In Arabic verbs take their infinitive form by using the past form of that verb and conjugate it to the

third person
singular “he”, to make it simple here is an example: to draw = rasama = -~ر (he drew), to write = kataba (he wrote)
= ~-آ. daraba ب:~ (to hit)…
Most verbs in Arabic have a three letters root or stem, there are also verbs containing more than three letters in
their root (stem) but we will start with verbs shaving a three consonant stem, also called trilateral verbs, since the
trilateral verbs (containing three consonant) are the most common.
In Arabic we use a “masdar” “source” to show how a verb is conjugated and what forms it takes, normally for a
three letters verb we use:
fa’ala = J·- = to do (literally in Arabic it means “he did”), this verb is used as an example or model to help us
know how to conjugate other verbs having the same characteristics.
We take for instance the verb: to draw = rasama = -~ر as you can see it in Arabic it has only three consonant (R ر ,
S س, M م), this verb sounds exactly like our model verbs (fa’ala J·-) when it comes to its vowels, and that’s all we
care about, ignore the similarity or difference in the consonants, what matters is the similarity in the vowels and the
number of letters, because you will replace the consonant in our examples and put your own there, to make it more
simple we will take a random word phonetically similar to our verb “fa’ala” “ lalala” sounds like “rasama” if you
compare its vowels and the number of consonants, other examples are: dahaba ~هذ (to go), haraba ب:ه (to run
away), kataba ~-آ (to write), nasaha *~- (to advise), daraba ب:~ (to hit), in fact most Arabic verbs are formed this
way. They all seem to have the same tune.
Now to form the present tense with this kind of verbs, we first take our stem from the verb, in other words, extract
all vowels from the verb, for example the verb to draw = rasama, once we extract all vowels we will end up having
“rsm” , now this stem is ready to be modeled. Look at the table below:

Arabic Present tense:
To form the present tense in Arabic you need to extract the stem from the verb in the infinitive first, for example:
To draw = rasama -~ر Stem is rsm, now let’s look at the table below to see how this verb is conjugated in this
tense:

Present Tense in Arabic
Singular Dual Plural
I draw = arsumu

you draw (singular masculine)
=tarsumu

you draw (singular feminine)
=tarsumeena

he draws = yarsumu

she draws = tarsumu

you draw (dual male or female)
=tarsumani

they draw (dual male or female)
=yarsumani

we draw = narsumu

you draw (plural masculine)
=tarsumuna

your draw (plural feminine)
= tarsumna

they draw (plural masculine)
=yarsumuna

they draw (plural feminine)
=yarsumna


Each form of the verb rasama above contains:
Blue font (that’s what you need to keep, the blue font shouldn’t be modified or removed from verb, it stays
the same)
Red font (that’s what you need to delete and add your own consonant of the verb you chose to conjugate:
kataba ktb, haraba hrb…)
Green font (you can keep that one too, but not all the time, sometimes it becomes “a” or “i” instead of “u”
depending on the verb)
You may have noticed that the “rs” of the stem “rsm” are always together, that’s the case with all trilateral verbs
(verbs with three consonants, which are the most frequently used verbs in Arabic) the first and second consonant
go together, so you can use this table with other verbs as well by replacing the letters in red (the stem we used
before) and put your own verb stem instead.
The vowel in green may change to “a” or “i” depending on the verb, like for example for the verb nasaha (to
advise) instead of using the “u” in green we have to change it to “a” I advise = ansahu, you advise = tansahu…(and
not ansuhu .. tansuhu) and so on… (Note that the stem here is “n.s.h” as we mentioned earlier), for the verb daraba
(to hit) we use “i” instead, I hit = adribu, he hits = yadribu. (and not adrubu)…
In case you think that this is too complicated, I will tell you that it’s not something unusual, and if you’re a native
or learned Spanish, French, German or even English before, you will notice that the vowels in the middle of some
verbs sometimes don’t really follow the rule, Examples:
Spanish: yo hablo = I speak, if you follow this rule you would use yo dormo for the verb dormir, but instead
Spanish is using yo duermo = I sleep
French: the verb “appeler” if you respect the French rules you may write: je m’appele = my name, but instead the
correct form is “je m’appelle” with “ll”
German: the verb “sehen” to see, by following the general German rule we should write: he sees = er seht, but
instead the correct form is er sieht.
English: simply take the verb “to go” I go, you go, he gos? Of course not, the right form is he goes as you know.
All these examples are not considered irregularities but semi irregularities, which means that they’re modified only
for phonetic and synthetic reasons).

If you don’t know how to extract the stem from a verb (even though it’s very easy) we will go through it now: by
omitting all vowels from these verbs we will have: dhb = dahaba ~هذ (to go), hrb = haraba ب:ه (to run
away), ktb = kataba ~-آ (to write),nsh = nasaha *~- (to advise), drb = daraba ب:~ (to hit). Easy!

Note that the second person singular masculine “you” is conjugated the same way the third person singular
feminine “she” does. Tarsumu = you draw (singular masculine) and also means she draws.

If you scroll down to the bottom of this page you will find a list of 122 trilateral verbs, they will help you
train yourself conjugate them to the right tense.

The past Tense in Arabic:
To form the past tense in Arabic you need to extract the stem from the verb in the infinitive first, for example:
To write = kataba stem is ktb, now let’s look at the table below to see how this verb is conjugated in this tense:

Past Tense in Arabic
Singular Dual Plural
I wrote = katabtu

you wrote (singular masculine)
=katabta

you wrote (singular feminine)
= katabti

he wrote = kataba

she wrote = katabat

you wrote (dual male or female)
=katabtumaa

they wrote (dual male or female)
=katabaa

we wrote = katabna

you wrote (plural masculine)
=katabtum

your wrote (plural feminine)
=katabtunna

they wrote (plural masculine)
=katabou

they wrote (plural feminine)
= katabna


This is very easy and simple! You can put almost all trilateral Arabic verbs in this table. First take the verb you
want to conjugate, extract all its 3 consonants, put them in place of the 3 red consonant on the table above. As you
may have noticed, look at how the three consonants are spread in the word katabtu, consonant+ vowel+ consonant+
vowel+ consonant…
I will make the same note I made before in the present tense, you will have to change the vowel in the green font
into “i”, the only difference this time is that you won’t have to do it that often as the case with the present tense,
because the “a” is more used. Do you remember the two verbs (to advise = nasaha, and to hit = daraba) that we
conjugated differently in the present tense, in the past tense they can be conjugated the same way as rasama &
kataba , like I said before many verbs will follow the general rules of the table above when it comes to the past
tense unlike the present tense.
To conjugate your own trilateral verb into the past tense go to the table and have your verb stem ready (don’t tell
me you forgot how to make a stem from a trilateral verb)
It should contain three consonant and no vowels, if you want to conjugate it in the paste tense then replace the first
consonant on the table above in red “k” with the first consonant of the stem you have of your own verb, then
replace “t” with the second consonant you have, finally replace “b” with the last consonant you have, and that’s it!
Example: I wrote = katabtu , if you want to use “I went” (1 step is to find the verb to go in the Arabic infinitive: the
verb is dahaba = to go, 2: the stem is dhb, 3: omit the (k, t, b) stem in the table above and put yours, you will easily
get dahabtu!!)
Note: in case you’re confused whether to replace the “a” in the green font with “i” or not, I would just tell you that
if you’re a beginner just leave the “a”, because “a” is the most common, but I would also suggest to read more
about the forms that most of verbs take so that you will easily decide whether to put “a” or “i” when conjugating
verbs into the past tense in Arabic.

If you are looking for a more extensive Arabic course, we recommend Breaking The Arabic Code


Future Tense in Arabic:

To form the Arabic future tense simply use: sa or sawfa + (the verb in present tense).
Examples: sa aktubu (I will write), sa adhabu (I will go), or if you want to use sawfa: sawfa aktubu (I will
go), sawfa adhabu (I will go). Isn’t that a piece of cake!
There is no difference between sa and sawfa, to make it easy you can choose to use sa most of the time so that you
won’t get confused.

Summery

Present Tense in Arabic
Singular Dual Plural
I (present tense) = a??u?u

you (present tense, singular
masculine)= ta??u?u

you (present tense, singular feminine)=
ta??u?eena

he (present tense)= ya??u?u

she (present tense)= ta??u?u

you (present tense, dual male or female)=
ta??u?ani

they (present tense, dual male or female)=
ya??u?ani

we (present tense)= na??umu

you (present tense, plural masculine)=
ta??u?una

your (present tense, plural feminine)=
ta??u?na

they (present tense, plural masculine)=
ya??u?una

they (present tense, plural feminine)=
ya??u?na


Replace the question marks with your stem one by one. Note that sometimes the “u” in the green font should be
replaced by “i” or “a”.

Past Tense in Arabic
Singular Dual Plural
I (past tense) = ?a?a?tu

you (past tense, singular
masculine)=?a?a?ta

you (past tense, singular feminine)= ?a?a?ti

he (past tense) = ?a?a?a

she (past tense) = ?a?a?at

you (past tense, dual male or
female)= ?a?a?tumaa

they (past tense, dual male or
female)= ?a?a?aa

we (past tense) = ?a?a?na

you (past tense, plural masculine)= ?a?a?tum

your (past tense, plural feminine)= ?a?a?tunna

they (past tense, plural masculine)= ?a?a?ou

they (past tense. plural feminine)= ?a?a?na


Replace the question marks with the stem you want to use. Note that sometimes the “a” in the green font should be
replaced by “i”.

Future Tense:
Simply add sa or sawfa before the verb (conjugated in the present tense).

Recommend This Page To A Friend!

Below is a list of Verbs in Arabic, try to memorize as many as you can, they will help you a lot in your
conversations and understanding what has been said by others.

A List of Arabic Verbs
accept qabela J--
advise nasaha *~-
allow samaha *-~
appear dahara :+=
arrive wasala J~و
attach rabata =-ر
bake khabaza :-=
beat daraba ب:~
begin bada’a أ--
bind rabata =-ر
bleed nazafa ف:-
blow nafakha *--
break kasara :~آ
burn haraqa (sharp h) ق:=
calculate hasaba ~~=
carry hamala J-=
chew madagha ¿~-
collect jama'a ¿-=
copy nasakha *~-
crawl zahafa ~=ز
cross 'abara :--
cut jaraha ح:=
dance raqasa c-ر
deliver naqala J--
describe wasafa ~~و
detect kashafa ~~آ
dig hafara :-=
dislike kareha -:آ
do ‘amala J--
draw rasama -~ر
dream halama --=
dress labesa c--
drink shareba ب:~
earn kasaba ~~آ
eat akala Jآأ
enter dakhala J=د
escape haraba ب:ه
explain sharaha ح:~
fall saqata =-~
feel sha’ara :·~
find wajada -=و
follow tabe'a ¿--
forsake hajara :=ه
freeze jamada --=

go dahaba ~هذ
grind tahana ó==
guard harasa س:=
hit daraba ب:~
hurt jaraha ح:=
joke mazaha ح:-
jump qafaza :--
kill qatala J--
kneel raka’a ¿آر
know ‘arafa ف:-
laugh daheka 4=~
lay raqada --ر
leap wathaba (th as in thin) ~-و
leave taraka ك:-
let taraka ك:-
lie kathaba (th as in that) ب-آ
listen same'a ¿-~
look nadara :=-
lose khasera :~=
make sana’a ¿-~
mean kasada -~-
murder qatala J--
obtain hasala J~=
open fataha *--
pay dafa’a ¿-د
permit adena نذأ
place wada'a ¿~و
plant zara'a عرز
play la'eba ~·-
prevent mana'a ¿--
promise wa'ada --و
push dafa'a ¿-د
put wada’a ¿~و
reach wasala J~و
read qara’a أ:-
refuse rafada c-ر
regret nadema م--
request talaba ~-=
ride rakeba آر ~
rise nahada c+-
rule hakama --=
run rakada cآر
saw nashara :~-
scream sarakha خ:~
search bahatha (th as in thin) ~=-
seek bahasa ~=-
show ‘arada ض:-
sink gharaqa ق:-
sit jalasa c-=
slay dabaha *-ذ
sneeze 'atasa c=-
spill dalaqa ·-د
spit basaqa ·~-
split qasama -~-
spread nashara :~-
squeeze 'asara :~-
stand waqafa ~-و
steal saraqa ق:~
sting lasa’a ¿~-
strike daraba ب:~
succeed najaha *=-
swear halafa ~-=
sweep masaha *~-
thank shakara :-~
think fakkara :--
thrive najaha *=-
touch lamasa c--
understand fahema -+-
wash ghasala J~-
wear labesa c--
win rabeha *-ر
work 'amela J--
worry qaleqa ·--
write kataba ~-آ

First take the verb you want to conjugate.h” as we mentioned earlier). but instead the correct form is er sieht. you will notice that the vowels in the middle of some verbs sometimes don’t really follow the rule.go together. If you scroll down to the bottom of this page you will find a list of 122 trilateral verbs. ktb = kataba ‫( آ‬to write). If you don’t know how to extract the stem from a verb (even though it’s very easy) we will go through it now: by omitting all vowels from these verbs we will have: dhb = dahaba ‫( ذه‬to go). by following the general German rule we should write: he sees = er seht. I will tell you that it’s not something unusual. they will help you train yourself conjugate them to the right tense. (and not adrubu)… In case you think that this is too complicated. The vowel in green may change to “a” or “i” depending on the verb. you go. hrb = haraba ‫( ه ب‬to run away). I hit = adribu. and if you’re a native or learned Spanish. Easy! Note that the second person singular masculine “you” is conjugated the same way the third person singular feminine “she” does. the right form is he goes as you know. extract all its 3 consonants. The past Tense in Arabic: To form the past tense in Arabic you need to extract the stem from the verb in the infinitive first. if you follow this rule you would use yo dormo for the verb dormir.nsh = nasaha (to advise). but instead the correct form is “je m’appelle” with “ll” German: the verb “sehen” to see. like for example for the verb nasaha (to advise) instead of using the “u” in green we have to change it to “a” I advise = ansahu. he gos? Of course not. but instead Spanish is using yo duermo = I sleep French: the verb “appeler” if you respect the French rules you may write: je m’appele = my name. put them in place of the 3 red consonant on the table above. for example: To write = kataba stem is ktb. so you can use this table with other verbs as well by replacing the letters in red (the stem we used before) and put your own verb stem instead. for the verb daraba (to hit) we use “i” instead. you advise = tansahu…(and not ansuhu . As you . German or even English before. he hits = yadribu. All these examples are not considered irregularities but semi irregularities.. drb = daraba ‫ب‬ (to hit). Examples: Spanish: yo hablo = I speak. French.s. now let’s look at the table below to see how this verb is conjugated in this tense: Past Tense in Arabic Dual you wrote (dual male or female) =katabtumaa they wrote (dual male or female) =katabaa Singular I wrote = katabtu you wrote (singular masculine) =katabta you wrote (singular feminine) = katabti he wrote = kataba she wrote = katabat Plural we wrote = katabna you wrote (plural masculine) =katabtum your wrote (plural feminine) =katabtunna they wrote (plural masculine) =katabou they wrote (plural feminine) = katabna This is very easy and simple! You can put almost all trilateral Arabic verbs in this table. tansuhu) and so on… (Note that the stem here is “n. which means that they’re modified only for phonetic and synthetic reasons). English: simply take the verb “to go” I go. Tarsumu = you draw (singular masculine) and also means she draws.

the only difference this time is that you won’t have to do it that often as the case with the present tense. then replace “t” with the second consonant you have. I would just tell you that if you’re a beginner just leave the “a”. plural masculine)= ya??u?una . To conjugate your own trilateral verb into the past tense go to the table and have your verb stem ready (don’t tell me you forgot how to make a stem from a trilateral verb) It should contain three consonant and no vowels. finally replace “b” with the last consonant you have. dual male or female)= ya??u?ani Plural we (present tense)= na??umu you (present tense. like I said before many verbs will follow the general rules of the table above when it comes to the past tense unlike the present tense. 3: omit the (k. consonant+ vowel+ consonant+ vowel+ consonant… I will make the same note I made before in the present tense. singular masculine)= ta??u?u you (present tense. to make it easy you can choose to use sa most of the time so that you won’t get confused. Isn’t that a piece of cake! There is no difference between sa and sawfa. Examples: sa aktubu (I will write). Summery Singular I (present tense) = a??u?u you (present tense. because “a” is the most common. If you are looking for a more extensive Arabic course. if you want to use “I went” (1 step is to find the verb to go in the Arabic infinitive: the verb is dahaba = to go. but I would also suggest to read more about the forms that most of verbs take so that you will easily decide whether to put “a” or “i” when conjugating verbs into the past tense in Arabic. we recommend Breaking The Arabic Code Future Tense in Arabic: To form the Arabic future tense simply use: sa or sawfa + (the verb in present tense). singular feminine)= ta??u?eena he (present tense)= ya??u?u she (present tense)= ta??u?u they (present tense. and that’s it! Example: I wrote = katabtu . you will have to change the vowel in the green font into “i”.may have noticed. in the past tense they can be conjugated the same way as rasama & kataba . b) stem in the table above and put yours. because the “a” is more used. Do you remember the two verbs (to advise = nasaha. t. plural masculine)= ta??u?una your (present tense. sawfa adhabu (I will go). you will easily dahabtu!!) get Note: in case you’re confused whether to replace the “a” in the green font with “i” or not. look at how the three consonants are spread in the word katabtu. or if you want to use sawfa: sawfa aktubu (I will go). if you want to conjugate it in the paste tense then replace the first consonant on the table above in red “k” with the first consonant of the stem you have of your own verb. and to hit = daraba) that we conjugated differently in the present tense. dual male or female)= ta??u?ani they (present tense. 2: the stem is dhb. plural feminine)= ta??u?na they (present tense. plural feminine)= ya??u?na Present Tense in Arabic Dual you (present tense. sa adhabu (I will go).

plural masculine)= ?a?a?tum your (past tense. dual male or female)= ?a?a?aa Singular I (past tense) = ?a?a?tu you (past tense. singular feminine)= ?a?a?ti Plural we (past tense) = ?a?a?na you (past tense. plural feminine)= ?a?a?tunna they (past tense. Past Tense in Arabic Dual you (past tense. try to memorize as many as you can.Replace the question marks with your stem one by one. Note that sometimes the “a” in the green font should be replaced by “i”. A List of Arabic Verbs qabela nasaha samaha dahara wasala rabata khabaza daraba bada’a rabata nazafa nafakha kasara haraqa (sharp h) hasaba hamala madagha jama'a nasakha zahafa 'abara accept advise allow appear arrive attach bake beat begin bind bleed blow break burn calculate carry chew collect copy crawl cross ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ب‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ف‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ز‬ . Note that sometimes the “u” in the green font should be replaced by “i” or “a”. plural masculine)= ?a?a?ou he (past tense) = ?a?a?a they (past tense. singular masculine)=?a?a?ta you (past tense. Future Tense: Simply add sa or sawfa before the verb (conjugated in the present tense). plural feminine)= ?a?a?na she (past tense) = ?a?a?at Replace the question marks with the stem you want to use. they will help you a lot in your conversations and understanding what has been said by others. Recommend This Page To A Friend! Below is a list of Verbs in Arabic. dual male or female)= ?a?a?tumaa they (past tense.

cut dance deliver describe detect dig dislike do draw dream dress drink earn eat enter escape explain fall feel find follow forsake freeze go grind guard hit hurt joke jump kill kneel know laugh lay leap leave let lie listen look lose make mean murder obtain open pay permit jaraha raqasa naqala wasafa kashafa hafara kareha ‘amala rasama halama labesa shareba kasaba akala dakhala haraba sharaha saqata sha’ara wajada tabe'a hajara jamada dahaba tahana harasa daraba jaraha mazaha qafaza qatala raka’a ‘arafa daheka raqada wathaba (th as in thin) taraka taraka kathaba (th as in that) same'a nadara khasera sana’a kasada qatala hasala fataha dafa’a adena ‫ح‬ ‫ر‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ب‬ ‫آ‬ ‫أآ‬ ‫د‬ ‫ه ب‬ ‫ح‬ ‫و‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ذه‬ ‫س‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ح‬ ‫رآ‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ر‬ ‫و‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ك‬ ‫آب‬ ‫د‬ ‫أذن‬ .

place plant play prevent promise push put reach read refuse regret request ride rise rule run saw scream search seek show sink sit slay sneeze spill spit split spread squeeze stand steal sting strike succeed swear sweep thank think thrive touch understand wash wear win work worry write wada'a zara'a la'eba mana'a wa'ada dafa'a wada’a wasala qara’a rafada nadema talaba rakeba nahada hakama rakada nashara sarakha bahatha (th as in thin) bahasa ‘arada gharaqa jalasa dabaha 'atasa dalaqa basaqa qasama nashara 'asara waqafa saraqa lasa’a daraba najaha halafa masaha shakara fakkara najaha lamasa fahema ghasala labesa rabeha 'amela qaleqa kataba ‫و‬ ‫زرع‬ ‫و‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫م‬ ‫رآ‬ ‫رآ‬ ‫خ‬ ‫ض‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ر‬ ‫آ‬ .

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