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Questions With Answers
1. Prophet Muhammad (SAW) as an Educationist
What was the first revelation received in the cave of Hira by the Holy Prophet (SAW)? the name of thy Lord, Who created man from a clot of blood. Read! Thy Lord is most bounteous Who taught by the pen.
Ans: The first revelation received in the cave of Hira by the Holy Prophet (SAW) was ³Read in
ii. Ans: iii. Ans: iv. Ans:
What steps were taught for ³education´ to the Holy Prophet (SAW)? The first step was reading and the second was writing. Which is the best book to read and write? The Holy Quran is the best book to read and write. What kind of condition was imposed on the prisoners of the battle of Badr? The Holy Prophet (SAW) imposed a condition on the prisoners of the battle of Badr to teach the Muslims.
v. Ans: vi. Ans:
Who is custodian of truth mentioned in the lesson? The Holy Prophet (SAW) is mentioned the custodian of truth. What question did the Holy Prophet (SAW) ask before concluding the address to the Ansar? The question was ³O Ansar, didn¶t I find you away from the right path and then Allah blessed you through me?´
What kind of gestures made his speech effective in his address of Hajjat-ul-Wida? He closed his fist and then opened it to show how Allah held heaven and earth in His grip. He explained the concept of closeness by lifting his middle finger and showed its closeness to the index finger.
2. Festivals of Pakistan i. Ans: ii. Ans: How would you describe the word ³festival´? Festival is a day of religious and public celebration. What is the purpose of celebrating a festival? The purpose of celebrating a festival is to create a sense of brotherhood, selflessness, peace and sacrifice among the people. iii. When does Shab-e-barat take place? What is the importance of this blessed night to the Muslims? Muhammad Yasin GiLL, M.A. English, B.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595, 03217805595, 03027001680 Page 1
Scholars Academy, Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class Ans: Shab-e-barat takes place on 14th Shabaan. It is the night of blessings. Devotional prayers are performed throughout the night to seek the blessings of Allah. iv. Ans: Name the religious festivals of the Muslims? Shab-e-barat, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Azha, Hajj, Eid Milad-un-Nabi are the religious festivals of the Muslims. v. Ans: When and how are the national events celebrated in Pakistan? The Pakistan Resolution Day is celebrated on 23 March and the Independence Day is celebrated on 14 August every year. These days are celebrated with great zeal and zest. vi. Ans: vii. Ans: viii. Ans: ix. Ans: What is importance of a Lok Mela? Lok Melas develop a sense of brotherhood among the people. What important religious event takes place on the 12th Rabi-ul-awwal? The Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) was born on the 12 Rabi-ul-awwal. What is the importance of the 14th August in the history Pakistan? Pakistan came into being on the 14 August, 1947. What kind of opportunities do these festivals provide to the artisans? These festivals provide opportunities to the artisans to display their handicrafts. 3. The Difference between a Brain and a Computer i. Ans: In what single word can the difference between a brain and a computer be expressed? The difference between a brain and a computer can be expressed in a single word, ³Complexity´. ii. Ans: iii. Ans: iv. Ans: v. Ans: How much does the human brain weigh? The human brain weighs only three pounds. How long will it take to build a computer complex enough to duplicate the human brain? It will take fairly long to build a computer complex enough to duplicate the human brain. Can computers think? Explain your answer. The computers cannot think. They can do only what they have been directed to do. Do you think computers have the capacity to take over the world? Why or why not? In the remote future, the computers will have the capacity to take over the world when they replace human brain or perhaps surpass it.
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4. The Blessings of God i. What are the objects of nature which remind us of the glory and greatness of God? Page 2
Muhammad Yasin GiLL, M.A. English, B.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595, 03217805595, 03027001680
gardens full of ripe fruit and beautiful meadows. Ans: ii. Ans: ii.A.) born? She was born in Makkah.A. What should one do and what should one not do according to the advice given in the letter? Muhammad Yasin GiLL. Ans: Why do the people move around in the country? The people move around in the country to visit their relatives. 6. Ans: Give in your own words the main idea of the poem. It is the brave and hardworking men who win glory and greatness for the nation.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. 5. M. are called auto-traffic.Scholars Academy. Sustainer. A Father¶s Advice i.) father? Hazrat Abubakar Siddique was Hazrat Aysha¶s (R. English. 9. 10. The two clauses of the Treaty are: i) ii) iii. Ans: How should enemies be treated according to the Holy Quran? According to the Holy Quran. singing birds. What is the importance of transport in the country? Transport carries the people and freight from one place to another with ease and speed. Ans: ii. vans. 3 What is meant by µmutual cooperation¶? Mutual cooperation means to help others in the hour of need. flowing rivers. Give the qualities of Allah as stated by the writer of the letter. Where was she (R.A. A Nation¶s Strength i. the sunset. Protector and Master of life and death. rickshaws etc.) ii. enemies should be treated with kindness and equality. the sunrise. B. 7. Ans: iii. mountains with red peaks. Allah is Kind. Merciful. Ans: iii. Ans: The Muslims and the Jews will keep to their faiths. 8. friends and place of work. The Muslims and the Jews shall form one community. Ans: Who was Hazrat Aysha¶s (R. ³Do unto others as you wish others to do unto you´. Mention any two clauses of the Treaty of Madina.A. The poet says that riches do not make a nation strong and great. What is auto-traffic? Cars. 03217805595.A. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class Ans: The objects of nature which remind us of the glory and greatness of God are: beautiful flowers. Transport i. 03027001680 Page 3 .) father. Hazrat Aysha (R. Human Rights and the Madina Charter i.
a person should like for other what he likes for himself. Write a few lines to describe Hazrat Ali¶s (R. B. Ans: Write a paragraph on Hazrat Ali (R. humble and God-fearing.A. M.A. 4 12. Ans: vi.) early childhood? Who took care of him? In his childhood. Ans: v. What does Faisalabad specialize? Faisalabad specializes in cotton and hand woven fabrics. Ans: ii. The Handicrafts of Pakistan i. ii.A. Hazrat Ali¶s Humanity i.) lead? They led a contented life.) and Hazrat Bibi Fatima (R. What kind of advice has been given by the father to the son? The father has given his son the advice to lead a well-balanced and contented life. He should control his desires. 03217805595. iv.) with special reference to the great qualities he possessed. Hazrat Ali was noble. He should earn an honest living. humble and Godfearing. iv. Ans: What is required by a person who wishes to lead ³a well balanced life´? In order to lead a well-balanced life a person should not be conceited. He treated them first as human beings and then as enemies. The Holy Prophet took care of him in his childhood. he followed the noble actions of the Holy Prophet.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595.A.Scholars Academy. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class Ans: According to the advice in the letter.) behave with his enemies? Hazrat Ali behaved with his enemies with kindness. kind hearted and righteous. Ans: What does a man lose when he tries to attain his heart¶s desire? When a man tries to attain his heart¶s desire. What is the respectable way of earning a livelihood? The respectable way of earning a livelihood is to earn through honest and fair means. 11. Ans: iii. He was brave. Ans: iii. 03027001680 Page 4 .A. He should not develop such habits as he dislikes in others. He was brave.A. he loses self-respect. iii. He treated even his enemies with kindness. English. Ans: What kind of life did Hazrat Ali (R. He treated even his enemies with kindness. What do crafts exhibit about their region? The crafts show the taste and colour of their regions. Name a few of the crafts in various cities of the province of Punjab? Muhammad Yasin GiLL. Ans: How did Hazrat Ali (R.
Write an account of any of the Pakistani crafts that you might have seen in an industrial exhibition (not more than 50 words). Write a paragraph on the ³effects of using drugs´. 15. 14. 16. Ans: Write down the chief characteristics of the personality of Hazrat Umer bin Abdul Aziz (R. It is a great danger to the whole society. Ans: How was the taxi driver driving in Rawalpindi? The taxi driver was driving rashly. They are opium. the writer advises us to stop the advertisements of cigarette on electronic media and in the newspapers. He always worked for the prosperity and happiness of the people. Ans: How did the Khalifah teach the distinguished guests to live a life of simplicity? The Khalifa served his guests parched grams which they ate to their fill because they were very hungry. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class Ans: Faisalabad is famous for cotton fabrics. 5 Muhammad Yasin GiLL.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595.). jackets and garments with glass work are produced in Baluchistan. Ans: v. A drug addict spoils all his abilities and energies. What do the crafts of a country represent? The crafts of a country represent the culture and tradition of the people. Ans: What advice does the writer give at the end of the lesson? At the end of the lesson.A. The Character of a Happy Life i. M. Ans: 13. Lahore for brass items. Drugs are very harmful for human brain and health. iv. English.A. Thus the Khalifah taught them how they could make their life simple by eating simple things. Sialkot for cutlery and sports. Gujarat for pottery and electrical goods. Simplicity i. Ans: vi.) was a pious ruler.Scholars Academy. ii. heroin and hashish. Ans: ii. Gujranwala for pottery. Traffic Education i. Ans: Name three drugs or narcotics which are generally used. Ans: What is the main idea of the poem? This poem is about features of life of a happy man. 03217805595. Hazrat Umer bin Abdul Aziz (R.A. The Menace of Drugs i. Which handicrafts are produced in Baluchistan? Carpets. 03027001680 Page 5 . iii. They make a man unable to think clearly. B.
A Fragment i. the driver became a changed person. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class ii. iv. 1.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. B. Ans: iii. Mention any two traffic rules. 03027001680 Page 6 .A. What is meant by fallow land? A barren land left due to the negligence of the farmer. Ans: iii. What is the theme of the poem? The poem deals with the disadvantages of late rising and benefits of early rising. Ans: Where was Farah born and bred? Farah was born and bred abroad.The pedestrians should use zebra crossing to cross the road. 17.If the red light is on. Ans: What does the poet advise the late riser? The poet advises the late riser to get up at once. 18. Ans: Spoken Flower Broken Hour Tear Thing Sincere Bring Earth Birth Find the rhyming words in the poem. How can harsh words break a person¶s heart? Harsh words spoil love. 6 ii. the driver became a changed person because of the observance of the traffic rules by others and their enforcement by Motor Way police. A Little Word i. Two Wedding Ceremonies i. 2. Ans: v. Muhammad Yasin GiLL.Scholars Academy. Ans: How can the police give us traffic education? The police can give us traffic education by enforcing the traffic rules and punishing the offenders. all traffic should stop. iii. English. 19. Ans: iv. Ans: ii. Ans: What effect does a kind word have upon others? A kind word wins love and sympathy of others. M. Ans: After entering Islamabad. 03217805595. What is a zebra crossing and what is it for? Zebra crossing is a place for the pedestrians to cross the road. What is the benefit of early riser? An early riser is always fresh and active. How? After entering Islamabad. Such words turn the people against you.
Ans: What are the poetess¶ feelings about how her mother treated her when she was a small child? The poetess has great love for her mother.We must have faith in God and in our people. But the marriage of Hazrat Fatima with Hazrat Ali was very simple and sacred. iii. 7 Muhammad Yasin GiLL. iii. Ans: iii. The Great Leader Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinah i. ii. 03217805595. B. 3. 03027001680 . iv. iv. She will try to lessen her pains. Ans: What did the Quaid say in an interview to Beverley Nicholas? In an interview to Beverley Nicholas. the Quaid said. Discipline´ means: 1. ³We are not fighting for theocracy. 20. Ans: What is the meaning of the Quaid¶s motto? The Quaid¶s motto ³Unity. The present marriage ceremony was a mere show of wealth.Scholars Academy. Express your feelings about your mother or father in a short essay of 200 words. Why was she surprised and displeased with the ceremony? She was surprised and displeased with the ceremony because it was a foul display of wealth and against the teachings of Islam. How can we make Pakistan great? Page 7 How is the poetess planning to treat her mother in her old age? The poetess is planning to look after her mother when she will be weak and old. Faith. English. ii. we want better social and economic life. 2. Ans: Who took the responsibility of her religious education? His father took the responsibility of her religious education. Ans: 21. Ans: What does she remember about her mother¶s care when she fell? When the poetess fell. In addition to religion. Ans: What did he say while addressing a Muslim League Convention? Addressing a Muslim League Convention.We must be united. her mother ran to her and lifted her. ³Islam is not only a religious doctrine but a realistic code of conduct in life. She says that she will look after her mother in her old age. My Mother i.A. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class ii. Ans: iv. Ans: Compare and contrast the two wedding ceremonies described. She kissed her forehead and told her a nice story to comfort her. M.We must be disciplined.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. he said.
A. B. He says that God is the creator of this world. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class Ans: v. The cold wind in winter and the pleasant sun in summer have been made by God. M. discipline and character with a solid background. 03027001680 Page 8 . vi. 8 The End Summaries of the Poems ± 10th Class 1. God has given us eyes to see all things. He was intelligent. The fruit in the gardens has been ripened for us by Him. He has created all great and small creatures. 03217805595. The progress of the country depends upon their hard work. The Quaid-e-Azam was a great leader. He has given us lips to praise God and be thankful to Him for His blessings. 2.Blessings of God This beautiful poem has been written in the praise of God. The sunset and the sunrise spread beautiful colours in the sky. The tall trees. honest and above all hardworking.A Nation¶s Strength Muhammad Yasin GiLL. Ans: We can make Pakistan great only if we work hard and forget provincial differences. vii. bold. sincere. He has made little flowers with shining colours. English. and flowing rivers. Ans: Give a sketch of Quaid-e-Azam¶s character. mountains with red peaks. He was resolute and completed his job even though he was weak and old. The poet describes the beautiful objects of nature.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. Ans: What advice did the Quaid give to the Muslim Students Federation? The advised the students of Muslim Students Federation to change their approach to political and economic problems because they were free then. He has created all beautiful things. What is the role of the students in the progress of our country? The role of the students in the progress of our country is very important. green meadows and grassy plants are the blessings of God. Above all.Scholars Academy.
He does not care for the people who talk against him. These our little words and actions have deep effects on others. He feels happy to help the poor and the needy.A Fragment This poem has been written by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. 3.Scholars Academy. He never cheats any one. If we do not pay any attention to them. he is always contented with his life. English. He is never affected by his passions. He advises us to get early in the morning. He advises us to get up early in the morning. He does not care of rise or fall. they hurriedly move to the next door and leave us. A late riser farmer cannot maintain the fertility of his land. These are the people who make the foundations of their nation strong. 03217805595. They face the difficulties boldly for their nation¶s sake. They are really the pride of the nation.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. He is really the master of his own life. the angels of mercy and favour knock at our door. The poet also points out the harms of late rising. he is always happy. 03027001680 Page 9 .A Little Word This poem has very important lesson for us. He always prays to God in every situation. He is not jealous of others at all. He says that the real strength of a nation does not lie in its material sources. He does not long for public fame. This poem deals with the main features of life and personality of a happy man. They work throughout their life. He is always truthful and honest. So we should be very careful about the choice of our words. Even a player loses his strength if he rises late. 4. They do not sit idle. In this way. He always follows the right path. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class 9 In this poem the poet talks of the great men of a nation. A kind word can support the others in the darkest hours of their life. his farms grow nothing but only weeds. In the morning. A kind word or action can heal the broken hearts of others. The brave. It is due to their struggles that the nation acquires a place of dignity in the world. They exalt their nation to the heights of glory. Harsh words can injure the feelings of others. B. faithful and hardworking men are its real strength. We should take especial care of using even the little words in our daily life. He is the master of his own will. It gives us a moral advice. 5. M. We should always think Muhammad Yasin GiLL.A.The Character of a Happy Life This is a thought provoking poem by Henry Wotton. That is why. Then they do not take care of us. This poem is about the benefits of early rising.
She will comfort support her mother with her young and strong arms. It was her mother who taught her how to talk and walk. she loved her very much.Scholars Academy. She says that her mother took much care of her. Lesson#6. English. Her mother always tried to keep the poetess tidy. Our environment should be clean.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. her mother told her interesting stories. Our kind words can bring smile on other people¶s faces. The poetess says that she will always remember the love and kindness of her mother. M. In the childhood. she will look after her.A. 03027001680 Page 10 . She took care of her dress. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class before we speak. They leave deep impression upon others. Whenever the poetess fell ill. She will try to lessen her mother¶s pains in her old age. B. The development of business depends upon hard work. Efficient Invention Environment Development He is very efficient worker. When she was a child. She sat beside her cradle. She has composed this beautiful poem. Mobile Phone is a great invention. She will be kind and affectionate to her mother. 6. I cannot solve this complicated Problem. Transport Words Conveyance Meanings Sentences We need public conveyance to go to City. She says that when her mother will get old. So we should not ignore our little words and actions. Muhammad Yasin GiLL. 03217805595. 10 Sentences Of Words Class X. Words Size Complicated Device Program Compose Meanings Sentences The size of this pen is very small. In this poem. her mother never took rest. Lesson#3. I have no program to go to Karachi.My Mother This poem has been written by Anne Taylor. Mobile Phone is a tiny device. The Difference between a brain and a Computer. Her mother passed restless nights with her during her illness. she expresses her love for her mother.
Hazrat Ali¶s Humanism. M. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class 11 Lesson#7. B. We should work hard for the progress of Pakistan. Abstain from smoking. Vanity Conceit Exert I dislike vanity. He is full of conceit. Treat everyone without discrimination.Scholars Academy. He is contented with his lot. English. Words Kind-hearted Meanings Sentences Sir Akif is a kindhearted teacher. Our holy prophet stressed on being honest. Moderate Contented Be moderate in your life. Lesson#9. Men and women have equal rights. 03027001680 Page 11 .Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. Exert yourself to earn an honest living. Prejudice Progress Do not have prejudice against anyone. Words Durable Oppress Abstain Meaning Sentences These shoes are durable. Entrust He entrusted his work to me.A. 03217805595. Lesson#10. There is no dispute between us. Do not oppress others. A Father¶s Advice. Human Rights and Medina Charter. Treat everyone with justice. Words Enmity Justice Discrimination Rights Dispute Stress Meanings Sentences There is enmity between Pakistan India. Muhammad Yasin GiLL.
Bright students are always successful. Words Exhibit Source Livelihood Access Specialize Utilize Acquire Manage Despite Handicrafts Traditions Meanings Sentences. Sometimes he helps me in my work. Lesson#11.Scholars Academy. Lesson#12. I have no access to the nazim. 03027001680 Page 12 . We should utilize the time.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. He went therein spite of my warnings. He manages a small business. She has acquired the proper skill. B. The Handicrafts of Pakistan. She could not survive her misfortunes and died. 12 Attend Object Refuse Avail We should attend the class regularly. The Menace of Drugs. We should share the sorrows of others. English. Words Free of cost Bright students In spite of Sometimes Neither-nor Meanings Sentences. Ali specializes in pottery. Handicrafts are exhibited in Lok Melas. We follow the Islamic traditions. Muhammad Yasin GiLL. Handicrafts are displayed in Lok Melas. 03217805595. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class Humble Contented Sorrows Survive Ali is a very humble person. What is your source of income? We should try to earn honest livelihood. M. Avail this opportunity. He refused to help me. He went there despite my warnings.A. This pen is free of cost. I do not object to your actions. Neither he nor I went there. Hazrat Ali led a contented life.
The monkeys imitate us. She awakes early in the morning. Words Illuminated Extending Inquired Compose Convinced Display Dowry Meanings Sentences. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class 13 Lesson#15. M. I am waiting for you. Lesson#19. Traffic Education Words Zigzag Slow down Instruct Hurriedly Pedestrian Imitate Emphasize Pavement vehicle Meanings Sentences. The extending trees in a row look beautiful.A. 03217805595.Scholars Academy. Dowry is a curse. I am convinced of your honesty. I have no vehicle. He departed by 4:30pm flight. Two Wedding Ceremonies. Muhammad Yasin GiLL. Our teacher emphasizes hard work. Please slow down your speed.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. 03027001680 Page 13 . A Fragment. He inquired about the latest news. The pedestrians should walk on the road with care. Words Awake Wait Departed Strength Produce Meanings Sentences. The taxi driver went zigzagging. She went to me hurriedly. The students are displaying charts on the wall. Lesson#17. Hard work produces good results. An early riser gains strength. Our teacher instructs us about the dangers of cramming. The mosque was illuminated with lights. He composed a beautiful poem. English. The pedestrians should use pavement. B.
Muhammad Yasin GiLL. They will say that they are going to Mecca.´ He said.´ (1) He says to me that his father is a landlord.´ They will say. There are many ups and downs in life. She says that the sun rises in the east. ³I am doing my work.´ They said. ³I was sitting beside them. She was saying that she was sitting beside them. He said that he had written a letter to his uncle.´ She said.´ I said to them. ³You have been living in that house since 1996. Dispute destroys the bliss of marriage.´ She says. ³I am ill. ³The sun rises in the east?´ She was saying.´ She says. (2) We said that we played a match daily.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class Consent Bliss Ailing Hard and fast By and large Ups and downs Heaven and earth Black and white Please reply me in black and white. ³We play a match daily. English. B. ³My father is a landlord. ³I wrote a letter to my uncle. 03217805595.Scholars Academy. I cannot go there without my father¶s consent. She said that she was doing her work. We should take care of the ailing person.A. M. I said to them that they had been living in that house since 1996. They said that they had bought a house in Muree. ³We have bought a house in Muree. ³We are going to Mecca. ³We cannot help him. There is no hard and fast rule for making tea.´ (2) We said.´ They say to me. 03027001680 Page 14 . She moved heaven and earth to pass the examination. By and large his work is good. They say to me that they cannot help him. 14 Direct & Indirect (1) He says to me. She says that she is ill.
³It may rain today. B. That teacher said that man is mortal.´ She said to me. ³He can do his work very well.´ (3) The lion said to the fox.´ She said that the earth moves round its axis. She said to me that they had been paying the rent for twenty years.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595.´ She said to them. You said to him that they would have left Lahore bag and baggage. ³I was doing my work when my brother entered the room. He said to his father that he could do his work very well. ³Water keeps its level. English. He said to me that a woman¶s voice is softer that man¶s.´ You said to me.´ I said to him.´ She said to me. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class 15 She said to us. ³We had been paying the rent for twenty years. She said to them that Amina would be learning the lesson. ³A woman¶s voice is softer than man¶s. ³You had made mistake before I broke in.´ He said to his father. She said to her brother that it might rain that day. ³Many animals come here everyday. She said to me that they would have been waiting for them for a couple of hours.´ The teacher said. (3) The lion said to the fox that many animals came there everyday.´ He said. ³It will rain today. Muhammad Yasin GiLL.Scholars Academy. You said to me that two and two make four. ³Two and two make four.´ She said to her brother. ³Man is mortal.´ They said to us. I said to him that water keeps its level. ³The earth moves round its axis. She said.´ She said to us that she had been doing her work when her brother had entered the room. M.´ I said to him. ³They will have been waiting for us for a couple of hours. He said that it would rain that day.´ You said to me. ³They will have left Lahore bag and baggage. They said to us that we would not help them. I said to him that he had made mistake before I had broken in. ³You will not help us.´ He said to me. ³History repeats itself. 03217805595.A. 03027001680 Page 15 .´ You said to him. You said to me that history repeats itself. ³Amina will be learning the lesson.
03027001680 Page 16 .Scholars Academy.´ I said to him. Father said to us that he allowed us to go to the pictures that day. as he shut the door. my friends. ³Good-bye! My friends. ³Get out of my office. ³Union is strength. I shall leave this book here on your table today.´ She said to me.A.´ They said. sir. said he.´ He said to me that I was not at fault. They said good night to their friends. English.´ ³My son´.´ (4) The manager said to the peon. ³Good morning. I said to the doctor respectfully that I would see him again the next day. M. Or I forbade him to betray his friends. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class 16 He said to me. He said goodbye to his friends saying they would meet the next day.´ Father said to us. She said to me that I might go then. She said to me that every cock fights best on its own dung-hill. I allow you to go to the pictures today. ³Well. ³Every cock fights best on its own dung-hill. She said to his son that union is strength. ³Well.´ You said to her. said she.´ said I to the doctor.´ She said to us to keep quiet over there.´ ³Good bye´. ³Do not tell a lie. ³No. ³Well. sir. He said good bye as he shut the door.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. ³Good night. ³Well. madam. You said to her respectfully that you would leave that book there on her table that day. ³Do not betray your friends. The stranger said good morning to me.´ The teacher said to the student. She said to him respectfully that her brother had not come to school that day. (4) The manager said to the peon to get out of his office. my brother has not come to school today. you may go now.´ She said to me. The teacher forbade the students to tell a lie. because he was suffering from fever. B.´ She said to him. because he is suffering from fever. sir. we¶ll meet tomorrow.´ He said to them. Muhammad Yasin GiLL. ³I shall see you again tomorrow. I said to him not to betray his friends. ³All right. She said to us. you are not at fault. 03217805595. ³keep quiet over here.´ Said the stranger to me.
³Hurrah.´ (5) I said to him. (6) They old man exclaimed with joy that his brother had stood first in England. She said to me which books I had bought from the bazaar. ³Do you speak the truth?´ He said to me. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class 17 He said to his teacher.´ ³Aha! We are going to Mecca tomorrow to perform the Hajj. ³Alas! I have lost my purse´ She exclaimed with sorrow that she had lost her purse. She said to him if he had lost his pen there. (5) I said to him if he spoke the truth. Muhammad Yasin GiLL. ³Sir. ³Why did you refuse to take these ladies to the railway station?´ She said to us. She said. ³Did you lose your pen here?´ He said to me. My brother stood first in England. He said to me if I was going to school then. ³Are you going to school now?´ He said to me.A. 03217805595. He said to me if I would go to cinema that night. She said. ³Which books did you buy from the bazaar?´ He said to me.´ Said they. He said to me why I had refused to take those ladies to the railway station. English. ³who will be visiting my factory tomorrow?´ She said to me. He said to me who would be visiting his factory the next day. ³How sweetly these birds sing!´ He said to his teacher respectfully to excuse him then. ³Where were you going yesterday?´ Said the doctor to me. The exclaimed with joy that they were going to Mecca the next day to perform the Hajj. kindly excuse me now. M. She exclaimed with wonder that those birds sang very sweetly. ³Why did you not take this medicine yesterday?´ (6) The old man said. ³Will you go to cinema tonight?´ She said to him. B.Scholars Academy. The doctor said to me why I had not taken that medicine the previous day.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. 03027001680 Page 17 . She said to us where we had been going the previous day.
The main entrance of the School is worth seeing. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class 18 We said.´ He said.A.My School I read in Govt. They exclaimed with sorrow that they had not been able to win that prize. B.´ (7) They said. They said. It is situated on the Lahore road.´ Said the old woman to Perveen. the Clerk¶s office and the staff room for the teachers lie in the west of the main entrance. ³May God save us from the hands of these cruel moneylenders.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. 03027001680 Page 18 . 03217805595.Scholars Academy. On its west. There is a beautiful grassy lawn amidst the school building. there is Science Room. ³May the rain stop before sunrise. The old woman said to Perveen that God might bless her with a son. one is stunned to see the grace and beauty of the building as well the flowery lawn located in the centre of the school building. My school has always shown a good result. High School 203/RB Manawala Faisalabad. a Dispensary and eight class rooms for 9th and 10th classes. They wished that they had attended the funeral of that saint. ³Alas! We have not been able to win this prize. a double story building stands with majesty and grace.´ She said. All the teachers are Muhammad Yasin GiLL.´ ³May God bless you with a son. The building of my school is very grand and beautiful. It looks like an entrance of a great institution of higher rank. ³Would that we had attended the funeral of that saint. English. M.´ We exclaimed with wonder that our leader had been a very great man. She prayed that the rain might stop before sunrise. (7) They prayed that God might save us from the hands of those cruel moneylenders. ³Would that I were the only son of very rich man. The Headmaster¶s Office. He wished that he had been the only son of very rich man. ³What a great man our leader was!´ They said. Paragraphs 1. It attracts the attention of the onlookers. On entering the school. At the north of the grassy lawn.
it is a spacious building and has several big halls. There is a big museum in Lahore. In another hall.A. It is situated in front of the Hall on the Mall. Thus they shape their moral and social character. In one big hall we saw pictures of the past kings of India. The Guides do a lot of useful work in times of emergency and war.Scholars Academy. It creates in them faithfulness for others. These things added to our knowledge. In another hall. 2. birds. They are the useful member of the society. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class 19 highly educated and learned persons. It develops in them a sense of good citizenship. discipline and sacrifice for the common good. 03027001680 Page 19 . In this way they have a chance to understand the people of various countries. we saw statues of Buddha. They teach the students with love and devotion. We also saw samples of dresses and uniform. insects and beasts. we saw the arms and weapons which were used in the battle field in the time of Mughals. They always add to the beauty of the school due to their neat and clean uniform. English. They donate blood to the injured and the patients. There they meet guides from different parts of the country. Each hall has curious things. ornaments and other things dug out from Taxla. We also saw a model of Taj Mahal. It helps them to acquire the power of observation and of judgement and makes them self-reliant.Girl Guides Girl Guide Movement was started by Lord Baden Powel and his sister Lady Agnes in 1910. M. They were stuffed with cotton and looked like living one. There were dead snakes. We also saw Biological Section. They were drawn by the artists of the past. 3. Last Monday. The main purpose of this movement is to make the schoolgoing girls aware of their duties. worn by soldiers. This creates the feeling of unity. They never miss their period. The Girl Guides hold rallies and thus sometimes in camps away from home. 03217805595. Sometimes they come into contact with the Guides coming from foreign countries. We bought tickets at the gate and went in.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. B.A Visit to a Museum Museum is a place where rare and old things are kept. generals and kings in the time of war. I went to see the Museum with my brother. We spent much time in seeing statues. Then we came back home tired but happy. All the students are neat and clean. Muhammad Yasin GiLL.
Scholars Academy. Fashion spreads very quickly. I always pray for the restoration of the health of all the patients. The visit to hospital taught me the lesson of humility which I could not have understood otherwise. perfumes. The nurses on duty were very polite and active. Women get crazy in following the current fashions. They were helping the patients in taking their medicines when and where necessary. Radio. The attraction of fashion is very strong in our cities. He was recovering rapidly. They affect even the middle and lower class of the people. There was a great rush of visitors during the visiting hours. I returned home with sad mood.Fashions This is an age of fashions. Every body. In this way a lot of money is wasted on fashions. He was injured in an accident and was admitted to hospital. I stayed there for some time. Some of the patients were crying with pain. M. in the hospital. was repenting his sins and praying to Allah Almighty to have mercy on him. They were being attended on properly. Seriously ill and injured patients were being carried to this ward. fabrics. The middle class youngsters equally follow the fashions. 03027001680 Page 20 . and newspapers become are a major source of fashions. we should be Muhammad Yasin GiLL. footwear. fast food and thrilling video films have become popular fashions. 5. The condition of the patients in the General Ward was very miserable. Modern wears.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. They were moving from bed to bed to look after the patients. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class 20 4.A. The condition of the patients in the Emergency Ward was also very pitiable. I went to the hospital to see one of my close friends. 03217805595. It has become common in our society. powders. B. New generation runs after fashion blindly. Some were lying in their beds unconscious. T. Today fashions are not a matter of money or wealth. I saw for the first time a tragic and real aspect of life. furniture. The miserable scenes and sights of the suffering of the patients are still in my mind.A Visit to Hospital Last Sunday. Now all are victim of fashion. English. But being Muslims. The garments and cosmetic industry. They are not less interested than the rich. Everyone wants to be smart and up to date.V. The condition of my friend was out of danger. Especially the advertisements capture the attention of the youngsters. and their attractive advertisements play an important role in the spread of fashion.
Our women should not forget Parda while following the fashions. The water began to flow over the river banks. It also destroyed crops. Nothing could stand on its way. I woke up. Its door was wide open. It was a very horrible incident. 6. A strong wind was blowing. women. Many men. The level of water rose very high in the lake of Mangla Dam. The snake was running after me. the gates of the dam were opened. 03027001680 Page 21 . In order to save the dam. women. The flow of the water on plain areas was very fast. Many men. Then our life will be easy and contented. There were beautiful flowers of different colours.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. We can adopt fashions within the limits of Islam.A. Some people took refuge on the second storeys of the houses. 7. Our religion teaches us to lead a simple and clean life. I often have some dream. I gave a loud shriek in fear. I cannot forget this horrible dream. I recited the Ayat-ul-Kursi. This caused a great flood in the river Ravi. It pulled down many houses. We saw dead bodies of the cattle floating in the water. I ran towards my home. I tried to sleep but I could not. Then I felt peace. Rescue teams reached there to save the people. But last night I had a horrible dream. M. I thanked God that it was a dream. Whenever I enjoy sound sleep. The drops of sweat appeared on my forehead. The people were trying to save them as well as their animals. children and animals lost their lives in the flood. I plucked a few flowers. children and animals were swept away. On the way there was a room. All of a sudden. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class 21 moderate.Scholars Academy. Every body was terrified. Medical aid was given to the sufferers. It was a nightmare. I entered the room and shut the door. I found myself in a garden. All the towns and villages badly affected by the flood water. The flowers fell from my hands. Relief Camps were also set up. I got nervous. Then I saw the snake crawling down the ventilators into the room. B. 03217805595. We should follow the teachings of Islam. We should not adopt fashions blindly. English.A River in Flood Last year it rained heavily on the mountains. It rushed forcefully onwards. Dreams are pleasant as well unpleasant. I saw a black long snake.A Dream Every body in this world have dreams at night. Muhammad Yasin GiLL. The snake turned to me and tried to bite me.
We bought tickets and entered the stadium. We can choose our friends but cannot choose our neighbours. Fruit chaat. M. We also invite him to our functions. He helps everyone in the locality selflessly.An Industrial Exhibition An exhibition is a public show of art. Fortunately my next door neighbour is a very gentleman. I went to see the exhibition with my friends. The whole show was managed by us under the supervision of our teachers.My Neighbour Good neighbours are a blessing of God. 03027001680 Page 22 . The people who live here are educated. Mr.A. He is very sincere friend. His name is Ali. He is very rich but he is not proud. 10- A Meena Bazaar A meena bazaar is a very interesting and colourful function. We bought a beautiful camera. toys. He is very respectful to his elders. 9. Thousands of industrial goods were displayed there. They have two sons and a daughter. I live in a colony. the staff and the pupils work together in this function. The girls of class Ten had prepared chaat. Ali is very popular with the other people of the colony. We often enjoy his company. The headmistress. All the young and the old respect him. crockery and embroidered clothes. There was a great rush of people at the food stalls. He is very kind to his patients. 03217805595. Many stalls had agricultural products. A few days ago. He shares our sorrows. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class 22 8. We enjoyed it very much. Many stalls were set up there. B. His wife is also a very sociable lady. He is a doctor. They set up their stalls and sold these things to the visitors who were all women. They are very lovely.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. I like him very much. It is held every year in our school. It was held to collect money for the Red Crescent Society. a blanket and a computer. and shoes were very attractive. He always advises me to work hard. Muhammad Yasin GiLL. There were textile and electrical products. pakoras. kababs and other kinds of refreshment. Stalls of cosmetics. An industrial exhibition was held in Hockey stadium Faisalabad. We have to live with them whether we like them or not. The children were enjoying the merry-go-round and magic shows. English.Scholars Academy. He gives free medicine to the poor. It was a very useful exhibition. a meena bazaar was held in our school.
Villagers. He is often found in big cities of Pakistan. 11- A Road Accident One day I was travelling from Faisalabad to Lahore. All the things were sold out in a short time. The driver of the bus tried to avoid the accident but he could not control the bus. illiterate men and women and poor people are his victims. He is often seen sitting on a footpath. a pencil and a few sheets of paper. The stall holders kept an eye on the naughty customers. He pretends to be a great scholar of astronomy and know everything about the movement of stars. There was a very interesting variety show in the afternoon. They come to him to find out the causes of their problems and their possible solutions. They tried their best to save the lives of the seriously injured persons. M.A. The condition of some of the injured was very bad. A police officer recorded the statements of the persons present at the spot. I saw a crowd of people. All the passengers got down the bus. The bus turned turtle. As our bus reached Shahkot. One of our teachers juggled with seven balls without dropping a single one. The girl customers tried little tricks with the stallholders. It was a great fun. The doctors and nurses attended them at once. They dressed their wounds and gave them medicines. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class 23 shami kababs and chicken-sticks were in great demand. English. The car driver was also very seriously injured. In the end our headmistress thanked the visitors and distributed the prizes among participants. 03217805595. 03027001680 Page 23 . 12- A Fortune Teller A fortune teller tells the people about their fortune. May God save us from such incidents. hair pins and many other things.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. He has some books. B. The young persons were busy in dragging out the passengers. There was blood everywhere on the road. Four persons were found dead. Everybody came back home happy.Scholars Academy. The fortune teller is a very clever and talkative person. Four small girls presented a play which was liked by all the visitors. In Muhammad Yasin GiLL. Actually a car had run into a bus. The dead and the injured were rushed to the nearest hospital. The police arrived at the spot. The driver stopped the bus. Our teachers too had their own stalls where they sold bangles. card in a basket. The sight of the accident was very horrible. He cheats the simple people. handkerchiefs. Some had received serious injuries.
He tells lies shamelessly. The people also gather in the playgrounds and lawns on the day of Basant. He satisfies his customers with his calculations. At night flood lights are used to make festival more attractive. This event is full of pleasure for them. The young boys and girls go on to the roofs of their houses. Loud speakers and some musical instruments are also used to express the joy. We placed our lunch boxes there and went around the park in groups. It is also the part of Jashn-e-Baharan. time and lives. It is the major event of Basant. Some of them lose their loves. He examines the lines on the palm of the person. The students entertained us with tit-bits and jokes. We enjoyed the swings in the park and swimming in the lake. Many kite fliers fall down from the roofs of their houses. He tells him many things about his luck. The scene at Jallo looked like a big fair. Kite-flying is a very dangerous hobby. B. The cut-away kite is followed by many boys to catch it. 13- Basant Basant has become a very popular festival of our country. M. 03027001680 Page 24 . He guesses the problems of the people and gives them some hopeful solutions.30 am. The young and the old all like to fly kites. The people try to cut the thread of the kite of one another with the sharp cord of their kites. there are shouts of ³Bo-kata´. It must be banned by the government. He shakes the people¶s faith in God. 03217805595. Kite-flying is their favourite hobby. After this we took some rest and again dispersed to enjoy ourselves. The people of Lahore are especially interested in it. It is only the wastage of money. We reached in the park at 8. Some students were enjoying songs Muhammad Yasin GiLL. 14- A Picnic Last week the Headmaster of our school decided to take our class to Jallo Park for a picnic. If a kite is cut off its cord. English. All the students were taken there by bus.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. A fortune teller is a big fraud. The people should be too educated to fall a victim of the fortune tellers. At 12. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class 24 fact. The people of big cities celebrate it with great joy. It is celebrated in Spring Season. They try to catch it even at the risk of their life.Scholars Academy.A. It is useless activity. We selected a place near the Jallo Lake and spread a big carpet there. He fleeces the people.30 pm we assembled and sat on the carpet for lunch. he is a great psychologist.
We started for our home journey. We prayed for him.A. We walked about for some time and then we entered the marble building to have a look at the grave of the great Mughal Emperor. One of the men was in high rage and wanted to beat the opponent woman. Meanwhile a woman struck him with a rod from behind. Now were served with light refreshments. the women from the other side attacked this woman. The women were abusing each other from behind the doors. At this a man from the opposite side got forward and was about to hit the attacker women. Some gentlemen and ladies seemed excited. As I was passing through the street. I saw a large number of people gathered there. At about 4.Scholars Academy.00 pm we again gathered at the appointed place.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. A wonderful scene met our eyes as we entered the main gate. A majestic marble building stood in the middle of a vast well-kept garden. Jahangir. Muhammad Yasin GiLL. 15. The men seemed in high temper. We came down after a few minutes and returned home full of great praise for the wonderful skill of the Mughal engineers of the past. Fountains played in a tank as well as in the one-foot deep and four-foot wide canals running between the foot-paths. but the other men standing in the street tried to hold him.A Street Quarrel One day I was coming back from my school. We cannot forget its pleasures. The time passed quickly.16- A visit to Historical Place We paid a visit to the Tomb of Jahangir one day. These kinds of dispute often occur due to illiteracy and impatience . They were dragging her into the street. We were surprised to see only three minarets of the Badshahi Mosque. before we came out. In it there were rows of Cyprus trees and beautiful flower-beds. There was a great noise. 03027001680 Page 25 . They grasped her hair and pulled her hair with force. It was a memorable picnic. but the people standing there seized him. We went up one of these. Thus the dispute came to an end. 03217805595. The sun was about to set now. The other women in the street rushed to them and freed the women from their clutches. At every corner of this building stands a beautiful minaret. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class 25 on their cell phones. In response to it. M. B. Others were making photos with their cameras. English. The people pacified both the parties.
Scholars Academy. He was born at Sialkot in 1870. 19. We joined the crowd of visitors in going round the cages of stags. English. 03217805595. and they ate these with great joy. when we heard the bell. We had yet to see ducks and cranes. tigers and leopards.A Visit to Zoo My cousin and I went to the zoo yesterday. He awakened the Muslims of the subcontinent from the deep sleep of nothingness. He got his M. English. 03027001680 Page 26 . He Muhammad Yasin GiLL. His professor of Persian and Urdu in the Murray College Sialkot. We saw the graceful zebras with black stripes. He wears neat and clean dress.A. So we went over to the other side to have a look at an elephant. He was one of the greatest thinkers of his age. The children were making faces at them. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class 26 17. He was a good student. jackals. Lahore. B. from the Government College. is my best teacher. He completed his study of the Holy Quran in his boyhood. we saw it playing with grass. So we left the zoo and returned home. He is M. Not far from there. He gained great reputation as a poet with message for the Muslims.Ed. pigeons. We saw a fountain playing in front of the main gate. The people were making mischief with them.The Teacher I like The Most (The Best) Abdullah sb. He passed away in Lahore on the 21st of April. The Quaid-i-Azam turned his dream into reality. We did not like to see wolves. bears and foxes. He is tall and healthy. All the Muslims of the world get inspiration from his poetry. There were peacocks of different colours. B. Sayyed Mir Hassan greatly helped him develop his talent. I like him most of the other teachers. 1938. rabbits.A. The monkeys were jumping from one place to another. We threw some grams into their cages.A. He went to Europe for higher studies and returned home as a barrister. M. He was buried near the stairs of the Badshahi Mosque Lahore. Then we saw monkeys and baboons. He made the Muslims active by his verses. parrots and sparrows.Allama Iqbal Allama Iqbal is my favourite author and poet. He gave the idea of Pakistan in 1930. 18.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. Then we went further to see lions.
We learn very easily what he teaches us. He discusses our common mistakes in the class room. He never misses his period. I rang up the fire-brigade at once. I was surprised to see clouds of smoke rising from the house of a friend of mine. The End Muhammad Yasin GiLL. He is very punctual and regular. All of a sudden I heard a great noise. They brought down the inmates of the house one by one. He is a perfect gentleman. They also brought down as many trunks and suit-cases.50. Qaswa Homes Notes 10th Class 27 says his prayers five times a day. May he live long! Amen! 20. He is a true religious person. Mean while the fire was brought under control. But there is always lesson in his punishment. He is very kind and sympathetic. He reaches school ten minutes before the bell goes. It arrived there without any loss of time. He has great knowledge of English grammar and his method of teaching is simple but very good.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. 03027001680 Page 27 . B. He is very hard working. He teaches us with love and care. Other put up a ladder against a wall to go up. M. The people were crying rescue. He teaches us English. Some of its members started throwing water over the house with a hose-pipe. Sometimes he punishes the work-shirkers and naughty boys. but the damage to property was estimated at Rs. Thank God. English. 000. I came out into the street in hot haste. There was a lot of rush of people there in the street.Scholars Academy. It could not be controlled without the help of the people and the fire brigade.A House on Fire I was getting ready to go to bed last night. 03217805595. He takes keen and personal interest in the welfare of the students. there was no loss of life. boxes and other things as they could.A.
pigeons. We threw some grams into their cages. The children were making faces at them. parrots and sparrows. He gave the idea of Pakistan in 1930.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595.A. Then we went further to see lions. when we heard the bell. Qaswa Homes Notes – 10th Class 28 these. rabbits. 18. jackals. tigers and leopards. The monkeys were jumping from one place to another. We came down after a few minutes and returned home full of great praise for the wonderful skill of the Mughal engineers of the past. He was one of the greatest thinkers of his age. The people were making mischief with them. M. We had yet to see ducks and cranes. We saw a fountain playing in front of the main gate. All the Muslims of the world get inspiration from his poetry. We saw the graceful zebras with black stripes. He gained great reputation as a poet with message for the Muslims. He completed his study of the Holy Quran in his boyhood. The Quaid-i-Azam turned his Muhammad Yasin GiLL. and they ate these with great joy. 17. His professor of Persian and Urdu in the Murray College Sialkot. B. We were surprised to see only three minarets of the Badshahi Mosque. We joined the crowd of visitors in going round the cages of stags.Allama Iqbal Allama Iqbal is my favourite author and poet. So we went over to the other side to have a look at an elephant. English. Sayyed Mir Hassan greatly helped him develop his talent. He made the Muslims active by his verses. 03217805595.A. We did not like to see wolves. He awakened the Muslims of the subcontinent from the deep sleep of nothingness. He was born at Sialkot in 1870. from the Government College. Lahore. He was a good student. He went to Europe for higher studies and returned home as a barrister.Scholars Academy.A Visit to Zoo My cousin and I went to the zoo yesterday. we saw it playing with grass. There were peacocks of different colours. So we left the zoo and returned home. bears and foxes. Then we saw monkeys and baboons. 03027001680 Page 28 . Not far from there. He got his M.
He is a perfect gentleman. M. The people were crying rescue. He is very hard working. He is very kind and sympathetic. B. May he live long! Amen! 20. He is very punctual and regular. All of a sudden I heard a great noise. Some of its members started throwing water over the house with a hose-pipe. It could not be controlled without the help of the people and the fire brigade. Sometimes he punishes the work-shirkers and naughty boys.The Teacher I like The Most (The Best) Abdullah sb. 000. He has great knowledge of English grammar and his method of teaching is simple but very good.Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595. He takes keen and personal interest in the welfare of the students. 19. He is M. boxes and other things as they could. We learn very easily what he teaches us. He never misses his period. He teaches us English. He teaches us with love and care. He says his prayers five times a day. He is tall and healthy. Muhammad Yasin GiLL. Qaswa Homes Notes – 10th Class 29 dream into reality. It arrived there without any loss of time. is my best teacher. 1938. Other put up a ladder against a wall to go up. Thank God. B. They brought down the inmates of the house one by one.Ed. But there is always lesson in his punishment. He reaches school ten minutes before the bell goes. there was no loss of life. He discusses our common mistakes in the class room. He passed away in Lahore on the 21 st of April.Scholars Academy.A House on Fire I was getting ready to go to bed last night.50. I came out into the street in hot haste.A. Mean while the fire was brought under control. 03217805595. I rang up the fire-brigade at once. 03027001680 Page 29 . English. I like him most of the other teachers. He is a true religious person. They also brought down as many trunks and suit-cases. He was buried near the stairs of the Badshahi Mosque Lahore. but the damage to property was estimated at Rs. English. There was a lot of rush of people there in the street. He wears neat and clean dress.A. I was surprised to see clouds of smoke rising from the house of a friend of mine.
Ed #(0322) (0313) 6278595.Scholars Academy. English. B. Qaswa Homes Notes – 10th Class 30 The End Muhammad Yasin GiLL. 03027001680 Page 30 . 03217805595. M.A.