BASIC SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS

A surgical instrument is a specially designed tool or device for performing specific actions of carrying out desired effects during a surgery or operation, such as modifying biological tissue, or to provide access for viewing it. Each instrument can be placed into one of the four following basic categories: ±Retracting and Occluding Instruments ±Cutting and Dissecting Instruments ±Clamping and Occluding Instruments ±Grasping and Holding Instruments

Retracting and Exposing Instruments

-used to hold back or retract organs or tissue to gain exposure to the operative site. They are either "self-retaining" (stay open on their own) or "manual" (held by hand). When identifying retractors, look at the blade, not the handle.

y

A Deaver retractor (manual) is used to retract deep abdominal or chest incisions. Available in various widths.

y A Richardson retractor (manual) is used to retract deep abdominal or chest incisions. US Army. y An Army-Navy retractor (manual) is used to retract shallow or superficial incisions. Other names: USA. . y A goulet (manual) is used to retract shallow or superficial incisions.

y AWeitlaner retractor (self-retaining) is used to retract shallow incisions.y A malleable or ribbon retractor (manual) is used to retract deep wounds. May be bent to various shapes. y A Gelpi retractor (self-retaining) is used to retract shallow incisions. .

Cutting and Dissecting Instruments -are sharp and are used to cut body tissue or surgical supplies. Knife Handle.y A Balfour with bladder blade (self-retaining) is used to retract wound edges during deep abdominal procedures. Scissors (left to right) .

#3.Used to cut deep. y Curved Mayo scissors . breast). #7.Used to cut skin. #4 (left to right) y Straight Mayo scissors . 4 handle with 20 blade (skin knife) . . delicate tissue. Also known as: Suture scissors. Available in regular and long sizes.Used to cut heavy tissue (fascia. muscle. uterus.y y y 7 handle with 15 blade (deep knife) .Used to cut suture and supplies. 3 handle with 10 blade (inside knife) ± Used to cut superficial tissue.

snap or stat. Available in regular and long sizes. Its jaws may be straight or curved. y A hemostat is used to clamp blood vessels or tag sutures.Used to cut delicate tissue. Other names: crile. .y Metzenbaum scissors . Clamping and Occluding Instruments -are used to compress blood vessels or hollow organs for hemostasis or to prevent spillage of contents.

hemostat. Other names: Schnidt tonsil forcep.y A mosquito is used to clamp small blood vessels. y A burlisher is used to clamp deep blood vessels. Available in short and long sizes. Adson forcep. Its jaws may be straight or curved. mosquito (left to right) y A Kelly is used to clamp larger vessels and tissue. Burlishers with an open finger ring are called tonsil hemostats. Burlishers have two closed finger rings. Other names: Rochester Pean. .

." Other names: Mixter.y A right angle is used to clamp hard-to-reach vessels and to place sutures behind or around a vessel. y A hemoclip applier with hemoclips applies metal clips onto blood vessels and ducts which will remain occluded. Grasping and Holding Instruments -are used to hold tissue. drapes or sponges. A right angle with a suture attached is called a "tie on a passer.

May also be used as a clamp. ovary). . A "Judd-Allis" holds intestinal tissue. y A Babcock is used to grasp delicate tissue (intestine. fallopian tube. Other names: Ochsner. a "heavy allis" holds breast tissue. Available in short and long sizes. The jaws may be straight or curved. y A Kocher is used to grasp heavy tissue. Available in short and long sizes.y An Allis is used to grasp tissue.

Backhaus towel clip Large & small towel clips . dissector EX: Dissector holding a peanut y A Foerster sponge stick is used to grasp sponges.y A dissector is used to hold a peanut. Other names: sponge forcep. Other name: towel clip. y A Backhaus towel clip is used to hold towels and drapes in place.

y Adson pick ups are either smooth: used to grasp delicate tissue. andsmooth or serrated jaws. or with teeth: used to grasp the skin. .y Pick ups. with or without teeth. thumb forceps and tissue forcepsare available in various lengths.Other names: Dura forceps. y Russian tissue forceps are used to grasp tissue.

y Thumb forceps are used to grasp tough tissue (fascia.y Long smooth pick-ups are called dressing forceps. Single tooth forceps are also called "rat tooth forceps. y DeBakey forceps are used to grasp delicate tissue. Short smooth pick-ups are used to grasp delicate tissue. particularly in cardiovascular surgery. Forceps may either have many teeth or a single tooth." .breast).

short. They may also be placed in the sewing category. medium & long (top to bottom) .y Mayo-Hegar needle holders are used to hold needles when suturing.

Surgical sets used in: y y y y Orthopedic Surgery Minor Surgery Major Surgery Cesarean Section Basic Orthopedic Surgery Product Name Metal Ruler 6" Scalpel Handle #3 Scalpel Handle #4 Lister Bandage Scissors (One Large Ring) 8" Operating Scissors S/S Str 5 1/2" Operating Scissors S/B Str 5 1/2" Operating Scissors S/B Cvd 5 1/2" Stitch Scissors Standard 5 1/2" Mayo Dissecting Scissors Str 6 3/4" Mayo Dissecting Scissors Cvd 6 3/4" TC Wire Cutting Scissors Angled 4 3/4" Mixter Forceps Right Angle 7 1/4" Kelly Forceps Str 5 1/2" Kelly Forceps Cvd 5 1/2" Rochester-Pean Forceps Cvd 7 1/4" Rochester-Pean Forceps Str 7 1/4" Dressing Forceps 5 1/2" Dressing Forceps 8" Tissue Forceps 1 x 2 Teeth 5 1/2" Tissue Forceps 1 x 2 Teeth 8" TC Mayo-Hegar NH Serr 7" TC Mayo-Hegar NH Serr 8" Allis Tissue Forceps 4 x 5 Teeth 6" Allis Tissue Forceps 5 x 6 Teeth 7 1/2" Needle Nose Pliers 5 1/2" Bone/Cartilage Clamp Cvd 8" Kern Bone Forceps w/o Ratchet Extra Small 5 3/4" Kern Forceps 8 1/2" Lewin Bone Forceps Serr 7" Lowman Clamp Small Jaw Lowman Clamp 1" x 1 1/2" Jaw 4 3/4" Liston Bone Forceps Angled 7 3/4" Stille-Liston Bone Forceps Str 10 1/2" Beyer Rongeur Cvd on Flat 7" Ruskin Rongeur Str 7 1/4" Hajek Bone Mallet 8" Hibbs Osteotome 10 mm 9 1/2" Hibbs Osteotome 13 mm 9 1/2" Qty 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 4 12 12 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 .

Hibbs Chisel 10 mm 9 1/2" Hibbs Chisel 13 mm 9 1/2" Key Elevator 1/4" x 7 1/2" Key Elevator 1/2" x 7 1/2" Sayre Elevator Double End Blunt 6 1/2" Weitlaner-Beckman Retractor Sharp 6" Weitlaner Retractor 3 x 4 Prong Sharp 6 1/2" Backhaus Towel Clamp 3 1/2" Backhaus Towel Clamp 5 1/4" Frazier Suction Tube 8 French Frazier Suction Tube 10 French Frazier Suction Tube 12 French Hibbs Retractor 7 1/2" Senn Retractor Double End Sharp 6 1/4" Senn Retractor Double End Blunt 6 1/4" Metzenbaum Scissors Cvd 7" 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 12 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 Major Basic Surgery Product Name Metal Ruler 6" Scalpel Handle #3 Scalpel Handle #4 Yankauer Suction Tube (Slip on End) Weinstein Sterilizing Rack 11 ¼" Mayo Dissecting Scissors Str 5 1/2" Mayo Dissecting Scissors Cvd 6 3/4" Hartmann Mosquito Fcp Str Del Serr 3 1/2" Hartmann Mosquito Fcp Cvd Del Serr 3 1/2" Halsted Mosquito Forceps Str 5" Halsted Mosquito Forceps Cvd 5" Rochester-Pean Forceps Cvd 6 1/4" Rochester-Pean Forceps Cvd 8" Rochester-Pean Forceps Str 6 1/4" Rochester-Pean Forceps Str 8" Rochester-Ochsner Forceps Cvd 6 1/4" Rochester-Ochsner Forceps Str 6 1/4" Rochester-Ochsner Forceps Str 8" Crile Forceps Str 5 1/2" Crile Forceps Cvd 5 1/2" Dressing Forceps 5 1/2" Dressing Forceps 8" Tissue Forceps 1 x 2 Teeth 5 1/2" Tissue Forceps 1 x 2 Teeth 8" Russian Tissue Forceps 8" TC Mayo-Hegar NH Serr 6" TC Mayo-Hegar NH Serr 7" Operating Scissors S/B Str 5 1/2" Operating Scissors S/B Cvd 5 1/2" Qty 1 2 2 2 3 1 1 3 3 6 6 6 3 6 3 2 2 2 12 12 2 2 3 1 2 2 2 2 2 .

Stevens Tenotomy Scissors Cvd 4 1/4" Probe Double End 6" Probe w/ Eye 6" Babcock Intestinal Forceps 6 1/4" Babcock Intestinal Forceps 8" Allis Tissue Forceps 4 x 5 Teeth 6" Allis Tissue Forceps 5 x 6 Teeth 7 1/2" Adson Brown Tissue Forceps 4 3/4" Adson Forceps Serr 4 3/4" Backhaus Towel Clamp 5 1/4" Metzenbaum Scissors Cvd 9" US Army Retractor (Set of 2) 8 1/2" Richardson Retractor w/ -Grip Handle Medium Richardson Retractor w/ -Grip Handle Large Richardson-Eastman Retractor (Set of 2) Deaver Retractor #2 1" x 13" Deaver Retractor #0 1" x 9" Deaver Retractor #3 1 1/2" x 12" Deaver Retractor #4 2" x 12" Zalkind Ribbon Retractor Malleable 3/4" x 7" Zalkind Ribbon Retractor Malleable 1" x 13" Zalkind Ribbon Retractor Malleable 1 1/2" x 13" Senn Retractor Double End Sharp 6 1/4" Senn Retractor Double End Blunt 6 1/4" Balfour Abdominal Retractor 7" Schnidt Hemostat Half Cvd Jaws 7 1/2" Metzenbaum Scissors Cvd 7" Foerster Sponge Forceps Str Serr 9 1/2" Foerster Sponge Forceps Cvd Serr 9 1/2" 1 2 2 2 2 3 6 2 1 12 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 Minor Basic Surgery Product Name Scalpel Handle #3 Scalpel Handle #4 Yankauer Suction Tube (Slip on End) Mayo Dissecting Scissors Cvd 5 1/2" Mayo Dissecting Scissors Cvd 6 3/4" Halsted Mosquito Forceps Str 5" Halsted Mosquito Forceps Cvd 5" Crile Forceps Str 5 1/2" Crile Forceps Cvd 5 1/2" Dressing Forceps 5 1/2" Dressing Forceps 8" Tissue Forceps 1 x 2 Teeth 5 1/2" TC Mayo-Hegar NH Serr 6" Operating Scissors S/S Str 5 1/2" Mayo Dissecting Scissors Cvd 5 1/2" Mayo Dissecting Scissors Cvd 6 3/4" Qty 2 2 2 1 1 6 6 12 12 2 1 3 2 2 1 1 .

Probe Double End 6" Allis Tissue Forceps 4 x 5 Teeth 6" Adson Brown Tissue Forceps 4 3/4" Backhaus Towel Clamp 5 1/4" Frazier Suction Tube 8 French Goelet Retractor Double End 1 1/4" x 1 1/2" US Army Retractor (Set of 2) 8 1/2" Zalkind Ribbon Retractor Malleable 3/4" x 7" Senn Retractor Double End Sharp 6 1/4" Senn Retractor Double End Blunt 6 1/4" Metzenbaum Scissors Cvd 7" Foerster Sponge Forceps Str Serr 9 1/2" Foerster Sponge Forceps Cvd Serr 9 1/2" 2 3 2 12 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Cesarean Section Product Name Mayo Dissecting Scissors Str 9" Mayo Dissecting Scissors Cvd 9" Masson Needle Holder 10 1/2" TC Heaney Needle Holder Cvd 8 1/4" Jackson Vaginal Retractor Phaneuf Forceps Angular 8" Hildebrandt Uterine Hemostatic Forceps 6 1/2" DeLee OB Forceps 12" Qty 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful