MANUFACTURING AND PRODUCTION INFORMATION SYSTEM

SHIBA SANKAR BEHERA

RAVENSHAW MANAGEMENT CENTRE, CUTTACK PRESENTED BY
Manisha Das Kusum Sahoo Manideepa Ganguly Laxmi Samanta Lipsa Rajanigandha MD Siraj Alam

OBJECTIVE OF MANUFACUTRING AND PRODUCTION INFORMATION SYSTEM
y y

y y y

It is responsible for actually producing the firm·s goods and services. This system deals with planning, development & maintenance of production facilities. Establishment of production goals The acquisition, storage and availability of production materials. Scheduling of euipment,facilities,materials and labor required to fashion finished products.

EXAMPLE OF MANUFACTURING AND PRODUCTION INFORMATION SYSTEMS
SYSTEM Machine control Production Planning DESCRIPTION Controls the action of machine and equipment GROUPS SERVED Operational management

Decides when and how Middle management many products should be produced Decides where to locate Senior management new production facilities

Facilities Location

SOME OTHER TYPES OF MANUFACTURING AND PRODUCTION SYSTEMS
Production scheduling: This system schedules the use of manufacturing facilities to produce products most efficiently. Material requirements planning (MRP): The purpose of this system is to determine what parts and materials will be needed during the manufacturing process and when they will be needed. Manufacturing resource planning (MRP II): This system is called MRP II to distinguish it from materials requirements planning. It combines MRP with production schedul­ing and other functions in a comprehensive manufacturing information system.

CONTD.
Just-in-time (JIT) inventory management: This system is a form of inventory control in which parts and materials are scheduled to arrive from suppliers just before they are needed in the manufacturing process. Computer-aided design (CAD): This system involves using computers to assist in the design of products to be manufactured. Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM): This system involves using computers to control machines in the manufacturing process

An MRP System
Customer order file Sales forecast file Finishedgoods inventory file Production capacity file
1.Production scheduling system

Bill of material file

3. Capacity requirements planning

Purchasing system

Order release report

Master production schedule

2. Material requirements planning system

Planned order schedule

4.Order release system

Planning reports

Order release report

Raw materials inventory file

Performance reports Exception reports Changes to planned orders

Shop floor control system

Material Requirements Planning (MRP)
Components: y 1. Production scheduling system -produces a master production schedule that encompasses the longest lead time plus the longest production time. y 2. MRP system -- explodes the bill of materials. Converts the gross requirements into the net requirements.
y

MRP Components (continued)
3. Capacity requirements planning system works with MRP system to keep production within plant capacity. Produces outputs: reports and planned order schedule. y 4. Order release system produces reports for shop floor and purchasing.
y

Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP(MRP-II)
The purpose is to integrate MRP with all systems that affect materials management y Organizational systems y Accounting information system
y

An MRP II System
Executive information system Other functional information systems

Order entry
Material requirements planning

Purchasing

Billing

Receiving

Accounts receivable

General ledger

Accounts payable

SOME OTHER TYPES OF MANUFACTURING AND PRODUCTION SYSTEMS CONTD. Robotics:This system uses computer-controlled robots in the manufacturing process
Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM): This system combines many of the other manufacturing systems into a single system. Supply-chain management: This system manages the movement of materials and products from suppliers through manufacturing and distribution to retailers

A Model of a Manufacturing System
Input subsystems
Accounting information system Internal sources Industrial engineering system Environmental sources Manufacturing intelligence subsystem

Output subsystems
Production subsystem

Data Information

D A T A B A S E

Inventory subsystem Users Quality subsystem

Cost subsystem

Input Subsystem
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The Accounting Information System gathers internal data describing the manufacturing operation and environmental data that describes the firm·s transactions with its suppliers. The Industrial Engineering Subsystem consists of special data-gathering projects from inside the firm. It provides proper production standards. The manufacturing Intelligence Subsystem gathers data from the environment. The data collected includes recent updates from the activities of labor unions and suppliers.

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Output Subsystem
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The Production Subsystem measures the production process in terms of Time i.e. tracking the work flow step by step. The Inventory Subsystem measures the production process in terms of Volume of production ² transformation of raw materials in to finished products. The Quality Subsystem measures the quality of materials as they are transformed during the production process. The Cost Subsystem monitors and measures the cost required during the production process.

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INVENTORY SYSTEM USED BY MANUFACTURING AND PRODUCTION SYSTEM

CONCLUSION
More efficient use of resources. y Better priority planning y Better management information y Improved customer service
y

yTHANK YOU

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