ESSENTIAL COURSE UNIT ONE

SPEECH PATTERNS 1. If I were you, I should keep an eye on that boy. (Cf: If I am well, I shall have a walking holiday.) If I had time, I should go to the theatre tonight. If we were hungry, we should have a bite. If you did not work enough, you wouldn't get good marks. If Anne were in Moscow, she would ring me up. If the weather were fine, we could go for a walk. 2. I rather like the idea of having a cup of tea then. I dislike the idea of staying at home on such a fine day. The children liked the idea of going for a walk. All of us liked the idea of spending the day off out of town. We disliked the idea of staying in town the whole summer. Why don't you like the idea of having dinner at my place? EXERCISES
I. Rewrite these sentences, using Pattern 1:

a) If it is cold, we'll put on our warm coats. If it were cold, we should put on our warm coats. b) If my friends come to see me, I'll be very glad. If my friends came to see me, I should be very glad. 1. If the boy is hungry, I'll give him something to eat. 2. If the supper is ready, we'll sit down to table. 3. If I get a good mark for my composition, I'll be happy. 4. If Mary has more free time, she'll read more. 5. If the weather changes, we'll go boating. 6. If I have no opportunity to see him, I'll be very sorry. 7. If it doesn't rain, I shan't have to take my umbrella with me. 8. If she finishes everything on Friday, she won't have to work on Saturday. 9. If you catch a cold, you'll have to stay at home. 10. If the child doesn't do what I tell him, I'll have to punish him.
II. Answer the following questions:

Example:

1. What would, you do if you were late for your lesson? 2. Where would you go if you had a holiday now? 3. Who(m) would you invite if you arranged a party? 4. How long would it take you to walk home from the University? 5. Which would you prefer to go to, the Art Theatre or the Bolshoi Theatre? 6. Would you feel glad if it were spring now? 7. Would you like to go to the disco after the lessons? 8. What film would you like to see?
III. Rewrite each of these sentences, using Pattern 2:

The girl thought that it would be good to study a foreign language. The girl liked the idea of studying a foreign language. 1. The students thought that it would be useful to work in the lab twice a week. 2. We liked the suggestion that we should visit our sick friend. 3. The children found that it would be interesting to go on an excursion. 4. We thought that it wouldn't be good to stay indoors all day long. 5. Wouldn't you like to go to the theatre tonight? 6. All of us thought that it would be nice to arrange a party at our University. 7. Is there anyone against our spending the holidays in the holiday camp? 8. We thought that it would be good to go to the cinema after the lessons.
IV. Translate these sentences into English:

Example:

1. Если бы я не устала, я бы пошла осматривать город. 2. Мы бы не пошли завтра на этот спектакль, если бы это не была премьера. 3. Если бы я жила не так далеко, я бы заходила к вам почаще. 4. Если бы он говорил погромче, публика слушала бы его с большим интересом. 5. Будь у нее плохая память, она не запоминала бы сразу столько цифр (figures). 6. Я ничего не имела бы против поездки в Крым, если бы там не было сейчас так жарко. 7. Нам всем понравилась его мысль встретиться в начале учебного года.
V. Act out the dialogue. Make up your own after the model:

Diсk:

What would you do if you had a boat?

Tоm: Dick: Tom: big enough. Dick: Tоm: Dick: Tom: Diсk:

I would sail in it of course. Where would you sail? All around the coasts of Britain. I would even try to sail across the Atlantic if my boat were What would you do if your parents didn't let you sail? I would run away from home, I suppose. What would you do if your boat were wrecked in a storm? I would get drowned, I suppose. It is just as well you haven't got a boat, I suppose.

VI. Explain the meaning of the following sayings and illustrate them:

1. If it were not for hope, the heart would break. 2. If the pills were pleasant, they would not be gilded. 3. If there were no clouds, we should not enjoy the sun. 4. If things were to be done twice all would be wise. TEXT. ANNE MEETS HER GLASS The children fixed their eyes upon Anne. Anne gazed back, feeling helpless. "Now, children," began Miss Enderby firmly, "you are very, very lucky this term to have Miss Lacey for your new teacher." Anne gave a watery smile. The Children's faces were unmoved. "Miss Lacey," repeated Miss Enderby with emphasis. "Can you say that?" "Miss Lacey," chorused the class obediently. "Perhaps you could say 'Good morning' to your new teacher?" suggested Miss Enderby in an imperative tone. "Good morning. Miss Lacey," came the polite chorus. "Good morning, children," responded Anne in a voice which bore no resemblance to her own. Miss Enderby motioned to the children to take their seats. "I should give out paper and coloured pencils," said Miss Enderby, "as soon as you've called the register . Keep them busy while you're finding your way about the cupboards and so on." She gave a swift look round the class. "I expect you to help Miss Lacey in every way," said the headmistress. "D'you hear me, Arnold?" The little boy addressed, who had been crossing and uncrossing his eyes in an ugly manner for the enjoyment of his neighbours, looked suitably crest-fallen. "If I were you, I should keep an eye on that boy," murmured Miss Enderby. "Broken home — brother in Borstal — and some rather dreadful habits!" Anne looked with fresh interest at Arnold and thought he looked quite different from what Miss Enderby said about him. Far too innocent and apple-cheeked to have such a record. But even as she looked, she saw his pink face express his scorn of Miss Enderby who was giving her final messages to the new teacher. "Break at ten forty-five, dear," said the headmistress. "Come straight to the staff room. I will wait there till you join us. I will introduce you to those you didn't meet on your first visit How do you like the idea of having a cup of tea then? We need rest after all. If there's anything that puzzles you, I shall be in my room. You can depend on me. Just send a message by one of the children." She made her way to the door and waited before it, eyebrows raised as she turned her gaze upon the children. They gazed back in some bewilderment "Is no one going to remember his manners?" asked Miss Enderby. With a nervous start Anne hastened forward to the door, but was waved back by a movement of her
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term n School terms in Great Britain are arranged in the following way: Usually called Approximate dates the first term the antumn term Sept 5 — Dec. 20 the second term the winter term or spring term Jan. 5 — Mar. 25 (or later, depending on the date of Easter) the third term the summer term Apr. 15 (or later) — Jul. 20 2 to can the register is used only if the names are called out and the pupils answer. To mark smb. present/absent is often used in connection with registration. The expression to take the register is also used in the sense of "mark". In schools the form teacher marks the register every morning before lessons, and often before afternoon lessons too. The register is a book with a list of the pupils' full names, addresses and dates of birth. When marked, the register is usually kept in the school office, and not taken to lessons. In universities and colleges there is generally no formal marking of a register by the teaching staff. 3 cupboard n: a cabinet or closet fitted with shelves. 4 Borstal: an institution (like a prison) for young criminals. 5 break n: This is widely used in schools to denote a 10- or 20-minute interval in the middle of the morning (11—11.30). Morning break and afternoon break are used in schools which also have a break between afternoon lessons. Lunch break can be used as a translation of «большая перемена». Break may also be used of the shorter time allowed for changing lessons. Break is not generally used in universities and colleges, except in the sense of the 5- to 10-minute break between one class and the next, because there are usually no other breaks besides the lunch hour.
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headmistress's hand. A dozen or more children made a rush to open the door. A freckled girl with two skinny red plaits was the first to drag open the door. She was rewarded by a smile. "Thank you, dear, thank you," said Miss Enderby and sailed majestically into the corridor. There came a faint sigh of relief as the door closed behind her, and the forty-six tongues which had so far kept unnaturally silent began to wag cheerfully. Anne watched this change with some dismay. She remembered with sudden relief some advice given her at college in just such a situation. "Stand quite still, be quite calm, and gradually the children will become conscious that you are waiting. Never, never attempt to shout them down." So Anne stood her ground waiting for the chattering to subside. But the noise grew in volume as conversations became more animated. One or two children ran across the room to see their distant friends. Two little boys attacked each other. A child with birthday cards was displaying their beauties to an admiring crowd round her desk. Arnold had removed his blue pullover and was attempting to pull his shirt over his head, in order to show his friends a scar on his shoulderblade. Amidst growing chaos Anne remained silent. She looked at the clock which jerked from one minute to the next and decided to let it leap once more before she abandoned hope. One crumb of comfort, if comfort it could be called, remained with her. This was an outburst of natural high spirits. Her presence, she noted, meant nothing at all to them. A chair fell over, someone yelped with pain, there was a burst of laughter, and Anne saw the clock jump to another minute. Anne advanced into action. "To your desks!" she roared, "And quickly!" With a pleasurable shock she saw her words obeyed. Within a minute order had returned. Refreshed by the break the children turned attentive eyes upon her. Anne's self-esteem crept back. (From "Fresh from the Country" by Miss Reed) VOCABULARY NOTES 1. to look υ i/t 1. смотреть, глядеть, е.g. I looked (up, down) at the opposite house, but saw no lights in its windows. Syn. to stare, to gaze to look means "to use one's eyes, to try to see", е.g. He looked at me, but didn't recognize me. to stare means "to look steadily, with wide-open eyes, often with curiosity or surprise, or vacantly (бессмысленно, рассеянно)". We may stare at a person or thing, into the water, distance, fire or anything that has depth (пристально смотреть, глазеть, таращить/пялить глаза), е.g. Не stared at me as if I had asked him to do something impossible. He stared at the fire, deep in thought. to gaze means "to look at smb. or smth. (or into smb.'s eyes) usu. long and steadily with interest, love, desire, in wonder, admiration, etc.", е.g. He's very fond of this picture, he can gaze at it for hours. The lovers stood with their hands clasped, gazing into each other's eyes. to look about осматриваться, оглядываться по сторонам, е.g. I looked about, but saw no people anywhere. Look ahead! Берегись! to look (a thing) through просматривать что-л., е.g. Look through those documents, please. to look after заботиться, ухаживать за кем-n., чём-n., е.g. I'll look after the child. Don't forget to look after the flowers when I'm away. to look for искать кого-л., что-л., е.g. I've been looking for you since the very morning. to look forward to (smth. or doing smth.) предвкушать что-л., с удовольствием ожидать чего-л., е.g. John looked forward to seeing Mario and his wife. Students always look forward to their holidays. Look here! Послушай! е.g. Look here, wouldn't it be better to stay indoors in such nasty weather? 2. казаться, выглядеть (followed by an adjective, noun or like), е.g. He looks sad. The child looks ill (well). She looks like a real teacher. It looks like rain.
Note: казаться has two English equivalents — to look and to seem; to look means выглядеть, е.g. He looks young for his age. She looks beautiful "n this dress. She looks a child.; to seem means производить впечатление (it expresses various degrees of doubt), e.g. She seems (to be) clever. This village seems (to be) quite small now. He seems (to be) well educated.

look n 1. взгляд, е.g. There was something strange in his look. Syn. stare, gaze, е.g. Lanny returned the man's stare, but didn't utter a word. The girl blushed when she noticed the stranger's fixed gaze. to have a look at взглянуть, е.g. Have a look at this photo, do you recognize the man? 2. выражение, е.g. A took of pleasure came to her face. There was an angry look in her eyes,

Note: The English for взгляд = точка зрения is idea, opinion, (point of) view, е.g. I don't know his point of view оn (views on, idea(s) of, opinion of) this subject.
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2. to differ υi i. различаться, отличаться (from smb. or smth. in smth.), е.g. The two brothers differ in their tastes. His plan differs from all the others.; 2. не соглашаться, расходиться во взглядах (from/with smb. in smth.), е.g. I differ from (with) you in this matter. Ant. agree (with smb.; to smth.), е.g. Let's agree to differ (пусть каждый останется при своем мнении). different adj 1. непохожий, не такой, отличный от (from), е.g. Не is quite different from what I thought him to be. I want a different kind of book this time (but I prefer books of a different kind). Our views on life are different. Ant. alike, е.g. Our tastes are alike.

Note: Don't confuse the words different and another which may be translated by the same Russian word другой; е.g. I want another (другой = еще один) piece of cake. I want a different (другой = другого copra, вида и т. д.) piece of cake. Let's try another (еще один) variant Let's by a different (иного рода) variant.

2. разный, различный, е.g. A department store sells many different things. Every day our students get different written assignments. difference n разница, различие, е.g. The difference between our views is not very great. I don't find much difference in the styles of these writers. to make some (no, not much) difference (to smb.), е.g. It won't make much difference whether we do it today or tomorrow. You may stay or leave, it makes no difference to me. 3. rest υ i/t 1. отдыхать, лежать, спать; давать отдых, е.g. Не rested for an hour before going on with his work. She likes to rest after dinner. They stopped to rest their horses. 2. опираться, покоиться, держаться на чём-n., е.g. The roof rests on eight columns. There is always a cloud resting on the top of this mountain. 3. оставаться (лежать); класть, прислонять, е.g. Her fingers touched his forehead and rested there. She sat with her elbows resting on the table.
Note: The Russian word оставаться has several English equivalents, е.g. Пусть все остается как есть. Let the matter rest. Я не хочу здесь оставаться. I don't want to stay here. У нас осталось только 5 рублей. Only 5 roubles are left Все остается без изменений Everything remains without any changes.

rest n покой, отдых, сон, е.g. Rest is necessary after work. I had a good night's rest. We had several rests on our way up the mountains. But: Он отдыхал на юге. Не spent his holiday in the South. rest n (always with def. article) остаток, остальное, остальная часть чего-л. the rest of (the time, the books, etc.), е.g. Have you written all the exercises? — No, only half of them. The rest (of the exercises) may be done orally. Only five of us were present at the lesson, the rest (of the group) went to the meeting. I'll take an apple and you may take the rest. 4. comfortable adj 1. удобный; комфортабельный; уютный, е.g. a comfortable chair, room, bed, house; comfortable shoes, etc.; 2. predic разг. довольный, спокойный, чувствующий себя удобно, е.g. I'm sure you'll be very comfortable there. to make oneself comfortable, е.g. Mr. Murdoch made himself comfortable in a chair and ordered a strong black coffee. Ant. uncomfortable comfort n 1. утешение, поддержка, е.g. The news brought comfort to all of us. He was a great comfort to his parents.; 2. успокоение, покой, отдых, е.g. to be fond of comfort, to live in comfort Ant. discomfort comfort υt утешать, успокаивать comforting adj утешительный, успокоительный, е.g. comforting words.
Note: convenient adj means suitable, handy, serving to avoid trouble or difficulty; е.g. convenient time, method, tool, place, etc. Will this bus be convenient to/for you? Let's arrange a convenient time and place for the conference.

Ant. inconvenient convenience n 1. удобство (the quality of being convenient or suitable), е.g. at your earliest convenience; for convenience; 2. (pl.) удобства (device, arrangement, etc. that is useful or convenient, е.g. central heating, hot water supply), е.g. The house has all modern conveniences. Ant. inconvenience 5. to run (ran, run) υi/t 1. бежать, бегать, е.g. 1 ran all the way for fear of being late. As soon as we fired, the enemy ran. 2. ходить, плыть, курсировать (о трамваях, автобусах и пр.), е.g. Trams run on rails. Motor cars ran along ordinary roads. The buses run every five minutes. 3. течь, литься, е.g. Torrents of water ran down the streets. Rivers run into the sea. Don't you hear the water running in the kitchen? If you have a bad cold, your nose runs. 4. тянуться, е.g. For several miles the road ran across a plain.
Note: For the Russian тянуться = простираться the verb stretch is used, е.g. The forest stretched to the South for many miles.
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гласить. because a small piece was missing.. E. depend υi 1.. υ run υ convenient adj headmistress n stare n. g.g. to unite usu. что-л.g. зависеть от (on/upon smb. 3. to run into smb. So the story runs. etc."? 4. Will you finish your work on time? — It depends. Why is the Present Perfect used in "./smth. to stare and to gaze express the same notion of turning one's eyes on something or somebody. υ depend υ unite υ Word Combinations to fix one's eyes on/upon smb. to run across smb. who had been crossing and uncrossing his eyes in an ugly manner . Why is the Present Indefinite used in "./smth.g. means "to join together (by a common aim or bond) several objects so as to form one new unit". B. till you join us"? and in "If there's anything that puzzles you . 2. е. Read the test and talk on the following points (A. sets of material. for smth.). I ran into a friend of mine on my way-home. I couldn't join (together) the two halves of the vase. υ convenience n gaze n. рассказывать. входить в компанию. unite! The United Nations Organization (UNO) was formed in 1945 in San Francisco. You can depend upon the man. Children usually depend on their parents (находятся на иждивении родителей). leaflets. runner n бегун 6. He depends on his sister for a living. E. resemblance to to run across to motion to smb.. натолкнуться на что-л. 7. But for the skill of the driver the man would have been run over by the bus. е.) to shout smb... υ comfortable adj different adj rest n. The story runs . Workers of the world.). говорить(ся). to look. в зависимости от обстоятельств. переехать. readers. Can I depend on this time-table or is it an old one? It (all) depends как сказать. I depend on you to do it.. е. е. е. задавить кого-л. Tick off all the sentences with the oblique moods. случайно встретиться с кем-n.. a look. The island was joined to the mainland with a bridge. Translate them. NOTES ON SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 1. Word usage): A.g.. unite N о t e: to join usu. 2. to feel helpless to give (send) a message to give a smile (a nod. Synonyms are words expressing the same notion. Will you join me in my walk? We'll join you in a few minutes. е. convenient — inconvenient. means "to put two things together". etc.. случайно встретить (натолкнуться на что-л. соединять(ся). up — down. рассчитывать на кого-л.g. е. To glance is another synonym of this group which differs from the rest of them by duration: it means looking at something briefly. join υt/i 1. as soon as you've called the register"? 2. to run into to give out (pencils. Such a general word in the group of synonyms is called the synonymic dominant. полагаться.g. 1. B. е. passingly..g. to keep an eye on smb. Where do the two streams join (each other)? Syn. a moment only. Pick out all the words and phrases describing the children's actions. Antonyms are words with contrasted meanings. to run over workcards.. объединяться).. without any additional characteristics.. 5 . Why is the Past Perfect Continuous used in ".5.g.g.. вступать в члены.: to run over smb. down to call the register (the roll) to abandon hope EXERCISES I. ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (I) Words chorus n. love — hate.. е. 2. We united all our forces to drive the enemy out of our country. but stare and gaze differ by their emotional colourings (see item 1 of Vocabulary Notes) whereas look describes the notion generally. присоединяться (к). Our car ran into the bus. If I were you I should join this club....g. е. different — alike. The other day I ran across a very interesting article in the newspaper. We depend on the newspapers for information about world events. also: to be run over (by a car)."? 3. but differing by certain additional characteristics. е.. to run into smth.. Grammar.) to turn one's eyes (gaze) to bear (to have) a strong upon smb. υ difference n look n. е.g..g.g. He was twenty-two when he joined the array. υ differ υ join υ comfort n.

listen. murmur. show.. begins. Christmas. the parents. 2. He was dying with hunger. children. bear. feel. break. His voice trembled with horror. a) Fill in prepositions where necessary: Can you remember your first day. 1. Answer these questions: 1. V. III. wag. branchy. recover. neighbour. What advice given her at college did Anne remember? Did she follow the advice? What was the result? Why did the children behave like that? 8. straight. school? It was probably rather confusing. different. a game or a walk. drag.. When the child goes . meet. insist. the term the mother should take her child to see the teacher and to look . refer. offer. whistle. attend. 4.. appear.II. c) What measures would you suggest to settle the newcomers? X. 1. occur.. -у? Translate the adjectives: a) freckled. With a nervous start Anne hastened forward to the door. 3. perform. Use stare or gaze instead of look where possible: 6 . mean. silky.. cupboard. Comment on the meaning of the prepositions for. If a man is in grief. Read the following words with silent t. chat. run. The teacher must convince him that. cling. haired. dis-: convenient. How did Anne restore the order? Do you think it was the only way out? 9. VII. 1.. How was Anne introduced to her class? 2. B. very lucky this term to have Miss Lacey for your new teacher. What instructions did the headmistress give to the young teacher? What do you think of them? 4. your mother thinking she was deserting you... 5.... the idea. XI. pneumonia. every way. what he is used . Anne looked with fresh interest at Arnold. Must you have George for a master — here. nosed.. 2. school. with in the sentences below: A. Why do you think "there came a faint sigh of relief" after Miss Enderby left the classroom? Describe the children's behaviour after she left.. the beginning .. bearded... How did the other children behave in Miss Enderby's presence? (Find words describing their behaviour... "Good morning. skinny. Much depends .. sigh. plan. "Perhaps you could say 'Good morning' to your new teacher?" suggested Miss Enderby in an imperative tone. difference.. you are very.. someone yelped with pain. their fate. Study Vocabulary Notes. Form adjectives and nouns from the given words with the help of the prefixes an-. height.. Memorize them: hasten. dependent. slip. jostle. comfortable. beg.. The boys were speechless with fear. chatter. They chose him for their leader. I am sure you ran . She remembered with sudden relief some advice given her at college in just such a situation. accept. The first day should be something to look. Place them in two columns: depend.. The mothers are as upset as their children. comfort.. hear. keep. resemble. 4. E. his first day. understanding. fear. who cheers him. say. the situation is to get the child used . The best way to deal.. What nouns are these adjectives derived from? What is the meaning of the suffixes -еd. capable. nightingale.. in-. high. honesty. IX. What did she feel at that moment? What words does the author choose to describe her feelings? 3.. A new life. in. who soothes him. grassy. experienced. p.. leap. able. psychology. 1. feathered. gh. Find nouns related to the verbs below. occur.. his mother leaving. wrestle. fasten. and our mother for a school-mistress? 4. he has to watch . They gazed back in some bewilderment. 5. remember.. convenience. 3. . b) watery.. Ruth's eyes were wide with wonder. creep. homed. They hang. It is difficult to make the newcomer join . raspberry. through. who backs him against the world? Who but woman? D. wavy. to help him . stony. who consoles him. the end ... 3.) 6. VI. VIII. their children and dislike leaving them . stir.. b) Retell what you've read. the day his mother and his home will still be there. a) Write the Past Indefinite and Past Participle of the verbs: grow. who rejoices. fall. nestle. water. 2. prefer.. 1. C. find.. in joy. castle. bony. 3.. the school.. dependence.. in disgrace. completely different . exist. who makes him double happy. Pay special attention to the spelling of the suffix -ence/-ance.. school. important.. Anne watched this change with some dismay. think. Comment on the words: "Anne's self-esteem crept back". naughty.and not to be feared. in wrath. . Why did Anne "look with fresh interest at Arnold?" Describe Arnold's appearance and behaviour. in trouble. their eyes fixed .. . winged. mis-. IV.... b) the Past Indefinite and Present Participle of the verbs: differ.. They conversed in a whisper. I still want you for my wife.. 2. obedient. 2. in prosperity... differ.. 7.." responded Anne in a voice which bore no resemblance to her own.. translate the illustrative sentences into Russian and write your own sentences with the new words and phrases..

. 4.. I find it very . These are not the same people with the same name.. a young teacher from Bel Kaufman's 'Up the Down Staircase'. 2.. the regular army and the enemy lost the battle against their . A small stream . She . but they . My brother says that people usually .. . He was angry with Norah because she had not let the matter rest. The Greek myth runs that Narcissus looked at his own reflection in the water until he fell in love with it. He seems to be ill.. forces. 11.. to be... 17. 3. The difference was curious between her intense expectation of the previous day and her present indifference. along the road. across the field for a mile and then was lost in the forest. once "had an epidemic of unprepared students"... in the game. 4. The two streams . it.. One by one the children . 7. Miss Barrett.. It made him uncomfortable to alter his plans and think out something new.. Make up dialogues based upon the text between: a) Anne and a friend of hers. 3. The weather . All peace-loving people should .. A big crowd stood on the pavement looking at a broken car. I met him by chance in London last week. 7. 2. in fact she is a very serious and hard-working student. kind. 3. I disagree with you. 4. for wear in wet weather as they have rubber soles. Why is Jane silent? XIV. 2. had filled him perhaps with admiration and envy. to the South for miles and miles. The ugly scar (шрам) .. but she only. с) stretch or run: 1.. Listen to me. kind. Make yourself at home 5. Paraphrase the following: 1.. 1.. These shoes are very. 2. He refused to live at the expense of his parents. 7. 2. 3. 4. Will you come with us? 13. Rivers flow into the sea. I asked for a pair of shoes of a. e) join or unite: 1... 3. for our work as it was rather small. but the shop-girl said that the rest of the shoes were not my size. The schoolboy returned the book he had read and asked for. 4.... Write your own sentences with the new words and phrases: 1. Look at her: again she is looking out of the window with that strange expression of hers. 10. He looked about the room and caught sight of the case containing the jewels which had been carelessly left open on the table.. in their straggle against a new war. 6. 14. b) another or different.. way and I understood it at once.. c) Anne and her college teacher discussing situations like that described in the text. The little boys stood looking at each other ready to start a fight. belonging to a different world. light and cosy.. as he wanted to have a rest from detective stories. Why I Didn't Do My Homework — I know homework is essential to our well-being. These steppes . 2.. The children . XVII. b) as if you were Anne.. It is of no importance. The many men he ran across. b) Anne and Miss Enderby discussing the problem of discipline in class. he said.. but of a. we have only four lectures on that day. 6. 4.. it was not. 5. to be hospitable and friendly. Though the flat was rather . XII. Retell the text: a) in indirect speech. Won't you. a bit oldfashioned. book. The teacher tried to explain the rule in a . 5. 8. Role-play the whole situation.. we stand. day for our meeting. United we stand. what they are and I believe that people are very often quite different from what they. 3. XV. I'll drive the car into the garage. quite warm though it's only 5°C above zero. at the foot of the mountain. Connect these points with a line. 9. 5. warm.. I like to sleep on a camp-bed.1.. 5.. No matter how hard I looked I saw only a vast plain. 8... 2... right across the man's left cheek. It's impolite to look at people like that.. Write: a) a letter from Anne to a friend of hers about her first experience at school.. 6.. XVI.. 4. I believe Friday the only . 16... 6.... 6..? d) comfortable or convenient 1.. Translate these sentences into Russian. XVIII. Study the reasons they gave for neglecting to do their homework. 2... don't they? 3.. a young teacher discussing their first lessons. 5. divided we fall.. before me. The path .. b) an answer of a friend of Anne's to this letter.... to be very light-minded.. You can't rely on him. This street stretches east and west. He stood looking around as if he tried to impress on his memory everything he saw. No wonder people stand looking at this picture for hours: it's beautiful. The partisans’ detachment. When I looked at her eyes I guessed that she had cried. 3. What other reasons could they have given? Elect one student to play the part of the teacher who should respond in each case. For how many kilometers does this forest. Fill in a) look or seem: 1. and I did it but I got into a fight with some kid on our 7 . tired but they. 12. Tom! 15. My father reminded me that I was entirely dependent upon him. greatly pleased with the trip.. The host and the hostess . me in a walk? ХIII. I'm always doing things on the spur of the moment — to my own inconvenience and other people's. French is unlike English in having far more verbal inflexions.. This tool is easy to use. 8. divided we fall...

уже грезящий о дальних путешествиях.) XX.. но с иным масштабом понятий. Все современное воспитание направлено на то. во-вторых. подавить. послушен. Ideal upbringing. Notice: a) The following forms express annoyance and irritation. Reasons for children's being unmanageable. иными влечениями. Each week he would come to school and tell about the wonders of Timber. иной игрой чувств. Разрешите. а и мысли нет о том. XXII. — The page was missing from my book. Дай мне знать. 3. Learn to use alternative ways of controlling the class. As it turned out. using polite requests rather than direct commands. а ты сделаешь все остальное. perhaps. — I fell asleep on the subway because I stayed up all night doing my homework.. The situation gives below could cause difficulties for the teacher.. I (don't) want you to. — What homework? XIX. Остается одно: попросить эту старушку присмотреть за детьми. the tricks he could perform. — My dog chewed it. Обратили ли вы внимание. Несколько человек остались на волейбольной площадке. когда позволят выглянуть в окошко. Comment on what yon have read: . Вы ищете ваше пальто? Оно осталось в саду. стоит взрослый. — Do try to work on your own. поможешь. когда ты. ладно? — Хорошо. 5. XXI. но мы уже с нетерпением ждем отпуска и строим разные планы на лето. искренним человеком. я подмету пол и помою посуду. — The baby spilled milk on it. what a wonderful watch-dog he was and how Timber would protect Bill. Я огляделась вокруг и увидела. 2. а в действительности рад-радехонек. 2. в мечтах он — Робинзон на безлюдном острове.... замок у входных дверей трудный. что там. a fourth former. Translate the following putting it in your own words. как часто. — Just speak up a little! b) You can make your commands sound more polite by using either a low rising tone or words. (Януш Корчак. за дверью. стойкостью его духа. so when it stopped at my station I ran through the door not to be late and left it on the seat on the subway. 7. I (don't) 8 . 2. чтобы ребенок был удобен. чувство. was always telling the class about his dog Timber. How to direct a child's energy into the right channels. 6. что является волей и свободой ребенка..way to school and he threw it in the gutter. — I did it but left it home by mistake. — I lost my book and just found it. последовательно. Describe how you would handle the situation in the teacher's position. с иным запасом опыта.. что мы их не знаем. Остается по крайней мере месяц до нашего отъезда. шаг за шагом. силой его требований. Детей нет — есть люди. I think. Старый доктор остался тем же добрым. что будет внутренне безволен н жизненно немощен. который сам не может сладить и ждет. Arrange a talk on the following topics 1. I'm afraid. вы слышите просьбу: — Я отворю? Во-первых. Как любить детей. а остальные игроки пошли в бассейн поплавать. 1. — My brother took "my" homework instead of "his". phrases and structures like "please. Вежлив. 8. 3. маленький.. 4. я тогда присоединюсь к тебе.. удобен. когда раздается в передней звонок. don't you think. Помни. хорош. — There's no room in my house now my uncle moved in and I have to sleep in the hall and couldn't use the kitchen table.. — I didn't know we were supposed to do it. стремится усыпить. Try your hand at teaching. Послушай. каким (that) мы знали его с детства. Bill. что в поселке (village) не осталось ни одного деревянного дома.. — Someone stole it. Difficulties awaiting young teachers. я его принесу (fetch it). Decide amongst your group which is the most practical solution. 4. Вот какие небольшие победы празднует ребенок. истребить все. если ты решишь остаться у своей тети на остальную часть каникул. Translate these sentences: 1. Bill did not own a dog and none of his relatives or close friends had such a dog.

If you like people. A Teacher TEXT B.. a bored teacher teaches boredom.) LABORATORY EXERCISES (I) 1. work in twos (threes).expect you to.. feel the same way. Write a spelling-translation test: a) Translate the given phrases into English. share the textbook. But one day you go to school for the last time. To be a good teacher you must be genuinely interested in what you are doing. Listen to the text "Anne Meets Her Class". carry on (proceed) reading. That's where you are wrong. would you. I wish you all the luck in the world. listen carefully to what I say. A bell rings. homework. What do you know you are good at? What do you enjoy doing? Perhaps you enjoy working with your hands. Check your sentences with the key. what if. 6. though they may not like to admit it openly. since only those who are in it can appreciate it. You go home. What to do after that? You realize that the time to choose one job out of the hundreds has come. Every one is a unique individual who has never been before and will never again exist. check your replies. But if you are prepared to accept the responsibility. With all the teachers you meet. Respond as shown in the models. Bob! B o b : Hallo! J a n e : Oh. etc. mark the stresses and tunes. use the phrases below: go on to the next exercise. Sections II and III. Are you interested in machines? Or do you like meeting people? It's difficult to know all the answers to these questions until you have left school and actually begun work. Have you ever asked yourself why most teachers are so devoted to their work and privately think. Many young people consider teaching as a career. try the next item.. that they serve humanity doing the most vital job of all? Those of us who spend our days in schools know how rewarding the job is. It's going to be a hard choice and nobody can make it for you. Children in your classroom aren't just boys and girls. b) Check them with the key. You have lunch. . you've just left college. Take it in turns to play the part of the teacher beginning and finishing the lesson. It's not surprising: after your parents your teacher may be the most important person in your life. Make sure that you don't sound too straightforward. please. Teaching might even be the greatest of the arts since its medium is the human mind and the human spirit. Listen to the Jokes connected with school life. A bell rings. would you like. let's/let's not. please. I would never stop teaching and I'm sure that you.. games. CHOOSING IS NOT SO EASY AS IT LOOKS J a n e : Hallo. clubs. At the same time it is not easy and a real challenge to your character. 2. The most important things in the world are awareness and learning — wanting to know every day of your life more and more and more. writing about his school days said. as teaching is a constant stream of decisions. having chosen it for your career. Before you can choose. Because every time you learn something new you become something new. ." Assignments: 1. get out! The human mind and the human spirit are too wondrous to destroy. Answer the questions using the phrases "to like the idea/dislike the idea". (See "Classroom English".. An ignorant teacher teaches ignorance. John Steinbeck.. Translate the given sentences into English. 2. you think there isn't anything you don't know about the work. copy this off the board. 7. Get ready to retell them in indirect speech." What an incredible responsibility to be the guardians of the human spirit and the human mind! I think. 3. 4. A bell rings. 5. a fearful teacher teaches fear. could you. abilities and talent... haven't you? 9 . will you. TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES TEXT A. practise the irregular verbs. Practise giving instructions to pupils in a polite manner. repeat the text following the model... that is the reason why humanity has the deepest respect for teachers. "I've come to believe that a great teacher is a great artist and you know how few great artists there are in the world. You go to a classroom. But a good teacher catalyzes in his pupils the burning desire to know and love for the truth and beauty. you ask yourself quite a lot of questions. for all our sakes. you will love teaching.. WHAT'S YOUR LINE? School! Lessons. Combine the sentences into one conditional sentence. Or you may prefer using your head — your brains.. repeat what you said. If you don't feel that way then.

) smb. It's a learned word and is seldom used in everyday speech. but I think there's a number of differences between teaching and office work and. or smb.. В o b : Oh. new every day — I'm sure I'd enjoy it. there're new situations to cope with all the time. teaching the same material to the children. Sing a song of seasons! Something bright in all! Flowers in the summer. Bob.. that's quite true. Teaching is terribly stimulating. Fires in the fall! (R. to take up a carrer/a job to earn/enjoy gratitude to go in for teaching and respect to be in teaching (medicine. Note: The nouns "work. as working in an office.. etc. wouldn't you get bored with the same routine year after year teaching. architecture and military career. well you get long holidays..... "Profession" is work which requires advanced education and special training.. because. J a n e : But. (From J. I'm very fond of шу job. a sense o! responsibility you need — all those children.) as a career to cope with smth. I think I'll go in for teaching because. υ Word Combinations to make/take a (careful) choice rewarding/stimulating work to have no choice to be devoted to smth. L. From the autumn bonfires See the smoke trail! Pleasant summer over And all the summer flowers. "Job" is close to it in its meaning but tends to denote less prestigious work.. job. all those parents.. look. to be in/out of one's line love of smth. to leave/finish school to take/accept responsibility school leaver to have/need a sense of resto consider teaching (medicine. The word "career" itself means either a course of progress in the life of a person or has the same meaning as the word "work" and is mostly used when speaking of the choice of work. ponsibliliry etc. to be interested in to be responsible for smth. Apart from that the word "job" can also denote a position in employment... it wouldn't be as boring as. 1981) Memory Work Autumn Flies In the other gardens And all up the vale./for smb. it really attracts me. well. or smth. Nevertheless there is a certain diffеrence in their semantics and usage. The grey smoke towers. to have (no) respect for banking.. The word "vocation" means the kind of work to which a man is led by natural talents (compare with the word "calling"). Traditionally it's applied to law.B o b : Yes..g. Cam. It's .. Stevenson) ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (II) Words appreciate υ genuinely adv responsibility n career n job n responsible adj challenge n profession n vital adj choice n reliable adj vocation n educate υ respect υ work n. there's so much variety in office work! Look at my job: I'm dealing with people and their problems. in which case the difference between the words "work" and "job" is quite obvious (е. it looks like a choice between teaching or going into an office and. even though it means doing a lot of work).. profession. B o b : Yes. Jones "Functions of English". well. The red fires blaze. "Work" has the most general meaning and can be applied to anything one has to do in the way of making a living. J a n e : But I mean. vocation" have more or less the same meaning. medicine. And.. J a n e : What are you going to do? B o b : Er. career. Remember that thе word "work" in the meaning mentioned above is uncountable and shouldn't be used with the indefinite 10 . I think I'd much prefer to go in for teaching.

article or in the plural. In contrast to it the word "job" is countable and can be used with the indefinite article.

EXERCISES

I. a) Transcribe and learn to read the following words:

machines, appreciate, humanity, vital, challenge, individual, awareness, ignorance, fearful, boredom, medium, accept, routine, stimulating, variety.
b) Study Texts A and В and explain the meaning of the words and word combinations listed below:

think privately, the most vital job, a rewarding, job, a challenge to your character, an ignorant teacher, a guardian, the same routine, stimulating work, to go in for teaching
II. a) Write English equivalents of the following words and phrases. Use them in sentences of your own:

сделать выбор, иметь призвание (способности) к чему-л., интересоваться чем-то, подумать о профессии учителя, оценить, быть преданным своей работе, служить людям, жгучее стремление к знаниям, уважение к кому-л.
b) Find in Text A synonyms to the following words and word combinations:

to do well in smth., in fact, because, faithful, confess, gratifying, sincerely, knowledge, to ruin.
III. a) Enlarge upon the following topics:

1. After your parents your teacher may be the most important person in your life. 2. Teaching is not easy and a real challenge to your character, abilities and talent. 3. To be a good teacher you must be genuinely interested in what you are doing. 4. Teaching is a constant stream of decisions. 5. Every time you learn something new you become something new. P r o m p t s: there's one more thing to be noted, moreover, what's more..., I might as well add that..., in addition, on top of that..., something else I'd like to say is..., talking of....
b) Comment on the quotation from John Steinbeck, say if you share his opinion. Do you also think that teaching equals art? Why do you think that! Find more quotations concerned with teachers and teaching, comment on them. c) Continue the text on the part of the teacher. You may find the following ideas useful:

A good teacher is one who learns all the time, from life, from colleagues, from children; a professional teacher integrates theory and practice; this sort of work demands great patience; there are many skills necessary for good teaching.
d) Prepare a 3-minute talk on one of the great teachers of the past or today, give reasons for your choice. IV. a) Act out the dialogue "Choosing is not so easy as it looks". b) Role-play a talk between an intending teacher and a will-be journalist on differences and similarities of the careers they've chosen. Use Text В and Essential Vocabulary П. V. Speak about: 1. possible change in the system of secondary education in Russia.

P r o m p t s: universal compulsory education, to extend the training course, to improve the educational process, to modernize programmes and manuals, to use up-to-date technical equipment, to provide optional training in various subjects.
2. an ideal school as you see it. VI. Bead the jokes below. See how the verbs learn and study are used in the context. Consult a dictionary and find out the difference in their meaning and usage. Retell the jokes in indirect speech:

1. A young teacher just beginning his career asks advice of an older member of the faculty: "What have you learned in your years of experience?" "I've learned one thing. Often you will find while you are giving a lesson in class that there is one young upstart who always disagrees with you. Tell me, would you stop him and try to make him shut up right then and there?" "I suppose I would." "Well, don't. He's probably the only one who is listening to you." 2. A high-school girl seated next to a famous astronomer at a dinner party struck up a conversation asking, "What do you do in life?" He replied, "I study astronomy." "Dear me," said the young miss, "I finished astronomy last year."
VII. Translate the sentences using the words learn and study in their different meanings:

1. В молодости он изучал химию в университете. 2. Дети легко учат иностранные языки. 3. Я очень огорчился, когда узнал, что не сдал экзамен. 4. Весь вечер он занимался в своей комнате. 5. Изучите эту информацию очень внимательно- она поможет вам сделать правильный выбор. 6. Моя сестра учится, чтобы стать юристом. 7. К сожалению, он так и не научился читать и писать. 8. Вам еще предстоит научиться, как справляться с трудными проблемами на уроках.
VIII. Comment on the given proverbs. Make np a situation centered round one of them:
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1. Better unborn than untaught. 2. Like teacher, like pupil. 3. A little knowledge is a dangerous thing.
IX. a) Fill in prepositions and adverbs where necessary:

Dialogue B o b : What are you going to take... as a career? J o h n : Architecture. Actually, I've already started. I began my studies ... last October. B o b : What are you going to do when you finish? J o h n : Oh, I shall go back ... home and practise ... my native town. There's a lot of useful work to be done there — building schools, hospitals, homes ... the people. B o b : What made you decide to take ... architecture as a career? J o h n : Well. I was good ... Maths and Art... school and I think I had a certain feeling ... design. My teacher encouraged ... me and said I had a bent... architecture. В о b : I find that some young people fail to take ... a career because they're not sure what they want to do and what career opportunities there are. J o h n : Yes, that's true. But usually your personal qualities show......school, don't they? Teachers guide and encourage ... the young to take ... the careers ... which they're best suited.
b) Tell your friends how John chose his career. c) Make up your own dialogues on choosing a career. Use the word combinations in bold type in them. X. a) Read the following:

Caring teachers take an active part in defending peace and in solving other social problems, such as straggling for better living conditions and a happier future for their pupils. Their demands are well grounded since millions of boys and girls throughout the world are being deprived of a happy childhood.
b) Support the idea with information from Russian and/or foreign press. Pay special attention to the situation in the USA and Great Britain. c) Speak on:

1. your idea of a happy childhood; 2. the problem of deprived children in Russia and abroad.
XI. Here is a series of extreme opinions. Build a conversation about each topic. Begin as in the model:

English is a very easy language to learn. A.: It says here English is a very easy language to learn. В.: I'm not sure I quite agree. I'd say it's fairly difficult. A.: Why do you think that? В.: Well, ...
Opinions:

1. A teaching career isn't suitable for men. 2. Teaching a foreign language in a school is pointless. 3. Education is the responsibility of teachers and parents shouldn't interfere. 4. Schoolchildren should be allowed to choose the subjects they want to study. 5. In the near, future schoolteachers will be replaced by computers.
XII. Translate the sentences below into English. Use Essential Vocabulary II:

1. Любовь к детям заставила его стать учителем, и он никогда не жалел о своем выборе. 2. Похоже, придется выбирать между работой в детском саду и учебой в пединституте. 3. В моей работе нет большого разнообразия, но у нее есть свои достоинства. 4. Боюсь, что в этот раз школьникам нелегко будет справиться с заданием. 5. Успехи учеников в большой степени зависят от их учителя и его профессионального мастерства. 6. Работа в школе потребует от вас ума, такта и чувства ответственности. 7. Уважение людей можно заслужить только честным трудом. 8. Не каждый, кто получает профессию учителя в Великобритании, может найти себе работу. 9. Я работаю учителем уже много лет и могу сказать, что не смог бы найти более благородного труда. 10. Мой друг выбрал себе профессию врача, еще когда учился в школе. Он всегда был уверен, что эта работа самая важная на свете. 11. Любовь к музыке и интерес к педагогике (theory of education) заставили меня подумать о профессии учителя музыки. 12. Часто выпускникам школ бывает трудно решить, какую профессию выбрать. В этом случае учителя и родители могут помочь им сделать правильный выбор университета.
ХIII. Role-piaying. a) Act out in pain the following situations; use Essential Vocabulary II:

1. Mike's father has been asked by the headmaster to come to school because of his son's unusual behaviour: bad marks, lots of missed classes, rude behaviour. Discuss the causes of his behaviour and steps to be taken.
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2. Next year George and Nick are going to take entrance examinations at the University. Imagine a talk between them about their plans and the reasons that have determined then choice. 3. Mother and daughter have a very serious talk about the girl's decision to take up teaching as a career. Her mother, though, is rather sceptical about her choice. 4. Imagine a talk between two friends, one of whom is fed up with his or her present boring, unrewarding job. The other tries to suggest what he or she should do. P r o m p t s : might it be an idea to ...; have you ever thought of...; you could always ...; if I were you, I'd ...; why don't you .,.; you'd better ...
b) Role-play the following situation:

You are at a Parent-Teachers association meeting. You are discussing a problem you feel very strongly about Among you there is a mother who's sure that children shouldn't be strictly disciplined at school, a father who has the opposite opinion, a father who tends to blame teachers for his children's faults, a grandmother who tends to spoil her grandchildren, a mother who gives other parents advice for the only reason that her daughter is at the head of the class.
XIV. Pick one of these topics and discuss it, making sure each member of the group gets a chance to speak;

1. How to encourage a child to make better progress at school? Should parents use; praise, presents, promises of future rewards? 2. Should a child be punished? If not, how to make children obey? 3. Should children be allowed to wear clothes of their own at school? Should boys be allowed to have long hair, and girls to use make-up? 4. How can parents help teachers with out-of-school activities? 5. Should parents insist on their children doing equally well in all the subjects or should they encourage their sons and daughters to specialise in one or two subjects essential for their future career?
XV. a) Read and translate the text:

My Memories and Miseries As a Schoolmaster The parents of the boys at school naturally fill a broad page in a schoolmaster's life and are responsible for many of his sorrows. There are all kinds and classes of them. Most acceptable to the schoolmaster is the old-fashioned type of British father who enters' his boy at the school and says: "Now I want this boy well thrashed if he doesn't behave himself. If you have any trouble with him let me know and I'll come and thrash him myself. He's to have a shilling a week pocket money and if he spends more than that let me know and I'll stop his money altogether." Brutal though his speech sounds, the real effect of it is to create a strong prejudice in the little boy's favour, and when his father curtly says, "Good-bye, Jack" and he answers, "Good-bye, father," in a trembling voice, the schoolmaster would be a hound, indeed, who could be unkind to him. But very different is the case of the up-to-date parent. "Now I've just given Jimmy five pounds," he says to the schoolmaster, in the same tone as he would use to an inferior clerk in his office, "and I've explained to him that when he wants any more he's to tell you to go to the bank and draw for him what he needs." After which he goes on. to explain that Jimmy is a boy of very peculiar disposition, requiring the greatest nicety of treatment; that they find if he gets in tempers the best way is to humour him and presently he'll come round. Jimmy, it appears, can be led, if led gently, but never driven. During all of which time the schoolmaster, insulted by being treated as an underling, has already fixed his eye on the undisciplined young pup called Jimmy with a view of trying out the problem of seeing whether he can't be driven after all. (From "College Days" by S. Leacock)
b) Answer the questions below:

1. How does the author characterize two opposite types of "British father"? 2. Why, in Leacock's view, the "old-fashioned" type is more acceptable for a schoolmaster? Would you prefer to have Jack or Jimmy for a pupil? 3. How did the acquaintance with the fathers influence the schoolmaster's attitude to the boys? Do you find it natural? 4. Do you think the problems raised in the text are outdated? Justify your answer. 5. In what way should teachers and parents cooperate in educating the child?
XVI. Act as an interviewer. Let the rest of the group speak about why and how they decided to qualify as a teacher of languages. Find out:

1. if anybody or anything influenced their choice; 2. when they finally made up their minds; 3. what attracts them in the work; 4. what they consider its advantages and disadvantages.
XVII. Interview a teacher at the school where you have school practice. Ask him or her the questions from Exercise XVI and also try to find out:
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1. how long he or she has been in teaching; 2. if he or she ever regretted having taken up the job; 3. what is the most notable feature of teaching; 4. what advice he or she can give to a teacher trainee.
Discuss the interviews in class. XVIII. Comment on the picture. You may find these phrases useful:

a Teacher-Parent Association meeting; to keep discipline in the classroom; to use traditional (new) methods; to be in the habit of giving orders; to be strict with the pupils: to tell the pupils off; a bossy teacher. "I will now explain the progressive methods by which your children are taught — so keep quiet, sit up straight and don't fidget." XIX. Film "Mr. Brown's Holiday" . Film segment 1 "An Unexpected Turn'' (London), a) Watch and listen, b) Do the exercises from the guide to the film. STUDIES OF WRITTEN ENGLISH I Clarity, interest and emphasis are marks of good writing. Good writing is also based on selection of words in a sentence, on organization of sentences in a paragraph, and on unity of a written passage. These are the main objectives of the second-year studies of written English. Patterns of written prose. When writing you may choose to describe the facts or events, to tell a story about them, to argue about them or to explain them according to your understanding. These verbs correspond to four basic forms of treating a topic: description, narration, argumentation, and exposition (explanation). Paragraph is a single sentence or a group of related sentences expressing and developing a basic idea, or a particular phase of thought. The paragraph is a practical device in writing. Its purpose is to indicate the beginnings and endings of a thought unit. The beginning of a paragraph is indicated by beginning a line a little in from the margin. Here is a short paragraph describing a well-known portrait: "Mona Lisa (Gioconda) is represented sitting in front of a marble balcony. The left arm rests on the arm of the seat, and the fingers fold over the end of it. The right hand, perhaps the most perfect hand ever painted, lies lightly over the left hand and wrist. On sleeves and bodice the pleats of the satin dress take the light" (From "Leonardo de Vinci" by E. Mc. Curely) The author presents his impressions of the portrait and describes it in detail. Here is another example of a paragraph telling a story: "A rather dreadful thing happened in the car as they were driving up from the beach to the ancient town, once a Norman port, but now left high and dry by the receding sea." (From "The Wind" by A. Bennett) Here is an example of a paragraph of argumentation: "I am here to say a very few words or» the whole question of the treatment of animals by our civilized selves. For I have no special knowledge, like some who will speak to you, of the training of performing animals. I have only a certain knowledge of human and animal natures; and a common sense which tells me that wild animals are more happy in freedom than in captivity — domestic animals are more happy as companions than as clowns." (From "On Performing Animals" by J. Galsworthy) The author tries to convince the reader of his point of view: he dislikes the idea of turning domestic animals into performers in the circus. The expository paragraph below makes it clear what politeness is: "It isn't only with acquaintances and friends that politeness counts so much. Half the trouble in marriage and other family relationships begins with the throwing of politeness overboard. Politeness is often little more than the exercise of self-control, which is as valuable a quality in friendship as kindness itself." (From "Effective English and Personal Efficiency Course") Note: These patterns of writing seldom occur alone, more often they are joined together.
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Assignments: 1. Read the text "Anne Meets her Class" and point out the paragraph» of description, narration, argumentation and exposition. What does the author like to describe in this episode? What is he telling the reader about? What argument is Anne thinking of to manage the class? What is Miss Enderby trying to explain to Anne? 2. Search Texts А, В (Р. II) for the basic forms of treating the topic "On Teaching" and prove your selection of paragraphs. 3. Write a paragraph describing the picture suggested by the teacher. 4. Write a short paragraph about your visit to a former schoolmate.
6 «М-р Браун в отпуске». Авторы сценария: Е. Сергиевская, А. Морозова, А. Штаден. Научные консультанты: Е. Кириллова, Н. Федотова Режиссер А. Штаден. «Леннаучфильм», 1977. 7 Кириллова Е.П., Сергиевская Е.Г. Методические рекомендации к учебному фильму на английском языке «М-р Браун в отпуске" 1978.

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check your spelling with a dictionary. c) Listen to the text again and do the tasks after it. mark stresses and tunes. 3. 2. 15 . (See the Dialogue. 6. Respond as in the models.) LABORATORY EXERCISES (II) 1. a) Listen to the additional text "What's Your Line?" on the topic "Choosing a Carrer". check it with the key. Write a spelling-translation test. Write a paragraph supporting or arguing Jane's and Bob's idea about teaching. b) Check the words and word combinations. Check your replies.5. Translate the sentences into English. 5. b) listen to the dialogue and learn it by heart. Write the dictation "Five Hundred Years of English Language Teaching". practise reading the text. check your translation with the key. a) Listen to the text and find English equivalents to the given words and word combinations. 4.

They are naughty. It wouldn't be a hardship for the children to sweep and clean the rooms. 3. 7. е. если бы ты носил бороду я усы. Mary passed her exams. It would have been strange if he hadn't called on me when he was here last summer. если бы он стал ученым. We should have met a lot of tourists if we had gone to a tourist camp last year (last summer. если бы он был серьезно болен. she is a German. etc. Martha understood the German delegates. when we had our holiday. 2. She doesn't know the language well. It would be natural if they didn't meet after their quarrel. to understand each other. You would have improved your spelling long ago if you were more diligent.g. We would live in a hotel if the rates were not very high. Change these sentences. They both are very nervous. Make up sentences after Patterns 2 and 3. to argue (about smth. Ann seems to love children. The children seem to like each other very much. 4.UNIT TWO SPEECH PATTERNS la. She couldn't keep from scolding the child. I didn't leave the children alone. to love music. но никто не задал этого вопроса. He seemed to know all about influenza. 6. 3. to hate (smb. using Patterns 1a and 1b: We should meet a lot of tourists if we went to a tourist camp next summer. Mario wouldn't come to England if John didn't invite him. to dream (of smth). если бы они не позволяли детям смотреть телевизор так поздно. They did't seem to have met before.). b) Pattern 3: to scold each other. We should have finished our work yesterday if you had helped us. She didn't agree to teach us French. 5. но он стал актером. She can't keep from crying when she reads sentimental poetry. to write a letter. 1b. ребенок не был бы таким веселым. Было бы лучше. We can't keep from laughing when we look at him. Anne would have taken her spring exams if she hadn't fallen ill. На твоем месте я ела бы поменьше сладкого. It would have been natural if you had punished the child for his behaviour yesterday. using the patterns from Units One and Two: 1. 2. He беспокойся. Grant would have accepted Mario's invitation if he hadn't made up his plans for the summer. Peter would accept your invitation if he were not ill. Было бы естественно. ты располнеешь. 3. The boy would have behaved in a different way if he were selfish. ты бы выглядел гораздо старше своих лет. 1c. 1. would it? 4. 6. You don't seem to understand me. I gave you this book because it's very interesting. She wouldn't have forgiven him if she didn't love him so much.g.). 3. 5. using speech Pattern 1c: Example: They quarrelled. It wouldn't have been so cold in the morning if the wind had stopped blowing. 8. It would have been natural if the boy had gone to sleep. to meet (with). EXERCISES I. II. 7. 7. If the weather were fine we should go to a holiday camp next summer. or smth. I can't keep from thinking. Было бы естественно. 5. I advised my friends to have a walking tour because I myself am fond of walking tours. 1. ему хорошо давались точные науки в школе. The doctors that had treated him are very experienced. IV. My friend and I would go to the cinema after this lesson if the rest of the students agreed to go with us. 2. если бы дети спросили меня об их новой учительнице. We are acquainted with him. 8. We shouldn't have made friends with them if we hadn't stayed in the same camp. Тебе не пошло бы. to know a lot. е. 4. They wouldn't have quarrelled if they both were less nervous. It would have been quite dark in the forest if we hadn't made a good fire. She seemed to know grammar much better than we thought. Combine the fallowing sentences into one. We should have invited him to our party if we knew him better. Translate these sentences into English. I often see her playing with little boys and girls in our yard. using the following words and phrases: Example: a) Pattern 2: to be busy. We invited John Brown to our tea-party. 2. Bob recovered. They wouldn't have quarrelled if they both were not very nervous. III. The father wouldn't have called the doctor if the boy had been quite well. Ты бы давно закончила 16 . Can't you keep from talking all the time? Try and keep from gossiping about other people. If the weather didn't change we should go to the country tonight. 6.). She is industrious. though she knew she shouldn't do it.

His face was very white and there were dark areas under his eyes." "You go to bed.: But would it be convenient to her? В. В. He early established himself as the master of a new style: laconic and somewhat dry. Ты бы не забыла мне позвонить." "No. but when I looked up he was looking at the foot of the bed. He began to write fiction about 1923. TEXT. "The Sun Also Rises" (1926) belongs to this period as well as "A Farewell to Arms" (1929) in which the antiwar protest is particularly powerful. that's very nice of you to invite me. has 0° (zero) for its freezing point and 100° for the boiling point 10 Pyle. He came into the room to shut the windows while we were still in bed and I saw he looked ill. the third to overcome an acid condition. looking a very sick and miserable boy of nine years.): darling 102 °F (Fahrenheit) correspond to 38. the doctor left three different medicines in different colored capsules with instructions for giving them. and he walked slowly as though it ached to move. "You go up to bed. Schatz?" "I've got a headache. His impressions of the period and his sympathies with the Republicans found reflection in his famous play "The Fifth Column" (1937). The Fahrenheit thermometer is used throughout the British Commonwealth and in the United States. the freezing point — 32°. His later works are "Across the River and into the Trees" (1950) and "The Old Man and the Sea" (1952) and the very last novel "Islands in the Stream" (1970) published after the author's death. Ernest (1899-1961): a prominent American novelist and short-story writer. It would have been natural for him to go to sleep. The boiling point of the Fahrenheit thermometer is 212°." Downstairs. sitting by the fire.: Well. Schatz?" I asked him." he said." I said. "What is it?" I asked him.9 °C (Centigrade). One was to bring down the fever. A.: Wouldn't you like to stay with me at my aunt's in the country? A. I read aloud from Howard Pyle's Book of Pirates. And what are your plans for the coming winter holidays? A." 8 9 10 8 Schatz (Germ. France and other countries. the novel "For Whom the Bell Tolls" (1940) and a number of short stories. but I could see he was not following what I was reading. "Do you want me to read to you?" "All right. A DAY'S WAIT by Ernest Hemingway Hemingway. V. Howard (1853-1911): an American illustrator. "One hundred and two. "What's the matter. In 1954 he was awarded a Nobel Prize for literature. The germs of influenza can only exist in an acid condition. "Why don't you try to go to sleep? I'll wake you up for the medicine. his face was white." But when I came downstairs he was dressed. I sat at the foot of the bed and read to myself while I waited for it to be time to give another capsule. "How do you feel." "I'd rather stay awake. another a purgative." he said.: I haven't made any plans so far. The Centigrade thermometer. I'm all right. He lay still in the bed and seemed very detached from what was going on." "I'm all right. looking very strangely.: Certainly. Make up a dialogue. He was shivering. During the Civil War Hemingway visited Spain as a war correspondent. В. When the doctor came he took the boy's temperature. если бы не была такой рассеянной. Example: A. he explained. This was a light epidemic of flu and there was no danger if you avoided pneumonia.: If my mother hadn't been ill 1 should have gone to the South last summer. painter and author." said the boy." "You'd better go back to bed. his first books being the reflection of his war experience.этот перевод если бы не болтала по телефону. using the patterns from Units One and Two. the normal temperature of a human bodyis about 99°. used in Russia. if you want to. When I put my hand on his forehead I knew he had a fever.: You had bad luck. I'll see you when I'm dressed. Hemingway's manner is characterized by deep psychological insight into the human nature. "you're sick. Back in the room I wrote the boy's temperature down and made a note of the time to give the various capsules. 9 17 . 8. "Just the same. He seemed to know all about influenza and said there was nothing to worry about if the fever did not go above one hundred and four degrees. so far.

I can't speak loude?. "What?" "About how long will it be before I die?" "You aren't going to die. But: to have a sore throat. the ground covered with a sleet that had frozen so that it seemed as if all the bare trees.. That's a diflerent thermometer. as he had stared. "What is it?" "Something like a hundred." "People don't die with a fever of one hundred and two. to start. only a slight trembling of his voice and hands showed he was excited." "Do you think it will do any good?" "Of course. тяжелый Ant. I mean you don't have to stay if it's going to bother you." I went up to him and found him in exactly the position I had left him. You know. It was a bright. I feel a sharp pain in my right knee." I said." "It doesn't bother me. like how many kilometers we make when we do seventy miles in the car?" "Oh. to tremble. as shiver with cold Syn. The hold over himself relaxed too. е." "Your temperature is all right. The child was shivering with cold. it will. yes. It was one hundred and two and four tenths.." "I'm taking it easy.g." I said. cold day. But his gaze at the foot of the bed relaxed slowly. to shiver υi дрожать. That's a silly way to talk!" "I know they do. shuddering/starting is generally the result of (great) fear or disgust. At the house they said the boy had refused to let any one come into the room." He had been waiting to die all day. etc. at the foot of the bed." "No." I sat down and opened the Pirate Book and commenced to read but I could see he was not following. "It's like miles and kilometers." he said. "You can't come in. but with the tops of his cheeks flushed by the fever. Some people have (a) bad earache when the plane is losing height. "You don't have to stay in here with me. Keith shuddered at the sight of the dead body. "It was a hundred and two. I've got a hundred and two. "You mustn't get what I have. I took the young Irish setter for a little walk up the road and along a frozen creek.g. if it bothers you. finger. On this kind it's ninety-eight. 18 . At school in France the boys told me you can't live with forty-four degrees." I said. "You poor Schatz. 2. slight) pain in . I have a sore throat. "It's nothing to worry about." I said. so I stopped. "but I can't keep from thinking." I thought perhaps he was a little light-headed and after giving him the prescribed capsules at eleven o'clock I went out for a while." he said. My leg gives me much pain. е. not sharp or sudden. I had a bad headache yesterday. painless." "I don't worry. He seemed perfectly calm. it's like miles and kilometers. "About what time do you think I'm going to die?" he asked." he said. "Who said so?" "The doctor." "Are you sure?" "Absolutely. the bushes.After a while he said to me." I said. She started when they came in.. stomachache. Usually used in compounds: headache." he said and looked worried about something. I took his temperature. to tremble is the most general word." "Don't think." he said.g.g. to shudder. eye. the cut brush and all the grass and the bare ground had been varnished with ice. toothache. staring still. pain). earache. "Just take it easy. е. ache n (a continuous. white-faced. "Poor old Schatz.. I heard him say a hundred and two. I am. You aren't going to die. painful adj болезненный. It was a painful (painless) operation. Syn.. VOCABULARY NOTES 1. backache. On that thermometer thirty-seven is normal. е. pain n to feel (have) a bad (sharp.g. finally. What's the matter with you?" "Oh. е. ever since nine o'clock in the morning. "Take this with water. and the next day it was very slack and he cried very easily at little things that were of no importance. Papa.

. My medical knowledge leaves much to be desired. Syn. g. е. е.g. e. е. голый. at the head of the bed. 4.g.g. e. adj = without a hat. the top (head) of the page. They are as like as two peas. bare walls (without pictures or wallpaper).. Conditional sentences contain "if or its synonyms. the English verb to give up is used. like adj похожий. е. е. 2. refusal n.) footnote n сноска 6. нога (ниже щиколотки. the room seemed quite bare. 2. 5. 2.g. е. My ear aches. to make up a prescription for smb. on condition that = if. 3. е.g.g. 7. е. е. barefoot adj predic. N о t e: In the meaning of sacrificing smth. е. nothing but facts). I thought I heard voices in the next room. but he didn't keep his promise." 8. It was just like him to take the biggest piece of cake.g.g. Every parcel arrived in good condition (nothing was broken or spoiled). as a bare room (with little or no furniture). by bus. to act as means acting in the capacity of smb. After the piano was taken out. She can't refuse her children anything.g.. е. attr. naked (= having no clothes on). conditional adj. but tonight he is in no condition to do it. Cf.. Cf. prescribe υi прописывать лекарство. подножие. ступня).g. bare adj 1. е. under good (bad) condition(s).g. at the foot of the page.to ache υ i/t болеть (чувствовать боль) — to be in continuous pain. with a cold refusal. to be in (a) good (bad) condition. I've never heard him sing like that. head..g. е. 3. She refused my offer. е. without shoes and stockings. as the top of the mountain. е.g. about some part of our body). not riding). е. 19 . After climbing the mountain he ached all over.. лекарство. It's already too cold to go bare-headed. When people are having their walking holiday they cover long distances on foot. е. It hurts the eyes to look at the sun. bare-legged (-armed) adj = with bare legs (arms). bare-beaded. to be in no condition to do smth. e g. е. medical adj. medicine n 1. What is he like? (= What sort of person is he?) What does he look like? ( = What kind of appearance has he got?) How does she look today? (= What is her appearrance today?) It looks like gold. Some of our students act as guides during summer. е. The unemployed live under very hard conditions. подобный. основание. обнаженный.g. состояние. е. He is in no condition to travel.g. He refused to do what I asked him. Barefooted people were standing on the bank. лишенный чего-л.: by train.g. bare-footed children wear neither shoes nor stockings. He answered her invitation. etc. Doctor.g. е. refuse υt/i отказывать(ся). but it was empty. е. непокрытый (usu.. нижняя часть. I will do it on condition that you give me the time I need. The boy jumped to his feet. barefooted adj. (Cf. He can sing very well.g. He studies at a Medical Institute. he wants to become a surgeon. This boy is at the head of his class. he has a sore throat. пустой. What medicine (s) do you take for your headaches? 2. He is fond of medicine. a room which can be occupied).: a bare room (no furniture). как. parting with smth. like prep or adv подобно. голый. Children like to go (run. a vacant room (a room in which either no one is living at present or no one is working. Ant.: hurt υt/i причинять боль. условие. е.g.g..) It looks like rain. She can play like a real pianist. His head was bare. "Won't you look for a vacant room in which we could have a consultation?" — "I'm told that all the rooms are occupied. е. е. quite a number of trees were broken..g.g. bare trees (without leaves). This boy is at the foot of his class. top.. A dog's feet are called paws. pl часто без изменений. медицина. the foot of the bed. foot n (pl feet) 1. You'd better consult your surgeon. The boy was too tall for his age and he was three foot two in his shoes. Roger promised to give up smoking.. They are behaving like little children.g. bare facts (only facts.g.Victorine was shocked when she learned that she would have to sit for the painter quite naked. will you prescribe a tonic for me? What can you prescribe for my headache (cold. but no stockings. condition n 1.g. etc. (= It has the appearance of gold. in the same way or in the manner of other people. My foot hurts (me) when I walk.. The ship was in no condition to leave harbour. фут (около) 30. е. an empty room (no people).g. to write out a prescription.g. adv = with bare feet. There is nothing like home. Note: to act like means to do smth. as the foot of the mountain. on foot (= walking. etc. 9.5 см. When we speak of bare-legged children we mean children wearing shoes. He gave up the idea of going there. е. I can't do it like you. He is a medical student. Please call in at the chemist's and have this prescription made up for me. walk) barefoot.) ? prescription n рецепт. After the thunderstorm our garden was in a terrible condition.g.

) The stylistically neutral way I feel (am) quite well. E. unlike adj непохожий. adv medicine n prescription n bare-headed adj miserable adj shiver υ condition n naked adj tremble υ epidemic n pain n vacant adj fever n Word Combinations to have (got) a headache to give smth. finish be over (through) terminate buy get purchase Note also that such abbreviations as I'm.) likeness n сходство. etc. may produce the impression of impoliteness or even rudeness. подобный. you're. One should also keep ip mind that there are a great number of words that are independent of the sphere of communication. E. B. unlike prep в отличие от. whether it is a friendly talk. g. е. = Co мной все нормально. takes. essays. I'll. precis. in an informal talk.g. (all right coll. white. ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (I) Words ache υ. e.).: to fall asleep) to live (work) under good to stay (be) awake (bad) condition (s) flushed by the fever (anger. According to the situation (or the sphere of communication) we may distinguish formal (bookish.alike adj predic одинаковый. coll.: The houses in this street are like those in the next street. in a student's composition.g. are characteristic of colloquial style. Students should be warned against taking the term colloquial as a kind of encouragement to use words thus marked as much as possible. She was unlike all other girls.g. 20 . if used in a wrong situation (е. an official letter or report. The terms style. the dialogues are almost monosyllabic and seemingly unemotional. the latter are used in everyday talks with friends and relatives. Such words are stylistically neutral (е. The houses in this street are alike. n flue n painful adj avoid υ foot n pneumonia n bare adj medical adj prescribe υ barefoot adj predic. in a poem. through the austere form the author manages sometimes to create a narration of great tension. = Он парень что надо. i. coll. etc. coll. etc. students will be well advised to avoid them in their compositions. that can be used in a lecture. The term style may be also used with reference to the manner of writing of some particular author.'s) to make a note (notes) of smth. (chap n. bread.g. Yet. stylistic are generally used in two different meanings. He is a jolly chap. How are the kids? = Как ваши ребята? (kid n. jolly adj. Unlike other girls she was not at all talkative. etc.g. scientific prose. official talks. g. е. in a conversation with an official acquaintance or with one higher in authority). In lexicology the term functional style is used which may be defined as a system of expressive means peculiar to a specific sphere of communication. book. etc. word. The term implies that the words called colloquial are limited by their sphere of usage and. I've. е. up to take one's (or smb. temperature so far to bring down the fever at the foot (head) of the bed to be in (a) good (bad) to read to oneself (aloud) condition to go to sleep (cf.) The stylistically neutral way of putting it is: He is a good (fine) man. you'd.) The stylistically neutral way How are your children? I'm all right. the choice of words and of modes of expression depends on the situation in which the process of communication is realized.g. Hemingway's style is characterized by laconism and lack of detail. NOTES ON STYLE A. learned) and informal (colloquial) words. Therefore. похожий. a scientific article. I cannot see much likeness between the twins. lectures. The syntax of his sentences is very simple. е. Otherwise speaking. (Cf. a poem. The former are peculiar to fiction.. Compare: Neutral Colloquial Bookish begin start commence continue go on proceed end. go.

3) c + a. I'm going to die?" 5. Try your hand at teaching. relax. medicine." 3. finally. наконец. III. 4. Его взгляд становился все менее напряженным. b) Give the four forms of the verbs: shut. on condition that to write (put) smth. Style): A. V. What is the difference between the boy's words ". What is the general atmosphere of the story? Is the tension gradually increased? How is the effect achieved? What is the point of the highest tension (climax) ? II. 3. What noun does it stand for? (Note: The English for «Нечего беспокоиться. 1. .. не замечал того. 10) 21 . устремленный на спинку кровати. окружающее его не интересует.. Grammar. Comment on the choice of words in Hemingway's story from the point of view of their stylistic colouring. Tick off all the complex sentences with clauses joined without the conjunction that. Read the text and the Notes on Lexicology and Style and talk on the following points (A...как будто движения причиняли ему боль." 3... что происходит вокруг. 1. a) Choose the best translation of each English sentence below (or give your own variant) and reason oat your choice. transcribe and give Russian equivalents of these words: ache. Why is the Infinitive used with or without the particle to in the sentences: "Do you want me to read to you?" "I heard him say a hundred and two. Why does the author use or drop the definite article before the word bed in the sentences: "We were still in bed. 2. Divide a sheet of paper into ten columns with the following letters at the top of each column: 1) с+е. Я предпочитаю бодрствовать.. area. Sections IV. Tick off the sentences with the Infinitive used as an attribute. worry. 1.g. казалось. freeze. wake. prescribe. die.. worry. I. bother. 2. fever. brush.to be in no condition to do smth. influenza. 2. II. I'd rather stay awake.Word usage. How and why did the boy paraphrase his question "about what time. a) Pick out from the text and from the introduction to it words with the letter с in them. Он. .» would be "There is nothing to worry about. 9) c+h= [k]. 6) c+a consonant." B. C. I." "You'd better go back to bed. 2. 2) c + i. What can you say about the dialogues in the story and their stylistic peculiarities? 3. and the next day it was very slack. ослабла и на следующий день была очень незначительной. . absolutely." "I sat at the foot of the bed. What style prevails.) A.") 4.) 1. pneumonia. down to flush with to take smth. 1. 1. a) Copy. acid. pirate. Comment on the syntax of the story and the stylistic effect achieved by it.) 4.as though it ached to move. What did the father mean when he said "You'd better go back to bed"? (Add some words to show the implication. "I know (that) he is ill.) 2." (Translate the sentences with these phrases into Russian. 2. c) Make four columns and write numbers I. Paraphrase the sentences: "I'd rather stay awake" and "just take it easy. постепенно терял свою напряженность. Then pick out from the list above ('a' and 'b') words with vowel sounds illustrating different types of syllables and place them in right columns. 3. и на следующий день он совсем раскис. bush. VIII. overcome.if it's going to bother you.. Он уже не с таким напряжением смотрел перед собой. formal or informal? 2. 1. 3. (Look up the words and phrases you may need to do the task in "Classroom English". 1. easy EXERCISES excitement. The hold over himself relaxed too. Он казался полностью отрешенным от всего происходящего. various. е.if it bothers you" and ". purgative. Я лучше не буду спать. The boy lay with his eyes fixed at the foot of the bed. Казалось. lay (класть). Preparation. III. In the sentence "It's nothing to worry about" ft is a personal pronoun. Сдержанность его тоже. etc." 2. Он перестал держать себя в руках и на следующий день был совсем вялым. III and IV at their tops to represent four types of syllables.как будто ему было больно двигаться. IV. He seemed very detached from what was going on. germ.. 5) c+u. Его взгляд. 4) c + o. В конце концов его контроль над собой тоже стал слабеть. 7) с in the ending -ic. What synonyms and why did the author use to describe the situation? (See Vocabulary Notes in Unit One. 8) c + h = [tf]. But his gaze at the foot of the bed relaxed slowly. capsule. B.. 5.) C. natural. П.. lie (лежать). IV. b) Translate the description of the father's walk. thermometer.

a specialist in medicine. She was invited to this conference .. I must examine you.. This is my way of looking at it. you? — I can't say I feel any sharp . As I see it... doctor... . — Does it. Don't be afraid. bare. at the foot of the bed (mountain. prescribe. a) Show the table with 10 columns to your fellow-students and explain how с should be pronounced in each case. it won't be . I think. — But.. Correct the mistakes. b) Make up your own list of words to illustrate the same rules. he is . try and take it easy. no condition to leave the house.. 5. Why did the boy prefer to stay awake? 5.) Discuss them in class: 1. Work in Class. Do you think you would have behaved in the same way in the boy's place? 12. VII. your doctor. What worried the boy? Since when? 4. 6. to leave the Medical Institute as he was fond of medicine and didn't want to ... you to move your arms.. he's too weak.. c) refuse. it . give up: 1.. . page). Wouldn't it have been more natural if the boy had told his father about his fears? Why? 7. B. b) in. though he doesn't know anything about medicine.. The children jumped and squealed (визжали) . me to look at the light and each movement is . In my view. do you think. You just listen to him. hurt. The girl tried to behave . Why.. I don't allow you to get up for some more days.. the trees are covered with leaves. doctor.. I'd like to say. only .. pain.. like.. Retell the text in reported speech following the outline given below: 22 .. in some definite place... — Perhaps we'd better take him to hospital then. he speaks . her. I decided to break with him after he had . I don't think it would.. the medicines were in different coloured capsules? IX.. VI. Why did it seem to the father that the doctor knew all about influenza? 3. V. 3. isn't it possible to keep him at home? — Well. to help me when I was in great need of help. a real doctor. In spite of his father's wish he .. on: — Your child's health is . the girl had shoes on.... each touch gives me . 3. b) Dictate the words from your list to the students and ask one of them to spell them on the blackboard. What do you consider to be the point of the story? Begin when possible your answers with: I believe.. the seat is occupied. a rather bad condition... Why did the author introduce the description of the father's walk? 10. Study Vocabulary Notes and a) write derivatives or compounds of: refuse.. 2. b) Give the opposite of: to read aloud. legs or head? — My head . What were the symptoms of the boy's nervous strain that the father took for the symptoms of his illness? 6. How would you explain the contrasts in the boy's behaviour on the first and the second day of his illness? 9..) 11. (Keep to the same word order.. If she asks me for any favour I'll never .. painful: — What. 5.... d) like.. all the time.. condition that you follow all my instructions. a grownup person. c) Give English equivalents of these words and use them in sentences of your own: голый (2 words). Classify the words under each heading. Do you think the boy would have worried about his temperature if he had known the difference between the Fahrenheit and the Centigrade thermometers? 2. Write 5 questions after each pattern below.. I just. — Oh.... condition. — Well. pain. VIII. 4. doctor. . He works . he must be thoroughly examined in the policlinic. If I were you I wouldn't. дрожать (2 words)... Answer the questions: 1. my plan so easily.c+k=[k]. отказаться (2 words). little puppies. What were the symptoms of the boy's illness? 2. in good condition. Do you like the boy's behaviour? How does it characterize him? 8.. Do you find the situation described in the story true to life? (Give your reasons. all over... 2. his dream of marrying her sooner or later.. — But. as: 1.. — Well. 4... his proposals he couldn't. . Though she regularly . to be asleep. Fill in a) ache. ache. a doctor in one of our hospitals.

But why should (shouldn't) I?. Try and argue with each other: 1. когда у вас письменная контрольная. 3. what. the side . 2. it. if. The mother to the father: You shouldn't have gone for a walk when the child was ill. foot. 3... to wonder (whether. I'm really sorry. his mouth.. Думаю. I just feel a bit cold. to add (that). etc. you. П..... 2. XI. ты сегодня чувствовала бы себя гораздо лучше.'s health). you'd better let me take your temperature. temperature of . to reply (that). His high temperature worried. а) Fill in prepositions or adverbs where necessary and summarize11 the passage: "Well. 5. ХIII.... Make up short dialogues starting with the sentences below.." "But it isn't any bother. in reported speech) of a passage. Use the vocabulary of the text and the words: to ask (about. to tell smb.. 12.. Example: Father: You should go to bed at once.. old man. Мне нравится этот врач. I'll sit down by the fire.. Son: Why should I? I'm all right. You've got a temperature and you must stay . Я записала все его замечания по этому вопросу.." said Griffiths." answered Philip irritably. 6.. What do you think I should have done. of . to say (that).. won't you?" 11 to summarize (or to give a summary): to give a short version (usu. What a silly way to talk!. это не причинит им вреда.. measure of length as well as.. 8. You're shivering and your face is white. I wish you wouldn't bother . The mother to the father (the next day): I don't like the boy's state.. когда им сказали о болезни их матери.. ... Если ты не будешь спать. kilogram and ." "Nonsense.. 4. X. 1.... 2. когда были ребенком? 2... The boy relaxes.. потому что он не прописывает слишком много лекарств. они не имеют большого значения.. (about smth. but. why didn't you? 4... I really feel bad about it... but. pound are .. Son: Well. clinical thermometer is . "Now.?. The father to the mother: You might have dropped in to see what state the boy was in. story.. The mother to the father: You might have guessed that something was worrying the boy. У девочек был совсем несчастный вид.. 6. 7. 3. look here. to answer (that).. Как будто собирается дождь. "Come on. На вашем месте я бы не записывала все эти данные. Я бы не сказала.. 6. "It's quite unnecessary. measures of weight. ты будешь отвратительно чувствовать себя завтра. Он снова отсутствует? Это похоже на него: пропускать уроки. bed. a moment. В каких условиях вы жили. Fahrenheit thermometer is 212°. Translate into English..1... Griffiths sat . you stay . The father finds out what worries the boy. I really couldn't imagine. 5.).. The mother to the boy: You should have let me in. The father to the boy: You should have told me what worried you... Centigrade thermometer — 100° and of.. and I'll bring old Deacon .. boiling point of . to inquire after (smb... Если бы ты вчера приняла эти таблетки. Fahrenheit and Centigrade thermometers. You will. small thermometer for finding .. Well. I wish I could. Supply articles where necessary: 1. что между нами большое сходство... 23 .)." said Philip.. novel.. Reamur thermometer — 80°. boy because he didn't know... why). The boy looks ill.. etc.. Father: But you aren't... 5. The doctor diagnoses the illness and leaves instructions. I don't (didn't) think. the bed and chattered brightly .. me. Все больные одинаковы: нервничают по пустякам и ведут себя как дети.. Позволь детям побегать босиком. 9. 4. and looked .. 4.. нам лучше посидеть дома. 10. mile and. ... 7. kilometer is . The father goes for a walk.. XII. to have a look . containing its main points only.. 8. Perhaps we had better call the doctor again? Use such phrases as. The boy seems detached from what is going on around him. why.. 3..... Sоn: How do you know? Father: I knew it just when I put my hand on your forehead. The boy's state troubles his father... "There's nothing the matter. The father calls for a doctor.. I wish you wouldn't.. Father: You are ill and you have a fever. difference between." Philip put the thermometer .. then he took it... bed. body. to declare (that).

. This very instant the drumming started again. who had been on the alert. on condition that. Try your hand at teaching.? 3. 1.. 3. Find English equivalents of the Russian phrases in the text. to have a fever..... Practise your "Classroom English". Respond to the following sentences according to the model. repeat the text following the model. There was really nothing the matter with Philip. The teacher stopped playing and demanded to know who was drumming.? 7. что еще со вторника он все время говорил.. Translate the sentences into English and check them with the key. Play the part of the teacher and get your pupils to write a spelling test on the board. Все будет хорошо. all the mistakes are corrected. Philip was not irritated at Griffiths' advice. 2.. 7. что было бы все-таки лучше отправить ребенка в больницу.? 5. to prescribe the medicine for... «Я лучше сама присмотрю за ним».. TOPIC: ILLNESSES AND THEIR TREATMENT 24 . XV. .? 6. a smile. щеки пылали. Use the inverted form of conditional sentences in your responses.. Ребенок бредил. Если вы будете точно следовать моим указаниям. that he was all right. Griffiths was going to bring a doctor to Philip. Repeat the key aloud.. — но вам бы следовало отвезти ребенка в больницу».? XIV. Через два часа мать измерила ребенку температуру и увидела. using the phrases listed below: a) to have a headache. Philip smiled because he wanted bis friend to think. — не буду настаивать. combining them into one conditional sentence.. so she resumed her playing. но подумал. mark the stresses and tunes. принесла термометр и какое-то лекарство. Зашла соседка. — сказал врач. a light epidemic of flu. VIII. Listen to the text "Patients Needed" some other text on the topic.. 1.? 9. to take one's temperature." Philip murmured. Griffiths didn't even try to chatter sitting at his friend's bed. Philip put the thermometer under bis arm. did he? — Yes. He saw that his friend looked quite sick and miserable. c) to take smth. a) Prepare a test on the vocabulary of Unit Two at home.? 2.. 2. что у него болит голова и ломит все тело. easy... (From "Of Human Bondage" by Somerset Maugham) b) Add question tags to the sentences below and answer them. 4. Write a spelling-translation test a) translate the phrases into English.. closing his eyes . he didn't/wasn't" or "But he did/was" and then give full answers: Example: — Griffiths didn't want Philip to take his temperature. . Не нужно расстраиваться.. . (See "Classroom English". не сводя с него глаз. Translate the following text into English: Мать сидела рядом с кроваткой ребенка.? 10. XVI. — сказала мать. Он спросил. Retell the text in indirect speech. — сказал врач. что у ребенка воспаление легких. to be light-headed. Say what yon would do in the teacher's position: During a music lesson. would rather. c) Make sure that the board is properly prepared for writing on it: the writing it eligible. когда мальчик заболел. .. что через несколько дней ему будет лучше». Paraphrase the following sentences. there is nothing to worry about. у него был сильный жар. Extend the following sentences according to the model. to be of no importance. caught Pete in the act. Use the verbs suggested. .. Пришел врач и сказал. Make up three short dialogues.? 8. Griffiths didn't want Philip to stay in bed". Begin your answers with "Yes. а под глазами были темные круги. Philip's temperature wasn't all right. b) Ask several pupils to write the words on the board. to keep from doing smth. while the teacher tried to demonstrate the rhythm of a song. to do good. had better. The teacher. я уверен. но серьезной опасности пока нет. IX) IABORATORY EXERCISES (I) 1. No reply came forth. «Не волнуйтесь.? 4. «Что же. to have a prescription made up. Sections IV. b) check them with the key. Pete took two pencils and proceeded to drum on a book. he did/was''. b) to consult a doctor. 6. что это лекарство снизит температуру.. he did.."You've got a wonderful bedside manner.. Philip didn't want his friend to look after him. Listen to the text "A Day's Wait". Philip thought that there was nothing the matter with him. Врач ушел. что лекарство не помогло. "No. . 5. Она сказала. Make all necessary changes. .. the whole class is involved. Мать вспомнила.

Then I wondered how long I had to live. and he said: "Well. and I put it in my pocket and went out. He is an old chum of mine. take their diploma. I crawled out a miserable wreck. 1 bed at 11 sharp every night. I call it After that. 12 13 TEXT A.) Synonyms may also differ by the degree or intensity of the phenomenon described or by certain additional implications conveyed by their meanings. beefsteak. To pass away is a bookish synonym of to die. And don't stuff up your head with things you don't understand. I pulled out my watch and timed it. whereas ailment is short and temporary. I have got. all for nothing. I stuck it out as. and feels my pulse." I read the prescription. I got down the book and read all I came to read. from what I call my waist up to my head but I could not feel or hear anything. it seemed to start off. I said: "You are a chemist?" He said: "1 am a chemist. Life is short and you might pass away before I had finished. The man read it. and then in despair Г again turned over the pages. I took it to the nearest chemist's. E. with 1 pt.far as ever it would go. and diphtheria I seemed to have been bom with. dear boy.57 1 25 . Students would have no need to "walk the hospitals" if they had me. Illness is the most general word in the group (the synonymic dominant). I could only see the tip. I was sure that I had got it. It had stopped beating. Then he opened me and looked down me. I went to my medical man. E. I had walked into the reading-room a happy. and. when I fancy I'm ill. But 1 will tell you what is not the matter with me. I tried to look at my tongue. I made it a hundred and forty-seven to the minute. what's the matter with you?" I said: "I will not take up your time. (pint) [paint]: a measure for liquids = 0. and then handed it back. and before I had glanced half down the list of "premonitory symptoms"." And I told him how I came to discover it all." I followed the directions with the happy result that my life was preserved and is still going on. and took hold of my wrist. I felt my pulse. and talks about the weather. in an unthinking moment. and handed it in. bitter beer every six hours. after that. however. I looked through the twenty-six letters. and then he hit me over the chest when I wasn't expecting it — a cowardly thing to do. 18. I did not open it. So I went straight up and saw him. he sat down and wrote out a prescription. I could not feel my heart. healthy man. and folded it up and gave it me. g. I forgot which was the first. malady describes a more dangerous illness than disease. but I felt more certain than before that I had scarlet fever. Synonyms may differ by their stylistic characteristics.6 g pt. I patted myself all over my front. (See Note 1 on p. chum is a colloquial synonym of Mend. with telling you what is the matter with me. 12 13 lb. g. He said he didn't keep it. All they need do would be to walk round me. and looks at my tongue. and I shut one eye and tried to examine it with the other. Then. It ran: "1 lb. I idly turned the leaves and began to study diseases. whereas ailment mostly refers to a slight disorder. 2. (pound): a measure of weight = 453. NOTES ON SYNONYMS 1. all of a sudden. Cholera I had. I tried to feel my heart.A VICTIM TO ONE HUNDRED AND SEVEN FATAL MALADIES From "Three Men in a Boat" by Jerome K. with severe complications. 1 might be able to oblige you. I sat for a while frozen with horror. I was a hospital in myself. and so started alphabetically. to fancy sounds less formal than to imagine. Jerome I remember going to the British Museum one day to read up the treatment for some slight ailment. Everything else. sometimes a chronic illness. I came to typhoid fever — read the symptoms — discovered that I had typhoid fever— began to get interested in my case. and the only disease I had not got was housemaid's knee. I tried to examine myself. 1 ten-mile walk every morning. I sat and thought what an interesting case I must be from a medical point of view. sometimes a fatal one. If I was a co-operative stores and family hotel combined. and then. I could not at first feel any pulse at all. generally. Malady implies a lasting.

В. doctor.. so it's all right. he just felt a bit sick and giddy. you may have a nervous breakdown and have to go to hospital. did he? And he didn't have heart attack after the tooth was taken out? It would have been natural for an old man..: He came with a bad toothache. I've caught a cold. Have this tonic made up and take two tablespoonfuls three times a day before meals. — I see. to stop worrying. though he said that my smile worked better than any injection.: Are you sure he's not going to make an appointment with some other dentist? N. N. at least for a time. I gave him с tonic and told him to stay in bed for a while and take his temperature. Your heart. — I'm sorry to hear that. he did. and nearly broke my neck. Bert: Hello. leg and knee.. I was the only one. 1 shall have to think it over and decide which is the lesser evil: to follow your advice or prepare for a better world. В. have regular meals.: No. I'm bursting with news.: How did you manage to get such a marvellous patient. Just imagine: yesterday I had the first real patient of my own. doctor? — Then you'd better make your will. Nell. Now open your mouth and show me your tongue. It was Sunday. backache. did you? N.: Oh. Mr.: None of them! I sent him to have his teeth X-rayed. N. If I take a long walk. never mind it. Hope to hear from you soon. Now breathe in deeply. what's the matter with you. I wonder? N. chest and lungs seem to be all right. indigestion.: You needn't. There doesn't seem to be anything radically wrong with you. Anyhow. To crown it all. Bye for now.: Good-bye. headaches. TEXT C. A VISIT TO THE DOCTOR — Well. В. Take a long rest. I just chose the easiest one to begin with. I tested his blood pressure and gave him a couple of injections. hurt my right shoulder. When he was leaving he said he looked forward to having all his teeth pulled out and he would keep them all as souvenirs to remember me by. Bert. It's such wonderful practice for me! В. AT THE DENTISTS Nell: Hello. To make things still worse.: A nice old dear with a lot of teeth to be pulled out. If there be one. There is a remedy.: You don't say! Who was it? N.. In fact.: Wonderfully. first of all. ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (П) Words appendicitis n insomnia n 26 . — And if I don't.TEXT B. if you haven't yet done so.: I don't think he will. If you do this.: No. I'm so glad I've found you in.: Well. I advise you. thank you. Memory Work For every evil under the sun. В. If possible. N. Listen. I hope things aren't as bad as you imagine. but it's quite clear that you're run down.: I see. I wish you good luck. I get short of breath. Walker? — You'd better ask me what is not the matter with me.: Poor old thing! I hope you didn't try to pull out all his teeth at once. I feel more dead than alive.: Are you quite sure that some of his teeth couldn't be filled? N. Bert.: Were there no other dentists in the surgery? N. В. doctor. I seem to be suffering from all the illnesses imaginable: insomnia. How's things? N. I'll let you know how things are going on. keep to a diet of salads and fruit. В. But I do hope he won't. through the nose. I'll ring him up and in case he's running a high temperature I'll let you know. В. I can promise you full recovery within two or three months. I had an accident the other day. or there is none. constipation and pains in the stomach.: Perhaps I'd better drop in and check his heart? I'm on sick leave now and can do it at any time. В. Let me examine you. В.: Don't be silly. Nell. I've got a sore throat and I'm constantly sneezing and coughing. And how did you get along? N. If there be none. and very little meat Keep off alcohol. try to find it. It had been bothering him for a day or two already.: Fine. is that you Bert? Nell here. Well. give up smoking. The day after tomorrow he's coming again. and if you don't take care of yourself.

eye. Smallpox (оспа) is a catching (заразная) disease marked by fever and small red spots on the body and often leaves permanent marks.'s (one's) pulse to write out a prescription (for pills. get (give) an injection (a needle) to have a heart attack to check smb. swollen and itching. those who stay in hospital are called inpatients. to walk the hospitals.. etc. Study Text A and explain the meaning of the words and phrases listed below. He'll soon recover if no complications set in.). a family hotel.) n case (of a disease) n cholera n complication n cough υ. Something is wrong with my legs: all my joints ache and when I bend my knee it hurts me. to get sick leave to make an appointment with a doctor Examples He was taken to hospital and operated on (underwent an operation) for appendicitis. to be on (go on). follow a diet to have a prescription (medicine. People who are treated in health centres (policlinics) are called out-patients. The doctor diagnosed the illness as tuberculosis (t. extracted to be (have one's teeth.) made up to take medicine (a spoonful of.. lungs.'s tooth to have one's tooth filled. attack (of smth. When necessary they may have their teeth taken (pulled) out. etc. When people have pain in their teeth they go to a dentist to have the holes in their teeth filled (stopped).) to be wrong with (one's heart. tonic. lungs.) to breathe in deeply to consult (see) a doctor to have a nervous breakdown to keep to a diet (of . Nowadays operations may be performed almost on any part of the body. his life was preserved. etc. n cure of υ cure for n die of υ diphthertia n disease n indigestion n injection n EXERCISES I. finger. mixture. complication. to follow the directions. etc. all for nothing. in an unthinking moment. etc.'s heart. the prescription ran. but "He wrote out a prescription for me". to be on sick leave. etc.'s blood pressure to have one's blood pressure tested to have.. a fatal malady. to sound smb.) n typhoid fever n Word Combinations to feel smb. for a disease) treatment (for smth. chest. etc. The child is ill (laid up) with chicken pox (ветрянка).). etc.'s throat etc. to have smth. premonitory symptoms. A doctor who performs (carries out) operations is called a surgeon. wrong with to be taken ill (to fall ill) with to be laid up with to feel sick (and giddy) to fill smb. 27 . to time the pulse. After I've had some injections of tonic I feel quite cured of all my ailments. but I don't feel any better so far. to have a filling to pull (take) out a tooth = to have an extraction to have one's tooth pulled out (taken out). b.).) X-rayed to test smb. The old man's sight is getting dim (слабеет). N o t e: Don't say "He wrote me a prescription out".) to go to a chemist's (drugstore) to follow the doctor's directions to catch (a) cold to have an accident to be short of breath to examine a patient (smb. lungs. idly turn the leaves. heart. I've been on sick leave for a fortnight already.prescription n recover (from a disease) υ remedy n scarlet fever n sneeze о sore (throat.'s blood to have one's blood tested to test smb.'s heart.) adj surgery n symptom n tonic n treat υ (smb. his eyes are sore.

II. 5.. children and young persons. Я сделала ему пару уколов.. 9. Complete recovery may be expected . a bright red rash consisting . что застала тебя дома. 12. On the contrary. 1. Может быть. 4. friend. Of course not. П. Doctor: Is it really as bad as that? What are you complaining of ? Patient: Insomnia.. to diagnose Smb. Reproduce Text В so that a question is asked about each sentence said by the patient or the doctor. to get sick leave. 12. 1. . to give (get) an injection. Mother told you to put on your coat but you wouldn't and you did catch a cold.. С легкими у вас все в порядке. 2. favourable cases the temperature falls and the patient feels better.. IV. painful sore throat. Ну. 5. 7.. 17. to be in despair. You may find the following phrases useful: a) to look a miserable wreck. 4. 4. 3. b) express in writing the suggested idea using do for emphasis.. 11. забивать голову непонятными вещами. to have a nervous breakdown. I always take my temperature when I'm ill. Nothing of the kind.. интересный случай с медицинской точки зрения. to cheer smb. 13. 3. imagine. Prepare to discuss the test using the words and phrases from Ex. 3. симптом. и как у тебя пошли дела? 22. 3. талия... Я Это обдумаю. I believe. 18. to be in high spirits.. Глубоко вдохните через нос. to suggest that one should. I do... 14. die.. (it is. up.. 5. холера. аптекарь.? 24. Не говори глупостей! 20. алфавит. Use them in sentences of your own: 1. do a favour to smb. Recite the dialogue in class. 9. b) to be afraid that.. c) Find in the text synonyms of the following words and phrases and explain how they differ:14 illness (4 words). scarlet fever are very serious.. to keep to a diet. скарлатина. 7. каждые шесть часов. a week the rash usually disappears. заинтересоваться чём-л. Я задыхаюсь. they don't. Я все время чихаю и кашляю. 2. 8. 21. doctor. Я страдаю от бессонницы. Study Texts В and С and translate these sentences into English: 1. to have one's tooth filled. the following month. a) Supply prepositions where necessary: Examples: Scarlet fever is an infectious fever. Example: Patient: You'd better ask me what is not the matter with me.. You never have a sore 14 See Notes on Synonyms and Antonyms on p. Correct the following statements. защищать диплом. Обещаю полное выздоровление в течение трех месяцев. to suffer from.. the ear. тиф... Add a sentence to show that the emphasis is necessary: Your brother did go to the chemist's to have your prescription made up though he was pressed for time. отнимазь у кого-л. We seldom sneeze and cough when we have a cold. the appearance . the end . .. to undergo a treatment. III. дифтерит.. Write 10 questions to Text A covering the main points. застыв от ужаса. 6. V. You were laid up with-flu last week. Study Essential Vocabulary (II) and a) translate the illustrative examples into Russian. 10 По столовой ложке три раза в день.. the third or fourth day the rash starts to fade and . У меня уйма новостей. 10. отчаяние.. мне лучше забежать.. the second day . to doubt smb. 2. Doctor: Oh. Бедняжка! 19. Для начала я как раз выбрала самый легкий зуб. 6. to recover from. I don't think you're right.. 15. 28 . etc. 18. 6. 7. VII. yes (of course). Surely not! By no means! Example: — You never take your temperature when you аге ill. You're mistaken. dear. to need the services of a surgeon. Она досаждала ему уже два дня. to feel hurt.. У меня болит горло. b) Give a short description of some other disease using a few phrases from the text above. Shortly after the patient develops a high temperature and suffers .'s illness (as). В довершение ко всему я простудился. Я была единственным врачом в приемной. to set in (about complications). У вас может быть нервное расстройство. to wonder if. 23. IX.. Relell Text С in indirect spech: a) speaking on the part of the old man. 4. Just the other way round. the commonest being inflammation . — Oh.. and pains in the stomach. I can't agree with you. People often feel sick and giddy when they are quite well.. VIII. to try to make an appointment with. a) Write English equivalents of the following words and phrases. look quickly. 2. But.. 8. b) Write these words in English and transcribe them: болезнь. isn't it too much for one man? VI. to be sorry for. Sick people never stay in bed while they are ill. Регулярно питайтесь и придерживайтесь овощной диеты. время. beginning each sentence with one of the following phrases: You're wrong. Ни одного! 16. doctor. 5. 11. Scarlet fever is essentially a disease .. b) reproducing Nell's talk with Bert over the telephone.. The complications .. 6. Я рада.'s skill. closely-set red spots... It is not dangerous to take care of a person who has got a catching disease.). to prescribe pills for. marked . Он их сохранит на память обо мне.

He feels sick and giddy. c) The patient asks the doctor what's wrong with him. Я не могу читать вслух. Unfasten your jacket and your shirt. 9. Summarize it in 5-6 sentences without using direct speech. Hob said it." (From Essential English for foreign students by С. She doesn't feel any pain in her heart when she has a heart attack. At the Doctor's a) A patient enters the room and tells the doctor what he (she) is suffering from. Eckersley. 8. d) The dentist pulls out his tooth and shows it to the patient who brightens up and looks happy. Describe the actions of the mimes using the Present Indefinite. Она не в состоянии разговаривать. "I just came to get a bottle of medicine for my uncle. 2. A. etc. По столовой ложке микстуры три раза в день. X. Just then the doctor came in to say that he was ready to see the next person." "I know there isn't. What are the symptoms of flu (tonsillitis. 19. Have the students to prepare a mime and perform it twice (for tasks A and B). 6. 15 The noun mime has two meanings: 1. b) His mother is worried. (for one student) Suggested topics and stages for actions: 1. XTV. it's normal. mumps. Если бы ты не следовала советам врача. 5. Do people in this country get their pay when they are ill? ХIII. 12. Ребенок болен скарлатиной. 7. an actor in such a performance (мим). (for two students) С Tell the story in reported speech orally or in writing. 1977) XI. b) The dentist asks him to sit down and examines his mouth. (for one or two students) B. Почему у вас одышка — у вас высокое давление или что-нибудь с сердцем? 20. приму эти пилюли от головной боли. What do you do when you fall ill? 4. Почему ты ходишь в такую погоду без шляпы? Ты ведь недавно серьезно болел. open your mouth wide. Врач пощупал мой пульс. "Now what's the trouble? Sit down there and we'll have a look at you. Я. to be sick and giddy. Вот рецепт. Беспокоиться не о чем.. 14. I think. People need the services of the doctor when they are well. What does the doctor do when he comes to examine you? 5. Children have swollen eyes when they have been laughing too much. What catching diseases do you know? 9. У вас два больных зуба. d) His mother understands his tricks and orders him to go to school. Должно быть. Hob got up and went into the consulting room. Read the text. Вам нужно обратиться к зубному врачу. "Well. His throat is all right c) Then the boy pretends to have a stomach-ache and a headache. должно быть. At the Dentist's a) A patient complains of a bad toothache. 10. прослушал сердце и легкие и измерил температуру. How does a sick person look? 7. у меня болит горло. please. Hob sat in the doctor's waiting-room. What do you feel when you have flu? 6. У тебя могут быть осложнения. Translate the following sentences into English: 1. but the doctor interrupted him and ordered him to say "ninety-nine". The performed actions should be rather slow to allow the other students to tell the story or speak for the mimes. Who is treated at the policlinic. 3. 15. пожалуй. 2. 9. scarlet fever. a performance without words (пантомима)." Hob tried to speak. Continuous or Perfect tenses. Lnd. measles. Probably you consult a dentist when you have a stomach-ache. я простудилась. 2. Вы послали за доктором? 13. I'll listen to your heart. On the chairs at the wall other patients were sitting. Вам лучше обратиться к врачу." said Hob. у вас ведь не в порядке желудок. c) The patient is afraid. Я вся дрожу. 68. Вам сделали рентген? 11. Speak for each mime. d) The doctor tries to comfort the patient and writes out a prescription.throat when you have tonsillitis. At the Bedside a) A boy complains of a sore throat. 71. 18. его успешно прооперировали. 8. Make up stories and dialogues through mime15. Кто пойдет в аптеку заказать лекарство? 16. 4. XII. Врач попросил пациента раздеться до пояса и выслушал его. 3. One of his teeth should be pulled out.)? 2. у нее ужасно болит зуб. He seems to be worried. Придется ему дней десять полежать в постели. 29 . How should we translate into Russian "He is ill" and "He has ill manners"? 8. Write 10 sentences to go with each of the pictures on pp. 7. b) The doctor asks the patient to strip to the waist and examines him (her). Answer the following questions: 1. and who is treated at the hospital? 3. "Now let me see your throat. 17. Before Hob could say a word the doctor said. They all looked sad except Hob who was reading an exciting story in a magazine. Как жаль. 10. доктор забыл выписать мне лекарство от насморка. На вашем месте я придерживалась бы диеты. Я. there's nothing wrong with you. схватил грипп. Е. She takes his temperature. ты бы не поправилась так скоро." The doctor had a good look and then he said.

Анестезия — 35 долларов.250 patients. The rest is met from the National Health Service contribution and from the charges for prescriptions.. Плата за телевизор — 3 доллара в день». ХVII. (See: "Britain 1983". a) Make up a list of new words (in spelling and transcription) that might be needed to discuss it. A large proportion of the hospitals in the National Health Service were built in the nineteenth century. and. b) Write questions about the picture. write the new words on the blackboard. 1983) 2. dentures and spectacles. — три дня. Find some jokes on a medical subject and tell them to your fellow-students. за удаление ниток из шва. or to see specialists in Harley Street. and that they have so many patients that they do not have enough time to look after any of them properly. a) Give а very short description of each picture in the Present Tense. b) Make up a story about the pictures in the Past Tense c) Find a short title to the story. Preparation. a) Bead and translate the texts below: 1. 1975) Prompts: bill. dental treatment. ask your questions. Bartholomew's and St. for which they may pay as much as £ 100 a week. XVIII. they may hire a private room in an ordinary hospital. Lnd. где медицинское обслуживание бесплатное. translate them (or explain their meaning) and make the students repeat them in chorus. In Great Britain primary health care is in the hands of family practitioners who work within the National Health Service. Как гражданин страны. Всего расставание с аппендицитом мистеру Стрельникову стоило 1112 долларов! Сюда входит плата врачу за постановку диагноза. Nurses complain that they are overworked and underpaid. c) took up the words and phrases you may need to discuss the picture in class in "Classroom English". in the foreground [background).. Find a picture on a medical subject and ask your "pupils" to describe it. The family practitioner services are those given to patients by doctors. opticians and pharmacists of their own choice. А в больнице он был столько. because of the shortage of beds. Alternatively. Try your hand at teaching. 1974) b) Write 10 questions about the facts mentioned in the texts that you find interesting and discuss them in class. such as the famous St. patients often have to wait a long time for operations. Плата хирургу за операцию — 200 долларов. XIX. и было очень интересно читать: «Анализ крови — 25 долларов. b) Say what you know about the cost of health service in America. Many doctors complain that they waste hours filling in National Insurance forms. When these people are ill they go to a private nursing-home.. И так далее. Плата за каждый день пребывания в госпитале — 200 долларов. some trace their origin to much earlier charitable foundations. They provide the first diagnosis in the case of illness and either prescribe a suitable course of treatment or refer a patient to the more specialized services and hospital consultants. Family doctors who are under contract to the National Health Service have an average about 2. Одному из нас с подобного рода бумагой пришлось столкнуться впервые. (Стрельников В. Песков Б. a) Give the idea of the text in English: Сколько стоит аппендицит? Бумажка была счетом за удаление у «мистера Стрельникова» аппендицита. anaesthesia.. М. Уплатило за него государство. the other pictures may be discussed m pans. twice longer. to the right (left) of. В. using the phrases: in the picture. Lnd. Section V. About 85 per cent of the cost of the health services is paid for through general taxation.XV. денег из своего жалованья мистер Стрельников не платил. Many Health Service hospitals are old-fashioned and overcrowded. сколько бывают американцы. the famous "doctors" street in London. in the right(left-) hand corner. Britain To-day. A. Use prompt words and phrases listed in the Note. Nobody pretends that the National Health Service in Britain is perfect. 30 . Thomas' hospitals in London.. in Russia and in other countries nowadays. Show the picture to the members of your group. 16 The first picture should be discussed with the whole group under the teacher's guidance. 16 XVI. бумажка счета стала бы вполовину длиннее. Если бы мистер Стрельников пожелал продлить пребывание в госпитале до существующей у нас нормы (семь дней). (Musman R. Health authorities may raise funds from voluntary sources. Work in Class. Земля за океаном. 3. to take out the stitch. Rich people prefer to go to private doctors. dentists.. for which they will pay about £ 10 a day.

Compare your version with the original and correct your mistakes. It was not in any sense an important case. Seize something with the teeth (also cause a sharp pain). Translate the given sentences into English. 27. b) Repeat the test following. etc. 19. That one about the kidnapping of a dog was a disappointment. Christie's had been dreaming of an unusual case. crack a bone. CURIOSITY QUIZ FOR EAGERS Crossword Puzzle 31 . XX. 25. Stop a hole in a tooth with cement. when having a cold). Arrange them into three groups according to the ways that are commonly used to point out the central thought. 11. d) explaining the difference between miles and kilometers. операционная operating-room. bringing them in close semantic relation.. Repeat the text in the interval and record your version. b) Do the exercises from the guide to the film. Christie). c) arguing about the turning point in his illness.stretcher. 28. a) Watch and listen. Which is the largest group and why? 2. E. санитарная машина — ambulance. It was not a proper case for him. 31. it was not the kind of case he had promised himself. 5. Get ready to act it out in class. An instrument for measuring temperature. The central thought of the paragraph is emphasized by repeating the key-word. Come into two or more parts. Respond to the following suggestions. A coloured liquid used for writing with a pen. A person who practises medicine and treats people. g. STUDIES OF WRITTEN ENGLISH П This time you will learn more about the smallest thought units that build up writing. Check them with the key. etc. joint. A kind of medicine having good effects on the body. Let out the air suddenly through the nose and the mouth (usu. гипсовая повязка — plaster-bandage. beginning with a paragraph and how they work within the paragraph. 7. 2. LABORATORY EXERCISES (II) 1. otherwise echo-word. Hercule Poirot. Across 1. Dilm segment 2 "Miss Peggy and the Pussy Cays" (Canterbury). 29. Check the spelling using a dictionary. Assignments: 1. Begin your sentences with "Hadn't we (he) better."? 4. Listen to the text "Doctor Sally" or some other text on the topic.)" + a verb in the Past Subjunctive.. Prepare a list of key-words end phrases before writing a paragraph: a) describing how the poor boy looked before the doctor саше. using synonyms. A hollow in the lungs (каверна). Fibers (волокна) connecting the brain with all other parts of the body and carrying feelings to the brain." (From "The Nemean Lion" by A. a) listen to the text "A Victim to One Hundred and Seven Fatal Maladies". Fill a hole in a tooth with cement. 3. 23. 14. Go over the test "A Day's Wait" and pick out the key-words and phrases that indicate the topic: of illness and treatment. Extend the statements. often used as a tonic. between the Fahrenheit thermometer and the Centigrade thermometer. The drink made by pouring boiling water on dried leaves bearing the same name. 30. 18. "He read the letter slowly and carefully. Key-words are main words in the passage that help to emphasize the main point and understand the subject you are writing about. the model. It was not the kind of case he wanted. Take one's clothes off.Note: сточная труба — sewer. носилки .Brown's Holiday". The middle joint of the leg where the leg bends. 3. Listen to the dialogue "A Visit to the Doctor". Write a dictation. mark the stresses and tunes. 13. Film "Mr.. That is why key-words are the first elements to choose when setting your mind on writing on a certain subject and there are different ways to use them in a paragraph: repeating them. b) telling a story of his recovery. etc. санитар ambulance man. the famous detective of A. Begin your sentences with "It's time you (he. 6.

You like the way they work. нарыв) on internal organs. 7. Difficulty in digesting food. efforts. 21. UNIT THREE SPEECH PATTERNS 1. 2. 15. Hemingway described the boy's mood. It is always interesting for tourists to take a trip along the Thames in a boat. 20. etc. An open sore (язва. 27.. Fill in missing adjectives + preposition: 1.. relax after work. The teacher didn't like the way the children behaved in class. 3. 3. A person specially trained to look after sick people. It would be useful for him to give up smoking. 16. The regular beating of the arteries as the blood is forced along them. The red liquid in the body..everybody to have our meeting after the lessons? I believe so. I like the way the doctor treats the child. Not clearly seen. The degree of heat or cold in the air. 4. Give medical care to people in order to cure them. II. 8. 9. you spent your summer holidays. 17.our teacher. women dress nowadays.the second-year students to read English newspapers? If you mean 32 . unwell. the doctor treated the boy (in the story "A Day's Wait"). A special choice of food ordered by a doctor. 2. 22. the students of your group work at their English. 24. Will it be. Take air into the body and send it out. 4. etc. Be still.. It will be convenient for you to live in our hostel. 26. Exist. A high temperature.. 6. Say whether you like or dislike the way: 1.. It was difficult for the students to make notes of his lecture.Down 2. the boy behaved during his illness.. 10. water. the girls in your group dress their hair. Ill. body. you were taught English at school. 7. It would have been natural for the sick man to fall asleep after the injection. 6. 2. Do you like the way she wears her hat? I don't like the way you speak to me.. EXERCISES I.. 8. A catching disease marked by fever and small spots that cover the whole body (common among children). 12.. Would it be. A short sleep. 5... Breathing organs found in man and animal.. but I don't know if it will be. 5.. Small spots (red or pink) close together on the skin (usu. a symptom of a disease).. Be aware through the senses.

Just as Wall Street in New York is the centre of commerce and finance so the City of London. 4. Ей будет легко подружиться с детьми — им нравится.. It is the home of the nation's commerce and finance. вам необходимо посоветоваться с врачом по поводу головной боли. film stars. Which is more. .them so far. It will be .. Мне не нравится. London is one of the famous capital cities of the world. John (1776-1837): a famous English painter. It is largely filled with sporting news. 22 Constable.. ounce — 31 g). the latter got its name from the first coin struck from gold on the coast of Guinea. — I'd have come if I were a musician as you are. 3. In 1971 Britain changed over to. and 50 p. sometimes called "the square mile" is the centre for money matters. 5 p. of course. Я считаю.a student: to read or to speak English well? If the student is going to become a teacher.. The Natural History Museum contains plants... decimal currency system — 100 new pence to the pound (£). Other quality papers are The Observer.papers published in Britain I think it would be. 2. 19 mile: a measure of length. INTRODUCING LONDON London is an ancient city.. English measures of length (yard — 91 cm. pound — 454 g. etc.. The Daily Telegraph: a daily London newspaper of conservative orientation. One in seven of the population of the United Kingdom is a Londoner.. Translate these sentences into English: 1. Up to 1971 English money with its pennies. 10 p. Do you think it would be. It grew up around the first point where the Roman invaders found the Thames narrow enough to build a bridge. new era ['isre]. 10 — the official home of Prime Minister... Just as "Westminster" stands for Parliament so "Whitehall" is often used as the name for central Government.. The Victoria and Albert Museum with a magnificent collection of fine and applied arts also includes a wide-ranging display of ceramics... 5.. 21 The Daily Express: a "popular" paper for those who prefer entertainment to information. an area in East London. accounts of crime. inch — 2.. IV. They come to explore its historic buildings. The Guardian. как ты читаешь. Other popular papers are The Sun.). как эта медсестра делает уколы. The Hall of Human Biology enables visitors to learn about their bodies and the way they work.. metalwork and a selection of Constable's masterpieces which are well worth seeing. London dominates British life. advertisements (ads.. Мне было бы интересно принять участие в экскурсии.. liquids (gallon — 3. photography. him or her both to read and speak well. 4. The Daily Mirror. provincial and London newspaper offices such as The Daily Express. 2 p. foot — 30 cm. In South Kensington there are several large museums. = Anno Domini (Lat. its streets and parks. 6. it's equally .. but to tell you the truth it's a very tiresome job... как она с ними играет. 300 they had turned it into a sizeable port and an important trading centre with a wall which enclosed the homes of about 50.them.. unimpressive house — No.000 people. the main centre of its legal system and the press. coins. Первокурсникам будет интересно узнать об истории и традициях нашего института. It is a "quality" paper for educated readers who are interested in important domestic and foreign news. But it's difficult for me to understand serious music. Though most of the British national newspaper offices have moved to Wapping. printing and atomic physics.students to take part in the phonetic contest at our department? Of course. 1609 metres. parliamentary and government activity centres on Parliament Square of Westminster and Whitehall. It has the largest university and the greatest possibilities for entertainment and for sport in the country. and every year attracts crowds of visitors from home and abroad. Here in Threadneedle Street is the Bank of England — sometimes called "The Old Lady of Threadneedle Street" — the central banking institution whose pound notes form the main currency in the country. weight (stone — 6 kg. glass-making. 33 ... for example. D.) and strip cartoons.. to see its museums and galleries. Will it be. 20 shillings for a pound.. This kind of newspapers is called the tabloids. and its people.students with bad spelling to copy English texts? It might be.): in the year of the Lord. New coins (or pieces) were introduced: the 1/2 p. 20 pound: a monetary unit circulating in Great Britain...57 lit) are not based on the decimal system. Fleet Street near St. 5. Paul's Cathedral used to be a busy street full of foreign. Мне не нравится.first-year students as it will give them a good chance to brush up their pronunciation..... I prefer jazz. Make up micro-dialogues using Speech Patterns 1—2: Model: — Why didn't you come to N's recital yesterday? I liked the way he played. III.. Exhibits in the Science Museum display the discovery and development of such inventions as the steam engine. shillings and pounds was not based on the decimal system either: 12 pence for a shilling. animals and minerals. Greater London includes the suburbs of the city all of which are connected with the centre of London and with each other by underground railway lines... D. Off Whitehall in a small side-street Downing Street — is a quiet. The Daily Mail. 3. The Times and The Independent. gossip of little worth (about private life of society people. The Daily Telegraph. The built-up area of Greater London stretches 50 kilometres from east to west and many of its districts are linked with particular activities. 21 shillings for a guinea. 20 p. pint — 0. About 7 million people live in Greater London. the name of Fleet Street is still used to describe the newspaper industry. тебе надо уделять больше внимания чтению вслух. TEXT. They found a small Celtic settlement then known as Londinium and by A. если бы я был помоложе. There is a 17 18 19 20 21 22 17 18 A...79 lit.5 cm)..

or sail their model boats on the Round Pond. The Thames at London is tidal and there have been several serious floods. She is a very worthy woman. The best way to see the city quickly is from the top of London red double-decker buses. Books of that kind are not worth reading. е. as a slice of bread (cheese.g.g. The Museum of London in the City presents the biography of London. a human nature. worth while. This problem is not worth our attention. Threat of disaster. historical adj исторический (связанный с историей. It is always interesting for tourists to take a trip along the Thames in a boat as it gives a striking panorama of London. The cup fell and was broken to pieces. The risk of this is increasing as southern England is sinking in relation to sea level. is the largest park in London. VOCABULARY NOTES 1. etc. the tube train doors can hardly close behind the crushed crowds. historic adj исторический (имеющий историческое значение. монета. Tell us something about this strange event. е. 1812 was a historic year for Russian people. But: A funny thing happened to him. 3. science. museum. е.. Like many capital cities.: This book is worth reading. to pieces на куски.g. historic place. worthy adj достойный.g. however. е. originally a royal hunting forest. I think it's worth while speaking to him about it. the history of our country. In summer the Serpentine canal which flows through the park is always full of swimmers. This problem isn't worth discussing. е. Smaller "fringe" theatres perform in clubs. the history of the language. the History Museum. pubs and at lunch time. principles. showing a large range of old and modem plays. It's a discovery of great worth. Just south of the Serpentine is. е. In the north of London is Regent's Park with a zoo and an open-air theatre.g.g. paper.. London grew up along a major river. He told us the story of his whole life.g.) — history. The other quick and easy way of getting around London is by "tube" — the Underground railway. masterpiece n шедевр piece n 1. But it is also a living city and like all living cities it is constantly developing. a quiet countryside area for rich people only as the land here is very expensive. е. worth n ценность.. Peter Pan — a fairy-tale boy who refused to grow up preferring to lead children into his magic "Never-Never Land" where they fought pirates. etc. from the founding of London by Romans to the Greater London of today. a piece of painting (картина). coin (used more often than piece) 4. near Marble Arch is Speakers' Comer. Rotten Row. speech. (1860-1937): a Scottish novelist.. historical materialism. etc. е.g. London is an ancient city. historical novel. a two-shilling piece. Beyond Hyde Park lies another royal park.gallery where children can experiment with working models.g. picture. е.g. отдельный предмет. е. His behaviour is worthy of great praise. Cf. е. During the "rash hours". and in one corner. Special tourist buses go on two-hour circular tours. Kensington Gardens. ham. the human body. с) происшествие — event. повествование — story. when office workers hurry to and from work.. worth smth. unworthy adj недостойный 3. date. worth doing smth. It isn't worth while seeing the film. b) рассказ. lemon. Children gather by the statue of Peter Pan. apiece of news (новость). 23 24 Note 1: In names of academic subjects no article is used.) Syn.g. е. slice. a piece of furniture.g. London is full of parks and green spaces. a piece of advice (совет). rowers and sunbathers.g. historical department. human 23 24 a "fringe" theatre stages experimental theatrical plays performed by amateurs.g... film. Hyde Park. etc. lump. as a lump of sugar (butter. е. human adj человеческий. A lump is a small specially shaped or shapeless piece. a gold (silver) piece Syn. play. свойственный человеку. кусок. James M. (С ним произошла забавная история.g. е. worth adj predic стоящий. This picture is not worth the money you've paid for it. method.g. History of the English language is a difficult subject Note 2: The Russian word история has several English equivalents: а) история (ход развития чего-л. His illness is hardly worth troubling about. е. е. Barrie. е. вошедший в историю). This town has an interesting history.). piece of poetry (стихотворение). имеющий отношение к истории). This film is worth seeing. Within a sguare kilometre or so in London's theatre-land are over thirty theatres.. This job is not worth the time we've spent on it. approach (to). flat piece cut off from anything.) There's a pretty kettle of fish! (Вот так история!) 2. I don't like stories of such kind. James Barrie's well-known storybook character. etc. It isn't worth while sitting here till 5 o'clock. Most of central London is on the north bank of the river.. history n история. ps a piece of chalk (wood. a fashionable spot for horse-riding. a history lesson. — It is worth while reading this book. The Thames divides London sharply in two. to be worthy of smth. часть. 34 . smb. a. battle. 2. event. has been lessened by the construction of a flood barrier. A slice is a thin. This information is of no worth. where everyone can go and air their views to anyone who will listen.). It is worth while trying to catch the train.g. A trip along Regent's Canal in a riverboat gives a chance to see London Little Venice.

man'kind n (uncounfable). cruel inhuman adj бесчеловечный. to hit (hit. head. мужской пол 2.g. to strike (struck. adj (светлый. as inhuman treatment humanity n (uncountable) 1. I'm not surprised at seeing you here. распространение. е.. Note: strike and hit may be used in the same sense — to strike or to hit smb. циркулировать. Why did he hit the boy?. распространяться. е. Blood circulates in the body. гуманность. but have different graphic forms. to puzzle means "to make a person think hard before finding an answer". Syn.. horror-stricken. 3. struck) υt 1. обращение (денежное). I hit my head on the low shelf. to puzzle Nоte: to be struck means "to be filled suddenly with a strong feeling of surprise". окружность. as a crime against humanity Syn. b) strike n забастовка.. to astonish is stronger in meaning than to surprise. e. n (мяч) and ball. д. may (or may not) belong to different categories or parts of speech. v. to strike smb.g. But 'mankind мужчины.g. The circulation of air is rather bad here.g. as ball. передаваться. Syn. They may coincide in spelling. NOTES ON HOMONYMS Homonyms are words that coincide in form. е. бить. to go on strike объявлять забастовку 6. человечество.g. (smth. 2. panicstricken Note: the verb to strike has homonyms: a) strike υi бастовать. круговой. удивлять.) on smth. 2. n and to see. е. a human being (человек). а д. I was astonished at seeing him so changed.. the Arts. е. etc. circulate υ 1. е. to astonish. They may coincide only in pronunciation. е. A circular staircase led to the top of the tower. to strike smb. круг. circulation n 1. е. He struck his fist on the table. It struck me that he had grown so old. (= I didn't know why he had written it) striking adj. е. He struck the boy a violent blow. That distinguishes the verb to strike from its synonyms to astonish and to surprise.. n (бал) or fair. as to treat people with humanity the Humanities гуманитарные науки. Are you interested in the Humanities (the Arts) or in the Exact Sciences (естественные науки) ? 5.affairs. Bad news circulates quickly. adj 35 . terror-stricken. It has just struck half past four. hit). syn. but have different meanings and. поражать. ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (I) Words ancient adj finance n piece n astonish υ flood n possibility n built-up adj historic adj pound n circle n historical adj puzzle υ circular adj human adj sea level circulation n humanity n settlement n coin n (the) Humanities slice n commerce n lump n stretch υ currency n mankind n strike υ double-decker n masterpiece n striking adj entertainment n Parliament n traffic n exhibit υ parliamentary adj worth n. but be differently pronounced. Somebody struck a match so that we couid see each other. I shouldn't be surprised if it rained. человечный Ant. The man struck Lanny on the face.g. It's almost impossible to draw a circle without a pair of compasses (без циркуля). Only silver and copper coins are in circulation now.) and fair.g. We were struck by bis strange behaviour. This tower clock strikes the hours.g. справедливый и др.g. бить (о часах). е. ударяться. 2.) on smth. 2. I was struck by his sudden death. человечность. circular adj круглый. циркуляция.g. blood-circulation n кровообращение circle n 1. to surprise. — but care should be taken to use the proper verb m traditional word combinations such as to strike a match чиркнуть спичкой. Homonyms may coincide both in phonetic and in graphic form. hu'mane adj гуманный. знач. е.. There is a circular railway running round Moscow.g. e. е. that's why it is stuffy. Не belonged to the business circle of the town. Many things might strike us as unusual in a foreign country. His letter puzzled me. as lead [led] n (свинец) and to lead [li:d] υ (вести). contrast) stricken pp. as sea. as striking likeness (news. to hit one's hand (foot.. круг людей.g. n (ярмарка).g. е. I've been told about your arrival.g. е.g. группа. All the railway workers joined the strike.

to be a surprise to to be worthy of smth. Paul's Cathedral South Kensington Regent's Park Word Combinations to go on a tour to have a possibility for to strike a match a piece of advice to be a surprise to smb. Proper Names the Victoria and Albeit Museum Constable the Natural History Museum the Science Museum the Museum of London Hyde Park the Serpentine Marble Arch Kensington Gardens to turn smth.worthy adj to break to pieces a panorama (view) of to stand for smth. to strike a blow fine and applied arts Roman the Thames Londinium Westminster Whitehall Downing Street Fleet Street St. to go on strike to take a trip 36 . into smth.

great. C. Exactly. «серьезные» газеты. Someone has told me that. worthy. [bIld]. IV. перейти на десятичную денежную систему. -ly and classify them according to the category of speech. С. kilometre. Sections VI. Translate the sentences beginning with just as .) A. easy.. That's amazing! VIII.. why don't you open your eyes? Walk around instead of just driving round in a taxi all day! (Hargreaves R. 2. See to it that new words. -er. Oh. 14. 9. to give a panorama. 4. сообщения о событиях внутри страны и за рубежом. sunbather. [dI'spleI]. 2. V. to be full of. commerce.?. barrier. b) Transcribe the following words: Celtic.. Find derivatives with the suffixes -ment. canal. d) Find homonyms in Text of Unit Three.. c) Write the degrees of comparison of: narrow. музей стоит осмотреть.. metalwork. Look at all the parks and Buckingham Palace and all the churches.: Rubbish! They're filthy and full of junk. [straIk]. II. не представляющие интереса. b) Use them in sentences of your own. превратить маленькое кельтское поселение в крупный торговый город. to turn smth. великолепное собрание произведений изобразительного и прикладного искусства. Explain the meaning of the derivatives and translate them (in one word): eat. parliamentary. A. photography.EXERCISES 1. 2. panorama. forget. Grammar. 7. 6. 7. спортивные новости. [laI]. to gather by.. The following phrases might help you: I don't agree at all. old. a) Search tee text and the footnotes for the English equivalents of the sentences and phrases listed below: A. Absolutely. B. fine and applied arts. 11. VIII. IX. X.: How can you be so stupid as to think that London is beautiful! В. 13. Write questions based on the text. explore. 1. the official home of the Prime Minister. a) Spell and give the four forms of the following verbs: [grEu]. Fill in a suitable word or phrase: a) surprise. IX.. the central banking institution.). I'm afraid I don't know much about. 5. Make up a dialogue based on one of the paragraphs of the text or the footnotes. 3... finance. 4. 17. and the adjectiveforming suffix -able. a) Comment on the dialogue below: A. What tense group is mainly used in the text and why? 2. so into Russian. Have you got any idea?.. Find passive voice constructions and translate the sentences with them. [flEu]. astonish. I wonder if you remember. the "rush hours". 1982) b) Make up similar dialogues on the sights of your native town. buildup area. 6. read. Preparation. small. disaster. [q'trxkt]. B. to grow up. "the square mile". Try your hand at teaching.. 10. сплетни. You're completely wrong about that. солидные. Do you happen to know. magnificent. the Science Museum. desire. if there are any. 3. III. settlement. 15.. VI. and Fletcher M. You don't know what you're talking about. add some details if necessary. 4. Search the text for compounds. 3. В. иметь возможности для развлечений и занятий спортом. believe. Use in your questions the suggested word combinations. busy. B. 16.?. correct the mistakes. Have I got it right?. theatreland. 1. quiet. You must be joking! There's no evidence for that. That's what I heard. atomic. (See "Classroom English". 1.: For goodness sake. break.. Word-formation): A. to air one's views. describe.. phrases and patterns are used either in your questions or in answers to them. Lad. comment on their structure. puzzle: 37 . double-decker. Word usage. 5.. major. Work in class. Read the text and talk as the following points (A. 12. explain its meaning and give its Russian equivalent b) Form adjectives from these verbal stems by adding the negative prefix fprrjuks] on-. imagine. Ask your questions in class: 1. монета в 50 пенсов.: Stupid! What nonsense! Of course it's beautiful. подразумевать.. [send]. Write 2—3 special questions about each paragraph of the text and footnotes. Making Polite Noises. etc. обозначать. открывается панорама города. 5. That's very surprising!. the home of. Try and give an additional piece of information on the topic Use the prompts: Have you heard (about). VII. Speak for a Russian and an English student. ['hArI]. to stand for. Am I right to believe?. royal. Put your questions to the class and comment on the answers (express your approval or disapproval. [pAzl]. совершить прогулку на речном трамвае по Темзе. pardon. threat of disaster. ceramics. strike. into. that's ridiculous! Nonsense! Rubbish! I don't believe that at all. б. a) Analyse the morphological structure of the word sizable. B. 8.

"An Ideal Husband") ХIII.. b) Speak about the traffic in this country using the word combinations in bold type. For those who are interested in clothes there are fashion pages. 4. Эта картина всегда привлекает восетителей музея. zebra crossings. dates: we celebrate our .. Road signs are mostly the same as those used . 4.. He стоит кататься сегодня по Темзе. так под «естественными» науками — физику.. 7. maybe.. 3. Do you read papers to catch up with the latest news or are you interested in some particular problems? Why? 2.. What is exhibited-there? 6. b) Say whether you agree with Lord Goring's opinion that "It is always worth while asking a question... Не стоит тратить время на вещи. Arrange micro-dialogues on the following topics: 1. Give me a. victory in World War II. though it is not always worth while answering one. Мы удивились. ботанику и др. 3. I was sure he had not come back yet. What the most popular museums in Moscow are. Надпись на памятнике озадачила туристов: никто из них не сталкивался с древнеанглийским языком.. You can find out what's on by looking in the advertisement guide. of paper. 5.. if he gets a "five".. Where can we find the most important political. Careful riding is essential as there are many narrow and winding roads.. 2.. Give their Russian equivalents: A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush. of lemon with my tea. We always thought that be was kind and sympathetic. Pick up the . Подобно тому как Вестминстер часто обозначает парламент Великобритании." (O.... Red Square is a . etc. flashing orange lights . There are many . Translate the sentences into English. I need a short . b) Answer the suggested questions: 1. Докладчик говорил о будущем человечества. us. but of whole . either side .. An hour in the morning is worth two in the evening... to meet him in town.. XV. In which of our newspapers can you find advertisements? Are they classified in any way? 4. novels Walter Scott gave a wonderful description not only of ... c) historic or historical: 1. 4. by the contrasts between wealth and poverty in Delhi. 5. a) Explain the meaning of these proverbs. fast long-distance driving are called motorways. business and cultural news in our papers? 3. химию.. The game is not worth the candle. What the most popular papers in Moscow are. Where and how it started.. Translate the sentences into English: 1. The traffic in the capital. 3. monuments in Moscow... "situation vacant".. lamp. What money is in circulation in this country. Wilde. Britain is 70 mph (= miles per hour). His question . I was . 3.. что в Гайд-парке у Марбл-Арч любой 38 .. 2. Why Muscovites like their underground railway.... a) Fill in preposition» wherever necessary: Please remember: traffic . 2. 6. Some people turn at once to classified ads (called by that name because advertisements are arranged in groups like: "to let". Стоит прислушаться к его совету. traffic lights.. I'll show you how to make a boat for the child. когда узнали. Подобно тому как под «гуманитарными» науками подразумевают историю. 2.. Retell the Text Use the map of London on pp. 5. the continent.. me. the left! So when crossing a street look right first then left. 4. 114-115.. or reading some of business news. a) Read and translate the text: Apart from more important news printed on the first page with big headlines in bold type there are many other sections in the paper. литературу. How old Moscow is. 6. The ninth of May is one of our most important.. 3.. XI. built-up areas 30 mph.. events. he is a very bright boy. May I? 4. the road.. так Сити — ее финансовый центр.....1. What you know about parks in Moscow. I never put more than two . using a) be well worth + ger/n or b) just as... "property wanted". I won't be . b) piece. If possible cross . The same goes .. sometimes indicated . Translate them. epochs. Are you used to studying a newspaper thoroughly or just glancing at an article here and there? XVI.. Стоит посетить Музей науки в Лондоне и посмотреть. so: 1. иностранные языки. His cruelty. glancing at an interesting article there. Are there any political cartoons and amusement guides in our papers? 5......).. X. 5. events took place in it... Some like to look through the whole paper reading a headline here. . ХII. как дети занимаются моделированием. Roads . которыми вы не интересуетесь. Speed limit . XIV.. looking at a political cartoon... The best known is the motorway . of the broken cup and throw them out. 3. of sugar into my tea. slice: 1. I'd like to have a . 2.. 2.. I didn't know how to answer it. ветер слишком сильный.. In his . 4. Between two evils 'tis not worth while choosing. I'd like to take one more .. London and Leeds. of string to tie the parcel with.. of cake. Britain keeps . spot: many . We were .

Тэтчер. Retell it adding some more Information about Parliament The first Westminster Palace was built by Edward the Confessor in about 1050 and was used as a royal residence. что подобные передачи потребуют слишком больших затрат. П. a symbol of mourning. 5. The House of Lords is made up of Lords who have inherited their titles and the right to sit in the House. who presides over meetings of the House of Commons and at the other end is the residence of the Lord Chancellor. 12 Помещение обогревается горячей водой. two chambers: the Duma and the Council of Federation. бывают дорожные происшествия. стоит ли допускать телевидение в британский парламент. b) Arrange a talk between Russian and English students on their national traditions. and "life peers" who are appointed by the Queen on the advice of the Government of the day. Walshe. are traditionally sold in the streets and people wear them in their button-holes. Каждая английская газета имеет определенный круг читателей. The general style is gothic. Half of the building of Parliament is used by the Commons and the other half by the Lords. There are two "Chambers" or "Houses" of Parliament — that of the Commons and that of the Lords. Give the idea of the text in English: После более чем десяти лет споров по поводу того. Поверьте мне. At the Westminster Bridge end is the residence of the Speaker. этот молодой человек достоин вашего уважения. The more important and powerful of these is the House of Commons. циркулирующей по трубам. 8. M. who presides over the House of Lords. Konon. The new building for Parliament was designed by Sir Charles Barry in 1840. Появление на телеэкранах дремлющих законодателей отнюдь не послужит росту их авторитета. которое вам нужно. Then comes the march past the memorial of ex-servicemen and women. 1979) b) Say what you know about the Russian Parliament. Но. Traditions and Festivals of Great Britain by T. The fire of 1834 destroyed most of the original buildings. etc. 1945 год — исторический год для всего человечества 9. then as the seat of Government and finally. Before a new law (or Bill) can come into effect. sum up the 39 . Предельная скорость в жилых районах Москвы 60 км/час. Однако палата общин отказывается принять такое же решение. Теперь в Англии в обращении фунты и пенсы. it must pass through three stages in each House and be given the Queen's approval. С Воробьевых гор открывается удивительная панорама Москвы. Read and comment on the following: REMEMBRANCE DAY (POPPY DAY) Remembrance Day is observed throughout Britain in commemoration of the million or more British soldiers. XVIII. Lnd. When the two-minute silence is over. N. (See: Mountefield A. The Prime Minister and most of the Government are Members of the House of Commons. 10. немалую проблему представляет и тот факт. customs and habits. London.. ask questions. L. followed by an endless line of ordinary citizens who have come here with their personal wreaths and their sad memories. whose members are elected by the public. как считает лондонский корреспондент американской газеты «Крисчен сайенс монитор». make a short introductory speech on the subject. 1974) XX. (One of the students should conduct it: introduce the participants to each other. № 9. лорды. sailors and airmen who lost their lives during the two World Wars. members of the Royal Family or their representatives and political leaders come forward to lay wreaths at the foot of theXenotaph. The silence begins at the first stroke of Big Ben booming 11 o'clock and is broken only by the crash of distant artillery. как и в любом столичном городе с большим движением. to keep the talk running on. 16. («За рубежом». 15. after 1547. часто там можно услышать много чепухи. Вот объявление. a) Collect information on English traditions and customs. 7. e. as the meeting place for Parliament. Экспонаты Исторического музея в Москве знакомят посетителей с развитием цивилизации на территории России. 14 Богатая коллекция произведений изобразительного и прикладного искусства привлекает посетителей этого музея. Parliament's most important function is the making of laws. a) Read the text. On that day wreaths are laid at war memorials throughout the country and at London's Cenotaph (a war memorial in Whitehall) where a igreat number of people gather to observe the two-minute silence and to perform the annual Remembrance Day ceremony.человек может высказывать свои суждения по любому поводу. 13. Она оправдывает свою позицию тем. разрешили установить камеры в своей палате. 6. что многие парламентарии на заседаниях попросту спят. 1985) XIX. Один из основных противников телетрансляций заседаний парламента — премьер-министр М. On that day artificial poppies. i. наконец. ХVII. В Лондоне. It then becomes an Act of Parliament. причина упорного сопротивления Тэтчер кроется в нежелании делать достоянием гласности критические выступления в адрес ее правительства. А как заявил во время недавних дебатов лорд Уайтлоу. (From Customs. Сотни новых домов вырастают во всех городах нашей страны. Khimunina.

Traditionally it is divided into the West End and the East End. where most of the Government buildings are situated. add more Information on the topic. And now. Here is situated the Tower of London that comes first among the historic buildings of the city.). the seat of the British Parliament. TOPIC: CITY TEXT A.) LABORATORY EXERCISES (I) 1." And so the Tower of London is safely closed for the night. just as many centuries ago. 4. Great Paul. even if you have almost no time left for further sightseeing. The East End used to be a poor area filled with warehouses. Retell the text. where on October 21. Paul's Cathedral with its huge dome and rows of columns is considered to be a fine specimen of Renaissance architecture. Wellington. The Tower of London was founded by Julius Caesar and in 1066 rebuilt by William the Conqueror. you cannot leave the city without visiting Hyde Park or "the Park" as Londoners call it. In one of its towers hangs one of the largest bells in the world. Now it is a museum of armour and also the place where the Crown Jewels are kept. the greatest of English churches. Across the road from Westminster Abbey is Westminster Palace. Translate the sentences into English. factories. and Tennyson among them) are buried here. outstanding statesmen. It contains a priceless collection of different things (ancient manuscripts. Every night when the guard is changed at each gate there is the cry: "Haiti Who goes there?" Then the guard replies: "The Keys. sculptures. When you are walking along its shady avenues. rich mansions. In the middle of Trafalgar Square stands Nelson's monument — a tall column with the figure of Nelson at its top. check the spelling with the key.discussion. Retell the text. is Westminster Abbey. Listen to the text "The House of Commons" or some other text on the same topic. Check your sentences with the key. the Ceremony of the Keys takes place at its gates. The British Museum is famous for its library — one of the richest in the world. Engels and later Lenin used to work. sitting on the grass. In present days. listen to some text and write it as a dictation. Not far away is the British Museum — the biggest Museum in London. Nelson and other great men of England are buried in the Cathedral. slums and miserable houses. using the Essential Vocabulary of Unit Three. The column is guarded by four bronze lions. Respond to the following using the suggested models. weighing about 17. painters and poets (Newton. Not far away. Sir Christopher Wren (16321723). in Westminster. Quite a lot of people lived from hand to mouth here. Many English sovereigns. For the recent years this area including Dockland has turned into a new housing development. Complete the sentences using the given suggestions. Paul's Cathedral. 40 . we shall soon come to Trafalgar Square. SOME MORE GLIMPSES OF LONDON London is one of the biggest and most interesting cities in the world. listen to the text "Introducing London". admiring its beautiful flower-beds or watching swans and ducks floating on the ponds. a royal residence and a prison. Its two graceful towers stand high above the city. The heart of London is the City — its commercial and business centre. 2. 6. etc. It was used as a fortress. Queen Elizabeth's Keys! All's well. It was built by a famous English architect. TEXT B. hotels. St. big stores. The higher of the two contains the largest clock in the country and the famous bell Big Ben that strikes every quarter of the hour. The fine building facing the square is the National Gallery and adjoining it (but just round the corner) is the Portrait Gallery. theatres and night clubs. A twenty minutes' walk from the Tower will take you to another historic building — St. which is the biggest national library in the United Kingdom and one of the biggest and best present-day libraries in the world. The victory was won at the cost of Nelson's life. Darwin. coins. If you want to get some glimpses of London it's just from here that you had better start sightseeing. SIGHTSEEING 25 26 27 25 26 The Duke of Wellington (1769-1852): a famous British general whose army defeated Napoleon at Waterloo in 1815 Nelson. Horatio (1758-1805): an English admiral who won the battle of Trafalgar (the Atlantic coast of Spain) 27 In 1973 the library of the British Museum and four other biggest libraries were joined into one — the British Library. 5. it seems almost unbelievable that all around there is a large city with its heavy traffic.5 tons. It was so named in memory of the victory in the battle of Trafalgar. expensive restaurants." "Whose Keys?" "Queen Elizabeth's Keys!" "Pass. 3. The West End is famous for its beautiful avenues lined with plane trees. If now we walk along Whitehall. 1805 the English fleet under Nelson's command defeated the combined fleet of France and Spain. In its large circular reading room Marx.

Now it houses the President's office and a number of museums including the Armory Chamber and the Diamond Fund. It's much too big to be seen in an hour or so. A number of watch-towers protect the Kremlin bridges. Behind the Mausoleum there is a necropolis of some outstanding statesmen and political leaders. Memory Work Sonnet Composed upon Westminster Bridge Earth has not anything to show more fair: Dull would he be of soul who could pass by A sight so touching in its majesty: This City now doth like a garment wear The beauty of the morning. over 80 metres high. There are twenty-two large bells and over thirty small ones in it. why not take a taxi? — I think I will. On the southern side of Red Square is St. The inscription on the monument reads: "To Citizen Minin and Prince Pozharsky from a grateful Russia". Like the Tower of London the Kremlin was used as a fortress and a sovereign's residence. This is the History Museum. Shchusev. — What do you think I ought to see first? — Well. a platform of white stone more than 400 years old. theatres. a masterpiece of ancient Russian architecture. Ships.— Is it possible to see anything of London in one or two days? — Well. In the centre of the square by the Kremlin wall is the Lenin Mausoleum. bare. The tsar's edicts were proclaimed there. Visitors from home and abroad stream here to enjoy the beauty of the historic buildings and monuments of which the Kremlin comes first. Ah. I think your best way from here is to walk across Regent's park. domes. silent. — I'll do that. more like a column. towers. if you are in a hurry. For centuries the eastern side of Red Square had been associated with trading. The first stone shops were built here in the 16th century. It was built in 1555 — 61 in memory of the victory over Kazan (1552). now the seat of the Administration of the President. Not far from the Cathedral is what is called the Lobnoye Mesto. Do you think I shall have time for that? — Well. not half enough. but. Do you like art galleries? — Rather! — Then why not go to the National Gallery and the Tate? — I'm told one ought to see the British Museum. Today on their site stands the State Department Store. but. you might. The white Kutafya Tower is the best survivor of all of them. If we walk up from St. You could have tea there too. of course. the Houses of Parliament. How do I get there? — Let me see. The monument is the work of I. What about going to the Zoo? — That's not a bad idea. The monument standing in front of the Cathedral tells us of the people's victory over the Polish invaders in 1612. But the Spasskaya Tower with the Kremlin clock has long since become one of the symbols of Moscow. The architect interpreted the traditions of the pyramids in a modem way and gave the monument a laconic architectural form which was popular in the twenties. It is the Bell Tower of Ivan the Great built in the 15th century. but if I were you. no. The tallest one is the Trinity Tower (80 m high). Taxi! The Zoo. or even a whole afternoon. Just on the other side of the Kremlin wall we can see the building of the former Senate. erected in 1930 by A. if you are interested in churches and historic places you should go to Westminster Abbey. Basil's to the opposite end of the square we face a red brick building. then. — Is it much of a walk? — Oh. — I suppose it is. better known as GUM. Martos (1752—1835). You could spend a couple of hours there comfortably. (From "The Linguaphone English Course") TEXT С. RED SQUARE Red Square has witnessed many important events in the life of Russian people. birds and reptiles. yes. To the right of the Cathedral on the territory of the Kremlin we can see a tall tower. an outstanding architectural monument built by Matvei Kasakov (1738—1813). I should leave that for some other day. Though time has changed the face of Red Square it' has remained the main square and the heart of the city. here's one coming. The Kremlin represents centuries of Russian history and one is usually struck by the austere and powerful appearance of its walls and towers. In the west Red Square is adjoining the Kremlin. Basil's Cathedral (Vasily Blazheny). Public executions were carried out on a wooden scaffold erected nearby. watching the wild animals. You could spend a whole day there. Paul's and the Tower. and temples lie 41 . a quarter of an hour or so. please. St.

b) Translate into English and mark the stresses: отель. Read the text and show all the places of interest mentioned there on the map: Trafalgar Square is the natural centre of London. III. beside the figure of the Admiral. to face smth. What was the Tower of London used for? 5. рукопись. церемония. How do the two parts of London differ from each other? 2. at the cost of somebody's life. shady avenues.) left in present days across the road (from some place) Why not do smth. float. ton. guard. produce. construct. is the site of many Government offices including the 42 . a calm so deep! The river glideth at bis own sweet will: Dear God! the very houses seem asleep. valley. What is Whitehall and in which part of London is it situated? 9. etc. to have no time (money.. Study Text A and explain the meaning of the words and phrases listed below: mansion. Learn the words of the texts and a) copy and transcribe these words: mansion. again"): Example: build — rebuild write. statesman. архитектор. What do you know about Hyde Park? IV. to line the streets. What do you know about St. weigh. сенат. jewel. halt. catch) a glimpse of to be famous for smth. column. What does the Ceremony of the Keys consist of? 10.) under the command Proper Names the Lenin Mausoleum Big Ben the East End Trafalgar Square the Tower of London the Kremlin Julius Caesar the West End William the Conqueror St. проспект. Ne'er saw I. huge. elect.'s life to be found (in some place) at the top a new housing development round the corner to have (get. across the road. the seat (of the government). What is the City? 6. sovereign. why then do we say "The Houses of Parliament"? 11. in memory of to do the city (museums. we really could see all the great landmarks of London. Елизавета. rock or hill. tell. slums. Basil's Cathedral Queen Elizabeth the Bell Tower Christopher Wren of Ivan the Great Wellington the History Museum Westminster Abbey the Spasskaya Tower EXERCISES I. What is Big Ben? 12.(meaning "do smth. houses) at the cost of smb. Возрождение.? to do the sights of smth. II. Paul's Cathedral? 8. restaurant. c) Form derivatives of these verbs by adding the prefix re. Never did sun more beautifully steep In his first splendor. which leads out of the square to the south. to come first. Could we but stand 168 feet (about 50 metres) above the traffic. What kind of museum is the British Museum? 13. What does the phrase "a place of interest" mean? 7. Who founded the Tower and when was it rebuilt? 4. and to the sky: All bright and glittering in the smokeless air. Why is it better to start sightseeing from the Tower of London? 3. to live from hand to mouth. swan. arm. conqueror. What do you call the building in which the Houses of Parliament are situated? It is one building. specimen. dome. And all that mighty heart is lying still! William Wordsworth ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (II) Words adjoin υ defeat υ jewel n architecture n dome n mansion n armour n erect υ residence n avenue n float υ seat n bury υ fortress n shady adj change υ guard υ specimen n cathedral n huge adj statesman n contain υ Word Combinations to live from hand to mouth to win the victory to be lined with (trees. the Crown Jewels. Whitehall. etc. miserable houses.Open unto the fields. sculpture. Трафальгарская площадь. Answer the questions: 1. never felt. parks. national.

.. to live from hand to mouth.. public executions.. beside the Thames. and Westminster Abbey. why not. trees and shrubs are well worth seeing.. Big Ben.. another slight turn left would enable your eye to fall on the British Museum. Под его командованием английские войска совместно со своими союзниками (allies) нанесли поражение армии Наполеона под Ватерлоо в 1815 г. the Metropolitan Police . who introduced the police force .. the face of Red Square.. using tne following words and phrases: 1. texts A.. Foreign Office. Read and retell: A. Within a stone's throw of Buckingham Palace are St. 7.. St. in memory of. When after the Great Fire of 1666. Exercises IV.. the force. 10. the Thames Embankment close . Review Text "Introducing London". The popular nickname . mind the picture . and beyond the Bank of England. gardens. 3.. там был воздвигнут памятник Карлу Марксу. to honour the memory. the seat of the Administration of the President. 9. Fill in prepositions: Scotland Yard is the headquarters . Parliament and the familiar clock tower . 2. (From Colourful London. присланные рабочими со всех концов света. Мост Ватерлоо.most people. The district of Westminster. The name "Scotland Yard" originates . as its name suggests. что там находится могила Карла Маркса. В самом центре Сити. Monuments in London. London dominates British life. to stream to. 5. VI. Kew Gardens are famous Botanic Gardens on the banks of the Thames. They provide a welcome visual and physical break from the mass of buildings and the heavy traffic. to defeat. был назван так в честь этой победы. B. its name immediately brings . Мэлл (The Mall) — это широкий проспект. lined with trees. Paul's Cathedral. 5. ведущий от Трафальгарской площади к Букингемскому дворцу — резиденции английских королей.. The British Parliament. ancient.. 13. Translate into English: 1. The famous square mile of the City of London is administered as an independent unit. to have no (time. the plot . VI.. Хайгейтское кладбище (Highgate Cemetery) известно тем. which leads into Trafalgar Square. float... 3. The West End. a detective — cool. обсаженный деревьями. the royalty and nobility . One of the special joys of London is the amount of space given over to parks. 4. Whitehall and Fleet Street. the Houses . the City was rebuilt. and Royal Drive known as the Mall.. London. ready to track down any criminal. the oldest in London. 11. Use Text В to practise similar conversations on Moscow. under the command of. The East End. Green Park. VIII. XI. the beating of the heart of our capital. about the 14th century. to be famous for. a few traces of which remain today. .. London museums. at the cost of. and into view would come Hyde Park in the distance. to the left Covent Garden fruit market and Covent Garden Opera House. with. The City. a little further. Oxford Street. VIII and study the map of London. напротив главного банка Англии. 1829.. across the road. and whose Christian name attached itself . 2. 43 .. стоит статуя Веллингтона — знаменитого английского генерала и государственного деятеля XIX в. let me see.. It was here that the Romans built their walled town of Londinium. at the far end of Whitehall stand... having its own Lord Mayor and Corporation and its own police force.. Напротив дворца стоит огромный памятник со статуей Победы наверху. The gardens and hothouses with rare flowers. swan. London traffic. B. The parks of London. stone and brick replaced the many mainly wooden medieval houses and from that time the City gradually became a financial and commercial centre.. 1981) VII. Sir Robert Peel. squares and open areas. 2.. Say what landmarks you would mention to a group of tourists standing in the middle of Red Square. James's Park. 3. Norwich. Этот памятник был воздвигнут в честь королевы Виктории.. members . Speak on the given topics: 1. St.. Use the word combinations given below: to witness. The Tower... Read Text С. the London policeman "bobby" is a tribute . IX.. В 1956 году на деньги. in present days. to win the victory. Buckingham Palace. . War Office. чье шестидесятичетырехлетнее царствование (reign) было самым продолжительным в истории (1837—1901). Bond Street. armour. 14. shady avenues. James's Park and Green Park. Scotland stayed when visiting the English Court... and it was here that the Medieval guilds established their headquarters. mainly consists of lawns and trees. Trafalgar Square. X.. land adjoining Whitehall Palace where. 6. V. Scotland Yard is situated . Make up short situations or dialogues.. nearer. 12.. was created by Henry VIII and redesigned by his successors.. money) left. the Houses of Parliament with the Big Clock Tower. to contain. один из красивейших мостов через Темзу. to be found.. collected. efficient. 8.Prime Minister's residence. fortress. further left still we should see theatreland around Piccadilly Circus (it is not at all a circus but an open space of a circular form) and those expensive shopping promenades — Regent Street. 4. the heart of the city.

One can never be too careful. The City.ХII. there are more of them than ever. p. можно отправиться в двухчасовую поездку на туристском автобусе. The buildings have shape and solidity but no weight. Try your band at teaching. Be careful. можно посмотреть город с верхней площадки двухэтажного автобуса. — один из самых любимых памятников жителей столицы. the pavements are still thronged with bank messengers. shortest) way to . Sections II. Paul's with a forefinger. office boys. Если бы вы смогли пролететь над Москвой на вертолете (helicopter). 4. "introduce Susan to pleasures of reading?" 2.. Straight on and the second turning to the right . Read the text. And on these mornings. idlers. gives his opinion about this and that and says what buildings. you could topple the dome off St. Сотни тысяч москвичей и приезжих ежедневно поднимаются и спускаются по его эскалаторам. Translate the following sentences into English: 1. XV. a) Get ready to read the text aloud... But all the glimpses of ancient loveliness are there. Act out a dialogue between a Muscovite and a Londoner on his first visit to Moscow. B. Пушкину. курсирующем по Лондону. their voices are muted. Look out. можно совершить речную поездку по Темзе или Большому каналу в Риджентс-Парк.? Is it much of a walk? 3. the old churches cannot be counted. a vision... is an enchantment. for Susan did not like to read (a problem every teacher faces from time to time).. And she adored her dog Curly. Из окна такси вы можете увидеть Лондон лишь мельком. It's quite a distance from here. vans. a mirage... nothing but pure poetry. lorries and all the pedestrians lose something of their ordinary solidity. темных от копоти и дыма. (See "Classroom English".) ХIV. She liked ballet. the water has gone and shapes out of an adventurous dream drift by on a tide of gilded and silvered air. monuments.. Есть много других способов ознакомиться с его достопримечательностями: можно походить по городу пешком. clerks. on these mornings. Use in your dialogue one or two phrases from each set given below: 1. What can I do for you? Now. Or so her teacher was convinced.. VII. etc. пересекают город во всех направлениях.. Discuss what you would do in the teacher's position: Susan was absolutely impossible. . С. Памятник А.. a place in a Gothic fairy tale. V. Whatever is new and vulgar and foolish contrives to lose itself in the denser patches of mist. Priestley.. down there. send the Monument floating into space. but on these mornings all the buses. where is it you want to go? It's a long distance off. XVI. кварталы новых многоэтажных домов появились на окраинах города на месте старых деревянных домиков. How far is it? Is it possible to walk there? Is there a bus from here to . Such is the City on one of these mornings.. У его подножия вы всегда увидите букеты живых цветов. crooks. Choose the exact place (in Moscow or elsewhere) where you are having your talk and the place you want to get to. Act out a dialogue between a Russian tourist and a policeman. 4. 5. b) Write a translation of the text: Morning City This was one of those mornings when the smoke and the Thames Valley mist decide to work a few miracles for their London. There is no less traffic than usual. кроме того. perfectly framed and lighted: round every corner somebody is whispering a line or two of Chaucer. But there were things that Susan did enjoy.. the traffic keeps to the left in this country. Метро — самый удобный вид городского транспорта. Your companion asks you about everything be sees. then turn left. busy-bodies. как изменилась и выросла наша столица: длинные. directors. Excuse me. 1. How do I get there? Am I on the right road? 2. (From "They Walk in the City" by J. the river is simply not true: there is no geography. Which is the right (best. they are tyred in velvet. Go right to the end of the street. Abridged) XVII. the City. On these mornings. policemen. установленный на Страстной (ныне Пушкинской) площади. Wait for the break in the traffic. "How can I. Use the prompts of Ex. Role-playing: A group of guides suggests possible sightseeing routes about London (Moscow) to their office director.).. etc. There is a faintly luminous haze.. 2. It's a long (short) way to .. like palaces out of the Arabian Nights. remind him of London. taxicabs. которые приносят сюда москвичи." thought the teacher. восхищаются архитектурой и отделкой (decoration) чудесных подземных дворцов. You are going in the opposite direction. Ш. their movement is in slow motion. обсаженные деревьями проспекты. вы бы увидели. XIII. It isn't safe to cross here. and especially for the oldest part of it. Над многочисленными стройками (building sites) столицы возвышаются огромные подъемные краны (cranes). typists. over everything. Don't cross the street when the traffic light has changed to red. they hang in the air. 3. I'm trying to go to ... push back the Mansion House. commissionaires. I've lost my way .? Please show me the way to . 111. go two blocks straight ahead and then turn to . Get 4-5 pictures of London (Moscow) attractions and be ready to comment on them. secretaries.. чтобы почтить память любимого поэта. Be sure not to cross the street (square. now silver. the scarlet stream of buses still flows through the ancient narrow streets. they move behind gauze. Imagine that you are standing in the middle of Red Square. 44 . now old gold.

. Write a paragraph describing the picture on pp. Topic sentences can also be used to tie up a group of paragraphs together holding the unity of a passage. We are hardly ever able to talk to each other alone. a) They are hardly ever able to go sightseeing. Assignments: 1. 6. One is hardly ever able to get tickets for this show. check them with the key. 3. Listen to the text "Some More Glimpses of London. but one of them wants to climb Greenland's snowy mountains while the other wants to fish off India's coral strand. Show them on the map of London and comment on their names. What is the "Union Jack"? What does it look like? What is its origin? Where and when can it be seen? 5. Obviously it's not going to work" (From "The Razor's Edge" by W. What is "Soho"? Where is it situated? What are its peculiar features? UNIT FOUR I SPEECH PATTERNS 1. a) Watch and listen. XVIII. The best essays may be read in class and then placed in a wall paper. Try your hand at various topic sentences that help to hold the unity of the paragraph. Mark the stresses and tunes. Note: The text above may serve as a perfect example of such description XIX. when the writer wishes first to prepare his reader for the general idea or a conclusion. In the end the participants of the talk choose the most appropriate route. Mark the key-words that emphasize the main points of the information about London. Generally the topic sentence comes first in a paragraph. Topic sentence is a summarizing sentence of a paragraph. a special bulletin issued by the literary club. 5. an artificial language. What is the origin of the word "Beefeater"? 4. 5. Listen to the dialogue "Sightseeing". He was hardly ever able to catch the 6. Pei). beautiful or unusual. "You're like two friends who want to take their holiday together. The security of the Tower of London is mainly the responsibility of the Yeomen Warders or "Beefeaters" as they are popularly called. Film: "Mr. 45 . 4. Maugham). What is the "Cenotaph"? Where can it be found? What is the origin of the name? 3. Paragraph 8 includes the key-word "parks". Why is the clock on the Clock Tower of the Houses of Parliament called "Big Ben"? 2. that is with the help of socalled topic sentences. Learn it by heart. What central idea do they summarize? Where are they placed within the paragraph? 2. Compare your version with the original and correct your pronunciation mistakes if any. b) Do the exercises from the guide to the film. 114-115. Esperanto has little grammar and drew its vocabulary from all the European languages.g. Esperanto. Name five of the numerous bridges which cross the Thames.Each one speaks in favour of his/her suggestion trying to convince both the director and the guides that the route is the best. The writer proceeds from a general statement to particulars. Read the passage "Introducing London" and mark paragraphs with topic sentences. 4." (From "One Language for the World" by M. Describe (in writing) a sight or a view that once struck yon as picturesque. Listen to the test "Behind the Scenes" or some other text on the topic "London"." 2. е. was created. Discuss the text in class. develop it into a topic sentence summarizing the central idea of the paragraph." Film segment 3 "In Dear Old England" (Broadstairs). S. Brown's Holiday. Find the topic sentence that holds the unity of the whole passage. Mother is hardly ever able to have a treat like that. Repeat the text in the intervals and record your versions. 3. It helps to understand the text and begin writing. STUDIES OF WRITTEN ENGLISH (III) The central idea of a paragraph is built up with the help of larger units than key-words.g. Occasionally the topic sentence comes last. etc. Translate the sentences into English. Listen to the "Sonnet Composed upon Westminster Bridge".. е.30 train home. "Numerous artificial languages have been carefully constructed and some of them are still in limited use. In 1887. LABORATORY EXERCISES (II) 1. CURIOSITY QUIZ FOR EAGERS 1.

что он возможно навестит его в следующем году. ты подорвешь свое здоровье. пока не придет врач. P a t t e r n 3 : 1. He kept his room scrupulously clean.. and didn't let anyone in.. The boy said it would never do for a young girl to use so much make-up. 9.. 5. At night I always keep my window open. but the doctor didn't allow that saying that there was a chance of our catching the disease. 8. and your mouth . during a thunderstorm. They cannot afford to spend their holiday at the seaside. You have treated her very badly. V. He годится обижать младших. using Pattern 2: Example: In such cold weather it was easy for the child to catch cold. Supply adjectives: 1. 1. 5... 2. Put the lemonade in the refrigerator to keep it. We all felt that if would never do to let Father stay home. It was hardly possible to let the boy stay at home alone. It is not often that our students can listen to native English speech. ?. 4. and all the doctors of the town were kept. We all told her so. using some of the patterns above: P a t t e r n 1 : 1. 2. 3... Keep your feet warm or you'll catch cold. in any frost. 2. 4. 6. He could make trouble if he did. She very seldom can afford to get herself a new dress.. 5.. It will never do to underline words in a library book. She will hardly be able to get over her fear of heavy traffic.b) You'll hardly be able to get to the British Museum today before the closing hours. That kept Mother busy for a little while." 4... Займите детей и не давайте им шуметь. II. EXERCISES I. This fur coat is sure to keep you . В такой жаркий день надо держать окна открытыми. 3. The epidemic was at its height. and it was quite possible for her to fail at her examination. Edward hoped he might meet the girl again if he came every day to the street she lived in. What is the teacher to do to keep his pupils . The mother wanted the boy to become a great pianist.. Я говорила тебе. She told the child an interesting story to keep him awake. It is unpardonable. 2. 3. Нам почти никогда не удается выбраться за город в выходной день. It is wicked to hurt animals. It is not often that our mother goes to the theatre." said the teacher. 4. using the patterns. Джон написал своему другу. 3.. We wanted to go and see our sick friend. I thought that she might spoil her complexion if she went on smoking. 8.. Translate the sentences into English.. Rudeness will never do. Father was afraid that Mother might take cold if she came. 6.. My mother said that it was too bad to let her do all the work alone. It is bad manners to stare at people. III. TEXT. The policeman told the boy he might be run over if he was careless when crossing the street. She worked very little during the term. It's too bad.. 5. It will never do to throw cigarette-ends on the floor. 5. 3. 4. . The teacher said it was impolite and rude to hand in homework written carelessly. 2. пока я разговариваю по телефону.? IV. She kept her door . Не давайте пациенту спать. Keeping the child warm is not the same thing as keeping him healthy. She worked too hard. Describe toe following situations in one sentence. Keep your eyes .. "You have come unprepared again. if he went for a walk. using the patterns: 1.. Turner. He said we might be late if the bus didn't come soon. That was the cause of the mother's fear. They never keep their door shut. I don't like the way you treat your comrades.. It is dangerous to keep the windows . 6. Paraphrase toe following. если промочишь ноги. 3. что ты можешь заболеть. Make up dialogues or situations. He can never refuse helping his comrades. Нехорошо пользоваться телефоном для глупых шуток. The mother was afraid that the child might catch cold if he went for a walk in such cold weather. Нельзя курить так много. Why are you shouting at the top of your voices? It will never do. "I say. 4. and so she made him practise day and night. I put the tulips in the water to keep them . We all knew that. 2. and her friends were afraid that it would result in her falling ill.. HOW WE KEPT MOTHER'S DAY by Stephen Leacock 46 . 7.

only it seemed such a pity to. between them (cf. We thought it a fine idea. and do everything we could to make Mother happy. and anyway. because it occurred to Father that a thing it would be better to do even than to take Mother for a motor drive would be to take her fishing. Father said not to mind him. We were going to get Mother a new hat too. and we got Mother to cut up some sandwiches and make up a sort of lunch in case we got hungry. he said that he could just as well stay home. so she had kept back the dinner so as to have it just nicely ready and hot for us. But on the very morning of the day we changed the plan a little bit. because we can only afford to keep one maid. though it was lovely and sunny. — we had the loveliest day up among the hills that you could possibly imagine. when the car came to the door. full of humour and sarcasm. We decided that we'd make it a great day. and so we decided to decorate the house with flowers and with mottoes over the mantelpieces. there is a definite purpose in front of you to heighten the enjoyment. he said that we were not to let the fact of his not having had a real holiday for three years stand in our way." So we decided to have a special celebration of Mother's Day. and Mary and my brother Will stayed home from High School. especially as we knew he would make trouble if he did. Well. Stephen (1869-1944) — a famous Canadian writer of the 20th century. It was quite late when we got back. and Father waved his hand back to her every few minutes till he hit his hand on the back edge of the car. It was our plan to make it a day just like Xmas or any big holiday. Most old English houses have no central heating. on a lovely day like this. We got Mother to make mottoes and arrange the decorations. So we all felt that it would be nicer for Mother to have a definite purpose. egg. and both the girls said that it was awfully becoming to her. Mother trimmed both the hats. etc. Father decided to take a holiday from his office. Well. and all that kind of thing. hut unfortunately we wouldn't have been any use in getting the dinner. Will and I would have dropped out. His stories. But they both said that Mother had only to say the word. In England Christmas day (the 25th of December) is one of the biggest holidays. So we all drove away with three cheers for Mother. So in the end it was decided that Mother would stay home and just have a lovely restful day round the house. The two girls thought it would be a nice thing to dress in our very best for such a big occasion and so they both got new hats. wood or marble above and around a fire-place —an open grate where a coal fire burns. and also it was just a little bit cold and fresh out of doors. cheese or tomato. and so Mother is busy in the house nearly all the time. Sometimes instead of a coal fire a gas fire or an electric fire may be used. which is more convenient. The word has one more meaning: a sandwich (or a sandwich-man. just like Xmas or New Year's Day. so as to help in celebrating the day. Leacock says that the basis of humour lies in the contrasts offered by life itself.Leacock. and Father had bought silk ties for himself and us boys as a souvenir of the day to remember Mother by. it turned out that there hardly seemed as much room in it as we had supposed. having their new hats. he wanted us to go right ahead and be happy and have a big day. devoted especially to family reunion and merry-making with its traditional Christmas tree and Christmas pudding. and they'd gladly stay home and work. and get the dinner. But of course we all felt that it would never do to let Father stay home. and then said that he didn't think that Mother could see us any longer. a holiday for all the family. and that he was sure that he could put in the time working in the garden. but Mother had guessed that we would be late. Well. It made us all realize how much Mother had done for us for years. Mother packed it all up in a basket for us ready to go in the motor. So we got everything arranged for the trip. because she always does it at Xmas. a sandwich-boy) is a man walking along the street with two advertisement-boards hung one in front of him and one behind. and they looked fine. it turned out that Father had just got a new rod the day before. but "the deep background that lies behind and beyond what we call humour is revealed only to the few who. 47 . expose the contradictions of life in modem bourgeois society. 30 sandwich: two slices of buttered bread with meat. 29 mantelpiece: a structure of brick. if you are going to fish. and all the efforts and sacrifice that she had made for our sake. The two girls. Mother is hardly ever able to have a treat like that. by instinct or by effort have given thought to it. nearly seven o'clock in the evening. as it can be lit in a second and turned off as soon as it is not needed. would gladly have stayed and helped the maid get dinner. Only first she 28 29 30 28 Xmas [krIsmqs]: an abbreviated form of Christmas. Anne and Mary. after breakfast we had it arranged as a surprise for Mother that we would hire a motor car and take her for a beautiful drive away into the country. though of course we were to come back home again to a big dinner in the middle of the day. the Russian бутерброд). It turned out anyway that Mother doesn't care for fishing. but it turned out that she seemed to really like her old grey bonnet better than a new one. Up to now a great number of flats are warmed by coal fires. and Father was rather afraid that Mother might take cold if she came. and my sister Anne and I stayed home from college classes.

especially with a concrete object.g. when it was all over. and I think there were tears in her eyes. угощать чем-n. е. got) υt/i 1. upside down перевернуть вверх дном. It was decided that Mother would stay home and get the dinner ( = get it ready).g. e. Mother had to get up and down a good bit during the meal fetching things back and forward. е..g.. He turned over in bed. = as it happened to turn over перевернуть(ся). grief. to get on smb. and that kept Mother busy for a little while. разбросать. е. Better treat his words as a joke. to get back = to come back. Mother had to get up and down a good bit during the meal fetching things back and forward. прийти.). I haven't got the book you're talking about (cf. е. to turn up (по)явиться. and we sat down to the grandest kind of dinner — roast turkey and all sorts of things like on Xmas Day. е.. I got very cold while waiting in the street. добиться.g. е. and was great fun. 2. лечить. сделал. подготовить. 5. to become to get smth. to turn smth. but he never turned up. So we all felt awfully repaid for all that we had done.g.. е. and when it was over all of us wanted to help clear the things up and wash the dishes. становиться (as a link-verb). изменять(ся) (into smth. The day turned out (to be) a fine one. е. N о t e: In modern conversational English the word combination have got in the meaning of иметь. прибывать. доставать. поворачивать(ся). что-л. and so we let her. because we wanted just for once to humour her. е. We cannot get to Moscow tonight. 2.g. добираться. to treat smb.g. обходиться. only Mother said that she would really much rather do it. The car turned the corner.. It turned out that there were no vacant seats in the bus. е.g. she said it had been the most wonderful day in her life. (I can get you this book. and when we all kissed Mother before going to bed. to treat smb. It was very late when he got home.g. относиться. е.g. have got = have. the child will soon get over his illness.. have got to do smth. превращать(ся). It has got to be done. to treat smb. сделать.g. etc. е. to get smb. Wouldn't you like him to treat you ( = to pay for your ticket) to a ballet? I shall treat myself to a week-end holiday.g. I have got something to tell you. е. The water in the pond turned into ice as the night had been frosty. покупать. to smth. 2. It was quite late.g. as it turned out.g. difficulties. to treat υt 1. е. Don't worry. Who treated your child for scarlet fever? What medicine are you treated with? 3. е. But at last everything was ready.) отвернуться (от) to turn back повернуть назад to turn inside out вывернуть(ся) наизнанку. добывать. kindly.. 48 . е. 3. My umbrella turned inside out in the wind. for smth. g. etc. At hearing her voice I turned (turned my head). We expected him to join us. for smb. получать. 6.had to get towels and soap for Father and clean things for him to put on. достигать.. to turn away (from smb.g.g. заставить кого-л. обращать(ся). well. е. е. that and helping the girls get ready. Did you get ( = receive) my telegram? 3.g. 7. обеспечить. He turned over a page. Someone has turned everything upside down in my drawer. Don't get up and down every minute. You treat" the matter too lightly. (перен. to turn υt/i 1.) 2. you're getting on my nerves. or smth. е. доставлять удовольствие). to turn out оказаться. Don't treat me as if I were a child. At what time shall we get back? to get over a disease (fear. что-л. е. smth. VOCABULARY NOTES 1. done. чтобы кто-л. вращать(ся). It was getting dark when we arrived at the station.: I have no books by this author.g. е. We got Mother to arrange the decorations. I have got to (= must) finish my work in time. приготовить. приобретать. е.). to get up and down. coldly. вертеться). with smth. to get smth. He turned out a bad actor. The dinner lasted a long while.g. I can get this book for you.'s nerves. to get (got. I'll treat you all to (= I'll buy you) some ice-cream.g.g. обладать is used much more often than the verb have m the same meaning.g.). е.g. I got everything arranged in time. Syn. 4. The two girls got new hats. because he always gets so messed up with fishing.

was great fun («весело было за обедом»). ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (I) Words 49 . cf.. е. "How We Kept Mother's Day". You must keep your feet warm. Let's keep to the middle of the road. d) содержать. 52). удовольствия..treat n 1.g. "of") 2.g. It kept me from Joining you. 2.g.g. It may be humour of situation when the author makes us laugh at certain funny or absurd facts. the Russian «и все такое»).g.g. to keep to smth. The author does not say directly that the members of the family were selfish. g.).g. concealing something).. Her treatment of the pupils is always kind and patient. to keep (kept.g.g. е. I can't afford time for movies. I've never had a treat like that! What a treat it is not to have to get up early! Every chance to listen to good music is a great treat to her. "for") 4. 2. Humour in fiction may be of two principal types. не отдавать. You may keep the book. подшучивать. е.. with can. The party (your friend) was great fun. потрясающе к лицу»). b) задержать. but only of activities. to enjoy υi получать удовольствие.g..g. е. from doing smth. е. держать (в разных смыслах). fun n 1.g. the omission of the conjunction that and the syntax imitating that of oral communication by its free and careless structures. I'm sure he is keeping something back (= not telling all. Mother had guessed that we would be late.g. е. What fun we had when we were together! He is full of fun. It must never occur again. in (for) fun делать что-л. с) (с) держать (слово и т. be able to) smth. the dinner.. е.. веселье. е.g. get messed up («перемазаться. развлечение. He's fond of making fun of people. callous and hard-hearted people (that would be the direct method of characterization) but makes them act and lets the reader draw his own conclusion. е.g. е. заставить ждать.g. I said it only in (for) fun. источник веселья.: He kept on standing up. But He remained standing. But of course we all felt that it would never do to let Father stay at home. угощение treatment n 1. 2. е.. забава.g. е. Keep to the diet. the members of the family buying presents for themselves on Mother's Day. Cf. to make fun of высмеивать.g. е. The story presents an interesting example of the indirect method of characterization. праздновать.g. to enjoy oneself. обращение (с кем-n. е. Note also the interjection well introducing some of the passages (which normally occurs in oral speech). Children are fond of fun. but buying nothing for their mother. е.g. е. There is also humour of words when the reader does not laugh at what is happening in the story but at how it is put by the author. (prep.). Не always keeps his promise. to afford to do smth. е. 6. е.g. в шутку. случаться. Can you afford to go away for a holiday? 5. I've enjoyed seeing you. e) задержать. She always keeps old letters. to keep (smth. Mr. so she had kept back the dinner. забавный. справлять. She always keeps her birthday. наслаждаться. I enjoyed the trip very much. е.). to do smth. I'm sorry I kept you waiting. Watson had a wife and family to keep. to occur υi 1. She kept on writing when I came in (not used of a state. E. а) хранить.g. е. наслаждение. е. 2. afford υt (быть в состоянии) позволить себе (usu.g. + adj. е. could. Nobody likes to be made fun of.. приходить на ум.. "How We Kept Mother's Day" is a humorous story. наслаждение 8. Have you heard of a new treatment for pneumonia? (prep. This work kept the children busy. The young men kept the crowd back. п. 2.. to keep smth. I have a funny story to tell you.g. NOTES ON STYLE 1. to keep smb. awfully (in "awfully becoming". to keep on doing smth. all that kind of thing (cf. е. the Russian «ужас как идет. I enjoyed myself at the concert last night. etc. a little bit («чутьчуть»). I don't want it yet. In Leacock's story "How We Kept Mother's Day" you will find numerous words and phrases of informal functional style (See Note A on p. предмет шуток. удовольствие.g.g. е. 3..) back. funny adj смешной. лечение. е. have a big day («здорово провести время»). вывозиться в грязи»). Didn't it occur to you to close the window to keep the noise back? 7. е.g. enjoyment n удовольствие. происходить. Such incidents occur every day. kept) υt/i 1. It occurred to me that something might be wrong with her. especially as we knew he would make trouble if he did. е.

What are the meanings of the verbs to get. to stay (at) home from college (classes. Classify them according to the way g is pronounced and put them down in columns. How would you use the words in reported speech (oral and written)? B. Try your hand at teaching: A. Style): funny adj sacrifice υ. EXERCISES 1. на случай если. одеться по-праздничному (принарядиться). if you are going to fish. С.'s sake to get over smth.afford υ get υ treat υ. school) to take smb. to keep. что все равно. Point out as many colloquial words and phrases as you can find. не пойти в школу.. Pick out from the text all the words with the letter g in them. Read Text of Unit Four and the Notes on Style and talk on the following points (A. Supply their Russian equivalents if possible. he said that we were not to let the fact of his not having had a real holiday for three years stand in our way. We say in the morning (evening... сели обедать.. there is a definite purpose in front of you to heighten the enjoyment. Grammar. обед продолжался долго. Mother and Father are capitalized and used without articles in the text.) II. to make. махал ей рукой. Make up a list of words to illustrate the same rules. long) to turn up while to turn upside down to get up and down for (in) fun to get to some place to make fun of smb.. for a drive to dress in one's best (worst) in case just as well to stand (be) in smb. 50 . but in the phrase "on the very morning of the day" on is used. 2. не годится оставлять отца дома. повезти ее на машине за город. a) Search the text for English equivalents of the phrases listed below and write them ia your exercise book: отмечать (праздновать) День Матери. b) Get the student sitting next to yon translate half of the Russian phrases into English (in writing) and check them with the key in your notebook. n especially adv keep υ turn υ A. ради такого случая.'s nerves to care for smb. What can be trimmed or decorated? 2. мы чувствовали себя вполне вознагражденными за. Preparation. мог бы с таким же успехом остаться дома. в такой чудесный день. Why? (Cf: on that evening. What is the author's purpose in introducing so many units of informal style? 2. 1. Translate in writing these passages. Word usage. от нас бы не было никакой пользы. 2. взять напрокат машину.. n fetch υ occur υ repay υ effort n enjoy υ guess υ hire υ treatment n trim υ fun n purpose n unfortunately adv Word Combinations for smb. Which type of humour prevails in the story? (See Notes on Style. It occurred to Father that a thing it would be better to do even than to take Mother for a motor drive would be to take her fishing.) 3. on the morning of his arrival. Father said not to mind him. приносить и уносить что-л. in the phrases to decorate the house and to trim the hats we have two different equivalents of «украшать».) C. почти все время. скоротать время. Which verbs used in the text are modal verbs? Comment on their meanings and translate the sentences in which they are used. выяснилось. III. Compare and discuss different variants of students' translation: 1. хотя бы на этот раз. Which sentences or passages bear touches of humour? Try to explain how the humorous effect is achieved in each case. убирать со стола. 1.'s way for such an occasion to make trouble to turn out to be no use in the end to get on smb. What is the method of characterization used by the author? 3.. afternoon).) to turn inside out to keep back to turn over for a little (short.. вернуться домой к праздничному обеду. 1. to take in the text? (Translate the sentences with these verbs. Translate the other half yourself and ask your neighbour to correct your translation. B. ушибить руку обо чтонибудь. IV.. не так уж много места. (or smth. Point out the passages which characterize the members of the family and their real attitude to the mother. he said that he could just as well stay home.

VII. 9. Did the girls really think that their mother's old bonnet was "awfully becoming" to her? 2. 18. что с ней обращаются как со взрослой.g. a great pleasure. to get other people into a mess. to conceal some tact. Детей нужно приучать хорошо (kindly) обращаться с животными. должно быть. victim приносить — fetch. Write it down on the board and make the students copy it in their exercise books. occur. to be able (to spend money on smth. stir [stE:]. Дэвиду не приходило в голову. 6. to recover after a disease.. что у него скарлатина. 2. a) Write an outline of the text (see Ex.B.g. to become dirty. 12. уже забыла обо всем. I believe. they will keep your hands warm. 5. Я повернула за угол и столкнулась лицом к липу со своей подругой. No wonder. (The outline may be written in the Present or Past Indefinite tenses. b) Make op sentences with the phrases yea have written. I'm very tired. Она. do smth. 7. they just wanted to make it a holiday for themselves. 4. IX on p. We may just as well dance now. a) Translate these sentences into Russian. cheer. to continue to do smth. You shouldn't keep the children out after dark. VII. for a short time. что он всех задерживает. VI. Было очень весело.. P r o m p t s: How nice (good. 10. bar. 4.) V. bring a) Look op the words given above in an English-Russian dictionary. вот как ты держишь свое слово! 14. The arrangements for the party will keep me busy the whole day. X. Keep the ticket if you don't want to be fined. Sections IV. They stayed at home . But that's not quite true. 5. We got her to believe our story. 8. 2.. It will never do to punish the child for what he has not done. 15. awful) of you (him. find out the exact meaning of each pair of words and write sentences illustrating the difference in their use. 19. Address them to the other students who should reply them expressing their approval or disapproval. prefer. 3. 13. 10. эта музыка действует мне на нервы. 132). 16. the other one with one final r in the Past Indefinite. но оказалось. Sure. 3. Improve it by using some variants from other students' works. Девочке нравилось. to make smb. 11. 9.). 12. to stand up and sit down. 11. е. Как весело играть в эту игру! 17. p. Retell the test following the outline (see Ex. Study the Vocabulary Notes end Essential Vocabulary (I) and a) Paraphrase the following (in writing): 1. to appear unexpectedly. I'm afraid. they realized what their mother had sacrificed for their sake and wanted to thank her for everything she had been doing for them. 3. utter [`Atq]. clever. место — room. 51 . etc. 10. 17. a) Write the words below in the Past Indefinite. Это случилось много лет назад. do smth. что она станет талантливой актрисой! 13. 6. IX. 7. 8. her)! I don't think you should have done it. I am delighted at your idea. 1. Мы прекрасно провели время на пляже. refer [rI`fE:]. We must keep him from making trouble. 8. place жертва — sacrifice. XII. мне это никогда не приходило в голову. to enjoy oneself. Classify them into two groups: one with the final г doubled. Correct the mistakes on the board. VIII. b) Ask the students to translate the Russian variants of your sentences. Speak about the contradictions between the words and the behaviour of the members of the family: е. They said. Почему нужно переворачивать все вверх дном. Translate the sentences into English using Essential Vocabulary (1). etc. 15. 4. I would rather hire a taxi. at last.) b) Discuss the outlines written by several students and choose the best one. to come to one's mind. it won't look better. He never keeps people waiting if he can help it. a) Show the table to the class and let the students comment on it. 9. In fact. A word in one language may have different equivalents in another.. . Школьные товарищи Роберта смеялись над его зеленым костюмом. Ах..) VIII. 59). bad.g. VI.. 18. star. 16. Выключи радио. 7. to take a taxi. I. to love (take interest in). 1. Какая забавная шляпка! XI. offer. Take my gloves. b) Write sentences of your own using the phrases in bold type. 20. We got everything arranged for the trip by 9 o'clock. Work in Class. the other (with a modal verb) — what they could or ought to have done.. b) Explain to the students when the final r should be doubled: enter. 11. e. 5. to look in the opposite direction. (See 'Classroom English". Мальчика лечили от кори. arranged. чтобы найти какой-то пустяк? 6.. 14. b) Dictate the words in class with one student writing them on the board. Write two questions to each item of the outline: one should help to reveal the contradictions between what the members of the family said and did. to laugh at (mock) smb. Кто бы мог подумать. not to let smb. После концерта детей угощали чаем с пирожными. Какое удовольствие слушать ее пение! 2. to have smth. remember. Don't you think they should have bought something for their mother too? (Make the students reason out their answers.. Ваш приятель — такой весельчак. Она не могла удержать ребенка от шалостей. — Да? Представьте. 12. It's no use trimming this old hat. clear.

. 2: Вот та самая шляпа.. his stones immensely. Завтра у нас вечер. such a big occasion all the children were dressed . Translate the sentences into English. the page and do Exercise 3. Celia waved her hand . all the difficulties . his way. His parents came to school several times in the next few weeks. The dress is just wonderful... If there had been such things as a pre-historic newspaper. У меня так много дел. It ought not to be funny to see a man. Do you agree to Leacock's opinion that humorous Siies of life are revealed only to the few who have given thought to it? 5. все приготовил к отъезду. the father and his son. I'm sure you'll get.. Try your hand at teaching... 7. Я уверена. the affair would have been headed up: "Amusing Incident. But it is. Tell you what. We shall discuss the matter . breaks through the ice.. school. Разве мог кто-нибудь подумать.. a) Translate the text below into Russian: To me it has always seemed that the very essence of good humour is that it must be without harm and without malice.. Do you agree with Leacock that good humour must be without harm and without malice? 2.. Is 52 . 2. 12.... He chose to stand.in search . To an original savage. as the mother's birthday was a great occasion . Eventually. . you.. Все семейство великолепно провело время за городом.... all the family.... 2. Не годится работать таким образом.ХIII. Не могу себе представить. как вы сумеете преодолеть все эти трудности.. sight... 1.. You know what I think. b) to get ready with Exercise XVm (orally).. b) syntax. But unfortunately the weather changed . the two boys... 134 (written work).. our way home. Practise your "Classroom English". When a skater on the pond who is describing graceful circles and showing off before a crowd.. Fill in prepositions or adverbs where necessary: I.. хотя героине дня пришлось остаться дома и готовить обед. the end. the country . the morning and they had to stay . What purpose should humour serve? 3. что она очень пойдет вам. Definitely. or a man who went through the ice never came up again. как сходить в кино. 6.. especially a fat and pompous man. что мы успеем добраться до станция метро до того. flowers and mottoes. (From "Humour As I See It" by Stephen Leacock) b) Discuss the following questions: 1. Be sure to touch on a) selection of words. the cream of the joke in such cases was found if a man who slipped broke his neck.. d) humour. The father had promised to take the boys . входите и выходите. a drive . I enjoyed .... Don't you agree that.... что она сказала это в шутку? 12. The point is. Is Leacock right when he says that humour has been weakened under civilization? Does he really mean it? 4..... Pete didn't want to take his younger brother fishing. home ... home. что у него масса работы и он почти никогда не может даже доставить себе такое удовольствие... 3. I can imagine a group of pre-historic men standing round the ice-hole where he had disappeared and laughing till their sides split. Я не могла позволить себе купить такой дорогой подарок. 5.. the mother and her friend. Sunday.......? 3. John refused to sit in any of the vacant places and was given the choice of sitting down at another place or standing. The students-. Review the text... 7. и я хочу принарядиться по этому поводу. 14... что я просто не могу позволять себе терять время.. 10. ages. 8... Ask your pupils: a) to do Exercise XIV on p.. it turned . авторучка. вероятно.. XVI. XIV. Что-то выпало из моей сумочки... The children were allowed to stay .. должно быть. How are you getting .. Say what you would do in the teacher's position: John's first day in school went smoothly.. 13.. everybody shouts with joy. using Essential Vocabulary (I) and Patterns 1-4: 1.. Say a few words about the style and language of Leacock's story.. it. 10. Я надеюсь. very distressed that all John did at school was stand.. I must say that. 9..... two neighbours. I haven't seen you . You may find the following openings useful: I say. Вы все время встаете и садитесь.. and I had to turn everything . It is very becoming . slip suddenly on a banana skin..... Group 3 will help to decorate the hall. he was afraid that he would be . their best. XV. Неужели ты не можешь заставить ребенка вовремя лечь спать? 13.. Этот цвет тебе очень к лицу.. a suit-case. 8. Actually.. 4. XVII. I admit that there is in all of us a certain vein of the old original demoniacal humour or joy in the misfortune of another which sticks to us like our original sin.. 5. о которой я вам говорила. 6. Он пишет. 9. When all the things were packed . Much of the fun of this sort of the thing has been lost on us. Make up a conversation which took place after the day described in the text between: the two girls. a very good story-teller. I liked the cake you treated me . Lanny until the train was out. Turn . He turned . Unknown Gentleman Breaks Through Ice and Is Drowned". But our sense of humour under the civilization has been weakened. How do you make it? 4. как оно закроется. another child sat in the place John wanted.. On the second day.. Do you think that his story "How We Kept Mother's Day" and the like may get people to understand their imperfections and try to get rid of them? 6... 11. Honestly. c) method of characterization.. Он. 11. that my ticket had somehow got there too.. Сегодня я получила от него письмо.. XVIII. 14.. If you ask me...

English people sometimes say that soup fills them up without leaving sufficient room for the more important course which consists of meat. May I have another helping of chips? M o t h e r : Yes. Most British people now have such a full breakfast only on Sunday mornings. 31 31 the Continent (remember the capital letter and the article): the mainland of Europe. Tea. Hand me your plate. are an excellent ending to a meal. AN ENGLISHMAN'S MEALS Four meals a day are served traditionally in Britain: breakfast. toast and tea. Everyday English for Foreign Students. 6. The meal is "washed down" with tea or coffee. mum. cheese and fruit may be added to bread and butter. Get ready to speak on the part of the wife. it's delicious. dinner or supper depending upon its size and also the social standing of those eating it. Afterwards comes toast with butter and marmalade or jam. Some people begin with a plateful of porridge but more often cornflakes with milk and sugar. On weekdays it is usually a quick meal: just cornflakes. I don't like meat overdone.. Then the dessert is served: some kind of sweet. Paraphrase the sentences using the given patterns. Just to see how it tastes. What do you think is the essence of good humour? LABORATORY EXERCISES (I) 1. It starts with soup or fruit juice. M o t h e r : Why. 5. just to my liking. tea and dinner. you're just in time for dinner. please. pastries and tea. Check it with the key. In many countries breakfast is a snack rather than a meal but the English breakfast eaten at about eight o'clock in the morning. (See: Potter S. especially in winter. Listen to the text "Being a Househusband" or some other text on the topic "Family Holidays". which is usually eaten at one o'clock. is taken between four and five o'clock especially when staying in a hotel when a pot of tea with a jug of milk and a bowl of sugar are brought in. Lnd. 7. Then comes at least one substantial course. Friends and visitors are often present. Make your sentences less categoric by using the given model. and English puddings of which there are very many. M o t h e r : How's the steak? I'm afraid it's underdone. Some people in the towns and nearly all country people have dinner in the middle of the day instead of lunch. they may have a light snack or supper — е. poultry or fish accompanied by plenty of vegetables. M o t h e r : Are you quite sure you wouldn't like some soup? It tastes all right. Then before going to bed. Biscuits are handed round. is a full meal. Listen to the text "How We Kept Mothers Day". 4. much bigger than on the Continent. Extend the following sentences. I'm terribly hungry. N i c k : There is nothing like steak and chips. when they might have a light meal — an omelette. 1963} TEXT В. simply-cooked food. between five and six o'clock. is based on plain. the third meal of the day. The evening meal as we have said already goes under various names: tea. Apple-pie is a favourite sweet. it's done to a turn. N i c k : Oh. I haven't had a thing all day. or sausages or fried fish and chips or whatever they can afford. a cup of hot milk with a sandwich or biscuit. Check your translation with the key. Then comes the second course: fish or meat. Find the English equivalents of the given Russian phrases. The first course might be soup. But whether a person in fact gets such a meal depends on his housekeeping budget. perhaps the traditional roast beef of old England. N i c k : Oh. repeat the text following the model. The usual time is about seven o'clock and all the members of the family sit down together. Finally a cup of coffee — black or white. "high tea". Some people like to have the so-called "high tea" which is a mixture of tea and supper — for example meat.that story true to life? 7. At the weekends afternoon tea is a very sociable time. English lunch.g. I'd rather have beefsteak. lunch. Dinner is the most substantial meal of the day. I'll go and wash my hands. I could do with a snack. Translate the given sentences. Write a spelling-translation test. They have tea a little later. AT TABLE N i с к : I say. such as kippers or bacon and eggs. N i с к : No soup for me. as distinct from the British Isles (the name is used by the British) 53 . 2. mark the stresses and tunes. Check your spelling with a dictionary. and help yourself to the salad. 3. certainly. TOPIC: MEALS TEXT A.

M o t h e r : Here you are. N i c k : I'm afraid it's the salt-cellar. We haven't much time left. eggs. That'll do for the time being. But I wouldn't mind having something substantial now. That'll be fine. delito sit at table (having a meal) cious. You take a place in the queue and I'll see what we can get for dinner. and what about some starter? We've completely forgotten about it. but we'll manage it all right if you hurry. had to stew fruit (vegetables. Here it is. brown and crisp on the outside. — Then. I think I can manage a bit of fish-jelly as well and then chicken soup with noodles. tea or coffee? N i с к : A cup of tea. bacon and eggs. etc) fish (cod. — All right. Well. cabbage. pike. isn't there a smell of something burning? N i с к : So there is. eggs. Pass me the sauce. Oh. M o t h e r : Help yourself to the cake. 54 . N i c k : I'm terribly sorry. meat) dock. I'd rather take a spoonful of sauce. thanks.) 32 32 Compare Essential Vocabulary given in this lesson with the first-year vocabulary on the same topic. We can have stewed fruit or cranberry jelly or strawberries and cream.M o t h e r : Shall I put some mustard on your steak? N i c k : No. TEXT С. Nick! How awkward of you to have spilt the sauce over the tablecloth. perch. please. There's nothing else to follow. What will you have. to fry bacon. I never thought you were a big eater. ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (II) Words bacon n napkin n snack n biscuit n noodle soup n sociable adj bread-plate n omelet (te) n sour cream n chips n pastry n starter n cornflakes n pepper-box (pot) n (beef) steak n cream n porridge n stewed fruit n fruit juice n poultry n sugar-basin n jelly n pudding n sweet n jug n roast beef n table-cloth n marmalade n salt-cellar n toast n mustard-pot n sauce-boat n Word Combinations to boil meat (potatoes. M o t h e r : Any milk? Shall I put butter on your bread? N i c k : No. N i c k : For goodness' sake get it out quick. water. potatoes. trout. — I don't know whether I'll have any. I don't care for mustard. M o t h e r : It's behind the bread-plate. N i c k : It's all right I'll get it myself. What is on the menu? — Cabbage soup with meat. M o t h e r : I've left the layer-cake in the oven. beefsteak. What have they got for seconds? — Fried fish and mashed potatoes.. Get a paper napkin from the sideboard and cover it up. M o t h e r : Don't worry. — So we'll take one cucumber salad and one tomato salad. milk. salmon) crust of bread to taste good (bad. chicken soup with noodles and pea soup. M o t h e r : So it is.. IN THE DINING-HALL — Let's go to the dining-hall. N i c k : I've had a delicious meal. — As we are in a hurry I believe we can do without it. — Neither did I. I was quite upset about my favourite cake getting spoiled. — And for dessert? — A lot of things. I'll take cabbage soup with sour cream and. Have a better look. etc. M o t h e r (coming back): Oh. I can't see the sugar-basin. thanks. In my hurry I must have left it in the dresser.

(cf.: to sit at the table writing a letter, etc.) to have (take) smth. for dinner (for the first, second course, or dessert) to butter one's bread (roll, etc.) to have a snack (a bite of food) to have another helping of smth. to roast meat (mutton, pork, beef), fowl (chicken, duck, goose, turkey), potatoes

to be done to a turn (over done, underdone) crisp toast to help oneself to smth. to pass smth. to smb, to dine in (out) it's to my liking there's nothing like ice cream (steak, etc.) there's nothing else coming for a change

Study the meanings and use of these items of your Essential Vocabulary:

1. Food and Meal. Food is a general term for anything that people eat: bread, meat, fish, vegetables, fruit, milk, tinned goods, sweets, etc. е.g. Man cannot live without food. The doctor said that the patient needed good nourishing food. Where do you buy your food? Meal is a generalizing collective term for breakfast, lunch, tea, dinner and supper (cf. the Russian arch, трапеза). е.g. How many meals a day do you have? Supper is an evening meal. I don't want any hot meal; I think I'll do with a snack. 2. Course is a dish served at a meal; a part of a meal served at one time. е.g. Dinner may consist of two or more courses. What shall we take for our second course? Soup was followed by a fish course. 3. To fry, to roast, to stew. To fry means "to cook (or be cooked) in boiling fat". We usually fry fish, potatoes, eggs, bacon, pancakes, etc. To roast means "to cook (or be cooked) in an oven or over an open fire." In this way we may cook meat (veal, pork), fowl (chicken, turkey), etc. To stew means "to cook by slow boiling in a closed pan with little water." In this way meat may be cooked, also vegetables, fruit, etc. 4. Starter (pl -s) is a dish served before or at the beginning of a meal (it may be salad, fish, olives, soup, fruit juice, etc.) Hors d'oeuvre (pl -s) is usually used on menucards. 5. Omelette is eggs beaten together with milk and fried or baked in a pan. The English for яичница is "fried eggs". We eat fried eggs, soft-boiled eggs, hard-boiled eggs, scrambled eggs, poached eggs, fourminute boiled eggs. 6. Porridge is a dish of oatmeal or other meal (buckwheat, semolina, millet, etc.) boiled in some water. Milk and sugar or milk and salt are added to it. 7. Toast is sliced bread made brown and crisp on the outside by heating in a toaster. Toast is placed on a toastrack. 8. Chips are fried pieces of potato, often eaten with fried fish. 9. Soft and strong drinks прохладительные и крепкие напитки. Soft drinks are lemonade, fruit drinks, fruit juice, etc. Strong drinks are wine, liqueurs, brandy, vodka, etc. 10. Jelly is usually made by boiling fruit (cranberries, strawberries, raspberries, gooseberries, currants, apricots, etc.) and sugar. Something is added to make the mixture stiff. 11. Marmalade is a kind of jam made from orange or lemon cut up and boiled with sugar. 12. Pudding is a very popular English dish. It is a thick mixture of flour, suet, meat, fruit, etc., cooked by boiling, steaming or baking. There are many kinds of pudding. Some of them are quite substantial and serve as the main course of lunch or dinner. Others are rather like sweet cake and eaten for dessert. EXERCISES
I. Study Text A and a) spell and transcribe English equivalents of the following:

(первый) завтрак, каша, корнфлекс, бекон, тост, мармелад, сок, достаточный, пудинг, компот; основательная (еда), ростбиф, омлет, сосиски, сухое печенье.
b) give the four forms of the following verbs:

eat, fry, roast, accompany, fill, bring.
c) explain the meaning of the following phrases:

a full meal, plain food, a sociable time, a housekeeping budget, to go under various names, social standing.
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II. Try your hand at teaching:

A. Preparation. Write 15 questions about Text A. See to it that a word or phrase from Ex. I is used either in each of your questions or in answers to them. B. Work in Class. Ask your questions in class and correct the students' mistakes (see "Classroom English", Sections I, II, III, VIII, IX). III. Study Texts В and С and
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a) explain the meaning of:

delicious (about food), layer-cake, oven, napkin, a big eater, done to a turn, seconds.
b) give the Infinitive oft

overdone, spilt, upset, mashed, stewed.
IV. a) Give a summary of Text В in reported speech.

Example: Text С is a talk between two friends in the dining hall of their Institute. They seem very hungry, but they haven't got much time left before the end of the break, so one of them stands in the line, while the other reads the menu. There is a rich choice of dishes in it but as they are in a hurry they take only salads, fish jelly and chicken soup, which shows that they are obviously Russians: the English are not overfond of soup, as you know.
b) Learn Text С by heart and recite it la pairs. V. Study Essential Vocabulary II and the commentary to it and answer the following questions:

1. What kinds of food do you know? Give as many nouns denoting food as you can. 2. What meals do you know? 3. What dishes do you know? Give as many names of dishes as you can. 4. What is understood by a "course"? What attributes may qualify this word? 5. What can be boiled? 6. Do we fry meat or do we roast it? 7. What is an omelette made from? 8. What are cornflakes generally eaten with? 9. What is the difference between fried potatoes and chips? 10. What kind of meal is five o'clock tea in England? Do you know other names for this meal? 11. What kinds of fruit do you know? 12. Do we roast fish? What is the way to cook it? 13. Do you ever have stewed fruit for dessert? 14. Do you usually have a starter before dinner or do you do without it? 15. Where do you have your meals on weekdays and on Sundays?
VI. Fill in prepositions or adverbs where necessary:

1. Take another helping ... salad. 2. I think I'll trouble you ... a second cup of tea. 3. Will you please pass ... the sugar. 4. She is going to make some fish soup ... dinner. 5. Marmalade is made ... orange peel. 6. The egg is eaten ... a small spoon. 7. Their meal consisted ... two courses. 8. What can you recommend ... the first course? 9. The meat is done ... a turn. 10. No sugar ... me, thank you. 11.... midday people have their meals ... home or ... the canteen. 12. Custard is made ... eggs and milk. 13. The fish is just... my liking. 14. Evening meal goes ... various names ... England. 15. I don't take milk ... my tea. 16. Help yourself ... some pastry. 17. Broth is made ... boiling chicken. 18. Will you please hand ... the salt-cellar? 19. What do you usually order ... dessert? 20. The way to refuse ... a dish is ... saying "No, thank you." 21. You may ask ... a second helping.
VII. Translate these sentences into English:

1. На завтрак подали корнфлекс с молоком. Затем последовал поджаренный бекон. 2. Невозможно представить себе английский завтрак без тостов. Их намазывают маслом н джемом. 3. Завтрак часто едят наспех, так как все спешат. 4. Обед обычно состоит из двух блюд. Мясное блюдо подается с большим количеством овощей. За ним следует компот. 5. Так называемый «большой чай» — весьма основательная трапеза. 6. Он всегда не прочь, как он выражается, «плотно закусить». 7. Ничего нет вкуснее земляники со сливками! 8. Бифштекс вкусный? — По-моему, он недожарен. — А мне кажется, он как раз такой, как надо. 9. Что желаете на второе? — Какое-нибудь рыбное блюдо, как обычно. 10. Для меня ничего нет лучше жареной картошки, конечно, если она румяная и поджаристая. 11. Сколько вам кусочков сахара? — Благодарю вас, я пью чай без сахара. Ломтик лимона, пожалуйста.
VIII. a) Act out the dialogues below: A. Inviting someone out

S.: Hallo, Bill, have you got any plans for this evening? В.: No, really, no. S.: Well, would you like to have a meal with me? В.: Oh, well, I'm not sure I can manage that. S.: There's a nice Chinese restaurant in town — the food's very good there. В.: Oh, that sounds very nice, thanks. S.: I'll call for you about 8, then. В.: 8 o'clock. Fine, thanks.
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One of the students may ask questions, another correct the mistakes after each question and answer

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B. Asking your friends to do you a favour.

J.: I'm just going shopping. Do you want anything? M.: Are you going past the baker's by any chance, Jan? J.: Yes. M.: Well, I wonder if you could get me fifteen Danish pastries. J.: Fifteen? I can't imagine why you want fifteen. M.: Well, I want to give everyone in the class one for tea. J.: OK! I hope I'll get one of them. M.: Of course, thanks a lot. (Functions of English. Teacher's Book. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1981)
b) Make up dialogues of your own using word combinations from the texts.

IX. Ask your partner 1. About the dinner he usually has (time, place, dishes). 2. If he takes any starter and what he likes for it. 3. What kind of soup he likes best of all. 4. What his favourite meat dishes are. 5. What kinds of fish he knows. 6. If- he likes stewed carrots. 7. What other stewed vegetables or fruit he eats. 8. What he wants for dessert. 9. How many lumps of sugar he takes with his tea. 10. If he prefers strong or weak tea. 11. What he usually does if he spills some liquid on the table-cloth. 12. If he can cook any dishes. 13. About the way he cooks meat (fry, roast, stew). 14. If he sometimes eats out. 15. If he prefers eating out.
X. Compose dialogues between a Russian and an Esglish student discussing a) English and Russian meals; b) their favourite dishes; c) where each of them has his meals. XI. a) Study the text:

Bread -and-Butter Pudding Beat up two eggs and add to them one pint of milk and a little flavouring. Butter the pie-dish and cut three slices of bread-and-butter in fingers, removing the crusts. Put a layer of bread in the dish, sprinkle with sugar and a few cleaned currants or raisins, add more bread, fruit and sugar and then pour over the milk and the eggs. Leave to soak for one hour, then bake in a slow oven about an hour. Sprinkle with sugar before serving.
b) Describe the way you cook your favourite dish. You may need some verbs besides those in the text, such as mince, mix, grate, grind, chop, sift, roll, bake. XII. Try your band at teaching:

A. Preparation. Find 3 proverbs dealing with the topic. Translate them and give their Russian equivalents. B. Work in Class. Get a member of the class to write one of them on the blackboard. Make another student translate it and give its Russian equivalent. Tell the class to think of a short situation illustrating the proverb. Correct the mistakes. (Look up the words you may need to do the exercise in class in "Classroom English", Section VIII.)
ХIII. a) Read the text below and comment on it:

Tea Britons drink a quarter of all the tea grown in the world each year. They are the world's greatest tea drinkers. Many of them drink it on at least eight different occasions during the day. They drink it between meals and at meals. They drink it watching television. Join the Tea-V set! says one well-known tea advertisement. (See: Musman R. Britain Today. Lnd., 1974)
b) What is the attitude towards tea drinking in this country? XIV. Translate toe following sentences:

1. «Сколько раз в день вы едите? — спросил врач. ~ Регулярное питание очень важно для здоровья». 2. Он съел полную тарелку каши, хотя говорил, что совсем не хочет есть. 3. Сегодня в меню есть мясные блюда, тушеные овощи, сладкий пудинг, разные закуски и даже мороженое с фруктами на десерт. 4. Сколько вам кусочков сахара? — Достаточно двух 5. Не хотите еще немного салата? — Благодарю вас, мне достаточно. 6. Суп вкусный? — Я еще не пробовала, он очень горячий. 7. Вы сказали сестре, чтобы она принесла чистую посуду? 8. Вы какой любите чай — крепкий или слабый? — Не очень крепкий, пожалуйста. 9. Что сегодня на второе? — Жареная рыба с картошкой. 10. Обед подан в столовой. И. Тебе намазать хлеб маслом? — Да, и вареньем. 12. У нас сегодня был легкий завтрак, и после прогулки мы проголодались. Было бы неплохо сытно поесть. 13. Он наскоро поужинал и принялся за работу. 14. Она любит консервированные ананасы больше, чем свежие. 15. В этом доме гостей всегда угощают совершенно особенным яблочным пирогом (apple-tart). Он необыкновенно вкусен. 16. Ее муж любит, как он говорит, вздремнуть полчасика (take a пар) после плотного обеда. — Это вредно для пищеварения. Ему бы лучше пройтись с полмили. 17. Ты уже накрыла на стол? — Нет еще. Не могу найти чистую скатерть.
XV. a) Study the text:
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Pubs For many British people, the pub is the centre of their social life. People from some countries find this rather shocking, but for most people in Britain a pub is a place with a friendly atmosphere where they can meet their friends and talk over a drink — and often over a meal. At lunchtime you can often get sandwiches or a plough-man's lunch (bread and cheese). In the evening many pubs serve 'basket meals' (especially chicken and chips served in a basket) at the bar, and some have restaurants where you can get a complete meal. It is quite normal for women to go into pubs in Britain, but like everybody else they must follow the licensing laws. These are very complicated and control the time pubs are allowed to open. (See "Approaches." Cambridge 1979.)
b) Comment on the text adding some more information on the topic. XVI. Make up dialogues:

Suggested Situations A. Helen has invited some friends to a dinner party. She has cooked ail the dishes herself and proudly mentions the fact. Her friends do not find everything quite to their liking, but try not to show it. On the whole, every one is having great fun. B, An irritable husband is sitting at dinner and criticizing his wife's cooking. He is trying to teach her the way this or that dish should be cooked though he knows very little about it. The wife is doing her best to defend herself. C. A hostess is treating a lady-visitor to a meal. The visitor keeps repeating that she is on a slimmingdiet, that she never eats anything fattening and that, in general, she eats like a little bird. Yet she helps herself to this and that very heartily, till the hostess begins watching the disappearing food with some anxiety. D. A slow waitress is taking an order from a hungry and impatient client. All the client's efforts to order this or that dish are refused on all kinds of pretexts: the pork is fat; the beef is tough; they haven't got any more potatoes in the kitchen; the ice-cream has melted; the cook has a toothache, etc. E. Two very young and extremely inexperienced housewives are advising each other as to the best way of feeding their husbands. One of them is inclined to take the line of least resistance and to serve only tinned food for all the meals. The other points out that tinned food alone will never do and suggests other ways of solving the problem.
XVII. Brash up your table manners. A. Answer the following questions and then check your answers by comparing litem with the answers below:

1. What is the correct way to sit at table? 2. Should you use your fork or your knife for taking a slice of bread from the bread-plate? 3. How should you get a slice of bread from the plate standing on the far end of the table? 4. What is the correct way of using spoon, fork and knife? 5. How should you cut your meat? 6. What are the dishes for which knife shouldn't be used? 7. What is the way to eat chicken? 8. What is one supposed to do with the stones while eating stewed fruit? 9. What should you do with the spoon after stirring your tea? 10. What should you do if your food is too hot? 11. What should you say to refuse a second helping? 12. What should you say if you like the dish very much? 13. What should you say if you dislike the dish? 14. What shouldn't one do while eating? 15. Where should one keep the newspaper or the book during a meal, on the table or on one's lap?
В. Make up dialogues discussing good and bad table manners. Use the material of Section A for questions and that of Section В for answers. Answers to Exercise XVII.

a) "It tastes (really) fine" or "It is delicious." b) Never eat the stones (trying to be overpolite). Neither would it be a good idea to dispose of them by dropping them under the table, placing them in your pocket or in your neighbour's wine-glass. Just take them from your mouth on your spoon and place them on your own saucer. c) Nowhere near the table. Reading at one's meals is a bad habit; it is bad for your digestion and impolite towards others sitting at the same table. d) Sit straight and close to the table. Don't put your elbows on the table. Don't cross your legs or spread them all over the place under the table. e) Never lean across the table or over your neighbours to get something out of your reach. Just say: "Please pass the bread." Or. "Would you mind passing the bread, please?" f) Nothing. Keep your impressions to yourself and don't embarrass your hostess. g) Fish dishes are generally eaten without using knife. If one does, it is considered a serious breach of good table manners. The same refers to rissoles, cereal and, in general, to anything that is soft enough to be
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She had screwed the old mincer to the kitchen table and now fed it with rather tough strips of beef. Correct the mistakes after the student has finished speaking. thank you. (From "The Ideal Man" by J. the knife in your right. i) While eating. o) Don't leave your spoon in the glass while drinking. Myrna Jenssen. (From "Fresh from the Country" by M. holding your knife in the right hand and your fork in the left. Myrna. Flynn studied its charms. and a tomato on the table were the ingredients of the rest of the proposed cottage pie. 2. VIII. "Pity to open them. remembering. but Mrs. there is no hurry. Two of the students are to act as host and hostess. with sudden pleasure.) B. 4. A cherry on top of each would make a nice festive touch. Preparation. Yesterday's stewed apple. Tell the joke or describe the picture once more. was scratching her towhead with her left hand while she fed herself with her right. "If I open a tin of baked beans. and bring out the spoon upside down. While Anna prepared herself to meet her class of fortysix lively and inquisitive children her landlady was busy preparing the high tea for her husband and the new lodger. 3. 5. decided Mrs. O'Hara) b) Comment on the table manners of the Jenssen family and say what you would do if you were the father or the mother: 2. Cut off a slice at a time. There was not much. Flynn's pinch-penny spirit had been roused to meet this challenge and the heel of a brown loaf.) XX. It is decidedly bad manners to speak with your mouth full. Victory was accomplished easily. that she had bought the beans at a reduced price as "This Week's Amazing Offer" at the local grocer's. If you have liked the dish. Find some pictures and jokes on the topic and prepare to work with them in class. slamming the cupboard door and returned to her mincing. don't tilt it so as to spill its contents. the remains of the Sunday joint. in three individual dishes. it is you who is going to eat it. (See "Classroom English". seven going on eight. Walter) had stopped eating momentarily the better to explore with her tongue a bicuspid (коренной зуб) that seriously needed attention. In the front row a small jar of cherries gleamed rosily. Don't put your bread in your soup. too. 1. she thought busily. After all." said Mrs. Make 1—2 students retell the joke (describe the picture) or make up a dialogue on the subject. XVIII. Sections IX. one should produce as little noise or sound as possible. l) "No more. to be sure. Don't pour your tea in your saucer. If you want the students to use some new words write them on the blackboard. Put it on your saucer. Don't leave much on the plate: it is impolite towards your hostess. Prove your statement." m) Cut off and eat as much as possible by using your knife and fork. a large onion. (See "Classroom English". Tell a joke or show and describe a picture to the class.comfortably eaten with spoon or fork. n) Never cool your food by blowing at it. not even taking his eyes off the printed page when he raised his coffee cup to his mouth. Ask some questions to see if the listeners have grasped the meaning of your story. it doesn't follow that you should polish the plate with your bread. He read expertly. Flynn aloud. then cut off another. Elsie Jenssen (Mrs. Just wait a bit. She twirled the handle of the mincer with added zest. Role-playing: Arrange a tea-party (at home or in the canteen). torn between opposite forces of art and thrift. h) Neither. Breakfast in the Jenssen home was not much different from breakfast in a couple of hundred thousand homes in the Great City. X. I shan't waste gas unnecessarily!" She pursed her thin lips with satisfaction. could be served out with a little evaporated milk. Work in Class. The main topic discussed at the party is traditions 59 . XIX. "there'll be no need for gravy. For one long minute Mrs." said Mrs. Paul Jenssen. She straightened up from her mincing and opened the store cupboard where she kept her tinned and bottled food. which had to be sweetened heavily to get him to touch it. k) It is wrong first to cut all the meat you have got on your plate in small pieces and then eat it. The fork should be held in your left hand. having some friends round (2 or 3 of them are English). Flynn in a wild burst of extravagance. eat it. practise their pronunciation (in chorus) or usage (by making the students translate your sentences from English or Russian). was eating his hot cereal. j) Don't hold your spoon in your fist. slide the cereal off. Walter's five-year-old daughter. a) Read and translate the following extracts: 1. 6. Flynn. Your hand is quite correct for getting a slice of bread for yourself. was expert in her fashion: she would put the spoon in her mouth. Walter Jenssen had his paper propped against the vinegar cruet and the sugar bowl. translate them. Try your hand at teaching: A. Sections VII. Reed) c) Comment on the character of the landlady. the remaining part eat by holding the piece in your hand by the end of the bone.

you must have a plan or an outline. joke or proverb to entertain the party. Examples: a) A sample topic outline of "A Day's Wait". 4. Should we stick to our custom of giving our guests a substantial meal? 2. 3. 2. 2. 5. 6. 1. 3. unwilling to go to bed. to point of view and to situation. 138). 4. b) Repeat it in the intervals following the model. mark the stresses and tunes. The boy relaxed. The doctor took the boy's temperature and said there was nothing to worry about. 5.connected with meals. Are old traditions. Check them with the key. Make up sentences using the given patterns. 7. Get ready to give the summary in class. 6. worth keeping? STUDIES OF WRITTEN ENGLISH IV Repeating key-words in different ways and using topic -sentences properly within a paragraph are not the only writing techniques. a) Listen to the dialogue "At Table". 7. There are different ways of writing an outline. Translate the sentences into English. narrating. Answer the questions using the given patterns. 2. Paraphrase the given sentences.. that is. or explaining should be well organized. 1. Make a sentence outline of the story. Argument about temperature. Relaxation and nervous breakdown. b) A sample sentence outline of "A Day's Wait". XXI. The boy seemed detached and kept looking at the foot of the bed. The best way to learn how to make a good plan of your writing is to learn how to make an outline of original pieces of prose. b) Repeat it in the intervals following the model. Leaving the boy for a while. CURIOSITY QUIZ FOR EAGERS 60 . The father explained the difference between the Fahrenheit and Centigrade thermometers. How do you like the idea of celebrating family holidays in a cafe or restaurant? 3. but the next day he cried very easily at little things that were of no importance. it should be under control of the central idea of the topic. c) Learn the text by heart. 2. Write a dictation. Each member of the group must tell a short story. It can be expressed in: 1) key-words or brief topic phrases (topic outline). Before starting to write any piece of prose you should organize your thoughts around a topic. a) listen to the test "An Englishman's Meals". 3) groups of sentences containing the topic or main idea (paragraph outline). 3. 3. The boy was sure he was going to die. He came back and found the boy still staring at the foot of the bed. 2) complete sentences (sentence outline). LABORATORY EXERCISES (II) 1. Good writing no matter whether you are describing. But it is better to use "plan" when the composition is not yet written or planning is made by the author. Arrange short debates on the following questions: 1. Make a plan of your narration about the people presented is the picture (see p. 8. 4. arguing. Read the story "How We Kept Mother's Day" and make a topic outline of Its contents. 6. Note: The words "plan" and "outline" are sometimes used without sense discrimination. Feeling the same. Assignments: 1. Doctor's visit. Plan is a list of points which you intend to develop in your writing in logical order or in order of importance with reference to time. 8. 5. The father went for a walk. The boy was shivering with fever. A very sick boy of nine years old. The word "outline" is used rather when dealing with a work already written by someone else. The boy's talk about death. listen to the text "He Was Too Timid" or some other text on the topic "Meals". 7. The choice depends on the length and complexity of the writing and experience of the beginner.

The child was never refused anything and considered it a normal state of things. Give its summary in class. 61 Example: . 3. I'm not used to receiving presents. 2. she always said "Hunger is the best sauce. 2. When people met him in the street they would turn away and pretend not to know him. 3. When he was younger. EXERCISES I. 7. 4. 6. 2. 4. She was not used to being treated unkindly. 3. a) They used to be great friends. usually she only sighed and went on with her work. Make the following sentences emphatic using Pattern 4 as in the example: My friend told me everything about it. Find a story (an essay) or a passage in a novel by an English or American writer describing a meal. 1. It was Judy who had to read plain books. Doctor Temple cured Mrs. I always work by such light. Those books made a deep impression on him and decided his future.1. b) He used to travel by plane. 3. 2. not fear.. 4. and the children spent much time out-ofdoors. and she would give them delicious pastries. 6. UNIT FIVE I SPEECH PATTERNS 1. When asked this question. Steve treated them all to icecreams. Greene's husband of his stomach disease. he was a pretty good dancer. Judy said she didn't know that people used to be monkeys. II.) He used to work late at night. Her husband often came back home tired and angry. Did he use to work late at night? (colloq. 5. that made her cry. It was shame. Your rudeness made her cry. and she would whisper and giggle. Her brother told us all about that terrible accident. 5. It was not the first time that the doctor was to treat this horrible disease. I used to know him. It was my Mend who told me everything about it. My mother does the cooking for all the family. It's something new for me to be treated in this way. 6. 4. our family always went to the seaside for summer holidays. When they sometimes asked him about his college days. What is a bank holiday in Britain! 4. The spring days were warm and sunny." P a t t e r n 2: 1. What is a pub? What traditions are connected with if? 3. This noise doesn't let me concentrate on my work. These students recited their own poems at the last party with a great success. It was the last course that tasted especially good. It is too bad when a college student is not used to reading books. 5. It was the mother who decorated the house and prepared everything for the celebration. My mother always made a splendid chocolate tart for my birthday. Used you to know him. Describe some traditions or customs connected with family or public holidays in England.) Judy's fellow-students used to laugh at her ignorance. What do the terms "Welsh Babbit". Use(d)n't he? or Didn't he? (colloq. 2. "Pancake Day" and "Dutch Treat" mean? 6. 8. Our students are used to working with a cassette-recorder. I was sure to be put down in class next to the girl. The children always came to see their grandmother on Sundays.. 3. He was in the habit of saying that there is no game like football. 4. It was my sisters who cooked all the dishes. it is normal for me. Paraphrase the following using Patterns 1-3: P a t t e r n 1: 1. he always answered that he had greatly enjoyed going to college. What is "Mother's Day"? Where and when is it celebrated? 2. Being made fun of was something quite unusual for her. She always left the dishes unwashed in the kitchen sink and went away. There used to be a telephone-booth round the corner. By the end of the working-day he usually waited for her at the factory-gate and they went home together. 5. 5. he would smile and say nothing. P a t t e r n 3:1. When he was a student he went to the library every other day. at table he again and again found fault with the cooking. When I was a child. The mother was used to doing all the work about the house alone. The mother never complained. When we told the mother how good everything tasted.

6. 36 37 34 college: a place of higher education both in the USA and in Great Britain. но сегодня спою. что читает. 62 . What would you usually do on Sunday? 8. he used to play tennis. and brighter than some of them! And you know. Would your teachers always correct your compositions? 3. you know. What would you do during the summer? 5. The children were wholly dependent on charity. her guardian sent her to college. when the girls talk about the things that I never heard of. 1. and at Cambridge eight to one. For greater emphasis on the idea of past custom used to is preferable. 10. когда он приходил он приносил мне книга. use(d)n't he? V. Who used to help you with your homework? 4. They were badly fed and had to wear other people's cast-off clothes. A college is sometimes a part of a university. and the whole class laughed because I thought he was an archangel. The joke has gone all over college. I just keep still and look them up in the encyclopedia. college or university 36 Maeterlinck. Make up short situations (no more than two or three sentences) or dialogues to illustrate Patterns 1-4 VI. He used to watch a children's program at that hour. He sounds like an archangel. 4. Everybody in English Literature seemed to know about him. 8. used to or would are interchangeable. a rich man whom she has never seen. at Oxford it is nearly five to one. This text is one of her letters giving us a glimpse of her early college impressions. TEXT. не нравится доктор Марч? Но ведь именно он вылечил меня от этого ужасного кашля. On the other hand a college may be quite independent.). а не от воспаления легких. Did you ever hear of Michaelangelo? He was a famous artist who lived in Italy in the Middle Ages. Тебе. Он имел обыкновение говорить. She would read them a story every week too. How often would you write a composition when you were in the ninth form? 2. a young girl. 25th 34 35 Dear Daddy Long-Legs. The oldest universities in Great Britain are Oxford and Cambridge dating from the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. First-year students are called freshers only for about a month until they are used to college (university) life. Judy was brought up in an orphan asylum where her life was hard. Judy was a very bright girl and when she finished school. I am just realizing the depths myself. он чувствовал себя хуже. Answer the questions: use would or used to. е. IV. It's very embarrassing at times. A FRESHMAN'S EXPERIENCE From "Daddy Long-Legs" by Jean Webster The book "Daddy Long-Legs" by an American writer Jean Webster (1876-1916) is a novel written in the form of letters. respectively. Ребенок привык.g. I have a new unbreakable rule: never to study at night.g. but they would not let him go. We have ice-cream twice a week and we never have corn-meal mush. Я не привыкла петь перед такой большой аудиторией. е. Daddy. About the latter the girl knows almost nothing: she knows that he is a very tall man. When you were a child what did you use to do on Saturday afternoon? 7. 3. Maurice (1862-1949): a Belgian poet and dramatist 37 freshman: (for both sexes) the same as the English fresher. To express volition. делая вид. Admission to the universities is by examination and selection. I read just plain books — I have to. е. что лучшее средство от нервных болезней — труд. по-видимому. And anyway. 2. October. I like the girls and the teachers and the classes and the campus and the things to eat. Somebody mentioned Maurice Maeterlinck.g. You wouldn't believe what an abyss of ignorance my mind is. 9. That is why she jokingly calls him Daddy Long-Legs. Cambridge and London are composed of groups of largely autonomous colleges. Его лечили этим лекарством от ангины. etc. The trouble with college is that you are expected to know such a lot of things you've never learned. College gets nicer and nicer. Instead. 7. repeated or habitual activity m the past. Search the books you read for sentences with these patterns (1-4) to add up to your student's workbook. The author of these letters. because there are eighteen blank years behind me. N o t e: When the meaning is customary. I'm just as bright in class as any of the others. чтобы с ним обращались ласково. а не я. the largest is the University of London. которые я должна была прочитать. but the general proportion of men to women students is three to one. and I asked if she was a freshman. 5. Каждый раз. When your brother was younger. Judy by name. Several times he tried to get away. Translate these sentences into English: 1. Our teacher used to give her students a written test every Thursday. 35 campus: the grounds of a school. There is a great number of such colleges in Great Britain (technical and commercial colleges. colleges of art. I made an awful mistake the first day.III. Раньше ты приходил домой гораздо позже. writes them to her guardian. когда шел дождь. For instance the Universities of Oxford. Время от времени он переворачивал страницу. doesn't he? But now. так красиво убрала стол цветами. or persistence referring to the past would is usually used. She hopes to become a writer and pay back the money spent on her education by her guardian. no matter how many written reviews are coming in the morning. Judy feels very happy about it. Women are admitted on equal terms with men. practise the best examples in class. Это мама. Where did you use to go for your vacation? 6. Каждый раз.

The boy had a bright face. plain (simple) man. е. простой. A dictionary of synonyms (to enlarge my vocabulary). that I wasn't perfect. живость ума 2. or "Cinderella". to get a simple task. She spoke plain English. е. остроумно. comes into my room to do geometry. And now. and I fear by now you are bored. The leaves of the trees are bright green in spring. I was perfectly sure to be put down in class next to the girl who first owned my dress. Here: things given as chanty (food. if you'd been dressed in checked ginghams all your life. 3. or "Alice in Wonderland". способный. to speak plain English. 3. остроумный. ясно. But I've been so excited about those new adventures that I must talk to somebody. or "Jane Eyre". He liked her plain. I entered upon another period even worse than the checked ginghams. умный. The meaning of the word is quite plain. The fire shines bright. яркий.g. plain (simple} food. There are several bright pupils in her class. придавать блеск.g.I never read "David Copperfield". to live a simple life. Now I know all of these things and a lot of others besides. Syn. Yours ever. Syn. е. е. brighten υi/t проясняться. you'd understand how I feel. е. е. е. Yet. Do you want to know what I bought with the money? 1. She looked very pretty in her plain white dress. I've been writing this letter off and on for two days. VOCABULARY NOTES 1. They like what they call plain food. очевидный. I had never seen a picture of the "Mona Lisa" and (it's true but you won't believe it) I had never heard of Sherlock Holmes. and you knew already.: ugly некрасивый (безобразный) 38 Arnold Matthew (1822-1888): an English critic and poet 6 poor box: a box (usually in a church) in which money may be placed to be given to the poor. I really believe I've finished. To recapitulate (that's the way the English instructor begins every other sentence). е. never say I don't tell all! It was a very low motive. The poor box. If my letters bore you. Polished steel is bright. and she would whisper and giggle and point it out to the others. bright(ly) adv ярко. ясный. Judy.6 You can't know how I feared appearing in school in those miserable poor-box dresses. November. What can you do to brighten the life of the sick man? brightness n яркость. I shall go in and sit on her couch in my silk stockings. isn't it? I like her plain speech. from my asylum record. I didn't know that Henry the Eighth was married more than once or that Shelley was a poet. Everybody was bright and gay at the party. plain (clear) meaning. and you are the only one I know. Daddy. clothes. I didn't know that people used to be monkeys. 2. She stood in the doorway smiling brightly after him. But just wait — as soon as she gets back from vacation.g. Daddy. but honest face.g. е.g. гладкий. обыкновенный. bright adj 1.). or "Robinson Crusoe". there are some cases when only one of the two synonyms may be used. that prompted the silk stockings. е.g. Julia Pendleton. A hot-water bottle. and she sits crosslegged on the couch and wears silk stockings every night.g. a sophomore. She bought a plain blue material. некрасивый. didn't you? But.g.g. 5. A silver watch to wear on my wrist and get me to recitations in time. понятный. 15th Your five gold pieces were a surprise! I'm not used to receiving Christmas presents. 4. Daddy. or "lvanhoe". Good-bye. simple 38 N о t e: The difference in the meanings of the synonyms plain — clear and plain — simple is so slight that we may often use one instead of the other. And when I started to the high shool. (I don't much like to confess this last item. смышленый. you can always toss them into the waste-basket. живо. etc. clear 2. делать светлее: улучшать. без рисунка (о тканях).) A pair of silk stockings. светлый. plain adj 1. The sky is brightening. but I will. if you must know it. Daddy. I hope that you are feeling as happy as I am. I am very much obliged for my presents. or that George Eliot was a lady. to make a clear statement. блеск.g. 3. This wallpaper will brighten our room. but you can see how much I need to catch up. You see the miserable creature that I am — but at least I'm honest. 2. Matthew Arnold's poems. Cf. 63 .

взволнованно ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (I) Words blank adj. е. The needle of the compass points to the North. It's nothing to get excited about.g. The boy pointed a stick at the dog. `record n 1. ignorant adj невежественный. не знающий. to point out that. to get excited about (over).g..g. е. запись. е. as a blank sheet of paper. She bought two telegraph blanks. нудный человек. 7.g. excitedly adv. суфлировать. протокол. регистрировать. 2.g. е.g. Сf. направлять. blankly adv.g. There was a blank look on her face. е. 3. подсказчик 6.g. The boy has never been to school and is quite ignorant. е. на пленку. He pointed out that all the college rules should be obeyed. пустое место. ignorance n невежество. Leave a blank after each word. пустой (ничего не содержащий) empty room (box. записывать на пластинку. до смерти наскучить. He did it from (through) ignorance. 1. I was bored to death. вызывать интерес (восхищение и т.).g. to cause excitement.g. The boy's school record leaves much to be desired. 4. е.g. The decision to keep Mother's Day caused great excitement in the family.g. etc.g.g.: There's nothing to worry about. внушать. е. указывать (to). A careful record was made of all those absent. е. prompt υt. 5. Note: The Russian word пустой has several equivalents in English: 1. показывать пальцем. Your friend bores me. 2. prompt n. n excite υ item n bore υ. On the very day of his arrival they recorded his speech.g. This is a very boring book. характеристика.g. бланк. to point out smth. волновать. She always worries about little things. пустой (незаполненный) blank sheet (page). е. She told such an exciting story. е. е. exciting adj возбуждающий. it doesn't work. незнание. bottle).g. 4. What prompted you to look for him in our town? 2. 2. 2.. записывать. е. The newcomer excited everybody's interest. е.g. cassete (tape)-recorder n магнитофон. е. boring adj скучный. I don't want to see him again.д.g. I am ignorant of his plans. boredom n скука 9. blank adj пустой.g. волнение. сведения. excite υt 1. excited pp взволнованный excitement n возбуждение. he is such a bore. n excitement n plain adj boring adj exciting adj point υ boredom n excited pp prompt υ bright adj excitedly adv 'record n bright(ly) adv experience n re'cord υ brighten υ freshman n recorder n brightness n ignorance n sophomore n 64 . What exciting news you've brought! I could hardly get over that exciting moment. отчет. Everybody was excited by the news. неведение.g. е. е. е. захватывающий. bore n скучный. The teacher pointed out our mistakes. е. point υt 1. е. Fill in this blank. 2. blank n 1. подсказывать.g. Don't get excited over such trifles. докучать. Have you got any records of Bach? cassette(tape)-recording n звукозапись. возбуждать.). е. to be excited by. 8. пустой (поверхностный) shallow person (ideas. No prompting. волнующий. е. Something has gone wrong with the cassette-recorder. interests).g. to bore to death by smth. е. побуждать. волновать.g. please. Не pointed to the monument. Не recorded all the events of the day. пустой (незанятый) vacant room (house.g. незаполненный. Also fig. Aren't you ashamed to wait for a prompt? prompter n суфлер. е.g. е. 2. The patient is very ill and must not be excited. flat). usu.g. bore υt надоедать. е. граммофонная пластинка..g. пропуск.3. скучное занятие. нацелить (at).g. I'd rather make use of cassette-recording to review the material. Judy's ignorance made the girls laugh. е. е. She'll prompt you if you forget the words. He sat on the edge of the bed staring blankly before him. е. She looked at me blankly. a blank page (form. re`cord of 1.

at least. 6. What did Judy mean by saying that she was at least honest? 9. Compare the "if-clauses" used in the text and explain their meaning. 19. Paraphrase the following sentences: 1.. 3. blank wall. 11. Translate the following sentences into English: 39 polysyllables: words of more than two syllables. to be bored. etc. to enlarge one's vocabulary.confess υ ignorant adj the trouble with . Why did Judy keep still when the girls spoke about things she didn't know? 6.. shallow interests. 12. 7. 4. There are many interesting items in the newspaper today. 8. practise their pronunciation. blank sheet.. c) Ask the students individually and correct their mistakes. pair — couple. He used to be a capable pupil. 11. they usually have two stresses: the secondary (. blank years. to toss into the waste-basket. no matter how many written reviews were coming in the morning? 7. 4.. at times to keep still you wouldn't believe what (how). 7. In what way did Judy want to catch up with the group? 8. bright child. Preparation. to talk to (smb. I'd say. Identify the function of the -ingforms used in the text. to be very much obliged for. What did Judy mean by blank years and abyss of ignorance? 13. a hot-water bottle.) and the main (. What shows that the text was written by an American writer? IV. 1. Select examples to illustrate the compound predicate. toss — throw. is that. What did Judy think was the trouble with college? 4. д. empty room. The silk stockings caused Judy's envy. 5.) to be much obliged to smb. Leave out the insignificant ones. shallow girl. What is the most favourite word in Judy's vocabulary? Would you recommend your pupils to use it? II. III. 18. to be excited about. Read the text and do the following (A. Why did Judy mention ice-cream and соrn-meal mush in her letter? 3. What did Judy mean by saying writing this letter off and on for two days? 10. B.) stress. 4. 9. 5. to be bored (to death) to cause excitement EXERCISES I. a miserable creature. Search the text for the verb get. a) Pronounce distinctly each word fixing the students' attention on the stresses. What joke had gone all over college? 5. He opened his eyes for a short while but then lost his consciousness again. 6. in class. Work in Class. Answer the following questions: 1. ignorant person. 15. 1. (that) every other (sentence. Choose two or three paragraphs from the text of Unit Five for translation. Study Vocabulary Notes and translate the illustrative examples into Russian. 8.) 39 VI.) V. 13. 10. vacant house. 65 . for smth. Word usage): A. B. 16. blank cheque. What did Judy mean by classes and campus? 2. b) Ask your fellow-students to give their responses. Explain why there is no article in with college. a low motive. He stared at her in utter astonishment. every other sentence. IX. Explain (in English) what is meant by and give Russian equivalents of: A. Why did Judy feel embarrassed at times? 12. a) Write 20 questions about the second part of the text of Unit Five using the following words and phrases: 1. 2. to do geometry. Five (I) for polysyllables with two stresses. Your friend differs much from what he was years ago. X. The letter aroused great interest. There was a gap in my memory. е. incomparable bore. translate the sentences. 5. to be a surprise. (Differentiate between significant and insignificant events described in the letter. from vacation. Two (I). Why didn't Judy study at night. blank mind. to confess.). 9. 2. 3. to get to (one's) recitations. A faint smile enlivened her face for a moment. to be a surprise to smb. Reason your choice and discuss possible variants of the translation. Three (I). Search the text for passive voice constructions and classify them according to tense groups. Grammar. to enlarge one's vocabulary Word Combinations next to to point out smth. blank verse.. 17. Section VIII. bright eyes. giggle — laugh. day. to know (from). 14. VIII. (See "Classroom English". VII. Try your hand at teaching: A. B. 3. blank form. bright dress. 10. Search the texts of Units One.. 3. blank face. At times she felt very unhappy. 2. B. The trouble with him is that he is a light-minded person. Four (I). b) Make the students repeat the words after you. to sit cross-legged. blank look. Christmas present. 12. Explain the difference between the following words used in the text: dictionary — vocabulary. Where had Judy studied before college? 11.. This fruit is quite eatable. 2. Write an outline of die letter. bright face. wrist.

Беда в том. Предполагается. 18.. him . студенту второго курса. death. XIV. так как именно ее доклад был первым. Ирэн всегда одевалась просто. all the drawbacks . Старик указал на картину..the dictionary. XI. Оливер Твист воспитывался в работном доме (work-house). Вам нужно заполнить бланк и расписаться вот здесь. Свежий воздух и простая пища — вот что ему нужно сейчас. my mathematics and I'm much obliged . 6. чтобы избежать их.. When I come . Большинство учителей. a) Translate the text into Russian: Dear Daddy Long-Legs... 15.. 14. как колокол пробьет десять. что ты не прав. I passed them both and am now a 66 . но с большим вкусом. 9. что я говорю. My re-examinations in Latin and Geometry came last week. это позволит вам значительно расширить ваш запас слов.. одеваться в чужие обноски и есть одну овсянку... b) Retell the contents of Judy's letter as her guardian might describe it to a friend of his.. last. Как бы много новых слов ни было в тексте... 7. о котором надо было заботиться. time.. у них будет новый учитель по геометрии. may. что. 6. I haven't a doubt that you throw my letters into the waste-basket without reading them. Княжна Марья была некрасива.. now I've finished it. Не подсказывайте. 4. The drills on the English sounds bore me . как будто не слышал. 3. 21. очень жестоко обращались с детьми. the girt whom I didn't like to sit. using modal verbs must.. что у меня с собой только 50 копеек. ought. His visit was a surprise . Они были когда-то хорошими друзьями. The trouble . a) Retell the contents of Judy's letter in Indirect Speech.1. Вся беда в том. но он был вынужден сделать это.. It will take me . у Джуди были недостатки. XV. Конечно. была прелестна. you never show the slightest interest in anything I do. но улыбка. 14.. 11. In his speech he pointed . Что привело класс в такое возбуждение? — Волнующая для них новость. the book is that it's boring me . Я еще не привык работать с магнитофоном. 5... невежественные люди. видел ее.the group.. Она очень волновалась. Вы должны читать больше.. 8. 6. как бы много ни пришлось вам работать. Этот живой.. 10.. Простое белое платье Джеммы очень шло ей. 2. Просто не могу себе представить. Я знаю. 17. I didn't know he was . Hereafter I shall write only about work. Revise Essential Vocabulary (I) and translate the following: 1.. me.the desk next. 8. 5. Insert prepositions or adverbs where necessary: i.....). Глаза мальчика блестели от возбуждения. 12.. что все студенты знают. 20. d) Don't you think that Judy's guardian ought to have answered her letter (ему следовало бы ответить на ее письмо).. С какой стати вам так волноваться из-за мелочей? 16. что я потеряла билеты и не могу их найти.. but I know that they are very useful.. least a month to catch. You never answer any questions... когда начинаются экзамены. но она по крайней мере была честна. 13. которая висела на противоположной стене. Он до смерти надоел мне рассказами о своих приключениях.. might with the perfect infinitive: Models: a) Judy's guardian must have (never) read her letters (должно быть. что поступила плохо. 15. 9. С раннего возраста детям приходилось много работать.. c) Judy's guardian might have seen Judy somewhere (он.. some English words which I don't know I always look them. я все их смотрю в словаре. 3. возможно. XIII.. Девушкам не разрешалось выходить с территории колледжа после того. I need an alarm clock to wake me up . Я не раз говорила Борису Петрову.. Я вам признателен за помощь.. почему они поссорились.. 13.. Но у нее был сын.. просто и ясно объяснил правила.. 16. our work. Джуди поняла свою ошибку только тогда.. Вы делаете ошибки в каждом втором предложении. Вы должны догнать группу. I've been writing the letter . (не) читал). 2.). 11. Вы хорошо знаете свою роль или вам нужен суфлер? 2. но по крайней мере я осознала. что мне не следовало так поступать.two days. когда ее подруги начали смеяться. 10. Мне нравились в нем ясный ум и простая речь. 7. 3........ the money you got.. 9. can. Трудно признаваться в том. He helped me a lot.. 11. I was perfectly sure to be put.. 10. освещавшая ее лицо. d) Give a summary of the text ХII. Подробно опишите свои впечатления от этой поездки. 7. 4. У него по крайней мере пять ошибок в каждой контрольной. What did you buy. b) Judy could have bought some other things with her guardian's money (могла бы купить. 8.. если он хочет выдержать экзамен. c) Describe Judy's first steps in college as Julia Pendleton might be describing them to a friend of hers. 12. Compose 20 sentences about the text. Что я могу купить на эти деньги? 5. Он смотрел на меня непонимающим взглядом. times. 19. сообразительный мальчик очень понравился Оливеру... Учитель указал на наиболее грубые ошибки в диктанте. Она знает урок и просто немного волнуется. it.. and... которыми нужно пользоваться. ему надо больше заниматься. town.. и они стали друзьями. Временами ей казалось. что она не сможет вынести такого горя. your father? 4..

Extend the given sentences. I am beginning chemistry. I am also taking logic. but glad to see the campus again. Describe the teacher's reaction in the following situation: 1) Ann is not paying attention. 3. Comment on it in class. Use words and phrases from Essential Vocabulary (I). 67 . Also French. I came up a fortnight ago. Write a composition in the form of a letter describing some of your (or your friend's) experiences as a fresher. Also history of the whole world. between Judy and Julia Pendleton about Judy's guardian. Section VII. 6) Peter — is sprawled out across his desk. Try your hand at teaching.Sophomore. and said it was a charming piece of work except for the sixth line. a most unusual study. mark the stresses and tunes. 9) Alan and Paul — are arguing about something. XV. I should rather have elected Economics than French. the Professor would not let me pass — as it was." 2. 4. 2) Ted is standing up.). See also Judy's letter (Ex. At the bottom was written. Upon her return she found several words on the blackboard were circled with coloured chalk. Judy (From "Daddy Long-Legs" by Jean Webster) b) Comment on the letter above. 8) Beth — is copying the answer from somebody else. XV). of college last night. a) Every teacher is faced with the problem of keeping discipline in the classroom. Yours truly. Compose dialogues and perform them in class: 1. between two of Judy's fellow-students about Judy. Listen to the text "A Freshman's Experience". I've never seen anything like it before. Point out in what it differs from Judy's earlier letters (see the text). Practise your "Classroom English". which is a very great honour for a Freshman. after having hastily written an assignment on the blackboard the teacher left the class alone for a few minutes. 3) George — you can see only the back of his head. sorry to leave the farm. but recently it has been changing considerably. "Careless writing. 5) Jenny — is not looking at the blackboard. A teacher should know how to do it to goad English. I am beginning to feel at home in college. b) Play the part of a young teacher describing a lesson in a very unruly class to his/her fellow teachers. 10) Andy — the slowest and dreamiest boy in the class. 7) Alison — is disturbing the girl sitting next to her. Also plays of William Shakespeare. But sometimes a dreadful fear comes over me that I'm not a genius. 2. Speak about Judy. My English instructor stopped me on my way out. Say what you would do in the teacher's positions Once. I have begun to be an author. Paraphrase the given sentences. repeat the text following the model. Check them with the key. XVIII. Explain the last line of this letter. (See the text of Unit Five and Ex. 6. 1. which had too many feet. A poem entitled "From my Tower" appears in the February "Monthly" — on the first page. It is pleasant to come back to something familiar. (See "Classroom English". Describe her as fully as you can. Translate the sentences into English. Write the summary of the text. When pointing out this or that trait in her character. Write a spelling-translation test Check it with the key. 2. Is Judy quite serious here? XVI. 5. But I will say that my high-school preparation was not very good. give your reasons. XIX. because I was afraid that unless I re-elected French. 4) Steve — finds it impossible to be silent for more than a minute at a time. 3. please do over. listen to the text 'Town and Gown" or some other text on the history of English Education. I just managed to squeeze through the June examinations. XVII. between Judy and the English instructor. And here is news for you.) LABORATORY EXERCISES (I) 1. TOPIC: EDUCATION Libraries full of books have been written on the education system in Britain. but I didn't dare.

you can stay on at school until you are 18. 1979) TEXT A. the organization of schools and classes. Polytechnics offer the chance to study subjects in a more practical way. societies or play productions. Further study or research is required at the mode-n universities for the first post-graduate degree of Master. At the end of the first or second year students are to make their choice as to the age-range of children they wish to prepare to teach. They take part in the life of the school. Cambridge. Students working for their first degree at university are called undergraduates. practical classes (in scientific subjects) and small group teaching in seminars or tutorials. social studies management and business studies. help with games.). but in most parts of the country everybody now goes to a comprehensive. you take as many of these as you want to. The number of people who study there is strictly controlled. but most people take two or three. At the age of 16 people take their examinations. Ordinary Levels — normally called just 'O' Levels. watching experienced teachers at work. Other types of further education are offered at polytechnics and colleges of higher education. the arts. law and other subjects. Education studies means essential knowledge of children. They combine science and technology. Again. In the past children went to different types of secondary schools. People take 'O' Levels in as many subjects as they want to. lecturer: a person lower in rank than a reader who gives lectures. The course of study for intending teachers is based upon compulsory and optional subjects. Subject studies and Education studies. Here you prepare for Advanced Level Exams ('A' Levels). and Morrow K. and many colleges of higher education specialize in teacher training. the curriculum. All higher and further education outside the universities including teacher training is being assimilated into a common system. and at all British universities for that of Doctor. 43 reader a university teacher of a rank immediately below a professor.С. they are called post-graduates. The most expensive and prestigious private schools are actually called public schools. 44 By School-based experience teaching practice is meant (both "observation period" for junior students and block-teaching practice for senior students). 41 From 1st August 1975 the system of teacher training in England is being reorganized. Some parents. At the age of 11 most children go to a comprehensive school where they stay until they are 16. in the Sixth Form. When they take their degree we say that they graduate and then they are called graduates. and children attend primary school until they are 11. (See: Johnson K. Normally the primary school is divided into Infants (5—7) and Juniors (7—11). If they continue studying at university after they have graduated.Compulsory education begins at 5. Theory of Education is one of the main subjects. Approaches. who do not want their children to go to a comprehensive pay to send them to a private school. others take as many as nine or ten. HIGHER EDUCATION AND TEACHER TRAINING IN GREAT BRITAIN Nowadays teacher training in Great Britain is realized at universities. Their graduates have better chances of getting a job. Most take General Certificate of Education (G. A number of the existing colleges of education are to be merged either with each other or with other institutions of further education (polytechnics and others). In case you pass your exams well you have a chance of going on to university though this is not automatic. some take one or two. polytechnics and colleges of higher education. 42 Other students who work during the day and study in the evening are part-time students. have three terms of about ten weeks in each year. Junior students go into schools for one day each week. In general. The Programme usually consists of three core components: School-based experience. By Subject studies a broad range of subjects is meant of which a student is to choose two cores (the main subjects). 40 41 42 43 44 40 Of the three universities are considered more prestigious and beneficial. If you get good 'O' Level results. University teaching combines lectures given by professors. 68 . In Britain full-time university students (students who spend all their time studying and have no other employment).E. the first degree of Bachelor is given to students who pass examinations at the end of three or four years of study. readers or lecturers. especially at a college or university. Polytechnics are usually formed on the basis of art colleges and colleges of technology.

1974) TEXT B.. Examinations are held at the end of each term. What can I do for you? A. What is a tutorial exactly? S. Longman. S. S. audio-visual facilities.: Quite a lot of problems. it's when students discuss topics with a tutor in very small groups — usually there are not more 69 . What I want to discuss is the difference between a university and a college. (See: Tibbits E. Have you got a minute? S t e v e : Sure. Great attention is paid to scientific subjects..: I've read a number of books on the British system of higher education but I can't make head or tail of it. A: It sounds as though most people prefer a university...Senior students spend fifteen weeks on teaching practice. Exercises in Reading Comprehension. yes.: Speaking about universities I'm not quite clear about tutorials there. observe lessons and take an active part in discussing them with a supervisor (tutor) on school practice.. L.. no wonder. DIALOGUE A n n : Hullo. A.: Well. Steve. you see. that rather depends. S. They learn the use of different educational aids.: Oh. Final examinations (or finals) are taken at the end of the course. What's the problem? A.: It's like this. At a university it is much wider.: Mm. The programme is different.

In fact all the students live in hall.. D. a tennis court. It was a 3-year course.. now he is trying to get a J-O-B. he meant a job! That's a good joke! (See: English 903. a factory hostel. Book 6. I remember you said once you were a B. 47 Ph..: Doctor of Philosophy (title given to completion of any research. It's a college with a hall of residence on the same grounds as the principal building. E = Physical Education.. education system scientific subjects compulsory education an intending teacher primary school optional secondary school core component (core) comprehensive school school (teaching) practice public school School-based experience further education Subject studies polytechnic Education studies college of higher education (Theory of) Education to specialize in main subject teacher training age-range degree junior students undergraduate senior students graduate play production post-graduate educational aids full-time student audio-visual facilities part-time student visual aids reader to observe a lesson 45 46 47 45 ball of residence: a more modern term than hostel.: At university I studied history. A friend asked very seriously: "I suppose your son will try to get an M. We had students' societies and clubs.: Nothing very remarkable. A. literature. Hostel is a more general word (a nurses' hostel... stands for Bachelor of Arts degree. And coming back to colleges.: Yes....: I believe students spend a lot of time together.. or Ph....: Well. with no article. A: And you studied at university? S.. D. Of course there were lecture halls. etc. classrooms and a number of laboratories. modern languages. S. A playing field for netball and football. What else. I'm still not terribly sure what a residential college is..: Erm." next to which my neighbour answered: "Not at all. Perhaps you could tell me how quickly you got those letters after your name? A.: Well Steve. is widely used by students in everyday situations). no matter which subject you study) 70 .: Well. doesn't it? A..A.: And what I'd like to add is that students themselves organize all those clubs and societies. What was it like? S. And after that I got a B. don't they? S. Arnold.: B. J. A. that's worth knowing.: Actually the majority of the teaching staff live there too.: Let me see.. A. A: Beautiful? S... a big grey building surrounded by trees. But there are also quite a lot of nonresidential colleges. science and athletics. Lnd..). A. 1978) ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (II) Words and Word Combinations A. A.: I'd like to find myself in that university. and also politics.than three or four students and sometimes only one.: Yes.. A. A: Any facilities for sport and P...: Am I right to believe that they are for those interested in drama and music? S. A degree. Thanks very much. A. You've been most helpful. 46 P. Yes. S.: Quite. TEXT С. A.. HOW TO GET A DEGREE J.. S..: Definitely. A: Ah.E. ayouth hostel. used only of student hostels (the abbreviated form hall.. A: Really? and what about the teaching staff? S. A gymnasium with changing rooms and showers.: I see. which reminds me of my neighbour whose son had just got his B." A: Ah.. There is usually a Students' Council or Union.

. A.. быть основанным на чём-n. обязательный. лекционный зал.. The Programme usually consists . VIII. доктор философских наук. A Russian student and an English student are exchanging information on systems of higher education in their countries. study.. What sport facilities there are at a university. постановка пьесы... 2.. степень. . degree (Bachelor of Arts. дальнейшее обучение. Ask your fellow-students: 1. политехнический институт. 7... комплекс предметов педагогического цикла.lecturer practical classes final examinations (finals) B... Engineering. B.. 14. педагогика. b) act it out. 2. практика в школе. колледж без общежития. etc.. территория колледжа (университета). Medicine etc. гимнастический зал. the first year. IV. будущий учитель. If it is easy for a Bachelor of Arts to find a job. compulsory and optional subjects. Education? 4. Two students of the English department are discussing their college life.. the end . Make up dialogues.. Theory . our department examinations are held . is. 9.A. V. VI. Ask your comrades to reply them.E.. intending teachers is based . 13. a) Retell Text С in indirect speech. Do you enjoy your lectures . студент вечернего отделения. магистр гуманитарных наук.. раздевалка. Are you going to specialize . tutorial residential college non-residential college hall of residence to live in hall principal building (the Senate) teaching staff Physical Education (P. Great Britain the course.. лектор (2 words). аспирант. the students is concerned . What subjects the Programme of a university is based upon... Study Texts В and С and write English equivalents of the following words and phrases: система высшего образования. выпускник. жить в общежитии (о студентах). бакалавр гуманитарных наук. изучение основного предмета. магистр. using Essential Vocabulary on the topic Suggested situations: A. a student to learn the use . 10. профилирующая дисциплина. B. колледж с общежитием. Transcribe them: педагогическое образование (обучение учителей). using new words and expressions in each question. The English club organized . Fill in prepositions. seminars? VII. студент дневного отделения. Speak about the English Department at your University (usе Essential Vocabulary on the topic). IX. different visual aids . (Doctor of Philosophy) EXERCISES I. What a M. or Ph.S. What a B. Why it is preferable to study at university. Education. а B. студенческое общество. What rooms can be found in a university building. Which degree is higher: M. About the difference between a residential and a non-residential college (university). 6.. A. B. Ask the others to give their responses to the given sentences so as to make up micro-dialogues: 1. студенты младших курсов. Science. студенческий совет... возрастная группа. is. extracurricular activities...) PhD... 6. What clubs and societies are popular in British colleges and universities. 4. проводить экзамены.... 12. 11. A. аудио-визуальные средства. B.? 15. 3. педагогический состав. D. his block-teaching practice. 7. исследовательская работа.. 8. revising the material. Who lives in hall. 5... факультативный.. M.) M. практические занятия. выпускные экзамены. Education. общежитие (студенческое). практические занятия.. Study Text A and write English equivalents of the following words and phrases. It is important.. What you know about tutorials. Who runs those clubs and societies. My school practice began when I was . One of them is enthusiastic 71 . 8.. each term. each examination students are given several days which they spend .) gymnasium (gym) supervisor (tutor) to hold examinations changing room students' society Students' Council (Union) С. посещать уроки. Education? Are they supplemented. колледж высшего образования..Ed. III.A.. 5. Retell Text В in indirect speech using new words and word combinations..M.. руководитель по педпрактике (2 words).. How quickly one can get those letters before his name....S.. студенты старших курсов.Sc.Ed (Master of Arts. About the difference between a university. Write 15 questions on Text A. Summarize what you have learned about the British system of higher education. polytechnic and college of higher education. Do you remember what they are? 3. II.E. B. учебные пособия.. three core components. бакалавр.

Unless something radical is done.. 1982) XIV.. picturesque gothic archways.. D. Many of the colleges present a lovely picture of ancient pearl-grey walls.. Cambridge): a) programme.. 183: XII. Tonight 80 other Sussex students will bed down on mattresses on the floor of the university senate chamber. and the general balance of these parts. Young undergraduates in loose black thighlength gowns. True. dare say)... my opinion is that. Higher education in Great Britain. Tutorial system. c) students' extra-curricular activities. but all the same.. A strict father (mother) is demanding an explanation from a son (daughter) after a failure in a college exam.about everything. conclusion. The son is giving all kinds of lame excuses speaking about "overcrowded syllabus". It will be the sixth — and probably final — night of a'protest occupation! In every major city there are students on camp beds in nooks and crannies and others 'crashing' on the floors of friends' flats. 3. I wouldn't say that. development. Magdalen College and quite a number of others.. Teacher training in Great Britain and in Russia. the concept of a student having the right to go away to university may soon be dead. Cambridge University. the other is a dissatisfied grumbler and finds fault with every little thing. injustice of professors and bad luck in general. Lnd. Your intentions as to your teaching career. All have grass lawns of velvet smoothness which must be seen to be believed. guess. C. English in Mind.. Prompts: I think (suppose. has a hood lined in silk of the colour prescribed by the wearer's faculty. but. Oxford's main railway station is some half a mile to the west of the area in which are clustered most of the colleges: Queen's College and University College. A student of the English department is speaking about the programme and the course of study with a friend of his (hers). arranges lectures for the whole body of students in a particular subject and holds examinations and grants degrees. 5.. most magnificent displays of flowers.. Gowns and mortar boards.. 3. Oxford University. B. All these together make up the University of Oxford. an individual college provides for residence and tutorials. Comment on its content: Students in Tents Three small tents — two blue and one khaki — are pitched among trees on a hill above Sussex University campus. b) teaching methods. Great emphasis is laid at Oxford and Cambridge on what are called "tutorials". Read the text. The National Union of Students describes it as the worst ever student accommodation crisis! The indications are that it is a foretaste of a massive problem. The central University. Oxford has much to offer. 48 49 mortar board: a flat-topped student's cap Don: a college tutor who directs the studies of undergraduates 72 . 2. This weekend they are 'home' to three students who cannot find a bed in the neighbouring town of Brighton. But on the other hand. As soon as we emerge into the clean. XIII. Try your hand at teaching: A. Well. X. They are an apt symbol of an accommodation crisis that is affecting thousands of students throughout the country. in general. 2. You may be right. Creed T. Listen to the students' talk and say a few words about the construction of each talk: its beginning. Students' uniform. For a lover of old architecture. in summer. noble towers.. My view is that.. believe. Residential colleges. broad streets. Get ready for a talk on one of the following topics: 1. Work in Class. Speak on: 1. A graduate's gown is generally of knee length and for ceremonial occasions at least.. in which a Don gives personal instruction in his study at least once a week to students numbering not more than four at a sitting. a) Bead and translate into Russian: Oxford So this is Oxford.. XI. and many have. Higher education in Russia.. there are signs enough that this is the ancient seat of English learning. S. 4. Speak on what you think may surprise a Russian student at an English University (Oxford. (After "The British Scene" by George Bidwell) 48 49 b) Argue the pros and cons of: 1. Describe the pictures on p.. Preparation. (See: Ttofi C.

peeping inside. a tub of water. first traces of fatigue. Compare their versions and make your conclusion as to the difference in approach: Exam: English Literature. 2. In order to make a good clear summary of a story you have to go through the following stages: 1. in frustration. 187-189 might serve as an illustration. novels and plays which have a plot. leaning on. What you are going to do to become a highly-qualified specialist. welcome cheerfully.2. a cane. Use prompt words and phrases listed betow: physicist. theory of relativity. Brown's Holiday". with a wet towel round his head. b) Do the exercises from the guide to the film. come to realize. one playing the university lecturers. Film segment 5 "Is it Good to be a Student?" (Chrichester). a guilty conscience. XVII. lunatic asylum. a middle. arm-in-arm. tired-out. Role-playing. 73 . puzzled. It is easier to make a summary of stories. cast a glance. scattered all over. Work in two groups. Make a list of all the points you find important. and an end. strange visions. Results: Dave Robertson — Sat Duncan Holmes — Good Jenny Richards — Good Charles Hope — Poor Dorothy Baird — Very Good XVI. very much like the topic plan (see the sample in Unit Four). STUDIES OF WRITTEN ENGLISH V A kind of writing technique that helps to achieve good results is summarizing the contents of written works. Plot is a systematic arrangement of events by means of which the writer builds up a meaningful situation and shows the characters. in a frenzy of enthusiasm. a) Watch and listen. treading on air. XV. full of sweet reminiscences. Both groups are discussing one and the same exam. Film "Mr. a sudden shock. Usually a plot consists of a good beginning. Summary is a representation of the contents of complete works in brief. a dazed look. It is expected to be about a sixth or a tenth of the original in length. the other presenting students. These notes should be very brief. Compose a short story to which the pictures on pp. Read the story carefully so as to understand its plot.

6. — The teacher needn't have explained such simple things. the pupils know them. Write a summary of the story "How We Kept Mother's Day". 4. CURIOSITY QUIZ FOR EAGERS I. The father reassured him explaining the difference between the Fahrenheit and Centigrade thermometers.) 3. "Alice in Wonderland". 50 I. "Ivanhoe" and the author of the book. the pupils knew them. — I needn't have told him that. This will help you to reproduce the contents of the story in your own words. A boy of nine fell ill. II. 11. Translate the sentences and check your translation with the key (written work). 50 UNIT SIX I SPEECH PATTERNS 1.) 2. Using the list of points. 3. b) of British or American origin. The boy relaxed after "a day's wait".) Think of the best topic sentences introducing or/and completing your summary. Intelligence Quotient — a number indicating the level of a person's mental development obtained by multiplying his mental age by 100. LABORATORY EXERCISES (II) 1. Henry the Eighth. Write a spelling-translation test. 10. "Jane Eyre" and the author of the book. 6. write a rough draft of the summary. Note: Take care not to change the meaning of the original or add to it. Maurice Maeterlinck. Mona Lisa. Listen to Texts A and B. Here is a sample summary of "A Day's Wait" (see Unit Two). Write tS questions to the text Get ready to discuss it in class. the latter generally cot exceeding 16. (See Text B. The teacher needn't explain such simple things. listen to the text "Cambridge'' or some other text on the topic "Education". Your summary may follow the outline of the story in brief. 74 . He said there was nothing to worry about if the fever did not go above one hundred and four degrees. Micheleangelo. Sherlock Holmes. He'd been talking more than usual. and dividing the result by his chronological age. "David Copperfield" and the author of the book. Repeat them following the model 2.Q. Cf. he knew it already. "Robinson Crusoe" and the author of the book. 5. (See Unit Four. Write a summary of the dialogue between Ann and Steve. He seemed detached and was looking very strangely at the foot of the bed. I needn't have hurried. (Don't forget to make a list of the most important points before writing a rough draft. Check it with the key. Write a dictation. He was running a high temperature (102°F). Check your spelling with a dictionary. 2. You needn't ask this question. Give the names of humorists: a) you appreciate most of all. mark the stresses and tunes. 5. After having written a rough draft shorten it and write a -fair copy of your summary. The boy lay still in the bed. Q. You've come later than usual. 4.3. 2. 12. You needn't go there tomorrow. George Eliot. The doctor diagnosed the illness as flu. c) of world reputation. he knows it. I needn't tell him that. Repeat it following the model. 4. Try to make a summary of Judy's letters." and compare it to Judy's "abyss of ignorance". When the father took his temperature again the boy asked him about the time he was going to die. He argued with his father about the temperature because when being at school in France he learned from the boys that you can't live with the temperature of forty-four degrees. Test your "I. 7. Listen to Text С Mark the stresses and tunes. 3. Shelley. — You needn't have asked this question. You may paraphrase and modify topic sentences. — You needn't have gone there yesterday. though the next day he was still suffering from a nervous breakdown. Say what you know about: 1. 9. 8. Assignments: 1.

Our homework today is longer than usual. He was handsome in a way. There was no harm in him. using the patterns: P a t t e r n 2 : 1. 4. I was rather surprised. Women thought a lot of him.. I asked him how old he was. 4. He was in love.. I wish I knew how I should bring up this dear . 3 (three situations for each pattern). "The Circle". "It's rather a funny story." Burton gave a kindly little chuckle. He was always well-dressed and smart-looking. William Somerset (1874-1965): an English writer.? 9. The soup tastes even . is not. that dear husband of Mary's. And this is where Maugham achieves perfection: his stories are always fascinating. 8. later than usual.. Without a moment's hesitation he sends a man to death just because his presence bores him. Burton. Why have you come to meet me? There was no need for you to bother. I liked him.. 2... автобус уже ушел.. I have heard a lot about that. 3. Paraphrase the following sentences.. A writer can't change life. 7.. Who could have done such a thing but. и. stir his imagination. but he is best known by his short stories... I knew from my own experience that he could lose money at bridge with a good grace.. 7. Who said that? Of course. He came to see me in my office one day and asked me for a job. It became cool.. He looked at me with those kind blue eyes of his. it bored everybody present. Translate these sentences into English: 1. Later on. Make up short situations to illustrate Patterns 1. stories and plays reveal the vanity. В этот день Джуди была больна и чувствовала себя несчастней... Of course he drank too much. . he must only try to amuse his reader. 2. когда ей принесли большую коробку с полураспустившимися розами — подарок этого ее таинственного опекуна.. I really don't know what to do with this naughty child of mine. He spoke too long. "Well. 3.. If I were you. hypocrisy and brutality of the society he lives in. Was it necessary to bother such a busy man with this unimportant question? 5. with curly hair and pink-andwhite cheeks. He won a good deal of mine. . A bit of money used to come in for him once a quarter and he made a bit more by cardplaying. 3.. he was only wild. I don't like that sharp voice of your friend's... unemotional and pessimistic. 3. that and the fact that he was a namesake of mine. and later on he remembers the fact with a "kindly chuckle".. 4. earlier than usual. . She addressed us angrily in that harsh . II. using all the patterns." he said. TEXT. . you know. конечно. a prosperous businessman. EXERCISES I." he said. Those sort of fellows always do. IV.. At the beginning of his literary career Maugham was greatly influenced by French naturalism. "And what have you been doing hitherto?" I asked him. Tomorrow I am to get up earlier than usual. Why did you answer this question? It was not meant for you. because you were so busy speaking to that dear . So does the story "A Friend in Need". ? 3. nothing very much. When Maugham described people and places in his short stories. 2. Complete the following sentences. using Patten 1: P a t t e r n 1 : 1. Никто еще не пришел. I didn't want to come up to you... There was no reason why she should get so excited over a little thing like that. 2.. Yesterday this actress played better than usual. his outlook on life changed. I should throw away these . 2.... The way to his office seemed to him on that day . He says that life is too tragic and senseless to be described. No one any longer believes those . A FRIEND IN NEED by William Somerset Maugham (abridged) Maugham.. He told me that there was no more money coming from home and he wanted to work. "The Razor's Edge" and others. He achieved a great success as a novelist with such novels as "Of Human Bondage". Make up dialogues.. чем обычно.. I knew too well that charming smile of hers. III. чем обычно. and the sun seemed to shine . .... as a dramatist with Ms witty satirical plays "Our Betters". Вам не нужно было приходить сюда так рано.." he said. P a t t e r n 3 : 1. Она не поверила своим глазам. Today she has been answering her task even better .in the least concerned about the troubles and needs of those who have failed in life. Did you happen to see that charming . Maugham's skill in depicting scenes and characters with a few touches is amazing and whether he means it or not his novels.. You needn't repeat to me those lies of yours. 5... etc. Мы добрались до остановки автобуса позже. "I suppose that is why he came to me when he went broke. Из-за этих своих тесных туфель она еле-еле шла. I know that. Are you ill? You are looking .. V. 6. 5. 6. 75 . I don't like the way she treats that miserable .. "He wasn't a bad chap. he did it mostly from his personal experience... "Thirty-five.

"Do you know Kobe?" he asked. "I was a pretty good swimmer myself when I was a young man." "Then you don't know the Shioya Club. Practically every school. Well. and universities. it seemed such an insane answer to give. These are. I shrugged my shoulders. завивать(-ся). as well as between different schools. He hesitated for a moment and then told me that he had had bad luck at cards for some time. "When you made him that offer of a job. I wished him good luck and he left me. he never turned up. I'll take you back to the club to dress and then we'll have lunch together. "Swim!" I could hardly believe my ears. виться. е. and there are various outdoor sports competitions held annually within each school. He hadn't a penny. and I'll see what I can do. But of course he'd ruined his constitution by drink and dissipation. I didn't say anything." he said. to curl one's lip презрительно кривить рот. He hadn't been willing to stick to bridge. I hadn't got a vacancy in my office at the moment. colleges." I got some glimmering of what he was driving at. "When do you want me to do it?" I looked at my watch. to curl up свертывать(-ся). to curl υt/i. He started all right.g. "Come back and see me in another thirty-five years. "I'm not in very good condition. He couldn't pay his hotel bill and they wouldn't give him any more credit. Then I asked Burton a question. If he couldn't get something to do he'd have to commit suicide. It was just after ten. Burton turned to me. The old man was curling his long moustache. He'd been drinking more than usual and he looked fifty. and the Oxford and Cambridge boat races. I told my young namesake about it and I said to him that if he'd do it I'd give him a job. закручивать(-ся). It's over three miles and it's rather difficult on account of the currents round the beacon. клубиться. in which crews from these two universities compete every spring on the Thames. The child curled up in the arm-chair and went to sleep. as a rule.g." he said.g.I couldn't help laughing. arouse national interest. The girls wouldn't have thought so much of him if they'd seen him then." he answered." "Did he funk it at toe last moment?" I asked. "I'm afraid I can't do anything for you just yet." I said." "Done. "You say you're a swimmer. I've known too many men who were little tin gods at their university to be impressed by it. "I can swim. I had a lot of work to do that morning and I only just managed to get to the creek at Tarumi at half past twelve. I was a trifle shocked. I'll drive round to the creek at half past twelve and meet you. "No. е. She has curled her hair. 1. college and university in Great Britain has its own sports clubs. I looked at him for a bit. isn't there anything you can do except play cards?" I asked him. We didn't get the body for about three days. 51 51 to swim for one's university: to take part in swimming races held between one's university team and some other teams. "All right. Pausing in his story. I don't like the way she curls her lip when talking to me." I said." I said. He looked at me for a moment and then he nodded. attended by spectators drawn from all sections of the public. did you know he'd be drowned?" He gave a little mild chuckle and he looked at me with those kind and candid blue eyes of his. e. he'd been playing poker. "The swim shouldn't take you much over an hour and a quarter.g. 76 ." I said. "Well. е." I didn't say anything for a moment or two. He rubbed his chin with his hand. but I only spent a night there. "I passed through it once. he didn't funk it. He was down and out. and he'd got trimmed. The currents round the beacon were more than he could manage." he said. He went rather pale. "No. I could see he was rather taken aback. Does her hair curl naturally or does she curl it in curlers? The smoke from our camp-fires curled upwards among the trees." He didn't move." VOCABULARY NOTES 1. He'd pawned everything he had. We shook hands. When I was a young man I swam from there round the beacon and landed at the creek of Tarumi. I could see now that he was all to pieces. "Well. Suddenly I had an idea. "I swam for my university. 2. But I needn't have hurried.

to be broken. передышка.g. 2.g. засовывать. Friends should stick together.. разбивать(-ся). ехать (в автомобиле. or smth. Shall we drive home or walk? N o t e: With reference to travelling on a bicycle.) прорывать(-ся). tram-driver. When she came in he broke off. I don't like curled hair. He stuck his hands in his pockets.g. to break (smth. She was broken after her husband's death. The mother broke the bread in two and gave each child a piece. The girl had long curls over her shoulders.g. править. е. to drive up (away) подъезжать (отъезжать). беседу). е. Stick to business! (He отвлекайтесь!) 3. вспыхнуть (об эпидемии.) разбить(-ся). е. to drive (drove.g. оставаться. etc. reading. to pause υi делать паузу. физически).g. экипаже). втыкать. We drove up to the house. A fire broke out during the night. Не can't break with his bad habits. преследовать (неприятеля).g. Не fell and broke his leg. stuck) υt/i 1. перерыв. е.g. 2. The girl stuck a flower in her hair. usu. липнуть. one's word. е. 4. гнать (скот). е.curling adj вьющийся (о волосах) Cf. The speaker made a short pause to stress his words.g. 3. to stick (stuck. The nickname stuck to him. держаться. завязнуть.. Though Tom saw that nobody believed him. e.g. He's learning to drive. break to make a pause делать паузу..g. She broke the appointment. etc.g. driven) υt/i 1. учебе и т. ломать(-ся). a promise. е. е. е.д. to break to pieces разбить(-ся) вдребезги.g. наклеивать. in Russian: прекратить разговор. mad сводить с ума drive n катание. е. an appointment Ant. езда. прогулка (в автомобиле. let's have a break. 4. е. The key stuck in the keyhole.g. что имеет форму завитка. We had a nice drive. е.. управлять (машиной.д. broken) υt/i 1.g. перерыв (в работе.g. совершить прогулку в автомобиле. е.) клонить к чему-л. to break the record побить рекорд break n перемена.g. to stick a notice on a board. 2.). A pause is made because of doubt or hesitation or for the sake of expressiveness when speaking. разориться. (old habits. нарушать.g. He went on without pausing. е. to break out начинаться внезапно. е. N o t e: No object after break off. curled adj завитой and curly adj кудрявый. е. 3. е. останавливаться. Syn. автомобилем). I could not understand what he was driving at. as a bus-driver. 2. The splinter stuck in my finger. Не was completely broken as the result of the failure of his business. to go for a drive прокатиться.g. затыкать. he stuck to his words. These stamps won't stick. все. etc.g. pause n пауза. е. Не paused to collect his thoughts. The partisans broke through the enemy's line.. застрять. е. чувствовать себя разбитым (морально. He broke off in the middle of a sentence. е. taxi-driver.g. Who broke the window? Glass breaks easily. to keep. to drive smb. 77 . on a horse or other animal the verb to ride is used. singing.) порвать с. to drive at (colloq. There was a short pause while the next speaker got on to the platform. I feel tired. to break (broke.g. traditions. But I liked this plump curlyheaded little boy. Cf.) in two (three. 3. завивка. as to stick a stamp on a letter. придерживаться? стоять на своем. The vase fell and broke to pieces.g. приклеивать(-ся). е. engine-driver 5. разорвать(-ся) на две (три и т. прикреплять. 2. The car stuck in the mud. as to break the law. е. How do you keep your hair in curl? Soon we saw the curls of smoke rise upwards. покончить с. to break off прекратить внезапно (разговор. Shall we go for a drive round the town? driver n шофер.g. намекать на что-л. войне). экипаже). You must stick to your promise. He jumped on his horse and rode away.g.) части.g. машинист. разломать(-ся).. е. водитель. е. останавливаться. to break through (smth. = She did not keep it to break with smb.. Не drove the horses into the forest. curl n 1. We're working since nine o'clock without a break. локон. пожаре. е. He rode over on his bicycle to see me yesterday.

formal bending.g. to rub one's hands (together) потирать руки от удовольствия. 6. shallow. крушение. constitution).g.g. е. to nod υi/t 1. I've got spare cash about me and can lend you 3 or 5 roubles. He paused until the noise stopped. All the window frames in my flat are loose. The gymnast rubbed his hands with talc. His manner of rubbing bis hands gets on my nerves.g. Ant tight 2.). свободный may be translated by vacant. The telephone booth was vacant and I was able to telephone at once. spare. rain υt губить. е. е. вакантный." е. е. nouns from verbs (е." as a vacant seat (room. дремать. ruinous adj разорительный. business. 2.g.g. Ant to shake one's bead 2. She gazed into vacant space. натирать.g. The ruins of Rome. е." as a free person.g. Не brought his family to ruin. ruin n 1. I have spare time today. loose means "not tight or not fitting close. д.) vacancy n вакантная должность.g. е. house. rub n. 9. She passed me with a nod. etc.g. (smth. руины. е. свободный.g. разрушительный 8. пустой has the following English equivalents: vacant. engaged. 164. е. and is less formal than to bow. клевать носом. е. пустой. find находка). е. The death of Davy's mother was the ruin of his hopes. е." е. погубить. е.g. not engaged. a new word and the one from which it is produced have the same phonetic shape but always belong to different categories or parts of speech. to rub smth. to rub out стирать (написанное чернилами. nod n кивок. е. гибель. not busy.g. The other two main ways of word-building are a f f i x a t i o n (or so called derivation) and composition. е.g. Syn. развалины (often pl).N о t e: to stop is usually used when the action is not supposed to continue." е. карандашом). dry вытирать насухо. free. губительный. to rub in втирать (мазь и т. a vaсant mind free means "independent. He knew that he himself had ruined his life by stealing the money. Rub the oil in well. stop . Не rubbed Ms face (hands) dry. are you? Ant. The dog rubbed its nose against my coat. She gave me a nod. She gave the spoons a good rub. We have a vacancy on our staff. loose.g. In conversion. so that verbs may be produced from nouns or adjectives (е. He had loose clothes on. to rub υt/i тереть(-ся). vacant adj незанятый. е. break перерыв. в. You are not engaged now. 7. to rain oneself разориться. She sat in the armchair nodding over her book. which is a slower. bow N о t e: to sod refers lo a quick motion of the head only. д. a free state. to pale бледнеть). I asked him if he could ring me up and he nodded. разорять to ruin one's life (hopes. to bring smb. empty. busy Spare means "additional to what is usually needed. to rub off стирать (удалять с поверхности). е. The fellow rained himself by card-playing.g. кивать головой. especially in speech or writing. The servant bowed and left the room. to pause is used when there is only a temporary break in the action.g. to comb причесывать.g. drive поездка. N o t e: The Russian words свободный and пустой have different English equivalents: 1. to hand вручать. разрушать.g. е. blank. usually of the body as well as the head. vacant means "not occupied. free will not engaged means "not occupied. NOTES ON WORD-FORMATION The verb to land was made from the noun land by means of c o n v e r s i o n which is a very productive way of making new words in modern English. a vacant post (position). 78 Syn. She nodded to me as she passed. (See the notes to the word blank on p.g. She rubbed all the pencil marks out. The enemy left the city in rains.) to ruin разорить. е. We advertised for a secretary to fill the vacancy. to pocket класть в карман.g. разорение.g. flat). Rub the words off the blackboard.g.

rather adv vacant adj drive υ.: classroom. to break out to stick to smth. е.g. (smb. е. n curl υ. g: beautiful. swimmer. (smth. unbelievable. wall newspaper. In composition new words are produced from two or more stems.In affixation new words are produced with the help of affixes (that is suffixes and prefixes).) to ruin 79 . n rub υ vacancy n driver n Word Combinations in a way to break off to be willing to do smth.) to break the record to be down and out to break with to commit suicide to curl one's lip to drive at to curl up on account of to drive up (away) to be taken aback to drive smb. goodfor-nothing. ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (I) Words break υ. n smart (-looking) adj curly adj pause υ. n hesitate υ ruin υ. blue-eyed. etc. n land υ ruinous adj curled adj namesake n shock υ curling adj nod υ. n stick υ current a. mad to shrug one's shoulders to make a pause to have bad (good) luck to rub one's hands (together) to rum up to bring smb.

все номера заняты. spare): 1. to do as I please. handsome ... what other verbs can be used in the same function? B. On what condition did Burton promise a job in his office to his namesake? What do you think of this condition? 8. Read the translation in class and discuss it with your fellow-students. Ключ застрял в замке." "mild chuckle. Write an outline of the story. a) Transcribe these words: handsome... it is . Search the text for verbs and nouns formed by means of conversion. 3.. Друзья всегда держались вместе. Она наклеила на письмо несколько марок и бросила его в почтовый ящик.. When I entered the hall all the seats were . 3.. 8. pausing.? — No. Have you any .. free.. — I'm afraid at this hour all the rooms are sure to be . Grammar. What did young Burton mean when he said that he "swam for his University"? 7. 7. busy. bridge.. VI. 4. C. experience. classroom and rehearse our dialogue there.. At this late hour all taxis will be . 9.. 11.. Оратор остановился. и я не могла открыть дверь. the creek of Tarumi.. Смерть единственного сына была крушением всех его надежд 6. . Pick out from the text all the irregular verbs and give their four forms. quarter.. Все списали эти предложения? Я стираю их с доски. Construct some compounds modelling them after well-dressed and smart-looking. to have bad luck .. tomorrow? Let's go to the country. b) Think of situations or microdialogues consisting of a statement (or a question) and a reply to it using the words mentioned above. I tried to get him on the phone but the line was .. occupied or vacant. Study Vocabulary Notes and translate the illustrative examples into Russian. pawn. 8. IX. 9. у меня вряд ли будет свободное время. didn't he? 9. 10.. 2. VII. 1. C. 10. X. He never turned.. Let's find a ... чтобы собраться с мыслями... question. I am young... He did not want to stick . shoulder. 12. pieces. He was all. Why do you think young Burton turned to his namesake for help when he was rained? 4. What was the situation in which he found himself? 5. Do you think old Burton knew that bis namesake would be drowned? Why do you think so? 11. 2) the paragraph beginning with "He didn't move" and 3) the paragraph from "Swim!" up to "Suddenly I had an idea". Pick out from the text all compound words and identify their type. I understand what he was driving . lose. Fill in prepositions: 1. 3. 1.EXERCISES I. 2. 4. 3.. Search the text for -ingforms and classify them according to their functions in the sentences. a) Fill in different English equivalents of the Russian words занят and свободен (engaged. well-dressed. Burton thought that what he was telling was "rather a funny story.. a way. drowned. B. Translate these sentences into English: 1. 6.. use them in sentences of your own. rather. 2.. . V. Есть в гостинице свободные номера? — К сожалению. 2. Лондонские туманы губительны для здоровья. Translate in writing three paragraphs from the text: 1) the first paragraph. Is the place next to you .. As I was . Холод голод и нужда подорвали здоровье Герствуда.. beacon. and . I decided to ring him up later... constitution. II. b) sticking to the story as told by the author or c) building it up round the main idea of the story. Word-formation). dissipation.. Will you be . 7. What happened to him? 10. A." Do you also think so? Why don't you? Why did Burton think it funny? 2. 4.. Why did young Burton accept it? He knew he was not in good condition.. Вы сегодня заняты? — К сожалению. cards. Read the text and do the following (A. Paraphrase all the sentences with the verb get. 2. He could lose money . У него была странная привычка потирать руки. bridge . Why does the author emphasize when speaking about old Burton his "kindly chuckle. As he was . What kind of man do you think old Burton was? 13. What kind of man was young Barton? What do you think of his way of living? Do you approve of it? Why not? 3.. I landed . Select sentences with the verb go used as a link verb." "those candid and kind blue eyes of his"? VIII. Mark all the cases of Sequence of Tenses in the text and comment on them (explain the rules). to know.. aback. a good grace.. когда он был взволнован. and I could hardly find a . 3..... healthy. yesterday he couldn't join our company. What did Burton mean by saying that his young namesake was "down and out"? that he was "all to pieces"? 6. pass. trifle. Pick out all the sentences with the word rather and translate them into Russian. 4. seat. at my office... Write twenty special questions about the text In each question use one of the phrases from Essential Vocabulary (I). 5.. 5. 6... suicide. 1. one's own experience. Answer the following questions: 1. IV. 3. current. half.. Why did Burton send his namesake to almost sure death? 12.. account. Pick out from the text words and phrases describing appearance. poker.. Tick off all introductory phrases used by Burton... 4. 7. — No. 9. 2.. curl. Вам 80 . You may try three ways: a) following the chain of true events. vacancy. I'll be . III.. 5. b) Transcribe and explain the rules of reading these words: wild. .. time today? 8. Word usage.

and soon after that her elder child died of pneumonia. loose and tight 3. который до этого времени мирно дремал в кресле. Write an exercise to practise the following antonyms: to break and to keep. 5. Prepare to explain the difference between the verbs: stop and pause. Work in Class. ask about smb. Звук выстрела нарушил тишину. Is it expressed by lexical or syntactical means? (Analyse each case. ХII. You said you didn't come to the exam on Monday because you were so ill you couldn't move. 17. 2. No wonder she was broken physically and spiritually. Yet. Correct the mistakes. there seemed to be no way out for him. I'm sure you were simply afraid. 6. 15. 2. и только после этого продолжал объяснение. 16. вскочил и стал оглядываться по сторонам. Paraphrase the following sentences. Я не любил купаться в реке из-за сильного течения. Men of this kind are always a great success with women. Sections I. not very easily impressed. как только я вошел. VII. он презрительно скривил рот и только кивнул головой в знак приветствия. In what situations did old Burton and his namesake perform the same actions as in Point 1. nod and bow so as to make sure that your pupils can use these verbs properly. Couldn't you lend me a little more money? I am in a hopeless position. 18. he had always been a nice man and had never done any harm to anybody.) 2. She is rather a good cook. using colloquial words and phrases from the text instead of the words in italic type which are stylistically neutral: 1. b) Young Burton (his appearance. shake hands? 2. When do you usually: rub your chin. c) The story-teller (what kind of person he was. XV. Учитель подождал. он хорошо водит машину. Try your band at teaching: A. isn't she? — Women of that kind always are.: What did young Burton ask for? What did he get? What was his occupation and that of old Burton? What were the advantages and disadvantages of old Burton's position and those of his namesake? What were young Burton's chances? Could he manage to cover three miles? Who gained anything from this performance? What do you think both of them should have done under the circumstances? What were your feelings after reading the story? XIV. Don't forget that old Burton was busy in his office. 120. (Use "Classroom English". Ask the class to answer the questions given in Items 1 and 3 and to do your exercise from Item 2. Read the story carefully and answer the following questions: 1. go pale. IV. Point out the lines and passages in which the ironical attitude of the author towards Burton the Elder is felt. with whom his sympathies were). 2. 14. look at your watch.не следует беспокоиться. give a little chuckle. пока не стихли разговоры. direct or indirect? (See Notes on Style. p. но не сдержал обещания. free and engaged. character and what yon think of him). Он обещал помочь мне. XVI. 3. Revise the story and discuss the following: 1. 1. E. What is the message (the main idea) of the story? XVII. all to pieces and not in very good condition to 81 . д. 7. My sister's husband was killed in the war. Speak on the characters of the story. 1. how he was impressed by Burton's story. 13. I don't believe it. He ruined himself because he played cards and drank a lot. Они прервали беседу.) Comment on the title of the story. Увидев меня. Think of the answers you would give if your pupils asked you: 1) How long is a mile? 2) Did Burton mean land miles or nautical miles when he said there were over three miles between the Shioya Club and the creek of Tarumi? 3) In what part of the world did the events take place? B.'s age. I began to understand what she meant to say. 3. Perform a dialogue between old Burton and his namesake. XI. his namesake was down and out. a) Old Burton (his appearance. How does the author make the reader realize what kind of man Burton the Elder was? Which method of characterization does he use. 4.) ХIII. When I met him. Before writing it find answers to the following questions that may serve as the key points of the story. Comment on each situation. comment on the answers and say a few words by way of explanation if needed. Preparation. hesitate. shrug your shoulders. character and what yon think of him). indifferent to other people's troubles. Мистер Кэртел. to nod and to shake. Write a summary of the story "A Friend in Need".

) 82 . 2. XX. an Englishman. Since then there have been many successful swims and the time has been shortened. The jury retires to consider its verdict: Guilty or Not Guilty. Она показалась мне довольно красивой девушкой. The rest of the group are acting as members of the jury and will bring a verdict of "guilty" or "not guilty". Try your hand at teaching. c) Comment on the text. (See "Classroom English". using the word rather. ХXII. пожалуй. Prepare a short test on the vocabulary of Unit Six. check it and comment on each work. пожалуйста. XXIII. Student A — speaking for the prosecution (he will describe all the facts proving Burton's guilt). Нас несколько удивил его ранний приход. puzzling. 9. G — acting as witnesses for the prosecution or the defence. Practise your Classroom English. a fourth form pupil. 8. but because of the strong tides the distance that must be swum is usually more than twicе as far.). Sections VII. Say if you think such a competition is a sport. The two tides meet near the mouth of the Thames. Я. The first man to succeed in swimming the Channel was Captain Webb. возьму эту пластинку. Translate the following sentences into English. 1. возьмите лучше другую. чем глуп. Role-playing. they say. try to swim from England to France or from France to England. 1. the whole truth. b) Retell the text above using the phrases in italic type. There is a strong tide from the Atlantic Ocean. XXI. Think of a different end to the story (comical. helps to keep out the cold. Use Essential Vocabulary of the lesson. Она выглядела несколько усталой после двухкилометровой прогулки. It may be arranged in the following way: Student A — speaking for the judge. The distance at the nearest points is only about twenty miles. examines the documents and evidence. Эта книга довольно скучная. puts questions. боюсь. He landed in France 21 hours 45 minutes after entering the water at Dover. The judge conducts the trial. 3. Students E. Retell your story in class. Student С — speaking for the defence (he will try and present all the facts that may speak in Burton's favour). One French swimmer crossed it in 11 hours and 5 minutes. F. Чемодан маловат. 4. This. 5. 7. and strong currents they cause make it impossible to swim in a straight line across the Channel. 2. swimmers cover their bodies with grease. a) Read the text: Every summer many people. try to defend himself). surprised and shocked the children in class because of the long dangling earrings she was wearing. etc. Play the part of the teacher and give the test in class. If the defendant is found guilty. Write a short story to illustrate the proverb "A friend in need is a friend indeed". XIX. This divides in two in order to pass round the British Isles. naturally. 6. IX. что вы не уложите в него всю одежду. When the two sides have presented their cases. girls and women as well as boys and men.swim. Student D — representing Burton (he will. after which he calls witnesses who swear to tell the truth. the judge passes sentence on him. hoping the children would soon ignore it also. Еще чашечку чая? — Да. Counsel for the prosecution (прокурор) addresses the jury and presents his case. Because the sea is usually cold. the subdued but excited noise continued. Say what you would do in the teacher's position: Anna. XVIII. This was in August 1875. The judge may interfere at any point and ask questions. They are fed during the swim by men who go with them in small boats. the judge gives his summing up. and nothing but the truth. Role-play a Trial at which you will try Burton for wilful murder. Он скорее невежественен. Эта новость немного взволновала его. Counsel for the defence proceeds in the same way. Everyone wanted to see and touch the earrings. However. At first the teacher decided to ignore this.

— I've been told that there are no winter sports in England. the English winter isn't very severe as a rule. yes. billiards. Read the text following the model. Tennis is played all the year round — on hard courts or grass courts in summer. write 10 questions to the text. Among outdoor games football takes the first place in public interest. and not a very good one at that. So we may say that sport is one of the things that makes all people kin. 3. golf. The most popular outdoor winter sports are shooting. Among indoor games the most popular are billiards. 2. there's tennis. b) Make up sentences contrasting to the given ones using the verb need and a suggested noun. c) Respond to the remarks using the given pattern. that is. 83 . gliding and many other sports. Listen to the English sentences and write down the Russian translation. 4. Summer affords excellent opportunities for swimming. — What about horse-racing? — I should say that is one of the most popular sports in Great Britain. That is one thing in which people of every nationality and class are united. in the countries where the weather is frosty and there is much snow — skating. this game is played in all the countries of the world.LABORATORY EXERCISES (I) 1. 5. Scores of young girls and women go in for callisthenics. cycling. any amount. table tennis. we certainly must. Task II. I suppose football. We'll have to take him out to dinner after the match. skating or tobogganing. — Is there any golf to be had near London? — Oh. mark the stresses and tunes. hockey. Change the given sentences according to the model. Some people greatly enjoy figure-skating and ski-jumping. and we don't often have the chance of skiing. Listen to the text "A Friend in Need". hockey and.. Priestley. 6. skiing and tobogganing. Get ready to discuss it in class. and so on. Write a spelling-translation test. Pedro. T h e o t h e r s : Good idea. hunting. and cricket. — I think I shall if I get the chance. athletics. Badminton is also very popular. walkingraces. soccer or rugger. Listen to the text "The Story of Arthur Bloxham" or some other story on students' life. gymnastics and track and field events. Lucille. running. Pedro. You ought to join a golf club if you're keen on the game. cricket. and so on. Olaf. you see. The other games that have firmly established themselves in favour in different countries are golf. TEXT C. boating. Then there are. L u c i l l e : What splendid seats! We'll be able to see everything from here. Hob. and on hard or covered courts in winter. I'm not a professional or a champion. Check your translation with the key (written work). of course. table tennis. lawn-tennis. Translate your phrases back into English and check them with the key. but of course. a) Paraphrase the given sentences. What about indoor games? — Well. Frieda. — Well. TEXT B. of course. I do. — What are the other outdoor games? — Oh. but winter is the great time for hunting. yachting. swimming and boxing. There are dozens of good golf-links within an hour or so of London. Jan has certainly looked after us well. THE FOOTBALL MATCH (A Conversation) Characters — Mr. cards. P e d r o : Yes. there's chess. basket-ball.. TOPIC: SPORTS AND GAMES TEXT A. volley-ball. Task I. but the great international game is chess. I hope Jan is in form today. The results of chess tournaments are studied and discussed by thousands of enthusiasts in different countries. provided the ground is not too hard. H o b : And we must shout for his team. draughts and some others. do you play billiards? — Well. WHAT MAKES ALL PEOPLE KIN People all over the world are very fond of sports and games. just an ordinary amateur. All the year round many people indulge in boxing. By the way. SPORTS AND GAMES POPULAR IN ENGLAND — What would you say are the most popular games in England today? — Well. wrestling.

He must be the captain. F r i e d a : Yes. Р г i e s l l e y : He needn't give up his studies. javelin) pole vault (vaulting) throwing race/run high (long. Eckersley. H o b : Jan must be a good player. M r . Book 4. L u c i l l e : Go on. M r . H o b : Shoot. P r i e s t l e y : This has been a grand game. You mustn't let him stop you. They are more important than football. P e d r o : Yes. H o b : Jan's lost the toss and the Oxford captain has decided to play with the wind. L u с i l l e If Jan is chosen for the international match. and London have won. Well. Jan! P e d r o : That Oxford centre-half is trying to stop him. you have to be a good player to be captain of London team. will he have to give up his studies and go into training? F r i e d a : He mustn't do that. if my watch is right. he's had to part with the ball. they have to choose Jan for the international match now. L u c i l l e : I've nearly lost my voice with shouting "Come on. It's one goal each. E. O l a f : Look. shoot! It's a goal! P e d r o : Oh. I hear they are to choose the players tomorrow for the international match and if he plays well today Jan may be chosen. Oh. Jan has played the game of his life. what a shot! The goal-keeper hadn't a chance. P r i e s t l e y : And there's the whistle for full time. P r i e s t l e y : I don't think they can. he is. H o b : Come on. M r .M r . О 1 a f : It must be exciting to play in an international match. Jan. they'll have to play against the wind in the second half. P e d r o : Here are the teams coming out. I see Jan is playing centreforward. It must be nearly time now. I hardly remember ever seeing a better one. and the Oxford defence is magnificent O l a f : Yes. P r i e s t l e y : Ihope he is. He's going like lightning towards the Oxford goal. He's just getting ready to kick off. He has been playing regularly and is in good form. go on. O l a f : He is. (From "Essential English for Foreign Students". O l a f : Oh. He must go on with his studies. he's beaten the fullback and is racing towards the goal. I wish London could win. M г . a wonderful pass. London! (About an hour and a half later) M r . There they go. Abridged) ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (II) Words Some popular sports archery skating artistic gymnastics (callisthenics) skiing boxing cross-country skiing car (motorcycle) racing down-hill skiing cycling ski-jump diving slalom fencing sky diving (parachuting) figure-skating swimming gymnastics weight-lifting gliding windsurfing hang gliding wrestling mountaineering arm-wrestling rowing and canoeing yachting athletics (track-and-field) marathon (race) discus (hammer. P r i e s t l e y : Jan passed the ball to the inside right. London!" Oh. they have three minutes to go. well. F r i e d a : Look! Jan has got the ball. L u с i l 1 e : Oh! The inside-right is down. triple) jump shot putting hurdle races steeplechase Some popular games Open-air games 84 . Jan is leading the London team. Jan. I heard that the Selection Committee would be at the match and I told Jan he was to play his best today because they were watching him. Jan's got it again. by C.

game was 6:4 (six to four). е. е. The score of the draw v. national sport n sports n = events sports adj. a footspectator n ball fan sports enthusiast shout for v support v Scoring system best (record. е. world) champion(competition.g. asymmetric bars Word Combinations athletic training to win the team (personal. semi-final) match championship n. е. referee.g. rugger) (lawn) tennis n volley-ball n water polo 52 Indoor games squash n table-tennis n Sports Terms cup (final.) ship to kick the ball to win by 2 (3.g. basically the same as basket-ball (played by women) 85 . college) official (umpire. е. е.g. sports jacket (shirt) sporting adj tournament n Participants opponent (rival) n sportsman (athlete) n sportswoman n team Audience fan (colloq. The match runner-up n ended in a draw. intercollege cup competition con'test v 'contest n. soccer) golf n hockey n chess n draughts n amateur (professional) sport indoor (outdoor or open-air) sports football championship compete v competition n. etc.g. е. He scored lose v 20 points.g.g. Neither side loser n scored in the game (нe victory n забила гол).g. The two teams drew. е. е. goal n score v. е. Competition sites and sports equipment barbell n net n beam n play-ground n chessboard n puck n chessman n racket n club (stick) n rings n discus n ski jump draughtsman n sports hall gym n boxing gloves javelin n trampoline (батут) n jumping (spring) board uneven (parallel).badminton n basket-ball n cricket n football n (colloq. to follow a tournament national.g. judge) n net-ball n rugby n (colloq. score n. world gym nastics contest (rivalry in singing. etc. fastest) time point n. beauty) crew n (used for sportsmen rowing or sailing a boat) national (Olympic. How many defeat v points have they won? draw n.) goals to score a goal (20 points) (points) 52 net-ball: an English game.g.) n.

European) record EXERCISES I. is in good form today. II. Britain.. Write 15 questions about Texts A and B. a ball. Я мечтаю поставить рекорд по плаванию.. diving.. shout for his team. Наша игра закончилась вничью. 19. Женщины не играют в футбол. . 6. Кто завоевал первенство вашего института по шашкам? — Один из наших первокурсников.. III. the TV. a lot even watch sport.. playing hockey? V. Никто не ожидал. Разве вы не хотели бы завоевать кубок в этом соревновании? 14. Я болею за футбольную команду «Спартак».. Кто первый забил гол? 15.. 8. Я 86 . 18.. 22. a particular team will travel. (See "Approaches". Did you ever try figure-skating? 6. if the ball had not been invented.. What sports and games do you know? 15. callisthenics.'s favour to set up (break) a record the record holder the world (national. intonation. the other to see their team play. Study Texts A and В and transcribe these words: tobogganing.. most British towns and the fans. there would have been no sport. soccer. swimming. basket-ball. Evaluate the reports of your fellow students according to delivery: general clarity. wrestling.. sport.. Add something: 1.. b) some open-air games. Вы занимаетесь легкой атлетикой? 10. я не в форме. playing football.. Perhaps that explains why they are not so popular as football. Стрельба из лука стала достаточно популярным видом спорта... yachting.. rythm. tournament.. the country. athletics. the whole British people prefer to be fat rather than fit The most popular spectator sport is football.... come on. mountaineering. a Saturday afternoon . to kick off. some hoops. sport is probably quite small. skating. boxing. a) Fill in prepositions if necessary: Sport is very popular .. pronunciation. c) some indoor games. Мальчик мечтает стать хоккеистом и просит купить ему клюшку и шайбу. 20. What is the difference between a "sport" and a "game"? 14.. ball so that your opponent cannot hit it and cricket which is played . including golf . Cambridge 1979) b) Retell the text. cycling. 3 minutes to go. a ball. но редко. Who coaches your volley-ball team? 12. Do not merely translate them into Russian. Я предпочитаю легкую атлетику боксу и борьбе. one end . 2. Read Text С and try to explain the phrases listed below. 17. playing chess. British people like the idea ... enthusiast. Вы пойдете на этот матч? 16. Do Russain teams participate in international matches? 11. Сегодня я не могу бежать. Study Essential Vocabulary (II). However. which you try to get a ball. Change them into a type of English that is more easily understood and explain what they mean in the context of the conversation.. Answer the following questions. что они выиграют со счетом 2:0. lost the toss. playing draughts. especially.. a net. Do you attend hockey matches? 4. hunting. 7. nor is horse-racing. правда? — Играют. which you try to hit a .. billiards. which you try to knock a ball. racing. but is otherwise incomprehensible.. VI.to keep the score to end a game in a draw (to draw a game) to win a prize (a cup. IV. fluency. Не стоит вступать больше чем в два спортивных кружка одновременно. Translate the following sentences into English: 1. 11..... 3. skiing. amateur. Where are the Oxford and Cambridge boat-races held? 13. 9. Explanatory Notes and name: a) as many kinds of sport as you can. What is the most popular sport in Russia? 10. Athletics is not played .. 5. tennis . Many other sports are also played .. What do yon call a person who goes la for: wrestling. As you can see. Люди во всем мире следят за Олимпийскими играми. draughts. VIII. croquet. What kind of sport do you go in for? 2. Where are boat-races held in Moscow? 9. Ему хорошо дается фигурное катание. Actually that's not quite true. Football is played . Виндсерфинг и дельтапланеризм появились совсем недавно.. a hole.. running. or supporters . What games take the first place in public interest? 16. Сколько человек примут участие в институтском шахматном чемпионате? 13. b) Retell Texts A and В (in indirect speech). athletics.. court. other words a lot. 12.. Он охотно будет тренировать нас в фехтовании. Do not answer in one sentence. What is the great national sport in England? VII. the game of his life. victory) to win with the score 4 to 0 in smb.. which you try to knock a ball . 4. to play with (against) the wind. What do spectators do at the stadiums? 8... the number who actively take part . Do you play draughts? 3. Who usually likes tobogganing? ?. weight-lifting. What football team do you support? 5... Он уделяет много времени физической подготовке. 21. playing basket-ball. Britain. gymnastics.. .. lawn-tennis. playing volley-ball. rugger.

wrestling.. 8. 11. there's nothing like . the other is not as his team has lost the match. Hang gliders rise and fall with the movements in the air — near lulls. 1984. 25. 2. strength. Hockey is one of the most popular summer games. (From "Modern English International". XII. No. tennis. Mozaika. I can't agree with you there. The team scoring the greatest number of "goals" wins. b) Make up dialogues discussing one (or several) of the sports from the list above. 14.. discus throwing. Prompts: I just don't agree. Each player wears shorts and special boots. A friend of yours claims to be an "all-round sportsman". courage. steeplechase. Ice hockey is popular with women. volley-ball. Golf is played on ice fields. 7.. endurance. rowing. How can you say such a thing! You seem to think that. 13. 15. You may touch the ball with your hands when playing football. 5. 4. 5. yachting. basket-ball. Badminton can be played only indoors. But this idea isn't as new as you might think: in the fifteenth century. a) Speak on each kind of sport on the list below. fencing. they usually go up. like windsurfing.g. The capsules had a sort of wing which helped them to go more slowly until they reached the sea.. That is just the other way round... Try to describe your favourite game. it was a sort of kite which could carry a person. Let your partners guess which game you are describing. boxing. Я уверен.. We use balls when playing badminton. Correct the wrong statements. hockey. Imagine a dialogue between two sports fans about their favourite sports. 4.. Speak according to the plan that is given in the example: E x a m p l e: 1. Boxers fight with bare hands. Add a few more sentences to make up a dialogue: 1. a) Read the text and comment on it: Hang Gliding The Sport of the 1980s Hang gliding.. Women are good football players as a rule. The goal-keeper acts as a judge in football. X.. Two friends are talking after a football match. Francis Rogallo. Number of players (per team): Two teams of eleven players each. Say a few words about its advantages and attractive features: mountaineering. skiing. 3. Use the following: in my opinion .. In hockey a handball and rackets are used. got the idea when he was watching space capsules falling towards the sea. skating. Equipment necessary: a ball. что игра закончится вничью. All over the world. 264) b) What do you know of the kinds of sport which recently appeared! Describe them and say what attracts people in them. 6. archery. with a break in the middle. 3. мы недостаточно подготовлены. 2. chess. You are badly mistaken. quickness of reaction. ski-jumping. Some of the rules: only the two goal-keepers (who stand in front of the two goals) are allowed to touch the ball with their hands. I see nothing exciting in . A tennis ball is struck with a club. briefly describe it as well as the qualities it requires from the sportsman. 6." Cambndge... There is no difference between "soccer" and "rugby". comes from America.. People who play draughts are called draughtsmen. Use a dictionary to look up any special words. Мы не сможем с вами соревноваться. XIII. as people discover the fun of flying. 12.. 23. artistic gymnastics. 10. figure-skating. The modern hang glider can go with the wind or against it. I'm not so sure. but at least.. Place where played: a special field which has goal posts at both ends. no one can kick or push another player. The opposing team try to stop them.предпочитаю художественную гимнастику любому другому виду спорта. They try to kick it between the goal posts of the opposing team. Track and field events are never included in Olympic Games. Length of game: one hour and a half. how can you say such a thing!. 24. I don't quite see what people find in .. 1979) XI.. marathon. Leonardo da Vinchi drew pictures of a hang glider.. these giant butterflies are becoming more and more popular. I don't know anything more exciting than . wind-surfing. е. 9.. Act out the following situations: 1. Once you call on him and find him 87 . and the pilot can change direction by moving the control bar. IX.. sky-diving. for example.. absolutely marvellous...... 25.. 2. The person who thought of this sport. How to play and win: the players kick the ball to each other. All I know is. Вы собираетесь участвовать в соревнованиях по гребле? — Обязательно. Table-tennis and lawn-tennis are one and the same game.. One is happy — his favourite team has won. etc. (See "Approaches. У нас прекрасный зал и все возможности для хорошей физической подготовки. I like it immensely. 3.

накануне игры он слег с воспалением легких 3. XIV. that "Hamlet" is so much paper and ink. that "Hamlet" is so much paper and ink. thumping one another on the shoulders. a) Study the text and search for some arguments in favour of sport. maybe not. ecstatic when your forwards raced away towards the opposite goal. it offered you more than a shilling's worth of material for talk during the rest of the week. lifting. Соревнования по легкой атлетике еще не начались. hurting with Conflict and yet passionate and beautiful in its Art. 8. jumping. Explain the words: "To say that these men paid their shilling to watch twenty-two hirelings kick a ball is merely to say that a violin is wood and catgut. What sort of shape are you in? Are you the sort of person who goes for a run each morning. triumphant by turns at the fortunes of your side. watching a ball shape Iliads and Odysseys for you. and what is more. It's Sunday afternoon. (From "Modern English International". 6. For a shilling the Bruddersford United A. it turned you into a partisan. or are you the other kind who gets out of breath when reaching for a cigarette? Maybe you have a lot of energy. Напрасно вы торопились. No. To say that these men paid their shilling to watch twenty-two hirelings kick a ball is merely to say that a violin is wood and catgut. B. Argument between husband and wife. 4. bad bosses. If you don't get the exercise that your body wants. Translate into English: 1. elated. ailing children. Priestley. Summarize the text: Check your knowledge." 2. and of course the natural reaction is "It's not going to happen to me. does football give people? 4. swopping judgements like lords of the earth. ему не повезло. in the author's opinion. ready in a second to estimate the worth of a well-judged pass. having pushed your way through a turnstile into another and altogether more splendid kind of life. You have a talk with him. (From "Good Companions" by J. Соревнования не состоятся из-за плохой погоды.C. You are an ardent athlete and like to get up at sunrise. climbing and a variety of other activities. offered you Conflict and Art. you make decisions all day. you do extra work at home. It is a tide of cloth caps. it turned you into a member of a new community. 4. You try to make him do at least his morning exercises. Я едва мог поверить своим ушам. 2. all brothers together for an hour and a half. but you had escaped with most of your mates and your neighbours. Он был страшно расстроен. from work. что сегодняшняя игра закончилась вничью. Exercise? You don't have enough time — why bother anyway? Well. rent. while on another channel there will be a fashion show. когда мне сказали. running. insurance cards." 3. wages. 9. Mozaika. by seeing if you are doing the right sort of exercise. Explain the words: "For a shilling the Bruddersford United A. and your body does nothing: the results can vary from depression to severe illness to early death. Not a very cheerful thought. Your mind works all day. знаю этого человека. idle workmen. 1984." Maybe. it turned you into a critic. the answer to that question is your body design. 5.F. Here are two ways of looking after yourself: firstly.F. nagging wives. Мы могли проиграть. a) Translate the text into Russian: The Football Match Something very queer is happening in that narrow thoroughfare to the west of the town. sick pay. happy in your judgement of fine points. Моя старшая сестра занимается художественной гимнастикой уже три года. многие из нас не в форме. then things can go badly wrong. а теперь он тренирует молодых спортсменов. Неужели правда. there will be a football match on TV. 7. Abridged) b) Comment on the extract: 1. Moreover. a run down the touch line. and secondly by seeing if you have the right kind of diet. Он был когда-то отличным бегуном. a clearance kick by back or goal-keeper. Кем был установлен последний мировой рекорд по ярыжкам в высоту? XV. with half the town. a lightning shot. что команда нашего института выиграла со счетом 6:0. doles. Human beings weren't built for sitting at a desk all day: your body is constructed for hunting. for not only had you escaped from the clanking machinery of this lesser life. что его команда проиграла. что он не принимал участия в игре на кубок? — Да. You go to work or school. Do you agree with the author in that? What do you think about such games as football and hockey and the secret of their popularity? XVI.surrounded by a thick cloud of cigarette smoke. 5. Я. You are in the hall of your institute. offered you Conflict and Art. кажется. and there you were. когда ему сказали. cheering together. These caps have just left the ground of the Bruddersford United Association Football Club. holding your breath when the ball came sailing into your own goalmouth. What. bitter.C. A grey-green tide flows sluggishly down its length. at which your room-mate is grumbling. downcast. 263) 88 How Healthy Are You? . In a few minutes. Я рад.

Describe these pictures in suds a way as if you have seen the event with your own eyes. It is expected to be very short and clear. plant the pole. the growing strain). XVIII. 2. Express your attitude to sport and sportsmen in general. the boy is ill but he won't go to bed. Gist deals with the main idea of any thoughtful writing. puzzled. for example) you have to do the following: 1. You are people of different age and social standing. up in the air. wave a start. land onto. a pole-jumper. or play that helps to understand the main idea. the atmosphere of suspense. also as the essential part of a story. awestricken. Read the story carefully. a referee. a bright cold day. general atmosphere and the author's remarks or statements (е. with her eyes downcast. novel or play. a cross-bar.. candidate master of sports of Russia. that is. novel. 2. Jot down the main points and see how they are linked (е.b) Persuade your partner to start practising sport immediately..g. with his hands pressed. sport as part of school and college life. he is 89 . no matter whether it is a paragraph or a novel. rushing towards. the physical and emotional background or sometimes through his own generalizing statements. with a smile on his face. carrying the pole. embarrassed. try to sound as convincing as possible. paying attention to the characters. But there is something even more important. Role-playing. STUDIES OF WRITTEN ENGLISH VI The plot is a very important aspect of written works. Use some words and phrases given below: the stadium with a seating capacity of .. XVII. the main idea or the message. race past. In order to write the gist of a story ("A Day's Wait". Summary deals with the plot of complete written works. c) Speak on: 1. Gist is commonly understood as the essence or main point (of an article. a starter. Use some details. the record of his life. paragraph or argument).g. To make it clear and understandable you have to learn how to write the gist. like lightning. Work in groups of four or fire. pretty-looking. such as a story. the role of sport in modern life. break the record. Message is the main idea that a writer wants to communicate in his work through the characters and their behaviour. in good form. a pale-faced and shivering boy.

Listen to the text "Sport in Great Britain". Listen to the text "The Football Match". p. Repeat it following the model. with the generic term in column II. reconsider them carefully and formulate the main idea. lacrosse. soccer. lasso-throwing. Mark the stresses and tunes. See Notes on Style. CURIOSITY QUIZ FOR EAGERS 1. the author's mastership. Maugham and speak about it in class. 90 . but also give analyses of the characters. Task П: Translate your sentences hack into English (orally) and check them with the key. 3. Task I: Translate the English sentences into Russian (in writing) and check them with the key. 2. 52. he can hardly believe that he has no reason to worry about his health). Match each specific term in column I. Task Ш: Write 10 questions on the text Be ready to discuss it in class. Write the gist of "A Friend in Need". Assignments: 1.still worried and keeps staring at the foot of the bed. Write a spelling-translation test Check it with a dictionary. Say in what countries the following sports and games are popular: cricket. Write the gist of two letters written by Judy and compare them. The team which is the first to match the terms correctly wins the score. Point out the author's remarks (the boy was looking at the foot of the bed strangely. relaxation was very slow). karate. style and language. croquet II. surfing. Give your own version of the gist of "A Day's Wait" and "How We Kept Mother's Day".g. methods of characterization. 5. Repeat the text following the model. Read one of the short stories by W. 3. Which is better — to be a specialist or a generalist? Divide your class into 2 teams. mark the stresses and tunes. Go over these points. 2. 4. judo (jujitsu). Task I: Write down the Russian equivalents given in the exercise. е. rugby. I II barbell basket-ball racket cricket wicket golf alpenstock fencing knockout figure-skating bishop tennis catcher ice-hockey gauntlet mountaineering puck baseball tee boxing spin chess-playing spike weight lifting III. When writing analyse the title of the story. 3. What is their message? LABORATORY EXERCISES (П) 1. that's a silly way to talk. he had been waiting to die all day. baseball. reindeer racing. S. Task II: Listen to the text again and write down the English equivalents of the Russian phrases. It is a story telling us how fear and self-pity through ignorance or misleading information may cause worry and suffering or how remarkably patient the child's endurance may be. Speak not only on the contents. 4. Listen to the dialogue "Sports and Games Popular in England".

. There was not a single world championship he missed. What events made you . (Bur: He was made to repeat the rule. I wonder. 2. Britain is comparatively small. I'm not sure we have a vacancy on our staff. 2. Едва ли у них была другая возможность освободить Овода. 6. and he obeyed. данное Сибилле Вейн. 2. чтобы описать мое состояние в тот момент.. They couldn't make William Tell bow before the tyrant's cap.. Wales and Scotland. III.. 3. 11. 250 square miles.UNIT SEVEN I SPEECH PATTERNS 1. 4. 5. Pattern 2: 1.. There was hardly a football match which he missed. using the patterns. 6. I think Vasily Blazheny Cathedral is quite unique. What made Leo Tolstoy . но и думать. 3.. When I mentioned his name Mary buried her face in her hands and would never answer my question. He will not break with his bad habits. Since 1927 up to 1946 A. THE BRITISH ISLES The British Isles consist of two main islands: Great Britain and Ireland. 4. Can you lend me a rouble? 8. а меня опечалил. 7. The City of London is overcrowded in the daytime. All of them are staring at the advertisement. I am shocked. Christopher Wren was the most talented British architect of the XVII century. I believe the Tower of London comes first among the historic buildings of London. Their total area is some 94. There is hardly a book by this author which he has not read.. There are flat tulip 53 53 94.) 1. I don't think there is another hockey-team of equal popularity. There are wild desolate mountains in the northern Highlands of Scotland — the home of the deer and the eagle — that are as lonely as any in Norway.. 4. как Токио. который не любит представлений кукольного театра. There is hardly a country in the world where such a variety of scenery can be found. 4. What kind of lesson makes you . During the conversation she felt uneasy. Этот эпизод рассмешил мою сестру. Translate the following sentences into English. That would make you think you were in Holland.? 6.250 square miles: this is about the same size as New Zealand or half the size of France. Alekhin was the most outstanding chess-player. 8. которое бы он пропустил. TEXT. The teacher made Jack rub out all the ink marks in his textbook. 12. no matter what you are saying. (Make use of the conversational formulas given in the Reminder. These and over five hundred small islands are known collectively as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Что заставило Байрона сражаться на стороне греческого народа? 13. 3. but you can finish the composition off at home. 5. Едва ли найдется страна. Make him repeat the rule. IV. Пожалуй не было ни одного соревнования по шахматам. Что заставило Лэнни вернуться в Стилвелд? 14. why? 9. There was scarcely a living soul at the stadium.. using Pattern 2: 1. такой внимательный и терпеливый. I don't think there is any reason for their losing the game. Едва ли найдется другой тренер. It's amazing! It's incredible] Certainly! Of course. Which of the experiments made the scientist. They will never force Andrew to break his promise. Едва ли есть другой город с таким населением. 5. The coach forced the athletes to postpone their training. 10. Change the following sentences to as to use the patterns: Pattern 1: 1. Who could make your friend .? 5. Reminder. There is hardly another team with better opportunities to win. 2. Well. II. I think.. Игра актера заставляла зрителя не только чувствовать. You don't say sol Just [only) fancy! Indeed? Why! Is that sol Dear me! Who'd have thought it? I am surprised. Great Britain proper comprises England. We've no more time. Naturally! Yes indeed! Looks like that. 5. Ужас! Пожалуй нет другого слова. 91 . The strangers wanted Roger to drive up to the back yard. Двое воришек заставили Оливера лезть через окно. 2. Едва ли найдется человек. Дориан думал.? 3. 3.) EXERCISES I. The southern part of the isle of Ireland is the Irish Republic (or Eire). but there is hardly a country in the world where such a variety of scenery can be found in so small a compass.? 2. 6. Что заставило вашего брата бросить бокс? 9. Complete tee following. The slightest noise would make him start.. 7. The new coach made us .? 4. using the patterns: 1. Respond to the following statements and questions. . Most schools in Britain have adopted the core curriculum. в которой не побывал бы старый моряк. что ничто не заставит его нарушить обещание..

Lnd. the Highlands. Shallow water is warmer than deep water and helps to keep the shores from extreme cold. Tay. 58 the Cheviots (the Cheviot Hills): a wool-producing country in Britain. the home of millions of fish. Eckersley. Tyne. Clyde. so that if St. and more than a million tons are caught every year.fields round the Fens — a blaze of colour in spring. sweet is the night air! Only. fruit-growing is extensively carried on. This is especially noticeable in north-west Scotland. Finally there are the southern uplands. then there is the central plain or Lowlands. — on the French coast. too. Adapted) Memory Work The sea is calm to-night. In the north you find the Cheviots separating England from Scotland. "the Scott country. The rivers of Britain are of no great value as water-ways — the longest. 56 The Channel Tunnel. and to the north east of the Scottish mainland are the Orkney and Shetland Islands.) 60 There are several rivers in Britain that bear the name of Avon. Come to the window. moor: an area of open waste land. moors in England and Scotland are often used for preserving game. the moon lies fair Upon the Straits. the light Gleams. In the west are the Cambrian mountains which occupy the greater part of Wales. and inland a lovely pattern of green and gold — for most of England's wheat is grown here — and brown plough-land with pleasant farms and cottages in their midst. in Stradford-on-Avon. Book 3. and you will note. flow into the North Sea. In the estuaries of the Thames. the cliffs of England stand. On its banks. Glimmering and vast. that owing to the shape of the country there is no point in it that is more than seventy miles from the sea — a fact that has greatly facilitated the export of manufactures and has made the English race a sea-loving one. 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 54 55 the Fens: low marshy land with lots of waterways (Фенленд) moors (pl). (From "Essential English for Foreign Students" by C. the Thames. Forth and Bristol Avon are some of the greatest ports. A quarter of the sugar used in the country comes from sugar-beet grown there. The longest is the Bristol Avon flowing into the Bristol Channel. which links England and France. British Isles were part of the mainland of Europe — the nearest point is across the Strait of Dover. It is. firstly. Within a few miles of Manchester and Sheffield you can be in glorious heather-covered moors. lived. is a little over 200 miles — and few of them are navigable except near the mouth for anything but the smaller vessels. but best known throughout the world is the one flowing into the Severn. The seas round the British Isles are shallow. 59 the Lake District: a beautiful place that has become famous thanks to a distinguished trio of poets — William Wordsworth (1770-1850). Paul's Cathedral were put down in any part of it some of the cathedral would still be above water. and is gone. that would make you think you were in Holland. In Scotland you have three distinct regions. and even the Severn flows eastward or southeast for the greater part of its length. Western Scotland is fringed by the large island chain known as the Hebrides. with occasional chalk cliffs. This indentation gives a good supply of splendid harbours for ships. the Pennines going down England like a backbone and the Cumbrian mountains оf thе Lake District.. Mersey. E. This shallowness is in some ways an advantage. sandy or muddy. but the most important crop is potatoes. except the Severn and Clyde. out in the tranquil bay. too. Once the. 92 . In England and Wales all the high land is in the west and north-west. The Cheviot breed of sheep has given its name to a woollen cloth of high quality. ("Lake poets" is the name that was given to them. On the north-west the coasts are broken by high rocky cliffs. Here there are more sheep to the square mile than anywhere in the British Isles. Its rich brown soil is deeply cultivated — much of it is under wheat. the famous British poet and novelist. 57 "the Scott country": a hilly country in the south-east of Scotland where Sir Walter Scott (1777-1832). There is. from the long tine of spray Where the ebb meets the moon-blanch'd sand." with their gently rounded hills where the sheep wander. Samuel Coleridge (1772-1834) and Robert Southey (1774-1843) . where the chalk cliffs of Britain are only twenty-two miles from those of France. one of the loveliest (and the wettest) parts of England. The tide is full. is a little over 50 km (31 miles) long. The North Sea is nowhere more than 600 feet deep. of which nearly 38 km (24 miles) are actually under the English Channel. You have noticed on the map how deeply indented the coast line is. The position of the mountains naturally determined the direction and length of the rivers.who made their homes therе. where you have long winding inlets (called "lochs") and a great many islands. 1997. The south-eastern plain reaches the west coast only at one or two places — at the Bristol Channel and by the mouths of the rivers Dee and Mersey. and the longest rivers. The south-eastern part of England is a low-lying land with gentle hills and a coast which is regular in outline. the greatest English poet William Shakespeare (1564 -1616) was born and spent his youth.

to give a good supply of. At their return.g. as a shapely figure 93 . shallow adj 1. е. е. as the extreme end (edge. and cease. место действия (в пьесе. varied climate. почти плоский. as a flat pan (plate). variant n вариант. разновидность. I'll give you various exercises on that rule. They have almost no scenery in that play. interest) extremely adv чрезвычайно. up the high strand. е. Syn. е. разниться. чрезмерный. I should say. (From "Dover Beach" by Matthew Arnold (1822-1888) VOCABULARY NOTES 1. book. стройный. менять(ся). 5.g. Her acting was wonderful in the last scene. е. явление (в пьесе). shape n форма. temperature.g. This word has two spelling variants. е. пейзаж. surface. пейзаж. argument. They are quite different people. differ Note: vary is to change or differ partially.. хорошо сложенный. You must have more variety in your food. a shallow dish Ant. е. variety-show варьете. различный.g. buckwheat. kindness. In our hall the students are supplied with all the necessary furniture and bedding.).g. чрезвычайный. пустой. крайний (at or near the end or edge). shapeless adj бесформенный. Syn. as fine sand.g.). as small change (uncountable)'. Market prices often vary. картина. Begin. scene n 1. feelings) Note: the Russian word мелкий has different meanings which are rendered in English by means of different words: 1) fine — состоящий из мелких частей. You could see awful scenes after the earthquake. The scenery was impressive in the last act. supply υt снабжать.g. sports. I've got some rare varieties of such stamps. as a shallow mind. in the extreme North 2. I looked out of the window enjoying the scenery. разный. разнообразный. е. scenery n (uncountable) 1.. в жизни). 6. and pi. е. 2. shapely adj красивой формы. 2. border. shallow interests. поверхностный. form. and then again begin. I prefer plains to mountain scenery. очертание. зрелище. е. I try to vary my diet. a shallow man. There are various reasons for my refusal. 2.g.g. serious (about a person. вид. opinions. With tremulous cadence slow. etc.g. etc. 2. change 2.g. ландшафт. е. I don't like the shape of his nose.g. е. 2) small — некрупный (о достоинстве монет). The novel describes the varied career of an adventurer. as shallow water.g. е. Trafalgar was the scene of a famous battle between the British fleet and the combined French and Spanish fleets. е. Who will supply the expedition with all the necessary equipment? supply n (often pl) запас(ы).g. deep (love.g. Our opinions vary. smth. argument). расходиться. 3) flat — неглубокий. 4. deep 2.Listen! you hear the grating roar Of pebbles which the waves suck back. разнообразие. variety n 1. е.g. е..g. These forests give a good supply of timber. person Ant. extreme adj 1. etc. мелкий. е. different. Syn. эстрадный концерт 2. to be extremely sorry for smb. несерьезный. outline in the shape of. Syn. This sculpture hasn't got much shape. е. I like the way this writer describes rural scenes.. vary υt/i 1. and bring The eternal note of sadness in. The duel scene in "Hamlet" impressed us greatly. сцена.g. декорация. varied adj разнообразный (used with nouns both sing.g. I want to get a brooch in the shape of a horseshoe. as extreme patience (love. е. е. в книге.g.. 3. and fling.g. scenery. There are some rare varieties of leaf-bearing trees in the park. е. разнообразить. This shop has a large supply of winter coats. 3. He had a ragged coat and a shapeless hat on. various adj (a noun in the singular is never used after it) 1. изменять(ся). In the first act the scene is laid in France. as to be extremely interested in smth.

joining two seas or separating two bodies of land. comment on the word order. 1. out of) to be of great (little. 1. 2. the Bristol Channel Syn. Transform them into regular sentences and compare them with the original ones. etc. Spell. 3. I greatly appreciate your kindness. the Volga-Don Canal. to be of great (little. the Panama Canal. I greatly value his friendship. hills. What tense group is predominant in the text and why? B. regular in outline heat. Word usage. moors. north. 3. value υt 1. Search the text for sentences with inversion. III. I don't believe you realize the value of his advice. Pick out all the nouns defined by the adjective small. n cultivate υ rocky adj varied adj deer n scene n variety n distinct adj scenery n various adj eagle n shallow adj vary v extreme adj shape n wander υ extremely adv shapeless adj wheat n Word Combinations to the west (east. no) value EXERCISES I. to keep smth.g. the Strait of Dover 8.) on the map to flow into (the sea. used for ships or for carrying water to places that need it. south) of in the north (south. a) Make up a list of geographical names used in the text (mind the articles) and transcribe them.. a stretch of water wider than a strait. field. transcribe and classify them. е. is it possible to change it? 3. east. b) Transcribe and translate the following words: 94 .g.g. длина Темзы немногим больше 200 миль. 2. lake. value n ценность. Grammar. Specify what kind of inversion it is. 2.) to flow (from. население — 56 миллионов человек. area. Mark all the cases when nouns are defined by two adjectives. е. B. Search the text for the combinations of Adv +Adj ending in -ed. He valued the house for me at £ 800. bad influence. е.g. the Fergana Canal. по заслугам. strait пролив — a narrow channel of water connecting two large bodies of water. some. lowland. 2. 2. 1. as the Magellan Strait. Syn. 1. appreciate (о)ценить высоко. explain the use of the article. some. channel n канал. оценивать. сотни миль. cliffs. C. not by nature. river. е. Word-formation): A. е. west) within a few miles (metres. no) value to smb. миль или 244 000 кв. as the English Channel. land. общая площадь Великобритании около 94 250 кв. Pick out all proper names and arrange them into two groups — nouns with the definite article and without it. километров. It's a valuable picture. as the Suez Canal. mountains. This book will be of no value in your studies. II.7. Pick out all the adjectives that go together with the following nouns: sea. river) to give a good supply of owing to the shape (rain. двести озер. дорожить. upland.g. C.) of to separate smth. valuable adj ценный. сотни островков. е. Pick out from the text all the words that have homonyms.) under wheat (rye. is it possible to use little instead? 4. etc. Search the text for compounds and comment on their structure. значение. Read the text and do the following (A. The literary value of that book is not great. from (cold. etc. etc. from smth. In some years his pictures will be of great value. We all appreciate a holiday after a year of hard work. translate them into Russian and use them in sentences of your own. Pick out all the derivatives and classify them according to the suffix. миллионы людей. глубиной 600 футов. ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (I) Words advantage n flow υ shapely adj canal n harbour n soil n channel n lonely adj strait n cliff n manufacture n supply υ comparatively adv plain n valuable adj crop n plough υ value υ. ca'nal канал — a channel for water made by man. lake. ценить. Write English equivalents of the following: более миллиона тонн.g.

b) Use them in sentences of your own. Severn flows into ... foot IV.. Bristol Channel. coal-supplier. Where are . What do we call the group of islands situated to the north-west of Europe? 2. бродить.. d) Give Russian equivalents of the following: variety-show. песчаный.. channel.... Сравнительно большая часть пахотной земли на юго-востоке Англии занята под пшеницей. d) Give the plural of the following nouns. cliffs.. two largest islands are called? 2. estuary. водянистый. 164. fish. heather-covered. highest part of. Lowlands is the . 7.. 10.. mouth. desolate.. Severn rise? 11.. . harbours for ships.. Edinburgh and . Irish Sea from . Знаете ли вы.. 9. Find . Ex.. с) Translate the following verbs into English. В нескольких милях от Лондона находится город Кройдон (Croydon)... There are . heather. snow-ploughing.. снежный. дождливый. bottom of . map is . К северо-востоку от Шотландии находятся острова. Great Britain? 3.) Respond to the questions and statements. Scotland are they situated? 13... grass-covered (plain). wheat.. Благодаря постоянным дождям реки Англии служат хорошим источником пресной воды. What do we call it? 5. map? 6. c) Give English equivalents of the following: солнечный. меняться. What is towards . In what direction is . In the northern Highlands of Scotland you'll enjoy the sight of . Остров Мэн имеет сравнительно правильные очертания. подходящий. water is warmer than . Give their four forms: пахать. . снабжать.. total. right-hand side of. nature-loving (nation)... 11. top of . This part of the country is noted for . . low-lying. What countries are situated on the British Isles? What are their capitals? 5. Find . leaf-bearing (trees).. скалистый.. wheat-growing. sugar-beet. soil is deeply cultivated. Вы можете показать на карте важнейшие порты Великобритании? 2. Scotland? 12. muddy. 2. British Isles. body of . food-producing (industries). value. plain of Scotland..... crop-gathering. What do we call. What are the names of the biggest islands? 3. doesn't it? 10. snow-covered (fields).. K.. In what part of .. Where are the Cumbrian and the Cambrian mountains situated? VI. sea. Great Britain from .. 5. furbearing (animals). Where does .. wander. In what direction does . extremely.. waterways. mountains. canal. comparatively.. 6. 240): 1. ценить.. Point to . occasionally. What are the names of the waters washing the coasts of the British Isles? 7. sea-bound (ship). water which is west of .. navigable. Towards . Что может предохранить посевы от сильного холода? 9.. 4. seascape. ломать. 3. дымный. smoke-filled (room).. ocean-going (steamers). hills. туманный.. куда впадает река Северн? 4.. What are the most important rivers in Great Britain? 9. vary. map of . South.. XI 8): 1. отделимый. plains stretching for miles and miles.. Ireland. холмистый. Great Britain? 4.. sheep..... water. Write answers to the questions: 1. сахарный.. 3... Study the following derivatives and compounds: sandy. VIII. deer-hunting. Supply articles where necessary. заметный.. plough. выращивать. Do the United Kingdom and Great Britain mean the same? 4. What sea is east of . определимый. Look at. seashore.. Supply adjectives: 1.... land-ploughing.. 8.. indentation. cold. Cornwall is famous for its . What country is west of . Как они называются? 7. determine. в котором имеется большой аэропорт. There were . Эта карта не представляет большой ценности.. Do you know what. В каком районе страны находятся большие запасы угля? 11. rivers' always flow towards . Answer the following questions (use the map on p. sheep-breeding. удлиненный. In what direction is ... strait.. They were making their way through . fruit-growing. England? 8..... horseshoe.250 square miles. 8. moor. sea-loving.. moon-lit (path). Translate them into Russian: deer... What is Great Britain proper? 6. using the conversational formulas (see p. noticeable.. Glasgow. man-made (canal)... Why do the English call the strait between Great Britain and the mainland the "Strait of Dover" and the French call it "Pas-de-Calais" (international term)? 8.. navigable. Its . . (Consult Essential Vocabulary (I). The U.. What are the names of the chief mountain ranges on the island? 10... map is . wheat-field. East. Thames. Какие горы отделяют Англию от Шотландии? 6. vague... V. area is some 94. течь.. ценный. a) Write out the sentences in which they are used in the text. Cheviot Hills? 14.. ploughman. Thames flow? 9. 5. судоходный. shipbuilding (yards). There are . earthquake. Translate the following sentences in writing. грязный. manufacture. English Channel? 7. wind. извиваться. plough-land. . fields in the east of England... 10.. scenery.advantage. glorious. предпочтительный. weather-beaten (face). In what 95 .... VII. судя по карте. heather-moor..

2.. 9. 8. 6.. He was not interested in your views on the social and moral value of their relationship... 96 . Both had the advantage of speaking good and fluent French... 15. XV. the British Isles are washed . England are the famed chalk hills some . 17... Express the same idea in your own words or explain the following substituting synonyms for the words in italics: 1.. the region are short and .... stone and slate are most . 5. Supply suitable words (consult Essential Vocabulary I): 1.. islands known as the British Isles. well over half the days of the year being overcast. Wales. the mainland ... 19.. a) Read and translate the following text: The warm currents in the Atlantic Ocean influence the climate of Great Britain. The Pennine Range . The fogs of London.. 9. them are connected . including the natural flora of woods. types of wild vegetation. rises .direction are .. Although the highest peak... 11.. the Norwegian.. The winters are not severely cold. Rivers in England are seldom frozen... there was not a line on her forehead or under her hazel eyes.. b) Talk (or make up a dialogue) on the climate "of the European part of Russia using the terms from the text above. it . The children appreciated the mechanical toys they had never seen before. such-heights seldom occur. of Dover) is only 32 km wide. of south-east England is well cultivated.. Scotland and Wales... are oats and barley. 2. the Grampians . His hands were long... The percentage of the cloudiness is high. . 4. 16... British Isles from . are ice-free.... 4.. The British farmer cultivates a comparatively small tract of land producing a variety of products.. general flow .. Britain's complex geology is one of the main reasons for its rich . 14. The rivers . They took .. Great Britain consists .. The rich .. Larry had a wonderfully melodious voice with a singular variety of tone. where soils are deeper and richer.000 feet.. Study Vocabulary Notes and translate the illustrative examples into Russian. 14.. . XII... gazing at the dark out/me of mountains before her.. The seas surrounding the British Isles are very .. Blodwyn.... 12.. to a remarkable degree. the central and southern lowlands .. 10. The .... The British Isles include Great Britain. British Isles from . minerals in England. beautifully shaped and at the same time strong. Ben Nevis . Ireland are occupied ... Continent? IX. The relief of Great Britain . The English . in its narrowest part (the . Write questions about the text. northern England rises only slightly . as waterways.. What water body separates . 3.. 7... Make a study of the text' Just off the coast. 16. fogs along the coast as well as occasionally in the interior frequently hide the sun... as do the Cambrian mountains . Many ..... Fill in prepositions.. canals. Tom ran around and stopped within a foot or two of the flower... 12. They have just had a terrific scene. Julia Pendleton liked to sit cross-legged on the couch just to show her shapely legs in silk stockings. the extreme south . fens and marches. 3. some of them are joined by means of . 7. Next to coal and iron. ХIII...... Owing to numerous rapids the river is not navigable. When asking and answering the questions use the map. Rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year. 10. the Atlantic Ocean.. 6. . In most areas the farmer . The Welsh Mountains are very . The windows of semicircular shape were on the level of the floor.. only the valley lands and the .. England. usually less than 300 feet deep.. He was wandering about with two pence in his pocket and nowhere to go for the night. It was the string of pearls Miss Robinson was wearing and it was valued at 50 thousand pounds. The climate is sufficiently varied for both sub-tropical and sub-arctic plants to be cultivated within the extent of the British Isles. but not large for his size.. the Irish Republic which borders .. using new words and phrases in each question. Great Britain is a region .. mainland? 15. Though she had lost the fresh bloom of extreme youth.... while summers are rarely hot. north-western Europe and only nineteen miles distant .. 15. 4. 13. 11. Use them in sentences of your own. of Scotland is noted for its wild and desolate beauty. the surrounding seas.. The rivers of Great Britain are of no great. Ireland and a number . I used ro wander about the sweet-smelling meadows in the evening. Give English equivalents of the Russian word мелкий in its different meanings. XI. small islands. 3.. each other . North and Irish seas and two big channels (the English Channel and the North Channel). which form the Dover Cliffs. rolling hills and few mountains.. XIV... of scenery.. 13. varied lowlands... In winter eastern Britain faces the colder continent whereas western Britain faces the .... X... The chief grain. warm Atlantic. The coasts . often made severe by mixture with city smoke (smog)..400 feet. She has twenty years advantage over me. Northern Ireland... There are . knew that rain would fall before night-time.. Scotland. of their stay in London to brush up their English. have a world-wide reputation.. The southern two thirds . but one not to be envied. the nearest point lies the small group . 8. 18. and difficult to climb... Tom Ramsay spent two happy years in the various capitals of Europe. 5. The Lake District is famous for its .

Гористый ландшафт встречается главным образом на юге и на востоке нашей страны. within a few miles in many districts.. Translate these sentences iato English: 1. сильная. Through many years of. с острым зрением. from an apartment in the city. Едва ли вы найдете в нашей стране такой район..422 49. places of the extreme North. 10. 2. when I was ushered in. 15. various or varied: 1.100. within a small area. the honour that he has done me.. XVIII.. 12... 7. 9. 9. только у устья Волги берег изрезан и имеет много островков и бухт. from that of South East England.. but his expression was . climate because of its vast territory.779 2. The educational system of Great Britain . 3.000 Norhern Ireland 13.. Волго-Донской канал — одна из наших главных водных магистралей. 6. Theirs was a . 8. Просто удивительно... 7. 7.. That is a point on which you and she would certainly.. his secretary for her accuracy... 5. The British farmhouse is often some distance from a public road. Линия побережья Каспийского моря сравнительно ровная. What can have happened to .. The life there is hard and . Elliot in his well-cut dinner jacket looked elegant as he . 2. 4. between — 3°C and — 7°C.. Детей следует ограждать от дурного влияния.. in the house was Miss Sarie Villier. 2. b) different. as frank. She told Count Borcelli that her necklace was. 5. house isolated by the mountains. 13. The climate of Great Britain .. topics of conversation I felt exhausted. 3. reports of the storm. 10.. стоящих в гавани.300.. Он не раз видел. Этот одинокий утес напоминает мне по форме древнюю башню.. The young man asked me . at eight thousand pounds..... Уже на расстоянии мили от берега мы видели отчетливые очертания кораблей. 6. Russia has a . him so much? 10. very often in England. 9. Орел — большая птица.. a cow... with Larry. This good wheat land is quite . 7. He has been to . 8.... He looked exactly as she remembered him. 7. Cook . 5. The average winter temperature . 10.. XIX. "Do you know that meeting you for the first time is to me like a ... как олени бродят по тундре (the tundra). они бы не завяли (fade) так скоро.000 Wales 20. from that of the United States.XVI. Jane Austen's work is to be .. 11. Теперь уже едва ли вы найдете на карте белые пятна (blank spaces). a horse. But I would not like him to think that I do not.. 1. 8. ... 4.. your help. from what our ancestors wore. Frau Becker seemed to look for opportunities of being . The face of Scotland .133 5.. как может водиться столько рыбы в таком мелком озере. 7. Эта культура ценна как корм для скота. 3. 14. 9.. A glance at the map is enough to see how. XVII. I have come across him in recent years on . The newspapers carried . Если бы вам удалось защитить эти тюльпаны от жары... 11. 4..576 1. 6.. A home in the country is very. он судоходен на всем своем протяжении. greatly from that of the Continent. Ангара вытекает из озера Байкал и впадает в Енисей. Во Владивостоке прекрасная гавань... Разные люди.... 8. Большая часть пахотной земли в этом районе занята под пшеницей. Он обычно живет в скалах или на вершинах гор.. Mr... 5. 6... from those being cultivated in northern regions. Па-де-Кале отделяет Великобританию от материка. а Северный пролив — Шотландию от Ирландии.... 2. He started to teach me German.000 97 . the surface of England is. Чем лучше обрабатывается почве.. She stayed .. Едва ли приходилось вам наслаждаться более живописными видами. The insect fauna in Britain is less.. где бы не выращивались сельскохозяйственные культуры.. conditions he kept thinking of his family. as young. He would tell me the German for the . could look. 10... Tastes ... 3. it 4. появились в зале. 4. in her room refusing to come downstairs. 3.... to vary or to differ...700.. Being asked what he thought of a possible change in the plan he said he. 3.000 Scotland 78. 2.. Обширная равнина простирается от Уральского хребта до реки Енисей. 8. c) to value or to appreciate: 1. He felt miserable and .900.. kinds of questions. The picture is . among the Forsytes was ignorant of Bosinney's nickname. Britain is immensely . occasions. 5.. тек выше урожай... 9. traveller coming across some bright flowerlet in the desert!" — said Sir Francis.. than that of Continental Europe.. The table below (April. Judging by his words he .. 6.. producing sharp contrast of scenery and flora.... a man and so on. to the full the grace of Racine and the music of his verse. 2. d) lonely or alone: 1. I suppose only a Frenchman can . Fill in: a) to change. 4... Young Jolyon .. The soil .. objects we passed.. What we wear nowadays is quite . 6.. He was . The weather . которых мы не ожидали. and then make me repeat simple German sentences. at a thousand dollars. 8. branches of industry are found in Greater London. Having tried . 1981) shows some similarities and differences between the four countries of Great Britain: Area (sq km) Population England 130. многие российские иностранные пароходы бросают в ней якори (cast anchor)... 5. primarily as satire.. Translate the sentences into English: 1.

Listen to the text "Soil and Vegetation" or some other text on Geography: a) write it as a dictation.074. 3. Stratford-on-Avon. Write your best sentences down. (See "Classroom English". Agriculture. 6. Use the following dialogue as a model: A.085 m Slieve Donard mountain Pike Nevis 852 m (height) 978 m 1. Check your sentences with the key (oral work). He goes to the library to look up definitions and information of irrelevant subject matter.: Oh yes — big docks.900 pulation) London) 7. The relief of Scotland. Complete the sentences with geographical terms. What are the similarities in Climate. 2.: Yes.300 We can point out the similarities like this: In spite of the obvious differences in size and population. People. I suppose so. 8. compare your own country (republic) with another country (republic) you know well. a) Practise using the words and word combinations in bold type to make other comparisons between some two-four regions of Russia. straits and channels. Make use of Essential Vocabulary (1). lowlands and mountains. It's extremely beautiful along the coast — the Gower Peninsula. Write these terms down and check them with the key (oral and written work). isn't it? D. The Lake District. 9. The British Isles and the seas.: Ah. though neither of them is all that high compared with the Alps. There isn't much difference in population between Cardiff and Belfast.000 Belfast 297. Food. Use the map when speaking. 2. b) check them with the key. though Snowdon is just a few metres higher. it's a big city. steel works and a lot of heavy industry round about. Clothes? XX. aren't you? D.342 m Largest city (poLondon (Greater Glasgow 611. must outsmart every adult with whom he comes in contact. and confronts the teacher with questions like "What kind of dress did Josephine wear when she married Napoleon?" Since the teacher cannot answer this question. The rivers of England. It's a port. The relief of England. Swansea! I've never been there. 5. 4. the countries of the UK have quite a lot in common. a) Try and act as a teacher of geography and discuss one of the following topics. City life. A: Sounds great. 2. using the suggested speech patterns. Paraphrase the sentences. just outside the town there's really beautiful country. Railways. though the area of Wales is slightly larger. 4. though Belfast is just a little larger.Highest Scafell Ben Snowdon 1. Scafell Pike and Snowdon are more or less the same height. Education.) b) Comment on the students' knowledge of the topic. The relief of Wales. You mustn't think that all the people in Wales live in villages. 1. Section VIII) LABORATORY EXERCISES (I) 1. Scenery. that's right. its highlands. I come from Swansea actually.000 m height. Listen to the text "The British Isles".: Oh. The relief and climate of Ireland. for example. a senior in high school. Industry.660 Cardiff 318. Write a spelling-translation test: a) translate the phrases into English. A. No industry or nothing — just like it was a hundred years ago. Paul proceeds with his information and proves his superiority to the whole class. XXI. Try your hand at teaching. b) In small groups. His need to feel superior is so strong that he spends hours plotting how he can achieve his goal. 7.: Yes. TOPIC: GEOGRAPHY TEXT A. Talk about your home town.: You're from Wales. 3. The climate of Great Britain. And how large is Swansea? D. 5. Both Snowdon and Ben Nevis are over 1. INDUSTRIAL AND AGRICULTURAL DISTRICTS IN GREAT BRITAIN 98 . Do the suggested exercises and check them with the key (written work). We have cities too! A. Repeat the text following the model. their skill of reading the map and the choice of the vocabulary: 1. Traffic. Wales and Northern Ireland are fairly similar in size. 6. (Give a three-minute talk. b) retell it. washing their coast. Say what you would do in the teacher's position: Paul. But it's funny. mark the stresses and tunes.

the centre of this area. and food and drink. industrialized country. where the wetter climate encourages the growth of good grass.England is a highly developed industrial country. — But as far as I know the hedges take up a considerable part of soil suitable for ploughing. The south of England is rural. But what is there in the English landscape that strikes the eye of the stranger used to other countries? — Its "park-like" appearance. North-west of London. The largest coal and iron fields in Britain are located in the Midlands. etc. and in the manufacturing towns nearby. tender-green in spring. the commercial centre of the wool trade. clothing. information technology. — They do. among them: Southampton. Portsmouth. Its best farmland lies in the south-eastern plains. well-known for its manufacture of high quality steels. green meadows and hedges. TEXT B. dye-stuffs and pharmaceuticals. North-east Scotland is now the centre of offshore oil and gas industries. In Birmingham. In the West End. — And yet. But the Englishman loves the green of England with its hedges. Dairying is most common in the west of England. Almost every one in England tries to come in touch with a bit of plant life. The city of London is one of the World's three leading financial centres along with New York and by far the biggest in Europe The Bank of England is the commercial pulse of the city of London while Greater London is important for products of all kings in cluding food. various goods are produced: machine tools. Further north is Manchester. petrochemicals. chemicals. In Scotland. Plymouth. I think that this proves that the Englishman is at heart a great lover of nature. in the midland counties (the Midlands) is a very important industrial district which is known as the "Black country". Here there are coal and iron fields. The south-eastern coast is well-known for its picturesque scenery and mild climate and a number of popular resorts. Wales is an important centre for consumer electronics. electronic equipment. England in truth looks like one great well-ordered park with its old trees. tubes. rubber products. though he is supposed to be such a prosaic and practical person. Further north is Newcastle situated on the North Sea coast. such as chemicals. 61 62 61 62 Nowadays there is little industry in London as heavy engineering plants have been moved to the nearest manufacturing towns. It has some heavy engineering plants and several leading research establishments . Although Britain is a densely populated. well-cultivated fields and pastures. a blaze of gold and red in autumn. tools and cutlery. one of the main centres for electrical and heavy engineering and for me production of a wide range of goods including computers. The Manchester Ship Canal links Manchester with Liverpool. London is a great port with many docks. In the East of London you may see workingman's "flats" with their window gardens. — I hear there are a lot of lovely gardens all along the English countryside. THE ENGLISH LANDSCAPE — I know that there are many types of natural scenery in England. — Well. hedge: a row of bushes or low trees which are forming a kind of barrier. — But much of the park-like beauty of the countryside would be gone and with it the peculiar character of the English landscape. In winter too they are still beautiful with a few scarlet berries almost burning in the frost. agriculture is still one of its most important industries. seaport and trading centre of Scotland. There has been a significant development in high-technology industries. instrument engineering. with many fertile valleys. one of Britain's leading seaports. domestic metalware. electronic engineering and information technology. A short railway journey to the north-east will take you from Manchester to Bradford. Are English people fond of gardening? — They are. if England swept away her hedges and put in their place fences the saving of land would be enormous. electrical and electronic engineering. What is remarkable about the second half of the 20th century is the accelerating pace of change. Recent decades have seen fundamental changes in the Welsh economy. steel and shipbuilding. Glasgow is the largest city. I believe. The Scottish economy has moved away from the traditional industries of coal. covered with leaf and flower in summer. On the southern coast of England there are many large ports. Sheep and cattle are reared in the hilly and moorland areas of northern and southwestern England. furniture and printing. land which is worth many thousands of pounds per acre is devoted to garden use. a city famous for its shipbuilding yards and its export of coal. the richest part is that of the Lowlands. East of Manchester is the city of Sheffield. In the small suburban villas a very considerable tax of money and labour is paid in the effort to keep in good order a little pocket handkerchief of lawn and a few shrubs. 99 .

I love thee still. — What are the "steppes"? — They are treeless plains covered with grass. — I'd like to go hunting there. too. — You mean the Urals. — I think the best way to get a general idea of a country is to study the map.TEXT C.) heavy (light) engineering moderate (mild) climate Proper Names the Avon Dublin the North Sea Belfast Eire the Pennines Birmingham Glasgow Portsmouth 100 . I like the weather when it is not rainy. But the highest mountain chains. and in the south the heat is unbearable. — Well. It's rich in animals. What do you call them? — The Caucasus. The soil is fertile there. tundra and taiga in the north. Thank you very much for your information. My hobby is mountaineering. — And is the tundra like our heather moors? — Not in the least. They form the natural border between Europe and Asia. George Byron ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (П) Words border n hedge n. as far as I can see are situated in the south and the south-east of the country. fox. valued for their fur like sable. — I believe they are not We have peaks four and a half miles high. I like two months of every year. It's lucky I've got one with me. and have not forgot it I like the taxes when they're not too many. But in the middle of the country the climate is moderate and continental. Have no objection to a pot of beer. — I'd love to go there. I wonder? — It's a thick coniferous forest stretching to the south of the tundra. — Our climate is also varied. — Well. It's a kind of frozen desert in the Arctic region. between the Caspian and the Black Sea and the Altai in Asia. I like a beef-steak. squirrel. n desert n pasture n taiga n dock n peak n tool n fence n picturesque adj tundra n fertile adj range n vast adj financial adj raw adj Word Combinations information technology densely (thinly) populated consumer electronics shipbuilding yards highly developed trading centre coal (iron) fields rural district offshore oil industry rich in (smth. We have steppes in the south. when not too dear. — Perhaps we had better start with the physical outline of the country. plains and forests in the midlands. it has been very interesting for me to hear all those things. with a long mountain range cutting it into two unequal parts. but I'm afraid I would never be able to stand toe cold. Here it is. LOOKING AT THE MAP OF RUSSIA — I'd like you to tell me something about your country. — And what is the 'taiga'. northern Asia is one of the coldest places on earth. I said at Calais. I like a sea-coal fire. But our mountains are not so high as yours. In the south-west the weather is usually mild and wet. Memory Work England! with all thy faults. Russia can be divided roughly into two main regions — the highlands in the east and the lowlands covering the greater part of the country. That is. υ resort n cattle n level n rural adj chemicals n machinery n steppe n cotton n moderate adj stretch υ. as well as any. as far as I know. But we also have lowlands several hundred feet below sea level.

country's highest peaks.. moderate.. Kamchatka Peninsula .. е. предел.. земледелие... eastern and southern. we put up our tents on the . is a person who lives in the . on .... greater part of . picturesque. are formed by seas and oceans.. II. west east.. low plains. государственная граница.. Many of . plains of ... VII.. western half of . half of Russia is covered with mountain chains. south . Writte questions about Text A. страна с высокой плотностью населения.. ни в коей мере. Great Britain's .... braving the frosts that reach 70 degrees below zero Centigrade and at one and the same time the . разработки в высокотехнологичном производстве. pharmaceuticals. eastern half is covered with vast plateaus and mountain chains. 3. химические продукты из нефтяного сырья. country consists mainly of.. 5.. 2.. while the greater part of the . Pick out front Text A English equivalents of the following: высокоразвитая промышленная страна. IХ. In . using the words and phrases from Ex.. rural... е.) IV... The river formed a . Russia are among . round a garden or field. Ural mountains. of the lake. насколько я понимаю. мягкий климат. судостроительные верфи.. II. 5.. ведущий финансовый центр. е. ускоряющийся темп перемен.. resort. western half of . The Leningrad region lies to the . huge mountain ranges.... rear. иметь при себе что-л. III. The country is divided into two parts by .. Devon and Cornwall are situated on the . The half-ruined tower used to be a . half of our country consists mainly of low plains..g..... is one who lives in the .. In Siberia the biggest rivers are the Ob. biggest active volcanoes of ... You can find the . Study Text С and use it as a model for a talk between an Englishman and a Russian who is on his first visit to England. непереносимый.. тяжелое машиностроение. acre. добыча нефти в открытом море. or their derivatives: 1. плодородные долины. насколько мне известно. iron. Retell Text С in indirect speech.g. is or ought to be. dairying. д. incident was reported by the newspapers in detail. хорошо возделанные поля. 6. V. most important rivers of .. .... fortress. which are planted to form a . western plain 101 . Fill in the words north.... Here are . Choose the correct alternative.. 2. Prepare to discuss the text (Use he map. between these rural districts. .... world's greatest . каменноугольный бассейн.. basking In the sun on .. industry..... of Moscow. to guard the frontiers...... е. Old World are located. Study Texts A and В and a) transcribe the words below: petrochemicals. Read Text С and pick-out English squivalents of the following phrases: получить общее представление о чём-n. мое любимое занятие (мой конек). boundary — граница как разграничительная линия. ploughing. frontier — граница как демаркационная линия. VI. This stream forms a boundary between the two farms. world whose nature is more varied than that of .. Russia. The people living on the border of two adjoining countries usually speak the languages of both. meadow. b) Transcribe the geographical names used in Text A.. south. equipment. The climate contrasts are quite striking in Russia.. country are bounded by. boundary or frontier. 4. The . dispute. engineering. incident. Here.. peninsula of England. 7. A hedge is a fence or a row of bushes or low trees. 1...g. живописный пейзаж. and a . .. When we went camping.. 6... ниже уровня моря. commerce.. A . сельскохозяйственный район. и как пограничная зона или район (в отличие от border) только по одну сторону демаркационной линии. 8. образовывать естественную границу.. модные курорты. rivers of. Note: The Russian word граница has several equivalents in English: border — пограничная зона или полоса по обе стороны демаркационной линии... электронное оборудование. 4. информационная технология. Supply articles where necessary: There is no other country in . northern..... the Yenissei and the Lena... They flow . The . A . Fill in Use weirds bolder.. fortress. fertile..the Bristol Channel the Cambrians the Cheviot Hills the Clyde the Cumbrians the Grampians the Severn the Hebrides Sheffield the Orkney Islands Southampton the Shetland Islands the Strait of Dover Ireland the Tyne Leeds the Thames Manchester the Mersey Newcastle EXERCISES I. frontier station.. бытовая электроника. through a vast area parallel to one another. dispute is a quarrel about where a .. to pass the frontiers. Try and give an additional piece of information on the topic. The region along the boundary between England and Scotland is called the . 3.. VIII... seashores lined with green palms.

идеалистов. in small groups. Make up dialogues between an English and a Russian student on the topics: 1...... и все-таки они остались верны своей собственной.. Describe the scenery.. Материалистический народ — кто усомнится в этом? — англичане дали миру щедрую долю мистиков.. the Urals......... In .): Englishmen live in England. Then.. the South you will get a good idea ..... in Switzerland.. region or republic.. . its history has revolved . With the first picture.. Ta-tary differs . The most important industrial regions in England. они одновременно страстные садоводы. the geography of a country. Народ колонистов. in Scotland. another. . in Spain.. in Norway. English scenery and climate. .... Volga. Agricultural districts of England. имеют нечто вроде патента на живучесть своей натуры. чем к англичанам. they speak English. Perhaps no country's geographic location has played such ah important part... другие же трудноуловимы.. in the USA. putting it into your own words: a) express your opinion. Finish up the sentences according to the model. Asia and Europe.. 3. XIV... system of government. our country is extremely rich.. чем обладают другие страны. 3. the face .. Британский характер Национальный характер повсюду живуч. in Sweden.. the climate contrasts... англичанин не станет имитировать ее у себя дома. to say nothing . 2. ... concentrate on describing what there is in the picture. Give examples. characteristic .... Choose four slides or postcards and give a commentary on them... Caspian Sea and .. Among them are . in Holland. its history.. 5. one thing.. Russia vary greatly. deepest — .. You can use the third one for talking about how and when the picture was taken. religion(s).. too. Supply prepositions where necessary: Our motherland is immense.. And the last one can be the starting point for a story or joke. etc affect national character. Важно.. lakes. Western Dvina. the extreme North . (See "Classroom English" Section V. однако. . Discuss the following topics (use the map): 1. The climate of Russia.. На редкость законопослушный народ они 102 . XII. Half. lake Baikal. . Стабильность и постоянство их характера. подчеркнуть. b) say how far factors like climate. Восхищаясь французской кухней..... Amur flows into . the difference . XI. scenery and vegetation. 6.are .. Такова первая и наиболее очевидная черта англичан. XV. . Но ни к какому народу это не относится в большей степени. с) write some brief notes about your own national character as yon think foreigners see yon... .. Don and . 1. которые судя по всему. in Ireland. Их любознательность позволила им познакомиться с лучшим из того. Translate the following. far the largest and richest country both .) of Russia and England.... another is rich ... world's greatest lake ..... Note: Evaluate these talks according to their information content: amount and quality of information. Physical background of Russia. its history as Russia's. Moscow and London — cultural and industrial centres.) XIII. Its frontier line is the longest..... одни из которых весьма очевидны. Неутомимые мореплаватели и землепроходцы.. describe to each other this "foreign" view of your nation and say why you agree or disagree with it. this basic fact. in Denmark... ports. Natural conditions . The main industrial centres (towns. . climate and industries of your home town... так что каждое обобщение.. that. Far East... X.... the world... the Caucasus. One region is rich .. The surface of Russia. If you cross Russia . Asia.. With the second one try to give the position of things accurately. . преходящим модам.. (Consult a dictionary.. что при своей стабильности характер этот составлен из весьма противоречивых и даже парадоксальных черт... Europe and half.. . . Rural areas of both countries.... 4.. 2.. они проявляют пылкую приверженность к собственной стране.. etc.... .. various geographical zones. 2. . Northern Dvina.. In . Siberia unlike . поэтов.. к своему дому.. Pacific.. касающееся англичан тут же может быть оспорено. Они меньше других подвержены веяниям времени. It's ... . .

ХVII. This is a fact we are always forgetting. В. and wild flowers. (From "The Beauty of Britain" by J. give their Russian equivalents. The audience: Alex. (Explain their meaning. a student of Geography. There is no place like home. When beautiful islands are mentioned we think of Trinidad and Tahiti. пожалуй. lakes to the scale of the island itself. middle-aged. до корней. I suspect that we are always faintly conscious of the fact that this is a smallish island. but they are not really as exquisitely beautiful as our own Britain. birds. so many customs. no illimitable plains. Mr. они в то же время заядлые индивидуалисты. the wild life and vegetation. We live in one of the most beautiful islands in the world. a happy compromise between Nature and Man. that does not mean that our mountains are not mountains.обожают читать о преступлениях и насилиях. Remembering other and larger countries we see at once that one of its charms is that it is immensely varied within a small compass. b) give a short summary of the passage. an ardent lover of nature. an island in the Atlantic. has carefully adjusted things — mountains. к которым. A great deal of everything is packed into little space. будто англичане никогда не менялись. the variety of geographical features. plains. the forests. Джон Б. Rest of class: make offers and suggestions relating to the problem. Но эти различия. 1973 XVI. with the sea always round the corner. Стил Коммаыджер (США). Британия глазами американцев. to the north-east of South America Tahiti: an island in the Pacific 103 . и среди них полно эксцентриков. столь заметные внешне. a journalist work ing on a popular newspaper. a river as broad as the Mississippi. our plains not plains. the enchantment still remains. rivers. and long before we went from bad to worse with our arterial roads and petrol stations and horrible brick bungalows. Rome was not built in a day. Comment on the following proverbs and sayings. home is best. 1974 Я не пытаюсь утверждать. The beauty of our country is as hard to define as it is easy to enjoy. we feel. We know that everything has to be neatly packed into a small space. after we have been busy for so long flinging mud at this fair pale face. c) comment on the following: the beauty of Britain as the author sees it. оказывают глубокое влияние на национальный характер и общий стиль жизни. Все эти парадоксы. Англичане. as wrong as a plain 400 miles long. Here's what the Tourist Office of Finland advises would be visitors: While you are enjoying the uniqueness of the Finnish landscape. a country rich in noble towns as it is in trees.000 feet high would be a horrible monster here. a sceptically-minded young man of 21. do as the Romans do. age 73. We have here no vast mountain ranges. the lakes. Role-playing: Mr. the rivers. Though the geographical features of this island are comparatively small. blending what was best.): East or West. Nature. The process continues. romantic places. worth retaining from the past with what best represents the spirit of our own age. 63 64 Trinidad. So many countries. There can be few parts of the world in which commercial greed and public indifference have combined to do more damage than they have here. Don't Spoll Nature Both in densely and in thinly populated countries the authorities make regulations and give hints to would-be tourists to protect the countryside from pollution. A mountain 12. К лучшему или к худшему. His topic: "Don't Spoil Nature". These are fine. Before the mines and factories came. Our children and their children after them must live in a beautiful country. Являя собой воплощение конформизма. Sometimes I doubt if we deserve to possess it. Пристли (Англия). But we have superb variety. When at Rome. Even now. It is still too often assumed that any enterprising fellow after quick profits has a perfect right to destroy a loveliness that is the heritage of the whole community. in his early forties. Read the following passage and a) discuss it in detail. исконные черты английской натуры по-прежнему остаются неким общим знаменателем. this country must have been an enchantment. a lecturer. не проникают вглубь. Frederick Healey. It must be a country happily compromising between Nature and Man. the seas. Miss Dorothy Peach. Перемены происходят всегда. and there is astonishing variety almost everywhere. следует добавить еще один: при всей своей парадоксальности английский характер редко бывает загадочным и непредсказуемым. Nice. To carry coals to Newcastle. Priestley) 63 64 XVIII. Генри.

The following is a brief list of transitional words and phrases that help to connect paragraphs of an essay: on the one (other) hand. accounts. In Lapland. 104 . Thanks very much for your attention. "Looking at the Map of Russia". Film Segment 7 "How do I Get to. coherence and emphasis. Before writing an essay consider the following: 1. Put it in plastic bags and take it to the next place where waste is collected.. It is forbidden to break off branches of trees and bushes. Without looking back at the texts. do you think? Can you all hear me at the back! Good. Between the sentence and the whole composition stands the paragraph. sentence plan. Маke an outline of the passage "The British Isles" and analyse it from the point of view of its unity. b) Do the exercises from the film. arrange several points of view according to their importance. Avoid generalities and abstractions. 5. Two. Write an informal essay "Looking at the Map of Russia. that's a good question. or order of happening. after all. at the same time.. "The English Landscape". the passage "Teacher Training in Great Britain" (see Unit Five) as well as "Introducing London" (see Unit Three) is close to a formal essay. in other words. Brown's Holiday"." 4. class-compositions as a special exercise in written communication. decide whether the following statements are true or false. in spite of this.?" (Sallsbury). Go over the essay for "self-editing" purpose and see if it meets the main requirement of good writing — clarity of communication. can we begin. then. It is a composition in miniature because it meets the same requirement of unity. Picking flowers (except protected species) is allowed. LABORATORY EXERCISES (II) 1. or interest. that is a unit of written communication involving a writer. Although it may be tempting to drive over moors of Lapland you must always keep to the roads. in the second place. I'm going to talk about: as you know. 2. — I'd just like to run through the main points. finally. Because the climate in Lapland is so cold.. anyhow. The thing here is — er we've thought a lot about this one. b) try the order of enumeration. Write a formal essay "Looking at the Map of the British Isles" according to your own plan. Unity of essays is built up around the central idea. in conclusion to sum up. 3. please remember you are a guest in the Finnish countryside. Develop the paragraph plan into an essay according to the rules of unity. As you travel about. Sheer carelessness and thoughtlessness can cause great damage. Emphasis is achieved with the help оf concrete details. and truly. Essay is a short prose composition (5—20 pages) on a particular subject. that's fine. Make a plan (topic plan.. the beauty of the landscape is extremely fragile and easily damaged. For instance. Usually it is of explanatory and argumentative nature (see "Studies" in Unit One). "What's Your Line" (see Unit One) and the first letter of Judy describing her college experience (see Unit Five) may be classed with informal essays on teaching. And on top of that. 6. Film "Mr.. Study the materials about the topic. in like manner. Now has anybody got any points he'd like to raise? Now. of course. on the contrary. STUDIES OF WRITTEN ENGLISH VII In its broadest sense any meaningful piece of written prose marked for its unity. Any addition of unimportant details or afterthoughts destroy the unity. paragraph plan). a message and a reader. When you travel by car please avoid throwing litter and rubbish about. is. coherence and emphasis. Listen to the texts "Industrial and Agricultural Districts in Great Britain". Think of the main idea you are going to develop in your essay. etc. Remember that it can take over 200 years for the tracks left by your car to disappear.you should obey the unwritten laws of nature. content and message (see "Studies of Written English" in Units One. letters. Three). in paricular. such as essays. in addition. that is. XIX. The first thing of course. morepver. in the meantime. A group of paragraphs constitutes more complex compositions.. Assignments: 1. content and message may be called a composition.. a) Watch and lislen. metal glass and plastic waste remain unchanged for centuries. 2. 2. Mark the stresses and tunes. in contrast to this. S u g g e s t e d p h r a s e s : Right. Coherence is achieved through skilful arrangement of details according to the following rules: a) present your material from "the general to the particular".. Repeat the texts following the model. short stories. c) use key-words as connectives and transitions. I think that's it then.

Rose sat there for a long time without unfastening her coat. 5. Do Englishmen bring coal to Newcastle? 3.) 6. These letters are hardly worth the paper they are written on. Jolyon started for the Club without having made up his mind. The problem is hardly worth the trouble taken. In this case it is resourcefulness and sense of humour that count when choosing the winner: 1. Mark the stresses and tunes. What is the difference between Portsmouth and Plymouth? 8. Eliza tried to keep her little child from crying. 6. b) check them with the key. The cold wet weather prevented the Lowood girls from going for long walks. Answer the following questions. Learn it by heart . CURIOSITY QUIZ FOR EAGERS I. What language is spoken in Holland? 5. What is the national emblem of Canada? 10. What are the Rockies and where are they found? 8. What is the longest river in the world? 2. You can't act without feeling. They can't have good crops without cultivating soil. Quiz "Across the Globe". 4. 7. The picture is of little value. 2. you may spot Greenock in the North. Lots of mistakes made his speech difficult to follow. Her shallow-mindedness makes her dull to speak to. What are the Seven Wonders of the world? 6. It is accuracy and amount of Information that count when choosing the winner: 1. What colour is predominant on the map of the British Isles? (Think twice before answering. Listen to the text "The Isle of Man" or some other text discribing a part of Great Britain. 3. Make a summary of the main points of the passage. What is the coldest area in Russia? 9. G. Write a spelling-translation test. Check it with the key.3. Quiz "Across the British Isles". You'd better keep yourself from taking extreme measures. 4. There is Greenwich in the South. Which is closer to London. What is the difference between Loch Ness and Loch Lomond? 5. What are the smallest countries in the world? 4. it is hardly worth the money 105 . There was something in Bosinney's appearance that made him easy to recognize. His clothes made him hard to recognize. We must prevent him from leaving. Listen to the poem "England" by G. Oxford or Cambridge? 7. Do Englishmen go up or down to get to Edinburgh? 4. What is Liverpool famous for? UNIT EIGHT 1 SPEECH PATTERNS 1. Frank now felt. What is the capital of Australia? 7. without knowing why. a) translate the phrases into English. Answer the following questions. We found it hard to make up our minds about choosing a place for rest. Byron. search the map first. Listen to the text "The Lake District" and write it as a dictation. Various reasons kept Bill from joining the expedition. What is the main difference between the Cumbrians and the Cambrians? 2. Where is the city of Honolulu situated? II. that the offer was probably good. Extend the sentences according to the model. They found it impossible to supply the factory with raw cotton. His rheumatism often prevented Salvatore from doing anything at all. You can't teach one how to use speech patterns without giving a good supply of various examples. In what way do the western shores of the British Isles differ from the easten shores? 3.

I could not recognize your sister because of her new hairdo. (to enjoy the performance). but the conference was of little value to her.. (money)... They will not come to see us if they are not invited. 4. 4. 4. (difficult to plough). Едва ли эта марка стоит денег. (to get into trouble). (to bother him). Лэнни вышел. 5. 2. 2. что с вашим старшим братом приятно поговорить. (to work hard). 3. 5. 2. 4.. 1. 4. 2. P a t t e r n 2 : 1. 2. Amy did not say a word and left the room. The incident is hardly worth all this excitement. (to make use of tape-recording). Various reasons .. Alexander Popov was unable to perfect his invention because of the lack of money. You can't possibly start on a sea voyage if the weather report is unfavourable.. чтобы мальчик не плакал. You must see the Lake District with your own eyes to be able to appreciate its beauty.. Complete the following sentences. She can't speak about the news . He wanted to save his sister. Passengers should not be reminded to pay their fares. 4. it'll save you for a while..paid. чем товар. Translate the following sentences into English. using the patterns: P a t t e r n 1 : 1. 5. I 106 . II. что с ним легко иметь дело. (unpleasant to deal with).. Use the patterns: P a t t e r n 1 : 1. Make nse of the words and phrases in brackets: P a t t e r n 1 : 1. the fishermen could not see the coast-line. using the patterns. 5. What's the fare? I'm afraid it is more expensive than your luggage. She could not make a good speech because of her poor knowledge of English. 5. 2. 2. The manuscript turned out to be a variant of the original. My neighbour's silly remarks . B. P a t t e r n 4 : 1. III. She will not take any medicine . 4... 5.. Фрэнк понимал. You won't be able to pass your exam .. Примите лекарство. что там в пещере он видел индейца Джо. 5. IV. The day was foggy. Дело не стоит хлопот. using the patterns. The decorations are . (to consult a doctor). P a t t e r n 3 : 1. He couldn't take part in the conference because he was ill. EXERCISES I. 2. 3. Her illness . 2. 2. I don't think you are right taking so much trouble over the problem. 4. Она рассказывала смешные истории.. 2. It's wet outdoors. Герт сказал: «Можешь идти». It was impossible to move on because of the rainy season in the tropics. 5. P a t t e r n 3 : 1. His advice . The explorers could not reach the southern boundaries of the desert because of the scorching heat and lack of fresh water... P a t t e r n 2 : 1. Заботы и тревоги сделали ее лицо трудноузнаваемым. Не глядя на него. Put on my raincoat. 2. (to see the Lake District). Lanny realized that Mabel might get into trouble. The victory was . Little David was afraid of the Murdstones.. какое право имеет Лэнни строить планы...... Her manners .. 3. 2. 2... (to do optional subjects). которые платят за загородные дома. которые вы заплатили за нее. Не говоря ни слова. 3. 3. Множество специальных терминов делают его доклад трудным для понимания.. he could not read his lesson well in their presence. Что помешало вам воспользоваться этой возможностью? 4. We find it. The experiment is hardly worth the time you've spent on it. (easy to remember). though he did not understand a word. (to take us for a drive). P a t t e r n 4 : 1. P a t t e r n 2 : 1. (time). Яркие метафоры делали его примеры легкими для запоминания..): A. My uncle dislikes Mary though he has never seen her. Герт спросил. (to qualify for this post). (to get excited). Lack of rainfalls. 1. Упаковка дороже. 4. 5. (Make use of the conversational formulas given in the Reminder. 3. it. The soil was hardly worth the toil. 3.. P a t t e r n 4 : 1. Just to think of all the efforts made! 3. никому не сказав о своих подозрениях.... Джеймс Форсайт считал. She had made a long way to come there.. You can hardly realize what an ocean-going ship is if you haven't been inside. He could listen to long verses in Latin. We could hardly recognize the place after the hurricane. Respond to the following statements.. 5. Likeness of their names . 4. Молли уехала из города. 4. 4. 3. He would mark rhythm with his right foot.. оно предохранит вас от простуды.. Я нахожу. The trip is . что только быстрые действия спасут его от разорения. 3.. 3. 3. It was easy to change our plans owing to his quick arrival. You shouldn't leave . Change the sentences. 5.. Что-то помешало Тому сказать Бекки. That sacrifice of his was almost useless. Все находят.. 6. 3.. (trouble).. 3. The medicine is . though he never realized what he was doing. (efforts). The results of the expedition . что свежий воздух не стоит тех денег. (sacrifice).. You can't leave Great Britain . (to have a snack).. I don't find it. 4. The picture is of little value. не советуясь с ним. The windy weather . I was sorry I wasted so much time translating it. P a t t e r n 3 : 1. Owing to the smallness of our boat it was easy to navigate in such shallow waters. Едва ли эта поездка стоит потраченного времени. (money).

and he was evidently English. He was always magnetic. Latin grammar is logical. but also the clothes. sir." he said gravely. TEXT. Naturally. "Ah. He was then (as usual) out of engagement. after all these years here on the platform of Euston. said: "Well" The nod. and borrowed half-acrown. but. I disagree with you. with a pleasant nod. He looked like a banker. Le Ros did not stand back. He asked me where I had been hiding all these years: and simultaneously repaid me the half-crown as though it had been borrowed yesterday. There was a long pause. breaking the silence. "On the platform. that's why it is easy to understand. But how he changed since last I saw him! That was seven or eight years ago. "Stand back. striking his stick on the ground. "Have you got everything?" asked one of us. I said that I had watched him doing the same thing. at length. C. In a flash I remembered." He laid some emphasis on the word "stage.. delighted to see me. Byron's verses are well-rhymed. There was something strange about the Gadfly's manner of speaking. V. One of us. "No. "This. And now." he said. I met her for the first time this morning. He stood clasping in both hands the hands of the young American. how much he was missed on the stage. You are wrong. 4. "You mean. He was an excellent actor. but it was as the face of a stranger — a stranger anxious to please. Think of short situations in which you can use these patterns. please!" The train was about to start and I waved farewell to my friend. You are mistaken. saying with what pleasure he read my dramatic criticism every Saturday. and the unmeaning monosyllable were returned conscientiously. you can learn them by heart quite easily. but quickly darted forward again to whisper some final word. an appealing stranger. He seemed." "I suppose. he did act. nevertheless. Anyone would have been proud to be seen off by him. looking so prosperous and solid. the smile. It was strange to see him. Overnight we had given a farewell dinner. and walked me slowly along the platform." he whispered." said I." he answered. 2. that made him hard to recognize.. "That lady was not a friend of mine. in the Strand. There's something in what you say. he turned round. . SEEING PEOPLE OFF By Max Beerbohm65 On a cold grey morning of last week I duly turned up at Euston to see off an old friend who was starting for America. please!" He obeyed. I quite agree here. It's unjust. There was no sign of the train's departure. His fine profile was vaguely familiar to me. It was an obviously assumed fit. "I never act on the stage nowadays. less 66 65 66 Max Beerbohm (1872-1956): an English essayist. but it served to pass the time." said our friend. you will translate all these sentences and never consult a dictionary. giving me a light for the cigar which he had offered me. And why his magnetism had never made him successful on the London stage was always a mystery to me. 3. everything." he said presently. Looks like that. "you have been seeing a friend off?" He asked me what I supposed he had been doing. It was not only the flesh he had put on. Another pause was broken by one of us with a fit of coughing. Reminder: Just so. 1. having watched the train out of sight. in return. "Stand back. an awkward stranger. then. "Yes. Certainly. I think there were tears in her eyes. otherwise I should have guessed from his impressive air that he was her father. "that you recite at concerts?" He smiled. stiff and self-conscious on the platform. The man was Hubert Le Ros. critic and caricaturist Euston: a railway-station in London 107 . It seemed a privilege to lend anything to him. was the face of our friend. Quite so. with a nod and a forced smile at the traveller. here we were. "is the platform I mean. I told him. Impossible! It's unfair. The young lady was evidently American.hope. If you know Swedish you'll find little difficulty in understanding Norwegian because these languages are of common origin. There certainly were tears in his when. in which sadness was well mingled with festivity. Certainly not. A middle-aged man was talking earnestly to a young lady at the next window but one to ours. I think so. He linked his arm in mine. Sure. yes. and framed in the window of the railway-carriage." and I asked him where.

привычный. He explained to me that of the thousands of Americans who pass through England there are many hundreds who have no English friends. But 1 do not grudge the investment. служба. I am one of the seers-off. Dinner is served. There were you. My room is at your service. интимный. The AA.S. обслуживать. as you discovered for yourself.. supplies them with English friends. е. е." I had not. Yes. But the English are so inhospitable that these letters are hardly worth the paper they are written on." he said. But even so I do very well." "So did I.g. I know. and a description by which the seer-off can identify them on the platform. he's rather a dishonest man. Are you on familiar terms with him? Don't be too familiar with him." I asked for enlightenment." "But is it worth it?" I exclaimed. I dare say. before I studied. You saw me seeing that young lady off. Her face seems familiar to me.) to be familiar to smb. These shoes have served me two years. He smiled. Don't you think he is a bit too familiar with her? familiarity n близкое знакомство. е. 2. "Weil. е. услуга. He looked thoughtfully at me. That's how I used to be myself. shuffling from foot to foot.B. A wooden box served as a table. "Americans are a sociable people. are rather high. There was I —" "Yes." His terms. Didn't you see those tears in my eyes when the train started? I hadn't forced them. "cannot afford to keep friends in England. 2. handwriting. At any rate." 1 admitted. No man can serve two masters.than half an hour ago. подавать на стол. but yes. Не was in active service during the war. I'll give you a course. "I envied you. There was no one in the shop to serve me. etc." he said.g. I have a good many pupils on hand already. прислуга 2. "I wasn't trying to act. The train service is good here. my boy. I confessed that I was bewildered. Didn't you think I did it beautifully?" "Beautifully. 3. Besides." he said." he added kindly.g.S. It saves them from being despised bу their fellow-passengers — the people who are going to be on the boat. a director.g. scent. "not in a railway-station.g. He served three years in the army (navy). "I could give you an hour on Tuesdays and Fridays. 3. scene.g." he said at length. е. близкий.g. фамильярность 108 ." I said.g. melody. A railway-station is the most difficult of all places to act in. But you couldn't have pumped up a tear to prove it.. Fifty per cent of the fees is paid over to the friend. service n 1. одолжение. "You can't act without feeling. I confess. I really felt. "the seeing-off season is practically over. It serves you right for having disobeyed me. You should be familiar with the facts before you start investigation. VOCABULARY NOTES 1." said Le Ros. it is a great pleasure in itself." "Teach me!" I cried. serve υt/i 1. I can imagine. е. 2. So were you. and most of them have plenty of money to spend. tune.g. to serve smb." said Le Ros. and eight pounds (forty dollars) for a party of two or more. right. I don't say I am perfect yet. "have heard of the Anglo-American Social Bureau. name. е. "Many Americans. He serves as gardener (no article!). alas. I am not. If I were. smell. 3. familiar adj 1.g. servant n слуга. song. The other fifty is retained by the AA. е. to be familiar with smth. as a familiar voice (face. знакомый. He has been in the Diplomatic Service for three years. The meals at this restaurant are good but the service is poor. He is familiar with many languages. then they are seen off. е. фамильярный. staring blankly at your friend. giving the date of their departure. She no longer needs the services of a doctor. "You may." "But. here. trying to make conversation. and went into the thing professionally. I should be a very rich man indeed. It earns them the respect of the guard. The fee is only five pounds (twenty-five dollars) for a single traveller. обслуживание. But they can all afford to be seen off.B. служить. "It prevents them from feeling out of it. In the old days they used to bring letters of introduction. In other words. "Of course it is worth it. And then — well. You can't express your feeling. I tell you I was moved." and again he struck the platform with his stick. you can't act. The waiter served the soup. е. consulting an ornate note-book. They send that in to the Bureau. I am only an employee.

заслуживать. turn off (the gas). е. grey. The teacher told her pupils that they had earned a holiday. е. I got up before light.. green. to earn one's living зарабатывать себе на жизнь. please.g. е. выявляться. New evidence has recently come to light. done) υt/i 1. производить впечатление. These facts shed (a) new light on the matter. moonlight. as a light room. to prevent smth. impress υt запечатлевать в уме. освещение. The children have been obedient today. зажигать(ся). Bring a light quickly! We saw the lights of the city. Proverb: Prevention is better than cure. заниматься чём-n. put out (a fire) 2. do (did. naughty [of a child) 5.g. etc. as to light a lamp (a candle. light adj светлый. при свете чего-л. to stand in smb.g. disobedient. shopping. 7.. повиновение. daylight. Her good work earned her the respect of her colleagues. As the exams approached.g. a light complexion. to make (produce) an impression on smb.g.g. д. 4. to prevent smb. е.g. слушаться.g. light (lit or lighted) υt/i 1.g. He lit a lamp. The light began to fail. Light at the end of the tunnel свет в конце туннеля. sky). Our houses are lighted by electricity.3.g. е.. покорность. gesture. This book did not impress me at all. на дороге to throw (shed) light on smth. е. 109 .. Give me a light. But слушаться совета — to follow one's advice Ant.g. to disobey obedience n послушание.g. impressive adj производящий (глубокое) впечатление. sunlit. е. 2. She earned her living by sewing. The rising sun lit up the mountain tops. свет. He earns a good wage because he works for a fair employer. What impressed you most in the play? impression n впечатление. a light дать прикурить. morning exercises е. The room was lighted by six windows. favourable) impression on the examiner. light brown (blue. Look at the matter in the right light. е. стоять у кого-л.g. He has spent all his earnings. It gets light very early these summer mornings. obey υt/i повиноваться. е. etc. Illness prevented him from doing the work. Parents demand obedience from their children. His speech made a strong impression on the audience. There's nothing to be done now. е. prevent υt предотвращать. The scene was quite impressive. You did well (wrong) to refuse. е. light hair.g. to come to light обнаруживаться. выполнять. prevention n предотвращение. starlit (night. disobedience obedient adj послушный. The burning building lit up the whole district. earnings n pl заработок. I must do my best to help him. Tell us about your impressions of England. Rain prevented the game. to do a sum решать арифметическую задачу to do one's best делать все возможное.g. e.g. a fire).g. освещать (up). Soldiers must obey orders. How-can you prevent it from happening? Something prevented him from coming (prevented his coming). мешать. е. покорный. moonlit adj 6. g. Children must obey grown-ups. blow out (a candle). е. е. The streets were brightly lit up. е. Ant. Ant darkness by the light of smth. No sooner said than done. a light day. to put (switch. from (doing) smth. Ant. to impress smb.. проливать свет на что-л. she felt that at last she could see the light at the end of the tunnel. to light a cigarette закурить Ant. зарабатывать. 8. делать. Не is an obedient boy. as to do one's work. electric light. turn) on (off) the light зажигать (гасить) свет to give smb. The group left a good (poor. light n свет. e.g. duty. as an impressive ceremony (sight. earn υt 1. Lights were burning in every room.g. The sun gives light to the earth.'s light загораживать кому-л. to leave an impression on smb. person. (fig) мешать кому-л.. Please light the stove.. е. I'll meet you at six if nothing prevents. scene. е.) to get light светать. е. Having nothing better to do I went for a walk. предупреждать.). His first book earned him the fame of a novelist. Punishment seemed to make little impression on the child. I was greatly (deeply) impressed by his acting. подчиняться. gas light. as sunlight. Well begun is half done.

. (to smb. etc. an awkward stranger. to have to do with smb..g. to earn one's living 110 .g. The repetition of the same syntactical pattern twice or several times is called s y n t a c t i c a l p a r a l l e l i s m . 3. This medicine won't do you any good. It earns them the respect of the guard. an appealing stranger. bed. I n v e r s i o n (change of the usual order of words) may be used for stylistic purposes either to focus the reader's attention on a certain part of the sentence or to achieve an emotional effect.. There are two main characters in this story: Le Ros and the n a r r a t о r .). but it was as the face of a stranger — a stranger anxious to please.g. 2. годиться: that will (won't) do. It prevents them from feeling out of it. off to wave farewell to smb.2.g. which helps the reader to look at the described events as if "from within". (smth. (smth. 3.. Will you do the beds while I do the window? 4. the person telling the story (also called "the I of the story"). What have I to do with it? NOTES ON STYLE 1. was the face of our friend. to do away with smth. 5. to do harm. to have smth. especially favoured by short-story authors (see "A Day's Wait" by Hemingway or "A Friend in Need" by W. not much. It is a stylistic device. e. Will this sheet of paper do? 6. It would be as naive to associate the narrator of this story with Max Beerbohm as to associate the boy on whose behalf "How We Kept Mother's Day" is told with Stephen Leacock. His holiday has done him a world (a lot. е. I advise you to have nothing to do with him.). Le Ros did well in the Bureau. It may consist in repeating only one word. Did you do the British Museum when you were in London? We often see foreigners in Moscow doing the sights. е. подходить. etc. The room will do us quite well. a great deal) of good. е. not theories. This sort of work won't do for him. We have to do with facts. Maugham).). The narrator is an assumed personality and should by no means be confused with the author of the story. Everything in the garden is doing splendidly. процветать.) an impression on smb. ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (I) Words banker n final adj obedience n bureau n guess υ obedient adj departure n impress υ obey υ disobedient adj impressive adj platform n earn υ light υ prevent υ envy υ move υ serve υ familiar adj mystery n service n fellow-passenger n sociable adj Word Combinations to see smb. преуспевать. е.g. so that with each repetition the emotional tension increases. It will do you more harm than good. right for. е. e. in the old days (in the olden days) to put out the light a letter of introduction to serve smb. е. R e p e t i t i o n is another stylistic device used for the purposes of emphasis. It won't do to sit up so late. He has to do with all sorts of people. (nothing.g. Smoking should be done away with. .. осматривать достопримечательности. The character of the narrator is frequently introduced in fiction. . е. She is doing very well at school.g.g. little. е. i. and framed in the window of the railway-carriage. S. to break the silence to shuffle from foot to foot to pass the time to make (leave... as to do one's hair (room. It saves them from being despised by their fellow-passengers. е. причинять: to do good.g. I like the way she does her hair. It won't do to play all day.g. приводить в порядок.. produce) to be familiar with smth.g. е.) to do with smb..

pRs.") 3. but one". prosperous — rich. 'Pbviqs.. departure n. What is the implication of the word afford applied to friends? Can friends really be afforded or not afforded? 12." said I. How can you explain Le Ros's success as an employee of the Bureau? 10. What made the narrator of the story think that the man who was seeing off a young lady was not her father? 4. laIt. Where is the scene laid in the story? 2. How do you understand the words feeling out of it in "It prevents them from feeling out of it"? C. Who was the man? Under what circumstances had the narrator met him before? What made him hard to recognize? 5. Did Le Ros take seriously his job and himself in the role of a professional seer-off? How does it characterize him? 13.) 2.". Point out sentences in which oblique moods are used and explain the meaning conveyed by the form of the verb in each case. "kPnSI'enSqs. 1. IV. 4. "It saves them.". i. b) Mark the stresses and explain the reading rules. b) the following sentence: "A middle-aged man was talking earnestly to a young lady.. prosperous — prosperity. consult dictionaries. II. earnestly — gravely." he answered.. (See Notes on p. some of them can and probably do)? 5.. What made the narrator ask Le Ros where he acted? 6.: to keep dogs. a) Write oat from the story the sentences with the following words: stiff — awkward. Explain the use of tenses in: a) the second sentence of the text. "On the platform. 'veIgI. 1. 4. good adj (about a child). Grammar. lRst. in Le Ros's opinion. c) give derivatives of: press. "You mean. "that you recite at concerts?" 4. 1. dI'laIt... Think of some other words spelled in the same way: 1. 3. the seeing-off ceremony help Americans? Do you think it was a good idea? 11. Does the author present the character of Le Ros seriously or humorously? (ironically? satirically? mockingly?) Illustrate your answer by sentences from the story. Bead the text and explain the following points (A. saIt.".... 'E:nIstlir. What can you say about the activities of the Anglo-American Social Bureau? 9. 'prPspqrqs. 2. ges. 'E:nINz. obviously — evidently. "It earns them. 3. b) Explain the difference between the synonyms within each pair. was the face of our friend"? b) Why is the word stranger repeated four times in the second part of the same sentence? What is the effect achieved by the repetition? 2. Why was he bewildered when Le Ros said he had first met the young lady he was seeing off less than half an hour before? 8. a canary. "kPnSqs. C. e. ' xNkSqs. Use them in sentences of your own.. How did. (Make up sentences of your own with the pattern "the next . festive — festivity. Word usage. Why is the indefinite article used before the word director in "I am not. light n. III.EXERCISES 1. obey. familiar. final — finality.). Study Vocabulary Notes. klRsp. Why did the answer make him think that Le Ros recited at concerts? 7. alas. Fill in appropriate words (coasult Essential Vocabulary (I) list): 111 . What is the author's (not the narrator's!) attitude to Le Ros? What is the author's irony directed against? V. B. serve. cannot afford to keep friends in England" (cf.. horses. prevent. Find a pair of antonyms in the passage beginning with "In a flash" and explain their meanings. a director"? B. What is the meaning of the word platform in the following fragment: .. Point out passages bearing touches of humour.) When in doubt. a) Write the transcribed words in traditional spelling. 3. Explain the rules for reading. put an end to. What is the effect achieved by the syntactical parallelism in the passage beginning with "Of course it is worth it"? ("It prevents them. How did the seers-off feel and why? What were they doing to pass the time? 3. Comment on the meaning of keep in "Many Americans . Translate the words into Russian: hospitable — hospitality. to force — to pump up. Style): A. Argue your answers: 1. translate the illustrative examples and a) give synonyms of: naughty adj.. Explain the meaning of "the next window but one". VI. earn. What is the effect achieved by the unusual word combination to keep friends and by the whole sentence ("Many Americans cannot afford to keep friends in England". Answer the questions.. a) What is the author's purpose in using inversion in: "framed in the window . to recognize — to identify. Comment on the use of the auxiliary did in "he did act". b) give antonyms oft familiar adj. 18. obey υ. to keep a cat. E:n.. etc. 2. light υ..

Did they supply you ." nothing was ever denied to her.. 4. her . fond of society.. It was only two weeks later that Frank took his departure from Waterman and Company.. He advised Frank. 7.. 14. other words you haven't obeyed . 13.. return? 6. At home. your description. the light? 28.. I heard him recite .. 1. a concert . I think you're mistaken (there).... he didn't. 8. the platform.. Sitting at her bureau she gazed at the familiar objects around her.. Insert prepositions where necessary: Example: 1. The seers-off felt quite at ease on the platform. 4... — Oh. 20. In this town you'll never find a nursery-maid for love or money. I recognized her face . but I think I can help . 5.. Le Ros said he worked on the stage.. XI... People here have lost taste for domestic service. last spring.. last week. and her 112 . 3 . 8. I can't do . using the conversational formulas given in the Reminder: The author turned up at Euston to meet a friend of his.. The following statements are not true to fact Correct them. Did you confess . I never acted .. her fellowpassengers. my instructions. I disagree with you. I'm not so sure. Le Ros said that one can act without feeling.... At the age of thirteen Frank Cowperwood was able ..." She was the envy of many children who openly admitted that they would like to be like her. the fee. 10. anger. your commands"... a fit. Do you think I can do my lessons when you are standing . his hand. everything? 14. After his lonely dinner Soames . me . I can hardly see anything . She nodded . I knew that his heart was .. 11. by the beauty and the vasmess and the stillness. Has he many pupils .. 15.. By this time Silver had adopted quite a friendly and familiar tone... to bring food and put it on the table. The face of Le Ros didn't seem familiar to the narrator.. hand? X.. the morning.. 24. a grave air. the captain's order to ride for Doctor Livesey at once.... 25. 7. There were no signs of Le Ros being moved when he saw the young American off.. He turned up at Euston to see his friend off... I shall choose the job I am most. Le Ros was very sorry to see the narrator.. I can't tell you how we all miss .1.. One can imagine the shock everyone experienced when one day Mary flew into a rage when she missed three words in a spelling test. R e m i n d e r: I'm afraid I don't agree. the window. He struck the table . carriage . 9. 4. 2.. 16.. 6.. 11. this light.. no. Noth'ing of the sort! Just the other way round! IX." 2. by the solidity of the boy's expression. me ..... "You'll do better if you stay at school until seventeen. VIII. by a single candle.... 3. I wasn't satisfied .. me.!" 14. a little money now and then. 10... I object to it. I shall consult. her eyes.. 5.. 6. Express in one word (see Text Eight aad Vocabulary Notes): a payment made in return for one's work.. anything . Petersburg railway-stafion . What prevented you . 19..... you.. your hand? 8.. 2. to do what one is told.. "I'm at your. you a lot. 21. I see what you mean. It will never do to obey your every impulse.. 27. envy . What have you got .. Far from it.. The fit of coughing helped the situation. The children expected and accepted that Mary's work was always perfect. 12. The narrator was not moved when seeing his friend off. They were at their little table in the room......" means "I'm ready to . coming last at the end of smth. 7. "It would . It's a mystery . 7. He said it.. 9. 18. Jim. 22.. the timetable. a meal.. 12. Captain Flint's orders. 2.. Surely not. Try your band at teaching. You've done me a great service... She was known to all the teachers as "the exceptionally bright girl. There was every sign of the train's immediate departure when they came to the platform. she was placed on a pedestal. a warm sunny morning ... 13. Le Ros said he was a director of the Anglo-American Social Bureau... I met her . 15. Le Ros explained that all the fees were paid over to the employees.. 11. everything? 17. the stage. The narrator didn't envy Le Ros..... it. 3. platform No. Say what yon would do in the teacher's position: Mary was an excellent pupil from the first day she entered school... They ran .. 26. 13... VII... In his handsomeness and assurance Charles Ivory was dramatically impressive.. 12. I saw the mysterious stranger . The situation is very awkward. the first time . He was peering into the darkness . Le Ros looked like a beggar when the narrator saw him on the platform.. I should't say so. 5. The narrator wanted Le Ros to teach him to conceal his feelings. When the boy was with us he was friendly and. On the contrary! You can't be seriousl I doubt it. How shall I ever be able to repay you for your kindness? 3. It can't do you any. 10. Just a minute.. . 8... carriage . something strange or secret. confessing . 6... of a candle. That was how he always remembered her afterwards: a slender girl waving farewell to him from the sunlit porch.. 9... 3. 4. I saw no sign . this text-book. . The narrator fully understood why Le Ros had been unsuccessful on the stage. her vague answer.. his cigar and walked out again... 23.. No one tried to break the silence on the platform.. half past ten. I recognized her .. a side view of the human face. 15. where Carrie occasionally .. She smiled . Wait..... pale in colour. but.. the St.. Translate these sentences into Russian: 1. 16... "Why don't you go Into the country?" repeated June. the effect produced on the mind or feelings. The miller was counting over bis money by the .. They could not many till Salvatore had done his military . No one could. Talk . 5. The auctioneer noticed Frank and was.. with.... I don't think you are right..

сколько работает он.. that she was always the best and always will be. the way I see it. Не завидуйте его заработку: если вы будете работать столько же. 4. As he left the carriage. Listen to the poem "Adieu. Express your disbelief. Что-то помешало мне пойти на прощальный ужин. "What business is it of yours where I am going? But if you must know.) 2. Listen to the text "Seeing People Оff". Let someone agree or disagree and express their own opinion (see the Prompts suggested): 1. Я сделал все возможное. Справочное (information) бюро находится через два дома отсюда. 2) as if yon ware the narrator's friend who was leaving for America. где-то видел его раньше. Mark the stresses and tunes. 2. more convenient and of course far quicker than any other method. В былые времена московские улицы освещались газом. TOPIC: TRAVELLING TEXT A. Besides. Лицо моего спутника показалось мне знакомым. oh. Его критические статьи приносят молодым авторам большую пользу. Он сам зарабатывает себе на жизнь с 16 лет. none of the trouble of changing from train to steamer and then to another train. Go over the text of Unit 8 again to discuss the following in class. I can't help feeling I should so much like to be in his place. что ты не слушался.: For me there is nothing like travel by air. И. yes. Is the story just an amusing anecdote or does it contain elements of social satire? (Prove your point) 3. b) syntax. 7. it is more comfortable. comfort and pleasure 113 . Мы все были растроганы его прощальной речью. LABORATORY EXERCISES (I) 1. Extend the statements. 2. G. I am bound for Boston. direct or indirect? (Prove your point. as I see it. DIFFERENT MEANS OF TRAVEL . 6. 5. 3) as if you were the young American lady. First Mary tore up her paper.: I think I should like to say a word or two for trains. XIV. 4) as if yon were Le Ros. flying is a thrilling thing. Listen to the text "Climbing" or some other text on the topic "Seeing People off" and write it as a reproduction. Не загораживай свет. что здесь написано." snapped the old lady. Which lines and passages bear touches of humour? What type of humour prevails in the story? Compare the story with "How We Kept Mother's Day.) Prompts: true enough. Respond to the given questions according to the model. if you ask me: it's like this. 9. Vd rather not say anything about. ХII. Don't you agree? В. surely not. but on the other hand. 5. I prefer being seen off myself. 6. 14.results were worse than some others'. я не могу разобрать. должно быть. я. adieul. mark the stresses and tunes. чтобы помешать его отъезду. but surely you don't think. B e r t : But what method of travelling do you prefer? A. found her a seat in the Boston train and put the bags on the rack. What kind of man is described in the character of Le Ros? Do you consider the character true to life or is it exaggerated? Which method of characterization does the author use. За то. then she proceeded to tear up her spelling book. Write a spelling-translation test: a) translate the phrases into English. Translate these sentences into English: 1." by G. 3. Byron. 10. 12. you impertinent young man. What can you say about the language of the story? (Touch on: a) selection of words. ты не получишь сегодня мороженого на сладкое. Repeat it following the model. Рекомендательное письмо не произвело на директора никакого впечатления. the old lady leaned out of the window and cackled at him. ХIII. I'd just like to say. "You're very impertinent. A l e x : Personally 1 hate seeing people off. 3. 4. absolutely/exactly/quite. b) check them with the key. There is none of the dust and dirt of a railway or car journey. repeat it following the model and learn it by heart. I couldn't agree more. surprise or doubt in response to the given sentences. Он очень общительный человек. это очень вредно для глаз. a) Retell the text: 1) in the third person. I'm really going to Buffalo. b) Give a summary of the story. With a train you have speed. in my view (opinion). yes." The conductor obligingly picked up her three bags. She screamed that the others cheated. Act out the scene: "Where are you for?" the train conductor asked an old lady. вы будете зарабатывать не меньше. Не читай при свете свечи." XV. personally I believe (I feel). "I guess I fooled you. 13. I'm extremely fond of travelling and feel terribly envious of any friend who is going anywhere. 8." Which of the two do you consider more amusing and why? Which is more true to life? Which raises more important problems? 4. Follow the models.

especially when the sea is a little bit rough. the young birds in their nests. L: Thanks. I don't like going a long journey in a smoker. one seat facing the engine.. there is in coming into the harbour and seeing round us all the ships. you are saving your railway fare travelling on foot No one can deny that walking is the cheapest method of travelling. won't you come into the carriage with me? You will be wanner inside. Е. If you are hungry. May I sit facing the engine? J. We have numbers A 26 and A 30.) L. he wanders by the side of quiet lakes and through the shade of woods. Book 4. too. He sees the real country.: Of course! You can take whichever seat you like. Eckersley. В. A. D a v i d : Well. the hungry and thirsty ones hurrying to the refreshment rooms before the train starts. Here's our carriage. sailing ships. I'll get some newspapers at the bookstall and some chocholate on my way back. and here's our compartment. I suppose that's all right for those that like it.. There are the shouts of the porters as they pull luggage along the platforms to the waiting trains. railway journeys or tours by car. sea voyages. I know that I shall have a very comfortable journey.: Yes. As a matter of fact. to see the rise and fall of the waves.: Well. I shan't have to do anything at all except sit back and enjoy the journey.: Maybe. (He goes away. trains are usually crowded at this time. and get it through the customs. I'm always seasick. I booked seats for you and me. No. I will. You can get into the train now. he feels the quietness and calm of nature. I really prefer sitting with my back to the engine. What does the motorist see of the country? But the walker leaves the dull broad highway and goes along little winding lanes where cars can't go. (From "Essential English for Foreign Students" by С. isn't he? F. Is that all right? F. Eckersley. to feel the fresh sea wind blowing in my face and hear the cry of the sea-gulls. cargo-ships. I'm very glad he is coming with me. steamers. Have you got the tickets.: And that is? C: A big sea port. here we are at last! When I get into the boat-train. And besides. one back to the engine. F.: I've heard that a good cure for seasickness is a small piece of dry bread. here they are. From the comfortable corner seat of a railway carriage you have a splendid view of the whole countryside. the excitement. 1977) 67 67 boat-train: the train that takes passengers to a ship 114 . the deer in the forest. and if the journey is a long one you can have a wonderful bed in a sleeper. Lnd. really! Do you know a more exciting place than a big railway-station? С е с i l : I do.: I'll go and see that our luggage has been put into the guard's van. Jan? J. you may say what you like about aeroplane flights. Besides. but give me a walking tour any time. E. A. For me there is no travel so fine as by boat. and I'll book two seats in the restaurant car for lunch. A. And what excitement.: He is.combined. Lnd. АТ ТНЕ STATION F. but I think a better cure is a large piece of dry land. but not for me. the wild flowers. two corner-seats in a non-smoker. do you know any place that's more interesting than a big railway-station? There is the movement.: That's very good. A. Jan. J. Book 2. 1955) TEXT В. I feel that holidays have already begun. I don't know anyone better. see that my luggage is all right. the crowd at the booking-office getting tickets. Jan will see to everything — find the seats on the train.: Lucy.: Jan is a good fellow for getting things done. So I say: a walking tour for me. He takes mountain paths through the heather. (from "Essential English for Foreign Students" by С.: Well. you can have a meal in the dining-car. the gaiety of people going away or waiting to meet friends. I love to feel the deck of the boat under my feet. rowing boats.

And charging along like troops in a battle. by water or air. And ever again.: Did you call at any European ports? A. L. All by himself and gathering brambles. esp. Anne. travel n: the act of travelling. And there's the green for stringing the daisies! Here is a cart run away in the road. but differ by the length of time taken by that act. we only saw the coast-line from the deck.: Yes. I'm glad you've had such a lovely time! Memory Work From a Railway Carriage Faster than fairies. Bridges and houses.: What a shame. Here is a child who clambers and scrambles. would you? The idea of an Atlantic voyage terrified her: she was sure to be seasick all the time.. made by land or water. esp.: Hello.: Oh.: Only a little. and I had to stay in my cabin. Paris and Athens. е.: Oh. He's never seasick. I've had a fantastic timeJ I've just been on a cruise round Europe with my Dad. We went ashore at each one and went on some really interesting trips sightseeing. Are you back from your holidays already? Ooo.g.: Yes. with the view of sightseeing). trip n: a journey.: Ooo. It didn't really look very inviting. Did you enjoy your weekend trip to the seaside? tour n: a journey in which a short stay is made at a number of places (usu. we left from Odessa. It's so nice to have a swim there. It's a three days' journey by train.. by its purpose. Now I can say I've seen Rome.: Yes. London. е. the horses and cattle. Going on a journey is always exciting. an excursion. p. The sea suddenly became very rough. (Freq.: No.g. All through the meadows. Were you ever seasick? A. we went by coach.: And did you go for a swim in the Mediterranean? A. usually taking a rather long time. freq.: Well. He is writing a book about his travels in Africa. in the wink of an eye. You'll have to make the journey alone. There are some beautiful beaches on the west coast of France. I'm so envious. Quite a lot. voyage n: a rather long journey.: No. And here is a mill and there's a river. 18). either for the purpose of discovering something new or in search of pleasure and adventure. he was fine all the time. A VOYAGE ROUND EUROPE L.TEXT С. faster than witches.g. All of the sights of the hill and the plain Fly as thick as driving rain.: Did you go ashore when you reached Spain? A.: Did you go by train or did you hire a car? A. е.g. L. е. Where did you sail from? A. Each a glimpse and gone for ever! Robert L. a bit bare and monotonous. е. L. in fact. hedges and ditches. L: Well. Stevenson NOTES ON SYNONYMS The act of travelling can be described by a number of synonyms which differ by various implications (see Notes on Synonyms. L. Lumping along with man and load. you're lovely and brown! Where have you been? A. L. in the plural. a brief one. Painted stations whistle by.g. until two days after Gibraltar. and in the Atlantic Ocean too. Here is a tramp who stands and gazes. a long one in distant or foreign places. I'd love to go on a voyage. journey n: the act of going from one place to another. L. the traveller finally returning to the place from which he had started. you lucky thing! You must have seen so many interesting places. destination or by the method of travelling. I was fine. They all describe the act of going from one place to another (that is why they are synonyms).). On our Southern-England tour we 68 68 coach: a long-distance bus 115 . But was your father all right? A. L.

bad (good) sailor (cruiser.. 116 . е. Do you like travelling by train? What makes you like/dislike it? 5. when we found ourselves . What are the advantages of a sea-voyage? 6. What means of travel do you know? 2.visited Windsor.. though it was not an easy one. spots where no man's foot had stepped . etc. ashore? A l e x : Oh.. е. cruiser.. What way of travelling affords most comfort for elderly people? (Give your reasons. some places went. Hitch-hiking is a comparatively new way of travelling which gives one a chance to see much without spending anything.. to call at a port boat... cruise n [kni:z]: a sea voyage from port to port. Answer the questions.. liner) to make a trip. Why are many people fond of travelling? 3. the journey. Last week we made a wonderful . Do you think travel helps a person to become wiser? II. N i n a : Did you return . Cambridge. not to say anything . so we can't join you.. the railway fare. but my wife has never been a good sailor. N i n a : How exciting! So you enjoyed . We travelled partly. didn't you? A l e x : Every minute .) 12.. Stratford-on-Avon and then came back to London. small rivers and streams .. ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (П) Words booking-office n journey n smoker cabin n hitch-hiking n (smoking-car) n cargo-ship n luggage n speed n cruise n luggage-van n steamer n deck n porter n tour n dining-car n rough adj travel n engine n sail υ trip n fare n sea-gull n voyage n flight n seasickness n walker n guide n sleeper (sleeping-car) n wave n Word Combinations to go on a journey..... . those paths. in your opinion. liner. Be careful to argue your case well: 1. and . hitch-hiking n: travelling by getting free rides in passing automobiles and walking between rides. on deck Also: Where do I change for on shore Paris?) to look inviting to be seasick... 291— 292):. What is. esp.) to go ashore to change from train to boat. train. What kind of people usually object to travelling by sea? 8. the bank we immediately started . some spot you are not likely to find . the place where our expediton was working. a pleasure trip. car? A l e x : Oh... N i n a : Did you go .. journey (But: to change for a boat... I'd be delighted to go on a sea . The fact is..g. The Mediterranean cruise promised many interesting impressions. it... to the mountains. Well.. We were . Why do some people like travelling by train? 4. It took us four hours ??? стр 294 задания 3-6 пропущены? во всех книгах??? N i n a : And where did you go .. I had hardly enough money . to travel second/standard voyage.. to be travelsick to be due at (a place) (in any kind of transport) direct/through train single ticket you can't beat the train return ticket (return berth) a home lover/stay-at-home/ to travel/go first class a home-stay type EXERCISES I... a package tour class to travel by air (train.... trip. 2.. Oxford...g. the most enjoyable means of travel? 11. What are the advantages and disadvantages of travelling by air? Have you ever travelled by air? How do you like it? 9.... rowing-boats. any map. us... Fill in appropriate words (consult the list of synonyms on pp. no! No car could have driven . What are the advantages of hitch-hiking? 7. air? A l e x : No.... foot. What do you think about walking tours? 10. I.

the plane.. Two friends are discussing different ways of spending their holidays. said Harris.. You start on Monday with the idea that you are going to enjoy yourself." I objected to the sea trip strongly. особенно если много багажа. when are we due to arrive?) X. coming in to the harbour. red and green and yellow and blue. dear me.. I'd rather stay at home.. I really envy you. a) Read the text below and translate it into Russian orally: A Sea Trip "No". В поезде был всего лишь один спальный вагон. Maugham) b) Compare the seeing-off ceremony described in the fragment with the one you read about in the story "Seeing People Off". Then report to the other families on your final decision. Translate the following into English: 1. go sightseeing. there is none of the .. В какие порты будет заходить «Победа»? Зайдет ли она в Дувр? 2. there is no travel so fine as by.. that's all right for those that like it. IX. Work in groups of four or five: You are a family deciding on the type of holiday you will go on next summer. it is wicked. it's a sort of resort place.. speed. I must have a seat facing the engine. She keeps forgetting the name of the place she is going to and does not quite know how many pieces of luggage she has. "if you want rest and change. you can't beat a sea trip. A sea trip does you good when you are going to have a couple of months of it. 3. garlands of sweet-smelling flowers. where did you sail from? what were your ports of colli go ashore. Make up dialogues.. 4. Сегодня вечером наш пароход зайдет в Неаполь. XI. would you like me to have these trunks put in the luggage-van? where on earth is that suitcase? it will never go on the luggage-rack. They both want to travel. Role-playing. (From "The Trembling of a Leaf" by W. An old lady is talking to a porter at the railway platform. explaining the reasons for your choice.. the rise and fall of the waves. (Use the following: a most exciting experience. but you did enjoy it. 5. что такое морская болезнь. but... The wharf is crowded and the band plays a melting Hawaiian tune. what was the place that impressed you most! I didn't think much of. 8. Я не очень люблю морские путешествия. направлявшегося в Европу. VII. is it a through train? I hate to change. Домой он добирался пешком и на попутных машинах. red and blue and green and yellow. В прошлом месяце группа наших студентов совершила интересную поездку по Англии. Я плохо переношу море и всегда страдаю морской болезнью. and the side of the ship is gay with the thin lines of paper. и несколько дней пассажиры не выходили из кают. Море было бурное. etc. giving warning based on personal experience. the journey was tiring. Вагона-ресторана не было совсем. and then life separates them and the paper is sundered. with a little sharp snap.. What does the description symbolize? Comment on the stylistic aspect of the fragment. Свое первое путешествие он совершил на борту старого грузового судна. and it is like the breaking of human ties. 6. (Use the following: will you see to my luggage? where for. Начало поездки нельзя было считать удачным. в котором не было ни одного свободного места. c) Comment on the second part of the fragment beginning with the wordg ". for a week. VIII. by a gaily coloured strip of paper. 7. Point out advantages and disadvantages. Но и они не показывались на палубе. У вас есть билет на поезд прямого сообщения? Терпеть не могу пересадок. so easily. S. а) Translate the following fragment into Russian in written form: When your ship leaves Honolulu they hang 'leis' round your neck. it is more convenient to . Он не мог позволить себе ехать на поезде. 9. do tell me all about it. Suggested situations: A. Там мы пересядем в поезд и завтра будем в Риме. when the sea is rough. Некоторые из них накануне хвастали. didn't you!) C. (Use the following: there is nothing like travel by air/by sea. The people on board throw coloured streamers to those standing below.) B. A person who has just returned from a foreign cruise is answering the questions of an eager listener.. When the ship moves slowly away the streamers break softly.. it's risky. For an hour the fragments trail down the hull and then they blow away. Плата за проезд была слишком высока. hitch-hiking. Men and women are joined together for a moment. but one of them is an enthusiast ready for anything and the other is a cautious and a sceptical person. You throw them overboard. что не знают. I'm sure to miss the train..it is like the breaking of human ties". You wave an airy adieu to the 117 . comfort and pleasure combined. isn't it! I prefer to be on the safe side. The flowers of your garlands fade and their scent is oppressive. madam? it just slipped my memory.

and answer with a wan. and take solid food. On Sunday. is meaningless. The surprising thing is that they didn't use their legs even when they went on holiday. you begin to walk about again. and Christopher Columbus all rolled into one. The traveller on foot. Try your hand at teaching. And on Monday morning. Where and how would you like to travel? ХIII. on the other hand. On Saturday you are able to swallow a little beef tea. Car drivers in particular.) XII. buses and trains from a very early age. He took a return berth from London to Liverpool. his ears and the whole of his body. What made the narrator object to the sea trip? 2. because you spend most of your time looking forward to arriving at some other place. He said the North-Western Railway was healthy enough for him. Air travel 0ves you a bird's-eye view of the world. and take exercise. they will surely choose the label "Legless Man". lives constantly in the present. as. He himself — my brother-in-law — came back by train. with your bag and umbrella in your hand. and when he got to Liverpool. (From "Three Men in a Boat" by Jerome K. and was eventually sold for eighteen pence to a youth who had just been advised by his medical man to go to the seaside. you stand by the gangway. In our hurry to get from one place to another. sitting down on that ship. But actual arrival when it is achieved. He knows that sound satisfying sleep will be his: the just reward of all true travellers. 1. light your biggest pipe and swagger about the deck as if you were Captain Cook. Arrange and run a conversation on the following text: The Only Way to Travel Is on Foot When anthropologists turn their attention to the twentieth century. Jerome. At the end of his journey he feels a delicious physical weariness. "why. you begin to thoroughly like it. and as for exercise! why. Sir Francis Drake. and to sit up on deck. Why did his brother-in-law sell his return ticket? 3. 118 . It was offered round the town at a tremendous reduction. Men and women moved about in cars. He experiences to present moment with his eyes." The future history books might also record that we did not use our eyes. "I drove through it at 100 miles an hour on the way to somewhere else. pressing the ticket affectionately into his hand.boys on shore. so I am told. than you would turning somersaults on dry land. Speak individually or arrange a discussion on the following: 1. On Wednesday. sweet smile when kind-hearted people ask you how you feel now." When you travel at high speeds the present means nothing: you live mainly in the future. The typical twentieth-century traveller is the man who always says 'I've been there' — meaning. you'll get more exercise. ski-lifts and roads to the top of every huge mountain. On Tuesday you wish you hadn't come. you wish you were dead. I remember my brother-in-law going for a short sea trip once for the benefit of his health. never want to stop. Histories of the time will go something like this: "In the twentieth century people forgot how to use their legs. Thursday and Friday. "Seaside!" said my brother-in-law. The celebrated travellers of the past. You want to move on again. 4. we failed to see anything on the way. They built cable railways. How did he describe the advantages of a sea trip to the youth who bought his ticket? c) Point out the Hues and passages that you consider humorous. waiting to step ashore. Is the romantic aspect of travelling still alive in our time? 3. Adapted) b) Answer the following questions: 1. Is it humour of situation or humour of words! (Analyse each case separately. What attracts people in the idea of travelling? 2. you'll get enough to last you a lifetime. the only thing he was anxious about was to sell that return ticket.

С See if the travellers have acted sessibly. Instead be sensible. a) give me a walking tour every time. Even the most experienced can lose their way in the vast uninhabited areas. to get to places where no man's foot has ever stepped. d) to climb the steepest rocks. take a compass. (See "Classroom English". Foolish to climb a mountain when there's a railway roads to tops of mountains. Do yon know how to act sensibly when out in the wilds? If not. Think of some other arguments and counter-arguments to carry on the discussion. Even on holiday: cable railways. When travelling at high speeds present 2. unimaginable hardships. and inform someone at your point of departure where you intend to go. meet been there. and what route you intend to take. 2. Support your idea. through at 100 people of all nationalities. try to give some indication of where you are and keep yourself warm. you could knock me down with a feather. to be hardly able to believe one's eyes. miles an hour. to be hardly able to go on. Typical twentieth-century traveller: "I've 4.) XIV. It's now possible to see many countries.Arguments: For: Against: 1. c) there was a turn in the weather. And remember: never go off alone. Irkutsk. to overcome the obstacles. 1. A. means nothing: life in future. If you get lost don't lose your head." Italy. Use the suggested phrases. e) to reach the top in safety. Describe the pictures. need you take so much luggage? b) to get to wild. rolls of thunder. Travelling at high speeds is a pleasure in itself. STUDIES OF WRITTEN ENGLISH 119 . Travelling on foot: exhausting: you get nowhere fast 4.. flashes of lightning. ski-lifts.. Section IX. uninhabited places. you can't beat (hitch-) hiking. the text below might help you: If you are setting off on a walking tour. B. Traveller on foot: lives constantly in present 3. Delhi. 3. to be nearly drowned in a swamp. it was pouring. I wish I were in a railway carriage now!.. to face the danger of. or road up it 2. a map and first-aid equipment with you.

. My dear Madam: Dear Mr. Yours very truly. the date.g. е... In many ways it is a free composition. Professor. but she may place Miss in parentheses before her name if she feels that it is necessary for proper identification. Go over the letters (see Unit Five) and copy down the samples of the complimentary close. A business title should not precede the name. The Signature. 4. c) a married woman or a widow signs her own name. Brown's Holiday". Correct forms for business letters are: Yours truly. Vine Cottage Oxford Road Abingdon-on-Thames 13 May 19. And it should be interesting. The Body of the Letter. С Howard Superintendent of Schools The Greeting. Correct personal titles are: Mr. е. 2.. A good letter should be clear.VIII Different patterns of writing (see "Studies" in Unit One) seldom occur alone. These are the parts of a letter: the heading. governed by the same rules of writing that govern every other kind of composition. message and a concrete reader. 3. Miss. Messrs.S. The heading. written in the following order. Т. A letter is in a sense. Yours very truly. N о t e: In Great Britain very often the house is not numbered but has a "proper" name. In personal letters the range of greetings is unlimited and informal. Write a reply to Judy's letter as if you were the person she wrote her letter to. But a letter is also governed by certain other laws. direct. Letter is a specific kind of written composition involving a concrete writer. more often they blend into one another. Yours sincerely. Faithfully yours. the greeting. Give your reason clearly and convincingly. XV. especially in letter writing.). informal or formal social notes. the body of the letter. coherent. Film "Mr. 120 . Allow me to enclose a contribution to your very deserving Fund before it is finally wound up. Assignments: 1. Respectfully yours. In a business letter the inside address is the address of the person written to. Mrs. Some of the conventions should be observed: a) neither professional titles. or conventions of usage. Warren: Dear Miss Howard: In personal letters either a colon or a comma may be used after the greeting. are the street. which the letter writer cannot ignore. the inside address. The parts of a heading. a) Watch and listen.g. In a business letter it is always correct to use a personal title with the name of the person addressed. nor academic degress should be used with a signature. It must be clear. The inside address. A comma is considered less formal. Film Segment 8 "Caught in the Rain" (On the Way to Yeovil). the name of a city or town (the name of the state in the U. Dr. Cordially yours. like "Vine Cottage". a theme. address. b) an unmarried woman should sign herself as Miss Laura Blank. Hercule Poirot. Mrs. well organized. Write a letter to a friend sharing the memories of your holiday trip and your feelings at the station on the day of departure. The Complimentary Close.. Here is an example of a business letter: Dear Miss Carnaby. Dr. Diana Holiday Brown is her own name. the signature. not her married name. the complimentary close.. b) Do the exercises from the guide to the film.A. Sincerely yours. Very truly yours. George Brown is her married name. dignified and courteous. For example. like "My own Lovey-Dovey" of Judy's "Dear Daddy Long-Legs". For each of these parts usage has prescribed certain set forms depending on different types of letters — personal or business letters. The following forms are correct for business and professional letters: Gentlemen: Ladies: Dear Sir: Dear Madam: My dear Sir. coherent. In personal letter the inside address is usually omitted. Write a letter to your dean in which you request permission to stay at your parents' several days more.

Lanny saw Gret Villier sitting at the table motionless and impersonal. Rose wanted him to stop clowning for them." "So did I. The sailor began rowing towards the harbour's mouth. 5. Jim and his mother heard the blind man approaching the door.LABORATORY EXERCISES (II) 1. 2. Repeat it following the model. Act them out in class (oral and written work). learn the text by heart. mark the stresses and tunes. So did I. When Erik finished reading the letter. mark the stresses and tunes. Burlow's age. Repeat after the tape. Compare your variant with the model and correct your pronunctalion mistakes. so were the attendants. Retell it in class. I dare say. Repeat the text following the model and record your variant. So were they. Dave frowned as he saw Dan leaving. the Loch Ness Monster? UNIT NINE I. When passing a coffee stall Lanny noticed two white men staring at him. Captain Cook." said Le Ros. Listen to the dialogue "A Voyage Round Europe". 121 . They were about Mrs. b) check them with the key." "I wasn't trying to act. Roald Amundsen. 2. The Trasker girls considered Fabermacher very romantic. Listen to the text "Different Means of Travel". Christopher Columbus and the history of his discovery? Why wasn't America named in his houour? After whom was it named and why? 2. the Mystery of the Easter Isle. the Papanin expedition? 3. So were you. For the first time in a long while Erik thought himself wonderfully free. CURIOSITY QUIZ FOR EAGERS What do you know about 1. SPEECH PATTERNS 1. Listen to some anecdotes. Listen to the poem "From a Railway Carriage". 1 really felt. Mark the stresses and tunes. he couldn't take his eyes off the paper. Learn it by heart. Meanwhile she went on talking in her earnest. 6. Rose thought him quite funny. my boy. Sir Francis Drake. She was greatly impressed by Laurence Olivier's acting. It was easy to imagine Ida performing as the keeper of a second-rate club. mark the stresses and tunes. repeat after the tape. 4. 7. convincing voice. Write a spelling-translation test: a) translate the phrases into English. My friend guessed what mystery they were talking about. The Mystery of the Atlantis. 3. 4. Mlckloukha-Macklay. They always found Le Ros magnetic. "I tell you I was moved. Christine thought this cheque for twenty guineas rather strange. Put down the word combinations you find useful. the Mystery of the Bennudian Triangle. Presently Tom picked up a straw and began trying to balance it on his nose. 3. Listen to the conversation "At the Station". She saw his face peering through that mask. Listen to some text on the topic "Trawelling".

valuable. 10.. II. 5." What about yours? 4. What about you? 3. 7. — И мой тоже. St. 5. что Кэрри достаточно талантлива для сцены. . Наши попутчики оказались общительными и милыми людьми. Dickens' language is rather difficult... 2. — Наши тоже. Когда Джек впервые увидел леди Гвендолен (Gwendolen).EXERCISES I. P a t t e r n 2 : 1. 7. Капитан внезапно прекратил разговор и начал изучать карту. Use the proper pattern: P a t t e r n 1 : 1. so did we. would you? 8.. What about Mark Twain? 6. Think of a situation. Unfortunately I didn't see Westminster Abbey. 6... P a t t e r n 4 : 1. 3. 6. когда он услышал. rather impressive. что сама идея зарабатывать таким образом на жизнь вполне разумна (sensible). so can we. . so am 1. 2. P a t t e r n 2 : 1. so were ail the passengers. We thought that the last scene was quite impressive. 3.. 4. so did the opponent.. P a t t e r n 4 : 1. 8. Перестаньте обращаться с ним как с маленьким непослушным мальчиком. rubbing his hands with delight 4. Я не могу себе представить. At last Jack finished to write numerous letters of introduction. 5. 5.. как оперирует Чарльз Айвори. что она виновата в смерти Артура.. serving another meal.. 3. 9. Translate the following into English. so is she. started filling in the application form. I saw that Bob was playing centre forward. 3. Outside he found that Joe was standing on the platform. 2... 6. I find this exercise extremely easy. 3.. 4. 2. Он так и не смог бросить курить и загубил свое здоровье.... Они только что проводили своих родственников на станцию. She watched how he was waving farewell to his friends. Huck Finn couldn't bear his new life at the widow's. — Мы тоже.. stopped making notes. — Нам тоже. . Я люблю бифштекс немного недожаренным. P a t t e r n 3 : 1. Le Ros was delighted to see his old acquaintance. 6. Respond to the following statements and questions. Everybody found that there was something mysterious about Lady Alroy. stopped shivering with cold. Им до смерти наскучил его рассказ. 5. The Murdstones thought that David was disobedient.. 2. Martin Eden lived under very hard conditions when he was young.. 7.. 4. . . 5. что американцы общительны. P a t t e r n 4 : 1. 5.. 4. 4. ... 4. 4. Some people feel rather stiff on the platform.. 3. 2. 11.. Розмэри считала свой поступок благородным и довольно смелым (daring).... In my opinion Ch. Suggest a beginning matching up the end. 6. What would you 122 . .. quite sociable. Some people like things made to order. .curling her lip and showing her disgust for the scene... Том и Бекки увидели. .. What about Sarie? 5. Use the patterns: P a t t e r n 1 : 1. Рикардо встречал Овода раньше и считал его довольно странным (odd). III. Бедняга был страшно удивлен.. .. My friends liked the film "Quiet Flows the Don. passing the bread-plate to the man next to him... 5.. Росс считал. 8. что через маленькое отверстие в пещере мерцает (to glimmer) свет. 12. 9. . P a t t e r n 2 : 1.. Джуди считала себя совершенно невежественной во многих вопросах. Вскоре люди начали приходить группами. so did the goalkeeper. she saw that he was sitting at the telephone. . .. Change the sentences. англичан он находил негостеприимными. Это мое окончательное решение... finished reading aloud. 3.. — Мы тоже. in his opinion it was extremely dull.. stopped breathing. как вы здоровались с ним за руку. Stephen Leacock is a famous humorous writer. как садится солнце.. ... 6. . 4.. so have I. и ваше тоже. 2... 4. Celia loved Lanny.. What about your friend? 7... .. 3. Sabina came into the hall. making a pause in his story. using the patterns: P a t t e r n 2 : 1. Он Искренне думал. . 3. obedient. 5. наблюдали.. 5. 2.... Все. We watched how the seers-off were shuffling from foot to foot. но думал. vaguely familiar. что Бертон предлагает ему работу.. IV. . quite different. Erik started to read the letter again.. Лень непростительна и невежество тоже.. so was our luggage.. Джемма никогда не переставала думать. Soon the porters began to pull luggage along the platform. кто стоял на палубе. надеюсь. .. I found that the stranger's voice was vaguely familiar to me. so were our neighbours. Burton's namesake started to play poker and went broke. 3. 4. он нашел ее совершенно очаровательной. P a t t e r n 3 : 1. Lev Yashin began to play football when he was a teen-ager.. 4.. shrugging her shoulders. How do you find the screen version of "War and Peace"? 3. 2.. I'd rather read something by Chekhov. 6. 3.. 6..... 2.. 2... С другого конца стола Эндрю наблюдал. что его работа очень полезна. . В воскресенье мы обедали в гостях.so have you. began trembling with fear. P a t t e r n 3 : 1.. Герствуд (Hurstwood) не считал. Мы видели... The Gadfly pulled a chrysanthemum from the vase and began to pluck off one white petal after another. . What do you think about Shakespeare's plays? 2. 5.. Ее сын непослушный. . что он занимается спортом. — Мой брат тоже. 2. What about Jack London himself? 10. Paul's Cathedral is a fine specimen of architecture. . using the patterns: P a t t e r n 1 : 1. so was our coach.

It was old. and go away with the elderly woman. It was a nice friendly little place. In music-halls and in circuses two or more performances with the same programme are given every day. What do you think of hitch-hiking as a means of travel? 7. and they walked straight into the stalls. made more little jokes and played the accordion. The same term is used with reference to cinemas: the first (second. Mrs. When do they finish to serve meals in your canteen? 4. VOCABULARY NOTES 71 72 69 music-hall: a hall or theatre used for variety entertainment: songs. Priestley loves people. We shall begin to write the test when everybody comes. Rose bought a programme for twopence. Burlow. In the description of an elderly comic actor in the given extract you will find something of the sad tenderness and compassion characteristic of Priestley's attitude towards "little men". this music-hall. which were very cheap. their jokes and many of their songs were getting on in years. 69 70 When they arrived at the music-hall. plays and literary essays well-known all over the world. and "Wonder Hero". Rose thought him quite funny at first. wanted the curtain to come down. And the loudest applause always came when a performer said he would imitate "our dear old favourite" So-and-so. who was enjoying herself. And then Rose wanted him to stop clowning for them. an unimportant shy person. never taking her eyes off the performer. peering anxiously through that mask. desolate. He made little jokes. third) house первый (второй.): a cinema 72 turns: (here) actors taking part in the programme. juggling. There were very few young people there.say to a day or two in the mountains? 5. Turn — a short performance on the stage of a music-hall or a variety theatre (номер программы). the doors for the second house were just opening. (The questions in Ex. Burlow's age. Have you ever watched the sunrise? 2. dancing. weary. One thing she noticed. helpless in the face of forces which he cannot combat. their creased and fading scenery. So were the attendants. Did you have a chance to hear how your friend was reciting at concerts? 3. Of his pre-war novels the most famous are "The Good Companions". so that he could put on that dressing gown. The programme of a variety perfomance usually consists of various turns. 71 picture theatre (colloq. was an elderly woman. V. a deadwhite face and a very red nose. Youth had fled from it. they themselves. and named a music-hall star that Rose had never heard of. The result of this was that though the whole place was so cosy and friendly. Priestley Priestley. fell over himself. Joints were stiff. gave it to Mrs. their worn properties. who soon crept into their pit. There was no bloom on anything here. 123 . lost in the jungle of the big city. The audience made a great deal of noise. Do you hear any noise? It's coming from above. She was sitting near enough to see his real face. One turn was an eccentric fellow with a grotesque makeup. How did you find the last film you saw? 8. holding a dressing gown in one hand and a small medicine glass in the other. perhaps because she too was no longer young and was being entertained by people of her own age. and his costume was that of a ragged tramp. What do you think of Le Ros's occupation? 9. But she said nothing to Mrs. Which of your friends have started to learn a second foreign language? 3. were very popular with the readers during and after the Second World War. Some people like travelling by air. or when a singer would tell them that the new songs were all very well in their way but that the old songs were best and he or she would "endeavour to render" one of their old favourite ditties. John Bointon (1894-1984) is the author of numerous novels. she could see into the wings and standing there. Can you imagine that you are teaching a class of small children? 4. His favourite character is a little man. And from where she sat. warmer and cosier and altogether more human than the picture theatres she usually attended. eyes anxious behind the mask of paint. ROSE AT THE MUSIC-HALL From "They Walk in the City" by J. "They Walk in the City". but very soon changed her mind about him. and rest and not worry any more. When did you start to learn English? 2. So were the members of the orchestra. (Note: "music-hall" must not be confused with "concert-hall". What kind of people can you see on the platform and what are they doing there? P a t t e r n 4 : 1. and then climbed on to the back of a chair. What is your opinion about the English language? P a t t e r n 3 : 1. especially in the balcony.) 70 the doors for the second house were just opening: the second performance was about to begin. "Time and the Conways") is a device for revealing people's real selves hidden under conventional masks. Very few of the turns were young. and laughing and clapping as hard as anyone there. Write 12 questions suggesting answers with these patterns. isn't it? 5. Burlow led the way to the front and found two very good seats for them. acrobatic performances. What is your impression of the Tower of London? 6. третий) сеанс. then looked about her brightly. The daring and unusual composition of some of his plays (such as "Dangerous Corner". They were nearly all about Mrs. Burlow. His war novels "Blackout in Greatley". "Daylight on Saturday" and "Three Men in New Suits". drink his medicine or whatever it is. "Angel Pavement".) TEXT. it was also rather sad. B. wiping their mouths. IV may serve as a model. 10.

е. 2. anxious adj 1. to have smth. 3. the usual word for which is road. path denotes a track made by the feet of people who pass along (тропа. Attendance at schools is compulsory. 1. way n 1. услуги.g. е.N o t e : way is but seldom used to denote a specially built means of communication between two places. track. сильно желающий чего-л. Syn. носиться (о платье. е. капельдинер).g. as "The Path of Thunder". Let me pass.g. to lose one's way заблудиться. I have worn my shoes into holes. е. е.?) to make one's way идти вперед.g. е.g. Туфли для улицы.g. This cloth wears well (badly). All these anxieties made him look pale and tired. way is more often used to denote direction. Let's discuss it on the way home.g. She was tired of attending on (upon) rich old ladies who never knew exactly what they wanted. тропинка) as a path through the woods. The attendance has fallen off.). please. Isn't he eager to learn? anxiety n 1. с волнением. road. path is also sometimes used in such combinations. I am anxious about his health. anxiously ado с беспокойством. присутствовать. on the way по дороге.g. The attendant will show you to your seats. протирать. The carpet wss worn by the many feet that had trodden on it.g. footwear обувь underwear белье 4. тревожный.g. I can show you a very good road to the village. Clothes for everyday wear. не препятствовать. Her face was calm. забота. way out выход из положения. At the party she wore her wedding dress and he said she looked like a lily-of-the-valley. уход. е. Now that the patient is out of danger the doctor is no longer in attendance. to lead the way вести за собой. By the way. Your attendance is requested. rouge) употреблять косметику.g.g. посещать. быть одетым во что-л. пройдите сюда. Одежда на каждый день.. озабоченный. The children lost their way in the forest. don't stand in my way. Пожалуйста. е. е. дорога. Syn. тревога. Can you show me the way to Trafalgar Square? (Как пройти. добиться своего.. е. между прочим.g. беспокойный. worried. That seems to me a very good way out. eager. This way. Syn. е.g. She likes to have her own way in everything. е.'s way не мешать. what was it she told you? to be (stand) in smb. You should always wear blue: it matches your eyes. е. е. Have it your own way.g. She always gets worried about little things.g.g.g. way to knowledge.g. etc. е.. Сейчас все носят платья этого фасона. опасение. Syn. е.. е.g. е. е. прислуживать. by the way кстати. 1 can show you the way to the nearest village (i. worn) υt/i 1. Proverb: Where there's a will there's a way.g. attend υt/i 1. This style of dress is in general wear now. 2. обслуживать. стоять поперек дороги. е. 124 . е. Syn.g. путь. беспокойство. The music was unusual but quite beautiful in its own way. е. е. troubled. 2. All children over seven attend school in our country. е. We waited with anxiety for the doctor to come. That anxiety for truth made Philip rather unpopular with some of his schoolmates. посещаемость.g.д.'s way мешать. I can tell you what direction you should take in order to get to the village).g. to have (get) one's own way настоять на своем. 2. e. They made their way through the silent streets of the sleeping city. attendance n 1. The actor was anxious to please the audience. We anxiously waited for his arrival. wear n. присутствие. on to wear make-up (paint. обуви и т. уйти с дороги. страстное стремление к чему-л.. But. way to happiness. worry 2.g.g.. направление. краситься to wear scent душиться 2.g. dangerous path. attendant n служитель (в театре — билетер. е. идти во главе. е. обслуживание. проходить. They couldn't even talk in private: there was always someone in the way. е.. Get out of my way! I shall get her out of the way for ten minutes. so that you can have an opportunity to settle the matter. The guide led the way through the forest till we reached a narrow path. носить (одежду). wear (wore. The way we took lay through the forest. etc. изнашивать. е.. in one's (own) way в своем роде. 2. е. but the anxious eyes betrayed something of what she felt.g. Не works hard because he is anxious to succeed. е. 3. What was it that stood in the way of her happiness? to be (get) out of smb. Of the three synonyms abstract usages are most typical of way. Shoes for street wear.g.g. path.

How many people will this lecture-hall hold? 3.g. выпустить (из рук). Don't let that trouble you (nearly the same. е.g. the synonyms to be anxious. The difference lies in the intensity of the emotion expressed by each verb. Let's make it up. She was holding a red rose in her hand. е.g. зрелище. Syn. There are many places of entertainment in any big city. 7. Will this weather hold? hold n to catch (get) hold of smth.g. to lose hold of smth. I'm sure she'll make an excellent teacher. держать.g. держаться (о погоде).)... е.. е. удерживать. In fact. N о t e: In this meaning make is followed by a complex object. entertain υt/i 1. развлекать. составлять (рецепт. е. 3. In the sentence "His long absence worried his mother very much" worry expresses a strong feeling of anxiety. bother describes rather a state of irritation and dissatisfaction than of anxiety.g. he climbed a little higher.g. вмещать..) Don't let that worry you (= don't let that spoil your mood. выдумывать. A students' meeting was held in our department yesterday. представление. е. trouble denotes a still weaker emotion. е. острить. делать. it's slippery here. е. She easily makes friends. amusing entertainment n развлечение..слишком сильно красится).g. гримировать(-ся). but managed to catch hold of his companion's arm. What is the box made of? 2. е. список и т.g.Note: Cf.g. компенсировать." The intensity of feeling is slightly weaker here. You'd better make it up with Ann. е. завладеть чём-n. (The feeling of fear and anxiety is stronger here than in the previous example.g. е. We'll have to make him take the medicine. The conversation was far from entertaining. The range of meaning of worry is wide: it can denote emotional states of different intensity whereas its synonyms are narrower in meaning. but also: Don't get nervous about it). становиться. заставлять. Before packing make up a list of things you are going to take. е.g. подружиться с кем-n. 125 . Why do you always make jokes? Can't you be serious? N o t e : Make is also used with numerous adjectives giving emotional characteristics. Won't you let me try to make up for all I've failed to do in the past? to make up one's mind = to decide make-up n грим.g.. е. hold (held. Hold on to the railing. make (made. возмещать.g. as I am sorry for what I said. to keep hold of smth.g. е. to hold a meeting проводить собрание. Holding on to a branch. He has made it all up. don't fear that smth.д. We are entertaining a lot. The child got hold of a bright flower. схватить что-л. не выпускать. You are a fool to listen to his story. How long will it take the actors to make up? She was so much made up that I didn't recognize her at first. to make up 1. е. содержать в себе. 2. е. производить. 2. ошибаться to make a report делать доклад to make (a) noise шуметь to make a (the) bed стелить постель to make friends with smb. е. It is also possible to say: "It made her very anxious. Why should you spoil your pretty face with all this make-up? The woman uses too much make-up (. Don't be anxious about it. принимать гостей (rather formal).g. to trouble. краситься. е. Sometimes either of the synonyms can be used in one and the same sentence.g. Make up your own sentences using the new words. занимать. entertaining adj развлекательный.g. It wasn't her nature to lose hold of anything she had got hold of. е.. 3. держаться за что-л. made) υt/i 1.. 5. 4.g.. готовить. Не nearly fell down. We were all entertained by his tricks. 5. With every minute it became harder and harder to keep hold of the slippery ropes. Come in and make yourself at home. to worry.g. е. занимательный. е. to make a joke (jokes) шутить. as to make smb. 6. оказываться.g. We must make up for lost time. косметика. мириться. Don't let that bother you (= don't think about it: it is unimportant). etc. е. е.g. it was horribly dull.). to make oneself at home чувствовать себя как дома. 2. sad. е. held) υt/i 1.g. (Observe the absence of to with the infinitive!) to make a mistake делать ошибку.. to hold on to smth. to bother. happy (angry. Soon she made friends with her fellowpassengers.g. bad will happen).. ухватиться за что-л.

ragged. weary. and named a music-hall star that Rose had never heard of".. no longer and write your own sentences with the same words and phrases."? 2. anxious. b) What kind of atmosphere is created by this description? Which characteristic feature of the place is specially emphasized? 3...'s age to have one's (own) way members of the orchestra to catch hold of smth. attendance. С. to make jokes to lose hold of smth. c) "She was sitting near enough. their worn property were getting on in years". What kind of place was the music-hall? What was its most characteristic feature? 6. a) Explain the meaning of the italicized words in the following: "Very few of the turns were young. pl Word Combinations to make (a) noise a long way from to lead the way (to) to lose one's (the) way to look about oneself to be (get) out of the way about (of) smb. Why were the actor's eyes anxious behind the mask of paint? 11. whatever it is.. Bead the text and explain the following points (A. usually. Why did she say nothing to Mrs. Were the stalls expensive? 4." (Anxious implies fear. Why is the emotion of fear emphasized in these two sentences?) C. soon. desolate. audience... joint. they themselves. How do you understand the word human in ". Grammar. wearing. any more. at first. Word usage. Why does the author say that the music-hall was rather sad though it was cosy and friendly? 10.. Explain the effect achieved by inversion in: a) "One thing she noticed". When did the loudest applause come? Why? 9. In what way did the audience behave? 5. B. What does the author want to 126 . nearly. n wings n. Answer the questions: 1.altogether more human than the picture theatres. Burlow arrive at the music-hall? 2. a) What is the effect achieved by the syntactical parallelism in: ". their creased and fading scenery. perhaps. to keep hold of smth." B..So were the attendants. straight. altogether." 2. Explain the meaning of the words anxious in "eyes anxious behind the mask of pain" and anxiously in "his real face peering anxiously through that mask.. III. very few of.. IV. imitate. Explain the use of tenses in: a) "." (See Notes on Style. then. many of and write your own sentences with the same word-combinations. and ending with "played the accordion. When did Rose and Mrs. II. to hold on to smth. p. to make oneself at home to hold a meeting to make up smth. properties. 277).. to make one's way EXERCISES anxious adj entertain υ wear υ wipe υ 1. So were the members of the orchestra"? b) Find another case of syntactical parallelism in the last passage but one and comment on it. was an elderly woman.a performer said he would imitate 'our dear old favourite' So-andso. creased. 1. Transcribe the following words and translate them into Russian: anxiety.Standing there. anxious (worried) about smth. What is the meaning of the word bloom in "There was no bloom on anything here"? What kind of image is created by the sentence? 4. never taking her eyes off the performer. What did she see in the wings? 14. Were the attendants and the members of the orchestra young or elderly people? 7... very few. 1. Burlow? 15. grotesque. Explain the use of all the articles in the fragment beginning with "One turn was an eccentric fellow". Did Rose like his acting? 13. What did the scenery and the properties look like? 8. What did the man in the costume of a tramp do on the stage? 12. twopence. Where were their seats? 3. b) "Youth had fled from it"..ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (I) Words anxiety n attendant n imitate υ audience n make υ anxiously adv make-up n attend υ entertainment n attendance n hold υ. endeavour. a) Find in the text sentences with: a great deal of. b) ". 1. b) Find in the text sentences with: altogether. How does this episode characterize Rose? 16. 2. Style): A. arrival.

using the word way. Какой же выход из положения вы предлагаете? 6. him.. The way he talked at dinner. when she doesn't get my letters for a long time.. Fill in with: a) be anxious.. он направился к двери.. makes people older.. Isabel didn't want to stand in Larry's way. К счастью.g. What are you so . VIII. Translate these sentences into English. Не сказав ни слова. and 2) cheap. X. 3. 9. and I can very well understand that it.. him and then ask him to go .. It gave Kitty the impression that he was speaking from a long way off.. 4. Michael was . school. 5. 13. 11.. bother.. now. 1) great. I knew that he would willingly help me. But that's all. to lose hold of. I'll get you home in my car.. The child is very weak.... 7. d) entertain and its derivatives: 1... good. The . . 3.. waiting for his answer. Are we . I made way for him to go up the stairs.. 4. She threw my slippers into my face.. She always . about? 2.. you couldn't have come more fortunately. Burlow (after the performance). Search the text for adjectives and classify them into two groups according to "positive" and "negative" qualities as suggested by the context (e. Я не знаю этих мест... b) give synonyms of: road n. By arranging good marriages for her daughters she expected to make. 1. в своей обычной очаровательной манере. From the age of seven till seventeen I. The room had a narrow iron bed and by way of furniture only the barest necessities. 2.. 6... I decided that he . 4.. Study Vocabulary Notes and a) translate the examples.. The letter that informed us of her unexpected departure greatly .. 2... She behaved in the most outrageous way. 4. По дороге домой они чуть не заблудились. the way? — No. nice.? IX. Don't.. you with my tiresome affairs. 15. 5. but I need his address badly.. I was ..... The play was not very . 10. I really can't get used to the new ways.. entertain. ХII. c) give antonyms of: to find one's way.. Но они однажды сделали по-своему и все-таки пошли туда..tell us by this episode? V. Is that the way you feel towards us? 8. 3. The climate is very bad there. about something... face was pale. Suzanne's mother could hardly live on her pension with prices the way they were. creased. the picture. VI. me. at lectures has fallen off.. Insert prepositions or adverbs where necessary: 1. b) anxious and its derivatives: 1. They had been to Chartres and were on their way back to Paris... .... the Lomond Hotel. Она рассказала об этом весело.... 7.. is requested. Who(m) are you .. When the list is ready. trouble.. She smiled in that charming way of hers.. in this town? 5. 10. iron. worry. on. about the taxi. the mysterious visitor. что стол здесь будет вам мешать. который помог им добраться домой.. eager a. 7. 1.. you to be anxious . Детям не разрешали ходить одним на озеро. He had particularly congratulated us on the way we had done the difficult job. 6.. — Oh! He is made . He arrived . the garden party. с) attend and its derivatives: 1.. He spoke on one note.. 2. 2. amusing a.. c) between two readers (about the episode described in the passage and the author of the story). 4. Your. Her .. cold water every morning. He sat quite still and stared with those wide immobile eyes of his . In this hotel you will be well. I didn't know which way to look. 9. us much. 3. His look.... 12.. and I . to find a job. and worry..! Dinner will be ready on time. for success made him many enemies. 7. vегу hot and sweaty and exhausted and had an obscure feeling that they would take one look .... 6. 5. but I didn't like to . I felt that he didn't pay any attention to what I was saying. at dinner tonight? 2. 4. Боюсь. 5... that man.. wear. His .. 8. Make up dialogues: a) between Rose and Mrs. I'm sorry to . wear υ. I shouldn't like to . His jokes didn't . 14. We were full of . 127 ... about her health. Tell the story of Rose as your own experience in the past. VII. 3. не могли бы вы повести нас туда? 5. I suppose it was natural. Translate these sentences into Russian: 1.).. 6.... Do they often . There's nothing more to worry .. Don't worry your pretty little head . 3. Don't . Sophie pushed her way through the dancers and we lost sight of her in the crowd. He has a bath . b) between the old clown and his wife (before he went on to the stage).. d) give derivatives of: attend... 3. What makes you think he knows the truth? — Everything.. не сказав никому ни слова. 4.you. describe some place and its atmosphere using the adjectives of each group... I saw the waiter threading his way through the tables. Do you know any places of. 2.all the disappointments of her own career. XI. они встретили старого лесничего (forester). you.

to want — to be eager — to be anxious. Point out which of them are bookish. to be anxious — to be sorry — to worry — to trouble — to bother — to be upset. 4. но не мог прийти ни к какому решению. Just putting her hands together. How does the author describe the music-hall? Point out the contrasting characteristics. which seemed to Rose the most splendid and exciting place she had ever seen. и к удовольствию всех находившихся в вагоне. Rose instantly forgot his very existence. superfine. 2. she was overwhelmed by its insistent beat and clang. a) Translate the text into Russian: It was time to go. The little people in these new countries lived their lives only in movement. как она говорила и смеялась. and gnomes of folklore 128 . Мы спускались к реке. XIV. Нельзя. всегда было проблемой удержать деньги в руках». Then the lights died away. 1. Test on synonymy. 4. 4. Explain how synonyms of each group differ one from another according to differentiations suggested in Notes on Synonyms. They climbed to one of the balconies of the gigantic theatre. привлекало общее внимание. making a silly noise. Если ты будешь так себя вести. elves. 12. Целый вечер мальчуган не выпускал из рук игрушку. Go over the text again and try to discuss the following: 1. The music was very strange. How does the author make the reader understand that Rosa is a kind-hearted girl. But Rose did not clap. чтобы компенсировать свой маленький рост. though a nice sensible little dumpy thing. But at other times they were so beautiful in their energy and grace. Больной был настолько слаб. so obviously the creatures of another and better world than this. Consult Notes on pp. she was simply carried away and half drowned by the colossal waves of sound. что выпустил из рук чашку. Дети в соседней комнате подняли страшный шум. and they walked down to the Coliseum. 9. People clapped. picture house — cinema to sing (perform) — to render to get on in years — to age desolate — sad to endeavour — to try to clap — to applaud XVI. Пожилой пассажир говорил еще много. но ему не хотелось показывать жене. Sometimes they were dull. Rose did not know whether she liked it or not. Мистер Вебб носил высокие каблуки. The curtain was magically swept away. Francis Woburn put on his enormous hat. that Rose choked and ached at the sight of them. XVII. чтобы всегда все было по-твоему. 3.ХIII. 8. not like any she had heard before. 6. but busy all the time telling herself that here she was. 10. and not at all comfortable and friendly and sweet. и он никак не мог сосредоточиться на письме. capable of understanding and compassion? Which method of characterization does the author use? 3. with a tall. он мог заставить их пойти в сад. a new world. чтобы не упасть. 3. все в том же духе. It was as if the last great wave of music had taken her and flung her over the boundaries of this world. Конечно. 5.) way — road — path — track — highway — street. superfine persons. она упала и разбилась вдребезги. a world all of music and colour. 11. Point out the synonymic dominant of each group. Она была сильно накрашена. Войдя в холл. она посмотрела вокруг и направилась к зеркалу. Мама очень беспокоится о твоем здоровье. The music began. and Francis Woburn stopped talking. She was staring at a new country. «Я всегда знал несколько способов разбогатеть. All round them. going to the Russian Ballet at the Coliseum. между прочим. Francis Woburn clapped. What kind of atmosphere is created by the author in the fragment? By what devices is the effect achieved? 2. 7. It was all very strange indeed. using the words and phrases from Essential Vocabulary I. She gave them her heart. very Londonish young man. Make up a story. Sometimes they were silly. Translate the following sentences into English: 1. He was much taller than she had supposed him to be — though perhaps it was the absurd hat — and she felt a little dumpy thing. Comment on the syntax of the fragment and its stylistic value. держась за ветки деревьев. он искал выхода из неприятного положения. 73 73 little people: (here) fairies. as she trotted along by his side. Comment on the selection of words in the fragment. и то. not unlike Francis Woburn. XV. И я тоже. 18 and 201. (Consult the context in which they are used in the text. and the stage blazed at her. she could not keep it at a distance to decide about it. Она ухватилась за мою руку. except those that illuminated the curtain so beautifully. ты только наживешь врагов. что дети мешают ему. colloquial or neutral. Synonyms within the following pairs differ by style. Dozens of players down below were tuning up. was not good enough for them. pretending to listen. Rose Salter. Сильно взволнованный. Prove that the following words are (or are not) synonyms: 2. started talking about himself again. Но для меня. were studying their programmes.

In England (including London) only a few theatres have their own permanent company (they are called repertory theatres). Most of these are let to producing managements on a commercial basis but some of them are permanently occupied by subsidised companies.the creatures of another and better world than this. please. such as the National Theatre which stages classical and modern plays in its complex of three theatres on the South Bank of the River Thames. while others rent from the local authorities. In 1998 the Government announced the formation of the Young Music Trust to develop the musical skills of the young with some money from the National Lottery. Do you think that the author has managed to create a vivid and emotionally charged picture of a ballet performaAcet (Give reasons for whatever you say. 1. jazz. b) check them with the key. e. Extend the following sentences according to the model. The English National Opera which performs in the London Coliseum gives seasons of opera and operetta in English. The national youth orchestras of Great Britain have established high standards. 2. Every year an International Festival of University Theatre is held. Music of all kinds — "pop" music. London. changing its name to the National Theatre Company. DRAMA. which was Britain's major theatrical touring company. gives regular seasons of opera and ballet. It also tours the provinces. LABORATORY EXERCISES (I) TOPIC: THEATRE TEXT A. 5." c) Comment on the literary merit and style of the fragment. Both companies have a high international reputation. has now taken up residence in the National Theatre. These companies employ leading producers. Theatrical companies are usually formed for a season. please. 129 . Pick out the main points from each paragraph." "The little people in these new countries lived their lives only in movement. designers and actors. Write a spelling-translation test: a) translate the phrases into English. Listen to the text "Chaplin" or the story of another famous actor. Covent Garden." ". It has its own orchestra which plays for the Royal Opera and the Royal Ballet. The former Old Vic Company. mark the stresses and tunes. MUSIC AND BALLET IN BRITAIN The centre of theatrical activity in Britain is London.(From "They Walk in the City" by J. making all the necessary changes. 3. and the standard of productions is generally high. The large audiences at orchestral concerts and at performances of opera. AT THE BOX-OFFICE — I want four seats for Sunday. Explain the words: "The stage blazed at her. Most universities have thriving amateur drama clubs and societies. their managements having previously rented a theatre for them to perform in (the so-called non-repertory theatres). a world all of music and colour.Priestley) b) Comment on the following aspects of the fragment: 1. 74 75 74 75 i. Re-word the given sentences. Write an essay describing a person's first visit to a ballet (opera. In addition the Royal Shakespeare Company presents Shakespearean plays at Stradford-upon-Avon and a mixed repertoire in London. — Matinee or evening performance? — Evening.. B. folk music. TEXT B. Outside London there are many non-repertory theatres which present all kinds of drama and also put on variety shows and other entertainments. 4.. buildings meant for the performance of plays by professional companies.) Which lines do you consider especially expressive? Why? What stylistic devices can you point out in the extract? XVIII. Some companies have their own theatres. Repeat the text following the model. write a summary of the text In not more than 10 sentences. light music and brass bands — is an important part of British cultural life. Recently there has been a growth in the activity of repertory companies which receive financial support from the Arts Council and the local authorities. drama) performance or to a symphony concert. and donations from music charities and companies involved in music business. which receives financial assistance from the Arts Council. How does the author describe the music? What does he mean by saying that the music was "not at all comfortable and friendly and sweet" ? How do you understand the words "She could not keep it at a distance to decide about it"? Does music ever affect you in the same way? What kind of music does? 2. ballet and chamber music reflect the widespread interest in classical music. There are about 50 principal theatres in professional use in or near the West End and some 20 in the suburbs. Listen to the text "Rose at the Music-Hall". The Royal Opera House. Try to imitate the style and manner of the fragment above (you may borrow some phrases from it). sometimes staging only one play for either a long or a short run. Discuss the text in class. There are several thousand amateur dramatic societies in Britain.

As for me. aren't they? I mean with a girl playing the part of the principal boy. Ice shows don't have all the wonderful traditional scenery and that gorgeous theatre atmosphere. 77 It takes quite a number of people to put on a play. I suppose the stepmother and the ugly sisters are the men's parts in that. I don't care much for this theatre-going business. What is the centre of theatrical activity in Great Britain? 2. is there? Well. There are also some balconies encircling the auditorium on three sides. 1.— Well. — Then I could find you some seats in the pit. there's an advertisement in the local paper saying that the theatre in the High Street is putting on "Cinderella". — I'm afraid the only thing that remains is the gallery. the training of the performers depend on the director (also called by some people producer in Great Britain). and finally. S a l l y : Mm. The lowest of them (coming immediately above the boxes) is called the dress-circle and the highest (somewhere near the ceiling of the house) is known as the gallery. T o n y : Aladdin used to be my favourite. that there isn't a single seat in the house that would suit you.. S a l l y : And the audience booing the wicked uncle. I've never seen "Cinderella". I haven't seen a pantomime for years and years. the Russian «состав исполнителей»). PANTOMIMES S a l l y : Tony. T o n y : Pantomimes are awfully old. What is meant by a repertory theatre? 4. I think we'd much better go to the movies.. there is no orchestra-pit. no! It's near the orchestra-pit. ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (II) Words act υ gallery n properties acting n interval n (props) n balcony n lighting n repertoire n box n matinee n row n cast n orchestra-pit n stage-manager n company n pit n stalls n costumes n produce υ (theatre-) house n director n producer n treatment n dress-circle n production n Word Combinations professional theatre the setting of a scene repertory company light and sound effects amateur theatre to produce a play dramatic society EXERCISES 76 77 I. you can have very good seats in the stalls. those who design the props and scenery. you'd care to take a box? — Certainly not! It's too expensive. Which theatrical companies receive financial support from Arts Council? 3. 130 76 . T o n y : Yes! I wonder how on earth they manage to fit today's pop songs into pantomime stories? S a l l y : Well. Row F. if you think about it. Answer the following questions: A. In most theatres the seats for the audience are separated from the stage by the orchestra-pit. would he? — Hm. The long rows of chairs situated on the ground floor of the auditorium in. then. however. could we? — I find. and that's not quite the same thing. all dressed up in tights and tunic . is it? S a l l y : No. I can't afford it. when a comedian played the Widow Twankey. Perhaps. Come on. and the dame parts taken by men.. OK. — There isn't. My father-in-law is terribly short-sighted. — How can you suggest such a thing! My mother-in-law is a stout woman with a weak heart. The treatment of a play. people who make the costumes. — Oh. The sides of the stage and the scenery placed there are called wings. the style of the production. — Dress-circle then? — I don't like to sit in the dress-circle. In some theatres. and joining in the singing of the popular songs they always manage to get into the play somehow. We couldn't dream of letting her walk up four flights of stairs... The stage-manager is the person in charge of the technical part of the production of a play. — I'm afraid that won't do either. My wife can't stand loud music. stage hands. What do you know about The part of the theatre which has a stage and seats for the audience is called auditorium or house (also: theatre-house). that sounds good. front of the stage are called the stalls (front rows) and the pit (back rows). The stalls and the pit are surrounded by boxes. Do you fancy going? T o n y : Yeh. sir.. I don't think I've seen one since I was about fourteen — except for one on ice when I was crazy about skating. There are also make-up artists. He wouldn't see much from the pit. and the musicians are placed behind the scenes (back-stage). The actors taking part in the play are called the cast (cf. why don't we get tickets and find out? T o n y : Yes. Good day! TEXT С. And when Aladdin rubbed the magic lamp an enormous genie appeared .

.. the author shows a remarkable talent for writing dialogue which is entertaining and witty. The audience... внимание всего зрительного зала было сосредоточено на нем и его игре. Students always buy seats in the orchestra stalls. Во время знаменитой сцены из третьего акта в зале стояла мертвая тишина. On the contrary. 15. чтобы усилить впечатление от игры актера. b) Make up dialogues discussing the points above.. Act out this dialogue. etc). выдержанные в черных. 5. ordinary).the Royal Shakespeare Company? 5. зал был уже полон. Is attendance at our theatres high? 4. и все взгляды устремились на сцену.... 327 describing a theatre-house and its parts. The cheapest seats are in the boxes.. a) Supply articles where necessary: Chekhov's play ". (See the Reminder. белых и серых тонах. the audience is made to think: until almost the final curtain. play was ruined by . a) Describe your impressions of a play (opera. 13.. How many times a month (a year) do you go to the theatre? 5. (Did the production help the audience to catch the main idea of the play? In what points of the production did you feel the work of the producer? Did the general spirit of the production satisfy the demand of the play?) 5.. It was . Режиссер удачно использовал освещение. We say "the house is full" when not all the seats in the auditorium are occupied. Are there many theatres in or near the West (East) End of London? 7. Translate the following into English: Когда мы пришли. Через несколько минут занавес поднялся. Speak on your favourite genre (opera. it was one of the finest renderings of this part I've ever heard. Petersburg. была просто великолепна. Work in class. Why do you like it? V. The role of the producer is not very important. 17. Not me! By no means. the characters are pleasant (humorous. I won't deny it Most likely. Learn Text В by heart. Когда он был на сцене. Beyond all doubt. How is the Russian theatre organized? 2. (What kind of people did it consist of? How did they receive the performance?) R e m i n d e r: if is surprising to meet a play about ordinary people caught up in ordinary events.. You wouldn't like to go behind the stage. You are wrong. Wings are the sides of a stage with the scenery. the characters act out a fantasy. Состав исполнителей был неплохой. The most expensive seats are in the orchestra stalls. Sea-gull" was first staged in . Going to the theatre. VI.. 14. 9.. 10.. Designing. What leading actors of the British theatre do you know? 10. VIII. 7. When the audience is pleased it keeps silent.. Reminder. а потом поднялась настоящая буря аплодисментов.. The pit is nearer to the stage than the stalls. Follow the plan below: 1. 3. Зрители были потрясены.): 1. 16.. 11.. 131 . (Did you like the scenery? How were the light and sound effects used?) 6.. one brief scene forms the climax of the play. Read the following and either agree or disagree with the statements. 6. c) Write questions to provoke answers containing all the new words. drama. 1. I believe... The audience include both spectators and actors. Just the other way round. the highlight of the evening was . The acting. Ask your questions. a) Find picture representing a theatre-house. (Was it interesting? What was interesting? What didn't you like about it?) 3. The house is the part of the theatre where the members of the orchestra usually sit.. I believe you clap to show your appreciation of the acting or the play as a whole. а игра актера. Декорации были очень простые. 12. his musical talent is quite exceptional. I should think so. You don't know who Stanislavsky was. clumsy production... Preparation. 2. I believe. III. B. You prefer seats in the gallery. 4. I disagree with you. b) Study the footnotes on p. splendid direction.. Многие плакали. IV. How are the British Arts Councils going to celebrate approach of the millennium? B. "good old traditions" whereas . исполнявшего главную роль.. What kind of performances are staged in the Royal Opera House? 6. Are there any amateur theatres in Great Britain? 9. ballet) you have seen. VII. К тому же. comedy. musical. listen to the an. The production. Are there any amateur theatres in Russia? II. (Was the cast good? Whose acting impressed the audience? In what scenes?) 4. I hear the scenery was planned and designed by. (How did you get the tickets? Where were your seats? Was the house full?) 2. What kind of music is popular in England? 8. ballet. his playing sometimes reminds me of.. By the cast of the play we mean all the actors belonging to the theatrical company. It doesn't take many people to produce a play. don't you? 8. The play. Chekhov's plays were quite unlike any other plays written before and demanded . Try your band at teaching: A. Retell Text С in your own words. наступила долгая пауза. Когда после заключительной сцены занавес опустился. complete failure. An auditorium is a building or a part of a building in which the audience sit. Alexan-drinsky Theatre in.. эта сцена была удачно освещена. What Russian theatres are best known in Russia and abroad? 3. It was staged in .-swers and correct the student's mistakes. dull and . На этом фоне яркие костюмы действующих лиц выглядели очень эффектно.

. Now. Как мы играли — не помню. If you're going to attract a man and his wife away from their TV set on a winter's night. However. you've got to grip them and keep them gripped. а мы стояли. Q.. то знайте. неимоверно взволнованные.. tremendous success. что по получении телеграммы любимый вами писатель умрет. как обалделые. I was on my last legs. Моя жизнь в искусстве) Use the following: the circumstances . что он не перенес бы вторичного провала «Чайки».. we were standing stunned. old ones. с которым мы. У него произошло осложнение туберкулезного процесса. Why did it fail? 3.. добейтесь успеха. its popularity means that millions of people take drama for granted.. А если вы его не добьетесь.. which was not . theatre and symbolized.. a) Give a free translation of the following passage.. что Антон Павлович Чехов серьезно заболел. change of speed of speech. мы почувствовали успех и. murdered by your own hands. он был нам до зарезу необходим.new forms and devices.. there was an uproar. Лялиной. What is the main problem of the actor? It is to keep the audience awake. Одна из артисток упала в обморок. Вы станете его палачами»... Make use of the English phrases given at the end: Обстоятельства. и снова занавес ...... казненный вашими руками. Чехову была послана подробная телеграмма. Успех рос с каждым актом и окончился триумфом... Первый акт кончился при гробовом молчании зрительного зала. который шептал нам: «Играйте хорошо. The telly is perfect for the things that have been specially built for it. триумфа. стали обнимать друг друга. При этом душевное состояние его было таково. history of .. Между тем.. Стоя на сцене..: How true is it that an actor should identify with a role? 132 .: Is there any particular hobby-horse that you ride in your work as actor and director? A. треск.. his deep depression..... так как материальные дела театра шли плохо и для поднятия сборов требовалась новая постановка. М. были сложны и тяжелы. same play directed by K.. опять задвинулся.... play. Petersburg audience did not understand ".. Moscow Art Theatre. не соображая. It was . laughter in most poetical scenes and many of. Занавес пошел . Stanislavsky was . мы прислушивались к внутреннему голосу. Наконец... после долгой паузы. бешеные аплодисменты.. When and where was Chekhov's "Sea-gull" first staged? 2. А. b) Answer the following questions: 1. Sea-gull. the first act concluded amid death-like silence. cruel blow to Chekhov... которая играла Машу и своими заключительными словами пробила лед в сердцах зрителей.. Moscow Art Theatre... Неуспех спектакля мог оказаться гибельным для самого писателя.. we badly needed it.. великолепно. new epoch in . S.. Stanislavsky's production of ". curtain of . you do have certain advantages in the theatre. melted the ice. the viewer can have a bellyful of drama. to cheer. Об этом нас предупреждала его до слез взволнованная сестра Мария Павловна. implored us to cancel the performance. the curtain went up . Предоставляю читателю судить о том состоянии.: I rely greatly on rhythm. артисты. new and . to raise the box office returns. we were supposed to take the curtain-calls. O. to faint. какой произошел при первой ее постановке в Петербурге. were complicated and painful... memory of that event. the inner voice. a) Read Sir Laurence Olivier's answers given by him in a newspaper interview: Q u e s t i o n : How has television affected the theatre? A n s w e r : Well. Мы все стояли неподвижно. year old then (it was in 1898). change of expression. With hours and hours every week. Sea-gull" opened . progressive forms over .. where we are allowed to get back to life-size people in relation. Why was it that the same play was a tremendous success in the Art Theatre? 4. я сам едва держался на ногах от отчаяния.. . shout when they're not expecting it. Keep the audience surprised.. собравшей далеко не полный зал...... in. change of time. I think that is one thing I understand — the exploitation of rhythm. b) What can you say about the significance of the event described above for the history of Russian and world theatre? X. In . выходили играть пьесу на премьере. что нам надо раскланиваться. Потом снова рев . a crash.. a storm of applause. подобного тому. при которых ставилась «Чайка». Why did the Art Theatre choose the sea-gull for its emblem? IX. each act heightened the success. (Станиславский К. audience left long before . мы устроили овацию. умолявшая нас об отмене спектакля. end of . white sea-gull spreads its wings on .." There was .. change of pace in crossing the stage. But the TV screen cannot give you the peculiar condition of the theatre... в публике поднялся рёв... раздвинулся . С. he might have not survived another failure. triumph of.. keep them on their toes — change from minute to minute. Дело в том. then down again.. and hold them to a play in a theatre. Но вдруг.

a) Translate the following fragments into Russian (in writing)! At a Theatre Festival A. Respond to the following modestly. the intellect may be quickened there.. deserve the highest praise.: Oh. 1. as their teacher. Sole-playing. The real credit should go to . come on. but what is more important is that the imagination of the spectator begins to be haunted. Scenario A. Why is it that people go to the theatre? What do they look for there? 2.: a celebrated actor St. In "Othello" the passage from the handkerchief scene through to flinging the money in Emilia's face is. Say what you would do in the teacher's position: Michael. Speak individually or arrange a discussion on the following: 1.. C: a talented young actress. still telling him of their despair and their hope.. A. I can't help it. XI. a deep lake of feeling. Do you know what is the first thing to learn about playing Macbeth? To get through the performance without losing your voice. You: . Try your hand at teaching.A." Is the experience familiar to you? After what play did you have it last time? 4. It wasn't difficult at all. ХIII. No 10. And in my case it's not 'should'. confessed to his teacher that in his view school was no fun. The fragment above (Ex. XII B) describes the case when "the imagination of the spectator begins to be haunted so that long after he has left the play-house the actors are still with him. What is the educational role of the theatre? Do you agree with Priestley (see the fragment in Ex.. You:.: I'm sure they are splendid. but really anyone else could do it. but it's not really all that good. B. I know you planned the lovely decorations in their classroom. A. A. What is the romantic side of the theatre? 5. You're very kind. I had very little to do with it. And I think. summer should last forever and dogs were lucky because they didn't have to go to school. and its illusion colours the ordinariness of their daily round with the golden shimmer of romance. And even if they had the original idea. Preparation. pound by pound. You: . Priestley b) Comment on the fragments above. XII B) that the theatrical art appeals rather to the spectator's imagination and feelings than to his intellect? Give your reasons. that the actor must identify to some extent with his part. the teachers were no good. Here are a few possible ways of beginning answers: Oh. S. a critic.. ideas merely play like summer lightning over. who made an immediate hit with her sensitive and moving performance Rest of class: a journalist. What is your favourite theatre and why? 3. it was nothing. In the Theatre we are proud to serve. but I don't agree that you don't deserve any credit. I played only a small part in the whole thing. I just can't believe it had nothing to do with you. I'm sure you guided them in their work. 1969. Maugham B. The teacher protested that school was important. really.. a bright... 2. it's 'must'. it gives them entry into a realm of the imagination which increases their joy in life. XXI. I think you.: I don't know. A: a famous producer St. though I speak only from my own experience. answered with a one-word question "Why?". XIV. It was very much a team effort. J. (From Moscow News. the heaviest burden I know that has been laid upon me yet by a dramatist.. you're exaggerating.: I'm sorry. it can't have been easy and I don't agree that anyone could have done it 133 . But Michael. a playwright and theatre-goers All are invited to the studio.. I just do. And Macbeth. В. Make your friends answer your questions. There are many people whom the theatre fills with an excitement which no familiarity can stale. Work in class. St.: I've never seen such an attractive and talented class of children. Think of interesting questions on Sir Laurence Olivier's interview. who didn't share the teacher's opinion. In my case I feel I am who I am playing. W. Oh. B. Fragments) b) Try your hand at teaching: A. I can only speak for myself.. Thank you. It is to them a world of mystery and delight. young. so that long after he has left the play-house the actors are still with him. for a start. soon-to-be fifth-former.

trying to keep the conversation going. After that they speak briefly about London sights making use of the pictures and slides. mountain chains or anything you find necessary to mention. tell them you are pleased with their progress.(From Making Polite Noises by Hargreaves and M. You are pleased with the work you and the pupils have done. 134 . Classroom English. You've brought to the classroom a map of Britain. You are interested in everyone's point of view and react to comments appropriately. some slides and/or pictures of London and a slide projector. Your idea is to ask the pupils a number of questions to encourage a discussion. You get them to read the sentences in turn and correct their mistakes. You comment on their work. but the pupils are tired and find it difficult to concentrate on the work. c) You've got a lot of work to get through in this lesson. You wish them a nice weekend and say good-bye. You try not to show your annoyance and proceed checking the exercise. The lesson is coming to an end. d) It's a revision lesson. You keep the rest of the class involved and comment on the work. You find that you just have about 3 — 4 minutes to have the exercise books collected and the board cleaned. You check that they all have the right place. You think the questions over very thoroughly beforehand and ask your class to answer them. You keep making notes while they speak and comment on their work at the end of the revision lesson. You inform the class that they will have to finish the exercise off at home. set the homework and state briefly what you are planning for the next lesson. The pupils point out on the map the most important towns. You ask the pupils to do an exercise from the textbook silently. (Revision). You make sure that the board is properly prepared. you have a quick vocabulary test on the blackboard. e) At the end of the term you find it necessary to have a brief revision of the book your pupils are reading. You ask one of the pupils to help you fix the map and pictures on the board and get the slide projector ready. b) It's a routine English lesson in the middle of the term. After that you ask your pupils to tidy up the room and to be quiet when they go outside. When your pupils have looked through the exercise you want everybody to read three sentences each. Lad" 1979) 3. In the remaining five minutes. The lesson isn't going too well You are trying to keep your pupils interested in the exercises you are checking. rivers. Some of them start chatting and fidgeting. and ask 2 or 3 pupils to write the test. a) It's the last period on Saturday. Fletcher.

You are free to select the subject. "How We Kept Mother's Day" is both entertaining and instructing. Assignments: 1. c) to have excellent seats. Listen to the records and discuss them in class. 1. that is. d) that was much better. Write a composition describing your visit to a theatre and your impressions of the prevailing atmosphere. If you have become proficient at writing compositions as an exercise you may turn to teaming how to write compositions as art. Suggest a title for the text and give reasons for your choice. connectives and transitions). to catch smb. Write a spelling-translation test: a) translate the phrases into English. mark the stresses and tunes. along the street. Repeat the text following the model. XVI. 5. and to situation. "How We Kept Mother's Day". the music was so loud you couldn't hear a word. Where do the following quotations come from? Who says the lines? Under what circumstances? 135 LABORATORY EXERCISES (II) CURIOSITY QUIZ FOR EAGERS . or both. entertaining. a bow [bзv] and arrows. his interest and sometimes his emotions (see the beginning of "How We Kept Mother's Day" or of "A Friend in Need"). argumentative. e) in very high spirits. "Rose at the Music-hall"). of descriptive nature. Stanislavsky. to chatter about one's impressions. b) Do the exercises from the guide to the film. to look extremely uncomfortable. Brown's Holiday". "Wilhelm Tell" was on. STUDIES OF WRITTEN ENGLISH IX One of the most effective exercises in good writing is a free composition. 338-339. Film "Mr. Write a composition following the events described in the pictures on pp. child. Respond to the following questions or statements and correct them if necessary. 2. descriptive. by one particular scene. It must have a beginning. Evaluate your composition according to the main principles of good writing: unity. It must be coherent. Record the dialogue "At the Box-Office" in pairs. b) check them with the key. Music and Ballet in Britain". with reference to time. for instance. Listen to the story. A good beginning attracts the reader's attention. friend). Repeat it following the model. In the process of free composition there are three main points to consider: what to say — selection of a subject and the theme. Listen to the dialogue "Pantomimes".. The middle or body of the composition in its turn makes the problem clear through narration. to shoot off ah apple from. to be pleased. 1. It is usually marked by a summary statement emphasizing the message (compare the final sentences in "A Day's Wait". Composition must be unified and complete. a) Watch and listen.XV. coherence. Try your hand at writing a composition about the best way to comfort your mother (father. systematic in its presentation. Write ten questions about the text. Describe these pictures: Use the following: a) to come home greatly excited. 3.. to howl at the top of one's voice. and end. persuading or instructing? "The British Isles" is. the poor teddy-bear. 4. f) to be shocked.. Free composition is a piece of independent writing (3—5 pages in length). S. his role in the history of the Moscow Art Theatre and bis influence on world theatre? 2. Write a composition explaining the message of the passage "Rose at the Music-ball. to be delighted. b) to drag smb. argument or exposition (compare different passages from this textbook). or introduction expresses the occasion. The beginning.'s interest. middle. topic sentences. Judy's letters are sincerely persuading. expository). to point of view. rather. Film segments 9 "One More Substitute" (Yeovil) and 10 "Back at Ноmе" (London). how to arrange the material in the best order. sister or brother. 6. 3. It may have the turning point or climax describing the moment of greatest emotions. What do you know about K. to decide on the pattern of writing (narrative. Listen to the text "Drama. to wave some slips of paper in the air. to be bored. and emphasis. Find evidence in the text to support the following statements. the problem. and the purpose. The theme and subject should be selected with care so that you know exactly what you mean to write about and what is the purpose of writing — is it describing. mark the stresses and tones. 2. the child's imagination was certainly haunted by the opera or. The author provides an answer to the main question. It must reveal your attitude or judgement towards material and characters or towards your reader. and how to express your thoughts in the best possible language. 4. Usually the middle includes the details. description. to have great fun playing with one's toys. The end or conclusion is the result of that clarification. and to choose writing technique (keywords.

of the jealousy. It's time to start now. not here today) ? Try not to be late next time. Right. please? Are we supposed to finish this off at home? Could you write it up on the board. that doth mock The meat it feeds on. please? What's wrong with (saying). Shall we do the exercise in our work books? What do we have to do next? Is it my turn? (Am I next? Shall I start?) 2. Listen to a text connectid with the topic "Theatre". Who is missing (away. / We'll have to stop here. 3. Could you say it again? I missed the beginning of what you said.. What do you know about the Sovremennik Theatre? about the Lenkom Theatre? about the Tovstonogov Theatre in St Petersburg? 5. I didn't get that down.? Why did you put a line under this word? Shouldn't there be an article? Why can't you say . Following the Lesson I'm sorry..? Is this a mistake? Why did you mark this wrong? Isn't there a mistake in sentence 3? I think you've made a mistake on the board. III. please (when the teacher is at the front of the class). You can put your things away and go. SUPPLEMENT A. Pupil Language This section contains a list of phrases that pupils might be expected to use during an English lesson. We still have a couple of minutes left.. Politeness I'm sorry I'm late. There will be a test on this next Tuesday (in the near future)..)? Could I have another copy? Have you got an extra sheet? Shall I turn the lights out? II. I'll be teaching you English this year. Beginning of Lesson Let me introduce myself. Could you use the future (passive) here? Can we leave this out (miss this out) ? Is there a shorter (better) way of saying this? 4. cursed plight. 1. I'm waiting to start. It is the green-eyed monster.? Are there two ‘l’s or only one? How do you pronounce the next word? I'm not sure how to say the next word. Is there anything to correct (that needs correcting)? 136 . I didn't understand. End of Lesson There's the buzzer (bell)... Revise what you did today and then try exercise 5. Could you repeat the last bit? Could you explain again. / We can get down to (some) work. How are we doing for time? There are still three minutes to go. Go to the board (when the teacher is standing at the back of the class).. I'll just mark the register.a) The time is out of Joint Oh.. Blackboard Activity Come out to the board. c) How sharper than a serpent's tooth it is To have a thankless child.. Language Questions How do you spell. my lord. Do the rest of the exercise as your homework for tomorrow. CLASSROOM ENGLISH I. 3. What do you know about the problem of Shakespeare's authorship? 4. Hang on a moment/just hold on a minute. Correctness of Answers You're speaking too quickly. I've been to .. That ever I was bom to set it right ' b) Beware. Move out of the way (step aside) so that everyone can see. IV. I'm afraid I've left my book at home. One more thing before you go. Could I leave ten minutes earlier (at twenty to .

semi-colon. V. (The) tenth line from the top (bottom) = (down/up). If there are any words you don't know. right-hand corner. (That was almost right) — just one little slip. Enclose the words in quotation marks (inverted commas). Will you. (Don't say 'Sit down' if a pupil is not standing at his seat. word lists. Lights out. Have a look and then pass it on. You will have to share (your book) with Nick. Refer back to the grammar notes on page 25. Pictures. please. Try and act like a teacher (a dentist. It's a bit out of focus.).What letter is missing? There's a `k' missing (`k' is missing). please/change the picture. Slides. copy) that down in your notebooks. centre. Let's all read the sentences from the board. Write it with a capital `j' (it begins with a 'j'). Put a comma (question mark. Cross the 't's and dot the `i's. There was a small (slight) mistake (error) in what you said. Make notes on what I say in your exercise books. Give a synonym for 'rushed'. please? 137 . What is happening in this picture? What can you see in the foreground (background. Now let's act out this dialogue. the top left-hand corner. get. You'll find the exercise on page 38. etc. Take out your books and open them at page 27 (Unit 2). Pass this picture round. Next picture. please. I'm afraid this one is upside down. Films I'll finish the class by showing you a film (some slides). Do the exercise in writing. Switch on the projector. please. Class Control Could I have your attention. write. please ask. please. VI. colon. Draw the curtains (close the blinds). (The) last but one line (word) in paragraph two. The rest of you are the audience. please (shut your books). Fetch the dictionaries from the teacher's room (staff-room). (What is a synonym for 'huge'?) Try to put it in other words. All books closed. at the bottom) of the picture? I'll let this photograph go round. please. handouts. full stop) after the word (sentence). Use the duster (sponge). Let's move on to the next page. Put (take. Who would like to work (operate) the projector today ? Turn the lights on again (put the lights back on). Write (rewrite) it neatly. Read one sentence each. Write it in block (big) letters (in block capitals). exclamation mark. Write it as one word (two words). Textbook Activity Collect in the papers (sheets. White this time. you read the part of Mrs. go to your seat. The picture at the top (bottom) of the page (at the very top). These two letters are the wrong way round. VII. Ann. Put the screen up (pull down the screen). texts. tests).) Hand in your papers as you leave (go out) and make sure your names are on them. Come out and point to London on the map.

You can do better than that. Work on your own. Quite right. Wipe out / off the last letter. You made a very good job of that. I'm afraid. Let's see if you've spelt it right / correctly. You can't say that. You've improved a little. Try not to mix these two words up. You didn't make a single mistake. Not really. I wasn't very satisfied with that. That's it. Always check the punctuation. Don't whisper the answer. 138 . Yes. That's right. Be careful with the 'sh'-sound. Notice how my tongue touches my teeth. I can't follow. but remember the word order. The word is accented on the second syllable. / Don't keep turning round. You missed the verb out. but pronounced differently. No. Again please. Listen to the way my voice goes up. That's much (a lot) better. Not so quickly. Work in twos (pairs). Sit up (straight). Three pupils in each group. Right /Wrong Good. You misunderstood the instructions. Perhaps you had better say . You still have some trouble with your spelling (sounds. / Don't talk at once.). Speak more clearly.. / Work by yourselves. That's exactly the point. See how my mouth hardly moves. Maria. Rub out the wrong word. Unfortunately not. You'll have to spend more time practising this. VIII. There was a mistake in that sentence. that's wrong. Look! I've just about had enough from you. Don't keep prompting. Fine. It wasn't pronounced correctly.Look this way. Don't translate word for word. Get on with your work quietly. but watch your pronunciation.. Stop fidgeting. Don't sit there day-dreaming. That's correct. Well done. You forgot the preposition. Don't you talk. You must let your voice fall at the end of the sentence. IX. You need an extra letter here. Assessment Very good. That's nice. I want you to form groups. Don't help him. I want you to do some play reading in groups. you've got it You've got the idea. I'm sure she can manage on her own. They're spelt the same. Right you are. Be quiet! Everyone listen. You need some more practice with .. you two girls. That's the way. Don't all shout. Once again. Go back and see if you can find/spot it. etc. Right. / Look up for a moment. Think about the meaning of the whole sentence. You used the wrong tense. You can't use that word here. You find it difficult to read aloud. Mind the preposition.. That's just what I was looking for. What you said was perfectly all right.

The way I see it .... Talking of. If you ask me .. I don't know anything more exciting than .. You don't say so! Just (only) fancy! Indeed? Why! Is that so? Dear me! Who'd have thought of it! Does it strike you as unusual? I'm surprised. There's something in what you say.... Personally I believe (I feel) .... Quite. Honestly. I wonder if you remember ... I doubt it. I wouldn't say that. Definitely. though. Shows some improvement. Well... I'm not sure I quite agree.. What's more ... I'm not sure what you mean. Looks like that.. Agreeing. Good stuff. Why do you think that. Opinions I would like to begin the discussion on the subject by . Naturally. I hear that.. Disagreeing Just so. Great improvement... As I see it ... Sure. Quite so.That was rather disappointing... I'm not so sure. I'm shocked... Certainly. but. believe. What do you think I should have done? 2. I wish I could but .. Try harder..... Goodness knows. In addition ....? Do you happen to know that.. I might as well add that. I like it immensely... but on the other hand .... Not up to your usual standard... 3... Something else I'd like to say is . A bit more effort. The point is .. I think. Have you heard about. X. Beyond all doubt. See me about this. my opinion is that. Most likely...? Have you got any idea ...... Handling a Dialogue I say..... that . Too many careless slips.... Conversation These phrases help to keep the conversation moving: Why? (In what way? Why do you think so?) Don't you think.? Someone has told me that.. It has been pointed out that. B. You may be right. Could do better. Satisfactory. I won't deny it.? But why should (shouldn't) I? Well I don't (didn't) think ... I really couldn't imagine ... Careless.. True enough.. Yes.. Very well done. Keep it up... I really feel bad about it. If you ask me ..? I'm afraid I don't agree. That's what I heard. Happy to hear it... There's nothing like .. Not that I know of . All things considered I must say that. really! Never thought about it.. Have you got anything to add (to what Nick said)? Does anybody share Nick's opinion (views)? Could someone sum up what has been said? Let's just run through the arguments for and against. Moreover . There's one more thing to be noted. I'm afraid I don't know much about. I can't agree with you there... (suppose.. Needs to show more effort. Additionally . guess. I see nothing exciting in . You know what I think ... Absolutely marvellous. But how could I? If I were you . It depends. Adequate..... What a silly way to talk! I wish you would . Absolutely.. Reacting to News Oh. I don't think it would . This is my way of looking at it... My view is that. but all the same . I (you) shouldn't say so.. I couldn't agree more. Don't you agree that. Discussion. I'd rather not say anything about it. From the point of view of .. The following comments are often used on written work: Excellent work. CONVERSATIONAL PHRASES 1.... I'd just like to say .. I'm really sorry but. Exactly.. On top of that .... I think you're mistaken (there)...... I quite agree here. but 139 . 4.. I see what you mean.. In my opinion (view) . Disappointing.. I don't think you are right... It's amazing! It's incredible! Looks like that. I have no idea. I don't quite see what people find in . I hope you do better next time. dare say) . Have I got it right? Am I right to believe . Much better. Generally speaking . I should think so..? Tell you what..

Surely not.? Have you ever thought of You could always . What do you want it for? Don't be silly.. Exactly. I'll do it myself.. You're mistaken. Read the following conversational situations. I'd . "Is it? Go "on. Why don't you . PATTERN III: (LOW PRE-HEAD +) LOW RISE (+TAIL) Models: "Yes. I object to it. Certainly not.doctor.... You're wrong. (Teacher to class) So you think he's not coming. do you think? Don't. Come and look out here. EXERCISES IN INTONATION SECTION ONE. Just the other way round. Where.. Here's a note for you. It's unjust.) PATTERN VIII: (LOW PRE-HEAD+) LOW HEAD + + LOW RISE (+TAIL) EXERCISES The exercises below are meant to revise the intonation patterns you already know. Have you seen him? Fm twenty-two.. What do you think of the picture? May I have your book? I shan't speak to him any more. See you tomorrow. I'm waiting for Mary. Good-bye for the present.I disagree with you.want.. . I. Thanks. Giving Advice Might it be an idea to . What a wonderful view! I have. I'm a . 140 English. PATTERN VI: (LOW PRE-HEAD + ) FALL-RISE (+TAIL PATTERN VII: (LOW PRE-HEAD+) FALLING HEAD + + FALL-RISE (+ТАП.? You'd better .. What is your favourite subject? He is at the institute. Nothing of the kind (sort). When is she coming? Don't stay too long there. Give your own replies to the same conversational contexts. It's a true masterpiece. How old are you? Go on.) Models: . Review of Fundamental Intonation Patterns and Their Use PATTERN 1: (LOW PRE-HEAD+ ) LOW FALL (+ТАП. If I were you. Not me! How can you say such a thing! On the contrary! You can't be serious.Yes. Define the communicative type of the replies. PATTERN П: (LOW PRE-HEAD +) DESCENDING HEAD + LOW FALL (+ TAIL) Model: It  isn't 'quite 'what I .. Impossible. We are having a party tonight. 5. Say what attitudes are conveyed in them. It's unfair. PATTERN IV: (LOW PRE-HEAD +) DESCENDING HEAD + LOW RISE (+ TAIL) Model:  Haven't 'we 'met 'somewhere "before? PATTERN V: (LOW PRE-HEAD'+) (HIGH HEAD + ) MID-LEVEL Model:  Sometimes | I >hate it.

You've no reason to worry. VI. on Saturday. I don't think much of this book. Here is a prescription for you. please. Mark the stresses and tunes. make up your mind. Define the attitudes expressed in them: — Let's have tea in the garden. not more than a week. 3. Say what kind of sentences they are used in. — Please strip to the waist. No. And the chairs too. How long have you felt this way? (sympathetically interested) — Several days already. I hope. (reprimand) ------------— Your voice is hoarse and your face is flushed. the evening was cold and windy.: I had a bad fall and broke my arm. I'm so sorry for her. III. On Monday.: You have to have this one out. I thought it would heal by itself. I think. it hurts me awfully.: How awful! Have you any pain now? (interested) P.: It still hurts. (weighty. Shall I take the table out? — Yes. I've been taking pills. II. — How thoughtless of you. (uncertain) — And shall I take any medicine? (genuinely interested) — Yes. It's pure wool. V.: Hello. I feel giddy and I can hardly stand on m legs. Read the following dialogues. I happened to pick it with a wire. VIII. I'm not taking it. May I leave you for a moment? I'll leave on Friday. Pete. Which one do you prefer? Tell me how I can help you. Where shall I put them? 141 . Find sense-groups and sentences pronounced with intonation Patterns I. a) Listen to the dialogue. A. You must have a cold. D. ------------A. Thanks awfully. (serious) — Did you run a splinter into your finger? (interested) — No. when I took my coat off. Very well.: One of my front teeth is working loose. (conveying personal concern) ------------— I have an abscess on my finger. but I don't feel any better. catt goric) ------------— What is your temperature? (sympathetically interested) — It's thirty-eight point seven. She'll be well very soon. Which do you prefer. It's a pity you didn't have it looked at before. then? Don't mention it. I shall examine you. what's happened to you? Why is your arm in a sling? (sympathetically interested) P. — That was not very clever of you. I must have caught cold last night. — What did you do for it? (searching) — I did nothing. She seems to be terribly ill. (serious) — Any pain? (sympathetically interested) — Yes.: What's troubling you? (interested) A. VII. IV. Where did you manage to get it? (sympathy) — I don't know myself. then.He's coming on Saturday. (conveying personal concern) ------------— Shall I have to stay in bed long? (genuinely interested) — No. You've done a lot for him. Well. shall we? — That's a good idea. (reserving judgement) ------------D. (reproachful) Now you'll have to stay in. I'm afraid I can't help you. Not in the least. What's that dress made of? Which bus shall we take? I can't do it so quickly. I've a sore throat. Express the suggested attitudes: — What troubles you? [sympathetically interested) — I'm quite unwell. 2. Be quick. certainly. (grumbling) A: I wish I had. I'm sure. — Right. but not so much as before.

— All right. — Thank you. 426. — It is. Play the recording back for the teacher and your fellow-students to detect the possible errors..) Practise reading your corrected variant b) Listen carefully to the narration of the story. here it is. I'm sorry I've forgotten the sugar. c) Make up conversational situations. Friday. — Now perhaps we can have some tea.. . he said slowly. anywhere. Is that better? — Much.. yesterday. . perhaps. the day before yesterday.. We'll have the table here and the chairs here. Would you mind getting it for me? — Not at all. Note the use of temporizers. Walking down the main street he had suddenly discovered he was side-by-side with movie actor Clark Gable. you said anywhere. dear.. . sentence by sentence. Here are the five days: today. tomorrow. Tuesday. Saturday or Sunday?" Nobody could guess.. 4. . stress and tempo. Do you think you could move the table again? I'm sorry to be a nuisance. Right. That's your cup.. This exercise is meant to test your ability to read and reproduce a story with correct intonation. Intonation Pattern IX. For a bit of peace and quiet. The teacher will help you to correct your variant Practise reading the joke several times. — Thank you. Wednesday. I knew who he was and he knew who he was — and it just didn't make sense us discussing it. Where are you going? — I'm going indoors. Not at all. — Where shall I put it then? — Bring it under the tree here. 142 . Do you think you could ."78 carefully. Reproduce the model narration of the joke: Young Peter came in one day bursting with excitement. — Well.. This exercise is meant to develop your ability to hear and reproduce intonation in different speech situations. Read the jokes silently to make sure you understand each sentence. ? d) Use the same phrases in a conversation. — Now where did I put the milk? Ah.. Find the sentence expressing the essence of the joke. High fall (LOW PRE-HEAD + ) HIGH FALL (+ TAIL) Model: Why didn't you buy the picture? 78 The tests of the stories and dialogues recorded on the tape see on p. (The teacher will help you to correct your variant. That's better. I'll bring the tea. .. using the following phrases: Let's . and the day after tomorrow".— Oh. Yes. — Yes. — Did you talk to him? we asked. Now.. please. A young lady asked: "Can you name five days of the week without mentioning Monday. 5. I'm so sorry. At last the young lady said: "It is very easy. — Good.. That's better. shall we? That's a good idea. Mark the stresses and tunes. Oh. It'll be too . b) Record your reading of the dialogue. Oh.. This is very pleasant. — Oh. it was like this. Memorize and dramatize it. Underline the communicative centre and the nuclear word of each intonation-group. SECTION TWO. Thursday. a) listen to the story "Helen's eyes were not very good. I'll put it back where it was. dear. Split up each sentence into intonation-groups if necessary.. — Here's the sugar. It'll be too hot there. . pitch.. isn't it? But I'm a bit cold here. ------------Some people were gathered on the verandah after dinner. Practise the dialogue for test reading. but you must be sensible. you said . Reproduce the model narration of the story. It is not expected that each student will intone the text in the same way. — Why have you put the table there? — Well. Observe the peculiarities in intonation-group division. Well. Mark the stresses and tunes.

) 3 . may I ask? General questions (conveying mildly surprised acceptance of the listener's premises) Do you? Is she? Won't they? Can't you? Must you? But will you go. sounding warm. I must be home by six.late? b ) I n g e n e r a l questions. No one's been eating your wretched grapes. too. 2. airy. Today's out of the question. (I `don't. (Hullo. е. I'm going to Switzerland. Let's get going. airy) Nothing. I shall have to give it to him. interested.pensive.g. Sorry to be so late. sounding lively. е.took it .g. I ought to go to the lecture.| (I `do. I mustn't take them.g.g. No one has. And I can prove it. Concentrate your attention on the intonation of the replies: Verbal Context Now what have you done to Mary? Who's been eating my grapes? Which will you take. lively. Stress-and-tone marks in the text: High Fall. I'm afraid. I can't bear cats. In questions: a ) I n s p e c i a l questions. The degree of prominence depends on the height of the fall.) EXERCISES 1. do you think? Imperatives (expressing warmth) 143 . very emotional. е.) `Yes. interested. — Heavens! (I'm late.for you. None of them. I ought to write to him. conveying personal concern or involvement. — `How . then? When can you come. This one. You can win easily. I shall be late. sounding interested. Henry? How many of his books have you read? When did you see him? Would you like to join us? Come on.) Where's my copy? — `Peter . making it more emphatic. I like it here. The syllables of the tail are pronounced on the low level. Do you? (I thought you'd hate it. interested) Why? When? Who? How? How so? When. This intonation pattern is used: 1 .) I said no such thing.— Much too ex.) I'd love to. On Thursday. The High Fall provides a greater degree of prominence for the word. Drill Statements (conveying personal concern or involvement. That one.) 4 . very common in conversation. I n s t a t e m e n t s . But it wasn't. I n i m p e r a t i v e s . (It's raining. Special questions (lively. They won't help us. No one. listen carefully to the following conversational situations. All of them. It was all your fault. may I ask? Why mustn't you take them? What's happened? Why bother? How are you? What did you say. He's coming to stay with us. We can't. Do you know the man? — `No. е. I like it here. sounding lively. (I thought you knew. It's eight o'clock. What's the matter? — Look. | ` | The High Fall in the nucleus starts very high and usually reaches the lowest pitch. I n e x c l a m a t i o n s . conveying mildly surprised acceptance of the listener's premises. е.g. Dennis. You'll never guess who's here. She is thirty-five. It's raining.

d) imperatives. I'll phone her. there you are. interested. Alice is coming as well. Will you have a drink? (That you Mr. In order to fix Intonation Pattern IX in your mind. do you think? But when? But how can you find him? But why not? Wouldn't she? Oh. 3. 144 . Nobody can do it Lock the door. She's waiting for somebody. b) special questions. Mary took it for you. sounding warm. You can't go there. then. That's a good girl. she said. Forget it. Eighteen. Then make him. How lovely! Don't mention it. This exercise is meant to revise the intonation patterns you already know. Wonderfully. I have. my dear chap. Observe the difference in attitudes. He's over seventy. Listen to a fellow-student reading the replies and point out his (her) errors in pronunciation. You can't. Everybody agrees with you. Don't. pronounce each reply several times until it sounds perfectly natural to you. Yes. I do! 7. How much? Which one. Why. Exclamations (very emotional) Well! Really! Splendid! Thank you! Good morning! Good morning to you. She says you're to blame. Surely. Would you like to stay up for the television? I've been helping Tom. Mummy. He can't afford to pay. I think. conveying personal concern or involvement. 5. Listen to the Verbal Contest said by a fellow-student. How are you getting on? Hello. Archar?) I'll give it to you. What is she doing here? I'd love to stay up for the play. May I help you? What has she done? Thank you very much. c) general questions. Use Intonation Pattern IX in them. I'm most grateful to you. 4. She's twenty. Use the proper intonation patterns. do they? Can I have a try? Wait a minute. The teacher or one of the students will suggest a Verbal Context You in turn reply to it using: a) statements. Listen to the replies and repeat them in the intervals. Work in pairs. Give your own replies to the Verbal Context above. airy. Make your replies sound lovely. sounding lively.Do you think this hat will fit me? He'll be terribly angry. airy. I have. then. do. Give them one of these books. I'll find him. I must go there. Indeed I would. Isn't it a lovely view! Try it. Mary! Do you play chess? Drill Awfully far. Thank you. What nonsense! Enchanting! 2. warm. Use Intonation Pattern I in the Drills. Phone her. give it to him. Continue the exercise until everyone has participated: Verbal Context Isn't it too far away from here? Where is my book? Have you been there before? May I leave you for a moment? You ought to let him know. Tom. A letter won't reach Ann in time. Oh. Of course. Start the fall high enough. ear and speech habits. conveying mildly surprised acceptance of the listener's premises. sounding lively. It'll take much time. Look. She wouldn't listen to me. 6. He doesn't want to play. Well. Listen to the Verbal Context and reply to it in the intervals. interested. I'm awfully sorry. 9. Let him. yes. It's too late. 8.

— I'm afraid I couldn't possibly do that. To make things still worse . Drill Right! Good! Fine! Certainly! Naturally! Surely! Oh.. 14. Practise the dialogue for test reading. He'll ask you to describe to him the symptoms of your illness. Mark stresses and tunes in the following text. what's the matter with . that's all. Will you be ready by six? I believe he's finished bis job. Write down the text. Practise the text according to the model: Doctor. using phrases from the dialogue above. Play the recording back immediately for the teacher and your fellow-students to detect your errors. If you don't feel well. Practise reading each sentence of your corrected variant after the cassette-recorder. 10. Play the recording back immediately for the teacher and your fellow-students to detect your errors. Write it down. definitely.? You'd better ask me what is not the matter with me. 13.. I was just a little startled. Use the High Fall in them. If it is too bad. He'll examine your teeth. -------------------— Do you like this flat? — Oh. Dentist and Chemist If you have toothache. Mark the stresses and tunes. yes. b) Record your reading.. This exercise is meant to develop your ability to hear and reproduce intonation in conversation. Observe the attitudes you convey: — Oh.. — Whose turn is it then? — Helen's. Practise the text for test reading. Compare your intonation with that of the model.. Work in pairs. Mark the stresses and tunes. Reply by using one of the drill sentences below. 15. ho! That won't do! Right you are! Exactly so! Naturally! Undoubtedly! Sure enough! By no means! You are wrong! Far from it! Certainly not! Fine! Good! Certainty not this week! Agreed! Settled! Oh. no! Certainly! Decidedly! I think so! Undoubtedly! Surely not! Hardly ever! I think so! Sure enough! 12. It all depends on the weather. listen to the model. you should consult a doctor. Well. — Why not? -------------------— You'll have to clean the window. a) Listen to the text carefully. sentence by sentence. Practise the following dialogues. b) Record your reading of the dialogue. a) Listen to the dialogue "A Visit to the Doctor" carefully. 1 do. If you feel too ill to go to the doctor's. It's quite all right. Imagine you are a doctor. he'll stop it. Verbal Context I'll ring you up on Sunday. he'll take it out.. Then he'll feel your pulse. Mark the stresses and tunes. sentence by sentence. using some of the phrases from Ex. You diagnose the case as quinsy. Your teacher will help you to correct your variant. Make up a dialogue of your own.e) exclamations. no. Listen to the Verbal Context suggested by the teacher. Pronounce it with Intonation Pattern IХ. In fact.. This exercise is meant to develop your ability to hear and reproduce intonation in reading. . e) Imagine you are consulting a doctor — tell him what troubles you. look 145 .. I think. Tell your patient what he should do to get well. you should go to your dentist. 10. Say what attitude you mean to render. — Not me! — Why not? — I did it last time. you'll have to send for him. and if the aching tooth is not too far gone. The teacher will help you to correct your variant Practise reading each sentence of your corrected variant after the cassette-recorder. very emotional. dear! Oh! — I'm so sorry! I do hope I haven't hurt you! — Oh. I shall take you to the Opera House. c) Make up conversational situations with the following phrases: d) Make up a talk about illnesses and their treatment. 11.

and if your eyesight's faulty they'll test your eyes and prescribe glasses for you.. I walked a lot.g. M r s . but you forget he infected the whole school! SECTION THREE. B r o w n : Don't you think. — What an extraordinary `thing. Write it down. protesting. you've rather overcharged for attending Jimmy when he had the measles? D o c t o r : You must remember. too. Haven't you brought the carp? — You didn't ask me . The syllables of the Rising Head preceding the High Fall gradually carry the pitch up. conveying personal concern. "I shall do everything you say. Stress-and-tone mark in the text: The first stressed syllable: ││ This intonation pattern is used: 1 .". But you told me to smoke one cigar a day. Mark the stresses and tunes. stress and tempo. Go to a quiet country place for a month.g.table. pills..to. Note the use of temporizers. е. ointment. b) Listen to the narration of the joke. and smoke just one cigar a day. In questions: a ) I n s p e c i a l questions sounding unpleasantly surprised or displeased. with a note of critical surprise. Reproduce the model narration yon have listened to. Mrs. vacuum-flasks. I drank a lot of milk. sponges. Thursday's a hopeless day for me. lipsticks. aspirin. If you are interested in photography. You must have a complete rest." Doctor's Orders S e r v a n t : Sir. This exercise is meant to develop your ability to hear intonation and reproduce it in different speech situations. lotions. Finally he'll prescribe the treatment and write out a prescription. "I feel quite well now. 2. doctor. е. pitch. Send them at once. B r o w n : Yes. you can also get cameras and films at most chemists'. drink milk. tonics. conveying affronted surprise.g. Brown. tooth-brushes and tooth-pastes." "Thank you very much. involvement. powder-puffs. It's no joke to start smoking at my age." "Oh. John's coming. Your advice certainly helped me. cough-mixtures. Practise reading the jokes. Intonation Pattern X (LOW PRE-HEAD+) RISING HEAD + HIGH FALL (+ TAIL) Model: I wonder when Alice's train is due. hot water bottles. е. Practise the joke for test reading. protesting. I n e x c l a m a t i o n s .at your tongue and examine you thoroughly. walk a lot. bandages.then? 3 . . I n s t a t e m e n t s ." said the gentleman. adhesive plaster and so on. Split up each phrase into intonation-groups if necessary. a) Listen to the joke "One day Mrs. sometimes impatient.g. Find the sentence expressing the essence of the joke. Doctors' prescriptions are made up by a chemist. At chemists' shops in the USA you can also get patent medicines of all kinds. I had a good rest. Some chemists are also qualified opticians. е. You can buy razors and razor-blades. What shall I do? — Try it a`gain. wake up! M a s t e r : What is the matter? S e r v a n t : It's time to take your sleeping tablets. е. sentence by sentence. 17. Observe the peculiarities in intonation-group division. Locate the communicative centre of each sentence." said the gentleman a month later. baby-foods. — Where to? b ) I n g e n e r a l questions. that includes twenty-two visits. M r s . They'll develop and print your films for you. Mark the stresses and tunes. 4 . 146 . go to bed early. The doctor examined him and said: "Medicine won't help you. b) Tell the jokes in your own words: The Doctor's Advice Once an old gentleman went to see a doctor. — Can't we 'make it a `Friday.g. wake up. protesting. lively. Jones went shopping. a) Read the jokes silently to make sure you understand each sentence. shaving-soap and shaving-brushes and a hundred and one other things. 16. —  Look it 'up in the `time-. doctor. and that one cigar a day almost killed me at first. This exercise is meant to test your ability to analyse and reproduce material for reading and retelling. I went to bed early. I n i m p e r a t i v e s . disgruntled protest.

Look. 5. Absolute nonsense! But I can't take you out tonight. In order to fix Intonation Pattern X in your mind. I just can't understand it. So it does. ear and speech habits. I didn't realize. Whatever do you hope to gain by that? I was too late. Concentrate your attention on the intonation of the replies: Verbal Context Drill Statements (conveying personal concern or involvement. I'm afraid you can't. 4. Whyever didn't you buy it when you had the chance? General questions (protesting. tell him (her) what his (her) errors in intonation are. unpleasantly surprised. with a note of critical surprise) What on earth shall I do? Try it again. it was so important. the following stressed syllables of the head gradually rise to the high level. Come along with us. Start the fall on the nucleus high enough. I don't want to go alone. But when did you see her? Which one shall I have? Which would you prefer? I shall write to him again. He says he knows nothing about it. Pronounce the first stressed syllable as low as possible. Exclamations (conveying affronted surprise. You've no alternative. Listen carefully to the following conversational situations. Well write and ask them to send you another one. Not in the least! 2. But do you think it's likely? I'm quite booked up next week. 6. working late. I've just told you. pronounce each reply several times until it sounds perfectly natural to you. I distinctly remember telling him. protesting) What's that you say? Why don't you listen? I can't find the file anywhere. How very odd! You're a bit grumpy today. It seems quite nice. What should I tell him? Tell him exactly what you think. impatient) I'm terribly hard up! Aren't we all? It's always possible. Listen to the Verbal Context suggested by the teacher. Good for you! She says she's twenty-nine. Listen to the Verbal Context and reply in the intervals. You ought to have informed me at once. I'm so busy now. Say what attitude you mean to render: Verbal Context Why don't you stay longer? When do we go there? Do you really want to see her? Drill I've no time. Reply by using one of the sentences below. It works. What have you done with it? You can't easily mend it. then. disgruntled protest) I must see Mr. I've lost my invitation. 147 . They'd sold out. What did you think of the house? I was rather taken with it. At seven. Haven't you finished that book yet? I've only just begun it.EXERCISES 1. Pronounce it with Intonation Pattern X. 3. Could you be mistaken? I can't meet you this Tuesday. Shall we leave it till next week? 1 can't say I do like this coat. Roberts. How many sandwiches shall I make? Make as many as you think we'll eat. I'm What a pity you didn't say so sooner. I'm not at all surprised. Listen to the replies and repeat them in the intervals. protesting) I told him what I thought of him. I'm afraid I failed my exam. You must try working a bit harder. Special questions (sounding displeased. I haven't seen her for ages. Would you have preferred the plum coloured one? Imperatives (lively. listen to your fellow-student reading the replies. He's just gone out. What do you mean. Will the week after suit you better? In my view he's a culprit. easily? I gave it to her personally.

В. This exercise is meant to practise the intonation patterns you already know. protesting. В. It's too late to walk. В. You are not a good swimmer. В. I'm leaving. 9. You know how far it is. then. sentence by sentence. 1 and 6. I missed some words. and he was her superior.: Well then at tea time. displeased or protesting. as he remembered now. "Three Men in a Boat") "She was so pretty and cute.: Is it nice? A: Very nice. but after you return from this outing. hasn't it?" She answered in a thin steady voice: "It's been a hateful evening!" (Cronin. d) imperatives sounding lively. with a note of critical surprise. You wouldn't if I did." I said. Work in pairs. Take a bus. Dreiser." (Гл. involvement or protest. В. Monday is a very busy day for me. Observe the position of the logical stress: "Tell her that you intend to marry her. Give your own replies to the Verbal Context of Ex. e) exclamations conveying affronted surprise.What made you go there? Why didn't you come there in time? What do you think of this picture? I've no time now. too — a factory girl. b) special questions sounding unpleasantly surprised. 8. В. Jerome.: Do you eat it at breakfast? A: No. protesting.: And the next object is vegetable.: Do you eat it at dinner time? A: No. "An American Tragedy") "You don't live here?" — "No. I doubt if I can do it better. В. not before. K. Dreiser." [J. a) Listen to the dialogue "Guessing Game".: Does one eat it? A: Yes. A: Yes. Where to? What's wrong about it? What makes you so sure? Why not you? Why don't you listen? What for? Can't we meet on Friday then? Have I ever pretended tc be? Go alone. Look for similar situations in the books you are reading at the moment 11. then." (Th. Continue the exercise until everyone has participated. c) general questions sounding impatient. "I don't. But she was so pretty and cute. "The Citadel") 10. are you? Mary's not here yet. Define the intonation pattern of each sentence and the attitude expressed by it b) Record your reading. I went there because I wanted to. В. You must look through it again. It's nothing less than a masterpiece. returning at last to Chesborough Terrace he proclaimed happily: "First rate chaps these. He's won. Play the recording back for your teacher aad fellow-students to detect the possible errors: A. You must phone her at once. Read the following extracts.: Is it a raw vegetable? A: Yes. Sensible chap! Would you believe it! 7. "An American Tragedy") "In the taxi. The teacher or one of the students suggests a Verbal Context The students reply to it in turn using: a) statements conveying personal concern. Yet she was a working girl. He's given up this idea. Use Intonation Pattern X. Try again.: Did we have some for tea today? 148 . Write it down. You'd better take a taxi. as Gilbert would say. He'll be here by six. Chris! Has been a wonderful evening.: Do you eat it? A: Yes.

. Split up each phrase into intonation-groups if necessary. Reproduce the model narration you have listened to.A: Yes. there have been some very big developments since you were here last. 149 . 15. . — I have! I've been there two or three times. Paul's Cathedral since I was here in 1991. 14. Practise the dialogue for test reading. Well. This exercise is meant to develop your ability to bear and reproduce intonation in different speech situations. — You've seen much.. Write it down. Mark the stresses and tunes. — Have you visited Westminster Abbey? — Yes. It is not expected that each student will mark the story in exactly the same way. Locate the communicative centre of each sentence. and the Houses of Parliament. Note the use of temporizers. e) Imagine you are telling the class about your recent trip to London. b) Listen to the narration of the joke. Yes. I suppose it is. This exercise is meant to develop your ability to hear intonation and reproduce it in different speech situations. haven't you? — Yes. pitch.. not being accustomed to the English climate.. I haven't been to one yet. Practise the dialogue for test reading.? — What are you going to do this week? — Well. the pronunciation of the word plough. we don't really know. 12.. sentence by sentence. we've been there. You must visit a motor-car factory. thinking he had misunderstood him asked politely: "I beg your pardon. had caught a severe cold. sir?" The Frenchman repeated his request for some remedy for his cow. however. stress and tempo. damp and foggy. we've seen all the usual things. a) Listen to the Joke "A pretty well-dressed young lady. he looked it up in his French-English dictionary.. What about. Use the phrases from the dialogue above. This exercise is meant to revise Intonation Pattern IX. 13.. a) listen to the dialogue "Sightseeing" carefully. b) Tell the joke in your own words. Mark the stresses and tunes. Your teacher will help you to choose the best variant. But I haven't seen St. Unfortunately his dictionary did not tell him how to pronounce it. Discuss your variants in class. — That's true.. you might. involvement: That's not a bad idea. Memorize and dramatize it.. and the weather was most unpleasant. The teacher will help you to correct your variant Practise reading each sentence of your corrected variant after the cassette-recorder. This exercise is meant to test your ability to analyze material for reading.? Rather. Tell the joke in your own words.. Use the High Fall to express personal concern. There he found that the English for it was cough.. a) Read the joke silently to make sure you understand each sentence. — But I really ought to think about the business side of my visit. Observe the peculiarities in intonation-group division. and was coughing day and night. Write it down. Practise your corrected variant for test reading. So he entered a chemist's shop and said: "Will you. The Tower of London.." sentence by sentence. was staying in London on business. and the Zoo. Remembering. Practise the joke for test reading. Wrong Pronunciation A Frenchman who had learned English at school. . Read the following dialogue. After all. Mark the stresses and tunes. — Yes. — Why not visit Kew Gardens? — Well. b) Record your reading of the text Play the recording back immediately for the teacher and your fellowstudents to detect your errors. At last he decided on getting a remedy for his cough but as he did not remember this English word. we went there a fortnight ago. Memorize and play it c) Make up conversational situations with the following phrases: Is it possible . he naturally concluded that cough must be pronounced [kav]. The Parisian. — I'm sure they have. disagreeable. It was in the month of November. Do you think I shall have time for.. give me something for my cow!" The chemist. but had half forgotten it. that is your main interest. I expect things have changed since 1991. Find the sentence expressing the essence of the joke.? Let me see . Work in pairs. Is it much of a walk? d) Make up a talk about your recent trip. please.? What do you think .. concentrating your attention on the attitude expressed.

business-like. — `What is it `called? b ) I n g e n e r a l questions. from beautiful Paris. е. "Underneath the Arches. I n s t a t e m e n t s . If the head contains only one stressed word the High Fall starts from the level of the stressed syllable. So I've heard. Next Wednesday. — `Put some more `milk in it. the chemist understood him and gave him the remedy he wanted. Why don't they work in the evenings? — `Some of them `do. airy. brisk." he added proudly. sounding lively. By a fourteen bus. I believe. "Here it is! I have a very big cow in my chest!" Luckily. The High Fall starts from a higher pitch than the preceding syllable of the Falling Head. е. Which would you like. suggesting a course of action to the listener.g. Drill Statements (conveying personal concern. Listen carefully to the following conversational situations.g. business-like) What's it called? What did you think of it? Who composed the music? Which theatre is it playing at? Which exactly is "The Prince of Wales"? How did you get there? Why didn't you go by tube? General questions (conveying mildly surprised acceptance of the 150 . conveying personal concern. — `Oh. Special questions (sounding interested. е. It cost over three hundred pounds. 2. sounding interested. sir?" replied the chemist."For your cow. In questions: a ) I n s p e c i a l questions. I n i m p e r a t i v e s . really. е. conveying mild surprise but without the affront of Pattern X. It's not as far as you imagine. brisk. I think his name is.) е. sounding light.g. but without the impatience of Pattern X. warm) Next Sunday. That wouldn't matter in the least. sir? Where is your cow?" "Here!" cried the Frenchman. it's snowing." Quite good. Simply splendid. What was the show like? It's not very valuable. "The Prince of Wales. Shall we try again? — Well 'would it be any `use? 3 . warm but without the disgruntled effect of Pattern X. SECTION FOUR.g.g. "Are you a farmer then?" "A farmer?" answered the Frenchman rather indignantly. airy. The tea's too hot. no. I've just seen that new musical. е. I n e x c l a m a t i o n s . coughing very loud and pointing to his chest. `yes! EXERCISES 1. John Adams. Look. How nice! This intonation pattern is used: 1 . (The question is put forward as a subject for discussion. is it? We'll never get there." The one near Piccadilly Circus. I'd prefer tea. So it seems. First rate. conveying mildly surprised acceptance of the listener's premises.g. I can't bear the Underground. The chemist now almost began to think that he was dealing with a madman. Concentrate your attention on the intonation of the replies: Verbal Context When's the concert? It's going to be a fine place. I came from Paris. In great bewilderment he asked again: "But your cow. "What in the world makes you think so? Oh. Intonation Pattern XI (LOW PRE-HEAD + ) FALLING HEAD+ HIGH FALL (+ TAIL) Model: How are you finding your new job? —  Liking the `work im`mensely. I've just seen that new musical. sometimes sounding sceptical. 4 . sounding light. tea or coffee? I may be a bit late.

You never remember where you put your things. I don't remember. So is my teacher. It's high time you thought about your health. They say they'll help us. 4. Thank you for all you've done. 6. It's a pity. listen to your fellow-student reading the replies. You promised to stay with us a bit longer. Sometimes she does. then. Pronounce each of the following replies in two ways: first with Intonation Pattern X. We're leaving tonight: I'm going to consult a doctor. I hate quarrelling with Clara. 5. Observe the intonation line. We'll go there on Friday. ear and speech habits pronounce each reply several times until it sounds perfectly natural to you. then? How is he getting on? Why didn't she take the children with her? Why has she come? And where did you go. Sorry I forgot to change my shoes. I can't wait for him any longer. I saw Mike the day before yesterday. Well done! Good for you! Well fancy that! Congratulations. It's not my size. I forgot every word about it. Listen to the replies and repeat them is the intervals. She went to the circus on Sunday. I can't think what to say. then with Intonation Patters XI. I'm sorry to have to vote against you.D'you think I should ring him? I hate the thought of spring cleaning. Drop me a line. though? Will you be able to get out of it? Would you like a cup of tea. Tom has passed his exam. Where is my pen? It's gone again. He's promised to stop smoking. Listen to the Verbal Context above and reply in the intervals concentrating your attention on the intonation line. Mary is waiting for you. State the difference in attitude. Make your voice follow the intonation line exactly. You're good at tennis indeed. I should never believe it. a) Listen to a fellow-student reading the Verbal Context below. I really can't. I don't really want to meet them. Leave it entirely to me. Tell him (her! what his (her) errors in pronunciatioa and intonation are. I got back yesterday. Well. I've just become a father. Thank you very much for your help. In order to fix Intonation Pattern XI in your mind. I've got a lot of work to do. but I hate cocoa. I don't know Peter's address. Put it in the waste paper basket. What shall I do with this? He won't give us permission. I gave him a piece of my mind. then? Is there anything else I can do to help? Does he really mean what he says? Imperatives (sounding lively. Just look at the mud you've brought in here. 2. my dear chap! What a fine mess you've made of things! The sooner the better! A fine friend you turned out to be! Verbal Context Has she caught up with the group? I'm glad you've made some progress. Not at all. Let's go to the pictures in the evening. Just happy to help you any time. 3. She is the best in the group now. Why doesn't she join our trips? What's his mark in physics? I'm an amateur. Don't say anything at all. Shall we ask her to speak to him? Shall we go for a walk to the forest? I didn't understand the rule. then? 151 . She promised to bring the book. Exclamations (conveying mild surprise) So that's that. suggesting a course of action to the listener) Then make it up with her. I'm sorry. I wonder? Why didn't you ask him about it before? Does she always keep her promises? Do they really mean that? Will it be of any use? Isn't it still pouring? Wouldn't it be better for you to ask the teacher to explain it again? Do they still feel offended? Couldn't we ring him up. Drill Better than that. They won't come to the party. I shan't be able to phone you. Ask a fellow-student to comment oa the attitudes you are trying to render: listener's premises. what size do you take. sometimes sceptical) Mightn't it be better to wait? Ought we to delay it any longer.

I can't make head or tail of it. 9. B: Where did you stay while you were down there? A: In a little village near Penzance. using Intonation Pattern XI. He promised to speak to her. a) pressing. Pronounce each of the following replies in two ways: first with Intonation Pattern II. dispassionate b) warm. Keep the exercise moving rapidly. How silly of him! What a shame! Poor thing! Don't mention it. Special questions should sound interested. lively. friendly and warm: I'm very much obliged to him. 152 Drill Next Sunday. then with Intonation Pattern XI. What was it like in Nigeria? I shan't be seeing you. a) categoric. Read the following dialogue with a fellow-student» using Intonation Pattern XI. a) categoric. brisk. Thank you for your very good news. our fortnight in Cornwall. She made me come for the second time. Drill Make him buy you a new pair. airy. Someone will have to go. A student will read the Verbal Context below. a) categoric. B: Which part of your holiday did you prefer? A: Oh. A: What was that you said? B: Where did you go for your summer holiday? A: First to London and then to Cornwall. B: How long did you live in London? A: Just a week. Other students will read the replies in turn. Define the attitude you are trying to express: Verbal Context He's ruined my shoes. won't they? That's what everybody says.b) listen to a fellow-student reading the first sentence of the Verbal Context above. Be careful about the intonation line and try to convey the proper attitude. Reply in your own way. She likes it as much as I do. the heat was terrible. dispassionate b) lively Whyever not? a) serious b) interested. then. Listen to your teacher read the context sentences below. 7. I do the same for all my guests. dispassionate b) lively Oh. I can't undo the door. None of us wants to go. Convey the suggested attitudes: Verbal Context When's the concert? I feel so sleepy. Aren't you lucky? How does your wife find it? What's Vernon's opinion? What an amazing trick! . brisk Try the other key. Sit down. 8. Let Johnson have a look at it. I'm afraid. He asked her about her age. I hope I'm not disturbing you. The sooner the better. weighty b) suggesting a course of action Come in. The drill will continue until every student has participated. B: What sort of weather did you have in London? A: The best we could possibly have hoped for. Don't bother to fetch me. using the High Fall and the logical stress on the same word to make the utterance emphatic. weighty b) suggesting a course of action . The replies sound lively. Can't imagine how it's done. She's laid up with quinsy again. B: What did you do there? A Sightseeing mostly. It's not in the least trouble. Observe the intonation line. a) pressing. lively So do I. He can't make up his mind which he prefers. Tell him about it.

Use the proper intonation pattern: Verbal Context Drill I'll show you how to do it. Pronounce each of the following replies.Hullo. Would you believe it! a) calm. Mark the stresses and tunes. The teacher will help you to correct your variant. I can't undo the door! Tell me what 1 can do. a) phlegmatic. impatient Thursday's a hopeless day for me. listen to the Verbal Context and reply expressing critical surprise or suggesting a course of action to the listener. reserved b) willing to discuss the question Bill's refused my request. reserved b) mildly surprised Tom's coming on Monday. reserved b) lively. Define the Intonation Pattern of your reply: Drill Yes. a) calm. such a risk? a) calm. reserved b) lively. interested Who on earth would take I would. Be careful with the intonation line. Well. Well if it isn't my old friend Tom! a) weighty b) mildly surprised How very nice of him! a) weighty b) mildly surprised 10. Shall we leave it till next week? a) phlegmatic. ask someone else. Don't be silly! It's up to you! Don't make so much fuss about it. Don't! Do! Don't you worry! Try! We're moving on Tuesday. unemotional b) suggesting a course of action He's actually engaged. Fred! He's sending you a copy. This exercise is meant to develop your ability to hear and reproduce intonation in conversation. cold b) warm. reserved b) affronted surprise 11. sentence by sentence. with a note of critical surprise I haven't got a spoon. b) willing to discuss the question. Listen to a fellow-student say the context sentences below. Write it down. Verbal Context Can you come tomorrow? a) Listen to the dialogue "Dinner-table Talk" carefully. Why not? a) phlegmatic. reserved. Now fancy that. trying to convey the suggested attitudes. a) calm. a) calm. Can't we make it a Friday. Practise reading each sentence of your corrected variant 153 . 12. then. unsurprised. What are you going to do about it? a) hostile b) interested 1 can't meet you this Tuesday. then? a) phlegmatic. then! Don't you worry! It's my turn to pay! Do! Have a go! Don't be ridiculous! Don't be silly! Don't you worry! It's up to to you! I can't find my purse anywhere. reserved b) unpleasantly surpised What's that you say? Why don't you listen? a) unsympathetic b) unpleasantly surprised I'm afraid I've lost your pen. Don't you worry! Don't make so much fuss about it. Go and get one. concerned You mustn't speak to him.

Как вам нравится наша еда? 21. Торт великолепен. — Hm. sir. Не хотите ли еще рыбы? 27. . А что ты будешь есть на сладкое? 14. Я вас спрашивала.. I was asking . Will you have some more . Will you dine a la carte or take the table d'hote? — Well. and two liqueur brandies. Как вам нравится это утро? 23. X... — Thank you very much. . — Waiter! The bill. On the whole. — Here you are. я думаю. Oh. Will you sit. Я так рада. Memorize and play it with a fellow-student. waiter? — I'm sorry. это довольно скучно. 16. using the following phrases: Good evening. 19. d) Make up conversational situations. О.. город. Use the corresponding phrases from item(d) above... 18. Practise the dialogue for test reading. I didn't quite catch what you said... ? Is this your first. Статья готова. please.. please. Do not let your Russian pronunciation habits interfere: 1. ? What about. 15. Вы давно живете здесь? 7.. Чай готов. but that one over there's free. The menu. Я чувствую себя у Петровых как дома. Это ваша первая картина? 9. — Black or white? — White. Still. Сколько времени вы находитесь в Москве? 6.. Translate into English. что вы смогли сделать это вовремя. those two tables have just been reserved by telephone. Суп превосходен. 29.. что у тебя это есть. — Here you are. Вообще-то она не такая уж плохая. sir.. Он так рад. О. sir? — Well. . XI. we'll take it. — Will you have anything to drink. 20. 3... Make up conversational situations with these phrases. only. Head the following dialogue: — Is this table free.. что я смогла его пригласить... but I will have a glass of cherry. darling? — Well. О. — Very good. Не хотите ли еще овощей? 28. Let's go into ... Well. Oh. О.. не так ли? 24. c) Pick out of the dialogue sentences pronounced with Intonation Patterns IX. . I'm not very hungry. Я вас спрашивала.. 12. Oh. ? 13. please. я думаю. Я не расслышала. Обед был так вкусен. — So will I. где вы родились. пожалуйста. 17. ? I feel quite at home .. let's see.. What sweet would you like? — I'll have fruit salad.. I think it's a . Я так рада.. I'm rather hungry... не так ли? 25. And how do you like ... Это ее первое сочинение? 10.. it's rather . Define the attitudes conveyed in them. I'm so glad . And we'll have two coffees. Это твое первое представление? 8. I don't want much to eat. I don't care for beer. Петербург — превосходный. to be exact. Ужин готов. Я так рада. Я чувствую себя в Петербурге как дома.. что вам нравится. — Very good. ? How long . Простите. Make up a dialogue of your own. ? I beg your pardon.. 30.. Я так рада. 5. What do you think....b) Record your reading. Как вам нравится наша кухня? 22. 2. I'm rather thirsty. What about you.. please. 15. it doesn't matter. сколько вам лет? 14. It's not so bad. ? What do you think of .. sir. 26. Shall we dance? — Yes. Кавказ — превосходное место.. что вы сказали. если к ней привыкнуть. . I'd love to. .. 13. — What a lovely waltz they are playing. once .. она довольно капризна.. — And to follow? — A grilled steak with baked potatoes and peas.. Bring me half a pint of bitter. 4. 154 Ordering a Meal . как пройти к гостинице «Минск». I'll start with some hors d'xuvre.. Play the recording back immediately for your teacher and fellow-students to detect your errors. О.. 11. darling? — Oh... I think I'll have — er — some oxtail soup and fried plaice with chips. что вы смогли мне позвонить. 31. Я чувствую себя на юге как дома. — What a pity! We wanted to be near the dance floor. sir. это превосходный рассказ.. using some of the phrases of the dialogue above..

" "Poor papa. 155 . е." said Rose. pleading.better d'you think? 3 . I n i m p e r a t i v e s . In questions: a) I n s p e c i a l questions. — Will he ever be any . appreciative. Underline the sentence expressing the essence of the joke.reason-able. reproachful. a) Listen to the story "Insufficient Local Knowledge" carefully. The fall and the rise always occur on separate syllables. plaintive. Greetings and leave-takings sound pleasant and friendly being pronounced this way. a) Read the joke silently to make sure you understand each sentence. Whose turn is it then? — It's `mine . Observe the peculiarities in intonation-group division. warm. (It can't „last for .g. — `Cheer . concentrate your attention on the attitude expressed. encouraging. pleading. е. Charles. pleading. Any syllables occurring between the High Fall and the Low Rise are said on a very low pitch. weary. stress and tempo. b) listen carefully to the narration of the story. It's all so depressing." SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE All the tunes containing more than one nuclear tone are called compound. How did this get broken? — I'm most `terribly . The falling part marks the idea which the speaker wants to emphasize and the rising part marks an addition to this main idea. Mark the stresses and tunes. pitch.) I've nothing to do with it. е. persuasively reassuring. The teacher will help you to choose the best variant.g.ever. It is often heard: 1 . е. 17. The fall starts from a very high level and ends very low. 2. "I'm so glad you are having such a nice time now living with mama and us.actually. exclaimed angrily one day at dinner: "You children are intolerable. you turn up your noses of everything.sorry. sympathetic. sounding plaintive. This exercise is meant to develop your ability to read and retell a story with correct intonation. sometimes warm. surprised.g. This exercise is meant to test your ability to analyze and reproduce material for reading and retelling. sympathetic.g. sounding plaintive. regretful. who was angry with his children because they were displeased with their food. Mark the stresses ana tunes. grateful. sometimes plaintive. sounding apologetic. Discuss your variants in class. Split up each phrase into intonation groups if necessary. 4 . The Fall + Rise is a combination of the High Fall and the Low Rise. Practise reading your corrected variant.up. Sorry I'm late. b) Retell the joke in your own words: The father of a family. pleading. sentence by sentence. The teacher will help you to correct your variant. Practise your corrected variant for test reading. despairing. It is not expected that each student will mark the story in exactly the same way. puzzled. I n s t a t e m e n t s .16. I was often glad to get dry bread enough to eat. I n e x c l a m a t i o n s . He played very badly today. — Oh why „can't you „come on /time for once? b ) I n g e n e r a l questions. Notional words are stressed. The combination of the High Fall with the Low Rise is used in sentences expressing highly emotional reaction to the situation. — Now `do be . sometimes impatient tone. Reproduce the model narration you have listened to. conveying a plaintive. When I was a boy. Note the use of temporizers. sympathetic. Locate the communicative centre of each sentence.

Whyever bring a mac? It was raining when I left this morning. Never mind.е. plaintive. — Right you . I do wish he'd mind his own business.sympathetic) It was my treat. — Good night. How much was it? How big did you say it was? Oh. I do hope you have a comfortable journey. Special questions (sounding plaintive. Phil. Help? Certainly. if you can. That's quite all right. When shall I start? Start right away. Please don't bother on my account. pleading. as a matter of fact. if I may. I'd willingly fetch some more. There's no need to get so worked up about it. I really must go now. Haven't you finished it yet? I've only just begun it. don't just sit there. Any news of Tim? He's coming home soon. It was quite an accident But I told you not to touch it.Smith. I thought you ought to know.g. . Concentrate your attention on the intonation of the replies: Verbal Context Drill Statements (sounding apologetic.are! EXERCISES 1. I've already been waiting a year. I've had it six years now. There's such a draught. I'm afraid. I do hope you didn't mind. It's a wonderful photo. puzzled. He's hardly ever on time. Good night. appreciative. Will you stop bothering me? Can't you see I'm busy? May I have another bun? D'you really think you can eat it? Imperatives (sounding plaintive. Do you think you соuld? Come and have a game. It's all so discouraging. encouraging. But why didn't you tell me? So sorry. Quickly. It looks like rain. regretful. Listen carefully to the following conversational situations. Mrs. I'm not at all surprised. What's happened to Jack? It's always the same. if that's convenient for you. I imagine. So it was you who borrowed my spade. pleading. I do appreciate it. Wait a minute. pleading. I'm afraid he failed his exam. What's all the knocking 'about? Oh. I didn't dream he'd take me seriously. pleading. I thought of going for a stroll. Charley? Three thousand he paid for it. I'm in no particular hurry for it. despairing. He's accepted your offer. I was sure I could count on you. surprised) 156 . When will the poor fool learn wit? Did you call. I'll come too. why don't you listen. grateful. frankly. Peggy. plaintive) Don't you like it? I don't. You'll be buying a new one soon. Please stay a little longer. Open the door. reproachful) I'm afraid I've lost it. What's upsetting you? Do shut the door. d'you think? General questions (sounding plaintive. I know exactly how you feel. Frank? Yes. Whatever shall I do? Carry on as usual. sympathetic. It's an absolute scandal. persuasively reassuring. sympathetic. Sorry I haven't returned it yet. arm. Then surely a few more days won't make much difference. When will you be back. sometimes impatient) Perhaps I could help. what's the time please? I have to go out now. weary. I knew you'd like it. He did absolutely no work for it. But he was only trying to be helpful. Perhaps it would be better to stay at home in that case. See you on Friday. I really must go. Thank you for telling me. Exclamations (warm.

I thought you finished your. Listen to a fellow-student reading the replies. She's failed the second time today. Oh. Say what attitude you mean to render I've invited him for tea. dearest? No. I seem to have lost mine. actually. ear and speech habits. It was not my fault. Oh. you'll soon get over it. don't say that! Mother. I'm bored. You have all my sympathy. I'm a student of the University now. Tony? Yes. pronounce each reply several times until it sounds perfectly natural to you. I knew you'd like it. I thought I asked you to make up the fire. point out his errors in pronunciation. Use the Fall + Rise in the replies. Would you like to hear one of my records? (Oh. mother. What's her name? That's the third time you've asked me that. You can't imagine how glad I'm to see you. What a disappointment for her! 7. Good night. But I've only been there once this week. I think I'll never do it. Oh. I won't do it. apparently. please. Yes. the last time I heard from him. come and play with me. Mrs. So I do. I'd love to study at the University. no. why are you late? (Can I borrow your umbrella?) She got the leading part in the new play. I feel so miserable. 1 suppose. And we'll have a new carpet.) I am happy to see you. What's the matter.) I insist on going home immediately.-work at five. That's the second time he's failed. Do you' have milk in your tea. Must I always do as she says? I'm going to get up. Oh. Jane. At nine in the morning. When are you going to stop bothering me? You must bring the book at once. Here I am at last. My mother is dangerously ill. I shall never do it Now. usually. don't be so silly. 5. How is your daughter. I can't come and help you. Why are you always so obstinate? You must follow her advice. It's not bad. But I can't speak English. No. Listen to the Verbal Context and reply to it in the intervals. Smith? She is staying with my mother for a few days. I'll never be happy again. She did. Do you write poetry? I do. Oughtn't she to tell father? You're going out in the rain? What's the film like? I wonder where the children are. (Here you are at last. How are you. Are you ready. I like walking in such weather.) Verbal Context How's your mother getting on? And when do we start? Whose plan is it then? But you said he lived in St. dear. Yes.) I adore music. listen to the replies and repeat them in the intervals. Jane! Oh dear. (You'll catch another cold. 6. Say the following sentences with a) the High Fall + the Low Rise. Do you really want him to come? I wish he would. oh dear! What shall 1 do? Do stop crying! What's the matter? May I come and see you on Monday? Do you really think you can come? (Come. I'd love to. Jolly good! Good show! Poor old Peter! All right! Just a second! (Where's the money coming from?) Hullo. I didn't know she was such a good actress. b) the Descending Head + the Low Rise. It's Fred's. So he did.2. It's a wonderful picture! I missed you so much. Now. imagine. It is too late. Margaret. I've lost your gloves.) Mummy. you mustn't go to the cinema today. Bill? No. I'm awfully sorry. I can't work it out for myself. 4. I think. Nelson? Very well indeed. Start the fall high enough. you can. Would you mind waiting until evening? I must go now. Drill She's off to the Crimea in a week. Observe the difference in attitudes: 157 . I tell you. there they are. thank you. do be reasonable. Sorry. occasionally. Mrs. 3. In order to fix the intonation pattern in your mind. Petersburg. Stephen! (It is good to see you. I told you not to take them.

Perfectly horrid! Too bad for words! What a tragedy! Wasn't it absolutely tragic! They won't help us. sympathy) Oh. b) Record your reading. (reassuring) I think I'll go to bed. sentence by sentence.I love marmalade! I must be off now. Good-bye! Would you like a cup of tea? Here I am. Practise the dialogue for test reading. Look here. (sincere gratitude) I don't think it will last long. Give your own replies to the Verbal Context of Ex. isn't it! 12. Don't worry. but I. 158 . (Look! Everything is white!) (Cheer up!) He said he forgot to ring you up. all right... Make up conversational situations. what a dear little puppy! (sincere appreciation) Thank you so much. . . Listen to the dialogue on the tape ("Dinner-table Talk"). Yes. child... Practise reading each sentence of your corrected variant after the cassette-recorder... I'm so sorry! Never mind. Pick out sentences containing the High Fail + the Low Rise. Hullo there. using the following phrases: He hasn't even got to . I'm sorry. 8. Just a minute. Can't you see I'm tired? All right. (Oh. He says he's ill.. there is no need to . What a disappointment! Can you imagine it! Too bad! Bad luck! Just fancy! Things do happen! I can't come this evening. Why don't you join our golf club? He has been away for two hours. . 9. Was that the real reason? I was afraid he might be late. or yours? No. we're planning. Where have you been all this time? I think I shall one of these days. Let me see you again tomorrow. I do hope you'll pass your exam. This exercise is meant to develop your ability to hear and reproduce intonation in conversation.. (regret. Use the proper intonation pattern: Verbal Context Oh I'm cold. I'm so tired. yet. tell me it is not true! Lie to me! Lie to me! Tell me it is not true! (pleading) Oh. Your son was late for the first lesson today. I wish I hadn't been so rude. I thought 1 asked you to go to the dean's office. You have all me sympathy. 13.. 11. David. stop bothering me. All right.. (plaintive) 10.? Is it my . Drill Poor thing! I do think. .. Wouldn't it be simply appalling. What a disappointment! Poor me! What a pity! Michael has just died. Oughtn't they to be ashamed of it! Beastly. Convey the attitudes suggested in brackets: Don't cry. 1 and 6. Say what attitude is conveyed in them. The teacher will help you to correct your variant. Isn't she a fool! What a tragedy! I simply can't think! I do think it's a pity! You've made the same mistake Aren't I a fool! Good Heavens! Fancy that! I simply can't think! What again. Play the recording back immediately for your teacher and your fellow-students to detect your errors. Mark the stresses and tunes. All right.. That's my idea of . Read the following situations. It's not too late. it's a pity. isn't it! Too bad for words! Good Heavens! How very peculiar! What a pity! Janet seems to be avoiding me. Write it down. a shame! The jacket's worn out already. Listen to the Verbal Context and express sympathy in the replies. Oughtn't you to be ashamed of it! What a disappointment! How extraordinary! I haven't seen Jenny for ages! Terrible. I thought it was going to snow. Are you sure you don't want to be . Mother. a) Listen to the dialogue "About the Job" carefully.) Will you post this letter for me? Good morning.. Verbal Context Drill Don't eat it all at once. Use these sentences in conversational situations of your own.. please.

how much is two plus one?" asked the teacher. concentrating your attention on the attitude expressed. Mark the stresses and tunes.." said the boy.. Make up a dialogue about your future profession. Underline the sentence expressing the essence of the joke. Locate the communicative centre of each sentence." was the answer. Discuss your variants in class. b) Retell the jokes in your own words: No Music Lessons Once the teacher asked his pupil: "Bobby. Note the use of temporizers. An old gentleman was sitting next to the boy. Mark stresses and tunes. "Why." the boy answered timidly. You haven't answered my question yet. I've got a clean handkerchief in my pocket." The teacher asked him another question: "Well. Mother says it is not polite to ask anybody for a handkerchief." ---------------One morning a boy was going by a London bus to school. Write it down. It is not expected that each student will mark the story in exactly the same way. This exercise is meant to test your ability to analyze and reproduce material for reading and retelling. Alex. . All other words of the head are not stressed. 14. He suffered the boy's sniffing for some time but at last lost his patience and said: "Haven't you got a handkerchief." SECTION SIX Compound Tunes TWO OR MORE FALLS WITHIN ONE SENSE-GROUP In sense-groups with the High Falling or Falling-Rising nuclear tone there may be one or more other words marked by a relatively high falling tone. Split up each sentence into intonation groups if necessary. that's not the way I look at it. Practise the joke for test reading. how many fingers have you?" The pupil answered at once: "I have ten fingers. if four were missing what would you have then?" "No music lessons. sentence by sentence. a) Read the jokes silently to make sure you understand each sentence. Observe the peculiarities in intonation-group division. stress and tempo. Mow many dogs have you now?" "Four dogs. This exercise is meant to develop your ability to hear intonation and reproduce it in reading and narration. "but I can't let you have it. He had a cold and was sniffing all the time and so loudly that the people began to look at him and shake their heads. The attitude expressed by the sentence is not changed but the utterance sounds emphatic. a) listen to the joke "Nothing to Complain About". You must use your own. Reproduce the model narration of the joke. 15. my boy?" "Yes. b) Listen to the narration of the joke.I really wanted to be . pitch. "Well. Well. Maybe not. Compare: 159 . I haven't made up my mind yet. sir. Practise your corrected variant for test reading. "I don't know. The function of such Falls is to provide a greater degree of prominence for the words on which they occur. sir. In this case the head is called Sliding. The teacher will help you to choose the best variant. Alex?" "Because I have one dog already. Alex! Fancy I give you two dogs and then one dog more." answered the boy. At the Lessen "Well. 16. I don't want to at all.

Lets go to the pictures. can you think of a better argument? Yes. I'm sorry to say. but need she go to work at all? Isn't it incredible? Don't be too sure. I've never been here before. Well. Drill I'd prefer a piece of apple tart. I expect. I've never met him in my life. These stewed apples aren't very sweet. Drill The food was terrible. Have you heard about Alex? Of course he'll agree. Arthur? It's such a tiring journey by train. What for you. I'd prefer a cup of coffee. How much is the fare? And what do you think of London. That's not very convincing. You know Peter very well. He didn't say a word. I haven't the slightest idea. Listen to your teacher reading the Verbal Context below. Ail right. Come whenever you're free. then. 6. No. I suggest we should go to the cinema. Have some more sugar with them. Say what attitude you mean to render: Verbal Context What was the party like? Tom's having tea. listen to the Verbal Context and reply in the interval. I am planning to see the Picture Gallery. 5. Make your voice fall on every stressed syllable. I've no idea. The door won't open. 3. He's an appointment.1. She's only working half time now. Thompson? Now what would you choose? What will you do this afternoon? I have a free afternoon today. How very unusual! If only you asked me earlier! Very many happy returns! Verbal Context And now what sweet will you have. ear and speech habits repeat the replies yourself until they sound perfectly natural to you. Listen carefully to the replies and repeat them in the intervals. Well why not fly? Which would you prefer? Then why are you so angry with him? How long d'you intend being away? Why not try turning the key? Do you really want to? Well. Mrs. Well why not go sightseeing? Which film would you prefer to see? Have you any 160 . Listen to a fellow-student reading the replies. Concentrate your attention on the intonation of the replies: 2. What time's convenient for you? I can't manage all that. I like it so much. Reply by using Sliding Head + High Fall in the drill sentences. How about a show tonight? It's my birthday today. In order to fix the intonation in your mind. Mary? How many sons has she got? He is not coming. Which one can I have? Oh I know he couldn't help it I'm going to London tomorrow. You ought to have informed me before. I don't want anything. eat as much as you can. Listen carefully to the following conversational situations. Tell him (her) what his (her) errors in intonation are. 4.

I managed to get a ticket. 13. I'll have this one. Have a bit of sense.particular film in mind? That was Peter on the phone. be careful when you cross the main road. The drill continues until every student has participated. Note all the prominent words of the bead: Verbal Context D'you smoke? What a nasty cold day! Would he lend me his player? You broke the window. I most certainly am. 8. Observe the changes in 161 Drill I do sometimes. . won't you? Can I borrow your penknife? Well what about this colour? I want those shoes mended quickly. It wasn't exactly sensational. but he was delayed at the office. Read the sentences taking into consideration the suggestions in brackets. Before you jump to conclusions. but it's out of the question. But the other one's better. He might if you talked nicely to him. Mummy? 9. 7. 10. make up your mind. Oh don't say that. The teacher will suggest the Verbal Context of Ex. It wets earlier than that. I can't come at six. didn't you? I don't suppose it troubled you much. then. It isn't exactly the shade I want I can't get them done today. What a piece of luck! Many happy returns of the day. Thank you very much! See you tomorrow. What shall I do with my luggage? Leave it in the cloakroom at the station. I doubt whether I can give you an answer by then. We'll leave before dawn. Make your voice fall on the stressed syllables. But it wasn't altogether easy. Give it to me. Do you really want me to? Jack doesn't want it. What did you think of the lecture? She's an absolute failure. Listen carefully to the replies and repeat them in the intervals. Why didn't you ask him about the books he had borrowed? I can't find my pen anywhere. It wasn't a great deal of trouble. You are not trying. Listen to a fellow-student reading the replies. Have a heart. Where has he been all this time? Your conduct was inexcusable. My love to all at home. But it's not nasty. Tell him (her) what his (her) errors in intonation are. Come whenever it's convenient for you. Keep the exercise moving on rapidly. ear and speech habits repeat the replies until they sound perfectly natural to you. Let me have them by tonight. but not on purpose. Can't I take this one? You will play. I beg your pardon. The students will reply to it. this. I'll do it. (LOW PRE-HEAD +) HIGH FALLS + FALL-RISE 8. Listen to the Verbal Context and reply in the intervals. He's sorry to be so late. Have you any pain now? Come at six on Sunday. say it as if you meant it. The drill will continue until every student has participated. I think it's going to rain. was it? Now be fair. using Sliding Head + High Fall. Yes. Keep the exercise moving on rapidly. No. you might at least hear me out. In order to fix the intonation in your mind. using High Falls. Your teacher will suggest the Verbal Context of Ex. 14. I can't open this — can't someone else try? Give it to me. We got here about midnight. Listen carefully to the following conversational situations. How nice of you to remember! Let me do it for you. I'm sorry. Alan's forgotten his umbrella. Well. You can if you insist. You in turn reply to it. Are you sure you didn't leave it at the Institute? What are you looking for. Ann? Have you seen my umbrella anywhere? I had a bad fall from the stairs and broke my arm. Can I come home by myself. It's not very sharp. Concentrate your attention on the intonation of the replies. I'd rather not. II. 12. He always leaves something behind. Start the rise from the lowest pitch and do not go up too high. Well. It's bitterly cold. Let me know tomorrow. 1 and 6. Well. 11.

162 .) Breakfast is generally a big meal in England. You've got enough money. You want it back. How many books do you want? Do let's buy this dress.) (Not a statue of Cromwell. phlegmatic. Mary said she intended to come back.) (Not technical colleges. mildly puzzled) How old is she? Who's he gone to see? How much do you make it? How often must he take it? How long do you want to keep it? Which is my car? Where did I find them? (contradicting) You don't like it. 104).) In the middle of Trafalgar Square stands Nelson's monument. using Intonation Patterns VI or VII. (Not supper. (Not tennis.) (Not in India.) Cars are driven on the left side of the road in London.) (Not in Moscow.) Colleges of Education in Great Britain don't confer diplomas on their graduates.) (Not on the Continent.) 15. Read the following sentences expressing the attitudes suggested in brackets. (But award certificates. somewhat unpleasantly surprised) Well when can you spare the time? What's that got to do with you? What makes you so sure? Why not ask him about it? How did you make that? (wondering. He's definitely going. (disapproving) When will that be? What do you want it for? How old did you say? What is the crowd looking at? When did I see him? How much did I give for it? How many did you say? Before when? 16. interested. Maugham (see p. Mum! The last bus has gone. expressing personal concern or interest: (detached.sentence stress: Hockey is one of the most popular games in winter. (Not in the middle of Piccadilly Circus.) Our terminal examinations are held at the end of each term. He won't be able to help. You haven't left your book here.) (Not every other term. Use them In conversational situations of your own. The teacher will suggest a Verbal Context You in turn reply to it in the form of statements and questions.) Football is the most popular game in England. (Not football. Read the story "A Friend in Need" by S. (Not on the right side.) [Not in summer. another win correct him. The sentences from the text given below are not true to fact. Shall I ask him about it again? Can you translate a few sentences? Well. will you come and see her tomorrow? Could we meet on Wednesday. (Not final exams. reserved) What do you think of the houses in Michurinski Avenue? What are your general impressions of Moscow? What else was it that you especially liked in Moscow? Now what do you want? Why didn't you meet me at the station? What was her sister like? How did Judy get on with the girls? I'd love going to the cinema. One of the students will read a sentence. Have you heard about Mary? 17. then? May we all know what's amusing you? Do you think so? Will you tell her about it frankly? (lively.

.. I suppose. d) Make up conversational situations about sport.Mr. He told Mr. 22.. stress and tempo.. I do. This exercise is meant to develop your ability to bear the intonation and reproduce it in proper speech situations.. Burton's namesake was an unpleasant-looking man.. of course. c) Pick out of the dialogue sentences containing compound tunes and the logical stress. Write it down. Reproduce the model narration you have listened to. 21. Is there any." said Bill. Keep the exercise moving on rapidly. Mark the stresses and tunes. to catch his breath.. He worked hard to earn his living. any amount.. a) listen to the Joke "Weather Forecasts”. Write it down. Burton proved himself a real friend. Practise reading the jokes several times: The cup was handed over into the youth's hands and there went cries of "Speech! Speech!" Meanwhile the lad was able to collect his thoughts and. as he caught up with Bob on the way back to camp. Practise the text b) listen carefully to the narration of the joke. He was a poor swimmer and he couldn't manage the currents round the beacon.. pitch. Burton's offer as an easy and worthy job. sentence by sentence. Practise the dialogue. Observe the peculiarities in intonation-group division. using the following phrases: What would you say were the most popular... It is not expected that each student win intone the text in the same way.. I trust I may never lose the use of my legs by the use of this cup.? Oh.. Mark the stresses and tunes. Split up each sentence into intonation groups if necessary. 163 .." ----------------— You've been watching me for three hours. Burton was sure that his namesake would succeed in covering the distance.? Well. 19. Well. He was old.. Find the sentence expressing the essence of each joke.. I've been told that..? I should say that. Then he stepped up on a bench.. "are all the rest of the boys out of the woods yet?" "Yes. ------------------"Bob. Practise the dialogue for test reading and memorize it. Mr. Burton's office to help him with his work." he said. This exercise is meant to develop your ability to hear the intonation and reproduce it in proper speech situations. using phrases from the dialogue above... sentence by sentence. Mr. Make up a dialogue of your own. Make statements to be corrected according to the model above. "I have won the cup by the use of my legs. You should join if you're keen on. b) Record your reading of the dialogue. Burton he was getting on in life. of course.... Burton's namesake regarded Mr. I think I shall if I get the chance. Mark the stresses and tunes. The teacher win help you to correct your variant. 18. Burton's namesake didn't accept the cruel terms he was offered.. It's rather a funny story on the whole. yes.. Read the jokes silently to make sure you understand each sentence. So Mr. He offered Mr... Then there are. but. Once he came to Mr. There came an abrupt and eager hush! "Gentlemen.. a) listen to the dialogue "Sports and Games Popular in England". What about. The young man came to the creek of Tarumi on time. The drill will continue until every student has participated. Underline the communicative centre and the nuclear word of each intonation group. Mr.." said Bob.. By the way.. Play the recording back immediately for the teacher and your fellow-students to detect your possible errors in pronunciation. his face was worn and wrinkled and he was always poorly dressed. 20. Note the use of temporizers. Burton a good job. to be had near. Why don't you try fishing yourself? — I ain't got the patience.

Everybody thinks it's magnificent. — Im'mediately? It's ten feet long." -----------The man on the bridge addressed the fisherman. echoing. I should phone him about it." "And they're all safe?" "Yes. It's snowing. I listened to every word he said. sometimes shading into disapproval or puzzlement." "Do you know who I am?" "No. — 'How long? What's that bowl for? — 'What's it for? Is it raining? — Is it 'raining? Careful. "they're all safe. . What do you think of my dress? Could I have another cup of tea? I've just read that new travel book. "I've shot a deer. calling for repetition or additional information. I got forty pike out of here yesterday. — 'Careful? Pity. 79 Drill Questions echoing. This intonation pattern is used in questions." said the fisherman. calling for repetition or additional information. "Any luck?" he asked. — 'Pity? EXERCISES 1. sometimes shading into disapproval or puzzlement Yes? Now? Much? New? Sugar? Interesting? Every word? Everybody? The High Rise and the High Head + the High Rise belong to the same pattern since they have no difference in attitudes." "And do you know who I am?" asked the fisherman quickly." "Then. sometimes meant to keep the conversation going."All six of them?" "Yes. 164 . We shall have to return. Listen carefully to the following conversational situations. If there are unstressed syllables following the nucleus the latter is pronounced on a fairly high level pitch and the syllables of the tail rise gradually. "Why. Concentrate your attention on the intonation of the replies: Verbal Context I want you this minute. . (LOW PRE-HEAD + ) HIGH RISE (+TAIL) II. е. "No. all six of them." SECTION SEVEN Intonation pattern XII I. "I'm the chief magistrate here and all this estate is mine.g. his chest swelling." said Bill. "Any luck!" was the answer. The syllables of the pre-head rise from a low pitch up to the start of the High Rise." said Bob. (LOW PRE-HEAD + ) (HIGH HEAD+) HIGH RISE ( + TAIL)79 Stress-and-tone marks in the text: High Rise | ' | If there is no tail the voice in the nucleus rises from a medium to a high pitch." "I'm the biggest liar in Virginia.

2. listen to the replies and repeat them in the intervals. Make your voice rise from a medium level to a high pitch. 3. listen to the Verbal Context and reply to it in the intervals. 4. In order to fix High Rise in your mind, ear and speech habits, pronounce each reply several times until it sounds perfectly natural to you. 5. Listen to a fellow-student reading the replies. Tell him (her) what his (her) errors in pronunciation are. 6. listen to your teacher reading the Verbal Context below. Reply by using one of the drill sentences. Pronounce it with Intonation Pattern XII. Say what attitude you mean to render:

He's going on holiday. I've given up smoking. What do you think of the car? I've just met her husband. Have you seen my pen anywhere? What do you think of my coat? I've just had a new suit made. Alan's not here, I'm afraid. We're going shopping. Let's go to the pictures. I think this is Joan's umbrella. That big one's mine. I shall need a dozen, at least. These flowers are for you. He must be made to obey. He'll meet us at three fifteen. What is it? What reason did he give for his behaviour? Does it matter? Do you mean it? Is that your little boy? Wasn't it stupid! What lovely cherries! I like Barbara. How do you like my song? Would you like one? We had a meeting last night. Is it raining? Have you answered his letter? Have you finished it? Did you enjoy the concert? What a delightful meal! Stop it. Telephone me, then. Keep them for me. Be nice to them. Get rid of it. Please don't worry. Take it home. Tell me the time, please. Marvellous! Wonderful news! Fantastic! Well done!

Alone? For good? Your own? You like him? You've lost it? It's a new one? Good fit? He's gone home? Right away? You've got enough money? Whose? Which one? How many? Who are they for? He must be what? At what time? What is it? What reason? Matter? Mean it? My little boy? Was it stupid, I wonder? Want some? Do you? Do you always sing as flat as that? Would I like one? Should I have been there? Is it raining? Have t answered it? Have I finished it, did you say? Did I enjoy it? Will you have some more coffee? Stop it? Telephone you? Keep them for you? Be nice to them? Get rid of it? Don't worry, did you say? Take it home? Tell you the time? Marvellous? Wonderful news? Fantastic? Well done?

Verbal Context I'm twenty-two today. I like the way he speaks. I believe he is in St. Petersburg now. They spent the whole day on the beach.

Drill Really? You do? In St. Petersburg? The whole day?

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Will you pass me the pencil, please. It's getting warmer. Where are you going? How much do I owe you? Why couldn't you warn me? How do you like his new essay? I'm exhausted. What did he promise that day? He is a talented young man. I'm afraid I can't believe it. We don't blame him for all that. I can't force him to go there. They haven't changed anything here. I enjoyed every minute of it Splendid) Show him out! Give it up! Disgusting! Hurry up! Leave it as it is! Model:

The red one, you mean? You think so? Where? How much? Why couldn't I? His new what? You're what? What did he promise? Is he? Can't you believe it? You don't? Can't you force him? Haven't they? Did you? Splendid? Show him out? Give it up? Disgusting? Hurry up? Leave it?

7. Respond to the following sentences. Use Intonation Pattern ХП casing for a repetition of the information already given.

This sad story made the listeners cry. — Made the 'listeners 'do 'what? I want you to ring me up again. You want me to 'do 'what? The boy's behaviour made me think he was ill. His stare made me feel ill at ease. The rain made us return home. The cold made us put on our coats. The play made us laugh a lot. His letter made me change my plans. The foreigner wants me to tell him something about my country. She wants you to leave her alone. He wants you to start immediately. She wants her son to enter the University. He wants us to go there at once. He wants me to translate this article.
8. This exercise is meant to develop your ability to near and reproduce intonation in different speech situations.

a) listen to the dialogue "At the Station" carefully, sentence by sentence. Write it down. Mark the stresses and tunes. Your teacher will help you to correct your variants. Make a careful note of your errors in each tune and work to avoid them. Practise reading each sentence of your corrected variant after the cassetterecorder. b) Record your reading. Play the recording back immediately for the teacher and your fellow-students to detect your errors. Practise the dialogue for test reading. Memorize it. Play it with a fellow-student.
9. Make up conversational situations, using the following phrases:

Try and find me ... if you can. Have you got your ... yet, sir? Not yet. Come along with me and I'll.. . Here it is. Do I have to ...? Here you are. What time do we get to ...?

You're due to arrive at... . Well, I've still got a few minutes to spare. Mind you don't miss the .... That's all right. It won't take me more than five minutes to ... .

10. Read the following dialogues. Define the communicative type of the sentences and say what attitudes you mean to convey:
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— There you are, then, I thought you might be here earlier. Was your train late? — No, I don't think so; just about on time. Which one did you think I was catching then? — Wasn't it the one that gets in at five ten? — No, that's Saturdays only. Didn't you know? — Of course, how silly of me, anyway, it doesn't matter. -----------------— Excuse me, will this road take me to the station? — Yes, straight on. Turn to the left when you get to the end. You'll see a notice there. You can't go wrong. — Is it far? — About three or four minutes. — Thank you very much.
11. Make up a dialogue of your own, using some of the phrases from the dialogues above. 12. Read the following sentences. The prompts in brackets will help you to determine the position of the logical stress. Make up a situation to prove the position of the logical stress:

We are going second class. (Not first) I want a return ticket to Oxford. (Not single.) What time do you get up in summer? (I usually get up at seven.) What shall I do with his luggage? (I know what to do with yours) Can I have a try? (Nobody seems anxious to do it.) He ran all the way to the station. (He was afraid to be late.) I saw Mary at the theatre yesterday. (Nor John.) I'd like to have some tea. (Not Tom.) I asked the porter to see to my luggage. (Nor you.)
13. Listen to the text on the tape ("Commerce and Industry"). Write it down. Mark the stresses and tunes. Practise the text. 14. Read the following sentences. Use Intonation Patters VI to single out the subject:

Model: \Bri/tain │ is one of the most important commercial and trading centres in the world. Australia is the smallest continent in the world. Manchester is one of the most important industrial cities in Great Britain. Oxford is one of the oldest centres of education. Washington is the capital of the United States. Mary is my best friend. The piano is to the right of the window. England is a highly developed industrial country.
15. This exercise is meant to develop your ability to hear the intonation and reproduce it in proper speech situations.

a) Listen to the text "Mother's Day" sentence by sentence. Write it down. Mark the stresses and tunes. Practise the text. b) listen carefully to the narration of the text Observe the peculiarities in Intonation-group division, pitch, stress and tempo. Note the use of temporizers. Reproduce the model narration of the text.
16. Read the text "May Day" silently to make sure you understand each sentence. Split up each sentence into intonation groups if necessary. Mark the stresses and tones. Underline the communicative centre and the nuclear word of each intonation group. It is not expected that each student will intone the text in the same way. The teacher will help you to correct your variant

May Day For over 100 years now May Day has been recognized in some countries of the world as the workers' day. It is the day on which workers in these countries master their strength, and demonstrate their determination to struggle to achieve the demands which happen to be particularly pressing and urgent. Last year's May Day in Britain broke new ground in two ways. It was the largest-ever demonstration to be held on May 1 itself in addition to the traditional demonstrations on May Sunday. But it was more than a demonstration. It assumed the character of a national strike, involving hundreds of thousands of workers who downed tools in London and a number of other major cities. It was the culmination of an unprecedented campaign directed against the Government's intentions to put the clock back a century and more on trade-union rights.
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Practise reading the text several times. Retell the text in your own words:

It was a high point in the continuous struggle of the trade unions for the unfettered right to use the strike weapon in furthering the interests of their membership. It was a historic May Day not only in the role it played in achieving the immediate demand of retaining the sovereignty and independence of the unions. Above all, the flexing of their muscles and the victory achieved the following July, gave the workers of Britain a new sense of confidence and a deeper understanding that one hour of action is worth more than a thousand hours of argument and pleas for justice. SECTION EIGHT. HIGH PRE-HEAD

Stress-and-tone marks in the text: the High Pre-Head | ~ j. The High Pre-Head never contains any stressed syllables. Before the High Fall it is said on the same pitch as the beginning of the fall. Before any other nuclear tone or any head the pitch of the High Pre-Head is higher than the beginning of the following stressed syllable. As compared to the Low Pre-Head the High Pre-Head is used to add vivacity, liveliness or excitement to the attitudes expressed in the sentence. EXERCISES I. HIGH PRE-HEAD + LOW FALL (+ TAIL) Model: -I \do /think it's a Ipity.
1. Listen carefully to the following conversational situations. Concentrate your attention on the intonation of the replies:

Verbal Context You won't forget, will you? I'd love to help. I don't believe you posted it. John's the winner. D'you think he's forgotten? It's no good at all. It's quite true, you know. I tell you I won't accept. I haven't time now. That's not much good. What's up? Shall I or shan't I ask them? Hullo, Jack. We've got to work on Saturday. I have to go now.

Drill Indeed I won't. I know you would. I did post it. He will be surprised. I'm sure he hasn't. You're always dissatisfied. Well you do amaze me. How can you be so obstinate? When will you have time, may I ask? Well can you do any better? Be quiet for a minute, Oh do make up your mind. Good evening, Mr. Dean. Oh no! What a pity you can't stay longer.

2. Listen to the replies and repeat them in the intervals. Make your voice rise high when pronouncing the initial unstressed syllables. 3. Listen to the Verbal Context and reply to it in the intervals. 4. In order to fix the High Pre-Head in your mind, ear and speech habits pronounce each reply several times until it sounds perfectly natural to you. 5. Listen to a fellow-student reading the replies. Tell him (her) what his (her) errors in pronunciation are. 6. Read the drill sentences according to the given model. Concentrate your attention on the High Pre-Head:

Verbal Context He missed Ms lesson yesterday.
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DM He always misses his lessons.

Where is he. How wonderful! Here is a book for you. 169 . I'm not sure I want to go. 9. 10. 7. Thank you so much. Oh. Listen carefully to the following conversational situations. Make your voice rise high when pronouncing the High Pre-Head. why not take a taxi? I think I will. He's broken a leg. Listen to the replies. He did. Listen to the Verbal Context and reply in the intervals. then. Try once more. Why me? What did Jack have to say about it? D'you mean that? Does he really intend to work harder? By all means ask him. there you are. Concentrate your attention on the intonation of the replies: Verbal Context Time to go. I'm afraid. then. Will that one be more interesting? Shall I tell him about it? By all means tell him. That's obviously the best solution. can't you stay a bit longer? She is crying. I couldn't possibly. Stay at home.If you are in a hurry. White. then. He says he'll do better in future. A few. How good of you! III. hasn't she passed her exam? The picture's wonderful. Looking for me. ear and speech habits pronounce each reply several times until it sounds perfectly natural to you. Listen to a fellow-student reading the replies. Mother is asleep. I'm not well. Mrs. 8. Hallo. Tell him (her) what his (her) errors in pronunciation are. Look at his clothes. Read the drill sentences according to the given model. Go home. He won't come today. So I have. I was against the proposal. You'll help. and repeat them in the intervals. When is he going to come? He is not in. Terry? Drill No. Ann. then? He's leaving tonight. Tom. No luck. How awful! Oh. Shall I ask him to tea? I'm going to play tennis. Not at all! Look at this picture. I've failed. It's not Mary who phoned you yesterday. Concentrate your attention on the intonation of the replies: Verbal Context Did he say anything? We're going ahead without Paul. You can borrow mine. How d'you know? He says he is going to leave. then. Let me have a look at it. Does he really intend to leave? This book isn't interesting. I thought you've been there. HIGH PRE-HEAD + HIGH FALL (+TAIL) Model: -I'd simply \love to. 12. Max. Oh. Is that right? Did he check the result? Have you any cigarettes left? Drill I know. you'll be pleased to hear. HIGH PRE-HEAD + LOW RISE (+ TAIL) Model: -He /won't 13. nothing. then? I am leaving. Peter. Well who. Concentrate your attention on the High PreHead: Verbal Context Drill Was it difficult? Surprisingly so. Betty dear! II. Have some more pudding. I think so. Don't disturb her. Listen carefully to the following conversational situations. Try once more. 11. In order to fix the High Pre-Head in your mind. Good Heavens! Good afternoon. Let's all have a game. won't you.

. using the following phrases: Oh. Come on. Drill That'll do. .. 21. Listen to a fellow-student reading the replies. Write it down. Memorize the dialogue and play it with a fellowstudent. 18... Practise the dialogue for test readiag. There doesn't seem to be anything radically wrong with you. No. 19.. I wish you'd told me earlier. ear and speech habits pronounce each reply several times until it sounds perfectly natural to you..I wouldn't dream of going in for it. 15. Don't worry. As usual. old chap. Would you like an orange? I'm off to bed. 7. It's all very well to make promises. . Listen to the replies and repeat them in the intervals. do you like best. please. Give your own replies to the Verbal Context of Ex. 20. Read the following sentences. What kind of . I wish I had your gift for . c) Make up conversational situations. dear! 14. 17. Make your voice rise high when pronouncing the High Pie-Head. 16. Anybody for more tea? What a miserable day! Let me carry it for you.. using phrases from the dialogue above. Brown. Peter's not old enough to make up his mind about such things. Where there's a will there's a way. Read the drill sentences according to the given model. b) Record your reaing. sentence by sentence. I can't wait here all day. Hallo. I'm going to the theatre tonight. thank you! Good night. We are going to miss that train. Good morning. Mary! So long. Look out. He has what? To where? May I go with you ? Do you want me to? Go home. I'm not very keen on . Personally. then? With all the practice in ear-training I've had . Fortunately for me. We have ice-cream twice a week and we never have cornmeal mush. Yes. Nora. Practise reading every sentence of your corrected variant after the cassette-recorder.... 12. Will you be present at the party? What shall I do next? Jack is still out. not too badly. Use them in conversational situations of your own: Mine's rather an old-fashioned model compared to yours.. 18. Mrs. d) Make up a talk with a fellow-student. 13. a) Listen to the dialogue "Broadcast Programme" carefully. This exercise is meant to develop your ability to hear and reproduce intonation in different speech situations. It's much too big to be seen in an hour or so. Concentrate your attention on the High PieHead: Verbal Context Do you need any more magazines? I'm afraid I can't do it. You won't catch me going by air. The teacher will help you and all the members of the class to correct your variant. you know. Mark the stresses and tunes. 170 . Petersurg tomorrow. Tell him (her) what his (her) errors in pronunciation are. Listen to the Verbal Context and reply in the intervals. it was a .. He is a good writer. Now write down your answer. using intonation patterns you find suitable. See you presently. He has left I'm going to St. Why not? Why don't you like flying? Will pencil do? May I have another cup? Cheer up. In order to fix the High Pre-Head in your mind. Play the recording back immediately for the teacher and your fellow-students to detect your errors. I can't possibly finish it. 1. He is. 6.

Robert? I'd never have gone if I had known it was going to be so silly. and after that the tune continues again exactly as before. I prefer red if you've got it. using the material from the lectures above. (From "A Course of English Intonation" by J. as it normally would in a glide down. A. and you mustn't make it too big.: The whole sentence glides gradually down.: Exactly. A. В.: We'll call that tune 'the interrupted glide down' since it is simply a slight variation on our normal glide down. b) Read and act the extract according to the model. We'll hear "Carmen" tomorrow if I manage to get tickets. a tune in which the first stressed syllable of the sentence is said on a fairly high note. I don't understand you when you speak so fast.: There's one point I think we ought to mention. The following stressed syllables are said gradually lower and lower until you come to the last stressed syllable. Peter. But there's remedy for that. This syllable starts on a fairly low note and then falls down to the lowest note possible. We start off quite normally on a high note. O'Connor) 24. The whole sentence glides gradually down. Read the extract from the lecture silently. I should like to read it. You'll be late if you don't hurry up. Did you hear that? It's just a little trick we have for modifying the glide down in a longer seven stressed syllables. A: There. Act as a teacher in class. it is used for exactly the same kinds of sentences. This exercise is meant to test your ability to introduce some teaching material in class with correct intonation. 23. SUPPLEMENT 171 . just as it is in the ordinary glide down. Write it down. В. or it will sound wrong. A. I find some of the talks very interesting. 22.: The whole sentence glides gradually down. Listen again to the same sentence said in a slightly different way. We can walk there if there's time. Intone it Single out the communicative centres and observe the intonation means they are made prominent with. the voice goes up a little instead of down.: The whole sentence glides gradually down. Don't you see what a good thing it was that you met me? I shall speak to Edward the moment he comes in. so that the word 'glides' is on a slightly higher note.: The whole sentence glides — sentence glides gradually down. Read and act the extract according to the model: A: In our first talk we described what I call 'the glide down'. Intone it Single out the communicative centres. just like that. You must buy the tickets beforehand if you want to see the play. and. thank you. But I want to point out to you that in a sentence like this which has five stressed syllables. В. The whole sentence glides gradually down.: Did you notice the difference? After the word 'sentence'. He is getting on quite well. too. and that is that when the voice rises in the middle of the sentence.: Oh no. a) Listen to an extract from the lecture on intonation very carefully. then the little rise occurs. Make them prominent as in the model above. Everybody became silent when he began playing the piano. A. it doesn't go up as high as the first stressed syllable. I was hoping I might be of use to you.Are you sure you don't want to be a farmer. В.: Yes. That's quite right as far as I know. If you're not careful you find that your voice has fallen much too low in the middle of the sentence. This exercise is meant to develop your ability to introduce teaching material in class with correct intonation. Listen to it just once more. В. A. it's not very easy to make the voice go gradually lower at each stressed syllable. D. it's only quite a small rise. В. and the second stressed syllable — 'sentence' is on a lower note. I'll meet you tomorrow if nothing prevents. I must put up with it since it can't be helped. when you want to go still lower. The whole sentence glides gradually down. Mind you don't miss the train. when you've finished with it. Listen again.: No. by the way.

Ex. it will at least seem as if I tried not to be late. "I look prettier to Jim when I'm not wearing my glasses and he looks better to me. Mother... 12. There always seems to be something interesting to do. she never wore her glasses when she was with him. 4." said the young lady. and it is now a quarter to two. Helen's eyes were not very good. but I've been here several times before. But the next evening when Mr. she took her glasses off but when she came home again she put them on. it's rather changeable. Mr.. and I feel quite at home in London. Insufficient Local Knowledge Ex. I didn't quite catch what you said. 104. 12. Johnes came home and asked: "Have you got this famous dress?" she said: "No. "Well. "And you want to buy it. so I thought nobody else wanted this dress. why do you never wear your glasses when you're with Jim? He takes you to beautiful places in his car but you don't see anything. She saw it in the shop that morning she said and." But every evening when Mr." SECTION TWO Ex. . It's delicious. Dinner's ready. too. no. — And how do you like our weather? — Well." "Fifteen pounds for a cotton dress? That is too much.. — And what do you think of London.. — And you Mr.. But when she was seventeen and began to go out with a young man." said the young lady. please. buy the dress. Thompson? — Yes." said the taxi-driver. Johnes went shopping. "but I'm three quarters of an hour late. please. just a little. thank you." SECTION/THREE Ex. there . A Londoner who was going to the West of England for a holiday." said Helen. — Is this your first visit? — It's my wife's first visit." said her husband. — I'm so glad you like it. and you. since last Monday. 16. she began to tell him about a beautiful cotton dress. Johnes came back from work his wife continued to speak only about the dress and at last after a week he said: "Oh. Will you have some more chicken? — No." "Well. Thompson? — Trifle for me. will you sit here on my left. I have to come over at least once a year on business.. Thompson.SECTION ONE Ex. and now what sweet will you have. 16. but on the whole it's not so bad. One day Mrs. Thompson? There's apple tart and cream. arrived by train at a town. The young man was standing outside the restaurant and looking impatiently at his watch every few seconds. There were a lot of cars and buses and trucks in the square. "How much does it cost?" "Fifteen pounds. A pretty well-dressed young lady stopped a taxi in a big square and said to the driver: "Do you see that young man on the other side of the square?" "Yes. to be exact. I think it's a wonderful place. so I don't want it either. but if I arrive in a taxi. I'm so glad you were able to come . He called a porter to carry his bags to a taxi. he asked the porter: "How long has it been raining like this?" 172 . it was still in the window of the shop after a week. Mrs. "Take me over there. Thompson.. — What about you. I said that I'd meet that young man for lunch at one o'clock. When he came to the door to take her out. and found that it was pouring." "Why not?" he asked. Mrs. once you get used to it. Here is the money" She was very happy.. One day her mother said to her: "Helen. See p. So she usually wore glasses. How long have you been in London? — Oh. — Oh. only a few days. so the taxi-driver asked: "Are you afraid to cross the street?" "Oh. Mr. Let's go into the dining-room. Thompson? — Er — I beg your pardon. When her husband came home in the evening. On the way out of the s ation." SECTION FOUR Ex. Mrs. isn't it? — Yes. and I'm sorry to say we have to return tomorrow week. partly to make conversation and partly to get a local opinion on prospects of weather for his holiday. Dinner-table Talk — Good evening. please. or chocolate trifle. — I was asking what you thought of London. — Er — trifle for me. it is. too. 14.

" answered the child. for example. cotton. Robert. England has to obtain her food supplies largely from abroad. Wine and fruit are imported from France. Mothering Sunday (Mother's Day) Mother's Day is traditionally observed on the fourth Sunday in Lent (the Church season of penitence 173 . turning rather a surprised gaze upon him." said the passenger." he asked. Robert? Or a market gardener? R о b e r t : No I'm sorry. Then there will be snow for a day or two but then the sunshine will come again and the weather will be fine. And after all. Britain buys more goods than she sells. timber from Sweden and Finland. Another leading industry in this country is shipbuilding. He was considerably taken aback. "how do you know all that?" The Indian answered: "I heard it over the radio. Italy. Nora. To see the crops growing — that's my idea of a good life. when the child. Harry. and it supplies many countries with certain classes of machinery. 15. 12. dairy produce from Denmark and Holland. her imports exceed her export.immense quantities of cotton and woollen goods and artificial silk are produced and exported. See p." SECTION SEVEN Ex. petroleum and tobacco from the United States. English leather goods are also in great demand in other countries. 13. H a r r y : Not ships? Isn't it better to be a shipbuilding engineer? R o b e r t : (crossly) Look here. 211. and the Dominions. and wind. Robert." he answered. have you made up your mind yet what you want to do when you leave college? N o r a : Oh. you haven't answered my question у at. it's silly to train for the wrong job. 21." SECTION SIX Ex. Commerce and Industry Great Britain is one of the most important commercial and trading centres in the world. however." said the man to his friend. I want to build roads and bridges. such as wool from Australia. H a r r y : Not at all. Yes. Look at me. is it my career we're planning or yours? H a r r y (huffed) All right. and so on. About the Job H a r r y : Well. Nothing to Complain About An intelligent small boy was sitting in a bus. Ex. SECTION FIVE Ex. I've only been here for fifteen years. Ex. surely he's a bit young to decide on his career? be hasn't even got to college yet. One day they met an old Indian who was a hunter. 289." "These old Indians seem to know more about Nature than we with all our science.. N o r a : (musing) Now if I were a man I'd be a farmer. I'd rather be a civil engineer. but I don't want to at all. "I wish I were four. yes. "Tell me. Ex. "Can you tell us what the weather will be like during the next few days?" one of the two travellers asked him. What would you like to do? N o r a : (wistfully) Are you sure you don't want to be a farmer. Mum. but now I spend my days sitting at a desk in an office. "Oh. replied: "But you were four once. What they saw were only a few huts made of wood or tents where Indians lived. 15. But you'd better win that scholarship first. The motor industry is also very flourishing. It's wisest to decide in good time. Weather Forecasts Two men were travelling in a very wild part of America. all right. A passenger sitting next to him asked him a question: "How old are you?" "I'm four. See p. 19." was the reply. Spain. He was very clever and knew everything about the forest and the animals living in it and many other things. They saw no modern houses and no traces of civilization for many days. Robert will be going to college soon. Great Britain is noted for its coal mines and for iron and steel goods. Not being a great argi-cultural country. "Rain is coming. there's no need to lose your temper. Ex. He could also speak English quite well. I really wanted to be a sailor."I don't know sir. One of the most extensive industries in England is the textile industry. 8. H a r r y : Well. She also has to import many raw materials. Then he turned to the old Indian.

but my wife is. which not only begins on a lower note than the previous one.: So the sentence is really in three parts. it does. are said on a slightly lower note.22. I'm not very keen on opera. — Yes. and so on. so I didn't like to suggest switching to another station. and any more weak syllables after that. now we must go back to 174 . mine's rather an old-fashioned model compared to yours. If they cannot go. and I never miss the sporting events. I suppose it's the weather. although the day is now often called "Mother's Day". I did. In sentences like this. this custom remained. A. A. I'm not good at languages. and the same with the third. When the labour situation changed and everyone was entitled to regular time off. 20. where their hours of work were often very long. The word 'ought’ is said on a slightly lower note. listeners. — What kind of programme do you like best then? — Oh. that sentence starts on a fairly high note and it continues on that same note until it reaches the word 'ought'. Broadcast Programme — Well. — Well." or they may send one in any case. SECTION EIGHT Ex. you know! Ex.. and "Carmen" happens to be one of her favourites. I don't think I should call it a gift. they send a "Mother's Day card. After that we'll go back again and notice how we've said them. the word 'start' is on a slightly lower note and not only that. The family try to see that the mother has as little work to do as possible. but also falls right down until it can scarcely be heard at all. A: How do you think we — ought to — start? В. corresponding to the number of stressed syllables: 'how' followed by four weak syllables. Just listen. I've noticed quite a lot of interference on my own set too. how's your set going? — Oh. that's a good idea. you see. don't you? — Yes. and lastly 'start'.: Yes. and then we'll try to make some clear and general rule about them.: We can make a good rule out of that. or unstressed syllables following it. The day used to be known as Mothering Sunday and dates from the time when many girls worked away from home as domestic servants in big households. until you come to the last stressed syllable of all.: 'How do you think we ought to start?' 'How do you think we ought to start?' В. the day of which varies from year to year). Suppose we just say a few ordinary sentences. it falls as you say it: 'start — start'. followed by nothing at all. Well. I find some of the talks very interesting too. A.. often given to them by the lady of the house. This is usually in March. are said on a fairly high note. I wish I had your gift for languages. and if a speaker uses a word I'm not familiar with. and the fourth. They used to take presents with them. English pronunciation and intonation hold no terrors for me now. did you hear "Carmen" the other night? — Yes. By the way. Personally.. listen: 'How do you think we ought to start? How do you think we ought to start?' В. People visit their mothers if possible and give them flowers and small presents.: My idea is this. Where there's a will there's a way.. you know. you know English.: Again.: You see. Anyone who's prepared to take a little trouble can do the same. I like a straight play. With all the practice in ear-training I've had. How — How do you think we — How do you think we ought to start? Like that. Fortunately for me. — You're lucky. Now the first thing I said was this: How do you think we ought to start? I wonder if the listeners can hear the tune? How do you think we ought to start? В.: Yes. especially their mother. You listen to the English stations a good deal. A. the second stressed syllable. and the sentence continues on that lower note until it gets to the very last syllable. I like their programmes very much and I understand nearly everything. the context usually gives' the clue to the meaning. It is considered to be mother's day off. though I've had some difficulty lately in getting good reception from the more distant stations. sometimes the husband or children take her breakfast in bed and they often help with the meals and the washing up. you see. then 'ought' followed by one weak syllable. not too badly.: How do you think we ought to start? В. Mothering Sunday was established as a holiday for these girls and gave them an opportunity of going home to see their parents. I got most excited over the international rugger match last Saturday. it was a translated version. It falls right down to the bottom of my voice.beginning on Ash Wednesday. the first stressed syllable and any weak. and what sort of tunes we've used. Of course.

we trust her. He has written me only once since he went away. 8. Я слышал. You (to like) to spend your holidays with hundreds of other people? 5. Anne. 5. я слышала.1 want you to remember that I never (to ask) you for anything before. Я слышал. 9. 6. What you (to listen) to? — It (to seem) to me I (to hear) a strange noise outside. a) Comment at» the use of the Present Indefinite and the Present Continuous: i. 7. b) Use the Present Indefinite or the Present Continuous instead of the infinitives in brackets: 1. You (to read) anything in English now? — Yes. Translate the sentences into English. he is just the same. What you (to think) of this drawing? — I (to think) it (to be) excellent. Your teeth are chattering. 2. что он хорошо поет. "How long you (to be) here?" she demanded angrily. 5. Я слышала. Я слышала. Он уже уехал в Петербург. c) Translate these sentences into Russian: 1. she couldn't take them in spring.1 am always telling Jerry that his uncle means more to him than his parents. Please wait till he (to finish). 3. 3. I myself never (to be) there. he (to have) his breakfast li. This pair of shoes is just what I (to look for) to match my new frock. O'Connor) GRAMMAR EXERCISES THE INDICATIVE MOOD REVISION EXERCISES ON TENSE AND VOICE (To Units One—Three) 1. 4. 8. что он занимается переводами с немецкого. Jack (to go) to Bulgaria for a holiday. 7. using I hear and I am told where possible: Notes: 1. a) Comment on the Present Perfect and the Present Perfect Continuous: 1. You often (to get) letters from her? — Not so very often. I hear music. я слышала. Of course. We may visit you and stay with you next year if it is convenient to you then.1 (to think) about it the last three days. A holiday camp usually (to have) its own swimming-pool and tennis courts. Nell (to have) a rest in the south. Margaret and I (to know) Lucy all our lives. Я слышала. Джейн прекрасно проводит время на побережье. I'll join them in their trip with pleasure if they (to invite) me. 5. Мне сказали. After all. 4.1 think there is something in the stories that have been going around. 4. My watch (to go) for three days and it (not to stop) yet 13.1 (not to see) what you (to drive) at. too.) 1. 6. Haven't seen you since the end of the term. I (to read) a play by Oscar Wilde. 12. Do you hear anything? — Yes. What you (to do} all the morning? 8. Нам сказали. He is going to write a new play. что он поправляется. Listen to me.1 see you (not to do) much. Hello. 6. What's that noise? — Mary (to break) a tea-cup. 2. Мне сказали. 3. вы собираетесь нас покинуть. 2. D. 14. он пишет новую книгу. (From "A Course of English Intonation by J. I (not to like) the girl. 3. Lewis. I'm sorry I can't accept your invitation. I hear. что вы сделали вчера интересный доклад. 10. 3. он поет в соседней комнате. 13. all of you! I (to come) with the most tremendous news.the beginning. 4. I've sent him four letters. So it really is a relief to talk it over with you. 12.1 believe he'll be much stronger after he spends his holidays in the mountains. Beryl has been telling me the most 175 . I (to guess). Example: I am told she is seriously ill. 2. we have already made our plans for the holiday. Mike. 4. 9. I'm going to suggest something to you. Hotels on the south coast are expensive. что они приезжают послезавтра. Anne is working hard for her exams now. You haven't yet said a word about your holiday. She hasn't bought any new clothes since the beginning of the year. — I've been waiting for my chance to put a word in. I've been talking it over with your mother. In spoken English I hear is often used instead of I have heard. It's hard to believe that it (to be) only two years and a half since I met him. Examples: I hear you wanted to see me. He (to change) very much? — No. 10. b) Use the Present Perfect or the Present Perfect Continuous instead of. — Yes. 5. I'm glad to know that you are coming to England this summer. 3. the infinitives in brackets: 1. 8. 9.'6. I am told is used with reference to the present. and see if our rule works for some of our other sentences. What's the matter with you? 3. 2. I hear you have been asking for me? 2. Я слышу. 7. 12. вы получили письмо от своего друга Марио. she continually (to bother) me with silly questions. 4. 7. 2. Я слышала. She (to play) at the concert tonight. 11. Can I see Doctor Trench? — I'm sorry you can't. it's such a bother to me. You (to enjoy) the trip? 10. I am told and I was told both correspond to the Russian «мне сказали». I've been wanting a word with you. 2. (= I hear she is seriously ill.1 (not to wear) this dress for two years. что они вернулись из Англии. you (to guess) right. 11. We (not to see) Edward for a long time. I hear.

А теперь мне надо укладываться. Она отложила в сторону книгу. Я никогда его не встречала и не знаю. accustomed to laugh at other people. What you (to say). Why you (to shut) your book? Please open it again on page ten. That's what I've been trying to remember since I met him. 6. where Alison was sitting with a book. The rain that (to fall) since the morning (to cease) by the afternoon. О чем они с тобой говорили? 7. — чистейшая выдумка. suddenly (to break off). Trafalgar Square (to be laid) about a hundred years ago. 5. Surely. 11. Послушай. 3. 15.1 (to get up) with a headache today and (to decide) to walk to my office instead of taking a bus. которую читала. When Bambys mother (to stand) up her head (to be hidden) among the branches. мы уезжаем рано утром. 8. I just (to be) there. я все хочу поговорить с тобой. Grant went to the drawing-room. 4. She (to know) Jim for more than ten years. Where you (to buy) these lovely gloves? 7. He (to say) he (to get) two letters from Alice. Мы не ожидали. 6. 4. No wonder he (to be) very tired. the Future Continuous and the Future 176 ." she thought. b) Use the required past tense instead of the infinitives in brackets: 1. 2. 3. 20. 22. 17. 9. It (to be) the poorest room Hilary ever (to see). flunking of the days that (to go) by. 10. Translate the sentences into English. 19. 5. 5. 3. she must be exaggerating. It is half past eight and you (not to do) your morning exercises yet. и подошла к окну. but a strong wind still (to blow) and the sky (to be covered) with dark clouds. 9. 15. It (to rain) heavily since the morning and she (not to allow) the children to go out.amazing things. 18. 9. который потеряли вчера? — Да. He was tired — he was so very tired. She (to say) it in a voice he never (to hear) before. У тебя такой расстроенный вид. 5.1 (to finish) my work for the day and (to rest) quietly in my arm-chair. George. or you (to forget) it? 16. как он выглядит. Ты плакала? 7. He (to work) too hard for the last three months. Where you (to put) my umbrella? I need it. что он недавно вернулся с Дальнего Востока. которую он вам сейчас рассказывал. Он взял его почитать перед сном. История. I'm afraid I don't understand you. 3. You (to enjoy) Mary's singing? 6. 14. You know. 21.1 (to be) fifteen and just (to come) back from school for the summer holiday. I (to be) sure they (to talk) about me. что он обо всем этом думает. It (to be decided) to say nothing to Sidney until the answer (to be received). У тебя покраснели глаза. 7. Have you changed yours? 4. 20. She (not to have) a holiday for two years. What (to be) her answer to your question? 19. When it was time to go I asked if I could see the rooms I had lived in for five years. что он придет. Вы нашли журнал. 2. (to suspect) that he (to be laughed) at. I've missed you very much these last few weeks. 4. Интересно знать. the Past Perfect and the Past Perfect Continuous: 1. He (to sit) there quietly for a while and then (to leave) unnoticed.1 am sorry. first had made his acquaintance through the Labour Party. It's locked. Я слышал. но он пришел. a) Comment on the use of the future tenses (the Future Indefinite. Gerald. 2.1 (to look) into the kitchen. Hartley? 10. Nobody knew he was going to London on Sunday. Mary-Ann (to put) the supper on a tray to take it into the dining-room. 2. she (to want) me to meet her. 13. When the ceremony (to take place)? 12. You (to meet) any interesting people at the holiday camp? 4. but could not follow what was being said. 14. 6. Том. 14. 1. It's a dream I've been having. He (to say) he (to wait) for more than an hour. 16. 11. All the stories in this book were written before the first World War. 5. His face seems familiar to me. 13.1 hear you just (to get) married. who (to teach) at that time in a Grammar school in London. Do you remember my name. A few months ago they (to pull) down some old houses in our street and (to begin) to build a new block of flats. You (to read) "The Man of Property"? — I (to begin) the book last week and just (to finish) it. She (to read) the book ever since she (to come) from school and couldn't tear herself away from it. Now I am feeling much better. When I (to call) on him I (to find) that he (to be) out. Soon I (to get) a letter from her to the effect that she (to return) from the South of France. Where she (to go)? Maybe she is in the lab? — No. 8. who (to laugh) loudly. Old George (not to be) here for years! 13. paying attention to the use of tenses: 1. ever since her husband. 12. 16. Use the Past Indefinite or the Present Perfect instead of the infinitives in brackets: N o t e : Remember that the Present Perfect is always associated with the present. С минуту она смотрела на отца. "It can't be true. I've asked him to lunch on Sunday. Зачем ты открыла окно? На улице очень шумно. Nothing in it (to be changed) since his arrest. Она всегда задает вопросы. and the Past Indefinite refers the action to some past moment. 6. когда послали за доктором. I haven't changed my mind. the Past Continuous. — А где вы его нашли? — На письменном столе отца. 8. 9. Arthur (to go) up to his room. It seemed to him that he had been tired for a very long time. His first question to the girl (to be): "Where you (to see) the man?" 18. a) Comment on the Past Indefinite. 15. She listened. Mr. 6. Mr. because they (to break off) as soon as I (to enter). 17. I (to tremble) tike a leaf. 7. Он был болен уже два дня. 12. Он тяжело дышал и не мог вымолвить ни слова. No sooner she (to arrive) at the station than a fast London train (to come in). 10. 8. Dennant. затем повернулась и вышла из комнаты. When and where I (to see) him? 11. 10.

I can't bear the idea of my soul being so bad and ugly.1 suppose you (to work) very hard in the autumn. So when I (to be) told by Miss Fellows. that my own talk (to be) no better than theirs. You must not eat any solid food until your temperature (to go down). 10." (to sigh) the father. never (to talk) about anything worth talking about. I can't think." Dorian made no answer at first. Harry — perfectly brutal. who. I want to be good. "I must be off.1 hope you (not to forget) all this by tomorrow! 3. 14. How you've grown! Good gracious me. you (to get) a moustache soon! 2. before taking leave of the old man. the matter (to be) more important to him than to you. how she (to catch) this germ. I (to find) out by accident. The general conversations of English society (to be) dull. my landlady. Replace the Infinitives in brackets by the required tense." said Dorian. or even a cold. doctor." he (to reply). By the 1st of January he will have worked at the laboratory for six years. "I am perfectly happy now. When we (to get) back they (to have) supper. as young men so easily (to conclude). She (to do) her home-work after supper. Nobody knows when it all (to be settled)." "She (to be) certainly very subject to infection. "One never (to have) time to see any of the people one (to want) to. and I was brutal to her. I always (to remember) his face. 3. when they (to be) all together. Alroy Kear (to wish) me to ring him up at once. Dorian. more than one (to study) a science." "It (to be) difficult to persuade her to take care of herself. though. 13. Change the following from direct into indirect speech: Suddenly there came a knock to the door and Dorian heard Lord Henry's voice outside: "My dear boy. 5. "She (to have) hardly any temperature today. shaking his hand and smiling. 6. She will be telling it to other aunts. and nobody else (to have) influenza. no. it (to be) a national characteristic. five or six (to see) a great deal of the world. 4. "but when she (to be) better I certainly (to suggest) it to her. Don't tell your aunt about it. Let's lunch together one day. finding you out. When it (to come) to making you a present or doing you a favour most people (to be) able to hold their impatience. Use the reguired tense instead of the infinitives in brackets: "Shall I call again tomorrow?" (to ask) the doctor. and I (to conclude). I was afraid of finding you tearing that nice curly hair of yours." he (to say)." said Lord Henry. that Mr. 12. A little reflection (to remind) me. Use the required teases instead of the infinitives in brackets: I (to notice) that when someone (to ask) for you on the telephone and. "Oh. But it is all right now. Their general conversations (to be) absolutely empty and dull. 11. If we (not to get) there before seven. and (to bring) home the results of much observation." "I have got through all that. 10. Look! The leaves are yellow. While I (to live). they (to do) everything. shall we?" As I (to smoke) a pipe before going to bed I (to turn) over in my mind the possible reasons for which Roy 177 . her cough is easier. Jim will still be sleeping. She hardly (to be) out of the house for the last three weeks." he said. at the beginning of the winter. after a while. owing to the intense-ness of the cold. we (to send) for you if she (not to be) so well. will often work marvels. I shall begin by marrying Sibyl Vane. that some Of these men (to have) more than common culture in various directions: one or two (to travel) far. 9. "But you must not think too much of it. and the pain quite (to disappear). Tell me. I must see you.1 know you (to whisper) when Peg (to go). 6. and consequently that there (may) be others in the company who also (to know) more and (to think) more than they (to express). 4." (After Oscar Wilde) 11.1 don't think he (to wire) before he (to arrive). "I am sorry for it all. I (not to see) Roy for three months and then only for a few minutes at a party. Dorian. You always do. as he entered. It (to be) a youthful mistake to conclude the men (to be) dull because their general conversation (to be) very dull. they (to fall) soon. and with profit.1 probably (to want) to see the book before he (to finish) it. that those twenty or thirty gentlemen (to have) not half a dozen ideas among them. 7. one or two (to read) largely. however. did you see Sibyl Vane after the play was over?" "Yes. 8. 5. She ever (to try) a course of injections to strengthen her system against these germs? Three injections at intervals of a week.Perfect): 1. I'm sure. 2. Don't come so early. 15. I cannot bear your shutting yourself up like this. 8." "Ah. paying attention to the sequence of tenses: Many years ago I (to be thrown) by accident among a certain society of Englishmen. (to leave) a message begging you to call him up the moment you come in. I'll try to get there as soon as I can. I'm not sure if he (to be) glad to see me." b) Use the required future or present tense instead of tee infinitives in brackets where necessary: 1." 9. I am so glad. but then jumped up and unlocked the door. Another ten years and you'll have forgotten all about it. "London (to be) awful. By next Sunday you (to stay) with us for five weeks. I (to feel) that I (can) safely ignore his request. "I’ll be back for lunch. Let me in at once.

and I have been keeping you awake. "I (not to come) in. what did you say?" 13. как погода изменилась. I (not to want) anyone to speak to me. Я много о ней слышала. The wind had dropped a little and from somewhere behind the house a cuckoo was calling. Maugham) 12. He (to look) up with surprise. Good night. Her soft voice made him tremble. He looked at his watch. П. Сейчас она живет у тетки. 10. rousing herself. "No. It was now over a year. It (to be) the end of June. о ней хорошо отзываются. She caressed her closed eyes for a moment with long fingers.(may) want me to lunch with him. You really never (to be) to a ball before." said Miranda. Hello. She looked at me wonderingly as if asking. 10. I don't know what (to come) over me. And now. Несколько дней Дик был задумчив. and I (to see) the tears dropping on it. "India? You (to go) to India?" 7. "Why you (not to light) the gas?" I (to say) to Ted. как он живет в России. as you always do. at least he (to pretend) to. Как жаль. 3. 2. (After S. "I feel you've been here for years. 13. посещениях врача и так далее. Ключ искали с самого утра. я не знала. who (to be married) last year. 3. But I (to be) sure it (not to be) what people and what books (to mean) when they (to talk) about love.1 never (to know) anyone I (to like) as much as I (to like) you. 14. in case Mummy's wondering where I am. All the lamps (to be lit). I (to feel) that if I (to go on) sitting in that room I (to go) mad. with the voice of reality. I (not to want) anything. 7. Он заходил кo мне. Translate these sentences Into English: 1. Randall (to hesitate). "Sorry. и нам было ясно. знает. 8. "What has been happening to me?" 2. He (not to hear) from her since she (to leave). Эта пожилая женщина с добрым лицом и седыми волосами — главный врач больницы. But where? Where had I seen the girl? 13. I think I'd better go back. что доктор ушел Я не спросила его. 5. Emma removed her glasses and set her knitting aside. then all of a sudden I (to notice) that it (to be) night. You weren't asleep. Mildred would be waiting for him. 11. except for a postcard. 3." 11. 4. Вы давно знаете друг друга? 9. 6. It's been a wonderful evening for me. что вы меня ждете. I (not to look) round when the landlady (to come up) to clear away. 16. What they (to say) to each other now? 10. but he (not to turn) the page. Она долго сидела в саду и не знала. Они не отъехали и тридцати километров. Leila? 3. John! You (to wait) long? 5. "Steve loved birds. Я слышала. "Have I been asleep?" 5. Я бы хотела знать.1 hope I haven't disturbed you. We (not to be) able to hear each other speak. но нигде не могли найти. We are starting at dawn. когда принимать пилюли. I (to look) at the people going in and out of the public-house and the trams going up and down. Где вы были все это время? — Извините. что происходит в доме. My wife (to be) in Europe for the last ten months on a visit to our eldest girl. куда они положили мои книги. were you? 6. Splendid to think we'll be getting into the country this weekend! 6. Lucy. Use the required tenses instead of the infinitives in brackets: The landlady (to bring) the tea. She (to tell) him that she (to ring) him. 7. Он. Use the required tenses instead of the infinitives in brackets and translate the sentences into Russian: I. 6. I never (to feel) so happy with anyone. что он обдумывает какой-то план. She said. It was time to go in now. I was sure I had seen her." He (to light) the gas. 12. "He always used to feed them. If we (to go) down to the restaurant we (to be interrupted). He would ring a bell every morning and the birds would come. The green door (to open) and (to shut) again and all (to be) silence. 12. Then she woke up and said. 15. I (to think) the day never (to come) to an end. I (to keep on) looking out of the window. Katherine asked Lewis what they had been telling him about young Luke. It was true. Он преподает с тех пор. You can go alone. 4. 8. Вот увидите. and the days (to be) long. My dear Jonny! How long you've been coming home! 5." 9. через минуту она будет рассказывать вам о своих болезнях. Do you know when the results will be out? 15. "You've grown!" said Randall. but Ted (to make) me eat some ham. but she (not to do) so. And what you've been saying is quite right. Let's have dinner up here. Он преподаватель английского языка. 15. как окончил университет. что она заболела и находится в больнице." he (to say). I (to want) to go somewhere where there (to be) lights and people. Ted (to read) a book. Goodness gracious! What's that? It's the clock striking! So late. Ellen. You speak to me. 2. Why are you always hiding from me? 4. Daddy. Good 178 . Think of a suitable context to use the following sentences: 1. В будущем году исполнится 10 лет. She had changed. 16. She (to be) disappointed if you (not to come). 4." she said'. не знает твоего нового адреса? — Нет. 9. 8. кажется. Она сказала. 14. When Francis and Foy left. если не получит никаких известий из дому. and the music (to be) so loud there. "It's no good sitting in the dark. He (to wait) a minute or two. что пошлет телеграмму. Comment on the use of tenses in the following sentences and translate them into Russian: 1. I've been looking for you everywhere. 2. Then I (to sit) at the window. В какую больницу ее отвезли? 14.

I (to wonder) if you (can) write it for me? 13. Professor. If she were my sister. If I were you . 6. 9.1 don't see what you (to drive) at. 17.. If I had a dictionary I could translate the article. 12. He was alarmed by the thought that he (to have) to talk to the girl all the way back. 5. "Where you (to hide)?" 3. a flask. my old doll! You (to find) it in Ann's room? I (to forget) all about it by now." 12. 6. 13. "How are you?" she asked. Dixon.. and biscuits. If you had left earlier you would have caught the tram." said Glover. Scarfield. 14. I've been meaning to tell you that Christine's coming to the dance after all.. Steve?" his wife asked him. As they (to stroll) up College Road.." said Mrs. 7. Pinfold (not to sleep) for very long. I've been talking to the Principal about the College Open Week at the end of the term. If you had waited -a little . and she's bringing her uncle with her. He (to awake) as usual very early. — I hope so too. 2. "Hallo. If I were young I should have a walking holiday. We (to come) for you when we (to want) you.. In the dining-saloon he (to notice) that the dark man who (to sit) alone (to be) now at a table with Mrs. If you had taken the medicine the doctor prescribed you.. we've only been speaking to you for your own good. he would never have known. Carol. I've been wondering when I shall see you again. She wouldn't be calm if she knew what has happened. The vase is beautiful. Ned. 21. you two. 7. 6. 8. "How are you feeling. Pay attention to the use of the Continuous tenses. Why. If the weather were fine . Benson. I know very little of him. 7. 3.1 remember it so clearly as if it had happened only yesterday.. though we (to live) so near all these years.1 (to have) my eye on him ever since we (to start). 9. 17.1 only want to ask when the decision (to take). 4. If it were not so late . I (not to feel) very well. . She promised she would be calm. He was not a cruel man by nature. I'll help you if I can. we'd like to know the date.heavens.. Oh... 3. Dixon was a bit disappointed. THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD (To Units One—Three) 19. .. Dixon. I8. You would hardly know him if you met him. 8. Had he been listening! 8. that I've been worrying about my position here in the last few months. If you invited him ." he (to cry) gaily. My mother (to come) to stay with us next weekend. 2. Name the oblique moods used in the following sentences and translate the sentences into Russian: 1. My parents (to come) to see me unexpectedly. 11. 6. If I had known that. . 4. If you hated sick people you wouldn't be a doctor. She was sure I had not told him the bad news. If I had not told him. Cockson and Mrs. Don't look at me as if you didn't know me. Jago told Eliot that Nightingale and he just (to discuss) the future of the college. by the way. He was looking for his cigarettes when John came in at the door. 2. If I could play the piano." 2. 10. She said she didn't know me. I'm afraid I must be off now. I'm afraid. I have one or two points I want to take up with you. 4. Welch said from the piano." Mrs.. 4. Good-bye. he (to feel) none of the pleasurable excitement he (to expect). I'm sure you appreciate. 9. Oh... 5. Welch. 12. If it were Sunday today . Margaret Peel (to tell) me that Bertrand (to come) down at the weekend. 11. .1 want to send a telegram. thanks. If you had read the article I recommended.. 5.1 (to want) us to have a little talk for quite some time. Translate the sentences into Russian: 1.. I've been feeling very depressed recently. She did not know where she was and what had happened. 8. "I simply don't know what you're talking about. 13. The article was not difficult and I could translate it. "In a couple of days it will be getting hot. We should never have found the house if a passer-by hadn't helped us. 8. found his spirits kicking upwards at the sight of a tray with cups. 10.. Thank you. Scarfield asked: "Are you joining us for a rubber?" and he replied: "Not this evening. you would feel better now. . Now then. "I'm awfully sorry. 14. Mrs. b) using the Subjunctive Mood: 179 . I've written to Uncle asking him to let me know when he's coming back. 15.. who had been showing a disposition to tremble. You wouldn't find another to match it if you tried. 3. 7. Better lock the door. 5. "All right. Complete the following sentences a) using the Conditional Mood.. 14. in different words. That evening before dinner he joined the Scarfields. Comment on the mood of the verb in the following sentences: 1. Good-bye. 16. 7.1 (to be) sure you (to finish) your work by six o'clock. I (to enjoy) myself very much. 9. If she lived in Moscow . that's exactly what I've been saying. you'd know how to answer such questions. "We are all waiting. dear.. 9. I shouldn't have come. 15. 16. Ever since that summer Ball. She (to say) she (to do) the washing tomorrow. At the end of dinner Mrs. I hope?" 11. Mr. Well.. Mr. and (to be) secretly a little ashamed of the part he (to play) during the last month. They say Frank has changed greatly. — Oh. 4. old boy.. "not so tired. 20. I have been working. Use the required tenses instead of the infinitives in brackets and comment on their use: 1. 10. 15. Beesley began talking about the examination results in his Department 12. I hope very much you'll be coming on Saturday. . 6. yes. in fact. If I were you I should pay no attention to what she says. 5. 1. If you had done as I told you . 10. You (to notice) anything odd about him? 16. Doris. . that's all 2.. The garden (to look) quite different now when the leaves (to fall). Shut the door after you! 3. 10.

They took a taxi and didn't miss the train.. И. Если бы вы знали его так же хорошо.. если бы постарались.. мы бы уже все закончили. 12. 4. He doesn't write to me. 2. 15. вы бы ему тоже доверяли. It was a beautiful idea. The garden doesn't look beautiful because the trees are bare.. 6. We did not meet so often because she lived far from my place. 5. если бы ему не было холодно. It would be very nice if.. Dora wished she had got her book out of the suitcase before the train started. 16. as if he were confiding a secret. которые прописал врач. Если бы вы мне позвонили. 11. Что бы вы сказали. что ты позвала меня. 10. You are not quite all right now because you didn't take the medicine regularly. 18.. Will you do it for me if I ask you? 24. если бы знала. He would have done it for you. 10. 6. My uncle (to be) able to help us if he (to be) here. I wish that we could see him. — She would help us if she were here. If I (to have) enough money I (to buy) this cassetterecorder. а не пароходом. 8. 9. She didn't find the book because she didn't open the bag. 10.. It's a good idea.1 (to come) sooner if I (to know) you were here. 7. 13. если бы могла. Знай мы это тогда.. you (to enjoy) the play. 5.1 remember now that his colour had gone in a moment and he seemed to breathe as if he had been running. если бы поехали поездом. — We should have met more often if she had not lived so far from my place.. 6.1. 18. You (to be) able to speak English better if you (to study) harder. They'd be only very glad if. Suddenly he smiled and spoke in a changed voice. She looked content. if. если бы мне разрешили. что это так важно. Если бы ты последовал моему совету.1 didn't give it to you because you were out. 22. They would play tennis now if . If I (to be) you I (to have) a long wall' "s the park. Nobody told me about your trouble. Change into sentences of unreal condition: E x a m p l e s: She won't help us as she is not here. 11. We (to enjoy) the play better if it (not to be) so long. Translate these sentences into English: 1. Я уверен. It isn't summer now.. as though she had been waiting for this moment all day. 5. 8. or he will write to her.. 19. and we don't go to the country. 23.1 must be off now. 4. Comment on the use of the Subjunctive Mood and translate the sentences into Russian: a) 1. 20. 12. я бы зашел вчера. Если бы я умела хорошо играть на рояле. 7. если у мальчика заболит горло? 3. 8. ? 7. 25. 6. 3... He nodded his head to her and turned hastily in the direction of his own room. 9. как я. He wished heartily that Mildred had not consulted him. правда. 9. 12. 21. 16.. 19. Dick. 14. если бы не было так поздно.. He isn't quite well. 6. What would you do if. He wished she had not seen him. что они говорят. 2.. 17. 17. Вы бы сэкономили время.1 don't study Italian as I haven't much spare time. Supply the correct mood of the verbs in brackets: 1. 4. он не выглядел бы таким озабоченным. вы бы чувствовали себя теперь гораздо лучше. осталась. 8. If she (to be) older she (to understand) you better. То. Какое лекарство вы бы рекомендовали. and I don't write to him. 5.. you (not to keep on) smiling. 14. Я бы давно это сделала. 9. and the work won't be finished today. 20.. I'm sure. что вы могли бы сделать это без моей помощи. 3. He doesn't know her address..1 wish I could feel sure about it 8. Hugh was 180 . все было бы теперь в порядке. I wished I had thought of it myself. На вашем месте я бы не пошел туда без приглашения. чтобы упрекать. Если бы вы регулярно принимали лекарства. It will be better if they don't come. We (not to know) anything about their plans for the summer holidays if Mario (not to send) us a letter. If he (to be) in town yesterday he (to call) on us. 5. I'd have a walking holiday if. 17. Если бы все было в порядке..1 should help her if. Мальчик не дрожал бы. Дайте ему чашку горячего чая. 14. 6. На вашем месте я бы с ними не спорила. They will do it if they can.. Я бы давно ответила на твой вопрос. no doubt. If you (to go) to the theatre last night. I (to help) you if I (to hear) about it. 2.1 should have come yesterday if. Если бы вы не отказались от его предложения. Don't you wish you had come earlier? b) 1. I'm sure.. мы бы уехали все вместе. but feared to give offence. He refuses my help. If she (to come) earlier she (to be) able to see them before they went out. 10. It seemed as though he wished to speak. Everything would have been all right if.1 have a headache because I had a sleepless night.. Если бы я знала. He makes so many mistakes because he doesn't know grammar well enough.. 5. If 1 (can) help you I readily (to do) so. You were very kind to that foreigner. If I (to know) of your arrival I (to meet) you. 16. 2. 13. 18. If they (not to help) us we (not to find) the way. She didn't follow the doctor's advice and fell seriously ill.. Her eyes had shadows as though she had not slept. 3.. 19. If it (not to be) so late I (to stay) a little longer. 1. We should go to the country if . If you (to come) between two and three yesterday you (to find) him in. 3. 15. He (to act) differently if he (to realize) the situation. 4. Это было вовсе не трудно. 4. 15. пожалуй.1 can't knit another sweater as I have no more wool. 7. Anne can't translate this song: she doesn't know French well enough. The boy is shivering. мы бы приняли меры..1 (to do) the same if I (to be) there. but you know I can't. "3. а не сидели бы здесь одни. Мы бы с удовольствием посидели еще часок. 2. 7. 13. Если бы мы начали работать рано утром.. 4. если бы я пригласил его провести с нами субботу и восхресенье? 2. He wished she had not been there. я бы сыграла для вас. If you (to know) what it is all about. Я бы.1 wish I had thought of it before.. я бы не пришла.

2. 9. 13. 5. he's a stubborn boy. 5. Come along. 7. and I'm going to talk to you as if you were grown-up. 9. I don't know how to address him." 18. 16. d) 1. Why say it even if it were true? 3.1 think it (to be) natural if you (to join) them.1 wish I never (to see) you. If only he had told you the whole story! 5. Sir Horace asked me one or two questions and it wouldn't have been decent manners not to reply. But Mrs. 15. 4. If only I could believe that! 4. 3. But for my help he would have failed at the final exam. It seems to me that what she refused then she would be glad to get now. Если бы вы знали симптомы кори. He was in a great hurry and had no time to think it over. 17. 181 . 20. If you break your promise.1 think it would be natural if you joined them. Они сотворили чудо. Я думаю. I wish I (to know) his name. 12. кто из нас прав: ты или я. Если бы не его хорошее здоровье. Было бы хорошо выпить чашечку кофе. 28. If only she were with us! 6. 3. 17. 6. 7. а то он принял бы участие в спортивных состязаниях. Comment on the use of the Conditional Mood and translate the sentences into Russian: 1. He stared at me as if I (to ask) him something very odd. 14. 9. 10. если бы не хороший уход в больнице. Было бы полезно посоветоваться с врачом. она не рассердилась бы. 5. We shouldn't have managed them alone. But even if you were right I should prefer to act in my own way. You never did anything good to anyone. он не смог бы выдержать всех трудностей этой экспедиции. 4. Я бы пошел с вами в столовую. 2." 8. It wouldn't have astonished me if he had found some reasonable excuse and stayed away. 10. 2. Было бы интересно выяснить. 6. Хорошо. If only it were true! 3. что это была не скарлатина. 27. доктор. Translate the sentences into English.1 (to be) sure of it if I (to be) you. Otherwise he would have found a better way out. 19. paying attention to the use of the Conditional Mood: 1. My wife says she wishes I (to be) a thousand miles away. 21. вы бы сразу же поняли. Она бы хорошо училась. "You (to take) me to Grayhallock if I (to ask)?" 15. 13. I'm thinking of good results we've achieved together. If only father were alive! 2. 12. "I wouldn't go if you didn't want me to. I'd be very glad. 12. A few years before he would not have said so of Jago. and it was as if they were listening for distant footsteps. I (to send) you a telegram. as though he were concealing some pain. Если бы не ваши пилюли. Don't you think it (to be) rather nice if we (to ask) her to stay on for a week as our guest? 16.surprised and annoyed and chilled as if the temperature of the room were sinking steadily. "Don't be sorry. Don't look at me as if you never (to see) me before. c) 1. 9. Remember her! As if I (can) forget her! 14.1 should have sent her away. If only I hadn't mentioned his name! How foolish of me! 26.1 myself shouldn't agree to that. 7. но мы очень заняты сегодня. Вам было бы очень полезно заняться спортом. 19. Если бы ты вчера оделась потеплее." said Randall. 13. 10. I feel as if my head (to be) on fire. "I (to be) relieved if you (to go). что вы послушались совета врача. да часто болеет и пропускает занятия. Было бы приятно искупаться в такую жаркую погоду. And you behave as if we were two people who were acquainted. 16. You're almost grown-up now. or else I'd have come up and apologized. Then he suddenly said. only I thought you wanted her to talk into your machines. 8. Было бы важно узнать его мнение по этому вопросу. No doubt somebody would have noticed if she hadn't been there. If I (to tell) you you might have thought it was my choice. Jassie! It would do you more harm to stay by yourself. Even if you only thought that I could be of any help to you. people will say that Crawford would never have done so in similar circumstances 11. Supply the correct mood of the verbs in brackets: 1. меня бы положили в больницу. if it (to be) settled somehow. Jago's imitation of Lady Muriel was not exact." I said with deep regret. Even though you asked him twice he would do it again. Я поехал бы на юг. 15. 9. 5. They would all be only glad to see you. He felt as if he (to float) in the air." she said. 10. "How I wish I (to be) there with you. 8. Он бы не поправился так быстро после болезни. я бы присоединилась к вашей компании. the weather isn't going to present difficulties. В прошлое воскресенье дождь лил целый день. It's a pity to find us divided now. I'm sure. 11. Everything will clear up very soon. "Would everything have been different if mother hadn't died?" she thought 10. I'd be very happy to be allowed to stay around. 18. Он поехал бы с нами. Lady Muriel would never have called men by their college titles. ты бы сегодня не кашляла и не чихала. If you had done you would have more support now.1 should get there even if I had to walk all the way. I shouldn't worry now in your place. If only I (to know) earlier. Well.' да уж очень вы шумели. And you must help me. he wasn't in town. 7. Он говорит. но мой врач мне не рекомендует. что у него что-то не в порядке с сердцем. Если бы не головная боль. 4. иначе мы поехали бы за город 14. You couldn't have got in touch with him even if you had tried. 8. 11. 18. She even didn't want to look in my direction. Мы бы охотно вам помогли. 7. иначе вам было бы не избежать воспаления легких. But for the bees we should have no honey. At that moment she wished she (not to send) for him. 6. 2. если бы не его внезапная болезнь. They stared at each other in the silence of the house. Even if it (to be) twice as dangerous I (to carry out) my plan. It looks as though it (to set in) fine. Had we known in time we could have prevented the catastrophe. 4. 17. но врач прописал мне диету. There was a curious carefulness about his manner. 3. 6. at any rate. 8. "You see.

22. MODAL VERBS80 (To Units Four—Six) can. что это так! 15. 7. 16. Если бы только он не был таким ленивым! 14. Даже если бы мы получили телеграмму вчера.1 may travel out with Uncle. Supply the correct mood of the verbs in brackets: 1. 6. He took up a position from which he could see what was going around. что ушел рано. 6. Что бы вы сделали на моем месте? 27.1 (to give) a good deal for that assurance! 8. несчастного случая не произошло бы.1 wish you (to show) more sign of not liking it in practice. 16. Рэндал рассердился так. 30. But he could not. Do you think you could complete it by the evening? 11. если бы я могла быть уверенной. "So be it. 14. что она не сестра мне. Не смотри на меня так. 2. I (to expect) you to discuss it with me. 5. что сказать. After a moment's silence he (to break out): "It (to be) a nuisance if I (to beg) a cup of tea in your rooms?" 4. Are you glad to see me? — You're funny. я бы сводила детей в зоопарк. 8. Oh. You must thank him. Это было бы важно тогда. Вам было бы полезно спать с открытым окном круглый год 31. чтобы была ночь вместо утра. чтобы никто не видел. и мне надо идти в аптеку. 9. Если бы не велосипед. 11. Translate the sentences into Russian: 1. даже если бы почувствовала себя плохо. 18. Mr. He could neither move nor speak. как будто она не знает. Я бы этого никогда не сделал без вашей помощи. он бы нас не догнал. 7. 5." said Chrystal. Whoever he be. 7. may 32. Dermant's glance rested on Shelton and quickly fell down to the ground as though he (to see) something that alarmed him.1 wish I (can) play tennis as well as you do." returned Steerford. но он не спал и пристально смотрел на спинку кровати. что оставили его там одного. I knew he (to be) silly. все равно было бы слишком поздно. But for your friendship I (to feel) lonely here. 12. О. he must be punished. in the late afternoon. Даже если бы я была очень занята. 20.1 wish he (to be) a bit stronger against Crawford. The workers demanded that their wages be increased. Do you think you could command an army? 20. мы не сделали бы перевод так быстро и не были бы сейчас свободны. did not know how to turn and go away. 6. я бы ее очень любила. 3. 11. я бы остался дома. 4. Мы пожалели. Now it was Wednesday. I wonder what that could have meant? 18. Translate the sentences into English paying attention to the use of the Subjunctive and the Conditional: I. 13. 23. 21. Her voice sounded as though something (to offend) her. что сегодня не воскресенье. 29. Without him we (not to achieve) any success. Could you bring us some ginger-ale? 6. but I (not to believe) that he (to be) as silly as that. Как жаль. I don't believe I could utter one of the old sounds if I tried. Я бы посоветовала вам обратиться к зубному врачу. 19. ?. Если бы не ваша беспечность. 9. 182 .1 can't tell stories. 5. как будто были истрачены его собственные деньги. Ему уже ничем нельзя было помочь. If she had said "He's gone to Mars" she could not have dealt James a more stunning blow. Она желала. Lady Bonington in the place of the poor! 8. 3. What could you know of such things? 15. when he comes. Oh! If I only could go back to my flower basket! 3. Странная женщина! Она не стала бы советоваться с врачом. Как бы вы ответили на этот вопрос? 26. 19. 9. но у меня болен братишка. Я бы пошел с вами. He saw it as clearly as though it (to be) before his eyes. Success attend you! 3. 12. Say whether could is the form of the Indicative or of the Subjunctive. Dick! As if you (not to know). 2. never could. 2. Could it be that he is lying? 17. I wish she (not to look) so pale. но не теперь. If I (to think) as you do I (to feel) miserable. что он уехал. not we. это не помогло бы. we're so thirsty. Я никогда не обманывал вас. Shelton could not help a smile. 18. If I thought like you I couldn't stay another day in India. 8. если бы больной ребенок уснул. 5. What could he do to help her? If only his father were alive! He could have done so much! 13. and he was determined to go. 80 Before studying modal verbs the students must learn all the forms of the infinitive. come what might. Как жаль. 15. как она несчастна. Было поздно. Если бы я знал. что вы мне не верите. Comment on the use of the Old Present Subjunctive and translate the sentences into Russian: 1. 10. 14. 17. и было бы естественно. что ты првдешь. 13. See that all be present. 4. Henry? 10. Could you believe that? 16. 10. The mountains were a long way away and you could see snow on their tops. When Hilary opened the door the stranger made a quick movement forward. Он пожалел.1 can't for the life of me understand why you didn't wait before they decided. как будто никогда не видел меня раньше. He couldn't be so sure if he didn't know it for certain. 19. How could you be so silly. I (to thank) Winslow much. 2. Как жаль. Даже если бы ему сделали операцию. He insisted that the boy remain in bed. "If I (to be) Crawford. He looked up sharply as if he (to make) a dangerous remark 17. Если бы не его сообразительность. 12. 4. My sentence is that the prisoner be hanged. 28. 24. almost as if he (to be) going to stick his foot hurriedly to the opening. 25. Gustave. Обидно. but it (to be) such fun if you (to come). У нее такой вид. я бы все равно нашла время навестить ее в больнице.

Say what you like. but a vague hope that he might have been mistaken had encouraged him. 34. 8.. Can it really be as bad as that? 19. You can't take the knowledge you gave me.. I don't know..1 will let you know. sir. 4. Он не умел читать по-латыни и не мог понять. чтобы они нас заметили. Наружность обманчива. Let's ring them up and find out. Fenwill's house was built on the top of the hill and . if you like.. it's too late. Freddy (to do) all this time? He has been gone for twenty minutes. James. Они совсем не похожи друг на друга. хотя и старался выглядеть беззаботным. 13. Daddy. нет. I'm sure...1.1. 22. 22. you can take Agatha down. there must be one (a cab). Неужели это маленькая Лиззи? Как она выросла! 16. Могу я видеть управляющего? — К сожалению.. Неужели ты не можешь объяснить родителям. Really. Oh? Freddy. I came when he had gone.„not (to hear) us. and what's more. Mr. 1. You may want a friend some day. Не мог бы ты дать мне конспекты при условии. что это так срочно. что ты не в состоянии поехать туда? 24.33.. using. 10. 5. Doolittle? I should be very sorry to miss your wedding. 4.. что можно избежать операции. 24. you might have spared Freddy that! 20. он может обмануть вас. If he had brought a weapon Soames might have used it at that moment. 35.40. Не мог он этого сказать. чтобы это была правда. Можно тебя на несколько слов? — Ну. Translate the sentences into Russsian: 1.1 don't believe a single word of his. Translate Into English. it's not like her. 10.. Нельзя судить о человеке по внешности. 4... 17. 17. чтобы они были брат и сестра. 5. которые нельзя излечить. She might be a sistei of Mercy. 17.. 13. 14. Mr. Вы его легко можете узнать по благородному орлиному профилю. not (to be) her father: he is too young. что ему прописал врач. Still there is the risk that he might come.. Anne can't mean that. Jane may have met him at her uncle's. 25. "Still there may be truth in what he said. Use the verb can in the correct form followed by the appropriate infinitive: 1. Nothing can be done. I hope 183 .. 15. Это на него не похоже. 16. You . 13. If he weren't ill he might be in much greater danger. Неужели это правде. 14. 12. "Can he be my son?" she thought. He is much better and can walk without my help now. He can't have taken it (the box) upstairs this morning. Somebody helped him. What .. I can't exactly express my meaning. Не может быть. 23.. I am not a person who . 24. He might be seen in the club any night of the year. Вряд ли это так. Мы просто не знаем. I still feel tired. 11. 15. He . I think we might be great friends. 7. Я заметил у него седые волосы на висках. They . 21. 9. 9. Comment on the form and meaning of the verb may.. She has a university education and .. что его сердце перестало биться. Comment on the form and meaning of the verb can. Он опытный инженер. It is quite fine. not (to swim) — I wish I. 26.. Можно было видеть. Вряд ли он мог допустить такую ошибку.. May I ask whether you complain of your treatment here? 16. the rain has stopped. You can keep the change. He had known before he looked. в чем дело? 21. 27. Не может быть. чтобы они нас не заметили. 8. мы могли бы заблудиться. 28.." 3. 7. Вряд ли он так молод. Он не так глуп. Уже темнело. 23. He . 15. 12. Во всяком случае мы не можем это доказать. It may be so or it may be not. May I come. 14. She can play the piano quite beautifully. I'm afraid they may hear us from the house. Вам придется подождать.. . I suppose she might be glad to see him. Surely Holly might have told him all this before. 25. Clara. как ты думаешь. You can take my other umbrella. если бы знал.. Have you a friend whom you .. He . (to trust)? 2. (to make) a career for herself if she hadn't married.. Неужели все это лишь его фантазия? 8.. We can easily catch the 3. He может быть. You can wait in the kitchen. We'll go away today. 3. You can't have tried. что он стал известным актером? 3. They may not have come back yet. Она надеется. though I am not sure. If you had asked me for money I. he still (to sleep)? It seems to me they simply don't want us to see him. (to see) from afar.. 12. 6. 9. It is possible that he may leave it as it is. . He could not take his eyes off her. not (to forget). 2. Он будет сегодня в 12.. There's such a smell of burning. Я бы давно мог это сделать. Не может быть. Это нельзя сделать так быстро. I suffered most from the thought that people might guess my state. 10. Knock again.. "The old actor was drunk. 9. not (to do) in two days. Can you believe the girl? Can it be true? 16. but the work . 22. Could she have done it without consulting me? 18.. Поначалу он не мог нащупать пульса и решил. Не может быть. 5. We can walk to a motor bus. 8. This may be the reason of their refusal to join us. he can't have failed to leam the news before us. (to lend) you some. Translate the sentences into Russian: 1. (to tell) me the answer but he refused to. 26. mamma. 21. the verb can. 12. (to tell) a lie. I think you might work harder! 18. you (to make) such a mistake as to suppose that I was younger than you? 6.. 19. 4.. Mr. 5. 3. I don't care. Oh! It can't be true! 11. 10. 7. 23. I should think. not (to see) me. What have you been doing all the morning? 7. чтобы он солгал. not (to sleep) two hours. 36. Мы были довольно далеко от них. 2. 19. 17. 2.. Мы были совсем близко. Can I go down and see? 20. He couldn't have done it all by himself. что есть болезни.. как их лечить. На вашем месте я бы ему не доверял. 15. What is done cannot be undone. He was so weak that he could not lift his head. Если бы не он. что вы могли бы предложить при подобных обстоятельствах? 6. Let's go a little farther." thought he. 13. Я не верю. so you can be there. 11. 6. Surely you . Higgins told me I might come. I don't believe you. 11. 20.. (to do) it before. что он был взволнован. Интересно. How . что я верну их послезавтра? 18. 14.

. 6.. мы можем опоздать. be three years ago. 16. 9.. 9. It . I fear they .. что это город контрастов." Bertrand said. — Will you be coming again this year. but he couldn't tell whether she was glad or sorry when it came. Мне тоже можно прийти. have said I don't know for I left.. она»не захотела со мной разговаривать. а не хочет сказать нам.. except me. 21. он еще не вернулся с работы. 7. be in the garden. Он. 1. чтобы вы могли упаковать ваши книги. 7. Она.1. что они ждут нас внизу. но я получил приглашение к ним на вечер. спросят.. Боюсь. 26. be quite middle-aged by now. почему Том не пришел с ними. я буду 184 . Translate these sentences into English. Everyone . возможно. озадачит вас. t0.. Had she been a man she might have been described as a bright young man of business. 7. But for your kindness and understanding I couldn't have done it all in so short a time.. It wouldn't have done me any good. 11. . 2. 12. возможно. — Can you stop talking about it? — I wish I hadn't said what I did say. он. I expect you .. это всех вас удивит. also be a trap in which England will perish. возможно. hear you. 14. В самом деле. I suppose.. возможно. Спроси. 18. 26. come at six. She glanced up quickly as if she had been expecting to be asked this. He .. 12.. ушла в библиотеку. May I talk to you sometimes? I know I'm not a bit clever but I'll try not to be a bore. I'm not sure. Может быть. Позвони Нику. 3. ничего об этом не знает. она вас не заметила 3. stay and dance a little longer. может быть. 40.. ты мог бы объяснить мне с самого начала. возможно. можно мне взять еще кусок сахару?» — спросил Том. not have thought of this himself. Если бы он не столкнулся с нами случайно в метро. Мой вопрос.1 haven't seen her for ages. чтобы он больше не приходил. you believe that? 10. 39. он. Можно? 5. but they don't know anything definite against her. 6. чтобы он обманул их. 4. I told them he . not swim. Translate these sentences into English. а можно и сходить в кино.. be seen that he was puzzled.. мы бы.. I acted like a perfect fool. но основная идея ему ясна. chatter about her. never be needed? 15. стоит ли его смотреть. Miss Carter . Если вы бывали в Лондоне.. miss the train... 7.. где она. в саду. When you get there tell them to wait. Don't send him away. not stay in bed. не правда ли? 17. это невежливо. I was a fool. Translate the sentences into Russian: 1.. 22. using the verb may... 19. Mr. be a medical student though I'm not sure. They might have got a taxi. 8. She came to ask her mother if she .. Я думаю. Welch? — I might manage it. Ever-ard. седой и сутулый! 2. 21.. happen before it is finished.. 4. He. Я не знаю. have gone to the school to call on Mr.... 8.. Многое может показаться нам необычным в чужой стране. However hard he may work he won't catch up with the group after being so seriously ill for a long time. Как бы поздно вы ни вернулись..your dream may come true. еще придет. be a great idea. куда я положила деньги? 5. this old man be Tom Brown? He . Then he found that he . 2. 6. но. — Why didn't you tell me? — I couldn't. He . 9.. Может быть. — Я бы так не думала. но я скажу ему. It might never have happened if you'd sent him to a real doctor when he first got sick. 25. 10. не знает всех деталей. 5. я буду ждать вас. Fill in the blanks with the verbs can or may in the correct form: 1. or it. need his advice. 23. что их.. чтобы она не нашла вашего дома. This . 25.. Никто не отвечает. может быть. возможно.. 14.. You . I don't believe you. Надеюсь.. он честный человек.. It .. 1.. 2. мы встретим там вашу сестру. возможно. But what more he . Я принес вам большой ящик. 6. Джон..1 . You . 13... not have changed so much! 4.. Я сама дала ей ваш адрес. 13. be a little late.. Давайте подождем немного. have gone to the village shop. вы. not have said that. I think they got back before us. tell me what he said! I have a right to know.. It was a year or two ago. И ты не мог догадаться. I wish I had my car here so that I might drive you home. 4. I. Sh! She .. Я бы с удовольствием пришел. но все же я хочу задать его.. Неужели ребенок все еще спит? Вам давно пора его разбудить. Может.. They left rather late. Who suggested it to him? 17. возможно. using can or may. None of us know what. 8.. 16. We . заметили. 18. 19". 37. он и знает об этом. Не может быть.. Why do what. have warned me beforehand! 24. People .... 15. but she . Не может быть. How strange!.. Вполне возможно. «Тетушка. 22... She . 3. Я думаю. 3. никогда его больше не встретили. насколько это было важно. Можно остаться дома. 20. Может. уже видел новый фильм. может быть. I'll be free by that time. 11. 38. Point out the oblique moods and modal phrases with can and may.. standing aside so that Margaret could pass him. "That wouldn't surprise me in the least. Может быть... Вы могли бы сказать мне об этом вчера! 9. 8. Неужели это Джим Стирфорс? Он совсем старик. 5. а. Оки боялись. 20.

Вам придется поторопиться. оставила дверь незапертой.. чтобы я мог лучше тебя рассмотреть. Если это так. 16. а может.. Куда бы это он мог уйти? 16. may or must: 1.. That fellow must be made of steel.. The only thing he knew for certain was that he must not meet Antonia. She must be coming! 18. наверное. They. We must look into the matter. 8. 19.. happen sooner or later. Comment on the meaning of the verb must. really you must. No good looking back. 42. 6. чтобы помочь вам.. 3.занят. I did not hear him return to the room. And though he undressed and got into bed he . Не могли бы вы одолжить мне 3 рубля до завтра? 12. 7. 13. How . 11.. have been a sailor in his youth. not sleep. Подожди. Я сделаю все. это правда. 7. 15. 5. 3. 2. должно быть.1 felt that before long my secret must be known. вырвал картинку из книги. 6. возможно. что-то есть. 13. 10. see much of interest there.1 think it.. You are right. по всей вероятности. которую вы оставили на столе. He must be hungry. be glad of some coffee before you start back to your hotel.. War is not inevitable. 2. my dear.. новость уже всем известна.. 8. Translate the following sentences Into English: Note: Remember that must in the meaning of supposition is not used in the negative.. It. что тебе нравится. 24.. Translate these sentences into English. должно быть. Он. ask me about him. Вам. совсем неопытна в переводе медицинских статей с английского на русский. 1. Give him something to eat. But I think you . You can't describe it. что случилось. Если ты будешь проводить так много времени перед телевизором. A man must stand up for his rights. Может быть. 11. You . You must post the letter as soon as you have written it. things happen as they . Вред ли они вернулись из зоопарка. Он вел бы себя иначе.. 20. mash 1. Dick? 12... Она.. Mr. не заметили. наверное.. using the verbs can... have told us this half an hour ago! 4. have mistaken him. наверное. Вы. may. Old age must lean on something. у тебя может разболеться голова. Подойди поближе. You must work for success. кажется вам невероятным. I must pay for the dinner. One must just see it. он разъяснит нам. возможно. но это факт. 9. в чем дело. We . soon receive a blow. никого нет.. но что это доказывает? 3. 10. 8. come tonight. 22. That fellow has seen and felt ten times as much as I. должно быть. Он.. наверняка. You . I not? 18. 12. 15. you let things slide like that. You must have frightened her. что население вашего города больше.. то его нужно наказать. может быть. 10. not be John. Не моху себе представить. You may put the book on the upper shelf. должно быть. Вы можете его узнать по фотографии? 19. Дети. Change the following sentences from Active into Passive: 1... 18.. 1. Возможно. то вы не правы. not have intended to say that. It seemed possible they . He . Вы. Он. 7. One must have a rest after a day of hard work. Must it be done before tomorrow? 5. чтобы он знал об этом. 5. Мальчик. не узнал вас в толпе. Translate the sentences into Russian. Он. 21.. 8. 16. You mustn't take the magazine away. 10. 7. что мы собираемся осмотреть достопримечательности города сразу посла завтрака. I mustn't stay here. 13.1 don't know for certain. 10. 9. Higgins. нелегко этому поверить. 4. что обещала принести нам карту Москвы. 11. 14. To be ashamed of his own father is perhaps the bitterest experience a young man . Возможно. Теперь ты свободна и можешь делать. Вы не должны так думать. Это. 5. или вы можете опоздать. он не знает. What should I say? 45. It's too early for him to be back.. 4. 9. 9. 12. although he must be ten years younger. He must be quite old by now. 8. 4. It's quite a charming letter.... You .. Вы могли бы сделать это сами. должно быть. We must discuss the matter not later than tomorrow. 17.. 6. 3. 6. — It . Может быть. 14. возможно. not wander about for ever. Она. Я позвоню ему. 20. что они переехали в один из пригородов Лондона. что могу. . You may allow the children to go for a walk. 2. 7.. 3. not have happened at Ainswick. He's never tired. Не может быть.1 think you . 17. I have forgotten my own language and . Если вы так думаете. go through.1 hear somebody's steps on the stairs. 14. return. You must be reasonable... 13. May I take the books and papers away? 12. Он. что уже стемнело. П. Fill in the blanks with the verbs can. Кто бы это мог сказать такую вещь? 23.. 11. 44.. должно быть. be John.. I. You must take this medicine regularly. 14. 10 Вы 185 . пока он придет. must 41. not go out so late at night. Must have taken the poor young man an hour to write it. 15. не знали. 17. 43. им все уже рассказал. нет. Somebody is knocking at the door. ничего не понял и обиделся. 2. 2. как наш Тим.. speak nothing but yours. It was known — whispered among the old. 4.. не помнит. She must work from morning till night to earn her living. наверное. We can win peace. We . Students must do homework in time. 6. 9. должно быть.. вы просто не попытались. не встречали такого забавного мальчишки. You mustn't think it's so very easy. Nobody can do it without your help. Она. go somewhere. Е этом. Judging from the books and papers on his writingtable he must have been working for several hours. It's such a cold night.1.. Они там впервые и могут долго пробыть.. 5... ничего не знает о том. ничего об этом не знает. discussed among the young — that the family pride .. have been asleep. but he . что из этого может получиться. It. Там..

можете найти его в саду, я полагаю. Он, должно быть, играет а теннис с Джимом. II. Она, может быть, ничего не знает об этом. Вы тоже не должны ей ничего говорить пока. 12. Она говорит, что поездка в Лондон произвела на нее незабываемое впечатление. Она никогда не думала, что это может быть так интересно: узнавать места, о которых она знала из книг. 13. Мы могли бы найти дорогу обратно в отель сами, если бы Бо-, рис не потерял карту Лондона. 14. Переверни еще одну или две страницы, и ты увидишь фотографию. Скажи мне, если можешь, кто это. 15. Интересно, что он может делать здесь так поздно? — Возможно, он ждет Мэри. 16. Что это за шум? — Это, должно быть, в ванной течет вода. Кто-то моется. 17. Если бы на этот вопрос можно было дать ответ, он был бы дан давным-давно. 18. Кто бы это мог забыть ключ у меня на письменном столе? Неужели Джим? 19. Не может быть, чтобы Джим забыл ключ. Я видел, как он клал его в карман. 20. Не могли бы вы прийти немного раньше? Это было бы удобнее для меня. 21. Он постоял, раздумывая, можно ли ему незаметно уйти, рассердится ли Минин, когда узнает. 22. Я не умею говорить по-французски, никогда не умел. 23. Должно быть, трудно овладеть иностранным языком, не правда ли?
46. Comment on the meaning of have to. Translate the sentences into Russian:

1. I'm afraid, I shall have to send him away. 2. Was the fire already laid or did you have to lay it? 3. The rope was so strong that he had to take a knife to cut it. 4. But was it worth while going to bed when he had to be up again at five? 5. I suppose I shall have to go back to London, shan't I? 6. Do you have to get up early every morning? 7. He will have to pay me back before Sunday. 8. How long did you have to stay there? 9. "We shall have to wait a long time for our holidays," she said with a sigh. 10. And you have to go there twice a week, don't you?
47. Fill in the blanks with must or have to:

1. Don't worry about that. You ... do as you think best. 2. My mother was unwell, and I... go to the chemist's. 3.1... go and look at the dinner. 4. Yesterday's rain spoilt my hat completely; I ... buy a new one. 5. There was no one to help him so he ... move the furniture himself. 6. "Oh, hallo," she said; "I thought you ... have gone home." 7. They didn't answer my first knock so I ... knock twice. 8. You ... always come to me if anything goes wrong. 9. He was very sorry to think that he would ... part with it. 10. I had a sleepless night. I ... go and see the doc and get him to give me something, I can't go on like that.
48. Make the following sentences negative and interrogative:

1. He will have to come again. 2. My sister has to go to work. 3. They had to go back alone. 4. You have to answer all these questions. 5. I shall have to go out after all. 6. He will have to come on foot. 7. The students had to read the whole book. 8. She has to come every week. 9. He has to stay the night. 10. They had to begin very early.
49. Change the following statements into disjunctive questions:

1. I gather you have to read a lot in English. 2. He had to wait at the station till it stopped raining. 3. The work will have to be done before nightfall. 4. They usually have dinner at home. 5. She often has to go to the dentist's. 6. You have to go to school on Saturday. 7. They will have to do what they are told. 8. We have to begin before five o'clock. 9. As far as I understand you had to stay there a fortnight. 10. You look a bit tired, you've had a long walk. 11. She has to clean the house herself. 12. They had to finish that last night
50. Group the examples according to the meaning of the "be + infinitive" construction: (i) expressing a previously arranged plan (2) expressing instructions or commands:

1. I am to see him tomorrow. 2. What am I to do now? 3. You are not to communicate with anybody. 4. She said that I was not to leave the house. 5. She is to return tomorrow. 6. He said that Tom was to apologize. 7. He inquired when the secretary was to come. 8. She says I am not to lay the table before twelve o'clock. 9. At what time am I to come? 10. Something must have happened. He was to have come at eight. 11. Jim reminded me that we were to be at the station not later than seven. 12. W^hich of you is to bring the magazines and newspapers?
51. Comment on the use of must, have to, be to and translate the sentences into Russian:

1. I want you to obey her. You must do exactly as she says and make no noise. 2. "Well, what am I to do about dinner?" said Miss Handforth. "Spoil it by over-cooking or let it get cold?" 3. Randall was excited. He thought he must telephone her at once, he must see her, somehow, that very day. 4. Emma must have been very beautiful when she was young. She has a fine face. 5. "We are not to be trifled with," returned the policeman in a threatening voice. 6. You must come and have dinner with me some time. 7. He lost all his money at the races and I had to lend him five pounds. 8.1 hope I won't upset or annoy you by speaking frankly. I must have your advice. 9. Wake up, do you hear! You are to wake up at once. 10. So Frank has come? — Oh, yes; quite unexpectedly. He was to have stayed a week longer. 11. You are not to stay so late. You may leave after dinner. 12. The story was still clear in his mind. He knew what had to be done. He took his pen and wrote in his neat, steady hand the title of his new novel. need
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52. Comment on the meaning of the verb need:

1. He needs sea air. 2. We don't need anything else. 3.1 need not finish my sentence, for you already know what I was going to say. 4. Need it be finished by Saturday? 5. What more do you need? 6. He need say no more to her this evening, and risk giving himself away. 7. You needn't have carried all these parcels yourself. The shop would have delivered them if you had asked them. 8. You needn't take any more pills after next Monday. 9.1 must go at once, but you needn't. 10. You needn't have waited for me, I could have found the way. all right. 11. Looking back I can see exactly how it happened. It need never have happened. 12. And he was always careful to have money in his pocket, and to be modish in his dress, so that his son need not blush for him.
53. Fill in the blanks with didn't have to or needn't have:

1. You ... (to bring) your umbrella, as we are going by car. 2. You ... (to water) the flowers, as it is going to rain. 3. I ... (to translate) it for him, he did it himself, he understands Latin. 4. I... (to answer) the questions, which saved me a lot of trouble. 5. I knew I ... (to lock) the door after me, but how was I to know you wanted to come out, too? 6.1... (to ring) the bell because the door opened before I got to it. 7. I... (to help) them at all, they themselves knew what to do. 8. I ... (to write) him because the news was already known to him. He phoned me shortly afterwards. 9. You ... (to listen) to him. His information was misleading. 10. You ... (to buy) such a lot of flowers. We've already got more than necessary. 11. He... (to get up) so early every day. It was only on that particular occasion that he did. 12. You ... (to say) if you didn't want to. We could have done without you just as well.
54. Fill in the blanks with mast, have to, be to or need:

1. You ... not (to bring) your books to class tomorrow, we are going to listen to a wireless programme. 2. I'm glad the lessons will begin later now. The children won't... (to get up) so early. 3. You ... not (to learn) the poem. You ... only (to read) it. 4. Children ... not (to play) with matches. 5. It was late, and they ...(to light) a fire to cook their supper. 6. You ... (to give) it back to me before you go. 7. You ... not (to be) late for the concert. 8.1 made a few mistakes, so I... (to do) the whole exercise again. 9.1... hardly (to say) how important it is. 10. She ... (to be married) next month. 11. You... not (to miss) that film, it is extraordinary good. 12. You ... not (to strike) a match; I can see well enough. 13. Jim ... (to make) a speech at the meeting, but he had fallen ill, so Tom ... (to speak) instead, 14. You ... not (to bring) any food with you tomorrow. I'll have enough for both of us. 15. We ... (to be) there at 12 sharp. 16, We ... not (to wait) long. A bus came almost at once. 17. You ... (to learn) the whole poem.
55. Translate the sentences into English, using must, ham to, be to or need:

1. Зря мы вышли из дому так рано, поезда не будет в течение часа. 2. Мы можем не спешить. Нам не нужно быть там раньше 8.30. 3. Вы не должны следовать их примеру. Это было бы глупо с вашей стороны. 4. Интересно, надо ли приносить с собой учебники? 5. Мне не пришлось запирать дверь, кто-то уже запер ее. 6. «Если завтра будет сильный мороз, — сказала мать, — тебе можно будет не ходить в школу». 7. Вам незачем беспокоиться, они скоро вернутся. Наверное, задержались на набережной Темзы у здания Парламента: их всё здесь интересует. 8. Не нужно забывать, что в ИстЭнде живут те, кто своим трудом обеспечивают жизнь этого огромного города. 9. Вам не обязательно продолжать, я знаю, вы скажете, что среди архитектурных памятников Лондона особое внимание привлекает Вестминстерское аббатство, построенное в XIII веке. 10. Они должны были встретиться на мосту Ватерлоо в 6 пополудни. 11. Что мне рассказать нашим гостям о поездке в Лондон? — Опиши им церемонию караула у ворот лондонского Тауэра. 12. Она сказала, в какое время мы должны были прийти, и попросила не опаздывать. 13. Мы решили, что дети не должны идти туда одни. 14. Нет нужды упоминать, что Кремль — выдающийся музей и памятник старины. Это всем известно. 15. Мне пришлось принять это приглашение, хотя я очень неважно себя чувствовал. Я не хотел обидеть своих новых друзей. 16. Он знал, что ему, возможно, придется прожить там больше месяца. 17. Спроси старосту, кто сегодня должен принести наушники на урок фонетики. 18. Вчера мы должны были навестить Аню в больнице и поэтому не могли зайти к тебе. ought
56. Comment on the meaning of the verb ought. Translate the sentences into Russian:

1. I think for your wife and children's sake you ought to have a try. 2. There are people who think they ought to be reformed. 3. We all know that things are not always what they ought to be. 4. You ought to do something, you know; it'll be fatal for you to have nothing to do. 5. Have I said anything I oughtn't? 6. "I ought to have told Soames," he thought, "that I think him comic." 7. I suppose she is right. I oughtn't to have tried to speak to her! 8. By the end of the evening I almost felt that I ought to call him "Uncle Jack." 9. It'll be lovely round there today. — Yes, it ought to be quite nice. 10. It is the last of the Madeira I had from Mr. Jolyon when we came in here; it ought to be in prime condition still.
57. Paraphrase the following sentences so as to use ought (oughtn't) followed by a correct form of the infinitive:

I felt it would be only proper to follow his advice. I felt I ought to follow his advice. 1. I knew it would be improper if I opened the letter. 2. I recommended you to finish your work before going out. 3. I advise you not to eat between meals; it will make you fat. 4. I disapprove of your smoking so much; you are wasting your money and doing harm to your health. 5. It's a pity I didn't take those books
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back to the library last week. 6. It was wrong of you not to tell our guide that you wanted to go sightseeing all by yourself. 7. You didn't wait till the lights were green before crossing the road, and it was wrong, you know. 8. It was unreasonable of you to have crossed the road when the lights were red. 9. I wish you had been there. The performance was wonderful. 10. If he starts at eight he will probably be there by one o'clock.
58. Fill in the blanks with ought, have to, be to or need followed by the appropriate infinitive:

1. Mother always tells me that I ... (to be) more careful. 2. You ... not (to tell) him my telephone number, he knows it. 3. You ... not (to say) that! See how distressed she is. 4.1 don't want to do it, but I.... 5. All the same, I think you ... (to see) a doctor. There must be something the matter with you. 6. Don't forget that you ... (to get up) at seven! 7. But there was no other way out. 1... (to communicate) with him. No one else knew her address. 8. Such things ... not (to be allowed). 9, You ... not (to write) such a long composition. The teacher only asked for 200 words, and you have written 400. 10. "Perhaps I... not (to trouble) you." He closed his lips tight. He was offended.
59. Comment on the meaning of the verb should. Translate the sentences into Russian:

should

1. Can you show me any English woman who speaks English as it should be spoken? 2. A wife should obey her husband. 3. Besides you shouldn't cut your old friends now that you have risen in the world. 4. They should be taught a lesson. 5. I confess I did not foresee this turn of events. But I should have foreseen it. 6. You have discovered what I intended you should never have known. 7. He should not have said it. The moment the words crossed his lips he knew it was not the right thing to say. 8. Considerable debate took place between the two sisters whether Timothy should or shouldn't be summoned to see Annette. 9. "You should come here often," he said to Shelton... "You ought to come here often," he repeated to Shelton. 10. You ought to finish your work before going out. — I know I should.
60. State whether should is auxiliary or modal:

1. "So you think I should go, then?" said Randall behind him. 2. At breakfast I told Mary that I should be absent at least four days. 3. I shouldn't have believed it if I hadn't seen it with my own eyes. 4. You really shouldn't have said that, Felix. I'll talk to him myself. 5. How about Pinfold? Shouldn't he be here? 6. Thank God for our Gilbert. What should we do without him? 7. No one knew when I was to be back or if I should be back at all. 8. Felix said hastily, "Forgive me. I shouldn't have troubled you". 9. Nell has just told me you wanted to see me or I shouldn't have troubled you. 10. They had not seen — no one should see her distress, not even her grandfather.
61. Translate the sentences into English, using must, ought, should, need, have to or be to:

1. Извините, что задержал вас, но мне надо было позвонить домой и предупредить, чтобы меня не ждали к обеду. 2. В конце концов мы решили, что нам не следует там дольше оставаться и что нужно отправляться в горы. 3. Ты должна одеться в самое лучшее, я хочу, чтобы ты произвела на всех наилучшее впечатление. 4. Вы должны были приготовить домашнее задание как следует. Тогда бы вам не пришлось задавать подобных вопросов. 5. Напрасно ты ждала столько времени. Тебе бы лучше было оставить мне записку. Я бы сделала все, что ты хотела, 6. Они, должно быть, работают в лаборатории. Не следует им мешать. 7. Почему ты не пришла вчера? — Я должна была встречать двоюродную сестру на вокзале. — Тогда ты должна была бы позвонить, мы бы тебя не ждали. 8. Поступай, как знаешь, я не собираюсь мешать тебе, кроме того, мне предстоит вскоре уехать. 9. Вечер, вероятно, будет интересным. Студенты так долго готовили его. 10. Нет ничего смешного в том, что он сказал. Нужно быть серьезнее. И. Ему придется работать здесь, пока лаборатория ремонтируется. 12. Ты сказал, это шутки ради, а она обиделась. Нужно быть более внимательным к людям. 13. Подготовка к их приезду заняла у нас целый день. Каждому пришлось что-то сделать, 14. Такие люди достойны восхищения. 15. Мне не пришло в голову поговорить с ним, а следовало бы. 16. Не разрешай детям играть в моей комнате. Они перевернут там все вверх дном, а тебе потом придется приводить все в порядок. 17. Вам не нужно было беспокоить профессора. Я мог бы дать вам всю необходимую информацию. 18. Им следовало бы удержать его от такого неразумного шага. Они еще пожалеют об этом. 19. Я точно следую указаниям, которые получила. Я хорошо знаю, с чегомне надо начинать.
62. Comment on the use of should for the sake of emotional colouring. Pay attention to the structure of the sentences and the word combination it is found in:

1. Why should you be different from other men? 2. But why should he take the scanda! on himself? It was not fair! 3. They only want their independence, and why shouldn't they have it? 4. "Do you see much of Randall?" "He practically lives here. But you knew?," "No," said Hugh, He was surprised and annoyed. " Why ever snouid I know?" 5. What do you think ought to be done? — Done? How should I know? 6, "Fresh air!" exclaimed James, "What should I do with fresh air?" 7. M r s. H i g g i n s: But where does the girl live? H i g g i n s: With us, of course. Where should she live? 8. Strange that the dog should die just now! 9. Ironical that Soames should come down here — to this house, built for himself! 10. He heard the nurse

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crying over there by the fire; curious that she, a stranger, should be the only one of them who cried! 11. It's very interesting that you should say that, Edward — very interesting. 12. It struck her bitterly that she, who had been his first adored, should have to scheme to see him. 13. ... it annoyed him very much that his companion, who was also tired, should grow more cheerful. 14. It's very strange that he should have told you the truth! 15. ... suddenly he heard his name called from behind, and who should ride up to him on either side but Bill Den-nant and Antonia herself!
63. Pay attention to the use of should in subordinate clauses after some verbs and expressions.81 Translate the sentences into Russian:

A. I. It is necessary that I should see her before you do. 2. It is normal that there should be a period of rebuilding after war. 3. "She has six children," said Aunt July, "ifs very proper that she should be careful." 4. It is essential that you should find out to whom those orders are going. 5. I mean if we are to develop Diesel planes ifs vital that we should have our own magnesium supplies. B. 6. He demanded that work should start at once. 7. We recommend that he should be chosen our delegate. 8. He ordered that they should all leave the house. 9. He suggested that the working hours should be reduced. 10. The doctor insists that the children should be sent to the country. C. 11. If she should phone I will tell her where you are. 12. Should you require anything more, please ring the bell for the attendant.
64. Fill in the blanks with mast, should or need:

1. I'm suggesting that, you ... marry гаг, Midge. 2. She ... be picking cherries in the orchard, tell her to come into the house. 3. "Well." said Emily with calm, "you ... not get into such fusses when we tell you things." 4. Is it necessary, do you think, that the police ... know about it? 5. You ... not be afraid of him. He's a kind old man. 6. It is essential that he ... be prepared for it. 7. Soft music filled the room. "That ... be a gramophone record," thought he. 8. I propose that the prize ... be divided. 9. Oh, I don't know. It's really rather odd that he ... ever have been taking her to the Ball. 10. You ... have seen that film when it was here last week. 11. It is strange that you ... remember the place. 12. Why ... not I talk to Catherine? Do you think I'm not worthy to, or something? 13. Poor boy! He ... have suffered so. 14. You ... not answer-all my questions if you don't want to. 15. Why ... you say such disagreeable things? 16. Go upstairs at once. You ... change your wet clothes. 17. It was only proper that Dora, who was young and healthy, ... give her seat to that old lady. 18. I think I'll come on time, but if I ... be late, please keep a seat for me. 19. He ordered that the gate ... be locked. 20. She confiscated the morning papers so that the children ... not see them. 21. You ... not wake up before seven o'clock. We'll start at half past eight. 22. I was just wondering if my wife was here.' — No, she isn't here. Why ... she be? 23. You ... not work so hard after your illness. 24. Henrietta suggested to Gerda that they ... go and look at the kitchen garden.
65. Comment on the modal colouring of the following sentences with shall:

shall, will

1. You shall not search my rooms. You have no right to do it. I forbid you! 2. He hasn't seen you and he shan't. 3. The police shall take you up. 4. All right; if she wants to be opened up, she shall be. 5. You shall go up and down and round the town in a taxi every day. 6. You shall have all the news I can send you. 7. "Shall I order a taxi?" he asked. 8. That shall be put an end to now and for ever!
66. Comment on the meaning of will and would. Translate the sentences into Russian:

1. I will let you know, so you can be there. 2.1 will tell you what it is. 3. I will make your excuses to Margaret. 4. If it had been a girl I would have called her after my mother. 5. Will you go out on the terrace and look at the sunset? 6. I am afraid — if you will excuse me — I must join my wife. 7. Arthur, would you mind seeing if Mrs. Erlynne has come back? 8. I want a photograph of you, — would you give me one? 9. Will you ask them to call my carriage, please? 10. Will you go and look over the photograph album that I see there? 11. I will never speak to you again. 12. No, no! I will go back, let Arthur do with me what he pleases. 13. But I told him I wouldn't give him an answer till tomorrow. 14. You did want to come, although you wouldn't say so. 15. She'd like you to ring her up this afternoon, before five-thirty, if you would. 16. I should be so glad if you would tell him to come up, Jane. 17. I knocked more than once but she wouldn't let me in. 18. "I wish' you would leave me alone sometimes," said Dora. 19.1 suppose this will be the last ball of the season? 20. He would sit on the bed beside him and watch him for hours. 21. I smoke like a chimney! And my lighter won't work.
67. Comment on the meaning of shall and will. Translate the sentences into Russian:

1. Where shall we put this vase? 2. I want to be helpful to you both; if you -will let me. 3. Don't you worry about anything. I will be all right. 4. "You must always come to me if anything goes wrong." "Of course, I will," she said as if she were soothing him. 5. Will there be time to buy the tickets? 6. I'll begin again and you shan't stop me this time! 7, "Do give my love to Christine," said Dora. "Surely I will," said Michael. 8. Children, have you been playing with my umbrella? It won't open! 9. They shall not pass! 10. Will you have something to drink? 11. How long will your friends be here? 12. You shall have it back tomorrow. 13. As he can't create anything himself, he is determined you won't, 14. Will you come to tea
81

Subordinate clauses with that .„ should can be used as an alternative to the more usual infinitive constructions: They decided that the strike should continue, instead of They decided to continue the strike. See: "A Practical English Grammar for Foreign Students" by A. J. Thomson and A. V. Martinet, Lnd., 1964, p. 174-175.

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16. Необходимо. What would you wear to a New Year party? 13. making any necessary changes: 1.. 10. что мне не нравится? — Неважно. Replace the infinitives in brackets by the appropriate oblique mood: 1. What would you say if you were asked to take part in a concert tonight? 2. 17. чтобы ты с отцом не спорила. It's ridiculous that you . It will soon rain. I have to expose my misfortune to the public like this? 14. You shall stay here till I come back.. 16. the cut brush and all the grass and the bare ground (to be varnished) with ice. Perhaps.. Зачем мне делать то... 7. Почем мне знать. She .. Детям следовало бы остаться дома в такую скверную погоду. 12.... (to promise) 5. чтобы собрание было назначено на пятницу. 7.. 8. My companion stumbled... ящик не выдвигался. "Here's a shilling in case you . if you (to be dressed) in checked ginghams all your life. Look at the clouds.. had it been necessary.. Translate the sentences into English.. sit for hours watching the ships. He ordered that the horses . you (to understand) how I feel. 2. He . 17. Это следует сделать. Answer the following questions: 1. but I'm afraid I never (to be able) to bear the cold. Where would you go to buy some meat (bread. If your friend had been ill how would you help him to catch up with the group? 11. "I (to be ashamed) of myself. 3.. 4. If I were you I. What would you recommend to a person who has a violent headache? 10. need it.. Я был бы вам премного обязан. чтобы она строго соблюдала диету. Daddy. что я ей обо всем напишу сам. Вполне естественно.. Welch said it coldly as if he (to be asked) to make some concession.. the saving of land (to be) enormous. 6. 11." returned Miss Murdstone. If I (to be) as young as you are. you care to come to tea with us? 10. What would you do if somebody asked you to call a doctor? 9. vegetables)? 12. He walked slowly as though it (to ache) to move.. как некоторые дети невнимательны к своим родителям! 6. What (may) have happened or (to happen) if Dora and I never (to know) each other? 17. be very much obliged if you .. язык которого они изучают. 16. нравится тебе это или не нравится. что они собираются делать? Они никогда ничего мне не говорят. 8. If only Henrietta . do you think? (to like) 10.tomorrow? 15... 19. 18. У меня интересная книга. the branch he had been holding snapped and he (to fall) if his hand (not to catch) another branch.n't quarrel with Jessie. The young lady was evidently American and he was evidently English: otherwise I (to guess) from his impressive air that he was her father. Не хочешь ли немного супа? Он очень вкусный. He looked like an officer. . 14.. He shall never come here again! I'll take care of it.. The girls (not to think) so much of him if they (to see) him then. if she (not to put on) so much weight. buy that hat. Any one (to be proud) to be seen off by him. Clara. если бы вы пришли в шесть часов. не возражает ли она против поездки за город на машине. I wish you . He fully believed. What would you be doing now if it were the 31st of December? 4. Fill in the blanks with should or would: 1. 16.. What would you do if your friend fell ill all of a sudden? 7.. что студенты хотят знать как можно больше о народе. she (not to look) so bad. conceal it from your mother. пожалуй.. чтобы каждый член клуба принимал участие в работе его секций. She . Мне бы хотелось. He . I? 9. 4.n't look at her. Where would you go if you were on leave? 3. 14." "I . Мы были разочарованы. и ты это знаешь. What would you say ff you were offered to go to the Moon? 6. When will you learn English properly? (to intend) 8. Replace shall and will with the suggested alternative verb. What would you prefer to have for dessert? 14. I'll fetch you a chair. 13.. 20." 11. Я. mind me laying down my umbrella. "if I (cannot) understand the boy or any boy. If I (may) suggest I (to say) that it (to be) better to put off the trip." I said." 15." said Brown. oh! Why . In order to make these demands effective we suggested that there . Как я ни старался. (to hope) 7. Соме сказал. И. 9. 8. Доктор настаивает на том... 3. 18.. What would you do if you had a high temperature? 16. "I'll let you know. Принести вам стакан воды? — Да.. REVISION EXERCISES ON MOOD AND MODAL VERBS 71. rather listen to the others than talk himself. Если она вдруг спросит вас об этом. (to hope) 9... I won't do what you tell me. Why. using should or would: 1. It (to be) natural for him to go to sleep. He pressed something into her palm. What will you do now? (to be going) 6. be saddled. Why . Удивительно. но он не стал ничего обсуждать с нами. (to be to) 3. 15. (to be going) 2. Не будете ли вы любезны немного подождать? Ваши документы еще не готовы.. she. 5. I (to have) a walking holiday. 7. Where would you like to work after graduating from the University? 5. 13. toe bushes.. make up her mind to marry him. He repaid me the halfcrown as though it (to be borrowed) yesterday. 68. . ..1 (to like) to go hunting there.. Petersburg. 20. 2. If England (to sweep away) her hedges and (to put) in their place fences. "If I see him. Do you think they'll follow us all the way home? (to mean) 69. I wonder if you . If you will wait here a moment.. Мы спросили маму.. You shall have an apple after dinner. 19. (to refuse) 4. "We'll see about that.. что скоро будет война. This time next week I shall be in St. We shall visit all the sights of London. 12. What would you like to do if it were oppressively hot? 15. What would you be doing now if you were not having a lesson? 8. It seemed as if all the bare trees.n't go in to supper with anyone but Winton. Нам хотелось узнать некоторые детали.. I? 3. What seats 190 . За чаем. do you only good. I like the colour very much. 6. 13. который они пили с лимоном. 15.n't lie about a thing like that. 10." 12. 9. скажите.. you drive us back to Campden Hill? 4. Will he listen to my singing. I suffer more than I've suffered already? Why . But I . С какой стати я стану помогать ему? Он просто ленится и все может сделать сам. have been a genius at anything. Он предложил. почитаю с полчасика перед сном. 5. 70... 2. Why don't you want to stay another week in the country? It. если вы будете так любезны. be no return to work today. 5. 72. He shook her off gently and gently said..

Even if the doctor (to be) here he (cannot) help you. When I met him he looked as if . 13.. 12. . Если бы не вы. что вы не включили радио вовремя. If this medicine (not to bring down) the fever we (to have to) send for a doctor. If you (not to be) cold you (not to shiver) from head to foot. На мой вопрос он ответил. мы бы не могли дышать. She is looking at me as if she (to know) me. 2.. вам было бы лучше полежать сегодня. Поразительное самообладание! 12. . Если бы вы использовали наглядные пособия на уроке. словно он не чувствует никакой боли.. 3. что спортивный зал расположен не в нашем здании. 15. Любой на твоем месте сделал бы то же самое. 3.. когда принимать пилюли. 7.would you prefer if you wanted to go to the theatre? 73. Replace the infinitives in brackets by the correct form of the oblique mood: 1. Жаль. If Bob (to go) out before. 6. Если бы не это лекарство. что я не спросила доктора. 13. 2. я бы вела себя более решительно в такой ситуации. Even if I had a toothache. 5.. 10. что его товарищ не достал билетов. а я всегда был молодым и красивым».. Как жаль. People were standing around as if they (to expect) something to happen. и вы. Я была бы вам очень обязана.. 9. Replace the infinitives in brackets by the correct form of the oblique moods: 1. как. 7. Жаль. It. что пожалела о том. что вы не послушали совета врача. 3. 3. 78. Как жаль. он был бы значительно интереснее и содержательнее. That (to interest) me some four years ago. 10. Her life might have been saved if . 7. 77. If he (to follow) all the doctor's instructions he (to avoid) pneumonia. Даже если бы он волновался перед спектаклем. — подумал Лэнни. 15. Вы спасли мне жизнь. Мы пожалели. Я бы прочла вам этот отрывок. 2. Вы бы с удовольствием послушали эту передачу. Pay attention to the use of the oblique moods. — сказал Дориан. 7. он будет держаться так. Translate these sentences into English. что нам не сказали. я бы опубликовала эти стихи.. It would be very good if. 14. 6. . 9. Как жаль. . We should have found the place .. The watch wouldn't be slow if . But for her words my life (to take) a different course. 2. 4. что я забыла книгу дома. 10. а сегодня это не имеет никакого смысла. 6. как будто это ему до смерти надоело. we (to notice) him.... Translate the following sentences Sato English.. актеры чувствовали бы себя менее уверенно на премьере. Why did you behave as if. 13. которое он прописал. 8. 12. чтобы мой портрет старел. Put on your white dress and you'll look as though . If Anne (to pass) her exams in spring she (to feel) a second-year student. At that moment she almost wished she (not to send) for him. если бы вы купили мне в аптеке капли от насморка и что-нибудь от кашля. у меня были бы ужасные головные боли. «Жаль.. 14. My dear Algy. Как жаль. 6. 74. 9. you talk exactly as if you (to be) a dentist.. Не хотите перекусить перед дорогой? — Я бы с удовольствием 191 . если бы вы послушали совета ваших друзей. 5. You would have been angry if.. But for you I (to leave) long ago. . If you had asked her permission . Если бы не суфлер.... вы бы чувствовали себя сегодня гораздо лучше. Translate these sentences into English: I. If I (can) forget everything! 8. Even if they had got this telegram . У него такой вид. Если бы я была на вашем месте. что пришла туда одна. She speaks so slowly as if she (to translate) from a foreign language. He is speaking very slowly as if . If only he (to avoid) complications! 4. If only I (can) keep from thinking about my troubles! 5.. 19.. что я не специалист в этом деле и ничем не могу помочь вам.. 15. But for you I never (to find) a way out then. If I had a car. 8. Он выглядел таким усталым.. 11. 16. Как жаль. Жаль.. Почему вы не последовали совету врача? Если бы вы приняла лекарство. I'd have brought flowers if. If your mother saw it.. 75.. 12. 14. 76. If I (to know) what it all meant I (not to come). 16.. а то мы могли бы сходить к нему сегодня. 1. 6... 18. 11. 9. . Вчера это можно было бы сделать. Complete the following sentences: 1. 12. Pay attention to the use of the oblique moods: I. 11. 4. 5. как будто он простудился. Мы могли бы пойти на выставку вместе. 4.. 4. what you (to do) if you (to be) in my place? 2. 8. Если бы вы там были. Нам приходится тратить много времени на дорогу. 3. . 11. как будто вы никогда и не уезжали. если бы пришел в кассу на час раньше. 8. Я сожалею. что было так холодно и мы не смогли подольше погулять. 4.. 5. Жаль. что я уехал из Кейптауна». Он продолжал рассказывать о своей поездке с таким видом. Если бы не луна. If he (to hear) your words he (to get) offended. 2.. 10. I wish I never (to meet) him. 11. If the boy (to know) about the Centigrade thermometer he (not to think) of death. что вы не знаете его адреса. когда это случилось. 13. It seems to me that what she refused then she (to be) glad to get now. 9. У меня такое чувство. он бы и виду не подал. молодой человек. 12. 13.. Хотелось бы мне так же хорошо плавать. а мог бы.. 17. 10. Tell me.. . The girl began crying as if. But for the underground the traffic in Moscow (to be) very heavy. If you had taken my advice . 5.. что вы были так неосторожны. как будто давно не отдыхал. If the book were not so boring . Вам было бы сейчас гораздо лучше. Жаль. 6. 3. «Хотел бы я. что меня не было с вами. Как жаль.. 7. . If you (not to walk) bareheaded you (not to catch) cold. If I were going to travel . ? 1... что это случилось.0.. Если бы в воздухе не было кислорода... 7.. 8. 14. Жаль. 9. что делать в таких случаях.. что ты не интересуешься искусством. вы могли бы это предотвратить.. что не пошли вместе со всеми в театр. She wrote with her own hand the letters which under normal circumstances she (to dictate) to her secretary. If it (to ache) him to move he (not to walk) himself. Хорошо бы кто-нибудь пришел к нам сегодня вечером. Она вдруг почувствовала себя такой одинокой. я бы мог утонуть. I wish you (to be) like me for two minutes. Я уверена.. . Будь я на вашем месте. Даже если бы у вас не было температуры. сейчас было бы совсем темно. Этого бы не случилось. If it (to be) summer we (to have) a walking holiday.

I'm told one ought to see the British Museum... 14. to have told Soames. 10. "I . 13. 3. ты могла бы предупредить меня заранее! Тогда мне не пришлось бы тратить столько времени понапрасну. If you are interested in churches and historic places you should go to Westminster Abbey. 8. наверное.. I managed to get there at half past twelve. 12. (to notice) how unhappy she was. 79. 16. not have been stolen. Я сама ее запирала. 15. You can't come in.. вы смогли бы это предотвратить. 15." said the girl. 17. not (to walk) all the way to the station.. He begins working at 9. have sent us a note at least! We waited for you the whole day.. 82. 16.1 hear they are to choose the players tomorrow for the All-Union match.. "I believe you .. 7. 19.... (to knock) twice before the door was opened. 7. and the mother has her housework to do. Должно быть. — He can't have possibly meant it. У него плохо со зрением.. Она вам должна понравиться. make him understand me properly. it . sewing and knitting. (to go) to school... Можно было подождать до завтра. Anne be doing all this time in the kitchen? 7. 2. 8. 11. О.." he reproached himself. 9. not have gone out without an umbrella in such rainy weather. 5. Он выглядит очень радостным: его работу.. 2.. they are geologists.. 11.. "I. have sounded a bit unfriendly over the phone. be easily put up with. 4...1. Он не выходил из дому.. 8. (to get) away to his work. как вы пожалеете о своих словах! 12. (to choose). он уже достал билеты. 3." he thought. The swim shouldn't take you much over an hour and a quarter. She .. S. 13.. not (to get up) early. but I.. 80. be so good as to read this letter for me. 14. (to look after) my sick sister. 1. 81.. and I was left to keep house.. Вам следует прочесть эту книгу. 2.... 6. command an army? 4. 12. 13.. You . Somebody.. 9. 15. Вы должны были сделать вид. "Good morning... Sooner or later one . My parents had to go on an expedition. 9. If you . Whatever the reason ." 5.выпила кофе с булочкой... (to go) to Westminster Abbey.. you be different from other people? 8. Не нужно звонить. у меня есть ключ. 10. Не может быть. Insert tee appropriate modal verb: 1. I speak to 192 . Such difficulties .30. I'm afraid I .. Оно может оказаться ошибочным. 5. you may have a nervous break-down and have to go to hospital. be Toby... May I have a look at the photos? 11. 18. и он вынужден постоянно носить очки.. perhaps. 14. never know what.. очевидно..... он просто уснул.. You are to take a table-spoonful of this mixture three times a day.. fetching things back and forward. You . и мы сможем пойти на премьеру в воскресенье.. She . Here she. What. Старик говорил медленно.. If you want to meet lots of English people. children . (to conceal) her real feelings lest anyone . Ты же знаешь. Неужели ты забыл о нашей встрече? 6. We are to have a lecture now.. Вы могли бы с таким же успехом сделать это сами. 18. The only trouble is 1 couldn't take my exams in spring and must have them now. 18. have helped him but I didn't receive his letter. 8. There must be some mistake here.. 17. забыл... 5. 83.. 15. 7. Ему следовало бы быть осторожнее при проведении эксперимента. что вы не успели осмотреть новые районы нашего города. Who .. (to prepare) for my coming exam yesterday. have said such a thing? 10. 4. as you know.. have given her my address.. Captain Steerforth .. Mother . because the father of the family . (to help) her with the chair — and sat down beside him. Fill in the blanks with should.. 16. You . I've got enough for both of us. Как жаль. 3. They . Вам обязательно сообщат. чтобы он отправил телеграмму. not like the lady I'm gding to marry. He couldn't pay his hotel bill and they wouldn't give him any more credit.. что это произошло в ваше отсутствие. suffer for it! 2. как будто все обстоит благополучно и ничего не случилось. 6. Я очень сожалею. Я бы предпочла иметь отпуск зимой. But I .1 needn't have hurried. read without spectacles.. 4. Use the verbs can oi may. 6. 10. She drew a chair near his — he wondered if he .... I . If only I.. You . Why . Он.. It isn't the sort of thing one . одобрили. Then it wouldn't have happened.... sit... be. 11. 7. not (to worry) about money. (?.. If you are interested in historic places you .. что не заметили. Не может быть. 10. "that I think him comic. need.. 6. Paul's and the Tower.. he wasn't ready yet. You may send somebody else. You . He said you were the prettiest girl present.. St. be seen in the club any night. чтобы дверь была открыта. In this hurry-scurry I must have left the sugar-basin in the dresser. He has insulted our family and he . They had already left. Last winter he . 13. Если бы у меня было больше времени. В самом деле. One . 16. the Houses of Parliament. She . я бы регулярно ходила на выставки и в музеи. 1... Никогда нельзя судить по первому впечатлению. (not to come) yourself. If you don't take care of yourself.. как будто с трудом подбирал слова. 3. you might like to go to a holiday camp.... Comment on the meaning of the modal verbs and translate the sentences into Russian. Breakfast is often a quick meal. (to get up and down) a good bit during the meal.. happen. You . Вам бы не надо было сообщать им об этом сегодня. and I believe you . have lost her ring herself. 9. The germs of influenza can only exist in an acid condition. Возможно. если в этом будет необходимость. очень приятно путешествовать на юге. (not to give) money to her boy. Что он может делать там так долго? Наверное.. 3. Do you think you . You mustn't have the disease I have.. Translate the sentences into English. (to take) a bus round the corner. 12. (to discuss) with unknown people. while he worked at the table.. He . что она хромает. not (to hurry). Well. hare to with the appropriate form of the Infinitive: 1. live to their age. Будь вы здесь.. your wives . Она вела себя так спокойно. Have I guessed right?" 9. 14.. using modal verbs: 1.. (to say) those wounding words.. 4. I couldn't imagine that in an English paper I should have to look for the chief articles in the middle of the paper. We .. the fact remains. он может заснуть где угодно и в любое время. 2. 19.

to turn." Maren thought. 6. Зачем нам помогать ему? Он просто не хочет работать. 10. you do me a favour and meet her . paying attention to the form of the infinitive: 1. Lady Franklin was horrified at herself.. go on with her work and began to rise. чтобы я пропустил его. 7. кажется мне знакомой. There are a great many things to be taken into consideration. 3. He was not old.. 8. There was nothing to be done. Glad to have been of service to you. Необходимо. Всегда следует считаться с привычками других людей. I wish I had not. Всё обязательно будет в порядке! Ваша дочь непременно поправится! 6. чтобы каждый студент принял участие в этом соревновании. 3... 86. чтобы он все еще сидел в читальном зале. There is plenty of time. 19. Напрасно я сказала ему это. словно ничего не случилось и не могло случиться. To have been so happy and not to have known it! 15. the key. Не будете ли вы добры помочь мне отпереть чемодан? Что-то неладно с замком. so I. So pleased (to meet) you. but to wait for the next express. to change my plans. она этого не заслужила. Мэгги пожалела. она старше тебя. 9. 4. not turn and we . Вам часто приходится ходить к врачу? 21. Джейн не могла забыть день. to drive. 9. and no one else must (to tell). 2. 14. 5. 17. Где бы он мог быть? 23. 20. Председатель предложил. 16. It ought (to do) long ago. . 7. Должно быть. 8. I want you to promise me you won't talk to Antonia about that sort of things. to be rubbing. 8. . We didn't know what to do. Ты не должна была так говорить с ней. вам сегодня следует пораньше лечь спать. to be breaking. Этот вальс заставил его вспомнить молодость. He suddenly awoke from his queer trance. He's supposed (to work) at a new invention. She told them to take off their shoes so that their footsteps could not be heard in the flat below. Jackson. 11. to arrive. 14. to be spoken to. 88. You should never (to go). 17. 13. he . 18. You probably think that I must (to live) a very gay life in France. funny things seem to be happening. Translate the sentences into English using modal verbs: 1. Нельзя быть таким нетерпеливым.. 12.. 4." began Peter. Judging from the books and papers on the writing-table he must have been working since they left him in the morning. 6.. 193 . Его зовут Фостер. to be spoken to. Женщина в синем костюме. to be said. which was due at four. to curl. Я все время стоял у дверей. You . He's a talented engineer. to have nodded. он обиделся на меня. 12. please? — I'm afraid he's out at the moment. I've just seen him passing the entrance door.. Вы должны вести себя так. to start it rained worse than ever. there was a decision to be made. 3. Comment on the forms of the infinitives: 1.. She seemed to be paying no attention to what was going round her.. а его все нет. 4... что посмотрела еще одну пьесу Островского. Он присылал ей подарки но она упорно не хотела их принимать. my daughter. 2.1 say. to land. Mother has fallen ill. to be ruined. 3. чтобы все присутствующие высказали свое мнение по этому вопросу. 22.you for a moment? 11. Я была довольна. 24. and to have been caught napping had irritated him and hurt his pride. Anne felt she . It's a secret. Oh. Кроме того. Pitt. She seemed at times (to seize) with an uncontrolled irritation and would say sharp and wounding things. он уже ушел.. To have asked his name. стоящая у окна.. Не может быть. 9.. and to have forgotten it! 2. 14. you ring back later? 84. 10. not stand much more of this discussion. Вы вчера поздно вернулись. Дети были счастливы. but it wasn't so. Нигде не могу найти эту пластинку. 15. 12. 2. That woman is still sitting. что не предупредила родителей о том. 7. to be got. She seems (to work) at her course paper since spring and says she has still a lot (to do). I speak to Mr. я где-то встречал ее.. The day we . It was all your father's fault. вы слышали его имя. 15. to be telling.. so he can't (to work) at the laboratory as you say. 19. что задержится. The next morning he seemed (to forget) it all.at the station? 14. He was very tired. Могу я предложить вам чашку чаю. not get into the room. to be running. 12. Mr. don't you think you ought to be going? 6. 13. to have been read. 16. Возможно. Good-bye. оттого что их взяли в цирк. Why. Good-bye. Вам скажут. my Margaret.... чтобы этот текст записали на пленку еще раз. She seems to have been waiting over an hour. NON-FINITE FORMS OF THE VERB (To Units Seven—Nine) The Infinitive 85. Часть работы можно было отложить на сегодня... he may still (to sleep). Нельзя же без конца говорить об одном и том же! 10. not hurry. not have been more than forty. 5. 11. Незачем ему было работать так поздно. 11. который должен был быть днем ее свадьбы и который так трагически закончился.. to have been sleeping. Мне теперь не нужно рано вставать: я учусь во вторую смену. at least before their leaving Blackstable. 5... I'm so dreadfully sorry (to bother) you in this stupid way. Неужели ее разбили? 4.1 . так вы еще услышите! 13. Вам не придется ничего выдумывать. to have been told his name. и он никак не открывается. 20. Вероятно. Translate these sentences Into English. He kept late hours last night.. мы ждем его полтора часа. "She must (to be) very beautiful years ago. No words can describe it: it must (to see). Well. доктор? 18. Он должен был прийти в пять часов. not to have left Cape Town last night. что делать. 5. Не может быть. to play 87. Наверное. Supply the missing forms of the following infinitives: to have been done. Вы никогда о нем не слышали? Ну. one make trouble for oneself when one is old? 13. "We are very sorry to have disturbed you. Мне бы хотелось. Use the appropriate foia» of the infinitives in brackets: 1.. She said she .

The weather is warm enough . . 8. Ваша следующая задача заключается в том. 6. 7. Yes. He is expected . Complete the following. . .. nor did he want to now.... 5.. d) as attribute. 3. 4. I'm afraid you can't come. что я побывала на этом спектакле.. repeat it all over again.. be so cross? 22. 8... .. 23... He was not able . You are not . 4.. чтобы поставить этот эксперимент в нашей лаборатории. . deceive me? 24. was very pleasant. He is a man one can trust.. Rose wanted them . and there wasn't anyone who we could ask. 11. ... . Would you like . You had better ... I forgot to.1 know I should have come to you and told you about it. Replace the subordinate clauses by attributive infinitives: 1. I've clean forgotten .. You didn't sign your tesj paper. get over my fear. f) as adverbial modifier of result: 1. Посмотрите на него! Он наверняка решает какую-то важную задачу.. .. 2. ... I'd rather . We should love you. You needn't say anything if you don't want to. . But Г11 try to. 7. . 6. .. You ought not. 9. It's a serious matter. Our aim was .. связанные с выполнением этого задания... . 1. 2. 3. 5. Who has allowed you . You must take more care of it.. 6. .. Will you help me . I let you . be anything wrong with you. Well. 2.. He came immediately . 3. let us out. 9. She says you are going to help her. 10... . . Aunt Polly instructed Jim .. 2.. 5. 1.... move across the floor. . Гт not allowed to. come down. ? 8. Why not .. make a note of it. 17... He didn't ask me to. We have nothing . I felt her . She was too frightened .. walk a little before going to bed.. 2. 18. you must work hard. Translate the following sentences into Russian. 10.. We are too busy . I see you haven't bought any oranges.. He always finds something . должно быть. The next thing to be done is .. Write down this rule . I didn't mean to. mention this to anyone. But I can't. Look here. He hadn't wanted to laugh then. 6. I couldn't do what I wanted to. Yes. 7. He was the first person who came to the bar and the last who left it... The best way to master a foreign language is v. 5..... Come any time you like... or seemed to.. I mount to.... explain anything. We are awfully sorry . 90.. . We didn't know the way to the station. His only wish is . 3. Why can't you go with us? 5.. 6.. I simply didn't want to... stop laughing. The doctor advised . To say so means .. He asked . .. 4. The article is too difficult .... but I was afraid to.. do it once again. 91. 14. — Darling. 2.. . —-1 am certainly going to.. Неужели она на вас рассердилась? 9. I am so glad .. Benny has no friends . is the only thing to do. shall we? — I'm glad to. Jane. 6.. why . She was grown-up enough .. You seem . He fell asleep with full determination that he would go and see for himself.... would be unjust..... 7..7.. She made an attempt . Respond to the following questions or statements. 8.. 4.. He stepped aside politely . 5. wait till somebody comes ... go there. 6.. Я очень рад.. 7.. 4. I've opened the door . . There doesn't seem . wait a little longer? 13. No. which implies the verb already mentioned: 1. Everybody promised .. Why didn't you invite them? 3.. .. 12.. I'm sorry.) 92. make a note of it.. 5.. I'd be glad to see you.. He was seen . if you wish me to. . . 1... . Она. Они случайно заходили ко мне как-то вместе с моим братом. You needn't.. There weren't many children in the neighbourhood who we could play with.. 3. They stopped . 8. shiver with cold. 8.. The boy ran out... 4. Put to where necessary before the infinitives: 1.. ask for permission. 2.. What made you . She always kept her mouth shut when told to.. . This is a chance . let's forget it. 3. thanks very much.. paying attention to the use of the particle to. using the phrases from the list in brackets: 1.. I suppose I'll have to. take my books whenever you like.. 2. 5. 5. они ждут... I didn't want to... 9. move the table? 4. 5. The baby is too restless . arrive in a few days. but I forgot. 93. 7. а у нее больное сердце. 8. I heard the door .. In the kindergarten children are taught . know these places very well.. .. cut up some sandwiches.. 89.. . We got Mother . It isn't a thing you can joke about. Кажется... The child is afraid . He is not a man .... . 3. 3. . . You can't send that letter.... by air-mail from Port Said. The teacher made me .. ? 11... 9. 20. The fence is high enough ... 7. We'll stay after the lecture ...... He will always find 194 . Вряд ли они запомнили мой адрес. try .. 3. It was my fault.. She helped me .. Об этом печальном событии не следует упоминать в ее присутствии.. wanted the curtain . .. 15.. Is there anybody . This is the information . 7. . 4. show your feelings. Она может разволноваться. . 4. 11. 10. 10.. open and saw a shadow . would be much more useful.. 13. is not an easy matter. They say you read a lot... 16. 6.. ? 10... 2.. do but . .. I'll have .. The night was too dark. 6. My hobby is .. using the infinitive a) as subject: b) as predicative: c) as object: 1. He spoke of his wish ... 14. . все еще гостит у своих друзей на даче. . I ought to. Will you write a letter to her? 4. He told me . что проводил их на станцию. (Nor so much as I used to. e) as adverbial modifier of purpose: 1. He was always the first . you know I long to. . 19. There is nothing. Why didn't you dance with him? 10. 2.. stay with us.. Michael knew a lot. 8.. 21.. Как мне повезло. 15. 9. чтобы им дали необходимые указания. 12. . ..

It was very late. 5. Он достаточно умен. На следующее утро она проснулась и обнаружила. Mr. Он как раз подходящий человек. The story "A Friend in Need" is so tragic. и Телегин выпрыгнул через окно на крышу соседнего дома. He came into the room to shut the windows. 7. and returned to find Murphy sitting beside his bed. Она открыла дверь и увидела. 10. В который раз обдумав ситуацию. с кем можно было бы поговорить об этом деле. The storm was so strong that I couldn't go out. 3. 4. 7. it can't be merely ironical. 6. 99. He was the first man who guessed what George was driving at. Вот свежая роза. 10. a chance not to be missed. my boy. он понял. There's nothing that we might discuss now. 8. на мой взгляд. Я не вижу тряпки. что в гостях хорошо. Michael considered Jonny to be too young to be drawn into their religious community. После долгого отсутствия она вернулась домой и поняла. I intended to use the opportunity. 8. которым открывается ящик конторки. что ничего не изменилось: они не простили ее. 7. 10. 3. Do you want me to read to you? 4. Translate these sentences into English. который я должен был перевести без словаря. nothing to trouble about. 3. 17. 5.1 wish I were strong enough to help you. 5. a poem to learn. She knows English so well that she can read Somerset Maugham in the original. Вот ключ. 5. You are so experienced. Он с сожалением понял. It was getting too hot to work and we decided to have a break. Translate the sentences into English. using infinitives of result: Examples: 1. The text is short enough to be translated in an hour. Рассказ был слишком захватывающим. Течение было таким сильным. 14. She was so excited that she couldn't utter a word. 8. что все уже собрались и ждут ее. 95. You mustn't get what I have. 5. что отец ходит взад и вперед в сильном гневе. 15. She liked to be kind to people and used to give promises to forget them at once. Ее произношение было слишком правильным. He seemed to know all about influenza and said there was nothing to worry about. Я просмотрел две главы и (в результате) нашел только пять подходящих примеров. The man was so down and out that he could not get a decent job. nobody to speak to. No doubt it was the best time when lie could find them all at home. Это как раз хороший случай помириться с ними. 1. 9. Everything is settled. It took me about five minutes to work out how 195 . чтобы понять это. что она одна во всем доме. using the following phrases with attributive infinitives: a lot to do. The old general wanted nothing but a grandson who he could dandle on his knee. 12. 3. 8. He's not a man who you can easily frighten. Point out Infinitives of result and translate the sentences into Russian: 1. The storm was too strong (for me) to go out. 9. 6. Сомневаюсь. 6. He was so angry. Она открыла дверь кабинета и увидела. He turned to Margaret to find her in conversation with Carol Goldsmith. 11. State the functions of infinitives in the following sentences: 1. nobody to rely on. 2. 2. он смог только робко улыбнуться. 9. 2. чтобы не дочитать его до конца. 14. He went quickly to the bathroom. using attributive infinitives: 1. nothing to be afraid of. 98. очень важен. They decided that it was a nice little town where they could live quietly for a while. the distance to cover. 10. the last to hand in the test. you ought to know better. который будет обсуждаться на нашем собрании. a man to trust. A good housewife will always find something that must be done about the house. 11. 97. все очень просто. есть ли здесь кто-либо.something that makes him laugh at. You can't come in. 9. Тут и понимать нечего. Он прошел через все комнаты и (в результате) увидел только кошку на кухне. Dixon was clever enough to avoid talking on this subject with Welch. Нельзя было терять время. he wouldn't speak to me. 7. 8. 14. 16. 10. the first to break the silence. 12. he can't make himself understood. The man was not very strong and so was unable to swim the distance. She was woman enough not to forget to powder her hose even at that critical moment. a nice town to live in. 13. Это было неподходящее время для перерыва. Burton was so cruel that he could send a man to death. 7. 12. no time to lose. Make up sentences. it was too good to be missed. He heard a loud knock at the front door and opened it to see a stranger in a shabby raincoat. Квартира была пуста. Paraphrase the following sentences so as to use infinitives of result: 1. которой стирают с доски. 13. Мы практически говорим об одном и том же. После длительного путешествия он вернулся домой и понял. 2. I made a note of the time to give the various capsules. Мне дали текст. 6. When I left the Post Office I found that I was too late to catch the London train. Несмотря на желание сказать. Он отвечал первым. Не о чем спорить. Он был так взбешен. Вопрос. 9. an easy person to deal with.чтонибудь веселое (cheering). которую ты можешь приколоть к волосам. 11. а у нас еще куча дел. Время от времени он просыпался и тут же снова засыпал. 3. His case is such as not to be helped. 4. 13. чтобы быть естественным. 2. 8. 94. а дома лучше. 11. что ничего нельзя было сделать. что одного слова было бы достаточно. nobody could save him. 2. His English vocabulary is very poor. It was so dark that he could see nothing before him. Мне не у кого попросить совета. The text is so short that it can be translated in an hour. 96. a passage to translate. 4. 6. 18. Мы уезжаем завтра утром. что он не мог проплыть вокруг маяка. что выхода нет. чтобы заполнить вакансию. Don't make me laugh. чтобы свести его с ума. the work to do. a rale to remember. mistakes to be corrected. They said the boy had refused to let anyone come into the room. 12 Это как раз подходящая книга для чтения перед сном. 4.

Make up sentences. It's true there was no scenery to stare at. как они ушли. около часа. 9. Он почувствовал. Кажется. что мы уже знакомы. If he couldn't get something to do he'd have to commit suicide. 16. Главное в том. using the Complex Object or the Complex Subject: 1. Вопрос был слишком сложный. It is simple. 19. The boy was made to repeat his story twice. She's pretty. 17. что видели этот спектакль. 15. 14. 14 Я хочу. Кто позволил вам распоряжаться моими вещами? 9. without attracting anybody's attention. 7." said the butler. Я никогда не видела. чтобы она могла решить его одна. от которого можно ожидать помощи. 10. 13. чем принуждать его. He is hard to please. и я почувствовала. Thank you for your very kind invitation to visit you and stay with you. Она внимательно наблюдала за тем. are you? 104. вы расстроены. Ожидается. 12. 3. 14. but he had fallen ill. 6. 2. Что-нибудь случилось? 4. что не заметили его ошибки. Point out the Complex Object and the Complex Subject with the Infinitive. difficult to understand. кто первый вошел в комнату? 16. Родители всегда хотят. pleasant to look at. 6. 13. 18. my lady. чтобы не смущать его. You may fail in your English if you go on like that. Они наверняка поженятся. Оказывается. 12. Translate the sentences into Russian: 1. She's a kind person. 15. 9. I'd like it to be done as quietly as possible. It seemed a privilege to lend anything to him. Я молчала. 19. Я случайно услышала последнюю фразу. Ты бы лучше не надоедал ему своими глупыми вопросами. but not at all pleasant to talk to her. using infinitives: I. It's not very easy to translate this passage. using the following adjectives with infinitives (follow the examples of the previous exercise): easy to deal with. так как мне нечего было сказать. Кого бы это он мог ждать? 15. Они обещали мне помочь подготовиться к приему гостей. It was necessary to make it in a day. Оказалось. Вы помните. 10. чтобы мы все встретились еще раз. 7. 19. Just as he was falling into unconsciousness he heard his door open and quickly shut. The number to which I had been directed turned out to be a house standing a little by itself. С ней приятно разговаривать. 8. She didn't seem to notice his unfriendly tone. She felt somebody touch her gently by the hand. A railway station is the most difficult of all places to act in. It is pleasant to look at her. He's very stubborn. It's not so very easy to answer this question. Вам следовало бы предупредить меня заранее. George was sure that fresh air and exercise would make us sleep well. что зима в этом году будет суровая. just on Monday. Мы сделали вид. It's very comfortable to sit in my Grandfather's armchair. It made our mouths water to hear him talk about such tasty things. 18. 6. 11. 7. 10. 15. 8. It is pleasant to look at the girl. I want you to say to yourself that he died a gallant death in the service of his country.much a suit at nine and a half guineas would cost. 3. easy to follow. 9. 14. Я считаю. pleasant to talk to. как прыгают другие гимнастки. and we must be proud of him. Она побледнела. That's how I used to be myself. Маловероятно. easy to answer.1 had seen my father leave the house that very morning. 2. Этот вопрос слишком сложен. with its back to the river. Этот человек сидит здесь. 16. The British Museum is much too big to be seen in an hour or so. 102. Было бы лучше убедить его работать. but not very clever. He was heard to say that it would rain and ordered the door to the balcony to be shut. Номер его телефона легко запомнить. 16. 11. должно быть. Мы очень довольны. It's easy to deal with her. 1. 17. 6. not far to seek. 18. It was unpleasant to watch their quarrel. He is said to have been a sailor in his youth. 4. Он не такой человек. он ничего об этом не слышал. It is not difficult to remember the rule. что узнал правду. как она вздрогнула. We didn't expect him to come back so soon and were wondering what had happened. 10. You're not likely to keep us company. 3. 2. Lady Franklin seemed to expect an answer. Professor Lee was expected to join the expedition in North Africa. amusing to watch. the light and sound effects helped the audience to concentrate on the dialogue and the acting. Я спала и не слышала. making the object of the infinitive the subject of the sentence: Examples: l. but the costumes and make-up. 20. difficult to avoid. 18. It contains some idiomatic expressions. I think the best way to get a general idea of a country-is to study the map. чтобы обсудить его за час. Translate the sentences into English. 9. 4. useful to remember. 11. It's always funny to listen to his stories. 20. что кто-то дотронулся до ее плеча. 5. дети уже забыли об этом печальном событии. 101. 12. 103. Jim. 2. 5. 12. "He appears to be asleep. 5. 13. 17. Father decided to take a holiday from his office so as to help in celebrating the day. как танцует Джейн Бак. 8. Paraphrase the following sentences. 3. 196 . Я рад. Translate the sentences into English. что он выздоровеет к понедельнику. 20. 4. She was sitting near enough to see his face. and it seemed to be looking back at me. 100. сказанную вами. что это было несправедливо с вашей стороны. 8. hard to please. как силы возвращаются к нему. Ничто не могло заставить его изменить принятое решение. 13. The pills my doctor has given me make me feel rather odd. It's difficult to persuade him. Его заставили обратиться к врачу. I thought it to be the signal to start. 7. I've never known a chap spend so much time on radiograms.1 looked at the house with suspicious curiosity. Она почувствовала. 11. Не позволяйте детям играть со спичками. который даст вам интересующие вас сведения. It would be useful to follow Uncle Jack's advice. uncomfortable to sit on. 10. чтобы их дети выросли честными людьми. 17. 21. Кажется. It is hard to please him. Вряд ли он тот человек. She is pleasant to look at. 5. 2. как заставить ее поверить нам и послушаться нашего совета. not easy to find.

5. 3. 3. He stopped writing and ran out into the bathroom. 21. 10. It is unbelievable that a man should go so far beyond his limit. I'm not quite sure whether to join them or not... but you must go now.. He was annoyed wiien he learnt that they hadn't chosen him as a player for the Ail-Union match. 2. 13. Translate the sentences into English. I think the best thing would be for you to see him for yourself. I have something so important to tell you that I hardly know how to say it. Translate the sentences into Russian: 1. 2. Почему не пойти погулять? Погода чудесная. 5. "It's nice of you to have come. Они. We must wait till we hear the referee's whistle. 4. 2. Writing quickly tires my hand. 8. где достать эту редкую книгу. Бен говорил первым. 2. 3. He denied having opened the box. как вы выступаете на студенческих диспутах. He left without having paid the bill. The Gerund 111. разучивает упражнения на пианино (to practise) все утро. что его присутствие обязательно. 17. It's silly of me. 16. She turned to me as if she was going to ask me something.. 3. 10. что он сам это сделает. How nice of you to know my voice! Am I disturbing you? 3. everything ended to her delight.1 don't like being lied to — and that.. Едва ли она знает. When to start is to be decided yet. 7. Make up sentences. чтобы это было сделано за столь короткий срок. but I can't help feeling anxious.. Рад познакомиться с вами. She held out the telegram so that I might see it. to say nothing of . I've put on weight. He held the door open for her to get in. 8. 3. . to crown all. I'm pleased that I've been of some service to you. I am at a loss . кажется. "Three weeks and two days. 6. I can't make up my mind .1 shall bring you the article that you may read. чтобы говорить с ним об этом. 8. and Grand to the window. Говорят. 6.. He started washing with great speed. 4. There is nothing that I may add. 7.105. Мне надо о многом с вами поговорить. 14. Can you advise me. I can't wear this dress any longer. Некого было спросить. 14. He pressed his finger to his lips as if he wanted to warn her. 5. to put it mildly. 5. Он помнит множество подробностей. 1. 1. что он вошел в дом. to begin with. it was a difficult match. Вы можете простудиться. Let us wait till they settle this matter. Complete the following. 11. using a suitable infinitive phrase: 1. кажется. He will be a little late. 22. 14.. 12. I'm sorry that I've been of so little assistance. We are happy that we have won. видели. 13. 19. 18. Comment on the infinitive phrases and translate the sentences into Russian: A. The first thing he must do is to ring them up. 5. Replace the clauses in the following sentences with infinitive phrases: 1. но не мог заставить себя войти. to tell you the truth. Я недостаточно хорошо его знаю. C. 7. . Слышали. но никто не видел. 11. 7. 6.. 6. 108. 107. Tell me who to invite. как он это сказал. чтобы он вышел. It is very unusual that he should have said such a thing. Nobody could tell. 4. You would be foolish if you missed the chance... Point out the Gerund and comment on its noun and verb characteristics. This is a boy you can play with. It's too late for the children to go out.. что сказать об этом. They wouldn't be surprised if they were to receive an invitation to play in a tennis match with the fellows from our college. 5. Рад. 3. . Вам лучше сегодня не выходить. to cut a long story short. когда дверь ее комнаты закрыта. He was two minutes late already.? 2. 10. 8. Трудность в том. The question is where to hide it. I think. Would you mind waiting a moment in the hall? 9. And to tell you the truth I'm glad to have a companion myself.5. . It was kind of you to come. no other house in the town was as popular as theirs.. 12. "How nice of you to have counted the days!" said Lady Franklin. читал этот роман совсем недавно. I was sorry when I heard of their failure. 23. 5. It's quite natural that you should think so. 7. my lady. Она не любит. 109. He hesitated what to say next. using infinitives: 1. 24. 6. 9. B. Show me .. 9. using "for-phrases" with infinitives: 1. 4. 4. 1. 4 Вам было бы полезно больше заниматься физкультурой.. Я часто слышу. The boy spent half the night in 197 . On hearing the sound Nance hurried to the door. 1. 4.. is what you are trying to do. Talking about ourselves is what we modern authors have a strong objection to doing. и нам пришлось ждать. как она сказала. еще не уехали.... The trouble is ." Leadbitter replied. должно быть. Ему не так-то просто угодить. 4. 8. 106. 7. 15. чтобы принять это всерьез. что никому из них нельзя доверять. I didn't know which book to choose. to say the least of it. Он знал. Вы сами слышали. 7. To be frank. He was accused of having entered the country illegally. . 2. to judge by her appearance. Не может быть. 6. is the first thing to decide." came his voice from the bed.1 feel a good deal of hesitation about telling you this story of my own.1 disliked my mother's interfering in the affair. Paraphrase.. His chief difficulty was . 2.. . 3. I should be delighted if I could get acquainted with the captain of your team. 2. 8. 13.. 9. Она слишком легкомысленна. 12. 12. 9. 6. He spoke loudly so that everyone might hear him. ... Она. and Ann will be grumbling.1 remember seeing it on the table. 2. 11. 20. 11. 7.1 was sorry that I had missed the beginning of the match. Мы не ожидали. I gave an umbrella to the children lest they should get wet through. Он. She hesitated . This is a problem you should solve all by yourself. 6. To cut a long story short. I didn't know. 10.. then we'll see the teams coming out. что познакомился с вами. to be sure. 10. 4. using the following infinitive phrases parenthetically: 110. It's high time you knew Grammar well. 3.

17. 112. which was his chief attraction. Он избегает встречаться со мной после нашей ссоры. Seeing is believing. 5. 2. Хотя мы были в Лондоне всего три дня. 10. 3. I'm glad to say that the lady didn't keep us (to wait). Every second he kept glancing at the clock. Excuse me for not (to write) more at the moment. I want to thank her for (to look) after the children while I was out. using the Gerund: 1. I walked to my place as fast as I could without breaking into a run. 15. Я помню. Use the appropriate form of the Gerund of the verbs in brackets: 1. Translate these sentences into English. What he loves best in the world is playing football. "There's no question (to forgive) you. 16. The coat showed evident signs of (to wear) on the preceding night. 6. Oh. 3. 114. 4. 7. they were waiting for us the whole evening. I remember (to go) to the British Museum one day. 23. He passed to the front door and out without (to see) us. He had a feeling that there was somebody waiting for him inside. 16. 8. 24. 15. But instead of soothing Shelton these words had just the opposite effect. Now I can boast (to see) Rome and London. I dislike the idea (to spend) a holiday with hundreds of other people. Before speaking he carefully thought out what he was going to say. Are you going to keep me (to wait) all day? 15. 11. Paris and Athens. Она боится одна оставаться с детьми. At every school she went to she learned drawing. Я припоминаю. she got only tired. The children had to help (to sweep) and (to clean) the rooms and (to wash up) after meals. 10. 6. 7. 116.1 don't mind (to stay) here for a little while. Они не могли не опоздать. I remember (to take) to Paris when I was a very small child. However hard he tried he could not stop thinking about it.1 spent'the rest of the time in the hall of the Station Hotel (to write) letters. (to speak) without (to think) is (to shoot) without aim. Эту проблему стоит обсудить. The doctor left three different medicines with instructions (to give) them. I'm not used (to receive) Christmas presents. Твое пальто нужно почистить щеткой.1 went out for a while (to give) the boy the prescribed capsules. Use the appropriate form of the Gerund. The idea of settling down in that little town filled her with nothing but regret." 18. Она не знает.1 enjoy (to read) poetry. On reading her letter he had once more a feeling of disappointment. 2. 2. 11. He had an air of (to be) master of his fate. I insist (to go) there at once. 8. Comment on the functions of the Gerund in the following serlences: 1. They were all busy (to unpack) the books and (to put) them on the shelves. 17. 10. 11. We all kissed Mother (to go) to bed. 9. Nobody thought of anything but spending money. They reproached us for (not to come) to the party. 13. It is no use discussing it now. 5. (to ask) about it he said he knew nothing. Нелли предложила пойти в Исторический музей. как их забавлять. though he swears he didn't. Looking after children requires patience. We all suspected him (to learn) it before and (to try) to conceal it from us. She knew that there was a danger of falling ill. I should insist (to pay) for my work. 14. чтобы всем детям были сделаны прививки. 5. 12. 198 .writing to his people. 7. how I dislike being interrupted! 16. 11. the famous scientist. Доктор настаивает на том. (to discuss) the plan ourselves we decided to consult Mike's eldest brother who in our eyes was an expert. 15. 12. Insert prepositions where necessary: 1. 4. He enjoyed teaching and knew that he did it well. 6. 5. It was no good taking the little darling up to town. I hate (to be) ill and (to stay) in bed. We began to speak only when we were out (to hear) of the old man. He was busy getting ready for his journey. в частности. Newton. 25. (to hear) the sound of the door opened downstairs he tiptoed into the corridor and bent over the banister. 5. 8. 10.1 dislike reminding you continually of the things you ought to have done. you're old enough to know it better. 11. 13. 8. But (to make) this request Mr. Dennant avoided (to look) in his face. I strongly suspect Gerald of (to know) all about it beforehand. 9. что видела эту же фотографию Британского музея в другом журнале. The car began moving away -'own the road. 20. я получила большое удовольствие от осмотра достопримечательностей этого огромного города. 17. Excuse me (to come) late. Do you mind seeing these photos again? 13. 10. Чтение книг по истории Англии и. 17. He suspected her of (to give) the police information about him while the workers were on strike. 14. Of course. The main thing to do in this situation is getting away as soon as possible. 9. The silence was broken by the sound of a door (to lock). She denied (to see) me at the concert though I'm sure I saw her in the stalls. Use the appropriate form of the Gerund and insert prepositions where necessary: 1. He hesitated a little (to open) the door.1 sat on the doorstep thinking over my chances of (to escape) from home. 18. (to see) three little children dancing in the street to their own music he came up nearer to see them better. 21. She walked a little (to leave) her office. 14. I can't afford buying this expensive hat. You can't act (to feel). 12. (to hear) the news she ran over to the telephone to inform Gerald at once. 19. 13. The kind woman started crying before the boy had finished his sad story. He was in the habit of dozing after dinner in his favourite armchair. 4. was sometimes engaged (to work out) difficult problems. 19. You can help me (to give) a piece cf good advice. Do you know what is peculiar about the English rule of (to drive)? 3. 4. 8. 6. 2. we must act. 16. 9. By studying early in the morning he saved a good deal of time. 4. Их поезд задержался из-за тумана. 14. 3. 115. 12. There is very little hope of the work (to do) in time. She never lost the power of (to form) quick decisions." he said quickly. Лондона — приятное и полезное занятие для будущего учителя английского языка. 6. How did you like the English rule (to drive) on the left side of the road instead of the right? 3. что с ними делать. 9. 2. 22. and having what they called "a good time. besides (to teach) by her father at home. 7. 113. (to avoid) the use of the perfect gerund is quite common if there is no fear of (to misunderstand). You can improve your pronunciation (to read) aloud. My wife and I look forward (to see) you and Rosa. 20. I wonder if there's any use (to try) to improve him. 7.

118. 16. what are your plans. remember. 13. Он был сердит на нас за то. "I wish he would go. Use the Gerund instead of the subordinate clauses. Do you agree to our taking her up to town and putting her under the best control? 2. She went quickly past him and out of the room without looking back. 6. Что помешало вам поехать вместе с нами? 14. 1. 17. он остановился и прислушался. Well. dearest. We decided that we should join them in Glasgow. suggest. к кому он обращается. 18. Нет никакого другого способа попасть туда до захода солнца. что я вмешиваюсь. Я предпочитаю. He doesn't like when you interfere. 12. 17. There was the splashing of big drops on large leaves and a faint stirring and shaking in the bush. 12. 19.что видела письмо на столе. he dropped into a chair. Make up sentences. какое только можно себе представить. putting away his clothes and straightening the bed. 8. Nobody objects that Peter lives with us. 21. without waiting to light up. enjoy. Nobody knew that they had agreed to take part in the expedition. но она настояла на том. Она продолжала говорить. She arose. He was afraid that the news might cause excitement among the girls. 13. что он пришел. "You know Sven hates your standing down at the door alone. 120. She began talking to the girl behind the bar. Point out gerunds and verbal nouns. Nick was very much excited about his favourite cake getting spoiled. 16. 3. что пойдет одна. He may have noticed my goings out and comings in. Your being so indifferent irritates me a great deal. 11. она сразу отказалась. 19." she cried when they were out of hearing. but there was a lump in her throat and a tightening at her heart. 20. keep. 8. 13. что заметила меня. 199 . He looked at us with a kind of cheerful cunning. она рассмеялась. Я не люблю занимать деньги Это довольно неприятно. 117. 6. We've got a lot of questions to settle before your leaving. 15. Robert. 16. risk. 3. пугала его. меняет дело. 8. A." said Minnie.. Remember at school one was always kept waiting for a beating. 16. postpone. imagine. Upon reading this letter Shelton had once more a sense of being exploited. 12. 17. чтобы сказать ей все открыто. 7. using the Gerund: 1. He reached his rooms at midnight so exhausted that. слушая магнитофонные записи. 10. Don't think she'll approve of your telling me this.1 prefer that we should make use of tape-recording before we read the text. 12. чтобы вам сказали правду. Вместо того. 6. 14. He wrote he would stay in Paris another week and did not explain why he was obliged to do so. чтобы он когда-либо обращался ко мне с подобной просьбой. Она дала мне понять. 4. Of course I should insist on your accepting the proper professional fee. 10. 119. excuse. Translate into English. Я не помню. Вы ничего не имеете против того. Она предпочитает все делать сама без чьей-либо помощи. regret. avoid. 7. Point out complexes with the Gerund and comment on their function? in the following sentences. Вам не следовало бы настаивать на том. There's no going back now. что положила деньги в сумку.1 remember Mother reprimanded me when I spoiled her favourite fish-cake. forgive. 6. 12. prevent. 14. finish. не обращая внимания на наши слова. She tried to speak lightly. 14. Nell denies that he is a bore. deny. What annoyed me most of all was his accepting their proposal quite readily. не глядя ни на кого. Я не могу позволить себе покупать такие дорогие вещи. 8. 11. mind. We recommended that work should start at once. She was startled by the noise of the outer door being opened. 3.1 can't recollect that they ever invited me to stay a weekend with them. Мы провели много времени за писанием пригласительных билетов на наш вечер выпускникам факультета. Dixon? — I was thinking of going in for school teaching. Ок сказал это громко. His breathing heavily when he greeted her was the result of running up two flights of stairs. Я не люблю провожать. 15.1 insist that everything should be said in plain words so that there can't be any misunderstanding. Она никогда не уставала говорить о своих детях. чтобы он зашел к вам сегодня? 7. I have only a candle to see by. 4. 10. 121. 13. слегка кивнув головой. 5. Извините. 10. что это наилучшее угощение. Now and again came the clear hammering of the woodpecker or the joyless call of a crow. При виде жареной индейки на подносе он сказал. rely. Джон долго улыбался. Translate the sentences into Russian: 1. 5. using the Gerund after the following verbs: stop. 2. 9. Nick suggested that we should dine at a restaurant to celebrate this little event." 9. so I trust you will excuse my bad writing. don't leave us! I've so loved being with you. 2. 15. 7. а также чтением вслух. 5. 11. Thank you that you reminded me. 13. 11. 9. Her father took no notice of her comings and gomgs. 3. 4. it wants (needs). но у меня очень важная новость для вас. I remember in school days he couldn't answer the teacher's questions without my prompting him. Uncle Julius insists on my coming to keep him company. После того как он просмотрел все фотографии. 15. And the worst of it is that I shall go on doing exactly I was going to do in the first place. 14. We knew nothing of his being a humorous writer. чтобы обдумать вопрос как следует. Мысль о том. Мы хотели проводить ее. Insert prepositions if necessary: 1. что мы его побеспокоили. "Oh. 2. Осознав свою оплошность. She dislikes when the children prompt one another and always gets very angry. Я помню. Я сожалею. 18. 9. He prevents when I help him. but before she had time to get out of the room a loud rapping began upon the front door. чтобы провожали меня. He began tidying the cabin. 5. He said he was looking forward to meeting you again. 15. She disliked that he was so stubborn and would never listen to her reasons. I can't bear the thought of the children staying there alone. То. 20. Услышав отдаленный крик. Oh. dislike. Вы можете улучшить произношение. Она так гордилась ими! 17. что приходится покидать вас так скоро. His having failed at the entrance examination was a great disappointment to his mother. fancy. и было неясно.

. Сбежав с лестницы. Увидев меня. 11. так как занятия в институте начинаются в 7. What do you mean by. в каком направлении пойти. That night. так как детям давно пора было вернуться. . 9. Она продолжала молчать. 7. что увидела меня там. 5. 14. 2. 16. she blushed.1 sat quite silent. but... она сразу 200 .. 16. "What a nice lunch. being an Englishman.. Мы сидели в саду и разговаривали о нашей поездке по Волге. We couldn't even dream of .... and the train rattled on in the dying twilight. ? 123. He didn't care for . Use the appropriate form of the First Participle of the verbs brackets: 1. he was better prepared to meet them than anyone of us. (to return) from the expedition he wrote a book about Central Africa. что была больна в это время. (to close) the door behind him with a bang. using the First Participle: 1. The audience enjoyed . eating the sugar at the bottom of her coffee cup. He is sure to boast of. and. пересекая улицу. 1. 125... Написав сочинение. После того. 2. она остановилась на мгновение. . он спокойно сел на свое место. carrying his head as though it held some fatal secret. 19. 7.30. He left the room again.. Complete the following. если я зайду к вам сегодня вечером? 13. Она разорвала письмо на мелкие кусочки. 14. 9. and (to put) his bag up in the rack. они перестали разговаривать. 10. Я помню. 5. Объяснив все подробно. "Edward's arriving by the 12.. 11. 12." said Clare. что видела нас там.1 received from her another letter saying that she was passing . . Нельзя привыкнуть к тому. 10. he took his seat. как он рассказывает о своих приключениях.. Вы не возражаете. 17. 17.. he seemed more pleased than usual. she saw there was a man working in the garden. 6. 6. 11. She was always to him a laughing girl. He couldn't join his friends (to be) still busy in the laboratory. Translate the sentences Into English.through Paris and would like to have a chat with me. что он перешел улицу в неположенном месте. (to glance) down at his watch. 5.. Видя. When driving in London itself she had as immediate knowledge of its streets5'as any taxi-driver. She sat very still. You can't act without. using the Gerund.. Я не могу позволить себе купить такие дорогие часы..? 6. если расскажет всю правду. was agreeably drowsy. 17. ? 10. Мне понравилась мысль о том.. 18. Бесполезно пытаться достать билеты на этот спектакль. Point out the First Participle and state its functions in the sentence: 1. forward to . что произошло. he ran into Donald and Mary (to return) from school. 12. Будьте осторожны. 16 (to confuse) by his joke. 17. 15. Winkshap. What kept you from . (to do) all that was required. что я подхожу. (to inform) of their arrival the day before. 4. While eating and drinking they talked loudly in order that all present might hear what they said. 8.. 7. 7.. 19. The carriage was almost full.. 3. We don't often have the chance of .. . как бы колеблясь. Мать не могла не волноваться.. 4.. никогда не овладеют английским языком. The door opened and he entered. Его оштрафовали за то. Is it worth while .122.. (to turn) to the main street. Она казалась очень удивленной тем. she became conscious of her mistake.. что тебя оскорбляют. Вы должны вовремя возвращать книги в библиотеку без напоминания. having eaten a heavy lunch. his mouth worked.. Студенты. чтобы провести конец недели за городом.. 15. 8. она начала готовить другое задание. 8. she sent Peter instead. 4. . ребенок радостно улыбнулся. Мы получали удовольствие. чтобы оставить работу и переехать в деревню. 12. Она отрицала. 2. he came on Mr. 18. Dennant (to cross) to his study. could only turn away his eyes.. 13. (to return) home in the afternoon. 20. our neighbour living next door. Translate the sentences into English. with a handful of official-looking papers. I'm afraid it's the moon looking so much like a slice of melon. Я привыкла рано вставать.. . We all look. 15. The Participles 124. не читая его. For the first time she stared about her.1 used to tell all my troubles to Mrs. . 8. она избегала встречаться с ним. "It's a quarter past seven. I hadn't slept the night before. 9.1 spent about ten minutes (to turn) over the sixteen pages of "The Times" before I found the chief news and articles. (to step) inside. It was a bright Sunday morning of early summer. 14. a strong and noble face.. (to go) up to his room Shelton thought of his unpleasant duty. 3. 2. He wished to say something sympathetic. 5. 7. Everybody wished he stopped . ? 15. Is there any use in . не уделяющие достаточно внимания грамматике. watching his face. 6.. 18. Очутившись одна на улице. ? 16." he said trying as hard as he could to keep relief from his voice. так как боялась обидеть его. he found himself in what had once been a sort of office.. using the Gerund: 1. 3." 126. (to get) out of bed she ran to the window and drew the curtain aside.. 11. 12. . Этот вопрос стоит обсудить.. 6. 3. (to know) that she couldn't trust Jim. He has given up ..15. 5. (to look) out of the window. (to descend) to the hall. 14. . I hardly remember . 10. (to finish) his work.1 sat on the doorstep holding my little sister in my arms thinking over my chances of escaping from home. promising heat. Everybody disliked the idea of. bending over his desk. Он подумывает о том. 4. My children are not used to . 9. 3. слушая. 13. he was the last to leave the office.? 18. with dancing eyes full of eager expectation. .. What prevented her from .. Lying he spoke more quickly than when he told the truth. 13. As he wrote. Sir Henry paused and then said. 2... 4. trying to see what there was. The boy kept on . Are English people fond of.

20. он увидел. 17. 7. The patient's leg having been amputated. 8. During that moment Miss Pembroke told a lie. 9. it being a hot day and all of us thirsty. 4. 13. 13. and he was startled as he suddenly saw her face looking at him. A moment later they heard her bedroom door (to shut) with a bang. He felt his irritation mounting. We saw him (to open) the envelope and (to read) something hastily. I've never heard your canary (to sing). 13.. and James was left alone. We heard her walking on the stairs by the cellar. 7. He found Dora reading a novel in their bedroom. 19. She turned and saw Shelton standing down there. At that moment I noticed Charles sitting a little farther in the hall. their collars turned up. что его совсем не ждали. 12. Before he moved himself Bertrand said. 7. поняв это. 15. You can always find him handing round bread and butter at a tea party. Холодные лучи заходящего солнца освещали вершины деревьев. 5. Through the chink in the shutters she watched Emma (to pick) cherries in the orchard. . 8. Carrie went into the bathroom where they could not disturb her. Молодой человек. I heard the visitor walking restlessly backwards and forwards. Translate the sentences Into English. что собираются тучи. 4." said Dora. Мог still gripping her arm in a tight grip. Baddle made the round of the room. Судя по тому. 15. Point out the Complex Object with the First Participle. 4. они медленно возвращались с вокзала. The captain said something which made them (to laugh). Then in the complete silence of the night he heard somebody opening the door quietly. 10. You can see him (to work) in his little garden every day. 14. Заметив меня. 3. the sheet up to her chin. 6. 14. 6. Together they ran back down the road. 2. 9. Видя. 5. her hands by her sides. 8. 2. 9. 11. Use the Infinitive or the First Participle of the verbs in brackets to form a Complex Object: 1.. from an illness. They did not notice him (to approach). как где-то вдалеке играла музыка. Он заметил. он ей нравится. She had never heard philosophy (to pass) those lips before. Men. The moon came fully through a cloud. 5. 11. and Bunter having produced an electric torch. candle in hand. her small fingers curling and uncurling themselves nervously. Театры Ист-Энда часто ставят пьесы. 7. 18. to point out all its beauties. 130. 9. Point out the "Nominative Absolute" construction and translate the sentences into Russian: 1. "You don't respect me. he did not hear what it was.1 saw hdm (to unfold) the telegram slowly and hesitatingly as though he expected it (to contain) some bad news. the party stepped into a wide stone passage. is it?" 8. 5. Она слышала. using the First Participle: 1. 3. They had their own pattern of life and expected me (to fit) in. and made Rickie (to believe) it was the truth. I saw him (to put) his suitcase right here. внимательно посмотрел на меня. это не совсем то. Constantia lay like a statue. where suddenly she saw moisture shining. Is there anything the matter with the bird? 3. Приехав домой. 10. Было слышно. Маме приходилось много раз вставать из-за стола. Элиза бросилась бежать. Mrs. He found them (to sit) together and (to talk) peacefully. or have you had some? 4. passed by. The door being opened. 11. 16. and wrote a little note.1 want you (to explain) the disappointment we had this morning. мы решили отложить прогулку. As I was looking this over I heard the doors which led on to the main corridor being opened. 10. Проводив сына. 3. то другое блюдо. She stared at the ceiling. 8. затрагивающие многие современные проблемы. 13. Утопающий за соломинку хватается.пожалела о том. She watched him (to work) for a long time. He felt the water (to reach) his knees. она остановилась. their caps pulled down. Another time when we were going through Feme Bay on our way back from a long excursion. Would you like me (to make) you lunch. 129. He felt the bridge shaking under his feet. 6. For the first time she found herself wondering about him. She felt her voice (to tremble) and tried to control herself. The voices had receded. Together they watched the old oak (to drop) its leaves. there was no doubt of his recovering soon. Four seconds later Dixon was on the way out of the hotel into the sunlight. 9. что случилось. Translate the sentences into Russian: 1. 10. Строго говоря. she suggested that we should go into the Dolphin and have a glass of beer. Soames raised his hand to his forehead. his eyes on Dixon: "That's quite clear. Том увидел. 14. his shilling in his pocket. 2. как ее отец ходит взад и вперед по террасе. I also heard him talking to himself. and fear creeping about his inwards. The strain of his indecision over. She had sunk into a chair and was sitting there. что в воде что-то быстро движется. меняя тарелки и принося то одно. что я хотела сказать. решил изменить свой путь. 12. 14. 12. She watched him (to pass) the gate and (to walk) down the street. her voice trembling. He heard the young people (to sing) and (to shout) from the opposite bank. стоявший у окна. his "ears standing up like a hare's. He looked at groups of young girls walking arm in arm. he felt like a man recovering. Схватив сына на руки. 11. 12. я 201 . 127. 128. 6. Dinner over. 10. With amusement they watched them going. что за ним кто-то следит и. как ласково она на него смотрит. Дойдя до середины. 2.

19. Translate the sentences into English. читавшие этот очерк. 11. 13. хотел поговорить с ней наедине. работавших на Дальнем Востоке. and it was a hot day. 15. 12.1 felt a bitter envy towards the two small boys walking along the path with their mother at that moment. 2. принесший письмо от Артура. they caught sight of a young girl with a bundle in her hand. Returning home late at night. пристально смотревший на него. Услышав шаги на пустынной улице. the boy was about to run away when he saw the owner of the garden with a stick in his hand. вдруг куда-то исчез. stood at the door of the cottage. 16. Девушка. что она шла в дальний конец деревни. he saw in his neighbour's orchard a great number of fine red apples which had fallen from the trees. говорят. переводивший эту статью. Мики. не могут не восхищаться ими. Наши друзья. dazzled Nan for a moment. Jacob found it deserted. Человек. It's an old face for twenty-five. где была речка. 15. я определенно его уже видел. for we had been on the road since eight o'clock in the morning. where possible: 1. спрашивавший меня. Having filled his pockets with apples. Here and there were signs that the flower-beds had been trampled upon by excited villagers who tried to reach the windows. говорили. делает ему таинственные знаки. поднял голову и взглянул на меня. Вообще говоря. 4. что мост дрожит. 10. работавший в саду. 13. as Johnny was looking out of the window. 11. продававшего газеты. 15. чтобы выслушивать ее нелепые истории. даже не взглянул на меня. Мой друг.30 train. One morning. 7. 12. As he did not know the way to the station very well he often stopped to ask people who were passing by. "I'm late. что мы должны непременно прочесть ее в оригинале. 10." said the poor boy who was trembling with fear. 5. 2.1 hailed the first taxi that passed by and reached the station at ten minutes to three. 11. читавший иллюстрированный журнал. Стараясь скрыть свое Смущение. Человек. A snake sleeping in the grass will bite if anyone treads upon it. The path which was leading through the coppice soon got lost in the high grass. 132. "Villain!" cried he. merely looked at her and paused for a moment. 7. выглядел очень усталым. что он труден для перевода. 9. Высокий человек оказался инженером. 15. 18. видевшие девочку в то утро. Replace the participle phrases in the following sentences by attributive or adverbial clauses: 1. She looked down at the floor as though seeing something there. как внимательно он читал письмо. Было слышно. using attributive participle phrases. Шофер. The lady was waiting for her sister who was arriving by the 7. посетившие Музей Изобразительных Искусств одновременно со мной. still lying in sheets upon the water. She returned presently and brought a tray with a jug of milk. что когда-то читал о ней. продававшая неподалеку фиалки. "May I come in?" she said as she pushed the door a little wider open. я был склонен увидеть в Англии то. Having satisfied himself that each guest had a plate of food and a glass of water. while watching the fear she was trying to hide. Jan thought." 8. 3. Jim. чем-то напоминала Элизу Дулятл.почувствовала. говорит. медленно вылезший из машины. I went out at once to the Main Post Office. A middle-aged woman. Reaching the top of the hill my companion stopped. выражали вслух свое восхищение. она начала что-то торопливо рассказывать. he found everybody in bed. Он заметил. переводивший трудную статью. she often wore her favourite brown velvet frock barely reaching the knees of her thin legs. "it isn't my fault. wearing a print apron. откуда я приехал. 2. The golden light. уже не было видно. 8. he was anxious to make conversation. как будто ничего не случилось. посетивший Панамский канал. 6. He looked like an African savage who was being shown a simple conjuring trick. 10. 8. 5. 3. Мики. Having addressed and sealed the parcel. 9. 3. она насторожилась. sir. 7. работавшие на Дальнем Востоке. 16. 6. вернулись в Москву. Жители деревни. обращаясь к своему спутнику. watching the wrinkles that fanned out from eyes to temples. читавшие юмористические рассказы этого писателя." she remarked. 202 . Я наблюдала за тем. We were tired and thirsty. not being sure of her real intentions. On a sunny afternoon arriving at the house in Malta Street. 16. у меня нет времени. Очевидно. 14. 4. Все. Мальчика. казалось. Молодой рабочий. he believed her story. рассказывает много интересного о своем путешествии. как больной стонет от боли. The old woman told me with pride that the healthy-looking child that was playing beside us was her grandson. 13. 12. Replace the attributive and adverbial clauses in the following sentences by participle phrases: 1. Suddenly. 133. as he ran down to him. что дети мирно играют. 9. 5. "Oh. Being seven. показался мне знакомым. One day towards evening when both the old people were sitting in front of their cottage. 6. Выйдя в сад. Туристы. Но где? 13. что пожилой джентльмен. as she sat down and drew off her gloves. Наконец молодой человек. 14. 11. 17. 12. The letter. не сразу заметил меня. 131. Они часто думали о своих друзьях. Студенты. beginning with "Dear sir" was not signed. я увидела. 4. спрашивавший дорогу к мосту Ватерлоо. работавшим на этом заводе несколько лет тому назад. 14. 14. Старик.

Locked in her room. which is connected with Liverpool by a canal. 15. 5. Mooney watched the table cleared and the broken bread collected. His name was well-known among the younger writers of France. 4. закрытая дверь. which he uttered in an under-tonie. looked at from outside. потерянный вчера. 14. They found the door locked. There was another pause which was broken by a fit of laughing of one of the old men sitting in the first row. Replace the attributive clauses in the following sentences by phrases with the Second Participle. 20. If you hadn't caught sight of him at the door he might have slipped out unnoticed. потерянный ключ. 9. сочинение. Point out the Second Participle and state its functions in the sentence: 1. How often do you have your carpets cleaned? 3. взволнованные происшедшим. 6. and a blaze of gold and red in autumn. We were all looking at his smiling face which was framed in the window of the railway-carriage. 203 . 7. 9. 12. 7. полученные из Лондона. дверь. 2. We decided to have our photos taken after the final exam. but there are more rooms in it than one would think. Translate the sentences into Russian. ключ. I asked the librarian to show me the magazines which were sent from the German Democratic Republic. 5. she flung herself on the bed and cried bitterly. 13. 12. There lay a loaf of brown bread which was divided into two halves. They were all pleased with the results which were achieved by the end of the month. 133. the students have lots of exams which are held at the end of each term. 1. 10. They say that in their college. 2.1 have a letter for you which was received two days ago. письмо. The storm that caused a lot of harm to the crops abated late at night. 11. 17. is Lenin Mausoleum. 18. дети. The house in which Denby lives is little more than a cottage. 8.134. Pay attention to the place of the Second Participle: иллюстрированный журнал. near the Kremlin Wall. He said that the book which I had chosen belonged to his grandfather. 9. Have you got your watch repaired? 4. 6. 11. She sat for a while with her eyes shut. оконченное в спешке. where possible: I. 13. Point out the Complex Objects with the Second Participle. украденные документы. сломанная ветром. Seen from the Vorobyev Hills the city looks magnificent. 4. сломанный карандаш. приглашенная на вечер. взволнованные голоса. 8. I haven't had my nails polished yet. A little frightened girl stood in the light that fell from the passage. запертая изнутри. like most cities which have a long history behind them. On one side the Kremlin opens upon Red Square. a little figure. is not really one single city. The English people love their green hedges which are covered with leaf and flower in summer. упавшая со стола. 2. оконченное сочинение. газеты. There. 16. упавшее дерево. made of granite. Get the rooms dusted and aired by the time they arrive. высокоразвитая индустриальная страна. 11. украденные у секретаря. High in the air. She entered the drawing-room accompanied by her husband and her father. 12. 6. I'm having a new dress made. 10. The broad thoroughfare which runs between Trafalgar Square and the Houses of Parliament. иллюстрированный известным художником. The teacher told us that the centre of the cotton industry is Manchester. 3. Tennis is one of the most popular games in England which is played all the year round. разбитое стекло. мальчик. as well as in ours. испуганный собакой. In the South of England we find fertile valleys which are divided by numerous hedges. 15. документы. написанное незнакомым почерком. 136. 10. 14. Everybody felt that in the farewell dinner there was sadness which was mingled with festivity. 3. девушка. His words. книга. and especially at night in the electric light. By a residential college we mean a college with a hostel which is usually situated on the same grounds as the principal building. стекло. 19. stood staring out to sea. London. Presently I grew tired and went to bed. The child kept silent and looked frightened. 137. b) Make up sentences with the word-groups you have translated. He heard his name called from behind. 8. журнал. The boy who had broken the windowpane ran away and did not appear till the evening. 16. He thought it necessary to have the ceiling of the room whitewashed. The child that was left alone in the large room began to scream. In the coppice they sat down on a fallen free. 5. reached my ears. ветка. From his essay we learn about various goods which are produced in Birmingham and the adjoining manufacturing towns. is known as Whitehall. Mrs. Finella glanced up at the top of the hill. He lived in a little village situated at the foot of a hill. He had his luggage sent to the station. He fell asleep exhausted by his journey. разбитое накануне. his hands thrust in his short jacket pockets.1 want it done as soon as possible. 17. 7. The door opened. The slogan which was made by Mike's brother attracted everybody's attention. but rather a collection of once separated towns and villages which in the course of time have grown together. a) Translate the following word-groups into English.

7. 21. 18.. 14. 9. here we are in Oxford!" said the man. 8. You must encourage him (start) (take) more exercise. 5.. 10.. Из-за одного этого стоило вернуться домой.REVISION EXERCISES ON THE VERBAIS 138. His first act was to seek the tailor that Glover had recommended. (he. .1 looked around me. I want you (help) me (pack) this suitcase. если я положу вам еще порцию пирога? 19.7.. 8... .. чтобы ее видели в обществе. he can't . I'm so sorry . 17. "I'm too old (start) (play) hide-and-seek with school girls. I should have gone (fetch) the doctor instead . Нельзя быстро выздороветь. 4. He pushed the door with his toe ." But Mr. Вам не следовало бы настаивать на том. To live a healthy life in the country was good for them. We heard . он еще и опытный режиссер. it's not a thing (joke) about. What would you do if you saw . There's nothing . using infinitives or infinitive constructions: 1. Мы решили прогуляться перед тем. She appeared . 5. Margaret's visit was exciting. не принимая лекарства регулярно. 13. Вы не возражаете. что он прекрасный актер. 2. Всем понравилась мысль отпраздновать день рождений Джона за городом. 16. чтобы вам сказали об этом.. "Listen. .. 9. . but there was no chair (sit) . Oh. Она не привыкла получать подарки и была удивлена. 25. Use the Gerund or the Infinitive of the verbs in brackets. 16. She had never learned the habit of command: her habit was to ask permission. 20. 13. Я не помню. I wish I were young enough to help you. dearest. . 9.. It hasn't yet been decided . 3. Nobody will ever make .. (do) the exercise you should carefully study the examples.. 6... . Complete the following sentences. Почему вы отпустили пациента. Моя спутница поблагодарила меня за то. 4. . 6. 6. . (he. 12.. "I'm sorry. Mother says she often has occasion (complain) . 16. He asked us not to move and stay where we were.. 15.. he laughed so merrily at other people's jokes that no one could help (like) him.. 11.. I should love (go) to the party with you. 10. Я думаю принять участие в первенстве института по шахматам.. Мы не могли не улыбнуться серьезности ребенка. (look) for it... Now you can do whatever you like. (quarrel) with her.. 8. . It would be of great use . It was a real pleasure to him to give pleasure to others.." he said. 20. что я присмотрела за ее багажом.. Было ясно.. I forgot (put) the book on the top shelf and spent half an hour or so . using the Gerund: 1. .. "How am I to find that house. 15. Я очень люблю плавать и стараюсь никогда не упустить возможности искупаться. It's too late. 18. . (beat) in class by a smaller boy. Я советую вам перестать беспокоиться о ребенке. 21. 12. Translate the sentences into English... Oh.. come) late.. It was a great happiness to him to discover that she was in complete agreement with him in opinions. чтобы попасть на премьеру этого 204 . The company began to drift in a polite group towards the door. But she had to turn round again. The difficulty is . 2. После этой неприятной сцены она избегала.. come) back today. He was on the point.. 10. stay) alone. What is done . The book seems . 18. 4.. how nice of you . She could not bear the thought . 5.. her father was coming. 12. I've so loved (be) with you. We used to play in the garden behind the house. Он уже вне опасности.. And William went to London to start a new life. He is unlikely . Margaret. 3. The train began to slow down. Judging from the shadows under his eyes. 8.. 13. Don't forget (put) the book in the right place.. His first impulse was (turn) back. 5.. He started to plan her reception. Robert. (remain) where I was. Are you going (keep) me (wait) all day? 17. 10. 139. I'll miss you more than anyone. 17. 15. I'm not quite sure. Ты предпочитаешь готовить сама или обедать в институтской столовой? 2. 11.. Dixon tried to suppress his irritation. 19. This is the right thing to do. 14. I hate (go) out alone. "There isn't anyone to ask.. 18. Mary warned us not to be late. увидев на столе великолепные розы... 24. . 2. "I don't want anything to eat. We are all very glad . 13. 22. . Мальчик боялся появиться дома в таком виде.. Yalta is a nice town (live) . (he. She told me how (make) clothes (last) longer. . 17. как лечь спать. He was so young.. 23. 9." 141. The dearest wish of his heart was to have a boy. He taught his boy to swim. . 11. State the function of the Infinitive in the following sentences and translate them into Russian: 1. I've got to talk to you seriously.." he thought. . it's not a thing to joke about.. "Why... You are too inexperienced . She doesn't like .. Помимо того.. I need a pen to write with. 19.. 140. He opened his eyes too late to see the momentary gleam of light from the corridor. She is old enough .. . Gilbert. 6... Bob was greatly ashamed .. 11. чтобы он когда-либо поздравлял меня с днем рождения. 14. .. so gay. 3. I didn't expect. My dear child. . (put) his suitcases down. but he suppressed it and walked in boldly. 15. 19. 12.." 20... . . 4. Pinfold would not answer. . 16.. Fill in the blanks with appropriate prepositions: 1." said Felicity.. 7. Мы не могли даже мечтать о том. не измерив ему кровяное давление? 14.. he must. что он заслуживает наказания. 7. 3.

Douglas sat down again. As to his stooping. "I'm leaving for South America and have come to say good-bye. After spending the night in the farm. 15. 11. Having finished the work. When we had lain on the bank for some time without speaking I saw a man approaching from the far end of the field. 15. There you can see the Fire of London with the flames coming out of the windows of the houses. "Three years ago it was.1 seated myself at the table and was on the point of filling my cup from the teapot when the sound of the door opening made me look up. Having bathed her face in cold water.спектакля. 13. Get a blanket spread and make them hold it tight. 8. I saw there wooden cabins with beds. 9. keeping his eyes on Dixon." Jim said staring into her eyes. running water. 2. electric light. The darkness found him occupied with these thoughts. they set out again on their journey in the same way. 20. Burton turned to me. 11. 3. so much shorter than he. Most Englishmen are not overfond of soup. I know why I make you laugh. State whether the -ing. 13. 143.1 am much pleased with my surroundings. the opening and shutting of the door. как будто ничего не случилось. it was natural when dancing with a small person like myself. 17. 9: Father said that we were not to let the fact of his not having had a real holiday for three years stand in our way.form is a participle. I'm afraid I never seem to get any time for reading. 7. 5. He had to stand aside for the maid to carry in the luncheon. He began moving away down the drive. at least for a time. Point out the verbals and comment on them: 1. Looking in Ferrand's face he saw to his dismay tears rolling down his cheeks. staring still at the foot of the bed. 12. Она продолжала развлекать гостей. 20. It's because you're so far above me in every way that I am somehow ridiculous. 14. the weather remaining fine. He felt anger against the gipsy for having given them such a fright. 18. It's no use trying to argue with me. 5. 6. give up smoking. remarking that it fills them without leaving sufficient room for the more important meat course. 10." she broke off and stood still. 16.1 want you to give my hair a good brushing. 14. her mouth set in a rigid grimace of pain. To my mind the setting of the scene was beautiful. 8. a gerund or a verbal noun: 1. 12. 205 . I found him in exactly the position I had left him. Renton Heath is a charming village. 23. 19. From room to room he went and. he seemed more pleased with himself than usual. I should certainly be very glad to go with you to Madrid. Were it not for his having asked me to spend a week with him in the country. 7. Pausing in his story. 10. 4." dinner or supper depending upon its size and also social standing of those eating it. If possible. having evidently changed his mind about going. It was past two o'clock when she heard the car return. The boys could not go without asking permission. 2. There were steps on the gravel. "high tea. 22. it was clear that its inhabitants had departed. situated in the loveliest part of the West of England? 4. a brief murmur of voices — then silence. He said it bending forward to be out of hearing of the girl. She seemed to be asking not him but herself. 16. though each gave signs of having recently been occupied. she came up to the window and burst it open. 3. She often took care of my little sister Polly giving me a possibility to play with other boys in the neighbourhood. The evening meal goes under various names: tea. 6. 142. I admired the grounds and trees surrounding the house. Colleges give a specialized training. 21.

........................................................................................................... CONVERSATIONAL PHRASES.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................168 SUPPLEMENT............................................................ Intonation Pattern X (LOW PRE-HEAD+) RISING HEAD + HIGH FALL (+ TAIL)............................................................................................................................140 SECTION ONE...............................................................164 SECTION EIGHT....................................................182 REVISION EXERCISES ON MOOD AND MODAL VERBS.....................9 UNIT TWO................................................................................33 TOPIC: CITY.....................17 TOPIC: ILLNESSES AND THEIR TREATMENT........................98 UNIT EIGHT.............53 UNIT FIVE.................129 SUPPLEMENT..................................................................................91 TEXT......................................................................................................................................................24 UNIT THREE..............................61 TEXT.................................................................................................................................74 TEXT.....................................................................140 SECTION TWO.............................................................................................................................. SEEING PEOPLE OFF By Max Beerbohm.............................................. THE BRITISH ISLES.................................................................................................................... HOW WE KEPT MOTHER'S DAY by Stephen Leacock................................................................................................................................... High fall........................................................................................................123 TOPIC: THEATRE....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ANNE MEETS HER GLASS.................121 TEXT............83 UNIT SEVEN.................................................................................................................................................................. (LOW PRE-HEAD + ) (HIGH HEAD+) HIGH RISE ( + TAIL)......................67 UNIT SIX..........................................................................................................................................................................................45 TEXT..................................40 UNIT FOUR................. A DAY'S WAIT by Ernest Hemingway................171 GRAMMAR EXERCISES..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................62 TOPIC: EDUCATION...............................................................................................150 SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE..................................................................................................................................113 UNIT NINE.................1 TEXT.................................................107 TOPIC: TRAVELLING.......... Intonation Pattern IX............................... HIGH PRE-HEAD..............................................................139 EXERCISES IN INTONATION.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... B................................................................................................................46 TOPIC: MEALS.................................................................................................................................................142 SECTION THREE......................................................................................................................... (LOW PRE-HEAD + ) HIGH RISE (+TAIL) II..................................................... Intonation Pattern XI (LOW PRE-HEAD + ) FALLING HEAD+ HIGH FALL (+ TAIL)...............................................................190 206 ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................136 B..............105 TEXT..........................179 MODAL VERBS..............................1 UNIT ONE.......................................................146 SECTION FOUR........................................................136 A.................................................................................. A FRESHMAN'S EXPERIENCE From "Daddy Long-Legs" by Jean Webster................................2 TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES.................. INTRODUCING LONDON......................91 TOPIC: GEOGRAPHY.............................................................................................................. A FRIEND IN NEED by William Somerset Maugham (abridged).........159 SECTION SEVEN Intonation pattern XII I.....................................155 SECTION SIX Compound Tunes TWO OR MORE FALLS WITHIN ONE SENSE-GROUP.................................................16 TEXT.....................32 TEXT...CONTENTS ESSENTIAL COURSE......................................................175 THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD.................................................................................................................. Review of Fundamental Intonation Patterns and Their Use............................................................................................................................................................ CLASSROOM ENGLISH .......................................................................................................................................................... ROSE AT THE MUSIC-HALL From "They Walk in the City" by J........................................................................................................................... Priestley...........................................................................................................................................................175 REVISION EXERCISES ON TENSE AND VOICE.........................................................................75 TOPIC: SPORTS AND GAMES........

.....193 The Infinitive.................................................................................................................................................................................... Куценко Алла Владимировна Учебное издание ПРАКТИЧЕСКИЙ КУРС АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА 2курс Учебник для студентов высших учебных заведений 7-е издание............................................................................................................................. дополненное и исправленное Сдано в набор 15.200 REVISION EXERCISES ON THE VERBAIS.................................................................................................................204 Аракин Владимир Дмитриевич..................................................NON-FINITE FORMS OF THE VERB........... 207 ................................193 The Gerund...............01.......................................... Подписано в начать 20...............05..............05.........................05...........................197 The Participles.................... Селянина Лидия Ивановна......................................................