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DAILY LIFE

GROUPS:

• HAZIQ AHMAD HAZWAN BIN ZAINODDIN.

• ZAIM AKMAL BIN ZAINAL.

• ANAS BIN ABDUL JABAR.

• SHAHFEEZ BIN JALEEL

• MOHD SYAHROL BIN MAT JUNOH

PRACTICUM:

• H7P1

TEACHER:

• PUAN ATHIRAH

CONTENTS:

• INTRODUCTIONS OF TRIGONOMETRY

• USE OF TRIGONOMETRY

• WHAT ARE TRIGONOMETRY IN REAL LIFE?

• EXAMPLES OF TRIGONOMETRY IN LIFE

• 10 EVERYDAY LESSON ON WHY TRIGONOMETRY ARE

IMPORTANT IN LIFE

• CONCLUSION

INTRODUCTION OF TRIGONOMETRY

In mathematics, trigonometry is an important set of disciplines which relate to two and

three dimensional objects; practically anything that you can see around you can be related

to the principles of trigonometry and algebra in the real world, it is very useful in

engineering and construction, where its principles are important in accurately

determining the lengths, sizes and areas of objects without having to actually create them

first. Imagine the need to build a structure with only the basic land - area given to you:

using the principles of trigonometry, you can easily calculate the geometric properties of

objects to an unerring degree of accuracy.

Three Basic Trigonometric Ratios

In a right triangle, the three basic trigonometric ratios are used.

Sine

Cosine

Tangent

Sine of Theta

Side opposite theta / hypotenuse = b / c

Cos of Theta

Side adjacent to theta / hypotenuse = a / c

Tangent of Theta

Side opposite theta / side adjacent to theta = b / a

cotangent

secant

cosecant

Cotangent of Theta

Side adjacent to theta / Side opposite theta = a / b

Secant of Theta

Hypotenuse / Side adjacent to theta = c / a

Cosecant of Theta

Hypotenuse / Side opposite to theta = c / b

Trigonometry, however, isn't just about using formulae to find the correct angle or size in

school. It describes the relationships that occur naturally between objects and their

similarity in structure. When we compare them using a similar set of ideas, it gives us a

lot of power to understand the basis of other things in life beyond that of just their

appearance. Even though we can look at a circle, an oval, square or rectangle, we can

know that there are principles we can apply to their shape which can be expressed

through one entity: the triangle.

Trigonometry (from Greek trigonon "triangle" + metron "measure") is a branch of

mathematics that studies triangles, particularly right triangles. Trigonometry deals with

relationships between the sides and the angles of triangles and with the trigonometric

functions, which describe those relationships, as well as describing angles in general and

the motion of waves such as sound and light waves. The study of angles and of the

angular relationships of planar and three-dimensional figures is known as trigonometry.

USE OF TRIGONOMETRY

The trigonometry are uses in practical endeavors such as navigation, land surveying,

building, and it is used in number of academic fields. Primarily mathematics, science and

engineering. Among the public of non-mathematicians and non-sceintists. trigonometry

is know chiefly to measure problems. It is often used in ways that are more subtle, such

as place in theory of music others are more technical, such as number theory.

Trigonometry is one of the most advanced ways that can be discussed in a single

article. Often those involve is called fourier series. It found in the 18th and 19th century

French mathematician and physicist Joseph fourier. It is diverse array in many scientific

fields, in particular in all of the phenomena involving seasonal periodicities. Hence the

study of radiation, of acoustics, of seismology, of modulation of radio waves in

electronics.

cosθ + sinθ + cos 2θ + sin2θ + cos 3θ + sine3θ.

provides perspective on real-life events. Trigonometry is an area of mathematics that

probes the property of triangles. It is used in satellite systems and astronomy, aviation,

engineering, land surveying, geography and many other fields. Precisely, trigonometry is

a branch of mathematics that deals with triangles, circles, weaves and oscillations.

You cannot separate architecture from trigonometry, which is critical for curving surfaces

in building materials such as steel and glass. The science is used to find the heights of

buildings, or create dimensional objects to use in buildings. Trigonometry is used to

make demarcations for cubicles in an office building. It is useful when designing a

building to predetermine geometrical patterns and how much material and labor will

required in order to erect a structure. When the building is erected, it will not only be

strong, it will have accurate measurements.

Digital Imaging

The same science is used in the music industry. Sound travels in waves that is used in

developing computer generated music. A computer will not understand music like a

human being; instead it represents it mathematically by its constituent sound waves.

Precisely, sound engineers who work in advancing computer music and hi-tech

composers have to apply the basic law of trigonometry such as the cosine and sine

function. Music waves patterns are are not as regular as sine and cosine function, but it is

still helpful in developing computer music.

Triangulation, which is an application of trigonometry, is used by astronomers to

calculate the distance to the nearby stars. In geography, it is used to measures the distance

between landmarks. It is also used in satellite navigation systems. For instance, a pilot

taking off from JFK airport in New York will have to know which angle to take off from

and when to turn at a certain angle in the sky in order to reach Heathrow airport in

London.

EXAMPLES OF TRIGONNOMETRY IN LIFE

Example 1: Viewing Angle to an Object

When two vertical objects of different heights m and n stand distance k apart and the tops

of the objects aligned with the sun’s rays on a sunny day, the objects and the shadows

they cast can be represented by a pair of similar triangles as shown below:

The shorter object (with height n) casts a shadow of length j; the larger object (with

model, we can use similar triangles to find the heights of objects.

Problem

A 5-foot tall woman stands 15 feet from a flagpole; she casts a shadow 7 feet long which

ends at exactly the same point as the shadow of the flagpole. How tall is the flagpole?

Solution

From the picture above, if h represents the height of the flagpole, . Multiplying

both sides of this equation by 22 yields the result: feet. That is, the flagpole is

about 15.7 feet tall.

Angles of Elevation and Depression

We often do indirect measurement using angles of elevation and depression. Angles of

elevation are measured upward from the horizontal, while angles of depression are

measured downward from the horizontal.

Problem

The angle of elevation from the bottom of a ski lift to the top of a mountain is 28°. If a

skier rides a distance of 900 ft. on this ski lift to get to the top of the mountain, what is

the vertical distance d from the bottom of the ski lift to the top of the mountain?

Problem

A pilot must approach an airport at a descent angle (angle of depression) of 11° toward

the runway. If the plane is flying at an altitude of 3200 ft, at what distance d (in miles

measured along the ground) should the pilot start the descent?

Other Indirect Measurement

Problem

A tent is supported by a cable stretched between two poles at a height of 80 inches. The

sides of the tent make an angle of 58° with the ground. How wide is the tent at the

bottom?

You can now see that trigonometry can help to find lengths that may not be directly

measurable.

10 EVERYDAY LESSON ON WHY IS TRIGONOMETRY IS IMPORTANT IN LIFE

Mathematics is a subject that is vital for gaining a better perspective on events that occur in the

natural world. A keen aptitude for math improves critical thinking and promotes problem-solving

abilities. One specific area of mathematical and geometrical reasoning is trigonometry which

studies the properties of triangles. Now it's true that triangles are one of the simplest geometrical

figures, yet they have varied applications. The primary application of trigonometry is found in

scientific studies where precise distances need to be measured.

The techniques in trigonometry are used for finding relevance in navigation particularly satellite

systems and astronomy, naval and aviation industries, oceanography, land surveying, and in

cartography (creation of maps). Now those are the scientific applications of the concepts in

trigonometry, but most of the math we study would seem (on the surface) to have little real-life

application. So is trigonometry really relevant in your day to day activities? You bet it is. Let's

explore areas where this science finds use in our daily activities and how we can use this to resolve

problems we might encounter. Although it is unlikely that one will ever need to directly apply a

trigonometric function in solving a practical issue, the fundamental background of the science finds

usage in an area which is passion for many - music! As you may be aware sound travels in waves

and this pattern though not as regular as a sine or cosine function, is still useful in developing

computer music. A computer cannot obviously listen to and comprehend music as we do, so

computers represent it mathematically by its constituent sound waves. And this means that sound

engineers and technologists who research advances in computer music and even hi-tech music

composers have to relate to the basic laws of trigonometry.

Trigonometry finds a perfect partner in modern architecture. The beautifully curved surfaces in

steel, stone and glass would be impossible if not for the immense potential of this science. So how

does this work actually. In fact the flat panels and straight planes in the building are but at an angle

to one another and the illusion is that of a curved surface. Neat huh!

Digital imaging is another real life application of this marvelous science. Computer generation of

complex imagery is made possible by the use of geometrical patterns that define the precise

location and color of each of the infinite points on the image to be created. The image is made

detailed and accurate by a technique referred to as triangulation. The edges of the triangles that

form the image make a wire frame of the object to be created and contribute to a realistic picture.

Several imaging technologies that apply the concepts of trigonometry find usage in medicine. The

next time you go in for an advanced scanning procedure, be sure to check out how the sine and

cosine functions you learn at school find a practical application is medical techniques such as CAT

and MRI scanning, in detecting tumors and even in laser treatments. Whoever said studying math

has only an academic value! Need other reasons to know how formulae in trigonometry make life

easier for you? Now we all use patterns and symmetry in relating to objects around us. For instance

there is a need for harmony and symmetrical agreement even if you are just redecorating your

home. You need to be sure about angles and positioning when deciding lighting arrangements. And

although you won't need to write out sine formulae for this one, you will still be using the basic

laws of triangles in deciding the best angle to show off that trendy lamp on your study table!

Did you know that trigonometry is an arty science that can be used to measure the heights of

mountains? So why would we want to measure the heights of mountains. Because this information

is of great value for aircraft designing and navigation. And if this sounds overly technical think

about the time when you last took a vacation at a hill station. You might be surprised how much

this information comes in handy to tourists, for example those with medical conditions that prevent

them from traveling to very high altitudes. So the nest time you want to go trekking you might want

to know the actual altitude you might be traversing.

Learning math sure makes us smart and adept at solving tricky situations. From tacking brain-

teasers and jigsaws to the more complex crises, the application of basic laws of math and geometry

are many. Not only does math provide a strong basis for resolving everyday issues, it undoubtedly

helps handle situations with a positive approach

CONCLUSION:

Trigonometry is a branch of mathematics that has greater importance beyond the scope of

grade 12 math. The modern world is vastly filled with angles, and trigonometric

graphs. An architect would use trig to calculate angles and sides which appear in

built structures anywhere. Trigonometric graphs have their particular uses in fields

such as sound, seismology, and CAT and ultrasound in the medical field. Principles

of Mathematics 12 covers some basics of using and manipulating trigonometry, but

it is just the basics in which real applications are used upon.

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