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Published by Rukmini Vegesna

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Published by: Rukmini Vegesna on Feb 22, 2011
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Introduction:Human±computer interaction (HCI) is the study of interaction between people (users) and computers. It is often regarded as the intersection of computer science, sciences, design and several other fields of study. Interaction between users and computers occurs at the user interface (or simply interface), which includes both software . ³Human-computer interaction is a discipline concerned with the design, evaluation and implementation of interactive computing systems for human use and with the study of major phenomena surrounding them´

Interaction between humans and machines is being increasingly recognized as a crucially interesting "dialogue" that requires modeling, design and evaluation in order to build software systems usable in any form (Web applications, groupware, mobile and ubiquitous systems, etc.). Lots of resources and efforts are being devoted to this task, being the focus of the research community in Human-Computer Interaction (HCI). The rapid growth of computing has made effective human-computer interaction essential. It is important for the growing number of computer users whose professional schedules will not allow the elaborate training and experience that was once necessary to take advantage of computing. Increased attention to usability is also driven by competitive pressures for greater productivity, the need to reduce frustration, and to reduce overhead costs such as user training.

Human-computer interaction studies a human and a machine in conjunction, it draws from supporting knowledge on both the machine and the human side. On the machine side, techniques in computer graphics, operating systems, programming languages, and development environments are relevant. On the human side, communication theory, graphic and industrial design disciplines, linguistics, social sciences, cognitive psychology, and human factors are relevant. Engineering and design methods are also relevant. Due to the multidisciplinary nature of HCI, people with different backgrounds contribute to its success. HCI is also sometimes referred to as man±machine interaction (MMI) or computer±human interaction (CHI).

GOALS: Goals of the HCI research field are Methodologies and processes for designing interfaces (i. design the best possible interface within given constraints.e. given a task and a class of learnability or efficiency of use)     Methods for implementing interfaces (e. optimizing for a desired property such as COGNITION: It includes: Perception Attention ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Pattern Matching Memory Language Processing Decision Making Problem Solving . software toolkits and libraries.g.. users. efficient algorithms) Techniques for evaluating and comparing interfaces Developing new interfaces and interaction techniques Developing descriptive and predictive models and theories of interaction Cognition is the processing of information.

tasks. Repeat HUMAN COMPUTER INTERACTION DEVICES: . perform the following iterative design steps: 1. Design the user interface 2. Keep in mind that results may be altered if the performance level of the user is not an accurate depiction of the real human-computer interaction.  Iterative design: After determining the users. and empirical measurements to include.USER INTERACTION DESIGN:  Empirical measurement: Test the interface early on with real users who come in contact with the interface on an everyday basis. and the number of errors made during the task(s). Establish quantitative usability specifics such as: the number of users performing the task(s). the time to complete the task(s). Analyze results 4. Test 3.

The document details the projected future of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI). ³as computers merge even closer with humans.FUTURE OF HUMAN INTERACTION DEVICES: According to a Microsoft-backed report consisting of the analysis and opinions of more than 40 experts in fields ranging from computing to sociology. in turn. computers will be able to anticipate its users¶ needs. by 2020 the ideas of ³interface´ and ³user´ will be obsolete. will be able to interact semantically with computers. . predicting that in little more than a decade. and humans.´ reports the BBC.

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