
97
98
98

99

71
100
95
100
100
100
90

Rural

Total

Urban

Rural

Total

2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006
37
100
93
100
49
95
98
99
100
100
93
98
100
86
100
100
100
100
76
98
94
99
100
96

100
83
89
60
84
100
86
85
46
98
97
98
93
95
99
99
87
100
95
100
100
100
85

37
97
87
100
62
95
98
99
100
100
95
98
100
85
100
100
100
100
78
98
96
100
100
97

100
97
84
80
88
100

90
71
98
98
99
91
95
98
99
98
100
95
100
100
100
82



88
100
40

72

100
100
51


76
100
100


57

49
96
88
54

97
29
68

31
99

47
16
49
55
68
91

87
88
65
98

100
100

25

17
94
84
100
39
89
78
83
100
100
58
86

77
100
100

82
57
79
62
96
90
57

97
51
69
33
41
99
73
49
30
65
71
73
85
35
87
95
66
98
78
100
100
100
28

17
97
81
100
39

80
96
100
100
59


78
100
99


57
79
69
98
90
58

97
66
70
61
47
99

51
40
72
81
77
81
35
88
96
66
98
78
100
100
100
29
84



94
100
39

94

100
100
68


78
100
100


63

72
97
93
83

99
34
70

49
100

58

91
67
89
93

94

67
99

100
100

43

21
97
89
100
44
91
96
93
100
100
76
97

79
100
100

91
64
81
82
97
95
89

99
56
71
38
63
100
80
63
34
93
80
91
88
70
95
97
75
99
91
100
100
100
45

22
97
85
100
51

96
98
100
100
78


80
100
100


65
81
86
99
96
91

99
72
71
65
70
100

66
48
95
88
93
85
71
95
98
81
99
91
100
100
100
46


97
99
100
55
98
86
94
100
100

100
100
56
99



32

47
99
60
82

100
23
41

47
100

21
19
91
61
81
34

100
96
39
99
99
100
100

53

43
97
99
100
67
98
91
95
100
100
90
100
100
51
99
91

71
51
71
52
99
60
83

100
33
43
51
54
100
61
32
21
95
69
83
42
19
100
96
38
99
99
100
100
58
45

45
98
98
100
79
98
92
96
100
100
90
100
100
48
99
91


59
71
54
99
60
84

100
41
44
62
58
100

40
23
97
74
85
49
19
100
96
38
99
99
100
100

42



77
100
9

45

100
100

100

18
100



2

15

22
37

96
2
44

34
99

5
1
48
43
39
12

91
92
8
98
95
100
98

1

27
83
82
100
13
94
74
79
100
100
70
100

26
100
96

25
8
50
19
93
28
37

96
4
42
9
39
99
19
16
3
67
53
51
22
21
99
95
10
98
95
100
98
60
17

25
97
87
100
16

83
81
100
100
70
100

32
100
97


11
50
22
92
30
37

96
6
41
19
42
99

25
4
74
59
58
26
21
100
95
12
98
95
100
98

25



88
100
26

81

100
100

100

26
100



12

33

38
71

99
5
44

39
100

11
5
84
48
68
18

96
94
20
99
98
100
100

15

30
89
92
100
40
95
89
89
100
100
80
100

32
100
92

47
24
52
39
96
45
74

99
9
42
16
47
100
41
22
7
91
59
74
29
20
100
96
22
99
98
100
99
59
25

30
97
94
100
50

91
91
100
100
80
100

36
99
93


30
52
43
95
47
77

99
13
41
28
51
100

31
9
94
65
78
35
20
100
96
24
99
98
100
99

31

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
Children
aged <5 years d
(%)

Infants
exclusively
breastfed
for the
first 6
months of
life c
(%)
Stunted
for age

MDG1
Underweight
for age

Adults aged
≥ 15 years
who are
obese e
(%)

Alcohol
consumption
among
adults
aged ≥ 15
years f

(litres per
person per
year)

Overweight
for age
Male Female

2000–
2006


7
6

12
5
7
8
7
7
12


22
13
4


16

7
5
10
8

10
16
11
11
11
6

13
22
6
2
9
25
13
3
7
17
6
5

7
7
12

2000–
2008


2.3
6.9

11.1


32.5

10.0
11.8


37.4

9.0

10.2
43.1

53.6
17.6

39.8


18.8
44.7
60.0
21.2
17.0
59.6
23.1
2.1
58.1

46.8
21.3
19.1


4.3

26.4


65.1
36.1

1990– 2000– 1990– 2000– 1990– 2000–
1999 2007 1999 2007 1999 2007


22.5

61.7


15.1





62.4





47.7
33.1


13.5


45.5

58.6
36.7


40.2
45.0


19.7
41.4



31.5





59.3
27.0
21.6

50.8

8.2
18.2


24.1


47.0

4.5

22.2
44.7

32.5
11.8
29.1
7.1

8.8
43.1
63.1
43.7
35.4


44.6
44.8
2.1
21.8
16.2
46.9



40.1



2.6
44.7
45.8



11.3

37.0


2.7





52.0





14.1
5.9


4.5


33.7

42.6
17.8


23.3
34.3


6.3
22.3



18.2





32.9
6.6
10.2

27.5

2.3
4.2


14.0


39.8

1.3

4.9
20.2

5.9
1.6
10.7
2.2

1.6
35.2
38.9
28.4
15.1


21.8
33.9
0.6
6.8
5.1
25.0



16.7



2.1
17.8
28.2



13.2

1.6


10.8





0.5





3.9
10.7


6.6


1.9

6.5
8.2


4.2
2.7


4.5
5.9



4.6





4.6
25.2
15.4

5.3

9.9
11.7


6.2


0.7

9.7

13.7
11.4

9.2
25.6
10.4
7.3

13.6
5.4
1.4
1.7
8.7


10.8
4.4
9.8
9.2
4.2
21.5



9.0



4.4
0.9
6.8

2000–2007








l,n,o
20.6

m
4.9





o,q
11.9




l,r
16.5

l,q
8.9

o,q
11.3




l,q
22.9



l,q
19.0
l,q
2.4
l,r
8.8


l,r
57.4


l,q
21.6
l,q
8.0
q
12.9
l,o,q
13.7

2003







l,m
19.4
m
15.5
l,n,o
25.5

m
17.9


m
0.7


o,q
13.4

m
5.8

m
15.1
l,r
25.2

l,q
13.1

o,q
23.1
m, o
2.4

m
1.2
m
8.2
l,q
23.2


m
1.5
l,q
25.0
l,q
3.4
l,r
16.6

m
7.5
l,r
65.7


l,q
22.7
l,q
11.8
q
11.8
l,o,q
16.3

m
2.4
85

0.01
2.01
0.15

3.86
5.73
8.40
1.48
9.02
11.08
4.54

6.98
0.00

5.53
10.63
6.25
1.29
0.23
3.23
9.05
4.29
5.76
0.12
5.86
5.01
9.10
1.48
3.77
7.80
4.78
1.53
0.31
6.60
5.20
5.68
0.31
2.60
3.73
5.65
1.77
12.25
2.26
11.52
12.99
3.26
1.86

Prevalence of
current tobacco use
(%)

MDG 6
Prevalence
of condom
use by
adults
(15–49
years) at
higher-risk
sex i
(%)

Adults g
(≥ 15 years)

Adolescents h
(13–15 years)

Both
Male Female sexes

Both
Male Female sexes

2005


40.5
4.0
29.9
0.3
36.5 29.2




34.6 25.4
55.1
3.7
p
p
27.7 21.8
46.4 40.1

0.9


26.1
2.9
47.0
3.8
p
p
18.4
3.0
63.7 21.1
30.1 24.1






34.1 29.2
49.3 35.1






47.5 27.8
22.0 11.2


40.5
6.5
12.6
2.2
p
p
24.3 18.9




16.0
2.6
p
p
42.1 33.6
59.5
3.7


27.7 13.5
12.1
1.0
36.1 20.0
26.1
7.3
15.4
2.4
38.9 29.1
43.4 28.3


36.6 25.4
58.6

13.5
2.6

2000–2008

22.4
15.2
32.9


30.0
29.6
p
24.8
43.3


14.6
25.6
p
10.8
42.6
27.1



31.7
42.3



37.7
16.6

23.6
7.4
p
21.6


9.4
p
37.9
31.8

20.7
6.6
28.1
16.8
9.0
34.0
35.9

31.0

8.1

k

13.1
17.3
k
25.5



26.1
13.0



12.9
28.0
9.1
34.5
31.6

21.8
k
14.6
28.6
k
24.7
16.3
27.0
k
17.2

26.4
k
19.9
20.7
4.3
k
14.0

14.7
k
29.5

k
29.8
k
7.1
k
27.0
21.8
26.1
39.9
13.1
k
21.7
k
23.3
10.9
13.2
35.8

k
36.5

k

3.2
9.4
k
5.7



29.7
2.7



10.2
11.7
5.1
23.2
22.2

15.3
k
5.8
12.4
k
16.6
10.5
20.5
k
15.7

31.8
k
6.7
16.8
2.3
k
8.2

11.7
k
34.5

k
39.8
k
4.1
k
27.8
14.8
21.9
49.6
15.9
k
10.3
k
25.6
9.5
8.4
34.1

k
29.3

Male Female Male Female
2000–2007

k

9.8
13.0
k
13.8



28.0
7.3



11.9
19.9
6.9
28.6
26.9

18.3
k
11.0
20.2
k
20.8
13.3
23.6
k
17.2

29.3
k
13.6
19.3
3.2
k
10.9

13.4
k
32.4

k
35.1
k
5.5
k
27.6
18.1
23.8
45.1
14.6
k
16.5
k
24.9
10.3
10.9
35.0

k
33.6

MDG 6
Proportion of
population
aged 15–24
years with
comprehensive correct
knowledge of
HIV/AIDS j
(%)








58


26







17







43

41
38

69

20




30


38





16











<1















44


35

57

7


31

23


41





8

2000–2007







15


5







35

18





23

45
34

36
27
19




35


28





21


6
13




23


6


16

34


16

15
48




15
30
50
27

36
17
7



18
26


18

30



15

Table 5

Lowbirthweight
newborns b
(%)

5. Risk factors
Member State

Urban

1990
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho

MDG 7
Access to improved sanitation a
(%)

MDG 7
Access to improved drinking-water sources a
(%)

100
79
100
98
82
97
90
45
62
100
74
43
100
100
95

91
100
86
99
97
89
72


62
91
98
100
90
92
99
99
100
100
100
98
100
99
99
90
76

97

100
100

Rural

Total

Urban

Rural

Total

2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006
100
88
100
97
92
99
92
45
70
100
87
43
100
100
95
95
95
100
88
100
97
96
84
79
97
67
94
100
100
94
90
99
94
100
100
100
98
100
99
99
87
77

98
76
100
100
93

100
98
100
97
98
99
94
45
74
100
96
43
100
100
95
91
100
100
90
100
97
99
91
82
98
70
95
100
100
96
89
99
88
100
100
100
97
100
99
99
85
77

99
86
100
100
93

100
68

66
61
92
48
42
39
99
4
51
100



58
100
39
91

72
35


48
60
91
100
65
63
84
46

100

86
100
91
91
30
33



96
100

100
61
90
84
81
95
60
42
50
99
19
51
100
100
47
77
78
100
59
97
93
86
50
49
86
50
69
98
100
77
68
84
51

100

87
100
91
91
42
50

73
39
96
100
74

100
54

91
91
98
68
42
57
99
31
51
100
100
47
81
97
100
71
99

94
59
47
91
51
74
100
100
86
71

56

100

88
100
91
91
49
53

83
53
96
100
74
86

100
76

84
73
94
69
43
43
100
13
48
100



76
100
56
96

79
45


52
72
96
100
71
72
92
83

100

92
100
97
96
41
48



99
100

100
83
97
92
88
97
79
43
54
100
29
47
100
100
85
86
87
100
72
99
94
91
61
58
89
56
80
99
100
82
77
94
80

100

93
100
97
96
51
62

82
46
99
100
77

100
92

95
95
98
84
43
60
100
42
47
100
100
87
86
99
100
80
100

96
70
57
93
58
84
100
100
89
80

77

100

93
100
98
96
57
65

89
60
99
100
78

100


77
88
68
88
60
20
96
19
87
100



96
100
11
100
96
87
19


49
68
100
100
44
73
86
75

100

82
100

97
18
26




100

100
76
86
79
90
79
89
60
16
96
24
87
100

37
49
95
100
14
99
96
89
28
48
86
38
74
100
100
49
69
86
77

100

82
100
93
97
19
43

93
57
82
100
43

100
76

81
91
85
90
60
14
96
27
87
100

37
50
94
100
15
99
96
90
33
48
85
29
78
100
100
52
67

80

100

82
100
88
97
19
46

94
87
82
100
43

100


57
50
37
59
46
0
94
2
55
100



91
100
3
93
97
58
10


20
29
100
100
4
42
78




83
100

96
44
20





30

100
11
75
67
65
47
72
46
2
94
4
55
100

30
49
91
100
5
96
97
72
11
22
80
16
45
100
100
13
39
78
63



84
100
78
97
46
20

93
14
71
87
32

100
11

74
72
52
80
46
3
94
8
55
100

30
55
92
100
6
97
97
79
12
26
80
12
55
100
100
18
37

69



84
100
71
98
48
20

93
38
71

34

100


68
71
50
73
51
3
95
4
68
100



94
100
6
97
97
70
13


29
45
100
100
14
51
83




83
100

97
39
22





100
65
83
74
80
61
82
51
4
95
7
70
100

36
49
93
100
9
98
97
80
16
30
82
24
58
100
100
23
52
83
72



83
100
90
97
41
30

93
22
78
98
34

100
67

79
84
66
86
51
5
95
11
71
100

36
52
93
100
10
98
97
84
19
33
81
19
66
100
100
28
52

76



83
100
85
97
42
33

93
48
78

36

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
Children
aged <5 years d
(%)

Infants
exclusively
breastfed
for the
first 6
months of
life c
(%)
Stunted
for age

MDG1
Underweight
for age

Adults aged
≥ 15 years
who are
obese e
(%)

(litres per
person per
year)

Overweight
for age
Male Female

2000–
2006

5
10
10
11

14
7
13
14
4
20

4

14
20
7

9

9
12
12
24
13
25
10
9
4

9

15

8

12
8
12
6
10


5
14
5
6
13

2000–
2008


1.3

7.8
39.6
46.8
31.4

52.0

49.0
39.8
10.0

5.2
40.8
10.9
22.4
54.4


50.6
27.0
16.1
21.4
40.6
29.7


46.4
39.5
44.1
25.1



15.2

21.8
16.8
12.7


31.5
26.4


36.4

1990– 2000– 1990– 2000– 1990– 2000–
1999 2007 1999 2007 1999 2007



13.9

34.9
29.5

44.4









31.3


53.1
34.3


37.2
43.3


51.0






6.3

11.1
13.9
37.0


32.6






11.7
29.0
23.8
24.6
35.0
43.7

50.7



26.3
27.6


28.1


54.3
39.3
47.7
13.8
29.7
29.9


47.9
28.6

27.5



4.5

12.0
17.5
35.8


18.1
48.2


45.2




4.7

10.8
7.2

38.3









20.3


20.3
21.2


24.0
19.2


44.4
22.8





2.3

3.8
3.8
17.6


8.2






4.2
6.2
5.4
6.1
10.6
34.5

34.6



8.8
15.8


13.9


17.7
22.5
17.4
11.9
18.9
8.6


43.5
19.7

7.1



3.1

3.6
4.9
16.5


2.7
36.4


16.6




6.9

14.7
3.9

1.2









2.7


6.9
4.3


4.3
2.4


3.6






5.9

4.4
5.3
7.6


9.2






8.6
5.1
14.1
5.8
8.3
1.6

5.1



5.6
2.7


2.6


5.6
5.1
17.0
5.5
3.9
5.8


1.9
5.1

15.0



7.5

4.7
14.8
5.8


10.7
2.7


6.8

Prevalence of
current tobacco use
(%)

Alcohol
consumption
among
adults
aged ≥ 15
years f

2000–2007
l,o,q

11.8







n
2.3
l,o,r
14.9

q
9.8
o,r
16.0
l,q
16.1



l,q
20.5

l,o,q
26.0




l,q
14.3


l,o,q
17.1
o,q
12.4
m
1.3
q
1.1
r
9.1
l,q
26.2
l,o,q
14.0
l,r
19.8
l,o,q
7.4

q
2.9
l,q
21.1





q
0.7
o,r
12.3

Adults g
(≥ 15 years)

Adolescents h
(13–15 years)

Both
Male Female sexes

Both
Male Female sexes

2005

2000–2008

2003

l,o,q

11.0




m
46.6


n
3.4
l,o,r
16.5
m
0.7
q
26.4
o,r
14.0
l,q
17.6
m
8.2


l,q
21.1
m
8.1
l,o,q
18.2


m
3.0

l,q
26.9
m
6.3
m
18.8
l,o,q
18.2
o,q
12.3
m
2.8
q
3.6
r
19.2
l,q
38.2
l,o,q
12.0
l,r
25.4
l,o,q
8.9

q
3.3
m
20.1

m
6.3



q
1.6
o,r
18.1

m
16.1
87

11.71
1.79
7.50
6.66
2.36
0.21
3.72
3.38
0.59
9.00
0.86
1.72
9.31
11.43
8.01
2.59
1.47
11.99
1.57
9.01
6.67
1.46
0.20
2.19
3.84
8.30
2.92
13.60
6.99
0.29
0.09
0.00
0.21
13.69
2.47
8.02
1.74
7.59
0.31
2.96
1.51
0.45
0.03
3.63
6.91
9.61
3.24
1.82

36.1


17.5
23.9
28.7


16.9
49.9
7.6
23.6
31.8
36.6

29.3
57.1
37.4
10.2
63.6

24.5





45.7
26.1
33.1
65.9
29.6
25.8
26.5
31.1
32.8
20.8
44.3
62.7
43.2
27.1


46.9
65.0
54.4
29.1

30.6


13.3
5.8
1.3


1.2
27.5
0.9
5.1
24.4
26.7

2.9
6.3
25.8
0.8
39.8

4.1




3.4
33.9
26.6
3.8
4.5
5.5
2.5
26.0
17.9
19.2
9.2
14.3
9.8
9.7
2.2


2.2
15.6
24.1
7.0

33.4


15.4
14.9
15.1


9.1
38.8
4.3
14.4
28.1
31.7

16.2
31.9
31.6
5.5
51.8

14.4





39.8
26.3
18.6
35.4
17.6
14.2
26.3
24.6
26.1
15.0
29.4
36.5
26.6
14.7


24.7
40.5
39.4
18.1


17.9
19.3
18.4
k
31.2
16.0
24.4
25.1
7.8
33.8
k
9.9
11.6



k
34.0
36.4

11.6
17.1
17.6
19.7


17.6
k
21.7
k
22.8
27.9

16.8
24.1
32.9
k
17.7



24.0

33.7
15.2
14.9

28.0
10.3
13.2
41.8
65.8
26.4


10.7
13.5
11.9
k
26.1
7.6
15.4
17.3
4.6
27.8
k
4.9
10.2



k
36.6
13.6

10.9
14.4
15.7
13.3


12.2
k
23.9
k
18.2
26.7

9.4
4.0
19.5
k
15.2



15.3

26.1
8.1
14.5

14.3
4.4
4.9
33.9
54.1
21.7


14.9
17.2
14.9
k
28.6
12.6
19.0
22.1
6.6
30.8
k
7.9
11.5



k
36.1
24.6

11.7
16.2
16.7
16.6


14.9
k
23.2
k
20.4
27.8

13.7
13.5
26.6
k
17.2



19.5

30.3
11.4
15.1

20.9
7.2
9.1
37.6
59.7
24.8

MDG 6
Prevalence
of condom
use by
adults
(15–49
years) at
higher-risk
sex i
(%)

MDG 6
Proportion of
population
aged 15–24
years with
comprehensive correct
knowledge of
HIV/AIDS j
(%)

Male Female Male Female
2000–2007

2000–2007




45






9



40



38



24

53
34



23










33






41




34






33







33



23

47
40



36










47






19




35










26



35



20

56
21
27


12










12






19


18

41



4
37

20




39


25



17
18
53
34
30


20


3



60


22
34


20



27

Table 5

Lowbirthweight
newborns b
(%)

5. Risk factors
Member State

Urban

1990
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia

MDG 7
Access to improved sanitation a
(%)

MDG 7
Access to improved drinking-water sources a
(%)

85
72

100
80
92
100
100
50
100
95
30
100
94
93
100
97

94

86
98

97
100
100
91
59
80
100
100
85
96
73
100
88
78
88
92
100
98
100
97
98
93
97
94
99
98

Rural

Total

Urban

Rural

Total

2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006
75
72

100
78
94
100
99
74
100
83
52
100
97
94
100
93

98
77
83
99

95
100
100
90
79
71
100
100
85
95
78
98
88
89
91
94
100
99
100
97
97
97
99
86
99
98

72


100
76
96
100
98
86
100

70
100
98
95
100
90
100
100
71
80
99

94
100
100
90
91
65
100
100

95
79
96
88
94
92
96
100
99
100
97
96
99
100
82
99
98

34
68

100
27
34
96
95
28
100
97
41
100
72
86

21

58

47
42

70
100
82
46
38
34
100
100
73
81
98

32
28
46
75

94
100


55
86
63
99
98

49
68

100
33
58
96
82
42
100
96
48
100
81
92

35

58
25
66
72

81
100

59
34
32
100
100
73
85
95
80
32
44
56
84

98
100
71
88
70
88
62
99
98

52


100
36
72
96
76
48
100

54
100
85
94

48
96
58
26
80
90

88
100

63
32
30
100
100

87
94
81
32
52
63
88

100
100

85
76
88
61
99
98
88

57
71

100
39
41
98
96
33
100
96
37
100
88
88

64

75

57
57

72
100
97
70
41
50
100
100
81
86
90

39
52
75
83

96
100


76
94
65
99
98

63
71

100
45
63
98
87
51
100
88
50
100
93
92

68

80
41
71
81

83
100

77
41
49
100
100
82
88
90
92
39
69
81
90

99
100
92
92
85
96
65
99
98

64


100
47
76
99
83
60
100

60
100
95
94

72
98
83
42
80
93

89
100

79
42
47
100
100

90
89
92
40
77
84
93

99
100

90
88
97
65
99
98

59
97

100
15
50
95
100
53
100
88
33
95
74
54
100


80

47
73

36
100

59
16
33
100

97
76
76

67
88
73
71

97
100


88
93
31
96

51
97

100
17
51
95
100
57
100
93
39
95
88
59
100
65

83
51
74
68

42
100

57
23
34
100

97
85
92
77
67
88
80
78

99
100

86
88
93
33
96
89

49
97

100
18
51
95
100
59
100

44
95
91
61
100
64
96
85
53
85
66

45
100

57
27
35
100

97
90
96
78
67
89
85
81

99
100

85
88
93
34
96

24
96

100
6
46


30

51
11
94
8
20



25

15
8

6
100
88
23
1
22
100

61
14
54

41
34
15
46

88
100


52
70
29
96

10
96

100
9
56
93
42
36

57
11
94
42
16

26

43
16
53
15

17
100

32
2
24
100

61
30
52
53
41
40
28
64

95
100

72
54
70
24
96
89

7
96

100
10
62
93
42
39


10
94
48
14

31
86
54
19
81
18

24
100

34
3
25
100


40
52
63
41
42
36
72

98
100

73
54
70
20
96

40
97

100
8
46


35

75
20
94
56
29



52

23
26

9
100

42
3
26
100

85
33
61

44
60
55
58

92
100


72
87
29
96

32
97

100
11
55
94
58
42

81
22
94
76
26

48

65
27
59
32

20
100

46
5
28
100

87
48
65
69
44
67
65
72

97
100

78
73
87
25
96
89

32
97

100
12
60
94
59
45


24
94
81
25

50
91
72
31
82
35

27
100

48
7
30
100


58
67
74
45
70
72
78

99
100

79
72
87
23
96

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
Children
aged <5 years d
(%)

Infants
exclusively
breastfed
for the
first 6
months of
life c
(%)
Stunted
for age

MDG1
Underweight
for age

Adults aged
≥ 15 years
who are
obese e
(%)

(litres per
person per
year)

Overweight
for age
Male Female

2000–
2006



4
8
17
13
9
22
23
6


14
8
18

6
4
15
15
15
14

21

6
12
13
14
0
5
8


10

9
11
20
6
8

4
6
8
6
6
9
12

2000–
2008

29.1



67.2
56.7

10.4
34.3


11.4




57.0
19.3
31.0
30.0
11.0
23.9

53.0


30.6
13.5
11.7



37.1



21.9
63.9
33.5




45.5
15.8

88.4

1990– 2000– 1990– 2000– 1990– 2000–
1999 2007 1999 2007 1999 2007
45.3
20.7


55.5
55.8

46.7
36.2




21.7


30.1

29.9
45.3

35.7

61.1


28.3
47.0
50.5


12.9
54.5

21.5

18.3
31.6






15.3

56.8

39.4



52.8
52.5

31.9
38.5


39.5

15.5


27.5
7.9
23.1
47.0
40.6
29.6

49.3


25.2
54.8
43.0



41.5




31.3
33.8




11.3
12.8

51.7

22.8
4.3


35.5
24.4

41.5
38.2




6.0


10.8

8.1
28.1

21.5

38.2


10.0
45.0
35.1


11.3
39.0

6.3

2.8
5.7






3.4

24.3

20.4



36.8
18.4

25.7
27.9


30.4

3.4


5.3
2.2
9.9
21.2
29.6
17.5

38.8


7.8
39.9
27.2



31.3




5.2
20.7




3.2
3.5

18.0

4.6



2.9
9.9

6.9
2.1




7.6


7.0

10.7
6.0

4.5

0.4


4.0
1.2
3.2


1.6
5.4

6.2

6.3
9.9






10.1

4.0

4.2



6.2
10.2

3.9
4.7


3.8

7.6


14.2
15.6
13.3
6.3
2.4
4.6

0.6


7.1
3.5
6.2



4.8




11.8
2.4




9.1
8.3

6.7

Prevalence of
current tobacco use
(%)

Alcohol
consumption
among
adults
aged ≥ 15
years f

2000–2007

Adults g
(≥ 15 years)

Adolescents h
(13–15 years)

Both
Male Female sexes

Both
Male Female sexes

2003
m


5.7


l,o,r
l,o,r
20.6
19.2


m

1.0
m

2.4
n
n
10.1
18.8


m

5.2
l,o,q
l,o,q
25.0
21.3


m
… 16.7


l,q
l,q
24.2
34.5




r
r
7.2
12.5


l,q
m
8.2
11.0
m

3.9


m
… 11.7
r
r
55.7
60.5
m

0.9
q
q
10.2
11.9
q
q
21.9
23.2
m
… 18.7
m

3.2
m

5.8


o,q
o,q
6.4
5.9
l,q
l,q
16.7
23.8










l,q
m
11.5
12.5


l,q
l,q
15.7
19.9
l,r
l,r
15
13.4




m
… 18.2
q
q
7.7
9.5
l,m
l,m
11.8
20.1
m

1.3




89

3.82
0.01
9.89
15.56
1.59
1.41
1.06

0.50
6.02

0.01
3.03
4.57
1.23

2.83

0.45
0.52
0.33
5.97
0.87
0.19
9.68
9.68
2.48
0.05
10.57
9.47
5.50
0.26
0.01

5.98
1.62
3.73
3.83
3.51
8.09
11.54
4.40
7.87
13.18
9.74
10.32
6.93
6.73
11.48

MDG 6
Prevalence
of condom
use by
adults
(15–49
years) at
higher-risk
sex i
(%)

2005


45.1
39.1

23.7
54.4
44.5
19.5
32.8

22.3
35.7
36.9


45.8

29.5
22.0
46.5
38.6
46.1
34.8
38.3
29.7


13.0

33.6
24.7
35.4
38.1


33.0

42.0
43.9
40.6

53.3
45.8
40.6
70.1


28.9



20.8
30.3

6.2
2.8
11.6
2.8
24.5

3.7
1.1
12.4


6.5

0.3
3.4
13.6
10.9
52.4
26.4
30.3
27.5


1.2

30.4
1.3
6.6
9.7


14.8

9.8
27.2
31.0

5.7
5.8
24.5
26.5


12.1

2000–2008


33.0
34.7

15.0
28.8
28.2
11.2
28.7

13.1
18.5
24.7


26.3

15.0
12.8
30.2
24.9
49.2
30.6
34.3
28.6


7.1

32.0
13.1
21.1
24.0


24.0

26.0
35.6
35.8

29.7
26.0
32.6
48.5


20.6

k

14.2
15.5
36.8

33.2
19.1
40.0
8.5
k
23.1


31.5
20.3
k
27.8
51.9

25.7
6.6
12.5
k
12.7
22.5
28.6

13.0

14.7
k
30.4
15.2
k
19.2


17.8
k
12.4

10.5
55.4
20.8
k
18.2
28.2
21.4

25.2
10.9
20.8
22.2
30.1
13.3
18.2
22.4

k

11.8
6.1
28.1

14.3
17.9
11.5
3.4
k
8.8


29.5
7.7
k
28.5
39.8

16.0
5.9
8.2
k
7.4
8.2
22.9

5.3

26.4
k
20.5
8.0
k
11.1


11.3
k
7.5

6.5
40.3
12.9
k
19.9
17.3
17.3

13.1
8.8
7.1
14.8
24.4
9.5
13.6
14.5

k

13.6
11.1
32.1

22.8
18.4
25.8
5.9
k
16.6


30.7
13.7
k
28.6
46.2

20.7
6.3
11.0
k
10.0
15.3
25.8

9.4

20.1
k
25.1
11.7
k
15.4


15.2
k
10.1

8.4
47.7
16.7
k
19.6
22.6
19.5

17.9
10.2
13.4
18.3
27.3
11.5
16.6
17.9

MDG 6
Proportion of
population
aged 15–24
years with
comprehensive correct
knowledge of
HIV/AIDS j
(%)

Male Female Male Female
2000–2007

2000–2007





9
20


12

20








19

74

30



7
22









22




45


8





16
36


22

39








33

62

44



16
21









18







54





2
16


8

11








14

66




19
8
13








31





22


14





19
24


18

27





35
30
12
20

65

28


22
13
18








19
12







51

Table 5

Lowbirthweight
newborns b
(%)

5. Risk factors
Member State

MDG 7
Access to improved sanitation a
(%)

MDG 7
Access to improved drinking-water sources a
(%)

Urban

1990

Rural

Total

Urban

Rural

Total

2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia


99


97
91

100

100
100

94

98
100
91
85
99

100
100
96

98


92

89
97
92

100
75
100
100

94
36
99
100
96
79
98
87
100
100
95
92
98
100


90

88
97
93
99
100
83
100
100

94
63
100
100
98
78
97
87
100
100
95
93
99
100


89


63
51




100

65

62
100
62
57


100
100
70

94

93
88

73

59

75
46

100

65
17
75
100
73
63
73
51
100
100
77
47
96
99


87

83

65
98

32

100

65
10
82
100
79
64
79
51
100
100
83
58
97
99


91


89
67




100

69

81
100
67
64


100
100
83

95


89

82

72

87
57

100

70
23
89
100
77
69
91
59
100
100
86
59
97
100


88

86

77
99

53

100

70
29
93
100
82
70
92
60
100
100
89
67
98
100


100


100
52



100
100

98

64
100
85
53
90

100
100
94

92


100

28
100
53


21
100
100

98
44
65
100
88
51
90
64
100
100
95
91
94
92


100

29
100
54
96

20
100
100

98
51
66
100
89
50
89
64
100
100
96
95
95
92

96
98



9

100


99

18

45
100
68
26


100
100
69

72

96
100

15

9

100
6

99

18
10
47
100
80
24
65
46
100
100
79
84
92
81

96
100

18

9
88
100
5

99

18
7
49
100
86
24
60
46
100
100
88
91
96
81


98



26




100

29

55
100
71
33


100
100
81

78


100

22

27


12

100

31
21
57
100
81
34
83
50
100
100
87
86
93
88


100

24

28
92

11

100

32
23
59
100
86
35
82
50
100
100
92
92
96
89

Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe


79
100
92
95
92

92
78
100
100
100
90
100
100
97
93
93
87

86
99

77
83
100
95
98
96

94
85
100
100
100
84
100
100
98
86

94
77
89
99

77
86
100
97
99
98

94
90
97
100
100
81
100
100
98


98
68
90
98


36
100
88
62
74

89
39

100
100
39
94
100
85
53
70
43

27
70

56
39
100
91
76
87

91
52
92
100
100
44
94
100
83
52

72
67
36
71

56
40
100
93
84
95

92
60
97
100
100
46
94
100
82


90
65
41
72


49
100
88
82
85

90
43

100
100
49
99
100
90
61
89
52

50
78

61
55
100
91
90
93

93
56
97
100
100
53
99
100
89
59

77
70
54
80

62
59
100
94
94
97

93
64
97
100
100
55
99
100
88


92
66
58
81


25
98
93
95
96

83
27
98
98

29
100
100
97

90
62
79
49
65

64
24
98
92
95
96

90
28
98
98

31
100
100
97
78

78
84
53
64

64
24
98
92
96
96

93
29
97
98

31
100
100
97


88
88
55
63


8
96
93
44
69

74
29
93
95

36
99
99
91

47
21
14
38
35

32
5
96
92
57
71

81
32
91
95

35
99
99
93
42

43
24
47
36

32
3
96
92
64
72

84
34
83
95

34
99
99
95


56
30
51
37


13
96
93
74
85

78
29
96
97

35
100
100
93

83
29
28
42
44

40
12
96
92
81
87

86
32
96
97

34
100
100
94
50

51
39
49
45

41
12
96
92
85
88

89
33
93
97

33
100
100
96


65
46
52
46

90

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
Children
aged <5 years d
(%)

Infants
exclusively
breastfed
for the
first 6
months of
life c
(%)
Stunted
for age

MDG1
Underweight
for age

Adults aged
≥ 15 years
who are
obese e
(%)

(litres per
person per
year)

Overweight
for age
Male Female

2000–
2006

2000–
2008

1990– 2000– 1990– 2000– 1990– 2000–
1999 2007 1999 2007 1999 2007

5


8

19
5

24
8
7
6

11


22

13
9


9
10
9
6




60.4

34.1
15.1

7.9




9.1
7.2

52.6
33.7
9.2
32.3

14.0
28.7
25.4
5.4
16.2






33.7












14.5






8.0




35.2

20.1
8.1

46.9
4.4



42.1


18.4
47.6

29.5


28.6
33.1
15.7
11.5






21.9












11.4






1.9




10.1

14.5
1.8

28.3
3.3



32.8


22.8
38.4

6.1


10.0
14.9
7.0
1.8

12
12
3
19
7

4
5
12
4

8
10
8
8
5
6
9
7

12

30.7
28.4

12.8
6.2
20.8
11.0

60.1
18.2

<1.0
41.3
11.9
54.1
26.4


16.9
11.5
40.1
22.2


29.8



19.1


45.0



48.3


39.0


61.4
59.3
48.6
33.7

55.7
27.8

5.3

15.6


38.7
22.9


44.4
3.9
13.9
19.6


35.8

52.5
35.8


23.2



7.0


21.5



25.3


15.3


36.9
47.6
19.6
11.5

40.6
22.3

4.4

3.5


16.4
4.1


16.7
1.3
6.0
4.4


20.2

23.3
14.0






4.0












2.9






9.6

Prevalence of
current tobacco use
(%)

Alcohol
consumption
among
adults
aged ≥ 15
years f

2000–2007

Adults g
(≥ 15 years)

Adolescents h
(13–15 years)

Both
Male Female sexes

Both
Male Female sexes

2005

2000–2008

2003

MDG 6
Prevalence
of condom
use by
adults
(15–49
years) at
higher-risk
sex i
(%)

MDG 6
Proportion of
population
aged 15–24
years with
comprehensive correct
knowledge of
HIV/AIDS j
(%)

Male Female Male Female
2000–2007

2000–2007




9.2

2.4
19.3

5.9
2.6



4.7


1.0
5.2

11.4


18.7
6.7
8.0
16.2



l,r
l,r
44.9
66.3




l,q
l,q
26.4
44.0
m

7.2


l,r
l,r
15.0
35.2


l,q
l,q
6.4
7.3
o,r
o,r
13.5
15.0
l,o,r
l,o,r
16.5
13.8




q
q
8.8
27.4
o,q
o,q
13.0
13.5






m
m
3.9
23.1
l,o,q
l,o,q
11.0
14.0
o,q
o,q
7.9
7.5
r
r
15.5
27.7


l,n
l,n
3.3
10.2

7.00
1.73

6.95
0.00
0.46

3.36
6.39
2.17
10.35
6.74
0.97
0.00
6.72
11.68
0.28
0.30

4.60
5.96
10.83
0.49
0.39
5.59
5.69


58.3

23.2
p
25.6
19.8
42.3
35.2


41.6
31.8


27.5
36.4
30.2


14.6
19.6
30.7
44.0

39.8


23.4

10.6
p
3.6
1.5
42.3
7.0


20.1
21.1


9.1
30.9
2.6


3.2
24.5
22.2


3.4


41.0

16.9
p
14.7
10.7
42.3
21.2


30.9
26.5


18.4
33.7
16.5


8.9
22.0
26.5


21.7

22.0 16.6
25.8 20.4




20.2 10.7
20.4
9.6
10.8
9.6
27.1 25.3
k
k
20.3 24.1
10.5
7.5
28.5 24.5
16.9 24.2


k
k
15.5 12.3
29.0 20.0


12.4
5.8
18.0 10.1
12.6
8.6
14.7
9.0




38.6 19.5
6.8
2.8
21.7
8.4
9.6
8.2

19.1
23.5


15.9
14.9
10.4
26.6
k
23.5
9.1
26.6
21.8

k
15.6
23.6

9.1
14.0
10.5
11.3


29.0
5.1
15.7
9.0






31













56










21













57










26













52








44

21
42

17




4




41
52


7
3
46
27

… 5.7
2.6 4.7


… 4.9


4.0 9.1




5.1 4.9
… 26.5




3.3 4.9
… 8.0
… 9.4
18.5 12.8




2.8

3.7

6.2 5.9
10.6 9.1





r
r
56.1
74.9




m,o
… 22.7
m
… 10.3


m

4.1
m
… 11.3
l,q
l,q
25.6
39.9
o,q
o,q
22.3
23
m

4.4
l,q
l,q
31.1
33.2


n
m
5.4
7.1
n
n
14.4
25.2


l,m
l,m
0.3
0.6


m

3.0
l,q
l,q
3.9
19.4


1.24
0.75
4.17
1.23
1.37
1.18
1.37

6.09
0.02
11.75
5.45
8.61
7.74
1.51
0.75
6.67
0.85
0.04
2.40
4.41



61.8
36.4
51.0
51.6


20.9

p
26.1
36.7
24.8
26.3
37.1
24.2
49.1
32.5
p
45.7

p
21.7
25.5



15.8
7.6
1.9
19.2


3.2

p
2.6
34.7
4.3
21.5
28.0
1.2
8.1
27.0
p
2.5

p
5.0
4.4



39.0
22.1
26.6
35.5


12.1

p
14.4
35.7
14.6
23.9
32.6
12.8
28.8
29.8
p
24.3

p
13.4
15.0

54.5 29.8
17.7
7.9


20.8 17.8
27.8
8.8
11.1
4.4


41.6 32.7
17.3 15.3
29.8 22.2
25.2 13.2


k
k
8.7
4.7


21.4 24.5
k
k
2.7
1.6
34.1 19.6


6.5
1.5
14.5 10.5
k
k
25.7 25.6
k
k
14.9
8.2

41.0
14.0

19.9
18.3
8.4

36.4
16.6
26.0
19.5

k
6.5

23.2
k
2.2
25.6

3.8
14.1
k
25.6
k
12.0









42
46


29





58

28
36









41
48


21







33
41









38
43


40





50

37
46


28

28




32
42


45


31


42

34
44

91

Table 5

Lowbirthweight
newborns b
(%)

5. Risk factors
Member State

MDG 7
Access to improved sanitation a
(%)

MDG 7
Access to improved drinking-water sources a
(%)

Urban

Rural

Total

Urban

Rural

Total

1990

2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006 1990 2000 2006

30
100
97

36
100
97

37
100
98

4
100
72

17
100
78

10
100
83

13
100
86

21
100
89

22
100
91

11
100
88

14
100
87

14
100
89

0
100
50

2
100
57

3
100
63

3
100
71

4
100
74

5
100
78

84
96
91
98
96
97

82
98
93
99
93
97

82
98
94
100
93
98

36
73
66
87
77
57

42
78
77
90
75
72

46
81
84
92
75
82

50
90
72
95
86
71

56
93
82
97
83
82

59
94
87
97
82
89

45
89
53
97
81
70

45
91
56
97
83
75

46
92
58
97
85
79

22
58
14
84
31
45

24
65
23
85
40
55

26
68
27
85
43
61

29
81
24
93
51
53

31
85
33
93
59
63

33
87
37
93
60
69

87
94
95
100
95

84
95
97
100
95

84
96
98
100
96

50
61
73
97
62

56
74
80
97
71

60
82
84
98
78

59
72
88
99
76

64
82
93
99
82

68
88
95
100
86

50
64
86
100
76

53
68
88
100
77

54
71
89
100
78

19
31
53
99
34

28
39
61
99
41

33
42
64
99
44

26
41
77
100
51

35
50
81
100
57

40
54
83
100
60

RANGES OF COUNTRY VALUES
Minimum
Maximum
Median

WHO REGION
African Region
Region of the Americas
South-East Asia Region
European Region
Eastern Mediterranean Region
Western Pacific Region

INCOME GROUP
Low income
Lower middle income
Upper middle income
High income
Global

92

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
Children
aged <5 years d
(%)

Infants
exclusively
breastfed
for the
first 6
months of
life c
(%)
Stunted
for age

MDG1
Underweight
for age

Adults aged
≥ 15 years
who are
obese e
(%)

(litres per
person per
year)

Overweight
for age
Male Female

2000–
2006

2000–
2008

1990– 2000– 1990– 2000– 1990– 2000–
1999 2007 1999 2007 1999 2007

Prevalence of
current tobacco use
(%)

Alcohol
consumption
among
adults
aged ≥ 15
years f

2000–2007

Adults g
(≥ 15 years)

Adolescents h
(13–15 years)

Both
Male Female sexes

Both
Male Female sexes

2005

2000–2008

2003

MDG 6
Prevalence
of condom
use by
adults
(15–49
years) at
higher-risk
sex i
(%)

MDG 6
Proportion of
population
aged 15–24
years with
comprehensive correct
knowledge of
HIV/AIDS j
(%)

Male Female Male Female
2000–2007

2000–2007

0
25
9

1.3
88.4
26.4

6.3
62.4
36.0

2.1
63.1
29.7

1.9
52.0
19.6

0.6
43.5
14.5

0.4
18.5
4.6

0.6
26.5
6.3

0.3
57.4
13.3

0.6
74.9
13.7

0.00
15.56
3.73

7.6
70.1
34.8

0.3
52.4
9.8

4.3
51.8
25.6

4.3
55.4
21.6

1.5
49.6
15.3

3.2
47.7
18.1

7
74
31

2
66
22

5
47
27

3
60
23

14
9

6

5

29.5
30.9
43.2
17.7
34.2









































4.09
6.66
0.51
8.84
0.19
5.18

18.1
29.5
39.8
44.9
32.5
56.2

2.9
19.8
4.5
25.0
4.3
5.2

10.6
24.8
22.2
35.3
18.3
30.8

19.7
22.3
17.1
21.0
18.6
9.5

12.8
21.6
8.1
15.4
10.9
5.4

16.4
22.3
13.0
18.4
15.2
7.3

24

23


19

12


30

36


23

21


15
7
8
7
10

32.1
40.8
29.1
12.1
34.8

































1.22
4.03
6.63
9.07
4.36

30.7
47.3
48.2
34.5
42.4

4.6
4.0
21.0
22.1
9.6

17.3
25.8
34.9
28.3
26.0

15.3
15.5
23.3

16.5

9.6
8.5
19.4

10.3

12.7
12.2
21.6

13.6

28







33



24



93

Table 5

Lowbirthweight
newborns b
(%)

Table 6

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Health workforce, infrastructure,
essential medicines
Data on the resources available to the health system are essential to enable governments to determine how best to meet
the health-related needs of the population.
Data indicate that globally, there are 13 physicians per 10 000 population, with large variations between countries
and regions. In the African Region, there are only 2 physicians per 10 000 compared with 32 per 10 000 in the
European Region. Globally, there are 28 nurses and midwives per 10 000 population, ranging from a low of 11 per
10 000 in the African Region to a high of 79 per 10 000 in the European Region.
While there are no gold standards for assessing the sufficiency of the health workforce, WHO estimates that
countries with fewer than 23 health-care professionals (counting only physicians, nurses and midwives) per 10 000
population will be unlikely to achieve adequate coverage rates for the key primary health-care interventions prioritized
by the Millennium Development Goals.
Estimates of the numbers and density of the health workforce refer to the active health workforce: people currently
participating in the health labour market. The data are derived from multiple sources including: national population
censuses, labour force and employment surveys, health facility assessments and routine administrative information
systems (including registries on public expenditure, staffing and payroll as well as professional training, registration and
licensure). This diversity of sources means there is considerable variability in the coverage and quality of the data and it
is not always clear whether both the public and private sectors are included.
Hospital beds are used to indicate the availability of inpatient services. There is no global norm for the density of
hospital beds in relation to total population. In the European Region, there are 63 hospital beds per 10 000 population
compared with 10 per 10 000 in the African Region. Statistics on hospital bed density are generally drawn from
routine administrative records but in some settings only public sector beds are included.
In most developing countries the availability of medicines – where these are provided through public health
facilities at a low cost or free of charge – is very poor. In all regions, availability is better in the private sector, but can
still be poor. Surveys in about 30 developing countries indicate that only 35 % of selected medicines were available in
the public sector and 63 % were available in the private sector. In the private sector, medicines cost on average about
650% more than the international reference price, while in the public sector – where patients pay for medicines – the
average cost is 250% more than the international reference price.
95

6. Health workforce, infrastructure, essential medicines
Member State

Health workforce

Physicians
Number

Nursing and midwifery personnel
Density
(per 10 000
population)

Number

2000–2007
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Côte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti

5 970
3 626
35 368
244
1 165
g
12
g
108 800
11 133
47 875
30 068
30 766
g
312
1 980
42 881
g
322
46 359
44 124
251
311
52
10 329
5 540
715
198 153
400
28 111
708
200
2 047
3 124
62 307
231
331
345
17 250
1 862 630
58 761
115
756
20
5 204
2 081
11 250
66 567
1 950
36 595
74 597
5 827
19 287
140

a

Density
(per 10 000
population)
2000–2007

2
12
11
36
1
g
2
g
30
37
25
37
36
g
11
27
3
g
12
48
42
11
<1
<1
12
14
4
12
11
37
1
<1
2
2
19
5
1
<1
11
14
14
2
2
12
13
1
25
59
23
36
33
1
36
2

96

14 930
12 746
69 749
259
18 485
g
233
g
29 000
14 806
187 837
53 782
71 265
g
1323
3 850
39 471
g
988
121 357
146 846
303
5 789
545
18 091
18 332
4 753
659 111
2 120
35 028
6 557
1 348
11 125
26 042
327 224
410
1 613
2 499
10 000
1 259 240
23 940
588
3 672
80
3 653
10 180
24 872
83 880
3 361
91 120
93 414
28 789
54 073
296

Dentistry personnel
Number

Density
(per 10 000
population)
2000–2007

5
41
22
39
14
g
33
g
8
49
97
66
84
g
45
61
3
g
37
125
142
13
8
3
21
47
27
38
61
46
5
2
9
16
101
9
4
3
6
10
6
7
10
47
9
6
55
74
40
89
41
5
101
4

900
1 035
9 553
46
222
g
13
g
28 900
1 255
21 296
4 467
2 431
g
21
300
2 344
g
63
4 647
8 305
32
12
65
5 997
629
38
190 448
70
6 512
58
14
209
147
38 310
11
13
15
6 750
136 520
33 951
29
12
10
1 905
339
3 230
9 841
715
6 933
8 315
159
4 530
60

<1
3
3
7
<1
g
2
g
8
4
11
5
3
g
1
4
<1
g
2
5
8
1
<1
<1
7
2
<1
11
2
9
<1
<1
<1
<1
12
<1
<1
<1
4
1
8
<1
<1
6
5
<1
7
9
9
7
4
<1
8
1

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Community health workers
Number

Other health service providers

Density
(per 10 000
population)
2000–2007














21 000





195






1 201
548



65
99
154















a

Number

b

Density
(per 10 000
population)
2000–2007














2





1






1
1



1
<1
<1















Hospital
beds c
(per 10 000
population)

900
1 173
24 421
72
3 242

g
15 300
157
64 433
5 076
1 074

2 511
24 035

2 930
11 775

884
926
11 767
308
1 611
499 592
30
1 020
2 767
1 518
564
2 537

172
693
851

1 724 620

172
1 743
2
20 888
2 507
2 549

160
5 842
85 089
2 754
3 564
284

MDG 8

Median availability of selected
generic medicines d (%)
Public

2000–2008
<1
4
8
11
2

g
4
1
33
6
1

34
2

3
11

1
4
14
1
9
29
1
1
2
2
<1
2

4
2
1

13

2
5
1
53
2
6

2
6
38
1
7
4

4
30
f
17
32
f
8
20
41
44
40
76
80
32
27
3
66
113
53
j
12
f
5
16
11
30
f
24
24
28
64
f
9
f
7

f
15
34
f
21
f
12
f
4
23
22
10
f
22
f
16
63
13
f
4
53
49
37
82
132
f
8
38

97

Essential medicines

Private

2001–2007







i






















h




31.3

k
19.2













Median consumer price ratio of
selected generic medicines e
Public

Private

2001–2007







i






















h




13.6

k
10.0




















i






















1.6



3.9

k
1.5




















3.4





















20.7



15.1

k
1.1













Table 6

Health workforce

6. Health workforce, infrastructure, essential medicines
Member State

Health workforce

Physicians
Number

Nursing and midwifery personnel
Density
(per 10 000
population)

Number

2000–2007
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg

g

38
15 670
18 335
179 900
7 938
153
215
4 414
1 936
380
17 357
207 277
395
156
20 597
284 427
3 240
55 556
g
80
g
9 965
987
188
366
g
1 949
3 676
30 575
1 120
645 825
29 499
61 870
19 010
12 394
25 138
215 000
2 253
270 371
13 460
57 514
4 506
20
4 840
12 710
2 000
7 200
8 440
89
103
7 070
13 510
1 255

a

Dentistry personnel

Density
(per 10 000
population)

Number

2000–2007
g

5
19
15
24
12
3
1
33
<1
5
33
34
3
1
47
34
2
50
g
10
g
9
1
1
5
g
3
6
30
38
6
1
9
7
29
37
37
9
21
24
39
1
2
18
24
4
31
24
1
<1
13
40
27

98

g

317
15 352
20 586
248 010
5 103
271
2 505
9 247
15 544
1 660
46 930
486 006
6 778
1 881
17 871
662 000
19 707
40 000
g
326
g
44 986
4 408
1 072
1 738
g
834
8 528
92 171
2 960
1 372 059
179 959
98 020
36 300
65 415
42 609
403 000
4 374
1 210 633
16 770
113 098
37 113
260
9 940
30 824
5 600
12 840
4 720
1 123
1 035
27 160
26 140
4 418

Density
(per 10 000
population)
2000–2007

g

42
18
17
34
8
5
6
70
2
20
89
80
50
13
40
80
9
36
g
40
g
41
5
7
23
g
1
13
92
101
13
8
16
13
195
62
72
17
95
32
76
12
30
37
58
10
56
13
6
3
48
77
96

g

4
7 000
2 062
25 170
3 465
15
16
1 175
93
60
4 490
41 374
66
43
1 269
65 683
393
13 438
g
20
g
2 046
60
22
30
g
94
1 371
4 997
286
61 424
7 093
13 210
3 460
2 414
7 726
37 000
212
95 197
4 330
5 612
1 340
3
810
1 017

1 561
3 260
16
13
850
2 249
343

g

1
8
2
3
5
<1
<1
9
<1
1
9
7
1
<1
3
8
<1
12
g
2
g
2
<1
<1
<1
g
<1
2
5
10
1
<1
2
1
6
11
6
1
7
8
4
<1
<1
3
2

7
9
<1
<1
2
7
8

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Community health workers
Number

Other health service providers

Density
(per 10 000
population)
2000–2007






308


13 433




412




g
40


2 355





50 393

25 242
149


















a

Number

b

Density
(per 10 000
population)
2000–2007






6


2




3




g
5


15





1

4
<1


















Hospital
beds c
(per 10 000
population)


3 330

125 776

1 190
499
6 823
17 966
90
35 150
69 431
686
739
257
46 953
9 419
8 977
g
69

1 456
2 475


4 077
5 364
312
1 752 027
43 936
128 160
40 114
3 565
4 958
44 000

526 337
21 971
14 048
22 200
2
1 340
143
3 800

3 000
298
1 085
1 130
2 184
401

MDG 8

Median availability of selected
generic medicines d (%)
Public

2000–2008

4

17

24
1
52
3
1
68
11
5
5
1
6
4
8
g
8

2
16


6
5
11
16
2
18
14
9
7
8

41
39
10
7
<1
5
<1
7

8
2
3
2
6
9

40
j
10
17
21
j
7

f
12
57
f
2
21
68
73
f
20
f
8
33
83
f
9
48
26
7
f
3
f
7
25
13
10
71
53
7
6
17
13

60
39
20
140
19
81
f
14
15
19
49
12
75
34
f
13

37
81
63

99

Essential medicines

Private

2001–2007




53.8



52.9
i







17.9










m
20.5
46.7
n
92.7






27.8
0.0
37.7

12.0
i



0.0




Median consumer price ratio of
selected generic medicines e
Public

Private

2001–2007




69.2



88.0
75.0






44.6










m
75.4
62.1
n
92.8






80.0
70.0
72.4

4.0
80.0


83.8








l




1.3
i







2.4










l

2.5
1.3






0.9
4.8
2.0

l

i



l









28.3



2.2
2.7






3.8










m
1.8
2.8
1.3






10.5
3.7
3.3

15.7
2.6


6.1




Table 6

Health workforce

6. Health workforce, infrastructure, essential medicines
Member State

Health workforce

Physicians
Number

Nursing and midwifery personnel
Density
(per 10 000
population)

Number

2000–2007
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia

5 201
266
17 020
302
1 053
1 564
24
313
1 303
195 897
60

6 732
1 233
15 991
514
17 791
598
10
5 384
60 519
8 190
2 045
296
34 923
4
17 523
4 290
126 350
30
4 431
275
6 355
g
29 799
90 370
76 046
36 138
2 150
75 045
11 153
41 455
614 183
432
46
g
749
89
50

81
34 261

a

Density
(per 10 000
population)
2000–2007

3
<1
7
9
1
39
5
1
11
20
6

26
20
5
<1
4
3
8
2
37
21
4
<1
3
20
38
17
8
16
15
1
11
g
12
12
20
34
26
16
27
19
43
1
11
g
52
8
3

5
14

100

5 661
7 264
43 380
886
8 338
2 411
152
1 893
4 604
88 678
250

8 826
3 436
24 328
6 183
49 341
6 145
63
11 825
2 197
33 249
5 862
2 818
210 306
22
75 326
9 500
47 380
120
8 158
2 841
10 261
g
17 108
480 910
199 622
48 155
4 880
83 333
26 029
90 698
1 214 292
3 647
198
g
331
447
310

308
74 114

Dentistry personnel
Number

Density
(per 10 000
population)
2000–2007

3
6
18
27
6
60
30
6
37
9
23

35
57
8
3
10
31
49
5
146
89
11
2
17
110
162
37
5
60
28
5
18
g
7
61
52
46
60
19
62
42
85
4
47
g
23
38
17

19
30

410

2 160
14
84
190
4
64
233
78 281
10

337
263
3 091
159
1 396
113
1
359
7 994
1 620
243
15
2 482
2
4 126
460
15 790
g
2
2 231
90
3 182
g
2 809
43 220
11 881
6 149
690
16 033
1 521
4 360
45 628
21
17
g
9
5
10

11
4 235

<1

1
<1
<1
5
1
<1
2
8
1

1
4
1
<1
<1
1
1
<1
5
4
<1
<1
<1
10
9
2
1
g
1
8
<1
6
g
1
6
3
6
9
3
4
2
3
<1
4
g
1
<1
1

1
2

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Community health workers
Number

Other health service providers

Density
(per 10 000
population)
2000–2007

385


515
68



236







44 293


16 206

5 259


115 761



65 999













12 000
65

45


150

a

Number

b

Density
(per 10 000
population)
2000–2007

<1


16
<1



2







9


6

14


9



4













14
16

4


9

Hospital
beds c
(per 10 000
population)

1 007
779
2 880
827
1 223
790
2
664
2 135
285 532
20

12 083
111
10 696
3 782
11 440
1 606
10
5 631
2 842
81 344

1 067
8 254
1
3 046
3 248
37 034
g
1
7 062

17 432

137 148
21 971
10 320
1 100
50 623
2 834
73 482
1 624 990
1 465
83


20

609
44 558

MDG 8

Median availability of selected
generic medicines d (%)
Public

2000–2008
f

1
1
1
25
1
20
<1
2
17
29
2

47
2
3
2
2
8
8
2
2
212

1
1
5
7
13
2
g
1
24

30

18
6
10
14
11
7
34
114
2
20


1

37
18

3
f
11
18
23
f
3
76

f
4
f
30
16
33

61
35
9
f
8
6
f
33
35
2
48
62
10
f
3
f
5
52
40
20
10
50
22

13
j
12
13
52
35
25
86
52
65
97
f
16
57
29
35
20

f
32
22

101

Essential medicines

Private

2001–2007


25.0

81.0







100.0

0.0









26.2



3.3




61.5
15.4














Median consumer price ratio of
selected generic medicines e
Public

Private

2001–2007


43.8

70.0







80.0

52.5









36.4



31.3




60.9
26.5
















l


1.8







2.6

l










3.5



l





1.4
6.4
















6.6

5.4







4.2

11.1









4.3



2.3




5.6
5.6














Table 6

Health workforce

6. Health workforce, infrastructure, essential medicines
Member State

Health workforce

Physicians
Number

a

Nursing and midwifery personnel
Density
(per 10 000
population)

Number

2000–2007

Density
(per 10 000
population)
2000–2007

Dentistry personnel
Number

Density
(per 10 000
population)
2000–2007

Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia

594
19 581
121
162
6 380
16 868
4 723
60
g
310
34 829
135 300
10 479
11 083
191
171
29 190
28 812
10 342
13 267
22 435
5 187

1
20
15
<1
15
31
24
1
g
<1
8
33
6
3
5
2
33
40
5
20
4
26

3 287
42 234
634
2 510
18 710
35 757
15 057
630
g
1 486
184 459
322 600
33 431
33 354
688
6 828
97 005
79 153
27 288
33 165
172 477
8 833

3
43
79
5
44
66
80
14
g
2
41
76
17
9
16
63
109
110
14
50
28
43

97
2 479
94
5
1 190
2 441
1 198
g
26
g
15
5 995
23 300
1 245
944
4
32
7 270
3 847
2 306
1 003
10 459
1 175

<1
3
12
<1
3
5
6
g
1
g
<1
1
5
1
<1
<1
<1
8
5
1
2
2
6

Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

79
225
30
g
1 004
13 330
116 014
12 210
10
2 209
143 728
4 960
126 126
822
730 801
12 384
70 564
30
48 000
44 960
6 739
1 264
2 086

1
<1
3
g
8
13
16
25
9
1
31
17
23
<1
26
37
27
1
19
6
3
1
2

1 795
1 937
350
g
3 653
28 537
217 685
23 026
50
18 969
388 444
10 340
g
740 731
13 292
2 669 603
2 880
290 162
360
28 000
61 810
13 746
22 010
9 357

22
4
34
g
29
29
29
47
46
7
85
35
g
128
4
94
9
109
17
11
8
7
20
7

45
19
10
g
107
2 452
23 798
703
2
363
19 169
850
25 914
267
463 663
3 936
5 194

13 680

850
491
310

1
<1
1
g
1
3
3
1
2
<1
4
3
10
<1
16
12
2

6

<1
<1
<1

102

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Community health workers
Number

a

Other health service providers

Density
(per 10 000
population)
2000–2007

Number

b

Hospital
beds c
(per 10 000
population)

Density
(per 10 000
population)
2000–2007

MDG 8

Median availability of selected
generic medicines d (%)
Public

2000–2008
f

Essential medicines

Private

2001–2007

Median consumer price ratio of
selected generic medicines e
Public

Private

2001–2007




558








4 716

4 000








1








1

37





1 560
1 884
232
480
1 280
2 637
905
g
28
g
8
71 850
39 900
5 405
30 347

1 573
5 885
4 269
11 864
680
71 528
908

2
2
29
1
3
5
5
g
1
g
<1
16
9
3
8

15
7
6
6
1
12
5

1
41
f
57
f
4
32
68
48
15

f
28
34
29
7
33
f
21

55
15
61
22
46










i



p
51.4




i

75.0
75.0










o
71.7


p
77.2




98.2
85.0
28.6










i



p
4.2




i

2.4
2.6










o
6.5


p
4.8




2.5
2.3
3.3

10


















2 542

<1


















1

1 731
2 032
4

18 534
24 740
8 772
2
7 560
22 257
1 200
g
1 205 694
33 438
5 039 244

828


24 080
16 202
6 811
5 508

21
4
<1

19
3
18
2
3
5
4
g
208
9
177

<1


3
8
6
4


f
9
29
27
18
27
43
56
f
10
87
19
39
f
11
31
j
29
47
37
j
9
27
7
f
20
f
30





64.3



20.0

61.1

23.4


i




5.0





95.1



80.0

73.9

47.9


82.5



90.0





l




l


l


1.3


i




1.1





6.8



2.6

13.8

2.7


2.0



3.5

103

Table 6

Health workforce

6. Health workforce, infrastructure, essential medicines
Member State

Health workforce

Physicians
Number

a

Nursing and midwifery personnel
Density
(per 10 000
population)

Number

2000–2007

Dentistry personnel

Density
(per 10 000
population)

Number

2000–2007

Density
(per 10 000
population)
2000–2007

RANGES OF COUNTRY VALUES
Minimum
Maximum
Median

4
1 862 630
5 201

<1
59
11

22
2 669 603
12 746

1
195
29

1
463 663
900

<1
16
2

150 708
1 620 329
849 324
2 816 481
532 486
2 435 023

2
19
5
32
10
14

792 361
4 095 757
1 955 203
6 659 394
734 949
3 413 921

11
49
12
79
15
20

23 964
900 702
92 759
434 972
84 033
318 082

1
11
1
5
2
2

499 544
3 442 424
1 763 142
2 699 197
8 404 351

4
10
22
27
13

1 166 992
4 910 074
3 299 914
8 274 390
17 651 585

10
15
42
86
28

45 019
416 931
461 253
931 294
1 854 512

1
1
6
10
3

WHO REGION
African Region
Region of the Americas
South-East Asia Region
European Region
Eastern Mediterranean Region
Western Pacific Region

INCOME GROUP
Low income
Lower middle income
Upper middle income
High income
Global

104

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Health workforce

Community health workers
Number

Other health service providers

Density
(per 10 000
population)

Number

2000–2007

Hospital
beds c
(per 10 000
population)

a

b

Density
(per 10 000
population)

MDG 8

Median availability of selected
generic medicines d (%)
Public

2000–2007

2000–2008

Essential medicines

Private

Median consumer price ratio of
selected generic medicines e
Public

2001–2007

Private

2001–2007

10
115 761
548

<1
37
2

1
5 039 244
2 767

<1
212
5

1
140
25

0.0
100.0
29.6

4.0
98.2
72.4

0.9
6.4
2.2

1.1
28.3
3.8



132 612

98 648



1

3

257 520
5 904 376
2 002 575
3 338 011
499 977
2 629 404

4
94
12
38
9
15

10
24
9
63
14
33





















4



354 686
4 247 963
2 682 050
7 347 149
14 631 863

3
13
37
77
24

12
16
42
59
25

















Table 6

297 164



105

Table 7

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Health expenditure
Globally in 2006, expenditure on health was about 8.7% of gross domestic product, with the highest level in the
Americas at 12.8% and the lowest in the South-East Asia Region at 3.4%. This translates to about US$ 716 per capita
on the average but there is tremendous variation ranging from a very low US$ 31 per capita in the South-East Asia
Region to a high of US$ 2636 per capita in the Americas.
The share of government in health spending varies from 76% in Europe to 34% in South-East Asia. Where
government expenditure in health is low, the shortfall is made up in low-income countries by private spending, about
85% of which is out of pocket. This means that payment is made at the point of accessing health services. Such
payment does not allow for pooling of risks and leads to a high probability of catastrophic payments that can result in
poverty for the household.
External resources are becoming a major source of health funding in low-income countries. From a share of 12%
of total health expenditure in 2000, external resources represented 17% of low-income country health expenditure in
2006. Some low-income countries have two thirds of their total health expenditure funded by external resources. In
these situations, predictability of aid is an important concern.
These data are generated from sources that WHO has been collecting for over 10 years. The most comprehensive
and consistent data on health financing are generated from national health accounts that collect expenditure
information within an internationally recognized framework. National health accounts trace the financing as it flows
from sources which provide the funds to agents who decide on the use of the funds to providers and beneficiaries of
health services. Not all countries have or update national health accounts and, in these instances, data are obtained
through technical contacts in country or from publicly available documents and reports. Missing values are estimated
using various accounting techniques depending on the data available for each country. WHO sends all such estimates
to the respective ministries of health every year for validation.
107

7. Health expenditure
Member State

Health expenditure ratios

Total expenditure on
health as % of gross
domestic product

2000
d,e,f

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
d
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
g
Australia
Austria
h
Azerbaijan
i
Bahamas
f
Bahrain
j
Bangladesh
i
Barbados
Belarus
k
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
j
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
l
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
d
Burundi
j, m
Cambodia
d
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
d
Comoros
Congo
i, n
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Côte d'Ivoire
Croatia
i
Cuba
l
Cyprus
k
Czech Republic
d,i,o
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo
k
Denmark
Djibouti

6.1
6.4
3.5
7.6
2.4
4.8
8.9
6.4
8.3
9.9
4.8
6.5
4.0
3.3
6.2
6.4
9.1
5.0
4.6
5.2
6.1
7.0
4.8
7.2
2.5
6.2
5.1
4.1
5.8
4.6
8.8
4.6
3.8
6.3
6.2
4.6
7.7
2.8
2.1
3.8
6.5
5.3
9.1
6.7
5.7
6.5
3.6
3.7
8.3
5.8

2006
9.2
6.5
4.2
7.4
2.6
4.3
10.1
4.7
8.7
10.2
4.1
7.4
3.6
3.2
6.6
6.4
9.9
4.7
4.7
3.5
6.4
9.5
7.1
7.5
1.9
7.2
6.3
8.7
5.9
4.6
10.0
4.9
4.0
4.9
5.3
4.6
7.3
3.2
2.1
4.3
7.7
3.8
8.2
7.7
6.2
6.9
3.5
6.8
10.8
6.8

General government
expenditure on health
as % of total
expenditure
on health b
2000

2006

3.1
36.3
73.3
65.0
79.9
69.0
55.4
17.7
67.1
76.8
18.1
47.6
67.5
26.5
65.5
76.6
71.8
48.0
47.6
73.6
60.1
51.8
63.7
40.0
83.5
58.7
39.6
13.2
22.5
22.5
70.4
73.5
41.4
42.5
48.7
38.3
80.9
54.1
57.7
90.6
76.8
24.8
86.1
90.9
41.6
90.3
85.9
1.1
82.4
67.8

32.4
37.3
81.1
70.4
86.8
67.3
45.5
41.2
67.7
75.9
26.1
48.7
68.2
31.8
63.4
74.9
72.5
54.7
50.2
72.1
62.8
55.2
76.5
47.9
80.7
56.7
56.9
8.6
26.0
21.2
70.4
78.3
38.3
53.9
52.7
40.7
85.4
55.1
71.7
91.5
68.4
23.6
86.1
91.6
44.8
88.0
85.6
18.7
85.9
74.1

108

Private expenditure on
health as % of total
expenditure on health b

2000
96.9
63.7
26.7
35.0
20.1
31.0
44.6
82.3
32.9
23.2
81.9
52.4
32.5
73.5
34.5
23.4
28.2
52.0
52.4
26.4
39.9
48.2
36.3
60.0
16.5
41.3
60.4
86.8
77.5
77.5
29.6
26.5
58.6
57.5
51.3
61.7
19.1
45.9
42.3
9.4
23.2
75.2
13.9
9.1
58.4
9.7
14.1
98.9
17.6
32.2

2006
67.6
62.7
18.9
29.6
13.2
32.7
54.5
58.8
32.3
24.1
73.9
51.3
31.8
68.2
36.6
25.1
27.5
45.3
49.8
27.9
37.2
44.8
23.5
52.1
19.3
43.0
43.1
91.4
74.0
78.8
29.6
21.7
61.7
46.1
47.3
59.3
14.6
44.9
28.3
8.5
31.6
76.4
13.9
8.4
55.2
12.0
14.4
81.3
14.1
25.9

a

General government
expenditure on health
as % of total
government
expenditure
2000
6.7
7.1
9.0
19.1
3.2
12.1
14.7
4.6
15.4
14.7
4.2
14.5
10.2
6.1
11.6
10.7
13.4
6.7
11.3
8.6
9.8
6.4
8.3
5.5
5.0
8.6
8.9
2.1
8.7
6.8
15.1
9.6
10.0
13.1
11.3
11.1
16.4
9.5
4.8
9.9
21.7
7.2
14.5
11.9
6.4
14.1
6.0
0.4
12.6
12.0

2006
6.2
8.7
11.9
22.7
5.0
10.4
14.2
9.7
17.0
15.7
3.9
14.3
9.5
7.0
11.9
10.2
14.8
9.0
10.8
7.6
11.6
12.3
17.8
7.2
5.3
11.2
15.8
2.4
10.8
6.7
17.8
11.1
10.9
13.8
14.1
9.9
17.0
8.4
5.4
11.5
21.5
4.2
16.4
11.2
6.4
13.8
6.0
5.8
18.0
13.4

External resources for
health as %
of total
expenditure on health
2000
1.0
6.0
0.1
0.0
3.6
3.6
0.0
8.5
0.0
0.0
3.9
0.0
0.0
19.4
4.0
0.1
0.0
2.9
16.0
27.1
6.0
10.1
0.5
0.5

2.0
13.9
21.8
9.4
4.1
0.0
13.5
22.9
24.9
0.1
0.1
0.3
29.7
4.6
2.2
1.0
4.6
0.4
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.8
3.7
0.0
32.6

2006
28.1
3.5
0.1
0.0
7.0
0.2
0.1
14.5
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.0
0.0
15.8
3.0
0.2
0.0
1.4
21.0
10.0
3.6
0.8
5.8
0.1

0.2
32.9
47.5
22.2
8.0
0.0
17.5
21.2
17.7
0.1
0.1
0.0
31.9
3.4
23.2
0.1
8.3
0.1
0.2
0.0
0.0
49.6
51.9
0.0
30.1

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Social security
expenditure on health
as % of general
government
expenditure on health
2000
0.0
20.2
35.5
88.1
0.0
0.0
59.4
0.0
0.0
58.8
0.0
1.8
0.4
0.0
0.0
5.8
79.0
0.0

0.0
62.0
95.9
10.5
0.0

12.7
0.8

0.0
0.1
2.0
36.1


67.2
57.2
60.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
89.6

97.6
0.0
0.0
89.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
11.3

2006
0.0
30.2
26.7
87.7
0.0
0.0
58.5
0.0
0.0
59.1
0.0
2.8
0.4
0.0
0.0
2.7
81.6
8.8

0.0
75.8
93.4
5.2
0.0

65.2
0.2

0.0
0.1
2.0
28.6


67.2
57.3
72.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
94.0

91.0
0.0
0.2
89.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
10.1

Out-of-pocket
expenditure as %
of private
expenditure on health
2000

2006

98.9
99.9
96.7
76.2
100.0
86.8
63.3
91.6
60.0
66.1
78.3
40.3
68.7
88.1
77.3
57.1
84.7
100.0
99.9
100.0
81.6
100.0
35.5
62.7
98.8
99.1
94.4
79.4
97.1
94.0
53.5
99.6
95.0
96.2
48.7
95.6
59.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
88.2
90.7
100.0
91.9
95.3
100.0
100.0
97.0
91.0
98.4

78.5
94.9
94.6
73.4
100.0
86.9
43.8
87.6
56.4
65.8
86.4
41.1
68.0
88.3
78.6
68.8
79.0
100.0
94.9
100.0
81.0
100.0
27.5
63.8
98.9
97.1
91.5
57.4
84.7
94.8
49.0
99.7
95.0
96.2
54.8
83.1
43.9
100.0
100.0
100.0
86.7
87.8
92.2
93.3
84.3
95.5
100.0
48.9
90.1
98.6

Health expenditure per capita

a

Private prepaid
plans as %
of private
expenditure on health
2000
0.0
0.0
3.1
21.6
0.0
13.2
32.6

21.9
20.7
0.3
58.6
25.4
0.0
22.7
0.1
12.3

0.1
0.0
8.1

3.9
33.9
0.6
0.0
1.0

0.0

38.9
0.4

0.4
51.3
1.0
41.0
0.0

0.0
2.3
9.3

0.0
4.7
0.0
0.0

9.0
1.6

2006
0.0
0.0
5.2
24.4
0.0
13.1
51.1
0.1
23.2
19.2
0.7
57.8
12.6
0.1
21.4
0.1
18.7

5.1
0.0
10.2

5.2
33.8
0.5
0.8
2.1

0.0

42.7
0.3

0.4
45.1
6.5
56.1
0.0

0.0
7.7
12.2
7.8
0.0
12.2
1.8
0.0

9.5
1.4

Per capita total
expenditure
on health at
average exchange
rate (US$)

Per capita total
expenditure
on health c
(PPP int. $)

a

Per capita
government
expenditure on health
at average exchange
rate (US$)

Per capita
government
expenditure
on health c
(PPP int. $)

2000

2006

2000

2006

2000

2006

2000

2006

6
75
63
1 284
16
412
689
40
1 734
2 364
31
1 078
488
11
557
66
2 062
153
15
42
61
93
154
267
443
96
11
4
17
27
2 080
55
10
10
302
44
154
8
21
196
265
33
375
183
749
361
16
10
2 479
44

27
187
148
2 822
71
517
551
98
3 302
3 974
102
1 419
788
12
774
243
3 726
205
26
49
79
296
379
427
571
297
27
10
30
45
3 917
112
14
29
473
94
217
16
44
566
402
35
790
362
1 459
953
<1
10
5 447
63


239
188
1 905
56
599
814
130
2 271
2 858
104
1 361
820
27
916
328
13
229
50
132
192
282
374
506
1 036
377
41
12
51
75
2 514
97
25
49
572
109
370
21
56
436
467
84
839
353
1 973
980
1
8
2 379
90

91
381
315
2 980
115
823
1 205
226
3 119
3 608
254
1 872

37
1 208
623
4
332
61
140
257
616
815
674
941
744
73
31
96
94
3 673
139
27
72
689
216
464
27
74
810
779
63
1 169
674
2 754
1 511
1
19
3 773
133

<1
27
46
835
13
285
382
7
1 164
1 816
6
513
329
3
365
51
1 480
74
7
31
37
48
98
107
370
57
4
1
4
6
1 465
41
4
4
147
17
124
4
12
177
204
8
323
167
311
326
14
<1
2 044
30

9
70
120
1 987
62
348
251
41
2 237
3 014
27
691
537
4
490
182
2 701
112
13
36
49
163
290
204
460
169
15
1
8
10
2 759
88
5
16
249
38
185
9
31
517
275
8
680
332
653
839
<1
2
4 677
47


87
138
1 239
44
413
451
23
1 524
2 196
19
648
554
7
601
251
9
110
24
97
115
146
238
202
865
222
16
2
12
17
1 770
72
10
21
278
42
300
11
33
395
359
21
723
321
820
885
1
<1
1 961
61

29
142
255
2 099
100
555
549
93
2 113
2 737
66
912

12
765
466
3
182
31
101
161
340
624
323
759
421
41
3
25
20
2 587
109
11
39
363
88
396
15
53
741
533
15
1 006
617
1 232
1 329
1
4
3 239
98

109

Table 7

Health expenditure ratios

7. Health expenditure
Member State

Health expenditure ratios

Total expenditure on
health as % of gross
domestic product

2000
Dominica
Dominican Republic
p
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
l
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
d
Gabon
Gambia
j
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
k
Iceland
India
j
Indonesia
r
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
d,i,s
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
t
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
d
Liberia
d
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
l
Lithuania
Luxembourg

5.9
6.3
4.2
5.6
8.0
1.9
5.5
5.3
4.3
4.7
7.0
10.1
4.5
4.4
7.4
10.3
7.2
7.9
6.4
5.5
5.3
7.0
5.5
6.3
5.4
6.9
9.6
4.3
1.6
5.9
1.5
6.3
7.8
8.1
6.2
7.7
9.4
4.2
4.5
12.1
3.1
4.7
3.2
6.0
10.9
6.2
3.7
3.7
6.5
5.8

2006
5.9
5.6
5.3
6.3
6.6
2.1
3.6
5.2
3.9
3.7
8.2
11.0
4.5
5.0
8.4
10.6
5.1
9.5
6.9
5.3
5.8
5.8
5.9
8.4
6.4
8.3
9.1
3.6
2.5
6.8
3.5
7.5
8.0
9.0
4.7
8.1
9.7
3.6
4.6
13.1
2.2
6.4
4.0
6.6
8.8
6.8
4.8
2.4
6.2
7.3

General government
expenditure on health
as % of total
expenditure
on health b
2000

2006

69.0
34.5
31.2
40.1
45.2
50.7
49.7
77.5
53.6
69.0
73.4
79.4
67.9
44.6
16.7
79.7
41.4
60.0
68.3
39.8
12.4
14.3
84.5
40.3
55.9
70.7
81.0
21.8
38.3
37.0
26.9
73.5
62.8
72.5
52.6
81.3
46.5
51.0
48.2
88.0
78.1
44.3
32.5
54.4
30.0
51.0
17.8
61.7
69.7
89.3

63.0
37.0
43.6
41.4
61.8
80.4
45.9
73.3
59.3
69.8
76.0
79.7
73.0
56.8
21.5
76.9
34.2
62.0
63.5
37.7
14.1
26.3
85.8
67.6
47.8
70.9
82.0
25.0
50.5
50.7
78.1
78.3
56.0
77.2
53.1
81.3
43.3
64.3
47.8
86.9
78.2
43.0
18.6
59.2
44.3
58.9
25.8
66.3
70.0
90.9

110

Private expenditure on
health as % of total
expenditure on health b

2000
31.0
65.5
68.8
59.9
54.8
49.3
50.3
22.5
46.4
31.0
26.6
20.6
32.1
55.4
83.3
20.3
58.6
40.0
31.7
60.2
87.6
85.7
15.5
59.7
44.1
29.3
19.0
78.2
61.7
63.0
73.1
26.5
37.2
27.5
47.4
18.7
53.5
49.0
51.8
12.0
21.9
55.7
67.5
45.6
70.0
49.0
82.2
38.3
30.3
10.7

2006
37.0
63.0
56.4
58.6
38.2
19.6
54.1
26.7
40.7
30.2
24.0
20.3
27.0
43.2
78.5
23.1
65.8
38.0
36.5
62.3
85.9
73.7
14.2
32.4
52.2
29.1
18.0
75.0
49.5
49.3
21.9
21.7
44.0
22.8
46.9
18.7
56.7
35.7
52.2
13.1
21.8
57.0
81.4
40.8
55.7
41.1
74.2
33.7
30.0
9.1

a

General government
expenditure on health
as % of total
government
expenditure
2000
8.6
15.9
6.4
7.5
14.3
7.8
4.0
11.3
8.5
10.3
10.6
15.5
14.0
8.8
6.4
18.2
10.8
8.6
13.2
16.7
4.0
2.3
10.0
23.3
15.1
10.5
18.4
3.3
3.8
9.6
1.3
14.7
10.2
12.7
6.6
16.0
10.3
9.2
11.6
8.7
8.8
8.3
5.1
8.8
7.8
6.5
4.4
7.2
11.6
13.9

2006
7.8
10.4
7.3
7.3
15.7
6.9
4.2
11.1
10.0
8.4
12.7
16.7
14.0
11.2
5.6
17.9
4.4
11.6
9.0
14.7
4.7
4.0
9.0
29.8
15.0
11.3
18.0
3.4
6.2
11.5
3.4
17.2
9.9
14.2
4.2
17.9
8.7
10.4
9.7
7.8
4.9
8.7
3.7
10.8
11.3
8.2
9.8
5.4
12.9
17.1

External resources for
health as %
of total
expenditure on health
2000
3.7
2.0
4.1
1.0
0.9
9.6
24.7
0.9
16.4
6.2
0.0
0.0
1.5
29.5
5.1
0.0
9.5


3.4
9.0
41.0
4.2
31.2
8.8
0.0
0.0
0.6
10.8
0.0
24.8
0.0
2.6
0.0
1.8
0.0
4.6
7.4
8.3
26.4
0.0
9.9
30.3
0.5
2.1
3.1
13.9
0.0
1.7
0.0

2006
0.8
1.9
0.7
0.8
3.2
3.5
37.6
0.6
42.7
2.1
0.0
0.0
1.8
34.7
6.7
0.0
22.6

0.8
1.0
11.8
33.4
27.4
65.8
5.4

0.0
1.0
2.2
0.1
13.6
0.0
2.3
0.0
1.7
0.0
4.7
0.3
14.9
0.4
0.0
10.0
12.9
0.2
1.9
14.3
50.7
0.0
1.8
0.0

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Social security
expenditure on health
as % of general
government
expenditure on health
2000
0.0
17.0
28.0
23.8
44.2
0.0
0.0
88.2
0.0
0.0
19.5
84.1
2.0
0.0
44.0
87.3

46.0
0.0
52.3
1.8
5.3
0.0
0.0
14.3
83.9
33.4
5.8
7.4
42.3

1.2
72.4
0.1
0.0
80.9
0.6
0.0
10.9
0.0
0.0
10.0
1.4
87.7
52.1
0.0
0.0

88.3
82.6

2006
0.0
27.1
41.4
26.4
47.7
0.0
0.0
83.9
0.0
0.0
19.6
93.6
1.8
0.0
51.5
87.9

50.8
0.0
45.4
1.5
3.0
0.0

15.8
84.8
33.5
4.9
17.3
41.0

0.9
72.3
0.1
0.0
78.7
0.5
0.0
8.8
0.0
0.0
20.9
11.5
88.1
53.1
0.0
0.0

84.5
77.3

Out-of-pocket
expenditure as %
of private
expenditure on health
2000

2006

88.9
71.9
85.3
94.1
94.6
89.2
100.0
88.5
79.1
79.1
78.8
34.4
100.0
85.3
93.4
55.1
79.6
94.5
100.0
89.7
99.5
53.0
100.0
84.3
85.4
89.8
100.0
92.1
63.0
95.9
100.0
41.0
78.5
89.1
65.0
90.1
74.7
99.0
80.1
100.0
93.9
89.3
91.8
96.8
80.1
73.1
66.0
100.0
86.2
65.2

81.1
64.3
85.6
94.9
88.9
75.6
100.0
93.3
80.6
79.1
77.6
33.2
100.0
71.2
91.9
57.1
77.8
94.8
95.4
91.4
99.5
55.8
100.0
89.6
87.1
77.6
100.0
91.4
70.4
94.8
100.0
57.2
75.3
88.5
63.7
80.8
75.9
98.4
80.0
100.0
91.6
94.1
76.1
97.2
76.1
68.9
65.7
100.0
98.3
70.7

Health expenditure per capita

a

Private prepaid
plans as %
of private
expenditure on health
2000
11.1
18.7
4.8
0.4
5.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
15.0
9.8
61.5

3.7
0.5
40.8
6.1
5.5

4.2
0.0
0.0


7.3
0.6
0.0
1.0
8.3
3.2

28.5
10.4
3.2
30.0
1.7
5.5
0.1
7.1
0.0
6.1

0.0
3.2
17.3

0.0
0.0
0.3
10.1

2006
18.9
23.5
5.7
0.2
11.1
0.0
0.0
3.9
3.0
15.0
9.1
63.0

4.6
1.4
39.7
6.0
5.2

3.1
0.0
0.0


7.3
4.5
0.0
1.1
8.4
4.4

38.6
14.4
4.1
32.0
13.7
7.4
0.1
6.9
0.0
8.4

0.4
2.2
19.9

0.0
0.0
1.3
18.7

Per capita total
expenditure
on health at
average exchange
rate (US$)

Per capita total
expenditure
on health c
(PPP int. $)

a

Per capita
government
expenditure on health
at average exchange
rate (US$)

Per capita
government
expenditure
on health c
(PPP int. $)

2000

2006

2000

2006

2000

2006

2000

2006

235
172
54
82
169
51
9
219
5
98
1 639
2 193
193
13
48
2 371
18
919
261
95
20
11
53
26
62
326
2 940
19
12
65
18
1 723
1 557
1 547
189
2 827
166
51
18
70
523
13
11
197
485
28
7
237
212
2 708

275
206
166
92
181
440
8
632
7
139
3 232
3 937
351
15
147
3 718
33
2 280
333
143
20
12
72
42
99
929
4 994
29
39
215
62
3 871
1 675
2 813
180
2 759
238
190
29
121
803
35
24
582
494
51
7
219
547
6 506

387
333
202
208
351
160
33
521
19
160
1 794
2 542
552
39
153
2 670
65
1 449
388
218
47
34
116
61
138
852
2 738
63
37
387
84
1 950
1 845
2 061
313
1 967
302
198
51
154
903
62
41
456
801
65
14
385
543
3 137

487
379
379
320
360
633
19
958
26
164
2 656
3 420
628
57
337
3 465
76
2 547
485
267
65
29
144
89
226
1 492
3 207
86
82
678
146
3 106
2 034
2 631
307
2 581
435
352
67
230
956
115
80
1 018
859
98
15
355
981
5 494

162
59
17
33
77
26
5
169
3
68
1 203
1 740
131
6
8
1 890
7
551
179
38
2
2
45
10
35
231
2 383
4
5
24
5
1 267
978
1 122
99
2 298
77
26
9
61
408
6
3
107
145
14
1
146
148
2 418

173
76
73
38
112
353
4
464
4
97
2 455
3 139
256
9
32
2 858
11
1 414
212
54
3
3
62
29
47
659
4 093
7
20
109
49
3 030
938
2 172
95
2 242
103
122
14
105
628
15
4
345
219
30
2
145
383
5 912

267
115
63
84
159
81
16
404
10
110
1 316
2 018
375
18
26
2 127
27
869
265
87
6
5
98
25
77
602
2 219
14
14
143
23
1 434
1 159
1 495
164
1 598
141
101
25
135
705
27
13
248
240
33
3
238
378
2 800

307
140
165
132
223
509
9
702
16
114
2 018
2 727
458
32
73
2 664
26
1 580
308
101
9
8
124
60
108
1 058
2 628
22
42
344
114
2 431
1 138
2 031
163
2 097
188
227
32
200
748
50
15
603
381
57
4
235
687
4 992

111

Table 7

Health expenditure ratios

7. Health expenditure
Member State

Health expenditure ratios

Total expenditure on
health as % of gross
domestic product

2000
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
j
Maldives
Mali
Malta
i
Marshall Islands
d
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia (Federated States of)
d
Monaco
Mongolia
u
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
v
Myanmar
Namibia
i
Nauru
j
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
i
Niue
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
i, j
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
k
Poland
Portugal
f
Qatar
Republic of Korea
q
Republic of Moldova
l
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
j
Samoa
San Marino
f
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia

2.7
6.1
3.2
5.8
6.3
6.8
20.3
2.8
3.8
5.6
8.4
3.0
5.8
7.8
4.2
4.8
2.1
7.0
11.3
5.1
8.0
8.1
7.1
3.5
5.0
8.0
8.4
3.1
2.4
9.5
7.8
4.0
9.2
4.7
3.4
5.5
8.8
2.3
4.5
5.9
5.3
5.4
4.2
5.4
5.8
5.7
5.6
7.5
6.3
4.0

2006
3.2
12.9
4.3
8.1
5.8
8.4
14.4
2.2
3.9
6.6
13.3
4.5
5.7
8.3
5.3
5.0
2.2
5.4
13.8
5.1
9.4
9.3
9.6
5.9
3.8
13.6
8.7
2.3
2.0
10.5
7.3
3.2
7.6
4.4
3.8
6.2
10.2
4.3
6.4
9.4
4.5
5.3
10.9
5.8
6.3
5.6
5.0
7.2
6.3
3.3

General government
expenditure on health
as % of total
expenditure
on health b
2000

2006

54.5
43.8
52.4
70.8
32.9
72.5
98.0
71.2
52.0
46.6
93.9
75.3
67.3
71.6
29.4
68.5
13.4
68.9
72.7
24.9
63.1
79.1
51.5
54.5
33.5
98.2
82.5
82.3
20.0
89.1
68.1
81.7
40.2
53.0
47.6
70.0
72.5
68.8
48.8
50.3
67.3
59.9
39.2
60.3
58.5
63.9
70.9
85.8
80.5
76.4

62.8
69.0
44.6
79.7
49.6
77.0
97.4
69.5
51.1
44.2
96.0
74.1
73.7
71.9
26.2
70.8
13.1
66.7
67.3
30.5
80.0
77.8
48.2
54.7
29.7
98.6
83.6
82.3
16.4
80.8
68.8
82.0
38.3
58.3
32.9
70.0
70.5
78.2
55.7
46.9
76.9
63.2
42.5
61.3
57.8
62.4
83.0
85.4
85.0
77.0

112

Private expenditure on
health as % of total
expenditure on health b

2000
45.5
56.2
47.6
29.2
67.1
27.5
2.0
28.8
48.0
53.4
6.1
24.7
32.7
28.4
70.6
31.5
86.6
31.1
27.3
75.1
36.9
20.9
48.5
45.5
66.5
1.8
17.5
17.7
80.0
10.9
31.9
18.3
59.8
47.0
52.4
30.0
27.5
31.2
51.2
49.7
32.7
40.1
60.8
39.7
41.5
36.1
29.1
14.2
19.5
23.6

2006
37.2
31.0
55.4
20.3
50.4
23.0
2.6
30.5
48.9
55.8
4.0
25.9
26.3
28.1
73.8
29.2
86.9
33.3
32.7
69.5
20.0
22.2
51.8
45.3
70.3
1.4
16.4
17.7
83.6
19.2
31.2
18.0
61.7
41.7
67.1
30.0
29.5
21.8
44.3
53.1
23.1
36.8
57.5
38.7
42.2
37.6
17.0
14.6
15.0
23.0

a

General government
expenditure on health
as % of total
government
expenditure
2000
8.4
7.3
6.2
10.9
9.5
12.0
21.1
6.5
8.7
12.5
10.5
17.4
10.7
14.4
4.0
13.9
1.2
13.1
11.2
7.7
11.4
16.4
12.9
10.9
4.2
6.3
16.4
7.3
1.8
11.3
21.3
9.9
17.5
12.1
7.0
9.4
14.9
5.6
9.3
8.7
9.2
9.6
8.2
9.5
11.7
10.8
10.8
20.4
7.6
9.2

2006
9.3
17.1
7.0
9.2
12.2
14.7
14.7
5.3
9.4
11.8
18.9
15.6
12.7
13.5
4.8
12.5
1.5
10.5
38.1
9.2
16.4
18.4
17.0
17.8
3.5
10.8
17.9
5.4
1.3
11.3
11.5
7.3
13.2
13.8
6.1
9.9
15.5
9.7
11.7
11.0
7.9
10.8
18.8
9.5
10.9
9.3
10.5
13.8
10.3
8.7

External resources for
health as %
of total
expenditure on health
2000
27.3
26.9
0.6
3.3
7.8
0.0
11.4
23.6
1.4
1.0
38.4
0.0
23.1

0.8
32.5
1.1
3.8
9.8
15.2
0.0
0.0
8.4
40.0
16.2
4.5
0.0
0.0
0.9
14.4
1.0
23.8
2.8
2.0
3.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
16.7
5.6
0.2
52.0
5.3
0.4
0.2
17.3
0.0
27.5
0.0

2006
49.4
59.6
0.0
0.4
17.6
0.0
66.1
18.0
1.0
0.0
57.1
0.0
1.5
1.3
2.5
60.3
11.2
21.1
0.0
15.7
0.0
0.0
7.7
32.8
5.9
66.3
0.0
0.0
3.2
12.9
0.2
11.2
0.8
1.5
2.9
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.6
0.0
0.1
52.4
0.0
0.2
0.0
4.3
0.0
50.5
0.0

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Social security
expenditure on health
as % of general
government
expenditure on health
2000

0.0
0.6
0.0

0.0
35.0
0.0

67.6
21.4
98.5
24.5
98.8
0.0
0.0
3.1
1.8
0.0
0.0
93.9
0.0
16.2

0.0
0.0
17.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
0.0
53.0
42.9
14.7
82.6
1.3
0.0
79.3
0.0
89.4
40.3
6.4
0.0
4.9
0.0
0.3
100.0
0.0

2006

0.0
0.8
0.0

0.0
12.3
0.0

60.2
22.2
98.4
50.0
97.0
0.0
0.0
1.8
2.3
0.0
0.0
95.1
0.0
23.9

0.0
0.0
14.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
47.7
0.0
35.3
39.7
25.8
83.9
1.2
0.0
77.3
75.0
85.0
42.3
4.1
0.0
3.4
0.0
0.7
84.4
0.0

Out-of-pocket
expenditure as %
of private
expenditure on health
2000

2006

52.8
42.4
75.4
97.1
99.1
96.9
100.0
100.0
74.6
95.3
100.0
83.1
36.2
100.0
76.6
40.9
99.2
18.2
24.4
91.2
24.3
69.9
90.2
87.6
92.7
100.0
95.5
65.1
98.2
100.0
81.3
56.0
88.6
79.4
77.2
100.0
80.8
84.5
81.5
97.9
100.0
74.7
40.7
94.2
95.4
100.0
81.3
94.8
100.0
28.3

52.5
28.4
73.2
97.5
99.5
90.4
100.0
100.0
80.6
93.9
100.0
83.6
44.0
100.0
77.3
40.6
99.4
15.7
84.4
85.2
29.3
74.6
98.1
96.5
90.4
100.0
95.2
57.7
97.9
40.3
80.6
41.5
87.7
77.5
83.5
85.4
77.3
88.2
81.0
97.7
96.8
81.5
38.6
94.6
93.8
100.0
76.1
95.7
100.0
13.4

Health expenditure per capita

a

Private prepaid
plans as %
of private
expenditure on health
2000
10.8
9.1
11.9
0.0
0.1
3.1
0.0
0.0
8.3
4.7
0.0
16.9
0.0

23.4
0.6
0.0
77.3
0.0
0.1
43.0
28.5
5.9
11.3
5.1
0.0
0.0
20.2

0.0
18.7
5.5
10.9
17.2
11.1
0.8
11.1

8.4

0.0
8.1
0.9
5.8
4.6

0.0
5.2
0.0
42.4

2006
10.7
15.7
14.4
0.0
0.5
8.0
0.0
0.0
10.0
6.1
0.0
16.4
0.0

22.7
0.6
0.0
79.1
0.0
0.4
28.7
21.2
1.4
3.0
6.7
0.0
0.0
22.9

43.3
19.2
6.3
11.3
19.0
9.7
1.9
13.8

7.6
0.4
1.7
10.2
9.2
5.4
6.2

0.0
4.3
0.0
52.1

Per capita total
expenditure
on health at
average exchange
rate (US$)

Per capita total
expenditure
on health c
(PPP int. $)

a

Per capita
government
expenditure on health
at average exchange
rate (US$)

Per capita
government
expenditure
on health c
(PPP int. $)

2000

2006

2000

2006

2000

2006

2000

2006

7
9
128
132
17
641
418
12
146
327
170
3 775
26
114
54
11
3
127
375
12
1 925
1 109
55
5
17
323
3 156
254
12
594
306
26
122
98
34
247
970
659
494
21
87
95
9
387
251
164
74
2 154
21
362

9
21
259
245
31
1 308
358
19
230
527
284
6 353
70
348
113
16
5
174
758
17
3 872
2 421
92
16
33
1 043
6 267
332
16
811
380
29
117
149
52
555
1 864
2 759
1 168
90
256
367
33
570
350
230
117
3 527
49
492

21
38
289
170
52
2 864
580
40
302
507
216
4 377
108
442
109
21
11
243
940
40
2 337
1 686
133
16
59
496
3 039
461
40
1 046
560
64
309
232
80
583
1 509
1 259
747
86
320
410
24
541
429
282
155
2 870

692

28
62
544
422
67
4 223
520
41
488
778
375
5 585
164
718
207
36
24
261
1 214
52
3 481
2 448
235
38
59
1 261
4 519
526
47
1 402
738
62
312
316
120
919
2 199

1 467
242
472
698
89
768
594
393
193
3 238
95
720

4
4
67
93
5
465
410
8
76
152
160
2 843
17
81
16
8
<1
88
273
3
1 214
877
28
3
6
317
2 603
209
2
529
208
21
49
52
16
173
704
454
241
10
59
57
4
233
147
105
52
1 849
17
276

6
14
115
195
15
1 008
349
13
118
233
273
4 706
52
250
30
11
1
116
510
5
3 097
1 884
44
9
10
1 028
5 241
273
3
655
262
24
45
87
17
389
1 315
2 157
651
42
197
232
14
350
202
144
97
3 011
42
379

11
17
151
120
17
2 075
568
28
157
236
202
3 297
73
316
32
15
1
167
684
10
1 474
1 333
69
9
20
487
2 507
380
8
932
381
52
124
123
38
408
1 095
866
364
43
215
246
9
326
251
180
110
2 463

529

18
43
242
336
33
3 254
506
29
250
344
360
4 137
121
516
54
26
3
174
816
16
2 785
1 906
113
21
18
1 243
3 779
433
8
1 133
507
51
119
184
39
643
1 552

817
113
363
441
38
471
343
245
161
2 764
81
554

113

Table 7

Health expenditure ratios

7. Health expenditure
Member State

Health expenditure ratios

Total expenditure on
health as % of gross
domestic product

2000
Senegal
u, w
Serbia
Seychelles
d
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
d, f
Somalia
South Africa
k
Spain
j
Sri Lanka
d
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
k
Sweden
k
Switzerland
x
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
j
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia
y, z

Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
d
Turkmenistan
i
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
d,f,i
Zimbabwe

2006

General government
expenditure on health
as % of total
expenditure
on health b
2000

2006

Private expenditure on
health as % of total
expenditure on health b

2000

2006

a

General government
expenditure on health
as % of total
government
expenditure
2000

2006

External resources for
health as %
of total
expenditure on health
2000

2006

4.3
7.1
5.3
4.9
3.5
5.5
8.4
5.2

8.1
7.2
3.6
3.0
8.0
6.1
8.2
10.3
4.8
4.6
3.4
7.6

5.8
8.2
6.3
4.0
3.3
7.1
8.4
5.1

8.0
8.4
4.2
3.8
6.2
6.3
9.2
10.8
3.9
5.0
3.5
8.0

36.9
67.4
75.3
43.0
36.2
89.4
74.0
91.6

42.4
71.6
47.9
26.3
48.8
58.6
84.9
55.6
40.4
20.4
56.1
70.9

56.9
69.7
75.1
36.4
33.1
70.6
72.2
91.5

37.7
71.2
47.5
36.8
42.6
65.8
81.7
59.1
47.8
22.5
64.5
70.6

63.1
32.6
24.7
57.0
63.8
10.6
26.0
8.4

57.6
28.4
52.1
73.7
51.2
41.4
15.1
44.4
59.6
79.6
43.9
29.1

43.1
30.3
24.9
63.6
66.9
29.4
27.8
8.5

62.3
28.8
52.5
63.2
57.4
34.2
18.3
40.9
52.2
77.5
35.5
29.4

8.5
12.9
8.4
7.6
6.2
9.7
13.1
17.9

10.9
13.2
6.8
7.2
9.7
11.6
12.6
17.1
6.5
4.9
10.0
15.8

12.0
12.9
8.8
7.8
6.7
13.5
13.5
14.1

9.1
15.5
8.3
5.8
8.0
11.2
13.8
18.5
6.0
5.0
11.3
16.5

17.4
1.1
5.6
19.6
0.0
0.0
0.2
14.8

0.3
0.0
0.3
4.8
10.9
5.5
0.0
0.0
0.1
2.3
0.0
3.2

12.3
0.8
3.4
33.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
18.8

0.9
0.0
1.1
6.5
8.1
12.3
0.0
0.0
0.8
6.3
0.3
1.1

8.8
4.8
5.5
3.9
5.6
4.9
4.8
13.4
6.6
6.0
3.2
7.1
3.9
13.2
10.5
5.8
4.1
6.0
5.4
4.5
5.7
8.3

17.7
6.0
4.9
4.4
5.1
4.8
3.8
11.4
7.0
6.9
2.5
8.2
6.4
15.3
8.2
4.7
4.1
4.9
6.6
4.5
6.2
9.3

70.9
29.9
72.4
42.8
48.5
62.9
74.2
92.3
26.8
48.0
76.6
80.9
40.4
43.7
33.4
44.9
67.0
53.1
30.1
41.9
51.3
43.1

86.0
21.2
74.6
56.5
44.2
72.5
66.5
92.7
25.4
55.4
70.4
87.3
57.8
45.8
43.5
50.2
65.0
49.5
32.3
46.0
60.7
48.7

29.1
70.1
27.6
57.2
51.5
37.1
25.8
7.7
73.2
52.0
23.4
19.1
59.6
56.3
66.6
55.1
33.0
46.9
69.9
58.1
48.7
56.9

14.0
78.8
25.4
43.5
55.8
27.5
33.5
7.3
74.6
44.6
29.6
12.7
42.2
54.2
56.5
49.8
35.0
50.5
67.7
54.0
39.3
51.3

12.7
8.0
15.2
5.7
6.8
9.8
14.9
5.9
7.3
8.4
7.6
14.7
8.9
19.5
10.3
6.3
9.8
10.9
6.6
6.2
9.4
7.3

16.6
5.8
10.6
7.6
6.7
10.6
14.9
16.1
8.9
8.8
8.7
16.3
13.7
19.3
9.2
8.0
10.9
9.3
6.4
5.6
16.4
8.9

52.7
6.6
26.5
4.7
0.9
0.1
1.2
40.6
28.3
0.5
0.0
0.0
26.7
0.0
0.1
1.1
2.4
0.6
2.5
8.2
17.8
1.6

44.9
12.3
34.4
2.4
0.9
0.0
0.1
4.0
31.2
0.5
0.0
0.0
43.9
0.0
0.5
1.7
8.8
0.1
2.2
24.8
38.1
17.3

114

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Social security
expenditure on health
as % of general
government
expenditure on health
2000

2006

Out-of-pocket
expenditure as %
of private
expenditure on health
2000

2006

Health expenditure per capita

a

Private prepaid
plans as %
of private
expenditure on health
2000

2006

Per capita total
expenditure
on health at
average exchange
rate (US$)

Per capita total
expenditure
on health c
(PPP int. $)

a

Per capita
government
expenditure on health
at average exchange
rate (US$)

Per capita
government
expenditure
on health c
(PPP int. $)

2000

2006

2000

2006

2000

2006

2000

2006

17.9
92.4
5.0
0.0
4.8
94.4
93.9
0.0

3.3
9.6
0.3
9.3
40.7
0.0
0.0
72.6
0.0
0.0
9.4
97.5

4.0
93.0
3.8
0.0
17.7
89.5
92.9
0.0

4.3
7.3
0.1
12.0
42.8
0.0
0.0
72.6
0.0
0.0
12.4
93.3

91.7
85.2
63.0
75.2
97.0
100.0
44.1
66.7

18.9
83.1
83.3
100.0
44.0
42.4
91.1
74.1
100.0
99.0
76.9
100.0

77.0
87.9
62.5
56.4
93.8
79.8
42.5
66.7

17.5
74.7
86.7
100.0
51.1
41.4
87.9
75.3
100.0
96.6
76.6
100.0

7.1

0.0
3.0
0.0
0.0
51.0
0.0

75.6
13.7
12.2

0.8
18.9
1.2
23.6
0.0
0.0
12.8

19.5

0.0
3.7
2.9
0.0
47.1
0.0

77.7
20.9
9.1

0.8
18.5
1.6
22.3
0.0
0.0
15.6

20
68
401
7
803
208
710
42

237
1 036
33
11
162
80
2 280
3 582
58
6
69
136

44
336
565
12
1 017
735
1 607
44

425
2 328
62
37
250
155
3 973
5 660
66
21
113
249

54
411
742
17
1 151
603
1 447
80

519
1 536
99
37
369
207
2 283
3 265
159
41
172
470

92
773
931
29
1 536
1 279
2 063
100

715
2 466
171
72
391
300
3 162
4 179
164
81
264
630

7
46
302
3
291
186
525
39

100
742
16
3
79
47
1 936
1 992
23
1
39
96

25
234
424
4
337
520
1 161
40

160
1 658
30
14
106
102
3 245
3 347
31
5
73
176

20
277
558
7
417
539
1 070
73

220
1 100
47
10
180
121
1 938
1 816
64
8
97
334

52
539
699
11
509
903
1 490
91

270
1 757
81
27
167
197
2 583
2 471
78
18
170
444

0.0
12.5
0.0
0.0
26.7
55.5
6.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
34.1
50.0
0.0
0.0
19.5
19.7

0.0
0.0

0.0
17.3
0.0
0.0
25.2
53.8
6.1
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.9
28.7
47.8
0.0
0.0
20.0
38.8

0.0
0.0

43.4
86.6
82.5
86.3
81.7
74.6
100.0
11.5
56.7
90.1
69.4
69.5
80.0
26.6
25.9
97.0
50.0
87.0
91.7
94.8
80.5
48.0

37.2
84.2
84.2
88.0
81.7
84.2
100.0
15.6
51.0
88.8
69.4
91.7
54.3
23.5
31.1
97.1
50.0
88.6
90.2
95.2
67.2
50.3

0.0
5.4
9.6
7.2
16.6
11.8
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.9
20.2
16.7
4.3
62.7
74.1
0.0
7.5
3.7
4.1

0.7
34.1

0.0
4.3
3.7
6.9
16.6
15.8
0.0
0.0
0.2
1.2
20.2
7.8
7.7
66.4
68.9
0.0
7.5
3.6
2.6

3.7
28.8

34
11
87
243
114
194
53
162
15
39
697
1 782
11
4 570
635
32
53
290
21
24
18
48

52
21
114
600
156
352
146
280
24
160
1 018
3 332
23
6 719
476
30
67
332
46
40
58
38

68
32
163

271
432

324
45
198
1 263
1 846
30
4 570
818
83
127
510
75
84
52
<1

109
46
181

355
584

434
71
433
1 409
2 815
72
6 719
833
102
125
540
151
102
79

24
3
63
104
55
122
39
149
4
19
534
1 441
4
1 997
212
14
35
154
6
10
9
21

45
4
85
339
69
255
97
259
6
89
717
2 908
13
3 076
207
15
44
164
15
18
35
18

48
9
118

131
272

299
12
95
967
1 493
12
1 997
274
37
85
271
23
35
26
<1

94
10
135

157
423

402
18
240
992
2 457
42
3 076
362
51
81
267
49
47
48

115

Table 7

Health expenditure ratios

7. Health expenditure
Member State

Health expenditure ratios

Total expenditure on
health as % of gross
domestic product

2000

2006

General government
expenditure on health
as % of total
expenditure
on health b
2000

2006

Private expenditure on
health as % of total
expenditure on health b

2000

2006

a

General government
expenditure on health
as % of total
government
expenditure
2000

2006

External resources for
health as %
of total
expenditure on health
2000

2006

RANGES OF COUNTRY VALUES
Minimum
Maximum
Median

1.5
20.3
5.7

1.9
17.7
6.2

1.1
98.2
56.9

8.6
98.6
62.8

1.8
98.9
43.1

1.4
91.4
37.2

0.4
23.3
9.7

1.3
38.1
10.7

0.0
52.7
2.5

0.0
66.3
1.7

5.5
11.3
3.6
8.0
4.3
6.0

5.5
12.8
3.4
8.4
4.5
6.1

44.8
45.7
28.0
73.6
47.1
63.9

47.1
47.7
33.6
75.6
50.9
61.0

55.2
54.3
72.0
25.8
52.9
36.1

52.9
52.3
66.4
24.4
49.1
39.0

8.2
16.3
4.2
13.7
7.0
13.7

8.7
16.8
4.7
14.8
7.3
13.8

6.8
0.1
2.4
0.2
1.2
0.2

10.7
0.1
1.9
0.1
2.0
0.2

4.2
4.5
6.1
10.0
8.2

4.3
4.5
6.3
11.2
8.7

33.3
39.2
52.9
59.8
56.6

36.2
43.2
55.1
60.7
57.6

66.7
60.8
47.1
40.0
43.3

63.8
56.8
44.8
39.3
42.4

5.4
7.9
9.1
16.0
13.7

5.9
8.2
9.8
17.1
14.3

11.7
1.1
0.6
0.0
0.3

16.9
0.8
0.2
0.0
0.4

WHO REGION
African Region
Region of the Americas
South-East Asia Region
European Region
Eastern Mediterranean Region
Western Pacific Region

INCOME GROUP
Low income
Lower middle income
Upper middle income
High income
Global

116

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Health expenditure ratios

Social security
expenditure on health
as % of general
government
expenditure on health
2000

2006

Out-of-pocket
expenditure as %
of private
expenditure on health
2000

2006

Health expenditure per capita

a

Private prepaid
plans as %
of private
expenditure on health
2000

2006

Per capita total
expenditure
on health at
average exchange
rate (US$)
2000

2006

Per capita total
expenditure
on health c
(PPP int. $)
2000

2006

a

Per capita
government
expenditure on health
at average exchange
rate (US$)

Per capita
government
expenditure
on health c
(PPP int. $)

2000

2006

2000

2006

0.0
100.0
2.0

0.0
98.4
2.9

11.5
100.0
88.2

13.4
100.0
85.3

0.0
77.3
4.2

0.0
79.1
5.2

3
4 570
98

<1
6 719
211

<1
4 570
282

1
6 719
377

<1
2 843
60

<1
5 912
114

<1
3 297
143

1
4 992
212

8.2
32.2
6.3
50.0
15.0
65.6

7.6
27.7
8.5
49.2
19.7
63.1

55.9
33.7
88.7
68.6
88.0
88.9

49.8
30.6
88.3
70.8
87.0
80.7

36.2
56.7
2.5
22.4
7.4
4.2

39.6
60.4
2.8
22.1
8.1
9.3

33
1 799
19
936
69
290

58
2 636
31
1 756
116
361

83
1 935
58
1 197
184
297

111
2 788
85
1 719
259
461

15
815
6
704
36
212

27
1 252
11
1 350
65
246

37
885
16
881
87
190

52
1 329
29
1 299
132
282

3.4
38.7
41.3
45.1
43.9

7.0
40.3
40.4
41.6
41.1

89.9
91.4
70.4
39.3
51.5

85.4
85.7
70.0
36.2
49.3

2.6
3.3
23.6
50.5
39.5

14
38
235
2 629
473

22
74
412
4 012
716

39
106
480
2 691
555

57
181
707
3 848
790

5
15
121
1 574
276

8
33
225
2 470
429

13
42
254
1 608
314

21
78
389
2 335
455

Table 7

2.8
5.9
25.7
54.3
42.0

117

Table 8

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Health inequities
In general, global reporting of health indicators focuses on national averages. However, data on the distribution
of health within countries and between population subgroups are equally important. Such data help to identify
health inequities – unfair and avoidable differences in health – that arise from factors such as socioeconomic status
(education, occupation and household wealth or income), geographical location, ethnicity and sex.
This section presents data using three health indicators − births attended by skilled health personnel, measles
immunization coverage among 1-year-old children, and under-5 mortality − disaggregated according to urban or rural
residence, household wealth and maternal educational level.
The evidence from 90 countries that have the necessary data shows that in many countries there are significant
inequities. For example, in half the countries, child mortality rates are at least 1.4 times higher in rural areas compared
with urban areas and at least 1.9 times higher among the poorest 20% of households compared with the richest 20%
of households. In 64% of countries, the proportion of births attended by skilled personnel is at least 20% higher in
urban than in rural areas. There appears to be less inequity in measles immunization; the urban–rural difference is 20%
or higher in only 10% of countries.
The main source of these data are Demographic and Health Surveys and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys.
For the disaggregations by household wealth, the total population is grouped into wealth quintiles based on relative
differences in household wealth within the country, not on an absolute wealth criterion. The estimates are subject to
normal sample variability which is usually indicated by confidence intervals. However, only point estimates are shown
in this table.
The data presented refer to ratios and differences between the most advantaged and least advantaged groups. More
complex measures are needed to reflect the situation across all population groups such as the middle household wealth
or education groups. Work is under way to reach consensus around the conceptual and statistical issues involved in
constructing and interpreting these inequity measures.
119

8. Health inequities
Member State

Year

MDG 5 Births

attended by skilled health personnel

2006
2004

2005
1996
2005

2006

2007
2006

Difference highest–lowest

2005
2004

Ratio highest–lowest

2003

Highest

1996

Lowest

2003
2006

Difference highest–lowest

2006
2006

Ratio highest–lowest

2005

Highest

2004

Lowest

2006

Difference urban–rural

2005

Ratio urban–rural

2005
2006

Education level
of mother e

Urban

Afghanistan
f
Albania
f
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
g
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
f
Belarus
Belgium
f
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
f
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
f
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
h
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
f
Côte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
f
Djibouti

Wealth
quintile

(%)

Rural

Place of
residence

a,b


100
92




98


81


9

100

93
74

39
100

73


31

39
44


35
6


77
43
74


40





63

40


100
98




99


97


30

100

99
86

78
100

92


88

70
84


83
46


97
79
97


84





91

95


1.0
1.1




1.0


1.2


3.3

1.0

1.1
1.2

2.0
1.0

1.3


2.9

1.8
1.9


2.4
7.1


1.3
1.8
1.3


2.1





1.4

2.3


0
6




1


16


21

0

7
12

39
0

19


57

31
40


48
39


20
36
23


44





28

54


99





93


78


3

100


56

34
99

72


39

21
29


27
4


72
26
70


29





59


100





100


100


40

100


97

99
100

99


91

90
95


89
55


99
85
98


95





98


1.0





1.1


1.3


11.6

1.0


1.7

2.9
1.0

1.4


2.3

4.3
3.2


3.3
15.4


1.4
3.2
1.4


3.3





1.7


1





7


22


36

0


42

65
0

27


52

69
65


62
52


27
59
28


66





39











83


4




72

30


66


33

22
23


34
9


67
41
62


47





59











89


28




98

90


95


95

80
92


88
67


97
83
93


87





89











1.1


6.5




1.4

3.0


1.4


2.9

3.6
4.0


2.6
7.2


1.4
2.0
1.5


1.8





1.5











5


24




26

60


29


62

58
69


55
57


30
42
30


40





29

120

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
MDG 4 Under-5 mortality rate a,d
(probability of dying by age 5 per 1000 live births)

Lowest

Highest

Ratio lowest–highest

Difference lowest–highest











55


88




82

74


91


80

91
79



54


86
76
75


95





77

Difference lowest–highest











46


62




57

61


67


54

64
46



18


70
59
44


80





49

Ratio lowest–highest








–11


34


31

–2


28

11
4

12


23

13
31



30


21
35
36


29





34

Highest








0.8


1.7


1.5

1.0


1.6

1.2
1.1

1.2


1.5

1.2
1.6



4.6


1.3
1.7
1.7


1.4





1.7

Lowest

Lowest








(62)


83


91

98


76

74
76

90


71

82
83



38


90
86
84


98





85

Difference rural–urban

Difference highest–lowest








72


50


60

100


48

62
72

78


48

70
52



8


69
51
49


69





51

Ratio rural–urban

Ratio highest–lowest








–13


20


9

–1

12
11

6
–6

14


20

3
14



18


9
–1
20


16





17

Urban

Highest








0.8


1.5


1.1

1.0

1.2
1.2

1.1
0.9

1.2


1.4

1.0
1.2



2.0


1.1
1.0
1.3


1.2





1.3

Education level
of mother e

Rural

Lowest








67


64


83

98

91
68

67
74

90


73

79
73



38


85
63
76


94





73

Wealth quintile

Difference highest–lowest

Difference urban–rural








80


44


74

99

79
57

60
80

77


53

77
58



19


76
64
57


78





56

Place of
residence

Ratio highest–lowest

Ratio urban–rural

Education level
of mother e

Urban

Wealth quintile

Rural

Place of
residence











1.2


1.4




1.5

1.2


1.3


1.5

1.4
1.7



3.0


1.2
1.3
1.7


1.2





1.6











9


25




26

13


23


26

27
33



36


16
17
31


16





28


19





42


64


98



27
145

113


79


202

111
169


199
208


33
123
136








177

73


20





26


52


92



26
116

77


49


136

76
119


126
179


23
81
108








122

95


1.0





1.6


1.2


1.1



1.0
1.3

1.5


1.6


1.5

1.5
1.4


1.6
1.2


1.4
1.5
1.3








1.5

0.8


–1





16


12


6



1
30

37


30


65

35
50


73
29


10
42
28








55

–22








52





121




151

105


99


206

127
189


223
176


39
129
135








184








23





72




83

32


33


144

43
88


112
187


16
87
85








97








2.3





1.7




1.8

3.3


3.0


1.4

3.0
2.1


2.0
0.9


2.4
1.5
1.6








1.9








29





49




68

73


66


62

84
101


111
–11


23
42
50








87











68


114




143

145


119


198

136
186


187
200


51
121
202








209











58


68




78

48


37


108

53
93


107
143


20
75
101








112











1.2


1.7




1.8

3.0


3.2


1.8

2.6
2.0


1.7
1.4


2.5
1.6
2.0








1.9











10


46




65

97


82


90

83
92


80
57


30
46
101








97

121

Table 8

Measles immunization coverage
among 1-year-olds a,c (%)

Highest

MDG 4

8. Health inequities
Member State

Year

MDG 5 Births

attended by skilled health personnel

2007
2006
2003

2006
2006

2004
2007

Difference highest–lowest

2005

Ratio highest–lowest

2006

Highest

2005–2006
2002–2003

Lowest

1998–1999
2005
2006
2006
2005
2005

Difference highest–lowest

2003

Ratio highest–lowest

2000
2006
2005

Highest

2005

Lowest

2002

Difference urban–rural

2005

Ratio urban–rural

2007

Education level
of mother e

Urban

Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
f
Gambia
f
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
f
Guinea-Bissau
f
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
f
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
f
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
f
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
f
Kyrgyzstan
f
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg

Wealth
quintile

(%)

Rural

Place of
residence

a,b


94

66


10

3



69
43
98

31


25
26
27
82
15
50


38
55

78



94

99
100
35


96
11


50
32



96

89


65

45



93
83
99

80


66
81
69
89
47
90


74
79

95



99

99
100
72


100
68


88
79



1.0

1.3


6.2

17.2



1.3
1.9
1.0

2.6


2.6
3.2
2.6
1.1
3.0
1.8


2.0
1.4

1.2



1.0

1.0
1.0
2.1


1.0
6.2


1.8
2.5



2

23


54

42



24
40
1

49


41
55
42
7
31
40


36
24

17



4

1
0
38


4
57


38
47



95

51


7

1



67
28
95

21


9
15
19
64
6
33


19
40







98
100
17


93
3


34
26



99

96


81

27



97
89
99

90


92
87
79
93
68
99


89
94







100
100
75


100
81


83
81



1.0

1.9


12.1

38.0



1.4
3.1
1.0

4.4


10.4
6.0
4.0
1.5
10.5
2.9


4.6
2.3







1.0
1.0
4.4


1.1
27.1


2.5
3.2



4

45


74

26



30
60
3

70


83
73
59
29
61
65


69
54







2
0
58


7
78


50
56



86

54


12

2



84
49


30


22
33
28

9
37



32

79







16



3


21
36



97

89


88

58



93
85


68


85
84
80

60
96



86

96







72



63


73
75



1.1

1.6


7.3

25.1



1.1
1.7


2.3


3.9
2.6
2.9

6.6
2.6



2.6

1.2







4.6



18.5


3.5
2.1



12

35


76

55



9
36


38


63
51
52

51
59



53

17







56



59


52
39


122

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
MDG 4 Under-5 mortality rate a,d
(probability of dying by age 5 per 1000 live births)

Measles immunization coverage
among 1-year-olds a,c (%)

Highest

Ratio highest–lowest

Difference highest–lowest

Lowest

Highest

Ratio highest–lowest

Difference highest–lowest

Rural

Urban

Ratio rural–urban

Difference rural–urban

Lowest

Highest

Ratio lowest–highest

Difference lowest–highest

Lowest

Highest

Ratio lowest–highest

Difference lowest–highest

Education level
of mother e

Lowest

Wealth quintile

Difference urban–rural

Place of
residence

Ratio urban–rural

Education level
of mother e

Urban

Wealth quintile

Rural

Place of
residence


81

97


79

32



37
93


82


83
49
72
96
56
86


54
66

60



95

92
99
70



38


84
56



78

97


94

65



61
91


86


86
55
83
95
62
84


72
78

76



88

95
100
86



54


91
77



1.0

1.0


1.2

2.0



1.6
1.0


1.0


1.0
1.1
1.2
1.0
1.1
1.0


1.3
1.2

1.3



0.9

1.0
1.0
1.2



1.4


1.1
1.4



–3

0


15

33



24
–3


4


3
6
11
–1
6
–2


18
11

16



–7

3
0
16



17


7
20



73

95


84

25



34
95


75


80
42
70
94
50
85


40
60







92
100
55



33


82
45



87

97


96

53



71
91


89


91
57
90
100
67
86


85
85







96
99
88



60


85
86



1.2

1.0


1.2

2.1



2.1
1.0


1.2


1.1
1.4
1.3
1.1
1.3
1.0


2.1
1.4







1.0
1.0
1.6



1.8


1.0
1.9



14

2


13

28



37
–3


14


12
15
20
6
17
0


45
25







4
–1
33



27


3
41



53

96


77

30



42
92


78


73
48
72

52
81



42

60







51



31


74
58



83

98


96

63



64
95


89


95
68
87

68
86



83

79







85



55


85
78



1.6

1.0


1.2

2.1



1.5
1.0


1.1


1.3
1.4
1.2

1.3
1.1



2.0

1.3







1.7



1.8


1.1
1.3



30

2


19

33



22
2


11


23
20
15

16
5



41

19







34



24


11
20



37

56


117

135



100
150
45

118


69
204
253
50
114
43


82
65

41



25

27
43
117


50



105
146



37

39


86

98



88
96
24

93


58
133
250
34
78
29


52
42

41



36

22
30
94


35



86
132



1.0

1.4


1.4

1.4



1.1
1.6
1.9

1.3


1.2
1.5
1.0
1.5
1.5
1.5


1.6
1.5

1.0



0.7

1.2
1.4
1.3


1.4



1.2
1.1



1

17


31

37



12
54
21

26


11
71
3
16
36
14


30
22

0



–11

5
12
23


15



18
15



53

75


100

130



93
158


128


78
217


125
50


101
77







30

149






114
138



28

25


65

92



55
72


88


39
113


55
20


34
22







27

91






82
117



1.9

3.0


1.5

1.4



1.7
2.2


1.5


2.0
1.9


2.3
2.5


3.0
3.5







1.1

1.6






1.4
1.2



25

50


35

38



38
86


40


38
104


70
30


67
55







3

58






32
21



57

68


121

139



112
140


125


79
194


123
55



90

49







127






161
151



29

31


59

54



87
66


85


42
92


65
20



37

37







63






82
119



2.0

2.2


2.1

2.6



1.3
2.1


1.5


1.9
2.1


1.9
2.8



2.4

1.3







2.0






2.0
1.3



28

37


62

85



25
74


40


36
102


57
35



53

12







64






79
33


123

Table 8

MDG 4

8. Health inequities
Member State

Year

MDG 5 Births

attended by skilled health personnel

2005

Difference highest–lowest

2005

Ratio highest–lowest

1990
2004
2003

Highest

2006–2007

Lowest

2001
2006
2003

Difference highest–lowest

2006

Ratio highest–lowest

2006–2007

Highest

2005
2005
2003–2004
2003

Lowest

2000–2001

Difference urban–rural

2006

Ratio urban–rural

2003–2004
2004

Education level
of mother e

Urban

Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Monaco
f
Mongolia
f,g
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
g
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia

Wealth
quintile

(%)

Rural

Place of
residence

a,b

40
53


38


29




99
98
40
34

73

19


83
8
27



30



48
44
41




99


35






71
84


80


86




100
100
85
81

94

52


97
71
59



60



87
92
79




100


63






1.8
1.6


2.1


3.0




1.0
1.0
2.2
2.4

1.3

2.8


1.2
8.5
2.2



2.0



1.8
2.1
1.9




1.0


1.8






31
31


42


57




1
2
46
47

21

33


13
62
32



30



39
48
38




0


29






30
47


35


15




98
98
30
25

60

5


78
5
13



16



41
28
25




99


27






94
85


86


93




100
100
95
89

98

58


99
59
85



77



98
100
92




100


66






3.1
1.8


2.5


6.3




1.0
1.0
3.2
3.6

1.6

12.0


1.3
11.8
6.5



4.8



2.4
3.6
3.7




1.0


2.4






64
38


51


78




2
3
66
64

38

53


22
54
72



61



57
72
67




1


39






22
43


44


40






49
31



11


77
13
14



27



32

11







27






81
83


92


92






94
95



53


98
81
75



74



94

72







73






3.7
1.9


2.1


2.3






1.9
3.0



4.7


1.3
6.1
5.4



2.8



2.9

6.5







2.7






59
41


48


51






46
63



41


21
67
61



47



61

61







46






124

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
MDG 4 Under-5 mortality rate a,d
(probability of dying by age 5 per 1000 live births)

Measles immunization coverage
among 1-year-olds a,c (%)

Highest

Ratio highest–lowest

Difference highest–lowest

Lowest

Highest

Ratio highest–lowest

Difference highest–lowest

Rural

Urban

Ratio rural–urban

Difference rural–urban

Lowest

Highest

Ratio lowest–highest

Difference lowest–highest

Lowest

Highest

Ratio lowest–highest

Difference lowest–highest

Education level
of mother e

Lowest

Wealth quintile

Difference urban–rural

Place of
residence

Ratio urban–rural

Education level
of mother e

Urban

Wealth quintile

Rural

Place of
residence

56
78


66


53




86
82
86
71

82

85


74
42
29



56



52
88
78




92


85






74
87


76


74




90
84
94
91

86

89


77
72
52



69



65
92
82




88


90






1.3
1.1


1.2


1.4




1.0
1.0
1.1
1.3

1.0

1.1


1.0
1.7
1.8



1.2



1.2
1.0
1.1




1.0


1.1






18
9


10


21




4
3
8
20

4

4


3
30
24



13



13
4
4




–4


5






38
67


68


42




88
(83)
83
61

70

73


76
32
16



36



48
86
70




(91)


85






84
88


78


86




91
(78)
98
96

95

95


94
74
71



76



69
93
89




91


88






2.2
1.3


1.2


2.1




1.0
0.9
1.2
1.6

1.4

1.3


1.2
2.3
4.4



2.1



1.4
1.1
1.3




1.0


1.0






46
21


11


44




3
–4
15
36

25

21


18
41
55



39



21
7
20




0


3






36
72


66


55






88
66



78


69
43
16



51



32

46







83






85
94


90


80






96
99



99


73
84
67



81



71

83







92






2.4
1.3


1.4


1.4






1.1
1.5



1.3


1.0
2.0
4.3



1.6



2.2

1.8







1.1






49
22


24


24






9
34



21


3
42
51



31



39

38







9






120
164


234


96




69

69
192

76

84


55
231
243



100



48

52




30


192






73
116


158


111




31

38
143

60

47


34
139
153



78



45

30




20


122






1.6
1.4


1.5


0.9




2.2

1.8
1.3

1.3

1.8


1.6
1.7
1.6



1.3



1.1

1.7




1.5


1.6






47
48


76


–15




38

31
49

16

36


21
91
90



21



3

22




9


70






142
183


233


98






78
196

92

98


64
206
257



121



57

66




29


211






49
111


124


79






26
108

29

47


19
157
79



60



20

21




17


122






2.9
1.6


1.9


1.2






3.0
1.8

3.2

2.1


3.3
1.3
3.3



2.0



2.8

3.1




1.7


1.7






92
72


109


20






52
88

63

51


45
49
178



61



37

45




12


89






149
181


223


111






63
201



93


72
222
269



102



78

105







210






65
86


102


86






27
86



32


25
92
107



62



29

29







95






2.3
2.1


2.2


1.3






2.3
2.3



2.9


2.9
2.4
2.5



1.6



2.7

3.7







2.2






83
95


122


25






36
115



60


47
130
162



40



49

76







115






125

Table 8

MDG 4

8. Health inequities
Member State

Year

MDG 5 Births

attended by skilled health personnel

2006

2002
2006
2001–2002
2005–2006

Difference highest–lowest

2004–2005

Ratio highest–lowest

2006
2007

Highest

2006
2006
2003
2000

Lowest

2006

Difference highest–lowest

2006
2005
2005–2006
2005–2006

Ratio highest–lowest

2006

Highest

1990

Lowest

2006
2003

Difference urban–rural

2005

Ratio urban–rural

Timor-Leste
f
Togo
Tonga
f,g
Trinidad and Tobago
f
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
f
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
h
Viet Nam
f
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

2005
2005

Education level
of mother e

Urban

Senegal
f
Serbia
Seychelles
f
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
f
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
f
Syrian Arab Republic
f
Tajikistan
f
Thailand
The former fYugoslav Republic of
Macedonia

Wealth
quintile

(%)

Rural

Place of
residence

a,b

33
99

35




15
85


59

70


88
81
97
98

85
99

76




65
94


86

88


98
89
99
98

2.5
1.0

2.2




4.5
1.1


1.4

1.3


1.1
1.1
1.0
1.0

51
0

42




51
9


27

18


9
8
3
0

20
98

27




11





51


78
70
93
95

89
100

83




77





92


99
91
100
100

4.4
1.0

3.0




7.2





1.8


1.3
1.3
1.1
1.0

69
2

55




66





42


21
21
7
5

42


38




25



53

57




81
89

88


76




73



96

84




99
100

2.1


2.0




3.0



1.8

1.5




1.2
1.1

45


38




48



43

27




18
11


40



69
97

38
98


47


100


82
26
28
58


93



90
98

80
99


83


100


99
62
79
94


2.3



1.3
1.0

2.1
1.0


1.8


1.0


1.2
2.3
2.9
1.6


54



21
2

43
1


36


0


17
35
51
36


30

98


97

28
97


39


100


58
17
20
46


97

100


98

77
99


90


100


100
74
91
95


3.3

1.0


1.0

2.7
1.0


2.3


1.0


1.7
4.3
4.6
2.1


67

2


2

48
2


51


0


42
57
71
49


44




93

26



40





42
27
17
35


89




97

76



89





94
61
78
81


2.0




1.0

2.9



2.2





2.3
2.3
4.5
2.3


45




5

50



49





52
34
60
46

126

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
MDG 4 Under-5 mortality rate a,d
(probability of dying by age 5 per 1000 live births)

Measles immunization coverage
among 1-year-olds a,c (%)

Highest

Ratio highest–lowest

Difference highest–lowest

Lowest

Highest

Ratio highest–lowest

Difference highest–lowest

Rural

Urban

Ratio rural–urban

Difference rural–urban

Lowest

Highest

Ratio lowest–highest

Difference lowest–highest

Lowest

Highest

Ratio lowest–highest

Difference lowest–highest

Education level
of mother e

Lowest

Wealth quintile

Difference urban–rural

Place of
residence

Ratio urban–rural

Education level
of mother e

Urban

Wealth quintile

Rural

Place of
residence

71
89

75




23
68


56

91


91
90
96
88

77
85

84




40
59


70

95


94
96
96
89

1.1
1.0

1.1




1.8
0.9


1.2

1.0


1.0
1.1
1.0
1.0

6
–4

9




17
–9


14

4


3
6
0
2

71
87

66




22





89


89
89
96
80

81
84

84




47





93


97
96
99
93

1.1
1.0

1.3




2.1





1.0


1.1
1.1
1.0
1.2

10
–3

18




25





4


9
8
3
13

69


75




24



50

84




90
71

95


87




48



85

93




96
92

1.4


1.2




2.0



1.7

1.1




1.1
1.3

26


12




25



35

9




6
21

160


279




136



144

105


24
83

26

91


207




134



117

107


19
70

10

1.8


1.3




1.0



1.2

1.0


1.3
1.2

2.6

69


72




2



27

–2


5
13

16

183













118


22


64













101


20


2.9













1.2


1.1


119













17


2


152


279








152

150





60


164








84

95





2.5


1.7








1.8

1.6





92


115








68

55






61


97
69
92

67



78


98


81
59
84
63


67


99
84
82

77



90


97


94
80
86
72


1.1


1.0
1.2
0.9

1.1



1.2


1.0


1.2
1.4
1.0
1.1


6


2
15
–10

10



12


0


14
22
2
8


57

(98)


91

66



65


97


64
52
81
54


72

(85)


80

73



91


98


98
86
88
74


1.3

0.9


0.9

1.1



1.4


1.0


1.5
1.6
1.1
1.4


15

–13


–11

7



26


1


33
33
7
20


50




74

64



65





49
60
80
30


82




88

82



90





93
81
87
71


1.6




1.2

1.3



1.4





1.9
1.4
1.1
2.3


32




14

18



25





44
21
7
41


143



50
100

147
20


138


59


36
86
182
72


73



30
73

115
18


108


51


16
57
140
64


2.0



1.7
1.4

1.3
1.1


1.3


1.2


2.2
1.5
1.3
1.1


70



20
27

32
2


30


8


19
29
42
8


150




106

172



137


72


53
118
192
72


62




70

108



93


42


16
37
92
57


2.4




1.5

1.6



1.5


1.7


3.3
3.2
2.1
1.3


88




36

64



44


30


37
81
99
15


145




133

164



160





66

198
69


64




88

91



76





29

121
68


2.3




1.5

1.8



2.1





2.3

1.6
1.0


81




45

73



84





38

77
1

127

Table 8

MDG 4

8. Health inequities
attended by skilled health personnel

Lowest

Highest

Ratio highest–lowest

Difference highest–lowest

Lowest

30
100
88

(%)

Education level
of mother e

Difference urban–rural

Urban

3
100
50

Wealth
quintile

Ratio urban–rural

Rural

Place of
residence

a,b





1
100
35

27
100
94





2
93
35

Difference highest–lowest

MDG 5 Births

Ratio highest–lowest

Year

Highest

Member State





RANGES OF COUNTRY VALUES
Minimum
Maximum
Median

128

28
100
87

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009
MDG 4

MDG 4 Under-5 mortality rate a,d
(probability of dying by age 5 per 1000 live births)

Measles immunization coverage
among 1-year-olds a,c (%)

Ratio highest–lowest

Difference highest–lowest

Lowest

Highest

Ratio highest–lowest

Difference highest–lowest

Rural

Urban

Ratio rural–urban

Difference rural–urban

Lowest

Highest

Ratio lowest–highest

Difference lowest–highest

Lowest

Highest

Ratio lowest–highest

Difference lowest–highest

19
99
76

38
100
83





8
100
70

38
100
86





16
96
60

48
99
85





19
279
99

10
250
75





22
257
121

16
187
64





49
279
139

20
164
68





Table 8

Highest

Education level
of mother e

Lowest

Wealth quintile

Difference urban–rural

Place of
residence

Ratio urban–rural

Education level
of mother e

Urban

Wealth quintile

Rural

Place of
residence

129

Table 9

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Demographic and socioeconomic statistics
Demographic and socioeconomic factors are major determinants of health. As fertility declines, income rises,
populations age and become more urbanized, and epidemiological profiles also shift, with an increasing share of
the burden of disease accounted for by noncommunicable diseases, accidents and other external causes. Increasing
education, especially of women, also has a major impact on the use of health care and on health status.
Data on demographic and socioeconomic trends are also important for making statistics comparable across
countries. Disease incidence, prevalence and mortality rates require reliable population-based denominators.
The world’s population continues to grow but at a slower rate than a decade ago. The average annual growth rate
was 1.3% for 1997–2007 compared with 1.6% for 1987–1997. There are large regional differences in growth rates.
The growth rate in Africa is over 10 times that of the European Region, where populations are actually shrinking in
several countries. Regions with higher growth rates tend to have younger populations; in the African Region, 43% of
people are under the age of 15 compared with only 18% in the European Region and 28% globally.
Fertility is also on the decline worldwide, particularly in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, where women now
have two children fewer than the previous generation. Despite such declines, fertility is still relatively high compared
with other regions, at an average of 3.4 children per women compared with 2.7 in South-East Asia and 2.2 in the
Americas. In the African Region in 2007, the average women had around 5 children, only a slight decline from the
fertility levels of 1990. By contrast, levels of fertility in the European Region are below replacement level, with an
average of 1.6 children per woman.
The world’s population is shifting towards urban areas, with an estimated 49% living in urban areas in 2007
compared with 43% in 1990. The definition of an urban area varies from one country to another, making regional
comparisons unreliable.
Since 1990, the gross national income per capita has almost doubled. The highest percentage change over the
period of 1990–2007 is in the South-East Asia and Western Pacific Regions where it has increased by about 190%.
These demographic and socioeconomic data are drawn from a variety of sources both in countries and from
organizations including the World Bank, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
(UNESCO) and the United Nations. They are based on a combination of administrative records, population-based
surveys, census and civil registration data and statistical modelling to account for missing values. For more information
about the sources and methods for a particular indicator, please refer to the relevant footnotes and the responsible
organization’s web site.
131

9. Demographic and socioeconomic statistics
Member State

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Côte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti

Population

Civil registration
coverage (%)

a

Total
(‘000s)

Median
age

Under 15
(%)

Over 60
(%)

2007

2007

2007

2007

1987–
1997

1997–
2007

17
29
25

17

29
32
37
41
28
29
29
23
36
38
41
21
18
23
21
38
22
28
27
41
17
17
21
19
39
20
18
17
31
33
26
19
19

27
19
41
37
36
39
33
16
40
21

47
25
28
15
46
28
26
19
19
15
23
27
25
34
18
15
17
37
44
31
37
17
35
27
29
13
46
44
36
41
17
38
42
46
24
21
29
42
42
33
27
41
15
18
19
14
23
47
19
37

4
13
7
22
4
11
14
14
19
22
9
10
5
6
13
18
23
6
4
7
7
20
5
9
5
23
4
4
5
5
19
5
6
5
12
11
8
4
5
8
9
5
23
16
17
21
14
4
22
5

4.9
0.0
2.2
2.9
2.8
1.0
1.3
–1.0
1.4
0.6
1.5
1.8
3.1
2.2
0.7
0.1
0.3
2.8
3.4
0.1
2.3
–2.1
2.7
1.6
2.7
–0.9
2.9
2.0
3.2
2.8
1.2
2.3
2.6
3.2
1.7
1.2
1.9
2.8
2.9
–0.2
2.5
3.3
0.3
0.7
1.3
0.0
1.4
3.2
0.3
3.6

3.3
0.3
1.5
1.2
2.7
1.7
1.0
–0.5
1.1
0.3
0.6
1.3
2.1
1.9
0.4
–0.5
0.3
2.4
3.1
2.4
2.0
1.3
1.4
1.4
2.3
–0.7
3.1
2.9
1.9
2.3
1.0
2.3
1.8
3.5
1.1
0.7
1.5
2.7
2.4
–2.7
2.0
1.9
–0.1
0.2
1.3
–0.1
0.7
2.8
0.3
2.3

27 145
3 190
33 858
75
17 024
85
39 531
3 002
20 743
8 361
8 467
331
753
158 665
294
9 689
10 457
288
9 033
658
9 525
3 935
1 882
191 791
390
7 639
14 784
8 508
14 444
18 549
32 876
530
4 343
10 781
16 635
1 336 317
46 156
839
3 768
13
4 468
19 262
4 555
11 268
855
10 186
23 790
62 636
5 442
833

132

Annual growth rate
(%)

Living in urban areas (%)

1990
18
36
52
95
37
35
87
67
85
66
54
84
88
20
45
66
96
47
34
7
56
39
42
75
66
66
14
6
13
41
77
44
37
21
83
28
69
28
54
57
51
40
54
73
67
75
58
28
85
76

Births b

2000

2007

21
42
60
92
50
32
89
65
87
66
51
89
95
23
50
70
97
48
38
10
62
43
53
81
71
69
17
9
17
50
79
53
38
23
86
36
71
34
58
64
59
43
56
76
69
74
60
30
85
83

24
46
65
89
56
31
92
64
89
67
52
83
88
27
39
73
97
51
41
33
65
47
59
85
74
71
19
10
21
56
80
59
38
26
88
43
74
28
61
73
63
48
57
76
70
73
62
33
86
87

Deaths c

2000–2007
h

6
>90
h
99
>90
h
29

>90
>90
>90
>90
h
94

>90
h
10
>90
>90
>90
h
94
h
60

h
74
h
100
h
58
h,k
89
>90
>90
h
64
h
60
h
66
h
70
>90
>90
h
49
h
9
>90

h
90
h
83
h,k
81
>90
>90
h
55
>90
>90
>90
>90
h
99
h
34
>90
h
89

<25
50–74
75–89
25–49
<25
50–74
90–100
50–74
90–100
90–100
50–74
90–100
75–89
<25
90–100
90–100

90–100
<25
<25
<25

<25
75–89
90–100
90–100
<25
<25
<25
<25
90–100

<25
<25
90–100
<25
75–89
<25
<25
>75
90–100
<25
90–100
90–100
90–100
90–100
<25
<25
90–100
<25

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

1990
8.0
2.9
4.7
i
1.3
7.2
i
1.9
3.0
2.5
1.9
1.5
3.0
2.6
3.7
4.4
1.7
1.9
1.6
4.5
6.8
5.9
4.9
1.7
4.7
2.8
3.2
1.7
7.3
6.8
5.8
5.9
1.7
5.5
5.7
6.7
2.6
2.2
3.0
6.1
5.4
i
3.4
3.2
6.6
1.7
1.8
2.4
1.8
2.4
6.7
1.7
6.2

2000
7.8
2.4
2.6
i
1.4
6.8
i
2.7
2.5
1.5
1.8
1.4
1.9
2.2
2.6
3.3
1.5
1.2
1.6
3.6
6.1
3.5
4.1
1.4
3.4
2.4
2.6
1.2
6.6
6.8
4.0
5.0
1.5
3.9
5.1
6.6
2.1
1.7
2.6
5.2
4.8
i
3.2
2.4
5.3
1.4
1.6
1.7
1.1
2.0
6.7
1.8
4.8

MDG 5
Adolescent
fertility rate d
(per 1000
women)

2007
7.1
2.1
2.4
i
1.3
6.5
i
2.1
2.3
1.4
1.8
1.4
1.8
2.0
2.3
2.9
1.5
1.2
1.6
3.0
5.5
2.2
3.5
1.2
2.9
2.3
2.3
1.3
6.0
6.8
3.2
4.4
1.5
3.4
4.6
6.2
1.9
1.7
2.2
4.4
4.5
i
2.6
2.1
4.5
1.3
1.5
1.6
1.2
1.9
6.7
1.8
4.0

Male

2000–2007

1990–
1999

151
13
4
10
165
67
62
25
15
12
44
43
15
127
51
20
10
90
114
46
88
16
51
56
26
38
131
30
52
141
14
92
133
193
49
5
96
95
132
47
63
111
13
42
6
11

124
6
27







96.1



98.8

84.0
35.3

99.6

70.3
27.2

80.0

68.6

87.8

12.8
37.4
67.3


62.8

12.2
94.3
77.8
91.2
62.7
73.8



96.7

94.4




2000–
2007
28.0
99.0
75.4

67.4

97.6
99.5


99.4

88.8
53.5

99.7


40.5
55.6
90.3
96.7
82.9
90.5
94.9
98.3
28.7
59.3
76.3
67.9

83.8
48.6
25.7
96.5
93.3
93.6
75.1
86.8

95.9
48.7
98.7
99.8
97.7


67.2

Gross national income
per capita f
(PPP int. $)

MDG 2
Net primary school
enrolment ratio e (%)

Adult literacy rate e
(%)

Female

1990–
1999

2000–
2007


95
93



99

94
97
85
90
95
83
94

99
94
59
60
95

79


98
41

87

99
99

63


89
54

87

60
86
97
95
96


97
32


94
96
81

75
99
80
96
97
87
87
98
87
96
90
97
96
87
79
94

83
93
93
93
52
76
91

99
85
63
71


87
60
58
73

61
91
98
99
91


95
42

133

1990–
1999

94
89



99

94
98
86
89
97
83
94

99
94
40
53
95

82


96
28

79

99
98

39


90
45

83

45
85
98
95
97


97
23

2000–
2007
0
93
95
80

73
98
84
97
98
85
89
98
90
97
88
97
98
73
79
95

85
95
93
92
42
73
87

100
84
45
49


87
50
52
75

49
90
98
99
94


96
34

1990

2000

2007


2 540
4 350

1 870
8 100
5 170
2 050
16 270
19 360


12 930
510

4 650
18 720
2 970
730
1 230
2 110

4 780
5 100
35 780
5 080
520
350

1 440
18 830
1 230
570
700
4 500
m
800
3 430
880
2 080

4 350
1 150
8 160

13 380


400
18 030


3 920
5 130

1 910
11 730
8 890
2 090
24 910
28 570
2 090

23 930
830

5 130
28 150
4 640
1 040
2 540
3 080
4 930
8 180
6 840
42 170
5 990
790
310
860
1 530
27 630
2 030
640
770
8 930
m
2 340
4 620
970
1 890

6 630
1 460
8 940

18 950
14 640

210
28 180
1 610


6 580
7 640

4 400
17 620
12 990
5 900
33 340
38 140
6 260

j
34 310
1 340
j
16 140
10 740
34 790
6 200
1 310
4 980
4 140
7 700
12 420
9 370
l
49 900
11 180
1 120
330
1 690
2 120
35 310
2 940
740
1 280
12 590
m
5 370
6 640
1 150
2 750

10 700
1 590
15 050

26 370
22 020

290
36 300
2 260

MDG 1
Population
living <$1 g
(PPP int. $)
a day (%)
2005

<1.0


42.5


4.7


<1.0


50.5

0.0


50.0
26.8
19.6
<1.0
23.1
7.8

0.0
55.0
81.3
40.2
27.5

18.4
64.4
58.7
<1.0

13.9
46.1
54.1


20.4
0.0


0.0

59.2

18.6

Table 9

Total fertility rate a
(per woman)

9. Demographic and socioeconomic statistics
Member State

Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea–Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg

Population

Civil registration
coverage (%)

a

Total
(‘000s)

Median
age

Under 15
(%)

Over 60
(%)

2007

2007

2007

2007

1987–
1997

1997–
2007


24
25
23
24
19
18
39
18
24
41
39
22
20
36
43
20
41
23
18
18
16
27
21
20
39
35
24
27
24
19
34
29
43
25
44
22
29
18

30
24
20
40
28
19
16
25
39
39

28
33
32
33
33
42
43
15
44
32
17
18
35
41
18
14
38
14
33
43
43
48
31
37
39
15
22
32
28
27
41
21
28
14
31
14
36
24
43
31
23
30
38
14
28
40
47
30
16
18

11
8
9
7
8
6
4
22
5
7
23
22
7
6
18
25
6
24
9
6
5
5
9
6
6
21
16
8
9
6
5
16
14
26
10
28
5
10
4
7
3
7
5
23
10
7
4
6
21
19

–0.2
1.9
2.1
2.0
1.8
2.1
1.2
–1.0
3.2
0.9
0.4
0.5
2.8
3.7
–1.0
0.5
2.7
0.8
0.0
2.3
3.4
3.0
–0.1
2.0
2.6
–0.2
1.0
2.1
1.6
2.1
3.0
0.4
2.9
0.1
0.8
0.3
4.5
–0.4
3.1
1.8
–0.5
1.2
2.8
–0.8
2.3
1.6
1.2
2.1
–0.1
1.2

–0.2
1.6
1.2
1.8
1.6
2.4
3.7
–0.5
2.6
0.7
0.3
0.5
1.8
3.2
–1.1
0.1
2.2
0.3
0.6
2.4
1.9
3.0
0.0
1.7
2.0
–0.3
1.0
1.6
1.3
1.1
2.3
1.6
2.0
0.2
0.7
0.1
2.7
0.0
2.6
1.8
4.4
1.2
1.7
–0.7
1.2
1.2
4.1
2.0
–0.5
1.0

67
9 760
13 341
75 498
6 857
507
4 851
1 335
83 099
839
5 277
61 647
1 331
1 709
4 395
82 599
23 478
11 147
106
13 354
9 370
1 695
738
9 598
7 106
10 030
301
1 169 016
231 627
71 208
28 993
4 301
6 928
58 877
2 714
127 967
5 924
15 422
37 538
95
2 851
5 317
5 859
2 277
4 099
2 008
3 750
6 160
3 390
467

134

Annual growth rate
(%)

Living in urban areas (%)

1990
68
55
55
43
49
35
16
71
13
42
61
74
69
38
55
73
36
59
32
41
28
28
30
29
40
66
91
26
31
56
70
57
90
67
49
63
72
56
18
35
98
38
15
69
83
17
45
79
68
81

Births b

2000

2007

71
62
60
42
58
39
18
69
15
48
61
76
80
49
53
75
44
59
31
45
31
30
29
36
44
65
92
28
42
64
68
59
91
67
52
65
80
56
20
43
98
35
19
68
86
18
54
83
67
84

74
68
65
43
60
39
20
69
17
52
63
77
85
56
53
74
49
61
31
48
34
30
28
46
47
67
92
29
50
68
67
61
92
68
53
66
78
58
21
44
98
36
30
68
87
25
60
77
67
83

Deaths c

2000–2007
>90
h
78
h
85
>90
>90
h
32

>90
h
7
>90
>90
>90
h
89
h
55
>90
>90
h
51
>90
>90
>90
h
43
h
39
h
93
h
81
h
94
>90
>90
h
41
h
55
>90
h
95
>90
>90
>90
>90
>90
>90
h
99
h,k
48

>90
h
94
h
59
>90
>90
h
26

>90
>90
>90

>75
50–74
75–89
75–89
75–89
<25
<25
90–100
<25
90–100
90–100
90–100
<25
<25
90–100
90–100
<25
90–100

75–89
<25
<25
75–89
<25

90–100
90–100
<25
<25
50–74
<25
90–100
90–100
90–100

90–100
25–49
75–89
<25
50–74
90–100
90–100
<25
90–100
<25
<25
<25
<25
90–100
90–100

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

1990

2000
i

3.0
3.3
3.7
4.4
3.7
5.9
6.2
1.9
6.8
3.4
1.7
1.8
4.8
6.0
2.1
1.4
5.8
1.4
i
3.7
5.6
6.7
7.1
2.6
5.4
5.1
1.8
2.2
4.0
3.1
5.0
5.9
2.1
3.0
1.3
2.9
1.6
5.5
2.8
5.9
i
4.8
3.5
3.9
6.2
1.9
3.1
4.9
6.9
4.8
2.0
1.6

MDG 5
Adolescent
fertility rate d
(per 1000
women)

2007
i

2.3
3.0
3.0
3.3
3.0
5.8
5.8
1.3
6.1
3.1
1.7
1.8
3.6
5.4
1.5
1.3
4.6
1.3
i
2.6
4.8
6.0
7.1
2.5
4.3
4.0
1.3
2.0
3.3
2.5
2.2
5.1
1.9
2.9
1.2
2.7
1.3
3.9
1.9
5.0
i
4.4
2.4
2.7
4.1
1.2
2.5
4.1
6.8
3.2
1.3
1.7

2000–2007
i

2.1
2.8
2.6
2.9
2.7
5.4
5.1
1.5
5.3
2.8
1.8
1.9
3.1
4.8
1.4
1.4
3.9
1.3
i
2.3
4.2
5.5
7.1
2.3
3.6
3.3
1.3
2.0
2.8
2.2
2.0
4.3
2.0
2.8
1.4
2.5
1.3
3.1
2.3
5.0
i
4.1
2.2
2.5
3.2
1.3
2.2
3.4
6.8
2.8
1.3
1.7

48
98
100
27
67
128
85
20
109
30
9
8

104
37
10
74
11
53
92
153
170
90
69
108
20
14
45
54
25
68
17
15
7
58
5
28
27
116
39
14
28
110
17
18
98
137
4
19
10

Male
1990–
1999


88.3
55.6
74.1



27.0



72.2




92.6

64.2

42.0

46.2

98.9

48.2
81.5
73.1




79.9


99.5


78.4
98.7
60.3



40.8
76.3

2000–
2007

89.1
92.6
72.0
85.5
87.0

99.8
35.9



86.2



65.0
97.1

73.2
29.5
64.6

62.1
83.1
98.9

66.0
91.4
84.7
74.1


98.9
86.0

93.1
99.6
73.6

93.9
99.3
73.2
99.8

82.2
55.5
86.8
99.7

Gross national income
per capita f
(PPP int. $)

MDG 2
Net primary school
enrolment ratio e (%)

Adult literacy rate e
(%)

1990–
1999

Female
2000–
2007

95
83
97
97

100
36
96
41
98
99
99

68
77

58
92

86
52
53



88
100


83
91
93
98
99
87

91

63
96
86
89
79
98
88
54
47

96
96

75
82
96
98
92
91
50
95
74
87
97
98
88
59
95
98
73
100
78
97
79
53


96
89
98
90
97
91
95
94
96
99
90

89
90
75

84
85
86
89
83
71
32

90
96

135

1990–
1999
93
84
98
90

79
31
95
28
99
98
99

61
77

55
93

78
36
37



88
98


81
78
94
98
99
88

91

64
98
87
87
73
96
85
61
36

95
98

2000–
2007
79
83
97
94
92
83
43
94
68
86
97
99
88
64
92
98
71
99
74
93
69
37


97
88
97
87
94
100
82
95
97
98
90

90
90
76

83
84
81
92
82
74
30

89
98

1990

2000

2007

3 460
2 300
3 520
2 340
2 720
1 460


400

17 230
17 810
9 810
720
3 910
18 640
610
15 020
3 480
2 370
630
440
780
1 170
1 760

20 650
860
1 440
4 520

11 960
12 440
17 360
3 370
18 870
2 280
5 130
980
1 310

1 810
730
7 390
4 620
1 190


9 070
28 910

4 530
4 160
4 440
3 740
4 330
6 420
480
9 420
460
3 540
25 400
26 390
10 390
880
2 160
25 670
870
21 170
5 490
3 480
870
460
2 050
1 060
2 510
11 610
27 960
1 510
2 260
6 800

24 560
18 890
25 370
4 900
25 910
3 270
4 500
1 120
2 250
37 220
1 250
1 240
7 650
7 530
1 330
270

8 220
46 510

7 410
6 340
7 040
5 400
5 640
21 230
520
19 810
780
4 370
34 550
33 600
13 080
1 140
4 770
33 530
1 330
32 330
6 910
4 520
1 120
470
2 880
1 150
3 620
17 210
33 960
2 740
3 580
10 800

37 090
25 930
29 850
6 210
34 600
5 160
9 700
1 540
2 240
j
49 970
1 950
1 940
16 890
10 050
1 890
290
14 710
17 180
63 590

MDG 1
Population
living <$1 g
(PPP int. $)
a day (%)
2005


9.8
2.0



0.0
39.0



4.8
31.3
13.4

30.0



69.8
42.5



0.0



1.5






<1.0
1.2
19.7


21.8
35.7
0.0

38.7
86.1

<1.0

Table 9

Total fertility rate a
(per woman)

9. Demographic and socioeconomic statistics
Member State

Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia

Population

Total
(‘000s)

Median
age

Under 15
(%)

Over 60
(%)

2007

2007

2007

2007

18
16
25
22
16
38

20
31
26
20

25
35
25
18
28
20

21
40
36
21
16
18

39
23
21

27
20
22
25
22
37
40
31
36
33
37
38
18

27
25
20

19
24

43
47
30
32
48
17
31
40
24
30
38
18
27
19
29
44
26
37
31
38
18
21
37
48
44
33
19
32
36
31
30
40
35
31
35
15
16
21
18
19
15
15
43
28
27
28
40
14
41
34

19 683
13 925
26 572
306
12 337
407
59
3 124
1 262
106 535
111
33
2 629
598
31 224
21 397
48 798
2 074
10
28 196
16 419
4 179
5 603
14 226
148 093
2
4 698
2 595
163 902
20
3 343
6 331
6 127
27 903
87 960
38 082
10 623
841
48 224
3 794
21 438
142 499
9 725
50
165
120
187
31
158
24 735

5
5
7
6
5
20
7
5
10
9
5
22
6
19
8
5
8
5
7
6
20
17
6
5
5
8
20
4
6
7
9
4
7
8
6
18
22
3
15
15
20
17
4
11
10
9
7
26
6
4

136

Civil registration
coverage (%)

a

Annual growth rate
(%)
1987–
1997

1997–
2007

2.9
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.6
0.9
2.0
2.7
1.1
1.8
1.8
0.9
1.8
1.2
1.7
2.3
1.5
3.5
1.6
2.5
0.7
1.3
2.2
3.4
2.9
–1.7
0.5
3.2
2.7
2.4
2.0
2.6
2.5
1.9
2.3
0.2
0.1
3.0
0.9
0.0
–0.2
0.2
–0.6
0.7
1.3
0.7
0.8
1.1
2.0
2.9

2.8
2.7
2.0
1.7
2.9
0.6
1.4
2.8
0.9
1.1
0.3
0.3
0.8
–0.8
1.2
2.4
1.0
1.7
0.1
2.1
0.5
1.1
1.4
3.5
2.5
–3.1
0.6
1.3
2.0
1.2
1.8
2.4
2.0
1.3
2.1
–0.1
0.5
4.2
0.5
–1.3
–0.5
–0.4
4.2
1.3
1.0
0.5
0.8
1.7
1.7
2.5

Living in urban areas (%)

1990
24
12
50
26
23
90
65
40
44
72
26
100
57
48
48
21
25
28
100
9
69
85
53
15
35
31
72
65
31
70
54
13
49
69
49
61
48
92
74
47
54
73
5
35
29
41
21
90
44
77

2000
26
15
62
28
28
93
68
40
43
75
22
100
57
59
55
31
28
32
100
13
77
86
57
16
44
34
76
72
33
70
66
13
55
72
59
62
54
95
80
46
55
73
14
33
28
44
22
93
53
80

2007
29
18
70
37
32
94
71
41
42
77
22
100
57
61
56
36
32
36
100
17
81
86
56
16
48
38
77
72
36
79
73
12
60
71
64
61
59
96
81
42
54
73
18
32
28
47
23
94
60
81

Births b

Deaths c

2000–2007
h

75

>90
>90
h
53
>90

h
56
>90


>90
>90
h
98
>90

h,k
65
h
67
>90
h
35
>90
>90
h
81
h
32
h,k
33
>90
>90


>90
>90


h
93
>90
>90
>90
>90
>90
>90
>90
>90
h
82

>90
>90
>90
>90
h
69

<25
<25

50–74
<25
90–100

<25
90–100
90–100

>75
75–89


<25
<25
<25

<25
90–100
90–100
50–74
<25
<25
>75
90–100
50–74
<25

90–100

75–89
50–74
75–89
90–100
90–100
75–89
90–100
75–89
90–100
90–100
<25
>75
90–100
90–100

>75

25–49

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

1990
6.2
7.0
3.7
6.2
7.4
2.0
i
5.7
5.8
2.2
3.4
5.0
i
1.8
4.1
2.0
4.0
6.2
3.4
5.8
i
2.8
5.2
1.6
2.1
4.8
7.9
6.8

1.9
6.6
6.3
i
2.8
3.0
4.8
4.5
3.9
4.3
2.0
1.5
4.4
1.6
2.4
1.9
1.9
7.6
i
2.7
3.3
3.0
4.8
i
1.6
5.4
5.8

2000
5.6
6.2
3.0
3.2
7.0
1.6
i
4.4
5.1
2.0
2.5
4.4
i
1.8
2.1
1.8
2.7
5.7
2.4
3.9
i
3.7
4.0
1.7
1.9
3.3
7.6
6.1

1.8
4.4
4.4
i
2.5
2.7
4.5
3.7
2.9
3.6
1.3
1.5
3.1
1.4
1.6
1.3
1.2
6.0
i
2.4
2.3
2.3
4.6
i
1.3
4.6
4.2

MDG 5
Adolescent
fertility rate d
(per 1000
women)

2007
4.8
5.6
2.6
2.6
6.5
1.4
i
3.8
4.4
1.9
2.2
3.8
i
1.8
1.9
1.8
2.4
5.2
2.1
3.2
i
3.0
3.3
1.7
2.0
2.8
7.2
5.4

1.8
3.0
3.5
i
2.5
2.6
3.8
3.1
2.5
3.3
1.2
1.5
2.7
1.2
1.4
1.3
1.3
5.9
i
2.3
2.2
2.2
4.0
i
1.3
3.9
3.4

Male

2000–2007

1990–
1999

154
178
13
8
190
17
88
88
35
82
51

19
16
18
185

51
69
106
4
29
109
199
126
28
9
11
20
31
85
70
65
59
55
13
17
16
2
25
35
28
40
74
49
57
29
1
91
7


64.1
82.9
96.3
19.0
87.9


79.9
87.6




41.6
38.7

75.8

33.0




55.4



42.7

88.8

90.3
87.2
93.6
99.1
87.9
83.3


96.7

57.9



97.9

73.2
70.8

2000–
2007
70.7
71.8
91.9
97.0
23.3
91.6

55.8
87.4
92.4


97.3

55.6
44.4
89.9
88.0

56.5


80.5
30.4
72.0


84.4
54.9

93.4
57.8
93.7
90.5
93.4
99.3
94.9
90.2

99.2
97.6
99.5
64.9



98.7

87.9
85.0

Gross national income
per capita f
(PPP int. $)

MDG 2
Net primary school
enrolment ratio e (%)

Adult literacy rate e
(%)

1990–
1999

Female
2000–
2007

63
99
99
97
55
94

65
90
97


87

76
58

78

72
100
99
76
31

99
100
81

99
96

96
98
92
96

92
99

96



97

92

86

98
84
99
97
70
92
90
78
95
98


88

91
79

84

78
99
99
90
50
68

98
72
73
98
99

94
96
90
96
98
94
100
84
93
91
92
91
99
94
86

98

137

1990–
1999
63
97
97
98
38
96

64
91
97


90

65
46

83

57
99
99
77
21

98
100
81

94
96

96
97
92
96

92
94

95



96

91

85

2000–
2007
99
90
99
97
56
91
89
83
96
97


89

86
73

89

74
97
99
90
37
58

98
74
57
94
98

95
97
92
96
98
94
93
82
93
91
95
96
98
88
88

96

1990

2000

2007

680
440
4 660

540
10 540

1 210
4 120
5 990


1 500

1 920
290
250
2 530

520
17 540
13 480
1 320
480
950

17 290
9 920
1 270

4 190
1 190
2 920
3 130
1 750
5 160
10 660

8 200
2 790
5 710
9 120
500
5 930
4 830
2 990
2 820


14 710

750
610
8 440
2 650
750
17 590

1 430
7 510
8 950
2 800

1 790
5 720
2 560
420
520
3 510

810
30 000
19 420
1 780
500
1 130

35 600
14 460
1 690

6 850
1 630
3 310
4 830
2 490
10 410
16 650

16 370
1 310
6 030
7 440
560
9 690
6 930
4 720
2 730


17 530

920
750
13 570
5 040
1 040
l
20 990

2 010
11 390
12 580
3 270

3 160
10 290
3 990
690

5 120

1 040
39 310
26 340
2 520
630
1 770

53 320
j
19 740
2 570

10 610
1 870
4 380
7 240
3 730
15 330
20 890

24 750
2 930
10 980
14 400
860
13 320
9 430
7 170
3 930

1 630
22 910

MDG 1
Population
living <$1 g
(PPP int. $)
a day (%)
2005
67.8
73.9
<1.0

51.4


13.4

1.7


22.4

3.0
68.2

43.8

54.7



65.9
62.4



22.6



9.3
8.2
22.6
<1.0



8.1
<1.0
<1.0
74.4

2.8




Table 9

Total fertility rate a
(per woman)

9. Demographic and socioeconomic statistics
Member State

Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia
Timor–Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Population

Civil registration
coverage (%)

a

Total
(‘000s)

Median
age

Under 15
(%)

Over 60
(%)

2007

2007

2007

2007

1987–
1997

1997–
2007

1990

2000

2007

12 379
9 858
87
5 866
4 436
5 390
2 002
496
8 699
48 577
44 279
19 299
38 560
458
1 141
9 119
7 484
19 929
6 736
63 884
2 038

19
37

18
39
36
41
20
18
24
40
30
20
26
19
41
41
21
20
33
35

42
18
24
43
18
16
14
40
44
32
15
23
40
29
39
17
16
36
38
21
19

6
19
10
5
14
17
21
5
4
7
22
10
6
9
5
24
22
5
5
12
16

2.8
0.9
1.2
1.0
2.7
0.4
0.4
2.8
–0.2
2.3
0.2
1.1
2.5
0.8
2.5
0.5
0.8
2.8
2.0
1.2
0.7

2.6
–0.4
1.1
3.3
1.8
0.0
0.1
2.6
3.0
1.2
1.1
0.5
2.2
0.8
1.3
0.3
0.4
2.6
1.3
0.8
0.3

39
50
49
30
100
56
50
14
30
52
75
17
27
68
23
83
68
49
32
29
58

41
51
51
37
100
56
51
16
33
57
76
16
36
72
23
84
73
50
26
31
63

42
52
54
37
100
56
49
18
36
60
77
15
43
75
25
84
73
54
26
33
66

55
h
99
>90
h
48
>90
>90
>90

h
3
h,k
78
>90
>90
h
33
h
97
h
30
>90
>90
h
95
h
88
h
99
>90

h

<25

>75
<25
75–89
90–100
90–100

<25
75–89
90–100
50–74
<25
75–89
<25
90–100
90–100
90–100
50–74
75–89
90–100

1 155
6 585
100
1 333
10 327
74 877
4 965
11
30 884
46 205
4 380
60 769
40 454
305 826
3 340
27 372
226
27 657
87 375
22 389
11 922
13 349

17
18
21
29
28
27
24

15
39
30
39
18
36
33
23
20
25
26
17
17
20

45
43
37
21
25
27
30
33
49
14
20
18
44
20
23
32
39
31
28
45
46
38

5
5
9
10
9
8
6
8
4
21
2
22
5
17
18
6
5
8
8
4
5
5

1.9
3.0
0.5
0.7
1.8
1.8
2.5
1.0
3.5
–0.2
5.5
0.3
3.1
1.1
0.7
2.2
2.6
2.3
2.0
4.2
2.7
2.5

3.3
3.1
0.3
0.4
1.1
1.4
1.4
0.6
3.1
–0.8
4.7
0.4
2.5
1.0
0.2
1.4
2.3
1.8
1.4
3.0
2.0
0.9

21
30
23
9
60
59
45
41
11
67
79
89
19
75
89
40
19
84
20
21
39
29

25
37
23
11
63
65
45
46
12
67
77
89
22
79
91
37
22
91
24
25
35
34

27
41
24
13
66
68
48
49
13
68
78
90
25
81
92
37
24
93
27
30
35
37

53
h
78
>90
h
96

h
84
h
96

h
21
>90

>90
h
8
>90
>90
h
100

>90
h
88
h
22
h
10
h
74

h,k

<25
<25

75–89
25–49
50–74

>75
<25
90–100
75–89
90–100
<25
90–100
90–100
50–74

90–100
<25
<25
<25
25–49

138

Annual growth rate
(%)

Living in urban areas (%)

Births b

Deaths c

2000–2007

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

1990

2000

MDG 5
Adolescent
fertility rate d
(per 1000
women)

2007

2000–2007

Male
1990–
1999

2000–
2007

Gross national income
per capita f
(PPP int. $)

MDG 2
Net primary school
enrolment ratio e (%)

Adult literacy rate e
(%)

1990–
1999

Female
2000–
2007

1990–
1999

2000–
2007

MDG 1
Population
living <$1 g
(PPP int. $)
a day (%)

1990

2000

2007

6.6
2.1
i
2.5
6.5
1.8
2.0
1.5
5.9
6.8
3.6
1.3
2.5
6.0
2.7
5.7
2.0
1.5
5.5
5.2
2.1
1.9

5.5
1.7
i
1.9
6.5
1.5
1.3
1.2
4.6
6.6
2.9
1.2
2.1
5.1
2.7
4.2
1.6
1.4
3.7
4.0
1.9
1.6

4.7
1.8
i
1.7
6.5
1.3
1.2
1.3
3.9
6.1
2.7
1.4
1.9
4.3
2.4
3.5
1.8
1.4
3.1
3.4
1.8
1.4

100
24
54
98
6
21
5

123
54
12
28

63
111
6
4
75
27
46
19



87.8

89.1

99.5


82.4
96.5









94.1

42.6

91.8
38.1
94.4

99.7


88.0
97.4
91.5
60.9
90.4
79.6


83.1
99.6
94.1
97.0

57





97


93
100



73

94
95


94

72
95
99


92
96
62

86
100
99
45
93
78
95
89
97
99
94
92

50





95


94
100



75

94
88


92

72
95
100


92
95
61

86
99
100
37
95
79
95
89
92
95
94
92

950

8 230
440
17 870


1 170

5 430
13 250
1 460
670
3 770
3 640
18 870
25 390
2 070
2 220
2 960
5 750

1 220
5 880
13 320
330
33 200
10 830
17 190
1 380

6 460
21 120
2 580
1 040
4 650
4 250
27 090
33 810
3 150
820
5 000
6 080

1 640
10 220
15 450
660
48 520
19 340
26 640
1 680

9 560
30 820
4 210
1 880
7 640
4 930
36 590
43 870
4 370
1 710
7 880
8 510

33.5


49.9

0.0
0.0


20.6

10.3


62.4



21.5
<1.0
<1.0

5.3
6.4
4.6
2.4
3.6
3.0
4.3
i
3.1
7.1
1.9
4.4
1.8
6.1
2.0
2.5
4.2
4.9
3.4
3.7
8.1
6.5
5.2

7.1
5.6
3.8
1.6
2.1
2.4
2.8
i
3.1
6.9
1.2
2.7
1.7
5.7
2.0
2.2
2.8
4.4
2.8
2.4
6.3
5.8
3.8

6.6
4.9
3.8
1.6
1.9
2.1
2.5
i
3.0
6.5
1.2
2.3
1.8
5.2
2.1
2.1
2.5
3.8
2.6
2.2
5.5
5.2
3.2

59

16
35
6
51
20
22
159
30
23
26
139
41
63
26

91
35
80
146
101



98.9
96.9

79.2
98.8

56.1





96.8

65.5
89.8
90.3
37.1
68.0
83.5


53.2
99.2
98.7
77.7
88.7
99.5

73.6
99.7
90.4

72.3

98.0
96.9
78.1
93.0

58.9

91.2


89
90
87
94





80
100
49
94


92
85

70
69
83

64
82
97
85
96
93



89
91
98
98
91
100

88
92
96
85
94
87


70
86
88
92





79
100
50
94


91
86

41
67
83

62
72
94
85
97
89



89
90
99
97
93
100

87
92
91
65
94
88


610
1 860
6 580
2 810
5 970


390
5 970
38 760
15 810
590
22 940
4 880

2 530
6 820
610
1 280
820

820
680
2 810
10 370
4 600
8 600


660
3 170
38 110
25 440
760
35 190
7 750
1 420
2 940
8 380
1 400
1 710
870

3 080
800
3 650
22 490
7 130
12 350
j
4 350

920
6 810
n
44 340
33 800
1 200
45 850
11 040
2 430
3 410
11 920
2 550
2 200
1 220


38.7


1.0
2.7


51.5
<1.0


82.4




10.0
22.8
17.5
64.3

139

2005

Table 9

Total fertility rate a
(per woman)

9. Demographic and socioeconomic statistics
Member State

Population

Total
(‘000s)

Median
age

Under 15
(%)

Over 60
(%)

2007

2007

2007

2007

Civil registration
coverage (%)

a

Annual growth rate
(%)
1987–
1997

Living in urban areas (%)

1997–
2007

1990

2000

Births b

2007

Deaths c

2000–2007

RANGES OF COUNTRY VALUES
Minimum
Maximum
Median

2
1 336 317
6 857

15
44
25

13
49
30

2
28
8

–2.1
5.5
1.8

–3.1
4.7
1.3

5
100
49

9
100
54

10
100
56

3
100
90



792 378
905 349
1 745 394
889 278
551 047
1 775 595

18
30
25
37
22
33

43
26
31
18
35
22

5
12
8
19
6
12

2.8
1.5
1.9
0.4
2.5
1.3

2.5
1.2
1.6
0.2
2.0
0.8

29
73
26
68
44
34

34
77
29
69
47
41

37
79
32
70
49
47











1 304 892
3 501 542
829 686
1 022 884
6 659 040

20
28
30
39
28

39
27
24
18
28

5
9
12
20
11

2.6
1.6
1.2
0.7
1.6

2.2
1.2
0.8
0.7
1.3

25
32
69
73
43

29
38
73
76
47

32
42
75
77
49









WHO REGION
African Region
Region of the Americas
South-East Asia Region
European Region
Eastern Mediterranean Region
Western Pacific Region

INCOME GROUP
Low income
Lower middle income
Upper middle income
High income
Global

140

World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

MDG 5
Adolescent
fertility rate d
(per 1000
women)

Male
1990–
1999

1.2
7.2
2.5

1
199
43

12.2
99.6
79.9

23.3
99.8
88.0

31
100
92

32
100
91

21
100
91

5.5
2.4
3.0
1.6
4.0
1.9

5.1
2.2
2.7
1.6
3.4
1.8

117
61
56
24
35
11

51.8

52.0

53.1
79.0

63.4
91.3
70.5
97.7
67.2
93.0

63
94

97
87

76
94
91
95
82

57
94

97
78

4.7
2.5
2.1
1.7
2.7

4.2
2.3
2.0
1.7
2.6

98
33
50
21
48

49.4
68.3
89.5

68.3

2000

1.3
8.1
3.7

1.1
7.8
2.7

6.2
2.7
3.8
1.9
5.5
2.3

5.7
3.1
2.7
1.8
3.2

2007

2000–
2007

60.3
82.9
94.1

81.3

1990–
1999

Female

2000–2007

1990

Gross national income
per capita f
(PPP int. $)

MDG 2
Net primary school
enrolment ratio e (%)

Adult literacy rate e
(%)

2000–
2007



95
96

78
91
94
95
88

141

1990–
1999



95
96

2000–
2007

MDG 1
Population
living <$1 g
(PPP int. $)
a day (%)

1990

2000

2007

0
100
91

250
38 760
2 970

210
46 510
4 385

290
63 590
6 580

0.0
86.1
19.7

71
94
88
94
69

1 305
11 808
984
11 808
3 029
2 829

1 492
17 385
1 661
15 246
4 371
4 914

2 141
22 868
2 910
21 612
6 438
8 340

50.8



11.7

70
88
94
95
84

733
1 300
6 255
18 556
4 847

990
2 351
7 686
27 434
6 867

1 534
4 461
11 926
36 292
9 872

2005

45.3

4.4

Table 9

Total fertility rate a
(per woman)

Footnotes
These summary tables represent the best estimates of WHO – based on evidence available in 2004 – rather than the
official estimates of Member States. These estimates have been computed using standard categories and methods
to ensure cross-national comparability. Therefore, they are not always the same as official national estimates, nor
necessarily endorsed by specific Member States.
For indicators with a reference period expressed as a range, figures refer to the latest available year in the range;
except in Health inequities, where the figures refer to the period specified. For specific years, indicator definitions and
metadata, please refer to http://www.who.int/whosis.
... Data not available or not applicable.
The global, regional and income aggregates for rates and ratios are weighted averages when relevant while for absolute
numbers they are the sums. Certain Member States do not have an associated income group and are not included in
aggregate calculations. Aggregates are calculated only if data are available for 50% of the population within the group.

Table 1

Mortality and burden of disease

a

Life tables for WHO Member States. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2009 (http://www.who.int/whosis/database/
life_tables/life_tables.cfm).

b

Healthy life expectancy (HALE) estimates use methods described in the statistical annex to The world health report 2004 –
Changing history. Estimates for 2007 have been revised to take into account the Global Burden of Disease estimates for Member
States for the year 2004 and may not be entirely comparable with those for 2002 published in World Health Statistics 2007.
These estimates have been computed using standard categories and methods to ensure cross-national comparability. Therefore,
they are not always the same as official national estimates, nor necessarily endorsed by specific Member States.

c

Neonatal and perinatal mortality: country, regional and global estimates 2004. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007
(http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789241596145_eng.pdf ).

Table 2

Cause-specific mortality and morbidity

a

Maternal mortality in 2005: estimates developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank. Geneva, World Health
Organization, 2007 (http://www.who.int/reproductive-health/publications/maternal_mortality_2005/mme_2005.pdf ).
Income group aggregates are calculated using World Bank list of economies 2005.

b

Based on the 2008 report on the global AIDS epidemic. Geneva, UNAIDS and World Health Organization, 2008. See
Annex: HIV and AIDS estimates and data, 2007 and 2001 (http://data.unaids.org/pub/GlobalReport/2008/jc1510_2008_
global_report_pp211_234_en.pdf ). Ranges of estimates are available from this document.

c

World malaria report 2008. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2008 (http://www.who.int/malaria/wmr2008). See Annex
1: Estimating the numbers of malaria cases and deaths by country in 2006.

d

These are classified as deaths from tuberculosis (A15–A19, B90) according to the International statistical classification of
diseases and related health problems, tenth revision. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1992. Global tuberculosis control :
epidemiology, planning, financing : WHO report 2009. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2009 (WHO/HTM/
TB/2009.411) (http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report).

e

These deaths are classified as HIV disease resulting in tuberculosis (B20.0) according to the International statistical
classification of diseases and related health problems, tenth revision. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1992. They are
already counted in the number of deaths from HIV/AIDS (B20–B24). Global tuberculosis control : epidemiology, planning,
financing : WHO report 2009. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2009 (WHO/HTM/TB/2009.411) (http://www.who.
int/tb/publications/global_report).

f

Mortality and burden of disease estimates for WHO Member States in 2004. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2009
(http://www.who.int/entity/healthinfo/statistics/bodgbddeathdalyestimates.xls).

g

Rates are age-standardized to WHO’s world standard population. Ahmad OB, Boschi-Pinto C, Lopez AD, Murray CJL,
Lozano R, Inoue M. Age standardization of rates: a new WHO standard. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2001 (GPE
Discussion Paper Series No. 31) (http://www.who.int/healthinfo/paper31.pdf ).

h

YLL, years of life lost.
142

i

The sum of individual proportions may not add up to 100% due to rounding.

j

Communicable diseases include maternal causes, conditions arising during the perinatal period and nutritional deficiencies.

k

Neonatal causes include diarrhoea occurring during the neonatal period. Bryce J, Boschi-Pinto C, Shibuya K, Black RE,
WHO Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group. WHO estimates of the causes of death in children. Lancet, 2005,
365:1147–1152. Mortality profiles. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2009 (http://www.who.int/whosis/mort/profiles/
en/). Neonatal causes represent causes arising in the perinatal period which is a subset of the causes of death in the neonatal
period.

l

TB, tuberculosis. Data are for all forms of TB including TB in people with HIV infection. Global tuberculosis control:
epidemiology, planning, financing: WHO report 2009. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2009 (WHO/HTM/
TB/2009.411) (http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report).

Table 3

Selected infectious diseases

a

Cholera, 2007. Weekly epidemiological record, 2008, 31:269–284 (http://www.who.int/wer).

b

WHO/UNICEF estimates of disease incidence [online database]. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2008 (http://www.
who.int/immunization_monitoring/en/globalsummary/timeseries/tsincidencedip.htm).

c

Confirmed cases reported to WHO’s Department of Epidemic and Pandemic Alert and Response.

d

Cases are confirmed by laboratory testing.

e

Global leprosy situation, beginning of 2008. Weekly epidemiological record, 2008, 33:293–300 (http://www.who.int/wer).

f

World malaria report 2008. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2008 (http://www.who.int/malaria/wmr2008/).

g

Suspected meningitis cases reported to WHO’s Department of Epidemic and Pandemic Alert and Response.

h

Cases compiled by the WHO Regional Office for Africa.

i

Number of new smear-positive cases notified under DOTS to WHO. Global tuberculosis control : epidemiology, planning,
financing : WHO report 2009. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2009 (WHO/HTM/TB/2009.411) (http://www.who.
int/tb/publications/global_report).

Table 4

Health service coverage

a

WHO reproductive health indicators database, 2008 update. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2009 (http://www.who.
int/reproductive-health/global_monitoring/RHRxmls/RHRmainpage.htm).

b

WHO global database on births attended by skilled health personnel, 2008 update. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2009.
(http://www.who.int/reproductive-health/global_monitoring/index.html).

c

Proportion of neonates protected at birth against neonatal tetanus through maternal immunization with tetanus toxoid,
based on a mathematical model taking into account the mother’s immunization in infancy, during pregnancy and in
tetanus campaigns. The model is described in: Griffiths UK, Wolfson LJ, Quddus A, Younus M, Hafiz RA. Incremental
cost–effectiveness of supplementary immunization activities to prevent neonatal tetanus in Pakistan. Bulletin of the World
Health Organization, 2004, 82:643–651.

d

Measles, measles-containing vaccines (MCV); DTP3, 3 doses of diphtheria–tetanus toxoid–pertussis vaccine; HepB3, 3
doses of hepatitis B vaccine; Hib3, 3 doses of Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine. WHO/UNICEF estimates of national
immunization coverage [online database]. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2008 (http://www.who.int/immunization_
monitoring/routine/immunization_coverage/en/index4.html). Estimates based on data available up to September 2008.
For countries recommending the first dose of measles vaccine in children older than 12 months of age, the indicator is
calculated as the proportion of children less than 24 months of age receiving one dose of measles-containing vaccine.

e

Data compiled by WHO from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS).
(http://www.measuredhs.com, http://www.unicef.org/statistics/index_24302.html).

f

World malaria report 2008. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2008 (http://www.who.int/malaria/wmr2008). See Annex 6.

g

Women with unmet need are those who are married or cohabiting and reportedly fertile but not using contraception at the
time of the survey, and who reported not wanting any more children or wanting to delay the next child.
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h

World contraceptive use 2007 [wall chart]. New York, Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs,
United Nations Secretariat, 2008.

i

PMTCT, prevention of mother-to-child transmission. Point estimates are published only for countries with a generalized
epidemic. Regional and level-of-income aggregates are based on data for all low- and middle-income countries when
available.

j

Towards universal access: scaling up priority HIV/AIDS interventions in the health sector: progress report, 2008. Geneva, World
Health Organization, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, United Nations Children’s Fund, 2008. Ranges of
estimates are available from this document.

k

TB, tuberculosis; DOTS, internationally recommended TB control strategy. The detection rate is the number of new
smear-positive cases notified under DOTS to WHO divided by the estimated number of new smear-positive cases. Global
tuberculosis control : epidemiology, planning, financing : WHO report 2009. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2009
(WHO/HTM/TB/2009.411) (http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report).

l

The treatment success rate is the percentage of new smear-positive patients registered for treatment under DOTS who
were cured (with laboratory confirmation) or completed their course of treatment. Global tuberculosis control : epidemiology,
planning, financing : WHO report 2009. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2009 (WHO/HTM/TB/2009.411) (http://
www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report).

m

Data are preliminary or provisional.

n

Includes <5% of deliveries by cadres of health workers other than doctors, nurses and midwives.

o

Data pertain to sexually active women of reproductive age.

p

Institutional births.

q

Includes deliveries by cadres of health workers other than doctors, nurses and midwives – range not available.

r

Includes >15% of deliveries by cadres of health workers other than doctors, nurses and midwives.

s

Includes 5–15% of deliveries by cadres of health workers other than doctors, nurses and midwives.

t

Unmet for contraceptives reported by women who wish to limit the number of pregnancies they have.

u

Data pertain to men and women of reproductive age who are cohabiting.

v

5 or more visits.

w

Estimate.

x

Unmet need for modern methods of contraception.

y

3 or more visits.

z

Data pertain to all women of reproductive age.

aa

Data from the public sector only.

ab

Including women in non-cohabiting but regular partnerships.

ac

6 or more visits.

ad

Excluding Northern Ireland.

Table 5

Risk factors

a

Joint monitoring programme for water supply and sanitation [online database]. Geneva, WHO, UNICEF, 2008 (http://www.
wssinfo.org/en/wecome.html).

b

UNICEF global database on low birthweight. New York, UNICEF, 2008 (http://www.childinfo.org/low_birthweight_
profiles.php).

c

WHO global data bank on infant and young child feeding [online database]. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2009
(http://www.who.int/nutrition/databases/infantfeeding/en/index.html).

144

d

Global database on child growth and malnutrition [online database]. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2008 (http://
www.who.int/nutgrowthdb/database/en). Prevalence estimates are based on WHO standards.

e

Comparisons between countries may be limited owing to differences in sample characteristics or survey years. Source:
Global database on body mass index (BMI) [online database]. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2008 (http://www.who.
int/bmi).

f

Global information system on alcohol and health [online database]. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2008 (http://www.
who.int/globalatlas/DataQuery/default.asp).

g

WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2008: The MPOWER Package. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2008. See
Appendix III, Age Standardized Prevalence Estimates for WHO Member States. Definition: Smoking at the time of the
survey of any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, pipes, bidis, etc. For calculating the global number of smokers,
non-age standardized prevalence estimates are used.

h

WHO/CDC global youth tobacco survey (GYTS). Geneva, World Health Organization, 2009 (http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/
global/GYTS/results.htm). Data relate to tobacco use in any form in the past 30 days.

i

Percentage of women and men aged 15–49 who had more than one sexual partner in the past 12 months reporting the
use of a condom during their last sexual intercourse. Data is from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and excludes
country reported data. 2008 report on the global AIDS epidemic. Geneva, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS,
World Health Organization, 2008. See Annex 2: Country Progress Indicators.

j

Percentage of young women and men aged 15–24 who both correctly identify ways of preventing the sexual transmission
of HIV and who reject major misconceptions about HIV transmission. Data is from Demographic and Health Surveys
(DHS) and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and excludes country reported data. 2008 report on the global
AIDS epidemic. Geneva, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, World Health Organization, 2008. See Annex 2:
Country Progress Indicators.

k

City surveys were extrapolated into country figures reported here.

l

Lower limit is greater than15.

m

Upper limit is 49.

n

Upper limit is between 54 and 60.

o

Self-reported data.

p

Data was not validated by country focal point in time for publication of this report.

q

Upper limit is greater than or equal to 65.

r

Upper limit is 64.

Table 6

Health workforce, infrastructure, essential medicines

a

Source: WHO global atlas of the health workforce. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2008 (http://www.who.int/
globalatlas/autologin/hrh_login.asp). Please see this source for the latest updates, disaggregated health workforce statistics
and metadata descriptors.

b

Depending on the organization of the national health system and data availability, may include a large range of cadres of
health service providers such as pharmacists, laboratory health workers, environmental and public health workers, medical
assistants, dieticians and nutritionists, rehabilitation therapists, operators of medical and dentistry equipment, optometrists
and opticians, personal care workers, psychologists, traditional medicine practitioners and others.

c

Sources: PAHO basic indicators 2008. Washington, DC, Pan American Health Organization, 2008 (http://www.paho.org/
English/SHA/coredata/tabulator/newTabulator.htm); European health for all database (HFA-DB). Copenhagen, WHO Regional
Office for Europe, 2008 (http://data.euro.who.int/hfadb); Country health information profiles (CHIPS). Manila, WHO Regional
Office for the Western Pacific, 2008 (http://www.wpro.who.int/countries/countries.htm); Core health indicators and MDGs.
New Delhi, WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia, 2008 (http://203.90.70.117/esidas/CoreHealthData.asp); additional
data compiled by WHO Regional Office for Africa and WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean.

d

Source: Surveys of medicine prices and availability using WHO/HAI standard methods conducted between 2001
and 2007. Available from http://www.haiweb.org/medicineprices/. In individual surveys, availability is reported as the
percentage of medicine outlets in which a medicine was found on the day of data collection. As baskets of medicines
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World HealtH StatiSticS
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Footnotes
differ by country, results are not exactly comparable across countries. Median availability is determined for the specific list
of medicines in each survey and do not account for alternate dosage forms or strengths of these products or therapeutic
alternatives. Public sector data may be limited by the fact that the list of survey medicines may not correspond to national
essential medicine lists (where these exist), and some public sector facilities may not be expected to stock all of the survey
medicines. This has been addressed in the revised edition of the survey tool, which allows public sector data to be analysed
by essential medicine list status and level of care.
e

Consumer price ratio = ratio of median local unit price to Management Sciences for Health (MSH) international reference
price of selected generic medicines. Source: Surveys of medicine prices and availability using WHO/HAI standard methods
conducted between 2001 and 2007. Available from http://www.haiweb.org/medicineprices/. Data are unadjusted for
differences in MSH reference price year used, exchange rate fluctuations, national inflation rates, variations in purchasing
power parities, levels of development or other factors. In each survey, median consumer price ratios are obtained for the
basket of medicines surveyed and found in at least four medicine outlets. As baskets of medicines differ by country, results
are not exactly comparable across countries. However, data about specific medicines is publicly available on http://www.
haiweb.org/medicineprices/ and matched basket comparisons on a subset of medicines can be made.

f

Hospital beds include inpatient and maternity beds. Maternity beds are included, while cots and delivery beds are excluded.

g

Data refer to year prior to 2000.

h

Availability data were excluded as they were assessed using different methods from those used in the current WHO/HAI
method.

i

Did not survey public sector medicine outlets.

j

Refers to the public sector only.

k

Simple average of two surveys of medicine prices and availability in Shandong and Shanghai provinces, China.

l

Medicines are provided free to patients in the public sector.

m

Simple average of seven surveys of medicine prices and availability in India (Chennai, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra
(12 districts), Maharashtra (4 regions), Rajasthan and West Bengal).

n

As per modifications to the WHO/HAI standard methodology for measuring medicine price and availability, mean %
availability is reported.

o

Based on a survey of medicine prices and availability in Gauteng province, South Africa.

p

Simple average of three surveys of medicine prices and availability in Sudan (Gadarif, Khartoum and Kordofan states).

Table 7

Health expenditures

a

Health expenditure series. Geneva, World Health Organization, February 2009 (latest updates are available on http://
www.who.int.nha/country/en/index.html). The regional, income and global figures are calculated using Purchasing Power
Parity (PPP) terms. Ratios with numbers less than 0.05% may appear as zero. For per capita expenditure indicators, this is
represented as <1. Countries where fiscal year begins in July; expenditure data have been allocated to the later calendar year,
e.g. data for 2006 are for fiscal year 2005–2006.

b

In some cases the sum of the ratios of general government and private expenditures on health may not add to 100 because
of rounding.

c

A new Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) series resulting from the 2005 International Comparison Project (ICP) estimated by
the World Bank has been used.

d

Estimates should be interpreted with caution as these are derived from scarce data.

e

Ratios published in this report are calculated using the licit GDP (i.e. excluding opium) and government expenditures
excluding external development budget expenditures.

f

Missing per capita expenditure on health levels are due to nonavailability of purchasing power parity. International $ values.

g

About 30% of the expenditure in residential aged care facilities has a health purpose, but it is difficult to estimate routinely
so it is not included in health at present. This health expenditure was about $2.1 billion in 2005–2006 or 0.2% of GDP.

146

h

Adjustments for currency change were made for the entire series.

i

Per capita expenditure on health levels is based on preliminary purchasing power parity international $ estimates.

j

Estimates updated using newly accessed data from national health accounts, surveys, or information provided during
national consultation.

k

The General Government Expenditure on Health (GGHE) and Private Expenditure on Health (PvtHE) estimates for 2000
correspond to the concepts and definitions described in OECD Health Data, also implemented by WHO/NHA. The
GGHE and PvtHE estimates for 2006 correspond to the concepts and definitions adopted by the Joint Health Accounts
Questionnaire Eurostat-OECD-WHO.

l

For description of 2000 estimates see WHO/NHA web site. 2006 estimates correspond to the concepts and definitions
adopted by the Joint Health Accounts Questionnaire Eurostat-OECD-WHO.

m

Recent census in the country has shown differences in population data. However, the per capita levels in this table are
estimated based on UNPOP data.

n

Data for financial year ending 30 June are taken for the later year. Population data revised with United Nations Population
Division 2006 revision.

o

Exchange rate changed from 2.15 Won in 2001 to 152 Won in 2002. This explains sudden changes in per capita levels
between 2000 and 2005.

p

The sources of the data reported are financial accounts not the satellite accounts.

q

Healh expenditure data and the population data after year 2000 do not include those of Transdniestria.

r

Exchange rate changed in 2002 from multiple to a managed floating exchange rate. Inter-bank market rate used prior to 2002.

s

The estimates do not include expenditures of northern Iraq.

t

The public expenditure on health includes contributions from the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine
Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) to Palestinian refugees residing in Jordanian territories.

u

After the declaration of independence on 3 June 2006, Serbia and Montenegro are now separate states. Health expenditures
for the previous years have been estimated separately for each of the countries.

v

The market exchange rate is used to estimate the per capita figures.

w

The estimates do not include the expenditures of the provinces of Kosovo and Metohia, which are under the administration
of the United Nations.

x

The exchange rate used for Syrian Arab Republic is the rate for non-commercial transactions from the Central Bank of Syria.

y

GDP does not include the income from petroleum.

z

Fiscal year ended in June up to 2007. Transition period second quarter of 2007 to make fiscal year equal to calendar year.
Expenditure data have been allocated to the previous calendar year, e.g. data for 2005 are for fiscal year 2005–2006 and
adjusted for 2007.

Table 8

Health inequities

a

Sources: Unless otherwise stated, data are derived from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) since 1990. The DHS
figures stratified by “place of residence” and “educational level of mother” were extracted using STATcompiler software or
DHS reports (http://www.measuredhs.com/, accessed on December 1, 2008). The DHS figures stratified by “wealth quintile”
were extracted from DHS reports. When not available in the reports – mostly the case in surveys conducted in 2001 or earlier
– the figures were extracted from Gwatkin DR, Rutstein S, Johnson K, Suliman E, Wagstaff A, Amouzou A. Socio-economic
differences in health, nutrition and population within developing countries: an overview. Washington, DC, World Bank, 2007
(http://go.worldbank.org/XJK7WKSE40). The figures in the “difference” columns may be affected by rounding.

b

Data derived from DHS relate to births occurring in the 5 years preceding the survey, unless otherwise stated. Data derived
from MICS relate to births occurring in the 2 years preceding the survey.

c

The data refer to coverage of measles or MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine at 12, 15, 18 or 24 months depending on

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World HealtH StatiSticS
2009

Footnotes
the country.
d

For all countries where the source is DHS the under-5 mortality rate relates to the decade preceding the survey, except for
Turkey and India where it relates to the five-year period preceding the survey.

e

Lowest educational level achieved by mother is “no education”; highest level is “secondary or higher”.

f

Data are derived from Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) (round 3). All MICS figures were extracted from
country reports available on the UNICEF web site (http://www.childinfo.org/, accessed 13 February 2009).

g

The figures in parentheses are based on small numbers of cases (25–49 unweighted cases).

h

Data for “births attended by skilled health personnel” relate to births occurring in the three years preceding the survey.

Table 9

Demographic and socioeconomic statistics

a

World population prospects: the 2006 revision. New York, Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs,
United Nations Secretariat, 2007.

b

United Nations demographic yearbook 2006. New York, United Nations Statistics Division, 2008 (http://unstats.un.org/
unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2006.htm).

c

WHO mortality database: tables [online database]. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2009 (http://www.who.int/
healthinfo/morttables).

d

World fertility data 2008, CD-ROM, POP/DB/Fert/Rev.2008. New York, Population Division, Department of Economic
and Social Affairs, United Nations Secretariat, 2009.

e

UNESCO Institute for Statistics data centre [online database]. Montreal, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, 2007 (http://
stats.uis.unesco.org, accessed 13 February 2009).

f

PPP int. $, purchasing power parity at international dollar rate. World development indicators 2007. Washington, DC,
World Bank, 2008 (http://www.worldbank.org/data, accessed 13 February 2009).

g

World Bank PovcalNet. Washington, DC, World Bank, 2008 (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/index.jsp,
accessed 13 February 2009). These figures reflect the World Bank default poverty line.

h

The standard definition includes the percentage of children less than five years of age who were registered at the moment of
the survey. The numerator of this indicator includes children whose birth certificate was seen by the interviewer or whose
mother or carer says the birth has been registered. The state of the world’s children 2009: Maternal and newborn health. New
York, United Nations Children’s Fund, 2009.

i

International Data Base (IDB). Washington, DC, US Census Bureau, 2009 (http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb,
accessed 13 February 2009).

j

Data refer to 2005.

k

Differs from the standard definition.

l

Data refer to 2006.

m

For statistical purposes, the data for China do not include Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions of China.

n

Data refer to 2004.

WHO regions*
African Region: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African
Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea,*
Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania,
Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South
Africa, Swaziland, Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

148

Region of the Americas: Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile,
Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti,
Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the
Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States of America, Uruguay, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of )
South-East Asia Region: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, India, Indonesia, Maldives,
Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Timor-Leste*
European Region: Albania, Andorra,* Armenia,* Austria, Azerbaijan,* Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina,*
Bulgaria, Croatia,* Cyprus, Czech Republic,* Denmark, Estonia,* Finland, France, Georgia,* Germany, Greece, Hungary,
Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan,* Kyrgyzstan,* Latvia,* Lithuania,* Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro,*
Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Moldova,* Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Serbia,*
Slovakia,* Slovenia,* Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan,* The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,* Turkey,
Turkmenistan,* Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan*
Eastern Mediterranean Region: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iran (Islamic Republic of ), Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait,
Lebanon, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic,
Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
Western Pacific Region: Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, Cook Islands, Fiji, Japan, Kiribati, Lao People’s
Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall Islands,* Micronesia (Federated States of ),* Mongolia, Nauru,* New Zealand,
Niue,* Palau,* Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu,*
Vanuatu, Viet Nam

Income groups**
Low income: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chad,
Comoros, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia,
Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Liberia, Madagascar,
Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Rwanda, Sao Tome
and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Tajikistan, Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania,
Uzbekistan, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Lower middle income: Albania, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina,
Cameroon, Cape Verde, China, Colombia, Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Georgia,
Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of ), Iraq, Jordan, Kiribati, Lesotho, Maldives,
Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of ), Mongolia, Morocco, Namibia, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines,
Republic of Moldova, Samoa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, The
former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Vanuatu
Upper middle income: Argentina, Belarus, Belize, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Dominica,
Fiji, Gabon, Grenada, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Lithuania, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico,
Montenegro, Palau, Panama, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the
Grenadines, Serbia, Seychelles, South Africa, Suriname, Turkey, Uruguay, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of )
High income: Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belgium, Brunei
Darussalam, Canada, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway,
Oman, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, Trinidad and Tobago, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America
Cook Islands, Nauru, Niue and Tuvalu are not categorized into income groups and are therefore excluded from the
computation of aggregate indices by income group.
*

State may have associated figures for periods prior to its membership in WHO.

** World Bank list of economies (July 2008). World Bank, July 2008 (http://siteressources.worldbank.org/DATASTATISTICS/Resources/CLASS.XLS).
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2009

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