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darling harbour sydney australia

place making

placemaking… the definition ;
(www.parole.aporee.org) ( l )

designing a building or area to make it more attractive to and compatible with the people who use it. suatu proses perancangan untuk membuat sebuah bangunan/gedung atau area/ruang lebih menarik/atraktif dan cocok dengan orang/manusia yang menggunakan/menikmatinya.

“Placemaking is the art of creating  public ‘places of the soul,’ that uplift  and help us connect to each other. and help us connect to each other.” “Placemaking is a dynamic  human function: it is an act of  liberation, of staking claim,  and  of beautification; it is true  human empowerment.”

Placemaking is “making a Public Space a Living Space.”

"Placemaking" is an overarching idea and a hands‐on tool for improving a neighborhood, city, or region. It has the potential to be one of the most transformative ideas of this century. ‐Metropolitan Planning Council, Chicago, IL

Case, situation &  design approach design approach
• • • • • • what is the place making edge today? what does it take  to make mixed‐use benefits outweigh risks? what strategies do successful place making developers use? what lessons do past place making projects offer? how can public transit investment create value for place making? how can place making principles add value to single use properties?


the logical structure of heuristic  reasoning process
to  encourage



Quality of  space


Stakeholder activities


Heritage & History
Darling Harbour (1826, taken from south wales Governor’s name,Ralph darling) is one of the world s world's leading waterfront leisure and entertainment destinations. Its journey from ‘derelict docklands to sparkling international playground' has been described as 'a miracle of inner urban rebirth'. Over the past 10 years, rebirth . the precinct has won numerous construction industry and tourism awards. Darling Harbour merupakan salah satu tempat tujuan di dunia untuk bersenang-senang dan mencari hiburan dari sekian banyak tempat tujuan khusus daerah waterfront. Terbentuk dari tempat berlabuh kapal yang terabaikan menjadi “playground” bertaraf internasional yang bersinar dan disebut sebagai “keajaiban dari keajaiban kelahiran kembali masyarakat”. Lebih dari 10 thn area tersebut telah memenangkan penghargaan bergengsi untuk industri konstruksi dan pariwisata. (www.darlingharbour.com)

Concept of situation "involvement in circumstances" or "active concern with sets of natural, cultural or human p problems“
Merlau-Ponty, 1962

why it becomes a placemaking? placemaking in DARLING HARBOUR created through . . . created through

Human/local needs environmental 

cultural ; original inhabitants of the area around
Sydney since pre 1788 steady use this place as sea produces transaction

natural and environmental ; reflected
waterfront city

as a

human/local needs ; need place to fulfill their (local) 
basic needs; food (fish), work (fisherman) and to spend  their leisure time 

learn how to act in certain kinds of circumstances, mallin, 1979. a path . . .

how It  how It Works k

by specific design responds, such as the prescription and manipulation of the compositional qualities of some i l i f h ii l li i f building/landscape elements in response to a perceived problem and its surrounding or auxiliary conditions.

O r c a r d  r o a d 

Before 18 century

18 century

19 century


unique Stakeholder


Quality of space



Sony center in Berlin
Potsdamer Platz was a famed Berlin cultural centre before the Second World War. It was severely bombed during the war because it was near Hitler's bunker. The area became a no‐man's land during the cold war. After the Fall of the Berlin Wall, in 1989, it was re‐developed with the aim of recovering its pre‐war cultural role. All traces of the hot and cold wars were to be expunged.


The Berlin Wall

Potsdammer area

The Sony Platz section of the Potsdamer Platz re‐development was designed as a mixed‐use project with space for office, retail, entertainment, residential, and hospitality uses. The central space is a 4,000 square metre tented garden. Neatly clipped hedges lead the eye to an underground level. Covered walks lead out from the central space, operating like allees in a baroque park. They link to the historic Tiergarten and and to other new spaces in the Potsdammer area. The Sony Centre is at the same time public and private, b d bounded and unbound, sheltered b not enclosed. d d d b d h l d but l d

PLACE MAKING DESIGN The essence of place making is the creation of economically vibrant, aesthetically attractive, lively and engaging, pedestrian‐ friendly places. Increasingly, another factor is coming into play—sustainability—leading to an increased focus on infill, mixed‐use, walkable, and transit‐served development projects as critical components for building healthy and enduring communities. H iti However, d li i th delivering these di id d continues t b f ll of challenges f b th d l dividends ti to be full f h ll for both developers and public officials. d bli ffi i l Place making offers developers, public officials, and consumers unbeatable opportunities to collaboratively create thriving, profitable, sustainable environments to live, work, and play. Great place making requires bold vision, entrepreneurial business models, and long‐term commitment from private and public sector players. Optimizing these opportunities can challenge even the most inventive professionals. g p

solution concepts
1. 1 focus activity areas The best public space often have nodes of activity (with pavement/street cafes or markets), complemented quiet zones for rest and people‐watching. Deciding the relative positioning of activity areas requires attention to : • visibility – enabling people to have views across spaces, while giving them a choices of areas to sit or linger in relation to activity “hot spot” hot spot • orientation – facing sunny and well sheltered spots with seating provide the most popular spaces for lingering • facilities for sitting and stopping at activity nodes and crossing • places for play



Uses in and around the spaces • encourage street performers • transform squares into evening film auditoria or theatres • accommodate markets, carnivals or parades

3. 3

Build in B ild i versatility tilit designing versatile spaces that enable different people to enjoy different activity in the same spaces as far as possible


Routes through space : enable people to pass directly from A to B (urban design compendium, llewelyn‐davies)

Designing cities/spaces created for people Designing from small scale D i i f ll l Inspiration p p pp Promote people’s health and happiness helping communities make better public spaces makes places that have meaning to people k l h h i l The Community Is The Expert Unique space or landscape Unique space or landscape difference size composition between space/place and surrounding area


work frame
question i logical structure
s  i t  u  a  t  i o  n    p  r  o  b  l  e  m  s s i t u a t i o n p r o b l e m s

learn how to act solution concepts Other case

d  e   s   i g   n          application d e s i g n application

Rowe, Peter (1987). Design Thinking. Cambridge, MA : The MIT Press. R P t (1987) D i Thi ki C b id MA Th MIT P Merleau‐Ponty,Maurice (1962). Phenomenology of Perception (translated by Collin Smith). London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. Mallin, Samuel B. (1979). Merleau‐Ponty's Philosophy. Urban Design Compendium, Llewelyn ‐ Davies g g g p Place Making ; The Business of Creating Thriving , Mix‐used Development www.parole.aporee.org, diakses hari minggu, 18 Oktober 2009. jam 08.35 WIB www.darlingharbour.com, diakses hari minggu, 18 Oktober 2009. jam 08.35 WIB

see you next time . . .

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