and sickness People can be considered old because of certain changes in their activities or social roles. Have limited regenerative abilities and are more prone to disease. syndromes. . and the end of the human life cycle.Consists of ages nearing or surpassing the average life span of human beings.

y wrinkles and liver spots y change of hair color y hair loss y lessened hearing y diminished eyesight y reduced ability to think clearly y difficulty recalling memories y lessening or cessation of sex y greater susceptibility to bone diseases. .

Erik Erikson s "Eight Stages of Life" theory "Integrity vs. . Despair" during which a person focuses on reflecting back on their life.

their independence for as long as possible. y to improve their quality of life and to maintain y can be emotionally tiring for both the cared and the caregiver. y Understanding their mental makeup and learning to identify signals.y the fulfillment of the special needs and requirements that are unique to senior citizens. . are very important aspects. which spell their requirements.

.honesty and trustworthiness y .tact.the ability to show respect to clients y . friendly and caring approach y .y FAMILY y . empathetic.the ability to stay calm under pressure.patience and a sense of humour y .the ability get on with all sorts of people y . sensitivity and compassion y .knowledge of caring procedures y .a warm.reliability and flexibility y .

y Establish a routine y Establishing a bond y Getting to know the person in your care y Trust and mutual respect .

The Basics Of Personal Hygiene For Elderly y Washing an elderly person y Reluctance y Caring for themselves y Make up for the elderly y Looking out for abnormalities y Sensitivity y Fear of washing y Bed baths for the elderly y Dealing with embarrassment .

Choosing a home care y Proper health care y Food and diet y Regular monitoring .

y Hospices . y Residential home or care homes (rest home) - these are suitable for those who have not specific medical conditions that require full time medical care.these cater for specific conditions and illnesses such as physical disabilities or advanced dementia. y Specialist homes .y Nursing homes .a home that cares for the terminally ill. .these are for people who need constant medical care. but are unable to live alone any more.

Facilitating programs. 2. Making personal assessments. Ensuring needs are met. 4.1. Proposing an elderly care plan. . 3.

y Immobility y Pressure injuries y Cardiovascular y Diabetes melitus y Thyroid y Delirium y Dizziness y Stroke y Alzheimer's Disease disease y Respiratory issues y Genitourinary issues y Incontinence .

y The Importance Helping Senior Citizens To Take Their Medication y Taking Seniors In Your Care On Outings y Preparing for a trip out with elderly people y Suitable activities for elderly people y The importance of maintaining independence .