# Code No: RR410202

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 POWER SEMI CONDUCTOR DRIVES (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Two independent single-phase semi-converters are supplying the armature and ﬁeld circuits of the separately excited dc motor for controlling its speed. The ﬁring angle of the converter, supplying the ﬁeld, adjusted such that maximum ﬁeld current ﬂows. The machine parameters are: armature resistance of 0.25 Ω, ﬁeld circuit resistance of 147 Ω, motor voltage constant Kv=0.7032 V/A-rad/s. The load torque is T=45 N-m at 1000 rpm. The converter are fed from a 208 V, 50 Hz ac supply. The friction and windage losses are neglected. The inductance of the ﬁled and armature circuits are suﬃcient enough to make the armature and ﬁeld currents continuous and ripple free. Determine (a) the ﬁeld current, (b) the delay angle of the armature converter, (c) input power factor of the armature circuit converter. [16]

2. Describe the relative merits and demerits of the following types of braking for dc motors: mechanical braking, dynamic braking and regenerative braking with neat diagram. [16] 3. (a) Discuss with the suitable diagrams I quadrant and II quadrant choppers. (b) A constant frequency TRC system is used for the speed control of dc series traction motor from 220v dc supply. The motor is having armature and series ﬁeld resistance of 0.025Ω and 0.015Ω respectively. The average current in the circuit is 125A and the chopper frequency is 200Hz. Calculate the pulse width if the average value of back emf is 60 volts. [8+8] 4. What is an AC Voltage Controller? Explain with suitable diagrams the various types of solid state 3 phase AC Voltages Controllers which can be used for speed control of 3 phase Induction motors from stator side. Mention the advantages of the AC Voltages Controllers over the other methods of solid-state speed control techniques of 3 phase Induction motor. [16] 5. Explain the following for variable frequency control of Induction motor. (a) The motor has higher eﬃciency and better low speed performance when feed from a pulse-width modulated inverter instead of 6-step inverter. (b) The inverter has excellent low speed performance when fed from a Cyclo converter. (c) Cyclo converter is suitable only for low speed drives. 1 of 2 [6+5+5]

Code No: RR410202

Set No. 1

6. An 8 pole, 50Hz, 380V, star connected induction motor has a star connected slip ring rotor. The stator / rotor turns ratio is 1.25. The speed of the motor is controlled by a converter cascade in the rotor circuit. Determine the ﬁring angles of the inverter to get 600rpm and 400rpm at no load. The inverter is connected to a 380V, 3-phase system. Assume no over lap in the rectiﬁer as well as in the inverter . What is the minimum possible speed. [16] 7. A 10 MW, 3-phase, 6.6 kV, 50 Hz, 4-pole, Y-connected wound-ﬁeld synchronous motor has the following parameters: Xm = 8 ohm, Xsf = 0.5 ohm, rated pf = 1, Rs = 0.01 ohm, rated ﬁeld current = 210 A. Field winding resistance = 1.2 ohm. Calculate the ﬁeld current to get unity pf at 60% of rated torque. Draw motor characteristics and waveforms under the above method of control. [16] 8. Describe the open-loop and closed loop methods of speed control of a synchronous motor using VSI. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR410202

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 POWER SEMI CONDUCTOR DRIVES (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Two independent single-phase semi-converters are supplying the armature and ﬁeld circuits of the separately excited dc motor for controlling its speed. The ﬁring angle of the converter, supplying the ﬁeld, adjusted such that maximum ﬁeld current ﬂows. The machine parameters are: armature resistance of 0.25 Ω, ﬁeld circuit resistance of 147 Ω, motor voltage constant Kv=0.7032 V/A-rad/s. The load torque is T=45 N-m at 1000 rpm. The converter are fed from a 208 V, 50 Hz ac supply. The friction and windage losses are neglected. The inductance of the ﬁled and armature circuits are suﬃcient enough to make the armature and ﬁeld currents continuous and ripple free. Determine (a) the ﬁeld current, (b) the delay angle of the armature converter, (c) input power factor of the armature circuit converter. [16]

2. (a) Discuss in detail counter current and dynamic braking operations of D.C. shunt motors. (b) A 400v, 750 rpm, 70A dc shunt motor has an armature resistance of 0.3 Ω when running under rated conditions, the motor is to be braked by plugging with armature current limited to 90A. What external resistance should be connected in series with the armature? Calculate the initial braking torque and its value when the speed has fallen to 300rpm. [8+8] 3. (a) List the advantages oﬀered by dc chopper drives over line-commutated converter controlled dc drives. (b) A dc chopper controls the speed of dc series motor. The armature resistance Ra = 0.04Ω, ﬁeld circuit resistance Rf = 0.06Ω, and back emf constant Kv = 35 mV/rad/s. The dc input voltage of the chopper Vs=600v. If it is required to maintain a constant developed torque of Td = 547N-m, plot the motor speed against the duty cycle K of the chopper. [6+10] 4. A 3 phase, 8 pole, 50Hz Induction motor has the following parameter r2 = 0.15ohm, X2 = 0.7ohm The motor speed is controlled by varying the applied voltage by an AC Voltage Controller, which operates from a 380V, 50 Hz supply. Determine the applied voltage per phase of the motor to have a slip of 0.15. The motor drives a load with a characteristic of T1 = 0.014ω 2 Nw-m Determine the ﬁring angle of the Converter. [16] 1 of 2

Code No: RR410202

Set No. 2

5. A 460V, 100-HP (74.6 KW), 1775 RPM, three-phase, squirrel cage Induction motor has the following equivalent circuit parameters. Rs = 0.060 ohm R’r = 0.0302 ohm L1s = 0.638mH, Lms = 23.3 mH, L1r ’ = 0.957 mH The motor is to be driven from a current source inverter with the rotor frequency controlled at the rated value. Maximum output power is to be limited to 80% of the rated value. Motor friction, windage, and core losses may be neglected. The load is to consist of a pump presenting a load characteristic described by the equation. 2 ωm T = 110 N.mDetermine the maximum values of motor speed, inverter frequency, rms motor line current, and fundamental line-to-line motor terminal pd at maximum power output. [16] 6. A 440V, 50Hz, 50kW, 3-phase induction motor is used as the drive motor in SER system. It is required to deliver constant (rated) motor torque over the full range from 100rpm to the rated speed of 1420rpm. The motor equivalent circuit parameters are: R1 = 0.067Ω, R2 ’ = 0.04Ω, R0 = 64.2Ω, X0 = 19.6Ω, X1 + X2 ’ = 0.177Ω. Calculate the rotor current, eﬃciency and power factor at 100rpm. [16] 7. Describe cycloconverter drive versus VSI drive for synchronous motor in detail and state their advantages and disadvantages. [16] 8. Draw the block diagram of a closed loop synchronous motor drive fed from VSI and explain. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR410202

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 POWER SEMI CONDUCTOR DRIVES (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. A single-phase fully controlled thyristor converter is supplying a dc separately excited dc motor. Draw the neat waveform diagrams and explain various operating modes of the drive both in motoring and regenerative braking for (a) γ < α, (b) γ > α, where α: is the ﬁring angle, γ: is the angle at which the source voltage equal to the motor back emf. Assume the armature of the separately excited dc motor can be replaced by simple R-L and back emf load. [16] 2. Describe the relative merits and demerits of the following types of braking for dc motors: mechanical braking, dynamic braking and regenerative braking with neat diagram. [16] 3. (a) A 230v, 960rpm and 200A separately excited dc motor has an armature resistance of 0.02Ω. The motor is fed from a chopper, which is capable of providing both motoring and braking operations. The source has a voltage of 230v. Assuming continuous conduction: i. Calculate the time ratio of chopper for the motoring action at rated torque and 350 rpm. ii. Determine the maximum possible speed if maximum value of time ratio is 0.95 and maximum permissible motor current is twice the rated value. (b) Draw the necessary waveforms for the above problem. [10+6]

4. A pump has a torque-speed curve given by TL = (1.4/103 )N 2 Nm. It is proposed to use a 240V, 50 Hz, 4 pole, star connected Induction motor with the equivalent circuit parameters (referred to stator turns) R1 = 0.25Ω, R2 = 0.6Ω, X1 = 0.36Ω, X2 = 0.36Ω, Xm = 17.3Ω. The pump speed N is to vary from full speed 1250 RPM to 750 RPM by voltage control using pairs of inverse-parallel connected thyristors in the lines. Calculate the range of ﬁring angles required. [16] 5. A 460V, 100-HP (74.6 KW), 1775 RPM, three-phase, squirrel cage Induction motor has the following equivalent circuit parameters. Rs = 0.060 ohm R’r = 0.0302 ohm L1s = 0.638mH, Lms = 23.3 mH, L1r ’ = 0.957 mH The motor is to be driven from a current source inverter with the rotor frequency controlled at the rated value. Maximum output power is to be limited to 80% of the 1 of 2

Code No: RR410202

Set No. 3

rated value. Motor friction, windage, and core losses may be neglected. The load is to consist of a pump presenting a load characteristic described by the equation. 2 ωm T = 110 N.mDetermine the maximum values of motor speed, inverter frequency, rms motor line current, and fundamental line-to-line motor terminal pd at maximum power output. [16] 6. A 440V, 50Hz, 50kW, 3-phase induction motor is used as the drive motor in SER system. It is required to deliver constant (rated) motor torque over the full range from 100rpm to the rated speed of 1420rpm. The motor equivalent circuit parameters are: R1 = 0.067Ω, R2 ’ = 0.04Ω, R0 = 64.2Ω, X0 = 19.6Ω, X1 + X2 ’ = 0.177Ω. Calculate the rotor current, eﬃciency and power factor at 100rpm. [16] 7. For variable frequency control of synchronous motor describe the power circuit and control logic used (a) below base speed and (b) above base speed. Draw the characteristics of the drive for the two cases.[16] 8. Draw the block diagram of a closed loop synchronous motor drive fed from VSI and explain. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR410202

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 POWER SEMI CONDUCTOR DRIVES (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Two independent single-phase semi-converters are supplying the armature and ﬁeld circuits of the separately excited dc motor for controlling its speed. The ﬁring angle of the converter, supplying the ﬁeld, adjusted such that maximum ﬁeld current ﬂows. The machine parameters are: armature resistance of 0.25 Ω, ﬁeld circuit resistance of 147 Ω, motor voltage constant Kv=0.7032 V/A-rad/s. The load torque is T=45 N-m at 1000 rpm. The converter are fed from a 208 V, 50 Hz ac supply. The friction and windage losses are neglected. The inductance of the ﬁled and armature circuits are suﬃcient enough to make the armature and ﬁeld currents continuous and ripple free. Determine (a) the ﬁeld current, (b) the delay angle of the armature converter, (c) input power factor of the armature circuit converter. [16]

2. With a neat diagram, explain the operation of a dc drive in all four quadrants when fed by a single phase dual converter with necessary waveforms and characteristics. [16] 3. (a) Deduce the mathematical expression for minimum and maximum currents for a class A chopper operated dc motor with back emf. (b) A 220v, 24A, 1000rpm separately excited dc motor having an armature resistance of 2Ω is controlled by a chopper. The chopping frequency is 500Hz and the input voltage is 230v. Calculate the duty ratio for a motor torque of 1.2 times rated torque at 500rpm. [8+8] 4. What is an AC Voltage Controller? Explain with suitable diagrams the various types of solid state 3 phase AC Voltages Controllers which can be used for speed control of 3 phase Induction motors from stator side. Mention the advantages of the AC Voltages Controllers over the other methods of solid-state speed control techniques of 3 phase Induction motor. [16] 5. A 460V, 100-HP (74.6 KW), 1775 RPM, three-phase, squirrel cage Induction motor has the following equivalent circuit parameters. Rs = 0.060 ohm R’r = 0.0302 ohm L1s = 0.638mH, Lms = 23.3 mH, L1r ’ = 0.957 mH The motor is to be driven from a current source inverter with the rotor frequency controlled at the rated value. Maximum output power is to be limited to 80% of the rated value. Motor friction, windage, and core losses may be neglected. The load 1 of 2

Code No: RR410202

Set No. 4

is to consist of a pump presenting a load characteristic described by the equation. 2 ωm T = 110 N.mDetermine the maximum values of motor speed, inverter frequency, rms motor line current, and fundamental line-to-line motor terminal pd at maximum power output. [16] 6. A 3-phase slip ring induction motor has a chopper controlled resistance in the rotor circuit for speed control. With the chopper completely ON always, the maximum torque occurs at a slip of 0.2. With the chopper completely OFF the maximum torque occurs at a slip of 1. Determine the value of the resistance in the chopper. [16] 7. Describe separate controlled mode and self-controlled mode of operation of a synchronous motor drive in detail and compare them. [16] 8. Draw the block diagram of a closed loop synchronous motor drive fed from VSI and explain. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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