Campus News 24 | City News 6 | Business 22 | Art & Entertainment 17 | Poetry 12 | Alum Achievers 32

Volume 25, Issue 5 The Catch Up Issue - Everything from then to Now October 2010 - February 2011

AyeshA N. JohNsoN / Trilogy

Clash in the USGA
Why the student Senate unanimously submitted a referrendum to impeach President Layne page 25
Nobody’s Home Coming pg. 15 What Really Happened in Financial Aid pg. 24 DC’s Toxic Drinking Water pg. 24 Gift Giving Ideas pg. 9 The Rise of the True Reformers pg. 29 Silver Investments pg. 29

the triloGy NewS | February 2011

Issues & Opinions: Op-Eds
China Grows Super Vegetables on moon
but also in nutritional values. In some of the vegetables, the vitamin C is nearly three times higher than traditionally grown vegetables. Under the coordination of China’s Academy of Sciences a total of 22 provinces are taking part in the cultivation of space fruit and vegetables. The Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Science has given China knowledge that may help to struggle to feed its 1.3 billion population. It is also said that large farms are already cultivated for these space crops. A Chinese researcher Lo Zhigang said, “Conventional agricultural development has taken us as far as we can go and demand for food from a growing population

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Monster Vegtables Invade Earth’s Food
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Ayesha N. Johnson WRITERS Bakara Yakub Eric M. Price II Rita Holland Saroj Gartaula PHOTOGRAPHERS Howard McCullough Roshan Ghimire CARTOONIST Corey Francis MEDIA ADVISORS Charles Butler Joseph Purnell Pinkney ________________ The Trilogy Newspaper
4200 Connecticut Ave. NW
Saroj Gartaula Staff Writer
size, 14lb aubergines, 2lb tomatoes, 9 inch chilies and cucumber over 2 ft long. It’s true and fascinatingly, they are on this planet! These unusual and strange vegetables are being grown in southern China. First, the seeds of these vegetables are sent into space for two weeks, orbiting the earth. Upon their arrival back on Earth, they are planted in giant Chinese hothouses. Scientists have a high optimistic view of this success, saying that this could be the perfect answer to the food crisis of the world. These alien vegetables and fruits are rich and healthy - not only in the size,

Pumpkins 10 ten times bigger than their normal

is endless. Space seeds offer the opportunity to grow fruit and vegetables bigger and faster.” With the collaboration of the then Soviet Union, The China Academy of Sciences worked out the advantages of growing seeds in space in 1987. In 2006 the first recoverable satellite solely designed to carry space seeds, the Shijian, was sent into outer space by China, it carried more than 2,000 seeds. In 2008, Japan, Indonesia,

Singapore and Thailand had already started to enjoy the super fruit and vegetables from space. European agricultural companies have begun to show an interest in

space crops. However, it is yet to be seen what the American policy for space foods will be or how China is planning to export them – perhaps as giant teddy bears!

Crossword Clues
Puzzle Number 1 1- Floor coverings; 5- Shoelace tip; 10- Pit; 14- Memo heading; 15- Bellowing; 16- Part of Q.E.D.; 17- Entrance; 18- Employ again; 19- Engrossed; 20- Plan; 22- Picture; 24- At the present time; 25- Hammett hound; 26- Nomadic; 30- Chopper topper; 35- Compass pt.; 36- Fleur-de-___; 37- Basic monetary unit of Sweden; 38- Cosmetic blepharoplasty;


Building 38, Room A-21 Washington, D.C. 20008 ________________

INQUIRIES? Questions, comments or concerns? Please submit them by email to the Trilogy editors. Include your name, classification, major and contact information. ________________ The Trilogy is looking for talented students to join our staff! We currently have openings for Staff Writers, Photography Editor, Managing Editor, Copy Editor, Director of Production/Layout, Web Editor, Sports Writer, Distributor. To pick up an Application, come to Mr. Pinkney’s office in building 38, room A-02
Copyright © The Trilogy News 2011

41- Saliva enzyme; 43- Gum; 44- AT&T rival; 45- Green prefix; 46- Alloy of iron and carbon; 47- Make narrow; 50- “…countrymen, lend me your ____”; 53- Clean air org.; 54- Conductors; 58- Dog breed; 62- Barbarous person; 63- Spud state; 66- Acting part; 67- All there; 68- Truth ___; 69- Bothers; 70- Very, in Versailles; 71- Lauder of cosmetics; 72- Dramatic troupe;

1- Calf-length skirt; 2- Bartlett’s abbr.; 3- Horse’s gait; 4- Sister of Venus; 5- Striped, hyenalike mammal; 6- College sr.’s test; 7- Bud’s bud; 8- Bridge positions; 9- Pay for; 10- Blackbird; 11- Dies ___; 12- California wine region; 13- Famous last words; 21- San Francisco’s ___ Hill; 23- Like a tree trunk or a yipping dog; 25- Commercials; 26- Swerves; 27- So far; 32- Apartment sign; 33- In reserve; 34- Babbled; 38- Cosmetic blepharoplasty; 39- Fail to tell the truth; 40- Bay; 41- Agt.’s take; 42- Wearisome; 44- Ed.’s pile; 48- Big galoot; 49- Medical; 51- Come up; 52- Travels on; 54- Lion’s share; 55- Culture medium; 56- Sea eagle; 57- Goes out with; 59- When said three times, a 1970 war movie; 60- Lodge members; 61- Breather; 64- Illustrative craft; 65- Color;

the triloGy NewS | February 2011 i. B. thiNkiNG Staff Writer

The name is Cucumis Melo var.reticulatus…a melodic, Latin title with, just a hint at specie and type. Prevalent during the summer months in the U.S., globalization now makes this fruit available virtually year-round. Characterized by a webbed surface, the cantaloupe is actually a muskmelon; it has an aroma. The skin is irregular (reticulated), with somewhat deep ridges. They seem to have originated in the Nile Valley of Egypt (Kemet) some 4000 years ago. Cantaloupes have significant amounts of vitamins A and C, are a good source of potassium and contain trace amounts of many other minerals. Even the rind is rich in nutrients. And what a palate pleaser this vineripened delight is when fully matured and ready for eating. Knowledgeable produce lovers can detect the fragrance of these melons at a distance and seldom fail to investigate more closely. Sadly, there is a caveat when selecting a cantaloupe: finding one that measures up to expectations for flavor and texture is difficult. For the motivated consumer, the problem is how to select that special cantaloupe. FUN FACTS ABOUT CANTALOUPE:

The Great Melon Chase

Issues & Opinions: Op-Eds

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One serving (1/4 of medium melon) provides more than 400% of your daily vitamin A, and nearly 100% of your daily vitamin C. Cantaloupe is the most popular of the melons in the United States. Cantaloupes also contain potassium, vitamin B6, vitamin B3, antioxidants and dietary fiber. Cantaloupes help the body produce nitric oxide which reduces the chance of heart attacks.

Cantaloupe is a natural antihistamine. Cantaloupes help the body produce collagen, encouraging the body to produce new skin cells to replace damaged skin cells, age spots and wrinkles. Chances are that flavorful, fully sweetened, ripe cantaloupes will not be found in the local supermarket. The best bet for finding a soulstirring lope, is at a produce market or a farmer’s market. Their melons are usually vine-ripened, aromatic and delivered at the peak of flavor for sale to the public.

Locating that special market requires a combination of patience and luck. Not to worry…the quest has ended. Season after season of disappointment in the cantaloupe crop are at an end. The odyssey is over. The fat lady has sung…whatever. Located at upper end of Connecticut Avenue N.W. in D.C., is one of the best kept secrets in the search for great cantaloupe. Right out in public, for all to see, are some of the best cantaloupes imaginable. These beige globes are surprisingly tasty, juicy and ripe to the rind. Regular customers who know the

secret, take the time to share stories of how unique these cantaloupes are, with perfect strangers. It’s like a melon brotherhood…and joining is easy. Walk right up to the sidewalk produce stall of the McGruder’s Market in the 5600 block of Connecticut Avenue N.W just below the Circle and buy a couple of these singularly noteworthy melons. The price is right. The supply is plentiful. They are grown in California & Guatemala and they taste great. And McGruder’s is the place. Welcome to cantaloupe heaven.

the triloGy NewS | February 2011

Resident Town Crier Maligns Students?

Issues & Opinions: Editorial

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There is cause for concern at UDC, when the Director of Public Relations for the university feels comfortable going on the record with public comments that are extremely critical of the student body and generally, maligns the university. In an interview with MSNBC, Alan Etter, Vice President of University Relations & Public Affairs, stated, “many students from UDC come from D.C. public school system… they couldn’t read, they couldn’t write, and they couldn’t do arithmetic.” By implication, his point seems to be that most people who come to the university as freshmen are largely unlearned? As an openadmissions university, UDC’s student body is a cross-section of the general population. While many students are not on grade level when they enter, they leave fully educated and prepared to be productive, informed citizens. The article is perplexing. A university employee hired in the capacity of an advocate, takes the opportunity reposition himself as a critic. However, this criticism is hurtful, disrespectful and perhaps indicative of the point of view of others at the university in leadership roles who earn generous salaries while quietly sharing Etter’s sentiments. What will the response of the administration be to these comments? If there is a subtle contempt and disregard for the abilities of the student body lurking within the university’s hierarchy, what does it mean and how does it manifest itself in everyday interactions? And what should be the sanctions against a high-ranking employee engaged in defamatory, condescending, anti-institutional behavior? President Obama can provide direction in how to proceed in this

Letter From the Editor: Is This Thing On?
Letter from the Editor: Is this thing on? Since accepting the position as EIC of the Trilogy, we have only been to print once. So What happened? The procurement of the paper was ineffective; although the funds were available, the bureaucracy of the system, caused payment to be halted for the fall semester. The writers and photographers continued to produce stories, those that are still relevant you will find in these very pages. With the help of Ms. Pennamon, Associate Vice President of Student affairs, and others who work in the shadows, the newspaper payment woes are behind us. In order to take the Trilogy to the next level we need to recruit more members. We need a web manager, managing editor, photographers, staff writers and conayeSha N. johNSoN Editor-In-Chief

situation. When General Stanley A. McChrystal was quoted in Rolling Stones magazine being critical of the mission and tactics of the war in Afghanistan, this commanding general was called in and immediately relieved of duty. The reason: behavior unbecoming an officer and public disagreement with executive policy. In Mr. Etter’s case, the tone and content of the interview exude a matter-of-fact brand of contempt for the university’s student body. Perhaps no one gave him a copy of the mission state-

ment of the University of the District of Columbia. Maybe he is unaware of what it means to be open admissions, urban, public, land-grant institution. The issue becomes this… Does Mr. Etter’s behavior rise to the level of insubordination? Probably. Will he be sanctioned? Probably not. Will he apologize to the college community? Maybe. Or perhaps he just “mis-spoke.” Whatever the case, if there exists among UDC’s leadership, a culture of contempt, Etter is a symptom not a cause and an apol-

ogy is likely out of the question. However, here is an opportunity for the administration to examine the attitudes and expectations within its ranks. If there is an absence of congruity or alignment with the mission and goals of the university, or even a disconnect with the same, it has to be recognized and corrective actions taken. If these issues are ignored the university’s organizational environment flounders. It’s that simple. So if some employee is not committed to singularity of institutional purpose and spirit,

they have to go…as in termination, relieved of duty. There has to be a mechanism in place to handle breaches of institutional allegiance. Without such a mechanism, employees will be able to publicly and officially disparage the university and with impunity; a situation for which there must be zero tolerance. For more information, and to form your own opinion, visit the Fenty vs Gray vs UDC story at URL: id/39066611

tributors. The staff would also benefit from the interaction of the general student population: letters to the editor, calendars of upcoming events, classified-ads to list and constructive criticism of our stories. We would like to get to a point where photos of UDC students will replace the stock photos. My vision for The Trilogy is to showcase Firebird spirit and talent without bias or politics. In the final analysis, when we leave the university the administration, Greeks, domestic and foreign students, Jumpstarters, service learners 4.0’ers and the honor societies… they all amount to one thing: FIREBIRDS. If you are interested in joining our staff or contributing in any way, email to ayesha.johnson@

the triloGy NewS | February 2011

Saroj Gartaula Staff Writer

Is Blogging Journalism?

Issues & Opinions: Op-Eds

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“We are at the beginning of a Golden Age of journalism — but it is not journalism as we have known it,” writes We Media in the , predicting the drastic shift of Mainstream Media to Public Journalism. Public Journalism (PJ), also called the Citizen Journalism, is the participation of common people in the process of collecting, analyzing, and disseminating news stories and information. While most of the mainstream media have become a hand-knit of media tycoons, PJ can give ample space to the common people to share and disseminate their views, notions, and information. Rapid development of digital technology, changing scenario on the Internet, and participation of the public using all available internet technologies have given easy access to the people to take part in every discussion that mainstream media reports. In one way or another, PJ has encouraged a massive awareness among a large group of people and led to a system of check and balance of the news stories and information that mainstream media disseminate. Traditionally, mainstream media is called “a watch dog of society.” Now, PJ has gone even a bit further from mainstream media - in a sense that it not only watches the society but equally monitors each activity of mainstream media as well. One of the strongest weapons that PJ can enjoy is the collective information and knowledge of any events or on any subject matter. It is said that reporters and producers of mainstream media are not the persons having as much core knowledge as the public itself. Many of the big media houses often have questions about the knowledge of audiences. This has created a counter-situation between media and audiences. The major problem that the Mainstream media points out to the PJ is whether PJ follows the basic principles of journalism: credibility, accuracy, and objectivity. These elements are the foundation of journalism, whereby reporters reach into the depth of stories and

create balanced reporting. Besides, an editor with a blue pen is always at the news desk. Their job is to go over every detail of news stories thoroughly. Thus, many newsmen still don’t consider PJ a reliable source of news. Joan Connell, an executive producer at, said on PBS’S NewsHour in April 2007, that independent bloggers are not journalists since there is not an editor between the reporters and readers. She added, “I would submit that the newsroom-editing function really is the factor that makes it journalism.” Besides, all those principles and guidelines that mainstream media is carrying out; it is known to everyone how mainstream media make handsome amounts of money while neglecting some of the major issues that are directly concerned with the community. The State of The News Media writes on its website, the traditional model of journalism involved news houses getting revenue from the selling of realestate, cars, groceries or job hunting, reporting on city councils

and so on, which determine the news value of the stories. The value of the stories may not be important because of its content or popularity, but because of its consequences. With the advent of PJ, the traditional model is shrinking. With so much information online, and easy to access information at any

“We are at the beginning of a Golden Age of journalism — but it is not journalism as we have known it,” - We Media

is obvious that interest from local news to national and interna tional issues is shifting away, affecting the community on a larger scale. The gap created by http:// standupforamerica.files.wordpress. com/2010/01/cartoon-donkey-elephant.jpg mainstream media can be fulfilled with the participation of the public bringing their communal major issues and grievances to light with the assistance of PJ. Not only does PJ cover the news stories of the community, it sometimes creates pressure on mainstream media to work according to what people want. For instance, in December 2002 Trent Lott resigned as majority leader of the U.S. senate after bloggers pressured him in regards to his racial time, consumers are not hunting remark. Similarly, for big media houses for agendas the Washington Post piggybacked or information. They have devel- on a story that originated when a oped a certain kind of taste for the former Lockheed Martin engineer news and now search the news by uploaded his story about the secutopic, by events, and by person- rity flaws with Coast Guard ships alities while browsing through mul- on YouTube. tiple media outlets. This new trend Public Journalism is becoming in consumers’ culture has changed an indispensable part of mainstream the whole scenario of the finances media. The basic function of both and patterns of newsrooms, making types of journalism is to inform the every media house think rationally people in a truly democratic way, before covering community news, without playing with the emotions which may have limited consumers. and feelings of people, and givAt the time when the globe has ing accurate news and information. become smaller than ever before, it Rather than viewing each other, both types of journalism can serve

the triloGy NewS | February 2011

Bakara yakuB | Staff Writer

Tap Water Toxicity

City News

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There is nothing like a glass of cold water to quench your thirst, especially on a hot summer’s day. But when you turn on the tap expecting to fill your glass with clean clear water, what you get instead is an odorous cloudy mixture, estimated to contain fortyeight thousand different toxins— chemical compounds, poisons, feces, radiation, lead, etc. This estimated amount also includes the allowable chemical treatments used in the water purification processes, which is administered by virtually every municipal water treatment facility in the United States. Of those forty-eight thousand chemicals less than one thousand have been tested for their long term effect on human health, and despite their suspected danger in our drinking water, only thirty of these chemicals have regulated levels, according to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Currently, the purification component and preferred method of water treatment is Chlorination. In this process Chlorine is added to water as the primary treatment for disinfecting—killing water born bacteria and viruses. The U.S. Council on Environmental Quality

has concluded that the widespread of this chemical appears to be poisonous and will increase an individual’s risk of developing gastrointestinal cancer fifty to one, over their life time. Chlorine disinfection becomes even more problematic when it combines with naturally occurring substances like decaying plants or other organism found in waterways, thus producing liquid and gaseous forms of cancer-causing byproducts. There has also been a correlation found between chronic exposure to chlorine and depression. In combination with chlorine, ammonia, in its liquid form, is often used as another primary purification application. It is not only toxic out of water but in water its properties are highly corrosive to copper alloy, exposing unsuspecting residents with copper plumbing systems to additional health risks. Currently, ammonia has no regulated maximum contamination level, and existing research, studies or data examining its long term health effects, especially after it combines with the other hazardous chemical compounds found in the drinking water, is not readily available. Fluoride, another highly toxic

chemical, which has absolutely no place in any water supply because it is a known carcinogenic. Yet it has, for nearly fifty years, been intentionally added to all public drinking water. Under the guise of preventing dental cavities and reducing tooth decay, it has been heavily promoted by organizations like the American Dental Association and the U. S. Public Health Service, although no organization has ever produced any substantial validation that the ingestion of fluoride is beneficial to your dental health. Incidentally, the fluoride added to the water system is, according to Gary Null and other healthcare practitioners, an unpurified, industrial-grade version and a corrosive acid. It is unlike the fluoride found in toothpaste— also a poison if swallowed. “If you accidentally swallow more than [the amount] used for brushing, seek professional help or contact a poison control center immediately.” This is a quote, written by the FDA, and printed on a warning label displayed on most commercial toothpaste. Other health threats include kidney damage, Fluorosis—a disease in which there is skeletal damage. It also cause

teeth to develop white spots and become brittle. Unfortunately, there are other allowable poisonous agents used by large treatment facilities in the water disinfection process, such as: Chloramine, a disinfecting agent that is not only poisonous but also appears to have a corrosive element which is known to dissolve the protective film inside older water service lines. This contributes to the leaching of lead into residential water lines. Sodium Hypochlorite and Chlorine Dioxide are other chlorine solution used in the water. Other common contaminants, which impact our health, are finding their way into our water supplies. They include this following small list of pesticides, fertilizers, and septic waste, run-off from the agriculture industry and chemical spills: Arsenic: is an odorless and tasteless carcinogen which has been linked to skin, lung, liver, prostate, nasal passage and bladder cancer. It is commonly used as a wood preservative, is in fertilizer, soaps, paints, and dyes. It enters our water system from industry practices.

the triloGy NewS | February 2011

City News
equipment, paints, plastic, fire retardants, adhesives, ink, and sealers. Long periods of exposure will cause skin and thymus gland problems, immune deficiencies, reproduction and nervous system difficulties, and is prevalent in increasing the risk of developing cancer. If the long term health effects, of overexposure to contaminants in water is a problem, why are researchers, scientist, and health professionals focusing their human health risk investigates only on ingestion? When it comes to tap water, few risk assessments have been conducted on other channels of entry into the human body, especially since there is significant documentation showing that toxic chemicals evaporate out of water; and that the inhalation of these chemicals probably poses the greatest risk to consumers. Dr. Clifford P. Weisel points out in “Ingestion, Inhalation, and Dermal Exposure…,” that showering with contaminated water in an enclosed stall appears to contribute even greater levels of toxic exposure, which may stem from the inhalation of steam. Absorption through the skin—dermal absorption, should not be ruled out as an active means of exposure to water contaminants, even though this alternative entry does not pose as great a risk as ingestion and inhalation, Dr. Clifford P. Weisel con-cluded. A waterborne chemical, chloroform, for example, ia a byproduct of chlorination. It makes contact with the skin during the showering and bathing process, and because pores are opened from the heat generated during showering or bathing, a greater internal dose is likely. Toxins absorbed through the skin bypass the digestive process, entering into the blood stream directly. So why the inaction and dereliction in duty—on the part of our government—to adequately protect and clean the nation’s water? According to the EPA, the lack of quality water rests solely on gaps in funding, aging water and wastewater infrastructures, and the growing number of new contaminants. Many of these chemicals should never be allowed in any consumer product under any circumstances because of their toxicity but also because of the obstacle faced with their disposal. The EPA and their flawed risk assessment assumed that individuals

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Trichloroethylene (TCE): It is a clear, colorless poison that is used as a solvent in dry cleaning, and is used as a degreasing agent for metals. Drinking water that contains this poison will cause problems with the liver and can increase an individual’s risk of getting cancer. Lead: is one of the most prevalent and toxic forms of water pollution. Overexposure to lead can result in delayed physical and mental growth in children. It can also cause nervous system damage, hearing lost, kidney damage, and anemia. The most common entry into our water system is from leaching old lead pipes and solder pipe joints. Mercury: is a liquid metal. It enters our waters through manufacture’s waste,m hospital waste, nuclear waste, paints, paper, and vinyl chloride. It is a lethal form of pollution because its physiological effects include central nervous system and kidney damage. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs): are chemicals that belong to a family of substances that contain DDT and are among some of the most toxic chemicals known to man. They are used in pesticides, electrical

are drinking tap water containing only one chemical contaminant at a time. It doesn’t take into account the combination of multiple contaminants in tap water. They have also designed their regulatory criteria based on the flawed assumption that every individual drinking tap water is a 175 pound adult. As a result, the American people will never know just how much of a health risk it is to drink the tap water. Many of these contaminants can be be traced back to the average American and their use of lawn fertilizers, pesticides, cleaning products, solvents, plastic containers, etc, although modern industry’s contribution is significant. The difference between drinking clean water and drinking contaminated water, depends Congress and the citizenry—making clean water a top priority. The sooner it’s understand that we are not only what we eat, but we are also what they drink, the sooner it also can recognize that the consumption of quality water as well as the quantity is essential to well being. After all, water is the most vital component of all living organisms and that includes the human body.

rita hollaNd | Staff Writer

Gray Victorious in Mayoral Race
pure emotion and did absolutely no research on the new mayor to see what he has done for DC so far. All I keep hearing is what Fenty did wrong. Well how about what he did to better DC? I feel safe in neighborhoods I normally didn’t feel safe in or dared to venture into. The schools and city is thriving, yet every politician has flaws, it’s politics.” Gray told his supporters that, “they were never outworked” and that he looks forward to bringing about a change in the city and reassured residents that he would can do all he could to make the city one of the greatest. The victory was a great accomplishment for Gray because he came into the mayoral race in late March but he was determined that he was the one for the job. He did overwhelmingly well in the city’s majority-black wards, particularly east of the river. That is where those residents who were most disaffected by Fenty. These are the residents who felt that he did not help them as much as he did other wards. Although Fenty did what he could for the city, it wasn’t enough to earn him another term. While Fenty conceded to Gray, a write-in campaign had immediately begun. He had the backing of Republicans who were looking forward to seeing his name on the ballot in the November 2nd general election. They were impressed with his efforts in trying to make our city better but he did not live up to the expectations of many residents once he took office. The Republicans supported Fenty because they think there is an undercurrent of dissatisfaction with Vincent Gray.

The race for mayor ended with D.C. Council Chairman Vince Gray defeating mayor Adrian Fenty for the democratic nomination by a margin of 53 percent to Fenty’s 46 percent. The postelection analysis indicates that many people were disappointed in Fenty’s leadership style, paybacks to his friends, and countless other distractions that took him away from leading the city, thus resulting in his loss to Gray. Gray is a staunch supporter of equal education and is committed to school reform and understands the best way to achieve it. He will soon appoint a new trustee board at UDC to oversee our financial records so that every student has access to a quality education. By having this oversight we can be assured that we are heading in the right direction financially. He believes that the best way to help each community in the District is to engage parents, teachers, and principals to restore real transparency and integrity to the process. At 1:50am on election night, Fenty was still calling on his supporters not to lose hope with chants like, “on to victory,” only to have their enthusiasm fade when it was officially announced that Gray would win the nomination. Fenty thanked his supporters for his time in office and their hard work campaigning on his behalf before calling Gray to congratulate him on his win. His tenure in office was tainted with his perceived wrongdoing, even though others praised him for his hard work and dedication. D.C. resident, Ms. Arneice N. Williams, who supported Fenty and was impressed with his efforts to better the city said, “I believe that people of the District of Columbia based their vote on

ViNceNT grAy celebrATes VicTory wiTh his frieNds ANd coNsTiTueNTs

the triloGy NewS | February 2011


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Sorry Main Chicks: Why the other woman isn’t the issue
First I blame Wack Flacka for his heavy promotion, “Got a main Bi&*% and a mistress, a couple girlfriends”, every male then thinks they are entitled to the same thing. I know I can’t blame only Wacka; there are many other rappers who discuss their “entree” or situations of them having more than one female. Enough pointing the finger at the media and rappers, the real blame is the women themselves! I will not put on a front and pretend I did not play that role at one point in my lifetime. I don’t know why females seem to feel that if he comes back to us, or puts us in the “number one spot” all the lying, cheating and bull no longer matters. Since I have matured and learned from my experiences, I have every right to talk about the remaining sorry behind “main chicks” hopefully they can learn a bit from this article. I always find myself asking the question what will it take for a female to finally leave a man (boys.) I have seen many situations when a guy can do everything wrong in the book and females will still find a way to stay with them. The part that gets confusing is these “main chicks” seem to blame everyone else for their heartbreak besides themselves! “A man will only do what you allow” … trust that, it is fact! They find ways to blame the other girl when: 1. She probably doesn’t even know about you. 2. He is probably telling her that y’all are not together or whatever lie he can think of 3. If the girl does know about the “main chick” she has no obligation to this girl and her feelings what-soever (She must not be that main of a chick if their are other girls) We already covered the rules/roles of the other female also known as the “side chick” in the article titled Case of the Side Chick. Perfect examples of sorry “main chicks” are the infamous basketball wives/girlfriends/groupies etc. They clearly accept the heartache, unnecessary drama and humiliation to replace it with Gucci, Prada and Louis; Kudos to them; at least they are getting something in return for the B.S. they put up with. Although there are many nights when they are left home alone lonely. On the other hand, this general population of “main chicks” receives nothing in return but a headache and maybe JUST MAYBE good sex, and the chances of that are slim to none! The problem where most females go wrong is when they “confront” the other female in the wrong way. The worst things you can ever do is call someone and say “This is the main chick…” note to self, I hope you sorry main chicks are taking notes, you sound really dumb. The man is always the issue and the problem-never the female. Nine times out of ten, if you approach the other female with respect, lies to all parties will become clear. These females are the same ones who cry to their friends about what he did and who he did it with and then the next day are right back with him - complaining about the same issues, 2, 3 and 4 years later. These females try to get in good with the friends and family of their men hoping to secure their spot; what they don’t realize is their friends know exactly what’s going on, how many girls he doing what with, when and where! The mommas, sisters, cousins and grandmas know too! This article was in no way shape or form dedicated to the REAL Main Chicks! The one’s who relationships are equal; they don’t have to deal with this girl that and that other girl. Putting up with B.S. is not written on their resume! A little advice to these sorry “main chicks”: you reap what sow... you expect nothing from these men (little boys,) you get nothing. No one is to blame for the emotional rollercoaster you are riding on except yourself. As a wise person once said, it’s never about being the MAIN always the ONLY!

Natural Allure
“Natural Allure” a collective photography exhibition by the students of Photography at University of District of Columbia (UDC) was exhibited at MOVA Lounge P street, NW, Washington, D.C. on 21 September 2010. Prof. Iwan Bagus was the person behind all the arrangements for the exhibition. The photo exhibition was a part of Prof. Bagus’ Portraiture Photography course at the University. Twelve students from Bagus’ Photography Class participated in the exhibition. As the title of the exhibition suggests, the photographs displayed were all nude photographs in black and white composition, of a man and a woman, but they were not erotic as you might think. Instead, all of the photographs were taken purely as an artistic form. The photographs were able to re-create a forgotten bond between nature and human; most of the photographs illustrated human emotions. Shanika Johnson, a student of photography, was elated to share her creativity with other people. She believes that thiskind of exhibition would be a good platform for the students and ama-

teurs. “We are born naked. But, people make it so bad. It’s God’s creation,” she said. Nudity has been a major theme in different forms of arts, it may be in literature, in painting, or in sculpture and, there is always a line that differentiates the nudity being aesthetic, or erotic. Sometimes, when arts fail to reach in a certain standard of artistic norms and values, then it loses its spirit. But, arts that arouse you internally, that make you emotionally thoughtful, and spiritually motivated will withstand the time test of time.

Natalee Howell / trilogy

the triloGy NewS | February 2011

Fail Proof Gift Giving Guide

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Gift Giving101: It’s Cliché Because It’s True!

If you take the time to learn your lover’s style before the big day, you can tweak any of these basic gifts to create the perfect holiday. The point of the gifts should always be a flirty “I know what you secretly like and want, and I’ll be the one to give it to you.” If you focus on communicating closeness and intimacy, your gifts can be adjusted to any price point; no matter how much you spend, it’s the thought that counts.


1. A gadget that he has been lusting over but is hesitant to spend his money on. 2. A tie from a store like J. Crew is a practical, yet luxurious, gift that most men will enjoy. Be sure to scout his tie style before taking on this challenge! Men are extremely persnickety about their accessories. 3. A watch that fills a void in his jewelry wardrobe. 4. A gift certificate to a store he swoons over but never buys anything from. 5. Cologne is an ambitious gesture, be sure to scout the scents he’s drawn to (musky, fresh, woody) and ask the sales associate for suggestions in that family and your budget.


1. A gift card to a boutique she’d love, but has never visited. Places like Free People and Anthropologie are well merchandised that just being there is a treat for some girls. They also have salerooms with items as low as $20. 2. Flowers are some of the most effective and inexpensive gifts you can give. Try something fun like a bunch of wildflowers or magenta roses to keep the gift idea fresh. 3. Pillows instead of teddy bears. While we love getting teddy bears, there comes a time in every woman’s life where she has to stow them. Pillows have the same affect and can sit on the bed without looking childish. 4. Jewelry: do I really have to explain this one? If you search sites like www.Etsy. com, you can find cool unique pieces that you wont have to spend a mint on. 5. Perfume is a sweet and romantic gesture. Traditionally men gave their sweethearts little vials of perfume to show their affection. If your heart is set on a fragrance that is out of your budget, look for purse sized “rollers,” many of which start at $18.00.

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Why can’t we get along?
Cyzzanesh Harvey | Contributing Writer

Martin Luther King Jr. said that he had a dream that his children would one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character, today partners judge each other not according to their character but by appearance. Relationships seem to blossom and fail so often-but in the black community, is it because black men and women have problems with each other? Women scrutinize details in the opposite sex for compatibility different levels. Respect, love, determination, career goals, etc. are all in the soup of the making of a couple. In the black community, boundaries are blurred causing disturbances in relationships such as arguments, disrespect, and even abuse. It is understandable that couples argue all the time but through close speculation it can be seen that relationships in the black community tend to fail because each partner has a discrepancy with the other. An old couple celebrated their 32nd anniversary this past Sunday. The man stepped forward and said, “I have had to learn that in an argument, my wife was always right.” His wife shook her head, took the microphone and said, “Actually, in an argument, we both were wrong. And it’s taken years of love and dedication to prove that to me.”

The struggle that we face as black women and men tells us that we have to be on top. This very determination pools into relationships and cracks the very foundation. Intelligence: “Oh so you think you’re smarter than me?” Money: “I pay the bills so I say what goes?” Respect- “Who do you think you are?” Trust- “Are you cheating on me?” and finally Love- “You don’t love me the way you used to”. The very things that make a relationship, when unbalanced, tips it right over the edge. The constant competitions, the problems we face with each other, are the same problems we face with ourselves. Society has forced the black community to be better, but we missed the core detail; to be better as a team. The unity we need to keep moving forward is to build each other up not break each other down. This isn’t about blacks vs. white; it’s about the world vs. the individual. We need to look and see our flaws before we point out the flaws in other people. It is then that black women and black men can look each other in the eyes like that black couple and say “I love you” and mean every word- not I love that you’re smart, or I love that you respect me, but I love everything about you, your good and bad. It is then that relationships will stop falling apart and we can grow as a flourishing society. Love isn’t just what makes the world go round; it’s what keeps it turning.

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Two architectural students deliberate the double consciousness of dating while black
Micahel F. Thomas | Contributing Writer

I wouldn’t go so far as to classify it as a problem but an issue of a lack of perspective/ awareness. Media (propaganda) has, over the years, had so much of an influence on the way we view each other in society. No one looks at how large of an impact culture has on a generation, for example music.

tions, and a new tarnished but earned perspective of what a “man” is.

With this behavior being rewarded by fellow male counterparts, it is now embedded and established in our characteristics. Without someone to explain the negative outcomes of this behavior, it now transpires to our women, who in order to prohibit Created in 1978, hip-hop was born out of a lack of an the feeling of that first emotional casualty, develop unheard community and resulted a defense strategy, hardening their in a social creative outlet, which “Good times have been shift- nurturing personalities. spurred a trend that would reach ed to a focus of excessive The hardship exists because black out to international audiences. The original messages of posido not invest in their women. materialism, glorification menno longer compliment, thank, tive image re-enforcement, comWe munity cohesiveness, inspiration of criminal activity and the inspire, motivate, nurture our and self encouragement & good women or cultivate our families dehumanization times have been shifted to a (our daughters will one day become focus of excessive materialism, women). Black women no longlorification of criminal activger support, encourage, uplift the ity and the dehumanization of black men. We have overcome and women (late 80’s to present). accomplished significant achievements since the Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka and the Over the years, with the lack of father figures in latest inauguration of President Obama, but racial households, this image has become the archetype disparity still exists and a realty still prevalent in of what it is to be a “man”. This is stated because our daily lives. a large part of the conflict, in our adolescent years, stems from how we (men) view our female coun- There is a lack of commitment, planning, and terparts. It’s safe to assume that our raging hor- mutual understanding of which we are and what it mones mainly allow us to see females as a sexual is that we are seeking in that relationship. outlet (without any regards to their mental) and This article does not speak of the black population gives us a status of power, to which in the near in its entirety. It is only a critical response of the future only leads to unplanned seeds, scarred emo- social environment of the black community.

of women” - M.F.T.

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riding in my blackness
Bakara Yakub I’m riding in my blackness like a rich women rides in her Rolls Royce nestled in a black that makes my spirit rejoice. Pure melanin—unadulterated African soul from the spiraling curls on the top of my head to my earth drenched toes. sapping the bright from the sun’s shine fermenting love inside my wine sowing the seed of my creative mind while the world reaps its harvest from me—Africa— sacred and divine, light of day is soaked into my skin the moon recognized the darkness in its kin something so beautiful could never be so frightening unless the image of a pale complexion need all of the heightening, my thighs thunder, it’s no wonder lightening strikn’ switchin’ hips full figured lips nose broad like the sky’s line beautifully black by design, precision in my contour elegance in my grace traveling in dimensions beyond time and space, creatively pure spiritually able to endure, intellectually engaged— making the best of the worst quenching five hundred years of thirst— to love the blackness I’m riding in because it’s much deeper than my skin.

Layout Design: Tolu Onasanya

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Arnold Thomas Bigger

love poem

if I told you that this is going to be a love poem would you expect to hear about my fondness for the color of someone’s eyes hair or some other physical part of their being as though love can be found in that which is physical surely you know me better than that how can I write a poem about love when as far as I can tell love is different with every person love is different for every person love takes as much as it gives wants as much as it needs and pains as much as it pleases how can I write a poem about love when as far as I can tell love is the hundredths that are missing from every second and every minute love is the tenths that are missing from every hour and every day love is the days that are missing from every decade and every century love can not be explained by words that are spoken because love can not be understood by the mind because love is in a language that can only be heard by the heart because love can only be understood by the soul as soon as I understand what love is I will most definitely write a poem about it

Senior Art Show

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Photo Credits: Howard McCullough | Layout Design: Terrence Williams

Nobody’s Home-Coming
Raheem DeVaughn and Tabi Bonney perform before only a handful at UDC’s 2010 Homecoming Concert
Eric Price II | Staff Writer

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Homecomings are events where alumni, students, faculty, and administration are supposed to come together and celebrate and show pride for the University usually culminating in a big event such as a concert or sporting event. UDC’s Homecoming concert for the 2010-2011 year was not such an event. Once again, in an effort to make an event appealing to the multicultural and unique student body of the University of the District of Columbia, the Student Government Association put on an event that did little to increase student moral, student unity, or bolster a lack of school spirit. UDC’s fall Homecoming Concert featured two artists who call the DC area home. Tabi Bonney, whose real name is Tabiabue Bonney was born in Tome, Logo, West Africa, and though he has lived in Europe, Africa, and North America, it is evident in his music that he considers Washington D.C. home. Bonney has released two independent albums featuring songs laced with DC references such as “The Pocket” and “Beat Rock”. The Grammy-nominated “R&B Hippie Neo-Soul Rock star” “Radio” Raheem DeVaughn grew up in Prince George’s County and graduated High-Point High School. An R&B crooner, DeVaughn has released three albums selling no less than 200,000 copies each. The hometown connections were assumed to attract a larger crowd. However, the large 900 seat auditorium seemingly contained no more than 75 students faculty, staff and alumni combined. This was despite giving away 119 tickets. However, the lack of attendance did not diminish the quality of the concert completely. As the show opened up with Tabi Bonney, it was evident that he would not let lack of a crowd or enthusiasm affect his energy. While performing his second song, and after briefly speaking to the crowd, Tabi brought out members of the

locally based Beat Your Feat Kings to dance with him while he performed. He tossed beach balls in the crowd, which kept everyone very enthused; so much so some did not pay attention to the performance. Despite the sparse crowd Tabi’s performance was filled with energy and was a great opener. Raheem DeVaughn had a show that was somewhat of a roller coaster ride. It started off with a lively action, lulled in the middle, and then picked back up and finished with a bang. This was not a typical Raheem DeVaughn show, as the majority of his crowds are more upscale and mature [Full disclosure: This show was the third time I have seen him in concert.] As he began performing, Raheem’s visual artist also came out on the stage preparing to create another piece of art as he does at all of DeVaughn’s performances. Demont Peekaso’s artwork is truly amazing, though the main focus of the concert, especially the attention of the ladies was completely on Raheem DeVaughn. They reached for him despite the guardrail and music pit. In the midst of performing songs off his albums, DeVaughn also brought out recording artists signed to his local talent based 368-music group Boobie and Phil Ade. While their two acts were somewhat better for the crowd, the reactions were not there. Raheem’s set was overall very good and sexy enough to make students and teachers alike blush. Due to the lack of attendance, which can be viewed as a consequence of poor advertisement, failure to generate publicity in the general public, student indifference, questionable student unity or a combination of all three, seemed to conspire to produce empty seats in the main auditorium. UDC’s homecoming 2010 concert left people wondering if anyone was indeed home. Those people who were in the house, though, were given a great show, for what it was worth. We can do much better than this. Let’s try.

“The free concert cost approximately 20k and served less than 200 students.”

dAle lyoNs / Trilogy

the triloGy NewS | February 2011

Art & Entertainment

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Kanye’s G.O.O.D. Friday is Golden

ayeSha N. johNSoN | editor-iN-Chief

Kanye West proves to be one of the most innovative artists of our time interrupting what has been a character-assaulting backlash to the “Taylor Swift Scandal” of the 2009 Video Music Awards. In August, he tweeted, “I know y’all need the music, so I’m dropping 1 new song every weekend until Xmas.” Yezzy has been true to his word, leaking album worthy songs that feature “Rza beats and unicorns,” Jay-Z, Justin Beiber, Elton John, Nicki Minaj, Rihanna, Pusha T, Swizz Beats and counting. The music he drops weekly blurs boundaries and drowns the negative press surrounding the emotional outburst. He hinted vaguely about a movie he was making, which boasted a beautiful teaser for the song Runaway, that he performed at the 2010 VMA’s as a makeshift apology to Swift, and everyone thought Kanye was deranged, narcissistic or both. West proved, however that he is more Basquiat than Van Gogh when the 30-minute vignette hit the internet. Media circuits from NPR to VIBE have commented and pontificated about the art versus vanity aspect of the video. However you feel about the movie you have to agree the cinematography (word to Hype Williams,) concept, make-up and most importantly the music is beautiful. There is definitely an audience for sophisticated urbanites, (and no, that is not a euphemism for “hood” or “ghetto”) which is sorely underserved.

It is incredibly satisfying to be able to marvel at artful architecture, Vanessa Beecroft’s aesthetic, Lanvin and black models while I listened to a blend of hip-hop, electronica, blues and soul; the shock and amusement that came from the realization that all the rich patrons were black and the servants were white (come on -you noticed it, too.) While the aesthetic art movement inspired this video, it was not art for art’s sake; there were clear messages littered throughout the entire feature ranging from love, politics and the double edged sword of being an artist; by what means the public can crave and consume your art and condemn your actions, as if they are different modalities. The music itself, however, is pure hip-hop, with testosterone filled tracks such as So Appalled the music is still digestible and relatable to average music lovers and the free downloads ensure that the art doesn’t get in the way of serving the people. Kanye’s marketing strategy must have worked because even with many songs available for freedownload, the album went gold in the first week selling 518,775 copies.

To download, for free, the previously released tracks, visit: http://

the triloGy NewS | February 2011

Hip-Hop: Not So Dumb After All
* Rappers who have been killed * Rappers who have died * List of rappers who’ve been shot * List of Rappers that are dead * Rappers in gangs The ridiculous set of links went on. It is degrading to the Hip Hop community as a whole to be associated with such negativity. I find it quite ironic that mainstream pop artists lack of higher education goes unnoticed, in comparison with rappers. As I continued my research and ignored the ignorance of Google, I found not only rappers who attended college, many who hold degrees from Prestigious Historical Universities. Some names you may expect to have attended college, and others Such as Plies and David Banner, one would have never guessed. David Banner, has two degrees, his Bachelor degree is From Southern University in Business and his Masters of Arts in Education is from the University of Maryland. In college Banner was USGA President and served on a panel before Congress on African American Stereotypes in the media. I wonder what he would say regarding the way the media eliminates the academic success of rap artists. Ludacris graduated Suma Cum Laude from Georgia State University. So although he screams, “move B*&% get out the way. . .” he has credentials to prove his level of academic intelligence. Starting his career of as a DJ he entered his way into the rap game in 2000 and has since made a name for his self with his unique style of delivery. He has also managed to establish a successful acting career for himself landing main or supporting roles in movies such as, The Wash (2001), 2 Fast 2 Furious (2001), Crash (2004), Hustle and Flow (2005) and many more. Talib Kweli studied experimental theatre at NYU. Kweli’s parents are both college professors. This eliminates him from the “growing up in poverty story” that most people think all rappers have. Flavor Flav who is most famous for his gold teeth and enormous clock, did not show any signs of a formal education on his hit show Flavor of Love. After the success of his dating show, anyone who assumed they were someone created a dating show. William Drayton has a degree from Adelphi University and was also a member of the rap group Public Enemy. Drayton’s Partner in crime, Chuck D, also received his degree from Adelphi University in Graphic Design. Not all Rapper’s who attended college graduated with a degree, the importance is the journey they

Art & Entertainment

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kyeSha laShelle

We often find that there is a huge misconception regarding the level of education obtained by Blacks in the Hip-Hop community. Many assume the story is the same for all: growing up in a world filled with crime and poverty - music was their only way out! Who needs a higher education when you have successful artist such as Soulja Boy and Wacka Flacka? Or when one of Hip-Hop’s most influential rapper Kanye West appeared on the scene with College Dropout? I came across a blue paper that read, “Rapper’s who attended college”, and as I begin reading down the list I was honestly surprised by the names that were embedded onto the paper. After overcoming the shock, I instantly became honored to be a member of the Hip Hop community. There are many situations that arise where AfricanAmericans, we are forced to defend our culture and explain the great quality that remains standing. It was then I realized, the Hip Hop community is not so dumb after all. I needed to know more about this topic so I googled “rappers who attended college.” The list of links that appeared after the computer loaded stated:

The Movement’s Affinity with Education

experienced which eventually led them to where they are today. Common attended Florida A&M University. It is safe to categorize Common as a different type of rapper, one who does not fit the “stereo-type” of a rapper. His lyrics, word diction and overall presence informs you of his level of intelligence. Rapper Lil’ Wayne, P.Diddy, Paul Wall, Ice Cube and Plies are a few others who have attended College. With the profession of a rapper being known for having 20-inch rims and whole lot of “bling bling.” My friend and I would always joke around; the value of their “bling bling” could potentially pay our college tuition. Rapper Plies, who studied Nursing, announced at one of his concerts he was sending a female fan to any college in the world. As well all know college is not for everyone, but the “not for everyone” part of the statement does not exclude Hip-Hop artists immediately. Why is it the academia importance of the Hip-Hop community, not just including rappers, seems to be overlooked?

David Banner: Myspace Ludacris :Michael Gibson Talib Kweli: LastFM Plies: Andrew Zaech Lil’ Wayne: LastFM P. Diddy: LastFM Paul Wall: HipHipRec Ice Cube: Toronto Film

the triloGy NewS | February 2011

One Man’s Trash: A Guide to Thrifting in DC
an abundance of racks of clothes. The store makes it easy to find what you are looking for, with racks containing denim, or polo shirts, or dress clothing and suit attire. Some racks are dedicated to specific brands (The Ralph Lauren Polo rack will be revisited by me!) Frugalista contains many clothing options for both males and females, and offers dressing rooms. GoodWood is a different type of second hand store. In contrast to selling second hand clothing items, GoodWood specializes in selling affordable antique furniture located at 1428 U St. in Northwest. Vintage furniture, in addition to having a classic look, are built more stable and offers a green alternative to buying new furniture. The prices in GoodWood are extremely reasonable for furniture. I recommend GoodWood to anyone who doesn’t want their home to have an average look to it. Second Time Around is located at 3289 M St. NW in Georgetown. Second Time Around is a consignment store with apparel dedicated to women. The prices are as great as the array of clothing, with items for the club and

Art & Entertainment

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going to church. In addition to women’s clothing, Second Time Around also sells heels and other women’s dress shoes. It is quite possible to buy a complete outfit in Second Time Around for under $50 and appear to have spent over $100 but that’s because the items they offer often times is worth that much. Other local thrift & consignment stores in DC: Annie Creamcheese 3279 M St. NW Secondhand Rose 516 Wisconsin Ave. NW Nana 1528 U St. NW Junction 1510 U St NW # B Secondi 1702 Connecticut Ave. NW Second Affair Consignments 1904 18th St. NW St Meeps & Aunt Neensie’s Vintage Clothing – 2104 18th St NW

eriC PriCe ii | Staff Writer

About a month ago, my significant other came in town and said we should go thrifting. “Thrifting?” I responded, why would I want to spend a day of buying old clothes no one wants or horrible birthday and Christmas presents people donated just to gain a tax write off? My idea of what a thrift store was adversely skewed by thinking of the clothing items I bagged up and took to the local Salvation Army that helped my mother gain taxes write off. I was pleasantly surprised by our exploits that day. I learned

that thrift stores and consignment stores (second hand stores selling used goods) often sell items which not only are high quality fashion items, but also offer some of the best ways to frugally fill your closet with designers that otherwise would empty your pockets. DC has many thrift and second hand stores all within a short distance of each other and all are accessible by public transportation. Frugalista is a thrift store located at 3069 Mount Pleasant St. NW in the Columbia Heights region of D.C. The interior of the store is nothing fancy. As you walk in see

D.C.’s Hidden Treasures & Cheap Pleasures
rita hollaNd Staff Writer

If you have never been to the U.S. National Arboretum located in Northeast Washington, DC you are missing a pleasant surprise. Sitting among 446 acres of daffodils, azaleas, dogwoods, and holly, lay a gemstone that many people do not know about. It is a place used for scientific and educational purposes for trees, shrubs, and other living plants. It is open everyday of the year except December 25th from 8:00am to 5pm.
MicHael tHoMas / PHotograPHy

Natalee howell } Photographer

the triloGy NewS | February 2011

The District of Couture Why D.C.’s fashion scene deserves more shine
Washington DC, one place that I do not recommend traveling to alone at night. Once you are safely in the building, The Scene is a great venue to showcase fashion, or any art. The show was scheduled to start at 7pm, displaying the paintings of freelance artist Sarah Shuler, but did not officially start until the runway show of Chez Kevito. From the beginning of her show, I felt the energy in the room changing. The collection was simply stunning, and definitely earned the haute couture title. Elaborately sewn pieces with layers of beautiful material and unique style flowed across the runway. She is definitely a designer to watch. The second show I attended was Fashion Fights Poverty (FFP) at the Artisphere in Rosslyn, Virginia. The Artisphere has several rooms that display the work of local artists including photography, paintings and sculptures. The architectural detailing and spacious rooms created a compelling atmosphere to display fashion. FFP also works with students from Woodrow Wilson High School in Washington, DC. Several fashion students were there, observing and enjoying the hectic behind the scenes environment of a fashion show. The show took on a unique approach by not having the traditional runway. Models were paired together on small platforms, which lowered them almost to my eye level. Each model rotated around the room to another platform every few minutes. This helped fashion goers get really close and admire the fine details of each garment. Designers introduced a line of eco-friendly garments by reusing vintage or discarded items to create masterpieces. Any one that wears these clothes can feel that they are promoting an environmentally friendly product while still looking chic and sophisticated. The third show I attended, Nova Fashion Week, was hosted at The Hilton on Seminary Road in Alexandria, Virginia. The show included designers like Natalia Sanz, Ra’monLawrence Coleman, and Durkl. There was a mixture of haute

Art & Entertainment: Style

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Natalee howell Style Editor | Photographer

Washington DC, seems to be an unlikely hub of haute couture. Gucci, Dior, Chanel, Versace and Valentino all conjure images of couture designers well known in cities like Milan, Paris, New York, Tokyo and London. Crime, grandiose federal buildings, and corrupt politicians might easily come to mind when you think of Washington DC, but Washington is steadily establishing itself as a fashion district. Fashion should be thought of as more than wearing the latest trends, but as an understanding of yourself and expressing that self through your personal style. The metropolitan area has a plethora of local designers with distinct talent to satisfy the

myriad of culturally different citizens in the city. Fashion organizers have established three major events with designers that are eager to showcase their work: DC Fashion Week, Northern Virginia (NOVA) Fashion Week and Maryland (MD) Fashion Week. During each week, dozens of shows occur. This fall, I was lucky enough to attend three fashion shows, and I really believe that these designers could define the landscape of fashion in Washington. TiTi, the designer behind Chez Kevito, invited me to attend Fine Art Meets Couture. I first met TiTi at the N street Art Festival a couple months prior and fell in love with her cuff bracelets. The event was hosted at The Scene in NE

couture items and pieces that could be sold as prêtà porter (ready-to-wear) fashions. Each designer had a unique vision for Spring 2011; exhibiting roughly 70 percent fashion for women. Innovative patterns and styles will propel many of these designers, and all that is needed is the support from the community to demand the growth of these shows. Brimming with Washingtonian charm and bustling with life, these fashion shows have added a creative element to our unique city. I am impressed with the level of talent among designers and equally impressed that I don’t have to drive hundreds of miles or fly to another country to get a taste of haute couture. These fashion shows also create a tremendous networking opportunity to help foster relationships between models, designers, make-up artists and photographers. Fashion is not just business suits in Washington DC anymore but a collection of well tailored pieces that could rival New York’s finest.

the triloGy NewS | February 2011

Precious Metals


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Obama administration officials are forecasting that the present economic difficulties of the nation will probably continue well into the year 2012. Unemployment continues to hover around 10%. Housing shows no signs of a meaningful recovery. Job creation has proved elusive and now many Americans are nearing the end of their cash reserves as well as their patience. To make matters worse, Wall Street appears to be in a maintenance mode, not allowing money to trickle-down to Main Street. Small businesses are struggling to hold on, with no apparent intention of hiring or expanding. There is a bright spot in this economic uncertainty: precious metals. Get

over the fear/reluctance to be in possession of actual precious metal and get out there and purchase some if your financial circumstances allow. Hide your metals purchase somewhere, bury it in the backyard but do not put it in a bank safety deposit box. In the event of a bank failure, gaining access to your metals could be problematic. Gold and silver have always been solid investments in times of economic distress, and these times are no different. Be warned that the standard for purity of these metals is “three 9s.” Bullion, coins and bars must be .999 % pure gold, hence 3 nines, to be considered investment grade or commercially viable; the same is true for silver. Gold has reached record

prices for several consecutive weeks of trading. It is now on the verge of an all-time high of $1300 per ounce. Informed analysts are predicting $ 2000/oz in the near future. Ironically, gold is being coaxed out of the hands of consumers by companies dedicated to purchasing the metal directly from them; recall the TV commercials asking for gold jewelry to be sent to them in exchange for cash. Avoid the temptation to part with what is defined as gold “in tight hands.” It may be impossible to by that same gold back at a later date. Nonetheless, the interest in gold is well deserved; it has always been a hedge against inflation and financial instability. Gold bars, coins and ingots are

all available for purchase by the ordinary person. Taxes on these purchases are negligible. It is important however, to avoid scams by buying precious metals from reputable dealers. Gold buying is an expensive undertaking and a balanced investment portfolio, according to specialists, would require that about 20% of an individual’s assets be in these metals. Personal circumstances will dictate how much to purchase. Market analysts agree though, that silver is a better investment than gold. Silver has industrial uses as well as consumer uses, placing its importance, but not its dollar value, ahead of that of gold. Since September 2005, silver has tripled in price while the price of

gold has approximately doubled. A $5 increase in silver/oz would mean a 25% increase on potential return. It would require a $325 increase in gold’s price to produce the same 25% return over a 5 year period. It’s a matter of proportion and that’s why silver is the better investment for the average person. Even more important, silver requires less capital to secure a meaningful position in the metal. An investment of $10,000 would purchase approximately 455 ounces of silver at the 9/22/2010 price. The same investment would purchase 7.69 ounces of gold. Clearly the greatest potential for profit is in silver. Consider buying circulated pre-1965, United States, 90% silver coins. These are commonly referred to as junk silver coins because they have no collector value. This kind of coin is actually a bullion silver investment because a $1000 face (bag) yields right at 715 ounces of pure silver. Yield ratios differ according to the type of silver coin being refined. Simply do the math and examine the possibilities. Whether or not to own precious metals is a very personal decision…but gold and silver have never failed to protect their owners from catastrophic loss and they have always stayed ahead of paper money with respect to true value. Hedge funds and institutional investors understand that clearly and are wasting no time buying as much of these metals as they deem prudent.

the triloGy NewS | February 2011

I. B. Thinking... About Finances

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The Spirit of Christmas Past
Yes, we realize it’s late...
With the holiday season in full swing, merchants are pleading with consumers to come into their stores and buy something…buy anything. The Madison Avenue advertising machine is in overdrive. And there are bargains out there. The problem is that, in the main, consumers are reluctant to spend their hard-earned cash on discretionary purchases. Millions of homes are in foreclosure. Millions of Americans are unemployed. Under those circumstances, it is difficult to get into the “Holiday Mood.” Its’ not just about feeling the Christmas spirit; it’s the overwhelming lack of cash that makes the celebratory aspect of the holidays a distant memory. Ron Paul, politician and critic of the American economic system, offers an interesting observation. He points out that, 1) the top 1% of the population of America owns 38.1% of all United States assets, 2) the top 96-99% own 21.3%, 3) the top 90-95% own 11.5% of all U.S. assets. Toward the bottom it gets ugly. Here’s the deal…the bottom 40% owns 0.2% of all of America’s wealth. Visualize this…if everyone in America were lined up against an imaginary one dollar bill which had been converted to pennies, 40% of the people would be forced to share 2/10ths of a single penny. Get the picture? While sobering, these numbers appear to be consistent with most estimates of wealth distribution in the United States. It should be clear now why so many Americans are constructively “broke,” “busted,” “insolvent,” or whatever. A significant portion of Americans, whether employed or unemployed, have no tangible wealth and have no idea of how to acquire it. Since the richestAmericans are not offering any classes in “how grow wealthy and powerful,” it’s essentially every man for himself and God for us all. God may protect the people, but he might not be inclined to intervene in their financial affairs anytime soon. Poor circumstances are just assumed to be a necessary by-product of the free enterprise system. Of necessity, there will be winners and losers. But in today’s economy well connected winners can lose and still be winners (bailouts). When average people are losers (job loss and unemployment checks) they sink further into hardship and deprivation. Remember now…manageable unemployment in the economy is 4% to 4.5%. In the black community unemployment is now an alarming 20% to 25%. The present nationwide level is hovering around 10% and is projected to persist at that level for the near future. The U.S. has a consumer-based economy. The America public is expected to consistently purchase retail goods and in doing so, keep the system humming right along. It’s critical that the masses spend beyond their means during the Holiday Season, urged on by slick commercials designed and intended to induce demand. Retailers live and die by holiday receipts. Typically they make 20% to 40% of their annual sales from November1 to December 31 of each year. This year however, that mark may just be wishful thinking on the part of the merchants. Consumers are reluctant to spend their money. Their circumstances are too uncertain. This year, the stark reality of hard times is having a chilling effect on the shopping season. Just remember that tough times do not last, but tough people do… Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year to all of those who still remember the good ole “shop until you drop” days.

the triloGy NewS | February 2011

Campus News: Business

Page 24

What Happened in Financial Aid?

From the desk of Ms. A. Waterman


1. Flexible office hours at CCDC to accommodate hours of operation at CCDC
2. Name Tags for front desk employees to ensure students know with whom they are speaking 3. Customer Service training for every financial aid office staff person 4. Removal of undergraduate student workers from Office of Financial Aid
ayeSha N. johNSoN | Editor-In-Chief

Sitting in Ms. Waterman’s office, one could forget how chaotic last semester was for most students regarding financial aid. I did not receive my refund check until the 23rd of December, and a handful of students have yet to receive their funds from the fall semester. I recently spoke with her about the financial fiasco and other issues regarding the financial aid department. As she finished up reports and inquiries from her staff Jill Scott oozed from the radio a stark contrast from the crowds on the second floor of building 39. During a very long talk, Ms. Waterman explained the details behind what forced many students to choose

between class and rent. The Switch to Direct Loans & Avoiding Problems in the Future Life as a financial aid counselor changed drastically after June 2010, when the federal government decided that student loans could be offered at lower interest rates to students by eliminating banks from the equation. This created a larger workload for the counselors with no additional staff. Another hurdle the counselors have to overcome was an antiquated information management system, SIS+. With SIS, counselors had to review each file individually; the system also didn’t show all completed promissory notes. The Department of Education came

in and “ordered” the processing and as of January 7, 2011, there were fewer than 100 files unprocessed students that missed documents and/or the deadline. To further the problem, checks were being generated from Banner but student information was still in SIS+; this caused checks to be mailed to incorrect addresses, returned to student accounts, downtown and back to the university. All administrative problems are always answered touting Banner as a savior; the financial aid department is no different. In the meantime, processing for spring was done last fall and financial awards are to be processed after the “add and drop” period, approxi-

mately January 17, 2011, excluding new and transfer students.

A Student Demands Answers

Alex Garrett Contributing Writer

When entering the financial aid office in building 39 on the first floor, you‘ll get the since you just entered hell because most of the staff has a horrible disposition; for example, when you enter the financial aid office the first person you’ll see is a student with an expression on her that only Medusa could love. As you approach the desk, the student’s eyes roll back up into her head, while taken to process flames flow from their financial aid her mouth, “Can I forms. help you,” she says. Even though the

expression on her face looks like she is telling you, “I hate you for coming in this office because I really do not want to work but I’ll talk about your finances to all my friends and demons.” The days of staff members with horrible dispositions are soon to end because of the decisions of the university administration. Associate Vice President of Enrollment Management, Ms. Ann- Marie Waterman, plans to replace undergraduates with graduate workers and staff members will soon have nametags so students can identify them. The department will distribute a flow chart that will demonstrate the steps that are

5. Streamline daily operations to improve financial aid processing, student interactions with financial aid counselors, and improve timeliness of services and reduce wait time for students 6. Streamline Student Employment Programs to provide faster orientation and assignments for workers and on-campus offices 7. Redesign and revamp Financial Aid website to include interactive and downloadable standardized forms 8. Expand student e-communications to include email and text blasts with timely notifications of important financial aid deadlines, and other information 9. Provide additional work shops on completing the FAFSA for new applicants, navigating the financial aid process and improving financial literacy 10. Revise scholarship application and awarding processes 11. Create other opportunities for students to report poor customer service experiences directly to Associate Vice President for Enrollment Management

the triloGy NewS | February 2011

Why the student Senate submitted a referrendum to impeach President Layne

Clash in the USGA!

Campus News: Politics

Page 25

ayeSha N. johNSoN Editor-In-Chief
In a unanimous vote the Undergraduate Student Government Association’s (USGA) Senate presented a referendum to petition the impeachment of Racquel Layne, President of the USGA. Layne was first appointed presidency during the 20082009 term, when President Sean Fuller was removed from office. In fact, a constituency only elected Layne during the 2009-2010 school year, although she has served as USGA president for 2.5 terms due to an election fiasco last September. Plans for another election were not advertised to the students of the University as of February 7, 2011. January 6, 2011 the student Senate sent shockwaves through the department of Student Affairs when they presented the referendum that “President Racquel Layne conspired with others to intentionally mislead the Undergraduate Student Government Association and UDC Student population by manipulating documentation regarding the Undergraduate

Student Government budget and the allocation of student fees and connections to the mismanagement of student funds for Executive Branch organized events in the fall semester of 2010-2011 … Whereas: Racquel Layne harmed the Universities interests of Flagship and Community College and its students, including organizing homecoming and off campus events without Student Senate input and spending student allocated fees from the Community College budget without consulting the Chief Executive Officer Jonathon Guevara and Acting Director of the Student Success Team Yolanda Barbier; Whereas: Raquel Layne has spent of approximately $1,000,000 in student fees since 2008 when Racquel Layne became the USGA President including $25,000 in the Fall 2010-2011 semester for perks and incentives for the Executive Branch of USGA, money that could be spent providing massive increases to in funding for students services; the loss of USGA readiness due to overextension and damaged recruitment capabil-

ity; and future political and security blowback created by Executive Malfeasance; and Whereas: Racquel Layne conspired with others to strip Flagship students, including CCDC students, of constitutional rights by ordering unreasonable executive orders, indefinite executive branch programs without adequate advertisement, without notice and without allowing UDC Students the opportunity to appear before approval and passage of these events to challenge the detention based merely on discretionary designation by the President of any UDC Student as an “enemy combatant” in violation of several laws within the USGA Constitution; and Whereas: Racquel Layne acted contrary to the public trust, subversive of constitutional government and the student code of conduct, and to the injury of the United States citizens including the University of The District of Columbia student body, especially by fueling hatred toward the other branches and making it difficult for those students to do their job effectively; then Be it therefore resolved: That

the USGA Student Senate recognize that the deeds of Racquel Layne by violating her oath of office to protect and defend the Constitution and engaging in high crimes and misdemeanors, warrant impeachment and her immediate removal from office. Be it further resolved: That the USGA Student Senate sponsor a referendum for the UDC student body to decide on this resolution and if passed, the UDC Student Senate lobby for Judicial Affairs to initiate proceedings for the investigation of Racquel Layne, to the end that she may be impeached and removed from office.” Layne, in a response document submitted on January 10, 2011, requested a ratified USGA constitution, on which the statements were based, stating that she was denied due process because she did not have a copy. Layne also vehemently denied 24 hours being enough time to respond to the referendum, misleading the UDC population and the ability to manipulate the budget and allocation fees. She went on to state, “upon information and belief, the President of USGA

is not required to obtain input from the Senate or consult with Jonathan Guevara [Chief Executive Officer] or Yolanda Barbier [Acting Director of the Student Success Team]” and as of September 2010 she presided over the students at the community college, since they were still considered among the “general population” of the Flagship university. Furthermore, the USGA president asserted that “… any money spent during my presidency was duly executed by the requisite authorizing and approving signatories.” Layne’s document categorically denied each allegation in the referendum, except those in paragraph six which was “far too vague for a response” and requested further information before she would respond. Her document closed by saying, “I strongly advise the authors to immediately withdraw the allegations, and I further demand a written apology.” At the time this article was written, the USGA and the Student Senate were on a suppression order and were unavailable for further comment.

StaNd uP for ameriCa / illuStratioN

the triloGy NewS | February 2011

Bakara yakuB Staff Writer

Body Can Heal

Health & Wellness

Page 26

Obama administration officials are forecasting There was a recent story on CNN about a woman who severed her fingertip the doorway of her home. She was told by emergency room and several other doctors that healing her pinky would require further amputation then sewing the severed tip back on. Deciding that their recommendation would not be the best solution, she set out on a journey of discovery. She came across the website of the physician who had pioneered a regenerative tissue procedure, she emailed him and received a positive response back from his colleague. And the rest was herstory. With the help of that physician she was able to regenerate her fingertip. As someone who had developed health issues by my late twenties, I too visited many doctors in an attempt to get well. Upon a visit to a respiratory specialist, who was a chronic smoker and was puffing on a cigarette during our entire consultation; it occurred to me that something was wrong with that picture so I began to seek alternative methods of dealing with my health. A friend referred me to an Iridologist—are practitioners who uses an iris color chart to determine or distinguish between health organs and body systems and those that are unhealthy—diseased or inflamed. She was able to diagnose everything that was happening in my body by reading my eyes. It is an Ancient Healing Art(Science), matching what they observe in your iris to that on the color chart, to find imbalances. Ancient Ancestors considered the eyes to be very informative, they viewed the eyes as the mirror to the soul. During the past twenty years I have struggled to overcome my ignorance, and change social practices and behavior patterns that had undermined the balance of the body and

bring on a diseased state. I have learned that I am the one who should know more about what is going on with my body than any other person or machine. I have learned to assume responsibility for my well-being. And You Can Too! Exploring the Ancient African Healing Arts(Science), which were based on the physical(body), mental(mind) and spiritual(alignment with nature) are important elements of wellness. Ancient healers viewed dis-ease as the body’s way of exhibiting an imbalance. Healing principles were studied, understood and practiced by the entire society. Through holistic healing practices the average life of an African could span up to 120 years. Women didn’t enter menopause until they were in their 70s or 80s. Historically non-holistic methods have been used to translate, acculturate, fragment and therefore discredit ancient healing systems. This non-holistic medium

is now called modern medicine. In this system information is kept secret from the masses and applied as the doctor sees fit, thus creating an industry. What has been defined as health care is really diseased care, and without disease there is no profit generated for this industry. Hence, the necessity to dismiss and reject alternative methods of healing work in the best interest of maintaining modern medical conventions. Profiteers are doing everything in their power to keep us all stranded in an ideology that, according to Mike Adams, “treats the body like a chemical battleground and [attacks] every disease with a patented pharmaceutical.” What makes an individual healthy—free from disease? It is YOU and your food choices. Choosing a contemporary junk food diet, which is based upon highly refined, processed, genetically altered and synthetically chemicalized (non) foods, is like choosing to starve yourself to death. The

most damaging products of a junk food diet are bleached white flour and white sugar. They have no nutrients or fiber—digestible roughage cleans the digestive organs and leaves the body rapidly. White flour contains alum— a chemical compound bleach and other chemicals to sustain its shelf life. Refined white sugar, with all of its additives, is addictive and increases the sugar in the body beyond its natural level. This can result in diabetes, high blood pressure, nerve and brain damage, kidney failure and eye deterioration. Fried food, which is very prevalent in a junk food diet is also damaging. They are non digestible, constipating and only partially absorbed by the body. Additionally, drugs such as preservatives and dyes further denatures food and may interfere with our cognitive ability—the range of our thoughts—as well as our wellness. Even the Center for Disease Control (CDC) recognizes that poor nutrition is one of the common causes respon-

sible for illnesses related to the chronic disease system. Historical research has revealed that ancient societies ate whole foods, a vast variety of raw fruits and vegetables, nuts, herbs and a small amount of cooked foods. While most people desire to live long healthy lives very few are willing to make the commitment necessary for changing their behavior. It isn’t until they are faced with a state of disease that they take wellness seriously, and often times, it is too late. Whole foods are medicine, and your medicine is whole foods. Giving your body proper nutrition will help to reduce the effect of other toxins in your environment—chemicals, radiation from computers, television, cell phones, racism, sexism, financial debt etc. Exercise—which does not have to be strenuous—adequate sleep, time spent in nature—the outdoors—will complement a whole food diet and unleash the healing powers vital to the spirit, mind, and body.

the triloGy NewS | February 2011

Are You Thirsty?

Health & Wellness

Page 27

Bakara yakuB Staff Writer

The more we learn about the contaminants in our drinking water and waterways the less we should take for granted or assume the abundance of safe clean drinking water, which is emblematic of all living things, including the human body. On average the human body requires about half of its body weight in water consumption each day to maintain optimum health. Scientist and healthcare professionals have concluded that the human body is composed of approximately 75% water. The muscles which move our body, are made up of 75-85% water; the blood which transports vital nutrients to the organs in our body is 90% water; the lungs which supply oxygen to our body is 90% water; the control center of the body—the brain—is composed of 80% water; the liver which detoxifies our

body is 71 % water, the spleen is 75 % water, the lymph is 94% water, the bones in our body are 13% water, the teeth are 10% water, etc... The point is drinking clean water is key in cohesive body functions. Original Graphic bragg. com/books/wtst_excerpt. html Considering that the human body is made up of two-thirds water, keeping it hydrated is an essential defense in the prevention of many diseases or chronic illnesses such as, heartburn—which is a signal that there is a shortage of water in the gastrointestinal track, arthritis—an indication from the Rheumatoid joints that there is a shortage of water, lower back pains— also a signal there is a shortage of water—in the spinal column and discs, so and so forth. Common illnesses like, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, asthma, colitis, migraines, angina, gallstones, etc…

metabolism. Drinking liquid beverages appears to be the most common but not necessarily the most hydrating for the body. Yes we have all heard it many times before, increase your daily consumption of fruits and vegetables. So instead of reaching for a cup of coffee, tea or a soda, why not reach for that piece of watermelon or cucumber, which both contain 97% water. Why not bite into an uncooked tomato or zucchini or add them to a mixed green salad composed of 95% water. Dr. Batmanghelidj and other healthcare professionals recommend that twenty percent of an individual’s total daily water intake should come from whole foods— unrefined and unprocessed foods [preferable organic]. A little side note: almost every food contains some level of fluid. No one would argue the Quenching an inner thrust can also take the paths benefits of staying hydratof food consumption or ed. For one, water acts as an are often diagnosed as conditions treatable only with the use of pharmaceutical drugs or surgical procedures. To the contrary, as Dr. Batmanghelidj concluded in his book, “Your Body’s Many Cries for Water,” these conditions can be treated with daily increases in water consumption. If you think about it, that makes perfect sense, considering the twothirds water composition of the human body. Bearing in mind that the body looses water, through sweating, urinating, feces elimination, even breathing, and its daily replacement is crucial for regulating the body’s temperature, carrying nutrients throughout the body, aiding in digestion, and eliminating waste and toxins, just to name a few functions.

appetite suppressant—facilitating weight loss. It revitalizes skin tissues, moisturizes and increases the elasticity of the skin—giving a more youthful appearance. Water increases alertness and concentration; it helps the body fight off disease and common ailments—it strengthens the immune system. Ingesting significant amounts of uncontaminated water makes the body feel energized. However, with the presence of chemical compounds, radiation, feces, and other contaminants in our water, bodily functions are impaired. What was once thought of in theoretical terms has now come into fruition—the occurrence of disease linked to drinking tap water. Even in small amounts, drinking contaminated water, an individual begins to experience chronic health problems such as, liver and kidney damage, bladder malfunction, depression, nervous system disorders, a weakened immune system, birth defects, low infertility rates, cancer, etc… Faced with the complex problem of purifying water, many healthcare professionals recommend that individuals take matters into their own hands and turn to the use of activated carbon filters—a home system or sink or shower facet mounts—a reverse osmosis filtration system or distillation. There are a range of personal home water filters, purifiers, and distillers on the market today. Most quality filtration systems use a combination of techniques to achieve the best results. Unfortunately, there is no one filter or purification systems that will completely eliminate every known contaminant from our water, but implementing anyone of these methods is a good step in the right direction.

the triloGy NewS | February 2011

Happy Black History Month
sions were chivalrous, providing the public with a consciously thoughtful celebration of African History should entail not just celebrating African people as a race who produced a few great men and women but as an acknowledgement of a history which is produced by all African people. When we celebrate African American history it should not be just in terms of celebrating those who have sacrificed and struggled on our behalf. History should be an instruction and a transformation into concrete lessons of reality in planning and future development to ensure our survival as a people. If we—African Americans—are to accurately honor our ancestors and commemorate historical events (celebrate Black history), we must first take a realistic look at our history as a whole, allowing for an examination of the psychological results of undergoing certain previous experiences. It should allow for the examination of the nature and condition of slavery including the mental stability and characteristics

Page 28

A Conscious Celebration of Black History Month
Bakara yakuB | Staff Writer

Armed with scholarly tools— research, writing, and the recognition of the value of engaging in public discourse—Carter G. Woodson set out on a mission to counter the white racial bigotry (racism, social ridicule, humiliation, loss of economic and social status, etc…) used to rationalize a history of oppression of Black people in America, and to dispel the myths and falsehoods

depicted about African people and their descendents. With the idea that Black people needed to be honored for their contributions to American society and that Black heritage needed to be celebrated on a national level, Negro History Week was launched in February, 1926. By the 1930’s Negro History Week proved to be more of a force than Woodson ever expected, and with its commercializa-

tion people of all races began popping up everywhere taking advantage of the public interest in Negro history, including publishing houses that had no prior interest in Black authors, let alone Black history, were then compelled to print books and other material regarding Black issues—topics—in an effort to market them to schools or the general public. A l t h o u g h Woodson’s inten-

of the slave-master—a topic very seldom discussed. History is not only written in a book it embodies every facet of life. It is the foundation for self-creation, selfunderstanding, self-knowledge, self-confidence, self-control, selfrealization and acceptance, and a basis for self-criticism. Our history must be rediscovered, re-examined, and re-integrated by and for African peoples. We must put our history within our reach and its importance emphasized. It must be intimately and inextricably entwined within everything we do— represented in our language, behavior, education, the rearing of our children, in our homes, on the walls of our community, on our streets, etc.... We must take the information and transform it to our advantage so that we are able to relate and deal with the world on our terms. That would be a celebration befitting of African American History.

AyeshA N. JohNsoN / Trilogy

the triloGy NewS | February 2011

Happy Black History Month

Page 29

Rise of the True Reformers
Michael F. Thomas | Contributing Writer

With one hundred members Browne launched the Grand Fountain (lodge). He proposed to reform the whole (insurance) society management of the Negro race which he caught a lot of resistance for being overly arrogant. The savings bank of the Grand Fountain of the United Order of True Reformer was incorporated in Virginia on March 2, 1888 and in 1892 the real estate department was established. By 1900, their total value of assessed property was $223,500. In January 1893 they began publishing a bimonthly newspaper, eventually becoming weekly and by 1900 had a circulation of over 8,000. They also began fund raising for Old Folks Homes. Their real estate ventures helped establish the True Reformers as a model of self-sufficiency for other organizations. After Browne died from cancer in the same year, the United Order of True Reformers was run by committee. By the beginning of the twentieth century, the True Reformers had established branches in twentyfour states and had paid out more than one million dolNATAlee howell / Trilogy

lars in death benefits. In 1902, at 12th and U streets in Washington, D.C., the True Reformers erected a five-story edifice designed by black architect John Lankford, built by a black construction firm, and financed solely by African Americans. The first floor was used for commercial and retail space, and physicians and lawyers rented the upper floors. In the basement was an armory and drill room used by Washington’s black National Guard unit. For the building’s dedication ceremony in July 1903, U.S. president Theodore Roosevelt sent the group written congratulations for erecting the structure without incurring any debt, stating: “No one can watch with more interest than I do the progress of the colored race; and with the colored man as with the white man, the first step must be to show his ability to take care of himself and those dependent on him.”
This story was extracted from a longer essay available at http://



FOR MORE INFORMATION: call: 202.274.5574



the triloGy NewS | February 2011

Alum Achiever: Michael Marshall, Architect
Michael Marshall began his studies at the University of the District of Columbia in 1975 at the transition from the Washington Technical Institute in Architecture Engineering Technology. After two years, he transferred to The Catholic University of America (CUA) where he obtained his Bachelor of Science Degree in Architecture, with school recognitions that included the American Institute of Architects (AIA) Scholarship Award and membership to the Phi Eta Sigma Honor Society. During his time at Catholic, Michael participated in the Summer Foreign Studies Program and spent time in Italy and England. After graduating from CUA, he attended the Yale University School of Architecture’s Master’s program, where internationally recognized architects, Frank Gehry and James Stirling, were his studio professors. After obtaining his Master’s Degree in Architecture from Yale, Michael worked for Hartman-Cox Architects and Ward-Hale, both located in Georgetown, Washington, DC. After apprenticing in these firms, Michael won a Graham Foundation Fellowship and lived in Italy for a year, studying modern Italian painting and architecture. Upon his return to the States, he established his own practice. Founded in Washington, DC, in 1989, Michael Marshall Architecture has successfully completed the commissions on a wide range of building types, including residential, commercial, corporate, cultural, urban design, and mixed-use developments. Michael’s skills have facilitated numerous successful partnerships with developers, architects, governmental agencies, and private companies. He served on the St. Albans School Building Committee, and the National Cathedral Building and Grounds Committee. Michael has also served on the old Convention Center Redevelopment Task Force. Michael Marshall Architecture has collaborated with internationally known architectural firms such as Richard Rogers and Partners on the Old Convention Center site; Gensler on the Howard University Town Center mix-used development; and Jean Nouvel for the RFQ of the Smithsonian’s National Museum of African American Culture and History. Currently the firm is partnered with Cannon Design for the RFP of the University of the District of Columbia Student Center and is the Interior Architect for the historic Howard Theatre Renovation.

The Firebird Spirit

Page 32

Michael Marshall, AIA, NOMA

Make a Statement With Classic Winter Neutrals

Firebird Fashions:

Natalee howell | Photographer/ Style Hunter

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