GREEN ARCHITECTURE

FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE

Ar. SOMA ANIL MISHRA

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FIRST GREEN ARCHITECTS
PROBABLY BIRDS ARE THE FIRST ARCHITECTS ON EARTH. THEIR NESTS ARE ECO-FRIENDLY,HENCE THE BEST EXAMPLE OF SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE GREEN ARCHITECTURE

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WHY DESIGN GREEN?
‡ BUILDINGS ARE A MAJOR SOURCE OF POLLUTANTS THAT CAUSE URBAN AIR QUALITY PROBLEMS AND CONTRIBUTE TO CLIMATE CHANGE

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ECOLOGICAL BALANCE
‡ RESOURCES OF THIS PLANET ARE NOT INFINITE. ‡ MISUSE OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES HAS A BEARING ON THE VERY EXISTENCE OF HUMAN RACE. ‡ EACH LIVING BEING ON EARTH IS DEPENDANT ON THE REST. ‡ SINGLE SHARED EXPERIENCE IS OF LIVING ON THE SAME, VERY SMALL EARTH. ‡ ALTERATIONS SHOULD BE MADE WITH CARE AS IT EFFECTS EACH INHABITANT.
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RIGVEDA HYMN
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ SKY IS LIKE FATHER EARTH IS LIKE MOTHER SPACE AS THEIR SON UNIVERSE CONSISTING THE THREE IS LIKE A FAMILY ANY KIND OF DAMAGE DONE TO ANY ONE OF THE THREE ‡ THROWS THE UNIVERSE OUT OF BALANCE.
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HISTORY
‡ TILL 18TH CENTURY, THE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABILITY AND BUILDING SCIENCES WERE PART OF ACCEPTED BELIEFS AND RELIGIOUS PRACTICES AS THE MESSAGES OF RELIGION AND THE STATE WAS COMMUNICATED THROUGH THE ARCHITECTURE.

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INDIAN SCIENCE
‡ INDIAN WAY OF LIFE RECOG NIZED AIR, FIRE, ATMOSPHERE, EARTH & WATER AS ¶PANCHABHUTHAS·, WHICH ARE ESSENTIAL FOR MAKING LIFE MEANINGFUL. TO KEEP THE PANCHABHUTHAS FREE FROM DETRIMENTAL CHANGES IS AS MUCH ESSENTIAL AS PROTECTING THE RIGHT OF LIFE.
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SYSTEM SUSTAINED
SINCE VEDIC TIMES MAIN MOTTO WAS TO LIVE IN HARMONY WITH NATURE. MAIN IDENTIFIED COMPONENTS OF NATURE ARE WORSHIPPED IN OUR RELIGION. THESE COMPONENTS KEEP ON INTERACTING TO MAINTAIN MUTUAL BALANCE ²ECOLOGICAL BALANCE THE SYSTEM AS A WHOLE SUSTAINS MANKIND
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INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
AS SCIENCE PROGRESSED IN, THE BELIEFS WERE FREED FROM RELIGION & WERE BASED ON THE REASON AND SCIENTIFIC EXPLORATIONS.

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PRESENT SCENERIO
A LOT OF BASIC PRINCIPLES WERE ‡ FORGOTTEN & IGNORED DURING THIS TRANSITION FROM RELIGION TO SCIENCES OR ‡ THE TRANSITION FROM FAITH TO REASON.

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THE WAY OUT
‡ AS WE GAIN MORE POWER & FREEDOM DUE TO ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCES,IT BECOMES OUR RESPONSIBILITY TO REINFORCE THE BASIC PRINCIPLES & IF THEY ARE LOST, RE-ESTABLISH THEM ON THE BASIS OF SCIENCE & REASON WHICH WERE EARLIER BASED ON THE FAITH & RELIGION.
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TECHNOLOGY

GREEN ARCHITECTURE

PEOPLE

ENVIRONMENT

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SUSTAINABILITY
‡ DEVELOPMENT WHICH MEETS THE NEEDS OF THE PRESENT WITHOUT COMPROMISING THE ABILITY OF FUTURE GENERATION TO MEET THEIR OWN NEEDS. ‡ LEAVE THE PLACE IN THE BETTER CONDITION THAN WHEN YOU OCCUPIED IT.
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SUSTAINABILITY IS CONTINUED ABILITY OF A SOCIETY, AN ECOSYSTEM, OR ANY SUCH INTERACTIVE SYSTEM TO FUNCTION WITHOUT EXHAUSTING KEY RESOURCE AND WITHOUT ADVERSELY AFFECTING THE ENVIRONMENT.

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‡ EVERYTHING IS INTER-DEPENDENT AND INTER-RELATED A FEW BASIC TRUTHS: ‡ WE NEED A CLEAN ENVIRONMENT FOR OUR SURVIVAL
soil ¶resources·

technology
oceans

knowledge water

As a result of neglecting environmental consequences of our actions, we find many serious environmental problems. If we want to have resources to use in future, and ensure a high quality of life, we must start considering the broader context in our designs and choices.

culture
forests

society
biodiversity

WE ARE PART OF THE ENVIRONMENT, AND 7/27/2011 NOT SEPARATE FROM IT

LIGHT AND WARMTH ENERGY CLEAN WATER BATHING AND CLEANING WASTE DISPOSAL PROTECTION FROM RAIN PRIVACY AND SECURITY COOKING & EATING SOCIALISING
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THINGS PROVIDED BY BUILDINGS ENERGY SUPPLY

WATER SUPPLY WASTE AND WATER DISPOSAL BUILDING MATERIALS
ALL OF THESE FACTORS INTERRELATE AND SHOULD BE SEEN AS CONTRIBUTING TO THE OTHERS

BIO-CLIMATIC ARCHITECTURE
‡ USING ENVIRONMENTALLY AND CLIMATICALLY SENSITIVE FORMS & MEANS OF CONSTRUCTION. ‡ ALTHOUGH SUCH APPROACH HAS HIGHER START-UP COSTS, IT PRODUCES LOWER LIFECYCLE ENERGY COSTS & HEALTHIER ENVIRONMENT.
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SOLAR-PASSIVE ARCHITECTURE
‡ ENERGY CONSCIOUS DESIGN THROUGH ¶PASSIVE MEANS· IS ENERGY COLLECTION, THROUGH NATURAL MEANS, USE OF DAYLIGHT PASSIVE HEATING & COOLING. CREATING STABLE & COMFORTABLE THERMAL CONDITIONS FOR THE OCCUPANTS.
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DIFFERENCE BETWEEN BIO-CLIMATIC AND ECOLOGICAL DESIGN
‡ Bio-Climatic is the passive low-energy design approach using energies of the climate to create comfort conditions. ‡ Bio-Climatic design is not ecological design in its entirety, but an intermediate stage. ‡ Ecological Design is about interconnected-ness & inter-dependencies in the biosphere &its ecosystem.
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GREEN ARCHITECTURE
‡ With the application of ecological principles, make a significant contribution towards a sustainable future. Green architecture is designed, built, renovated, operated or reused in an ecological and resource ² efficient manner.

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GREEN BUILDINGS
‡ SUBSTANTIALLY REDUCE THE NEGATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ASSOCIATED WITH BUILDINGS

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GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL
‡ DEVELOPED BY U.S GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL (USGBC) IN 1984. ‡ IT PROVIDES STANDARDS FOR ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE CONSTRUCTION. ‡ A PERFORMANCE ORIENTED SYSTEM ‡ POINTS ARE EARNED FOR SATISFYING PERFORMANCE CRITERIA.
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ADVANTAGES
‡ MORE THAN 40% REDUCTION IN POTABLE WATER CONSUMPTION. ‡ 30% REDUCTION IN OVERALL ENERGY CONSUMPTION. ‡ ENHANCES OCCUPANTS COMFORT. ‡ REDUCES OPERATING COSTS. ‡ POTENTIALLY INCREASES OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY.

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INDIAN GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL (2003)
o WORLD HAS RECOGNIZED OUR AGE OLD GREEN PRINCIPLES.
(AGAIN EARTH-WORM IS IMPLANTED TO THE AGRICULTURAL FIELDS.)
GR 4.jpg

WHY SHOULD WE FORGET THEM? THE IGBC·S PURPOSE IS TO: o INTEGRATE BUILDING INDUSTRY SECTORS o LEAD MARKET TRANSFORMATION o EDUCATE OWNERS AND PRACTIONERS
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ARCHITECT·S ROLE
‡ ARCHITECTS HAVE TO UNDERSTAND THE DIFFERENCE, THE DIVIDING LINE BETWEEN JUST ARRANGING MATERIALS AND PUTTING LIFE INTO THE PIECE OF ART. ‡ IT SHOULD TOUCH CONSUMER·S HEART. ‡ CONSUMER IS NOT MOVED MEANS, ARCHITECTS DON·T SHARE COMMON BASE WITH COMMON MAN. ‡ GREEN DIMENSION RECOGNIZES A COMMON BASE BETWEEN ALL CONCERNED. 7/27/2011

ARCHITECTURE
‡ ARCHITECTURE IS ONE OF THE MOST DEPENDABLE REFLECTIONS OF A CIVILIZATION·S PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATION. ‡ ARCHITECTURE HAS THE QUALITY WHICH ALLOWS IT TO RISE ABOVE ORDINARY BUILDING.

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THE 5 ELEMENTS CONSTITUTING US 
AIR:DEPLETION OF EARTH·S ATMOSPHERE  WATER: AN UNDERVALUED RESOURCE  FIRE: THE PROBLEM OF FUELS  EARTH: RESOURCES AND MATERIALS  SKY: PENETRATING THE OZONE LAYER
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GREEN DEVELOPMENT:
ACCOMMODATING THE NEEDS OF THE PRESENT WITHOUT COMPROMISING THE ABILITY OF FUTURE GENERATIONS TO MEET THEIR OWN NEEDS

PERFECT

Technology:

MAKING AND USING TECHNOLOGY THAT MEETS HUMAN NEEDS WHILE TAKING INTO ACCOUNT LONG AND SHORT TERM CONSEQUENCES FOR SOCIETY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
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GREEN PRINCIPLES
‡ TO DEMONSTRATE A GREEN ARCHITECTURE, IT IS NECESSARY TO FRAGMENT THE HOLISTIC GREEN APPROACH. ‡ THERE ARE 6 PRINCIPLES THAT COULD BUILD INTO A GREEN ARCHITECTURE.
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DESIGN IN ACTION 
PRINCIPLE 1: CONSERVING ENERGY  PRINCIPLE 2: WORKING WITH CLIMATE  PRINCIPLE 3:MINIMIZING NEW RESOURCES

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DESIGN IN ACTION 
PRINCIPLE 4: RESPECT FOR USERS  PRINCIPLE 5: RESPECT FOR SITE  PRINCIPLE 6: HOLISM

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1. CONSERVING ENERGY
‡ Architecture should be brought to existence so as to minimize the need for fossil fuels to run it. ‡ Past societies accepted this necessity. ‡ Recent proliferation of materials & technologies have lost the basis. ‡ Construction of buildings should be for mutual benefits.
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2. WORKING WITH CLIMATE
‡ BUILDING FORM & THE DISPOSITION OF BUILDING ELEMENTS ‡ CAN ALTER INTERNAL COMFORT CONDITIONS, REDUCTION OF FOSSIL FUEL DEMANDS THROUGH THE USE OF INSULATION IN THE BUILDING FABRIC.

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3.MINIMIZING NEW RESOURCES
‡ There are not sufficient resources in the world for the built environment to be constructed , a new for each generation. ‡ A building should be designed so as to minimize the use of new resources & at the end of its useful life, to form the resources for other Architecture
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4.RESPECT FOR USERS
‡ RESPECT FOR ALL RESOURCES THAT CONTRIBUTE TO MAKING A BUILDING WILL NOT EXCLUDE HUMAN BEINGS. ‡ MATERIAL & PROCESS SHOULD BE LITTLE POLLUTING & DANGEROUS TO INDIVIDUAL WORKER OR THE USER.
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5.RESPECT FOR SITE
‡ A BUILDING WILL ¶TOUCH-THISEARTH LIGHTLY·. ‡ AN ATTITUDE TO THE INTERACTION OF A BUILDING AND ITS SITE THAT IS ESSENTIAL TO A GREEN APPROACH.

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6.HOLISM
‡ ALL THE GREEN PRINCIPLES, ACCORDING TO PREVAILING CONDITIONS NEED TO BE EMBODIED IN A HOLISTIC APPROACH TO THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT.
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What are the impacts of unsustainable design and building practices ?
INCREASED AIR POLLUTION chemicals and gases PRODUCTION OF WASTE rubbish, materials, chemicals, etc DEPLETION OF NATURAL RESOURCES forests, water, minerals, soil

EFFECTS ON PUBLIC HEALTH we all need clean air and water, good food

GREEN architecture
looks to find new ways to meet our needs without creating these impacts

GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS global warming and climate change INCREASED SOIL CONTAMINATION chemicals, dirty water, loss of nutrients

INCREASED WATER POLLUTION raw sewage rubbish chemicals

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It is not our ¶needs· relating to the built environment that cause environmental problems ² rather it is the way we choose to meet them.

WATER SUPPLY WASTE AND WATER DISPOSAL

ENERGY SUPPLY

BUILDING MATERIAL

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USING AN ENVIRONMENTALLY CONSCIOUS DESIGN PROCESS TO ACHIEVE SUSTAINABLE RESULTS

GREEN ARCHITECTURE

CASE STUDIES

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1.WOODEN GREENS, BARABOO,W.I
ALDO LEOPOLD FOUNDATION LEED PLATINUM

EXTENSIVE USE OF WOOD HARVESTED ON-SITE. PRODUCES 110% OF ANNUAL BLDG. ENERGY NEEDS. 7/27/2011

LONG NARROW BLDG. OPTIMUM NATURAL VENTILATION & DAYLIGHT

SEPARATION OF VENTILATION FROM HEATING AND COOLING SYSTEMS VIA AN UNDERGROUND EARTH TUBE SYSTEM.2-5% ENERGY SAVING.

2.SIMONE SWAN HOUSE, TEXAS, USA
SPECIAL ADOBE CONSTRUCTION

DOME AND VAULT CONSTRUCT·N. INSPIRED BY HASSAN FATHY. ECONOMICAL AND ECOLOGICAL BUILDING.
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rear of house
NORTH

H- SHAPED FLOOR PLAN ALLOWS TWO COURTS TO BE CREATED, ONE ON THE EAST SIDE, ONE ON THE WEST HABITABLE SPACES CREATED BOTH INSIDE AND OUTSIDE.

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION PRACTICES THAT SIGNIFICANTLY REDUCE OR ELIMINATE THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF BUILDINGS ON THE ENVIRONMENT AND OCCUPANTS.

GR 3.jpg

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3.BURRAWORRIN RESIDENCE, AUSTRALIA

MARINE AESTHETICS
RUSTIC WOOD TRUNKS CUT RADICALLY. LIME STONE FROM THE LOCAL COAST USED TO RESIST THE HARSH MARINE ENVIRONMENT. PROTRUDING WINDOWS OFFER SPECTACULAR PANORAMA.
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SURPRISINGLY BEAUTIFUL

HARSH MARINE CLIMATE

DWELLING APPEARS AS A STRANDED BOAT AWAITING A NEW JOURNEY.

4.FLEMMING SKUDE, CONCAVE, DENMARK

NATUREINTEGRATED AERODYNAMIC DWELLING. SUNK INTO THE TERRAIN RECTANGULAR FORM ACTS BADLY AGAINST SEA WAVES. CONCAVE HOUSE HAS MAX. WIDTH AND HEIGHT ALONG ITS MIDDLE.
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rear of house
EARTH BERM

ORIENTED STRICTLY ON EASTWEST AXIS. THREE NATURAL TERRACES TO THE SOUTH, EAST & WEST. CONCAVE IS NEVER LESS THAN +5DEGREE C DURING WINTER.

OUTSIDE RECALLS DOLMENS OUTSIDE HOUSE VERY COLD INSIDE QUITE OPPOSITE INSIDE WOOD CONSTRUCTION

CONCAVE HOUSE,DENMARK

NORMAL INSULATION OF 10 cm

VENTILATED ON ALL SIDES & ROOF FACADES COVERED WITH COPPER AT TOP LIKE SKYLIGHT IN MIN. MAINT·NCE

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5.EARTHSHIP BIOTECTURE NEW MEXICO,USA
DESIGNED TO REDUCE OUR IMPACT ON THE PLANET & INCREASE OUR CONNECTION TO IT BY UTILISING RECYCLED, LOW EMBODIED ENERGY MATERIALS, PASSIVE SOLAR HEATING & COOLING.

OWNERS· PARTICIPATION

AUTOMOBILE TIRES FILLED WITHCOMPACTED EARTH TO FORM RAMMED EARTH BRICKS ENCASED IN STEEL BELTED 7/27/2011 RUBBER

NON LOAD BEARING WALLS OF ALUMINIUM CANS,GLASS BOTTLES & CEMENT

PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEM,CATCH WATER, SOLAR HOT WATER, GREY WATER & BLACK WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS.

5.EARTHSHIP BIOTECTURE,NEW MEXICO,USA

GLAZED SOUTH SIDES OF BUILDING ADMIT DAYLIGHT. COLLECT OWN RAINWATER FROM A UNIQUE METAL ROOF SILT CATCH & CISTERN SYSTEM, TREAT THEIR SEWAGE THROUGH GREEN-HOUSE 7/27/2011 TECHNOLOGY.

GLAZED SOUTH SIDE

SOFESTIC ATED

MOST EFFICIENT AND LOW ENERGY USE EQUIPMENT AND APPLIANCES. NO ELECTRICAL HEATING DEMANDS---PASSIVE SOLAR DESIGN.

, 6.CASA MERCEDES, COLUMBIA VELEZ

SIMON VELEZ ALLOWED BAMBOO STRUCTURES TO BE STRONGER THAN ANY OTHER MATERIAL.. SECRET IS TO FILL MORTAR TO THE HOLLOW OF THE BAMBOO WHERE BOLT PASSES THROUGH TO JOIN TWO PIECES

BAMBOO STRUCTURE OF LARGE SPAN. EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT. SMOKE TREATMENT USED TO DISCOURAGE INSECTS AND ROT. FIRE RESISTANT.
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rear of house

PLASTERING OVER THE BAMBOO IN THE WALLS AND USING TILE FOR ROOFS ENSURE THAT FIRE DOES NOT SPREAD FROM ONE BUILDING TO ANOTHER..

7.PATNI COMPUTERS, NOIDA
COURTYARD CONCEPT

25% ARE OLD REUSED MATERIALS FROM SHIPWRECK, RAILWAY SLEEPER.

PERIPHERAL VEHICULAR MOVEMENT. 100% PARKING IN THE BASEMENT.

CONSTRUCTION WASTE PROPERLY SEGREGATED AND MORE THAN 75% IS REUSED & 7/27/2011 RECYCLED

HIGH COP WATER CHILLING MACHINES. LOW VOC PAINTS & SEALANTS

BUILDING HAS BEEN ORIENTED NORTHSOUTH. NORTH RECIEVES MINIMUM SUNLIGHT & THE SOUTH HAS HIGH SUN WHICH IS CUT OFF BY HORIZONTAL PROJECTIONS.

OCCUPANT COMFORT,WELL BEING AND COMMUNITY SENSITIVITY. ENVIRONMENTAL DEVICE THAT COMBINES THE PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS, PERCEPTION & CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY.

BASIC DESIGN INSPIRED BY THE TRADITIONAL INWARD LOOKING HAVELI THAT BALANCES ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY, ENERGY EFFICIENCY, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY,
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8.SOFTECH HOME (SOLAR HOUSE) AUSTRIA
CONCEIVED AS A SUMMERWINTER HOUSE. LIVING ROOMWINTER HOUSE. TERRACESUMMER HOUSE LARGE SLIDING GLASS WALL. NATURAL INDIGENOUS, REGENERATING MATERIALS

COMBINATION OF THE ADVANTAGES OF MASSIVE CONSTRUCTION (HEAT STORAGE) AND LIGHT WEIGHT EALLS ( QUICK REGULATION OF ROOM TEMPERATURE)

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NATURAL GYPSUM FIBREBOARDS, PARTIALLY CLAY PLASTER. CELLULOSE INSULATION. GLUED LATCH BOARD

9.W.B RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT AGENCY,KOLKATA
WARM HUMID ZONE

RECTANGULAR PLAN FACING EAST WEST REDUCES HEAT GAIN

TOILETS, STORE & STAIRCASE ARE LOCATED ON EAST & WEST TO ACT AS BUFFER AGAINST SOLAR HEAT. GROUND TOWARDS E-W ARE COVERED WITH GRASS & WATER BODIES

AIR CONDITIONED AREAS ARE PLANNED TOWARDS 7/27/2011 NORTH

NON AIR CONDITIONED AREAS ARE COMPOSED TOWARDS SOUTH TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF PREVAILING WIND DURING HOT AND HUMID PERIOD.

SOUTHERN WALLS PROTECTED BY OVERHANGS. WATER BODIES PLACED TOWARDS SOUTH TO BEST UTILIZE PREVAILING SOUTH BREEZE

10.MAHARASHTRA AIRPORT DEVELOPMENT COMPANY OFFICE (MIHAN) NAGPUR
PASSIVE COOLING TECHNIQUES SITE PLANNING, LANDSCAPING ECO-FRIENDLY MATERIALS: RECYCLABLE, REUSABLE WITH LESS EMBODIED HEAT

LESS ENERGY INTENSIVE CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES

‡WITHIN THE SITE WATER ¶RECYCLED· ‡ SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

ADAPTABILITY,FLEXIBILITY TO CHANGES
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‡USE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY AS AGAINST ELECTRICITY.

11.AUROVILLE VISITORS CENTRE
APPROPRIATE BUILDING TECHNOLOGY

LOCALLY MANUFACTURED BUILDING MATERIAL

SOIL USED IS EXCAVATED ON SITE AND THE RESULTING DITCH IS USED AS WASTE RECYCLING POND. OPENINGS SPANNED BY ARCHES IN COMPRESSED EARTH BLOCKS.
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CEMENT STABILISED EARTH BLOCKS (4-5%CEMENT) RCC AVOIDED AS FAR AS POSSIBLE.

MODULAR GRID HAS REDUCED STRUCTURAL COST AND COMPLICATION

LANDSCAPING AND REVEGETATION ENERGY MANAGEMENT CONTROL SYSTEMS ‡ USED TO INTEGRATE, MONITOR AND CONTROL THE DIFFERENT SOURCES OF ENERGY

‡ ANY DAMAGED AREAS OF THE SITE REGENERATED

12.TORRENTS LABORATORIES, 7/27/2011 AHMEDABAD

COOLING TURRENTS HAVE BEEN INSTALLED VERY EFFICIENTLY

NATURAL GAS ‡ USED FOR THE MAJORITY OF THE ENERGY REQUIREMENTS ‡ CAUSES LESS POLLUTION AND GREENHOUSE GASES

13. GUREL FAMILY SUMMER HOUSE, ISTANBUL
‡SENSITIVE, INTELLIGENT AND UNPRETENTIOUS APPROACH. ‡CONSTITUTES AN ARCHITECTURAL DIALOGUE WHERE LANDSCAPE AND BUILDING ARE OF EQUAL IMPORTANCE.

FUNCTIONS OF LIVING HAVE BEEN DIVIDED INTO SELFCONTAINED COMPONENT 7/27/2011 PARTS.

14. BIDANI HOUSE, FARIDABAD
HAS MAXIMUM EXPOSURE TO SOUTH- EAST OF LIVING SPACES. BUFFER SPACES ON THE SOUTH WEST

‡FORM CORRESPONDING TO COMPOSITE CLIMATE OF SITE. ‡MAXIMISES HEAT LOSS IN SUMMER AND HEAT GAIN IN WINTER

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15.NMB BANK HEADQUARTERS, AMSTERDAM,HOLLAND
VEGETATION AROUND BUILDING ‡ HELPS TO KEEP AIR CLEANER ‡ PROVIDE BUFFER TO THE WIND BUILDING HEIGHT
‡ KEPT TO A MINIMUM TO PREVENT AREAS FROM BEING OVERSHADOWED

GLASS ROOFS ‡ ALLOW SUNLIGHT AND WARMTH DEEP
INTO THE BUILDING

ENERGY SYSTEM
‡ HEATING IS VIA GAS, RATHER THAN FROM A COALFIRED PLANT (CREATES LESS POLLUTION) ‡ NO AIRCONDITIONING IN BUILDING IS 7/27/2011 NEEDED

NATURAL LIGHT TO ALL LEVELS

SLOPING WALLS
SUNNY OUTDOOR SPACES CLOSE TO THE BUILDING ‡ DEFLECT NOISE FROM BUSY ROAD ‡ REDIRECT WINDS TO PREVENT GROUND-LEVEL TURBULENCE ‡ MADE FROM BRICK (NATURAL MATERIAL)

CONSCIOUS DESIGNER
‡ A CONSCIOUS DESIGNER WILL DO THE GREEN THINGS AUTOMATICALLY. ‡ IT ACTUALLY ENHANCES ONE·S CREATIVE PROCESS, IT DOESN·T LIMIT IT
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WHEN PROOF IS FINALLY AVAILABLE THAT THERE IS NO ALTERNATIVE TO A GREEN ARCHITECTURE, IT WILL BE TOO LATE TO ACT.
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LET US THINK AFRESH

THANK YOU

7/27/2011

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