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Print Vendors (Paper Manuals)
Paper Size: * 11 x 17 * Body—50 lbs brilliant white offset or equivalent. * Cover—on pre-printed two-tone “Swash” stock. * Body—1-color, 2-sided * Cover imprint —1-color, 1-sided * Saddle Stitch, Face Trim, 3-Hole Drill * Face Trim * This file contains several manuals, which differ only in their covers. * Covers are all present at the beginning of this file. * Back cover for a particular manual is the page IMMEDIATELY AFTER the front cover. • Check the front cover for the individual part number (typically a 171xxxx number). • The body of the manual is identical, regardless of the cover used. * REMEMBER: ODD number pages are ALWAYS right hand pages, and EVEN number are ALWAYS left hand pages. * This instruction page is NOT part of the manual and must NOT be printed. • Pages labeled with the text “THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY BLANK” are placement pages ONLY, and should NOT be printed.
If you have further questions on how to utilize this file, please contact Simplicity Technical Publications Department at (414) 284-8650.
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Mfg. No. 1693052 1693068 1693351 1693358 Description Broadmoor, 14HP Hydro Broadmoor, 14HP Hydro (Export) Broadmoor, 14HP Hydro Broadmoor, 14HP Hydro (Export)
18HP V-Twin Tractors
Mfg. No. 1693275 1693281 Description Broadmoor, 18HP V Hydro Broadmoor, 18HP V Hydro (Export)
38” Mower Decks
Mfg. No. 1692682 1693170 Description 38” Mower Deck 38” Mower Deck (Export)
Mfg. No. 1693054 1693070 1693353 1693360 Description Broadmoor, 16HP Hydro Broadmoor, 16HP Hydro (Export) Broadmoor, 16HP Hydro Broadmoor, 16HP Hydro (Export)
44” Mower Decks
Mfg. No. 1692684 1693171 Description 44” Mower Deck 44” Mower Deck (Export)
16HP V-Twin Tractors
Mfg. No. 1693056 1693072 1693355 1693362 Description Broadmoor, 16HP V Hydro Broadmoor, 16HP V Hydro (Export) Broadmoor, 16HP V Hydro Broadmoor, 16HP V Hydro (Export)
50” Mower Decks
Mfg. No. 1693267 1693283 Description 50” Mower Deck 50” Mower Deck (Export)
1718210-02 Rev 4/1998 TP-100-2105-02-BM-S
MANUFACTURING, INC. 500 N Spring Street / PO Box 997 Port Washington, WI 53074-0997 www.simplicitymfg.com © Copyright 1998 Simplicity Manufacturing, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.
Mfg. No. 1693058 1693365 Description 1614H, 14HP Hydro 1614H, 14HP Hydro
38” Mower Decks
Mfg. No. 1692683 Description 38” Mower Deck
Mfg. No. 1693060 1693367 Description 1616H, 16HP Hydro 1616H, 16HP Hydro
44” Mower Decks
Mfg. No. 1692685 Description 44” Mower Deck
50” Mower Decks
Mfg. No. 1693284 Description 50” Mower Deck
16HP V-Twin Tractors
Mfg. No. 1693062 1693369 Description 1616VH, 16HP V-Twin Hydro 1616VH, 16HP V-Twin Hydro
18HP V-Twin Tractors
Mfg. No. 1693277 Description 1618H, 18HP V-Twin Hydro
1718211-02 Rev 4/1998 TP-100-2105-02-BM-A
AGCO-Allis Lawn & Garden Equipment 500 N. . Inc. WI 53074-0997 USA www. All Rights Reserved. Spring Street \ P.O. Box 997 Port Washington. Printed in USA.com © Copyright 1998 Simplicity Manufacturing.allislawn.
No. 16HP Hydro 2615H. 1692685 Description 44” Mower Deck 50” Mower Decks Mfg. 16HP V-Twin Hydro 2616VH. No. 1693279 Description 2618H. No. 1693064 1693372 Description 2616H.OPERATOR’S MANUAL 2600 Series 16HP Tractors Mfg. 1692683 Description 38” Mower Deck 16HP V-Twin Tractors Mfg. No. No. 1693284 Description 50” Mower Deck 18HP V-Twin Tractors Mfg. 18HP V-Twin Hydro 1718212-02 Rev 4/1998 TP-100-2105-02-BM-M . No. 16HP Hydro 38” Mower Decks Mfg. 16HP V-Twin Hydro 44” Mower Decks Mfg. 1693066 1693374 Description 2616VH.
com © Copyright 1998 Simplicity Manufacturing. WI 53074-0997 USA www.Massey Ferguson Lawn & Garden Equipment is Manufactured and Distributed by Simplicity Manufacturing. Inc.masseylawn. Spring Street • P. All Rights Reserved.O. Box 997 • Port Washington. 500 N. . Inc. Printed in USA.
.......................................................................11 Pushing the Tractor by Hand ......30 44” & 50” Arbor Drive Belt Replacement.................................................................29 38” Mower Drive Belt Replacement .......................................................................... TP 100-2105-02-BM-SMA 1 ............................................................................... to cause cancer....15 Checking/Adding Fuel .......................................................................18 Lubricate Rear Axes .............. Printed in USA............................8 Dashboard Display Functions ..... WARNING Engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known.....................11 Mower Deck Removal & Installation ...............................................................11 Driving the Tractor .................24 PTO Clutch Adjustment .....8 Safety Interlock System ...................27 Transmission Drive Belt Replacement ........................24 Steering Gear Adjustment........................6 Control Functions .........17 Oil & Filter Change.....................................................................................21 Blade Brake Check ...........15 Checking Tire Pressures............20 Checking Battery Fluid ...28 Mower Belt Replacement ..................................................10 Starting the Engine .......LC—1 International Symbols ................................................................................................... © Copyright 1998 Simplicity Manufacturing..............26 Leveling the Mower .....34 Dashlight Replacement ....LC—8 Technical Manuals .34 Operating the Tractor ...16 Accessing the Engine Compartment.....................................................................................35 Common Replacement Parts .................................................. All Rights Reserved....................................25 Brake Adjustment........17 Lubrication .......................................................................................12 Storage ...................................................................6 Parking Brake / Cruise Control Knob Functions .Table of Contents Identification Numbers ............25 Blade Brake Check .................................LC—8 NOTE: In this manual.........19 Battery Maintenance .................... or other reproductive harm..26 Cutting Height Adjustment ..................32 Headlight Replacement........... birth defects...........32 Jump Starting with an Auxiliary Battery ......................20 Servicing the Mower Blades .........9 Troubleshooting........... Adjustments & Service ......................16 Check / Change Transmission Oil ..23 Steering Wheel Adjustment ... Inc.............................................................................................................. “left” and “right” are referred to as seen from the operating position......................................10 Checks Before Starting ..............................................17 Fuel Filter Replacement ...................................................................................................17 Check / Change Air FIlter...........................22 Troubleshooting the Mower .........26 Mower Adjustments .......................14 Regular Maintenance ..............29 44” & 50” PTO Belt Replacement ...............2 Safety Rules & Information ...........20 Cleaning the Battery and Cables ................................3 Features & Controls .24 Seat Adjustment......................32 Checking the Battery Voltage ...........................................................................................................................................................................31 Battery Service..............................................21 Specifications ..............11 Mowing.....................22 Troubleshooting the Tractor .....................10 General ....11 Stopping the Tractor & Engine .....................15 Maintenance Schedule .............32 Charging A Discharged Battery ...................................36 Lawn Care & Mowing Information ...... in certain quantities...............
Engine Make Unit MFG Number PRODUCT Model Description Name/Number REFERENCE DATA Unit SERIAL Number Mower Deck MFG Number Mower Deck SERIAL Number Dealer Name Date Purchased ENGINE REFERENCE DATA Engine Model Be sure to fill out and return the Warranty Registration Card supplied with your unit. Inc. refer to the Engine Owner’s Manual.A. Engine Type/Spec Engine Code/Serial Number 2 . on top of the mower deck. • • • The Unit I.D.D.S. unit and mower deck manufacturer numbers and engine serial number in the space provided for easy reference. For location of Engine Serial Number. tag is also on the left side. SA MFG Simplicity Manufacturing. or information YOU MUST HAVE THESE NUMBERS. tag is located on the left-side. WI 53074-0997 U. service.Identification Numbers IDENTIFICATION TAG LOCATIONS When contacting your Authorized Dealer for replacement parts. MP 169XXXX LE SERIAL XXXXX Unit Identification Tag Mower Deck Identification Tag IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS Record your model name/number. as shown below. The Mower Deck I. of the frame. Port Washington.
• Never carry passengers. When operating on slopes that are greater than 15 percent (8. which can result in severe injury or death. The mower could suddenly turn over if a wheel is over the edge of a cliff or ditch. All slopes require extra caution. Reduced traction could cause sliding. Uneven terrain could overturn the unit. • Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing roadways. If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it. use extra caution when operating on slopes with rear-mounted grass catcher. tree limbs. if possible. stop engine. to operate the unit. Always look down and behind before and while travelling in reverse. or embankments. Select slow ground speed before driving onto slope. do not drive on it. ditches. • Do not mow on wet grass. turn slowly and gradually uphill. which could be picked up and thrown by the blade(s). • Mow only in daylight or good artificial light.7°) which is a rise of three feet vertically in 10 feet horizontally. Do Not • Do not start or stop on a slope. Choose a low gear so that you will not have to stop or shift while on the slope. severe personal injury or death to you. not across. disengage the blade(s) and proceed slowly straight down the slope. wire. The triangle in text signifies important cautions or warnings which must be followed. In addition to front and rear weights. or bumps. Do • See your authorized dealer for recommendations of available weights to improve stability. Do not operate the mower without either the entire grass catcher or the deflector in place. set parking brake. • Only allow responsible adults. or bystanders. This mowing deck is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. • Do not operate the unit while under the influence of alcohol or drugs. • Watch for holes. Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction. • Use extra care with grass catchers or other attachments. or if an edge caves in. 3 SLOPE OPERATION Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and tip-over accidents..5°) but less than 30 percent use additional wheel weights or counterweights when available and applicable (see your dealer to determine which weights —if any—are available and appropriate for your unit). WARNING Never operate on slopes greater than 30 percent (16. • Do not try to stabilize the unit by putting your foot on the ground. and follow all instructions in the manual and on the unit before starting. These can change the stability of the unit. Stop unit if anyone enters the area. • Clear the area of objects such as rocks. GENERAL OPERATION • Read. • Do not turn on slopes unless necessary. • Use slow speed. • Use extra care when loading or unloading the unit into a trailer or truck. • Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes. . • Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do not point it at anyone. If tires lose traction. • Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing. never across the face. • Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary. etc. or damage to property or equipment. • Mow up and down slopes. • Remove obstacles such as rocks. Failure to obey these rules could result in loss of control of unit. ruts. • Never leave a running unit unattended. • Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual. • Slow down before turning. etc.Safety Rules & Information Read these safety rules and follow them closely. Tall grass can hide obstacles. use caution when changing directions and DO NOT START OR STOP ON SLOPE. and remove keys before dismounting. • Turn off the PTO switch to disengage the blades when not mowing. toys. • Do not mow near drop-offs. who are familiar with the instructions. • Stop engine before removing grass catcher or unclogging chute. and then. Always disengage the PTO. understand. Mow UP and DOWN the slope.
b) Never remove gas cap or add fuel with the engine running. • Only authorized service locations should be utilized for major service and repair requirements. Frequently check components and replace with manufacturer’s recommended parts. Cooling fan is located on top of transaxle. Allow unit to cool before storing. Repair. which could expose moving parts or allow objects to be thrown. tight and keep equipment in good condition. 4 . • Never allow children to operate the unit. SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE • Use extra care in handling gasoline and other fuels. Improper service procedures can result in hazardous operation. before restarting. when necessary. Children are often attracted to the unit and the mowing activity. look behind and down for small children. Never assume that children will remain where you last saw them.Safety Rules & Information CHILDREN Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to the presence of children. or other debris buildup. if necessary. • Keep nuts and bolts. They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe unit operation. • Keep unit free of grass. Do not smoke. leaves. • Never run a unit in an enclosed area. equipment damage and voiding of manufacturer’s warranty. especially blade attachment bolts. WARNING Never place hands near the hydro pump cooling fan when the unit is running. • Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an object. • Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine running unless specified otherwise in the engine manufacturer’s manual. or other objects that may obscure vision. trees. • Never carry children. c) Never refuel the unit indoors. • Before and during reverse operation. and deterioration. shrubs. • Grass catcher components are subject to wear. • Never attempt to make major repairs on this unit unless you have been properly trained. Adjust and service as required. • Use only factory authorized replacement parts when making repairs. a) Use only an approved container. and use extra caution when servicing them. Allow engine to cool before refueling. Clean up oil or fuel spillage. • Mower blades are sharp and can cut. • Always comply with factory specifications on all settings and adjustments. • Keep children out of the mowing area and under the watchful care of another responsible adult. • Always follow the engine manual instructions for proper start-up procedures when returning the unit to service. TRANSPORTING AND STORAGE • Always observe safe refueling and fuel handling practices when refueling the unit after transportation or storage. • Never store the unit or fuel container inside where there is an open flame or pilot light. such as in a water heater. Check their proper operation regularly. Wrap the blade(s) or wear gloves. • Always follow the engine manual instructions for storage preparations before storing the unit for both short and long term periods. • Never tamper with safety devices. damage. • Be alert and turn unit off if children enter the area. • Use extra care when approaching blind corners. They are flammable and vapors are explosive. • Check brake operation frequently.
and brake pedal depressed. & SWITCHES) IN PLACE AND WORKING. DANGER WARNING AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH • READ OPERATOR'S MANUAL(S). throttle at half to full. CAUTION and instructional messages on your rider and mower should be carefully read and obeyed. remove key. Personal bodily injury can result when these instructions are not followed. • Push knob IN to disengage. • AVOID SUDDEN TURNS. • KEEP SAFETY DEVICES (GUARDS. • REMOVE OBJECTS THAT COULD BE THROWN BY THE BLADE. • Lower lever to place mower into cutting position. • Depress rear ground speed pedal to increase reverse ground speed. • Turn counter-clockwise to lower cutting height. • To SET Parking Brake — fully depress brake pedal and pull knob UP. AND SET PARKING BRAKE. REMOVE KEY. The information is for your safety and it is important! The safety decals below are on your rider and mower. • IF YOU CANNOT BACK UP A HILL — DO NOT OPERATE ON IT. If any of these decals are lost or damaged. THROTTLE • ALWAYS operate at full throttle. When Operator Leaves Seat: • Engine will shut off if PTO is ON. SHIELDS. SHUT OFF ENGINE.Danger Part No. 1704276 01 Decal . and others who may use the equipment. to follow the safety instructions necessary for safe. • Shut OFF at half to full throttle. TO OPERATE PTO CLUTCH • Operator must be in seat. • To RELEASE — depress brake pedal or push knob DOWN or depress front ground speed pedal. • NEVER CARRY CHILDREN. IF YOU CANNOT BACK-UP A HILL —DO NOT DRIVE ON IT.Safety Rules & Information SAFETY DECALS This unit has been designed and manufactured to provide you with the safety and reliability you would expect from an industry leader in outdoor power equipment manufacturing. • DO NOT MOW WHEN CHILDREN OR OTHERS ARE AROUND. PTO switch off. Decal . we have placed several safety labels on the unit to remind you of this important information while you are operating your unit. NOT ACROSS. Before Leaving Machine: • Turn PTO switch OFF. • IF MACHINE STOPS GOING UPHILL. See your local dealer for replacements. OPERATION To Start Engine: • Seat must be occupied. • Engine will shut off if parking brake is OFF. effective operation. shut off engine. MOWER LIFT LEVER • Raise lever to lift mower up for transport.Danger Part No. • LOOK DOWN AND BEHIND—BEFORE AND WHILE BACKING. These labels are easily applied and will act as a constant visual reminder to you. WARNING.Operating Instructions Bottom Panel Part No. DANGER ROTATING CUTTING BLADE Do not operate mower without deflector or entire grass catcher in place. • KNOW LOCATION AND FUNCTION OF ALL CONTROLS. DO NOT TOW TRACTOR! Damage may result to hydrostatic transmission ROTATING BLADES CUT OFF ARMS AND LEGS STOP MOWER WHEN CHILDREN ARE NEAR. turn Ignition switch to OFF. NO RIDERS — THEY FALL OFF. 1718209 DANGER ROTATING CUTTING BLADE Do not put hands or feet under mower deck while blade is rotating. • Pull UP to engage. 1718209-02 OPERATING ON SLOPES CAN BE DANGEROUS SEE OPERATOR'S MANUAL. STOP BLADE AND BACK DOWN SLOWLY. OFF RUN START GROUND SPEED CONTROL • Depress front ground speed pedal to increase forward ground speed. • WHEN LEAVING MACHINE. CUTTING HEIGHT ADJUST CRUISE CONTROL • Turn clockwise to raise cutting height. • GO UP AND DOWN SLOPES. replace them at once. All DANGER. • Push DOWN to disengage. To STOP Engine: • Engage parking brake. and set parking brake. DANGER • To SET — depress front ground speed pedal to desired forward speed. • To RELEASE Parking Brake — depress brake pedal and push knob DOWN. turn Ignition to START. Although reading this manual and the safety instructions it contains will provide you with the necessary basic knowledge to operate this equipment safely and effectively. throttle at half to full. then pull knob UP. BRAKE PEDAL • Depress brake pedal to slow or stop tractor motion. • BE SURE BLADE(S) AND ENGINE ARE STOPPED BEFORE PLACING HANDS OR FEET NEAR BLADE(S). 1704277 5 . CHOKE • Pull knob OUT to engage. IGNITION SWITCH • Remove key before leaving tractor. 1704276 1704277 Decal .
Always operate at FULL throttle. Pulling up on the knob while depressing the forward ground speed pedal engages the cruise control. Choke (Twin Cylinder Models Only) Pulling the choke control OUT closes the choke for cold starting. Starting. M. B. To engage the PTO. Choke (Twin Cylinder Models Only) Throttle / Choke Light Switch Dashboard Display Lights PTO Switch Parking Brake / Cruise Control Ignition Switch Brake Pedal Forward Ground Speed Pedal Mower Height of Cut Adjust Knob Reverse Ground Speed Pedal Mower Lift Lever Seat Adjustment Lever Gas Cap / Gas Gauge Transmission Oil Reservoir Hour Meter Steering Wheel B J A K Q L P O N M CONTROL FUNCTIONS The information below briefly describes the function of individual controls. PTO Switch The PTO (Power Take-Off) switch engages and disengages attachments that use the front PTO. Q. moving the throttle control fully forward closes the choke. D. location. K. and back to decrease engine speed. O. Push DOWN to disengage. . and mowing require the combined use of several controls applied in specific sequences. stopping. pull UP on the switch. E. Light Switch The light switch turns the tractor lights on and off. B. See page 8 for more detailed information. N. J. C. On single cylinder models. G. Parking Brake / Cruise Control Knob The parking brake / cruise control knob is used to lock the parking brake when the tractor is stopped AND to lock the cruise control when the tractor is in motion. driving. H. E. A warm engine may not require choking. and function of these controls so that you will better understand the safety and operating instructions provided in this manual. Move the throttle forward to increase engine speed. L. P. I. Note that the operator must be seated firmly in the tractor seat for the PTO to function. A warm engine may not require choking. A.Features & Controls Please take a moment and familiarize yourself with the name. D. Refer to page 8 for a full explanation of parking brake / cruise control functions. To learn what combination and sequence of controls to use for various tasks see the OPERATION section. 6 C. Throttle / Choke Control The throttle controls engine speed. E D H F G C I Figure 1. Dashboard Display Lights The dashboard display lights show a variety of engine operation and control status information. Fully depressing the brake pedal and pulling up on the knob engages the parking brake. Tractor & Mower Controls A. F. F.
it has three positions: OFF RUN Stops the engine and shuts off the electrical system. The cutting height is infinitely adjustable between 1” and 3-5/8. Mower Cut of Height Adjustment Knob The cutting height adjustment knob controls the mower cutting height. Brake Pedal Depressing the brake pedal applies the tractor brake. Note that the further down the pedal is depressed. Seat Adjustment Lever The seat can be adjusted forward and back.Features & Controls G. Hour Meter The hour meter shows the number of hours the key has been in the RUN position. Depress the REAR pedal to increase REVERSE ground speed. Figure 1). I. L. the faster the tractor will travel. Allows the engine to run and powers the electrical system. position the seat as desired. Models equipped with digital hour meters: Digital hour meters flash maintenance icons at factoryset intervals for lubrication and oil changes. Ignition Switch The ignition switch starts and stops the engine. Reverse Ground Speed Pedal The tractor’s reverse ground speed is controlled by the reverse ground speed control pedal (I. J. Mower Lift Lever The mower lift lever raises the mower deck off the ground for transporting. See Adjustments section for adjustment procedure. N. Gas Cap / Gas Gauge The combination gas cap / gas gauge shows the amount of fuel in the tank. H. 7 . DO NOT cut with the lift lever in the raised position. Note that the further down the pedal is depressed. the faster the tractor will travel.” K. Forward Ground Speed Pedal The tractor’s forward ground speed is controlled by the forward ground speed control pedal. and release the lever to lock the seat into position. START Cranks the engine for starting. Q. Depress the pedal to increase FORWARD ground speed. P. The oil level can be checked by looking at the reservoir just beneath the fill cap. Adjustable Steering Wheel The tractor is equipped with a two position steering column. turn counterclockwise. Move the lever. To remove the cap. Transmission Oil Reservoir The transmission oil reservoir holds “extra” oil for the transmission. NOTE: Never leave the ignition switch in the RUN position with the engine stopped–this drains the battery. O. M.
fully depress the brake pedal (B). In the event you need to stop quickly. F 0016 F. Headlight Indicator Light Indicates that the headlights are on. Hour Meter Shows the number of hours the key has been in the ON position. PTO Light Indicates the PTO switch is in the ON position. and then release brake pedal. Depress the brake pedal (B). fully depressing the brake pedal (I. Releasing the Cruise Control . Applying the Cruise Control . depress the forward ground speed pedal (A) until the desired speed is achieved. 8 Figure 4. Low Oil Pressure Light Indicates that the engine oil pressure is low. it is recommended that you manually disengage the cruise control by tapping the forward ground speed pedal or pushing the parking brake / cruise control knob down.See Figure 3. Engaging the Parking Brake A. C. E. Forward Ground Speed Pedal B. Parking Brake / Cruise Control Light Indicates that the parking brake or cruise control is engaged. Dashboard Display . Figure 3. Push the parking brake / cruise control knob (C) DOWN. Cruise Control Function A. Tap the forward ground speed pedal (A). pull UP on the parking brake / cruise control knob (C).See Figure 2. Brake Pedal C.Features & Controls PARKING BRAKE / CRUISE CONTROL KNOB FUNCTIONS Applying the Parking Brake . Parking Brake / Cruise Control Knob B A DASHBOARD DISPLAY FUNCTIONS Refer to Figure 4. fully depress the brake pedal (B) and push the parking brake / cruise control knob (C) DOWN. C A B C Figure 2. Parking Brake / Cruise Control Knob A. release the ground speed pedals (A). Figure 1) will automatically release the cruise control and stop the tractor.See Figure 3. To lock the parking brake. Operator Seated Light Indicates that the operator present seat switch has been activated. A B C D E B.See Figure 2. To release the parking brake. Ground Speed Pedals B. 2. Releasing the Parking Brake . This light must be lit for the engine to start. 3. Brake Pedal C. The cruise control can be released three ways: 1. Then pull up on the parking brake / cruise control knob (B) and release the forward ground speed pedal (A). For normal operation. D. To apply the cruise control.
OR • Brake pedal is not fully depressed (or parking brake is not engaged). Test 1 — Engine should NOT crank if: • PTO switch is engaged. NOTE: Once the engine has stopped. the PTO switch must be turned off after the operator returns to the seat in order to start the engine. do not attempt to bypass safety switches. AND • Brake pedal is fully depressed (or parking brake is engaged). and never tamper with safety devices. do not operate it. Test 3 — Engine should SHUT OFF if: • Operator rises off seat with PTO engaged.Features & Controls SAFETY INTERLOCK SYSTEM This unit is equipped with safety interlock switches and other safety devices. Check the seat switch operation every fall and spring with the following tests. 9 . Under no circumstance should you attempt to defeat the purpose of the safety interlock system. See your authorized dealer. see your dealer. Check their operation regularly. AND • An operator is sitting in the seat. Test 2 — Engine SHOULD crank if: • PTO switch is NOT engaged. OR • Operator rises off seat with brake pedal NOT fully depressed (or parking brake disengaged). WARNING If the unit does not pass a safety test. OR • There is no operator in the seat. Operational SAFETY Checks Your unit is equipped with a seat switch safety system. Test 4 — Blade Brake Check Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a complete stop within five seconds after electric PTO switch is turned off (or operator rises off seat). If mower drive belt does not stop within five seconds. These safety systems are present for your safety.
Operating the Tractor GENERAL OPERATING SAFETY Before first time operation: • Be sure to read all information in the Safety and Operation sections before attempting to operate this tractor and mower. • Drive in an open area without mowing to become accustomed to the unit. use extra caution when operating on slopes with rear-mounted grass catcher. engage the parking brake. and make certain you can reach all controls from operator’s position. When operating on slopes that are greater than 15 percent (8. • Become familiar with all of the controls and how to stop the unit. See the engine Operator’s Manual for instructions and oil recommendations. disengage the PTO. never across the face. tractor and mower free of grass. • Make certain rear counterweights are installed if you will be operating the unit on sloping ground. use caution when changing directions and DO NOT START OR STOP ON SLOPE. Avoid over-filling and wipe up any spills. • Fill the gasoline tank with fresh gasoline. To reduce fire hazard. use additional wheel weights or counterweights. grass or combustible materials. keep the engine. In addition to counterweights. Operate the unit at a slow ground speed when driving onto slope. Do not stop or park tractor over dry leaves. Never fill the tank when the engine is still hot from recent operation. • Adjust the seat position.5°) but less than 30 percent. CHECKS BEFORE STARTING • Check that crankcase is filled to full mark on dipstick.7°) which is a rise of three feet vertically in 10 feet horizontally. leaves and excess grease. stop the engine and remove the key. bolts. smoking or matches in the area. Gasoline is highly flammable and must be handled with care. Refer to engine manual for gasoline recommendations. DANGER OPERATING ON SLOPES CAN BE DANGEROUS Never operate on slopes greater than 30 percent (16. • Make sure all nuts. Mow UP and DOWN the slope. 10 . WARNING Never allow passengers to ride on the unit. Do not allow open flame. Before leaving the operator’s position for any reason. screws and pins are in place and tight.
Set the throttle to FULL. Insert the ignition key and turn it to START. Position the throttle control at half throttle. STOPPING THE TRACTOR & ENGINE 1. 11 Pull Lever Forward to Release Figure 5. Disengage the PTO clutch. NOTE: Stopping the engine at speeds lower than half throttle can cause engine damage. lawn care. 4. MOWING 1. Move the transmission release lever to PUSH position. 5. While sitting in the operator’s seat. See Section C for tips on mowing patterns. Set the throttle to FULL. setting the parking brake. and stopping the engine (see STOPPING THE TRACTOR AND ENGINE). 4. Note that the further down the pedal is depressed the faster the tractor will travel. DRIVING THE TRACTOR 1. For emergency stopping depress the clutch / brake pedal. 4. or have not yet thoroughly read the FEATURES & CONTROLS section. and trouble shooting information. move the engine throttle control to SLOW. Stop the tractor by releasing the ground speed control pedals. 2. Warm up the engine by running it for at least a minute before engaging the PTO switch or driving the tractor. 5. Start the engine (see STARTING THE ENGINE). shut off the PTO and raise the mower lift lever. 4. Disengage the PTO and turn the engine off. NOTE: In the event of an emergency the engine can be stopped by simply turning the ignition switch to STOP. 6. Lower the mower lift lever. Engage the parking brake. Stop the engine (see STOPPING THE TRACTOR AND ENGINE). do so now. Use this method only in emergency situations. Do not stop the engine with the throttle control in the IDLE position. 3. 7. 6. 2. 5. fully depress the brake pedal or set the parking brake. 3. Depress the forward ground speed control pedal to travel forward. After the engine starts. Do NOT attempt to operate the tractor without first becoming familiar with the location and function of ALL controls. 8. Make sure the PTO switch is disengaged. Twin Cylinder Models: Pull the Choke knob OUT to choke the engine. AS THE TRANSMISSION MAY BE DAMAGED. 7. 3. Make sure that your feet are not depressing the ground speed control pedals. 2. Make sure the PTO switch is disengaged. 2. TOWING THE TRACTOR WITH ANOTHER VEHICLE IS NOT RECOMMENDED. Engage the parking brake. Begin mowing. WARNING If you do not understand how a specific control functions. When finished. Hydro Release Lever . Set the mower cutting height to the desired level. Release the pedal to stop. Sit in the seat and adjust the seat so that you can comfortably reach all the controls and see the dashboard display. 6. Disengaging the cruise control and taking your foot off the ground speed control pedals will stop tractor movement. Engage the parking brake. Disengage the PTO. 5. 7. The tractor can now be pushed by hand. NOTE: A warm engine may not require choking. Engage the front PTO (Mower Deck). Disengage the parking brake and release the brake pedal. 3.Operating the Tractor STARTING THE ENGINE 1. 2. Turn the ignition switch to STOP. Start the engine (see STARTING THE ENGINE). PUSHING THE TRACTOR BY HAND 1. For normal engine shut down follow the procedure given in STOPPING THE TRACTOR. Remove the key. 9.
and slide mower deck out right side of tractor. Figure 9. Lift Arms (Viewed from underneath right side of tractor) A. 3. Idler Arm B. Figure 8. Mower Lift Lever B. Safety Clip *1961 WARNING Engage parking brake. Place the mower lift lever (A. Raising & Lowering Mower A. remove the key and apply parking brake. 2. Removing & Installing Belt A. Figure 8). Mower Hitch A. Turn off PTO switch and engine. Tractor Lift Arm D. 4. 6.Operating the Tractor *1962 B A Figure 6. Turn wheels fully left. Re-install washer and safety clip. Figure 9) and lift mower hitch off of the tractor brackets. Spring-Loaded Lever 12 . Figure 7). Flat Washer B. Park tractor on a hard. Tractor Hitch Brackets B. Remove belt from PTO pulley (B. Figure 6) in the lowest position. MOWER DECK REMOVAL & INSTALLATION Removing the Mower Deck 1. level surface such as a concrete floor. Mower Lift Arm C. PTO Pulley *1963 CAUTION The muffler and surrounding areas may be hot. Disconnect the mower lift arm from the tractor lift arm (A. 5. Pull back on springloaded lever (B. Turn wheels straight ahead. Place mower in the lowest cutting position using the mower height adjuster (B. Figure 6). stop engine and remove key before attempting to install or remove the mower. disengage PTO. 7. Mower Height Adjuster Figure 7.
Figure 10) in the lowest cutting position. Safety Clip CAUTION The muffler and surrounding areas may be hot. Mower Hitch A. the spring-loaded lever should seat fully underneath the brackets. Raising & Lowering Mower A. Turn wheels straight. See Figure 13. Installing the Mower Deck 1. Mower Lift Lever B.Operating the Tractor *1963 B A Figure 11. also. Install belt onto the PTO pulley (B). See Figure 11. stop engine and remove key before attempting to install or remove the mower. See Figure 12. Spring-Loaded Lever Figure 10. 3. Connect the mower lift arm (A) to the tractor lift arm (B) using the flat washer (C) and safety clip (D). Removing & Installing Belt A. Mower Lift Arm C. Tractor Lift Arm D. 4. 2. 5. disengage PTO. Figure 12. Slide mower deck under right side of tractor so that mower hitch is aligned with front tractor hitch. Mower Height Adjuster *1962 WARNING Engage parking brake. Place mower height adjuster (B. Lift Arms (Viewed from underneath right side of tractor) A. When properly installed. *1961 Figure 13. Park tractor. shut off PTO and engine. Flat Washer B. Move idler arm (A) to relieve belt tension. Tractor Hitch Brackets B. Place the mower lift lever in the lowest position. Turn the wheels fully to the left. Idler Arm B. Install mower hitch onto tractor hitch brackets (A). Pull back on the spring-loaded lever (B) while lifting up on the mower hitch. remove the key and apply parking brake. PTO Pulley 13 .
Cover air cleaner and exhaust outlet tightly with plastic or other waterproof material to keep out moisture. If battery is left in unit. chock the wheels. See engine owner’s manual and follow all instructions for preparing engine after storage. 5. Coat all bare metal surfaces with paint or light coat of oil to prevent rusting. Clean external surfaces and engine. poorly ventilated enclosures. NOTE: Gasoline. See engine manual for recommendations. 4. WARNING Never store the unit. perform the following steps. so never store the unit indoors or in any other area where fuel vapor could travel to any ignition source. dry place and fully charged about once a month. 6. read the Maintenance and Storage instructions in the Safety Rules section. dirt and insects. 2. 3. Prepare the mower deck for storage as follows: a. 9. Install the battery if it was removed. Be sure the battery is filled to the proper level with water and is fully charged. 1. if permitted to stand unused for extended periods (30 days or more). c. 10. Remember. If there’s any chance of unauthorized use. we suggest that you fill the fuel tank at the completion of each job to prevent water condensation in the fuel tank. causing risk of explosion and fire. See engine owner’s manual. Fill the fuel tank with fresh gasoline. etc. If any condensation has developed during storage. Drain crankcase oil and refill with a grade of oil that will be required when unit is used again. put in a cool. Check crankcase oil level and add proper oil if necessary. b. 2. Start the engine and let it run slowly. spark or pilot light (such as a furnace. the fuel tank will still contain some gasoline. drain crankcase oil and refill. Battery life will be increased if it is removed. disconnect the spark plug wires. 5. in a heated shelter or in enclosed. Drain fuel into an approved container outdoors away from open flame or sparks. disconnect the negative cable. Handle gasoline carefully.Operating the Tractor STORAGE Temporary Storage (30 Days Or Less) Remember. 3. Long Term Storage (Longer Than 30 Days) Before you store your unit for the off-season. 7. Drain fuel system completely or add a gasoline stabilizer to the fuel system. 4. Clean up unit and apply paint or rust preventative to any areas where paint is chipped or damaged. Here is a checklist of things to do when storing your unit temporarily or in between uses: • Keep the unit in an area away from where children may come into contact with it.) and cause an explosion. If you have chosen to use a fuel stabilizer and have not drained the fuel system. may develop gummy deposits which can adversely affect the engine carburetor and cause engine malfunction. Completely grease and oil unit as outlined in the Normal Care section. STARTING AFTER LONG TERM STORAGE Before starting the unit after it has been stored for a long period of time. so never store the unit in any structure used for human or animal habitation. Gasoline fumes may reach an open flame. clothes dryer. with gasoline in engine or fuel tank. To avoid this condition. Check fluid levels. 7. 6. then perform the following steps: 1. 8. Fuel vapor is also toxic if inhaled. Clean underside of mower deck. Clean any dirt or grass from cylinder head cooling fins. gasoline fumes can travel to distant sources of ignition and ignite. It is highly flammable and careless use could result in serious fire damage to your person or property. or drain all fuel from the unit before placing it in storage. Prepare engine for storage. NOTE: If storing your tractor between winter snow removal jobs in a cold area. 8. follow all safety instructions and storage precautions in this manual to prevent the possibility of fire from the ignition of gasoline fumes. Be sure to run engine only outdoors or in well ventilated area. water heater. add a gasoline stabilizer to the fuel tank and run the engine a few minutes. • If the unit can’t be stored on a reasonably level surface. 14 . Inflate tires to proper pressure. • Clean all grass and dirt from the mower. Wait for engine to cool before filling tank. Unplug the exhaust outlet and air cleaner. Remove mower deck from the unit. DO NOT run at high speed immediately after starting. Remove any blocks from under the unit. engine housing and air cleaner element.
Determining operating time is easily accomplished by multiplying the time it takes to do one job by the number of times you’ve done the job. SAFETY ITEMS Check Safety Interlock System Check Tractor Brakes Check Mower Blade Stopping Time NORMAL CARE ITEMS Check Tractor/Mower for loose hardware Check Engine Air Filter Check Engine Oil Level Change Engine Oil & Filter** Lubricate Tractor & Mower Check Tire Pressure Check Transmission Fluid Change Transmission Fluid Check Fuel Filter Clean Battery & Cables Clean & Sharpen Mower Blades Inspect Spark Plug(s) Lubricate Rear Axle Shafts * ** *** **** See Page 9 26 21 See Page — 17* 17* 17* 18 15 16 16 17 20 21 17* 19 q q q q q q q Before Before First Use Each Use q q q Before Before First Use Each Use q q q q q q q q q ****Every 250 Hours q q q ** ***q ***q q q Every 5 Hours q ***q q Every 25 Hours q Every 100 Hours Every 5 Hours Every 25 Hours Every 100 Hours Spring & Fall q q Spring & Fall See the engine manufacturer's owner's manual. Checking Tire Pressure . The pressures shown provide proper traction. Change transmission oil after the first 50 hours of operation.Regular Maintenance MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE & PROCEDURES The following schedule should be followed for normal care of your tractor and mower. and extend tire life. CHECK TIRE PRESSURES Tire Pressure should be checked periodically. Tire Front Rear Pressure 12-15 psi (83-104 kPa) 6-8 psi (41-55 kPa) 15 Figure 14. You will need to keep a record of your operating time. then every 250 hours. Note that these pressures may differ slightly from the “Max Inflation” stamped on the side-wall of the tires. and maintained at the levels shown in the chart. improve cut quality. or you can install the optional hour meter. More often in hot (over 85° F: 30° C) weather or dusty operating conditions. Change original engine oil after first 5 hours of operation.
DO NOT spread hose clamps further than necessary. 16 Figure 16. CHECK / CHANGE TRANSMISSION OIL The transmission oil should be checked before each use and changed after the first 50 hours of operation. Never fill the tank when the engine is still hot from recent operation. Drain hydrostatic system by removing drain plug (see Figure 17). Leave room in the tank for fuel expansion. Transmission Oil Reservoir Drain Plug Figure 17.Regular Maintenance WARNING Gasoline is highly flammable and must be handled with care. Fuel Tank Cap. 4. Ensure clamps grip hoses firmly over filter after installation. or white gas because engine/fuel system damage could result. DO NOT OVERFILL. water.5 Quarts Transmission Oil Type: SAE 10W-30 with a minimum API rating of SG/CD. Remove the fuel cap (see A. Do not use gasoline containing METHANOL. gasoline additives. Full Mark Do not allow dirt. Do not overfill. Do not remove fuel filter when engine is hot. smoking or matches in the area. Oil should be up to the FULL mark (see Figure 16). and add oil. 2. Run tractor for several minutes and recheck the transmission oil level. Drain oil into a suitable container. 3. A CHECKING / ADDING FUEL To add fuel: 1. Transmission Drain Plugs . as spilled gasoline may ignite. Figure 15. 2. 3. Fuel Tank Fill A. Then change the oil after every 250 hours of operation. Fill the tank. Add oil a few ounces at a time until the reservoir is filled to the FULL mark. 3. The oil should also be changed if it has become discolored from overheating or contamination. Figure 15). Empty space is required in the reservoir tank for heat expansion. Do not allow open flame. remove the cap. If necessary. Install and hand tighten the fuel cap. Reinstall the drain plug. 2. Changing the Transmission Oil: 1. Empty space is required in the reservoir tank for heat expansion. Avoid over-filling and wipe up any spills. Transmission Oil Capacity: Apx. Locate the reservoir tank on the rear of the unit. gasohol containing more than 10% ETHANOL. clean the area surrounding the reservoir cap. or other debris to enter the reservoir. DO NOT OVERFILL. Even a small amount of dirt can irreparably damage the transmission Checking the Oil Level: 1. Observe the oil level. Refer to your engine manual for specific fuel recommendations.
& 18 HP Briggs & Stratton Twin Cylinder Engine A. 7. 16 HP. Battery D Oil Fill/Dipstick B. 4.16 HP Kohler Single Cylinder Engine A. open and slide hose clamps from fuel filter. Choke Cable D Oil Fill/Dipstick INSPECT & REPLACE SPARK PLUGS Refer to the engine manual for specific spark plug replacement procedures. 6. Fuel Filter (Not Shown C. Throttle/Choke Cable A D E FUEL FILTER REPLACEMENT The fuel filter (E. Reconnect the negative battery cable when finished. Disconnect the negative battery cable. unhook the rubber straps (Figure 18) and tip the hood forward. Install new filter in proper flow direction in fuel line. 17 . Oil Filter E. 3. NOTE: For engine service item locations see Figure 20 for models with Briggs & Stratton engines and Figure 19 for models with Kohler engines Figure 19. Fuel Filter B. F CHECK / CHANGE AIR FILTER Refer to the engine manual for specific air filter service procedures. Battery E. 5.14 HP. Place a container below the filter to catch spilled fuel. Throttle Cable C. C G B OIL & FILTER CHANGE Refer to engine manual for specific oil and filter recommendations and oil draining procedures. 2. Figure 20. Remove hoses from filter. Engine Access C B ACCESSING THE ENGINE To gain access to the engine. Air Filter F. If filter is dirty or clogged. replace as follows: 1. Figures 19 and 20) is located in the fuel line between the fuel tank and the carburetor. Engine Compartment .Regular Maintenance D E A F Undo Hood Straps (Both Sides) and Lift Hood to access Engine Figure 18. Oil Filter F. Secure with hose clamps. Using a pliers. Engine Compartment . Air Filter G.
Not all greases are compatible. all moving metal parts should be oiled where contact is made with other parts. Brake Pedal Pivot Point Figure 22.Regular Maintenance LUBRICATION Lubricate the unit at the locations shown in Figures 21 through 25 as well as the following lubrication points. Lubricate Steering Linkage 01 18 . Disassemble parts to apply grease to moving parts when grease fittings are not present. Lubricating the Tractor *1959 *1957 Figure 23. automotive-type lithium grease may be used when this is not available. Oil: • hydro linkage • seat adjustment assembly • brake linkage • frame pivot points • mower deck height adjustment linkage Generally. Keep oil and grease off belts and pulleys. Grease: • front axle pivot • front wheel bushings • front axle grease fittings • steering linkage • foot pedal • mower pivots • mower arbors • transmission idler assembly pivot Use grease fittings when present. Figure 21. Simplicity “Jiffy Lube” Lithium Grease is recommended. Remember to wipe fittings and surfaces clean both before and after lubrication.
Figure 26. Figure 27) using a screwdriver. Wheel G. 8. This prevents the wheel from seizing onto the axle shaft. Mower Lubrication Points LUBRICATE REAR AXLES We recommend removing the rear wheels and lubricating the axle shafts yearly. Washer E. 7. 6. do not jack rear end higher than required for wheel removal. Spacer F. Using a jack or chain hoist positioned at the center of the rear frame. 3. Figure 27) may be missing or doubled. 9. Reinstall components in reverse order of disassembly and lower the unit. Engage the parking brake and block the front wheels. Be sure the key (H) is in place in the axle key-way. This is adjusted on a tractor by tractor basis during assembly to allow a small amount of axle end-play. 1. 5. Wheel and Axle Assembly A. carefully jack the unit up until the rear tires are approximately 1" . Remove e-ring (F. Hub Cap Retainer B. Support the rear of the unit on jack stands positioned under the rear frame (see Figure 26). Washer H. 19 Figure 27.Regular Maintenance *1979 Figure 24. Key . NOTE: For overall unit stability during service. See Figure 27 for assembly. Lubricate the axle shaft with anti-seize compound or lithium grease. Remove the washers (D) and wheel (C).2" off the ground. Remove the key and disconnect the spark plug wire while working on the unit. E-Ring C. Hub Cap D. making future service easier. Arbor Lubrication Points Figure 25. Remove the plastic hub cap (G. 2. Elevate the Rear End H D E F A B C G NOTE: Your axle assembly may differ slightly from the assembly pictured: washer (D. Figure 27). 4.
Coat the cable ends and battery terminals with petroleum jelly or non-conducting grease. If not. Disconnect the cables from the battery. Raise the hood to access battery. 3. 6. C B A D Figure 28. Battery A. positive cable first (see A. When removing or installing battery cables. and secure with the battery hold-down rods (C) and battery clamp (D). negative cable first (B. Remove the battery filler cap (See Figure 28). 4. Keep flames and sparks away from the battery. Negative Battery Terminal D. Reinstall the battery in the battery compartment. Figure 28). Fluid must be even with the split ring full mark. 5. disconnect the negative cable FIRST and reconnect it LAST. Reinstall the filler cap.Regular Maintenance BATTERY MAINTENANCE Checking the Battery Fluid 1. Clean the compartment with a solution of baking soda and water. Reattach the battery cables. Remove the battery hold-down rods (C. Avoid spilling electrolyte. Hold Down Rod B. the positive terminal can be shorted to the frame by a tool. add distilled water. 2. If not done in this order. Cleaning the Battery and Cables 1. Clean the battery terminals and cable ends with a wire brush and battery terminal cleaner until shiny. Figure 28) 7. 2. Battery Clamp 20 . 3. WARNING Be careful when handling the battery. Positive Battery Terminal C. Figure 28) and battery clamp (D) and battery.
Remove all nicks and dents in blade edge. To remove blade for sharpening. (61 .75 N. PTO disengaged and operator in seat. Use a file to sharpen blade to fine edge. 3. Reinstall each blade with the tabs pointing up toward deck as shown in Figure 31. Secure with a capscrew. Balancing The Blade B Nail C BLADE BRAKE CHECK Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a complete stop within five seconds after electric PTO switch is turned off. use a wood block to hold blade while removing the blade mounting capscrew (Figure 29). see your dealer. Spring Washer B. Remove mower from the tractor. If not. 6. Engage the PTO and wait several seconds. spring washer and hex washer (be certain the hex washer is aligned with the hex shaft). start the engine. If blade is severely damaged. then securely tightened. 3. sharpen blades as described in following steps. Torque blade mounting capscrew to 45 . 4x4 Wood Block C. Careless or improper handling of blades may result in serious injury. If mower drive belt does not stop within five seconds. Blade Bolt 21 .) Figure 30.m.). With tractor in neutral. A balanced blade will remain level. 5. 1. Figure 29. Balance the blade as shown in Figure 30. Center the blade’s hole on a nail lubricated with a drop of oil. do not handle the sharp mower blades with bare hands. See Mower Installation & Removal. Hex Washer D. 4. 2. D A TIGHTEN Figure 31. blade mounting capscrews must each be installed with a hex washer and spring washer. 1. Installing The Blade A. (61-75 N. Removing the Blade 4x4 Wood Block LOOSEN Workbench WARNING For your personal safety. 2. Blades should be sharp and free of nicks and dents. lbs.Regular Maintenance SERVICING THE MOWER BLADES WARNING For your personal safety. Use a wooden block to prevent blade rotation and torque capscrews to 45-55 ft. Look over the left-hand footrest at the mower drive belt. Disengage the PTO and check the amount of time it takes for the mower drive belt to stop.55 ft. it should be replaced.lbs.m.
The troubleshooting guide below lists the most common problems. & Service TROUBLESHOOTING While normal care and regular maintenance will extend the life of your equipment. fouled or incorrectly gapped. Replace air filter. 4. 2. 1. 1. WARNING To avoid serious injury. PTO (electric clutch) switch in ON position. See Battery Maintenance Section. 5. See engine manual. If you prefer. 6. Fuel mixture too rich. Wiring loose or broken. Using wrong weight oil. 3. See engine manual. See engine manual. Place in OFF position. Tighten loose connections. REMEDY Fully depress brake pedal. blower screen and air cleaner. Recharge or replace. Clean engine fins. Spark plug(s) faulty. perform maintenance on the tractor or mower only when the engine is stopped and the parking brake engaged. 2. Visually check wiring & replace broken or frayed wires. all of these procedures can be performed for you by your local authorized dealer. Out of fuel. CAUSE 1. Safety interlock switch or module faulty. 3. Solenoid or starter motor faulty. or incorrectly gapped. 2. 2. See your dealer. Wait one minute for automatic reset. Check choke adjustment (engine speed control). Replace if defective. Battery terminals require cleaning. See the information on the following pages for instructions on how to perform most of these minor adjustments and service repairs yourself. Brake pedal not depressed. Excessive oil consumption. Engine starts hard or runs poorly. Circuit breaker tripped. 10. See engine manual. See engine manual. Clean and gap or replace. 1. 1. Engine exhaust is black. Too much oil in crankcase. Gas is old or stale. 22 . Push choke knob in (twin cylinder models) or move throttle control out of CHOKE position (single cylinder models). Low oil level. 13. Clean air filter. allow it to cool. Spark plug(s) faulty. to prevent accidental starting of the engine. fouled. disconnect the spark plug wire and fasten it away from the plug before beginning the maintenance. 11. If engine is hot. Drain fuel & refill with fresh fuel. 12. Clean and gap or replace. Open choke. Engine running too hot. Drain fuel & replace with fresh fuel. then refill the fuel tank. Engine flooded. 9. 8. See your dealer. Drain excess oil. 7. Choke closed. Water in fuel.Troubleshooting. Adjustment. Using wrong grade oil. Always remove the ignition key. Dirty air filter. Check/add oil as required. Engine knocks. prolonged or constant use may eventually require that service be performed to allow it to continue operating properly. 2. Troubleshooting the Tractor PROBLEM Engine will not turnover or start. their causes and remedies. Battery discharged or dead.
See your dealer. Clean or replace belt as necessary. 3. Front wheel spindle bearings dry. (61-75 N. Remove. See Brake Adjustment. Tighten to 45-55 ft. Cutting height set too low. Move into drive position. Ground speed too fast. CAUSE 1. 1. Brake is out of adjustment.lbs. Improper tire inflation. Check and correct. Engine runs. See Adjustments Section. 23 . Mower not leveled properly. Mower blades are out of balance. Bent or rough pulleys. 4. 2. Troubleshooting the Mower PROBLEM Mower will not raise. Repair or replace. Clean as required. 3. 1. Replace with correct belt. Mower drive belt slipping because it is oily or worn. Depress pedals. See Engine Manual. Ground speed too fast. Transmission release lever in “push” position. Excessive mower vibration. Reinstall Correctly. but tractor will not drive. Carburetor improperly adjusted. and balance blades. Lift link not properly attached or damaged. Remove idler pulley bracket. Brake is not fully released. Blades are dull. 1. 5. Brake will not hold. Idler pulley pivot bracket “frozen” in declutched position. Internal brake worn. Excessive belt wear or breakage. Check belt stops. Belt stops out of adjustment. See Mower Blade Service. Adjust belt tension. 2. Engine stalls easily with mower engaged. arbors. Replace with new belt. Cut grass with discharge pointing toward previously cut area. 1. See Adjustments Section. 4. Slow down. Blades not properly fastened to arbors. Belt tension too tight. Adjustment. See Servicing the Mower Blades. Belt installed incorrectly. Set to full throttle. 1. Mower blades. 1. Mower drive belt slips or fails to drive. Blade mounting screws are loose. 4. 1. See Drive Belt Replacement. Belt stops or belt tension out of adjustment. Slow down. Drive belt slips. See Brake Adjustment. See Maintenance Section. 2. 2. See cause and remedy below. 1. 1. Belt stretched or worn. See Mower Adjustment. Set to full throttle. 3. 4. Replace drive belt. sharpen.Troubleshooting. Mower drive belt broken.). & Service Tractor Troubleshooting Cont.m. Tractor steers hard or handles poorly. 2. Repair or replace as needed. Pulleys or belt greasy or oily. Drive belt does not stop when clutch/brake pedal depressed. Tractor drive belt slips. 3. See Servicing the Mower Blades. 5. 2. 6. Engine speed too slow. Cut tall grass at maximum cutting height during first pass. Steering linkage is loose. Check and replace as necessary. Brake is incorrectly adjusted. See Lubricating the Tractor. 2. clean and lubricate. See Steering Gear Adjustment. Mower cut is uneven. Using incorrect belt. Tractor tires not inflated equally or properly. 5. Grease spindles. or pulleys are bent. 1. Sharpen or replace blades. 4. Ground speed control pedals not depressed. Mower cut is rough looking. 3. 2. Engine speed too slow. Check PTO (Electric Clutch) Adjustment. 1. 3. 2. 3. Idler pulley spring broken or not properly attached. Check and tighten any loose connections. Discharge chute jamming with cut grass. See Adjustments Section. Drive belt is broken. 3. 2. REMEDY Attach or repair.
2. Steering Wheel Removal SEAT ADJUSTMENT See Figure 33. & Service STEERING WHEEL ADJUSTMENT 1. Figure 32. Steering Gear Adjustment 24 . 3. 1. 2. the steering gear backlash can be removed. Use a suitable drift to remove the roll pin at the base of the steering wheel (see Figure 32). Seat Adjustment STEERING GEAR ADJUSTMENT If there is excessive slack in the steering system. See Figure 34. Loosen the two nuts and adjust the bracket so the gear teeth are closely meshed.Troubleshooting. *1965 Nuts Figure 34. and release the lever to lock the seat into position. position the seat as desired. Pull down on the rubber boot to expose the two holes in the steering shaft. Tighten nuts after adjustment. The seat can be adjusted forward and back. Move the lever. NOTE: Steering wheel is factory installed with the roll pin in the bottom hole. Figure 33. Align the hole in the steering wheel with the appropriate steering shaft hole and install the roll pin. Adjustment.
3. 5. Check the windows for an equal amount of tension when the gauge is inserted and removed.Troubleshooting. Remove key from ignition switch and disconnect spark plug wires to prevent the possibility of accidental starting while the PTO is being adjusted. 1. NOTE: The actual air gap between the rotor and armature may vary even after performing the adjustment procedure. perform the PTO Clutch Adjustment. B Rivet Rivet Figure 35. Feeler Gauge Position Blade Brake Check Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a complete stop within five seconds after electric PTO switch is turned off. 4. See Figure 35. PTO disengaged and operator in seat. Figure 35) until the rotor face and armature face just contacts the gauge. Look over the left-hand footrest at the mower drive belt. 6. This is due to dimensional variations on component parts. and is an acceptable condition. 2. & Service WARNING To avoid serious injury. 3. PTO Clutch Adjustment A. 3. one shown) B. Rivet PTO CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT Adjustment of the PTO clutch is usually not necessary on new units. 1. Adjustment. 2. 3.012” Feeler Gauge (3) Req’d Adjustment Nut Figure 36. and make any necessary adjustments by tightening or loosening the adjustment nuts. see your dealer. If mower drive belt does not stop within five seconds. perform adjustments only with engine stopped. Adjustment Window (Qty. 25 . key removed and tractor on level ground. then rotate the pulley so that each of the three rivet joints (visible inside the gap between the pulley and the brake plate) is positioned approximately midway between the three adjustment windows. With tractor in neutral. Adjustment Nut (Qty.012” feeler gauge through each window. Insert a . If the belt still does not stop within 5 seconds. Check the mower blade stopping time. The mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a complete stop within five seconds after the electric PTO switch is turned off. Engage the PTO and wait several seconds. Alternately tighten the adjustment nuts (B. Disengage the PTO and check the amount of time it takes for the mower drive belt to stop. Note the position of the 3 adjustment windows (A) in the side of the brake plate. two shown) Window . positioning the gauge between the rotor face and the armature face as shown in Figure 36. start the tractor engine.
spring must NOT be compressed. Figure 37. 4. & Service BRAKE ADJUSTMENT 1. With the parking brake disengaged check the brake spring (A) for movement. 2. Remove the mower deck (see Mower Deck Removal). If this adjustment does not correct a braking problem. Adjustment Knob 26 . The spring should not be loose. Disengage the PTO. Adjustment. Locate the brake spring (A. block the wheels. Mower Cutting Height Adjustment A. Brake Adjustment Nut A.” Turn the knob clockwise to raise the deck and counterclockwise to lower it. stop the engine. The cutting height is infinitely adjustable between 1” and 3-5/8. A Figure 38. see your dealer. Brake Spring B. Adjustment Nut B A MOWER ADJUSTMENTS Cutting Height Adjustment The cutting height adjustment knob (A.Troubleshooting. and remove the ignition key. 3. DO NOT engage the parking brake. Figure 37) and adjustment nut (B). There should be no more that .002” clearance between the spring (A) and the adjustment nut (B)–however. Figure 38) controls the mower cutting height.
Adjustment Rod 27 . Turn the front wheels straight forward. See Figure 40. Loosen the outside nut (A). loosen front nut (A) and turn rear nut (B) against bracket (C). See Figure 39. 7.10. proceed with steps 8 . Re-check measurement before tightening front nut (A) against bracket. Leveling The Mower If the cut is uneven. Mower Bracket B. 1. *1961 2. 4. proceed to step 5. If not. If there is more than 1/8” (3mm) difference between the measurements on each side. 10. Front Nut C. hold the eccentric nut while tightening the outside nut. Make sure tire pressure is correct as specified in Checking Tire Pressure. proceed to step 6. even cut. Turn the eccentric nut (B) to raise or lower left-hand side of mower. Disengage the PTO. place the tractor on a smooth. raise the discharge side of the mower approximately 1/4” to compensate for turbo assembly weight. loosen rear nut (B) and bracket (C) will move backwards to lengthen rod. Rear Nut D. Arrange the mower blades so that they are pointing from side-to-side. Check the level of the cut grass and adjust the 1/4” measurement as necessary for a smooth. 8. Place the mower in mid-cut position. On 38" deck. If the difference is 1/8” (3mm) or less. Leveling The Mower Side-to-Side A. the mower may need leveling. To raise front of mower deck. Allow all moving parts to stop. Measure the distance between the outside tips of each blade and the ground. On 44" and 50” decks. Outside Nut B. 6. then disconnect the spark plug wire and fasten it away from the spark plug. measure the distance from the ground to the front tip of the center blade. Figure 39. 3. Remove ignition key. To lower front of mower deck. Eccentric Nut *1962 NOTE: When using a turbo collection system. Adjustment. 9. 5. Leveling The Mower Front-To-Back A. and from the ground to rear tips of left-hand and right-hand blades. measure the distance from the ground to front tip and rear tip of the left and right-hand blades. shut off PTO and engine. Figure 40. With the mower installed. When mower is level. Unequal or improper tire pressure may also cause an uneven cut. Arrange the blades so they face front-to-back. Check for bent blades and replace if necessary. Front tips on all decks should be 1/4" higher. & Service WARNING Before checking mower.Troubleshooting. level surface such as a concrete floor.
Crankshaft Bolt F. Brake Lever 28 C. 11. See Figure 41. 14. Reattach the idler assembly spring (A. Brake Rod B. 7. 16. Disconnect the brake rod (A) from the brake lever (B) at the back of the transmission. Brake Rod Figure 42. Remove the crankshaft bolt (C) securing the PTO clutch to the crankshaft. Rotate the belt through the blades of the input pulley fan and install onto input pulley. Steering Arm C. Remove the belt from the engine drive pulley. 10. Check the back of this manual or the decal under the hood for common replacement part numbers. 18. Remove the mower deck. Remove the PTO clutch. 19. 2. 15. stop the engine. Spring D. Disconnect the steering arm (E). Torque the crankshaft bolt (C) to 45-50 ft. Figure 41). PTO Clutch Plug E. 6. 5. C B A Figure 41. lbs. Reconnect the steering arm (E). REMOVE THE OLD BELT See Figure 41. 3. See Figure 41. See Figure 42. Rotate the belt through the blades of the input pulley fan and remove the belt from the tractor. Reconnect the PTO clutch plug (C. Reinstall the PTO clutch. 1. Figure 41). Reattach the brake rod (A) to the brake lever (B) at the back of the transmission. INSTALL THE NEW BELT D A B C E F 12. Unplug the PTO clutch plug (B). and block the tires. 4. Install the belt onto the engine pulley. Cotter Pin . Adjustment. Transmission Drive Belt Replacement A. 17. See Removing the Mower Deck. Disconnect the idler pulley assembly spring (A). Install the belt onto the idler pulleys (D) and tighten the idler pulley hardware. Turn off the PTO. Idler Pulleys B. See Figure 42. 9. Loosen the idler pulleys (D) and remove the belt from the idler assembly. Idler Assy.Troubleshooting. & Service TRANSMISSION DRIVE BELT REPLACEMENT NOTE: Be sure to use only genuine Simplicity replacement parts. 13. DO NOT engage the parking brake. 8. Brake Rod A.
Left Side of Mower *1976 1/8” Gap 1/8” Gap 1/8” Gap Figure 43. Check the back of this manual or the decal under the hood for common replacement part numbers. Remove the key. turn off the engine and lock the parking brake. 8. 4. 3. Park the tractor on a smooth. NOTE: It is not necessary to remove the mower to install a new belt. Belt Stop Bracket B. for easier access mower can be removed. Disengage the PTO. However. Idler Pulley Arm C. lower the mower lift and place the mower in the lowest cutting position. If mower is not removed. Remove the old belt and replace with a new belt. Drop the belt from the PTO (electric clutch) pulley. 5. Idler Pulley Belt Guide IMPORTANT: Note the position of all belt guides relative to the belt and pulleys before loosening. Push the idler arm (A) away from you to relieve belt tension. Position the belt stop brackets(C) in their original positions.38" Mower Deck A.Troubleshooting. Run the mower under no-load condition for about 5 minutes. Install mower on tractor if it was removed. level surface such as a concrete floor. Adjustment. & Service To avoid damaging belts. Position the idler pulley belt guide (D) in its original position up against arm (A) so that there is a 1/8" gap between the pulley and belt guide. MOWER BELT REPLACEMENT 38” Mower Drive Belt Replacement NOTE: Be sure to use only genuine Simplicity replacement parts. See Operation section. 29 . There must be 1/8” clearance between the belt stop and the pulleys. PTO Pulley D. DO NOT PRY BELTS OVER PULLEYS. 6. Loosen the two belt stop brackets (C) and idler pulley belt guide (D). 7. Refer to Figure 43. 1. 9. Mower Belt Routing . 2. Make sure V-side of belt runs in arbor pulley grooves and the flat backside runs against the idler pulley. See Mower Removal in the Operation section.
Remove the old belt and replace with a new one. Figure 44). Mower Deck . 44” & 50” PTO Belt Replacement NOTE: Be sure to use only genuine Simplicity replacement parts.44" & 50” Mower Deck A. Position the idler pulley belt stop (C) in its original position so that there is a 1/8" gap between the pulley and belt stop. See Operation section. level surface such as a concrete floor. & Service To avoid damaging belts. See Figure 45. 8. See Figure 45. 4. Capscrew 30 . Disengage the PTO. 5. 2. If mower is not removed. Mower Installation. Idler Pulley Belt Guide B. place the mower in the lowest cutting position. Left-hand Arbor Cover E. Mower Belt Routing . Check the back of this manual or the decal under the hood for common replacement part numbers. Run the mower under no-load condition for about 5 minutes. *1975 1/8” Gap D Left Side of Mower IMPORTANT: Note the position of all belt guides relative to the belt and pulleys before loosening. 7. Install belt to PTO pulley. Reinstall the left-hand arbor cover (D). Remove the key. See Mower Removal in the Operation section. Spring D. DO NOT PRY BELTS OVER PULLEYS. turn off the engine and lock the parking brake. Install mower on tractor if it was removed. Figure 44.44" & 50” A. 1. However. Idler Pulley Arm C. 5. Drop the belt from the PTO (electric clutch) pulley. NOTE: It is not necessary to remove the mower to install a new belt. Push the idler arm (A. Remove three capscrews securing left-hand arbor cover (D). PTO Pulley D. 3. Loosen the nut and lockwasher securing idler pulley belt guide (C.Troubleshooting. 10. Figure 44) away from you to relieve belt tension. Upstop B. Make sure the V-side of belt runs in the pulley grooves. Right-hand Arbor Cover C. See Figure 44. Arbor Drive Pulley *1978 Figure 45. for easier access mower can be removed. 9. Park the tractor on a smooth. Adjustment.
Park the tractor on a smooth. 8. Install the mower onto the tractor. 2. See Mower Removal in the Operation section. Spring D. Reinstall the left and right arbor covers (B and D. See Figure 46. 4.Troubleshooting. Install a new belt as shown in Figure 47. Remove the key. Disengage the PTO. Upstop B.44" & 50” Deck A. Check the back of this manual or the decal under the hood for common replacement part numbers. level surface such as a concrete floor. Figure 46) from slot in deck. Arbor Drive Pulley (V-sided) B. & Service 44” & 50” Arbor Drive Belt Replacement NOTE: Be sure to use only genuine Simplicity replacement parts. Right-hand Arbor Cover C. 12. Adjustment. Figure 46) securing the idler pulley to the bracket. Figure 46) into its slot in mower deck. Remove the two capscrews securing upstop (A) and remove the upstop. Figure 46). 6. Remove the four capscrews securing the right-hand arbor cover (B. Figure 46). Using a pair of locking pliers or a spring puller. Make sure that V-side of belt runs in arbor pulley (A) grooves and flat side of belt runs against idler pulley (B). 9. 5. Mower Deck Drive Belt Routing . 7. Idler Pulley (Flat-sided) 31 . *1977 *1978 Figure 46. remove the idler pulley spring (C.44" & 50” A. Capscrew V-Sided Pulley Flat-Sided Pulley V-Sided Pulley V-Sided Pulley Figure 47. Remove three capscrews securing left-hand arbor cover (D). 1. Loosen capscrew (E. The belt can now be slipped between the pulley and idler bracket hub. Figure 46) and upstop (A) using the original hardware. Mower Deck . 11. turn off the engine and lock the parking brake. Left-hand Arbor Cover E. 3. Reinstall spring (C. Tighten the capscrew (E. Remove the mower from the tractor.
Carefully attach the clamps to the battery in proper polarity (usually red to [+] positive and black to [-] negative). is to measure the specific gravity of a cell once per hour. While charging. it may mean that the alternator is not charging the battery properly. STOP PROCEDURE.250 or higher and the electrolyte temperature is at least 60° F). follow the steps under Cleaning the Battery & Cables in the Regular Maintenance Section. 3. The best method of making certain a battery is fully charged. Remove the cable connection at the engine or frame. After starting. If the temperature exceeds 125° F (51. If there is any doubt about the cause of the problem. Also. 8. the gasses coming from it are highly explosive. Remove the other cable by disconnecting at the discharged battery first and then disconnect the opposite end from the booster battery. More than thirty seconds seldom starts the engine unless some mechanical adjustment is made. 7. Jump Starting With an Auxiliary (Booster) Battery Jump starting is not recommended. If you need to replace the battery. & Service BATTERY SERVICE WARNING Keep open flames and sparks away from the battery. Checking Battery Voltage A voltmeter can be used to determine condition of battery. A dead battery or one too weak to start the engine may not mean the battery needs to be replaced. which should be 12 volts. Wait a few minutes. or if violent gassing or spewing of electrolyte occurs. until the specific gravity of the electrolyte is 1. WARNING Do not attempt to charge a frozen battery. Make certain vehicles do not touch each other. 2. If the battery is extremely cold. then attempt to start the engine of the vehicle with the discharged battery. If you are unfamiliar with the use of a battery charger and hydrometer. Add water sufficient to cover the plate (fill to the proper level near the end of the charge). being careful not to cause sparks. For example. see your dealer. 1. 2. but not over charged. Always unplug or turn the charger off before attaching or removing the clamp connections. 4. 6. When engine is running. 5. Refer to Figure 48. Connect the other end of same cable to same post marked positive (+) on booster battery. follow these directions. 11. Charging a Completely Discharged Battery 1. the charging rate must be reduced or temporarily halted to prevent battery damage. Both batteries must be of the same voltage. Be sure vent caps are tight.e. Make final connection on engine block of stalled vehicle away from battery. Wear safety glasses and shield eyes and face from batteries at all times. periodically measure the temperature of the electrolyte. 9. Charge the battery until fully charged (i. Both booster and discharged batteries should be treated carefully when using jumper cables. Do not lean over batteries. When engine is off.5° C) before placing on charger. Allow the battery to warm to 60° F (15. 4. Start the engine of the vehicle with the booster battery. allow it to warm before adding water because the water level will rise as it warms. 32 . Ventilate the battery well during charging. 5. Then remove the other end of the same cable from the booster battery. Place damp cloth over vent caps on both batteries. 3. Connect the second cable negative (-) to other post of booster battery. Follow the steps below EXACTLY.003 change in specific gravity occurs over a three hour period. Be aware of all the safety precautions you should observe during the charging operation. allow the engine to return to idle speed. an extremely cold battery will not accept a normal charge until it becomes warm. The battery is fully charged when the cells are gassing freely at low charging rate and less than 0. 12. the voltmeter shows battery voltage. Adjustment. 10. If the vehicle does not start after cranking for thirty seconds.6° C). 6. if it must be done. the voltmeter shows voltage of charging circuit which normally is 13 to 14 volts. Connect positive (+) cable to positive post of discharged battery (wired to starter or solenoid). Position the vehicle with the booster battery adjacent to the vehicle with the discharged battery so that booster cables can be connected easily to the batteries in both vehicles. have the battery serviced by your dealer. However.Troubleshooting. Discard the damp cloths that were placed over the battery vent caps.
33 . If not done in this order. examine all fill vents on the battery. When removing or installing battery cables. eyes. Battery Jump Starting Diagram Engine Block WARNING Any procedure other than the preceding could result in: (1) personal injury caused by electrolyte squirting out the battery vents. & Service THIS HOOK-UP FOR NEGATIVE GROUND VEHICLES To Starter Switch Jumper Cable To Starter Switch Starting Vehicle Battery Discharged Vehicle Battery Jumper Cable To Ground MAKE CERTAIN VEHICLES DO NOT TOUCH Figure 48. (2) personal injury or property damage due to battery explosion. disconnect the negative cable FIRST and reconnect it LAST. Do not attempt to jump start a vehicle having a frozen battery because the battery may rupture or explode. do not attempt to start with jumper cables as long as the battery remains frozen. If a frozen battery is suspected. Adjustment. Never expose battery to open flame or electric spark – battery action generates hydrogen gas which is flammable and explosive. To avoid engine damage.Troubleshooting. If ice can be seen or if the electrolyte fluid cannot be seen. use extreme care when jump starting. Batteries contain a sulfuric acid solution which can cause serious personal injury or property damage. WARNING For your personal safety. (3) damage to the charging system of the booster vehicle or of the immobilized vehicle. fabrics. or painted surfaces. the positive terminal can be shorted to the frame by a tool. Be sure terminal connections are tight before starting. Do not allow battery acid to contact skin. do not disconnect battery while engine is running.
Dashlight Socket B. 4.Troubleshooting. B A Figure 50. Open the hood. Open the hood. Remove and replace the light bulb with an identical bulb. 2. 1. 2. 4. Remove the light bulb socket from the bezel by twisting it counterclockwise and pulling it out. Reinstall the socket into the dashboard display. 3. 3. & Service HEADLIGHT REPLACEMENT See Figure 49. Dashboard Display 34 . Reinstall the socket into the bezel. Adjustment. 1. Twist the socket (A) counterclockwise and pull out to remove it from the back of the dashboard display (B). Remove and replace the old bulb with a new identical bulb. Headlight Replacement DASHLIGHT REPLACEMENT See Figure 50. Figure 49. Dashlight Replacement A.
Cast-Iron Sleeve. Dash Mounted Hydrostatic Control-Single Lever Foot Pedal Ignition Key Switch: On Lower Dash Panel Throttle Lever On Dash Panel and Choke Knob On Lower Dash Panel Light Switch: On Dash Panel Separate Indicator Lights for Safety Interlock Switch: Operator Present. in (426 cc) Overhead Valve.0 Cu.7 L) Quiet Compact. ENGINE 14 HP & 16 HP Briggs & Stratton Make Model Horsepower Cylinder Bore Stroke Displacement Construction Electrical System Capacity Ignition Air Cleaner Lubrication Oil Capacity Muffler Briggs & Stratton Vanguard™ V-Twin 16 HP @ 3600 rpm 2 2.64 in (67 mm) 26. Reserve Industrial Rated Starter Motor Magnetron Electronic Ignition Ducted Paper Cartridge and Foam Pre-cleaner Full Pressure Lube w/ Oil Filter 56 Oz. 15 amp Alternator Regulated Battery 12 Volt. Hourmeter Ignition Air Cleaner Lubrication Oil Capacity Muffler 35 . 16 amp Alternator Regulated Battery 340 Cold Cranking amps.3 Cu. 41 Min.60 in (66 mm) 29. in (624 cc) Overhead Valve. Cast-Iron Sleeves. Cast-Iron Sleeves. w/Filter (1.64 in (67 mm) 38 Cu. Aluminum Crankcase 12 Volt.2 MPH (0 . 41 Min. CHASSIS: Frame Heavy Steel Channel . Fabricated Tube Tire Size: 15 x 6. Free-Wheeling Lever for Manual Tractor Movement 10w 30 Premium Engine Oil External Oil Reservoir Forward: 0 . 251 lbs. Spring Suspension Adjustable to Suit Different Size Operators Inside Rear Tire: 16 in (40.Specifications NOTE: Specifications are correct at time of printing and are subject to change without notice.1 L) 18 HP Briggs & Stratton Make Model Horsepower Cylinder Bore Stroke Displacement Construction Electrical System Capacity Ignition Air Cleaner Lubrication Oil Capacity Muffler Briggs & Stratton Vanguard™ V-Twin 18 HP @ 3600 rpm 2 3.5.68 in (68 mm) 2. Aluminum Crankcase 12 Volt.00-6 Pneumatic Inflation Pressure: 12-15 psi (82-103 kPa) Hood Tips Forward Type: Bucket.00-8 Turf Type Pneumatic Inflation Pressure: 6-8 psi (41-55 kPa) 1-3/4 in x 3 in 12 Ga. in (480 cc) Overhead Valve.8 km/h) Bevel Gear with Controlled Traction 1 in 188 ft. Low Oil Pressure Warning Light. Aluminum Crankcase 12 Volt.10-12 Gauge Power Take-Off Point: Front Engine Mounting: Above Front Axle Pivot Point Location: Front Axle Tire Size: 20 x 8.55 in (90 mm) 2. High Back w/Quick Adjust.3.9 L) Quiet Compact.6 MPH (0 .4. 340 Cold Cranking amps.03 in (77 mm) 2. 629 lbs. Reserve Industrial Rated Starter Motor Magnetron Electronic Ignition Ducted Paper Cartridge and Foam Pre-cleaner Full Pressure Lube w/ Oil Filter 2 Quarts w/Filter (1.9.0 km/h) Reverse: 0 .6 cm) Material: Non-Corrosive Polyethylene Fuel Tank Gauge Built Into Filler Cap Capacity: 4 Gallons (15. 41 Min. lbs. 16 amp Alternator Regulated Battery 340 Cold Cranking amps.9 L) Quiet Compact. Low Back Pressure TRANSMISSION: Type Pump Motor Control Hydraulic Fluid Speeds @ 3400 rpm Differential Axle Shaft Continuous Torque Output Drawbar Rating Maximum Weight on Axle Tuff Torq K61 Hydrostatic Variable Displacement Axial Piston Fixed Displacement Reversible Axial Piston Single Lever Foot Pedal. Reserve Capacity High Energy Electronic Ignition Ducted Paper Cartridge and Foam Pre-cleaner Full Pressure Lube w/ Oil Filter 2 Quarts w/Filter (1. PTO Disengaged. 1. Low Back Pressure CONTROLS: Steering Clutch/ Brake Pedal Location 15" (38 cm) Steering Wheel System: Gear and Sector.25 turns Lock to Lock Location: Right Front Combination Clutch/Brake/Parking Brake Pedal Mower Lift Lever: Right Side PTO Clutch: Electric. Low Back Pressure Rear Wheels Front Axle Front Wheels Accessibility Seat Turning Radius Fuel Tank 16 HP Kohler Make Model Horsepower Cylinder Bore Stroke Displacement Construction Electrical System Kohler Command™ CV16S 16 HP @ 3600 rpm 1 3.
DESCRIPTION PART NO. (243 kg) w/mower Shipping: 575 lbs. 13 oz.25 in (178 cm) 35 in (88.50” Arbor Drive Tractor Drive Belt Safety Clip .50 in (127 cm) 50 in Mower . 13 oz.) 70. Effective Cutting Width Overall Width with Deflector with Turbo Weight Variable Cutting Blade Arrangement Mower Drive Spindle Bearings 38 in Mower . . (51 kg) 1. Bottle 1685696 • Degrimer/Degreaser 32 oz. (45 kg) Ht.38" Mower.44" Mower Drive .38 in (96.50” High Lift (Optional) Mower Belts . 1.0 . Bottle w/Trigger Spray 1685619 1 gallon 1685621 36 .5 in (125. Grease Tube for above 103077 • Tire Sealant-Stops Tire Leaks.44" Arbor Drive .0 .1 cm) Two Blades V-Belt From Tractor Engine PTO Electric Clutch Lubricated and Sealed Ball Bearings Lube Fitting Provided 50” MOWER: 12 GA. 94 in (239 cm) 44” MOWER: 12 GA.7 cm) 50.0 . (312 kg) w/mower 71. spray can 1685722 • Touch-Up Daubers Deep Orange 1/2 oz.H. Only genuine factory replacement parts will assure optimum performance and safety. see your dealer.2 to 8. Prevents Flats.2 cm) 58" (147 cm) 44 in Mower .Mower Lift Key. Durable Polyethylene. Maintenance Items DESCRIPTION PART NO. Brake Interlock Switch.5 cm) 38 in Mower . spray can 1685787 Red.50” Standard Lift .7 cm) 38 in Mower .112 lbs. Replacement Parts QTY.38" Mower. Effective Cutting Width Overall Width with Deflector Weight Variable Cutting Ht. 13 oz.56 in (142. 98 in (249 cm) est.44" High Lift (Optional) .100 lbs.62 in (157.5 in (181 cm) est. 1 1 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Mower Blades . 1 quart can 1685612 Deep Orange.6 in (3.0 cm) Three Staggered Blades V-Belt From Tractor Engine PTO Electric Clutch Lubricated and Sealed Ball Bearings Lube Fitting Provided Tractor Height w/Snowcab Tractor Length w/Snowthrower Tractor Length w/Dozer Blade 38” MOWER: 12 GA.8 cm) 44 in Mower . (192 kg) w/o mower 536 lbs.49. Seat Battery Solenoid Switch. .Specifications DIMENSIONS: Overall Length Overall Width Height Wheel Base Weight (apx. 1/2 oz. (Your dealer has 1 qt. (261 kg) w/o mower 687 lbs. (61. Sealant & Protectant 8 oz.3.135 lbs.5 to 9.H. Do not attempt repairs or maintenance unless proper procedures and safety precautions are followed. Polish.5 in (131 cm) 38 in Mower . Ignition Interlock Switch.51. 1 gallon 1685587 2-1/2 gallon 1685555 5-1/4 gallon 1685556 • Cleaner.50” Mower Drive .44 in (111.6 in (3. spray can 1685611 Deep Orange.3. PTO (Electric Clutch) Headlamp Bulb 1704101 1704856 1704100 1704856 1708229 1706094 1716854 167031 1601672 1707740 1707740 1717932 176012 1714054 1704379 1704379 1685215 1685290 1716332 1677371 • Simplicity Engine Oils Case of 12 qts. 11 oz.38" Mower Drive .4 kg) 1. Grease Tube 1685510 Replacement 8 oz. Blade Arrangement Mower Drive Spindle Bearings 44 in Mower . cans) -SAE 5W-30 SF/CD (Cold Weather 30° & under) 1685576 -SAE 30 SG/CC (Warm weather 32° & up) 1685659 • Touch-Up Paint Deep Orange.3.0 cm) Three Staggered Blades V-Belt From Tractor Engine PTO Electric Clutch Lubricated and Sealed Ball Bearings Lube Fitting Provided COMMON REPLACEMENT PARTS Listed below are the more common replacement parts. Effective Cutting Width Overall Width with Deflector with Turbo Weight Variable Cutting Ht.5 cm) 50 in Mower .75 in (129 cm) Net: 424 lbs.6 in (2. bottle w/brush cap 1685615 Charcoal Grey. L.. w/Brush Cap 1685615 • Grease Gun Kit w/8 oz. R.9 cm) To Top of Steering Wheel: 40 in (101. For assistance in any area.6 cm) To Top of Engine Cover: 34 in (86.2 to 8. Tube 1685523 • Gas Can-No Tip Design. Blade Arrangement Mower Drive Spindle Bearings 50 in Mower .44" Standard Lift .
applying about 1 inch of water. weeds. and that most fertilizing should be applied in the spring so that it will release into the lawn through the summer. while wetter climates may require more frequent mowing. HOW TO FERTILIZE YOUR LAWN Fertilizing with a slow-release fertilizer provides missing nutrients which help create slow. buffalograss. Fertilize & Aerate How High to Mow the Grass When and How Often to Mow What Mowing Patterns to Use Proper Mowing Methods How to Solve Common Mowing Problems TYPES OF GRASS. evenly. AERATING YOUR LAWN When the lawn begins to wilt. fertilizer and air. the warm-season grasses do not grow as well in cooler climates. Most residential lawns are typically seeded with a mixture of these grasses. TP 600-2136-01-UV-SMA LC—1 . Most lawns are watered too often. FERTILIZE & AERATE Every lawn’s watering needs are unique and are dependent upon the type of grass and soil. and deeply—imitating a slow. or footprints stay compressed for more than a few seconds. you need to know: $ $ $ $ $ $ $ Types of Grass. and check the depth of water in the can during the watering process. WHEN TO WATER YOUR LAWN The best method of watering a lawn is to imitate a slow. the lawn is beginning to dry out. The best time to water is early morning to allow the water to soak deeply into the lawn and reduce the amount that evaporates in the hot afternoon sun. While opinions vary on the need for fertilizing. and other conditions. For more information. and then to water it slowly. However too much water can allow development of diseases with your lawn. and read and follow the fertilizer manufacturer’s instructions. but with too little water. and do not endure hot and dry weather as well as warm-season grasses. A method of verifying the amount that you have watered. CLIMATE AND CONDITIONS A variety of grasses are commonly grown in household lawns. But too much maintenance is as detrimental to your lawn as neglect. Climate and Conditions How and When to Water. It is best to water the lawn only when necessary. and warm-season grasses (typically bermuda. ryegrass. Consider aerating your lawn in spring. the grass’s color dulls. even growth. The cool-season grasses are better suited to cooler climates. Using an aerator to remove cores of soil from the lawn increases the speed of clipping decomposition and encourages deeper root growth by opening up the soil and permitting greater movement of water. is to place several empty tin cans (low shallow cans work best) in various spots around the lawn. and needs additional moisture. A healthy and well maintained lawn is better able to resist drought. the amount of local rainfall. soaking rain. and other stresses. check with a local nursery or lawn care specialist.” To have a healthy lawn. but conversely. when and how much to fertilize will be more a factor of the condition of the lawn and soil than any routine. and zoysia varieties) are the most common.Lawn Care & Mowing Information GENERAL INFORMATION Proper mowing is an important part of maintaining your lawn in the best possible condition. soaking rain. Proper care for your lawn involves more than just “cutting the grass. (A local nursery or lawn center may help you to identify what kind of grass your lawn contains from a sample.) Knowing your climate and conditions is also important to proper lawn care. but two main groups known as cool-season grasses (varieties of bluegrass. Drier climates or conditions will require additional watering. Remember that overfertilizing can cause harm. and fescue). HOW TO WATER YOUR LAWN HOW AND WHEN TO WATER.
However. and then reset it to the desired height and mow a second or third time. the prevailing temperature. allowing grass to grow too high can cause thin turf and additional problems. The amount of grass you are able to cut in one pass is also effected by the type of mowing system you are using (for example. 1/3 Cut less than 1/3 Optimal cutting point at less than 1/3 from top of grass blade Cutting down to this area contributes to thatch problems 1 inch NOTE: We cover some specific mowing instructions for mulching and broadcasting later in this Lawn Care section. A good rule of thumb is the 1/3 rule: to cut no more than one third of the grass height. Cutting too short is often more damaging than allowing the grass to be slightly higher. and never more than 1 inch at a time. the amount of rainfall. set the cutting height at maximum for the first pass. Don’t cover the grass surface with a heavy layer of clippings. broadcasting with side discharge decks can process a much larger volume of grass than mulching does). Proper Cutting Height Cut Here On First Pass Cut Here On Second Pass Tall Grass Requires Incremental Cutting For extremely tall grass. Letting grass grow a bit longer—especially when it is hot and dry—reduces heat build-up.Lawn Care & Mowing Information HOW HIGH TO MOW THE GRASS Often cutting height is a matter of personal preference. and the lawn’s overall condition. Cutting off too much at one time shocks the plant’s growth system and weakens the grass plants. thin grass plants. you should mow the grass when it is is between three and five inches high. preserves needed moisture and protects the grass from heat damage and other problems. including the type of grass. Typically. LC—2 . Consider using a grass collection system and starting a compost pile. Cutting the grass too short causes weak. The proper cutting height range for a specific lawn will depend upon several factors. which are easily damaged by dry periods and pests.
q For a truly professional cut. Obstructions such as trees. WHAT MOWING PATTERNS TO USE Always start mowing on a smooth. q Mow at time of day when the grass is cool and dry. level area. If you hear the engine slowing down. Sharp mower blades cut grass cleanly and efficiently. make one or two passes around the outside of the area discharging the grass INTO the lawn to keep the cut grass off fences and walks. If you hear the engine slowing down you are mowing too fast. graining or a corrugated appearance. The size and type of area to be mowed will determine the best mowing pattern to use. q Cut long straight strips overlapping slightly. The remainder of the mowing should be done in the opposite direction so that the clippings are dispersed OUT onto the area of lawn previously cut. For the best results. q Where possible. you are mowing too fast—using a slower ground speed will improve the cutting efficiency of the blades and prevents many common cutting problems. mow across the lawn in one direction. Note: Always operate the engine at full throttle when mowing. fences and buildings. Use an appropriate ground speed for the thickness and height of the grass you are cutting (3rd gear or slower for manual gear models). Where possible.Lawn Care & Mowing Information WHEN AND HOW OFTEN TO MOW The time of day and condition of the grass greatly affect the results you’ll get when mowing. use a slower ground speed. and clumps beneath the mower deck). q Mow with sharp blades. change patterns occasionally to eliminate matting. LC—3 . then recut the lawn by mowing perpendicular to the previous cut. and never mulch when the grass is wet (moist grass does not mulch well. Short clippings of grass one inch or shorter decompose more quickly than longer blades. q Avoid mowing after rain or even heavy dew. and conditions such as slopes and grades must also be considered. Late afternoon or early evening often provide these ideal mowing conditions. preventing frayed edges which harm the grass. follow these guidelines: q Mow when the grass is between three and five inches high.
your lawn. which quickly and naturally decomDo not use the mower as a mulching mower during the pose into food for your lawn. Proper Mulching HOW MUCH GRASS TO MULCH Mulching consists of a mower Mulching Action deck which cuts and recuts clipThe best mulching action typicalpings into tiny particles and ly results from cutting only the which then blows them down top 1/2 inch to 3/4 inch of grass INTO the lawn. disperses fine clippings evenly over the entire lawn. This provides short clipcles decompose rapidly into bypings which decompose properly products your lawn can use. The Shredder Blades must first two or three mowings in the spring. you are mowing too fast—using a slower ground speed will improve the cutting efficiency of the blades and prevents many common cutting problems. Start with a high cutting height and using rumbling sound may be present and is normal. and often wetter conditions are more suitable for broadcasting (side-discharging) or grass bagging operation. a the best cut. Do not cut the grass shorter than 2 to 2-1/2 inches. into tiny particles. quick growth. HOW MUCH GRASS TO CUT OFF WHEN BROADCASTING Mow when the grass is 3-5 inches long. time of year. Mulching mowers cannot function properly if the grass is LEAF SHREDDING (USE WITH OPTIONAL MULCHER KIT) wet. (much more quickly than longer UNDER PROPER CONDIclippings). and quality of noticeable clippings on the lawn surface. Ground speed while mulching should be HALF of the speed that would be used when broadcasting (side discharging) under similar conditions. The long grass be removed when you mulch grass clippings. Many golf courses use this method. The ideal cutting TIONS. 1686609 (Contains 8 shredders) LC—4 . ENGINE SPEED & GROUND SPEED FOR BROADCASTING Always operate the engine at full throttle when mowing. your mulching mower will virtually eliminate height will vary with climate. If you hear the engine slowing down you are mowing too fast. or if the grass is simply to high to cut. mulching requires that the grass be raking leaves. Since mulching requires more horsepower than broadcasting. We recommend that you experiment with both the cutting height and ground speed until you achieve NOTE: When mulching under heavy cutting conditions. blades. Leaf Shredder Kit Part No. These tiny partiblade. Up to 512 cutting edges pulverize leaves dry and the the appropriate amount is cut. If you hear the engine slowing down.Lawn Care & Mowing Information MOWING METHODS Proper Broadcast Mowing Broadcasting. Even more Simplicity’s patented Shredder Blades virtually eliminate than normal mowing. use a slower ground speed. using a slower ground speed is vitally important for proper mulching operation. or side-discharging. progressively lower settings until you find a cutting height MULCHING REQUIRES EXCELLENT MOWING that is matched to your mowing conditions and preferCONDITIONS ences. ENGINE SPEED & GROUND SPEED FOR BROADCASTING Use full engine throttle matched with a slow ground speed so that clippings will be finely cut. ALWAYS use an appropriate ground speed for the thickness and height of the grass you are cutting (3rd gear or slower for manual gear models). Your mower has a deep dish deck to allow freer circulation of clippings so they are broadcast evenly over the lawn. Do not cut off more that 1 inch of grass in a single pass.
a good sign your compost is working properly. Short clippings produced by broadcasting and clippings produced by mulching methods actually contribute to a healthy lawn because they: $ Reduce the evaporation of water from your lawn. in turn.Lawn Care & Mowing Information TIPS On Dealing With Clippings Clippings are beneficial to your lawn. etc. $ Clippings act as a safe. A compost pile is a collection of grass. fork materials into a new pile. grass clippings. How to start a healthy compost pile: 1 Build a bin using bricks. 3 Four or five days later the pile will reach temperatures of 140-160 degrees. and earthy-smelling. Follow this recipe: First layer: 3-4 inches of chopped brush or other coarse material. A common misconception about clippings is that they automatically lead to thatch—this is untrue. or purchase a prefabricated bin from a garden store." Third layer: 1 inch of soil to add micro-organisms that help break down organic matter. topsoil material. and other organic wastes which—when properly tended— decompose into an odorless. At this time you'll notice it settling. And one garbage bag of clippings contains about 1/4 lb. Add water if necessary. turning the outside of the old heap into the center of the new one. Keep adding layers until the bin is almost full. $ Moderate soil temperature. fencing. 2 Fill the bin with alternating layers of yard waste. Fourth layer: 1-2 inches of manure to provide the nitrogen needed by micro-organisms. leaves. and are a rich source of nitrogen which is essential to lush growth. LC—5 . cement blocks. crumbly. Second layer: 6-8 inches of mixed leaves. Top off with a 4-6 inch layer of straw and scoop out a "basin" to catch rain water. COMPOSTING The best way to recycle excess clippings and leave your lawn looking immaculate is to collect them with an efficient collection system and deposit them in a compost pile. of usable organic nitrogen. This material. The bin should also have venting on each side and from the bottom to the top. etc. Materials should be "sponge damp. non-polluting and inexpensive fertilizer that nourishes your lawn. sawdust. 4 After 5-6 weeks. $ Provide a cushioning layer to reduce lawn wear. Fresh cut grass blades are 85% water. The compost should be ready to use within three to four months when dark brown. acts as an inexpensive fertilizer for your lawn and garden.
. or damage to mower blades..... ... .. . ...... ........ .. Streaking SOLUTION Sharpen your blades Replace your blades Always mow at full throttle Slow down Clean out the mower Overlap your cutting rows When turning your effective cutting width decreases–overlap more when turning CAUSE Blades are not sharp Blades are worn down too far Engine speed is too slow Ground speed is too fast Deck is plugged with grass Not overlapping cutting rows enough Not overlapping enough when turning Stepped Cutting Stepped cutting is sharp ridges or uneven levels left in the lawn surface... . . .... . ....Lawn Care & Mowing Information SOLUTIONS FOR COMMON MOWING PROBLEMS Streaking Streaking is when thin strips of uncut grass are left behind the mower...... Streaking is usually caused by operator error or poor blade maintenance. .. . .. ... Stepped cutting is usually caused by mower deck damage or misadjustment. ... . .. ...... .. SOLUTION Level the deck correctly Check and inflate the tires Replace the blades Repair or replace the deck Repair or replace the spindle Reinstall the blades correctly Stepped Cutting CAUSE Deck is not leveled correctly Tires are not properly inflated Blades are damaged Deck shell is damaged Mower spindle is bent or loose Blades are installed incorrectly LC—6 ......... . ............ ......
...... Stingers are usually caused by operator error or poor blade maintenance. . unevenness in the lawn.......... Stingers SOLUTION Sharpen your blades Replace your blades Always mow at full throttle Slow down Clean out the mower CAUSE Blades are not sharp or are nicked Blades are worn down too far Engine speed is too slow Ground speed is too fast Deck is plugged with grass LC—7 ........ .......... .. Uneven cutting is usually caused by mower deck damage or misadjustment... . Scalping SOLUTION Roll or level the lawn Raise the cutting height Slow down Correctly level the deck Check and inflate the tires CAUSE Lawn is uneven or bumpy Mower deck cutting height is set too low Ground speed is too fast Deck is not leveled correctly Tire pressure is low or uneven Stingers Stingers are sparse patches of uncut grass left behind the mower... or by mower deck bouncing because the ground speed is too fast. . . ... Uneven Cutting SOLUTION Level the deck correctly Sharpen or replace the blades Replace the blades Clean out the deck Repair or replace the deck Repair or replace the spindle Reinstall the blades correctly CAUSE Deck is not leveled correctly Blades are dull or worn Blades are damaged Deck is clogged with grass clippings Deck shell is damaged Mower spindle is bent or loose Blades are installed incorrectly Scalping Scalping is when the mower deck comes close to or hits the ground... .. Scalping can be caused by the mower deck misadjustment....... ....... ......... .... .........Lawn Care & Mowing Information Uneven Cutting Uneven cutting is waviness or smooth troughs in the lawn surface.
(and as part of our product support commitment.Common International Symbols Choke Fast (Throttle) PTO Clutch Engaged Parking Brake Slow (Throttle) Throttle Mower Cutting Height Adjustment Technical Manuals Additional Technical Literature Available Operators Manuals Additional copies of this manual are available. Zip: Visa/Mastercard No. State. For the applicable manuals currently available for your model. Have the information listed in the box at the right available when phoning in your request. we maintain a stock of printed operators manuals going back many years!) Parts Manuals Fully illustrated parts manuals are also available — these manuals show all of the product’s components in exploded views (“3D” illustrations which show the relationship of the parts and how they go together). Model: Mfg.: Card Expiration Date: LC—8 . Please allow 3 to 4 weeks for delivery.: Your Name: Address: City. No. Important assembly notes and special torque values are included in these manuals. as well as giving the replacement part numbers and quantities used. contact our Customer Publications Department at 414-284-8519.
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