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The Solar System

The Solar System

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Published by Ginny
The Solar System is what we call our sun, earth, and other eight planets including Asteroids and other unnamed things around us.....
The Solar System is what we call our sun, earth, and other eight planets including Asteroids and other unnamed things around us.....

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Published by: Ginny on Feb 21, 2011
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03/30/2013

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What force notds a planet in orbit around the sun?

• Gravity. The force by which two masses attract each other.

• FORMULA - gravitational force is proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.

Source: http:/ Iwiki.answers.coml

NASA

• NASA means, National Aeronautics and Space Administration: an independent agency of the United States government responsible for aviation and spaceflight.

How Old Is The SOlar System

• Our solar system might be even older than we originally thought, by as much as 2 million years.

• A group of scientists analyzed lead isotopes within a 3.2-pound meteorite found in the Moroccan desert in 2004 and found evidence that suggests the mineral was formed 4.56 billion years ago, making the meteorite the oldest object ever found.

• This finding is between 300,000 and 1.9 million years older than previous estimates.!!!

All the planets in our sotar system are roughlY spherical.

I
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Ea nth days Ela rlh ytea liS
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ritle ric U r.y aa 01.24
V[enu~ 224.7 0.52.
6autn 36S.261 1.001
r~lars 687' i.aa
Jupiter 4~3,32.5 11.,B5
Saturn 10175,9 2 29.45
" ~ , ,.. • The earth takes 1 year (365 days) to orbit the sun.

• The earth's moon takes 28 days to orbit the earth.

Mercur~

• Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun and the 2nd smallest.

• Because Mercury is soo close to the sun it's evolution took a slightly different course than that of the other planets.

• As the Sun formed, it pushed much of the lighter gas and dust out of the inner Solar System, leaving behind only heavier elements.

• As a result, Mercury is essentially a large metal ball of iron with a very thin silicate crust.

• Mercury is just a little bit larger than Earth's moon.

• The surface of Mercury that faces the Sun can reach about 800 degrees Fahrenheit.

• On the other hand, the temperature on the nighttime side can plummet to almost -300 degrees Fahrenheit.

• This is because Mercury has little to no atmosphere to help regulate temperature.

Because of its close location to the Sun, the planet Mercury has become tidally locked to the Sun, or nearly so.

• The tidal forces of the Sun have over ions of time slowed down the rotation of Mercury to match its revolution around the

Sun.

• The result is that Mercury rotates very slowly.

• One day on Mercury is about 58-1/2 Earth days long.

• But while Mercury's days are very long, its revolution around the Sun is rather fast.

• Mercury can complete one orbit around the Sun in only 88 Earth days.

• That's just about 3 months here on Earth

Venus

• In the early days of Venus' 4 billion year long life, it would have appeared almost a twin to earth.

• However, over a period of a few million years, forces on Venus caused it to take a very different course than the Earth.

• Owing to that it is closer to the Sun, Venus' temperature should have been only slightly warmer than that of the Earth.

• That single fact has caused an unstoppable chain of events that doomed Venus to its fiery existence.

• But as the planet warmed, the water evaporated.

• The increase in water vapour caused the temperature to rise further, which caused more water to evaporate, causing the temperature to climb still further.

• (Water vapour is a very effective greenhouse gas. Greenhouse gas soaks up hot air and prevents it from escaping into space).

• Today it is likely that all of Venus' water has evaporated into the atmosphere.

• This atmosphere effectively traps the Sun's energy causing the surface to burn much hotter than it naturally would.

• The temperatures on Venus can reach almost 482 degrees Celsius.

Did YOU (~now?

• If you somehow found a way to survive the scorching heat found on the surface of Venus, you would quickly notice something strange about the days.

• Aside from the fact that Venus rotates very slowly so that a day on Venus lasts more than 100 Earth days, Venus also rotates in the opposite direction as almost all the other planets.

• Instead of the Sun rising in the east and setting in the west, the Sun on Venus would appear to rise in the west and set in the east

We should protect and treasu re the earthl!' NOT destroy and damage it!!!!

Earth

Earth is the only known planet with 02, water and abundant 1.lIIIIIo!III~:lAI plants and animals!!!

Luna

• Luna is the Earths' only moon.

• Some planets have more moons because of their mass.

• Since they are bigger and more massive.

• They pull much more stuff around them to orbit.

• That is why Earth does not have more moons

Mars

• Mars has two moons.

• You may sometimes hear Mars referred to as the "Red Planet."

• This is because the surface of Mars is red.

• If you stood on the surface of Mars, you would see red dirt and rocks everywhere.

• Mars has mild temperament that is more like the Earth's than any of the other planets.

• Evidence suggests that Mars once had rivers, streams, lakes, and even an ocean.

• Before space investigation, Mars was considered the most likely candidate for harbouring extraterrestrial life.

• As Mars' atmosphere slowly depleted into outer space, the surface water began to permanently evaporate.

• Today the only water on Mars in either frozen in the polar caps or underground.

• Phobos is only about 3000 miles above the Martian surface and orbits in a little over 7 hours (thus it makes more than 3 orbits in a single Martian day).

·Oeimos is a little further out than Phobos and orbits in about 30 hours.

Asteroids

• Asteroids are rocky and metallic objects too small to be considered planets.

• They are sometimes called minor planets.

Jupiter

• Although Jupiter is 318 times the mass of the Earth, it is not very dense: it is just slightly more dense than water, Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system.

• Jupiter is almost 11 times the size of Earth.

• Jupiter is a swirling ball of clouds arranged in rotating storms and in complex bands.

Jupiter has An amazing 63 Known moons!

• I can't show you them all!!

• It's 4 largest moons are called the Galilean satellites, after Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei.

• These large moons, are named - 10, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto.

• Each are distinctive worlds.

Saturn

Saturn is the least dense planet in our Solar System.

It is made up of mostly hydrogen and helium, which are the two lightest elements in the universe and thus make Saturn the lightest planet that we know of.

Interestingly, it is believed Saturn would actually be able to float in water because the hydrogen and helium that make up the planet are so lightweight.

Because Saturn is such a lightweight planet and it spins so fast, Saturn is not perfectly round like most of the other planets. Like Jupiter, Saturn is wider in the middle and more narrow near its top and bottom.

Saturn is not the only planet with rings.

Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune also have rings.

The rings are amazingly thin.

If you turned the rings on their side, they would be able to fit between the goal posts on a football field!!

The rings are not solid but rather are made up of particles of ice, dust and rocks.

The rings are held in place around Saturn by the moons that also orbit this large planet.

The gravity of these moons also cause the gaps that are seen in between the rings.

Uranus

ranus

• Uranus orbits the Sun once every 84 Earth years and it rotates a bout its axis once every 17 hours 14 minutes .

Unlike all the other planets and most of the moons in our Solar System, Uranus spins on its side.

• A recent theory is that the extreme tilt of Uranus' axis may have been caused by a large moon that was slowly pulled away from the planet by another large planet long ago when our Solar System was still new.

• It is thought that the gravitational pull of this moon moving away from Uranus may have caused it to tilt on its side.

• The thick atmosphere of Uranus is made up of methane, hydrogen and helium.

• Uranus is an extremely cold planet, one of its very common names is "ice giant.".

• Because of the tremendous planetary pressure of Uranus, there could possibly be trillions of large diamonds in or on the surface of this planet.

• Scientists also believe that on the surface of Uranus there may be a huge ocean. And, interestingly, it is thought that the temperature of this ocean may be extremely hot, maybe even as hot as 2760 degrees Celsius.

• Uranus, the seventh planet of the Solar System, has 27 known moons, 22 of which are quite small; and all of which are named after characters from the works of William Shakespeare and Alexander Pope.

• The five largest moons of Uranus are Titania, Oberon, Umbriel, Ariel, and Miranda

In order, moving out from the planet, they are:

• Miranda

• Ariel

• Umbriel

• Titania

• Oberon

Neptune

• If Neptune were hollow, it could contain nearly 60 Earths. • Neptune orbits the Sun every 165 years.

• A day on Neptune is 16 hours and 6.7 minutes. The first two thirds of Neptune are composed of a mixture of molten rock, water, liquid ammonia and methane.

• The outer third is a mixture of heated gases comprised of hydrogen,

helium, water and methane.

• Methane gives Neptune its blue cloud colour.

• Neptune has eleven moons.

• For many, centuries people did not know that this planet even existed.

• It was discovered by Johann Galle and Heinrich O'Arrest in 1846.

Here's a list Of all Known moons of Neptune.

• Naiad

• Thalassa

• Oespina

• Galatea

• Larissa

• Proteus

• Triton

• Nereid

• Halimede

• Sao

• Laomedeia

• Psamathe

• Neso

What w~ know about Plutol

• Pluto is a Dwarf Planet.

• It once was the 9th Planet.

• farthest from the sun

• Pluto is freeeezing cold.

• Has not been visited by NASA.

• Pluto takes 249 earth years to once round the sun.

• Pluto has one moon called Charon .

• Pluto was the only planet to be named by a kid.

(After the planet was discovered in 1930, an 11-year-Old girl who lived in Oxford, England, by the name of Venetia Bumey, suggested that this new planet needed to be named der the Roman god of the underworld. Venetia's grandfather sent this suggestion to the Lowell ObServatory and the name was accepted.)

Reference

• http://www.google.co.uk

• http://www.universetoday.com/71878/our-solar-system-now-2-million-years-olderl

• http://nineplanets.org

• http://www.alexanderandthings.com/Moon%20Phase%20Page.htm

• http://velonews.competitor.com/files/201 OI03/thesun.jpg

• http://www.solarviews.com/eng/mars.htm

• http://www.enotes.com/science-fact-finder/space/how-Iong-do-planets-take-goaround-sun

• http://www.nmm.ac.uk/explore/astronomy-and-time/astronomy-facts/solar-

system/satu rn

• http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/multimedia/galiery/Moon NPole.jpg

• http://www.leetsoftware.com/screenshots/nature3.jpg

• http://mrscjacksonsclass.com/petsall.jpg

• http://www.kidsastronomy.com

• http://www.crimsonrose.co.uk/images/Tradtional%20basket.jpg

• http://laluminataJiles.wordpress.com/2009/08/lipica horses slovenia photo gov.jpg

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