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Print Vendors (Paper Manuals)
Paper Size: * 11 x 17 * Body—50 lbs brilliant white offset or equivalent. * Cover—on pre-printed two-tone “Swash” stock. * Body—1-color, 2-sided * Cover imprint —1-color, 1-sided * Saddle Stitch, Face Trim, 3-Hole Drill * Face Trim * This file contains several manuals, which differ only in their covers. * Covers are all present at the beginning of this file. * Back cover for a particular manual is the page IMMEDIATELY AFTER the front cover. • Check the front cover for the individual part number (typically a 171xxxx number). • The body of the manual is identical, regardless of the cover used. * REMEMBER: ODD number pages are ALWAYS right hand pages, and EVEN number are ALWAYS left hand pages. * This instruction page is NOT part of the manual and must NOT be printed. • Pages labeled with the text “THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY BLANK” are placement pages ONLY, and should NOT be printed.
If you have further questions on how to utilize this file, please contact Simplicity Technical Publications Department at (414) 284-8650.
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Mfg. No. 1693052 1693068 1693351 1693358 Description Broadmoor, 14HP Hydro Broadmoor, 14HP Hydro (Export) Broadmoor, 14HP Hydro Broadmoor, 14HP Hydro (Export)
18HP V-Twin Tractors
Mfg. No. 1693275 1693281 Description Broadmoor, 18HP V Hydro Broadmoor, 18HP V Hydro (Export)
38” Mower Decks
Mfg. No. 1692682 1693170 Description 38” Mower Deck 38” Mower Deck (Export)
Mfg. No. 1693054 1693070 1693353 1693360 Description Broadmoor, 16HP Hydro Broadmoor, 16HP Hydro (Export) Broadmoor, 16HP Hydro Broadmoor, 16HP Hydro (Export)
44” Mower Decks
Mfg. No. 1692684 1693171 Description 44” Mower Deck 44” Mower Deck (Export)
16HP V-Twin Tractors
Mfg. No. 1693056 1693072 1693355 1693362 Description Broadmoor, 16HP V Hydro Broadmoor, 16HP V Hydro (Export) Broadmoor, 16HP V Hydro Broadmoor, 16HP V Hydro (Export)
50” Mower Decks
Mfg. No. 1693267 1693283 Description 50” Mower Deck 50” Mower Deck (Export)
1718210-02 Rev 4/1998 TP-100-2105-02-BM-S
MANUFACTURING, INC. 500 N Spring Street / PO Box 997 Port Washington, WI 53074-0997 www.simplicitymfg.com © Copyright 1998 Simplicity Manufacturing, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.
Mfg. No. 1693058 1693365 Description 1614H, 14HP Hydro 1614H, 14HP Hydro
38” Mower Decks
Mfg. No. 1692683 Description 38” Mower Deck
Mfg. No. 1693060 1693367 Description 1616H, 16HP Hydro 1616H, 16HP Hydro
44” Mower Decks
Mfg. No. 1692685 Description 44” Mower Deck
50” Mower Decks
Mfg. No. 1693284 Description 50” Mower Deck
16HP V-Twin Tractors
Mfg. No. 1693062 1693369 Description 1616VH, 16HP V-Twin Hydro 1616VH, 16HP V-Twin Hydro
18HP V-Twin Tractors
Mfg. No. 1693277 Description 1618H, 18HP V-Twin Hydro
1718211-02 Rev 4/1998 TP-100-2105-02-BM-A
com © Copyright 1998 Simplicity Manufacturing.O. All Rights Reserved. Box 997 Port Washington. Inc. Spring Street \ P. WI 53074-0997 USA www. .AGCO-Allis Lawn & Garden Equipment 500 N. Printed in USA.allislawn.
16HP Hydro 38” Mower Decks Mfg. No. 1693279 Description 2618H. 1692683 Description 38” Mower Deck 16HP V-Twin Tractors Mfg. 16HP Hydro 2615H. No. 16HP V-Twin Hydro 2616VH. No. No. 1693066 1693374 Description 2616VH. 1693064 1693372 Description 2616H. No. 18HP V-Twin Hydro 1718212-02 Rev 4/1998 TP-100-2105-02-BM-M . No. 1693284 Description 50” Mower Deck 18HP V-Twin Tractors Mfg. 16HP V-Twin Hydro 44” Mower Decks Mfg. 1692685 Description 44” Mower Deck 50” Mower Decks Mfg.OPERATOR’S MANUAL 2600 Series 16HP Tractors Mfg.
Spring Street • P.Massey Ferguson Lawn & Garden Equipment is Manufactured and Distributed by Simplicity Manufacturing. .masseylawn. Inc. Inc. 500 N. Printed in USA. Box 997 • Port Washington.O. WI 53074-0997 USA www.com © Copyright 1998 Simplicity Manufacturing. All Rights Reserved.
..............................................................................6 Control Functions ....................24 Steering Gear Adjustment.................................................................................6 Parking Brake / Cruise Control Knob Functions ......................25 Blade Brake Check ....................................................................................12 Storage .........................................35 Common Replacement Parts ................11 Pushing the Tractor by Hand ..............23 Steering Wheel Adjustment .....................................15 Checking/Adding Fuel .............................................8 Safety Interlock System .....20 Cleaning the Battery and Cables .........................................................................................32 Charging A Discharged Battery ......................................20 Servicing the Mower Blades ........... TP 100-2105-02-BM-SMA 1 ...........28 Mower Belt Replacement ......................32 Jump Starting with an Auxiliary Battery .....................................................................14 Regular Maintenance ............................................................................................. or other reproductive harm................26 Leveling the Mower ......3 Features & Controls ............32 Checking the Battery Voltage .............................18 Lubricate Rear Axes ......................11 Driving the Tractor .................................9 Troubleshooting..... Inc..........................................................10 Checks Before Starting ..............10 General ............15 Checking Tire Pressures....... WARNING Engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known...........................11 Stopping the Tractor & Engine ................32 Headlight Replacement...............................34 Operating the Tractor ............................... “left” and “right” are referred to as seen from the operating position..................26 Cutting Height Adjustment ..............16 Accessing the Engine Compartment..29 38” Mower Drive Belt Replacement ........10 Starting the Engine .............27 Transmission Drive Belt Replacement ..........................................................29 44” & 50” PTO Belt Replacement ..............22 Troubleshooting the Tractor ...................................................................................................................15 Maintenance Schedule .................................................................................................................................................22 Troubleshooting the Mower ......17 Fuel Filter Replacement .........................19 Battery Maintenance ..........8 Dashboard Display Functions ............... All Rights Reserved........................................16 Check / Change Transmission Oil .....................LC—1 International Symbols ........LC—8 NOTE: In this manual..............24 PTO Clutch Adjustment ......................................25 Brake Adjustment................................................. in certain quantities.LC—8 Technical Manuals ......... birth defects.........................21 Blade Brake Check ............................34 Dashlight Replacement ......................17 Check / Change Air FIlter.................... to cause cancer............................. © Copyright 1998 Simplicity Manufacturing.....................36 Lawn Care & Mowing Information .......................30 44” & 50” Arbor Drive Belt Replacement................2 Safety Rules & Information ................................................11 Mower Deck Removal & Installation .....17 Lubrication ..Table of Contents Identification Numbers ............................26 Mower Adjustments ............................................... Printed in USA..11 Mowing.......................31 Battery Service............17 Oil & Filter Change.........................21 Specifications .............................20 Checking Battery Fluid ..............................................................24 Seat Adjustment...... Adjustments & Service ...................................
as shown below. SA MFG Simplicity Manufacturing. Port Washington. Inc. tag is located on the left-side. or information YOU MUST HAVE THESE NUMBERS.D. refer to the Engine Owner’s Manual. • • • The Unit I. The Mower Deck I. unit and mower deck manufacturer numbers and engine serial number in the space provided for easy reference. of the frame. WI 53074-0997 U. service. For location of Engine Serial Number. tag is also on the left side. Engine Type/Spec Engine Code/Serial Number 2 .Identification Numbers IDENTIFICATION TAG LOCATIONS When contacting your Authorized Dealer for replacement parts. MP 169XXXX LE SERIAL XXXXX Unit Identification Tag Mower Deck Identification Tag IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS Record your model name/number.D. on top of the mower deck.S. Engine Make Unit MFG Number PRODUCT Model Description Name/Number REFERENCE DATA Unit SERIAL Number Mower Deck MFG Number Mower Deck SERIAL Number Dealer Name Date Purchased ENGINE REFERENCE DATA Engine Model Be sure to fill out and return the Warranty Registration Card supplied with your unit.A.
Tall grass can hide obstacles. • Never leave a running unit unattended. understand. tree limbs.. or embankments.Safety Rules & Information Read these safety rules and follow them closely. • Use extra care with grass catchers or other attachments. Failure to obey these rules could result in loss of control of unit. turn slowly and gradually uphill. • Watch for holes. The triangle in text signifies important cautions or warnings which must be followed. never across the face. . set parking brake. if possible. In addition to front and rear weights. All slopes require extra caution. etc. Choose a low gear so that you will not have to stop or shift while on the slope. or damage to property or equipment. • Slow down before turning. 3 SLOPE OPERATION Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and tip-over accidents. This mowing deck is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. Always disengage the PTO. ruts. disengage the blade(s) and proceed slowly straight down the slope. Uneven terrain could overturn the unit. • Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual. • Do not mow on wet grass. and then. • Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing roadways. These can change the stability of the unit. • Do not turn on slopes unless necessary. • Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes. not across. • Clear the area of objects such as rocks. • Turn off the PTO switch to disengage the blades when not mowing. • Use extra care when loading or unloading the unit into a trailer or truck.5°) but less than 30 percent use additional wheel weights or counterweights when available and applicable (see your dealer to determine which weights —if any—are available and appropriate for your unit). etc. • Stop engine before removing grass catcher or unclogging chute. • Do not operate the unit while under the influence of alcohol or drugs. • Do not mow near drop-offs. Mow UP and DOWN the slope. • Mow up and down slopes. Do not operate the mower without either the entire grass catcher or the deflector in place. toys. do not drive on it. Always look down and behind before and while travelling in reverse. Do Not • Do not start or stop on a slope. GENERAL OPERATION • Read. • Only allow responsible adults. If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it. who are familiar with the instructions. or if an edge caves in. The mower could suddenly turn over if a wheel is over the edge of a cliff or ditch. Select slow ground speed before driving onto slope. • Remove obstacles such as rocks. • Use slow speed. and follow all instructions in the manual and on the unit before starting. severe personal injury or death to you. use extra caution when operating on slopes with rear-mounted grass catcher. Do • See your authorized dealer for recommendations of available weights to improve stability. • Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do not point it at anyone. • Do not try to stabilize the unit by putting your foot on the ground. Reduced traction could cause sliding.7°) which is a rise of three feet vertically in 10 feet horizontally. • Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing. use caution when changing directions and DO NOT START OR STOP ON SLOPE. Stop unit if anyone enters the area. WARNING Never operate on slopes greater than 30 percent (16. which can result in severe injury or death. wire. • Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary. Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction. or bystanders. When operating on slopes that are greater than 15 percent (8. ditches. which could be picked up and thrown by the blade(s). or bumps. • Mow only in daylight or good artificial light. • Never carry passengers. If tires lose traction. stop engine. and remove keys before dismounting. to operate the unit.
b) Never remove gas cap or add fuel with the engine running. SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE • Use extra care in handling gasoline and other fuels. trees. • Keep unit free of grass. a) Use only an approved container. Allow unit to cool before storing. They are flammable and vapors are explosive. Clean up oil or fuel spillage. Never assume that children will remain where you last saw them. and deterioration. Wrap the blade(s) or wear gloves. or other objects that may obscure vision. Check their proper operation regularly. Improper service procedures can result in hazardous operation. TRANSPORTING AND STORAGE • Always observe safe refueling and fuel handling practices when refueling the unit after transportation or storage. which could expose moving parts or allow objects to be thrown. tight and keep equipment in good condition. when necessary. • Always follow the engine manual instructions for storage preparations before storing the unit for both short and long term periods. • Never store the unit or fuel container inside where there is an open flame or pilot light. They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe unit operation. look behind and down for small children.Safety Rules & Information CHILDREN Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to the presence of children. • Keep children out of the mowing area and under the watchful care of another responsible adult. shrubs. before restarting. Cooling fan is located on top of transaxle. damage. • Be alert and turn unit off if children enter the area. • Never attempt to make major repairs on this unit unless you have been properly trained. • Keep nuts and bolts. equipment damage and voiding of manufacturer’s warranty. if necessary. • Always comply with factory specifications on all settings and adjustments. such as in a water heater. • Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine running unless specified otherwise in the engine manufacturer’s manual. Adjust and service as required. Allow engine to cool before refueling. • Always follow the engine manual instructions for proper start-up procedures when returning the unit to service. Frequently check components and replace with manufacturer’s recommended parts. WARNING Never place hands near the hydro pump cooling fan when the unit is running. or other debris buildup. especially blade attachment bolts. • Grass catcher components are subject to wear. • Use extra care when approaching blind corners. Do not smoke. • Use only factory authorized replacement parts when making repairs. • Check brake operation frequently. • Never run a unit in an enclosed area. • Never tamper with safety devices. • Before and during reverse operation. Children are often attracted to the unit and the mowing activity. c) Never refuel the unit indoors. and use extra caution when servicing them. • Mower blades are sharp and can cut. leaves. Repair. • Only authorized service locations should be utilized for major service and repair requirements. 4 . • Never allow children to operate the unit. • Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an object. • Never carry children.
These labels are easily applied and will act as a constant visual reminder to you. The information is for your safety and it is important! The safety decals below are on your rider and mower.Safety Rules & Information SAFETY DECALS This unit has been designed and manufactured to provide you with the safety and reliability you would expect from an industry leader in outdoor power equipment manufacturing. remove key. BRAKE PEDAL • Depress brake pedal to slow or stop tractor motion. • Lower lever to place mower into cutting position. Before Leaving Machine: • Turn PTO switch OFF. effective operation. PTO switch off. and set parking brake.Operating Instructions Bottom Panel Part No. • Depress rear ground speed pedal to increase reverse ground speed. • Engine will shut off if parking brake is OFF. then pull knob UP. CHOKE • Pull knob OUT to engage.Danger Part No. DANGER • To SET — depress front ground speed pedal to desired forward speed. • Shut OFF at half to full throttle. DANGER ROTATING CUTTING BLADE Do not operate mower without deflector or entire grass catcher in place. • NEVER CARRY CHILDREN. turn Ignition to START. Decal . • AVOID SUDDEN TURNS. OFF RUN START GROUND SPEED CONTROL • Depress front ground speed pedal to increase forward ground speed. to follow the safety instructions necessary for safe. • Turn counter-clockwise to lower cutting height. Although reading this manual and the safety instructions it contains will provide you with the necessary basic knowledge to operate this equipment safely and effectively. • Push knob IN to disengage. • KEEP SAFETY DEVICES (GUARDS. • Push DOWN to disengage. • To SET Parking Brake — fully depress brake pedal and pull knob UP. & SWITCHES) IN PLACE AND WORKING. • REMOVE OBJECTS THAT COULD BE THROWN BY THE BLADE. SHIELDS. throttle at half to full. 1704276 01 Decal . WARNING. NO RIDERS — THEY FALL OFF. See your local dealer for replacements. • Pull UP to engage. REMOVE KEY. • WHEN LEAVING MACHINE. DO NOT TOW TRACTOR! Damage may result to hydrostatic transmission ROTATING BLADES CUT OFF ARMS AND LEGS STOP MOWER WHEN CHILDREN ARE NEAR. MOWER LIFT LEVER • Raise lever to lift mower up for transport. NOT ACROSS. • DO NOT MOW WHEN CHILDREN OR OTHERS ARE AROUND. and brake pedal depressed. THROTTLE • ALWAYS operate at full throttle. All DANGER. 1704277 5 . To STOP Engine: • Engage parking brake. • To RELEASE Parking Brake — depress brake pedal and push knob DOWN. TO OPERATE PTO CLUTCH • Operator must be in seat. turn Ignition switch to OFF. If any of these decals are lost or damaged. shut off engine. • IF YOU CANNOT BACK UP A HILL — DO NOT OPERATE ON IT. CUTTING HEIGHT ADJUST CRUISE CONTROL • Turn clockwise to raise cutting height. and others who may use the equipment. SHUT OFF ENGINE. AND SET PARKING BRAKE. • To RELEASE — depress brake pedal or push knob DOWN or depress front ground speed pedal. IF YOU CANNOT BACK-UP A HILL —DO NOT DRIVE ON IT. throttle at half to full. STOP BLADE AND BACK DOWN SLOWLY. 1718209-02 OPERATING ON SLOPES CAN BE DANGEROUS SEE OPERATOR'S MANUAL. • KNOW LOCATION AND FUNCTION OF ALL CONTROLS. • LOOK DOWN AND BEHIND—BEFORE AND WHILE BACKING.Danger Part No. replace them at once. CAUTION and instructional messages on your rider and mower should be carefully read and obeyed. DANGER WARNING AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH • READ OPERATOR'S MANUAL(S). • IF MACHINE STOPS GOING UPHILL. 1704276 1704277 Decal . When Operator Leaves Seat: • Engine will shut off if PTO is ON. we have placed several safety labels on the unit to remind you of this important information while you are operating your unit. OPERATION To Start Engine: • Seat must be occupied. • GO UP AND DOWN SLOPES. IGNITION SWITCH • Remove key before leaving tractor. 1718209 DANGER ROTATING CUTTING BLADE Do not put hands or feet under mower deck while blade is rotating. Personal bodily injury can result when these instructions are not followed. • BE SURE BLADE(S) AND ENGINE ARE STOPPED BEFORE PLACING HANDS OR FEET NEAR BLADE(S).
O. Choke (Twin Cylinder Models Only) Throttle / Choke Light Switch Dashboard Display Lights PTO Switch Parking Brake / Cruise Control Ignition Switch Brake Pedal Forward Ground Speed Pedal Mower Height of Cut Adjust Knob Reverse Ground Speed Pedal Mower Lift Lever Seat Adjustment Lever Gas Cap / Gas Gauge Transmission Oil Reservoir Hour Meter Steering Wheel B J A K Q L P O N M CONTROL FUNCTIONS The information below briefly describes the function of individual controls. Note that the operator must be seated firmly in the tractor seat for the PTO to function. E. To engage the PTO. K. B. Throttle / Choke Control The throttle controls engine speed. Pulling up on the knob while depressing the forward ground speed pedal engages the cruise control. and mowing require the combined use of several controls applied in specific sequences. D. B. Tractor & Mower Controls A. N. P. F. pull UP on the switch. C. J. Always operate at FULL throttle. L. PTO Switch The PTO (Power Take-Off) switch engages and disengages attachments that use the front PTO. stopping. . A warm engine may not require choking. Push DOWN to disengage. Move the throttle forward to increase engine speed. H. On single cylinder models. Refer to page 8 for a full explanation of parking brake / cruise control functions. and back to decrease engine speed. D. Choke (Twin Cylinder Models Only) Pulling the choke control OUT closes the choke for cold starting. driving. Fully depressing the brake pedal and pulling up on the knob engages the parking brake. moving the throttle control fully forward closes the choke. I.Features & Controls Please take a moment and familiarize yourself with the name. Parking Brake / Cruise Control Knob The parking brake / cruise control knob is used to lock the parking brake when the tractor is stopped AND to lock the cruise control when the tractor is in motion. To learn what combination and sequence of controls to use for various tasks see the OPERATION section. M. Q. 6 C. G. A. E D H F G C I Figure 1. F. See page 8 for more detailed information. Light Switch The light switch turns the tractor lights on and off. location. Dashboard Display Lights The dashboard display lights show a variety of engine operation and control status information. A warm engine may not require choking. E. Starting. and function of these controls so that you will better understand the safety and operating instructions provided in this manual.
position the seat as desired. Move the lever. N. and release the lever to lock the seat into position. H. P. Models equipped with digital hour meters: Digital hour meters flash maintenance icons at factoryset intervals for lubrication and oil changes. The oil level can be checked by looking at the reservoir just beneath the fill cap. Reverse Ground Speed Pedal The tractor’s reverse ground speed is controlled by the reverse ground speed control pedal (I. Depress the REAR pedal to increase REVERSE ground speed. Mower Lift Lever The mower lift lever raises the mower deck off the ground for transporting. Mower Cut of Height Adjustment Knob The cutting height adjustment knob controls the mower cutting height. NOTE: Never leave the ignition switch in the RUN position with the engine stopped–this drains the battery. Depress the pedal to increase FORWARD ground speed. Note that the further down the pedal is depressed. O. Figure 1). DO NOT cut with the lift lever in the raised position. START Cranks the engine for starting. The cutting height is infinitely adjustable between 1” and 3-5/8. To remove the cap. the faster the tractor will travel. Forward Ground Speed Pedal The tractor’s forward ground speed is controlled by the forward ground speed control pedal. Q.Features & Controls G. I. Hour Meter The hour meter shows the number of hours the key has been in the RUN position. Seat Adjustment Lever The seat can be adjusted forward and back. Transmission Oil Reservoir The transmission oil reservoir holds “extra” oil for the transmission. the faster the tractor will travel. Ignition Switch The ignition switch starts and stops the engine. it has three positions: OFF RUN Stops the engine and shuts off the electrical system. Gas Cap / Gas Gauge The combination gas cap / gas gauge shows the amount of fuel in the tank. L. 7 . turn counterclockwise. Brake Pedal Depressing the brake pedal applies the tractor brake. M. Adjustable Steering Wheel The tractor is equipped with a two position steering column. See Adjustments section for adjustment procedure. J. Allows the engine to run and powers the electrical system.” K. Note that the further down the pedal is depressed.
Brake Pedal C.See Figure 2. Parking Brake / Cruise Control Light Indicates that the parking brake or cruise control is engaged. Applying the Cruise Control . In the event you need to stop quickly. Tap the forward ground speed pedal (A). To release the parking brake. fully depress the brake pedal (B). Depress the brake pedal (B). it is recommended that you manually disengage the cruise control by tapping the forward ground speed pedal or pushing the parking brake / cruise control knob down. Brake Pedal C. C A B C Figure 2. For normal operation. fully depress the brake pedal (B) and push the parking brake / cruise control knob (C) DOWN.Features & Controls PARKING BRAKE / CRUISE CONTROL KNOB FUNCTIONS Applying the Parking Brake .See Figure 3. Headlight Indicator Light Indicates that the headlights are on. Cruise Control Function A.See Figure 2.See Figure 3. To apply the cruise control. 8 Figure 4. Parking Brake / Cruise Control Knob B A DASHBOARD DISPLAY FUNCTIONS Refer to Figure 4. release the ground speed pedals (A). Low Oil Pressure Light Indicates that the engine oil pressure is low. 3. depress the forward ground speed pedal (A) until the desired speed is achieved. and then release brake pedal. Figure 1) will automatically release the cruise control and stop the tractor. pull UP on the parking brake / cruise control knob (C). Engaging the Parking Brake A. Then pull up on the parking brake / cruise control knob (B) and release the forward ground speed pedal (A). Hour Meter Shows the number of hours the key has been in the ON position. This light must be lit for the engine to start. Forward Ground Speed Pedal B. F 0016 F. Parking Brake / Cruise Control Knob A. Dashboard Display . C. The cruise control can be released three ways: 1. Releasing the Parking Brake . Push the parking brake / cruise control knob (C) DOWN. D. To lock the parking brake. Operator Seated Light Indicates that the operator present seat switch has been activated. Figure 3. E. Releasing the Cruise Control . A B C D E B. 2. Ground Speed Pedals B. fully depressing the brake pedal (I. PTO Light Indicates the PTO switch is in the ON position.
NOTE: Once the engine has stopped. These safety systems are present for your safety.Features & Controls SAFETY INTERLOCK SYSTEM This unit is equipped with safety interlock switches and other safety devices. Operational SAFETY Checks Your unit is equipped with a seat switch safety system. Test 4 — Blade Brake Check Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a complete stop within five seconds after electric PTO switch is turned off (or operator rises off seat). do not operate it. See your authorized dealer. AND • An operator is sitting in the seat. Test 2 — Engine SHOULD crank if: • PTO switch is NOT engaged. AND • Brake pedal is fully depressed (or parking brake is engaged). do not attempt to bypass safety switches. OR • Brake pedal is not fully depressed (or parking brake is not engaged). and never tamper with safety devices. Test 1 — Engine should NOT crank if: • PTO switch is engaged. OR • There is no operator in the seat. the PTO switch must be turned off after the operator returns to the seat in order to start the engine. WARNING If the unit does not pass a safety test. Check their operation regularly. Check the seat switch operation every fall and spring with the following tests. OR • Operator rises off seat with brake pedal NOT fully depressed (or parking brake disengaged). Test 3 — Engine should SHUT OFF if: • Operator rises off seat with PTO engaged. 9 . Under no circumstance should you attempt to defeat the purpose of the safety interlock system. If mower drive belt does not stop within five seconds. see your dealer.
leaves and excess grease. smoking or matches in the area. tractor and mower free of grass. bolts. Before leaving the operator’s position for any reason.Operating the Tractor GENERAL OPERATING SAFETY Before first time operation: • Be sure to read all information in the Safety and Operation sections before attempting to operate this tractor and mower. To reduce fire hazard.7°) which is a rise of three feet vertically in 10 feet horizontally. never across the face.5°) but less than 30 percent. 10 . • Make sure all nuts. Mow UP and DOWN the slope. Avoid over-filling and wipe up any spills. CHECKS BEFORE STARTING • Check that crankcase is filled to full mark on dipstick. engage the parking brake. When operating on slopes that are greater than 15 percent (8. keep the engine. stop the engine and remove the key. use caution when changing directions and DO NOT START OR STOP ON SLOPE. Gasoline is highly flammable and must be handled with care. Do not allow open flame. WARNING Never allow passengers to ride on the unit. See the engine Operator’s Manual for instructions and oil recommendations. • Adjust the seat position. Do not stop or park tractor over dry leaves. • Drive in an open area without mowing to become accustomed to the unit. grass or combustible materials. and make certain you can reach all controls from operator’s position. Operate the unit at a slow ground speed when driving onto slope. • Become familiar with all of the controls and how to stop the unit. use extra caution when operating on slopes with rear-mounted grass catcher. screws and pins are in place and tight. Never fill the tank when the engine is still hot from recent operation. use additional wheel weights or counterweights. DANGER OPERATING ON SLOPES CAN BE DANGEROUS Never operate on slopes greater than 30 percent (16. • Make certain rear counterweights are installed if you will be operating the unit on sloping ground. In addition to counterweights. Refer to engine manual for gasoline recommendations. • Fill the gasoline tank with fresh gasoline. disengage the PTO.
MOWING 1. DRIVING THE TRACTOR 1. NOTE: A warm engine may not require choking. 6. Twin Cylinder Models: Pull the Choke knob OUT to choke the engine. TOWING THE TRACTOR WITH ANOTHER VEHICLE IS NOT RECOMMENDED. Engage the front PTO (Mower Deck). 7. Depress the forward ground speed control pedal to travel forward. 5. 5. 3. NOTE: Stopping the engine at speeds lower than half throttle can cause engine damage. Engage the parking brake. Release the pedal to stop. 5. Lower the mower lift lever. and stopping the engine (see STOPPING THE TRACTOR AND ENGINE). 4. Hydro Release Lever . 3. 6. 7. Remove the key. 2. Make sure the PTO switch is disengaged. Make sure the PTO switch is disengaged. Warm up the engine by running it for at least a minute before engaging the PTO switch or driving the tractor. 2. 9. setting the parking brake. 4. Disengage the PTO. fully depress the brake pedal or set the parking brake. Begin mowing. After the engine starts. Disengage the PTO clutch. Make sure that your feet are not depressing the ground speed control pedals. When finished. Do NOT attempt to operate the tractor without first becoming familiar with the location and function of ALL controls. Position the throttle control at half throttle. Sit in the seat and adjust the seat so that you can comfortably reach all the controls and see the dashboard display.Operating the Tractor STARTING THE ENGINE 1. Set the throttle to FULL. STOPPING THE TRACTOR & ENGINE 1. Disengaging the cruise control and taking your foot off the ground speed control pedals will stop tractor movement. AS THE TRANSMISSION MAY BE DAMAGED. Start the engine (see STARTING THE ENGINE). 3. and trouble shooting information. See Section C for tips on mowing patterns. Disengage the PTO and turn the engine off. Set the throttle to FULL. NOTE: In the event of an emergency the engine can be stopped by simply turning the ignition switch to STOP. Engage the parking brake. 2. 2. 8. For emergency stopping depress the clutch / brake pedal. Do not stop the engine with the throttle control in the IDLE position. 7. WARNING If you do not understand how a specific control functions. 11 Pull Lever Forward to Release Figure 5. Use this method only in emergency situations. move the engine throttle control to SLOW. Stop the engine (see STOPPING THE TRACTOR AND ENGINE). 5. The tractor can now be pushed by hand. do so now. Note that the further down the pedal is depressed the faster the tractor will travel. Engage the parking brake. Set the mower cutting height to the desired level. shut off the PTO and raise the mower lift lever. While sitting in the operator’s seat. 2. lawn care. 3. Start the engine (see STARTING THE ENGINE). Turn the ignition switch to STOP. For normal engine shut down follow the procedure given in STOPPING THE TRACTOR. Disengage the parking brake and release the brake pedal. PUSHING THE TRACTOR BY HAND 1. Stop the tractor by releasing the ground speed control pedals. or have not yet thoroughly read the FEATURES & CONTROLS section. 4. 6. Move the transmission release lever to PUSH position. Insert the ignition key and turn it to START. 4.
Place mower in the lowest cutting position using the mower height adjuster (B. 5. Flat Washer B. Pull back on springloaded lever (B. Mower Lift Lever B. Place the mower lift lever (A. stop engine and remove key before attempting to install or remove the mower. Mower Lift Arm C. Figure 6) in the lowest position. Tractor Hitch Brackets B. Figure 9. Raising & Lowering Mower A. Figure 8. Turn off PTO switch and engine. level surface such as a concrete floor. 2. Tractor Lift Arm D. 6. MOWER DECK REMOVAL & INSTALLATION Removing the Mower Deck 1. 4. Figure 9) and lift mower hitch off of the tractor brackets. Turn wheels fully left. Figure 8). Park tractor on a hard. disengage PTO. Spring-Loaded Lever 12 . Safety Clip *1961 WARNING Engage parking brake. remove the key and apply parking brake. 7. PTO Pulley *1963 CAUTION The muffler and surrounding areas may be hot. Turn wheels straight ahead. Lift Arms (Viewed from underneath right side of tractor) A.Operating the Tractor *1962 B A Figure 6. Mower Height Adjuster Figure 7. Mower Hitch A. Figure 6). 3. Disconnect the mower lift arm from the tractor lift arm (A. Figure 7). Idler Arm B. Re-install washer and safety clip. Remove belt from PTO pulley (B. Removing & Installing Belt A. and slide mower deck out right side of tractor.
Slide mower deck under right side of tractor so that mower hitch is aligned with front tractor hitch. Install mower hitch onto tractor hitch brackets (A). See Figure 11. also. Place mower height adjuster (B. the spring-loaded lever should seat fully underneath the brackets. 5. Spring-Loaded Lever Figure 10. Tractor Lift Arm D. Pull back on the spring-loaded lever (B) while lifting up on the mower hitch. disengage PTO. stop engine and remove key before attempting to install or remove the mower. Removing & Installing Belt A. shut off PTO and engine. 3. Mower Height Adjuster *1962 WARNING Engage parking brake. Lift Arms (Viewed from underneath right side of tractor) A. Park tractor. When properly installed. Tractor Hitch Brackets B. Connect the mower lift arm (A) to the tractor lift arm (B) using the flat washer (C) and safety clip (D). Turn the wheels fully to the left. See Figure 13. Raising & Lowering Mower A. Turn wheels straight. Move idler arm (A) to relieve belt tension. 2. See Figure 12. remove the key and apply parking brake. PTO Pulley 13 .Operating the Tractor *1963 B A Figure 11. Figure 10) in the lowest cutting position. Idler Arm B. Mower Lift Lever B. Safety Clip CAUTION The muffler and surrounding areas may be hot. Installing the Mower Deck 1. *1961 Figure 13. Figure 12. Flat Washer B. Install belt onto the PTO pulley (B). Mower Hitch A. Place the mower lift lever in the lowest position. Mower Lift Arm C. 4.
dry place and fully charged about once a month. Handle gasoline carefully. we suggest that you fill the fuel tank at the completion of each job to prevent water condensation in the fuel tank. etc. Remove any blocks from under the unit. 1. It is highly flammable and careless use could result in serious fire damage to your person or property. If there’s any chance of unauthorized use. the fuel tank will still contain some gasoline. Here is a checklist of things to do when storing your unit temporarily or in between uses: • Keep the unit in an area away from where children may come into contact with it. with gasoline in engine or fuel tank. poorly ventilated enclosures. • Clean all grass and dirt from the mower. 3. Gasoline fumes may reach an open flame. add a gasoline stabilizer to the fuel tank and run the engine a few minutes. 7. may develop gummy deposits which can adversely affect the engine carburetor and cause engine malfunction. See engine manual for recommendations. See engine owner’s manual and follow all instructions for preparing engine after storage. Clean any dirt or grass from cylinder head cooling fins. Check crankcase oil level and add proper oil if necessary. clothes dryer. Remove mower deck from the unit. 2. Be sure to run engine only outdoors or in well ventilated area. or drain all fuel from the unit before placing it in storage. Clean underside of mower deck. 8. spark or pilot light (such as a furnace. Wait for engine to cool before filling tank. Clean up unit and apply paint or rust preventative to any areas where paint is chipped or damaged. perform the following steps. Completely grease and oil unit as outlined in the Normal Care section. Inflate tires to proper pressure. Start the engine and let it run slowly. Clean external surfaces and engine. 4. Coat all bare metal surfaces with paint or light coat of oil to prevent rusting. so never store the unit in any structure used for human or animal habitation. 6. 5. 7. causing risk of explosion and fire. disconnect the negative cable. Prepare engine for storage. Battery life will be increased if it is removed. so never store the unit indoors or in any other area where fuel vapor could travel to any ignition source.Operating the Tractor STORAGE Temporary Storage (30 Days Or Less) Remember. If any condensation has developed during storage. b. Drain crankcase oil and refill with a grade of oil that will be required when unit is used again. STARTING AFTER LONG TERM STORAGE Before starting the unit after it has been stored for a long period of time. Cover air cleaner and exhaust outlet tightly with plastic or other waterproof material to keep out moisture. engine housing and air cleaner element. Remember. drain crankcase oil and refill. disconnect the spark plug wires. Drain fuel into an approved container outdoors away from open flame or sparks. follow all safety instructions and storage precautions in this manual to prevent the possibility of fire from the ignition of gasoline fumes. Fuel vapor is also toxic if inhaled. NOTE: If storing your tractor between winter snow removal jobs in a cold area. NOTE: Gasoline. dirt and insects. in a heated shelter or in enclosed. 3. if permitted to stand unused for extended periods (30 days or more). See engine owner’s manual. Fill the fuel tank with fresh gasoline. • If the unit can’t be stored on a reasonably level surface. Long Term Storage (Longer Than 30 Days) Before you store your unit for the off-season. chock the wheels. 5. WARNING Never store the unit. c. gasoline fumes can travel to distant sources of ignition and ignite. 14 . water heater. Unplug the exhaust outlet and air cleaner.) and cause an explosion. 4. Check fluid levels. Be sure the battery is filled to the proper level with water and is fully charged. DO NOT run at high speed immediately after starting. Drain fuel system completely or add a gasoline stabilizer to the fuel system. read the Maintenance and Storage instructions in the Safety Rules section. 9. 10. If battery is left in unit. If you have chosen to use a fuel stabilizer and have not drained the fuel system. 6. Prepare the mower deck for storage as follows: a. then perform the following steps: 1. 2. put in a cool. To avoid this condition. Install the battery if it was removed. 8.
Checking Tire Pressure . Change transmission oil after the first 50 hours of operation.Regular Maintenance MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE & PROCEDURES The following schedule should be followed for normal care of your tractor and mower. or you can install the optional hour meter. More often in hot (over 85° F: 30° C) weather or dusty operating conditions. You will need to keep a record of your operating time. Determining operating time is easily accomplished by multiplying the time it takes to do one job by the number of times you’ve done the job. Tire Front Rear Pressure 12-15 psi (83-104 kPa) 6-8 psi (41-55 kPa) 15 Figure 14. then every 250 hours. improve cut quality. and extend tire life. SAFETY ITEMS Check Safety Interlock System Check Tractor Brakes Check Mower Blade Stopping Time NORMAL CARE ITEMS Check Tractor/Mower for loose hardware Check Engine Air Filter Check Engine Oil Level Change Engine Oil & Filter** Lubricate Tractor & Mower Check Tire Pressure Check Transmission Fluid Change Transmission Fluid Check Fuel Filter Clean Battery & Cables Clean & Sharpen Mower Blades Inspect Spark Plug(s) Lubricate Rear Axle Shafts * ** *** **** See Page 9 26 21 See Page — 17* 17* 17* 18 15 16 16 17 20 21 17* 19 q q q q q q q Before Before First Use Each Use q q q Before Before First Use Each Use q q q q q q q q q ****Every 250 Hours q q q ** ***q ***q q q Every 5 Hours q ***q q Every 25 Hours q Every 100 Hours Every 5 Hours Every 25 Hours Every 100 Hours Spring & Fall q q Spring & Fall See the engine manufacturer's owner's manual. Note that these pressures may differ slightly from the “Max Inflation” stamped on the side-wall of the tires. The pressures shown provide proper traction. Change original engine oil after first 5 hours of operation. and maintained at the levels shown in the chart. CHECK TIRE PRESSURES Tire Pressure should be checked periodically.
Do not remove fuel filter when engine is hot. Drain hydrostatic system by removing drain plug (see Figure 17). 3. Leave room in the tank for fuel expansion. Reinstall the drain plug. CHECK / CHANGE TRANSMISSION OIL The transmission oil should be checked before each use and changed after the first 50 hours of operation. A CHECKING / ADDING FUEL To add fuel: 1. water. smoking or matches in the area. gasoline additives. Transmission Oil Capacity: Apx. 16 Figure 16.5 Quarts Transmission Oil Type: SAE 10W-30 with a minimum API rating of SG/CD. 3. 4. Then change the oil after every 250 hours of operation. Fuel Tank Fill A. Empty space is required in the reservoir tank for heat expansion. Fill the tank. If necessary. clean the area surrounding the reservoir cap.Regular Maintenance WARNING Gasoline is highly flammable and must be handled with care. Even a small amount of dirt can irreparably damage the transmission Checking the Oil Level: 1. DO NOT OVERFILL. 2. Locate the reservoir tank on the rear of the unit. remove the cap. Empty space is required in the reservoir tank for heat expansion. Figure 15. Transmission Drain Plugs . Full Mark Do not allow dirt. Run tractor for several minutes and recheck the transmission oil level. or other debris to enter the reservoir. DO NOT OVERFILL. Observe the oil level. Do not use gasoline containing METHANOL. Oil should be up to the FULL mark (see Figure 16). and add oil. Figure 15). Refer to your engine manual for specific fuel recommendations. Ensure clamps grip hoses firmly over filter after installation. 3. Never fill the tank when the engine is still hot from recent operation. Changing the Transmission Oil: 1. Do not allow open flame. The oil should also be changed if it has become discolored from overheating or contamination. Install and hand tighten the fuel cap. DO NOT spread hose clamps further than necessary. gasohol containing more than 10% ETHANOL. Transmission Oil Reservoir Drain Plug Figure 17. 2. Fuel Tank Cap. Drain oil into a suitable container. Do not overfill. 2. Remove the fuel cap (see A. as spilled gasoline may ignite. Add oil a few ounces at a time until the reservoir is filled to the FULL mark. or white gas because engine/fuel system damage could result. Avoid over-filling and wipe up any spills.
Fuel Filter (Not Shown C. Battery E. Air Filter G. NOTE: For engine service item locations see Figure 20 for models with Briggs & Stratton engines and Figure 19 for models with Kohler engines Figure 19. C G B OIL & FILTER CHANGE Refer to engine manual for specific oil and filter recommendations and oil draining procedures. Figures 19 and 20) is located in the fuel line between the fuel tank and the carburetor. 6. Figure 20. Fuel Filter B. unhook the rubber straps (Figure 18) and tip the hood forward. Using a pliers. & 18 HP Briggs & Stratton Twin Cylinder Engine A. If filter is dirty or clogged. Disconnect the negative battery cable. Install new filter in proper flow direction in fuel line. Reconnect the negative battery cable when finished. Secure with hose clamps. 7. Place a container below the filter to catch spilled fuel.14 HP. 2. 5. Choke Cable D Oil Fill/Dipstick INSPECT & REPLACE SPARK PLUGS Refer to the engine manual for specific spark plug replacement procedures. Oil Filter F. replace as follows: 1.Regular Maintenance D E A F Undo Hood Straps (Both Sides) and Lift Hood to access Engine Figure 18. 16 HP. Engine Compartment . 3. Air Filter F. Oil Filter E. 17 . Remove hoses from filter. Engine Compartment . Throttle/Choke Cable A D E FUEL FILTER REPLACEMENT The fuel filter (E. Engine Access C B ACCESSING THE ENGINE To gain access to the engine.16 HP Kohler Single Cylinder Engine A. Throttle Cable C. F CHECK / CHANGE AIR FILTER Refer to the engine manual for specific air filter service procedures. Battery D Oil Fill/Dipstick B. 4. open and slide hose clamps from fuel filter.
Keep oil and grease off belts and pulleys. all moving metal parts should be oiled where contact is made with other parts.Regular Maintenance LUBRICATION Lubricate the unit at the locations shown in Figures 21 through 25 as well as the following lubrication points. Simplicity “Jiffy Lube” Lithium Grease is recommended. Lubricating the Tractor *1959 *1957 Figure 23. Brake Pedal Pivot Point Figure 22. Disassemble parts to apply grease to moving parts when grease fittings are not present. Oil: • hydro linkage • seat adjustment assembly • brake linkage • frame pivot points • mower deck height adjustment linkage Generally. Grease: • front axle pivot • front wheel bushings • front axle grease fittings • steering linkage • foot pedal • mower pivots • mower arbors • transmission idler assembly pivot Use grease fittings when present. Lubricate Steering Linkage 01 18 . automotive-type lithium grease may be used when this is not available. Not all greases are compatible. Remember to wipe fittings and surfaces clean both before and after lubrication. Figure 21.
Elevate the Rear End H D E F A B C G NOTE: Your axle assembly may differ slightly from the assembly pictured: washer (D. This is adjusted on a tractor by tractor basis during assembly to allow a small amount of axle end-play. 3. Figure 27). Remove the plastic hub cap (G. Spacer F. This prevents the wheel from seizing onto the axle shaft. Using a jack or chain hoist positioned at the center of the rear frame. See Figure 27 for assembly. 2.2" off the ground. 7. 19 Figure 27. Figure 27) may be missing or doubled. Figure 26. making future service easier. NOTE: For overall unit stability during service. Engage the parking brake and block the front wheels. Wheel and Axle Assembly A. Lubricate the axle shaft with anti-seize compound or lithium grease. Reinstall components in reverse order of disassembly and lower the unit. Arbor Lubrication Points Figure 25. E-Ring C. 9. Washer H. Hub Cap D. Washer E. 1. 8. carefully jack the unit up until the rear tires are approximately 1" . Mower Lubrication Points LUBRICATE REAR AXLES We recommend removing the rear wheels and lubricating the axle shafts yearly. Remove the key and disconnect the spark plug wire while working on the unit. Remove e-ring (F. Wheel G. Support the rear of the unit on jack stands positioned under the rear frame (see Figure 26). Hub Cap Retainer B.Regular Maintenance *1979 Figure 24. Figure 27) using a screwdriver. 4. Key . do not jack rear end higher than required for wheel removal. 5. 6. Be sure the key (H) is in place in the axle key-way. Remove the washers (D) and wheel (C).
Figure 28) 7. Cleaning the Battery and Cables 1. Clean the battery terminals and cable ends with a wire brush and battery terminal cleaner until shiny.Regular Maintenance BATTERY MAINTENANCE Checking the Battery Fluid 1. Reinstall the battery in the battery compartment. Disconnect the cables from the battery. Hold Down Rod B. negative cable first (B. 5. If not. Figure 28). Clean the compartment with a solution of baking soda and water. C B A D Figure 28. 2. When removing or installing battery cables. Negative Battery Terminal D. Fluid must be even with the split ring full mark. If not done in this order. Battery Clamp 20 . Coat the cable ends and battery terminals with petroleum jelly or non-conducting grease. Reinstall the filler cap. add distilled water. WARNING Be careful when handling the battery. and secure with the battery hold-down rods (C) and battery clamp (D). Remove the battery filler cap (See Figure 28). Keep flames and sparks away from the battery. 3. Reattach the battery cables. 4. disconnect the negative cable FIRST and reconnect it LAST. Remove the battery hold-down rods (C. the positive terminal can be shorted to the frame by a tool. 2. Battery A. positive cable first (see A. Avoid spilling electrolyte. 3. Positive Battery Terminal C. Figure 28) and battery clamp (D) and battery. Raise the hood to access battery. 6.
To remove blade for sharpening. 1. Spring Washer B. A balanced blade will remain level.) Figure 30. If blade is severely damaged. it should be replaced.). spring washer and hex washer (be certain the hex washer is aligned with the hex shaft). 2. Balancing The Blade B Nail C BLADE BRAKE CHECK Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a complete stop within five seconds after electric PTO switch is turned off. 6. Remove mower from the tractor. 4x4 Wood Block C. Remove all nicks and dents in blade edge. Secure with a capscrew.75 N. Look over the left-hand footrest at the mower drive belt. blade mounting capscrews must each be installed with a hex washer and spring washer. Disengage the PTO and check the amount of time it takes for the mower drive belt to stop. 3. Use a wooden block to prevent blade rotation and torque capscrews to 45-55 ft. start the engine. do not handle the sharp mower blades with bare hands. D A TIGHTEN Figure 31.m. Careless or improper handling of blades may result in serious injury. 4. Blade Bolt 21 .55 ft. Use a file to sharpen blade to fine edge. Reinstall each blade with the tabs pointing up toward deck as shown in Figure 31. see your dealer. If not. 5. If mower drive belt does not stop within five seconds. Center the blade’s hole on a nail lubricated with a drop of oil. lbs. With tractor in neutral.Regular Maintenance SERVICING THE MOWER BLADES WARNING For your personal safety.m. sharpen blades as described in following steps. (61-75 N. (61 .lbs. Engage the PTO and wait several seconds. Blades should be sharp and free of nicks and dents. Balance the blade as shown in Figure 30. then securely tightened. 2. PTO disengaged and operator in seat. Torque blade mounting capscrew to 45 . Removing the Blade 4x4 Wood Block LOOSEN Workbench WARNING For your personal safety. Figure 29. 1. 3. See Mower Installation & Removal. use a wood block to hold blade while removing the blade mounting capscrew (Figure 29). Hex Washer D. Installing The Blade A.
Troubleshooting. See Battery Maintenance Section. Clean air filter. then refill the fuel tank. 5. WARNING To avoid serious injury. 13. 1. Excessive oil consumption. Wiring loose or broken. 22 . Visually check wiring & replace broken or frayed wires. Using wrong weight oil. CAUSE 1. Choke closed. Engine flooded. perform maintenance on the tractor or mower only when the engine is stopped and the parking brake engaged. Place in OFF position. Clean and gap or replace. Spark plug(s) faulty. See engine manual. Check/add oil as required. & Service TROUBLESHOOTING While normal care and regular maintenance will extend the life of your equipment. Safety interlock switch or module faulty. 3. Engine knocks. Open choke. Battery discharged or dead. Out of fuel. Engine starts hard or runs poorly. disconnect the spark plug wire and fasten it away from the plug before beginning the maintenance. Replace air filter. See engine manual. fouled or incorrectly gapped. Circuit breaker tripped. See engine manual. Replace if defective. 2. REMEDY Fully depress brake pedal. Always remove the ignition key. Wait one minute for automatic reset. See engine manual. Brake pedal not depressed. If you prefer. 12. Dirty air filter. Clean engine fins. or incorrectly gapped. allow it to cool. Tighten loose connections. 7. Adjustment. 3. fouled. 6. 1. to prevent accidental starting of the engine. Battery terminals require cleaning. Drain fuel & replace with fresh fuel. Low oil level. Water in fuel. 1. Drain excess oil. Drain fuel & refill with fresh fuel. Push choke knob in (twin cylinder models) or move throttle control out of CHOKE position (single cylinder models). 11. Troubleshooting the Tractor PROBLEM Engine will not turnover or start. Engine exhaust is black. 9. 2. Fuel mixture too rich. Recharge or replace. 2. their causes and remedies. 2. If engine is hot. Check choke adjustment (engine speed control). Using wrong grade oil. See your dealer. Gas is old or stale. Engine running too hot. The troubleshooting guide below lists the most common problems. blower screen and air cleaner. 1. 8. Clean and gap or replace. See your dealer. See engine manual. PTO (electric clutch) switch in ON position. 4. See the information on the following pages for instructions on how to perform most of these minor adjustments and service repairs yourself. prolonged or constant use may eventually require that service be performed to allow it to continue operating properly. Spark plug(s) faulty. Too much oil in crankcase. 10. 2. all of these procedures can be performed for you by your local authorized dealer. Solenoid or starter motor faulty.
3. Sharpen or replace blades. Pulleys or belt greasy or oily. 3. See Adjustments Section. & Service Tractor Troubleshooting Cont. Bent or rough pulleys. Grease spindles. Repair or replace as needed. 2. Tighten to 45-55 ft. Carburetor improperly adjusted. 2. See Engine Manual. Check and correct. Lift link not properly attached or damaged. Belt stops or belt tension out of adjustment. 2. Ground speed control pedals not depressed. Belt stops out of adjustment. Slow down.). 5. Engine runs. Clean or replace belt as necessary. Cutting height set too low. Mower drive belt broken. Mower cut is uneven. Idler pulley pivot bracket “frozen” in declutched position. 23 . Troubleshooting the Mower PROBLEM Mower will not raise. Check and tighten any loose connections. Steering linkage is loose. 1. Using incorrect belt. Engine speed too slow. 1. 2. REMEDY Attach or repair. 2. 2. Brake is out of adjustment. 5. 3. Blades are dull. 1. 3. See Adjustments Section. Brake is not fully released. Blades not properly fastened to arbors. 3. Adjustment. Ground speed too fast. Check and replace as necessary. Mower drive belt slipping because it is oily or worn. arbors. Ground speed too fast. 4. 6. Engine speed too slow.lbs. See Servicing the Mower Blades. 1. 4. See Maintenance Section. 1. but tractor will not drive. 2. See Adjustments Section. Mower blades.m. Discharge chute jamming with cut grass. 3. Adjust belt tension. See Brake Adjustment. Remove idler pulley bracket. See Mower Blade Service. Belt installed incorrectly. Cut tall grass at maximum cutting height during first pass. Set to full throttle. 3. Tractor drive belt slips. Transmission release lever in “push” position. Set to full throttle. Blade mounting screws are loose. Internal brake worn. Drive belt does not stop when clutch/brake pedal depressed. See cause and remedy below. Replace with new belt. Drive belt is broken. 3. See Drive Belt Replacement. 1. Cut grass with discharge pointing toward previously cut area. See your dealer. See Lubricating the Tractor. 4. 1. See Servicing the Mower Blades. (61-75 N. Depress pedals. sharpen. 4. Brake is incorrectly adjusted. 5. Tractor tires not inflated equally or properly. 2. clean and lubricate. 4.Troubleshooting. Remove. Belt tension too tight. Mower cut is rough looking. CAUSE 1. Mower not leveled properly. Repair or replace. Replace with correct belt. Replace drive belt. See Mower Adjustment. 2. Slow down. Mower blades are out of balance. Tractor steers hard or handles poorly. Excessive mower vibration. See Steering Gear Adjustment. or pulleys are bent. Engine stalls easily with mower engaged. 1. Improper tire inflation. Check belt stops. Reinstall Correctly. See Brake Adjustment. Belt stretched or worn. 1. Excessive belt wear or breakage. 1. Front wheel spindle bearings dry. Brake will not hold. Idler pulley spring broken or not properly attached. Check PTO (Electric Clutch) Adjustment. and balance blades. 2. 1. Mower drive belt slips or fails to drive. Move into drive position. Clean as required. Drive belt slips.
The seat can be adjusted forward and back. Align the hole in the steering wheel with the appropriate steering shaft hole and install the roll pin. See Figure 34. Pull down on the rubber boot to expose the two holes in the steering shaft. Steering Gear Adjustment 24 . 1. and release the lever to lock the seat into position. Figure 33. Steering Wheel Removal SEAT ADJUSTMENT See Figure 33. 2. the steering gear backlash can be removed. 2. Loosen the two nuts and adjust the bracket so the gear teeth are closely meshed. 3.Troubleshooting. Use a suitable drift to remove the roll pin at the base of the steering wheel (see Figure 32). Adjustment. Seat Adjustment STEERING GEAR ADJUSTMENT If there is excessive slack in the steering system. *1965 Nuts Figure 34. Tighten nuts after adjustment. position the seat as desired. Move the lever. & Service STEERING WHEEL ADJUSTMENT 1. NOTE: Steering wheel is factory installed with the roll pin in the bottom hole. Figure 32.
Adjustment Nut (Qty. then rotate the pulley so that each of the three rivet joints (visible inside the gap between the pulley and the brake plate) is positioned approximately midway between the three adjustment windows. Rivet PTO CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT Adjustment of the PTO clutch is usually not necessary on new units. 1. positioning the gauge between the rotor face and the armature face as shown in Figure 36. and make any necessary adjustments by tightening or loosening the adjustment nuts. See Figure 35. 3. Adjustment Window (Qty. Alternately tighten the adjustment nuts (B. Check the windows for an equal amount of tension when the gauge is inserted and removed. 1. With tractor in neutral.012” Feeler Gauge (3) Req’d Adjustment Nut Figure 36. 3. perform the PTO Clutch Adjustment. Figure 35) until the rotor face and armature face just contacts the gauge. & Service WARNING To avoid serious injury. and is an acceptable condition. If the belt still does not stop within 5 seconds. This is due to dimensional variations on component parts. Adjustment. PTO disengaged and operator in seat. Look over the left-hand footrest at the mower drive belt. NOTE: The actual air gap between the rotor and armature may vary even after performing the adjustment procedure. B Rivet Rivet Figure 35. Note the position of the 3 adjustment windows (A) in the side of the brake plate. 25 . 4. one shown) B. Feeler Gauge Position Blade Brake Check Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a complete stop within five seconds after electric PTO switch is turned off. Remove key from ignition switch and disconnect spark plug wires to prevent the possibility of accidental starting while the PTO is being adjusted. 3.012” feeler gauge through each window. Check the mower blade stopping time. Insert a . If mower drive belt does not stop within five seconds. Engage the PTO and wait several seconds. 2. The mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a complete stop within five seconds after the electric PTO switch is turned off. two shown) Window . see your dealer. Disengage the PTO and check the amount of time it takes for the mower drive belt to stop. 3. 5. 2. key removed and tractor on level ground. start the tractor engine. perform adjustments only with engine stopped.Troubleshooting. PTO Clutch Adjustment A. 6.
spring must NOT be compressed. Remove the mower deck (see Mower Deck Removal). Brake Adjustment Nut A. There should be no more that . 4. A Figure 38. Adjustment. Mower Cutting Height Adjustment A.Troubleshooting.002” clearance between the spring (A) and the adjustment nut (B)–however. stop the engine. The spring should not be loose. Locate the brake spring (A. DO NOT engage the parking brake. With the parking brake disengaged check the brake spring (A) for movement. Figure 38) controls the mower cutting height. Adjustment Knob 26 . see your dealer.” Turn the knob clockwise to raise the deck and counterclockwise to lower it. Adjustment Nut B A MOWER ADJUSTMENTS Cutting Height Adjustment The cutting height adjustment knob (A. Figure 37) and adjustment nut (B). Disengage the PTO. & Service BRAKE ADJUSTMENT 1. Brake Spring B. If this adjustment does not correct a braking problem. The cutting height is infinitely adjustable between 1” and 3-5/8. Figure 37. 2. and remove the ignition key. block the wheels. 3.
Mower Bracket B. With the mower installed. & Service WARNING Before checking mower. Turn the eccentric nut (B) to raise or lower left-hand side of mower. If there is more than 1/8” (3mm) difference between the measurements on each side. Outside Nut B. even cut. Leveling The Mower If the cut is uneven. If the difference is 1/8” (3mm) or less. See Figure 39. Adjustment Rod 27 . proceed with steps 8 . *1961 2. 6. loosen rear nut (B) and bracket (C) will move backwards to lengthen rod. 10. To raise front of mower deck. Turn the front wheels straight forward. Leveling The Mower Front-To-Back A. Eccentric Nut *1962 NOTE: When using a turbo collection system. Remove ignition key. Make sure tire pressure is correct as specified in Checking Tire Pressure. measure the distance from the ground to front tip and rear tip of the left and right-hand blades. Arrange the mower blades so that they are pointing from side-to-side. Loosen the outside nut (A). On 44" and 50” decks. 7. See Figure 40. Arrange the blades so they face front-to-back. Front tips on all decks should be 1/4" higher. then disconnect the spark plug wire and fasten it away from the spark plug. shut off PTO and engine. loosen front nut (A) and turn rear nut (B) against bracket (C). On 38" deck. 4. 1.10. raise the discharge side of the mower approximately 1/4” to compensate for turbo assembly weight. measure the distance from the ground to the front tip of the center blade. Check for bent blades and replace if necessary. Unequal or improper tire pressure may also cause an uneven cut. Figure 39. 3. Rear Nut D. Front Nut C. Leveling The Mower Side-to-Side A. hold the eccentric nut while tightening the outside nut. Measure the distance between the outside tips of each blade and the ground. Figure 40. place the tractor on a smooth. When mower is level. Disengage the PTO. 9.Troubleshooting. 5. Adjustment. proceed to step 6. If not. Re-check measurement before tightening front nut (A) against bracket. Allow all moving parts to stop. Place the mower in mid-cut position. Check the level of the cut grass and adjust the 1/4” measurement as necessary for a smooth. level surface such as a concrete floor. proceed to step 5. 8. and from the ground to rear tips of left-hand and right-hand blades. the mower may need leveling. To lower front of mower deck.
Adjustment. Figure 41). Install the belt onto the engine pulley. Brake Rod B. Reinstall the PTO clutch. Steering Arm C. Unplug the PTO clutch plug (B). 4. 17. 15. Rotate the belt through the blades of the input pulley fan and install onto input pulley. INSTALL THE NEW BELT D A B C E F 12. stop the engine. Spring D. Brake Rod Figure 42. 8. See Figure 41. 3. REMOVE THE OLD BELT See Figure 41. 2. Install the belt onto the idler pulleys (D) and tighten the idler pulley hardware. 1. 6. 11. Disconnect the brake rod (A) from the brake lever (B) at the back of the transmission. Brake Lever 28 C. Cotter Pin . Remove the mower deck. Idler Pulleys B. 19. Turn off the PTO. Figure 41). Remove the PTO clutch. See Figure 42. Crankshaft Bolt F. Remove the belt from the engine drive pulley. Reattach the idler assembly spring (A. 18. Loosen the idler pulleys (D) and remove the belt from the idler assembly. Check the back of this manual or the decal under the hood for common replacement part numbers. Idler Assy. Reconnect the steering arm (E). PTO Clutch Plug E. DO NOT engage the parking brake. Brake Rod A. 14. 7. 16. Disconnect the idler pulley assembly spring (A). and block the tires. Transmission Drive Belt Replacement A. 10. Reattach the brake rod (A) to the brake lever (B) at the back of the transmission. 5. See Removing the Mower Deck. lbs. Torque the crankshaft bolt (C) to 45-50 ft. C B A Figure 41. Reconnect the PTO clutch plug (C. Remove the crankshaft bolt (C) securing the PTO clutch to the crankshaft. & Service TRANSMISSION DRIVE BELT REPLACEMENT NOTE: Be sure to use only genuine Simplicity replacement parts. 13. See Figure 42.Troubleshooting. See Figure 41. Disconnect the steering arm (E). 9. Rotate the belt through the blades of the input pulley fan and remove the belt from the tractor.
Install mower on tractor if it was removed. Mower Belt Routing . If mower is not removed. Check the back of this manual or the decal under the hood for common replacement part numbers. Adjustment. 6. MOWER BELT REPLACEMENT 38” Mower Drive Belt Replacement NOTE: Be sure to use only genuine Simplicity replacement parts. Run the mower under no-load condition for about 5 minutes. Belt Stop Bracket B. Remove the key. However. for easier access mower can be removed.38" Mower Deck A. See Mower Removal in the Operation section. Remove the old belt and replace with a new belt. 8. Drop the belt from the PTO (electric clutch) pulley. Idler Pulley Belt Guide IMPORTANT: Note the position of all belt guides relative to the belt and pulleys before loosening. 1. Make sure V-side of belt runs in arbor pulley grooves and the flat backside runs against the idler pulley. 3. 7. Push the idler arm (A) away from you to relieve belt tension. 29 . 4. There must be 1/8” clearance between the belt stop and the pulleys.Troubleshooting. Disengage the PTO. level surface such as a concrete floor. 2. Position the belt stop brackets(C) in their original positions. Park the tractor on a smooth. lower the mower lift and place the mower in the lowest cutting position. Position the idler pulley belt guide (D) in its original position up against arm (A) so that there is a 1/8" gap between the pulley and belt guide. 9. turn off the engine and lock the parking brake. 5. Idler Pulley Arm C. & Service To avoid damaging belts. Left Side of Mower *1976 1/8” Gap 1/8” Gap 1/8” Gap Figure 43. NOTE: It is not necessary to remove the mower to install a new belt. See Operation section. Loosen the two belt stop brackets (C) and idler pulley belt guide (D). Refer to Figure 43. PTO Pulley D. DO NOT PRY BELTS OVER PULLEYS.
Idler Pulley Belt Guide B. 7. Drop the belt from the PTO (electric clutch) pulley. Figure 44. PTO Pulley D. Remove the key.44" & 50” Mower Deck A. Figure 44) away from you to relieve belt tension. Idler Pulley Arm C. See Figure 45. 3. DO NOT PRY BELTS OVER PULLEYS. Capscrew 30 . Mower Installation. Check the back of this manual or the decal under the hood for common replacement part numbers. Park the tractor on a smooth. Mower Deck . Figure 44). 8. If mower is not removed. 4. *1975 1/8” Gap D Left Side of Mower IMPORTANT: Note the position of all belt guides relative to the belt and pulleys before loosening. 2. See Figure 45. Disengage the PTO. for easier access mower can be removed. place the mower in the lowest cutting position. Right-hand Arbor Cover C. level surface such as a concrete floor. Reinstall the left-hand arbor cover (D). 9. See Operation section. Upstop B. Install belt to PTO pulley. Run the mower under no-load condition for about 5 minutes. 44” & 50” PTO Belt Replacement NOTE: Be sure to use only genuine Simplicity replacement parts. & Service To avoid damaging belts. 5. See Figure 44. Adjustment. Arbor Drive Pulley *1978 Figure 45. NOTE: It is not necessary to remove the mower to install a new belt.44" & 50” A. Make sure the V-side of belt runs in the pulley grooves. Spring D. Left-hand Arbor Cover E. Install mower on tractor if it was removed. Remove three capscrews securing left-hand arbor cover (D). 10. Position the idler pulley belt stop (C) in its original position so that there is a 1/8" gap between the pulley and belt stop. Remove the old belt and replace with a new one. turn off the engine and lock the parking brake. However. 5. Loosen the nut and lockwasher securing idler pulley belt guide (C. 1. See Mower Removal in the Operation section.Troubleshooting. Push the idler arm (A. Mower Belt Routing .
Mower Deck Drive Belt Routing .Troubleshooting. 1. remove the idler pulley spring (C. Figure 46) and upstop (A) using the original hardware. Loosen capscrew (E. Remove three capscrews securing left-hand arbor cover (D). Figure 46). Check the back of this manual or the decal under the hood for common replacement part numbers. Figure 46) from slot in deck. & Service 44” & 50” Arbor Drive Belt Replacement NOTE: Be sure to use only genuine Simplicity replacement parts. *1977 *1978 Figure 46.44" & 50” Deck A. 8. See Mower Removal in the Operation section. Reinstall spring (C. Capscrew V-Sided Pulley Flat-Sided Pulley V-Sided Pulley V-Sided Pulley Figure 47. Arbor Drive Pulley (V-sided) B. Figure 46). level surface such as a concrete floor. 6. Spring D. Mower Deck . Install a new belt as shown in Figure 47.44" & 50” A. 11. 2. Using a pair of locking pliers or a spring puller. Adjustment. 3. Figure 46) into its slot in mower deck. Install the mower onto the tractor. Reinstall the left and right arbor covers (B and D. Make sure that V-side of belt runs in arbor pulley (A) grooves and flat side of belt runs against idler pulley (B). 9. Remove the four capscrews securing the right-hand arbor cover (B. 12. 4. Left-hand Arbor Cover E. 5. turn off the engine and lock the parking brake. Right-hand Arbor Cover C. Remove the two capscrews securing upstop (A) and remove the upstop. Figure 46) securing the idler pulley to the bracket. 7. Disengage the PTO. Park the tractor on a smooth. Upstop B. Remove the key. The belt can now be slipped between the pulley and idler bracket hub. Idler Pulley (Flat-sided) 31 . Remove the mower from the tractor. Tighten the capscrew (E. See Figure 46.
32 . When engine is off. then attempt to start the engine of the vehicle with the discharged battery. 4. When engine is running. 12. While charging. Connect positive (+) cable to positive post of discharged battery (wired to starter or solenoid). Start the engine of the vehicle with the booster battery. A dead battery or one too weak to start the engine may not mean the battery needs to be replaced. the voltmeter shows battery voltage. Add water sufficient to cover the plate (fill to the proper level near the end of the charge). Refer to Figure 48. allow it to warm before adding water because the water level will rise as it warms. if it must be done. 6. which should be 12 volts. If the temperature exceeds 125° F (51. 5. 3.6° C). 7. Allow the battery to warm to 60° F (15.003 change in specific gravity occurs over a three hour period. & Service BATTERY SERVICE WARNING Keep open flames and sparks away from the battery. Adjustment. the gasses coming from it are highly explosive. 3. Both booster and discharged batteries should be treated carefully when using jumper cables.5° C) before placing on charger. The battery is fully charged when the cells are gassing freely at low charging rate and less than 0. Wait a few minutes. Do not lean over batteries. follow these directions. 10. Charging a Completely Discharged Battery 1. 1. Jump Starting With an Auxiliary (Booster) Battery Jump starting is not recommended. More than thirty seconds seldom starts the engine unless some mechanical adjustment is made. but not over charged. For example. Always unplug or turn the charger off before attaching or removing the clamp connections. Place damp cloth over vent caps on both batteries. Connect the other end of same cable to same post marked positive (+) on booster battery. follow the steps under Cleaning the Battery & Cables in the Regular Maintenance Section. the voltmeter shows voltage of charging circuit which normally is 13 to 14 volts. If the vehicle does not start after cranking for thirty seconds. is to measure the specific gravity of a cell once per hour.Troubleshooting. 5. Charge the battery until fully charged (i. Position the vehicle with the booster battery adjacent to the vehicle with the discharged battery so that booster cables can be connected easily to the batteries in both vehicles. 11. 8. If you are unfamiliar with the use of a battery charger and hydrometer. allow the engine to return to idle speed. Ventilate the battery well during charging. Connect the second cable negative (-) to other post of booster battery. If there is any doubt about the cause of the problem. Be aware of all the safety precautions you should observe during the charging operation. If you need to replace the battery. 2. 6. Then remove the other end of the same cable from the booster battery. Follow the steps below EXACTLY. However. Carefully attach the clamps to the battery in proper polarity (usually red to [+] positive and black to [-] negative). After starting. it may mean that the alternator is not charging the battery properly. have the battery serviced by your dealer. periodically measure the temperature of the electrolyte. Also. Make certain vehicles do not touch each other. Both batteries must be of the same voltage.e. WARNING Do not attempt to charge a frozen battery. Checking Battery Voltage A voltmeter can be used to determine condition of battery. Remove the cable connection at the engine or frame. The best method of making certain a battery is fully charged. an extremely cold battery will not accept a normal charge until it becomes warm. Make final connection on engine block of stalled vehicle away from battery. Wear safety glasses and shield eyes and face from batteries at all times. If the battery is extremely cold. being careful not to cause sparks. see your dealer. Be sure vent caps are tight. until the specific gravity of the electrolyte is 1. STOP PROCEDURE.250 or higher and the electrolyte temperature is at least 60° F). 9. 2. 4. Discard the damp cloths that were placed over the battery vent caps. or if violent gassing or spewing of electrolyte occurs. Remove the other cable by disconnecting at the discharged battery first and then disconnect the opposite end from the booster battery. the charging rate must be reduced or temporarily halted to prevent battery damage.
If a frozen battery is suspected. (2) personal injury or property damage due to battery explosion. Adjustment. 33 . fabrics. & Service THIS HOOK-UP FOR NEGATIVE GROUND VEHICLES To Starter Switch Jumper Cable To Starter Switch Starting Vehicle Battery Discharged Vehicle Battery Jumper Cable To Ground MAKE CERTAIN VEHICLES DO NOT TOUCH Figure 48. Be sure terminal connections are tight before starting. do not attempt to start with jumper cables as long as the battery remains frozen. Battery Jump Starting Diagram Engine Block WARNING Any procedure other than the preceding could result in: (1) personal injury caused by electrolyte squirting out the battery vents. When removing or installing battery cables. Never expose battery to open flame or electric spark – battery action generates hydrogen gas which is flammable and explosive. Do not allow battery acid to contact skin. use extreme care when jump starting. disconnect the negative cable FIRST and reconnect it LAST. Do not attempt to jump start a vehicle having a frozen battery because the battery may rupture or explode. eyes. Batteries contain a sulfuric acid solution which can cause serious personal injury or property damage. examine all fill vents on the battery.Troubleshooting. If ice can be seen or if the electrolyte fluid cannot be seen. the positive terminal can be shorted to the frame by a tool. or painted surfaces. WARNING For your personal safety. If not done in this order. To avoid engine damage. (3) damage to the charging system of the booster vehicle or of the immobilized vehicle. do not disconnect battery while engine is running.
2. Reinstall the socket into the bezel. Headlight Replacement DASHLIGHT REPLACEMENT See Figure 50. Open the hood. Remove and replace the old bulb with a new identical bulb. Dashlight Socket B. Remove and replace the light bulb with an identical bulb. Reinstall the socket into the dashboard display. Dashlight Replacement A. 3. 1. 4. Figure 49. 3. Twist the socket (A) counterclockwise and pull out to remove it from the back of the dashboard display (B). 4. Adjustment. Open the hood.Troubleshooting. 2. & Service HEADLIGHT REPLACEMENT See Figure 49. Dashboard Display 34 . Remove the light bulb socket from the bezel by twisting it counterclockwise and pulling it out. B A Figure 50. 1.
Low Back Pressure CONTROLS: Steering Clutch/ Brake Pedal Location 15" (38 cm) Steering Wheel System: Gear and Sector.68 in (68 mm) 2.8 km/h) Bevel Gear with Controlled Traction 1 in 188 ft. Cast-Iron Sleeve.60 in (66 mm) 29. High Back w/Quick Adjust.0 km/h) Reverse: 0 . Reserve Industrial Rated Starter Motor Magnetron Electronic Ignition Ducted Paper Cartridge and Foam Pre-cleaner Full Pressure Lube w/ Oil Filter 2 Quarts w/Filter (1.6 MPH (0 . Cast-Iron Sleeves. Dash Mounted Hydrostatic Control-Single Lever Foot Pedal Ignition Key Switch: On Lower Dash Panel Throttle Lever On Dash Panel and Choke Knob On Lower Dash Panel Light Switch: On Dash Panel Separate Indicator Lights for Safety Interlock Switch: Operator Present. Free-Wheeling Lever for Manual Tractor Movement 10w 30 Premium Engine Oil External Oil Reservoir Forward: 0 . 1.03 in (77 mm) 2.Specifications NOTE: Specifications are correct at time of printing and are subject to change without notice. Hourmeter Ignition Air Cleaner Lubrication Oil Capacity Muffler 35 . 15 amp Alternator Regulated Battery 12 Volt. 41 Min. 41 Min. Cast-Iron Sleeves. Reserve Capacity High Energy Electronic Ignition Ducted Paper Cartridge and Foam Pre-cleaner Full Pressure Lube w/ Oil Filter 2 Quarts w/Filter (1. Low Back Pressure Rear Wheels Front Axle Front Wheels Accessibility Seat Turning Radius Fuel Tank 16 HP Kohler Make Model Horsepower Cylinder Bore Stroke Displacement Construction Electrical System Kohler Command™ CV16S 16 HP @ 3600 rpm 1 3.5.00-6 Pneumatic Inflation Pressure: 12-15 psi (82-103 kPa) Hood Tips Forward Type: Bucket. Aluminum Crankcase 12 Volt. 629 lbs.1 L) 18 HP Briggs & Stratton Make Model Horsepower Cylinder Bore Stroke Displacement Construction Electrical System Capacity Ignition Air Cleaner Lubrication Oil Capacity Muffler Briggs & Stratton Vanguard™ V-Twin 18 HP @ 3600 rpm 2 3.2 MPH (0 . ENGINE 14 HP & 16 HP Briggs & Stratton Make Model Horsepower Cylinder Bore Stroke Displacement Construction Electrical System Capacity Ignition Air Cleaner Lubrication Oil Capacity Muffler Briggs & Stratton Vanguard™ V-Twin 16 HP @ 3600 rpm 2 2.25 turns Lock to Lock Location: Right Front Combination Clutch/Brake/Parking Brake Pedal Mower Lift Lever: Right Side PTO Clutch: Electric.9.9 L) Quiet Compact. 340 Cold Cranking amps.6 cm) Material: Non-Corrosive Polyethylene Fuel Tank Gauge Built Into Filler Cap Capacity: 4 Gallons (15.7 L) Quiet Compact. 16 amp Alternator Regulated Battery 340 Cold Cranking amps. PTO Disengaged. Fabricated Tube Tire Size: 15 x 6.3. 41 Min. Aluminum Crankcase 12 Volt. in (480 cc) Overhead Valve. 16 amp Alternator Regulated Battery 340 Cold Cranking amps. Low Oil Pressure Warning Light.55 in (90 mm) 2. 251 lbs.0 Cu.00-8 Turf Type Pneumatic Inflation Pressure: 6-8 psi (41-55 kPa) 1-3/4 in x 3 in 12 Ga. Aluminum Crankcase 12 Volt. Spring Suspension Adjustable to Suit Different Size Operators Inside Rear Tire: 16 in (40.10-12 Gauge Power Take-Off Point: Front Engine Mounting: Above Front Axle Pivot Point Location: Front Axle Tire Size: 20 x 8.9 L) Quiet Compact. CHASSIS: Frame Heavy Steel Channel .64 in (67 mm) 38 Cu. lbs.3 Cu. Reserve Industrial Rated Starter Motor Magnetron Electronic Ignition Ducted Paper Cartridge and Foam Pre-cleaner Full Pressure Lube w/ Oil Filter 56 Oz.4. in (426 cc) Overhead Valve. Low Back Pressure TRANSMISSION: Type Pump Motor Control Hydraulic Fluid Speeds @ 3400 rpm Differential Axle Shaft Continuous Torque Output Drawbar Rating Maximum Weight on Axle Tuff Torq K61 Hydrostatic Variable Displacement Axial Piston Fixed Displacement Reversible Axial Piston Single Lever Foot Pedal. w/Filter (1. in (624 cc) Overhead Valve.64 in (67 mm) 26.
2 cm) 58" (147 cm) 44 in Mower .51. 1 gallon 1685587 2-1/2 gallon 1685555 5-1/4 gallon 1685556 • Cleaner. Effective Cutting Width Overall Width with Deflector with Turbo Weight Variable Cutting Ht. . Bottle w/Trigger Spray 1685619 1 gallon 1685621 36 .56 in (142. Ignition Interlock Switch.H. For assistance in any area. R. 1.50” High Lift (Optional) Mower Belts . Polish.Specifications DIMENSIONS: Overall Length Overall Width Height Wheel Base Weight (apx.2 to 8. Seat Battery Solenoid Switch. (45 kg) Ht.38 in (96. (312 kg) w/mower 71. spray can 1685787 Red. Maintenance Items DESCRIPTION PART NO.7 cm) 50.50” Standard Lift . Effective Cutting Width Overall Width with Deflector Weight Variable Cutting Ht.5 cm) 38 in Mower .44" Arbor Drive .6 in (2. 13 oz.8 cm) 44 in Mower .5 in (181 cm) est. 13 oz.5 to 9.) 70. Brake Interlock Switch. (192 kg) w/o mower 536 lbs.44" Standard Lift .4 kg) 1.50” Mower Drive .50” Arbor Drive Tractor Drive Belt Safety Clip . 1/2 oz. 98 in (249 cm) est.5 cm) 50 in Mower .Mower Lift Key. Durable Polyethylene.6 in (3. spray can 1685722 • Touch-Up Daubers Deep Orange 1/2 oz. Effective Cutting Width Overall Width with Deflector with Turbo Weight Variable Cutting Blade Arrangement Mower Drive Spindle Bearings 38 in Mower .75 in (129 cm) Net: 424 lbs.38" Mower. Bottle 1685696 • Degrimer/Degreaser 32 oz.0 .44" Mower Drive .3.7 cm) 38 in Mower . Grease Tube 1685510 Replacement 8 oz.0 . .38" Mower. 1 1 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Mower Blades . see your dealer. Blade Arrangement Mower Drive Spindle Bearings 44 in Mower .0 cm) Three Staggered Blades V-Belt From Tractor Engine PTO Electric Clutch Lubricated and Sealed Ball Bearings Lube Fitting Provided COMMON REPLACEMENT PARTS Listed below are the more common replacement parts.135 lbs.. PTO (Electric Clutch) Headlamp Bulb 1704101 1704856 1704100 1704856 1708229 1706094 1716854 167031 1601672 1707740 1707740 1717932 176012 1714054 1704379 1704379 1685215 1685290 1716332 1677371 • Simplicity Engine Oils Case of 12 qts.62 in (157.1 cm) Two Blades V-Belt From Tractor Engine PTO Electric Clutch Lubricated and Sealed Ball Bearings Lube Fitting Provided 50” MOWER: 12 GA. (61.5 in (125. Tube 1685523 • Gas Can-No Tip Design. cans) -SAE 5W-30 SF/CD (Cold Weather 30° & under) 1685576 -SAE 30 SG/CC (Warm weather 32° & up) 1685659 • Touch-Up Paint Deep Orange. (Your dealer has 1 qt. 1 quart can 1685612 Deep Orange. Do not attempt repairs or maintenance unless proper procedures and safety precautions are followed. w/Brush Cap 1685615 • Grease Gun Kit w/8 oz. DESCRIPTION PART NO.0 cm) Three Staggered Blades V-Belt From Tractor Engine PTO Electric Clutch Lubricated and Sealed Ball Bearings Lube Fitting Provided Tractor Height w/Snowcab Tractor Length w/Snowthrower Tractor Length w/Dozer Blade 38” MOWER: 12 GA. Sealant & Protectant 8 oz. (243 kg) w/mower Shipping: 575 lbs.6 in (3.44 in (111.5 in (131 cm) 38 in Mower .2 to 8.112 lbs. (51 kg) 1. (261 kg) w/o mower 687 lbs.25 in (178 cm) 35 in (88.0 .3. 94 in (239 cm) 44” MOWER: 12 GA.9 cm) To Top of Steering Wheel: 40 in (101. Replacement Parts QTY.H. Grease Tube for above 103077 • Tire Sealant-Stops Tire Leaks.44" High Lift (Optional) . spray can 1685611 Deep Orange. L. 11 oz. Blade Arrangement Mower Drive Spindle Bearings 50 in Mower .38" Mower Drive .100 lbs. 13 oz.49.6 cm) To Top of Engine Cover: 34 in (86.50 in (127 cm) 50 in Mower . Only genuine factory replacement parts will assure optimum performance and safety. Prevents Flats. bottle w/brush cap 1685615 Charcoal Grey.3.
(A local nursery or lawn center may help you to identify what kind of grass your lawn contains from a sample. buffalograss. soaking rain. However too much water can allow development of diseases with your lawn. FERTILIZE & AERATE Every lawn’s watering needs are unique and are dependent upon the type of grass and soil. Fertilize & Aerate How High to Mow the Grass When and How Often to Mow What Mowing Patterns to Use Proper Mowing Methods How to Solve Common Mowing Problems TYPES OF GRASS. TP 600-2136-01-UV-SMA LC—1 . soaking rain. While opinions vary on the need for fertilizing. and fescue). is to place several empty tin cans (low shallow cans work best) in various spots around the lawn.” To have a healthy lawn. but with too little water. the amount of local rainfall. HOW TO WATER YOUR LAWN HOW AND WHEN TO WATER. and other conditions. A healthy and well maintained lawn is better able to resist drought. the lawn is beginning to dry out. fertilizer and air. But too much maintenance is as detrimental to your lawn as neglect. and do not endure hot and dry weather as well as warm-season grasses. Most residential lawns are typically seeded with a mixture of these grasses. weeds. applying about 1 inch of water. even growth. when and how much to fertilize will be more a factor of the condition of the lawn and soil than any routine. but conversely. and zoysia varieties) are the most common. and needs additional moisture. and then to water it slowly. evenly. AERATING YOUR LAWN When the lawn begins to wilt. and that most fertilizing should be applied in the spring so that it will release into the lawn through the summer. Drier climates or conditions will require additional watering.Lawn Care & Mowing Information GENERAL INFORMATION Proper mowing is an important part of maintaining your lawn in the best possible condition. Consider aerating your lawn in spring. Using an aerator to remove cores of soil from the lawn increases the speed of clipping decomposition and encourages deeper root growth by opening up the soil and permitting greater movement of water. and check the depth of water in the can during the watering process. The best time to water is early morning to allow the water to soak deeply into the lawn and reduce the amount that evaporates in the hot afternoon sun. Most lawns are watered too often. Climate and Conditions How and When to Water.) Knowing your climate and conditions is also important to proper lawn care. A method of verifying the amount that you have watered. the warm-season grasses do not grow as well in cooler climates. ryegrass. and deeply—imitating a slow. For more information. The cool-season grasses are better suited to cooler climates. and warm-season grasses (typically bermuda. It is best to water the lawn only when necessary. or footprints stay compressed for more than a few seconds. while wetter climates may require more frequent mowing. WHEN TO WATER YOUR LAWN The best method of watering a lawn is to imitate a slow. Proper care for your lawn involves more than just “cutting the grass. and other stresses. you need to know: $ $ $ $ $ $ $ Types of Grass. CLIMATE AND CONDITIONS A variety of grasses are commonly grown in household lawns. HOW TO FERTILIZE YOUR LAWN Fertilizing with a slow-release fertilizer provides missing nutrients which help create slow. check with a local nursery or lawn care specialist. but two main groups known as cool-season grasses (varieties of bluegrass. the grass’s color dulls. and read and follow the fertilizer manufacturer’s instructions. Remember that overfertilizing can cause harm.
1/3 Cut less than 1/3 Optimal cutting point at less than 1/3 from top of grass blade Cutting down to this area contributes to thatch problems 1 inch NOTE: We cover some specific mowing instructions for mulching and broadcasting later in this Lawn Care section. The amount of grass you are able to cut in one pass is also effected by the type of mowing system you are using (for example. allowing grass to grow too high can cause thin turf and additional problems. preserves needed moisture and protects the grass from heat damage and other problems. the amount of rainfall. Cutting the grass too short causes weak. Consider using a grass collection system and starting a compost pile.Lawn Care & Mowing Information HOW HIGH TO MOW THE GRASS Often cutting height is a matter of personal preference. LC—2 . including the type of grass. which are easily damaged by dry periods and pests. Cutting too short is often more damaging than allowing the grass to be slightly higher. and the lawn’s overall condition. and then reset it to the desired height and mow a second or third time. broadcasting with side discharge decks can process a much larger volume of grass than mulching does). the prevailing temperature. Don’t cover the grass surface with a heavy layer of clippings. thin grass plants. The proper cutting height range for a specific lawn will depend upon several factors. Cutting off too much at one time shocks the plant’s growth system and weakens the grass plants. Proper Cutting Height Cut Here On First Pass Cut Here On Second Pass Tall Grass Requires Incremental Cutting For extremely tall grass. Letting grass grow a bit longer—especially when it is hot and dry—reduces heat build-up. However. Typically. A good rule of thumb is the 1/3 rule: to cut no more than one third of the grass height. you should mow the grass when it is is between three and five inches high. and never more than 1 inch at a time. set the cutting height at maximum for the first pass.
Note: Always operate the engine at full throttle when mowing. and conditions such as slopes and grades must also be considered. For the best results. change patterns occasionally to eliminate matting. follow these guidelines: q Mow when the grass is between three and five inches high. q Where possible. Where possible. LC—3 . fences and buildings. graining or a corrugated appearance. WHAT MOWING PATTERNS TO USE Always start mowing on a smooth. q Mow at time of day when the grass is cool and dry. level area. Short clippings of grass one inch or shorter decompose more quickly than longer blades. preventing frayed edges which harm the grass. q Cut long straight strips overlapping slightly. make one or two passes around the outside of the area discharging the grass INTO the lawn to keep the cut grass off fences and walks. q Avoid mowing after rain or even heavy dew. you are mowing too fast—using a slower ground speed will improve the cutting efficiency of the blades and prevents many common cutting problems. and clumps beneath the mower deck). Use an appropriate ground speed for the thickness and height of the grass you are cutting (3rd gear or slower for manual gear models).Lawn Care & Mowing Information WHEN AND HOW OFTEN TO MOW The time of day and condition of the grass greatly affect the results you’ll get when mowing. If you hear the engine slowing down. q Mow with sharp blades. Late afternoon or early evening often provide these ideal mowing conditions. The size and type of area to be mowed will determine the best mowing pattern to use. then recut the lawn by mowing perpendicular to the previous cut. q For a truly professional cut. Sharp mower blades cut grass cleanly and efficiently. and never mulch when the grass is wet (moist grass does not mulch well. The remainder of the mowing should be done in the opposite direction so that the clippings are dispersed OUT onto the area of lawn previously cut. mow across the lawn in one direction. If you hear the engine slowing down you are mowing too fast. use a slower ground speed. Obstructions such as trees.
or side-discharging. Do not cut the grass shorter than 2 to 2-1/2 inches. ENGINE SPEED & GROUND SPEED FOR BROADCASTING Always operate the engine at full throttle when mowing. If you hear the engine slowing down. Mulching mowers cannot function properly if the grass is LEAF SHREDDING (USE WITH OPTIONAL MULCHER KIT) wet. time of year. Many golf courses use this method. Proper Mulching HOW MUCH GRASS TO MULCH Mulching consists of a mower Mulching Action deck which cuts and recuts clipThe best mulching action typicalpings into tiny particles and ly results from cutting only the which then blows them down top 1/2 inch to 3/4 inch of grass INTO the lawn. your mulching mower will virtually eliminate height will vary with climate. This provides short clipcles decompose rapidly into bypings which decompose properly products your lawn can use. 1686609 (Contains 8 shredders) LC—4 . Your mower has a deep dish deck to allow freer circulation of clippings so they are broadcast evenly over the lawn. Since mulching requires more horsepower than broadcasting. The Shredder Blades must first two or three mowings in the spring. into tiny particles. The ideal cutting TIONS. quick growth. you are mowing too fast—using a slower ground speed will improve the cutting efficiency of the blades and prevents many common cutting problems. using a slower ground speed is vitally important for proper mulching operation. a the best cut. and quality of noticeable clippings on the lawn surface. progressively lower settings until you find a cutting height MULCHING REQUIRES EXCELLENT MOWING that is matched to your mowing conditions and preferCONDITIONS ences. (much more quickly than longer UNDER PROPER CONDIclippings). Leaf Shredder Kit Part No. use a slower ground speed. blades. We recommend that you experiment with both the cutting height and ground speed until you achieve NOTE: When mulching under heavy cutting conditions. and often wetter conditions are more suitable for broadcasting (side-discharging) or grass bagging operation. The long grass be removed when you mulch grass clippings. mulching requires that the grass be raking leaves. Even more Simplicity’s patented Shredder Blades virtually eliminate than normal mowing. which quickly and naturally decomDo not use the mower as a mulching mower during the pose into food for your lawn. disperses fine clippings evenly over the entire lawn. your lawn.Lawn Care & Mowing Information MOWING METHODS Proper Broadcast Mowing Broadcasting. These tiny partiblade. Do not cut off more that 1 inch of grass in a single pass. If you hear the engine slowing down you are mowing too fast. Start with a high cutting height and using rumbling sound may be present and is normal. HOW MUCH GRASS TO CUT OFF WHEN BROADCASTING Mow when the grass is 3-5 inches long. ENGINE SPEED & GROUND SPEED FOR BROADCASTING Use full engine throttle matched with a slow ground speed so that clippings will be finely cut. Ground speed while mulching should be HALF of the speed that would be used when broadcasting (side discharging) under similar conditions. or if the grass is simply to high to cut. Up to 512 cutting edges pulverize leaves dry and the the appropriate amount is cut. ALWAYS use an appropriate ground speed for the thickness and height of the grass you are cutting (3rd gear or slower for manual gear models).
$ Clippings act as a safe. fork materials into a new pile. Short clippings produced by broadcasting and clippings produced by mulching methods actually contribute to a healthy lawn because they: $ Reduce the evaporation of water from your lawn. 3 Four or five days later the pile will reach temperatures of 140-160 degrees. $ Moderate soil temperature. and earthy-smelling. Follow this recipe: First layer: 3-4 inches of chopped brush or other coarse material. leaves. topsoil material. Fourth layer: 1-2 inches of manure to provide the nitrogen needed by micro-organisms. A compost pile is a collection of grass. LC—5 . cement blocks. acts as an inexpensive fertilizer for your lawn and garden. The bin should also have venting on each side and from the bottom to the top. Fresh cut grass blades are 85% water. Add water if necessary. 2 Fill the bin with alternating layers of yard waste. This material. How to start a healthy compost pile: 1 Build a bin using bricks. or purchase a prefabricated bin from a garden store. At this time you'll notice it settling. a good sign your compost is working properly. crumbly. The compost should be ready to use within three to four months when dark brown. and other organic wastes which—when properly tended— decompose into an odorless. And one garbage bag of clippings contains about 1/4 lb. and are a rich source of nitrogen which is essential to lush growth. Top off with a 4-6 inch layer of straw and scoop out a "basin" to catch rain water. COMPOSTING The best way to recycle excess clippings and leave your lawn looking immaculate is to collect them with an efficient collection system and deposit them in a compost pile. turning the outside of the old heap into the center of the new one. etc. sawdust. non-polluting and inexpensive fertilizer that nourishes your lawn. Keep adding layers until the bin is almost full. in turn. A common misconception about clippings is that they automatically lead to thatch—this is untrue." Third layer: 1 inch of soil to add micro-organisms that help break down organic matter. etc. fencing. Second layer: 6-8 inches of mixed leaves. of usable organic nitrogen.Lawn Care & Mowing Information TIPS On Dealing With Clippings Clippings are beneficial to your lawn. Materials should be "sponge damp. 4 After 5-6 weeks. grass clippings. $ Provide a cushioning layer to reduce lawn wear.
..... . Streaking is usually caused by operator error or poor blade maintenance...... . ... .Lawn Care & Mowing Information SOLUTIONS FOR COMMON MOWING PROBLEMS Streaking Streaking is when thin strips of uncut grass are left behind the mower.... ... Stepped cutting is usually caused by mower deck damage or misadjustment. ... ...... . . .. ........ ... .. ........ .. or damage to mower blades. . .. . Streaking SOLUTION Sharpen your blades Replace your blades Always mow at full throttle Slow down Clean out the mower Overlap your cutting rows When turning your effective cutting width decreases–overlap more when turning CAUSE Blades are not sharp Blades are worn down too far Engine speed is too slow Ground speed is too fast Deck is plugged with grass Not overlapping cutting rows enough Not overlapping enough when turning Stepped Cutting Stepped cutting is sharp ridges or uneven levels left in the lawn surface. ........ ... ...... .. SOLUTION Level the deck correctly Check and inflate the tires Replace the blades Repair or replace the deck Repair or replace the spindle Reinstall the blades correctly Stepped Cutting CAUSE Deck is not leveled correctly Tires are not properly inflated Blades are damaged Deck shell is damaged Mower spindle is bent or loose Blades are installed incorrectly LC—6 .... ..........
...... Stingers are usually caused by operator error or poor blade maintenance.. or by mower deck bouncing because the ground speed is too fast.. ... ... .... ......... unevenness in the lawn........ ....Lawn Care & Mowing Information Uneven Cutting Uneven cutting is waviness or smooth troughs in the lawn surface.. .. . .......... Uneven cutting is usually caused by mower deck damage or misadjustment..... Scalping can be caused by the mower deck misadjustment.. .. .............. Scalping SOLUTION Roll or level the lawn Raise the cutting height Slow down Correctly level the deck Check and inflate the tires CAUSE Lawn is uneven or bumpy Mower deck cutting height is set too low Ground speed is too fast Deck is not leveled correctly Tire pressure is low or uneven Stingers Stingers are sparse patches of uncut grass left behind the mower...... Uneven Cutting SOLUTION Level the deck correctly Sharpen or replace the blades Replace the blades Clean out the deck Repair or replace the deck Repair or replace the spindle Reinstall the blades correctly CAUSE Deck is not leveled correctly Blades are dull or worn Blades are damaged Deck is clogged with grass clippings Deck shell is damaged Mower spindle is bent or loose Blades are installed incorrectly Scalping Scalping is when the mower deck comes close to or hits the ground... .... Stingers SOLUTION Sharpen your blades Replace your blades Always mow at full throttle Slow down Clean out the mower CAUSE Blades are not sharp or are nicked Blades are worn down too far Engine speed is too slow Ground speed is too fast Deck is plugged with grass LC—7 .
No. as well as giving the replacement part numbers and quantities used. Have the information listed in the box at the right available when phoning in your request. contact our Customer Publications Department at 414-284-8519. Important assembly notes and special torque values are included in these manuals.Common International Symbols Choke Fast (Throttle) PTO Clutch Engaged Parking Brake Slow (Throttle) Throttle Mower Cutting Height Adjustment Technical Manuals Additional Technical Literature Available Operators Manuals Additional copies of this manual are available. State. Zip: Visa/Mastercard No. Please allow 3 to 4 weeks for delivery.: Card Expiration Date: LC—8 . (and as part of our product support commitment.: Your Name: Address: City. we maintain a stock of printed operators manuals going back many years!) Parts Manuals Fully illustrated parts manuals are also available — these manuals show all of the product’s components in exploded views (“3D” illustrations which show the relationship of the parts and how they go together). For the applicable manuals currently available for your model. Model: Mfg.
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