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# APPLICATIONS OF MATHEMATICS IN OUR DAILY LIFE

GROUPS: • • • • • • • HAZIQ AHMAD HAZWAN BIN ZAINODDIN. ZAIM AKMAL BIN ZAINAL. ANAS BIN ABDUL JABAR. SHAHFEEZ BIN JALEEL MOHD SYAHROL BIN MAT JUNOH

PRACTICUM: H7P1 PUAN ATHIRAH TEACHER:

CONTENTS:

• • • • • • INTRODUCTIONS OF TRIGONOMETRY USE OF TRIGONOMETRY WHAT ARE TRIGONOMETRY IN REAL LIFE? EXAMPLES OF TRIGONOMETRY IN LIFE 10 EVERYDAY LESSON ON WHY TRIGONOMETRY ARE CONCLUSION IMPORTANT IN LIFE INTRODUCTION OF TRIGONOMETRY .

the three basic trigonometric ratios are used.area given to you: using the principles of trigonometry. Three Basic Trigonometric Ratios In a right triangle. sizes and areas of objects without having to actually create them first. you can easily calculate the geometric properties of objects to an unerring degree of accuracy. where its principles are important in accurately determining the lengths. it is very useful in engineering and construction. practically anything that you can see around you can be related to the principles of trigonometry and algebra in the real world. Sine Cosine Tangent Sine of Theta Side opposite theta / hypotenuse = b / c Cos of Theta Side adjacent to theta / hypotenuse = a / c . Imagine the need to build a structure with only the basic land . trigonometry is an important set of disciplines which relate to two and three dimensional objects.In mathematics.

Tangent of Theta Side opposite theta / side adjacent to theta = b / a More Trigonometric Ratios (Reciprocal Ratios) cotangent secant cosecant .

Trigonometry deals with relationships between the sides and the angles of triangles and with the trigonometric functions. square or rectangle.Cotangent of Theta Side adjacent to theta / Side opposite theta = a / b Secant of Theta Hypotenuse / Side adjacent to theta = c / a Cosecant of Theta Hypotenuse / Side opposite to theta = c / b Trigonometry. as well as describing angles in general and the motion of waves such as sound and light waves. which describe those relationships. When we compare them using a similar set of ideas. isn't just about using formulae to find the correct angle or size in school. it gives us a lot of power to understand the basis of other things in life beyond that of just their appearance. however. Even though we can look at a circle. It describes the relationships that occur naturally between objects and their similarity in structure. The study of angles and of the angular relationships of planar and three-dimensional figures is known as trigonometry. Trigonometry (from Greek trigonon "triangle" + metron "measure") is a branch of mathematics that studies triangles. we can know that there are principles we can apply to their shape which can be expressed through one entity: the triangle. an oval. particularly right triangles. .

Often those involve is called fourier series. and it is used in number of academic fields. geography and many other fields. The science is used to find the heights of buildings. It found in the 18th and 19th century French mathematician and physicist Joseph fourier. When the building is erected. of modulation of radio waves in electronics. It is diverse array in many scientific fields. Trigonometry is an area of mathematics that probes the property of triangles. Trigonometry is one of the most advanced ways that can be discussed in a single article. such as number theory. science and engineering. it will have accurate measurements. It is used in satellite systems and astronomy. trigonometry is know chiefly to measure problems. Precisely. circles. It is useful when designing a building to predetermine geometrical patterns and how much material and labor will required in order to erect a structure. of seismology. land surveying. it will not only be strong. in particular in all of the phenomena involving seasonal periodicities. cosθ + sinθ + cos 2θ + sin2θ + cos 3θ + sine3θ. It is often used in ways that are more subtle. of acoustics. Hence the study of radiation. WHAT ARE TRIGONOMETRY IN REAL LIFE? Mathematics enhances critical thinking and problem-solving abilities. engineering. such as place in theory of music others are more technical. weaves and oscillations. It provides provides perspective on real-life events. Trigonometry is used to make demarcations for cubicles in an office building. Primarily mathematics. trigonometry is a branch of mathematics that deals with triangles. building. land surveying.USE OF TRIGONOMETRY The trigonometry are uses in practical endeavors such as navigation. or create dimensional objects to use in buildings. aviation. . Among the public of non-mathematicians and non-sceintists. Trigonometry and Architecture You cannot separate architecture from trigonometry. which is critical for curving surfaces in building materials such as steel and glass.

For instance. a pilot taking off from JFK airport in New York will have to know which angle to take off from and when to turn at a certain angle in the sky in order to reach Heathrow airport in London. In geography. sound engineers who work in advancing computer music and hi-tech composers have to apply the basic law of trigonometry such as the cosine and sine function.Digital Imaging The same science is used in the music industry. Music waves patterns are are not as regular as sine and cosine function. . Geography and Astronomy Triangulation. Precisely. Sound travels in waves that is used in developing computer generated music. but it is still helpful in developing computer music. instead it represents it mathematically by its constituent sound waves. Navigation. it is used to measures the distance between landmarks. It is also used in satellite navigation systems. is used by astronomers to calculate the distance to the nearby stars. which is an application of trigonometry. A computer will not understand music like a human being.

EXAMPLES OF TRIGONNOMETRY IN LIFE Example 1: Viewing Angle to an Object When two vertical objects of different heights m and n stand distance k apart and the tops of the objects aligned with the sun’s rays on a sunny day. she casts a shadow 7 feet long which ends at exactly the same point as the shadow of the flagpole. the objects and the shadows they cast can be represented by a pair of similar triangles as shown below: The shorter object (with height n) casts a shadow of length j. we can use similar triangles to find the heights of objects. Using this A 5-foot tall woman stands 15 feet from a flagpole. Problem . How tall is the flagpole? . Notice that model. the larger object (with height m) casts a shadow of length k+j .

Angles of elevation are measured upward from the horizontal. If the plane is flying at an altitude of 3200 ft. the flagpole is We often do indirect measurement using angles of elevation and depression. . That is. If a skier rides a distance of 900 ft. Angles of Elevation and Depression . at what distance d (in miles measured along the ground) should the pilot start the descent? (remember that there are 5280 feet in one mile). what is the vertical distance d from the bottom of the ski lift to the top of the mountain? Problem A pilot must approach an airport at a descent angle (angle of depression) of 11° toward the runway. if h represents the height of the flagpole. on this ski lift to get to the top of the mountain. both sides of this equation by 22 yields the result: about 15. while angles of depression are measured downward from the horizontal. Problem The angle of elevation from the bottom of a ski lift to the top of a mountain is 28°.7 feet tall.Solution From the picture above. Multiplying feet.

So is trigonometry really relevant in your day to day activities? You bet it is. land surveying. A keen aptitude for math improves critical thinking and promotes problem-solving abilities. And this means that sound engineers and technologists who research advances in computer music and even hi-tech music . The sides of the tent make an angle of 58° with the ground.music! As you may be aware sound travels in waves and this pattern though not as regular as a sine or cosine function. so computers represent it mathematically by its constituent sound waves. naval and aviation industries. oceanography. the fundamental background of the science finds usage in an area which is passion for many . is still useful in developing computer music. but most of the math we study would seem (on the surface) to have little real-life application. A computer cannot obviously listen to and comprehend music as we do. Now it's true that triangles are one of the simplest geometrical figures. Although it is unlikely that one will ever need to directly apply a trigonometric function in solving a practical issue. yet they have varied applications. One specific area of mathematical and geometrical reasoning is trigonometry which studies the properties of triangles. The techniques in trigonometry are used for finding relevance in navigation particularly satellite systems and astronomy. Let's explore areas where this science finds use in our daily activities and how we can use this to resolve problems we might encounter. The primary application of trigonometry is found in scientific studies where precise distances need to be measured. and in cartography (creation of maps). How wide is the tent at the bottom? You can now see that trigonometry can help to find lengths that may not be directly measurable.Other Indirect Measurement Problem A tent is supported by a cable stretched between two poles at a height of 80 inches. 10 EVERYDAY LESSON ON WHY IS TRIGONOMETRY IS IMPORTANT IN LIFE Mathematics is a subject that is vital for gaining a better perspective on events that occur in the natural world. Now those are the scientific applications of the concepts in trigonometry.

The edges of the triangles that form the image make a wire frame of the object to be created and contribute to a realistic picture. Learning math sure makes us smart and adept at solving tricky situations. Several imaging technologies that apply the concepts of trigonometry find usage in medicine. stone and glass would be impossible if not for the immense potential of this science. And although you won't need to write out sine formulae for this one. Computer generation of complex imagery is made possible by the use of geometrical patterns that define the precise location and color of each of the infinite points on the image to be created. For instance there is a need for harmony and symmetrical agreement even if you are just redecorating your home. for example those with medical conditions that prevent them from traveling to very high altitudes. Whoever said studying math has only an academic value! Need other reasons to know how formulae in trigonometry make life easier for you? Now we all use patterns and symmetry in relating to objects around us. Because this information is of great value for aircraft designing and navigation. So the nest time you want to go trekking you might want to know the actual altitude you might be traversing. From tacking brainteasers and jigsaws to the more complex crises. the application of basic laws of math and geometry are many. And if this sounds overly technical think about the time when you last took a vacation at a hill station. be sure to check out how the sine and cosine functions you learn at school find a practical application is medical techniques such as CAT and MRI scanning. you will still be using the basic laws of triangles in deciding the best angle to show off that trendy lamp on your study table! Did you know that trigonometry is an arty science that can be used to measure the heights of mountains? So why would we want to measure the heights of mountains. it undoubtedly helps handle situations with a positive approach . So how does this work actually. In fact the flat panels and straight planes in the building are but at an angle to one another and the illusion is that of a curved surface. in detecting tumors and even in laser treatments. You might be surprised how much this information comes in handy to tourists. You need to be sure about angles and positioning when deciding lighting arrangements. The image is made detailed and accurate by a technique referred to as triangulation. Trigonometry finds a perfect partner in modern architecture. Not only does math provide a strong basis for resolving everyday issues.composers have to relate to the basic laws of trigonometry. Neat huh! Digital imaging is another real life application of this marvelous science. The beautifully curved surfaces in steel. The next time you go in for an advanced scanning procedure.

but it is just the basics in which real applications are used upon. The modern world is vastly filled with angles. seismology. . An architect would use trig to calculate angles and sides which appear in built structures anywhere.CONCLUSION: Trigonometry is a branch of mathematics that has greater importance beyond the scope of grade 12 math. Trigonometric graphs have their particular uses in fields such as sound. and trigonometric graphs. and CAT and ultrasound in the medical field. Principles of Mathematics 12 covers some basics of using and manipulating trigonometry.