Joan Edwards, RNC, MN, CNS Associate Clinical Professor Texas Woman¶s University ± Houston jedwards3@twu.

edu

Objectives
€ € € € €

Describe forces and issues driving nursing education in the 21st century. Apply at least one theory to nursing education. Define components of curriculum development and design & redesign. Identify different approaches to teaching. Explain teaching methodologies applicable for adult learners.

Then
€ Then:

Now

Traditional approach ± objectives with closely orchestrated learning experiences; faculty controlled € Now: Competencies and outcomes; focus on ³end product´; facultystudent collaborative learning process

External Forces & Issues Driving Nursing Education
€ MDG¶s € Global

issues - global violence - demographic changes - technological advances - globalization - environmental challenges

Internal Forces & Issues Driving Nursing Education € WHO Standards for Basic Nursing Education (2009) € Nursing care delivery systems € Nursing shortage € New and emerging degrees € 21 competencies for the 21st century (Bellack & O¶Neil. 2000) .

Strategies to identify Forces and Issues in Indonesia related to Nursing Education € Comparison of WHO Standards with nursing education programs in Indonesia € Environmental scan € Forecasting € Epidemiology € Survey research/Consensus building .

Learning & Education Theories € Boyer¶s Scholarship of Engagement € Kolb¶s Learning Cycle € Bloom¶s taxonomy of learning objectives € Knowles¶s adult learning theory .

integrated content € Sequencing of courses (master plan) . associate or baccalaureate degree € Curriculum design: .Components of Curriculum Development and Design € Type of undergraduate nursing program: diploma.blocked content .

Use of Theory in Curriculum Development € Single specific nursing theory or model € Concepts from multiple theories or models .

Next Steps Mission € Vision € Core Values € Philosophy € Competencies (with leveling) € Curriculum outcomes € Quality improvement activities € .

Accrediting Bodies National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission (NLNAC) € Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE) € .

Teaching Approaches € Lecture € Problem-based learning € Competency-based learning € Concept mapping € Portfolio € Self-learning packets .

Student Learning Styles € Characteristics of the learner € Diversity of learners € Learning style preferences .

org/wiki/Kinesthetic _learning .wikipedia.Types of Learners € Visual (25%) (30%) (45%) € Auditory € Kinesthetic http://en.

Alexandria.90% .€ Learning € € € € € € € € Style € Knowledge Retention Lecture Reading Audio-visual Demonstration Discussion group Practice by doing Teaching others Immediate application in real situation .90% (National Training Laboratory Institute.20% . VA. 2006) .10% .75% .50% .85% .30% .

Learning Style Assessment Tool http://www.asp?p=questionnaire .com/Indonesian/page.varklearn.

What do we want to ´stickµ ? processes € Assessment data € Critical thinking € Nursing diagnoses € Interventions € Emergent care € Desired outcomes € Customer service € Disease .

feelings. journaling . observations.Adult learner education components € Reflection: Analysis of experiences. and perceptions Strategies include thinking out loud.

patient care. interventions. etc. € . medications. impact on family.Adult learner education components Understanding & Making Connections: between anatomy. physiology. concept maps. care planning. disease processes. patient teaching. pathophysiology. community € Care mapping.

Interactive Learning Methodologies €Action methods €Literature €Art €Memory aides .

Action Methods €Drama €Case scenarios €Simulation €Soap operas/television segments .

Hmong Practices .

Case Scenarios Labor Patients .

Simulation Perinatal Loss .

Time with my son (D. 2001) . Armstrong.

Literature .

(D. Armstrong. 2001) Ignaz Semmelweis .

.

Art €Audio clips €Video clips €Photography €Artwork .

Postpartum Hemorrhage .

Memory Aides €Acronym €Visual €Poetry €Music €Games aides .

BUBBLE-HER (acronym) B ± breasts € U ± uterus € B ± bowels € B ± bladder € L ± lochia € E ± episiotomy (stitches)/ laceration/incision € H ± Homan¶s sign € E ± emotional status € R ± RhoGam candidate? Rubella vaccine? € .

Cardinal Movements of the Fetus € Descent € Flexion rotation € Extension € Restitution € External Rotation € Expulsion € Internal .

.

´It·s a Decelµ (tune of ´Clementineµ) It¶s a decel. grab the 02 Let the doc know we¶re all right! . it¶s a decel to the left and to the right Turn the Pit off.

or she¶ll seize Won¶t you. or she¶ll seize Don¶t you know that she has clonus three? Hang the Mag. please? .´Hang the Magµ (tune of ´Tapsµ) Hang the Mag.

Games €Perinatal Trivial Pursuit €Postpartum Bingo €Want to be a Millionaire €Are you Smarter than a Student Nurse? .

nursing interventions. emergent care.) € Choose an interactive learning process € Create your tool to ³Make It Stick´! . etc. desired outcome. assessment data.Small Group Learning Activity € Break into small groups € Choose a topic (disease process.

Share Time .

Future Trends & Issues in Nursing Education € € € € € € € Increased collaboration between nursing practice and nursing education Increased emphasis on collaboration between healthcare disciplines Increased development of educational products for faculty and students Increased student and nurse mobility (including increased licensure mobility) Increased distance (online) learning Schools of nursing providing ongoing professional development for competence requirements Increased teaching of evidence-based practice. .

€ National League for Nursing. D. (2007). Global standards for the initial education for professional nurses and midwives.A. NY: NLN.who. 2010. Louis. 14-21. E. The scope of practice for academic nurse educators. Retrieved April 12.. J. Missouri: Saunders Elsevier. € Billings. New York. (2000).References Bellack . J. Recreating nursing practice for a new century: Recommendations and implications of the Pew Health Professions Commission¶s final report. & Halstead. € World Health Organization. Nursing & Health Care Perspectives. from World Health Organization website: http://www.M.P. St. (2009). Teaching in nursing: A guide for faculty (3rd Ed).H. & O¶Neil. 21(1).int/hrh/nursing_midwifery/en/ € . (2009).

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