RESEARCH METHODS FINAL PROJECT

Awareness of Energy Drinks' Effects

Presented by: Arslan Javaid Sana Tahir Amber Dilshad 050804001 050804022 050804024

Presented to: Mr. Manqoosh ul Rahman

Date of Presentation: 24th January '08

School of Business and Economics

University of Management and Technology

RESEARCH METHODS FINAL PROJECT

Awareness of Energy Drinks' Effects
"Being a final project report presented in part requirement for Research Methods Techniques in Bachelors of Business Information and Technology at the University of Management and Technology Lahore."

Presented by: Arslan Javaid Sana Tahir Amber Dilshad 050804001 050804022 050804024

Presented to: Mr. Manqoosh ul Rahman
"We declare that this report is, in entirely our own work, that it has not previously been presented, in whole or part, for any other award, or published, in whole or part, elsewhere."

Arsalan Javaid Sana Tahir

Acknowledgements

All the members would like to thank Mr. Manqoosh for his support and assistance in the preparation of this report and his helps assisted us to apply all of over analytical skills. We also thank the members of University of Management & Technology

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
This project report is a part of the research conducted by the team member, which was created for the purpose of to analyze the awareness level of energy drinks and their side effects among the people. This project report begins with an introduction and the background for which the research conducted. Then a brief introduction of the industry of energy drinks worldwide and in Pakistan. Statistical analysis of the gathered data and finding of this project is also part of this report. In the end team members tried to make some recommendation regarding the energy drinks, their side effects and awareness among the people. In order to accomplish this task, initially proposal report had been generated. After this according to research methodology data was collected from the sample size. Direct meetings and questioners remained the main focus of this research. Whole data was then analyzed by the team members statistically and finally recommendations were made according to that analysis.

INTRODUCTION & BACKGROUND
The project is about to analyze the awareness level among the young generation. Energy drink promises to energize the spirit, body and mind to release the latent energy within youngsters. Due to the fast growing environment the trends are changing continuously and people are trying to follow the western culture rapidly. Use of energy drinks is also part of this culture. With the passage of time usage of energy drinks is increasing in Pakistan. Male and female both are using energy drinks now. Energy drinks got their own side effects as well. These circumstances motivated team members to study the awareness about and the side effects of energy drinks among the university people. Team members conducted this research in order to come to know about the awareness of energy drinks among the people and also to check their awareness level. Energy drinks are soft drinks advertised as being specifically designed to provide energy. The amount of quantitative 'energy' (as measured in Calories) found in these drinks is often lower than that found in regular soft drinks and currently there is no scientific basis for concluding that the non-caffeine elements in these drinks contribute to either short-term mental alertness or physical performance. Generally they include a combination of methylxanthines (including caffeine), B vitamins, and herbal ingredients. Other ingredients commonly include guarana (extracts from the guarana plant) or taurine plus various forms of ginseng, maltodextrin, inositol, carnitine, creatine, glucuronolactone and ginkgo biloba. Some contain high levels of sugar, while most brands also offer an artificially sweetened version. The central ingredient in most energy drinks is caffeine, the same stimulant found in coffee or tea, often in the form of guarana (as in Josta) or yerba mate. The average 237 ml (8 fl. oz.) energy drink has about 80mg of caffeine, about the same amount as a weak cup of coffee, with 480 ml (16 fl. oz.) drinks containing around 150mg, although recent drinks have created a stir by containing as much as 300mg of caffeine. These drinks are typically marketed to young people, and people 'on the go.' Approximately 65% percent of energy drink users are under the age of 35 years old, with males representing approximately 65% of the market.

Industry Overview
Energy drinks are beverages which contain legal stimulants, vitamins, and minerals, including caffeine, guarana, and taurine, various forms of ginseng, maltodextrin, carnitine, creatine, and ginkgo biloba. Some may contain high levels of sugar or glucose. It may well have come from Scotland in the form of Irn-Bru, first produced in the form of "Iron Brew" in 1901. In Japan, the energy drink phenomenon dates at least as far back as the early 1960s, with the release of the Lipovitan. Most such products in Japan bear little resemblance to soft drinks, and are sold instead in small brown glass medicine bottles or cans styled to resemble such containers. These "genki drinks", which are also produced in South Korea, are marketed primarily to the salaryman set, to help them work long hours, or to stay awake on the late commute home. In UK, Lucozade Energy was originally introduced in 1929 as a hospital drink for "aiding the recovery;" in the early 1980s, it was promoted as an energy drink for "replenishing lost energy." In 1995, PepsiCo launched Josta, the first energy drink introduced by a major US beverage company. In Europe, energy drinks were pioneered by Dietrich Mateschitz, an Austrian entrepreneur who developed Red Bull based on the Thai drink Krating Daeng, itself based on Lipovitan. Red Bull was introduced to the US in 1997 and is the dominant brand there, with a market share of approximately 47%. By the year 2001, the US energy drink market had grown to nearly 8 million per year in retail sales. Over the last 5 years, it grew an average of over 50% per year, totaling over $3 billion in 2005. Diet energy drinks are growing at nearly twice that rate within the category, as are 16-ounce sized energy drinks. It is estimated to hit nearly 4 billion in 2006, and both Goldman Sachs and Mintel predict that the energy drink market will hit $10 billion by 2010. Major players such as Pepsi, Coca-Cola, Molson, and Labatt have tried to match the small companies' innovative and different approach, with marginal success. Energy drinks have also become popular as mixers. Many malt beverages such as Sparks, 3sum malt beverage and Max capitalize on the effects of caffeine while drinking alcohol.

Major Players
Because of the growing craze over energy drinks, the number of energy drink brands has been increasing steadily as everyone wants to take advantage of the expanding market. The demand for energy drinks could be a direct result of people’s lives becoming busier. As people fill their lives to capacity and then add even more responsibilities, the daily schedules can become quite overwhelming, leaving little time for rest, relaxation, or sleep. All of this activity causes stress and fatigue, but there is no time to stop for a moment and recharge the batteries. As a result, people often turn to stimulants to keep them going throughout the day and give them the energy they need to complete everything they need to do. Energy drinks are one of the more popular “stimulants” because they are quick and easy, and most have few recognizable negative side effects. The number of energy drink brands is actually much greater than people realize. RedBull has been the dominant brand for many years, probably because it was one of the first energy drinks developed. Word of mouth has been a big part of RedBull’s advertising, and as a result, many of the other options have been hidden in RedBull’s shadow. Although there are many similarities between all the different energy drink brands, there are obviously some differences. The primary difference that distinguishes many energy drinks is the ingredient list. All energy drinks must contain something that results in an increase of energy, but there are various ways to achieve this effect. All of the energy drink brands experiment with their own unique mixture of ingredients, adding higher concentrations of some and lower concentrations of others.

In Pakistan with the increasing trends of using energy drinks number of brands available are increasing. Generally, there is no manufacturer here. There are distributors who import these ready to drink around the world. Main market to import energy drinks is UAE, from there importers import in bulk and then distribute in their target areas. OZO Switzerland is a beverage company with the most extensive distribution system in the world. To distribute their product in Pakistan they have granted the rights to Ghani Group of Industries. Who recently have soft launched the product in Lahore market as OZO energy drink can be found in cafeterias at colleges and universities. This is the only brand that distributors import it directly from the manufacturer and they make its packaging accordingly then. The majority of the sales are coming from urban areas where people have greater purchasing power and awareness of such drinks. Sales of energy drinks are limited in rural areas although they are growing. Around 66% of the Pakistani population resides in rural areas, but most do not buy energy drinks as they are too expensive.

PROBLEM STATEMENT:
To analyze the awareness level of energy drinks among people of University of Management & Technology.

RESEARCH QUESTION:
• What is the level of awareness among people about energy drink?

RESEARCH OBJECTIVES:
• • • • • • • • • • What kind of drinks student usually drink? What are the different energy drink companies in the market? Which brand they prefer in energy drinks. What is the level of awareness about energy drinks? Who drink more male or female? Why do people take energy drink? Any side effect due to use of energy drink? What is the level of awareness regarding ingredients of energy drinks? Who are more aware students or professionals? What age group is more aware about side effects of energy drinks?

RESEARCH VARIABLES
The variables of the research will be: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Different types of soft drinks and energy drinks. Students’ awareness about energy drinks. Students’ awareness about available brands. Students’ awareness about ingredients of the different brands Students' awareness about side effects of caffeine. Students' awareness about side effects of gurana. Students' awareness about side effects of taurine. Students' awareness about side effects of ginseng. Students' awareness about side effects of artificial sweeteners. Students' awareness about side effects of access use of vitamins. Students' awareness about abnormalities cause by energy drinks. Age dominance in awareness level Gender dominance in awareness level Occupation dominance in awareness level

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY:
Data & Data Collection:
The data will be collected through primary sources by surveying UMT campus & secondary data from the internet.

Measurement Methods: Sampling Plan:
Population: People of University of Management & Technology Sampling Unit: The sample unit consists of students & professionals Sample Size: A sample of 100 people in UMT will be drawn. Sampling Method: Convenience sampling will be used for drawn sample.

COST SCHEDULE:
The forecasted costs which will be incurred in the completion of this project are given below:

ACTIVITY
Questionnaire Development Traveling Expenses Refreshments Report Printing Miscellaneous

ESTIMATED EXPENDITURE
(Rs.) 600 1,000 1,000 1,500 1,000

TIME SCHEDULE:
The time schedule chart will describe how the whole project will be completed.

Variable Tables
Effects

Value

e1 e2 e3 e4 e5 e6 e7 e8 e9 e10 e11 e12 e13 e14 e15 e16 e17 e18 e19 e20

Caffeine is a major source of sleep disturbance Panic attacks are caused by heavy doze of caffeine Gurana, a herb used in energy drinks, causes blood pressure disorder Stomach disturbance is basically caused by taurine, a chemical in energy drinks Various form of ginseng increase urine production Energy drinks are good for pregnant women Gurana triggers a heart attack in heart patients Regular use of energy drinks may increase risk of spontaneous abortion Energy drinks dehydrate the human body Energy drinks let you recover from bowel irritability Increasing nervousness is one of the side effects Normally, energy drinks are harmless for diabetic patients Artificial sweetener & vitamins reduce head ace Vomiting is caused by artificial sweetener & vitamins Excess use of vitamins shivers the body Energy drinks can not manifest as an alteration in mental state Energy drinks increases the abnormal growth of body cells Colonic movements are caused by energy drinks Caffeine cause a temporary abnormal electrical activity of brain cells High doze of sugar & caffeine results in a common chronic neurological disorder

Awareness level of male & female about e1
Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your ge nde r * Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Crosst abulat ion Co unt Caf f eine is a majo r so urce o f sleep disturbance Aware No t Aware 49 15 18 18 67 33

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = male 2 = female

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of males regard e1. µ2: Average awareness level of females regard e1
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Male N 64 36 Mean 1.23 1.50 Std. Deviatio n .4 27 .507 Std. Erro r Mean .053 .085

Caf f eine is a majo r so urce o f sleep disturbance Female

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif ference Lower Upper -.455 -.465 -.077 -.066

F Caf f eine is a Equal variances major source of assumed sleep disturbance Equal variances not assumed 13.872

Sig. .000

t -2.789 -2.657

df 98 62.920

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .006 .010 -.266 -.266 .095 .100

As, P =< 0.05 So, we reject Ho Average awareness level of males and females regarding e1 is not equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r .969 .137 .266 .095

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .27 1

t 7 .052 2.7 89

Sig. .000 .006

a. Dependent Variable: Caf f eine is a majo r so urce o f sleep disturbance

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho

Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e1 = 0.969 + 0.266 (gender) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.266 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of male & female about e2

Frequencies
Panic at t acks are cause d by he avy doze of caf f e ine Frequency Aware 56 No t Aware 44 T o tal 100 Percent 56.0 4 4 .0 100.0 Valid Percent 56.0 4 4 .0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 56.0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your ge nde r * Panic at t acks are cause d by he avy doze of caf f e ine Crosst abulat ion Co unt Panic attacks are caused by heavy do ze o f caf f eine Aware No t Aware 40 24 16 20 56 44

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0

µ1: Average awareness level of males regard panic attacks are caused by heavy doze of caffeine. µ2: Average awareness level of males regard panic attacks are caused by heavy doze of caffeine.
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Panic attacks are caused Male by heavy do ze o f caf f eine Female N 64 36 Mean 1.38 1.56 Std. Deviatio n .4 88 .504 Std. Erro r Mean .061 .084

Independent Sample s T est Levene's T est f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.385 -.388 .024 .026

F Panic attacks are caused Equal variances by heavy doze of caf f eine assumed Equal variances not assumed 1.356

Sig. .247

t -1.755 -1.739

df 98 70.721

Mean Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence .082 .086 -.181 -.181

Std. Error Dif f erence .103 .104

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.194 .14 8 .181 .103

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .17 5

t 8.052 1.7 55

Sig. .000 .082

a. Dependent Variable: Panic attacks are caused by heavy do ze o f caf f eine

Ho: β = 0 H1: β ≠ 0 As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e2 = 0.969 + 0.266 (gender) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.266 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of male & female about e3
Frequencies

Gurana, a he rb use d in e ne rgy drinks, cause s blood pre ssure disorde r Frequency Aware 36 No t Aware 64 T o tal 100 Percent 36.0 64 .0 100.0 Valid Percent 36.0 64 .0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 36.0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your ge nde r * Gurana, a he rb use d in e ne rgy drinks, cause s blood pre ssure disorde r Crosst abulat ion Co unt Gurana, a herb used in energy drinks, causes blo o d pressure diso rder Aware No t Aware 26 38 10 26 36 64

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of males regard e3 µ2: Average awareness level of males regard e3
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Male N 64 36 Mean 1.59 1.7 2 Std. Deviatio n .4 95 .4 54 Std. Erro r Mean .062 .07 6

Gurana, a herb used in energy drinks, causes blo o d pressure diso rder Female

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.327 -.323 .070 .066

F Gurana, a herb used in Equal variances energy drinks, causes assumed blood pressure disorder Equal variances not assumed 7.557

Sig. .007

t -1.282 -1.314

df 98 78.032

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .203 .193 -.128 -.128 .100 .098

As, P > 0.05 So, we final to reject Ho

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.4 65 .14 4 .128 .100

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .128

t 10.14 2 1.282

Sig. .000 .203

a. Dependent Variable: Gurana, a herb used in energy drinks, causes blo o d pressure disorder

Ho: β = 0 H1: β ≠ 0 As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e3 = 0.969 + 0.266 (gender) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.266 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of male & female about e4
Frequencies

St omach dist urbance is basically cause d by t aurine, a che mical in e nergy drinks Frequency Aware 35 No t Aware 65 T o tal 100 Percent 35.0 65.0 100.0 Valid Percent 35.0 65.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 35.0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs

What is your ge nde r * St omach dist urbance is basically cause d by t aurine , a chemical in e ne rgy drinks Crosst abulat ion Co unt Sto mach disturbance is basically caused by taurine, a chemical in energy drinks Aware No t Aware 22 42 13 23 35 65

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of males regard e4 µ2: Average awareness level of males regard e4
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Male Female N 64 36 Mean 1.66 1.64 Std. Deviatio n .4 7 9 .4 87 Std. Erro r Mean .060 .081

Sto mach disturbance is basically caused by taurine, a chemical in energy drinks

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.182 -.184 .217 .218

F Stomach disturbance is basically caused by taurine, a chemical in energy drinks Equal variances assumed Equal variances not assumed .116

Sig. .735

t .173 .172

df 98 71.613

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .863 .864 .017 .017 .100 .101

As, P > 0.05 So, we final to reject Ho

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.67 4 .14 5 - .017 .100

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .017

t 11.563 - .17 3

Sig. .000 .863

a. Dependent Variable: Sto mach disturbance is basically caused by taurine, a chemical in energy drinks

Ho: β = 0 H1: β ≠ 0 As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level regarding e4 = 1.674 -0.017 (gender) As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.017 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e4 and vice versa.

Awareness level of male & female about e5
Frequencies

Various f orm of ginse ng incre ase urine product ion Frequency Aware 33 No t Aware 67 T o tal 100 Percent 33.0 67 .0 100.0 Valid Percent 33.0 67 .0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 33.0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your ge nde r * Various f orm of ginse ng incre ase urine product ion Crosst abulat ion Co unt Vario us f o rm o f ginseng increase urine pro ductio n Aware No t Aware 23 41 10 26 33 67

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = male 2 = female

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of males regarding e5. µ2: Average awareness level of females regarding e5
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Vario us f o rm of ginseng Male increase urine pro ductio n Female N 64 36 Mean 1.64 1.7 2 Std. Deviatio n .4 84 .4 54 Std. Erro r Mean .060 .07 6

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.277 -.275 .114 .111

F Various f orm of ginseng Equal variances increase urine production assumed Equal variances not assumed 3.054

Sig. .084

t -.827 -.842

df 98 76.565

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .410 .402 -.082 -.082 .099 .097

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of males and females regarding e5 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.559 .14 2 .082 .099

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .083

t 10.962 .827

Sig. .000 .4 10

a. Dependent Variable: Vario us f o rm o f ginseng increase urine pro ductio n

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e5 = 1.559 + 0.082 (gender) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.082 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of male & female about e6
Frequencies

Ene rgy drinks are good f or pre gnant wome n Frequency Aware 38 No t Aware 62 T o tal 100 Percent 38.0 62.0 100.0 Valid Percent 38.0 62.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 38.0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your ge nde r * Ene rgy drinks are good f or pre gnant wome n Crosst abulat ion Co unt Energy drinks are go o d f o r pregnant wo men Aware No t Aware 22 42 16 20 38 62

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = male 2 = female

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of males regarding e6. µ2: Average awareness level of females regarding e6
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Energy drinks are go o d Male f o r pregnant wo men Female N 64 36 Mean 1.66 1.56 Std. Deviatio n .4 79 .504 Std. Erro r Mean .060 .084

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.101 -.105 .302 .306

F Energy drinks are good Equal variances f or pregnant women assumed Equal variances not assumed 2.703

Sig. .103

t .991 .976

df 98 69.587

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .324 .332 .101 .101 .102 .103

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of males and females regarding e6 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.7 57 .14 7 - .101 .102

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .100

t 11.986 - .991

Sig. .000 .324

a. Dependent Variable: Energy drinks are go o d f o r pregnant wo men

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e6 = 1.757 – 0.101 (gender) As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.101 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e4 and vice versa.

Awareness level of male & female about e7
Frequencies

Gurana t riggers a he art at t ack in he art pat ie nt s Frequency Aware 30 No t Aware 70 T o tal 100 Percent 30.0 7 0.0 100.0 Valid Percent 30.0 7 0.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 30.0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your ge nde r * Gurana t rigge rs a he art at t ack in he art pat ie nt s Crosst abulat ion Co unt Gurana triggers a heart attack in heart patients Aware No t Aware 21 43 9 27 30 70

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = male 2 = female

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of males regarding e7. µ2: Average awareness level of females regarding e7

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Gurana triggers a heart Male attack in heart patients Female N 64 36 Mean 1.67 1.7 5 Std. Deviatio n .4 73 .4 39 Std. Erro r Mean .059 .07 3

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.269 -.266 .113 .109

F Gurana triggers a heart Equal variances attack in heart patients assumed Equal variances not assumed 2.925

Sig. .090

t -.813 -.830

df 98 77.328

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .418 .409 -.078 -.078 .096 .094

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of males and females regarding e7 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.594 .139 .07 8 .096

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .082

t 11.4 97 .813

Sig. .000 .4 18

a. Dependent Variable: Gurana triggers a heart attack in heart patients

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e7 = 1.594 + 0.078(gender) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.078 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of male & female about e8
Frequencies

Re gular use of e ne rgy drinks may incre ase risk of spont ane ous abort ion Frequency Aware 38 No t Aware 62 T o tal 100 Percent 38.0 62.0 100.0 Valid Percent 38.0 62.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 38.0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your ge nde r * Re gular use of e ne rgy drinks may increase risk of spont ane ous abort ion Crosst abulat ion Co unt Regular use of energy drinks may increase risk of spo ntaneo us abo rtio n Aware No t Aware 25 39 13 23 38 62

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = male 2 = female

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of males regarding e8. µ2: Average awareness level of females regarding e8
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Male N 64 36 Mean 1.61 1.64 Std. Deviatio n .4 92 .4 87 Std. Erro r Mean .061 .081

Regular use o f energy drinks may increase risk o f spo ntaneo us abo rtio n Female

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Confidence Interval of the Dif ference Lower Upper -.232 -.232 .173 .173

F Regular use of energy Equal variances drinks may increase risk assumed of spontaneous abortion Equal variances not assumed .354

Sig. .553

t -.289 -.290

df 98 73.253

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Diff erence Dif ference .773 .773 -.030 -.030 .102 .102

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of males and females regarding e8 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.580 .14 7 .030 .102

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .029

t 10.728 .289

Sig. .000 .7 7 3

a. Dependent Variable: Regular use o f energy drinks may increase risk o f spo ntaneo us abo rtio n

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e8 = 1.580 + 0.030(gender) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.030 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of male & female about e9
Frequencies

Ene rgy drinks de hydrat e t he human body Frequency Aware 32 No t Aware 68 T o tal 100 Percent 32.0 68.0 100.0 Valid Percent 32.0 68.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 32.0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your ge nde r * Ene rgy drinks de hydrat e t he human body Crosst abulat ion Co unt Energy drinks dehydrate the human bo dy Aware No t Aware 22 42 10 26 32 68

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = male 2 = female

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of males regarding e9. µ2: Average awareness level of females regarding e9

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Energy drinks dehydrate Male the human bo dy Female N 64 36 Mean 1.66 1.7 2 Std. Deviatio n .4 7 9 .4 54 Std. Erro r Mean .060 .07 6

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.260 -.258 .128 .126

F Energy drinks dehydrate Equal variances the human body assumed Equal variances not assumed 1.985

Sig. .162

t -.674 -.684

df 98 75.926

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif ference .502 .496 -.066 -.066 .098 .097

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of males and females regarding e9 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.590 .14 1 .066 .098

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .068

t 11.258 .67 4

Sig. .000 .502

a. Dependent Variable: Energy drinks dehydrate the human bo dy

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e9 = 1.590 + 0.066(gender) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.066 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of male & female about e10
Frequencies

Ene rgy drinks le t you re cove r f rom bowe l irrit abilit y Frequency Aware 13 No t Aware 87 T o tal 100 Percent 13.0 87 .0 100.0 Valid Percent 13.0 87 .0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 13.0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your ge nde r * Ene rgy drinks let you re cove r f rom bowe l irrit abilit y Crosst abulat ion Co unt Energy drinks let yo u reco ver f ro m bo wel irritability Aware No t Aware 9 55 4 32 13 87

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = male 2 = female

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of males regarding e10. µ2: Average awareness level of females regarding e10
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Energy drinks let Male yo u reco ver f ro m bo wel irritability Female N 64 36 Mean 1.86 1.89 Std. Deviatio n .350 .319 Std. Erro r Mean .04 4 .053

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.170 -.167 .111 .108

F Energy drinks let Equal variances you recover f rom assumed bowel irritability Equal variances not assumed .717

Sig. .399

t -.417 -.429

df 98 78.584

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .677 .669 -.030 -.030 .071 .069

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of males and females regarding e10 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.830 .102 .030 .07 1

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .04 2

t 17 .94 3 .4 17

Sig. .000 .67 7

a. Dependent Variable: Energy drinks let yo u reco ver f ro m bo wel irritability

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e10 = 1.830 + 0.030(gender) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.030 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of male & female about e11
Frequencies

Incre asing nervousne ss is one of t he side e f f e ct s Frequency Aware 32 No t Aware 68 T o tal 100 Percent 32.0 68.0 100.0 Valid Percent 32.0 68.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 32.0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs

What is your ge nde r * Incre asing ne rvousne ss is one of t he side e f f e ct s Crosst abulat ion Co unt Increasing nervo usness is o ne o f the side ef f ects Aware No t Aware 19 45 13 23 32 68

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = male 2 = female

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of males regarding e11. µ2: Average awareness level of females regarding e11
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Increasing nervo usness Male is o ne o f the side ef f ectsFemale N 64 36 Mean 1.7 0 1.64 Std. Deviatio n .4 60 .4 87 Std. Erro r Mean .058 .081

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.130 -.134 .259 .263

F Increasing nervousness Equal variances is one of the side ef f ectsassumed Equal variances not assumed 1.532

Sig. .219

t .656 .645

df 98 69.301

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .514 .521 .064 .064 .098 .100

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of males and females regarding e11 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.7 67 .14 1 - .064 .098

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .066

t 12.510 - .656

Sig. .000 .514

a. Dependent Variable: Increasing nervo usness is one o f the side ef f ects

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e11 = 1.767 - 0.064(gender) As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.064 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e4 and vice versa.

Awareness level of male & female about e12
Frequencies

Normally, e ne rgy drinks are harmle ss f or diabe t ic pat ie nt s Frequency Aware 32 No t Aware 68 T o tal 100 Percent 32.0 68.0 100.0 Valid Percent 32.0 68.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 32.0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your ge nde r * Normally, e ne rgy drinks are harmle ss f or diabe t ic pat ie nt s Crosst abulat ion Co unt No rmally, energy drinks are harmless f or diabetic patients Aware No t Aware 25 39 7 29 32 68

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = male 2 = female

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of males regarding e12. µ2: Average awareness level of females regarding e12
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Male N 64 36 Mean 1.61 1.81 Std. Deviatio n .4 92 .4 01 Std. Erro r Mean .061 .067

No rmally, energy drinks are harmless f o r diabetic patients Female

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.387 -.377 -.005 -.016

F Normally, energy Equal variances drinks are harmless assumed f or diabetic patients Equal variances not assumed 21.110

Sig. .000

t -2.040 -2.159

df 98 85.277

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .044 .034 -.196 -.196 .096 .091

As, P < 0.05 So, we reject Ho Average awareness level of males and females regarding e12 is not equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.4 13 .139 .196 .096

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .202

t 10.191 2.04 0

Sig. .000 .04 4

a. Dependent Variable: No rmally, energy drinks are harmless f o r diabetic patients

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P < 0.05 So, we reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e12 = 1.413 + 0.196(gender) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.196 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of male & female about e13
Frequencies

Art if icial swe e t e ne r & vit amins re duce he ad ace Frequency Aware 33 No t Aware 67 T o tal 100 Percent 33.0 67 .0 100.0 Valid Percent 33.0 67 .0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 33.0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your ge nde r * Art if icial swee t e ne r & vit amins re duce he ad ace Crosst abulat ion Co unt Artif icial sweetener & vitamins reduce head ace Aware No t Aware 19 45 14 22 33 67

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = male 2 = female

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of males regarding e13. µ2: Average awareness level of females regarding e13
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Artif icial sweetener & Male vitamins reduce head ace Female N 64 36 Mean 1.7 0 1.61 Std. Deviatio n .4 60 .4 94 Std. Erro r Mean .058 .082

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.103 -.109 .288 .293

F Artif icial sweetener & Equal variances vitamins reduce head ace assumed Equal variances not assumed 2.874

Sig. .093

t .934 .915

df 98 68.438

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .353 .363 .092 .092 .099 .101

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of males and females regarding e13 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.7 95 .14 2 - .092 .099

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .094

t 12.634 - .934

Sig. .000 .353

a. Dependent Variable: Artif icial sweetener & vitamins reduce head ace

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e13 = 1.795 - 0.092(gender) As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.092 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e4 and vice versa.

Awareness level of male & female about e14

Frequencies
Vomit ing is cause d by art if icial swe e t e ne r & vit amins Frequency Aware 31 No t Aware 69 T o tal 100 Percent 31.0 69.0 100.0 Valid Percent 31.0 69.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 31.0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your ge nde r * Vomit ing is cause d by art if icial swe e t e ne r & vit amins Crosst abulat ion Co unt Vo miting is caused by artif icial sweetener & vitamins Aware No t Aware 21 43 10 26 31 69

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = male 2 = female

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of males regarding e14. µ2: Average awareness level of females regarding e14
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Vo miting is caused by Male artif icial sweetener & Female vitamins N 64 36 Mean 1.67 1.7 2 Std. Deviatio n .4 73 .4 54 Std. Erro r Mean .059 .07 6

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.243 -.242 .143 .141

F Vomiting is caused by Equal variances artif icial sweetener & assumed vitamins Equal variances not assumed 1.149

Sig. .286

t -.518 -.524

df 98 75.207

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .606 .602 -.050 -.050 .097 .096

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of males and females regarding e14 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.622 .14 0 .050 .097

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .052

t 11.567 .518

Sig. .000 .606

a. Dependent Variable: Vo miting is caused by artif icial sweetener & vitamins

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e14 = 1.622 + 0.050(gender) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.050 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of male & female about e15 Frequencies

Exce ss use of vit amins shive rs t he body Frequency Aware 37 No t Aware 63 T o tal 100 Percent 37 .0 63.0 100.0 Valid Percent 37 .0 63.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 37 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your ge nde r * Exce ss use of vit amins shive rs t he body Crosst abulat ion Co unt Excess use of vitamins shivers the bo dy Aware No t Aware 25 39 12 24 37 63

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = male 2 = female

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of males regarding e15. µ2: Average awareness level of females regarding e15

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Excess use o f vitamins Male shivers the bo dy Female N 64 36 Mean 1.61 1.67 Std. Deviatio n .4 92 .4 78 Std. Erro r Mean .061 .080

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.259 -.258 .144 .143

F Excess use of vitamins Equal variances shivers the body assumed Equal variances not assumed 1.396

Sig. .240

t -.565 -.569

df 98 74.411

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .574 .571 -.057 -.057 .101 .101

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of males and females regarding e15 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.552 .14 6 .057 .101

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .057

t 10.609 .565

Sig. .000 .57 4

a. Dependent Variable: Excess use o f vitamins shivers the bo dy

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e15 = 1.552 + 0.057(gender) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.057 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of male & female about e16
Frequencies

Ene rgy drinks can not manif e st as an alt e rat ion in me nt al st at e Frequency Aware 26 No t Aware 74 T o tal 100 Percent 26.0 7 4 .0 100.0 Valid Percent 26.0 7 4 .0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 26.0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your ge nde r * Ene rgy drinks can not manif e st as an alt e rat ion in me nt al st at e Crosst abulat ion Co unt Energy drinks can no t manif est as an alteratio n in mental state Aware No t Aware 15 49 11 25 26 74

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = male 2 = female

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of males regarding e16 µ2: Average awareness level of females regarding e16

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Male N 64 36 Mean 1.7 7 1.69 Std. Deviatio n .4 27 .4 67 Std. Erro r Mean .053 .07 8

Energy drinks can no t manif est as an alteratio n Female in mental state

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.111 -.117 .254 .260

F Energy drinks can not Equal variances manif est as an alteration assumed in mental state Equal variances not assumed 2.203

Sig. .141

t .773 .754

df 98 67.353

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .441 .453 .071 .071 .092 .094

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of males and females regarding e16 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.837 .133 - .07 1 .092

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .07 8

t 13.839 - .7 7 3

Sig. .000 .4 4 1

a. Dependent Variable: Energy drinks can no t manif est as an alteratio n in mental state

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e16 = 1.837 - 0.071(gender) As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.092 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e4 and vice versa.

Awareness level of male & female about e17
Frequencies

Ene rgy drinks incre ase s t he abnormal growt h of body cells Frequency Aware 29 No t Aware 71 T o tal 100 Percent 29.0 7 1.0 100.0 Valid Percent 29.0 7 1.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 29.0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs

What is your ge nde r * Ene rgy drinks incre ase s t he abnormal growt h of body ce lls Crosst abulat ion Co unt Energy drinks increases the abno rmal gro wt h o f bo dy cells Aware No t Aware 19 45 10 26 29 71

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = male 2 = female

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of males regarding e17 µ2: Average awareness level of females regarding e17
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Male N 64 36 Mean 1.7 0 1.7 2 Std. Deviatio n .4 60 .4 54 Std. Erro r Mean .058 .07 6

Energy drinks increases the abno rmal Female gro wth o f bo dy cells

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.209 -.209 .170 .170

F Energy drinks Equal variances increases the abnormal assumed growth of body cells Equal variances not assumed .164

Sig. .686

t -.200 -.201

df 98 73.512

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif ference Dif f erence .842 .841 -.019 -.019 .095 .095

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of males and females regarding e17 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.684 .138 .019 .095

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .020

t 12.230 .200

Sig. .000 .84 2

a. Dependent Variable: Energy drinks increases the abno rmal gro wth o f bo dy cells

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e17 = 1.684 +0.091(gender) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.091 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of male & female about e18
Frequencies

Colonic move me nt s are cause d by e ne rgy drinks Frequency Aware 31 No t Aware 69 T o tal 100 Percent 31.0 69.0 100.0 Valid Percent 31.0 69.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 31.0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your ge nde r * Colonic move me nt s are cause d by e ne rgy drinks Crosst abulat ion Co unt Co lo nic mo vements are caused by energy drinks Aware No t Aware 26 38 5 31 31 69

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = male 2 = female

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of males regarding e18 µ2: Average awareness level of females regarding e18
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Co lo nic mo vements are Male caused by energy drinks Female N 64 36 Mean 1.59 1.86 Std. Deviatio n .4 95 .351 Std. Erro r Mean .062 .058

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test for Equality of Means 95% Confidence Interval of the Diff erence Lower Upper -.453 -.436 -.082 -.098

F Colonic movements are Equal variances caused by energy drinks assumed Equal variances not assumed 47.901

Sig. .000

t -2.859 -3.141

df 98 92.710

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Diff erence Dif ference .005 .002 -.267 -.267 .094 .085

As, P < 0.05 So, we reject Ho Average awareness level of males and females regarding e18 may not be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.326 .135 .267 .094

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .27 7

t 9.835 2.859

Sig. .000 .005

a. Dependent Variable: Co lo nic mo vements are caused by energy drinks

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P <0.05 So, we reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e18= 1.326 +0.267(gender) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.267increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of male & female about e19
Frequencies

Caf f e ine cause a t e mporary abnormal Frequency Aware 50 No t Aware 50 T o tal 100 Percent 50.0 50.0 100.0 Valid Percent 50.0 50.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 50.0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your ge nde r * Caf f e ine cause a t e mporary abnormal Crosst abulat ion Co unt Caf f eine cause a tempo rary abno rmal Aware No t Aware 27 37 23 13 50 50

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = male 2 = female

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of males regarding e19 µ2: Average awareness level of females regarding e19

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Caf f eine cause a Male tempo rary abno rmal Female N 64 36 Mean 1.58 1.36 Std. Deviatio n .4 98 .4 87 Std. Erro r Mean .062 .081

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper .013 .013 .421 .421

F Caf f eine cause a Equal variances temporary abnormal assumed Equal variances not assumed 1.537

Sig. .218

t 2.109 2.122

df 98 74.003

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .038 .037 .217 .217 .103 .102

As, P < 0.05 So, we reject Ho Average awareness level of males and females regarding e19 may not be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.7 95 .14 8 - .217 .103

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .208

t 12.094 - 2.109

Sig. .000 .038

a. Dependent Variable: Caf f eine cause a tempo rary abno rmal

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P <0.05 So, we reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e19 = 1.795 -0.217(gender) As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.217 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e4 and vice versa.

Awareness level of male & female about e20
Frequencies

High doze of sugar & caf f e ine re sult s in a common chronic ne urological disorde r Frequency Aware 46 No t Aware 54 T o t al 100 Percent 4 6.0 54 .0 100.0 Valid Percent 4 6.0 54 .0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 4 6.0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your ge nde r * High doze of sugar & caf f eine re sult s in a common chronic ne urological disorde r Crosst abulat ion Co unt High do ze o f sugar & caf f eine results in a co mmo n chro nic neurolo gical disorder Aware No t Aware 28 36 18 18 46 54

What is yo ur gender T o tal

Male Female

T o tal 64 36 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = male 2 = female

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of males regarding e20 µ2: Average awareness level of females regarding e20

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur gender Male Female N 64 36 Mean 1.56 1.50 Std. Deviatio n .500 .507 Std. Erro r Mean .063 .085

High do ze o f sugar & caf f eine results in a co mmo n chro nic neurolo gical diso rder

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.145 -.147 .270 .272

F High doze of sugar & caf f eine results in a common chronic neurological disorder Equal variances assumed Equal variances not assumed .560

Sig. .456

t .597 .595

df 98 71.816

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .552 .554 .063 .063 .105 .105

As, P >0.05 So, we reject Ho Average awareness level of males and females regarding e20 may equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur gender

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.625 .151 - .063 .105

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .060

t 10.762 - .597

Sig. .000 .552

a. Dependent Variable: High do ze o f sugar & caf f eine results in a co mmo n chro nic neuro lo gical diso rder

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P >0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e20 = 1.625-0.063(gender) As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.063increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e4 and vice versa.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e1
Cross tabs
What is your age * Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Crosst abulat ion Co unt Caf f eine is a majo r so urce of sleep disturbance Aware No t Aware 16 9 51 24 67 33

What is yo ur age T o tal

T eenagers Adults

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = teenagers 2 = adults

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e1. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e1.
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age T eenagers N 25 75 Mean 1.36 1.32 Std. Deviatio n .4 90 .4 7 0 Std. Erro r Mean .098 .054

Caf f eine is a majo r so urce o f sleep disturbance Adults

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test for Equality of Variances t-test for Equality of Means 95% Confidence Interval of the Difference Lower Upper -.178 -.186 .258 .266

F Caffeine is a Equal variances major source of assumed sleep disturbance Equal variances not assumed .469

Sig. .495

t .365 .357

df 98 39.745

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Difference Difference .716 .723 .040 .040 .110 .112

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e1 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.4 00 .198 - .04 0 .110

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .037

t 7 .084 - .365

Sig. .000 .7 16

a. Dependent Variable: Caf f eine is a majo r so urce o f sleep disturbance

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 1.400 - 0.040 (age) As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.040 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e1 and vice versa.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e2
Cross tabs
What is your age * Panic at t acks are cause d by he avy doze of caf f e ine Crosst abulat ion Co unt Panic attacks are caused by heavy do ze o f caf f eine Aware No t Aware T eenagers 11 14 Adults 45 30 56 44

What is yo ur age T o tal

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = teenagers 2 = adults

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e2. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e2

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age Panic attacks are caused T eenagers by heavy do ze o f caf f eine Adults N 25 75 Mean 1.56 1.4 0 Std. Deviatio n .507 .4 93 Std. Erro r Mean .101 .057

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.068 -.075 .388 .395

F Panic attacks are caused Equal variances by heavy doze of caf f eine assumed Equal variances not assumed .372

Sig. .543

t 1.395 1.377

df 98 40.255

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .166 .176 .160 .160 .115 .116

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e2 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.7 20 .207 - .160 .115

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .14 0

t 8.321 - 1.395

Sig. .000 .166

a. Dependent Variable: Panic attacks are caused by heavy do ze o f caf f eine

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e2 = 1.720 - 0.160 (age) As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.160 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e1 and vice versa.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e3

Cross tabs
What is your age * Gurana, a he rb use d in e ne rgy drinks, cause s blood pre ssure disorde r Crosst abulat ion Co unt Gurana, a herb used in energy drinks, causes blo o d pressure disorder Aware No t Aware T eenagers 11 14 Adults 25 50 36 64

What is yo ur age T o tal

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = teenagers 2 = adults

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e3. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e3
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age T eenagers N 25 75 Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.328 -.340 .115 .126 Mean 1.56 1.67 Std. Deviatio n .507 .4 7 5 Std. Erro r Mean .101 .055

Gurana, a herb used in energy drinks, causes blo o d pressure disorder Adults

F Gurana, a herb used in Equal variances energy drinks, causes assumed blood pressure disorder Equal variances not assumed 2.214

Sig. .140

t -.957 -.926

df 98 39.011

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif ference .341 .360 -.107 -.107 .111 .115

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e3 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.4 53 .201 .107 .111

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .096

t 7 .233 .957

Sig. .000 .34 1

a. Dependent Variable: Gurana, a herb used in energy drinks, causes blo od pressure diso rder

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e3 = 1.453 - 0.107 (age) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.107 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e4
Cross tabs

What is your age * St omach dist urbance is basically cause d by t aurine , a che mical in e ne rgy drinks Crosst abulat ion Co unt Sto mach disturbance is basically caused by taurine, a chemical in energy drinks Aware No t Aware 9 16 26 49 35 65

What is yo ur age T o tal

T eenagers Adults

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = teenagers 2 = adults

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e4. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e4
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age T eenagers Adults N 25 75 Mean 1.64 1.65 Std. Deviatio n .4 90 .4 7 9 Std. Erro r Mean .098 .055

Sto mach disturbance is basically caused by taurine, a chemical in energy drinks

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Diff erence Lower Upper -.234 -.241 .207 .214

F Stomach disturbance is basically caused by taurine, a chemical in energy drinks Equal variances assumed Equal variances not assumed .055

Sig. .815

t -.120 -.118

df 98 40.411

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Diff erence Dif f erence .905 .906 -.013 -.013 .111 .113

As, P > 0.05

So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e4 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.627 .201 .013 .111

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .012

t 8.110 .120

Sig. .000 .905

a. Dependent Variable: Sto mach disturbance is basically caused by taurine, a chemical in energy drinks

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho

Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e4 = 1.627 + 0.013 (age) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.013 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e5
Cross tabs

What is your age * Various f orm of ginseng incre ase urine product ion Crosst abulat ion Co unt Vario us f o rm o f ginseng increase urine pro ductio n Aware No t Aware T eenagers 8 17 Adults 25 50 33 67

What is yo ur age T o tal

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = teenagers 2 = adults

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e5. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e5
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age Vario us f o rm o f ginseng T eenagers increase urine pro ductio n Adults N 25 75 Mean 1.68 1.67 Std. Deviatio n .4 7 6 .4 7 5 Std. Erro r Mean .095 .055

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Confidence Interval of the Dif ference Lower Upper -.204 -.209 .231 .235

F Various form of ginseng Equal variances increase urine production assumed Equal variances not assumed .061

Sig. .805

t .122 .121

df 98 41.070

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Diff erence Dif ference .903 .904 .013 .013 .110 .110

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e5 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.693 .198 - .013 .110

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .012

t 8.564 - .122

Sig. .000 .903

a. Dependent Variable: Vario us f orm o f ginseng increase urine pro ductio n

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)

Awareness level of e5 = 1.693 - 0.013 (age) As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.013 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e5 and vice versa.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e6
Cross tabs
What is your age * Ene rgy drinks are good f or pre gnant wome n Crosst abulat ion Co unt Energy drinks are go o d f o r pregnant wo men Aware No t Aware T eenagers 12 13 Adults 26 49 38 62

What is yo ur age T o tal

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware

1 = teenagers 2 = adults

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e6. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e6
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age Energy drinks are go o d T eenagers f o r pregnant wo men Adults N 25 75 Mean 1.52 1.65 Std. Deviatio n .510 .4 7 9 Std. Erro r Mean .102 .055

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.356 -.368 .090 .101

F Energy drinks are good Equal variances f or pregnant women assumed Equal variances not assumed 2.442

Sig. .121

t -1.186 -1.149

df 98 39.106

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .239 .257 -.133 -.133 .112 .116

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e6 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.387 .203 .133 .112

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .119

t 6.84 1 1.186

Sig. .000 .239

a. Dependent Variable: Energy drinks are go o d f o r pregnant wo men

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e6 = 1.387 + 0.133 (age) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.133 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e7
Cross tabs

What is your age * Gurana t rigge rs a he art at t ack in he art pat ient s Crosst abulat ion Co unt Gurana triggers a heart attack in heart patients Aware No t Aware T eenagers 7 18 Adults 23 52 30 70

What is yo ur age T o tal

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = teenagers 2 = adults

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e7. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e7
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age Gurana triggers a heart T eenagers attack in heart patients Adults N 25 75 Mean 1.7 2 1.69 Std. Deviatio n .4 58 .4 64 Std. Erro r Mean .092 .054

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test for Equality of Variances t-test for Equality of Means 95% Confidence Interval of the Diff erence Lower Upper -.185 -.188 .239 .241

F Gurana triggers a heart Equal variances attack in heart patients assumed Equal variances not assumed .266

Sig. .607

t .250 .251

df 98 41.646

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif ference Difference .803 .803 .027 .027 .107 .106

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e7 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.7 4 7 .193 - .027 .107

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .025

t 9.066 - .250

Sig. .000 .803

a. Dependent Variable: Gurana triggers a heart attack in heart patients

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e7 = 1.747 -.027 (age) As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.027increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e7 and vice versa.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e8
Cross tabs
What is your age * Re gular use of e ne rgy drinks may incre ase risk of spont ane ous abort ion Crosst abulat ion Co unt Regular use o f energy drinks may increase risk o f spo ntaneo us abo rtio n Aware No t Aware T eenagers 10 15 Adults 28 47 38 62

What is yo ur age T o tal

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = teenagers 2 = adults

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e8. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e8
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age T eenagers N 25 75 Mean 1.60 1.63 Std. Deviatio n .500 .4 87 Std. Erro r Mean .100 .056

Regular use o f energy drinks may increase risk o f spo ntaneo us abo rtio n Adults

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test for Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Confidence Interval of the Dif ference Lower Upper -.251 -.258 .198 .205

F Regular use of energy Equal variances drinks may increase risk assumed of spontaneous abortion Equal variances not assumed .197

Sig. .658

t -.236 -.232

df 98 40.269

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Difference Dif ference .814 .817 -.027 -.027 .113 .115

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e8 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable

a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.57 3 .204 .027 .113

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .024

t 7 .7 10 .236

Sig. .000 .814

a. Dependent Variable: Regular use o f energy drinks may increase risk o f spo ntaneo us abo rtio n

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho

Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e8 = 1.573 +.027 (age) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.027 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e9
Cross tabs
What is your age * Ene rgy drinks de hydrat e t he human body Crosst abulat ion Co unt Energy drinks dehydrate the human bo dy Aware No t Aware 9 16 23 52 32 68

What is yo ur age T o tal

T eenagers Adults

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware

2 = Not Aware 1 = teenagers 2 = adults

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e9. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e9
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age Energy drinks dehydrate T eenagers the human bo dy Adults N 25 75 Mean 1.64 1.69 Std. Deviatio n .4 90 .4 64 Std. Erro r Mean .098 .054

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test for Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Diff erence Lower Upper -.269 -.279 .162 .173

F Energy drinks dehydrate Equal variances the human body assumed Equal variances not assumed .819

Sig. .368

t -.491 -.478

df 98 39.372

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif ference Diff erence .625 .636 -.053 -.053 .109 .112

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e9 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable

a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.587 .196 .053 .109

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .050

t 8.098 .4 91

Sig. .000 .625

a. Dependent Variable: Energy drinks dehydrate the human bo dy

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e9 = 1.587 +.053 (age) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.053 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e10
Cross tabs
What is your age * Ene rgy drinks le t you re cove r f rom bowe l irrit abilit y Crosst abulat ion Co unt Energy drinks let you reco ver f rom bo wel irritability Aware No t Aware 4 21 9 66 13 87

What is yo ur age T o tal

T eenagers Adults

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = teenagers

2 = adults

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e10. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e10
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age Energy drinks let T eenagers yo u reco ver f ro m bo wel irritability Adults N 25 75 Mean 1.84 1.88 Std. Deviatio n .37 4 .327 Std. Erro r Mean .07 5 .038

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.195 -.210 .115 .130

F Energy drinks let Equal variances you recover f rom assumed bowel irritability Equal variances not assumed .995

Sig. .321

t -.511 -.477

df 98 37.011

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .611 .636 -.040 -.040 .078 .084

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e10 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable

a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.800 .14 1 .04 0 .07 8

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .052

t 12.7 4 4 .511

Sig. .000 .611

a. Dependent Variable: Energy drinks let yo u reco ver f ro m bo wel irritability

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e10 = 1.800 +.040 (age) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.040 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e11
Cross tabs

What is your age * Increasing ne rvousne ss is one of t he side e f f e ct s Crosst abulat ion Co unt Increasing nervo usness is o ne o f the side ef f ects Aware No t Aware T eenagers 10 15 Adults 22 53 32 68

What is yo ur age T o tal

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = teenagers 2 = adults

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e11. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e11
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age Increasing nervo usness T eenagers is o ne of the side ef f ectsAdults N 25 75 Mean 1.60 1.7 1 Std. Deviatio n .500 .4 58 Std. Erro r Mean .100 .053

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test for Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Confidence Interval of the Difference Lower Upper -.322 -.336 .108 .122

F Increasing nervousness Equal variances is one of the side effectsassumed Equal variances not assumed 2.716

Sig. .103

t -.985 -.943

df 98 38.353

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Difference Difference .327 .352 -.107 -.107 .108 .113

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e11 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.4 93 .195 .107 .108

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .099

t 7 .650 .985

Sig. .000 .327

a. Dependent Variable: Increasing nervo usness is one o f the side ef f ects

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e11 = 1.493 +.107 (age) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.107increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e12
Cross tabs

What is your age * Normally, e ne rgy drinks are harmle ss f or diabe t ic pat ie nt s Crosst abulat ion Co unt No rmally, energy drinks are harmless f o r diabetic patients Aware No t Aware T eenagers 6 19 Adults 26 49 32 68

What is yo ur age T o tal

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = teenagers 2 = adults

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e12. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e12

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age T eenagers N 25 75 Mean 1.7 6 1.65 Std. Deviatio n .4 36 .4 7 9 Std. Erro r Mean .087 .055

No rmally, energy drinks are harmless f o r diabetic patients Adults

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.108 -.101 .322 .315

F Normally, energy Equal variances drinks are harmless assumed f or diabetic patients Equal variances not assumed 5.048

Sig. .027

t .985 1.033

df 98 44.863

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .327 .307 .107 .107 .108 .103

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho

Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e12 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.867 .195 - .107 .108

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .099

t 9.562 - .985

Sig. .000 .327

a. Dependent Variable: No rmally, energy drinks are harmless f o r diabetic patients

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e12 = 1.867-0.107 (age) As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.107 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e1 and vice versa.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e13
Cross tabs

What is your age * Art if icial swe e t e ne r & vit amins re duce he ad ace Crosst abulat ion Co unt Artif icial sweetener & vitamins reduce head ace Aware No t Aware 9 16 24 51 33 67

What is yo ur age T o tal

T eenagers Adults

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = teenagers 2 = adults

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e13. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e13
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age Artif icial sweetener & T eenagers vitamins reduce head ace Adults N 25 75 Mean 1.64 1.68 Std. Deviatio n .4 90 .4 7 0 Std. Erro r Mean .098 .054

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test for Equality of Variances t-test for Equality of Means 95% Confidence Interval of the Difference Lower Upper -.258 -.266 .178 .186

F Artificial sweetener & Equal variances vitamins reduce head ace assumed Equal variances not assumed .469

Sig. .495

t -.365 -.357

df 98 39.745

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Difference Difference .716 .723 -.040 -.040 .110 .112

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e13may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.600 .198 .04 0 .110

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .037

t 8.096 .365

Sig. .000 .7 16

a. Dependent Variable: Artif icial sweetener & vitamins reduce head ace

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e13 = 1.600+0.040 (age) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.107increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e14
Cross tabs

What is your age * Vomit ing is cause d by art if icial swee t ene r & vit amins Crosst abulat ion Co unt Vo miting is caused by artif icial sweetener & vitamins Aware No t Aware 10 15 21 54 31 69

What is yo ur age T o tal

T eenagers Adults

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = teenagers 2 = adults

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e14. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e14
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age Vo miting is caused by T eenagers artif icial sweetener & Adults vitamins N 25 75 Mean 1.60 1.7 2 Std. Deviatio n .500 .4 52 Std. Erro r Mean .100 .052

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.333 -.348 .093 .108

F Vomiting is caused by Equal variances artif icial sweetener & assumed vitamins Equal variances not assumed 3.422

Sig. .067

t -1.119 -1.064

df 98 37.945

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif ference Dif f erence .266 .294 -.120 -.120 .107 .113

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e14may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.4 80 .193 .120 .107

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .112

t 7 .657 1.119

Sig. .000 .266

a. Dependent Variable: Vo miting is caused by artif icial sweetener & vitamins

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e14 = 1.480+0.120 (age) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.120increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e15
Cross tabs

What is your age * Exce ss use of vit amins shive rs t he body Crosst abulat ion Co unt Excess use o f vitamins shivers the bo dy Aware No t Aware T eenagers 9 16 Adults 28 47 37 63

What is yo ur age T o tal

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = teenagers 2 = adults

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e15. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e15
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age Excess use o f vitamins T eenagers shivers the bo dy Adults N 25 75 Mean 1.64 1.63 Std. Deviatio n .4 90 .4 87 Std. Erro r Mean .098 .056

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test for Equality of Means 95% Confidence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.210 -.215 .237 .241

F Excess use of vitamins Equal variances shivers the body assumed Equal variances not assumed .059

Sig. .809

t .118 .118

df 98 40.970

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif ference Dif ference .906 .907 .013 .013 .113 .113

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho

Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e15may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.653 .203 - .013 .113

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .012

t 8.14 3 - .118

Sig. .000 .906

a. Dependent Variable: Excess use o f vitamins shivers the bo dy

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e15 = 1.653-0.013 (age) As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.040 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e1 and vice versa.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e16
Cross tabs

What is your age * Ene rgy drinks can not manif e st as an alt e rat ion in me nt al st at e Crosst abulat ion Co unt Energy drinks can no t manif est as an alteratio n in mental state Aware No t Aware 7 18 19 56 26 74

What is yo ur age T o tal

T eenagers Adults

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = teenagers 2 = adults

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e16. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e16
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age T eenagers N 25 75 Mean 1.7 2 1.7 5 Std. Deviatio n .4 58 .4 38 Std. Erro r Mean .092 .051

Energy drinks can no t manif est as an alteratio n Adults in mental state

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test for Equality of Variances t-test for Equality of Means 95% Confidence Interval of the Difference Lower Upper -.230 -.238 .176 .185

F Energy drinks can not Equal variances manifest as an alteration assumed in mental state Equal variances not assumed .257

Sig. .613

t -.261 -.255

df 98 39.639

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Difference Difference .795 .800 -.027 -.027 .102 .105

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e16 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable

a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.693 .184 .027 .102

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .026

t 9.183 .261

Sig. .000 .7 95

a. Dependent Variable: Energy drinks can no t manif est as an alteratio n in mental state

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e16 = 1.693+0.027 (age) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.027increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e17
Cross tabs

What is your age * Ene rgy drinks incre ase s t he abnormal growt h of body ce lls Crosst abulat ion Co unt Energy drinks increases the abno rmal gro wth o f bo dy cells Aware No t Aware 8 17 21 54 29 71

What is yo ur age T o tal

T eenagers Adults

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = teenagers 2 = adults

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e17. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e17

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age T eenagers N 25 75 Mean 1.68 1.7 2 Std. Deviatio n .4 7 6 .4 52 Std. Erro r Mean .095 .052

Energy drinks increases the abno rmal Adults gro wth o f bo dy cells

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.250 -.260 .170 .180

F Energy drinks Equal variances increases the abnormal assumed growth of body cells Equal variances not assumed .518

Sig. .473

t -.378 -.368

df 98 39.435

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif ference .706 .715 -.040 -.040 .106 .109

As, P > 0.05

So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e17may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.64 0 .191 .04 0 .106

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .038

t 8.600 .37 8

Sig. .000 .7 06

a. Dependent Variable: Energy drinks increases the abno rmal gro wth o f bo dy cells

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e17 = 1.640+0.040 (age) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.040increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e18
Cross tabs

What is your age * Colonic move me nt s are caused by e ne rgy drinks Crosst abulat ion Co unt Co lo nic mo vements are caused by energy drinks Aware No t Aware 8 17 23 52 31 69

What is yo ur age T o tal

T eenagers Adults

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = teenagers 2 = adults

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e18. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e18

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age Co lo nic movements are T eenagers caused by energy drinks Adults N 25 75 Mean 1.68 1.69 Std. Deviatio n .4 7 6 .4 64 Std. Erro r Mean .095 .054

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.227 -.234 .201 .207

F Colonic movements are Equal variances caused by energy drinks assumed Equal variances not assumed .059

Sig. .809

t -.124 -.122

df 98 40.309

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .902 .903 -.013 -.013 .108 .109

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho

Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e18may be equal

Regression for one independent variable

a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.667 .194 .013 .108

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .012

t 8.569 .124

Sig. .000 .902

a. Dependent Variable: Co lo nic mo vements are caused by energy drinks

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e18 = 1.667+0.013 (age) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.013increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e19
Cross tabs
What is your age * Caf f e ine cause a t e mporary abnormal Crosst abulat ion Co unt Caf f eine cause a tempo rary abno rmal Aware No t Aware 16 9 34 41 50 50

What is yo ur age T o tal

T eenagers Adults

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = teenagers 2 = adults

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e19. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e19
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age Caf f eine cause a T eenagers tempo rary abno rmal Adults N 25 75 Mean 1.36 1.55 Std. Deviatio n .4 90 .501 Std. Erro r Mean .098 .058

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test for Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Difference Lower Upper -.415 -.416 .042 .043

F Caf feine cause a Equal variances temporary abnormal assumed Equal variances not assumed 3.637

Sig. .059

t -1.622 -1.640

df 98 42.007

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif ference Dif ference .108 .108 -.187 -.187 .115 .114

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e19may be equal

Regression for one independent variable

a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.17 3 .208 .187 .115

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .162

t 5.654 1.622

Sig. .000 .108

a. Dependent Variable: Caf f eine cause a tempo rary abno rmal

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e19 = 1.173+0.187 (age) As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.187increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of Teenagers & Adults about e20
Cross tabs
What is your age * High doze of sugar & caf f eine re sult s in a common chronic ne urological disorde r Crosst abulat ion Co unt High do ze o f sugar & caf f eine results in a commo n chronic neuro lo gical diso rder Aware No t Aware 11 14 35 40 46 54

What is yo ur age T o tal

T eenagers Adults

T o tal 25 75 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = teenagers 2 = adults

Independent sample T-test

Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of teenagers regarding e20. µ2: Average awareness level of adults regarding e20
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur age T eenagers Adults N 25 75 Independent Samples Test Levene's Test for Equality of Variances t-test for Equality of Means 95% Confidence Interval of the Difference Lower Upper -.204 -.209 .257 .262 Mean 1.56 1.53 Std. Deviatio n .507 .502 Std. Erro r Mean .101 .058

High do ze o f sugar & caf f eine results in a co mmo n chro nic neurolo gical disorder

F High doze of sugar & caffeine results in a common chronic neurological disorder Equal variances assumed Equal variances not assumed .265

Sig. .608

t .229 .228

df 98 40.878

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif ference Difference .819 .820 .027 .027 .116 .117

As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of teenagers and adults regarding e20may be equal

Regression for one independent variable

a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur age

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.587 .210 - .027 .116

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .023

t 7 .57 2 - .229

Sig. .000 .819

a. Dependent Variable: High do ze o f sugar & caf f eine results in a co mmo n chro nic neuro lo gical diso rder

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X) Awareness level of e 20 = 1.587- 0.027(age) As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.027 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e1 and vice versa.

Awareness level of students & professionals about e1
Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs

What is your occupat ion * Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Crosst abulat ion Co unt Caf f eine is a majo r so urce o f sleep disturbance Aware No t Aware 11 6 56 27 67 33

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

Pro f essio nal Student

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e1. µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e1.
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur o ccupatio n Pro f es sio nal N 17 83 Mean 1.35 1.33 Std. Deviatio n .4 93 .4 7 1 Std. Erro r Mean .119 .052

Caf f eine is a majo r so urce o f sleep disturbance Student

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.223 -.242 .279 .297

F Caf f eine is a Equal variances major source of assumed sleep disturbance Equal variances not assumed .171

Sig. .680

t .219 .212

df 98 22.410

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif ference Dif f erence .827 .834 .028 .028 .126 .130

As, P >0.05

So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e1 may be equal.

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.381 .236 - .028 .126

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .022

t 5.84 6 - .219

Sig. .000 .827

a. Dependent Variable: Caf f eine is a majo r so urce o f sleep disturbance

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)
Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 1.381 - 0.028 (occupation)

As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.028 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e1 and vice versa

Awareness level of students & professionals about e2
Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs

What is your occupat ion * Panic at t acks are cause d by he avy doze of caf f e ine Crosst abulat ion Co unt Panic attacks are caused by heavy do ze o f caf f eine Aware No t Aware Pro f essio nal 11 6 Student 45 38 56 44

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e2. µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e2.

Group Statistics Std. Error Mean .119 .055

Std. Deviation .493 .501

Mean 1.35 1.46

N 17 83

What is your occupation Professional Student

Panic attacks are caused by heavy doze of caffeine

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test for Equality of Means 95% Confidence Interval of the Dif ference Lower Upper -.369 -.377 .159 .167

F Panic attacks are caused Equal variances by heavy doze of caffeine assumed Equal variances not assumed 4.517

Sig. .036

t -.788 -.797

df 98 23.302

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif ference Dif ference .432 .433 -.105 -.105 .133 .132

As, P >0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e2 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.24 8 .24 9 .105 .133

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .07 9

t 5.021 .7 88

Sig. .000 .4 32

a. Dependent Variable: Panic attacks are caused by heavy do ze o f caf f eine

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)
Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 1.248 + 0.105 (occupation)

As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.105 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of students & professionals about e3
Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your occupat ion * Gurana, a he rb use d in e ne rgy drinks, cause s blood pre ssure disorde r Crosst abulat ion Co unt Gurana, a herb used in energy drinks, causes blo o d pressure diso rder Aware No t Aware Pro f essio nal 3 14 Student 33 50 36 64

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e3. µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e3.

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur o ccupatio n Pro f essio nal N 17 83 Mean 1.82 1.60 Std. Deviatio n .393 .4 92 Std. Erro r Mean .095 .054

Gurana, a herb used in energy drinks, causes blo o d pressure diso rder Student

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.031 -.004 .473 .446

F Gurana, a herb used in Equal variances energy drinks, causes assumed blood pressure disorder Equal variances not assumed 26.260

Sig. .000

t 1.739 2.018

df 98 27.392

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .085 .053 .221 .221 .127 .110

As, P >0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e3 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 2.04 5 .238 - .221 .127

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .173

t 8.609 - 1.7 39

Sig. .000 .085

a. Dependent Variable: Gurana, a herb used in energy drinks, causes blo o d pressure diso rder

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)
Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 2.045 - 0.221 (occupation)

As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.221 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e3 and vice versa

Awareness level of students & professionals about e4
Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your occupat ion * St omach dist urbance is basically cause d by t aurine , a che mical in e ne rgy drinks Crosst abulat ion Co unt Sto mach disturbance is basically caused by taurine, a chemical in energy drinks Aware No t Aware Pro f essio nal 5 12 Student 30 53 35 65

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e4. µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e4.

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur o ccupatio n Pro f essio nal Student N 17 83 Mean 1.7 1 1.64 Std. Deviatio n .4 7 0 .4 83 Std. Erro r Mean .114 .053

Sto mach disturbance is basically caused by taurine, a chemical in energy drinks

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.187 -.192 .322 .327

F Stomach disturbance is basically caused by taurine, a chemical in energy drinks Equal variances assumed Equal variances not assumed 1.437

Sig. .233

t .526 .536

df 98 23.479

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .600 .597 .067 .067 .128 .126

As, P >0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e4 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.7 7 3 .239 - .067 .128

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .053

t 7 .4 10 - .526

Sig. .000 .600

a. Dependent Variable: Sto mach disturbance is basically caused by taurine, a chemical in energy drinks

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)
Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 1.773 - 0.067 (occupation)

As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.067 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e4 and vice versa

Awareness level of students & professionals about e5
Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your occupat ion * Various f orm of ginse ng incre ase urine product ion Crosst abulat ion Co unt Vario us f o rm o f ginseng increase urine pro ductio n Aware No t Aware Pro f essio nal 6 11 Student 27 56 33 67

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e5.

µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e5.

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur o ccupatio n Vario us f o rm o f ginseng Pro f essio nal increase urine pro ductio n Student N 17 83 Mean 1.65 1.67 Std. Deviatio n .4 93 .4 71 Std. Erro r Mean .119 .052

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.279 -.297 .223 .242

F Various f orm of ginseng Equal variances increase urine production assumed Equal variances not assumed .171

Sig. .680

t -.219 -.212

df 98 22.410

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .827 .834 -.028 -.028 .126 .130

As, P >0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e5 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.619 .236 .028 .126

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .022

t 6.857 .219

Sig. .000 .827

a. Dependent Variable: Vario us f o rm o f ginseng increase urine pro ductio n

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)
Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 1.619 + 0.028 (occupation)

As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.028 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of students & professionals about e6
Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your occupat ion * Energy drinks are good f or pre gnant wome n Crosst abulat ion Co unt Energy drinks are go o d f o r pregnant wo men Aware No t Aware Pro f essio nal 9 8 Student 29 54 38 62

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0

µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e6. µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e6.

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur o ccupatio n Energy drinks are go o d Pro f essio nal f o r pregnant wo men Student N 17 83 Mean 1.4 7 1.65 Std. Deviatio n .514 .4 80 Std. Erro r Mean .125 .053

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.437 -.461 .076 .101

F Energy drinks are good Equal variances f or pregnant women assumed Equal variances not assumed 1.525

Sig. .220

t -1.393 -1.329

df 98 22.068

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .167 .197 -.180 -.180 .129 .135

As, P >0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e6 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.291 .24 1 .180 .129

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .139

t 5.34 5 1.393

Sig. .000 .167

a. Dependent Variable: Energy drinks are go o d f o r pregnant wo men

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)

Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 1.291 + 0.180 (occupation)

As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.180 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of students & professionals about e7
Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your occupat ion * Gurana t rigge rs a he art at t ack in he art pat ie nt s Crosst abulat ion Co unt Gurana triggers a heart attack in heart patients Aware No t Aware Pro f essio nal 5 12 Student 25 58 30 70

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e7. µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e7.

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur o ccupatio n Gurana triggers a heart Pro f essio nal attack in heart patients Student N 17 83 Mean 1.7 1 1.7 0 Std. Deviatio n .4 7 0 .4 62 Std. Erro r Mean .114 .051

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.237 -.251 .252 .265

F Gurana triggers a heart Equal variances attack in heart patients assumed Equal variances not assumed .014

Sig. .908

t .058 .057

df 98 22.782

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .954 .955 .007 .007 .123 .125

As, P >0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e7 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.7 13 .230 - .007 .123

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .006

t 7 .4 4 1 - .058

Sig. .000 .954

a. Dependent Variable: Gurana triggers a heart attack in heart patients

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho

Y = α + β (X)
Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 1.713 - 0.007 (occupation)

As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.007 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e7 and vice versa

Awareness level of students & professionals about e8
Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your occupat ion * Re gular use of ene rgy drinks may incre ase risk of spont aneous abort ion Crosst abulat ion Co unt Regular use o f energy drinks may increase risk o f spo ntaneo us abo rtio n Aware No t Aware Pro f essio nal 6 11 Student 32 51 38 62

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e8. µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e8.

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur o ccupatio n Pro f ess io nal N 17 83 Mean 1.65 1.61 Std. Deviatio n .4 93 .4 90 Std. Erro r Mean .119 .054

Regular use o f energy drinks may increase risk o f spo ntaneo us abo rtio n Student

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.226 -.238 .292 .304

F Regular use of energy Equal variances drinks may increase risk assumed of spontaneous abortion Equal variances not assumed .294

Sig. .589

t .250 .249

df 98 22.949

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .803 .806 .033 .033 .130 .131

As, P >0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e8 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.680 .24 4 - .033 .130

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .025

t 6.890 - .250

Sig. .000 .803

a. Dependent Variable: Regular use o f energy drinks may increase risk o f spo ntaneo us abo rtio n

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05

So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)
Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 1.680 - 0.033 (occupation)

As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.033 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e8 and vice versa

Awareness level of students & professionals about e9
Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your occupat ion * Ene rgy drinks de hydrat e t he human body Crosst abulat ion Co unt Energy drinks dehydrate the human bo dy Aware No t Aware 4 13 28 55 32 68

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

Pro f essio nal Student

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware

1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e9. µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e9.

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur o ccupatio n Energy drinks dehydrate Pro f essio nal the human bo dy Student N 17 83 Mean 1.7 6 1.66 Std. Deviatio n .4 37 .4 7 6 Std. Erro r Mean .106 .052

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.146 -.142 .350 .346

F Energy drinks dehydrate Equal variances the human body assumed Equal variances not assumed 3.730

Sig. .056

t .816 .863

df 98 24.418

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .416 .396 .102 .102 .125 .118

As, P >0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e9 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.867 .234 - .102 .125

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .082

t 7 .993 - .816

Sig. .000 .4 16

a. Dependent Variable: Energy drinks dehydrate the human bo dy

Ho: β = 0 (no relation)

H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)
Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 1.867 - 0.102 (occupation)

As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.102 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e9 and vice versa

Awareness level of students & professionals about e10
Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your occupat ion * Ene rgy drinks le t you re cove r f rom bowe l irrit abilit y Crosst abulat ion Co unt Energy drinks let yo u reco ver f ro m bo wel irritability Aware No t Aware 1 16 12 71 13 87

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

Pro f essio nal Student

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e10. µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e10.

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur o ccupatio n Energy drinks let Pro f essio nal yo u reco ver f ro m bo wel irritability Student N 17 83 Mean 1.94 1.86 Std. Deviatio n .24 3 .354 Std. Erro r Mean .059 .039

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.093 -.058 .264 .229

F Energy drinks let Equal variances you recover f rom assumed bowel irritability Equal variances not assumed 4.360

Sig. .039

t .953 1.217

df 98 31.809

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .343 .233 .086 .086 .090 .070

As, P >0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e10 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 2.027 .168 - .086 .090

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .096

t 12.052 - .953

Sig. .000 .34 3

a. Dependent Variable: Energy drinks let yo u reco ver f ro m bo wel irritability

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)
Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 2.027 - 0.086 (occupation)

As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.086 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e10 and vice versa

Awareness level of students & professionals about e11
Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your occupat ion * Incre asing ne rvousne ss is one of t he side e f f e ct s Crosst abulat ion Co unt Increasing nervo usness is o ne o f the side ef f ects Aware No t Aware Pro f essio nal 4 13 Student 28 55 32 68

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware

2 = Not Aware 1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e11. µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e11.
Group Statistics Std. Error Mean .106 .052

Std. Deviation .437 .476

Mean 1.76 1.66

N 17 83

What is your occupation Professional Student

Increasing nervousness is one of the side effects

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.146 -.142 .350 .346

F Increasing nervousness Equal variances is one of the side ef f ectsassumed Equal variances not assumed 3.730

Sig. .056

t .816 .863

df 98 24.418

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .416 .396 .102 .102 .125 .118

As, P >0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e11 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.867 .234 - .102 .125

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .082

t 7 .993 - .816

Sig. .000 .4 16

a. Dependent Variable: Increasing nervo usness is o ne o f the side ef f ects

Ho: β = 0 (no relation)

H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)
Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 1.867 - 0.102 (occupation)

As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.102 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e11 and vice versa

Awareness level of students & professionals about e12
Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your occupat ion * Normally, e ne rgy drinks are harmle ss f or diabe t ic pat ie nt s Crosst abulat ion Co unt No rmally, energy drinks are harmless f o r diabetic patients Aware No t Aware Pro f essio nal 8 9 Student 24 59 32 68

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e12. µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e12.
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur o ccupatio n Pro f essio nal N 17 83 Mean 1.53 1.7 1 Std. Deviatio n .514 .4 56 Std. Erro r Mean .125 .050

No rmally, energy drinks are harmless f o r diabetic patients Student

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.428 -.461 .065 .098

F Normally, energy Equal variances drinks are harmless assumed f or diabetic patients Equal variances not assumed 3.448

Sig. .066

t -1.462 -1.349

df 98 21.458

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .147 .191 -.181 -.181 .124 .134

As, P >0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e12 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.34 8 .232 .181 .124

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .14 6

t 5.814 1.4 62

Sig. .000 .14 7

a. Dependent Variable: Normally, energy drinks are harmless f o r diabetic patients

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)
Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 1.348 + 0.181 (occupation)

As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.181 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of students & professionals about e13
Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your occupat ion * Art if icial swe e t e ner & vit amins re duce he ad ace Crosst abulat ion Co unt Artif icial sweetener & vitamins reduce head ace Aware No t Aware Pro f essio nal 5 12 Student 28 55 33 67

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e13. µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e13.
Group Statistics Std. Error Mean .114 .052

Std. Deviation .470 .476

Mean 1.71 1.66

N 17 83

What is your occupation Professional Student

Artificial sweetener & vitamins reduce head ace

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.208 -.216 .294 .302

F Artif icial sweetener & Equal variances vitamins reduce head ace assumed Equal variances not assumed .548

Sig. .461

t .342 .345

df 98 23.229

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .733 .733 .043 .043 .126 .125

As, P >0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e13 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.7 4 9 .236 - .04 3 .126

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .035

t 7 .4 09 - .342

Sig. .000 .7 33

a. Dependent Variable: Artif icial sweetener & vitamins reduce head ace

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)
Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 1.749 - 0.043 (occupation)

As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.043 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e13 and vice versa

Awareness level of students & professionals about e14
Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your occupat ion * Vomit ing is caused by art if icial swe e t e ne r & vit amins Crosst abulat ion Co unt Vo miting is caused by artif icial sweetener & vitamins Aware No t Aware Pro f essio nal 3 14 Student 28 55 31 69

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e14. µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e14.
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur o ccupatio n Vo miting is caus ed by Pro f essio nal artif icial sweetener & Student vitamins N 17 83 Mean 1.82 1.66 Std. Deviatio n .393 .4 7 6 Std. Erro r Mean .095 .052

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test for Equality of Variances t-test for Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif ference Lower Upper -.084 -.062 .406 .384

F Vomiting is caused by Equal variances artif icial sweetener & assumed vitamins Equal variances not assumed 11.288

Sig. .001

t 1.305 1.480

df 98 26.579

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .195 .151 .161 .161 .123 .109

As, P >0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e14 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable

a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.984 .230 - .161 .123

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .131

t 8.614 - 1.305

Sig. .000 .195

a. Dependent Variable: Vo miting is caused by artif icial sweetener & vitamins

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)
Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 1.984 - 0.161 (occupation)

As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.161 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e14 and vice versa

Awareness level of students & professionals about e15
Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs

What is your occupat ion * Exce ss use of vit amins shive rs t he body Crosst abulat ion Co unt Excess use of vitamins shivers the bo dy Aware No t Aware Pro f essio nal 6 11 Student 31 52 37 63

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e15. µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e15.

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur o ccupatio n Excess use o f vitamins Pro f essio nal shivers the body Student N 17 83 Mean 1.65 1.63 Std. Deviatio n .4 93 .4 87 Std. Erro r Mean .119 .053

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.237 -.250 .278 .291

F Excess use of vitamins Equal variances shivers the body assumed Equal variances not assumed .111

Sig. .740

t .158 .157

df 98 22.859

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .875 .877 .021 .021 .130 .131

As, P >0.05

So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e15 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.668 .24 3 - .021 .130

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .016

t 6.87 6 - .158

Sig. .000 .87 5

a. Dependent Variable: Excess use o f vitamins shivers the bo dy

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)
Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 1.668 - 0.021 (occupation)

As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.021 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e15 and vice versa

Awareness level of students & professionals about e16
Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs

What is your occupat ion * Ene rgy drinks can not manif est as an alt e rat ion in me nt al st at e Crosst abulat ion Co unt Energy drinks can no t manif est as an alteratio n in mental state Aware No t Aware Pro f essio nal 6 11 Student 20 63 26 74

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e16. µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e16.
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur o ccupatio n Pro f essio nal N 17 83 Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.345 -.379 .121 .155 Mean 1.65 1.7 6 Std. Deviatio n .4 93 .4 30 Std. Erro r Mean .119 .04 7

Energy drinks can not manif est as an alt eratio n Student in mental state

F Energy drinks can not Equal variances manif est as an alteration assumed in mental state Equal variances not assumed 2.593

Sig. .111

t -.954 -.872

df 98 21.290

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .343 .393 -.112 -.112 .117 .128

As, P >0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e16 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.535 .219 .112 .117

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .096

t 6.998 .954

Sig. .000 .34 3

a. Dependent Variable: Energy drinks can no t manif est as an alteratio n in mental state

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)
Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 1.535 + 0.112 (occupation)

As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.112 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of students & professionals about e17
Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your occupat ion * Ene rgy drinks incre ase s t he abnormal growt h of body ce lls Crosst abulat ion Co unt Energy drinks increases the abno rmal gro wth o f bo dy cells Aware No t Aware 6 11 23 60 29 71

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

Pro f essio nal Student

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e17. µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e17.

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur o ccupatio n Prof essio nal N 17 83 Mean 1.65 1.7 2 Std. Deviatio n .4 93 .4 50 Std. Erro r Mean .119 .04 9

Energy drinks increases the abno rmal Student gro wth o f bo dy cells

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.318 -.344 .166 .192

F Energy drinks Equal variances increases the abnormal assumed growth of body cells Equal variances not assumed 1.196

Sig. .277

t -.623 -.587

df 98 21.821

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .535 .564 -.076 -.076 .122 .129

As, P >0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e17 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.57 1 .228 .07 6 .122

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .063

t 6.906 .623

Sig. .000 .535

a. Dependent Variable: Energy drinks increases the abno rmal gro wt h o f bo dy cells

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)
Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 1.571 + 0.076 (Occupation)

As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.076 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of students & professionals about e18

Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your occupat ion * Colonic move me nt s are cause d by e ne rgy drinks Crosst abulat ion Co unt Co lo nic mo vements are caused by energy drinks Aware No t Aware Pro f essio nal 2 15 Student 29 54 31 69

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e18. µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e18.
Group St at ist ics What is yo ur o ccupatio n Co lo nic mo vements are Pro f essio nal caused by energy drinks Student N 17 83 Mean 1.88 1.65 Std. Deviatio n .332 .4 80 Std. Erro r Mean .081 .053

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.011 .036 .474 .428

F Colonic movements are Equal variances caused by energy drinks assumed Equal variances not assumed 30.754

Sig. .000

t 1.897 2.408

df 98 31.473

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .061 .022 .232 .232 .122 .096

As, P >0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e18 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 2.114 .228 - .232 .122

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .188

t 9.264 - 1.897

Sig. .000 .061

a. Dependent Variable: Colo nic mo vements are caused by energy drinks

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)
Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 2.114 - 0.232 (occupation)

As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.232 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e18 and vice versa

Awareness level of students & professionals about e19

Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your occupat ion * Caf f e ine cause a t e mporary abnormal Crosst abulat ion Co unt Caf f eine cause a tempo rary abno rmal Aware No t Aware 9 8 41 42 50 50

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

Pro f essio nal Student

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e19. µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e19.

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur o ccupatio n Caf f eine cause a Pro f essio nal tempo rary abno rmal Student N 17 83 Mean 1.4 7 1.51 Std. Deviatio n .514 .503 Std. Erro r Mean .125 .055

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test for Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif ference Lower Upper -.302 -.318 .231 .247

F Caf feine cause a Equal variances temporary abnormal assumed Equal variances not assumed .215

Sig. .644

t -.264 -.260

df 98 22.708

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif ference Dif ference .793 .797 -.035 -.035 .134 .136

As, P >0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e19 may be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.4 35 .251 .035 .134

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta .027

t 5.7 15 .264

Sig. .000 .7 93

a. Dependent Variable: Caf f eine cause a tempo rary abno rmal

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)
Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 1.435 + 0.035 (occupation)

As the value of β is positive this means that every 0.035 increases or decrease will change the unit of awareness respectively.

Awareness level of students & professionals about e20
Frequencies
Caf f e ine is a major source of sle e p dist urbance Frequency Aware 67 No t Aware 33 T o tal 100 Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Valid Percent 67 .0 33.0 100.0 Cumulative Percent 67 .0 100.0

Valid

Cross tabs
What is your occupat ion * High doze of sugar & caf f e ine re sult s in a common chronic ne urological disorde r Crosst abulat ion Co unt High do ze o f sugar & caf f eine results in a commo n chro nic neuro lo gical diso rder Aware No t Aware Pro f essio nal 7 10 Student 39 44 46 54

What is yo ur o ccupatio n T o tal

T o tal 17 83 100

1 = Aware 2 = Not Aware 1 = professionals 2 = students

Independent sample T-test
Ho: µ1 - µ2 = 0 H1: µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 µ1: Average awareness level of professionals regarding e20 µ2: Average awareness level of students regarding e20

Group St at ist ics What is yo ur o ccupatio n Pro f essio nal Student N 17 83 Mean 1.59 1.53 Std. Deviatio n .507 .502 Std. Erro r Mean .123 .055

High do ze o f sugar & caf f eine results in a co mmo n chro nic neuro lo gical diso rder

Independent Samples Test Levene's Test f or Equality of Variances t-test f or Equality of Means 95% Conf idence Interval of the Dif f erence Lower Upper -.208 -.221 .324 .337

F High doze of sugar & caf f eine results in a common chronic neurological disorder Equal variances assumed Equal variances not assumed 1.287

Sig. .259

t .434 .431

df 98 22.886

Mean Std. Error Sig. (2-tailed) Dif f erence Dif f erence .665 .670 .058 .058 .134 .135

As, P >0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Average awareness level of students and professionals regarding e20ay be equal

Regression for one independent variable
a Coe f f icie nt s

Mo del 1

(Co nstant) What is yo ur o ccupatio n

Unstandardized Co ef f icients B Std. Erro r 1.64 6 .250 - .058 .134

Standardized Co ef f icients Beta - .04 4

t 6.582 - .4 34

Sig. .000 .665

a. Dependent Variable: High do ze o f sugar & caf f eine results in a co mmo n chro nic neuro lo gical diso rder

Ho: β = 0 (no relation) H1: β ≠ 0 (relation exit) As, P > 0.05 So, we fail to reject Ho Y = α + β (X)
Awareness level of caffeine as a sleep disturbance = 1.646 – 0.058 (occupation)

As the value of β is negative this means that every 0.058 increase will decrease the unit of awareness level regarding e20 and vice versa

Findings
From the whole research the team members have got following major findings regarding the people of UMT • Concept of usage of energy drinks is there among the people and almost one third of the population like to have energy drinks. • Male are more aware about the energy drinks as compared to females. • People do believe that energy drinks serve the purpose of providing them energy. Other factors like status, showoff, taste etc do count but up to little extent. • People of UMT are partially familiar with the ingredients of the energy drinks. • Adults of UMT are more familiar about the ingredients of the energy drinks as compared to the teenagers. • The people do know that energy boosters both artificial and natural are used to re boost their energy level.

• They don’t know about the other key ingredients. • People do agree that Caffeine builds various health hazards in their body. • People don’t know about the effects of taurine, Gurana and ginseng on their health. • There is no manufacturer in the Pakistan. • Limited numbers of brands are available in Pakistan. • Available brands are being imported from UAE in ready to drink form. • The only brand with proper supply chain here in Pakistan is OZO.

• There is no legal imposition over the import of energy drinks. And ministry of health is taking no action to create awareness among the people about the side effects of the energy drinks. • Level of awareness among the people of UMT is high because mostly they are overseas and there awareness level about the energy drinks is quite high. • Due to the lack of direct supply chain promotional activities about the energy drinks are very less in number. • Because of the more work load over the students they are obliged to use such artificial energy boosters. • Marketing campaigns launched by the different brands are misleading the youngsters.

Recommendations
Despite the limited science, we do know that energy drinks constitute a potential danger to the health and safety of our communities, and particularly to our young people. W need not wait for more science to act •

Energy drinks should be vigorously opposed before the products become even more popular Legalities should be imposed by the government in order to prevent alcoholic energy drinks. Health ministry should take actions in order to make people aware about the health hazards of the energy drinks focusing particularly on the impact on underage drinking


• Government should make a check upon the misleading advertising campaigns and should take legal actions against them. • Campaigns should be encouraged in order to create awareness about natural energy providers

Communities need to aggressively seek both voluntary action and government action at all levels national, state, and local to protect our young people from harm.

Action is urgently needed before energy drinks become further entrenched in the marketplace, which in turn would create powerful economic interests determined to maintain the country quo. These beverages are still in development, with major marketing efforts undoubtedly now being devised by the major producers. This success should be used as a first step in a similar, broader campaign that challenges the entire beverage category.

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