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By SI FU Panayiotis Argyridis
The Principles Theories & Practice of Jun Fan Gung Fu/ Jeet Kune Do vol.1
The Principles Theories & Practice of Jun Fan Gung Fu/ Jeet Kune Do vol.1
Sifu Panayiotis Argyridis
Library of Congress Control Number: ISBN: Hardcover Softcover Ebook 2010911626 978-1-4535-5421-0 978-1-4535-5420-3 978-1-4535-0635-6 All rights reserved. To order additional copies of this book. including photocopying. contact: Xlibris Corporation 0-800-644-6988 www.xlibrispublishing.Copyright © 2010 by Sifu Panayiotis Argyridis. electronic or mechanical. without permission in writing from the copyright owner.co.uk Orders@xlibrispublishing.co. This book was printed in the United States of America. recording.uk 300417 . No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means. or by any information storage and retrieval system.
.......................................................................79 The Lead Side Kick........................................................................................................................43 The Straight Rear to Body .............59 The Palm and the Palm Hook .....................................22 The Stutter Step and Stealing a Step ... Tools of the Trade—Part I ..........18 The Sidestepping Right and Left Footwork Pattern ......................................20 The Step-through Footwork Pattern .......................76 The Kicking Tools Primary Principle .....................................................................................................77 The Leading Hook Kick or the Ooh Tek ...............17 The Step-and-Slide or the Push Shuffle Footwork ............... Tools of the Trade—Part II ...........................33 The Leading Straight Punch ..............................................39 The Cross Punch ..........14 2........... On Footwork ...............................................................................................................................................................................23 Methods of Training with Your Footwork ...................................................................76 The Leading Straight Kick or the Jik Tek ................................86 ..............................................................................................................33 The Leading Finger Jab or the Bil Jee or Biu Jee.......................19 The Burning Step Footwork Pattern or the Climbing Fence .....................................................................................................................................................................................................13 The Bi-jong Stance Components .......37 The Lead Back Fist or Qua Chuie ......................................................................................24 3. The Fighting Stance or the Bi-jong Stance ...67 The Inner Forearm Smash.............................................................................................................................71 4.............................................................47 Lead Hook Punch or the Oou Chuie ..............................................................................................17 The Pendulum or the Slide-and-Step Footwork Patterns .................21 Quick Sidestep Right or Left ...........................CONTENTS 1.......................................56 The Uppercut Hook......................62 The Elbow Smash......................52 The Shovel Hook Punch .82 The Back Kick or the Hou Tek ..........65 The Head Butt................................................................48 The Straight Lead to the Body ........................
..........120 The Non-intention Principle ......................................................125 The Whip Principle..................................................................96 The Cross Stamp Kick (Lin Dum Tek)...125 6......The Spin Back Kick or the Juen Tek .......103 The Rear Hook Kick...118 The Centerline Theory .......................................................................................................................121 The Hammer Principle ...... On Principles and Theories—Part III .............................................................91 The So Tek or the Reverse Hook Kick .............105 The Shin Smash .............................121 The Immovable Elbow Theory ..........................................................................................................................................116 Economy of Motion ........................................................122 Visual Focus Principle ..........93 The Reverse Heel Hook Kick at an angle of 180 and 360 Degrees ...................................................................................... The Jun Fan/Jeet Kune Do Glossary—Part IV ...............................112 5..........................................................................116 The Power Side Forward .....................................................127 ..........................................124 Water in the Hose and Whip Principles .................................................88 The Inverted Hook Kick or the Qua Tek .....................................................................................................................................................................................109 The Knee Smash .....
Repetition is very important.advancedjkd. 3. Bruce Lee said: I am not going to feed you with one. It is good enough to have a sparring partner. Train everything in a good form and in a slow motion. In other words. Train your muscular and cardiovascular endurance through the different exercises. just choose a new sparring part. as you become costumed to his reactions. Experiment those tactics and techniques during sparring bouts with a training partner. Try to understand every explanation as close as possible. Furthermore I intend to produce a DVD as the live part of this book. From time to time. The different chapters displayed in the book are the primary and prerequisite knowledge to be acquired by anyone wants to learn the art of Jeet Kune Do. 4. Just use it as a signpost. The main training tip for effective practice and street situations. Train power and explosiveness too. 5.FOREWORD Since this book is going to be my first volume in the series of ten volumes in all. as well as endurance and speed. Just understand every part described and illustrated with the photos. or ten fishes every day. or any other book from the next volumes. It is not really possible to include all of the examples and techniques in one book. as they are numerous. Anyone willing enough to follow the instructions must have an open mind. One good way to train this is through utilizing focus mitts and kicking shields. it does cover the very basics of Jeet Kune Do practice. Use the jump rope frequently. and use it as a basis to create your own tactic or technique.) Then you can add speed to improve it to the maximum. Look for weight training and isometric training. 1. (Consider economy of motion. Anyone interested to visit me for practice and acquire his or her certificate as an apprentice instructor. I believe this manuscript will help all practitioners in any martial art. The end result is to gain adoptability to any 7 .com. two. 2. do not go through it blindly. but I am going to teach you on how to fish. so you can improve agility and mobility in footwork. he or she can do it by logging on to www. Train diligently on every footwork pattern and every tool. beginners or advanced.
Make up your mind: This means that you will have to transform yourself into a vicious animal so you can inflict pain and damage on your opponent. and finger or boxing gloves 6. and explosiveness a vulnerable target on any opponent. (Study about the emotional content and the pseudospeciation.) 8. or a mouth guard. power.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS opponent as well as to get instantaneous responses to the highest level. shin pads. This will diminish opponent’s morale and courage. Develop a warrior’s spirit. 7. or take him out very quickly. Always manage to hit or kick first with maximum speed.ear protective equipments such as head gear. 8 . Understand the principles of street conflict.
Congratulations to Panayiotis on this fine piece of literary work.hardcorejkd. and is extremely dedicated to the art and science of Bruce Lee’s Jun Fan Gung Fu and Jeet Kune Do! He is one of my most knowledgeable and most highly skilled students. I am very proud of him and extremely pleased to see this project finally come to fruition! This book will become a treasured part of my martial arts library. Panayiotis has been my devoted student for almost twenty years now. many years. and taught hundreds of students. as I’m sure it will for anyone who acquires it. This book is the result of the many years of hard work that Panayiotis has done to get to the point where he is with his Jeet Kune Do training. I have been teaching Jeet Kune Do for many. I am very proud of him and wish him much success in the future! Sincerely. but few have trained with such continued dedication and unending perseverance as Panayiotis. Davis II Certified Senior Instructor Jun Fan Gung Fu/Jeet Kune Do www.FOREWORD I am very pleased to be writing the forward for this book authored by Panayiotis Argyridis.com 9 . Sifu Lamar M.
you will have to be trained for the unexpected. and not for what you expect to be like. what is this. who has been a great help to me on the various adjustments on the computer. Jeet Kune Do has no ranking or belts. my wife Anna. On the contrary. before I started writing my book. most of the times we would really like to know and define things and subjects to their right side. I considered that people would like to know the opposite. What Jeet Kune Do Is Not? First. the solid sequential movements that build up the feeling of rituality. Therefore. but only for a few. as we always do! For example. This is very clear because most of the people or martial artists like to abide by something. and what is the difference between this and the other facts or things that creates the comparison. I also dedicate this book to my loving family. This is where true freedom and self-expression results. 11 . and Panikos. a photographer specialist. You can apply your technique or your tactic with the absence of likes or dislikes. They like to be attached to their techniques they have learned. who he is still taking private training under me. and who still do. I would also like to thank my brother. Now Jeet Kune developed by Bruce Lee is not for the many or for everyone. Rigid motions is on the contrary to Jeet Kune Do training. Jeet Kune Do is in an ever changing and an ever evolving state. Jeet Kune Do has no forms. and be formless or even insubstantial. or the so-called katas. Antonis. The reason for this is. Therefore. or to the same routines and habits they do every day.ACKNOWLEDGMENT This book is dedicated first to my Sifu Lamar M. Someone must learn to flow like water. My gratitude are also due to those who have helped me with photography production such as Marios. Jeet Kune Do is for those who do not abide or be attached with anything that creates the feeling of self-security. and my daughter Juliana. I also dedicate this book to Bruce Lee’s students who support and perpetuate their master’s teachings and philosophy. In order to obtain that skill. Davis II who has given me the first insight into and enlightened me on Bruce Lee’s Jeet Kune Do. not even tournaments. To my friends and students who really supported my goal. one is preparing him or herself for the real combat situations.
Simplicity and direct expression to the opponent is what counts more. The direct expression to the opponent is what technique is necessary to apply according to the moment of the combat situation. There should always be an intention to what we do and not just a mere demonstration.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS It is not on how good or nice a motion looks to be like to the viewer’s eyes. We need to build what Bruce Lee called “the emotional content. Finally. 12 . we do not demonstrate through the execution of any technique. This the correct mental attitude or state of mind.” There should be the controlled feeling of anger when an attack or a defense gets into play.
1. or after any of your offensive or defensive movements. This is the ideal fighting position which allows you to move in any direction with ease and comfort within a moment’s notice without striving with your tools or without leaving yourself open or unbalanced before. in order to assume the fighting stance properly. Before the student enables himself to assume the Bi-jong stance or the open Bi-jong position. and spirit together for maximum alertness and readiness with instant relaxation as well as smoothness in every action and reaction with the opponent. which is footwork and mobility skills. THE FIGHTING STANCE OR THE BI-JONG STANCE The Bi-jong stance is the most scientific fighting position for aligning body. The Jeet Kune Do fighting position has a direct relationship to the art of moving. he has to familiarize himself with the different stance components. mind. during. I could emphasize that the fighting stance of Jeet Kune Do is the cause of good finesse and subtlety of footwork.1. the first thing or the first feeling we will have to experience is the feeling of complete relaxation and confidence through a good mental and physical balance. First of all. 13 .
By keeping my proper alignment of the stance. I can maintain good balance in both right and left sides as well as in forward and backward motion of shifting my body weight. This has to be no more than three to six inches in width whenever I stand in my fighting position. 14 .SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 2. Now the “centerline width” is an imaginary line that runs between my lead and rear foot when assuming the Bi-jong position. 3. This is what we need to maintain our Bi-jong stance’s proper alignment. and with my rear foot turned toward the centerline at an angle of almost thirty-seven degrees and three inches away from that line. 1. This will also allow someone to have much more power with his striking tools. My lead foot should be kept three inches away from the centerline and turned slightly inward to that centerline at a forty-five-degree angle. This is an imaginary line that runs in between the feet (see figure 1). The Bi-jong Stance Components This is one of the most important elements in maintaining a perfect relationship of the feet to the centerline. Rear heel should be raised approximately one to two inches from the floor.
Weight Distribution The weight of my body is distributed equally on both feet to a proportion of 50 percent-50 percent. Sometimes more weight shifts to the rear leg to approximately 65 percent of the bodyweight. 5. This will promote an excellent mobility and balance at the same time. 15 . The Knees The knees slightly bent offer you alertness at all times.1 1. Another guiding point to remember is to draw an imaginary line from the heel of the lead foot to the toe of your rear foot. it has to turn in the direction where your lead shoulder comes in vertical alignment to your lead foot. This is to enable a faster lead leg kick as well as to avoid being swept off by an opponent’s kick. Make sure the rear heel touches down by the time of your snap-back action. This is like you’re sitting on two strong springs ready to explode with your attack when the moment arises. Sometimes the weight distribution of the fighting stance becomes a preference to the Jeet Kune Do practitioner according to the situation. with the lead elbow four to six inches away from the lead side of the body. and. 2. 3. This will create a slanting imaginary line coming over and across the centerline in between both feet. as well as promote quick and explosive steps to any direction. The Arms and Hands The arms are raised up into a guarding position by keeping both elbows pointing in and down. you can also create a “false sense of distance” to your opponent if you give a slight forward lean of the upper body from the waist up in such a way that will give you a snap-back motion if somebody tries to hit your head. keeping the lead hand slightly lower than the lead shoulder.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. 4. but it has to turn slightly inward in order to avoid being exposed to any of your opponent’s attacks. The Upper Body The upper body must run perpendicular to the floor. Furthermore. This line is going to indicate the proper upper body’s positioning with the lead and rear shoulder of the body running parallel to this. The Stance Width The widening of my feet has to be approximately one-and-a-half times my shoulder’s width apart.
Sometimes another alternative could be to place both guarding hands slightly spread apart from the centerline. and the rear hand is placed under the chin and inside the lead shoulder. I will then have to make my chin pin to my lead collarbone and. In addition. In some instances. be it either a horizontal or vertical punch. This enhances explosiveness of my punching in order to initiate from where the hand is directly to the opponent’s face with a relaxed and blinding speed.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS The rear arm is touching the rear-side ribs for protection against any side attacks. An alternative to my rear hand’s positioning could be to the left side of the head if I am standing in a right lead on-guard position. both hands when assuming the Bi-jong position are placed right on the centerline for maximum protection of my own center-line. The point here is that the closer I am to the opponent. both hands have to remain halfway open and halfway closed. because primarily. such as in infighting position. This is positioned in a slight lowering of the chin and a slight rising of the lead shoulder as if they were to meet each other halfway up and halfway down. and the second is to enable my peripheral vision to focus with my sight directly to my opponent’s solar plexus or stern. which is coming in line to the lead hand to approximately one foot away from each other. The Head The head is placed in a way so that the throat has to be well covered. 16 . There are two primary reasons for this. the lower the head or the chin will have to go. as I have mentioned before. The first is to prevent any punch drive into the throat. The only exception is to tighten up into a fist upon impact and then assume the on-guard position immediately. 6. the shoulder goes halfway up and the chin lowers halfway down.
This step-and-slide is used to find the proper distance from the adversary (fighting measure) or to set him up for a certain tactic such as the attack by drawing. ON FOOTWORK “Footwork precedes every punch and every kick.” The Step-and-Slide or the Push Shuffle Footwork This is the simplest footwork pattern that we have in Jun Fan/Jeet Kune Do. The rear foot first steps backward. 17 . The retreating part of the step-and-slide works in the opposite. and the rear foot slides up in the same direction covering the same distance. This is what we call consistency of the footwork. This pattern of footwork is frequently used in a sparring or self-defense situation. the lead foot steps forward six inches to a foot. Sometimes it is referred to as a push shuffle. But step and slide is a variation to the push shuffle footwork. By being in constant motion. and then the lead foot steps back covering the same distance. In step and slide. covering six inches to a foot.2. one can meet any circumstances. Step-and-slide footwork is basically used to close some distance toward my opponent or to step away from my opponent.” “Life is in motion.
which is push shuffle footwork.” A key element to remember. which puts him into a vulnerable position. is used to deliver a very quick and swift sidekick to my opponent’s lead knee. This must always be executed with one swift motion forward. This is the defensive part of push shuffle footwork. which you will find in the glossary at the last pages of this book. This stresses the principle of the motion economy that every defensive or offensive movement has to by conserving energy.e. if I were to find myself very close to my opponent. then step-and-slide footwork to the rear would solve the problem concerning the correct distance. we always strive to economize motion. The Pendulum or the Slide-and-Step Footwork Patterns In presenting these two footwork patterns. I move just enough to make him miss. which is very important when using step-and-slide footwork. in order to avoid telegraphing our intentions. The same distance of the feet has to be covered. This happens by first sliding my rear foot up touching the lead foot and step with the lead foot up to a distance to regain my fighting on-guard position. which is the offensive part. The reverse slide-and-step footwork. Any movement. is used to evade against any kind of kick from my opponent. the lead foot has to slide back quickly touching the rear foot where the lead foot will have to replace the rear foot position by reassuming the on-guard. there is a saying: “Don’t allow yourself to get hit. I am pushing real hard off my raised rear heel when moving forward. In that way. On the reversing part of this footwork pattern. six inches to a foot. In Jeet Kune Do.. To achieve that. Now on the variation footwork pattern. has to be minimized in motion. There are offensive and defensive slide-and-step movements. I can cover a whole step toward my opponent. this serves the purpose to evade the opponent’s oncoming punch or kick. This helps me close the gap explosively and quickly toward my opponent with the intention of hitting. The first part of the footwork. the opposite takes place: I have to push real hard off my lead leg and step quickly back with my rear leg. which is the defensive part. be it an attacking or defensive movement. allowing my hand weapon to score on the intended target. In Jeet Kune Do. This is the advancing part of the shuffle footwork. In the slide stepping footwork pattern. while the first example is the offensive part of this type of footwork. In the retreating part. you will have to develop body feel and good form. is that you always have to keep your head at a leveled position in order to avoid any unnecessary or telegraphic movement while stepping toward and away from your opponent. one may fail to deal with the appropriate naming as well as with its execution. 18 .SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS i.
It’s a good way to probe my opponent’s reactions. Don’t fall into a trap on acting upon this step by first stepping off with your rear leg and then following it up with your lead leg. we always abide by the principle of motion economy.This type of footwork is occasionally applied in the instance where the situation dictates that my offensive part of slide-and-step footwork puts me in danger to get hit by my opponent. otherwise this will 19 . Some mechanics have to take place as for the head as it will have to move out of range first as I am sidestepping with my right leg. I will have to make sure that the right foot moves first in to the closest direction that I need to move by the time of attack (right direction of my right lead stance). The Sidestepping Right and Left Footwork Pattern Sidestepping is a lateral footwork pattern. but this time I do not cover any distance. on comprehending how pendulum-footwork pattern works. So both halves brought together create the pendulum step footwork. This sweeps back and forth from a stabilized point by following its gravity. and whether avoiding a kick from an opponent is considered as the defensive part. Also this kind of footwork disorganizes my opponent with an initial kick. Of course this is considered as one movement. we first have to visualize ourselves on how pendulum devise works by itself. I usually use an eighteen inches cover. you will notice that the head remains in a fixed position while the feet resemble the movement of the pendulum. and I have to remain safe out of his reach. the rear leg has to regain the fighting position by sidestepping in the same direction and covering the same distance. But as I said before. So the same thing is closely related to the pendulum footwork pattern. So pendulum footwork has a different meaning and a different function to perform as opposed to slide-and-step footwork.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. is considered as the offensive part. When you do this.1 Now. In sidestepping to the right. When I am going to apply a sidestepping movement with a long step. In the instance where I decide to kick my opponent’s knee or shin or even his rib cage. I just only deliver a lead side kick or lead hook kick or even a lead straight kick and return it immediately back to the on-guard position. I just forcefully move in a slide-forward pattern by allowing my rear foot to slide up as this touches my lead. As soon as I complete this movement. So I have shifted my fighting position to my right side approximately six to eighteen inches. It’s a basic footwork on shifting out of Bi-jong position sideways in order to avoid either a leading straight punch coming in from the opponent or a rear straight punch. In that way whether combined by a kick. but it’s actually two separate movements.
It sounds quite strange. The objective is to avoid getting hit by the opponent to the head. such as my groin or my midsection area. which is my rear leg. I am very well positioned to deliver a direct and effective counterstrike as soon as my opponent’s offensive move fails to score. An important point to remember here is that the head has always to move first out of the way of the punch and come in vertical line with my sidestepping leg. my lead leg has to spring up immediately to at least 20 . So whether my jamming position has to be applied in a sparring or a self-defense situation. you just take a quick step forward with your lead foot covering approximately six inches to a foot. which is the closest direction as opposed to my right leg. That’s exactly where I need to use this counteroffensive movement against any of my opponent’s kicks in order to stop them and prevent them from reaching me. with the only difference being that this time my rear foot or left foot has to step out first to my left side. As soon as the foot touches the floor. another thing has to get into place. This is the raising of my lead knee up to my solar plexus height by covering my centerline. Sidestepping to my left helps to avoid being hit by my opponent’s lead straight punch. without any hesitation or waste of time. Now. The Burning Step Footwork Pattern or the Climbing Fence This is another footwork pattern or a step. In both sidestepping movements. My rear foot has to slide up to the lead foot that has already stepped some distance forward and take its place before my lead foot goes into the jamming position. by the time I have stepped forward with my lead foot and very quickly and explosively raised it up to the jamming position. From the fighting stance or the Bi-jong position. This is what we call “displacement” of the lead foot by the rear foot. The burning step has to be very explosive in closing the gap very quickly by jamming the opponent’s kicking motion before this reaches its intended target. Now the same thing happens whether I am going to sidestep to my left. but it was named so by Bruce Lee during his Oakland period in order to help his students understand and comprehend proper execution as a primary mental strategy to the feeling of stepping on something extremely hot. as the right foot follows to reassume the fighting position. This is used against a situation where an opponent is going to initiate a kick such as a roundhouse kick off his lead or rear leg. which is a part of your training. it has to go immediately up into the jamming position.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS render insufficient to defend your opponent’s incoming rear straight punch.
21 . Bruce Lee emphasized economy of motion as one of the most basic principles in the art of Jeet Kune Do. if I happen to be standing in a left lead. In Jun Fan/Jeet Kune Do. This is how step-through footwork gets into play. etc. we need to bring our feet as quickly as possible back to the ground. This offers me good balance in all directions forward back and to the sides. The worst thing in footwork and the most dangerous to us is to delay on its execution.1 solar plexus height in order to protect my centerline. In order to change from my right-side stance into the left-side stance. Footwork should be economical and purposeful. Move as little as necessary to accomplish the purpose but yet be near enough to hit the opponent.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. which is my weak side. This will help me preserve my “Centerline Width” to the on-guard position as soon as I come to the left lead. In stepping through to the front from the right lead. This is very important. We move just enough to execute any offensive or any defensive movement. because the longer your feet are in transition through a certain type of footwork. Centerline Width is defined as the distance between your lead and rear foot in relation to the centerline. while at the same time my both arms should come up for protection. In stepping through to the rear. such as the rear leg roundhouse kick or the lead leg side kick or straight kick. my rear foot passes through the lead foot moving in a slight semicircular path to facilitate end up with an effective regaining of my stance into a left lead position. Sometimes as I jam against my opponent’s attacking limb.” my rear foot slides through the lead in a slight semicircular path. The Step-through Footwork Pattern In Jeet Kune Do. So in stepping through to the front from my right side or “power side forward. The same principle proves true on shifting from right lead to left lead or from left lead to right lead. my left foot steps through back into my power side Bi-jong position. I will have to either step through to the front or step through to the rear depending on the distance from my opponent. we don’t use any unnecessary movement that it will waste energy or time. or fire a leading vertical fist into my opponent’s face as I keep a well-covering position throughout. I may punch simultaneously by firing a very direct finger jab or a bil jee. as well an effective powerful torque capability of the body during any kind of hitting or kicking technique. the more vulnerable you become to your opponent’s attack.
” Now. or a direct and economical lead hook kick inside of his lead leg or inner sciatic nerve. Quick Sidestep Right or Left The quick sidestep is similar to the basic sidestep-footwork pattern.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS Simplicity and purpose in footwork is the landmark of the art of moving. my opponent fires a lead straight kick against my lead leg or “right leg.” An important element to the proper execution of the stepping-through footwork is the protection of the upper body centerline. by executing the quick sidestep to my right instead. a lead leg straight kick into his groin. “For every attack there is a counterattack. taking another quick step with my lead leg in the same direction to get quickly back to my on-guard position. Bruce Lee said. It puts me in a position where I can fire a lead hand strike or a lead leg kick into my opponent’s instantaneous opening. follow up with my left leg or rear leg stepping out in the same direction. on demonstrating the quick sidestep to my left. both my hands move in a circular economical path. before I end up into my Bi-jong position. and then the lead foot follows in the same direction to end up into fighting position. with the only difference being the purpose of the movement and its mechanical execution. Another important or the most important point to remember with this footwork is to avoid crossing your feet while in transition back to the on-guard 22 . and without wasting time. An immediate response to his kick would be to move that leg out quickly from his line of attack. This type of footwork can be applied against any low-line kick coming into my rear leg if my opponent faces me in the right lead firing a lead low-line kick to my rear leg. the rear foot steps off to the right side first. the right foot moves first and the left foot follows back to the Bi-jong position. I can either step to my right or to my left direction. Now I am in a good position to counterattack my opponent with a good lead backfist to his head. This is the quick sidestep to my right. On the contrary. resulting from his committing attack. In sidestepping right. I have to make sure that during stepping either forward or backward.” Where should I move my leg? I will immediately have to move that leg first to my left side to avoid being kicked. This kind of footwork can be applied against my opponent’s leading straight punch (if he was standing in a left lead) coming in toward my head. the one over the other. Therefore. One should seek “firmness in motion. let’s say under the same situation. This gives me a good centerline protection to the upper body during the changing of my stance. as I have mentioned before. not firmness in stillness.
Every type of footwork pattern depends on how far away you happen to be from your opponent by the time of attack or defense. or just to hamper the opponent. An example would be a probing attack with the lead hand and simultaneously taking a forward step and then back to on-guard position. It is very imperative that before you apply any kind of footwork pattern. Furthermore. There is another use of the stutter step. This is a step made with the lead foot for about few inches forward without moving the rear foot. hip. be right on the “rim” when squaring off to an opponent in order to be safe from being hit. This action is designed to start a forward movement. This will tend to lose your balance at the end of your movement and render your counterstrikes ineffective against your opponent. This is where I should always be—right on the “rim” of the fighting measure. Another thing which is really very important on “stealing a step” footwork.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. simultaneously while the Jeet Kune Do practitioner is moving around. which is called “stealing a step. and as I have already mentioned.” This is the change of my alignment from the Bi-jong position by stepping this time the same way I have already stepped in the previous example. this is the fighting measure. such as the feints or fakes before you find the best way to attack. uses some kind of fakes or feints. and analyze your opponent through the use of propping attacks.1 position. in this case by the lead foot. hand. etc. most of the times. is the projection of my lead arm. we should notice that a good Jeet Kune Do fighter. The Stutter Step and Stealing a Step Let’s explain what the stutter step is. As a general rule here to remember. you should estimate proper distance. with the only exception that the lead foot steps over the rear or right in front of the rear foot. Therefore the Jeet Kune Do practitioner will gain time to attack effectively by enhancing safety during any of his attacks. This will make the opponent lose movement time by hampering his timing to act properly. There should be a foot feint or a foot fake. This is done by extending my arm forward at 23 . In this way I will be able to deliver a direct and explosive lead side kick into my opponent’s knee or shin. if we better examine our Bi-jong position while squaring off to an opponent. This is may be a head. leg feint. This enables me to conceal my rear foot explosive movement as this slides up to the lead in order to close the distance toward the opponent deceptively. neither too close nor too far away from the opponent before the execution of a certain footwork pattern.
There are many and various training methods to improve and develop footwork and mobility skills. Training partner A will have to try to close distance toward partner B with push-shuffle-forward movement while partner B will have to immediately apply push shuffle to the rear. Therefore. and away from him.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS my opponent’s eye level in order to obstruct his vision. In the present drill there is a leader such as partner A. One good way to get close enough to facilitate a kick or a hit is to step forward once or twice to encourage your opponent to follow 24 . to try to get close to partner B. through the use of small and rapid steps (shuffle steps) by constantly varying length and speed of your steps. To develop that further. partner B retreats. Learn to keep “absence of touch” by constantly breaking and gaining ground through these small and rapid steps. This will also improve fine sense of timing. diligently work by gliding and shuffling smoothly on the floor. partner B advances. The main idea in this drill is that partner A has. you should find a training partner to face off each other in on-guard position. Someone on the fighting measure is considered to be safe and out of his opponent’s reach. The primary thing is to first be able to control distance from your opponent. And whenever he retreats. So partner B will always try to stay on the fighting measure. This will instill speed and explosiveness as well as rhythm and lightness into your footwork. Train any of your fotwork patters until they become spontaneous and ease with your movement. “The art of kicking and hitting is to be able to judge proper distance. Methods of Training with Your Footwork This type of training will train your neuromuscular response system in order to react without thinking when situation arises. Why? Because he will not be able to judge proper distance. So what partner A is trying to achieve in the drill. and it will retard any of his preparations to throw an attack against you.” In order to launch any type of attack (the three ranges of fighting) you need to have excellent and good explosive footwork and penetrating strikes as soon as you sense the right moment to attack. Because the art of fighting is the art of moving or like Bruce Lee said. So partner A is seeking to attack while partner B is seeking not to get hit. as I close in for a lead leg kick. This will gain strong effect against your opponent’s timing and rhythm. Whenever partner A advances. From Bi-jong stance. while someone inside the fighting measure is made to attack. which means inside of the fighting measure. toward. footwork is a very crucial element in our fighting arsenal. as his main purpose. is to outsmart partner B and get close enough to him in order to hit him.
25 . Later on. For example. you can work and accelerate speed and brake timing by suddenly stepping a hitting or kicking. Here is some more information to further understand this phase of the drill: As two training partners shuffle-step back and forth. While partner B will have to evade the punishment with a rear push shuffle.1 by allowing him to take a forward step or two. the one who is going to attack will be the leader. partner A will have to apply a punching motion with his footwork. this time. while partner A will have to follow by trying to stay out of reach. To further continue with this drill. 3. I will show more drills in one of my oncoming books. such as the forward push shuffle in order to reach and hit partner B. 2. The follower or person B has to try to stay out of reach.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. partner B will be the leader trying to close the distance toward partner A. 1. Then both partners switch by having person B lead and person A follow. as well as good understanding of your defensive tactics. then you step immediately back and time his motion forward with a strike. The next excellent phase of this drill is to incorporate hitting or kicking in the same drill. A head protective gear and a pair of shin guards is a must for this phase of the drill. 4. Good knowledge of hand weapons and leg weapons is demanding on this level of training.
1. I am neither too far nor too close from my opponent. The above sequence of photos illustrate step-and-slide footwork advance and retreat in order to close distance to my opponent. 26 . Here I illustrate forward push shuffle in combination to a lead bil jee strike or finger jab as I am closing the gap toward my opponent.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 5. 3. or to break distance from my opponent in order to find proper fighting measure. 2. Then I apply the backward push shuffle in order to avoid my opponent’s lead hand strike. 2. 1.
1 1. 4.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. 27 . 5. 3. This is the offensive part to take my opponent’s lead leg with my side kick. And then I apply the defensive part to avoid getting kicked through the reverse slide-step pattern. 3. In this demonstration. 2. I make use of the explosive forward slide step.
hit with your hand weapon while moving into the sidestepping motion to gain power into your strike. 28 . while I’ am in position to deliver an effective counterstrike such as my lead hook to his body or my lead shovel hook into his rib area. It’s very important to counterstrike before you finish with your step.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 4. This is how I can execute sidestepping right or left to avoid my opponent’s lead-straight or rear-straight punch.
1 5. or even lead hand. 2. And then through the retreating part to immediately return to my on-guard position. 1. by remaining on the fighting measure. groin. 29 .THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. This is how I can effectively use my pendulum step from the outside range to deliver a very direct and fast kick to my opponent’s lead knee.
by first changing the alignment of my feet through the stutter step movement as I can slide up my rear leg and deliver a very explosive and direct 30 . 4. 6. 2. As soon as my opponent attempts to initiate with a rear leg roundhouse kick to my groin or to my head. This is how I can execute my stealing-a-step movement. 1. I can hit simultaneously or I can even touch down my lead leg and punch with my leading hand strike. 7. 3. I can immediately explode forward into a burning-step lead leg jam to stop his kick from developing any further.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 3.
1. I can immediately and quickly move my lead leg to my left direction and then follow up with my rear leg to the same direction. 2.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL.1 lead sidekick. The opposite should take place if I were to evade my opponent’s lead or rear leg straight or even sidekick to my rear leg. 2. 31 . 3. This is quick sidestepping footwork. I must make sure that my lead hand projects as I take the step with my lead foot. If my opponent suddenly delivers a lead straight kick to my lead leg. 8. 1.
then distance would be very crucial depending on whether I happen to be close enough or far away enough from my opponent. 5. or I can step through to the rear if I happen to be close enough to my opponent or inside the fighting measure. 32 . With the step-through footwork to the front.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 3. Of course. if for some reason I decide to change leads. I can get the proper distance if I were standing far away from my opponent. 9. 4.
TOOLS OF THE TRADE—PART I “Repetition is the Mother of Training” (Bruce Lee) The Leading Straight Punch In Jeet Kune Do. The leading straight or the leading intercepting fist is the backbone of all Jeet Kune Do punches. by placing it in a good alignment to the forearm and elbow as well as to the lead shoulder as the lead shoulder raises slightly higher to come in line with the fist. The leading straight punch is used in two different methods. This is where my strongest hand or my strongest leg is placed closer to the opponent in order to save time to deliver the punch or the kick as well as to non-telegraph my strikes to my opponent. making impact with the three last knuckles as the wrist twists in a slight upward motion at the point of impact. the fist is positioned vertically. In this method as well as in the second method. we emphasize “power side forward” principle. The first one is to deliver it as a probe or as a speed jab. It takes the most direct path to the target with the straightest line possible. most of the strikes and most of the kicks are delivered from the lead side of the body. In Jeet Kune Do.3. Also by 33 . This enhances and reinforces the wrist.
with the less amount of energy and lost motion. In other words. This punch is frequently used to intercept somebody’s attempt to attack wildly and carelessly. This is much more powerful and destructive. waist. That makes use of an elliptical motion by the time it hits the target or the opponent. Always perform any offensive technique. not for power. Another important thing to remember when executing JKD jab or the intercepting fist is that you should always try to keep your elbow in and down during its execution. This is where the name Jeet Kune Do comes from. and finally to the fist. Economy of motion is also the key element here by avoiding or eliminating any unnecessary preparatory move before the punch (good form). A variation of this punch is the intercepting fist. retracting back or even by leaning back the upper body before the delivery of the punch. but this time the fist continues through in an elliptical path that slightly arcs through upon impact and returns very quickly back to the on-guard position. Proper body mechanics are really important during the execution of this punch. pivots and transmits movement to the rear knee. For a maximum result.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS having placed my fist in vertical. shoulders. It is delivered with a vertical fist impacting with the last three knuckles as the wrist suddenly snaps in a slight upward direction. the rear leg pushes much harder off the ball of the rear foot. This is similar to a fencer as he starts to launch forward by closing the gap toward the opponent. I can have a much better centerline control offensively. Of course. The leading straight punch (Jeet Kune Do jab) starts from a good Bi-jong position. This is done by torquing the waist and the hips and by pushing off my raised rear heel pivoting on the ball of that foot and shifting my weight slightly forward into the punch. The Jeet Kune Do jab is only designed for speed or a probe to examine your opponent’s reactions. It has a knockout effect on the opponent as it goes through his body in a continuous motion through the short arc. while covering with my rear hand. This unnecessary motion would be done by leaning slightly forward or bending by the waist forward before starting with the punch. 34 . This maximizes power and penetration upon impact. Of course. or loading up the arm before delivery. the hand will always have to move first before connecting with the opponent’s head. or to set up a follow-up strike. and then quickly back to the on-guard position on the same line. Jeet Kune Do jab is for speed. As I punch. and it goes from the center all the way out in front of my nose. hips. my whole body gets into play to gain power.
This punch snaps across and toward the target in a 35 . 1. to offset his balance.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. the opponent’s nose. the chin. You can also use the boxing jab as a variation. Vulnerable targets to hit are. or the jaw. The leading Jeet Kune Do jab is used to probe. but using a different mechanism. 2. 3. in order to ascertain your opponent’s reactions. 1. 2. 2.1 1. or to set up a finishing blow.
1. 3. You can eliminate this disadvantage by initiating with the elbow in and down all the way up to the target. biceps. because the elbow goes out. and it will protect your chin at the same time. or. turn the lead shoulder in and up.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS horizontal position upon impact. sometimes. The leading intercepting fist as a stop-hit against an opponent’s wild rear swinging motion. 1. and just before impact. The shoulder will turn the fist into horizontal position. A continuous winding action is taking place from the shoulder than from the waist and hips. chin. 4. Retract the jab quickly to the on-guard position right after impact upon opponent’s nose. 3. The position of the fist varies according to the situation. One of its disadvantages is that it leaves your lead side open upon its delivery. 2. 36 . Hit as soon as he is in range. 2.
we always try to cause the most damage with the least amount of time. before the completion of my real attack. This can take any of the eyes or the hollow of the throat as it thrusts straight out in to the target. Progressive indirect attack is one motion as a part of the whole with no withdrawal of the hand or the leg. Bruce Lee said. “Indirect attack” is different from the “progressive indirect attack” in that it takes two motions separately. which is the eye or eyes of the opponent. This is what it really counts to end the fight at the earliest possible moment and before it is started. An important point here to remember for the bil jee strike is proper positioning of the hand which has to be in a slight tilt-up positioning at the point of impact. The first way is to allow my fingers to be loose and separated. And if I were to miss the eyes and hit the forehead. So we get the spear-tip type of finger jab. This is what makes Jeet Kune Do a very effective system. It is a very direct strike. In both cases.1 Always precede single attacks with feints such as “indirect single attack” in combination with a head fake or feint. Why this should be so? If I were to miss the eyes. 37 . Now the second way of firing the bil jee or the second formation is to place the fingers together and press them in such a way that the middle finger looks like the tip of the spear. with the fingers loose and separate or pressed together. From on-guard position. You can use it from the very first moment of a conflict in the streets to temporarily blind someone by taking quickly the nearest target. then the palm would collapse and smash the nose. I can deliver the finger jab in two ways. I will use my longest weapon to your nearest target to intercept your motion. because here. then the fingers would slide into the eyes. and hit under them. which is one of the eyes or both of the eyes. In Jeet Kune Do. Effectiveness has a strong meaning. “If you try to reach me. The Leading Finger Jab or the Bil Jee or Biu Jee This is the fastest and probably the most non-telegraphic strike that we have in Jun Fan Gung Fu/Jeet Kune Do. what counts most is speed and accuracy by hitting at the precise moment the appropriate target. we have the complete picture of how Bruce Lee was using his finger jab.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL.” Sometimes bil jee is referred to as a speed technique.
Bil jee can also be used with an economical follow up and smooth flow with a direct lead-leg sidekick.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 1. This blinds him temporarily and disorients him from any further action. This is the “longest weapon to the nearest target. where I apply a combination attack taking the knee as I am bridging the gap touching down into a bil jee. . 38 2.” 1. Here I throw the bil jee very quickly right into my opponent’s eyes as he prepares to take a step forward to attack. 2 2.” 1. This is what we sometimes call “off the thigh to the eye.
The Lead Back Fist or Qua Chuie The qua chuie is a very fast and deceptive strike. especially when it is delivered from the on-guard position with the lead arm low (see on-guard variation on the first chapter). The correct mechanics and the final position of bil jee strike. not at his head! It is similar to the short arc lead straight punch or intercepting fist. the elbow has to remain in and down during the delivery for non-telegraphic initiation of the punch. as well as for a good covering of the lead side rib area of the body. Finger jab is used to set up a finishing blow such as a lead hook punch or a lead leg sidekick or to distract my opponent in order to offset any of his attempts to attack.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. 4. and very quickly back to the on-guard position. This kind of back fist strikes through the opponent’s head. The only difference is that this arcs to the opposite side of the centerline going 39 . 1. 2. Like any other strike that I have mentioned before. The back fist is designed for speed as it whips out to the opponent’s temple or jaw hinge. Sometimes it is referred to as a backhand. 3.1 3. 4. The second method of back fist that we have in Jeet Kune Do is the “short arc” back fist. This is the whipping back fist.
Mechanically. The fact that someone has to go through the target doesn’t mean that he needs an additional momentum before the delivery of the back fist by retracting the arm back to generate power. the lead arm coils back into position right under my rear rib-side armpit. by going through in an elliptical motion. That is considered a knockout blow or sometimes is referred to as major blow. The next variation of the back fist is the big back fist. This leads to telegraphic initiation of the punch and wasted motion. This kind of back fist has a penetrating effect on the opponent. or break his balance and then go into a combination. In order to compensate for this weakness. I can fire it out toward my opponent’s head or sometimes kidney area by making the use of the big arc from the beginning of its delivery to the end. such as the jab to distract the opponent. and I want to clear it out before I can hit his head with a follow up combination strike. such as the rear cross or the rear hook punch. before its delivery. I will have to make sure that I fire my short arc or power back fist right to the back of his lead hand palm to knock it down as I pave the way to a follow up cross punch into his head. Major blows are those which have a knockout capability on the opponent. This is a much more telegraphic strike and can only be used as a follow up or a finishing blow. This is very effective in case my opponent’s lead arm is up high to protect his face. we have what we call major and minor blows. This does really manifest power through the proper timing of turning the waist and the hips and the pivoting action on the ball of the rear foot. I momentarily bring my rear hand up to the face level as the lead arm moves back simultaneously to rest under the rear armpit before I can trigger the strike. You can manage first to start the combination attack with a minor blow. Instead the back fist has to be thrown from where it is into the target and by generating power through the use of the whole body as it strikes through. In that way. I can hit someone’s head and cause it to turn away by making him lose orientation. In Jeet Kune Do. and minor blows are those which are designed for probing attacks. The preparatory position of this strike tends to leave my face uncovered as I coil the lead arm all the way back to rest my hand on the rear rib side.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS through the centerline slightly in as it strikes through and returns immediately back to the on-guard position. or economy of motion. or to set up major blows such as the knockout big back fist to finish your opponent. This is the starting point of delivering it in a very powerful and explosive manner by torquing out of it real hard and shifting my body weight forward as I can strike through the target. Many people still confuse power with speed. Therefore. 40 . use your big back fist as a final blow or in a combination attack sequence.
I can flick it upon impact by the wrist movement. 1.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. 3. The power back fist is fired right at the back of my opponent’s lead palm to knock it down and open up the line for a finishing blow. 1.1 The whipping back fist is delivered to my opponent’s temple or jaw hinge. 2. It is designed for speed. 2. such as a rear cross or rear hook punch to my opponent’s jaw or side of the head. 41 .
SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS
3. 3. The proper mechanical execution of the power back fist by using the elliptical motion of the fist at the point of impact.
4. The big back fist used as a finishing blow with a great amount of energy for a knockout purpose.
THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL.1
3. 5. At my opponent’s attempt to defend against my lead straight punch, I can immediately hinge my back fist around into the open line by checking his lead arm simultaneously with the rear-hand pak sao. (See pak sao from glossary.)
The Cross Punch
The rear cross is drawn from western boxing. It is a tool that is thrown from the rear side of the body. This can be used as a follow-up strike immediately after a lead jab which can be thrown as a probing attack. The cross punch can also be used as a counterpunch. This means that I can fire it out as soon as my opponent has committed and has moved out of position as a result of missing me, i.e., let’s say, against a lead straight punch to my head. In order to use the cross punch effectively, I have to swing my rear side loose and free from excessive tension by hinging my lead foot as I am turning my rear shoulder and rear heel in one piece forward. This is the result produced by the weight of the body shifting onto the lead leg. Here you have to make sure that the rear cross is very direct and explosive, and it has to take the straightest line possible to the target to avoid telegraphing it from where it starts. The lead leg has to be fixed into position as a hinge while freeing the rear side. At the point of impact, I can just hit on the target with vertical fist and come quickly straight back on the same line, or I can go through by using the short arc principle and then return immediately to the on-guard position. In Jeet Kune Do, when we use our rear side tools delivered as counter or as a follow up, they momentarily leave almost the whole body exposed to any of the opponent’s counterattacks. Therefore, a quick retraction like any other tool is really important. Make sure to keep the elbow in and down during its delivery. This is motion economy. If the elbow is out, it telegraphs and exposes the rear side of the body to the opponent. A variation of the cross punch is hitting with the fist in a horizontal position, moving the elbow out upon impact. One good way to throw
SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS
it is by combining it with the lead jab with which I can probe once or twice in order to keep my opponent off balance before I come in with my rear cross. An important element here is the proper timing between the jab and the cross, which should always follow immediately after the jab has been delivered. This proper timing between the jab and the cross should always be used when we combine them unless we use a broken rhythm attack. (See about broken rhythm attack from glossary.)
3. 1. The rear cross. Sometimes this is referred to as a rear straight fired from the on-guard position directly into the opponent’s chin.
THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL.1
2. Here my opponent reacts against my lead jab with his lead hand parrying as I am probing out where I can set him up opening the line into a rear cross.
3. 3. As I square off to my opponent, I precede my cross with a lead hand feint once or twice. This is an intelligent way to increase safety before the delivery of my cross punch. It is a good method of finding my opponent’s reactions before I carry on with the best type of attack. Let’s say my opponent’s reaction would be a stepping back to avoid my lead hand feint. As soon as he does this, he immediately returns with a rear cross. I can deal with this as I can slip it and counterstrike his action.
5. The rear cross in combination with the lead hook kick and the lead jab. I slip to the inside driving my rear cross into his head. Here the cross punch is used as a second-intention attack.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 3. I can immediately go right with it if the simple attack fails. Notice that I keep myself intentionally uncovered while feinting with my lead back fist. 4. 4. As soon as I observe my opponent’s form of defense. 46 . My back fist here is the false attack that is used to draw some kind of response from the opponent. After I have delivered my back fist with the intention of drawing the opponent to counter with his lead hook punch.
2. Let’s say that my opponent stands in a left lead firing a lead straight punch at my head. Straight rear to the body can also be used as a counterattack.1 The Straight Rear to Body This blow is designed to make contact with my opponent’s floating ribs or solar plexus with maximum efficiency as I can torque through my waist and the hips and pivot on the ball of the rear foot to generate maximum power upon impact. This blow is designed for power or a follow-up strike. you can feint with a high jab before you deliver your cross to the opponent’s body. and it can be used frequently whether an opponent covers his high line or his face. 1. force him down to cover his body.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. my lead hand comes up and across my face for a good coverage against my opponent’s counterstrike. The contact is made with a horizontal fist. one must be meticulous with his cross and use it wisely. “Feint” or a “fake” is a good and effective trick to use with almost all of your “simple attacks” for a successful scoring against the opponent. Therefore. Just like in a cross. Shifting the head to the outside is a good safety measurement combined with the cross to the body. 47 . and leave his face uncovered for a good follow-up finishing blow. my lead hand comes into play by cross parrying his committed lead hand strike and simultaneously drive straight rear to body into his floating ribs or solar plexus. Straight rear or cross to the body can also make an opponent who has the tendency of keeping his arms up to cover his face. By the time I move into a counterpunch.
It is really very important to keep the wrist straight at the point of impact. This is used as a trapping technique in Western boxing. We have three different variations of the hook punch or the Oou Chuie. The straight rear to the body delivered as a counteroffensive action against my opponent’s lead straight to my head as I can shift out of his punching movement. 48 . there are some more that we will examine in this book. and the last one is the tight hook. and it is delivered as a whip by placing the fist in a position according to each individual’s preference—vertical and horizontal. this means that I will have to use my whole body into it and the correct body mechanics. the other is the medium hook. supporting my counterpunch with an effective covering position. I have to manage to send it without telegraphing it. Furthermore. Any one of these hooks can be applied into the appropriate range. Lead Hook Punch or the Oou Chuie The lead hook punch which is drawn from Western boxing can be used as a complementary tool to the lead straight whenever I cannot score with a straight-line attack I can manipulate my opponent’s defense through the use of a curving type of attack or vice versa. 3. One is the so-called loose hook. Lead hook punch is a very powerful punch. From where the hand is. 2. loose hook punch is a long-range punch. I am pinning his rear hand as a safety measure to avoid being countered by his rear straight punch. It is delivered from the on-guard position by exempting the path of its movement to the target. We do not have to pull back the arm or drop it low before its delivery or develop it into a swing. Here I demonstrate rear straight as counterblow to my opponent’s midsection in combination with “stopping” and “slipping” action against my opponent’s lead hand straight punch. For example.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 1. Off course. or prevent him from following up with a rear hand attack.
because a bent wrist means a broken wrist. The wrist should always be straight.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. your body weight might either shift forward to the lead leg or shift backward to the rear leg. In order to gain maximum acceleration of the strike. which can be utilized when infight begins or when you get much closer to the opponent. Whip it out without dropping or lowering the arm and pivot on the ball of the rear foot as you push off that foot by turning your whole body into the punch. It can be used as a follow up in a combination sequence such as a lead jab-cross-lead hook.” by forcing him to cover one line. 49 . don’t overshoot it. Hooks are very clever weapons as they can support lead straight or cross punch. I can also deceive my opponent’s parrying through “disengagement. Return immediately to the on-guard position. I raise the heel of the lead foot by pivoting on the ball and this maximizes power upon impact. This is the type of the hook. Sometimes. The hook punch becomes more powerful when the elbow is at a more bending position. Now the medium hook is delivered with the elbow at a slightly bigger than ninety-degree angle. almost by the same mechanics used for the loose hook. you initiate the hook by allowing the arm to suddenly move forward. especially. you slingshot the blow forward like a whip. I can shift my body weight onto the rear leg and start to turn away from the opponent. At the same time. whenever a lead hook punch is delivered with the elbow more tightly. Upon impact of the punch. when I deliver the hook punch. Any pivoting action on the ball or on the balls of the feet can be involved in the mechanic. At the end of the blow. it strikes through and returns immediately back to the on-guard position. less than forty-five degree. but be careful. As a subsequent effect of turning the body.1 There is a small detail in developing loose hooking motion. This is done with the elbow at a more acute angle. not bent. Then we have the tight hook punch. while firing the hook to the opened line. The rear hand always remains up for protection as in any other blow. you turn your upper body away until your shoulder joint moves to its maximum range of motion. By firing it at a closer range.
2. 1. I can reach him with my lead hook and hit his head before his blow reaches me out.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 1. As my opponent tries to swing a rear hand blow at my head. 2. 2. 1. The lead hook punch used as a counteroffensive action by changing body angle during my opponent’s attempt to hit with his lead straight punch to my head. 50 . 3.
4. I can fire the lead hook by changing the angle of my strike to the outside. 3.1 3. 51 . I can also fire my lead hook punch to open someone’s defensive line. by first hitting him with straight-line punches or uppercut hooks. with the idea of making him change his hand defensive pattern in order to set up for a combination attack. 1. but he overextends his arm.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. 3. 2. If my opponent attempts to throw a lead straight punch at me. Many hitting or kicking blows may be thrown from various angles combined with footwork or body motions.
which is his head. In some extreme situations I may just hit the groin with it. allowing me to hit the opened line. 2. I can fake low with a lead straight to his body. Sometimes this strike will force him to bring one or both of his arms down. I can use it to hit my opponent’s solar plexus or his rib cage when they are exposed. leaving his midsection uncovered. This “drop step” enables me to change the level of my stance and minimizes my body’s target to any of my opponent’s counterattacks. Lead straight to the body is a very effective strike against someone who has the tendency to protect his face. Opponent from the opposite lead. This is progressive indirect attack.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 1. The Straight Lead to the Body This strike is delivered from the lead side of the body with the fist in a horizontal position. This is when I take a step forward with my lead foot by pushing off with my rear foot without moving it. 3. 5. This type of single punch is frequently executed with “drop step” footwork. which induces him to react in a downward defensive motion as I immediately throw a hook to his head. 52 .
the lead straight to the body or the ping chuie will be more effective and much safer if it is preceded by a feint or a false attack. it can be used with a low-line lop sao. to deceive the opponent’s parrying movement. This tool can also be used with a trapping-hand technique such as the low-line pak sao. in order to prevent me from hitting him with my ping chuie. or with his rear hand. The real attack or the ping chuie should be decisive and fast.” It means the first movement or the back fist used as a feint is held long enough and moves deep enough to draw the opponent’s defensive response. If my opponent is facing me in matched lead. sometimes referred to as a “leopard’s fist. 1.” This is where you bring the second row of your knuckles together tightly. it can be used with a low-line pak sao.1 Like any other blow. with the only difference being that the configuration or the hand formation is changed during its delivery to the target. This means that for a split second my opponent remains uncovered. it is very important to keep your rear hand well up for protection by slightly leaning your upper body to your left side as soon as you drive the leading straight into the body. Then I can follow with an immediate lead into his body as soon as he reacts to my lead high-back fist feint. If the opponent is facing me in an unmatched lead. For example. he tries to block down with his lead hand. as soon as his defensive arm moves into the opposite direction from where my real attack is aimed to go. When using lead straight to the body. 2. This is just a simple feint attack followed immediately by a real attack. A variation to the ping chuie or the lead straight to the body is the chop chuie or the half-knuckle fist. the ping chuie could be used with the back fist as a feint to draw my opponent’s defensive response by forcing him to defend with the lead hand to protect his high line.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. and simultaneously press the thumb to the side of your palm. In both cases. thus making a very solid structure of the hand to separate your opponent’s rib cage. This is exactly where trapping comes into play. 53 . This is delivered exactly the same way as the ping chuie and is applied the same way. which we call “long-short.
SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 3. The lead leg is bent at almost ninety-degree angle and the rear almost straight as I fire my weapon into my opponent’s solar plexus or sometimes into his lower region or groin area. 2. 1. I feint high with my lead jab or bil jee. 2. 1. This is the effective execution of the ping chuie or the lead straight to body. 2. As I go for the blow. 54 . This example. Notice that my rear hand covers just in front of the head to reduce any possibility of being hit by any of my opponent’s counterattack. I drop forward from the waist to my left side. Sometimes I may just use a finger flick or a fanning finger before I deliver it into his midsection. 1. as I square off to my opponent.
3. 2. 55 .THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL.1 3. I can open it up with rear-hand pak sao by firing my back fist into the open line. 1. 3. I can use lead straight to the body with trapping hands such as the low-line pak sao. As soon as I have explosively closed the gap attacking the low line if my opponent closes it by a lead hand defensive move.
Here I square off my opponent in an unmatched lead. the elbow has to stay as close as possible to the front hip bone as we torque the waist and the hips through sharply into it and pivot on the ball of the rear foot. On its delivery to the target. Mechanically. or jaw and follow up with a rear shovel hook punch into his rib solar plexus. let’s say. where the lead elbow makes contact on the front hip before it is fired explosively into the target. The shovel hook can also be used in a “second-intention attack.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 4. The forearm is directly in line with the fist. make sure that the palm turns up to the ceiling and is slightly faced inward. It is a close-range tool and it is fired from the on-guard position directly into the opponent’s rib solar plexus or kidney area. Second-intention attack or counter-time in attack must be sparingly used. And the reason for using this type of footwork is because I need to protect my ribs from his attempt to hit me with his elbow. then I will be able to slip it to the outside and counter-time with my rear shovel hook this time. This causes shovel hook to dart out very sharply by following the direction of the forearm. By the time I deliver my lead straight to the body. and in a slight upward angle. Sometimes I may jab at someone’s chin. when we execute shovel hook. Shovel hook can be used singularly or in combination with other blows such as the lead jab used as a probing attack in order to find the proper range from the opponent. and I go into a rear low-line lop sao to immobilize his limb long enough to fire a lead back fist as I zone for safety for my self. which leads the punch directly into the opponent’s solar plexus. into his solar plexus. 56 . he blocks down on it. The reason for lifting the elbow up is because I am in the opposite lead. at a forty-five degree angle. A pivoting action of the lead foot takes place by rising up the heel simultaneously with the motion of your hip.” If I use my lead straight to the body as a feint or a false attack and induce my opponent to counterpunch with his rear cross. nose. The rear hand remains up in a guard position. as it describes an upward motion in a shoveling punch. Sometimes the front hip is more emphasized in this blow. Notice my elbow is raised up to clear his lead shoulder as I move to his rear with my push shuffle and push shuffle footwork. by concealing your own intentions and by developing proper timing in execution. The Shovel Hook Punch This weapon is primarily used as an infight tactic.
1. 2. The rear shovel hook illustrated from the Bi-jong position.1 Another example of applying shovel hook into self-defense situation or combat situation is to use it with any of the kicking techniques such as the lead straight kick into the groin or the knee followed immediately up by a lead shovel hook in to the opponent’s throat. 57 . 2.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. The lead shovel hook illustrated from the Bi-jong position. 1.
In this illustration. 5. a lead shovel hook (kidney area). From here I can follow up with a rear shovel hook (solar plexus).SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 3. 3. as soon as my opponent fires a lead straight punch from a left lead. I just deflect it with my lead hand wong pak sao. a rear overhand hook (nose). 2. 3. From here I can finish him off with a high straight kick. 58 . 4. 1. and another lead shovel hook (rib cage). I immediately hit him with my lead finger jab into the eyes.
The Uppercut Hook This tool is also used in close-quarter fight and in combination with the shovel hook.1 4. 2. 1. 5. In this illustration.) As soon as he hits. I then lop sao with my rear hand and back fist his head with my lead hand.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. I deflect with my rear hand and drive my lead shovel hook into his solar plexus. (This is one form of attack by drawing. The difference with the uppercut is that when it is fired from the 59 . I respond with my lead arm bong sao or wing arm. I drive my rear shovel hook into his solar plexus. my opponent is about to hit me with his lead straight punch on the opening being offered. 3. Then by scooping out his arm to open the line. Here my opponent attempts a lead straight punch (head).
the forearm runs in perpendicular to the floor.” Let’s say I can provoke a defensive reaction from my opponent. As a final note. The proper mechanical execution of the lead uppercut hook.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS on-guard position. Shoot your uppercut to your eyebrow level. without telegraphing this punch from on-guard position. you have to rise on your toes and shift your weight slightly forward. Always avoid overshooting with any of your attacking tools or getting out of shape or balance. In that way you can stay out of overshooting as a result to expose lead side of your body. When firing with the rear arm. 60 . including trapping. the knuckles of the fist face upward. So I am not going to give any further explanation at the moment concerning PIA. you torque your waist and hips into direction of the uppercut while pivoting on the ball of the rear foot. and pay attention to cover well with your lead hand when delivering with your rear uppercut. I could shift immediately up into a lead uppercut hook. Let’s say that I could feint with my straight rear to the body as I can close by a good half of the distance through the use of the straight rear to the body (feint) and draw my opponent’s defensive response. Mechanically. and immediately straighten your legs up as you can get up on your toes giving a maximum into your counterpunch. Do not overdo it. you should make sure that you always keep your wrist straight like in a hook punch or a shovel hook. This is what is defined as “progressive. and at the point of impact. Pay attention to cover well with your rear hand when delivering lead uppercut. Sometimes you can involve bending of the knees by bringing the body under the opponent as soon as you evade or slip a prescribed attack on your head. Make sure when you get up on your toes to lean slightly back on firing with the lead arm. and as soon as he goes with his rear low hand defensive move. Sometimes you could be able to pivot both of the balls of the feet to empower your torquing bodily movement. You can also use uppercut in combination with a feint or false attack. The uppercut can also be used in any combination attack. 1.
By squaring off my opponent from a right lead.” That is to say my opponent blocks or parries first my lead straight punch. I commit an error on my part so he is let to involuntarily follow into that action. It is very important. 2. I can evade by slipping to the outside. 3. 1. 2. 61 . and then counter-time with my rear uppercut.1 2. The proper mechanical execution of the rear uppercut hook. As soon as I perceive his rear cross coming in. I use my lead straight to his body as a false attack to draw a presumed “riposte. 1. which is intentionally designed to fall short of the target.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. I will have to intentionally use an uncovered feint or false attack but conceal my intentions to do so. This will force him to defend by parrying or blocking. To convince him to think. in order to draw my opponent’s counter-strike or riposte. and then riposte.
The palm can also hit the opponent’s groin area when I am in close in certain situations. I could draw by invitation my opponent’s lead straight punch by slightly dropping my rear arm to expose the inside high line of my body.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 3.” before I can follow up with my rear cross punch as indicated. especially in trapping application. Bruce Lee used his palms a lot to gain time on his trapping skills. Before I do this. with the point of impact being the heel of the palm to hit the opponent’s chin in an upward direction or smash his nose very quickly. Sometimes the palm is delivered sideways to hit the opponent’s jawline in order to turn the head and expose the side of the neck to another strike such as the rear cross or the overhand hook into that area. or the shoulder smash. This is executed in a reverse vertical position as it smashes the groin by going forcefully straight in. “stopping. This is a form of attack by drawing. Most of the time it has been said he was hitting with the open palm instead of closed 62 . I can deliver it from on-guard position in vertical. 4. Notice how I simultaneously use my lead hand cover. The Palm and the Palm Hook The use of the palms can be utilized in various ways. The palms are very well used in medium or close range. or a second-intention attack. the head butt. Another primary target to strike with the palm is the kidney area whenever there is an opening to the low line. such as the elbows. In order to deal with my opponent’s rear punching hand. the inner forearm smash. I slip to the inside and counter with my rear uppercut. It works very well against someone who attacks into my attack or against an opponent who abstains contact and hesitates to engage. the knees. As soon as he takes the bait through my invitation. Another example of the uppercut hook is to use my rear uppercut against as a counteroffensive action. I can move in a preventative measure to what we call in western boxing. The palm can also get into play with many other tools.
THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. This is an example of attack by disengagement.) So the use of the palms is such a versatile tool of the trade. such as the rear cutting palm into the throat. Another variation of the palm is the jao sao or the hooking palm. I can then quickly run the palm into the exposed line. So here I have to say that I will have to time my hit into that opening with my jao sao as soon as my opponent’s defense starts to move away as a cause of parrying to my initial attack or the bil jee. 1.1 fist. see forward to my oncoming volumes. This is to economize your attacking movement and make it difficult for the opponent to see and defend against it. 2. The side palm delivered on the opponent’s jawline in order to expose the throat into a follow-up hand strike. The vertical palm delivered to my opponent’s chin or nose as soon as he steps forward to grab me. 2. Jao sao can also be used in the low line to hit the opponent’s groin from the point of engagement. This is designed to go around my opponent’s defense and hit his eardrum or the jaw hinge by dislocating it. he could very quickly go into another trapping motion by pulling back into a lop sao or a jut sao for a better control on his opponent and more powerful and devastating blows from close range. It is very important to hinge at the elbow very tightly as you run the palm. And by the time he was hitting with it. 1. 63 . (For more explanation on trapping hands. If I deliver a direct bil jee and he suddenly defends against it with his rear hand.
2. 4. 3.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 1. I can apply a trapping technique such as the rear hand pak sao right after I have defended against my opponent’s lead straight punch. 2. 64 . 4. In this example. I am in a very good position to deliver a lead side palm into my opponent’s jawline following up with a double cutting palm into his throat. 1. 3.
and even forearm-smashes. When the elbow is fired. Speed is gained whether there is no excessive muscular tension. your movement is slowed down. jawline.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. I can fire an elbow smash back across into the other side of his neck or jawline. From here. If the palm remains closed. and it can naturally be combined with the head butt. we need to make sure that the impact is made two inches away from the tip of the elbow if it is delivered across and forward. I can make impact with the last two inches from the tip of my elbow toward the forearm. The rear elbow can also get into play. by coming across into the other side of his neck. Elbow can be delivered in ten different directions. vertical up and vertical down. I pak his lead arm down following immediately with a lead straight punch to his head. As soon as my opponent is knocked off to that side. angle up and angle down. and throat. From this point.1 4. If he attempts to defend against my lead straight punch with his rear cross slapping hand. back across. which will make the difference between an open and closed fist. I retaliate with my grabbing hand to open his line before I throw a back fist. in a downward inward angle. 65 . It is a versatile tool as well as a devastating weapon on your opponent. This is the weapon that defines where exactly close range starts. As soon as I feel his defensive reaction. straight forward and backward. vertical down. The Elbow Smash The elbow smash is a close range tactic tool. I can trap his head with my right hand and drive another variation of hooking palm. knee-smashes. The ten different directions that the elbow can follow are: forward and across. in an outward upward angle. I can fire with my elbow forward and across into his rib solar plexus or even his lead side floating ribs. Let’s say I fire a lead finger jab and my opponent goes to defend against it. It is very important that the elbow smash is always executed with the palm open. I can use my horizontal elbow smash right into my opponent’s throat into the side of his neck. I can then follow up with my rear downward angle elbow smash at the back of his skull. vertical up. This adds speed to your striking tool and explosiveness. and two inches away from the tip of the elbow toward the back of the triceps muscle if it is delivered back across.
SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 1. 2. 2. I can apply my horizontal elbow smash against his front straight punch. with a rear finger jab into his eyes. 66 . From here I can follow up if I want to. 1. I can deliver another rear hand downward inward angle elbow smash at the back of his head. Trap his attacking limb with my rear hand fook sao and retain it there for my front back fist to hit his temple. 3. 4. 1. as I can step forward into his attacking limb and smash his rib cage.
It is dangerous for yourself and counterproductive. 67 . This is the point where hair starts to grow. I can very easily deflect my opponent’s lead straight punch. 4.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. The Head Butt The head butt is another close range tool. You can hit with this the weak targets of the opponent. It is frequently used in combination with the elbows and knees as well as with all close-range tools. From here I can move into another close contact tactic. temple. such as my rear arm elbow smash to the side of his head or neck. ear. but never forehead to forehead. just above the forehead. as I immediately check it with my rear hand cover before I move into a lead arm horizontal elbow smash into his solar plexus. 2. by the lead hand parry or block. which is used whenever you are in position. From this position. I am really flexible to continue with the so-called claw hand into his face and finish him with a lead downward angle elbow smash into the throat. Something which is very important here is that the impact area for the head butt is not my forehead but the hairline. 5. jawline.1 3. I can apply my head butt as soon as I am in range to trap my opponent’s head with either of my hands by pulling him into it. such as his nose.
I can literally damage my opponent’s nose by a sudden thrusting motion of my head to the rear direction against his nose. I can deal with this by a lead leg obstruct side kick into his lead knee. and I need to get rid of this as soon as possible. 6. In this case my opponent may try to close in toward me with the intention to hit me with his rear cross. 1. then I can immediately trap his arm with my rear-hand pak sao and hinge a back fist into his head. trap his head. 3. 5. 1. 2. Of course. If he is quick enough and can respond to my hitting motion by parrying across with his lead hand. or kicks. palms. 68 . following up with my leading bil jee or finger jab into his eyes. I can fire a rear elbow across the side of his neck. From here. 4. knees. and finally finish with a head butt. in order to finish that conflict and split my opponent’s aggressiveness apart. I will have to continue from there with some more strikes such as my elbows.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS I can likewise use the back of my head whenever an opponent bear-hugs from behind.
69 . I can immediately go into a trapping motion such as the lop sao and throw a rear straight punch to his head.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL.1 1. 2. 1. 4. 3. pulling him into the head butt. 3. 2. which he might defend against with his lead hand parry or block. 4. From here I can fire my lead straight punch. If he defends against it with a rear-hand parrying or block. then without losing time I can trap again with my rear hand and trap his head. 2.
and a rear hand circling palm smash into his ear drum. 4. I can counter someone’s upward elbow smash at my head by blocking with my rear hand into a downward clawing motion. I can immediately follow up with my rear hand lop sao. I deflect my opponent’s left lead straight punch toward my head by rolling my right arm into a bong sao parrying or blocking motion regardless of my body position. and move into a head butt and finish him off with my right elbow smash across. pulling him into a head butt. 4. I then trap his head with my right hand. 3. 70 . a back fist. 5. 2. drive a rear hand elbow across into his jaw.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 3. In this illustration. 1.
The Inner Forearm Smash The fight gets more intense as soon as I come into that close range. In this close range I can accelerate intensity of the fight. 2.1 1. So the three ranges of combat is one of the most important principles in Jeet Kune Do. This is an 71 . and abruptly crash forward into a head butt. 5. As I seem to look for an escape. 3. If someone grabs me by my collar. Sometimes acting in a self-defense situation can surprise the opponent effectively. I may just pretend that I am scared. I pull away from him.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL.
which has trapped the head. knee smashes. and it is a really unforeseen weapon. where the point of impact is located exactly right where the inner forearm begins from the elbow joint. 5. into a forearm smash right into the side of his neck. In a trapping sequence. This is how I can hit with the inner elbow. and straight blast that can make the adversary unable to stand back on his feet. Inner forearm smash is another devastating strike. it sneaks inside without warning and this testifies effect by the time I will trap my opponent’s head with either hand.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS overwhelming barrage of elbows. with explosiveness and economy of motion. or drive an elbow smash with the other hand. I can then suddenly and forcefully extend the arm. 2. 1. You can strike the side of the neck of the opponent or to break his collarbone. This has a great deal of power upon impact if you know how to use it properly. 4. 1. thrown from correct angles and range at the proper time. 3. Any tool is used much more effectively when it is supported and reinforced by other tools. head butts. my opponent from a right lead attempts a rear straight punch that I can manage to deflect with my lead bil jee sliding 72 . It is made much more effective when combined with trapping hands or even grappling. In this illustration.
I can then follow up and finish him off with my lead hand inner-forearm smash right into the collar bone. I can zone off to the side as I can step off with my rear leg. 2. as my opponent steps in by delivering a lead straight punch on my head. I can follow up and finish him off with my rear inner forearm smash to the side of his neck. 2. 1. 3. Then I can trap it with my inner lop sao as I can drive my lead hand back fist in. In this illustration. 1. Finally. deflecting his punch with my rear hand and smashing his groin with my palm. I can veer his hand off the line by occupying it with my rear bil jee. 2. 4.1 leverage as I can take his centerline by causing his attack to miss and for my own to land. I can easily put him to sleep with my choking technique. If he quickly follows up with his lead hand straight punch. 73 .THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL.
As soon as I defend against it. 4. I can immediately cut in with my rear chung chuie. 1. If he blocks with his rear hand. 3. I can retract my punching arm as I can slide into the side of his neck with an inner-forearm smash.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 3. From here. 3. Here I deflect with my lead hand tan sao my opponent’s lead jab. 2. I can flow around with my circling palm smash into his eardrum. 74 .
1. 2. to shove me with his right arm. I can react by breaking the grip through a circling movement of my palm in a clockwise motion. 3. Then I can follow up with my rear-hand pak sao to immobilize that arm long enough until I shift my lead arm into a head trap. 5. I can then check his arm and move into a right hand forearm smash. If an opponent tries to grab my right hand with his right hand. going into a head butt and an inner forearm smash.1 4. As soon as I get released from his gripping action.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. As soon as he is closing in. 4. 5. 75 . I deflect his arm with the lead tan sao.
we conserve energy by just extending the leg right from where it is to the target.” On the contrary. in Jeet Kune Do. but hitting is the infantry. This is the bringing up of the knee to the solar plexus height before its delivery just because traditional martial artists believe they are going to gain much more power into their kicks. On delivering any kick or any strike. I just return 76 .” The Kicking Tools Primary Principle Like in hitting where we apply economy of motion such as the “no pulling back of the arm” or the dropping of it before its delivery. we need to follow the most direct route to the target with the minimum wasted motion or less spent energy. As soon as I reach the target. we extend the kick and then re-chamber it and return it to the fighting position. No economy of motion violates principles of Bruce Lee’s Jeet Kune Do.4. the same applies to kicking techniques as well. Instead of chambering. “Do not sacrifice speed for power. Reposition or chambering of the leg is what it’s all about. TOOLS OF THE TRADE—PART II “Kicking is the artillery. which means we avoid chambering of the leg. Bruce Lee said. Kick someone to destroy his foundation and then dominate with your punches.
or as soon as you touch your lead leg down. Lead straight kick is designed for speed not for power. 77 . both of your arms go up to a covering position. such as his lead hand or lead leg. In other words. From the on-guard position. This is a direct stop-kick. but is good for flexibility training. we avoid making high kicking to the head because it is dangerous for ourselves and impractical. we just extend the leg. the leg goes straight up to the opponent’s knee cap or groin area making impact with the instep of your foot or the tip of your shoe as the leg snaps from the knee out in an upward direction in a straight line and returns very quickly back to the on-guard position on the same line. you can manage to follow up with a hand strike. In Jeet Kune Do. and return. The Leading Straight Kick or the Jik Tek The straight kick is possibly the simplest and the fastest kick of all other kicks in Jun Fan Gung Fu/Jeet Kune Do. If I want to use it. making impact with the tip of the foot into the opponent’s throat or with the heel into his chin. Another thing we do is kick with the lead leg as opposed to the rear leg. whenever you kick. and it can travel much less distance with a much less effort and non-telegraphic initiation for the opponent to see and react to it. I apply my lead straight kick into my opponent’s groin area on his attempt to hit me with his lead straight punch.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. you can go immediately into a hitting or a trapping technique or remain covered against your opponent’s counterattack. Sometimes kicks may go up to head height. In that way. I can thrust it straight into opponent’s solar plexus in a straight forward thrusting manner. An important thing here is. 1.1 the kick on the same line that it was delivered. In this illustration. kick. It is closer to the opponent’s lead leg or any other target.
2.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 1. 3. 4. when I cannot penetrate with my kick my opponent’s defense because he is fast in defense. I can then feint high with my lead arm to draw his defensive reaction before I kick. 1. In some instances. Notice how I use footwork to close the gap on him. 78 . 2. 2.
1 3. To execute the hook kick you must pay attention so that your waist and hips torque sharply inward by the time of releasing that kick. But this is not effective and practical in the street. If my opponent chases me with his lead straight punch on my head and then he follows up with his rear hook punch. and it is delivered to vulnerable targets. 4. especially when it’s reaching the point of impact. I can defend against his straight punch with my rear cross slap as I step back and kick into his solar plexus with my lead thrusting straight kick. The Leading Hook Kick or the Ooh Tek This kick got its name from the way the line of delivery describes a hooking like motion. such as to the inside of the lead knee of the opponent or groin. 3. making impact with the ball of my foot against his follow-up rear hook punch. Thus the kicking motion gains more explosiveness.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. This is a form of counterattack where I can slightly sidestep by avoiding his straight kick and then counter-kick his groin. 79 . I can kick head high. 2. I can use a stop thrust as well against my opponent’s lead straight kick. The foot hooks sharply in at the point of impact. The hook kick is designed for speed. 1. The rear foot pivots on the ball as well by the time of its delivery. Occasionally. This is executed in the most direct line from where it starts.
80 2. And this is done by bending the knee up or in a form of chambering before extending it to the vulnerable areas of the opponent. In that way. in order to see his reactions before the delivery of any other simple attack. even a punch or any other strike. striking with the tip of the shoe in a street situation. as soon as my opponent advances or steps forward to punch or even to kick. We emphasize instep of the foot upon kicking the vulnerable targets on the opponent. A variation of this kick is the tight hook which can be used whenever I come in close to the opponent. This is used more like a whip. an emotional involvement or content should take place.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS The oou tek kick can be effectively used against any of the opponent’s lead or rear hand strikes. Emotional content is something which has to be developed through a consistent and diligent practice. But I will draw a line in one of my oncoming volumes. which in this case takes the form of stop-kick. I can also kick my opponent’s lead hand. or the tip of the toe. It cannot be demonstrated through a book. The lead hook kick thrown as a direct simple attack into the opponent’s lead inside of the knee. This will unbalance opponent’s rhythm and relay destructiveness on him. . or even will affect his morale. 1. This might dislocate his knee joint and pave the way for a follow-up strike. This is attack on preparation. I will have a better success of getting in with any of my simple attacks. 1. but only in the presence of a good Jeet Kune Do instructor. When a kick is delivered.
against the opponent’s stepping through to the front. But as I have said before we mostly prefer to kick bellow the waist. I can kick him just before he ends his whole movement in his attempt to approach me with some kind of kick or a hit.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. The lead hook kick used as a stop-kick. 3. 3. I can stop-kick him by kicking his head. I can counter his attempt right after he is finishing with his attack by delivering my lead hook kick right on the inside of his knee or groin. 2. If I want to. for efficiency and practicality. 81 . From this point. 2. Most of the times a Jeet Kune Do practition has to think of hitting or even kicking on his opponent’s preparation to attack him. This is the primary principle in defense of Jeet Kune Do. 1. prepares for a straight thrust with his rear punch. I don’t have to wait that long. without hesitating.1 2. My opponent from a traditional position. 1.
while I am in a right lead. I can follow up according to the situation. I take a simultaneous sidestep to my right side by the time the opponent’s kick reaches me out. depending always on what range I happen to be by the moment of the conflict with the opponent. such as the opponent’s lead knee or shin. 5. it is delivered directly from where my lead foot is without any preparation so that my waist and hips torque by thrusting them into the 82 . The Lead Side Kick The lead side kick is the longest weapon that I can use against the closest target.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 3. A rising heel hook kick can take his groin from here. As soon as the opponent steps toward me to reach me with any of his hand hits or with any of his kicks with either of his legs. I can cover with my rear hand. or on the inside of it to check it. Against an opponent in a left lead who is delivering a rear leg round-house kick to my head. and force him to go to the ground with the hook throw. From here I can kick at the back of his left knee to break his balance. Mechanically. the side kick is the first choice to an immediate response. The side kick is the cornerstone of stop-kicking technique. I can fire a back fist as soon as my lead leg touches down from the kick. 4. I can sweep that leg out. I can place it right on the inside of his left leg and force it to bend. 4.
83 . 4. This kicking weapon is a bit more of an imminent thread to my opponent as soon as he tries to aggress against me. and right after that to continue with hand attacks. which has to be placed across my kicking leg in order to serve a direct follow-up hit such as the lead finger jab into my opponent’s eyes or a direct straight punch into his throat or the nose. Make sure that the ball of the rear foot pivots by the same time. until he is near enough for me to counterattack. Most of the times.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. Here I illustrate a strategy on how I can deal with an aggressive opponent who is pressing me by constantly advancing toward me. the side kick is going to be more effective if it’s preceded by arm feint to increase safety as you close the gap toward an opponent. Another important point to the proper execution of the side kick is the positioning of the lead arm. 3. A sudden and an unexpected straight kick got him into the groin.1 kick. all in one motion. As I retreat with my controlled steps. This would be severely damaging if it is in a real situation. Side kick is also an excellent media to bridge the gap to the opponent to kick his knee or shin. 1. I will have to fit in with his movements and time his last action to set him up. 1. 2. I suddenly stop and side kick at a vulnerable target. as soon as my leg moves first for a non-telegraphic motion. I can take a series of backward steps gradually shortening them. I found out that it really works when I first applied it in a sparring session in one of my classes against my best student. He is advancing with a combination of punches or kicks. but the groin cup was in there to protect him.
I raise my lead side kick and stop his action before he reaches me out.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 1. 2. and he is ready to attack with his lead straight kick. 84 2. 5. 1. Against an opponent who defends against my lead bil jee with his lead hand by parrying to the outside. Right after my stop-kicking action against his lead straight kick. . 4. I can follow up according to the situation. 3. as soon as I see his leg moving toward me. 2.
I deliver a direct side kick combined with forward pendulum step footwork while my opponent avoids my kick through his reverse slide-stepping motion with his simultaneous lead hand parrying. but I pause on it before I fire my back fist. I can also use a broken rhythm entry. 1. 85 . 3. This is where I deliver my lead side kick as I pendulum step forward. In this illustration. I stop-kick his spinning kicking action with my lead side kick.1 3. my opponent from a right stance. 3. On my second attempt to deliver the same kick on his lead leg knee. In this illustration. (See spin back kick mechanics and applications on this chapter. steps and slides back against my lead arm feint and immediately returns a spin back kick.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL.) As soon as I return to my on-guard position from the punch. I disengage from the low-line kick to a high-line back fist. 2. as soon as I kick. In this example.
I can then kick him straight back onto the knee or onto the solar plexus to stop him from any further development of his attack. regular Bi-jong position. Work on kinesthetic perception in order to improve the relaxation factor to the highest level and improve adaptability with your opponent. 1.) There are various positions where I can fire this kick and any other kick from natural position.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS The Back Kick or the Hou Tek This kind of kick is a variation of the leading side kick. 2. I can continue from there with 86 . Peripheral vision should always be used in combat or street situations. or any other uncomfortable position. (See in this volume about the visual focus principle. with the only exception that it is fired straight back to the rear so I can thrust it to the opponent’s knee or his solar plexus. It’s a very direct kicking technique. Without hesitating at all. I quickly respond with my right leg back kick to his midsection to soften up his aggression. from a lying position. I can use my peripheral vision and turn my head back and over my left shoulder to spot the opponent coming from the rear side. 1. If I suddenly see on time someone approaching from my rear side while I am engaging in combat with another opponent on the front side. 3. I am standing in a natural position as I sense someone closing in from the rear side.
and good timing. 2. Try to develop a sense of focus with your hitting and kicking tools by attacking from any angle and position you may happen to be at the moment of the attack and before engagement. 1. In Jeet Kune Do You should always strive to develop high level in reaction speed awareness so that you should not allow this to happen. If an opponent has already grabbed you. In self-defense. At the same time i can drive my back kick into his lead leg kneecap. accuracy. 2. and first. Intercept someone’s intention trying to reach or grab you at the earliest possible moment. and try to always hit hard. A Jeet Kune Do practitioner should always have to develop high skills in his or her reflex response system. you will have to hit him or kick him without hesitation. always hit or kick the vulnerable targets of your opponent with maximum speed. fast.I pretend i am looking for a way out. I may pretend going to turn my back away from the opponent and try to escape out of his grab if he has already caught me by my collar. 2. This time as I turn my back away from my opponent.1 my lead back fist to his head and a rear straight kick into his groin area.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. 1. 87 .
I spin and kick before his attack develops any further. Take those kicks. At the end of the kick. This kick is used for a finishing blow while it takes more time to execute. This movement conceals to the maximum my kicking intention. work on them continuously to gain maximum effect. I just see the opponent closing in. It is not used that often but only whenever is necessary. maintain the proper distance from him before the engagement. Therefore. while through the execution of the 360-degree spin kick I end up on the same right lead. In this example. 3. Then we have the 360-degree spin back kick. who is trying to aggress at me. think and feel of scrubbing your Gung fu pants lightly between the two legs during the passing of the kicking leg before it clears off the floor into the kicking motion. but it has a much greater deal of power. This economizes as it cuts down unnecessary motion. I can take him into a head lock. or his head. From the on-guard position. Against a tall guy. Its power may send an opponent flying many meters away. I have to move toward him to shorten the distance by trapping his kicking leg and delivering a left leg back kick on his supporting leg. That way you give him the opportunity to develop maximum speed and penetration with his kicks or punches. 4. I end up to my left lead stance. It lacks deceptiveness while the 180 degrees is not so. The Spin Back Kick or the Juen Tek The juen tek is a side kick which is executed by a spin off the rear leg at 180 degrees. it is not good to move far away at the moment of his attack. Say I am facing someone. as soon as this opponent starts to kick. 88 . thrust the leg out. Someone will have to spend a lot of time training on this kicking technique in order to obtain balance and accuracy on its delivery. This is done in a straight-line thrust to my opponent’s midsection area. This kicking trajectory of the rear leg must be very economical in spinning action. By the same talking. If I want to. This is a variation of the above. You must have already noticed that through the execution of the 180-degrees spin.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 3.
1 1. 2. 4. 89 . 3. 1. 2. 1. The proper execution of the spin back kick done at an angle of 180 degrees. 5.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL.
SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 3. 90 . 1. 4. This photo illustrates on how I can make use of my juen tek as a real attack at 180-degrees spin. 2. 4. 3. 2. The proper execution of the spin back kick done at an angle of 360 degrees. through indirect attack. 5. 3. after I feint with my lead leg side kick. in order to close by a good half of the distance.
The Inverted Hook Kick or the Qua Tek This type of kick complements the lead hook kick against an unmatched lead fighter or opponent. the tip of my shoe will be the impact area. In that way. he might be able to block or parry. 2. There are actually eight primary kicks and all of the other kicks are considered secondary. then on my next attempt to deliver the same kick. the front hip opens out. thus allowing no time for recovery to defend himself. By wearing shoes.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. For example. It’s a very effective kicking tool to initiate entering on your opponent. you can deliver it by moving straight up with your front leg. This will make it difficult for my opponent to recognize whether my simple attack turns into deception. Impact areas for this kick are the instep of my foot or the tip of my toe. or the groin area. To mechanically explain that. 91 . Any of the kicks can be applied in a certain situation. and then suddenly and abruptly turn the knee out and away from the opponent. instead of closing in as opposed to the lead hook kick delivery. I could lull him by suddenly pausing my side kick moving on the same path. as I turn it into an inverted hook kick this time to head high where I can get an open line.1 and simultaneously provoke some kind of defensive response from my opponent. if I was to deliver my lead side kick on my opponent’s shin or knee. Qua tek is considered one of the primary kicks in Jeet Kune Do. 1. I just deliver my spin back kick with speed and decision as soon as my opponent’s defensive motion starts to move in the opposite direction from where my real kick is intended to land. Primary targets to kick effectively are the inside of the lead knee. Make sure that this can be applied against someone facing me in a left lead.
SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 3. 1. 1. 7. I show how to perform the qua tek properly from the side view. . In this illustration. In this example. I initiate from outside range. 4. 2. 5. by delivering the kick into my opponent’s groin area. 92 2. 6.
For example. as you can break his jaw. And this is thrown to the right side of the opponent’s face if he is in the same right lead position.1 3. It can also serve in many purposes during combative situations. It is actually a high-kicking technique delivered to the opposite side of my opponent’s head. 3 In this illustration. because it is mainly thrown at head height. This is done by bending at the knee and hooking the leg back into a reverse motion immediately back to the on-guard position. I suddenly switch my straight or side kick into a 93 . in order to condition his blocking movement. Here there is another principle concerning interception skills. It can easily deceive someone’s defensive pattern if it is used intelligently. This makes him vulnerable. So tek or reverse hook kick demands good flexibility. if I want to time my opponent’s movement or find his cadence (see cadence terminology in the book glossary) before I can break his rhythm. This kick starts from the fighting stance by moving the leg straight up and suddenly deviating its route to the inside direction of the body as it goes up and around in a reverse motion just in the opposite direction of that of the hook kick. It comes back by flexing the lower leg toward the hamstring muscle that this muscle assists to the result of the pulling action. You can also slap his head with the ball of the foot. his mind is concentrated more on offense than defense. I counter my opponent’s right lead inverted hook kick. This kick is not used that often because high kicking violates Jeet Kune Do principles of economy of motion and effectiveness. But it can be used to the kidney area or to the groin area if somebody was to face me in the opposite lead which is his left lead.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. You can make impact with the heel of the foot to the head of the opponent. Therefore. I could do this by first delivering at a certain speed my lead straight or side kick. The So Tek or the Reverse Hook Kick This kick adds another variation to the Jeet Kune Do kicking arsenal. and then as I continue by delivering the same kick. The best way to attack is when your opponent is preparing his attack.
2. 2. 4. I deliver my lead reverse hook kick. In this example. 3. 1. In the following illustration.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS reverse hook kick to penetrate his defense. as my opponent from a left lead starts to punch. In Jeet Kune Do. So take every tool. while his attacking tool is still on development. with my opponent from the right lead. I will always have to sense my opponent’s intention and start with my counteroffensive motion to intercept his offensive action. 94 2. 1. . learn its proper mechanics through a number of repetitions. and effective. time it with your opponent. and then use it to your own advantage under different situations. as soon as he prepares for a rear reverse hook kick. with his lead arm as he steps forward. I kick with my lead reverse hook kick before he does anything by scoring his head or his inner sciatic nerve. 1. but keep it simple. direct.
4. I insert a lead leg reverse hook kick into his kidney area as I sidestep left. I quickly retreat out of the way. my opponent attempts a lead side kick at my midsection.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. 4. 1. 4. In this illustration. In Jeet Kune Do. 95 . 2. we do not stress high-kicking. 3.1 3. as I counter him with my lead leg reverse hook kick (head). for the sake of variation. In this illustration. 3. I apply step-and-slide back footwork with a simple parrying against my opponent’s traditional style rear thrusting punch. but in some instances. following immediately up with a lead hand semicircular parrying to deflect his follow-up rear straight kick at my midsection area. we may use it.
supreme speed and explosive power. Kick in a reverse motion and touch it down into a left lead stance. The impact areas for both these kicks are the heel into my opponent’s jaw or the ball of the foot into face slap. or the dum tek. lead side kick. the 360 is much more powerful. lead hook kick. we kick with the rear leg by pivoting on the lead foot counterclockwise. In heel hook kick of 360 degrees. 96 . if I am in a right lead position. Rear leg passes lead leg. while the180 is more deceptive. From the same lead position. or the spin back kick. Of course. 1.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS The Reverse Heel Hook Kick at an angle of 180 and 360 Degrees These kicks are considered secondary. Jeet Kune Do is mostly characterised by its deceptive strategy. By doing this. the back kick. The same applies to the spin back kick delivered at the same angles. and the second one is best used whenever I happen to be a bit further away from my opponent. the cross stamp kick. lead inverted hook kick. 2. economizing motion to the kicking technique by keeping this close enough just before raising it into a sweeping motion. I allow my kicking leg to sweep through as it continues into a 360-degree angle all the way back and behind my left leg. we kick with the lead leg. The difference in between the spin heel hook kick at 180 to the 360 is that the first one can be used whenever I happen to be closer to my opponent. I step through with the rear leg clockwise before I fire the heel hook kick into my opponent’s head. Why? They are not as frequently used as primary kicking such as the lead straight kick. When executing reverse spin heel hook kick at a 180-degree angle.
1 3. 5. The So tek or the spin heel hook kick at 180-degree angle spin. 4. 3. 97 . 1. 4. 2. 1.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL.
I immediately change the angle of my body to avoid and counter with my reverse spin heel kick. 2. As soon as I touch my lead leg down. . 3. I draw my opponent’s lead jab after feinting with my half lunge lead straight kick by leaving my upper body intentionally uncovered to induce him into commitment.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 2. 1. 98 2. The So tek or the spin heel hook kick at 360-degree angle. 1. In this illustration.
THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. The front stomp kick or the dum tek is delivered off the lead leg the same way we deliver the straight thrust kick. 1. I use my spin heel hook kick in combination with some other kicks. 3. If my opponent is in a left lead and suddenly attacks with his front straight kick. I follow up into lead hook kick onto the opponent’s midsection and finish him off with the 180-degree spin heel hook kick. 2. 4. 99 .1 3. In this example. then without touching the leg down. The stomp kick or the dum tek and the cross stomp kick or the lin dum tek. I counter his kicking action by spinning into a reverse spinning hook kick. 5. It almost works against any of my opponent’s kicks. Lead hook kick into my opponent’s lead knee.
1. This kick thrusts straight out into my opponent’s shin or knee when it is used as a stop kick where the heel impacts opponent’s shin or knee. I can stomp my opponent’s lead leg instep from a closer range. Then I can change it into a downward stomping motion onto his instep. It is a tool that offers power. or a back fist. It’s a very useful kicking technique in self-defense situation. I can easily extend my straight stomp kick right onto his lead leg to stop his action from reaching me with the grab. if my opponent defends with any of his hands. not speed. if I hit with a lead finger jab. This kind of the kick is mainly executed with the front leg. As my opponent is closing in for a grab. by the moment he steps forward. 2. or deflecting motion to defend against my lead side kick. 100 .SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS The foot can be placed in a slanted position. or if I miss with my bil jee or back fist. An imminent stomping motion with this kick to the rear right onto any of the opponent’s insteps will prove very effective to the releasing of the hold. or thrusts into his solar plexus. where suddenly someone traps your arms from the rear side into a bear-hug position. 1. If I was to deliver a low-line side kick and my opponent lifts his lead leg up into a jamming position. It has less reach than any other kick but can reach further if it is delivered with the rear leg. with the toes of the foot pointing slightly outward. 1.
I deliver a lead hook kick into his head to finish him off. 2. 4. 4. I immediately block with my rear hand.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. driving a lead stomp kick into his solar plexus. 1. 5. In this situation. 101 . 2. Touching down the leg.1 3. my opponent from a right lead delivers a lead hook kick to my groin area. 3.
or even step forward in combination to these actions. If I want to. as you see me doing it here. 102 .SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 3. 4. I avoid it by simply stepping through to the rear. Sometimes I may just draw some actions from my opponent as I have said. From this position. and then kick again into a high hook kick with the same leg. 3. 4. touch down. I just bring my lead foot up into a stomp-kick position right into the back of his buttock or his hamstring muscle. I can manage to deliver a spinning reverse hook kick at 360 degrees. My opponent in a left lead. or a reverse rear sweeping kick as a follow-up kick to throw him to the ground. 2. This will intercept the final of his attacking motion. spinning a reverse hook kick to my midsection in his attempt to reach me with his kick. I actually draw his kicking action by faking with my lead hand at midsection level. I counterattack with my rear leg dum tek onto his lead shin or knee. A good example would be to weave both of my arms up and down. At the moment of his stepping through with his rear straight kick. My opponent in a left lead is preparing to deliver a rear straight thrust kick at my midsection area. or leave an opening on my body. 1. defending against his kicking motion with my lead hand downward parrying.
THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL.1
The Cross Stamp Kick (Lin Dum Tek)
Sometimes this is referred to as a cross stamp kick and is exceptionally unique in its execution. Most of the rear leg kicks telegraph. Why? Because of the long distance they have to cover from the rear side of the body. So when this kick is delivered off the rear side of the body, there is no preparation at all. It sneaks under the opponent’s ability of vision without knowing at all that it has already started its way to the target. No commitment of the body is emphasized during its delivery. Noticed when you kick with your rear straight leg kick what happens? Your rear leg knee bends as the lead side of your hip betrays your action. The lin dum tek takes the most direct route to my opponent’s lead leg or rear leg knee or shin. It is mainly used as a leg obstruct or a stop kick when my opponent attempts to attack with any of his kicks, primarily with his lead leg hook kick, or lead leg straight kick, or even his rear straight kick or his rear side kick. Mechanically, from the fighting stance, the rear leg slightly bends at the knee. So the leg goes straight out, without changing position, directly from where it is to the target, making impact with the heel. The foot should turn out with the toes pointing away at the point of impact. In other words, the foot is placed in a slanted position. This causes the rear hip to open than to close, as opposed to the hook kick. Always have in mind that the arms most of the time should be up to head level for covering. I can lower the arms only if I have any plan of action.
SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS
5. 1. In this illustration, I apply my outside-crescent kick at a 180-degree spin against my opponent’s right lead 180-degree reverse-heel hook kick. This type of counterattack is not used too often, but it exists. As Bruce Lee said, “Don’t simply rely on what comes easiest to you.” As soon I neutralize his kick, I just follow up with my right leg cross stamp kick at the back of his kicking leg and a left leg downward angle side kick. A hammer fist strike could be applied as a finishing blow.
3. 2. By the terms of intercepting, if my opponent from a left lead attempts to deliver a rear leg round-house kick. I can counter his kicking leg by just using my cross stamp kick to eliminate his action. From this point, I can fire a left hook punch onto his head.
THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL.1
5. 3. This time my opponent from the unmatched lead is delivering a rear straight thrust kick into my solar plexus. I can avoid his kick by simply stepping through to the rear. As soon as his kicking leg touches down from the kick, I intercept with my right leg lin dum tek into his leg. I can follow up immediately with my left leg side kick, touching down into a lead hand back fist.
The Rear Hook Kick
Like with the lead hook kick, the rear hook kick can almost be equally effective and practical to use. This kick is considered to be one of the secondary techniques in that order. Whatever comes off the rear leg is considered a
SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS
secondary technique, because it is further from my opponent’s different targets, which means it will have to travel longer distance to my opponent’s legs or any other part of his body. So it takes longer time to reach. But in Jeet Kune Do, there is always an answer to any question. Just use it wisely; don’t use it just for the sake of using it. When I deliver my rear hook kick, I want to make sure that it has to be economically fired by not chambering the leg. But this has to follow the shortest route by passing the leg close enough to the lead on its delivery. It can most of the time be used after I deliver any of my lead leg kickings or any of my lead hand attacks or feint or fake executed for “deception.” Very important key to its proper and effective mechanical execution is for someone to understand the coordination of the hips, waist, and the rear ball of the foot pivot, as I will first have to move the leg before I can suddenly snap the aforementioned parts of the body to generate power in the execution of this kick. The rear hook kick is a very effective tool if it is utilized strategically correctly. One of the examples would be to use it as a counteroffensive action against my opponent’s lead leg kicks, especially when directed to my head. Like in the lead hook kick or the oou tek, as this is referred to in Chinese terminology, impact area is the instep of the foot to the opponent’s lead leg sciatic nerve, or lead leg back of the knee, or even ankle joint if he is in the same lead or same side to me.
1. Against an opponent who is in a left lead and kicks me with his lead leg reverse hook kick to the head, I could apply my bob and
as my opponent prepares to attack from a right lead. 3. or even use distance with some type of footwork to open the gap.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. 1. and if I am not ready to stop-hit him or kick him. 2. and I finish him off with a rear leg leaping hook kick to his body or head. then another option such as bobbing and weaving to the opposite direction would be the answer. 4. 107 . If he were to continue with a reverse rear hook kick at 180-degree spin at my head level again. 2. In this illustration. I follow up with a lead back fist to hit his face as I lean forward to reach him. I explode toward him with a leaping slide-step forward motion to kick his lead leg inside of the knee. As a final motion to a counterattack against this kind of opponent would be to sweep him off his feet with my rear hook kick to his supporting leg.1 weave to the outside left. I do not allow him to take the initiative. 5.
108 2. 2. From here I can neutralize him by just following into a rear low hook kick at the back of his lead leg to throw him off his feet. I can counter his kicking with a 180-degree spin outside-crescent kick right into his own kick. 4. made at a 180-degree angle. 5. 3. 1. 3. This is one way that I can use the same tool to that of my opponent’s to counter his.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 1. Against an opponent’s rear reverse spin heel hook kick. .
So he didn’t hesitate to implement kicking with the shin. what was practical and more effective to use. But there is no exception to using it with the lead leg by the first moment of my attack. The Shin Smash The shin smash is a variation of the hook kick with the only difference being that the point of making impact is the shin and not the instep like in the hook kick. from the many different styles. 4. So he drew this element of kicking opponent’s solar plexus or groin area with the hook kick. I can use the shin right into one of the most vulnerable areas called sciatic nerve. he withdraws his lead leg back to the rear as a consecutive action by him to return his lead leg into a front straight kick into my groin.1 3. This is also an effective kick to be used as a counter against my opponent’s attack? 109 .THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. most of the time. is delivered off the rear leg after I have closed the distance toward the opponent through a primary kick such as the lead hook kick or the lead side kick or the lead leg dum tek. or the straight kick. I may just decide to open an attack or to draw a counterattack from my opponent by just firing a lead low-line hook kick. he found out that kick boxers have a very powerful and strong shin. I counter his attack by firing a rear hook kick at the lower part of his left leg. So this will destroy his balance to finish with his attack. Another example he watched was savate boxers making use of their toes when they pinpointed the different weak targets of the opponent’s body. If I can kick my opponent from a closer range. When he was creating his Jeet Kune Do. he was looking to find through his search. By the time he picks upon it. Against an opponent facing me in a left lead. To cite one example. Upon his reaction. Bruce Lee was a very prolific and creative personality. Sometimes an arm feint can distract the opponent’s attention before I follow up with a rear shin smash. and then simplify it. Shin smash.
Sometimes if I am not ready enough to stop kick any of my opponent’s attack. As soon as my opponent starts to back off from the power of my lead straight thrust kick. 2. 3. Against the opponent’s left lead rear round-house kick at my head. then I can follow up with my rear shin smash into his sciatic nerve. I may react with passive defense and then counterattack. to thrust my lead leg straight kick into his midsection. 1. 1. 110 . by deflecting it to the outside where I am in a position immediately after this. 2.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 1. In this case I lift my rear leg into a stiff position into the path of my opponent’s kick.
In this example.1 3. 3. my opponent from a right lead is delivering a haymaker front-swinging blow at my head. Without hesitating. / 111 . 2. 2. From this point.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. I finish him up with my rear shin smash into the back of his kneecap to break his balance. and follow immediately up with a rear hand hook punch to his head. 4. I just parry with my lead arm in a semicircular motion to the outside high line (see four corners of defense definition in the principles) as soon as his swinging blow passes by my head. 4. 1.
It can be delivered in an inward angle right into his solar plexus or into his lumbar region when in proper position. Like with the elbow. I then slide step forward with a lead side kick of my own kicking his kneecap. Be meticulous and watchful. The Knee Smash Knees can be used in close range. I step forward with a long emphatic movement with the lead leg.” So don’t rely on anything that comes in mind at any time. I apply attack by drawing. 112 . As soon as my opponent delivers a rear leg hook kick. Facing off an opponent from the same lead. The knee smash can be delivered in different directions. I can do it with both of my legs. In this illustration. I can then follow with my rear shin smash onto the back of his rear leg or even his kidney area. but speed is most important than power. Knee smash can be fired in a vertical upward direction in my opponent’s groin area or in his face. When I knee smash. 3. the knee can get into play as soon as I am in position and proper angle to fire it with a maximum effect. right or left. or downward if I want to knee someone who goes on the ground after a tripping action or sweeping motion or even a backward trip movement etc.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 5. I just move out of range by merely stepping away from his attack. These directions are a bit limited in comparison to the elbows that there are more directions to deliver as opposed to the knees. I can deliver it in angle up. Power is not always on the first place. I will write about grappling techniques and how we use them in different situations. The most important thing to know about the knee smash is to be always used at the proper range. and they can bring devastating results on the opponent when used properly. There is a saying: “Don’t let your best technique become your downfall. which is a devastating strike.
2. 1. 3.1 1. In this illustration. 2. I can fire the knee smash in an inward angle either with my lead or my rear leg. Here I illustrate the first type of knee smash that I can deliver in a vertical up direction from my fighting stance either with my lead or my rear leg. 2.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. 113 . 1.
Against an opponent who is facing me in the same lead. and immediately fire my lead-upward knee smash into his solar 114 . Here you see me driving my knee smash into a downward direction in order to pin my opponent’s body as soon as he goes down the floor. 4.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 3. 2. I can apply a combination of my knee smashes by a hand-feinting action to the high line. 1. 3.
The key element here is for someone to follow the book as a signpost to his journey of Jeet Kune Do. How you use them is up to you. Here I conclude the chapter on the many different applications of the various tools.” So you will have to develop your own way of using them. So be creative and have an open mind to preconceive and anticipate self expression to the art of Jeet Kune Do. 115 .THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL.1 plexus as I can follow up with a rear leg inward upward knee smash into his kidney area. It is not easy and possible to demonstrate all of the applications of the tools and their so many different tactics by covering them in a book or books. Bruce Lee said. “I have given you the tools.
in other words. dissolve the principles. Bruce Lee said. The traditional martial artists do not support this principle. Bruce Lee could prove this principle that he could hit from a closer range and bring much more damage by using proper body mechanics. Almost 90 percent of my hitting or kicking tools make use of the strongest arm as the leading technique or the strongest leg as the leg-obstructing tool without giving the opponent much chance to defend.” The Power Side Forward This principle was originated by Bruce Lee as one of the primary principles in Jeet Kune Do. 116 .5. most of the offensive actions come off the lead side of the body. ON PRINCIPLES AND THEORIES— PART III “Learn the principles. I will hit the target much faster than someone who is used to placing his strong arm or leg to the rear side. They believe the strongest arm or leg should be placed on the rear side in order to gain more power due to the traveling distance. “Don’t sacrifice speed for power.” If I place my power hand or leg closer to the target. abide by the principles. When we use it. On the contrary.
not only the leg or the arm. 117 . 1. When punching. 5. you torque your body into the punch by pivoting on the ball of the rear foot or both feet and pushing off with that rear foot. Here I am demonstrating how “power side forward” principle gets into play. 1. It generates power from the ground by subsequently connecting that pivoting action onto the hips and waist and finally propelling that energy forward into the punch or into the kick. 4.1 hitting with the whole body. Upon learning this principle someone can gain power and economy of motion because he or she will learn how to attack with the lead-side weapons faster and with much less telegraphic movement. 3.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. 2.
I will have to tighten up the fist instantly upon impact and then relax it again on the way to neutrality or on-guard position. I would not for any reason retract the arm before its delivery because this reveals intention to attack. The same principle applies to any of our defensive motions. The fourth thing is to be able to resume your Bi-jong position after the delivery of the hit or the kick as soon as you retract to neutrality (Bi-jong stance) in a well-covered position. parameters for an effective motion should be employed from the very beginning of your training. The third thing is during delivery of the punch or during delivery of the kick. is a very important part of Jun Fan Gung Fu/ Jeet Kune Do. I start my pivoting action on the ball of the rear foot. This originated primarily from Wing Chun style. You will have to manage consciously that all of your body parts are not tensed but relaxed.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS From my on-guard position. relaxation has to remain constant. I align up my shoulders into the punching movement. If I deliver a punch. until the point of impact. Economy of Motion Economy or motion economy. This has to do with the “good form” of the movement. you will have to pay attention to avoid any retraction of the arm prior to the delivery. As soon as I move the hand. Before my hitting reaches the target. This is in terms of the hand defensive moves or even defensive footwork or evasiveness from 118 . Another example of economy of motion would be if I were to take a step forward before I could punch or kick to manage to move the arm first or the leg before going into the whole motion. This holds true to any of my hitting or kicking weapons. The second thing is when you start releasing. Therefore. which means that any unnecessary motion in attack and defense would prove ineffective to its outcome. if I were to throw a leading straight punch. This pivoting action transcends motion into the torque action of my waist and hips. So we are looking for the best way to do any motion effectively. In other words. We emphasize quality over quantity of any technique here in order to gain maximum performance in the execution. let’s say your finger jab. Always try to move just enough to make your opponent to miss. I initiate my punching motion by moving the hand first. which means the arm has to move first before the body torques and let the body torque when the bil jee is almost reaching the opponent’s eye or eyes. The first thing to do is to acquire the feeling of relaxation.
1 an attack by the opponent. You will have to pay particular attention to your elbow. Economize your parrying or blocking motion by avoiding over-parrying which means. 2. A similar drill to the above is the developing of the leading straight punch.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. let your opponent’s attacking limb get close enough to you before you react with your parrying or blocking hand movement and cause his attacking limb to continue in another line as a result of missing you. This is one good drill that I learned from my instructor. If you try to deliver a lead side kick along the wall. Why? Because of chambering or changing position of your side kick before its delivery. Just stand by the side of the wall with your back to it. Davis II. 119 . a simple wall will work for this attribute. You should avoid scraping the wall with your elbow on its delivery out and back. you may find it hard enough to extend your leg without scabbing the wall with the heel of your kicking leg. By the time you will need to improve motion economy with your tools. 1. 2. 1. So try to deliver your side kick without pulling your leg out before its delivery. Sifu Lamar M.
I always aim for my weapons to land on my opponent’s centerline or as close to his own centerline as possible. “Two arms and two legs. This exercise is drawn from Wing Chun Gung Fu style.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS The Centerline Theory This theory is very important to the art of Jun Fan/Jeet Kune Do. or hitting on the centerline. This is offered through a proper Bi-Jong position where both my arms are positioned in such a way that can handle at ease any strike coming in from the opponent by either parrying on the centerline. we will still have to face his own centerline with our own centerline. It will tremendously develop the feeling of using the centerline as a guide to your punching and kicking arsenal in a rapid succession of a blast or when you face off to an opponent. This holds true for any opponent who has four limbs as Bruce Lee said. Either be it a punch or a kick. A centerline strike can ensure maximum damage to the opponent due to the fact that all of the vulnerable targets of the human body lie on the centerline or as close to it. Total awareness of the centerline has to be acquired at the earliest phases of your training.” 120 . 1. The above picture shows where exactly my own centerline is situated. trapping after parrying. We do this in order to take immediately an opening that may appear to be on his centerline at the slightest opening without hesitation or to force any line to open for an immediate follow-up strike. 1. 2. no matter what his stance is all about. One way to exercise centerline awareness is the Gik Chung Chuie or the straight blast. from the pigeon-toe stance or full neutral stance. cease hitting on the centerline. my own centerline always has to remain closed for protection. punching on the centerline. This is the mass center of the human body. In the same way.
Be an actor. all of the parts of your body should remain relaxed by eliminating any unnecessary muscular tension. The same action can be applied by a good Jeet Kune Do practitioner. The first one is to economize any of my offensive motions in the way that my lead hand is positioned closer to my opponent. Third. This is to serve two purposes.1 The Non-intention Principle This principle is easy to understand. Another thing that the immovable elbow serves to is to avoid any chance by my opponent to pin my lead arm into my body. 121 . But the falling just happens because when the key starts to fall.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. If you pretend to be playing an awkward fighter. it cannot think it is falling. Defensively. the lead elbow provides constant protection to my solar plexus and makes hand-defensive moves more effective by sweeping across. If someone slaps the table. but he is almost there without giving any sign of his own intentions. because my elbow positioning promotes mobility of my lead arm to counterattack any of my opponent’s attempt to immobilize it. Hit or kick without warning as this suddenly happens. First. this will encourage your opponent to try to take the thumb up to his own detriment. you should assume a correct fighting position through the use of the “small phasic bent knee stance” (refer to the glossary). In order to obtain this principle. which is mostly applied to the Jun Fan Gung Fu and is drawn from Wing Chun style. by initiating a lead hand strike moving from the elbow out (Hammer Principle) without moving my lead shoulder first. you should convince your opponent you are not going to attack. he will have to do it without any obvious noticeable action. This is the proper positioning of my lead arm elbow right in front of my lead side of my body or solar plexus approximately four to six inches or one fist away. Good martial artists are good actors. which means I won’t let myself be trapped. semicircularly or circularly. there should be three ingredients in your premeditated action. By the time he decides to launch a strike against his opponent. to any angle of my defensive corners (see on the glossary) without moving the elbow. The Immovable Elbow Theory Another important theory in Jun Fan/Jeet Kune Do. Second. It is just like he is not going to hit or kick. is the immovable elbow theory. This resembles a key set that is resting upon the edge of a table. but it is rather hard to execute. an imminent reaction of the key will be to fall off the edge of that table.
The Hammer Principle This principle sounds a bit strange. you see me how I can economize my hitting ability through non-telegraphed motion through the use of my lead immovable elbow. and fix it into that position so as to facilitate throwing my lead hand strike with accuracy and non-telegraphic initiation. 122 . my striking intention never tells whether it is going to start or not. In this illustration. In this illustration. 2. The key element here is to allow my lead forearm to be in slight motion before I release my punch or my finger jab. a clumsy hammering action may lead into a thumb jam.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 1. you can realize my rear and lead hand parrying motions play a lot of emphasis on this principle. 1. Many times. I need to place my lead elbow four to six inches right in front of my lead side of the body. Why? Because the point here is to harness the elbow into a fixed position as I drive a nail into a wall. 2. In assuming my fighting stance. Without this principle any of my attempts to initiate a non-telegraphic hand strike would be in vain. This principle comes from the way that someone uses a hammer trying to drive a nail into a wall. but it is directly connected to the “immovable elbow” theory. In this way. Sometimes my lead forearm describes small circular motions in a clockwise or counterclockwise manner.
THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL.1
The idea behind this slight motion of my lead forearm comes into play when I need to deceive my opponent’s defense. Circle or weave the lead forearm and release the punch, or the finger jab, or the backfist as soon as your forearm lines up to your opponent’s nose. This resembles “dropping the hammer.” As a final note here, ensure that when you apply the “hammer principle,” you will have to make sure that you only move the forearm from the elbow out, not the arm or the shoulder.
1. Here I demonstrate a wrong positioning of my forearm toward my opponent. You will notice that my lead forearm is not directed to my opponent’s.
2. In this illustration, you see me apply the correct principle of the hammer fist. As soon as my lead forearm comes in line to my opponent’s nose, I let it fly.
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Visual Focus Principle
Another very important principle in Jun Fan/Jeet Kune Do is the development of our peripheral vision through well-trained visual reflexes, or well-trained eyes. This is the point where you are going to learn how to obtain total awareness of your opponent’s actions and reactions during sparring or a self-defense situation. This is the art of learning how to focus your attention on more than one of your opponent’s body parts at the same time through the use of your peripheral vision. Let’s talk about the “central focus point” which is the main theme of the subject. The “central focus point” is your opponent’s solar plexus or stern. When my sight falls on that point, my attention is evenly distributed, so I can be completely aware of my opponent’s offensive intentions. If I were to look separately in one of my opponent’s hands, legs, and head or eyes, my perception speed would not properly function against my opponent’s offensive motions. This is what we call “choice reaction.” For an effective defense, we need a “simple reaction.” This is where my perception speed would better respond to different stimuli or more separate choices of different cues. This would absolutely cause reaction time to lengthen. On the other hand, a “simple reaction” will include fewer separate choices or many actions registered as a single cue, would take much less time to react. In other words, just simply focus your sight on your opponent’s stern, and try to spread your attention on the “secondary focus points” such as his elbows, knees, and forehead. You will immediately notice that those secondary points are diffused in vision, but you can easily handle his offensive actions, and even defensive ones, and pick up quickly whatever punch or kick initiates by the moment he starts to attack. Why the elbows? Just because no one can hit or strike with the hand without moving the elbow. So far no one has managed to kick without moving the knee first. The elbow moves slower than the fist itself, and knee also moves slower than the kicking leg. A good Jeet Kune Do practitioner must include in his daily routine drills of quick seeing. One good drill is the public awareness drill. All you have to do is choose an object in the street or in the public shopping forum and stare at it by trying to focus intensely on that object. This might be a telephone booth, a parked car, or a signpost. Then try to expand vision at any distance possible around that object, and try to see what is passing next to it. Try to count people, cars passing by, or even recognize faces that you may know without taking your eyes off that object you choose. Of course, there are many other drills you can do to develop your peripheral vision. Make sure whenever you face off an opponent in a sparring or in a street situation, the first thing you will have to do is to avoid looking his eyes, hands, or legs.
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Just make sure that you don’t want to be drifted by his hand moves or his leg moves, but take them all in by just looking at the central focus point. And this is the solar plexus of your opponent.
Water in the Hose and Whip Principles
This principle makes use of the way that a fire hose behaves when water thrusts though it into its walls. It causes the hose to suddenly jerk forward by following the direction of water. What I really want to come out with this analogy is just to explain the way that I can deliver a direct, and a very powerful, hitting motion. An important aspect to the training of Jeet Kune Do for someone is to be able to create or visualize things before he materializes them. This is the best way to connect and harmonize mental with physical levels or states. This is of how Bruce Lee had developed great mentality before he could bring his fighting art down to the highest physical development. So whenever I am about to deliver a punch or a kick, I will have to imagine my arm or my leg to be the fire hose. Then the fire hydrant would be my shoulder joint or my hip joint. When I extend my arm into a bil jee or a lead straight punch, I will have to intensely imagine that a surge of water is coming forcefully out of my lead shoulder joint. This will cause my arm to jerk suddenly forward. If you execute this properly, you are going to experience and feel that your arm is traveling into the most direct and the most explosive manner to the target or your opponent. The same thing can take place in the execution of a lead side kick or a lead hook kick, but this time you are going to consider your hip joint as the fire hydrant. To ascertain more on how correctly you can mentally carry this strategy down into your physical level, you must at the end of every hitting or kicking motion feel a jerking motion of your limb.
The Whip Principle
This is what we need to acquire. The arm or leg, as soon as it reaches almost its full extension with maximum speed and power, should be able to retract them very quickly like a whip to the on-guard position. If you have known or experienced how quickly a whip returns as soon as it cranks, you can visualize the same thing with the arm or the leg. Now try to visualize your arm as the whip. When it reaches full extension to the target, try to see the whip cranking and jolting back. So when you see the whip retract, try to snatch your hand or your leg as quickly as possible. This will keep you
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safe from any of opponent’s attempt to grab or trap your punching arm or kicking leg. By combining these two principles together, you will be able to deliver a very fast and a very direct powerful punch or a kick, and return it as fast as a whip.
6. THE JUN FAN/JEET KUNE DO GLOSSARY—PART IV
1) The Fighting Measure: This is the distance that I can estimate from my opponent, which has to be maintained according to my opponent’s height and maximum reach with his lead leg from where he is standing at. This is the so-called “right on the rim.” If I decide to take a whole step such as the forward slide step or the pendulum step and extend my lead leg side kick onto his lead knee, then I am going to kick his lead leg. This is where I can be “inside of the rim” of the fighting measure. I would not like to be outside of the rim, just because that is going to make it difficult for me to reach him even though I was going to apply a step. Body Feel: This is the ability to be aware of your body, and during your training, this is most important. There is a motto in the art of Jeet Kune Do, i.e. “fight the way you train.” It is very important during your training to be able to feel whether your limbs are in control, but not too much in control, and in perfect command of your will. Your willpower will guide the body to execute economical movements, proper body mechanics, and the amount of speed to develop through the techniques as well as relaxation of the muscles before, during, and after. Firmness in Motion: In Jeet Kune Do we don’t use moving stances, but a powerful and dynamic footwork. This is not like in the traditional martial arts where the student will have to train for a prolonged period of time the horse stance to strengthen his base through it in order to acquire balance into a fixed position. For instance, training of the horse stance to strengthen the legs and maintain balance. But pure balance comes from a constantly moving and shifting footwork. This is the dynamic balance in real fighting. In Jeet Kune Do someone seeks stillness in motion as opposed to firmness in stillness. Right and Left Lead: This is to define the preferable side of the stance or the positioning a fighter shall assume or adopt. In Jeet Kune Do, most practitioners are trained to adopt right lead. This means the right hand and the right leg are leading the body. The Three Ranges of Combat: At any time of combat, we may happen to instinctively or randomly find ourselves at any of these three ranges. The
This is an alternative to stop-hitting or stop-kicking. to kick. 10) Lin sil die dar or the Simultaneous Defense and Attack: This is related to one of the most important principles of defense in Jeet Kune Do. small. This motion should always be executed in a downward and forward direction of the upper body. A Jeet Kune Do practitioner will always have to know whether to punch. 6) Absence of Touch: Variation of the Bi-jong or fighting stance in Jeet Kune Do proves by the change of the positioning of the lead arm. It is a strategy plan against an opponent who is looking to trap the hands. 7) Small Phasic Bent-Knee Stance: This is to emphasize Bi-jong position that can be assumed in a real fighting situation. and by the fingers pointing to the ground area. or even round-house kicks at my head. means someone will have to use small and quick steps while controlling distance from and toward the opponent. You can use it successfully if your opponent’s punching arm moves toward your centerline or if pak sao fails to work. Which one of those tools will better work in that range. bob and weave is frequently used against an opponent who is delivering swinging blows with his arms. It is one of the most commonly used trapping techniques. You save 128 . Bent-knee stance is the ability to be ready and alert while in motion.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS proper tool or the physical tool has to be utilized according to that range. 9) Bob and Weave: Because evasion in Jeet Kune Do is as valuable as interception or stop-hitting. Those three ranges are identified as three ranges—long. and close range. to head butt. Phasic means someone has to be in constant state of alertness physically holding himself back or releasing it to any changing of direction or movement at an unpredictable moment of time. like in the bobbing forward. Therefore he or she is going to keep perfect balance and speed during transition of footwork. as well as an excellent footwork. So it gets you in a good position to deliver an effective counterattacking motion. A Jeet Kune Do practitioner places his lead hand right in front of his groin to protect that area with the wrist slightly bent. with the elbow three inches away from the front side of his body. The first word. by lowering his lead arm. This has a very important purpose: to avoid make contact with his opponent’s hands. and then swaying out the upper body in the direction opposite from where the swinging blow moves to. elbow. or even bite. medium. 8) Lop Sao: This is the grabbing hand used in some situations during trapping techniques. A lot of training will have to be emphasized in developing this kind of awareness. It is also an elusive plan to make the opponent think I am not going to threaten him before I attack deceptively. depends on the degree of awareness and sharpening of the tools.
you can develop speed and explosiveness gliding on your feet. and the foundation of all the rest. The quick sight or the fast hearing ability or even the tactile speed are the three main forms of reaction speed. A good example is the tan da. We have the high outside corner. while countering simultaneously. by suddenly changing the cadence by speeding up or slowing down a combination of my movements so I can score. feints are made on the outside without allowing opponent’s defense to collide. This is the core of Jeet Kune Do footwork. The Four Corners of Defense: This is to give a further explanation to the above definition. which means using the tan sao or the palm-up parry or block to close one of the lines or corners exposed to the opponent’s attack. Feints and Fakes: Feints is the art of deceptiveness. but they intentionally fall short to score. All these three qualities of speed can spring on by the time physical receptors respond to the different stimuli (various movements of the opponent).THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. the knee. Reaction Speed: This is the speed that precedes movement speed.1 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) time by applying your defense with your offense. The half motion of a hand strike. knowledge of the four corners is really important. Jeet Kune Do is built on deception. or bodily false movements are called feints or fakes. the high inside corner. the shoulder. or move away from him. it looks like a gliding economical stepping motion used to either close on the opponent. and power. A sound can also produce the so-called “sensory irradiation” and draw responses. Always the changing of cadence is really important in order to break opponent’s rhythm that tends to continue the imposed one. 129 . When you use this step. speed. The False Attack: This is similar to a feint. Most of the feints are applied by the arms or the legs. Cadence: This is the speed at which a certain series of attacking or defensive movements can be executed. On the other hand. False attacks differ from feints or fakes. The Shuffle Step: This is the simplest footwork pattern. and the low inside corner. this is the nuisance of a rhythmic pattern of certain movements applied under a certain speed. Or to put it better. But many others can be created by various bodily moves such as the hip. accelerating or slowing down your pace. with the only exception being that the hit or the kick has more penetration. That way they are designed to penetrate opponent’s defense. In defending effectively against opponent’s attacks. to make the opponent believe that he is going to get hit. the low outside corner. The best way of deception is to combine feints with false attacks. Successful fakes or feints should look like real attacking motions. a kick. or head feint or fake. It is a variation to the step-and-slide or the push shuffle. Bruce Lee said that a feint must make someone feel faint.
Training in high level of awareness is a must. It is mostly applied against those opponents who expose strong defensive abilities. It is the primary goal to deceive opponent’s defensive reactions by applying a series of progressive feints or fakes before the final or real attack scores. 19) Broken Rhythm: It is the sudden change of speed in any of my attacking movements. or to draw a reaction. etc. 22) The Counter-Time: It is an attack made upon drawing an attack. It is also a good component for trapping hands. like stop-hit. on the retraction of his attacking limb between two moves.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS 17) The Drop Step: This step is combined with the most hitting techniques. This is hitting someone on one-and-a-half beat. Sometimes a certain kick or a certain punch may be thrown at slow speed and suddenly accelerate speed to take opponent unawares and score on him. Sometimes it may be a feint. on his advancement or stepping forward. 21) The Beat: This is another element drawn from fencing. so my strike moves under his attacks or his defense. Beat can only be applied against someone who I have already tried to deceive with some feints but it could not work. That means an attacking motion suddenly stops on its way to the target. on faking. mainly aimed at the opponent’s midsection. An action taken by hitting the back of my palm against opponent’s back of the palm or the palm itself to open a line in order to throw a hit. A good Jeet Kune Do practitioner must always be able to recognize the proper moment to attack. and then it continues through as the opponent leaves the protected line of his defense exposed to the final attack. The most common natural reaction of a Jeet Kune Do practitioner in the behavior of his defense is to hit or to kick upon any of the opponent’s attack or intention to attack at the very beginning of the fight. Parrying or evading opponent’s first attacking motion and hitting on the next motion of his attack. and at the same time intentionally exposing openings on the body that 130 . On opponent’s preparation where he starts to deliver an attack. Broken rhythm can also be applied in defense. Passive can be applied by just exposing a certain line on my body or offering a target to my opponent. or against someone who has the tendency to extend his lead arm forward. It also minimizes target (my body) while hitting an opponent. This can be addressed as passive or aggressive. 20) Stop-hit/kick: This is where Jeet Kune Do gets its name from—the way of the intercepting fist. 18) Progressive Indirect Attack or PIA: This is the most advanced form of attack. An aggressive counter-time is set up by executing feint(s) or fake(s) or false attacks. Sometimes they might just be thrown at high speed and suddenly slow down to produce the same result. The highest level of broken rhythm attack is to slow it down. where I can then close it and counter his attack.
or close to it.1 23) 24) 25) 26) 27) 28) the opponent can easily perceive and attack. It can be used with either lead hand or rear hand. I will have to place my palm right on my opponent’s elbow joint. one should have to make sure that in order to be effective he must pull someone forcefully. I will explain more about trapping in one of my next volumes. ) Riposte: In Jun Fan Gung Fu/Jeet Kune Do we make use of direct and indirect riposte. Counter Parrying: Sometimes referred to as a circular parrying. Wong Pak Sao: This is another defensive movement applied with the hands. It is very effective against indirect attacks. It’s a part coming out from Wing Chun style. trap or even use proper range to intercept. you must be prepared for an unexpected counter-riposte. It is actually a parrying and immediate hitting with the same hand. or avoid and hit. It’s a variation to wong pak sao. This is actually a cross-parrying slapping motion with the palm if the lead hand is made to protect the inside high corner and the rear hand is made to protect the outside high corner. It is mainly used in a trapping situation whether I need to immobilize opponent’s lead or rear arm right after a simple attack has failed to score. Then you can parry and hit. This is the direct riposte. The key element is to just circle the palm clockwise or counterclockwise 131 . Sometimes a Jeet Kune Do practitioner may just parry and delay before he releases riposte if he wants to study opponent’s reactions after parrying. or parrying with that hand and hitting immediately with the other hand. The Huen Sao: This means the circling hand or the small disengagement. Tan Sao: Sometimes this is referred to as a palm-up hand parry or block. The only exception being that this is moving laterally and toward the centerline to parry or to deflect an oncoming straight punch to the high line of the body. correct application should always be stressed by torquing the wrist so to cause the palm to face up and by the same time press slightly forward on the centerline to occupy it.THE PRINCIPLES THEORIES & PRACTICE OF JUN FAN GUNG FU/JEET KUNE DO VOL. as he can strike with his rear hand. This is estimated as a simple parrying movement protecting the high inside or high outside corner of the body. To effectively apply this. I will refer to counter-parries in my next volume on hand defensive moves. Tan sao sometimes can be used as a block depending on the type of my opponent’s attack. Parry opponent’s attacking limb when at full commitment and immediately hit or kick before its recovery. Always when applying this. In the lop sao or grabbing hand. When executing this as a parrying. The term riposte or riposting is drawn from western fencing. Lop Sao: This is another trapping technique originated from Wing Chun style. Like in the pak sao the lop sao is a supplementary trapping technique to the pak sao. Pak Sao: This is referred to as the slapping hand. The most important thing of applying riposting is the proper moment or timing. this is used where simple parries fail to apply.
Most of the illustrated techniques in this book are based on ABD and counter-time.” which concludes and supports other four ways of attack such as SDA and SAA. ABC. PIA. therefore. I consider and believe that the above definitions I have set will help the reader to better comprehend the illustrated techniques that I demonstrate in my book. or even move into trapping hands such as the lop sao or the pak sao explained before. for a moment I carelessly left my body open. One of its best executions is to help you immediately change to an engagement or disengage. I will explain in depth about energy and sensitivity. and that is a good chance for him to hit or kick. 30) Attack by Drawing: This is one of the “five ways of attack. There is a close relationship between counter-time and ABD. needs good practice. 29) The Jao Sao: Sometimes referred to as a hooking palm. ABD is a much finessed tactic of fighting and. This is another technique drawn from trapping. and HIA.SIFU PANAYIOTIS ARGYRIDIS describing a small circle with the hand. So to convince him. A final word to be remembered: The only secret existing in the mastery of the art of Jeet Kune Do is Practice! Practice! Practice! 132 . The key element here is to make someone fall into the trap and motivate him to follow by pretending myself that this happened without my will but only because of my sloppy.” which means to draw any of the opponent’s attacking limbs. It is mostly used against someone’s defensive energy which is pushing to the outside on the point of making contact with his limb. The rest of the plan will be to intercept his attempt to complete his attack to the opening offered. I will include many more definitions for the oncoming volumes. The simplest method to apply is by “invitation. It is one of the commonly used techniques applied in trapping hands. It is considered to be one of the most difficult to apply in that it needs very good experience. inaccurate action. Your opponent’s defensive reaction as soon as you dictate where to go with the hand hitting the inside or the outside line. it is described as the big disengagement. and how to anticipate its type upon touch. in a prescribed method.
Five years ago. For more information you can contact: www. Now at the age of almost 50. he was invited to a local TV channel to introduce for a third time Bruce Lee’s Jeet Kune Do. This dvd is going to be available on selling to the public in the future. To name those are: Shotogan Karate. Later on his quest to ﬁnd a new path of training in martial arts. led him travel to the United States to meet sifu Lamar M Davis II. which this is going to be the ﬁrst volume. Each vol. His intention and goal. Later on in his career he hosted the ﬁrst Jun Fan Gung Fu/Jeet Kune Do annual seminar in Cyprus given by his sifu Lamar M Davis II.Sifu Argyridis was born in Nicosia Cyprus on 4th August 1960. and Gung Fu. From his experience he gained through in the art of Bruce Lee’s Jeet Kune he decided to write about his own personal expression about this art. That was back at 1970. He is also the founder of advance Jeet Kune Do. he is still keeps his will power. a senior instructor and a second generation Bruce Lee’s student.His father Greek Cypriot and his mother of a half Lebanese and a half Greek Cypriot. Wado Karate. proper attitude and endurance to further up his skills development. Another nine volumes are indented to be written through. Sifu Argyridis started his primary training in martial arts at the age of 14.advancedjkd. is going to be a building block to the previous one. Sifu Argyridis started his training with various styles in Karate. Mahayana boxing Gung Fu.com ISBN: 000-0-0000-0000-0 ISBN: 978-1-4535-5420-3 ¡xAªxAHSALEyP0Dy05042z0v3*z:+v:!*:+:!@:+:!@ (00000) (300417) . For more information. What it really inspired him so far to get himself involved in matrial arts training? Was the amazingly electriﬁed Bruce Lee’s ﬁgure on the big screen. Wing Chun. His daily training record expands to more than ﬁve hours training per day for many years. Bok Pai Gung Fu and Hang Gar. is to pass the art to the next generation.
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