This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
(Reaffirmed 2005) Edition 4.1 (2006-03)
UNPLASTICIZED PVC PIPES FOR POTABLE WATER SUPPLIES — SPECIFICATION
( Third Revision )
(Incorporating Amendment No. 1)
ICS 83.140.30, 91.140.60
© BIS 2008
MANAK BHAVAN , 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG NEW DELHI 110002
Price Group 9
Plastic Piping System Sectional Committee, CED 50
FOREWORD This Indian Standard (Third Revision) was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards, after the draft finalized by the Plastic Piping System Sectional Committee had been approved by the Civil Engineering Division Council. This standard (Third Revision) was first issued in 1968 covering pipes of sizes 16 to 315 mm. A revision of the standard was issued in 1981 incorporating dimensions of bell or socket end pipes and pipes suitable for plumbing work in buildings. Provision of reversion test by the oven method as an alternative to the immersion method and additional test on resistance to sulphuric acid were also incorporated. Long-term and short-term hydraulic tests were replaced by internal hydrostatic pressure tests in line with ISO/DIS 4422 ‘Unplasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipes and fittings for water supply—Specification’. Sampling clauses were reviewed after carrying out a detailed study of the process of manufacture and statistically analyzing the data collected from the manufacturers of unplasticized PVC pipes. Later, through an amendment, the range of pipe sizes covered was increased up to 630 mm. The second revision of this standard incorporated further changes made necessary in the light of the experience gained in the use of UPVC pipes in India and technological advancements in the manufacture of these pipes in India and abroad. The changes included additional test methods on determination of cadmium and mercury contents. The opacity test was modified in line with the ISO standard and an alternate test method for determination of opacity was included. Further, the committee responsible for the preparation of that standard felt that the test methods should be published separately in parts to facilitate further review of each part as this would also be in line with ISO procedure. Accordingly, the various test methods were covered in a separate standard IS 12235 (Parts 1 to 11) : 1986 ‘Methods of test for unplasticized PVC pipes for potable water supplies’. Further technological advancements in this field advocated the inclusion of UPVC pipes with sockets for use with elastomeric sealing rings in this standard. With the advent of globalization and the likelihood of exports, the committee felt that this standard should be brought more in line with ISO 4422 than it is at present. With this in mind, further two classifications have been added. In the light of experience gathered, the oven method for determination of reversion has again been deleted, as has been the test for resistance to sulphuric acid and stress-relief test. Additional tests for specific gravity, Vicat softening temperature and sulphated ash content test, have also been included. The impact resistance test has been modified to be in line with ISO 3127 to the extent possible. In the formulation of this standard considerable assistance has been derived from the following International Standards: ISO/161/1-1978 ISO/DIS 727-1985(E) ISO 2045 : 1988 ISO 3127 : 1994(E) ISO 3603 : 1977 ISO 4422 : 1992 Thermoplastic pipes for the transport of fluids — Nominal outside diameters and nominal pressures — Part 1 : Metric series Fittings of unplasticized PVC, chlorinated PVC or ABS with plain sockets for pipes under pressure — Dimensions of sockets — Metric series Single sockets for UPVC and CPVC pressure pipes with elastic sealing ring type joints — Minimum depths of engagement Thermoplastics pipes — Determination of resistance to external blows — Round-the-clock method Fittings for unplasticized poly vinyl chloride pressure pipes with elastomeric sealing ring type joints — Pressure test for leakproofness Unplasticized poly vinyl chloride pipes and fittings for water supply — Specifications ( Continued on third cover )
3 The pipes covered in this standard are not suitable for use as casing pipes in tube wells. through reference in this text. 3.2 This standard does not cover unplasticized PVC pipes for use in suction and delivery lines of agricultural pumps.9 Nominal Wall Thickness ( en ) A numerical designation of the wall thickness of a component which is a convenient round number.12 Maximum Wall Thickness at any Point ( emax ) The maximum value for the wall thickness at any point around the circumference of a pipe. the following definitions shall apply. Such pipes are being covered in IS 12818. including those for use with elastomeric sealing rings. 3. which is a convenient round number approximately equal to the manufacturing dimension in millimetres (mm). 3. rounded . which have been covered in IS 12231.IS 4985 : 2000 Indian Standard UNPLASTICIZED PVC PIPES FOR POTABLE WATER SUPPLIES — SPECIFICATION ( Third Revision ) 1 SCOPE 1.1 mm.3 Outside Diameter at any Point ( de ) The value of the measurement of the outside diameter of a pipe through its cross section at any point of the pipe.1 This standard covers requirements for plain as well as socket-ended pipes.1 mm. for potable water supplies. 3.11 Minimum Wall Thickness at any Point ( emin ) The minimum value for the wall thickness at any point around the circumference of a pipe.10 Wall Thickness at any Point ( e ) The value of the measurement of the wall thickness at any point around the circumference of a pipe. constitute provision of this standard.4 Mean Outside Diameter ( dem ) The quotient of the outer circumference of a pipe and 3.7 Mean Inside Diameter at Mid Point of Socket Length ( dim ) The arithmetical mean of two measured inside diameters perpendicular to each other at the mid point of the socket length. At the time of publication the editions indicated were valid. 3. 3. 1. 3. 3 TERMINOLOGY 3.1 Nominal Size (DN) The numerical designation for the size of a pipe.5 Minimum Mean Outside Diameter ( dem.8 Out-of-Roundness (Ovality) The difference between the measured maximum and the measured minimum outside diameter in the same cross-section of the pipe. approximately equal to the manufacturing dimension in millimetres (mm). 3.2 Nominal Outside Diameter ( dn ) The specified outside diameter. max ) The maximum value for the mean outside diameter as specified for a given nominal size. rounded off to the next higher 0. 3. rounded off to the next higher 0. in millimetres assigned to a nominal size.6 Maximum Mean Outside Diameter ( dem. other than a pipe designated by thread size. rounded off to the next higher 0.1 mm. 1. 3.1 mm.1 mm. 3. rounded off to the next higher 0.142 (π) in any cross-section.13 Mean Wall Thickness ( em ) The arithmetical mean of at least four measurements regularly spaced around the 1 2 NORMATIVE REFERENCES The Indian Standards listed in Annex A contain provisions which. All standards are subject to revision and parties to agreements based on this standard are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the standards indicated in Annex A. min ) The minimum value for the mean outside diameter as specified for a given nominal size. 3.0 For the purpose of this standard. Note deleted off to the next higher 0. 3.
including the measured minimum and the measured maximum values of the wall thickness in that cross-section and rounded off to the next higher 0. and PN = working pressure. max = Maximum mean outside diameter dem. e. 3. 3. 3. min = Minimum mean outside diameter = Mean inside socket diameter at dim midpoint of socket length = Nominal size DN = Wall thickness at any point e = Mean wall thickness em = Maximum wall thickness at any emax point = Minimum wall thickness at any emin point = Nominal wall thickness en = Overall length of pipe Lo = Effective length of pipe Le = Minimum socket length Ls = Nominal pressure (Working PN pressure) = Derating (or uprating) factor for fA application = Derating factor for water fT temperatures 2 [PFA] = fA × fT × [PN] where fA = factor depending on the application 3.16 Allowable Operating Pressure ( PFA ) The maximum hydrostatic pressure. dem. excluding surge. expressed as the difference between the permitted maximum and the permitted minimum value.1 Type Tests Tests carried out whenever a change is made in the composition or in the size/series in order to establish the suitability and the performance capability of the pipes. 3.18 Long-Term Hydrostatic Stress The constant hydrostatic stress that is maintained during a sustained period of time.22 Own Rework Material Material prepared from rejected unused pipes. For plastics piping systems.1 mm. conveying water at 27ºC.IS 4985 : 2000 circumference and in the same cross-section of a pipe. 3. in bar. which is allowed in continuous use with water within the temperature range concerned.21 Virgin Material Material in such form as granules or powder that has not been subjected to use or processing other than that required for its manufacture and to which no reprocessable or recyclable material(s) have been added. 4 NOTATION The following notations (symbols) shall apply in this standard: = Nominal outside diameter dn = Outside diameter at any point de = Mean outside diameter dem dem. The hydrostatic stress is related to the applied pressure.19 Socket-Ended Pipe Unplasticized PVC pipes whose one end is expanded after heating for the purpose of jointing by solvent cement or jointing using an . it corresponds to the allowable operating pressure.20. NOTE — In cases where a further derating (or uprating) factor depending on the application is required: elastomeric sealing ring. It is calculated using the following equation: [PFA] = fT × [PN] where fT = derating factor depending on water temperature. the wall thickness at any point. P. that will be reprocessed in a manufacturer’s plant by a process such as extrusion and for which the complete formulation is known. 3.20 Tests 3. of a pipe and calculated using the following approximation equation: P ( d em – e ) σ = --------------------------2e where σ and P are in same units.15 Working Pressure ( PN ) The numerical designation of a pipe related to the mechanical charcteristics of that pipe used for reference purposes. 3. and the mean outside diameter.17 Hydrostatic Stress (σ) σ The stress induced in the wall of a pipe when a pressure is applied using water as a medium. 3. including trimmings from the production of pipes.20. to the plain ends of unplasticized PVC pipes. 3.14 Tolerance The permitted variation of the specified value of a quantity.2 Acceptance Tests Tests carried out on samples taken from a lot for the purpose of acceptance of the lot.
6 MPa (6.1 ) and K . 1.5 kg/cm2) Class 2 0.1 The pipes shall be classified by pressure ratings (working pressures) at 27ºC as follows: Class of pipe Working pressure ( PN ) Class 1 0. unless the same is tested in an independent laboratory.0 kg/cm2) Class 5 1. NOTE — A test report of conformity certificate may be obtained from the resin manufacturer for the VCM content ( see 6. At higher temperature up to 45ºC.0 MPa (10.1. 5 CLASSIFICATION OF PIPES 5.value ( see 6.0 kg/cm2) Class 4 0. The recommended maximum safe working stress for these pipes is 8. 6. 6 COMPOSITION 6.2 ) of the resin being used. Pipes meeting the requirements of these tests are deemed to meet the requirements of the standard. None of these additives shall be used separately or together in quantities sufficient to constitute a toxic.1 of IS 10151. or materially to impair the fabrication or welding properties of the pipe. 6. FIG. organoleptic or microbial growth hazard.3 Conformity of pipes to this standard is tested by carrying out the tests specified in this standard.1. The quantity of the rework material used is to be declared by the manufacturer. Occasional rise in temperature as in summer season with concurrent corresponding reduction in temperature during nights has no deleterious effect on the life/working pressure of the pipes considering the total life of pipes. mechanical strength and opacity under 6.1. when tested as per Annex A of IS 10151.0 kg/cm2) Class 3 0. 1 GRAPH FOR MORE PRECISE CALCULATIONS GIVING THE MAXIMUM CONTINUOUS WORKING PRESSURE (COEFFICIENT) FOR TEMPERATURE UPTO 45ºC 3 .25 MPa (12. No other rework material shall be used. or to impair its chemical and physical or mechanical properties (in particular long-term mechanical strength and impact strength) as defined in this Indian Standard.2 The composition shall be based on PVC resin having a K-value of 64 or greater when tested in accordance with IS 4669. The frequency of this test report or conformity certificate shall be once in every three months.IS 4985 : 2000 ρ σ σs = Material density = Hydrostatic stress = Design stress conditions of use. 6.1. The additives to be used shall be selected from IS 10148 and shall be uniformly dispersed.8 MPa (8.1 The material from which the pipe is produced shall consist substantially of unplasticized polyvinyl chloride to which may be added only those additives that are needed to facilitate the manufacture of the pipe and the production of sound and durable pipe of good surface finish.0 kg/cm2) Class 6 1.3.1 The monomer content (VCM content) in the resin shall be within the limits specified in 3. the strength of the pipe reduces and the working pressure shall be modified in accordance with Fig.6 MPa at 27ºC.4 MPa (4.25 MPa (2.2 The addition of the manufacturer’s own rework material is permissible.5 kg/cm2) NOTE — The above pipes are recommended for water temperatures ranging from +1 to +45ºC.
The tolerance applied to this average wall thickness from these measurements shall be within the range 0. d) The maximum wall thickness at any point shall be within the range 0. The preferred effective length of pipes shall be 4.1 emin + 0.4 Length 7. 7. 7. c) Socketed pipe for solvent cement jointing —The effective length of such pipes shall be determined by subtracting from the overall length the socket length as shown in Fig. This shall be measured according to the method given in IS 12235 (Part 1).1. 7.1 and 2. This shall be done by cutting the pipe at any point along its length and measuring the wall thickness as above. 7.2 Dimensions of Sockets 7.5 mm. The pipes may be supplied in other lengths where so agreed upon between the manufacturer and the purchaser. 7.1 Diameters The mean outside diameter. e) The results of these calculations for checking tolerance shall be rounded off to the next higher 0.4. outside diameter at any point.1. the permissible 7. ( e – emin ) shall be positive in the form of +y.1. to avoid destruction of the pipe.1. where x is less than or equal to the greater of the following two values: a) 0.2.1.1. Alternatively.1. c) The average wall thickness shall be determined by taking at least six measurements of wall thickness round the pipe and including both the absolute maximum and the absolute minimum values. rounded off to the next higher 0.1 mm. variation of wall thickness shall again be positive in the form of +y.003 dn. 2(a).1.1 Effective length ( Le ) — If the length of a pipe is specified. and b) 0. where y = 0.1 Sockets for solvent cement jointing — These shall conform to dimensions given in Table 3 and Fig.1 emin + 0.1 mm. and wall thickness of plumbing pipes shall be as given in Table 2. the permissible variation between the minimum wall thickness ( emin ) and the wall thickness at any point ( e ). the overall length measured shall be the effective length as shown in Fig.1.012 dn rounded off to the next higher 0. 7.2 of IS 12235 (Part 1).3 The mean outside diameter. non-destructive testing methods such as the use of ultrasonic wall thickness measurement gauges shall be used at any four points along the length of the pipe. outside diameter at any point and their tolerances shall be as given in Table 1. 3.1 Mean outside diameters The permissible variation ( dem – dn ) between the mean outside diameter ( dem ) and the nominal outside diameter ( dn ) of a pipe shall be positive in the form +x.1 Dimensions of Pipes 7.2 Wall Thickness The wall thickness of plain pipe (both for solvent cementing and elastomeric sealing ring joints) and the plain portion of socket ended pipe shall be as given in Table 1. 4 . and b) 0.15 emin ( see Table 1 ).2.1 Sockets formed on the ends of the pipes shall be reasonably parallel to the axis of the pipe.1 mm. 2(c).2 Diameter at any point The permissible variation between the outside diameter at any point ( de ) and the nominal diameter ( dn ) of a pipe (also called tolerance on ovality) shall not exceed the greater of the following two values: a) 0.2. The above wall thickness shall be measured by any of the three methods given in 2.1.1. 7.IS 4985 : 2000 7 DIMENSIONS 7. where y would be applied in two parts. it is necessary to measure the wall thickness of the pipe at any point along its length.1.1 Tolerance on wall thickness a) For pipes of minimum wall thickness 6 mm or less. To check the conformity of the wall thickness of the pipe throughout its entire length. a) Plain ended pipe — For plain ended pipes. b) For pipes of minimum wall thickness greater than 6 mm. or 6 m.2 mm ( see Table 1 ).1.3 mm. 5. the effective length shall not be less than that specified.2 mm. b) Socketed pipe for elastomeric sealing ring jointing — The effective length of such pipes shall be determined by subtracting from the overall length the insertion length as shown in Fig. 2(b).
7 27.0 11.0 3.1 111.7 2.40 MPa Class 3 0.1.1 18.0 7.8 3.1 3.8 2.5 138.3 19.0 3.5 31.3 11.2 2.3 404.7 35.2 8.4 8.4 7.0 315.8 20.60 MPa Class 4 0.0 200.0 5.6 6.0 566.6 6.0 280.7 9.7 9.2 2.7 4.2 7.4 3.3 4.4 506.7 Max (23) 1.7 631.9 5.6 1.3 9.2 17.4 16.1 3.2 ) All dimensions in millimetres.1 15.5 6.9 7.8 11.8 3.9 15.9 5.8 3.8 17.4 318.8 30.2 13.5 141.2 444.3 2.3 40.9 28.2 8.1 3.0 140.3 6.2 12.2 2.7 162.8 24.0 8.7 Max (20) 1.0 560.5 49.6 19.2 20.6 Avg Max (6) Min (7) Max (8) Avg Max (9) Min (10) Max (11) Avg Max (12) Min (13) Max (14) Avg Max (15) 1.5 Avg Max (18) 1. Occasional rise in temperature as in summer season with concurrent corresponding reduction in temperature during nights has no deleterious effect on the life working pressure of the pipes considering the total life of pipes.7 4.2 2.9 17.0 42.0 630.7 3.0 19.6 9.2 9.2 19.6 15.8 2.4 17.9 316.7 32.3 9.6 MPa at 27ºC and the working pressure gets reduced at sustained higher temperatures.1 27.3 13.2 16.8 16.3 21.5 8.3 63.0 4.8 197. Nominal Mean Outside Outside Outside Diameter Diameter At Diameter Any Point1) (Nominal Size) Min Max Min Max Wall Thickness.5 9.3 4.0 24.7 2.8 15.7 3.2 74.2 451.4 3.7 17.3 25.1 4.3 24.9 13.9 2.0 23.2 2.9 5.7 3.8 3.2 12.1.4 1.0 13.0 22.8 14.6 5.9 24.7 12.0 10.3 4.3 7.9 7.4 4.3 75.5 30.3 3.0 5.8 5.0 5.0 6.0 75. this requirement need not to be satisfied as the ratio of minimum wall thickness to nominal outside diameter does not exceed 0.6 3.9 11.5 30.3 5.0 182.5 7.0 5.9 10.7 28.0 2.0 5.5 10.7 14.3 4.0 500.6 31.2 10.3 5.0 (3) 20.8 2.00 MPa Class 6 1.6 311.8 2.3 16.8 27.6 7.0 400.4 3.5 9.9 21.4 62.2 622.1 18.2 10.0 8.9 6.0 4.6 25.5 15.3 8.0 11.2 2.2 7.6 63.7 7.6 10.9 12.3 5.8 3.7 6.9 4.4 1.3 11.6 1.035 in these cases.9 6.0 32.9 7.7 7.2 30.5 25.2 4.9 18.6 5.6 6.9 5.0 450.5 4.3 4.2 8.0 21.6 14.1 3.3 5.0 18.0 12.6 22.6 4.3 1.2 9.6 2.3 6.9 11.8 37.9 38.8 3.80 MPa Class 5 1.8 2.3 8.1 1.1 2.8 2.8 2.1 6.1 8.9 2.0 43.3 50.1 8.0 4.1 2.5 11.5 7.7 395.2 Min (22) 1.1 2.4 1.4 227.6 10.9 10.2 9.3 17.4 3.4 13.7 49.2 1.1 39.9 14.7 253.4 13.8 2.0 90.6 222.2 8.2 202.1 7.4 125.4 24.2 14.1 2.5 180.2 3.7 3.1 5.8 3.2 2.0 225.3 28.8 75.0 6.2 4.7 1.8 14.5 561. .2 11.7 15.3 4.1 6.4 2.3 4.5 21.8 9.25 MPa Class 2 0.1 9.7 2.7 8.9 21. mm (1) 20 25 32 40 50 63 75 90 110 125 140 160 180 200 225 250 280 315 355 400 450 500 560 630 NOTES (2) 20.4 126.6 14.3 90.4 6.4 8.2 10.0 15.0 160.2 2.5 40.3 4.5 34.0 356.2 4.1 and 7.0 125.5 1.6 1.6 225. 1) For class 1.0 13.5 23.9 2.5 42.8 19.8 5.4 7.6 1.8 22.3 158.5 24.1 401.5 12.9 3.5 1.5 33.6 17.0 12.0 355.1 88.2 5.8 15.7 7.0 2.6 12.4 10.1 1.5 1.3 5.4 2.8 6.1 1.2 2.1 38.5 19.2 13.4 12.8 11.3 1.1 23.2 33.0 25.0 110.7 12.9 8.3 32.5 50.0 63.0 40.4 (5) 20.3 2.0 12.2 5.8 2.6 3.1 3.8 280.3 247.4 Min (19) 1. 2 and 3 of all sizes.9 (4) 19.3 11.7 3.Table 1 Dimensions of Unplasticised PVC Pipes ( Clauses 7.2 Class 1 0.1 9.5 40.6 5.3 15.1 4.5 8.0 553.7 4.0 Max (17) 1.4 1.0 250.6 123.0 Avg Max (21) 1.2 350.4 15.4 17.0 283.0 50.6 31.6 8.8 4.5 160.4 7.1 10.7 250.8 2.4 27.3 110.6 19.9 4.8 637.0 Min (16) 1.8 24.9 22.5 32.0 15.5 1.8 359.0 5.7 12.5 39.5 2.2 2.0 180.25 MPa 5 IS 4985 : 2000 1 The table is based on metric series of pipe dimensions given in ISO 161/1 in respect of pipe dimensions and ISO DIS 4422.6 21.0 25.9 91.6 3.0 47.5 6.8 27.8 21.1 6.5 7.6 5.6 200.4 10.3 9.8 455.5 9.4 12.4 4.1 12.4 140.7 4.3 1.9 5.8 8.0 6.1 2.1 17.9 108.8 34.7 8.0 2.5 1.5 10.1 4.0 177.8 5.9 2.4 501.8 31.2 2.0 7.0 276.8 4.7 3.7 2. 2 The wall thickness of pipes is based on a safe working stress of 8.0 8.8 26.8 9.9 3.3 4.2 1.5 14.1 7.2 24.3 35.6 17.8 7.6 494.
3 SOCKET DIMENSIONS FOR SOLVENT CEMENT JOINTS 6 .IS 4985 : 2000 FIG. 2 EFFECTIVE LENGTHS OF PIPE dim d1 d2 ls α = diameter at midpoint of socket length = diameter at mouth = diameter at root = socket length = total included angle of taper FIG.
22 dn. 5 or 6) that is being offered.3 225.5 51. the total included angle of taper shall not exceed 0º 30’. 3 ) ( Based on ISO 727 ) All dimensions in millimetres. and ii) For nominal diameters dn > 280 mm m ≥ 70 mm + 0.0 231.5 160.5 76.8 times the minimum wall thickness of connecting pipe.0 68.0 25.3 50.1 50.3 75. The wall thickness of the sealing ring groove shall not be less than 0. and dn = nominal outside diameter of the pipe.0 501. where Ls = minimum socket length.3 40. except the sealing ring groove.5 24. other than for the manufacturer. The requirements for inside diameter dim of sockets relate to the middle of the depth of engagement m.5 32.0 631.5 131.9 4. He can therefore. Nominal Outside Diameter dn (1) 20 25 32 40 50 Mean Outside Diameter dem Min (2) 20.6 225.3 32.2 4.0 40.3 90. Since the socket length is minimum (No tolerance is given to this dimension).0 106.0 31.3 25.3 Outside Diameter at Any Point de Min (4) 19. Min (3) Max (4) 20. diameter of the pipe shall ensure that the joint conforms to the required pressure rating as given in Table 7.0 401.6 Wall Thickness e Table 3 Dimensions of Sockets for Solvent Cement Jointing ( Clause 7. 8 SEALING RINGS These shall be in accordance with one of the types (Type 1 to Type 6) as per IS 5382.0 Mean Socket internal Diameter at Mid-Point of Socket Length. to establish the exact position of the mid point of the socket.0 96.5 43.5 39.2.5 49.3 25.5 200.4 Max (5) 20.1 75.4 125.8 2.1 40.0 118.0 Max (3) 20.0 32.3 (1) 20 25 32 40 50 63 75 90 110 125 140 160 180 200 225 250 280 315 355 400 450 500 560 630 7. for all pipe sizes.1 and Fig.1 63. 3. NOTE — A test report or conformity certificate may be obtained from the manufacturer of the sealing ring for conformity to IS 5382.0 86.3 40.3 110.5 40.4 500.4 280.3 32.2.1 140.15 dn. The design of the profile of the sealing ring is left to the manufacturer as long as the pipe with the sealing ring meets the requirements of the specification.5 180. it is not practical.0 451.0 .0 50.1.5 25. the dimensions are based on IS 727-1985 (E).1.3 63. Table 2 Dimensions of UPVC Plain End Pipe for Plumbing in Buildings ( Clause 7.3 ) All dimensions in millimetres. shall not be less than the minimum wall thickness of the connecting pipe.1 125.7 Max (7) 3.7 250.0 561.0 286. The wall thickness of elastomeric sealing ring type sockets at any point.0 163.5 dn + 6 mm.0 37. Nominal Size DN Socket Length Ls Min (2) 16. b) Maximum inner diameter of groove in combination with the inner diameter of the sealing ring and the average outer 7 110.0 321. 4. The diameter of the socket may be decreased from the mouth to the root.2 180.4 140.9 316.1 90.4 3.3 50.4 630. 5: i) For nominal diameters dn ≤ 280 mm m ≥ 50 mm + 0.0 256.5 31.0 61.0 146.IS 4985 : 2000 The minimum length of any socket shall be given by the expression Ls = 0.5 183.1 20.1.4 3.2 Sockets for elastomeric sealing ring joints These shall conform to the dimensions given in Table 4 and Fig.4 560. dim Min (6) 2.4 NOTE — For nominal sizes 20 mm to 225 mm. 2 Only the manufacturer of the pipe is equipped to measure the socket inside diameter.1 25.1 32.4 450.4 355.9 3.8 280.4 400. NOTES 1 The mean inside diameter of the socket is defined as the arithmetical mean of two diameters measured at 90 degrees to each other at the mid-point of the socket length.2 160.2 200. The manufacturer has to however specify the type of sealing ring (namely 1.4 315.5 50.5 206.0 22. The frequency of this test report or conformity certificate shall be once in three months. a) Minimum depth of engagement for sockets for use with elastomeric sealing rings is calculated from the following formulae and rounded off to the next higher integer and shall conform to Table 5 and Fig. 2. 4.6 3.3 3. tool up to measure his own pipe but such equipment will not necessarily give the correct figures for a pipe of other manufacturer.0 356.0 19.0 26.3 250.
3 Effect on Water FIG 6 PIPE ENDS 8 The pipes shall not have any detrimental effect . 10 PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS 10. 9.2 Pipes with plain end(s) to be used for elastomeric sealing ring type joints shall be chamfered at approximately 15 degrees to the axis of the pipe. Slight shallow longitudinal grooves or irregularities in the pipe shall be permissible provided the wall thickness remains within the permissible limits. measured at mid point of socket length ‘m’. 6. The convex (outer) surface of the pipe specimen shall face the light source. Slight variations in the appearance of the colour are permitted. clean and free from groovings and other defects. FIG. 10.1 The ends of the pipes meant for solvent cementing (both plain and bell ended) shall be cleanly cut and shall be reasonably square to the axis of the pipe or may be chamfered at the plain end. Approximately two thirds of the full wall thickness shall be chamfered as shown in Fig.IS 4985 : 2000 m de dim = minimum depth of engagement.1 The internal and external surfaces of the pipe shall be smooth. and = inner diameter of socket.2 percent of the visible light falling on it when tested in accordance with IS 12235 (Part 3). 5 MINIMUM DEPTH OF ENGAGEMENT 9 PIPE ENDS 9. 4 SOCKETS FOR USE WITH ELASTOMERIC SEALING RINGS FIG. 10.1 Visual Appearance The colour of the pipes shall be light grey. The pipes may also be supplied in any other colour as agreed to between the buyer and seller. 10. = outer diameter at any point.2 Opacity The wall of the plain pipe shall not transmit more than 0.1.
01 ppm by mass) 0.8 –0.1 161. this test shall be carried out on the plain portion of the pipe taken at least 100 mm away from the root of the socket.5 –0. 1984) in the test solution: Lead (first extraction) 1.7 90. 10.6 on the composition of water flowing through them.5 Vicat Softening Temperature When tested by the method prescribed in IS 12235 (Part 2).40 and 1.9 +1.0 –0.4 Reversion Test When tested by the immersion method prescribed in IS 12235 (Part 5).5 +2.0 –0. the quantities of lead.0 Nominal Outer Diameter of Pipe dn (1) 63 75 90 110 125 140 160 180 200 225 250 280 315 355 400 450 500 560 630 562.1 +1.2 +1. Nominal Outer Diameter dn (1) 63 75 90 110 125 140 160 180 200 225 250 280 315 355 400 450 500 560 630 Socket Inner Diameter dim (2) 63.6 +2.2 ) All dimensions in millimetres.2 (a) ] All dimensions in millimetres.0 –0.1.0 110. Minimum Depth of Engagement m (2) 64 67 70 75 78 81 86 90 94 100 105 112 118 124 130 138 145 154 165 140.3. 10. The limit of all the ‘other toxic substances’. for the purpose of these tests. .9 –0.0 181.4 –0.02 mg/l (0.6 +0.0 –0.0 Cadmium (for all three extracts) Mercury (for all three extracts) Other toxic substances such as ‘di-n-octyl-tins-s bis iso-octyl mercapto acetate’ and ‘butyl stearate’ (third extraction) Table 5 0.0 402.1 +2.9 –0.1 The manufacturer.0 357.8 +0.1 226.3 shall not exceed the specified limit of 0.2 +1.01 ppm by mass) Minimum Depths of Engagement [ Clause 7.0 –0.2.001 mg/l (0.7 –0.5 +1.01 mg/l (0. shall disclose any other toxic substances present.7 –0.3 ppm by mass) 0.1 –0. In the case of socket end pipes.4 –0.6 +0.0 75.0 281. 10.0 –0. When tested by the method described in IS 12235 (Part 4) and IS 12235 (Part 10).0 502. dialkyl tin C4 and higher homologues (measured as tin).6 +1.7 +0.0 –0.46 gms/cm3. the density of the pipe shall be between 1.0 201.0 +1.9 +1.0 633.01 mg/l (0.6 Density When determined in accordance with IS 12235 (Part 14).1 251. Geneva.0 mg/l (1.IS 4985 : 2000 Table 4 Inner Diameters of Sockets for use with Elastomeric Sealing Rings ( Clause 7. and any other toxic substances extracted from the internal walls of the pipes shall not exceed the following concentrations (based on ‘Guidelines for Drinking Water: Recommendations’ — WHO.3 mg/l (0.2. the Vicat Softening Temperature of the specimen shall not be less than 80ºC.0 125.4 +1.01 mg/l.0 ppm by mass) Lead (third extraction) 0.0 452.0 316.02 ppm Dialkyl tin C4 and by mass) higher homologues measured as tin (third extraction) 9 10.0 –0.1 –0.0 +1. including the two mentioned in 10.8 +1.8 +2.001 ppm by mass) 0.0 –0.1. a length of pipe 200 ± 20 mm long shall not alter in length by more than 5 percent.
Table 6 Requirements of Pipes for Internal Hydrostatic Pressure Test Test Test Test Test Pressure Temperature Duration ( Min ) ( Min ) (Minimum MPa ºC Holding Time) h (2) 60 27 (3) 1 000 1 (4) 1.2 The use of the Standard Mark is governed by the provisions of the Bureau of Indian Standards Act. as these pipes are designed with a higher wall thickness for rigidity and not for providing a higher working pressure. In case of . 13.IS 4985 : 2000 10.1. 12 SAMPLING AND CRITERIA FOR CONFORMITY The sampling procedure and the criteria for conformity shall be as given in Annex D.1.1.1. 10 11. 13. For plumbing pipes.74 × PN [MPa] 13. or 13.1 Hydrostatic Characteristics When subjected to internal hydrostatic pressure test in accordance with the procedure given in IS 12235 (Part 8/Sec 1).1.2. 11 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES 11.1 Each pipe shall be clearly and indelibly marked in ink/paint or hot embossed on white base at intervals of not more than 3 metres.2 In the case of plumbing pipes.2 shall be marked in pink colour. When tested in accordance with the method prescribed in IS 12235 (Part 8/Sec 4). b) Outside diameter. in colour as indicated in 13. the pipe shall have a True Impact Rate of not more than 10 percent.88 × PN [MPa] 1 000 2.7 Sulphated Ash Content Test When tested as per Annex B.1.16 × PN (MPa) 4. 11. 1986 and the Rules and Regulations made thereunder. the pipe shall not fail during the prescribed test duration. 13. c) Class of pipe and pressure rating. the pipes shall also be provided near the end with a circumferential colour band as indicated in 13. this test shall be carried out on the plain portion of the pipe taken at least 100 mm away from the root of the socket.1. the test pressure for acceptance test at 27ºC shall be 3.1 and 13.1 The information according to 13.1 and 13.2 Resistance to External Blows at 0ºC When tested by the method prescribed in Annex C.1 Each pipe may also be marked with the Standard Mark. 13 MARKING 13.3 In the case of hot embossing.1. the joints made with elastomeric sealing ring sockets shall fulfill the requirements given in Table 7. The type tests do not apply to plumbing pipes due to the same reason as above. 13. Details of conditions under which a licence for the use of the Standard Mark may be granted to the manufacturers or the producers may be obtained from the Bureau of Indian Standards.1 Acceptance test at 27ºC as given in Table 6 shall not apply to plumbing pipes.2 BIS Certification Marking 13. The temperatures and duration of the test shall conform to the requirements given in Table 6. so as to identify the class of pipe. and e) The word plumbing in the case of plumbing pipes. The requirements for integral sealing ring sockets are given in Table 7.1. The markings shall show the following: a) Manufacturer’s name or trade-mark.19 × PN (MPa) socket-ended pipes.60 × PN [MPa] 1 000 2. d) Batch or lot number. the sulphated ash content in the pipe shall not exceed 11 percent. h ( Min ) ºC (3) 27 27 27 27 (4) Test Pressure ( Min ) MPa (5) (2) dn < 90 Acceptance test Type test dn ≥ 90 Acceptance test Type test 1 2.20 × PN [MPa] 1 3. The test shall be carried out not earlier than 24 h after the pipes have been manufactured.2.2 shall be marked in colour as indicated below for different classes of pipes: Class of Pipe Class 1 Class 2 Class 3 Class 4 Class 5 Class 6 Colour Red Blue Green Brown Yellow Black (1) Type test Acceptance test Table 7 Requirements of Integral Sealing Ring Sockets for Internal Hydrostatic Pressure Test Diameter Range mm (1) Test Test Time Temp. the information given in 13.2.6 MPa for 1 h.
NOTE — In some cases. Section 1 Resistance to internal hydrostatic pressure at constant internal water pressure (Part 8/Sec 4) : Resistance to internal hydro2004 static pressure. finally.1 mg ( M2 ). capable of being B-3. by burning the substance and transforming the residue into sulphates using concentrated sulphuric acid and. water mains and sewers ( first revision ) Positive list of constituents of polyvinyl chloride resins and its copolymers for safe use in contact with food-stuffs.1 Silica or platinum crucible inert to the material tested. but for at least one hour and weigh to the nearest 0.2 Introduce into the crucible 2 g to 5 g of the sample and reweigh to the nearest 0. heating the residue at 850ºC until constant mass is reached. B-3.1 Sulphuric acid (density 1 840 kg/m3). The size shall be sufficient so that the crucible is not more than half filled by the test portion sample. B-3. B-2 REAGENTS B-2. 11 B-3.4 Muffle furnace maintained 850 ± 10ºC. the affinity of the ash for water may be greater than that of drying agents commonly used. B-4 PROCEDURE B-4. pharmaceuticals and drinking water Specification for poly vinyl chloride (PVC) and its copolymers for its safe use in contact with foodstuffs.1 mg accuracy.3 Bunsen burner with silica triangle and tripod or other suitable heating device. 4669 : 1968 4905 : 1968 5382 : 1985 Title Methods of test for polyvinyl chloride resins Methods for random sampling Rubber sealing rings for gas mains.5 Pipette of appropriate capacity. .1 mg ( M1 ). that is. pharmaceuticals and drinking water Specification for UPVC (rigid) pipes for use in suction and delivery lines of agricultural pumps Thermoplastics pipes fittings — Methods of test and IS No.IS 4985 : 2000 ANNEX A ( Clause 2 ) LIST OF REFERRED INDIAN STANDARDS IS No.1 Prepare the crucible by heating in the muffle furnace at 850 ± 10ºC until constant mass is reached.7 ) SULPHATED ASH CONTENT TEST B-1 PRINCIPLE Calcination with sulphuric acid treatment after combustion. Section 4 Leak tightness of elastomeric sealing ring type socket joints under positive internal pressure without angular deflection (Part 10) : 2004Determination of organotin as tin aqueous solution (Part 14) : 2004Determination of density/ relative density (specific gravity) 12818 : 1992 Unplasticized PVC screen and casing pipes for bore/tube-well — Specification ( first revision ) 10148 : 1982 10151 : 1982 12231 : 1987 12235 (Part 1) : 2004 Measurement of dimensions ANNEX B ( Clause 10. B-3 APPARATUS B-3. Allow it to cool in the dessicator to room temperature. Title (Part 2) : 2004 Determination of Vicat softening temperature (Part 3) : 2004 Test for opacity (Part 4) : 2004 Determining the detrimental effect on the composition of water (Part 5) : 2004 Longitudinal reversion (Part 8/Sec 1) : Resistance to internal 2004 hydrostatic pressure. B-3.2 Analytical balance with 0.6 Dessicator containing an effective drying agent that does not react chemically with the ash components. B-4.
1 True Impact Rate (TIR) The total number of failures divided by the total number of blows. and M3 = Mass of the crucible and residue. If the individual test results differ from each other by more that 10 percent of their mean. as a percentage. repeat the procedure until two successive results do not differ from each other by more than 10 percent of their mean.2 The severity of this test method can be adjusted by changing the mass of the striker and/or by changing the drop height. the mass after 3 h shall be used for calculating the test result. NOTE — In practice. B-4. then advance the crucible slowly into the furnace. Calcine slowly (to prevent loss of ash particles) for 30 min at 850 ± 10ºC.1 This annex specifies the method for the determination of the resistance to external blows of UPVC pipes manufactured according to this standard.3 After allowing the crucible and contents to cool.5 mg. the following definitions shall apply. C-2.4 If.2.1 Indentation of the test piece is not considered a failure. B-4. C-3 Principle C-3. The duration of heating in the furnace shall not. after allowing the crucible to cool. dropped from a known height on to specified positions around the circumference of the test piece.6 Remove the crucible from the furnace.× 100 in percent. is estimated. Place it in the dessicator. taking care to avoid spattering of the contents of the crucible. B-4. the pipe that was caused by the impact and that can be seen by the naked eye (lighting devices may be used to assist in examining the specimens). exceed 3 h if constant mass is not attained after this time. until the results of two consecutive weighings do not differ by more than 0.5 Place the crucible at the entrance of the muffle furnace maintained at 850 ± 10ºC (the temperature in the entrance zone is about 300 to 400ºC). under the same conditions until constant mass is reached. however. or production run from an extruder.IS 4985 : 2000 Heat the crucible directly on the heating device so that the sample burns slowly and loss of ash is avoided. add 1 to 5 drops of sulphuric acid and reheat until evolution of white fumes has ceased. ANNEX C ( Clause 11. It is not technically correct to vary the severity of the test by choosing values of the TIR other than those specified below.7 Calcine again. C-2. B-4. as if the whole batch had been tested. 12 C-2. B-6 EXPRESSION OF RESULTS The sulphated ash content shall be calculated as follows: Sulphated ash content M3 – M1 = ---------------------. by mass M2 – M1 where M1 = Mass of the crucible M2 = Mass of the crucible and test portion sample.1 Test pieces are subjected to blows from a falling striker. C-3. of specified mass and shape. and weigh to the nearest 0.1 mg ( M3 ). The true impact rate (TIR) of the batch. but for at least one hour. C-2 DEFINITIONS For the purposes of this annex. The residue after calcination shall be white. Continue this operation until no more smoke is evolved.2 Failure Shattering or any crack or split on the inside of . Calculate the arithmatic mean of the results. that is. B-5 NUMBER OF DETERMINATIONS Carry out two determinations. B-4. Heat carefully on the heating device until the evolution of smoke ceases. add sulphuric acid dropwise by means of a pipette of suitable capacity until the residue is soaked completely. carbon is still evident.2 ) METHOD OF TEST FOR RESISTANCE TO EXTERNAL BLOWS AT 0°C C-1 SCOPE C-1. allow to cool to room temperature. test pieces are drawn at random from the batch and the result is only an estimate of the TIR for that batch.
indentations or other imperfections which may influence the result. the nose shall be of solid steel.3 Rigid specimen support Consisting of a 120º V-block at least 200 mm long.5 mm of the axis of the V-block ( see Fig. positioned so that the vertical projection of the point of impact of the falling striker is within 2. to accommodate a striker ( see C-4. 7 ). The mass of the striker. C-4.1.1. Below the stem. but in practice. a balance is necessary between the statistical possibility of a definitive result and the cost of further testing. 8 and Table 8. 7 ). C-4.2 Striker Having a nose comprising all or part of a hemisphere.IS 4985 : 2000 The maximum acceptable values for the TIR is taken to be 10 percent. NOTE — It shall be appreciated that a completely definitive result can be reached only by testing the whole batch. including any associated weights. and having dimensions conforming to Fig. which can be fixed in the true vertical position. shall be selected from the values given in Table 9.1 Falling Weight Testing Machine Incorporating the following basic components ( see Fig.1. combined with a stem at least 10 mm long. FIG.2 ) and release mechanism to release the striker to fall vertically and freely. C-4. polished and free from flats.1. C-4 APPARATUS C-4. 7 IMPACT TESTING MACHINE 13 .1 Main Frame With guide rails or tube.
IS 4985 : 2000 C-4. ..25 ± 0.50 ± 0. 14 . the batch can be judged to have a TIR greater than the specified value. 9 (for a TIR of less than or equal to 10 percent).. .. .. C-6. 8 NOSES OF THE STRIKERS Table 8 Dimensions for the Nose of the Striker ( Clause C-4. dn mm (1) Up to and including 25 .5 % 0.2 and C-8.4 Release Mechanism Such that the striker can fall from a variable height which can be adjusted to any height up to at least 2 m. with an accuracy of ± 10 mm.1. only one blow per test piece shall be made.2 ) All dimensions in millimetres. ... .5 % 0. ..25 ± 0. 9.5 % C-6 SAMPLING TO CONFIRM VALUE OF TIR ON ISOLATED BATCHES C-6.1 If the number of failures from a sample falls into region A of Fig. . .... .1.50 ± 0. Type (1) d25 d90 Rs (2) 50 50 d (3) 25 ± 1 90 ± 1 ds (4) Free Free Table 9 Classified Striker Mass and Drop Height Conditions for the Falling Weight Impact Test ( Clauses C-4.. . C-5 TEST PIECES Test pieces of length 200 ± 10 mm shall be cut from the pipe selected at random from the batch.. 32 40 50 63 75 90 110 125 and above Mass of Falling Weight. . then reasonable confirmation is obtained that the batch has a TIR less than or equal to the specified level.. . clean and free from damage.25 ± 0. The number of blows required is given in C-6. mm (3) 500 ± 10 1 000 ± 10 1 000 ± 10 1 000 ± 10 2 000 ± 10 2 000 ± 10 2 000 ±10 2 000 ± 10 2 000 ± 10 . . ... 50 63 75 90 110 125 140 160 180 200 225 250 280 and above Number of Equidistant Lines to be Drawn mm (2) – 3 3 4 4 6 6 8 8 8 12 12 12 16 FIG.00 ± 0. Further lines shall be drawn at equal distances around the pipe piece so that each test piece has a number of lines given in Table 10. Table 10 Number of Equidistant Lines to be drawn on Test Pieces ( Clause C-5 ) Nominal Outside Diameter of Pipe (1) αo (5) Free Free Up to and including 40 .5 % 0..25 ± 0.5 % 0. ... measured from the top surface of the test piece.25 ± 0.25 ± 0.5 % 0. ..5 % 0. kg (2) 0..1 ) Nominal Outside Diameter of Pipes.1.. For pipes with outside diameters greater than 40 mm. or the production run from an extruder. . .2 If the number of failures falls into the region C of Fig.5 % 0. Fall Height. a straight line shall be drawn along the length of each test piece at a random position.5 % 1. The cut ends shall be square to the axis of the pipe. For pipes with outside diameters less than or equal to 40 mm.
10 (TIR) number of blows FIG. in general further test pieces should be taken so that a decision shall be arrived at.282 (10% one-sided) 0. after reconditioning if necessary ( see C-7 ). the lot is deemed to have passed the test. C-8 PROCEDURE C-8. subject the test piece to a blow by allowing the striker to fall on one of the marked lines.IS 4985 : 2000 C-6. rotate it in the V-block to the next marked line and again subject it to a blow from the falling striker.1 The test pieces shall be conditioned in a liquid bath or in air at a temperature of 0º ± 1ºC for at least the period given in Table 12.3 Test pieces with wall thickness greater than 8.1 The mass of the falling striker and the drop height appropriate to the pipe shall be as specified in Table 9. C-8. 2 It is necessary to have achieved at least 25 blows without failure before the test is discontinued. 9 NUMBER OF TEST PIECES FOR 10 PERCENT TIR (AT 90 PERCENT CONFIDENCE LEVEL) 15 .1 In case of disputes over the results.6 mm shall be tested within 20 seconds of their removal from air conditioning or within 30 seconds of their removal from liquid conditioning. as applicable. In case of no failure. Fig. Evaluation of the test result shall be obtained based on Table 11.5 + µ np ( l – p ) where µ = p = n = NOTES 1 Initially a minimum of 25 blows shall be made. If the number of blows exceed 124.3 If the number of failures falls into the region B of Fig. the lot is treated as rejected. 9. Boundaries between regions are calculated using the following equations SA /B = np – 0. C-7.3 For pipes of outside diameter greater than 40 mm.2 Test pieces with wall thickness up to 8. a liquid bath shall be used. C-7 CONDITIONING C-7. the test piece shall be returned immediately to the unit for reconditioning for further period of at least 10 minutes. If the test piece passes the test.4 The decision shall be made by using the cumulative result of all the test pieces examined from the batch under consideration. 9 is a guideline to indicate the principle of the test method. The test shall be continued further if one or two or three failures occur till the results fall into either region A or region C of Table 11 to arrive at a decision for acceptance or rejection respectively.5 Fig. as applicable.1. 9 shall be referred for assessment of the result. C-7. C-7. C-7. C-6. C-6.6 mm shall be tested within 10 seconds of their removal from air conditioning.4 If this interval is exceeded. subject the test piece to a single blow only. In case of four or more failures. 1.2 For pipes-of outside diameter 40 mm or less. C-8. or within 20 seconds of their removal from liquid conditioning.5 – µ /C np ( l – p ) SB = np + 0.
5 ) Number of Blows Number of Failures Number of Blows Number of Failures (1) 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 Accept Region A (2) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Continue Test Region B (3) 1 to 3 1 to 4 1 to 4 1 to 4 1 to 4 1 to 4 1 to 4 1 to 4 1 to 5 1 to 5 1 to 5 1 to 5 1 to 5 1 to 5 1 to 5 2 to 6 2 to 6 2 to 6 2 to 6 2 to 6 2 to 6 2 to 6 2 to 6 2 to 6 2 to 7 2 to 7 2 to 7 2 to 7 3 to 7 3 to 7 3 to 7 3 to 7 3 to 8 3 to 8 3 to 8 3 to 8 3 to 8 3 to 8 3 to 8 3 to 8 3 to 9 3 to 9 4 to 9 4 to 9 4 to 9 4 to 9 4 to 9 4 to 9 4 to 10 4 to 10 Reject Region C (4) 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 11 11 (1) 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 16 Accept Region A (2) 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 Continue Test Region B (3) 4 to 10 4 to 10 4 to 10 4 to 10 4 to 10 5 to 10 5 to 11 5 to 11 5 to 11 5 to 11 5 to 11 5 to 11 5 to 11 5 to 11 5 to 12 5 to 12 5 to 12 6 to 12 6 to 12 6 to 12 6 to 12 6 to 12 6 to 12 6 to 13 6 to 13 6 to 13 6 to 13 6 to 13 6 to 13 6 to 13 7 to 13 7 to 14 7 to 14 7 to 14 7 to 14 7 to 14 7 to 14 7 to 14 7 to 14 7 to 15 7 to 15 7 to 15 8 to 15 8 to 15 8 to 15 8 to 15 8 to 15 8 to 15 8 to 16 8 to 16 Reject Region C (4) 11 11 11 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 17 17 .IS 4985 : 2000 Table 11 Number of Blows and Failures ( Clause C-6.
4. IS 4905 may be referred to. and n the number of pipes in the sample. however. otherwise not.4. 2. In the absence of a random number table. D-1. where r is the integral part of N/n. or until all the marked lines have been struck one blow.2 These pipes shall be selected at random from the lot and in order to ensure the randomness of selection. N being the number of pipes in the lot. and shall be in accordance with Table 13. If. count them as 1. if the number of defectives found in the first sample is less than or equal to the corresponding acceptance number given in col 5 of Table 13. ANNEX D ( Clause 12 ) SAMPLING AND CRITERIA FOR CONFORMITY D-1 ACCEPTANCE D-1.4. upto r and so on. samples shall be tested from each lot separately.6 8. same size and manufactured under essentially similar conditions shall constitute a lot. For guidance and use of random number tables. the number of defectives found in the first sample lies between the corresponding acceptance and rejection numbers given in col 5 and 6. a second sample of the size given in col 3 shall be taken and examined for these requirements.1 above 14. D-1. a random number table shall be used.IS 4985 : 2000 Table 12 Conditioning Period ( Clause C-7.4. Every rth pipe so counted shall be withdrawn so as to constitute the required sample size. shall be taken from the lot and examined for visual and 17 dimensional requirements given in 7 and 10. etc.2 Lot All PVC pipes in a single consignment of the same class. carry out the test on subsequent test pieces.4.1 Conditioning Period minutes Liquid bath (2) 15 30 60 Air (3) 60 120 240 C-8. D-1. 3. D-1.4 Visual and Dimensional Requirements D-1. if the number of defectives found in the first sample is greater than or equal to the corresponding rejection number given in col 6 of Table 13.1 of this specification. The lot shall be deemed not to have met these requirements. A pipe failing to satisfy any of these requirements shall be considered as defective. the following procedure may be adopted: Starting from any pipe in the lot.Accept.3 For ascertaining conformity of the lot to the requirements of the specification. Table 13 Scale of Sampling for Visual Appearance and Dimensional Requirements ( Clauses D-1.5 If required. D-1. subjecting each one to the required number of blows.RejectPipes in the Number Size tive ance ion Lot Sample Number Number Size (1) Up to 1 000 1 001 to 3 000 3 001 to 10 000 (2) First Second First Second First Second 10 001 and above First Second (3) 13 13 20 20 32 32 50 50 (4) 13 26 20 40 32 64 50 100 (5) 0 1 0 1 0 3 1 4 (6) 2 2 2 2 3 4 4 5 . The lot shall be deemed to have satisfied these requirements. C-8.1 ) Wall Thickness e mm (1) up to 8.6 to 14.1 The number of test samples to be taken from a lot shall depend on the size of the lot and the outside diameter of the pipes. The lot shall be considered to have satisfied these requirements if the cumulative sample is less than or equal to the corresponding acceptance number given in col 5.1 and D-1.1 Acceptance tests are carried out on samples selected from a lot for the purpose of acceptance of the lot.4 Continue this procedure until the test piece fails the test.3 ) Number of Sample Sample Cumula.3 The number of pipes given for the first sample in col 3 of Table 13.
the procedure adopted for sampling and criteria for conformity shall be as per Table 15. D-1.6. D-1.7 ) Number of Sample Sample Cumula.6 Vicat Softening Test D-1.2 For this purpose.RejectPipes in the Number Size tive ance ion Lot Sample Number Number Size (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Up to 10 000 Above 10 000 First Second First Second 2 2 3 3 2 4 3 6 0 1 0 1 1 2 2 2 D-1. shall be tested for density. D-1. the procedure adopted for sampling and criteria for conformity shall be the same as that for reversion under D-1.1 The lot. D-1.9 Resistance to External Blows at 0ºC D-1. having been found satisfactory according to D-1. The lot shall be considered to have satisfied the requirements.5.RejectPipes in the Number Size tive ance ion Lot Sample Number Number Size (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Up to 1 000 First Second 1 001 to 3 000 First Second 3 001 to 10 000 First Second 10 001 and above First Second For dn above 110 mm Up to 3 000 3 001 to 10 000 First Second First Second 10 001 and above First Second 3 3 5 5 8 8 3 6 5 10 8 16 0 1 0 1 0 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 5 5 8 8 13 13 20 20 5 10 8 16 13 26 20 40 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 4 Table 15 Scale of Sampling for Sulphated Ash Content Test ( Clause D-1.10. D-1. D-188.8.131.52 For this purpose.184.108.40.206 Reversion Test D-1. D-1.8 and D-1.5.1 The lot.1 The lot.IS 4985 : 2000 D-1. . The number of pipes to be taken from the lot shall depend on the size of the lot and shall be according to Table 17.6.Accept. D-1. D-1. shall be tested for resistance to external blows at 0ºC. using Table 14. having satisfied the visual and dimensional requirements. the number of defectives in the first sample lies between the corresponding acceptance and rejection numbers given in col 5 and col 6. D-1.8 Sulphated Ash Content Test D-1.2 For this purpose. D-1.8. the procedure adopted for sampling and criteria for conformity shall be the same as that for reversion under D-1.Accept. 18 Table 14 Scale of Sampling for Reversion. the number of pipes given for the first sample in col 3 of Table 14 shall be taken from the lot.9.8. if the number of defectives found in the cumulative sample is less than or equal to the corresponding acceptance number given in col 5.9. shall be subjected to the sulphated ash content test. D-1. The lot shall be deemed to have met the requirements given in this specification for the reversion test. D-1. D-1.7. having satisfied visual and dimensional requirements. a second sample of size given in col 3 shall be taken and examined for the requirement. if the number of defectives found in the first sample is less than or equal to the corresponding acceptance number given in col 5.2 For this purpose.6. Vicat Softening Temperature and Density Test ( Clauses D-1.8. the procedure adopted for sampling and criteria for conformity shall be as specified in Annex C and Table 16.1 The lot. if the number of defectives found in the first sample is greater than or equal to the corresponding rejection number given in col 6.2 using Table 14. The sample pipe failing the reversion test shall be considered as defective.9. having been found satisfactory according to D-1. otherwise not.7 and D-1.1 The lot.5.6 and D-1. D-1.7 Density D-1. however. D-1.2 For this purpose. D-1.5.8 ) Number of Sample Sample Cumula. shall be tested for reversion.10 Internal Hydrostatic Pressure Test (Acceptance Test) D-1. having satisfied dimensional requirements shall be tested for Vicat softening temperature.1 The lot. shall be subjected to the requirements of the acceptance test for internal hydraulic pressure.4.7.7. The lot shall be deemed not to have met these requirements.6. If. having satisfied the visual and dimensional requirements.
10.Accept. therefore.2.2.1 and D-1. D-1. at its discretion.3 Internal Hydrostatic Pressure Test ( Type Test ) For this type test.10. D-2. the type of the pipe under consideration shall be considered to be eligible for approval. no single failure occurs. D-220.127.116.11 In case any of the samples fails in this test. D-2. The manufacturer or the supplier may be asked to improve the design and resubmit the product for type approval.1. Type tests for compliance with 10.10. which shall be valid for a period of one year. 3 of Table 17.2 Test for Effect on Water — For this type test. the testing authority may call for a fresh sample for opacity test for the purpose of type approval.1 (type test only) shall be carried out.1.2. D-2.10. D-2.2. the testing authority may call for fresh samples for effect on water test for the purpose of type approval.3 Number of Tests and Criteria for Conformity The number of test samples shall be as given in Table 17. if necessary.1. In order to ensure the randomness of selection.9. and subject them to the test for effect on water.1. Table 17 Scale of Sampling for Internal Hydrostatic Test ( Clauses D-1. the manufacturer or the supplier shall furnish to the testing authority three samples of the smallest size of pipe taken from each machine (selected preferably from a regular production lot).3 ) Number of Pipes in the Lot (1) Up to 3 000 3 001 to 10 000 10 001 and above Sample Size (2) 2 3 5 Acceptance Number (3) 0 0 0 D-2 TYPE TESTS D-2. may call for fresh samples not exceeding the original number.2 If all three samples pass the requirements for effect on water. at its discretion. selected preferably from a regular production lot.1 Type tests are intended to prove the suitability and performance of a new composition or a new size of pipe.1.2.1 The sample so selected shall be tested for compliance with requirements for opacity as given in 10.2 ) Number of Sample Sample Cumula.1 Opacity For this test. the type of pipe under consideration shall be considered eligible for approval.4 At the end of the validity period (normally one year) or earlier. three samples of pipes of different diameters . The manufacturer or the supplier may be asked to improve the design and resubmit the product for type approval.IS 4985 : 2000 Table 16 Scale of Sampling for Resistance to External Blows at 0ºC ( Clause D-1. If the sample passes the repeat test.1.1.1. D-2. D-2. the testing authority.1. D-1. the testing authority. if the number of test samples failing in this requirement is equal to the corresponding acceptance number given in col. 10.2 The pipes shall be taken at random from the lot. 19 D-2. If the sample fails in the repeat test. D-2.2 If the sample passes the requirements of the opacity test.1.1. If. in the repeat test. Such tests.3. D-2.1. may call for a fresh sample and subject the same to the opacity test.RejectPipes in the Number Size tive ance ion Lot Sample Number Number Size (1) Up to 3 000 3 001 to 10 000 (2) First Second First Second 10 001 and above First Second (3) 3 3 5 5 8 8 (4) 3 6 5 10 8 16 (5) 0 1 0 1 0 1 (6) 2 2 2 2 2 2 NOTE — The number mentioned in col 3 to 6 in the above table represent the number of times the test is to be carried out and do not represent either the number of pipe samples or number of blows or number of failures.3 and 11. If any of the samples fails in the repeat test. D-2.1. need to be applied only when a change is made in polymer composition or when a new size of pipe is to be introduced.3 In case the sample fails in the test. if necessary. the type of pipe under consideration shall be considered eligible for type approval.1 Three samples so selected shall be tested for compliance with the requirements for effect on water as given in 10.4 At the end of the validity period (normally one year) or earlier.1. which shall be normally valid for a period of one year. the type of pipe shall not be approved. the type test of the pipe under consideration shall be considered to be eligible for approval. the manufacturer or the supplier shall furnish to the testing authority one sample of the pipe of the thinnest wall section. the manufacturer or the supplier shall furnish to the testing authority. the type of pipe shall not be approved. procedures given in IS 4905 may be followed. The lot shall be considered to have satisfied the requirements for this test.
1.3 In case any of the samples fail in this test. the testing authority. If.1 Three samples so selected shall be tested for compliance with the requirements of type test given in Table 6 and Table 7.IS 4985 : 2000 and different classes (selected preferably from a regular production lot). the type of pipe shall not be approved. D-2.1. The manufacturer or the supplier may be asked to improve the design and resubmit the product for type approval.4 At the end of the validity period (normally one year) or earlier.1. the type of pipe under consideration shall be considered to be eligible for type approval which shall be normally valid for a period of one year. in the repeat test. if necessary.3. D-2. D-2. If any of the samples fails in the repeat tests. the testing authority may call for fresh samples for type test for the purpose of type approval. the type of pipe shall be considered for type approval. may call for fresh samples not exceeding the original number and subject them to the type test. 20 .3.3.3. at its discretion. D-2. no single failure occurs.2 If all the three samples pass the requirements of the quality test.1.
SANYAL SHRIMATI SEEMA VAIDYA SHRI A. RANA SHRI K. Chennai Municipal Corporation of Grater Bombay. Ahmedabad Institute of Co-operative Management. Pocket C. Chennai ( Continued on page 22 ) Representing Engineer-in-Chief’s Branch (Ministry of Defence). Lucknow Public Health Engineering Department. KAUSHAL ( Alternate ) DR P. PARMASIVAM SHRIMATI S. K. P. K.IS 4985 : 2000 ANNEX E ( Foreword ) COMMITTEE COMPOSITION Plastic Piping System Sectional Committee. CED 50 Chairman SHRI K. Orissa Jain Irrigation System Ltd. C. SHENBAGANANDAM ( Alternate ) HYDRAULIC ENGINEER DEPUTY HYDRAULIC ENGINEER ( Alternate ) ENGINEER-IN-CHIEF JOINT CHIEF ENGINEER (MATERIALS) ( Alternate ) SHRI K. K. SHRINIVASAN SHRI P. S. HARINATH SHRI G. PANDEY ( Alternate ) SHRI RAJENDER PRASAD SHRI N. Ahmedabad Directorate General of Supplies and Disposals. Public Health. Government of Karnataka Chennai Metropolitan Water Supply and Sewarage Board. L.K. K. K. MASAND SHRI R. Vasant Kunj. KHANNA SHRI M. New Delhi Central Building Research Institute (CSIR). Delhi Central Public Works Deparment. New Delhi 110070 ) Calcutta Municipal Corporation. AGARWAL SHRI SUDESH KUMAR SHARMA ( Alternate ) SHRI D. PRABHAKRA RAO Members ADVISOR ASSISTANT ADVISOR ( Alternate ) SHRI L. KAPOOR ( Alternate ) CHIEF ENGINEER (Designs) SUPERINTENDING ENGINEER ( Alternate ) CHIEF ENGINEER (PPR&D) MATERIALS MANAGER ( Alternate ) DEPUTY CHIEF ENGINEER DR DHANANJAY RAO SHRI V. BHATIA SHRI A. SHARMA SHRI V. CHHABRA SHRI L. K. NARAYANASWAMY SHRI L. M. M. New Delhi Office of the Chief Engineer. JAGANATHAN ( Alternate ) SHRI NARINDER KUMAR SHRI S. N. PARMAR ( Alternate ) DR S. Roorkee MTNL. Calcutta Carbon Everflow Limited. KAILA ( Alternate ) DR R. Chennai EPC Industries Pvt Ltd. New Delhi In Personal Capacity ( 657. Pune Delhi Development Authority. New Delhi NOCIL. DHAGE ( Alternate ) SHRI N. SHAH ( Alternate ) SHRI G. Mumbai Tamil Nadu Water Supply and Drainage Board. Sector A. SUBRAMANIAIN ( Alternate ) SHRI O. S. Bhubaneshwar. Nasik RITES. New Delhi Public Health Engineering Zone. New Delhi National Environment Engineering Research Institute (CSIR). AEE ( Alternate ) SHRI P. Jal Nigam. SINHA. Jalgaon Engineers-in-Chief Branch (Ministry of Defence). New Delhi Delhi Water Supply and Sewage Disposal Undertaking. New Delhi Housing and Urban Development Corporation Ltd. NAGAR ( Alternate ) SHRI S. K. Nagpur Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation. PATEL DR M. SHARMA SHRI N. DUTT ( Alternate ) MANAGING DIRECTOR LT-COL P. P. P. S. N. V. New Delhi Ministry of Defence. SAMANTA ( Alternate ) SHRI C. Mumbai Uniplas India Ltd. Thiruvananthapuram Finolex Industries Limited. RATRA DR D. B. MOHAPATRA SHRI S. New Delhi 21 . KANDEKAR ( Alternate ) DIRECTOR (Materials Management) SUPERINTENDING ENGINEER (Designs) ( Alternate ) SHRI GULAM AHMED SHRI P. Government of Kerala. N. K. K. K. New Delhi U. N. Mumbai Vinplex India Private Limited. PATEL SHRI V. SAIVENKATAPRASAD ( Alternate ) Central Public Health and Environment Engineering Organization (Ministry of Works and Housing).
Jaipur Department of Telecommunications. New Delhi 110049 ) KWH Pipe (India) Ltd. CED 50 : P9 Convener SHRI G. New Delhi Reliance Industries Ltd. SAXENA ( Alternate ) SHRI O. M. SRINIVASAN Members SHRI R. GUPTA Joint Director (Civ Engg). BIS ( Ex-officio Member ) Member-secretary SHRI R. R. RATRA Laxmi PVC Products Pvt Ltd. Mumbai Engineer-in-Chief’s Branch. SAXENA ( Alternate ) SHRI VINOD KUMAR. Jalgaon Amar Plastics. Government of Rajasthan. KRISHNASWAMY ( Alternate ) DR DHANANJAY RAO SHRI A. Director and Head (Civ Engg) Representing In personal capacity ( 196. VASUDEO DR K. SUNDARAM SHRI H. B. New Delhi 110070 ) Vinplex India Pvt Ltd. R. K. DESHPANDE ( Alternate ) ENGINEER-IN-CHIEF SHRI P. Mumbai Public Health Engineering Department. Chennai 22 . PRAKASH REPRESENTATIVE SUPERINTENDING ENGINEER (S & S) EXECUTIVE ENGINEER-I (S & S) ( Alternate ) SHRI WILLIAM MENDONEA SHRI G. Sector A. ANANTHA NARAYANAN SHRI N. N. Vasant Kunj. SINGH SHRI S. Mumbai In Personal Capacity ( 657. P. S. Mumbai Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology. PANSARE SHRI VINTT G. GAWAND ( Alternate ) SHRI K. K. BIS Panel for UPVC Piping System for Water Supply. K. Pune Tamil Nadu Water Supply and Drainage Board. Pocket C. New Delhi Central Public Works Department. NARAYANASWAMY ( Alternate ) SHRI TUSHAR S. PHADNES ( Alternate ) SUPERINTENDING ENGINEER (MM) EXECUTIVE ENGINEER (MM) ( Alternate ) SHRI SURENDRA NATH SHRI A. New Delhi The Supreme Industries. HARINATH SHRI G. New Delhi Building Materials and Technology Promotion Council. New Delhi Delhi Water Supply and Sewage Disposal Undertaking. K. JADHAV ( Alternate ) DR VIJAIKUMAR DR SANIA AKHTAR ( Alternate ) SHRI WILLIAM MENDONEA SHRI G. NAGAR ( Alternate ) DR Y. Mumbai Director General. JAGANNATHAN SHRI S. Chennai Brihahmumbai Mahanagar Palika. K. Gulmohar Enclave. Chennai Finolex Pipes Ltd. Mumbai Jain Irrigation System Ltd. Chennai Chennai Metropolitan Water Supply and Sewage Board. PRABHAKARA RAO SHRI S. SHEMBAGANANDAM ( Alternate ) HYDRAULIC ENGINEER SHRI L.IS 4985 : 2000 ( Continued from page 21 ) Members SHRI KANWAR A. Chennai The Supreme Industries Ltd.
1 incorporates Amendment No. Geneva. The committee responsible for the formulation of this standard is given in Annex E. including storage.1. 1984 prEN 1452-1 : 1994 prEN 1452-2 : 1994 Drafts Pipes and fittings made of unplasticized PVC for water supply — Specifications Unplasticized PVC pipes — Dichloromethane resistance at specified temperature Guidelines for drinking water : Recommendations Plastics piping systems for water supply Unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U) — Part 1 : General and Part 2 Pipes For guidelines on methods of laying and jointing of UPVC pipe work system. . 1 (March 2006). observed or calculated. expressing the result of a test or analysis. shall be rounded off in accordance with IS 2 : 1960 ‘Rules for rounding off numerical values ( revised )’. reference may be made to IS 7634 (Part 3) : 1975 ‘Code of practice for plastic pipe work for potable water supplies : Part 3 Laying and jointing of UPVC pipes’ This standard contains clause 7. These pipes can be used for agricultural uses also. This edition 4. For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with.1 which permits the purchaser to use his option for selection to suit his requirements at the time of placing orders. The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard. Side bar indicates modification of the text as the result of incorporation of the amendment.4.( Continued from second cover ) ISO/DIS 4422-2-1996 ISO 9852 : 1995 (E) ISO/DIS 12162 WHO. the final value.
JAIPUR.Bureau of Indian Standards BIS is a statutory institution established under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act. Amendments Issued Since Publication Amend No. IV Cross Road. RAJKOT. Telephones: 323 01 31. CED 50 (5608). Andheri (East) MUMBAI 400093 38 43 20 25 235 02 16. 323 94 02 Regional Offices: Central Eastern : Manak Bhavan. Campus. 323 33 75. FARIDABAD. C O I M B A T O R E . THIRUVANANTHAPURAM. E9 MIDC. 1 Date of Issue March 2006 BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS Headquarters: Manak Bhavan. CHENNAI 600113 Western : Manakalaya. Enquiries relating to copyright be addressed to the Director (Publications). T. T. 235 04 42 235 15 19. marking and quality certification of goods and attending to connected matters in the country. of necessary details. Review of Indian Standards Amendments are issued to standards as the need arises on the basis of comments. 832 78 58 832 78 91. 832 78 92 Branches : A H M E D A B A D . HYDERABAD. I. 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg. type or grade designations. B A N G A L O R E . CHANDIGARH 160022 Southern : C. PUNE. I. 337 85 61 337 86 26. KANPUR. it is taken up for revision. if the review indicates that changes are needed. LUCKNOW. B H O P A L . 235 23 15 832 92 95. PATNA. Road. in the course of implementing the standard. Copyright BIS has the copyright of all its publications. 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg NEW DELHI 110002 : 1/14 C. P. a standard along with amendments is reaffirmed when such review indicates that no changes are needed. Marol. Users of Indian Standards should ascertain that they are in possession of the latest amendments or edition by referring to the latest issue of ‘BIS Catalogue’ and ‘Standards : Monthly Additions’. B H U B A N E S H W A R . such as symbols and sizes. Sector 34-A. . VISHAKHAPATNAM. No. Kankurgachi KOLKATA 700054 Telegrams: Manaksanstha (Common to all offices) Telephone 323 76 17 323 38 41 337 84 99. Standards are also reviewed periodically. GUWAHATI. GHAZIABAD. 1986 to promote harmonious development of the activities of standardization. BIS. New Delhi 110002. This Indian Standard has been developed from Doc : No. I. 337 91 20 60 60 Northern : SCO 335-336. NAGPUR. V. NALAGARH. No part of these publications may be reproduced in any form without the prior permission in writing of BIS. Scheme VII M. Amd. This does not preclude the free use.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.