Outline

• The French Occupation (1795-1813) • Its impact on the Netherlands • The Time-Period Between 1815 and 1890
– Seperation of Belgium – Seperation of Luxembourg

• The Time-Period Between 1914 and 1918
– World War I – Universal male suffrage
1

The French Occupation 1795-1813
• Batavian Republic (1795-1806)
– Short lived

• Kingdom of Holland (1806-1810)
– Under Louis Bonaparte

• Annexation by French Empire (1810-1813)
– Under Napoleon Bonaparte
2

Napoléon Bonaparte

1769-1821

3

The French Occupation, Continued
• French occupation ends in 1813
– Napoleon defeated

• United Netherlands (1813-1815)
– William V of Orange as sovereign prince

• U. Kingdom of the Netherlands(1815-1839)
– Unification of northern NL with Austrian NL (LX,BL)

4

The Impact of the French Occupation upon the Netherlands
• Basis of modern, centralized nation-state • Legal discrimination ended • Establishment of state citizenship (communal) • The Dutch nation: a voluntary association
5

The Time-Period Between 1815 and 1890
• • • • Revolt and seperation of Belgium (1830) Kingdom of the Netherlands (since 1830) Constitution rewritten (1848) Constitutional monarchy declared (1848)
– Ever since unchanged

• Seperation of Luxembourg (1890)

6

The Time-Period Between 1914 and 1918
• Netherlands remained neutral in WWI • Universal male suffrage (1917) • Voting rights for women (1922)

7

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