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Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 LINEAR IC APPLICATIONS (Electronics & Communication Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What are the diﬀerent linear IC packages? (b) What is the input impedance of a non-inverting op-amp ampliﬁer? (c) Design an inverting ampliﬁer with an input resistance of 10KΩ and a gain of -5. [5+5+6] 2. (a) Draw and explain the operation of a current to voltage converter. If 741 IC is used, what is the lowest value of current that can be measured? (b) Draw the fundamental log-amp circuit and derive the output voltage expression. [8+8] 3. (a) Determine VT H and VT L and hysteresis of the inverting comparator shown in the below ﬁgure3a.

Figure 3a (b) Distinguish between astable, bistable and monostable multivibrators. 4. (a) Design a second order low pass ﬁlter for a cutoﬀ frequency of KHz. (b) Draw the frequency response of the network in the above ﬁlter.

[8+8]

[8+8]

5. (a) With necessary external components to a VCO IC NE556, Explain the generation of a triangular wave. (b) Determine the component values for a control voltage Vc =9 volts and a frequency of oscillation=10KHz. Make necessary assumptions. [10+6] 6. (a) Draw the functional schematic of 555 timer and describe in detail how this IC can be used to realize a monostable multivibrator. (b) Draw the pin diagram of 555 timer IC. [12+4]

7. (a) Explain the operation of a multiplying DAC and mention its applications.

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Code No: RR310404

Set No. 1

(b) A 12-bit D to A converter has a full-scale range of 15 volts. Its maximum diﬀerential linearity error is ± 1/2 LSB. i. What is the percentage resolution? ii. What are the minimum and maximum possible values of the increment in its output voltage? [8+8] 8. (a) Deﬁne the terms ‘Aperture time’ and ‘Droop rate’ of a Sample & Hold circuit. (b) With a neat circuit diagram explain the operation of an OP-AMP based Sample & Hold circuit. (c) Indicate one monolithic Sample & Hold IC of any manufacturer. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [4+8+4]

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Code No: RR310404

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 LINEAR IC APPLICATIONS (Electronics & Communication Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Deﬁne slew rate? What causes the slew rate? (b) How is slew rate measured? Explain. (c) Explain the term thermal drift. [6+6+4]

2. (a) What are the advantages of instrumentation ampliﬁer? Derive an expression for the transfer function of an instrumentation ampliﬁer. (b) Explain the use of reference terminal provided in an integrated circuit instrumentation ampliﬁers. [10+6] 3. (a) Design a diﬀerentiator to diﬀerentiate an input signal that varies in frequency from 10 Hz to about 1KHz. If a sine wave of 1V peak at 1000Hz is applied to this diﬀerentiator draw the output wave forms. (b) Why active diﬀerentiator circuits are not used in analog computer to solve diﬀerential equations? [10+6] 4. (a) In a second-order high pass Butterworth ﬁlter C2 = C3 = 0.047µf, R2 =R3 = 3.3KΩ, R1 = 27 KΩ and RF =15.8 KW. Determine the low cutoﬀ frequency fL of the ﬁlter. (b) Obtain the frequency response and plot for the ﬁlter. [8+8] 5. (a) With suitable circuit diagram explain the operation of a triangular wave generator using a comparator and an integrator. (b) In the above circuit if the integrator components are R1 =120KΩ and C1 =0.01 µFand the feedback resistor in the comparator stage is 6.8KΩ, the input resistor at non inverting terminal is 1.2KΩ, determine i. Peak-to-peak triangular output amplitude ii. The frequency of triangular wave. [8+8]

6. Draw the functional diagram of a 555 time IC and explain the function of each internal block to obtain astable multivibrator operation. [16] 7. (a) Explain the operation of a multiplying DAC and mention its applications. (b) A 12-bit D to A converter has a full-scale range of 15 volts. Its maximum diﬀerential linearity error is ± 1/2 LSB. i. What is the percentage resolution? ii. What are the minimum and maximum possible values of the increment in its output voltage? [8+8] 1 of 2

Code No: RR310404

Set No. 2

8. (a) Explain the operation of an 8-bit tracking type Analog to Digital converter. (b) Compare the conversion times and eﬃciencies of 8-bit tracking type and successive approximation type Analog to Digital converters. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR310404

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 LINEAR IC APPLICATIONS (Electronics & Communication Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) An op-amp has a slew rate of 2V/µs. What is the maximum frequency of an output sinusoid of peak value 5V at which the distortion sets in due to the slew rate limitation. (b) If the sinusoid of 10V peak is speciﬁed, what is the full power band width? [8+8] 2. (a) Explain the eﬀect of frequency on the behavior of the virtual ground in an inverting conﬁguration of an op-amp. (b) Mention some applications of an instrumentation ampliﬁer. [8+8]

3. (a) Design a non-inverting comparator with output levels stabilizes at ±5V and VT L = 0 and VT H = 2.5V (TL: Lower threshold, TH: upper threshold) as shown in the ﬁgure3b (b) For the given inverting Schmitt trigger, calculate its higher and lower trigger levels. [8+8]

Figure 3b 4. Draw and explain the working principle of ﬁrst order high pass ﬁlter. Derive the expressions for gain and phase angle of the above ﬁlter. [16] 5. (a) With suitable circuit diagram, explain in detail the operation of a saw tooth wave generator. (b) List an application of sawtooth waveform. (c) What are the diﬀerences between a saw tooth waveform and a triangular waveform? [8+4+4] 6. (a) Describe two methods to achieve 50% duty cycle in 555 timer astable multivibrator. (b) Explain the realization of Schmitt trigger using a 555 timer IC. [8+8]

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Code No: RR310404

Set No. 3

7. (a) Sketch and explain the transfer characteristic of a DAC with necessary equations. (b) LSB of a 9-bit DAC is represented by 19.6 m Volts. If an input of 9 zero bits is represented by 0 volts. i. Find the output of the DAC for an input, 10110 1101 and 01101 1011 ii. What is the Full scale Reading (FSR) of this DAC? [8+8] 8. (a) Explain the requirement of a Sample & Hold circuit in an Analog to Digital converter. (b) Explain the operation of a counter type Analog to Digital converter (c) An 8-bit counter type ADC is driven by a 500 KHz clock. Find the maximum conversion time of this Analog to Digital converter. [4+8+4] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR310404

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 LINEAR IC APPLICATIONS (Electronics & Communication Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) An op-amp has a slew rate of 2V/µs. What is the maximum frequency of an output sinusoid of peak value 5V at which the distortion sets in due to the slew rate limitation. (b) If the sinusoid of 10V peak is speciﬁed, what is the full power band width? [8+8] 2. (a) Draw the circuit of a typical instrumentation ampliﬁer. Why do we use two stage op-amp circuit as an instrumentation ampliﬁer. Explain (b) List out the advantages of instrumentation ampliﬁer. [10+6]

3. (a) Discuss important characteristics of a comparator and the limitations of opamps as comparators. (b) Explain the operation of Schmitt trigger circuit. [8+8]

4. (a) In a Low pass ﬁlter to active - 3dB frequency of 1KHz with a dc gain of 20dB and an input resistance of at least 10kΩ, specify the suitable components to achieve the required speciﬁcations. (b) Draw the ideal and practical frequency response curves of Low pass ﬁlter, High pass ﬁlter, Band pass ﬁlter and Band rejection ﬁlter. [8+8] 5. (a) For a square wave generator with the component values listed below, design an integrator circuit to convert the square wave to a triangular wave. Negative feedback resistor = 10KΩ, capacitor = 0.05µF , positive feedback resistor =11.6KΩ, input resistor at + terminal = 10KΩ Assume IC µA 741 with ±15 volt power supplies. (b) What is the requirement for the positive feedback resistance to be a potentiometer? (c) What are the diﬃculties in obtaining high frequencies of oscillation with such square wave generators? [6+4+6] 6. (a) What are the diﬃculties in achieving 50% duty cycle in the basic 555 timer astable multivibrator? (b) Indicate one method to overcome this diﬃculty to achieve 50% duty cycle. (c) Design a 555 timer astable multivibrator operating at 18 KHz with 40% duty cycle. [6+4+6] 7. (a) Describe any two applications of NE565 PLL IC with relevant Circuit diagrams. 1 of 2

Code No: RR310404

Set No. 4

(b) List important speciﬁcations and characteristics of a monolithic Digital to Analog converter IC MC1408. [12+4] 8. (a) Deﬁne the terms, ‘Resolution’, ‘Linearity’ and ‘Conversion time’ of an Analog to Digital converter. (b) Describe in detail the operation of a dual slope Analog to digital converter. [6+10] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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