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EXPERIMENT TITTLE OBJEKTIF
: 2 : SPEED SPOT STUDIES : TO ANALYSE THE SPEED AND THE AMOUNT OF VEHICLES ON A DETERMINED ROAD.
To Analyse the Speed and the amount of vehicles on a determined road. Spot Speed is the average speed of vehicles passing a point, or the time mean speed. Spot speed studies are conducted to estimate the distribution of speeds of vehicles in a stream of traffic at a particular location on a highway. Carried out by recording the speeds of a sample of vehicles at a specified location. Spot speed studies are used to determine the speed distribution of a traffic stream at a specific location. The data gathered in spot speed studies are used to determine vehicle speed percentiles, which are useful in making many speed-related decisions.
THEORY : Figure 1 : Flow Chart Spot speed data have a number of safety applications. Evaluating and determining proper speed limits b. Setting appropriate traffic signal timing . including the following (Robertson 1994): 1. Determining the 50th and 85th speed percentiles c. Evaluating and determining proper advisory speeds d. Determining existing traffic operations and evaluation of traffic control devices : a. Determining the proper placements of traffic control signs and markings f. Establishing the limits of no-passing zones e.
and speed enforcement programs. Establishing roadway design elements: a. The stopwatch method is the least expensive and least accurate of the methods. Wednesday. Evaluating and determining proper passing sight distance (for more information refer to Chapter 3 in the AASHTO Green Book) c. including signs and markings. Traffic counts during a Monday morning or a Friday peak period may show exceptionally high volumes and are not normally used in the analysis. Assessing speed as a contributor to vehicle crashes c. Application of Spot Speeds :1. and Thursday. 5. a sample size of at least 50 and preferably 100 vehicles is usually obtained (Ewing 1999). counts are usually conducted on a Tuesday. Evaluating and determining proper stopping sight distance 3. or (3) pneumatic road tube method. 3. Monitoring traffic speed trends by systematic ongoing speed studies. (2) radar meter method. Spot speed data are gathered using one of three methods: (1) stopwatch method. 2. Evaluating and determining proper intersection sight distance b. Investigating input from the public or other officials 4. therefore. Evaluating and verifying speeding problems b. Measuring effectiveness of traffic control devices or traffic programs. Assessing roadway safety questions: a. For a spot speed study at a selected location. 4. 5. Speed Limit Studies Establishing Speed Trends Specific Design Applications Specific Control Applications Investigation of High Accident Locations . traffic operational changes. These methods are described in this chapter in order from least expensive to most expensive.2.
Figure 2 : Stop Watch Speed Study Figure 3 : Example Radar Meter Spot Layout .
APPARATUS 1. Form HW1. Form HW2. Safety Jacket 2. Analog Counter / Watch 3. Radar Gun 2. and Form HW3 .
Class 2 (Cars) . 3.Class 1 (Motocycle) . 7. c) Line graph – Number of vehicles versus speed d) Line graph – cumulative sum of vehicle versus speed. the display shows "888" and “4 LED” indicators light up before starting the test. Warning! Testing should be stopped when “LO VOLT” lights to prevent damage to equipment. 4.Class 3 (Van and Small Lorries) . . Record the numbers of vehicle and vehicle speeds according to their respective . Get vehicles speeds on the road using the radar gun and record the data (make sure you are hidden from the driver). . 5. draw the: . a) Line graph – Number of vehicles versus time according to vehicle class versus b) Histogram graph – Number of vehicles versus time.Class 4 (Big Lorries & Buses) 6. Using the data. Count and classify the vehicles according to class using the analog counter. class.PROCEDURES 1. . Identify the location 2. Make sure the “LAMP TEST” on the radar gunner pressed.
00 20000. DISCUSSION Analysts : Group B Starting : 10.00 27612. ∑ ∑ = = ∑ .7 − ∑ ∑ ∑ 2 .27 72.88 2166.23 86.00 130. Get the result.8.00 Direction: 1. = 64.33 40. From the graph. Sketch the graph (%) of cumulative versus vehicle speed 2.50 16900.30am Station : Polytechnic Bus Stand Wather : 29 0 (Warm) GROUP RATE AVERAGE RATE IN GROUP (x) Area : Behrang Date : 4th January 2011 Direction Of : Slim River State : Perak Day : Monday Toward : Behrang Stesen f (x2) NUMBER VEHICLE IN GROUP (f) % VEHICLE IN GROUP % CUMULATIVE VEHICLES (f) x (x) 25 – 38 39 – 52 53 – 66 67 – 80 81 – 94 95 – 108 109 – 122 123 – 136 31. ( ). ( ).71 29480.50 130.00 3 18 24 30 11 2 2 1 ∑ = 91. From the result.46 1376.00 117.90 954. to 85% and 50% to. suggest a reasonable average speed (example Speed Limit and Speed Zones) in order to improve the traffic flow and for the safety of the road users.00 ∑ = 5885.03 200.20 82743.60 156515. get to 5%.00 4 20 27 33 12 3 3 1 4 24 51 84 96 99 102 103 93. % 15 = Minimum Rate % 85 = Rate Design % 50 = Median Rate 3.30 2944.00 235.77 78991.47 57.73 100.99 728.
7 − ∑ ( ). = 64. 4. = 31.21 = 377 = 19. ∑ ∑ = .34 3.Solution: 1. = = ∑ . ∑ ∑ 2 – 64. 2.33 x 100 = 3. ( ). 4 + 20 + 27 + 33 + 12 + 3 + 3 +1 = 103 4.4 = 4563 − 4186 .
pdf www.ppt . With an original goal of 1hour study speed spot.utm.ctre. PDF Note SPOT SPEED STUDY WORKSHOP INSTRUCTION MANUAL MassSAFE at the University of Massachusetts. REFERENCE Currin. the interest of Class 1 and Class 2 with average speed 90 km/h.iastate. Conn./Spot%20Speed%20Study.80km/h it is reasonable speed limit signs at the area and a lower limit is encourage. ed.edu/PUBS/traffichandbook/2SpotSpeed. the Spot Speed Training Session was a success. Speed studies at the location show some reduction in average speed at noon. limit 70 .pdf www. 2001. B.edu/staff/mobadat/Courses/.ecs.: Wadsworth Group.. Feedback provided both during the discussion session and in subsequent correspondence indicates that the session was well-received and that future implementation of a full schedule of Spot Speed Training Sessions at locations throughout Behrang. Amherst Governor’s Highway Safety Bureau.edu/.. An accident analysis at a critical location indicates that excessive speeds are a principal causative factor in the frequent accidents.. Stamford. Spot Speed Study. T.. In Introduction to Traffic Engineering: A Manual for Data Collection and Analysis./Draft%20%20Spot%20Speed%20Study%20Training. Perak Consider the following typical situation. As a result. PDF Note POLITEKNIK SULTAN AZLAN SHAH LABORATORY PROCEDURS Civil Engineering Laboratory 3 Modul C4003 www.umass. Stenquist.CONCLUSION Overall. R.