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United States Patent Nos. 5,8.15,415 and 5,784,068 and 6,199,125.
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Chapter Topic OVERVIEW 1. GETTING STARTED MicroStation PowerDraft Concepts Lesson 1 – Working with Files Lesson 2 - First Things First Lesson 3 - Beginning to Draw CHANGING THINGS Lesson 4 - Manipulating Elements Lesson 5 - Modifying Elements Lesson 6 - Changing Element Attributes Exercise - Schematic Summary MENU SURVEY File Edit Element Settings Settings: Snaps Tools Utilities Workspace Window Summary INPUT OF PRECISE GEOMETRIC DATA Lesson 7 - Key-in of Coordinate Data Key-in of coordinates using AccuDraw Exercise - Stepped Shaft Summary WORKING WITH GROUPS Lesson 8 - Fences Lesson 9 - Element Selection Tool Exercise - Sprinkler Protector Summary & Review Page vi 1 1 5 7 11 17 18 20 22 23 28 29 29 31 32 33 34 36 38 39 40 40 41 41 44 44 47 48 48 51 52 55
Hatch Walls DIMENSIONING Lesson 26 .Cell Library Creation Lesson 20 .Cleaning Up Multi-line Joints Exercise .Moving Elements Between Levels Lesson 12 .Chapter 6.The Pattern Area Tool Exercise .Placing Cells Exercise . PATTERNING & CROSSHATCHING Lesson 23 .Angular Dimensions Lesson 28 . CELLS Lesson 19 . Topic USING LEVELS Lesson 10 – Level Manager & Level Display Lesson 11 .Radial Dimensions Exercise . iv . 12. 13.The Crosshatch Area Tool Lesson 25 .Text Settings Lesson 17 .Add Symbols to the Floor Plan 10.City Tract Map PRINTING YOUR DESIGN 11.Creating Cells Lesson 22 .Editing Text Exercise . 8.Setting Up Multi-lines Lesson 14 .Notes on Floor Plan Page 58 58 59 60 62 62 64 64 65 69 69 72 74 74 76 78 78 79 79 82 83 83 85 86 88 89 89 92 93 94 95 95 107 7.The Hatch Area Tool Lesson 24 .Placing Multi-lines Lesson 15 .Cell Library Attachment Lesson 21 .Floor Plan TEXT Lesson 16 .Placing Text Lesson 18 .Linear Dimensions Lesson 27 .Dimensioning COMPREHENSIVE EXERCISE Exercise . 9.Level Locks USING MULTI-LINES Lesson 13 .
More on Features Exercise .Joining Primitives to make complex solids Exercise .Build a 3D model RENDERING AND ANIMATION APPENDIX: Page 111 113 118 120 121 123 124 125 125 127 129 129 130 131 131 133 133 135 17.The Basic Approach Exercise .Modify Solid Exercise .L bracket by union of two slabs Lesson 33 . Topic SUMMARY OF 2D 3D CONCEPTS Lesson 29 . 15.Create a Roller Bearing w/bracket Modeling Summary Modeling Hints DRAWING COMPOSITION & REFERENCE FILES Lesson 34 Reference Files Lesson 35 Drawing composition TRIFORMA FOR BUILDING MODELING Lesson 36 – TriForma Basics Exercise .Create a U Bracket from a Slab Lesson 32 . 16.Chapter 14.2D Floor Plan to 3D model CREATING AND MANIPULATING SOLID MODELS Lesson 31 .Projecting 2D into 3D Models Exercise .3D Model of a Kite Lesson 30 . 18 19 142 142 144 148 152 152 19 MicroStation PowerDraft shortcut 2D key-in commands v .Understanding 3D Concepts PRECISE 3D INPUT Exercise .
Tool icons are generally shown on the left side of a page. Menu selections are shown with each location separated by the symbol >. For example. refer to the User’s Guide.Overview This guide uses a minimum number of words and a maximum number of step by step exercises to move you quickly up the learning curve. then select Design File from the sub-menu. Tutorial and other documentation supplied with the MicroStation PowerDraft software. the Help file supplied with MicroStation and PowerDraft includes a QuickStart Guide which is useful in getting started. This course is written for MicroStation PowerDraft V8 and later. vi . Settings > Design File >Grids means first select the Settings menu from the main menu bar. Also. The exercises are a combination of text and illustrations in a step by step format. For additional information on MicroStation PowerDraft. then select Grids.
Positioning the Pointer MicroStation PowerDraft receives its graphic input from a mouse or digitizer. Each menu has a specific purpose. The first few chapters address 2D drafting. the File menu allows you to select a command to open an existing design or create a new one. A level can be thought of as one sheet of mylar. For example.Chapter 1 GETTING STARTED System Overview MicroStation PowerDraft can be operated as a 2D general purpose drafting application or as a full 3D modeling application. arcs or curves can be connected into complex chains. Turning on one level is like 1 . tools. Menus MicroStation PowerDraft commands appear on menus. Elements include lines. or layers. circles. The complex chain can then be treated as a single element. Many 2D commands also apply to 3D. text and more. points. arcs. often referred to as symbols or blocks in other applications. This manual uses the mouse as the graphic input device. similar to a polyline. A tool box contains icons. entities or primitives. curves. are created from elements and stored in libraries for later use. 3D will be introduced later. Some menus selections open tool frames or tool boxes. Levels Y to can have an unlimited number of different levels. Some menu selections cause a dialog box to open. All elements with the same level number are on the same sheet. A series of elements such as lines. Other CAD software applications refer to these building blocks as objects. which you click to invoke a command. A dialog box provides further options for a menu command. Cells. Elements MicroStation PowerDraft allows you to create a design using basic building blocks called elements.
Views MicroStation PowerDraft can display from 1 to 8 different views of the design. Several different types of snap may be selected from the Snap menu. magnified to fill the view on your screen. When a design is viewed as such. The attributes of an element can be changed after it is placed. Real World Coordinates Each drawing is created using the appropriate real world units. Whether the drawing consists of a 100 millimeter machine part or a 1000 foot facilities layout. You can see different portions of your design at the same time. you can take a birds eye view by zooming out to look at your entire design from a distance. Y location. References Information can also be separated by use of References. tangent elements or perpendicular ones. Turning on a second level is like placing a second sheet on top of the first. Keypoint is the most common. center of a circle. Or. dotted. You can also snap to the intersection of two lines. any existing design can be viewed simultaneously with it. a line style such as solid. etc. you can shrink a view so that you are looking at it in detail.viewing only one sheet. Snaps Snapping pulls the pointer to a precise X. AccuSnap automatically finds the nearest snap point when it is active. All scaling required to print a design on paper is done at the time you send it to the printer. A design can reference any number of other designs. level number and line width. Keypoints are points on an element such as the ends or center of a line. Each view is independent of the other views. An example would be to view a floor plan as a reference when making a design of the electrical wiring for a house. For example. 2 . it is called a reference since it is being used as a reference for the master design. Other attributes include color. you can create and position each element in its actual dimensions. In addition. dashed. When viewing a design. Attributes Each element you create is automatically assigned certain attributes that stay with it.
3 . This is the element’s origin.0 lies one and one half master units to the right of the global origin.Design Plane MicroStation PowerDraft uses the concept of a design plane. Actual coordinates are stored in 64 IEEE floating point format.5. somewhere in the design plane there has to be a point with the coordinates 0.0 lies one master unit to the right of the global origin. Element Origin An element’s origin is the point on an element by which you can control placement or modification. When adding elements to your design. Global Origin Since the design plane is really a coordinate system that you draw on. the coordinate 1.0. This coordinate system is set up in master units. The following illustration shows you the coordinate layout of a design plane. and the coordinate 1. which provides a huge range of coordinates that for all practical purposes is infinite. you will be guided by prompts such as “Place first point of line” or “Place center of circle”. In other words. This point is referred to as the global origin.
y x previous x. Or. 4 . These are called absolute coordinates. AccuDraw greatly reduces the number of keystrokes required to enter precise coordinates.f then press Return to supply the radius “e” and angle “f” of polar coordinate changes from the previous location These are called polar coordinates. you can open the Utilities > Key-in Key-in browser and type XY=a. When a prompt calls for the location of a point. You can type DI=e. you can move the pointer to the desired coordinates and press the left mouse button. These are called relative coordinates.b) d 0.Coordinate Entry There are several ways to enter the X and Y coordinates for placement of an element.0 x previous x. X or Y coordinates and then you simply type the number representing the distance in the AccuDraw Window. You can type DL=c. Absolute y y (a.b then press Return to supply the coordinates a and b from the keyboard.y e f x Relative c y Polar AccuDraw uses pointer motion to determine whether you want to enter positive or negative.d then press Return to supply c (the change in X from the previous location) and d (the change in Y).
then work is done. select File > New. The left pane shows the names of the files within the selected folder that meet the Type requirement you set. if you are in a design already. The saved design is loaded into the workfile. To select another one. you can select File from the main menu bar and then Open. You double click on folders to switch between them and you double click on a design file name to open. locate and select the desired seed file. The following image shows the seed file 2DenglishGeneral. Then.LESSON 1 – Working with design files You save and retrieve design files using a dialog box called the MicroStation Manager. click Select. Creating a new design file In the MicroStation Manager. so to create a backup it is necessary to make a copy of the MicroStation PowerDraft file before starting a work session. It is displayed to you when you first launch MicroStation PowerDraft. Note the Seed File section at the bottom of the New file dialog box. then click OK. to save a backup copy at the end of each session. In either case.dgn selected. the operation of the dialog box used to open files is similar. MicroStation PowerDraft works on the saved file directly. A “Seed” file pre-sets standards conveniently.bak. Or. File Save/Backup/Workfile Some CAD software such as VersaCAD or AutoCAD use a workfile concept. select File > New or if in a design file.dgn extension. 5 . The right hand pane shows the folders that you can open to find your file. MicroStation PowerDraft design files have a . Or. just press the F3 function key and a copy of your file will be saved with extension . the design is saved from the Workfile back to the saved design.
then select options on the menu. Type the complete command in the Key-in browser (Utilities > Key-in) or type in the abbreviation (see the Appendix). 4. 2. You can hold the left mouse button down on a menu while moving to a menu item then releasing the left mouse button. then press the letter that is underlined in the menu name on the main menu bar.sub units (e.master units (e.First Things First Menus There are several ways to access commands: 1.LESSON 2 . Click on the menu name in the main menu bar.g. feet) su . inches) A practical set up would be: mu feet su inches (12 per foot) 7 .g. Press only the underlined letter in sub-menus. Press the Alt key on the keyboard. 3. There is a flexible dimensional unit system. in which there are two parts: mu . Working Units The first thing to do with any new design file is to set up the working units. as with a standard MacIntosh.
12. Select File > New. 16. type d. Enter a name in the Files field. Click Cancel to close the dialog box again. 10. click on Settings and keep pressing the left mouse button. Drag the pointer to Design File. 6. Click Cancel to close the dialog box. and release the left mouse button. 8. then w. Launch PowerDraft from the Start menu or desktop icon. 8 . In the DGN File Settings dialog box. 14. Click OK. Select Design File. Click OK in the MicroStation Manager. Change Sub Unit to Inches and enter “ in the Label field. 7. 4. 3. Click OK. 18. 19. 2. Press the Tab key to go to Sub Unit. 13. type s. In the design file. Next. Enter ‘ in the Label field. 11. while pressing the Alt key. Change Master Unit to Feet. 1. 5.Exercise: Experiment with menus You can get to Working Units settings three different ways. 17. select the Working Units Category. In the DGN File Settings dialog box. select the Settings menu. 15. 9. Next.
9 . or millimeters and decimal mm as is common for mechanical designs.4125 rather than 5:4.125”. Click OK. Click the Grid lock check box to enable it. use inches or millimeters for master units. Exercise: Change the grid 1. complete the next step. You have a normal architectural file set up.125. Grids To make your whole design file consistent. when working with units in inches and decimal inches. Set Accuracy to something reasonable. Coordinate readout MicroStation PowerDraft will show you coordinates in the format 5:4. the coordinate readout is better understood as 5. change the grid which is presently a reference mark every 10 inches to every 12 inches. 2. 3.125. 4. Select File > Save Settings. coordinates would show as 5’-4 1/8”. 6. To set up a mechanical drawing. Select Settings > Design File.125 sub units. To set this format. 1.The design file is now set up for an architectural drawing of feet and inches. 5. for example. Select the Grid Category. However. select Settings > Design File > Coordinate Readout Category and set Format to Sub Units.125 would represent 5’4. If you had done this for the previous example. This indicates 5 master units and 4. The example 5:4. This format is useful when working with master units in feet and sub units in inches. Change Grid Reference to 12. for example 1/16. Change Grid Master to 1. To save these settings for the next time you open this design.
select Settings > Design File > Coordinate Readout to change to master and sub units setting the Accuracy appropriate to your requirements. 10 .When working with mechanical. civil or any design where coordinates are expressed in units and decimal units.
Click on a tool and it can be pulled out to access other tools in the same family. The small black arrow at lower right of each tool shows you that when you click on it and hold the data button down. you will see the other tools. Place the pointer at the top border of the frame. all of the tools to draw circles or arcs are in the tool box that shows with Place Circle. It is followed by instructions on how to use the tool. Briefly review the tools of the MicroStation Main tool frame shown in the following graphic. Exercise: Open the Main tool frame 1. Everything you learn in PowerDraft is directly transferable to MicroStation. then move to the right. called the data button. The tools included in PowerDraft are the same as those in regular MicroStation. 11 .LESSON 3. Nearly every tool for drawing things can be found on the main tool frame. You can dock the Main tool frame at the left or right side of your screen. down on one of the tools you will see the name of the tool in the status bar at the bottom of the screen. This opens a single column box of icons called tools. Select Tools > Main > Main. This box is called a tool frame because each of the tools on it is the first in a separate tool box. For example. press the data (left mouse) button and hold it down while you slide the frame to the left or right. If you press the left mouse button.Beginning to Draw The easiest way to select drawing commands is from the Main tool frame.
resize. Delete Element Element Selection: Used to select a tool Place Active Point (Points): Used to place Active Point Hatch Area (Patterns): Used to pattern both areas and along linear elements Place Arc ( Arcs): Used to place and modify arcs Attach Tags (Tags): Used to attach. and create arrays of elements Modify Element (Modify): Used to modify element geometry 12 . mirror. modify existing text elements. Attr.Element Selection Place Active Point Hatch Area Place Arc Attach Tags Drop Element Measure Distance Change Elem. and fill in enter data fields Place Active Cell (Cells): Used to place and manipulate cells Dimension Element (Dimension): Used to perform dimensioning Copy (Manipulate): Used to copy. move. and review element tags Drop Element (Groups): Used to drop or create complex elements from their component elements Measure Distance (Measure): Used to perform measuring operations Change Element Attributes (Change Attributes): Used to change an element(s) to the active element attribute settings Delete Element Used to remove an element Place Fence Place SmartLine Place Block Place Circle Place Text Place Active Cell Dimension Element Copy Modify Element Place Fence (Fence): Used to place. rotate. edit. and move the fence and delete the fence contents Place SmartLine (Linear Elements): Used to place linear elements Place Block (Polygons): Used to place planar polygonal shapes Place Circle (Ellipses): Used to place ellipses (including circles) and arcs Place Text (Text): Used to place text. modify.
Tools included are as follows. making elements appear smaller Used to indicate a rectangular area in the design that is to be displayed in a view Used to adjust the view magnification so that the entire design is visible in the view Used to rotate a view Used to view a different part of the design without changing the view magnification See previous view Come back after previous view Used to copy the contents of an entire view and its corresponding attributes to other views 13 . At the bottom left corner of each view window you can access all the view control tools except Copy View. Fit View Zoom Out Update View Pan View View Next Zoom In Window Area Copy View View Previous Rotate View You do not need to open the View Control tool box to access these tools. making elements appear larger Used to decrease a view’s magnification.View controls Briefly review the tools in the Tools > View Control 2D View Control tool box. Update View Zoom In Zoom Out Window Area Fit View Rotate View Pan View View Previous View Next Copy View Used to update (redraw) the contents of a view window(s) Used to increase a view window’s magnification.
The reset button MicroStation PowerDraft is set up for a 2-button mouse or digitizer puck.To Pan across a design. In that case. press the data button once more and you are snapped to that point. The left mouse button is the data button. you press the middle button on the mouse rather than the reset and data buttons together. rejecting a tentative selection or selecting a snap point. The other button is called the reset button. select File > Save Settings. go to Workspace > Button Assignments. To snap tentatively to a keypoint. you can also press the Shift key and move the pointer away from the center of the view while holding the data button down. you are set up to snap automatically to grid points or to a keypoint on an element. This is the button to click to select a menu or to enter a coordinate location. Note the change to the Invoked By description in the list box. Then. to tentative snap. A large crosshair will appear. and the middle button is not functioning for snapping. The middle mouse button will now function for snapping. MicroStation PowerDraft offers a number of different types of snap. try again. the reset and data buttons are pressed at the same time. you are ready to start drawing. Drawing elements Now. Exercise: Use the most common tools 14 . then move the pointer to the Button Definition Area and press the middle button. showing the tentative location where you snapped. or. Click OK. If you have a 3 button mouse. Your system may be setup with a three-button mouse. creating a design. If you don’t like the location. It is used for different actions including terminating commands. Right now. Highlight Tentative in the list box. If you like the location. press the reset button.
which is called entering a data point. Press the reset button to end the command. To stop drawing lines and exit all commands. 3. Select Place Block and draw a box by entering two diagonally opposite data points on two grid points. etc. 5. MicroStation PowerDraft is ready to draw the next line. you must accept the desired curve by pressing the reset button before terminating the curve drawing tool. 15 . One exception to this is when drawing curves. 7. at the first one then again at the third one. There are several ways to stop drawing lines: 1. 2.Place SmartLine 1. 4. Select Place Circle and draw a circle by entering one data point for the center. 6. Note the messages in the status bar. after drawing one line. When drawing lines. Continue with the tools until you have drawn everything you can watching the prompt messages which are displayed in the status bar at the bottom of the screen after selecting each drawing tool. To stop drawing lines but stay in the line placement tool. They tell you what to do next. Place Block Place Arc Place Circle Element Selection tool 3. Continuous draw mode Note that MicroStation PowerDraft is in continuous draw mode. and then the next. Press the reset button to end the command. 8. then another to complete. Press the reset button to end the command. Select Place SmartLine and draw a line between 3 grid points by pressing the data button. click on the Element Selection tool. Select Place Arc and place an arc by watching the status bar and entering three data points. press the reset button. To stop drawing lines and begin using another tool just select the new tool 2.
If red. If it is green. It opens automatically when you select a tool and contains all of the settings available for that particular tool. This is PopSet. the tool settings are always displayed. Note the red ball icon in the tool box at the top of the screen. simply move the pointer over it and a short description displays at the bottom of the screen. Or. Or. tool settings will appear right next to the tool you select and disappear when you move the pointer out of the tool settings. 16 . press Esc until the top of the dialog box turns dark. How to find a tool If you’re not sure what function a tool performs. Click on it to toggle the state. Just click the top bar of the desired dialog box to make it active. if the icon is part of a sub-tool box. you must have the input focus in a dialog box where you want to input data.Tool settings The tool settings window’s contents and heading will change depending on which tool is in use. hold the data button down as you move over the icons. if you have a dialog box is open MicroStation PowerDraft needs to know if you want to enter data into the dialog box or into the tool settings. For example. Input focus Just like any Windows software.
The Change Attribute tools are for changing an existing element’s color. you can copy one element to make another. The Modify tools are for changing an element already in a design. The Manipulate tools let you use one element to create another. Or. Three tools from the Main tool frame are used to change things. The Delete Element tool is for deleting an element. you can scale an element to make a geometrically similar but different sized element. MicroStation PowerDraft offers a variety of commands for changing elements after they have been placed in a design file. and other attributes. You can select multiple elements first and then use either this tool or press the Delete key on the keyboard. For example. That is because a designs is one of the principal means of communication between a designer and the client. 17 .CHAPTER 2 CHANGING THINGS All designs will be changed a number of times before final approval and fabrication of a part or construction of a project. line style. For example. to delete half of a circle or extend a line.
Click the Copy tool and note the title of the tool settings window. This means to move the pointer to the element and click on it. line string. Press the reset 18 .Manipulating Elements Select the Copy tool on the Main tool frame to open the Manipulate tool box. The prompt in the status bar says to identify the element. Exercise: Experiment with manipulating elements 1. multi-line. ellipse. 4.Lesson 4 . copy objects etc. curve. The Manipulate tools are: Scale Move Parallel Move Copy Rotate Mirror Align Construct Array Copy Move Move Parallel Scale Rotate Mirror Align Elements Construct Array Used to copy an element(s) Used to move an element(s) Used to move or copy an element (line. or complex shape) parallel to the original Used to resize an element(s) Used to rotate an element(s) Used to mirror an element(s) Used to justify elements Used to copy an element(s) many times to create an array After creating a design you may want to scale some objects to make them larger or smaller. The line is now attached to the pointer and you can move it anywhere. 3. You can make as many copies as you like. Click again to enter a data point and place the copy. shape. Try it with one of the lines you placed. complex chain. Tear off’ the manipulate tool box. arc. 2.
Mirror copy and Construct Array on your own. the second tool. The original box moves to the new location. note that you can move lines. 7. You can enter an exact distance in the tool settings and indicate if you want to make copies. relative to original element. For example. but without an element attached. You stay in the Copy command. Click on the box you placed. Move Parallel 19 . The element is placed where the pointer is. 5. 8.button to stop copying. Move/Copy Parallel moves or copies parallel to original element. Rotate. 10. when laying out a floor plan. you can draw parallel lines to locate column centerlines or other key locations such as walls. Select Move. Try Scale. arcs and even Bezier curves parallel. Move 6. 9. Also. Move the pointer and enter a data point. The move parallel command is very powerful.
extend a point curve. (2) Trim Element not available in PowerDraft. line string. or two sides of a shape Used to construct a chamfer between two lines or adjacent segments of a line string or shape Partial Delete Extend Extend Elements to Intersection Extend Element to Intersection Trim Elements Insert Vertex Delete Vertex Construct Circular Fillet Construct Chamfer NOTES: (1) Extend Element not available in PowerDraft. attach a line segment. or arc to its intersection with another element Used to trim or cut an element or series of elements at their intersection with one or more cutting elements Used to insert a vertex.Lesson 5 . Use IntelliTrim. line strings. two segments of a line string. 20 . and add an extension line Used to delete a vertex or remove an extension line Used to construct a circular fillet between two elements. change a circle’s radius and move dimension text Used to delete part of an element Used to extend or shorten a line or an end segment of a line string or mult-line Used to extend or shorten two lines. MicroStation’s Modify tool box is shown so you can see all the Modify tools. scale. Extend Element to Intersection Extend Modify Element Insert Vertex Construct Circular Fillet Partial Delete Extend Elements to Intersection Trim Elements Modify Element Construct Chamfer Delete Vertex Used to move vertices and line segments. modify rounded segments and shapes.Modifying Elements The Modify tools do what their name implies. Use Modify Element instead. or arcs to their intersection Used to extend or shorten a line.
2. Tear off the Modify tool box. 5. 7. Move the pointer to indicate which part of the object you keep and which you throw away. Modify Element 3. Use Delete Vertex to delete the vertex. 4. Partial Delete lets you remove a portion of an element. Extend Elements to Intersection automatically extends to a point of intersection. then an element that the line can intersect with to Extend Element to Intersection. Select a line. Select Modify Element and select several elements to see how each is modified in place.Exercise: Experiment with modifications 1. Partial Delete Insert Vertex 6. Delete Vertex 21 . Select the block and pull out a fifth vertex to Insert Vertex.
complex shapes. including those specific to particular element types. opaque (filled with Active color).Changing Element Attributes The Change Attributes tools are as follows. color. Change to Active Fill Type Change Element Attributes Change Multiline Definition SmartMatch Change to Active Area Modify Line Style Attributes Change Element Attributes Change to Active Area (Change Element to Active Area) Change to Active Fill Type (Change Element to Active Fill Type) Modify Line Style Attributes Change Multiline Definition (Change Multiline to Active Definition) Match Element Attributes SmartMatch (Match All Element Settings) Match Element Attributes Used to change selected attributes of an element(s) such as level. or B-spline curves) to the Active Area Used to change a closed element to the Active Fill Type which are none (no fill).Lesson 6 . so they match the attributes of an element in the design 22 . and outlined and to change the Active color Used to interactively modify the line style attributes of an element with a custom line style Used to change a multi-line’s attributes to the active multi-line definition Used to change the active element attribute settings so they match the attributes of an element in the design Used to change all active element attribute settings. ellipses. line style. line weight or class Used to change the area attribute of a closed element(s) (shapes.
Enter a name for the new file in the Files field of the New file dialog box.Schematic In this lab you will draw the simple schematic diagram shown. Click the Select button at the bottom of the dialog box. Exercise . and learn how to copy elements. check the Attributes tool bar after using Change Element Attributes to be sure the attributes are set as you want for the file. This exercise introduces new concepts so be sure to watch the command and prompt at the bottom of your screen as you follow these step by step instructions. 3. click the Color check box to enable it. 3. You will construct rectangles. 23 . Create a new design file 1. 5. Tear off Change Attributes tool box. Click on any element and see its color change. Depending on the version of the software you are using. Select Change Element Attributes. Click on the color option list next to it and select a color. polygons. lines and text. 2. 2.Exercise: Change an element’s attributes 1. Close all of the tool boxes you have opened by clicking the x in the upper right corner. Change Element Attributes 4. Select File > New. In the tool settings.
Reopen the DGN File Settings dialog box and select the Grid Category. 7. Select the Coordinate Readout Category and make sure it is set to master units. this will cause MicroStation PowerDraft to show you coordinates in inches and decimals of inches rather than using a colon separating master and sub units.) 10. click on Settings > View Attributes and click the Grid check box. This will restrain your drawing to whole tenths of an inch. Select Place Block with the following tool settings. Click OK. 12. 5. The dim points you see are the master grid and the bright ones are the reference grids. MicroStation PowerDraft automatically turns off the grid if grids get too close together. Click OK. Click OK to open the new file for work. In the Select Seed File dialog box. Click on Settings > Design File. first. 9. Click OK. Fill Type: None. If you can’t see the grid. Method: Orthogonal. Sub units of thousandths of an inch (mils).4. Click the Grid Lock check box to enable it. Then. Change to inches as the master unit by clicking on Master Units and selecting Inches. 14. then select the Working Units Category. (This really doesn’t matter in this exercise as you will only use the inches master unit. 11. 6. Zoom In in the design a few times to see the grid. adequate for this schematic. The Sub Unit is set to mils. You may have to navigate to \Program Files\Bentley\Workspace\system\seed to find it. 8. Since you chose inches as the master unit. Area: Solid. The prompt in the status bar for the next operation is Enter First Point. Start the schematic 1. The design is set up for Master units of inches.dgn. 13. 24 Place Block . select seed2D.
9. 5. The status bar prompt is back to asking you to “Identify element”. Move the pointer close to a corner of the first rectangle. If you inadvertently placed an extra rectangle. 6. Reject the selection by pressing the reset button.2. Enter a data point. Now select the Edit menu and then entry Undo delete element. Copy 7. Move the rectangle copy two bold reference grid points to the right and click on the reference point. 13. 3. or if one is at the wrong location. The prompt reads Enter first point again. Select Place SmartLine from the Main tool frame. Delete Element Try this with one of the good rectangles. 4. The rectangle reappears. 8. MicroStation PowerDraft is ready for you to enter another rectangle. Press the reset button. Continue with the schematic 1. 11. Instead. click on the Element Selection tool at the top of the Main tool frame. Move the pointer 2 more reference points to the right and enter a data point. 12. The status bar prompts you to Enter first vertex. 25 Place SmartLine . select the Element Selection tool. Press the data button to enter a data point. Drag the pointer diagonally opposite rectangle corner one reference grid to the right and two down. Select the Copy tool. then click on the Delete tool at the bottom of the Main tool frame. click on the incorrect rectangle. 10. Place the pointer over one of the grids and enter a data point. Move Take the pointer to the upper left corner of the rectangle you already placed and enter a data point. A new copy appears. Element Selection You have successfully placed three rectangles of identical dimensions precisely on a grid.
10. 12. keeping the line horizontal. This will make lettering on your drawing . 11.2 inches wide by . Enter a data point.2 inches by clicking in the field next to the label and entering the value. Move the pointer to begin the next line and repeat the previous steps to draw all lines representing the conductors in the schematic. Keep rejecting until the polygon is selected. 15. 7. 16. Copy 13. Place four copies of the polygon at the connection of each line with a rectangle. Select the Engineering font from the list of fonts. If you accidentally get the rectangle or the line. 9. Select Copy. Enter a data point to place the center of the polygon at the end of the line. This disconnects the line and you are ready to enter the first point of another line. Now press the reset button. Select Place Regular Polygon. Move the pointer to the left side of the middle rectangle. Move pointer and then enter a data point to set the polygon radius. 3. To draw the connectors at the ends of each line. 4.2. Change Height and Width to 0. press reset to reject. Move the pointer to Place Block and tear off the Polygons tool box.2 high. 5. 26 . Enter a data point on the polygon. 14. you will use a regular polygon. 6. Move pointer to the end point of one of the lines. Close the Text Styles dialog box by clicking the x in upper right corner. Select the Element menu and then Text Styles. Move the pointer to a point on the right side of first rectangle and enter a data point. Place Regular Polygon t l 8.
The Text Editor appears. Repeat for all five connectors and your first drawing is complete. Enter a data point near connector 1 on your design. Move the pointer and see the dynamic numeral 1. Click in the Text Editor and press the Backspace key to erase the 1. 27 . 22. Select Place Text from the Main tool frame. 20. Place it near connector 2 in the schematic. Type in the numeral 2. 23. Type in the numeral 1. 21. 19. 18.Place Text 17.
Copying graphics. Setup the grid. lines and polygons. 4. Create a new design file. Undo a command. You are prepared to create more complex designs at this point. 2. Create graphics with blocks. Set up your working units. 8. Work with the grid-lock on. 5.Summary In summary. 7. you have seen that you can: 1. 10. 28 . Setup the text size. 6. Annotate your design. 3. Edit by deleting graphics. 9.
but. all deleted elements are thrown away. all data is kept so you can undo.You can actually have several designs stored in the same file. They can be 2D or 3D models.View a separate design while working on the current one. We will work with one model per file. This is an easy way to make a back up.When you add and delete elements. Raster Manager . File menu Open. Compress Design . Reference . Also.This allows you to open a previously created file.You can save a design under another name. 29 . Great for things like drawing electrical fixtures on someone else’s floor plan. This is intended to give you an overview of generally what functions are available and where they can be found. When you compress the file. for viewing raster image files such as photographs or scanned drawings. or save a dwg as a dgn file which is like import/export.Closes the file you are working on and takes you back to the MicroStation Manager. Click on each menu listed as you read this chapter.CHAPTER 3 MENU SURVEY Now that you are somewhat comfortable with MicroStation PowerDraft.Like References. Save Settings .Keep settings for the next time this design is opened. Use the scroll bar to scroll up and down the list or change folders. Save As . this is where you save a dgn file as a dwg or dxf. Models . Close . Each separate design is called a model. let’s do a menu survey to see what other things you can do and what other functions you need to learn.
An email of your current design file. Then. The list of files at the end is a history of recently opened files. you can plot to any windows device. etc). Export.To leave MicroStation PowerDraft and return to the operating system. 30 .Where you go to produce a hardcopy of your design. Exit .Gives you the ability to print a whole set of drawings Associate .Import . Print . you can drag and drop that file type on the MicroStation PowerDraft icon. Properties . Such as a tiff file to open Display Image.Bring a design into MicroStation PowerDraft in any of several formats (eg IGES. Print Preview .Associate any file type with what you want MicroStation PowerDraft to do with it.Shows how your design will look if printed with current settings. Batch Print . and it will load and run.Send a MicroStation PowerDraft design file out in one of the other formats. If you use the Windows driver. Click on one to open it right up.Shows the properties of this design file. Send .
Microsoft OLE (Object Linking and Embedding). Use Group and UnGroup to temporarily turn group off and on.Locks selected items (can’t change) until Unlock is selected. Allows inserting an object.Set up links.Ungroups elements.Reverse UNDO. click on an empty area of the screen. Redo . Show Clipboard Group . Cut/Copy .To locate text on your drawing and replace with other text. Links . Insert Object .Edit menu Undo .Creates a Group by selecting elements with same level. To ungroup.Update the links from this file to the OLE object.Puts selected elements in a group. Update Links . A group can then be manipulated using the Manipulate tool bar.Cut puts highlighted graphics on clip board and deletes from screen.Creates a Group of all elements in drawing. Copy puts a copy on the clipboard.Marks a spot so UNDO Other can work back to the mark. 31 .Puts contents of clipboard in the design. Set Mark . Select All . Lock. Find/Replace Text . Paste . ( Reload your first design and try this). color. object type.Reverse the effect of most recent command. line style. etc. Select By Attributes . Ungroup .
Change characteristics of Bezier curve tool (only available in full MicroStation). Line Style .Attach text descriptors to graphics objects for later reporting. create cell from geometry or select cell to be placed. units etc. Multi-lines . Or.Set text properties (width.To attach cell library. font) and save as a style.Sets up definition of Multi-lines such as line style of each line. Tags . 32 . it will change the element. Text Styles .ELEMENT Menu B-splines and 3D .Choose this and then click on an element. To choose Tags. then Tags. select Element.To setup custom line styles. If you edit information in this box and click Apply. Dimensions . tolerance. height. Cells . load a style Information . See information about the element displayed.Sets up dimensioning characteristics such as line style. spacing between etc. Double click on the element to bring up a dialog box.
To choose Coordinate Readout.Pre-saved groups of settings that are useful for a particular type of drafting. Design File > Grid . angle lock etc. Level . select Settings.5 geometric tolerancing. Camera . View Attributes .SETTINGS Menu Tool Settings .To display levels and setup level names and symbols. select Settings. Locks . Design File > Coordinate Readout . etc. select Settings.To set up grids and turn grid lock on. angle. then Design file. the colors used for a design file.To toggle aspects of what you see such as the grid. Design File > Working units .Set up working units for a drawing or model.Format and precision for dimensions.To link to external databases. eg ANSI Y14. Database . etc. AccuDraw . fill color.For rotating.To set snap modes. To choose Working Units. Color Table . then Design File. etc.To setup for lighting. material mapping. Design File > Active Angle . Rendering . 33 .To setup camera position.Turn them off (but they come back automatically) Manage . Snaps .Full dialog box for all types of locks.Where you change the color table.Set up AccuDraw. then Design File.
hold down the shift key and select another or double click the icon for the new mode.Snap to the nearest entity or complex chain midpoint. center.Snap to the geometrically closest point.A line starting from another and perpendicular to it. activate the Place SmartLine and then select the snaps icon..As above. Origin . but.As above but starts at exactly the point chosen.). etc. but slides. Perpendicular . Intersection . snapping has been a multistep process: 34 . Bisector . Or. Nearest .Settings menu: Snaps menu You can open the Snaps menu from the icon in the status bar at the bottom of the screen or from Settings > Design File > Snaps. select Button Bar from the status bar menu.Traditionally. Tangent . To change mode.. To see the maximum.To intersection of two elements. Midpoint . Keypoint . vertex of rectangle. Parallel . perpendicular and parallel. The mode can be overridden for one snap only if desired by clicking once. The main snaps are keypoint. tangent from .A line tangent to circle or arc. Procedure for snapping . origin. The active snap mode is indicated by the diamond on the menu..To origin of cell or text string. There is a great deal of overlap. Only the snaps that are available for the current tool will be displayed. sliding around. tangent. center of circle.Parallel to a line.Bisector of entity.Snap to the nearest logical point (end point of line. starting from point selected. The snaps that will be shown on the Snaps menu depend on the current active drawing tool. perpen from . Center .Snap to the center of nearest object. intersection.
Press the left and right mouse buttons or the middle button of a 3 button mouse. AccuSnap Settings . Set the snap mode or method to what is desired. nearest or other.Shows you the snap points automatically in keypoint mode. 2. to turn automatic element highlight on or off. AccuSnap . 5. Your point will be snapped automatically.1. All you need do is move the pointer until the yellow x icon appears near the snap point. 4. Press the data button to accept or right click to reject. See Workspace > Button Assignments to change. keypoint.To turn AccuSnap on or off. use the settings which are found by clicking the snap icon in the status bar and selecting AccuSnap. Watch the large crosshair appear on the point. Move pointer near the point to be snapped to. and then press the data button. 3. 35 .
cut. 36 . help. To see all the tool boxes. level.Displays or closes the attributes tool bar portion of Primary Tools. Standard . Primary Tools . undo. 3D Drawing . blocks. copy. paste. fence.For attaching and detaching a database. redo. select Tools > Tool Boxes.The main tool frame for tools to draw lines.Active in 3D. etc. Auxiliary Coordinates . To get to this tool bar. new file.Displays bar with graphic for color. Main . line weight.Tools menu The more common tool boxes are listed when you click Tools from the main menu. Attributes .Adds to Primary tool bar: open file. save. click Tools > Tool Boxes. print. Database . line style information and AccuDraw.Only active for a file declared to be a 3D file.
Multi-line Joints . etc. Tool Boxes . 37 . caps.Manipulation of attached references.How to handle intersections. References .Lists all individual tool boxes.
Render for shading a 3D model. Since version V8. Cell Selector is very useful for placing cells. 38 . MicroStation PowerDraft automatically picks up all truetype and AutoCAD shx fonts. if available.Utilities menu Here are a number of utilities that are useful. Key-in allows you to key-in commands and distances rather than graphic selections. Install Fonts to bring True Type or other outside fonts into MicroStation PowerDraft and more.
39 . Go here if you have a three button mouse. By default. without changes. Button assignments . the left to be the data button and the right to be used as the reset button. etc.To change the function of mouse or digitizer buttons.For setting up user preferences.Workspace menu Allows you to select from a number of different options for your set up.Can be assigned functions. F1 is Help. The rest of this course is based on the way MicroStation PowerDraft installs. Preferences . Change the center button to function as the snap button. You may not need to use options here. Function Keys .
we will slow down and go more deeply into the most commonly used functions. manipulate and edit elements and you have familiarity with the menu structure. 40 .Takes up available screen space with open views..Divide up the screen evenly between all views. Cascade . navigate the menus.View 1 on top. Tile .. view 2 next with corner visible. add.To open or close any of the 8 views permitted per file.. Arrange . gaining more hands-on experience. From this point. view 3. Summary You are now able to open and create drawing files.Window menu Open/Close .
i. The key-in command that you use to specify coordinate position is xy=.CHAPTER 4 INPUT OF PRECISE GEOMETRIC DATA A very useful feature of MicroStation PowerDraft for precise technical drawing is key-in of coordinate data.Key-In of Coordinate Data Using Key-In Commands MicroStation PowerDraft allows you to input data point values with the keyboard instead of the mouse.y coordinate 41 . relative to the global origin. The format for this key-in is: xy=x coordinate. This means that you can create elements that are a certain size. This feature is most frequently used to indicate the exact position for an element’s origin point. to use key-ins. The xy= Key-in command MicroStation PowerDraft allows you to place data points by specifying their absolute coordinate positions. Remember. the data may be entered • • via the mouse and graphic pointer via coordinates entered from the keyboard. You can also use key-in input to specify the exact location that you want an element to be placed. Whenever MicroStation PowerDraft calls for entry of coordinate data. then Key-in to open the Key-in browser. There are two ways to key-in coordinate data from the keyboard: • • using key-in commands using AccuDraw Lesson 7 . select Utilities. or a certain distance from another element.e.
dx=delta x.The values for the X and Y coordinates should be specified in working units format.0<enter> in the Input field of the Key-in utility. you will not see a difference between these two key-ins. The format for each of these key-ins is shown.delta y The delta values for X and Y are entered in working units format and they can be positive or negative. Unless you are working in a rotated view. and they can be either a positive or negative value. Here are the steps you would follow to create this line: 1. NOTE: The xy= key-in uses the drawing coordinate system.delta y dl=delta x. Here is how you might use this key-in. 42 . You want to create a line with initial point at the global origin of the design plane. So the coordinates you enter are always placed relative to the global origin. Key in xy=0. The only difference between these two key-ins is that dx= uses the view coordinate system and dl= uses the drawing coordinate system. The dx= and dl= Key-in Commands You can use the dx= and dl= key-in commands to place a data point at an offset distance from a previous data point or current tentative point. Select the Place SmartLine tool. Here is how you might use these key-ins. You want to create a line that is 5 feet in length. and it’s origin point is 3 feet to the right of an existing element. 3. Here are the steps needed to create this line. Place SmartLine 2. Complete the command by entering a data point to visually place the line’s end point or enter another xy= key-in to specify the exact coordinates for the line’s end point.
43 . Place SmartLine 2. 2. You might do this by visually selecting a data point. Key in dx=3.1. Here you specify the distance and the angular direction of the next data point. You want to create a rectangle that is exactly two feet wide and three feet high. 3. 3. Enter the origin point for the rectangle.90 di=2. The di= Key-in Command The di= key-in allows you to place a data point in polar coordinates by referencing a previous data point or a current tentative point. 4. Select the Place SmartLine tool. entering xy= to specify the exact coordinates. not the file’s axes. This indicates that the end point for the line is 5 feet from the previous data point. Key in the following to draw the rectangle: di=2. Here is how you might use this key-in.270 NOTE: This key-in uses the view coordinate system. The format for this key-in is: di=distance.0 di=3. Tentative snap to the right side of the existing element.0. Key in dx=5.0. Valid angle values range from 0 to 360 measured counterclockwise from positive x.180 di=3. They can be whole numbers or decimal values down to one ten-thousandth of a degree. 1. or by entering dx= to offset from the previous data point or current tentative point. Select the Place SmartLine tool. direction (angle) Distance is entered in working units. Here are the steps needed to create this rectangle. so the angle is always relative to the screen orientation. This indicates that you want the origin point of the line to be shifted three feet to the right of the current tentative point. but don’t accept the tentative location.
A useful feature of AccuDraw is an enhancement of the previous keyin command. AccuDraw has already entered the letters x y and = for you. 3. Move pointer straight up and then type 3. AccuDraw will draw the line 5 units in the X direction. 4.Key-In of coordinate data using AccuDraw AccuDraw can be opened by clicking on the AccuDraw icon. When drawing a line. and accept. press the p key. The line is 3 units in the Y. first tentative snap to the known point. Vertical works the same way. As an example of how to operate AccuDraw. just as in Lesson 7. This will open a coordinate dialog box showing X and Y coordinates. Note the dialog box says x. To start a line at a known distance from a point. Move pointer using soft lock as in step 1. We will work with AccuDraw more in later exercises. 5. You do need to press Enter after entering the two coordinates. In the polar coordinate mode you enter distance and angle in the AccuDraw window.y= with a box to input a number. 2. Press the space bar to switch between xy mode and polar coordinate mode in AccuDraw. Type distance from known point and then enter a data point to set beginning of new line. Start a line anywhere. Move the pointer so the line is horizontal. but don’t accept. do the following: 1. press Enter to set Smart Lock. depending on the direction at the time you press Enter. Smart Lock will lock the direction in either X or Y. Note how the line highlights to indicate that it is horizontal. press the letter O on the keyboard. Enter a data point to set the line. 6. With input focus in the AccuDraw window. Here you type the coordinate pair. Move the pointer horizontally to the right and then type 5 (don’t press Enter). Then. 44 . Enter a data point to set the line. If you practice these steps you will find that AccuDraw is the easiest way to enter precise coordinates.
Finally.0 press the P key and type in 0. Set the Coordinates Format to Master Units and the Coordinate Accuracy to 0. enable AccuDraw by clicking Toggle AccuDraw on the Primary tool bar. (rather than 1:2. 5. 45 . Coordinates will be displayed as 1.25 in. Working Units Category. Select seed2D. Move the screen pointer to the right of the first point and type 4 (without pressing Enter).0 then Enter. Set up master working units of inches.Fit View to see the 4 x 4 inch rectangle. 3. accept by entering a data point. Click OK.dgn as the seed file.5). Make sure the input focus is in the AccuDraw window.Stepped-Shaft You will use key-in of coordinate data to create the design file for the shaft as shown. 1. 4. 7. Select Settings > Design File. 6. Place Block Fit View 9. 2.Exercise . Use your first name for the file name. Select File then New. 8. Select Place Block. 10. If not enabled. To place first rectangle with a corner at 0. move the pointer straight up and type 4 (without pressing Enter). Then. Select Coordinate Readout.12.
Move the pointer to the right and type 6.11. First. 11. Draw the vertical line at the chamfer by snapping. click above. Construct Chamfer tool 8.125 (1/8”). Then. enter a data point to accept the tentative point. Select the line style options in the Attributes tool bar.Use AccuDraw to place the second rectangle. This places the first point of the second rectangle. With AccuDraw having the input focus. If OK. Fit View to see the second.Then use Modify Element to extend the line to make the centerline as long as you like. Note one corner has been chamfered to 1/8”. press both buttons or the middle button on your mouse. 6 x 2 inch. Accept. on the horizontal edge of the same rectangle. the snap point. at the top and bottom. rectangle. Pan the view to the right to make room for the end-view circles. MicroStation PowerDraft is asking you if it snapped to the right point. The AccuDraw compass should now be located at the lower right corner of the first rectangle. Then. set both distances to . move the pointer up. 13. but not on. In the tool settings. Just enter a data point to accept the snap point. If AccuSnap is active. the chamfer point. 9. Select Place Block. you will see the element highlight and the yellow x icon by the point. A large crosshair will appear. type 1 and enter a data point. 46 . Move the pointer up along the rectangle’s right side. Select the centerline style. Click on the right hand vertical edge of 6 x 2 rectangle. 12. In this case. type 2 and enter a data point. press reset and try again. using the default keypoint snap. then tentative snap to the lower right corner of the first rectangle without accepting. Pan by using the scroll bars or using the Pan view control. press O for Origin to set the origin. Repeat on the lower right corner of the same rectangle. Usually it is best to put it right on a line near. but not on. Select Construct Chamfer from the Modify tool box.Place the centerline by snapping to the center of the vertical edge of the rectangles. Remember the sequence for snapping. If not OK. Reset to disconnect the line. 10. on the horizontal line near. move the pointer near the point to be snapped to. 13. Click anywhere in the view to accept. Then.
Reset to return to the beginning of the sequence. Identify the . Add more dimensions: 1. (If you want a horizontal line on your leader. Accept 10” dimension. Identify the 2” circle. Dimension Element 19. place the center of the small circle as described and then use AccuDraw to place a point on the circle by dragging the pointer horizontally to the right and typing 0. 5.Draw the circle representing the O. 2. 16. Draw the large circle similarly. To draw the small circle representing the chamfer. Just click on the side to be dimensioned. 18. of the small shaft. Note the placement sequence: snap to the corner of the shaft. Move the pointer straight to the far right end and click to set the length. Select Element > Text. Locate the center by snapping to the centerline and then set a 2” diameter or 1” radius in the tool settings. move the pointer straight up to set the extension lines. Place center marks for circles.200. Element and select Radius in the tool settings and enable Centermark. Follow the status bar prompts to place the 4” side of the large rectangle.14.875” radius circle. Accept. select Dimension Size with Arrows. Accept. 17. 15. The leader will be automatic). D. 3. Set text Height and Width to 0.875. Dimension Size with Arrows Dimension Element Note the tool settings for different ways of dimensioning a circle. For the 10” dimension. 4. The easy way is to use Dimension. 20. Select Dimension Element from the Main tool frame. Then. 6. Summary 47 . Select Dimension Element.Change the line style back to solid. select Element Dimension Styles > Text > Orientation > Horizontal.
But.You have completed a medium complexity mechanical drawing including chamfering. key-in of precise coordinates and dimensioning. you are already prepared for schematics and normal mechanical drafting with MicroStation PowerDraft. We will go more deeply into dimensioning in a later chapter. 48 .
Only elements that lie entirely inside the fence will be affected. Once a fence has been placed. The three most common fence modes are: • Inside . • Clip . You can set the fence mode when you create it. delete. It is not an element and it is not saved as part of the design. click on the same tool.Elements that lie inside or those that overlap any portion of the fence will be affected. It is important to realize that any element that is broken by a fence clip operation no longer maintains its original element properties. scale. • Overlap . copy. Lesson 8 . So only the portions of the broken elements that lie inside the fence will be changed. There are three important things that you need to know about fences: A fence is a temporary structure that you can use to group elements. rotate. This can be done by repeating the operation for each individual element. It too will affect elements that lie inside the fence or ones that overlap any portion of it. Place a fence by selecting the Fence tool. Only one fence can exist in a design file at any time. or change the attributes of elements that are in the fence. Place Fence tool 49 . The difference is that this mode will actually break overlapping elements at the points where they touch the fence. To turn a fence off. Fences can be in one of six different modes. or at any time from the Settings > Locks > Full dialog box. These modes determine which elements are considered to be fenced. you can move. when you perform an operation that uses it.CHAPTER 5 WORKING WITH GROUPS There will be times when you need to perform the same operation on several elements. or by temporarily grouping the elements and performing the operation once for the entire group.Fences One way that you can group elements in a design file is to place a fence around them.This mode is similar to the Overlap mode. This chapter covers two different ways that you can create these temporary groups in MicroStation PowerDraft.
Color: Enabled and set to 3 (red). 2. move. this tool will affect only the elements within the fence. you will be prompted to enter two data points. you will be prompted to confirm the deletion with a data point. Manipulate Fence Contents Essentially. or move a fence. Exercise: Changing fence contents 1. or copy the contents. 5. Select Place Fence from the Fence tool box. Delete Fence Contents Change Element Attributes 3. All of the circles will change color. Use Fence: Enabled and set to Inside. you could delete. 4. When you select this tool. Remember that the current fence mode will determine which elements are deleted. Enter data points to place the corners of the fence so they include the circles from previous exercise. This same steps will change level. There is also a tool that allows you to delete the elements in the fence. Enter a data point in the view.Unlike the other tools. Reset. any modification that can be applied to elements can also be applied to fenced groups. Delete Fence Contents . The three most common tools: Place Fence Place Fence . Or. When you activate this tool. These data points will be the diagonal vertices of the fence. line style or any attribute.You can use this tool to place a rectangular fence. Select Change Element Attributes with the following tool settings. A data point anywhere in an open view will confirm this action and delete the contents of the fence. 50 .The Fence tool box You can use these tools to place. modify.
Open the Operation options to see that you can copy. 51 . move rotate and more. click the fence tool again.The Manipulate Fence Contents tool setting have several manipulation options. To remove a fence from the design. Other tools on the fence tool bar let you modify a fence shape after it has been placed and remove the complex status from complex elements that are fenced.
Select Element Selection from the Main tool frame. When creating a selection set. 2. This creates what is called a selection set. To select a single element Element Selection 1. indicating that it is selected. Identify the desired element. 52 . To select all the elements within an area 1. They can now be changed or manipulated the same way you would change or manipulate any single element. The element will now have edit handles around it. Press the Ctrl key on the keyboard and hold it. 2. once an element is selected. To select multiple elements 1. Select Element Selection from the Main tool frame. Drag the dynamic fence that you see to the opposite corner of the area and release the data button. or all elements that lie in a specified area. When an element or group of elements has been selected with this tool. if you click on it again it will be deselected.The Element Selection Tool Another way to temporarily group elements is to use the Element Selection tool. Click on each desired element. Continue until all the desired elements are selected.Lesson 9 . handles will display around the elements. Position the pointer at one corner of the area that you want to select and press and hold the data button. All elements that lie completely inside this area will have edit handles around them. indicating that they are selected. Select Element Selection from the Main tool frame. a group of elements. 2. any element that lies inside or overlaps the area will be selected. This tool allows you to select a single element. If you press and hold the Ctrl and Shift keys while dragging across elements.
Create the protector 1. Select File > New.Sprinkler Protector In this exercise you will create the Plan and Section view of a sprinkler protector shown in the following graphic. 2. Enter any file name (ex: EXER3) in the Files field.Exercise . 53 .
press 6. then enter a data point. Then move the pointer straight down. Move the pointer to the lower left corner of the rectangle until the yellow x is on the corner. 11. Enter a data point. 9. Click the lock icon in the status bar to open the locks menu. 8. then enter a data point. 13. but don’t press Enter. Make sure that Grid does not have a check mark next to it. Move the pointer to the right and press 6. 7. Use AccuDraw and AccuSnap. then the Working Units Category. You can also turn the grid off by selecting Settings > View Attributes and disabling the Grid check box then click Apply. Place a few 3-sided polygons and points to represent the concrete. Now press the letter V to reorient to the view. make sure the selected seed file is seed2d. The Grid lock should be off. 54 . Select Place Fence. Press the letter O on the keyboard. 15. Set Sub Units to mils. 6. Click OK. press Enter to lock to the X. Then. Fit View to see the entire rectangle.3. with AccuDraw indexed to vertical (the heavy white line indicates that it is indexed) to make the first point of the section. You will learn about automatic patterning later. You will draw one half of the section view and use the Mirror tool to create the other half. 5. In the Seed File section. Select Settings > Design File. 4. Move the pointer down. Fit View 10. 12.dgn. then snap to the first point. Space the Section View down from the plan. Draw the remainder of the left half of section. Place the circle center by changing the active snap to Center and then snap to an edge of the rectangle. 14. Move left. Close the section by snapping again to the upper left point. move the pointer up and press 2. Draw the rectangle and two concentric circles of the plan view using AccuDraw. Set Master Units to inches with the Label “.
The Mirror tool is now expecting you to accept the contents of the fence and supply it with the line about which it will mirror.16. Mirror About: Horizontal. You will see a colored rectangle surrounding the left half section. Move the pointer a couple of inches below and to the right. as MicroStation PowerDraft assumes you want to continue. Use Fence: Enabled and set to Inside. 18. Click at the exact center of the plan. and snap to center of horizontal line in the top view. 17. 21. and enter a data point. Select the Mirror tool from the Modify tool box with the following tool settings. Move the pointer a couple of inches above and to left of the section. Be sure you are set to make a copy. 55 . Reset to end the command 22. and enter a data point. Hint: use the Keypoint snap. Finish the remainder of the drawing as in the Stepped Shaft exercise. You will see another copy. You will see the geometry copied and mirrored to create the right side of the section. Make Copy: Enabled. otherwise you will mirror the original geometry. 19. Mirror 20.
using the scroll bars or by pressing the Shift key and data and button at the same time. Menus If you are keyboard oriented you have probably already begun to memorize the power keys. Select the Grid category to set up the grid. 56 . up. File navigation Create a new file. using a seed file to get it started. or to reject a selection. Press both buttons simultaneously. Main Tool Frame You will always want this tool frame open. If the snap lock is on. check the list of abbreviated key-in commands in the appendix and use the Key-in browser to learn the key-ins for commands. as you are capable of preparing fairly complex working drawings. Note that after panning or any view control. or use the center button. you can return to the command you were in by resetting. This is a good point at which to review what you have learned. or accept a point (enter a data point). and select Working Units to set up working units for any new design file. Use the right button to reset to the beginning of a continuous operation like entering lines. Data-Reset-Tentative Use the left mouse button to select command. moving the pointer right. or down to pan. If so. left. Panning and view controls in the middle of a command Pan the drawing using the Pan view control. to enter a tentative point. or File > Open an existing file. Working Units and the grid Go to Settings > Design File.Summary and Review You can now manipulate groups of elements as well as operating on individual elements.
Use the data button to accept and the reset button to reject.) Row 14 – Delete Element To find a tool. Always check it after selecting a tool. If you reject. mirror. Input focus Remember that. Status bar Remember to watch status bar at the bottom of the screen. Manipulating & modifying elements The tools for changing elements already in a design are found in four tool boxes off the Main tool frame. Accept/Reject Many commands prompt you to Accept/Reject a selection. For example. using the active snap mode. To 57 . MicroStation PowerDraft will prompt you to Accept/Reject the fence contents. etc. AccuSnap Use it to automatically snap to elements. You may not be where you thought.. You must answer that question before going on. move.Modify (delete partial. scale.pressing both buttons will tentatively snap according to mode set in the Snap menu. Row 11 . like any Windows program. extend two lines. as it gives you the options for that command. move the pointer over the first tool’s icon and watch for the tool tip or press the data button on it and check the status bar.Manipulate (copy.) Row 12 .. Tool Settings This opens it automatically whenever you select a tool. the input focus must be in the dialog box that you want to enter data into.Change element attributes Row 13 . you will be ready to try again. if you want to delete the contents of a fence.
AccuDraw To start it. Follow step 1 or 3 to set the start of the line. like the line. The most popular shortcuts are: 1) Enter a data point. press in the letter O (representing Origin). Enter the coordinate change and enter a data point again to accept. press P and type the coordinate pair separated by a comma. for the radius of an arc. tentative snap to the known point without accepting. move the pointer in the second direction. or press Esc until it has focus. This works for drawing a line. If you see the heavy white line. and enter a data point. followed by pressing Enter. From then on. you use the company’s standard seed file to start all new files. 2) To enter an absolute coordinate. move the pointer in the first direction until you see the heavy line. To set up a company standard seed file. enter the first number without entering a data point mouse or pressing Enter. and then save the result with an appropriate name in the path of seed files (usually Program Files\Bentley\Workspace\system\seed). 58 . for moving an element. then move the pointer in the direction you want the next point to be. Then. just modify seed2d. 4) If you want to start a line offset from a known point. Then. Company standards in seed files One of the first places for any company to standardize is their seed files. Important: Be sure everyone in your company uses the same seed files. With input focus on the AccuDraw Window you can key in values. you know you are indexed to the x or y direction.dgn to suit.change focus to a dialog box. click on Toggle AccuDraw in Primary Tools tool bar. click on it. or any command that requires a coordinate change. 3) If using AccuDraw to enter two coordinate changes (like a line on an angle or a rectangle). enter the second number.
CHAPTER 6 USING LEVELS A design file consists of any number of levels. A level is a way of separating CAD data much in the same way as a clear sheet of acetate is used by an architect on pindrafting. For example, you might put your floor plan design on level 1, your dimensions on level 10 and furniture symbols on level 20. If you turn all levels on, you see the floor plan, dimensions and furniture. Or, if you turn off level 10 and 20 you will only see the floor plan. Using levels allows you to work on only one part of a design at a time without clutter. It also facilitates communication. You might turn off the furniture when sending the file to an electrical designer who only needs the floor plan. Also, levels facilitate printing actual working designs. From one file you can make a dimensioned designs for the framer or a design with the floor plan and furniture for the interior designer, just by turning levels on and off. Each of the eight design views can be set up to display a different combination of levels. Lesson 10 - Level Manager & Level Display Dialog Boxes Level Manager dialog box This is used to create and delete levels and optionally to set the color, line style and line weight for that level if using ByLevel option for those attributes. Open it by selecting Settings > Level > Manager.
To create a level Select Levels > New. A new level is added to the level list. Click on any item that you wish to change to set attributes. Click on the name New Level and enter the new name for the level. Click on the Number or Color to change those things. Click on the
check mark under Display to turn the level’s display on or off. Click on any column heading to sort the list in that order.
Level Display dialog box Even though there are any number of levels that you can draw on, only one level is considered active at any given time. Any elements that you create will be placed on the active level. The Level Display dialog box can be used to set the active level and to turn levels on and off in the individual views. Open it by selecting Settings > Levels > Display or click the tool in the Primary Tools tool bar.
The level highlighted in green in the list box is currently the active level. The darkened levels indicate that they are turned on for this particular view. NOTE: Changing the active level only affects elements that are created from that point on. It does not affect any existing elements. To set a active level 1. Select Settings > Levels > Display. 2. Put the pointer on the level you want to make active and double tap click the data button. The level is highlighted in green.
To turn levels on or off 1. Single click any level that is not the active level to toggle its state. The active level is always on and cannot be turned off.
You can also press and hold the data button and drag across several levels to turn multiple levels on or off.
in the Level Display dialog box then click on that named level. 62 . identify the elements that you want changed by clicking on them and then accepting.11 . you may want to move an element or a group of them from the original level on which the elements were placed to a new level. Depending on the version of the software you are using. To do that. Then. You can try this by changing all of the dimensions from the previous exercise to a named level. select the new level. use the Change Attributes tool. remember to check the Attributes tool bar after using Change Element Attributes to be sure you are set up as you want.Moving Elements Between Levels After elements have been added to a design. Enable the Level check box in the tool settings. Then. the dimensions will disappear. Finally. When you click All.
You can turn this lock on through the Locks dialog box.Level Locks You can use the Level Lock feature to restrict element manipulations. To open it. so that only elements on the currently active level will be affected by certain manipulation tools.Lesson 12 . By default. select Settings > Locks >. Trying to select an element on any other level for manipulation when this lock is on will cause the error message Element Not Found to appear in the status bar. the level lock is off. 63 . Enable the check box next to Level Lock to enable this lock.
join lines and cap Multi-line as you direct it.CHAPTER 7 USING MULTI-LINES The Multi-line feature of MicroStation PowerDraft is very useful for many types of designs. Offset . independent of the others. Attributes . the caps or the way joints are handled. Component . but especially for drawing floor plans.Multi-line Set Up Select Element > Multi-lines (or Multi-line Styles) top open the Multilines dialog box. Attributes . Lesson 13 . 64 .You can set the attributes of each line in the Multiline. Fill Color – Enable the check box and then select a color.To change one of the lines. MicroStation PowerDraft will automatically miter the corners.The distance of each line relative to the centerline of the Multi-line.The active attributes for each line can be overridden.
Note the image change. spaced 1 master unit above and below the centerline. As an example.0000 by clicking on it under Offset in the dialog box. Note the image change. enable the check box for Style. Select line 0:0. MicroStation PowerDraft will change it to 2:0.0000. In the Attributes section.The image at the lower left shows how the Multi-line will look. Try changing the offset for the upper line. the default Multi-line has 3 lines. leave the option at Standard and select number 2 to change line style to all dashes. Edit the number to 2. Select the line 1:0. 65 . Two lines are solid.0000. When you press Enter.
Select Tools > Multi-Line Joints. Place SmartLine is the first tool in this tool box. Follow this procedure: a. if a joint does not clean up as you wished.Cleaning up Multi-line joints After placing some arbitrary multi-lines in your drawing experiment with cleaning up the joints. Identify second multi-line.Placing Multi-Lines To place a Multi-line. The default is to place the line by the centerline. 2.Lesson 14 . clicking on the centerlines in reverse sequence. Enter data point to “accept” the joint. Place Multi-line Lesson 15 . d. b. reset before accepting or use Edit > Undo and then try again. In the tool box. Select tool. select Place Multi-line from the Linear Elements tool box. c. Identify first multi-line at joint. The joint will be cleaned up according to the tool you selected. Also. The status bar prompts Place Multi-Line. 66 . NOTE: Select centerlines a short distance from the joint. Move the pointer at an angle and the corner is mitered. Move the pointer to where you want to enter the first point and enter a data point then move to the end point and enter another. with the prompt Enter First Point. select the tools one by one and try them on your sample multi-lines. Exercise: Multi-Line joints 1.
2.Exercise .Floor Plan 1.dgn. On the Attributes tool bar set: Level: 1 Color: white Style: solid Weight: 0 67 . Set the following Settings > Design File DGN File Settings. Create a New File named FLOOR. Working Units to: Master Unit: feet with Label ‘ Sub Unit: inches with Label “ Coordinate Readout: sub units with Accuracy 1/16 Grid: Master Grid 0:1.000 (every 1”) Reference Grid 12 (every foot or 12”) Click OK 3.
Move pointer straight up. b. move the pointer straight down.4. Select Place Multi-line. then press reset. leaving a 3’ opening. i. Select the second entry (lower line in figure) by clicking on it. It should be offset 0:0 and Override for centerline style. type 15. Select Element > Multi-Lines. type 15. and check the list box which shows the location of each line that makes up the Multi-line. type 24. type 15. or use the Grid to judge how large an area is covered by the screen. d. Zoom Out so that you see an area of about 30’ x 20’. go to Edit > Undo Last Data Point and you will preserve the good work. This completes set up for a normal 6” wall with centerline. type 3 and then enter a data point. Change its offset to -0:3. c. For the 3’ doorway. enter a data point. e. Enter a data point. Move the pointer to near upper left of screen and enter a data point. (3) (Depending on the software version you must make the change in the small box to the right of the word Offset. Move pointer left. k. Move pointer straight right. In the Multi-line dialog box set: Select the Component “Start Cap” Line at Angle 90 Select the Component “Lines”. Note the first entry (centerline).) Select third entry. 68 Place Multi-line . Move pointer up. Enter a data point. Enter a data point. You can use the measure tool. g. h. Enter a data point. The beginning of the new wall will be exactly 3’ down from the first point. Move pointer down. not in the list box. Close the Multi-line dialog box. NOTE: If you enter a string of good points and then accidentally enter a bad one. Move pointer right to center of vertical wall. Use AccuDraw to ensure line is horizontal. trace the wall as follows: a. Change the offset to 0:3.. Enter a data point. j. then press Reset. type 9. type 1 (1’ long vertical wall). With AccuDraw active. or draw a 30 x 20 block. tentative snap on the first point of the wall. Or under the word Offset. f. Move pointer down. but don’t accept. Press ‘O’ for origin. 5. Enter a data point.
select Multi-line Joints. reset and then select the two lines in the opposite order. Clean up the joint between the first and second series of Multilines: Construct Merged Tee Joint a. Note the way dimensions will look: Select Element > Dimensions (or Dimension Styles). d. Select Element > Text Styles. Continue dimensioning the drawing. Identify the first Multi-line at the joint by clicking the centerline. or X’-X”. The Multi-lines are now automatically joined. Zoom Out to see whole plan and make room for dimensions. Zoom Out 11. Edit the new level to dimensions.Accuracy to 1/16”. Select Dimension Element from the Main tool frame (row 8). If the Multi-lines get distorted when you use the joint tool. click Levels > New. 7.25 ft). Enter a data point to accept. Architectural Set Height and Width to :3 for 3” ( or . Click on the 24’ wall. b. In the dialog box. From the Tools menu. The Primary Format should be set to Architectural . You have completed the dimensioned floor plan. Click on the centerline of the intersecting wall. 10. First create the level dimensions: Select Settings > Level > Manager. Press Enter to switch between dimension with arrows and dimension with stroke marks. Select Construct Merged Tee Joint. Label to MU label-SU Label. 9. (PopSet must be off & Dimension Element must have Input Focus). 69 . Drag the dimension up. 8. then the Units category. e. 12. Close the Level Manager.6. Now create the dimensions on a separate level. c.
You can change that here by selecting the dimensions level from the list and clicking Apply. If not.To view the design without dimensions. All the dimensions should disappear. including its level. Try changing the dimensions to a different level. 70 . select Element > Information and double click on one of the dimensions. The dialog box shows you information about the dimension. Double click on the Default level to make it the active level. then click on dimensions to turn that level off. select Settings > Level > Display (or press Ctrl + E).
instructions to the shop or construction. The easiest way to specify these settings is through the Text Styles dialog box.CHAPTER 8 TEXT All technical drawings require some annotation. or lists of materials. Lesson 16 . 71 . MicroStation PowerDraft provides a large number of fonts and features for setting up text and for placement and editing. Notes may be callouts. This settings box is opened by selecting Element > Text Styles.Text Settings Certain settings control the text characters. title block information.
click on Value field opposite Font.Specify the text width. in working units. 72 .Selecting this check button/box will cause your text characters to display in vertical lines instead of horizontal lines.Specify the maximum number of characters allowed per line in a multi-line text element. • Underline . in working units. size. To select the font to use for the new style. your text will automatically be underlined. untitled style. or between text and the specified element when you choose to place text above. • Vertical Text . • Line Spacing . Text Size and Spacing Also from the list box you can change.Set the vertical spacing. Text Justification Justification is the orientation of a text element relative to the data point that is used to place it. line spacing and other characteristics of the named Text Style.Specify the text height. in the list box.Fonts The top line of the list box shows the name of the Text Style. Other settings can be made by choosing the Advanced Tab. This number cannot exceed 255. select File > New and you will be in a new. in working units.If you select this check button/box. The remainder of the list box shows the font. • Width . The current text justification is shown when you click in the list box. between lines in a multi-line text element. in this field. Select a font from the list of available ones. You can see what the style will look like at the bottom of the Text Styles dialog box. below. • Line Length . or set. using the scroll bar to access additional fonts. or along an element. You will see a list of fonts. If you want to create your own style. the following: • Height .
• Interchar Spacing - The distance, in working units, that you enter in this data entry field, will be the distance between each character. • Fractions - You can use this check button/box to indicate that fractions, numeric characters separated by a slash, should be treated as one character. • Slant - you can enter a value from -89 to +89 in this field. This will be the slant value for the individual text characters. In other words, you use this feature to create italicized text.
Lesson 17 - Placing Text The tools on this palette are for placing, editing, and modifying text. Here are the more commonly used text placement tools.
Place Text - You can use this tool to place text elements in a design file or fill in empty text nodes. Depending on the placement method you select, text will be placed using some or all of the active text settings. The active element attributes, color, weight, and line style, and the active angle can affect the way text is placed. Place Note - This tool is used to place a line of text with a leader line and arrow as a dimension element. It is especially useful for placing geometric tolerance symbols, feature control frames, and quick notes. Match Text Attributes - This tool allows you to set the active text settings the same as the corresponding attributes of an existing text element. Change Text Attributes - This tool is used to change the attributes of an existing text element to the active text settings. Display Text Attributes - This tool allows you to see the attributes of existing text elements. Edit Text - You can use this tool to replace, add, or delete characters from existing text elements. The Place Text Tools You can use the Place Text tool to put text elements in your design file. The Method option for this tool allows you to choose how you want the text placed. Common methods are as follows.
• By Origin - Using this method, text will be placed at the current active angle and active text settings. This method must be specified if you are filling text nodes. • Fitted - This method allows you to force text to fit between two data points that you supply. The vertical alignment of the text element is determined by the active text justification. This method overrides the active angle and active text size settings. You can not use this method to place multi-line text. • Above an Element - This method allows you to place text, at the active text settings, above a line or segment of a line string, shape, or multi-line. The active line spacing setting determines how far above the element the text will be placed. • Below an Element - You can place text, at the active text settings, below a line or segment of a line string, shape, or multi-line with this method. The active line spacing setting determines how far below the element the text will be placed. • On an Element - This method allows you to place text, at the active text settings, on a line or segment of a line string, shape, B-spline curve, or multi-line. • Along an Element - You can place text along - above or below - a curve, arc, ellipse, line, line string, or shape with this method. Each character that is placed becomes a single text element that is a component of a graphic group. The characters are placed at the active text settings at a distance equal to the active line spacing.
To edit text: Edit Text 1. the Delete key can be used to delete the character to the left of the cursor. 2. Enter data point(s) to position the text. In the Text Editor. make the desired changes to the text. and use the Backspace key to delete the character to the right. Selecting and dragging over text will highlight it and put it overstrike mode. 3. The Text Editor will open if it is not already displayed. 76 .Editing Text The Edit Text tool is used to change text in existing text. From the Text tool box. 2. type in the desired text. select the Place Text tool.To place text: Place Text 1. The current text is now displayed in the Text Editor. Lesson 18 . select the Edit Text tool. Enter a data point to identify the text element that you want to edit. While in the Text Editor. 4. Click in the view to apply the changes to the text element. 5. From the Text tool box. 4. 3. text node. Enter another data point to accept the text element. From the Method option menu. you can use the arrow keys to move the cursor. or dimension elements. In the Text Editor. select the appropriate text placement method.
2. Select File > Open and open FLOOR. making changes then clicking to apply the changes.5.Exercise .dgn. select Edit Text.Notes on a Floor Plan 1. or select one you like from the list of fonts. 6. Note that the letters should be about the same height as the walls are thick. Place Text 4. 3. Make the line spacing 6” also. You can use the Architectural text font. Select Element > Text and edit Height to 0:6 (or just enter 0. 5. 77 . Place the text by selecting Place Text from the Main tool frame. When all text is placed. Annotate the floor plan as shown. Make the width the same. Change some of the text already placed by identifying it. one-half foot is the same as 6”). Type in Reception and click on the floor plan to place it. Edit Text If you are entering and editing a lot of text you may want to tear off the Text tool box.
You have learned how to set up text. edit or change text after it has been placed and how to change the attributes of the text after placement. place text in a design. Change the color of some of the text by selecting it in the design using Element Selection.7. Enable and select the color in the tool settings and click on the text. 78 . and selecting a new color in the Attributes tool bar. You can also change the color using Change Element Attributes.
CHAPTER 9 CELLS A cell is a group of elements combined into one complex element and stored in a cell library, or in a design file as a shared cell. Any cell can be easily recalled and placed, and then manipulated as a single element. Cells reduce repetitive drawing and encourage standardization. With the proper set up, any cell can be used in any design. Therefore everyone working on a project can use the same cells if they are given access to the same cell library. In order to create and use cells, there are several general steps that you need to perform. Some of these steps must be performed each time you place a cell, others only need to be performed when you enter the design file, and still others only have to be performed one time. The following outlines these general steps. Each step is also covered in more detail later in this chapter. General steps for creating and placing cells from a library: 1. Create the cell library. This step only has to be performed one time. Once you create the library it can be used to store all your cells. 2. Attach the cell library to the design file (it is already attached if you just created it). This step will only have to be performed one time for each design file you want to attach the cell library to. 3. Draw the elements that will make up the cell. 4. Group the elements that make up the cell with a fence. 5. Define a cell origin. A cell origin is the point with which the cell is placed. 6. Create the cell in the cell library. 7. Make the desired cell active and place it in the design file.
Lesson 19 - Cell Library Creation All cells have to be stored in, and recalled from, a cell library. If no cell library is available to be used, one must be created. Creating a cell library is similar to creating a design file. The following list outlines the steps necessary for creating a cell library. To create a cell library: 1. Select Element > Cells. 2. Select File > New in the Cell Library dialog box to open the Create Cell Library dialog box. 3. Enter the name of the new library in the Name field. You can either specify a full path for the file in this field, or use the Directories list box to navigate to the desired directory. De[pending on software version you can also select it from the Directories list. MicroStation PowerDraft will automatically append the standard cell library extension, .cel, to the file name. 4. Check the Seed File portion of the dialog box to see what seed file will be used to create the new library. If the wrong file displays, click Select and choose the correct one. 5. Click OK to create the new cell library and dismiss the dialog box. Lesson 20 - Cell Library Attachment A MicroStation PowerDraft design file can have only one cell library attached at a time. But, several design files can have the same cell library attached at the same time. When you create a new cell library, that library will automatically be attached to your current design file. By default, once a cell library is attached to a design file it will remain attached until you manually detach it or attach a different one. The following steps outline the procedure for attaching cell libraries. To attach a cell library: 1. In the Cell Library dialog box, select File > Attach to open the Attach Cell Library dialog box. 2. Enter the name of the desired library in the Name field. Use the Directories and Files list boxes to navigate through the directory structure to the desired file.
3. Click OK to attach the library and dismiss the dialog box. Lesson 21 - Creating Cells Once you have created and attached a cell library, you can begin creating and placing cells. The following list outlines the steps necessary to create a cell. To create a cell: 1. Create or attach a cell library. 2. Place the elements that will be used to create the cell. Make sure that you have the desired element attributes set when you place these elements. 3. Place a fence or use Element Selection to group the element(s) you want to include in the cell.
Define Cell Origin
4. Select Define Cell Origin. Define the origin of the cell with a data point. 5. In the Cell Library dialog box, click Create to open the Create New Cell dialog box. Fill in the appropriate information: • Name - This name is limited to 512 characters that can be any combination of alphanumeric characters, periods, underscores, or commas. Alphabetic characters can be entered in uppercase or lowercase, but MicroStation PowerDraft will always convert them to uppercase. • Description - This optional description can be up to 512 characters and can include space characters. The 512 limit is a Windows limitation and will change in future Window versions. • Type - Choose the desired cell type from the option menu. Lesson 22 - Placing Cells The Cell Library dialog box contains a section named Active Cells. The options are used to designate a cell as the active cell, active point, active line terminator, or active pattern cell. Placement The cell name that displays beside this button is the cell that is placed when you select Place Active Cell and Place Active Cell Matrix. The word NONE will appear if no cell is currently active.
Point The name that appears beside this button indicates which cell, if any, will be used as the active point. The active point does not have to be a cell, it can also be a zero-length line element or text character. The words, Element or Character will display beside this button if a line or character is the current active point. Do not confuse the active point with a point cell. They are two separate items. Terminator The cell name that appears beside this button is the cell that is placed with the Place Active Line Terminator tool. The word NONE will appear if no line terminator cell is currently active. Pattern The cell name that appears beside this button is the cell that will be used to pattern an element. Patterning is done with the various tools found on the Patterning tool box. The word NONE will appear if no pattern cell is currently active. To activate a cell: 1. In the Cell Library dialog box, click on a cell in the list to select it. 2. From the Active Cells section, select the appropriate button to activate the cell. The Cells tool box The tools in the Cells tool box are used for defining cell origins, placing cells, and displaying information about cells. Place Active Cell - This tool is used to place the cell that is currently active.
Place Active Cell
Place Active Cell Matrix
Place Active Cell Matrix - You can use this tool to place a matrix of the current active cell. The cells are placed at the active angle and scale on the same level(s) as in the cell definition.
Clicking on the icon representing a cell will make it active for placement and Place Active Cell will be started.The Cell Selector is opened from Utilities > Cell Selector. You can have several cell libraries loaded in the same cell selector. Use File menu on the Cell Selector to load another cell library.You can display the name and level of existing cells with this tool. or arc.This tool allows you to identify an existing cell in the design. This is usually something like an arrowhead. making it the active cell. Define Cell Origin Define Cell Origin . Identify Cell Identify Cell . Use Active Angle and Active Scale in the tool settings to vary the angle and scale at which the cell is placed. Locate the cell library to be loaded and click OK and MicroStation PowerDraft will open the tool. 83 .This tool is used to place the active line terminator cell on a line. and place additional instances of it. line string. This will be the point about which the cell is placed.You can use this tool to define the origin point for the cell.This tool allows you to replace an existing cell with another cell of the same name from the attached cell library. Replace Cell Replace Cell .Select and Place Cell Select and Place Cell . Cell Selector . You can then place it. Place Active Line Terminator Place Active Line Terminator .
Select the Create button in the Cell Library dialog box. 12. Make the cell active by clicking Placement.Exercise . 9. the point by which you will place this cell. This represents a sink. This automatically makes the cell active for placement and starts Place Active Cell. Define Cell Origin 84 . Enter the name Fixture. 6. Select Define Cell Origin from the Cells tool box. 11. Place a fence around the box and circle. created a cell. Go to File > Open and open FLOOR. Then place a circle in center of box. Select Element > Cells. Place Fence Place Block Place Circle 7. 8. Choose by clicking its icon. 3.Add Symbols to the Floor Plan 1. You will add all symbols to level 20. Click on corner of box/circle to for the origin. Click OK.dgn. 2. 5. Select File > New from the Cell Library dialog box. You have now created a library. Enter the name sink and a description 10. 4. Set the Level to 20 in the Attributes tool bar. Draw a block 2’ x 2’. Select Utilities > Cell Selector to place the sink. added it cell to the library and made it active for placement.
This tool is used to display the angle and scale attributes of a pattern element.You can use this tool to set the active pattern angle. Pattern Area .You can use this tool to crosshatch an area. The available settings are: • Spacing . 85 . Match Pattern Attributes . this value is set to zero. Lesson 23 . Crosshatch Area . Values should be entered in working units format.The Hatch Area Tool You can use this tool to hatch an area with lines. scale. Select Tools > Patterning to open it. Show Pattern Attributes . Hatch Area .CHAPTER 10 The Patterns tool box PATTERNING & CROSSHATCHING The tools in this tool box are used to pattern areas and along linear elements.This tool is used to hatch an area.This tool allows you to pattern an area by tiling instances of the active pattern cell.You can use this tool to draw a pattern along a linear element. The various settings associated with this tool determine how the hatching will look and where it will be done.This value is the space between the hatching lines. and delta settings to match the attributes of an existing pattern element.This tool is used to delete patterning. By default. Delete Pattern . You will receive an error message in the status bar if you do not enter some other value in this field. Linear Pattern .
You can enter the desired angle in this field.The interior of a shape. The tolerance is the maximum distance between the element and these line segments guides.If this check button/box is selected. • Intersection . If the tolerance is small.• Angle . and the hatch lines are associated to the complex shape. • Method . • Associative Pattern .The difference between two or more closed elements will be patterned. or between the components of a Multi-line will be patterned.The area inside the fence will be patterned. but processing time increases. By default.The union of two or more closed elements will be patterned. or flood. • Fence . • Difference .If this check button/box is selected. a complex shape that bounds the patterned area is created. but processing time decreases. If the patterning method is intersection. or closed Bspline curve. • Snappable Pattern . you will be able to snap to the elements in the pattern. • Union . If tolerance is large.The minimum area enclosed by a set of elements will be patterned.This setting determines the area that will be hatched. line segments do not conform closely to the curve and the approximation is less accurate. union. this value is also set to zero.This value sets the angle at which hatching lines will be drawn. The items available on this option menu are: • Element . the curve is approximated with a series of line segments that are used as guides for patterning. ellipse. the line segments conform closely to the curve and the approximation is more accurate.When patterning along or inside a curved element. difference. • Tolerance . • Flood .The intersection of two or more closed elements will be patterned. 86 . hatching is associated with a patterned element and is automatically moved or resized when the element is manipulated or modified.
MicroStation PowerDraft will automatically calculate an angle for you. the crosshatch lines will have the same spacing as the hatch lines. The tool settings and the procedures are the same. • Max Gap .This is the maximum distance. in working units. except that there are two additional fields to specify the spacing and angle of the crosshatch lines. the hatch lines will be at 0 degree angles and the crosshatch lines will be at 90 degree angles. If the spacing is zero. Crosshatch Area 87 . in working units. If the angle is zero.An area defined by a series of data points will be patterned. There are two ways that you can use the Spacing and Angle boxes for the crosshatch lines: • You can enter the desired angle and/or spacing. • You can leave either value set to zero. in the appropriate field.• Points . For example. Lesson 24 . This angle will be 90 degrees from the angle that you specified for the hatch lines. between the endpoints of enclosing elements when the Method is set to Flood. Each specified data point defines a vertex. if you leave both Angle values set to zero.Crosshatch Area Tool This tool is similar to the Hatch Area tool.
Fence.The cell name that appears in this field is the cell that will be used to create the pattern. Pattern Area 2. • Method .You can specify the desired spacing between columns in this field.The angle specified in this field is the angle at which instances of the pattern cell are placed.This check button/box determines whether or not patterning will automatically adjust if the patterned element is modified. or Flood method: 1. You can select another cell by entering a different cell name in the tool settings. There are several settings associated with this tool that determine what cell is used. • Max Gap . and what area will be patterned. • Tolerance . From the Pattern tool box. These settings are: • Pattern Cell .This check button/box determines whether you can snap to the individual pattern elements. In the tool settings.The Pattern Area Tool Pattern Area The Pattern Area tool is used to pattern an area by tiling instances of the active pattern cell. or by using the Pattern button in the Cell Library dialog box.This value sets the maximum distance between the endpoints of enclosing elements when the “Method” is set to “Flood”. 88 . how it will be spaced.This value is the maximum distance between a curved element and the line segment guides used for patterning. To pattern an area using the Element. • Row Spacing . • Column Spacing . • Associative Pattern . The individual items are described with the Hatch Area tool. select Pattern Area. • Scale .You can specify the desired spacing between rows in this field.Lesson 25 . set all the desired settings. • Angle . • Snappable Pattern .You can specify the area that is patterned through this option menu.This field is used to set the scaling factor for the pattern cell.
3. create an element and before selecting the text icon. Place text inside the element then Hatch Area. For the Fence method. 4. skip this step. For the Flood method. enter a data point inside the area enclosed by the set of elements. enter a data point to identify the element. If you use the Flood method. This means that the only way to undo the patterning is to delete. Click on the down arrow on lower right of Hatch Area tool settings to find the Search for Holes option. Enter a data point to place the origin of one of the pattern cells. To delete patterning: Delete Pattern 1. Enter another data point to accept it. The Delete Pattern tool Most patterning operations can be undone with the Undo item from the Edit menu. and Points. The Delete Pattern tool provides a quick and easy way to do this. but some patterning operations can be so complex that they will exceed the capacity of the undo buffer. you can just click on text or other elements that you want to hatch around and those items will be missed. making sure that Associative Pattern is disabled.3. but not for Flood. 89 . Fence. Hatching around text To hatch around text in an element. For the Element method. select Delete Pattern. 2. Enter a data point to identify the patterning that you want to delete. From the Pattern tool box. change the Area in the tool settings from Solid to Hole. Works for the Methods Element.
Select Edit > Redo. The hatching disappears. 6. enter 6’ then accept. Spacing: 3” (0:3). 3. using AccuDraw. 2. Open FLOOR. It will change color and you will be prompted to Accept/Reject. The whole wall will be hatched. The hatch is back. Method: Element. 90 . This would work the same for crosshatch or pattern fill. Enter a data point anywhere on design file to accept. 4.Exercise . 5. Define origin and. This is associative patterning. Select Manipulate Fence Contents. Select Edit > Undo. scale your laboratory room to make it 1. Select Hatch Area from the Main tool frame with the following tool settings. Angle: 45.Hatch Walls 1.5 times wider: Place Fence around the right half of laboratory. The dimensions and hatch pattern adapt to the new walls.dgn. Next. Associative Pattern: Enabled. Change Operation to Stretch. Identify the Multi-line wall by clicking anywhere on the wall.
Extension lines. 91 . The text size in a dimension is set by the active text size in real world coordinates.CHAPTER 11 DIMENSIONING You were already introduced to dimensioning in an earlier exercise. Here’s a simple table to help you set text sizes: Architectural Height of Text on Paper 1/4 1/8 1/4 1/8 1/4 1/8 1/4 Real World Height of Text 1’ 1/2’ .5’ (6”) . you can delete. dimension will take on the active color. Since text sizes are expressed in real world units. It is composed of combinations of the five following entities. etc. this is one place where you have to think ahead to the scale you will use when printing so you assign the correct real world text size. As you can see.Dimension line terminators are objects. MicroStation PowerDraft dimensioning tools place dimensions for your file as a single element. are lines that are used to extend the lines of the element you are dimensioning. • Dimension Line Terminators (optional) . which are sometimes referred to as witness lines.67’ .The dimension line is a line that shows the direction of a measurement or the size of an angle.33’ . rotate and perform other operations on your dimension as a single element. • Dimension Text . line style width. This chapter introduces some additional aspects of dimensioning so you will be prepared for all your most comprehensive designs. Dimension elements have attributes just like other elements so.25’ (3”) 2’ Mechanical Height of Text on Paper 1/4” 1/8” 1/4” 1/8” 1/4” 1/8” Real World Height of Text 1/4” 1/8” 1/2” 1/4” 1” 1/2” Plotting Scale 1/4” to ft 1/4” to ft 3/8” to ft 3/8” to ft 1/2” to ft 1/2” to ft 1/8” to ft Plotting Scale 1:1 1:1 1:2 1:2 1:4 1:4 A dimension element is a special element type. So. like arrows or strokes. the basics of dimensioning your design are quite simple.The dimension text is the text used to display the length of a measurement or the size of an angle. that are placed at each end of the dimension line. • Dimension Line . This helps to better identify the area that is being dimensioned. move. • Extension Lines (optional) .
circle or arc in the way that is best for that element. line strings. the dimension tool bar is shortened and some of the tools are found in the tool settings. This tool is found on the Main tool frame (row 10). The most commonly used tools are: Dimension Element . arcs. you can save them as a Dimension Style. Steps for placement have changed as well. diametric or other dimensions by selecting Dimension Element. A dimension element can be dropped to its component lines. After selecting the tool. you can show the dimensions of a line using arrowheads or stroke marks. and text elements with the Drop Element tool. The Dimension tool box NOTE: In MicroStation V8 2004 Edition.This tool will dimension any element such as line. You can then switch between one set of settings and another by selecting Element > Dimensions and then selecting the style you want from the option list at the top left of the dialog box. ellipses. Dimension Element 92 .A mark can be used to identify the center of a circular element. identify an element and then press the Enter key on the keyboard to switch between modes (so long as the Dimension tool settings have input focus).• Mark (optional) . then click on the circle. Use this tool whenever dimensioning a single element. then press Enter to switch between modes. When dimensioning a circle. you can get the radial. Dimension Styles After you have adjusted all the dimension settings as described previously. For example. Lesson 26 Linear Dimensions Drop Element The first 8 tools on this tool box are used to dimension linear distances in elements.
To dimension the distance between two points: 1. OR Reset and go back to step 2 to start a new size dimension from a different origin.This tool is also used to dimension linear size with each dimension computed from the endpoint of the previous dimension and placed in line. 4. The Dimension Size with Arrows tool Dimension Size with Arrow This tool is used to dimension the linear distance between two points. 6. is computed from the endpoint of the previous dimension. 2.Dimension Size with Arrows Dimension Size with Arrows . Then. Continue entering data points to chain the dimension. OR Go back to step 4 to define another dimension endpoint. This style is favored by architects. Each dimension. Reset to place the dimension in the design. (OPTIONAL) Go back to step 3 to dimension from the last data point in a different direction. Enter a data point to define the origin. 93 . move pointer away from the object to define extension line depth. Dimension Size with Stroke Dimension Size with Strokes . 5. select the Dimension Size with Arrow tool. Arrows will be used as terminators. Enter a second data point to define the direction of the dimension line. From the Dimension tool box. Strokes will be used as terminators.This tool is used to dimension linear size with each dimension computed from the endpoint of the previous dimension and placed in line. except the first. 3.
select the Dimension Angle Size tool.This tool allows you to dimension angles along a circle or arc with each dimension computed from a common origin. is computed from the endpoint of the previous dimension. Dimension Arc Location . For example. snap to the end of a horizontal line. 4. use the Insert Vertex tool from the Modify tool box. The dimension is measured in a counter-clockwise direction from this point. Dimension Angle Location . 3. Dimension Arc Size . The Dimension Angle Size tool This tool is used to dimension angles. To dimension an angle: 1.You can use this tool to dimension an angle with each dimension computed from a common origin. If you later want to insert a dimension in the chain. Lesson 27 . or chain. Enter a third data point to define the vertex of the angle. Enter a data point to define the dimension origin. Enter a second data point to define the length of the extension line and the radius of the dimension arc (slightly away from first point).You can use this tool to dimension angles along a circle or circular arc with each dimension computed from the end of the previous one.You can use this tool to create a string.This tool allows you to dimension an angle with each dimension computed from the endpoint of the previous dimension. 94 . Each dimension. Dimension Angle Size Dimension Angle Size Dimensi on Angle Location 2. of dimensions. Dimension Angle Between . If you want to remove one of the inner dimensions. except the first.Angular Dimensions The most common tools to dimension angles are as follows.This tool allows you to dimension the angle between two lines or line segments. use the Delete Vertex tool. Dimension Angle Size . From the Dimension tool box.
Dimension Diameter .You can use this tool to dimension the diameter of a circle or circular arc with a radial leader across the center. To dimension the diameter of a circle or arc: 1. Enter a fourth data point to define the endpoint of the dimension (snap to the end of the first sloped line you wish to dimension to). Identify the circle or arc. Dimension Radius . 3. this data point defines the endpoint of the dimension. OR Go back to step 5 to dimension an angle that has its origin at the endpoint of the dimension just placed. 6. Lesson 28 . Dimension Radius (Extended Leader) . Enter another data point.5.You can use this tool to place a mark at the center of a circle or circular arc. select the Dimension Diameter tool.You can use this tool to dimension the radius of a circle or circular arc. The Dimension Diameter tool This tool is used to dimension the diameter of a circle or a circular arc. Reset to complete the dimension. Place Center Mark . If the dimension is to be placed inside the circle. Dimension Diameter (Extended Leader) . From the Dimensions tool box. 95 Dimension Radial .This tool is used to dimension the diameter of a circle or circular arc. 2. The most commonly used tools are as follows.This tool is used to dimension the radius of a circle or circular arc with a radial leader to the center.Radial Dimensions These options are used to dimension the diameter or radius of a circle or arc and to place a center mark.
Place 3 circles 7/8” below first centerline w/ radii: 1 1/16.If the dimension is placed inside the circle. Exercise . Truncate none. If the dimension is to be placed outside the circle. space 3/16 off center for key. Use Partial delete.375”. 6. 2nd radius 1 11/16.Dimensioning Refer back to the preceding lessons and try your hand at drawing and dimensioning this part. 7. 11/16 and 1 7/16. this data point accepts the dimension. 5. Use a Multi-line with 2 lines. 4. Working units are inches and tenths. 2. Place 2 circles at 0. Hints: 1. Use Dimension Element for many of the dimensions as possible. 96 . 3. Do the two 1/4” fillets. Text height and width is .0: 1st radius 2 1/16. this data point positions the dimension.
Make a new file with working units in feet and inches. Fit View. First. enter 0.City tract map The City tract map is a more comprehensive exercise that will bring together many of the 2D functions that you have learned. type the letter P.Chapter 12 COMPREHENSIVE EXERCISE Exercise . move the pointer in the X direction and enter 330. Select the horizontal line. 7. Select Rotate from the Manipulate tool box with the following tool settings. 4. 10. Make Copy: Enabled. Method: Active Angle set to 90º. 2. using AccuDraw. with a figure and then below the figure you will see the detailed steps to construct the figure. This puts first point of line at the origin of the design plane. 6. Fit View. create the horizontal line. With the input focus in the AccuDraw window. Figure 1: Horizontal and vertical lines ___________________________ Procedure: 1. 8. 3. Note that each step is shown in general. Enter a data point then reset. Select Place SmartLine. Snap to the center of the horizontal line to locate the pivot point. For the end of the line. Save Settings.0 then press Enter. 9. Fit View Rotate 98 . 5.
Figure 3: Break lines Move Parallel Procedure: 99 .Figure 2: Parallel lines Procedure: 1. 2. 6. Reset. Distance: 11 (streets are 22’ wide). Select Move Parallel with the following tool settings. 3. Make Copy: Enabled. 5. Repeat for the horizontal line. Identify the vertical line. 4. Enter a data point on the right side of the original line to place a copy on the right. Enter a data point on the left side to place a copy on the left.
4. 3. 3. Select Partial Delete from the Modify tool box to clip a portion out of the curb lines so that when you use the Fillet tool. Select Construct Circular fillet from the Modify tool box with the following tool settings. it will not trim the bottom half of the vertical line. 2. Truncate: Both. Enter a data point to accept. Construct Circular Fillet Figure 4: Change centerline attributes shorten all 3 lines Shorten all 3 lines 100 . 5. Use Window Area to zoom in on the intersection of the streets. 2. Click on lines to form breaks as shown. Figure 3: Add fillets Procedure: 1. Enter a data point on the first line.Partial Delete 1. Complete by following the same steps for the other corners. Radius: 30. Enter a data point on the second line.
Select Change Element Attributes with the following tool settings. 3. 101 Mirror tool . Extend Figure 5: Create adjacent streets Procedure: 1. 3. Place a Fence . Tentative snap to the end of one line. 4. Reset the elements attributes (Color. 6. Color to yellow. changing Mirror About to Vertical. Snap to the end of the horizontal line. 5. use the Modify Element tool and using AccuDraw.Procedure: 1. Weight to 0. Enter a data point to accept. Select each centerline. and Weight) back to 0 on the Attributes too bar if necessary. Make Copy and use Fence: Enabled. 8. type in 30 and click on each vertical line’s outside end. Line style. 4. Select Mirror. Select Place Fence to dismiss the fence. In PowerDraft. Line style to 4. 7. Place a Fence. Accept 9. Select Mirror from the Manipulate tool box with the following tool settings. Select the Extend tool and shorten all three vertical lines at each end of the North/South streets by exactly 30 feet. 2. 2.
Rotate 11. Use the Rotate tool to copy the fenced streets at 150 degrees. Use Construct Circular Fillet to fillet the connections of the streets with a 75 foot radius. The center lines of the streets should be connected. Remember to match the element attributes of the lines being modified. Use Extend Elements to Intersection to finish the street lines. Extend Elements to Intersection 13. Place a fence around the streets in the upper right corner of the street grid (use Mode Overlap). 12.10. 102 .
17. 103 . Move Parallel 15.Place Point or Stream Curve 14.Use the Extend tools to extend property lines to meet each other and the street edges.Use Move Parallel to make lots 50 feet wide. Hint: Make property lines the correct length before copying parallel rather than copy and then have to extend them all. Use a distance of 124 ft. Use Move Parallel. Draw a pond in the middle block of the streets using the Place Point or Stream Curve tool from the Linear Tools tool box. 16. set to Copy. to copy the outside street lines back to make the rear property lines.
change the line style to 6. Zoom In to an unused portion of the file. Use the Extend tools to complete the lots. Change the element attributes of the lot lines to Line style: 6. Draw the roofs on level 5. color to green. Use the Place Shape tool to draw the following house roof outlines. 5. 3. 4. use the line Method and the Add mode. 104 . and weight to 1. Use weight of 2.Figure 5: Finish lots Procedure: 1. The dimensions are shown for sizing only. Then just draw a line through groups of lot lines to create a group so you change all attributes at one time. Color: green. 2. Set the file highlight to some color other than red. In PowerSelector. In the Attributes tool bar. Settings > Design File > Color > Element Highlight. Weight: 1. line style of 0 and color red. HINT: A newer method of changing element attributes is to first select all lot lines using the PowerSelector.
6. Set the color to yellow and click Execute. select Edit > Select By Attributes. 9. even if it is already selected. To select all yellow centerlines. You will make them into a cell library later. Select level 3. AccuDraw works really well here. 10. Draw a green curve to represent a golf course in the center section of the subdivision on level 57. 8. 11. Follow the status bar prompts. This is the quickest way to change any attribute. Use the Place point or Stream Curve tool to draw a stream below the city. Deselect by clicking the Element Selection tool and then entering a data point in a blank part of screen. Draw the stream in blue on level 19.Don’t include dimensions in your design. 12. Note all yellow lines are now selected. Change the active level back to 1. Change the active level to 3 in the Attributes tool. Move the center lines of the streets to level 3 using SelectBy Attributes. 105 . Turn off level 3 so you no see the center lines. Draw a line string at the upper right of the design that will be used as a True North Indicator. 7. Draw it on level 1 and use color 0.
6. 5. 1. Use a text size of 12. font 3. Place Text NEW SUBDIVISION 106 . Method: Above Element and place names on the streets as shown. Label the City Tract using font 42 and a size of 30 feet. 2. 3. Click on river edge and accept to place. color to 0 and weight 0. and size 20 feet. and set the line spacing to 5 feet. set the active level to 12. 4.Exercise: Add Text to the city tract This exercise uses many of the text placement tools discussed earlier. In the City Tract design. Select Place Text with the following tool settings. Label the north arrow using font 0 with a text size of 12 feet. Set intercharacter spacing to 0. Use the Change Text tool to change the north arrow text font to 7. Use font 42 and size of 15 feet to label ‘Blue River’ using Place Text with the Method: Along Element.
5. angle 150 Press “V” again Distance 14. Create a new cell library with the name xx.5. Set the active level to 5. They are not part of the cell. Or.Additional Exercise: Create a Cell library and cells NOTE: The dimensions shown in the graphics are to aid you with cell creation. Define each cell origin by snapping to the lower left corner of the roof. 4. 2. use the B-spline tools from Tools > B-spline Curve. Create an arrowhead point cell. and color to anything you like. Name the cells house1. This will be used as a line terminator for the True North indicator.cel where xx represent your initials and attach it to the tract map file. using AccuDraw. Place SmartLine 1. draw the following 3 lines: Distance 24. 1. angle 30 Press “V” to rotate AccuDraw compass back to View. 107 . accept it. angle 300 Snap back to the starting point. 3. house2 and house3. Distance 24. and then reset. Select the Place SmartLine tool and enter a data point. Create a cell representing a tree using the Place Stream Curve tool. Create three cells from the three roof outlines you drew previously. weight to 1. Then.
it is not part of the cell. 108 . Place cells of the roof outlines on some lots. Draw a line string where the chain link fence should be. then select Linear Pattern with the following tool settings. Add a chain link fence somewhere on your design.0. 8. Utilize the Active Angle when placing buildings on angled lots. 7. 9. Make the tree your active cell and place trees randomly on the design. Then click on the line string. Create a cell representing a chain link fence using the Place Line tool.6. Use all three buildings. pattern cell: the name of the chain link cell. Scale: 5. Cycle: Complete. Each section of the X is 5 feet long. Use the dimension shown as a guide.
(This is the recommended method. See General Settings > Print on the Print Dialog box: Fence A Plot file can be created from a fenced area. To select either one of these methods. Defining What to Plot You will often want to create several hardcopy drawings from one design file. etc. if a fence exists in the design file.) View 110 . then perhaps a floor plan with no dimensions but showing furniture arrangement. Select File > Print to open it. The architect will want a floor plan with dimensions. To tell MicroStation PowerDraft which portion of the design file you want to print there are two methods.CHAPTER 13 PRINTING YOUR DESIGN MicroStation PowerDraft has one dialog box for setting up for printing. Fence and View.
etc. if your drawing is to be to a standard scale. MicroStation PowerDraft automatically calculates the scale that will draw your drawing so either width or height of the extremes of your drawing equals width or height of the page you selected. see the Printer and Paper Size area of the Print Dialog box. click on File >Bentley Driver and then select the one you want such as HPGL2. NOTE: Scale as used in MicroStation PowerDraft print dialog box is the reciprocal of mechanical or architectural drafting scales. see the Print Size/Scale area at the bottom of the Print dialog box. Also. The Printable Area that displays takes into account the necessary margin on the paper. Next. B (11 x 17). MicroStation PowerDraft calculates the largest scale that can be used to fit your whole fence or view on the paper.6667 Note again. the small rectangle inside the larger rectangle at upper right of Print dialog box. for example. you can see 111 . Next. if you want to plot a mechanical drawing in 1/4 scale. enable either the portrait or landscape layout. It is similar to mapping scales. blue rectangle represents the extremes of your drawing. Normally that will produce a strange scale.plt if you need to spool a file for HPGL language. The small. If you have a special situation. To layout your drawing on the page. Use Windows Printer driver whenever possible. click on the Paper field and then select: A (8. you would enter “4” in “Print Size/Scale”.5 x 11). So. you can edit Scale to make it the largest standard scale that will fit. C (17 x 22). That is. For normal drafting scales: Master Units inches inches inches feet feet Standard Scale full scale 1/1 half 1:2 quarter 1:4 1/2” to the foot 3/8” to the foot Plot Layout Scale 1 2 4 2 2. The larger white rectangle represents the paper size. So. so.The plot view is chosen by selecting the desired view number from the Dialog box. The following table shows the number to enter in “Print Size/Scale”. The dialog box shows the extreme X and Y dimensions of your drawing given the scale shown.
here’s how you can plot right away: Printing from Windows If Printer.plt is referred to as the system printer in Windows.Either creates the plot file or immediately sends plot instructions to the plotter to begin making your drawing A plot file is a file that contains all of the instructions to your printer of plotter. For example. You can shift the small rectangle. in mechanical work to be plotted full scale in inch units to an 8. say. i. Printer.how large your plot will be on the paper and where it will start. MicroStation PowerDraft will use whatever graphics output device has been setup for Windows through the Windows Control Panel. 8” x 10. To plot a color file in black and white Select Gray Scale or Monochrome from the Vector button on the Print dialog box. At top of dialog): Sync to View Or Maximize . you can specify where you want the “print position” to be. Other options (see icons below File.Leaves the plot dialog box Print. 2) Draw title block. Border / Title Block One way to handle borders is to create a cell for each size of border you require.Shows you a simulation of your plot on the screen Options .plt is selected as the plot driver. You will see the small rectangle shift.5”. nothing is printed. drawings can be printed by selecting File > Print. If you create a plot file. drawing in appropriate real-world units so the border will scale properly when plotted.Lets you change other parameters File Exit . Just edit the Width and Height fields in the “print position” box.5”x11” plotter in landscape: 1) Draw border with desired line weight.Will expand image to just fit page Preview . If you have connected your plotter to the parallel port of your computer.e. You will have to leave MicroStation PowerDraft later and then send that file to a plotter by one of the ways compatible with your operating system. Configuration…. 112 .
Enter Data Fields are just the underbar character (upper case dash). The text you entered has the same attributes as you used when you typed in the underbars. click anywhere on the view. with all your border/title blocks. The number of underbars determines the number of characters to be entered. 4) Add above to a cell library. Then type in the next field. etc. Press Enter. with text attributes set for each. By the way. place the border cell on your drawing. drawn-by. 5) When you have a completed drawing and you are ready to plot it out: attach the border cell library. title. make the border you want active for placement. select “Auto Fill-in Enter Data” from the Place text tool bar(far right hand side of the tool bar). Then.3) Place “Enter Data Fields” in the title block where you want company name. 113 . Type in the first field. Note the rectangle around the first field. 6) See Reference Files in Appendix for another way to do borders. etc to be placed.
There is much more to learn about MicroStation PowerDraft. The following table lists some of the 2D functions of MicroStation PowerDraft that not covered and where to look to learn more about those functions Selected advanced 2D Topics Advanced 2D Functions AccuDraw Configuration variables Custom dimensions Custom line styles Custom multi-lines Customizing Digitizing File translation Groups Images Importing text Named Levels Reference Files Tags (text tied to graphics) Workspaces Reference (MicroStation PowerDraft’s User Guide) Chapter 5 User’s Guide Chapter 4 & 7 Administrator Guide Chapter 13 User’s Guide Page 4-10 User’s Guide Chapter 9 User’s Guide MicroStation PowerDraft BASIC Page 9-85 User’s Guide Chapter 6 Administrator Guide Chapter 9 User’s Guide Chapter 11 User’s Guide Page 6-73 Administrator Guide Page 4-3 User’s Guide Chapter 8 User’s Guide Chapter 12 User’s Guide Chapters 2-4 Administrator Guide 114 .CHAPTER 14 SUMMARY OF 2D AND WHERE TO GO FROM HERE At this point you have a good understanding of the concepts of MicroStation PowerDraft and you have completed exercises that cover the tools that will enable you to produce almost any technical design. you may want to become familiar with the AutoCAD workspace that comes with MicroStation PowerDraft or perhaps the VersaCAD Workspace which is available. If you are familiar with another CAD application. If you are keyboard oriented. you have learned your way around MicroStation PowerDraft so you are prepared to develop a deeper understanding and greater skill on your own. More importantly. You will want to read the rest of this book and do the exercises to learn the basics of 3D. take note of the list of two character commands in the appendix and also experiment with Key-in browser to learn the longer commands. Where you go from here depends on your own goals.
Use AccuDraw for coordinate entry. Make use of cell libraries. Get in the habit of referring to the tool settings. snap AccuDraw: visual align. Compress Files before translation. Reduce the file to as little as possible before translation. Reference Files.Also. Practice snapping and use AccuSnap. Differences between MicroStation PowerDraft and AutoCAD Here are some of the key differences between AutoCAD and MicroStation PowerDraft for those who first used AutoCAD. Use References. and Short cut commands. key number. AUTOCAD new file untitled file must be saved file extension is dwg xref self reference not available 64 bit floating point coordinates unlimited layers Layer Name & ByLayer standard tool settings in command polyline single purpose mouse key-in dimensions & type Enter Linear Dimension: 2pts on object then witness depth various trim methods commands by: Verb/Noun/Enter MICROSTATION/POWERDRAFT new file named and start with seed file file always saved file extension is dgn or dwg references Self referencing permitted for details 64 bit floating point coordinates Unlimited levels independent attributes or ByLayer attributes tool settings in tool settings box SmartLine 3 buttons: data. reset. Set up your own seed files with all your standards. just use File > Open with Type set to the desired extension. When translating files: As often as possible. Some tips for good use of MicroStation PowerDraft 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) Remember to watch the prompts and messages. see the Appendix for more information on structuring your own class. no Enter 2pts on object then witness depth PowerTrim Verb/Noun or Noun/Verb method of commands 115 . Use Import/Export only when needed for control.
Rendering a 3D model provides a photograph-like image of the design which can be better understood by a broader audience. most mechanical. 2D means working with your design as if you were sitting at a drafting table. . MicroStation PowerDraft eliminates the 3D menus when you select a 2D seed file. For your convenience. Certain types of design work are best suited to 2D. the change is automatically made in the design files. . While 2D drafting is still very useful and is consistent with the way a large number of designers have been trained. except using the computer to record your ideas rather than a sheet of vellum.When a change is made in the 3D model. such as electrical schematic diagrams. The benefits of 3D for mechanical and architectural design are many: . then MicroStation PowerDraft will activate all of the 3D menus for your use. 116 .dgn. However. The seed file you select when you create a new file tells MicroStation PowerDraft whether you will be building a 3D model or whether you will be working in 2D. meaning they have depth. drawings can be produced almost automatically. That means better communication between members of a team. 3D means working with a model of your ideas much as if you were building a model out of plastic parts. there is a marked trend towards 3D computer aided design. process schematics and 2D layouts such as sign cutting. If you select a 3D seed file such as seed3d. architectural or industrial design involves products which are 3D in nature.CHAPTER 15 3D CONCEPTS MicroStation PowerDraft enables you to approach design from either a 2D or 3D perspective. The conventional approach has been to reduce 3D objects to 2D by drawing views of the 3D object.If a good 3D model is defined digitally. width and height.
your right forefinger as +Y and your middle finger as +Z. 3. especially Chapters 1 through 5. screen axis system vs. “Right Hand Rule” for angles. To keep coordinates straight in your mind.Before working in 3D you should understand the MicroStation PowerDraft Concepts from Chapter 1 and the fundamentals of 2D design. 5. Think of your right thumb as the +X axis. You can look at a 3D model from different directions. The right hand rule You will recall from 2D that X was always positive to the right and Y was positive upward on the screen. View Volume. use the right hand rule. 2. 6. No matter how you turn your hand or from where you look. 117 . In addition. 8 standard views. the axis are the same. the drawing or model axis system. there are new concepts to understand to become proficient in 3D: 1. Active Depth. The The The The The The right hand rule for coordinates. 4.
8 Standard Views The graphic shows the 8 standard MicroStation PowerDraft views of a model. 118 .
119 . computer monitor.The Screen Axis vs. The Model Axis System is tied to the model or the part or product we are designing. positive Y up and positive Z coming out of the screen. Model Axis There are 2 coordinate systems available to MicroStation PowerDraft: • • The View or Screen Axis System The Model or Drawing Axis The Screen Axis System is fixed. The following figure shows the fixed view axis system and the model axis system as it would appear in each of 4 views. not to how you are looking at it. Think of the Screen Axis System as being affixed to the physical. Positive X to the right. Note that this system follows the right hand rule. just as you learned for 2D.
clipped from view. For example. b or the two coordinates can by supplied graphically from the Tools > View Control > 3D view control tool bar. Grab the positive x.The right hand rule for angles The right hand rule for rotation or angles states that an angle is positive. The direction of your fingers is the direction of a positive angle or positive rotation. but will not display parts of the design which are outside the box. Think of it as a sheet of clear plastic that you can move anywhere parallel to your screen and then draw or construct geometry on that plane. The Display Depth is defined by two screen axis Z coordinates. This is also referred to as the Display Volume or Clipping Volume. Active Depth The Active Depth is a plane parallel to the screen related to one view where you can currently draw. The box is defined by the height and width of the View and by the Display Depth. 120 . View Volume The View Volume is the portion of a design which can be seen in a particular view. These 2 Z coordinates can be keyed-in using the format DP = a. The location of the active plane can be keyed-in using AZ = d. MicroStation PowerDraft will display everything inside the box. Think of it as a box that you wrap around a portion of a design. y or z axis with your right hand. or it can be set graphically from the Tools > View Control > 3D view control tool bar. -10 to plus 10.
then supply a file name. Y and Z in the four views. 121 . Note the X. You may need to navigate to Program files\Bentley\Workspace\system\seed. Length. and Height: 2. The associated arrows show the positive direction of the model coordinate system. 3. then place a 2 x 2 x 2 slab in the file: Tools > 3D Main > 3D Main and select Place Slab from the tool box with the following tool settings. Open Tools > View Control. Try this as it works differently than 2D. Click Select. Follow the status bar prompts and enter data points to place the slab.dgn. Use the Rotate View tool (6th one in the border view controls). Click OK. Select File > New. First set line weight to 4. 2. You will see four views with a triad of model coordinates. You can apply any standard view to any of the four views.Understanding 3D Concepts 1. Create a new 3D design file. Select seed3d. Width.Lesson 29 .
Click in each view and note the display depth in the status bar. Here is where a good OpenGL graphic card can make a difference in how fast the rotation takes place and the quality of the image displayed. then click in the Top view. 8. 7. The display volume in that view is the width and height of the view as you see it. Set Display Depth Place Block Restore the original clipping planes (view volume) by selecting Fit View and then click in the views. The difference between them is the display depth. the view will dynamically follow. Fit View expands the clipping planes so you see the whole model. 122 Place Circle . It will show two z coordinates. as follows. The tool settings allow you to select any of the standard view rotations and then place in any view by clicking in it. Manipulate the dim lines in the Isometric view to make a thin volume. Note where they are in the Isometric view. Draw additional circles and see them on the top of the slab. you will no longer see part of the slab you placed. You can also click on the B in upper left corner of any view window and select Rendering View Attributes.) If the two planes were close enough. Your first click in the isometric defines the top-view clipping plane closest to you. Set the Rotate tool settings to Dynamic by enabling the check box. Then click on one of the views and hold the data button down. Select Set Active Depth. away from you. (NOTE: Settings > View Attributes > Clip Front and Back must be enabled on for this to work. Click in the Top view to set the display depth for that view. then in the Isometric. You can also use Rotate View to dynamically rotate the view in any view. 6. The second click defines the clipping plane inside the screen. To see other views. You just see points where you cut the edges of the slab. Draw rectangles and circles in the Top view. move the plane and snap it to the top of the slab. 9.Show Displa y Depth 4. Select Show Display Depth. multiplied by the display depth in the view coordinate system. use Rotate View. change the active depth. To demonstrate view volume. select Set Display Depth. Change from Wireframe to Smooth and enable Dynamic Display then Apply. That view will be shaded and will remain shaded while you use Rotate View. Now. As you move the pointer on the screen. the plane where you are drawing. 5. -Z is away from you inside the screen and +Z is toward you.
Key-in precise data is more important in 3D since it is sometimes more difficult to locate geometry graphically. 123 . etc) and AccuDraw: The same commands apply in 3D with 2 additions: We must enter X. then. 2) You can even use the AccuDraw compass in an isometric view. type ‘enter’ to lock in that direction. there are a few more things to learn to use AccuDraw effectively in 3D: 1) The AccuDraw compass must be aligned to the view you are working in. A typical procedure for building 3D models is to precisely key-in the coordinates of known geometry and then to construct further geometry from the base.b. You can then snap on the known point and the length of the line will be set. drag in the direction until AccuDraw highlights the line. you can drag orthogonal to the first direction and type another offset distance. XY=a. When using coordinate key-ins. Then. 3) To locate a point relative to a known point. e. Then. however. If you press ‘S’. if you press: the letter ‘T’. 4) To align a point under a known point. Then. tentative snap to the known point then type ‘O’ to establish it as the origin. enter a data point. Just press T to work in a plane aligned with the top view. or S for side view or F for front view.CHAPTER 16 PRECISE 3D INPUT In Chapter 4 you learned how to precisely input geometric data using two key-in methods (like DX=. use DL= for entering relative distances in model Coordinates. drag the pointer in the direction of an offset and type the distance. the compass will be aligned to the Front View.g. Y and Z coordinates.c. AccuDraw will align the compass with the Side View. the compass will be aligned to the Top View. With AccuDraw on. If you press ‘F’. AccuDraw is particularly useful in 3D. Use DX= for entering view coordinates.
Continue to use the same 3D scratch file you started with. 3. Move pointer straight up.) 7. using Fit View resets the display depth of the view to just contain the current geometry. (Note that the 2D View controls still work. 5. Select Fit View. This will make a copy of the front face to save as the back face.Exercise . 1. Then move pointer straight up (y direction) and type 2. 4. Snap to the block in the Top view. Enter a data point.3D Model of a Kite In this exercise you will construct a 3D model of a box kite. Delete all of the geometry in your file using the Delete icon. Select Edit > Select All. Type 2. 124 Copy . Select Place Block (orthogonal). Select Copy from the Main tool frame. Fit View 6. 2. AccuDraw ensures the block moves straight up. move pointer straight to the right (in x direction) and type 2 (don’t press Enter). Enter a data point. However. To place a rectangle for front face of kite. Click in all four views. with AccuDraw on. Enter a data point anywhere in the Front view.
Place lines between corners to represent the ribs. Click in View 2 Isometric. Select Utilities > Render > Smooth. Fit View again to see both blocks.8. then adjust the AccuDraw compass to it is in the Side View (press S with focus in the AccuDraw Window). 10. Select Place Block again. Make sure the copy is right behind the first block when viewed in the front view. 11. 125 . Draw a block to the lower corner of the back block. You have completed a 3D model and rendered it. 9. Snap to the top left corner of the front block.
And by either keying-in precise coordinates or snapping to points in the familiar way. you can build 3D models using most of the commands of 2D. 126 . but you will purposefully start in 2D in this exercise to learn how to convert 2D to 3D. or using AccuSnap (in V8 or later). just drawing in the view that gives you the best access to the geometry you need. MicroStation PowerDraft provides much more powerful means to create 3D models. or by first making a drawing in 2D and then extruding that drawing or sweeping the drawing to make a 3D model.Projecting 2D into 3D Models As you saw in earlier. The next exercise takes you through all of the stages to convert a floor plan done in a 2D file into a 3D model. You could start in a 3D file and then skip the steps of conversion. slab and the like. including starting from 3D primitives of sphere.LESSON 30 . This is a common tool for the architect who wants to draw a floor plan and then extrude or project that floor plan to make the walls on a 3D model. Extrude can be found in Tools > Tool Boxes > 3D Drawing.
From the File menu. 3. start a new 2D file (use seed2d. 2. 5. edit the default Multi-line so there is no centerline (highlight and delete the centerline in the Element > Multi-lines dialog box). Coordinate Readout of subunits. Use AccuDraw and don’t include the dimensions. 127 . use any file name (remember the directory path). select Export > 3D.00 Ignore other settings Click OK This saves the floorplan as another file.dgn) and set up working units of feet and inches. Change the spacing to 0:3 and .2D Floor Plan to 3D Model 1. In the dialog box. Now. First. Draw the floorplan of a small garage as shown in the previous graphic. Then. Use Window > Open to open four views. open the file you created in step 4. Source: design file View: Top Z Depth: fixed value 0:0. 6.Exercise . 4. but in 3D format.0:3 (to make a 6” wall).
Select Utilities > Render > Smooth and click in the Isometric view. Change view rotation using Rotate View from each view window. Leave the other options disabled. Set Type to Solid. 128 . You have created a floorplan in 2D. You will see your floor plan in each view. extruded the floor plan to create a 3D surface model and rendered the view. For extra credit. 9. and accept. select Window > Tile. 11. Select Extrude from the 3D Main tool box. Click in the Isometric view to indicate the direction of the extrusion. To arrange the views.7. select Fit View and click in each of the views. Identify the Multi-line. Next. Orthogonal on. 10. draw the end view of a gabled roof in the right or front view and then use the Construct Surface of Projection tool to extrude the roof over the entire plan. Make Window 2 the isometric Make Window 3 a front view Make Window 4 a Right view 8. Distance on and set Value to 8 feet. exported it to a 3D file.
Move the pointer over the tools in the tool box and note the name of the command. It’s that simple. there was a separate product called MicroStation Modeler. After you have reviewed these tools you will begin to remember where to look for a given command. Lesson 31 . Try the following exercise: 129 . Any mention of Modeler in this chapter is just referring to the solid modeling tools. Full MicroStation V8. If you look at the 3d Drawing tool frame.1 and later has a function called Feature Modeler which makes MicroStation a complete solid modeler. Starting with V8.The Basic Approach The basic approach in solid modeling is to choose solid primitives that your design is made of and then to unite those building blocks together as required and to modify the primitives with features. you will see the primitives included with PowerDraft. Using solid modeling is much easier than the 3D exercises of the previous chapter.CHAPTER 17 Creating and Manipulating Solid Models Prior to V8. you can see that it might have started as a 2D drawing of the outline and then extruded for its length. To make the following bracket. most of the solid modeling tools previously called Modeler were built into MicroStation PowerDraft itself.
select Fit View and then click in each view so you see the completed U cross section. 16. Select the whole U section. 5. 10. in the Right view or Top View. Set working units to inches. Set accuracy to two places. 7. Set the Grid Lock off. Select Settings > Design File > Working Units.dgn. Select File then New. Also watch command and prompt on the bottom of your screen. 4.Exercise: Create a U bracket 1. The inside radius is 1” and the outside radius is 1. 2. Select Seed File seed3d. 130 . 9. The height of the U bracket is 4 inches. Enter any file name without pressing Enter. 6. Be sure to watch the tool settings so you will see the details of each command that you select. Click OK. 15. Use Fit View again to be sure you can see the whole bracket. Coordinate Readout should be set to master units. 8. 3. Select the Extrude tool and. using AccuDraw. Now. Draw the end view of the U bracket in the front view using lines and arcs.5” 13. extrude a distance of 4”. 14.
17. . 18. Then. Your first exercise is complete and you have created a bracket from a block using extrusion. not just a bunch of polygons b) The way that the model was constructed is stored in the computer so the construction can be undone c) The features are stored as features. click on the Isometric view and see a shaded view of your solid model. Then. not just the geometry that makes them up. Just to prove to yourself that undo works with the modeling. 19. select Edit > Undo and see the extrusion removed from your block. Select Utilities > Render > Smooth. While it seems like a lot of steps. most of the above will quickly become second nature to you. a shaded view by itself does not make a solid model. you could fillet the edges. You will be able to create 3D solid models of this magnitude in less than 5 minutes. or any of a number of other advanced features. A 3D model is a solid model only if: a) The surfaces are represented by the actual surface. Remember. With full MicroStation. drill the bolt holes through. use redo and put it back. With PowerDraft we will be satisfied with our U bracket as it is. add a boss. 131 .
This makes an L bracket that is 100 mm on each leg. enter the length. 100 and 10. Exercise: L bracket by union of two slabs 1. 2. You can experiment with each of the primitives later on. width and height respectively as 100. 132 . sphere. Select Slab from 3D Drawing.Joining Primitives to Make Complex Solids Now that you have a feel for solid modeling with MicroStation PowerDraft. Reselect Slab and snap to corner of existing slab for the first point. then you supply the dimensions via AccuDraw. Or. The two slabs should overlap at the bottom right corner.Lesson 32 . 3. cylinder. the two slabs are not connected. 10 with AccuDraw oriented so this slab is at right angles to the first. Then enter 100. and Construct Revolution. Open a new file using one of the metric seed files or just seed3d and set working units to millimeters. Let’s do a simple exercise uniting two slabs to make an “L” bracket. 100. You decide which is the key axis. Only. Look in the Front view. let’s look a little more deeply into the modeling tools. As before. When finished. The primitives are slab. and cone. you can use Fit View and see both slabs. The tools are: Extrude. you can start from a profile drawn with the 2D tools and then use one of the extrusion tools to make that profile into a solid.
With PowerDraft we stop here. Just that quickly you can create an L bracket with filleted edges. 5. 133 . there will be a smooth surface. You can now fillet more edges. With full MicroStation we could unite the two slabs into one L shaped object. With full MicroStation you could also select the Fillet tool.More on Features MicroStation provides five different feature tools that you can use to build a solid model: • • • • • • Fillet Chamfer Create Cut Thin Shell Modify Solid Taper Solid With PowerDraft you need to do your fillets and chamfers with the 2D model so that when you extrude or revolve it. Click data button away from the part to accept. input the radius as 5 mm and then select all of the edges on the front of the L. or add hole to the bracket for mounting.4. Lesson 33 .
0 3. Accept. Select Modify Solid with the following tool settings. 2. Choose the top plane. File > Open the L bracket design unless it is still open. Click on the vertical leg. Distance: Enabled and set to 2. Try the same on the horizontal leg. 134 . 4. 1.Exercise: Modify Solid In full MicroStation there are tools for modifying the solid once it is created.
draw a shape using SmartLine to represent the face of the roller bearing Draw it as follows. 6. arc and circle highlight to indicate correct selection. Switch back to lines. Draw vertical line down 1. Now draw the large circle with a radius of 1.5”. In the front view. Enter a data point for lower left of bracket. but will allow you to dig deeper into the modeling commands and to gain more experience in the most frequently used commands. Click a center point 2” to left of vertical line making arc begin at end of vertical line. Then close. Move until AccuSnap highlights the arc 135 . 2. Create a new file using an inch-based seed file. Place center of cylinder in front view at center of arc. 1. Then draw vertical line 0. 1. draw a horizontal line 6”. Select the Create cylinder tool. using Flood and Locate Interior Shape. The exercise can be done with either PowerDraft or full MicroStation. Then. Using AccuDraw. Enter a data point to accept. select Create Region from the Groups tool box. Now change SmartLine to arc. 3.5” up. 4.5”. Sweep 180 degrees. 5. Fit View. Then to left 1”.5”. Drop Element is the first tool in the Groups tool box See the lines. Extrude the circle and shape 1” to make the bearing block with tool settings set to Solid. Next. Then draw 1” to left.Exercise: Create a Roller bearing with mounting bracket This exercise is somewhat more complex than the others.
Type the letter O instead. then snap to the center of the circle. 136 . 9. Now move to top view and place point 1” above center of bracket. Click its center at the center of the vertical line you just drew. select the Sphere primitive. Don’t click just yet. 10. Then. Draw a line in front view from top of large circle to top of the cylinder. Set N=8 and angle of 45 degrees. This is quite a complex 3D model to accomplish as easily as we have done it. Use AccuSnap with the Keypoint snap for the first point. 7. back to the front view to set radius to 1”. Back to top view to make the cylinder 2” long using AccuDraw. You can then move your shaded roller bearing using the View Rotate command. Next. the shaft and the ball bearings. (keeps the line vertical). the holder. 8. This is a very rough approximation of a ball bearing. go to Settings > Rendering > View Attributes and set the Isometric view to Dynamic Acceleration with Smooth Shading.and shows the x in the center. but as you can see we have created the bottom bracket. In the Front view. first identify the ball. select Construct Array with array Type Polar. Then. Now. press Enter to lock the line vertical before clicking on AccuSnap “x” over large arc. Make it just large enough in radius to fill the space. 11. Utilities > Render > Smooth to see your isometric more clearly. Or.
Save your model often as your modeling progresses. The editing is good and easy to use. as you can see. try a different approach. etc.Modeling Summary MicroStation is a basic parametric hybrid solid modeler. However. you will want to upgrade to full MicroStation or one of the discipline specific products such as TriForma with Bentley Architecture. 1. Solid Modeling is still a combination of science and art. 2. Modeling Hints Here are a couple of do’s and don’ts that will help you. To get deeper into solid modeling. InRoads for civil engineering. If you try one way to build a model and it doesn’t work. PowerDraft can be used to create interesting 3D models and it can read and display any 3D model made in MicroStation. not specifically for 3D modeling. Hybrid means that it uses both constructive solid geometry and boundary representation. PowerDraft includes a limited set of 3D tools as it is intended as a production design drafting software. 137 .
dgn to be attached to cityref. For example.dgn created in a previous exercise. Each works on their own drawing file but can reference the work of the other. do the following: 1. If needed. scale. There are two types of files or drawings that can be used as reference files for other drawings: *design *raster We will take each of these file types one at a time: Design Reference There are essentially 3 purposes for use of one dgn or dwg file as a reference for another: 1. It is especially useful for project groups working on the same project. As an aid in constructing a new file 2. the architect works on the floor plan. File > Save As > cityref. You can see how the citymap. In addition. Now you have an empty file with all its settings the same as citymap. This is very useful for organizing work. the mechanical designer will see the results of the change the next time they open their drawing referencing the floor plan. We could layout the sewers so they are exactly in the middle of the streets.Reference Files MicroStation PowerDraft’s reference file capability is one of its strongest features. As a way of handling title blocks and borders. When the floor plan changes.dgn and 138 . For putting together sheets of details for a project 3. Construction Aid To understand references quickly. The new work would fit exactly. Edit > Select all then delete all of the elements in the file. File > Reference > Tools > Attach Select citymap.Chapter 18: DRAWING COMPOSITION & REFERENCE FILES Lesson 34 . 4. reference files are very handy for the individual designer. 5.dgn could be used by the electrical engineer or the mechanical contractor to layout their work using the map as a construction aid.dgn 3. we can copy elements from citymap.dgn into cityref. Move. 2. the electrical designer works on the power and lighting and the mechanical consultant works on the heating and ventilation. Open citymap. Experiment with the other tools. draw a fence around a portion and clip. While you have cityref open.
you could clip out a different portion each time. give it a name and select the save button. the electrical theirs and so on. Also. Detail Sheets Detail sheets are generally made of various dgn files at different scales arranged in checkerboard fashion on a sheet of paper. then attach and move and scale the details to fit on the detail sheet.dgn is opened. then draw your border 88’ by 128’ Note that the scale will plot the border as follows: ¼” x 88’ = 22” ¼” x 128’ = 32” Self Referencing You may at times want to reference the active file to itself. Title Block and Borders Another practical use of reference files is to attach a title and border to a design file before plotting. move it to a new location and scale it differently. go to File>Reference>Attach and select the active file and then the saved view to attach. However. Reference files are very handy for this operation. You must first save the part of the active file that you would like to self-reference as a saved view. 139 . the engineers will see that revision the next time cityref.dgn so the public works have their files. For example. the sewer engineers theirs. This way. Select the view you would like to save. Start with a blank file. You could see how this works by attaching office. if you have a plotter paper that is 22” by 32” in available plot space and you want to plot at ¼” per foot. it’s generally best to leave all the elements in citymap. You will need one copy of your title block file for each combination of sheet size and scale you will want to plot. Each time. this way.dgn several times to offref. the work can be divided on a large project. Also. To reference this saved view.then those elements become a part of cityref. Go to Utilities>Saved Views. when the map changes.
You next have to click on two corners of a rectangle to place the raster file in your dgn file. if there are 100 white dots in a row. TIFF for example would store a code saying there were 100 white dots. In a vector file you know that a line is a line. In a raster file. you can “warp” the photo so the raster file falls exactly on that point. Suppose you have a photograph of a site. For example. Monochrome. There are many different types of raster files. The second 786. Instead. Attach Interactive. Raster files can be stored at different resolutions. each pixel is black or white. you wouldn’t want to store 100 bits. BMP etc. Each dot is called a raster or a pixel. You scan that into the computer. but. The first would represent 307. If you know how far the hydrant really is from the first point. The reference file feature of MicroStation PowerDraft is one of its very strong features. Attach the photo as a raster reference file with one corner of the file exactly at 0. the file may be stored as 640 x 480 or 1024 x 768. arcs and things which are referred to as vector files. select File > Reference > Display > Raster. For example.0. continuous tone and color files. Open an empty file for the drawing of your new structure.432 dots. the bigger the file to contain it. the better the raster file looks on the screen or on paper. For example. you can change the color-tint of the raster file. These files are not like dgn files that contain lines. And. The more dots. each pixel can be a different color in a color raster file. To do it. measure how far to an item on the photo such as a fire hydrant. There are many different standard formats for raster files.Reference Raster Raster files are files that are made up of dots. a line is just a series of dots that are turned on. In settings. Raster Reference Files You can attach a raster file as a reference to a dgn file.200 dots. JPEG. Continuous tone files contain shades of gray. 140 . Reference files are a very important part of MicroStation PowerDraft in real production work. First there are monochrome. Then. Then. These are just different methods of coding the dots. TIFF.
References may be mirrored. Sheet models are created with attached references and saved views. except that instead of redrawing the model's geometry for each view. for example. Attached view — A reference attachment to the sheet view. you attach views of the model as references. Front. Create a Sheet model. The Presentation of any attachments can be set independently. which is familiar to the draftsperson that draws on paper. Bottom. • • • General Procedure — To compose a sheet model 1. The attachments that can be placed via the Attached Reference dialog box. For example.Drawing Composition Drawing composition automates the creation of drawing sheets. you can always create your drawing to the correct size. or Back) or any saved view of the model. filling in a name and a description. Right. By working with appropriate scaling. with a map. The tools in the Reference attachments simplify the process of creating sheet views in a number of ways: • An attached view in a sheet model can be any standard (Top. 5. The aspect ratio and the display depth of each view should be adjusted so that the view encloses only the desired portion of the model. 4. Attachments can be clipped or set to display only certain levels. Left. you can place life-size drawings within a scaled border and then print to whatever size is required. and then manipulate the output to suit your requirements. An attached view of the model can placed in any position at any scale. • • Sheet model— The electronic drawing sheet. Use the Saved Views dialog box (Utilities > Saved Views) or the SV=<name>[description] key-in to save the views. 141 . 3. 2. Create the design model. set up each view. are primarily orthogonal and can be mirrored so no special procedures for placing folded images are included. Related attached views can be grouped in a separate Sheet. To use a saved view(s) to define the attachments. you can show the Right view as hidden line. Open the Models dialog box (File > Models) and click the Create Model icon.
choose the desired view (for example. 14. The Reference dialog box opens. 10. set the Scale for each attachment in the Attach Reference Settings dialog box and the reference Nest Depth. 7. which is used when you create the first sheet model. To attach a reference using a saved view: 1. if not already opened. If necessary. 13. MS_DEFAULTSHEETRGB allows you to specify a different background color. Attach the desired Reference or Saved views by choosing the appropriate item from the Reference menu or its submenus. From the Tools menu in the Reference dialog box. moved. 4. 9. Open the Sheet model. choose Attach. 5. Select File > Reference. 11. An attached view can be clipped. 3. Place dimensions. Select the file to attach the references from. From the Attach Reference dialog box. 8. select Tools > Attach. choose Reference. From the Reference tool. This view will start the layout of the sheet model. The Attach Reference dialog box opens. 12. 142 . 15. by highlighting it. From the File menu. You can attach either a saved view or a fitted view of the border file. Top) of the reference attachment. select the desired file and model. Place text. detached. From the Orientation list in the Attach Reference Settings dialog box. grouped. or scaled by choosing the appropriate item from the Tools menu. Click OK. which is a reference that contains the border for plotted output. Attach a border that is contained in a border file.6. 2. Select the desired view name to attach from the Attach reference settings.
Enter a data point to define the origin of the move. 3. In the Scale Reference dialog box. 2. From the References dialog box. choose Scale. Go back to step 2 to copy another attached view. key in the desired relative scale factors. 3. From the References dialog box. 3. Click OK. or Reset to finish. Enter a data point to define the destination of the copy. with the outline lightly highlighted. 7. 3. 4. From the References dialog box. 2. identify the reference to be copied. To scale a reference: 1. The reference is detached and the information is removed from the drawing. Enter a data point to define the origin of the copy. choose Copy. Identify an element in the attached view to be moved. The selected view is now attached to the pointer.6. select the reference to move. From the References dialog box. Identify an element in the attached view to be scaled. Accept the detachment. select the view to detach. Enter a data point to define the destination. To copy a reference: 1. From the References dialog box. select Detach. 2. 5. 143 . Place the view with a data point. 4. From the Tools menu. 2. To move a reference: 1. To detach a reference: 1.
Identify a point to scale the object about. Accept the attached view. 6. Select the presentation method. Accept the reference. 144 . 4. To change the presentation of a reference: 1. select the view on which you wish to change the presentation. From the References dialog box. 2. 5. 3. Select the Set Reference Presentation icon.4. Enter a data point about which the attached view will be scaled.
TriForma is not included with PowerDraft. roof. slab floor. The standalone TriForma tool frame as shown here has 7 rows and 2 columns of icons. Lesson 36 – TriForma Basics TriForma has a well defined directory structure that you will want to keep. (If you have MicroStation V8 you will see that the TriForma tools are merged with the Main tool frame. At that stage. estimates and specifications are semi automatically cut from the model. This approach to building design is roughly 2 times as productive as using 2D CAD to produce working drawings directly.Chapter 19 TriForma for Building Modeling TriForma is an extension of full MicroStation that is very useful for 3D Building Modeling. When you have learned the modeling and drawing functions of TriForma. you can set up your own parts. specification text and begin to use the estimating and specification writing functions of TriForma. from the single building model. estimates and specifications prepared automatically. C:\triforma\tutorial\english). unless you are working with MicroStation and have installed the TriForma extension. Note the folders that follow…bak for backup. This chapter is intended for information only. A typical approach to using TriForma is to first layout a grid for the floorplan. reading through the exercise will let you know what you will be getting when you do upgrade. Tools are the same as described here. But. drawings. Using your file manager. stairs. go to the directory where you installed the files (c:\Bentley\Workspace\TriForma\Tutor_e\ or in older TriForma. comp for component definitions. dgn for building models and drawings etc. Then. In this chapter. Finally. libraries. If you have MicroStation running and TriForma installed. you will have reached the point where you model your buildings and then get animation. just arranged differently. use the extrusion tools to make those lines into 3D Forms. you’ll see the TriForma tool frame. modify as necessary using the TriForma modify tools. you will learn the basics of how to create building models and the automatic drawings. etc. components. you will need to have upgraded to MicroStation with TriForma. cell for cell libraries. you build a computer or mathematical model of the building and then drawings. To perform the exercises. Forms are things like walls. use the 2D documents manager to automatically make your 2D production drawings. 145 . rendering. With TriForma. Then.
Row 2 col 1 has the Parametric Frame Builder for creating custom doors and windows. 146 . These are dialog boxes for building your library of parts where you will set up symbology (color. part (like 6”cmu wall). In addition to the tool frame. including the ability to fit or refresh all views. and finally to delete a form. Row 4 column 2 is for cleaning up corners and for extruding forms up to meet a roof. curved forms and more. The Libraries sub-menu shows Parts. compound part (like the footing. SmartLine. Families (like all exterior walls or all interior walls…). Note that the hierarchy is component (like drywall. All of the MicroStation PowerDraft functions are still active and can be used as in MicroStation PowerDraft. First is Catalogs then Libraries. Let’s start with an exercise to build a 3D model. Important: When you extrude elements to make TriForma forms. annotation and more. stem wall and cavity wall all treated as one unit). studs…). ie AccuDraw. The Main tools and the TriForma menu make up all of the tools necessary to operate TriForma. components it is made of. So. Row 4 column 1 is for changing attributes of forms. You can place linear forms. extrusion will be straight up. how to automatically dimension it etc. plan your extrusion profiles accordingly. set a window to a view graphically. The bottom 4 icons are miscellaneous. Row 5 column 2 is for modifying forms. the direction of extrusion is normal to the view in which you click. Likewise. Dimensioning. The first is for placing forms. Row 3 col 2 is for manipulating forms to make other forms. a process called extrusion.Each main icon can be pulled out to see a specific tool bar. the extrusion will be out toward you. Components. AccuSnap. line style etc) by which it is drawn. there is a TriForma menu. Row 3 col 1 for building grids. Row 2 col 2 has the cell manager and placement tools plus a stair builder and more. Compound Parts. if you click a line in the right view to make a roof. So. The Main tool frame should always be open. if you click on a line in the Top view. Row 5 column 1 is the 2D documents manager. Row 1 column 2 is for changing 3D lines into forms.
In the top view. Click on the 24’ x 52’ rectangle. (If you have a different version of MicroStation PowerDraft TriForma. Change the settings in the tool settings to Top. Thickness 8”. you may need to search for this file. Note in the other views that all of the 4 lines are extruded into walls. draw a rectangle and two smart lines.Exercise 17 – Build a 3D building model 1.dgn as the seed file. but normally it is in Bentley\Workspace\projects\TriForma\seed Otherwise. 2. use any 3D seed file with feet as units). Select the Extrude Linear Element to Form tool. . 147 3. Start a new file using Seed3de. The rectangle is 24 ‘ wide by 52’ high as you view the top view. center or right. Select the family and part as exterior walls and whichever part. The lines represent rooms on either side. Note that the icons at the lower right show whether you are dragging the form by the left. that are 12’ x 20’. Height 8’. Fixed Height. 4.
dynamically with points and AccuDraw. 8. open TriForma > Catalogs > Standard Items > 08-Doors. so the line is beyond the building. That means the roof. First. Note the prompt in the status bar. Extrude Linear Element to Shape. Add a window to the first floor. Or. You can also move the door or window along a wall using AccuDraw and the wall will heal automatically. Click on it. reset. Then. you don’t like the design. Move the line using MicroStation PowerDraft Move element. Choose copy form icon. you can use the parametric door and parametric window dialogs to select the style of window or door and then the dimensions. Be careful executing the steps. It will go a distance from the corner of the form nearest where you click to select the form. By Active Angle or In Linear Form. There are 3 ways to place it. simply use the Copy Form tool to copy the forms up. select the command Connect Form Top. in MicroStation/J. we will need a roof on our building. enter a data point to accept it. Where you click on the form determines where the window will go. Click once on the roof and it highlights. Note how quickly you have created the basic shell. 7. Click on the Place button or just click the picture of the window. snap to top of first floor. Use AccuDraw to place it accurately. Walls are automatically healed. while still in the top view. Then. (If you want to do a multi-story building. Using SmartLine. but. Choose the Compound Cell Manager and select a Window.5. If you placed your window successfully. Look at it in the top view. Click on the other SmartLines to extrude those walls as well. One way is to use element selection fence around whole first floor. click on the TriForma command. 9. Now you can extrude the walls up to meet the roof. In-Linear-Form is usually the best. Select the line and extrude it by dragging it over the plan of your building. Select any of the windows in the dialog box. Then. The prompt says to Identify Form to Connect To. and this is a unique feature of TriForma. draw a line above your building that starts horizontal goes to a peak and then down to a horizontal line. delete it and choose another. There is your second floor. This works even if the roof is made of curves or arcs. in the Front view. Next. Note that you can put the number of repeats in the copy tool settings and do the 3rd and fourth floor at the same time). (The reason for this 148 6. Snap to point at bottom of first floor. Use the front and side views or use the isometric view and AccuDraw. Then. . If you have Bentley Architecture installed. Note it in the isometric.
Then click Save. unless the Offset Direction dialog box is open and a User direction vector is set. Then it will extrude in that direction. click Yes to Open. Click the Region tab. To open the QuickVision dialog box.000 colors. Select the Smooth Rendering (Phong doesn’t work well with QuickVision). The Prompt then asks for the two points so go to the front view and click on the left and then right about half way up the building.is that you can select several forms as the roof if you want. choose the Drawing Extraction Manager from the TriForma tool frame. Or.) Now. TriForma takes you back to the 3D model. With the left button depressed. Now you have the shell pretty well complete and you are ready for visualization and production drawings. Then. You can pick the 2 points method or the shape method. Note that there are two ways to define where you want the drawing to cut through the model. you might check your graphics card setting in the Windows Control Panel. If you click on the 3D icon. click Define. you can simply use the roof builder. For this drawing. Also. Click the vertical walls one by one. This is a nice way to dynamically visualize your design. The best way to visualize the model is to use QuickVision. Rendering. View Attributes (or click the B in upper left corner of any view and see Render View Attributes there). Note also that the TriForma tool box has changed to a 2D tool box. 10. then Calculate All. You can also Zoom In or Zoom Out. the second and accept the third etc. choose Settings. Give this new drawing a name and description. Start in the top view so TriForma will know which direction to extrude. Make sure the view number is correct in the dialog. . Check the Graphics Acceleration checkbox then click Apply. When prompted. move your hand and see the shaded model dynamically rotate. 149 11. (If you don’t. You should have it set for no more than 65.) Now. The general TriForma rule for extrusion is that TriForma will extrude perpendicular to the view in which you selected the element for extrusion. This opens the Edit Drawing Definition dialog box. As your project progresses. You should get a nicely shaded view. you can set whether the drawing should be a Full Plane or just the part inside a shape. Then reset ends the sequence. this will list all of the drawings in your project. click on the Rotate View icon. Now you see your design with hatching and/or automatic dimensions depending on how the part you used was setup. you are ready to choose the walls for extrusion. You would select the first and accept. if you have Bentley Architecture installed. To make production drawings. Click New to add a new 2D drawing. then click on the center of the view. This opens the Drawing Extraction Manager dialog box. select the 2 points method.
f and EX19.s. So. Works like this: A. If the 3D model was called EX19. select a building roof shape "and" data point in space · Select "Calculate Roof" and again select the gray shape C. If you change the model. Rise/Run · Select "apply to all edges".r. Change the angle to 60 · Reselect "apply to all edges" and "calculate roof" in order to modify existing roofs. Angle (degrees) · Select "apply to all edges". We recommend that you go to the Tutorial delivered with TriForma. are not given a .d references the other 4. TIP: Use top view or change rendered view to wireframe for ease of use. select a building roof shape "and" data point in space · Select "Calculate Roof" and again select the gray shape B. move the pointer to reposition There is much to learn about TriForma. Rise/Run . Use the "modify roof" command. but. When you clicked on Calculate All. but. EX19.r are the front and rear hidden line views. EX19. EX19.Gambrel · Select "apply to all edges". once highlighted. the model does not change.dgn. ie the hatch etc.m contains highlighting to indicate changed elements if you make a change to the model after you make a drawing. To make a Roof. select a building roof shape "and" data point in space · Select "Calculate Roof" and again select the gray shape Select the "Query" button on the Roof Builder dialog box. 3D format. use Architecture for TriForma Roof Builder. · In the top view . and EX19m.A few general words about the 2D drawing manager.f. 150 . EX19. EX19.dgn extension. · Query other roofs and make changes as desired. EX19. after you have done it you will be ready to start a real project. Seed3de. It will take about 8 to 10 hours to work through the examples. and in conjunction with AccuDraw.d which is automatically setup to reference EX19. You plot 2D drawings made by TriForma just like any other design file. The new files are all in MicroStation PowerDraft dgn. then TriForma will automatically create EX19.dgn is used as the seed file for these drawing files that TriForma creates (see the Output tab in Edit Drawing Definition dialog box).s contains the actual lines and sectioning if you asked for it. TriForma created several new 2D files which it saved in the same location with your model. EX19. If you change the drawing.d is the one you are looking at when you Open a 2D drawing. TriForma is one way associative. run pointer across sections of the roof. the drawing files will change.Select the 45 degree angled roof and accept.
the 151 . up to what is called Smooth rendering. you can use AntiAliasing with Phong rendering (Phong is the name of the inventor of this rendering algorithm). Click on the isometric view. choose any 3D example file or one of the 3D exercises you did in this book. This is a method of rendering that gives another order of realism. Essentially. In full MicroStation. Now. MicroStation goes beyond that with more comprehensive methods such as Phong. Lesson 38 . ray tracing and more. show shadows and highlights. PowerDraft can render any model by several methods. For example. It does take longer for the computer to do since it is more comprehensive. If you want a greater mix of colors on your scene. To learn smooth rendering. if you want to make the rendering look even better. It uses a 4 pass algorithm and will take four times as long as regular Smooth. In PowerDraft you can shade by several methods up to Smooth shading. you can shade 3D objects in PowerDraft with the colors you used to draw the elements and in full MicroStation substituting realistic looking materials for the flat colors such as brick. you are using a pretty good rendering program that will allow you to have different colors in your scene but wont show materials. The MicroStation rendering functions are among the leading 3D photorealistic rendering and animation available in the CAD/CAM industry. you not only get materials and shadow. AntiAliasing will simply try several times to move your image around on the screen to minimize the jaggies.Ray Tracing and radiosity When you render a 3D file with Utilities > Render > Smooth. PowerDraft includes enough of the rendering and animation functions to make it useful for visualizing a design.Chapter 21 RENDERING & ANIMATION Advanced rendering and animation is an integral part of full MicroStation and is not included as a part of PowerDraft. if you want your rendering to be even better. but. just edit your file so you have more colors and to work with. go to Utilities > Render > Smooth. In full MicroStation. you can select Utilities > Render > Ray Tracing.Rendering Instead of the flat colors you used to draw lines. Your scene will be rendered with the colors you selected. You can also make the materials transparent or translucent. Phong-anti-alias. brass. glass and other materials. short of the photorealistic functions included in full MicroStation. Lesson 37 .
With full MicroStation. as you are prompted and then click on any point on the 3D model as your target point.difference is that Ray Tracing will show reflections of reflections of reflections. Then you direct the camera to follow that curve and either look tangentially along the curve. you simply draw a curve in your 3D scene using a SmartLine or curve. Consequently. here is how you would prepare animation in MicroStation: Open up any 3D file that you have and draw a camera path using SmartLine. This produces a . from the Flythrough dialog Tools menu. go to Utilities > Image > Movies. With Animation Producer. Your eye point will move around the view as you move the pointer. You will see the Flythrough dialog box. Lesson 39 .fli file which can then be played back with Utilities > Image > Movie. place them in a scene and then the actors can be moving while the camera moves around the scene. etc. there are many more ways to do animation. Here are a couple of simple examples for making a Flythrough and for animating actors to get you started. Click on the beginning and end of the SmartLine you drew. Then. You can record animations via the Flythrough method. have the camera focus on one point in the scene. When used with ray tracing. choose Record. That is. Creating a Flythrough While not available in PowerDraft. In this case. as well as showing light dispersion where the reflection of an indirect light onto other surfaces in a scene. radiosity keeps better track of how light is diffused between surfaces and will show color bleeding where one surface may tint another (like orange carpet makes an orange tint on a white wall). Note you can change the number of ticks that each frame delays and other parameters to 152 . select Define Path. every ray of light is traced. for some models and some purposes. available in full MicroStation. Your Flythrough is produced as a series of rendered images and stored in one . this method makes the most lifelike animations of your scene and will wow even the most reserved of clients. load the file you just made and play it back.fli file. Radiosity is an even more sophisticated rendering technique. the extra computer time for ray tracing may be worth it. Now. Under Tools.Animation in MicroStation There are a number of ways to animate your design with MicroStation or PowerDraft. as a reference. The simplest is to click on the rotate view icon and then click in the scene and move your pointer. Supply a file name when asked and then say OK. Coupled with photorealistic rendering. you can create “actors”. Select Utilities > Render > Flythrough. or usually.
create small red slab sitting on top of a larger green slab. the type of rendering and many other parameters. This opens the Animation Producer dialog box we will use throughout this procedure. by defining actor paths. orientation and scaling as a function of time or frame number. The simplest method is keyframing. 153 . Settings for materials and lights also can be specified as a function of time or frame number. Object motion can be controlled by specifying the position of the actors and keyframes. when you record the flythrough. Then. note that you can change the resolution.control the playback. Here are the steps for animating the red block in the figure: 1) In MicroStation (or PowerDraft). Animation Producer The Animation Producer in MicroStation works generally as follows: Sequences are produced by first defining a set of actors and then scripting their motion. or by explicitly specifying their position. Also. will interpolate the difference between the positions in keyframes to make motion from one orientation to another. Here you simply move the 3D object or rotate as you wish for several of the frames which are called keyframes. We will animate the red slab sliding across the green slab. 2) Utilities>Render>Animation.
deselect and then move the red slab to the middle of the green slab. make sure the view is set to the one in which you want the animation to occur. 5) Click Create in the Animation KeyFrames dialog box. select both slabs. 10) Select the red and green slabs. 12) Now we have created 3 key frames. Call this one “finish”. You can make the red block into an actor and have it rotate. click OK to use all defaults. Again. Name this frame “mid”. 17) Click >> and watch the red slab move across the green slab. select both the red and green slabs. By now. 154 . 13) Highlight the key frame named “start” in the Animation Producer dialog. 9) Deselect again and then move the red slab to the far corner of the green slab. 11) Click Create. Click the Script button. 14) When Script KeyFrame opens. 8) Press Create again. 15) Do the same for “mid” and “finish”. Then.3) From Settings (on the Animation Producer dialog box) choose Keyframes. The intermediate frames will be created automatically according to our script. You can place a variety of lights where you want and much more to make your designs come to life. Settings. Select Preview. There is much more to . 4) Using Element Selection. Note that mid is now frame number 11 and finish is frame number 21. 7) Now. you should have a feel for how works and you are ready to dig deeper into the User’s manual or Help files to learn more when you have full MicroStation available. 16) In Animation Producer dialog. We are using all default values to simplify this lesson. 6) Enter a name like “start” for this frame. jump up and down or morph it into a cylinder. This opens the Animation KeyFrames dialog. You must next make a script to describe the type of motion between each key frame.
new df= di=dist.nn.. ny set active angle to nn sets active cell to the name given ie “cell” sets the active pattern cell to the cell indicated sets the active cell to “cell” for relative place sets the active scale to nn creates cell in attached library deletes cell from attached library sets active color renames a cell displays fonts settings box sets distance and angle to next data point sets distance to next data point in drawing coord deletes the saved view indicated like dl but in view coordinate system copies fenced elements to a new design file sets active font sets number of units between grid references sets grid spacing to working units value sets snap lock divisor to nn sets active line style places all dimensioning information on level sets max # chars for text node (1-255) sets text line spacing sets active level to nn turns levels listed on turns levels listed off sets active pattern angle to nn sets active pattern spacing to nn sets active pattern scale to nn attaches the cell library closes the current design file sets the stream delta to nn moves selected elements to new file set stream tolerance to nn saves current view settings under name sets active text height sets active scale for cell as line terminator sets active text width attaches the view named sets active line weight sets active x scale next data point will be at absolute nx and ny 155 .. off= nn. del y dv=view dx= del x.angle dl=del x... pa= nn pd= nn ps= nn rc= library rd= file sd= nn sf= file st= nn sv= name th= nn tx= nn tw= nn vi= name wt= nn xs= nn xy= nx.nn.APPENDIX MicroStation PowerDraft shortcut 2D key-in commands aa= nn ac= cell ap= cell ar= cell as= nn cc= cell cd= cell co= color cr= old. del y ff=filename ft= font# gr= nn gu=distance ky= nn lc= code ld= level ll= nn ls= nn lv= nn on= nn.
ys= nn sets active y scale 156 .