What is a Seed«.  Seeds contain baby plants which can grow into adult plants .  A seed is a ripened plant ovule containing an embryo.

Castor. Wheat ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Seed as Pulses Seed as Nuts«. Cotton fiber grows attached to cotton plant seeds.Importance Of Seeds ‡ Seed as food grains«. Rice. Cashew Nut.like sunflower oil Source of chocolate. . Pistachio Source of Oil.. Source of spices.

Structure of a Seed      Seed Coat Hilum Micropyle Cotyledons Embryonic axis .

transparent whitish coat.The Seed Coat It consists of: TESTA : Tough leathery outer layer. Why do seeds have a seed coat? Seed coats help protect the embryo from injury and also from drying out . TEGMEN : Thin.

.The Hilum & Micropyle« ‡ HILUM : A scar mark which indicates the position where the seed was attached to its stalk ‡ MICROPYLE: The pore or passage through which water and oxygen are absorbed during germination.

‡ These generally are the first parts visible when the seed germinates.The Cotyledons« ‡ The leaves present within a seed are cotyledons. . ‡ It is usually thick & fleshy due to storage of food materials.

The Embryonic Axis ‡ It is a miniature stem like portion present within a seed ‡ It contains Epicotyl and Hypocotyl Epicotyl Hypocotyl Plumule Radicle Shoot Root .

Parts of a seed First leaves Epicotyle = stem .

Lets Recall!! .

GERMINATION What is germination? Steps:    Seed coat breaks Radicle becomes ROOT Hypocotyl and epicotyl become the STEM First leaves grow = PHOTOSYNTHESIS First leaves  .

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