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- Experiment No 4 Flow Measurements
- Lab 2-Venturi Meter
- Venturi Meter
- Exp 2 Venturi Meter 2012
- Venturimeter (discharge coefficient)
- Experimental Determination of an Orifice Discharge Coefficient
- Experiment 12
- Venturi Meter
- Calibration of Orifice Meter
- Calibration of Orifice Meter
- Flow Measurement
- Venturimeter and Orifice Meter
- Venturi Orifice Rota Meter
- Orifice meter
- Flow through a Venturi Meter
- Venturimeter
- Lab Report for Venturi Meter
- Venturimeter LAB Report
- Venturi Meter 1
- full manual- MECH

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Experiment Report

Objectives:

• To use the Venturi Meter and the Orifice Meter to measure the rate

of discharge.

• To determine the coefficient of discharge Cd for both the Venturi

Meter and the Orifice Meter.

Theory:

A Venturi meter and an Orifice are both instruments used for measuring

the rate of discharge for a fluid flowing in a pipe.

These instruments are based on the same principle which states the

following:

pipe through which the fluid is flowing depends on the change

of levels and on the change in velocities and therefore on the

volume rate of flow"

Where the flow is led to narrow cross section, at which the velocity

increase and hence a fall in the pressure occur.

A Venturi Meter consists of a short converging conical tube leading to a

cylindrical portion, called the throat, of smaller diameter of that of the

pipeline, which is followed by a diverging section in which the diameter

increases again to that of the main pipeline

An Orifice Meter consists of an orifice plate which has an opening in it

smaller than the internal diameter of the pipeline, placed in a flange

connecting the two portions of the pipeline.

The equation to be used to fine Q theoretical for the pipe line can be

found as follows:

Actually the discharge rate occurring in the pipe is smaller for the

calculated theoretical values; that’s why a coefficient of discharge is to be

evaluated for each instrument to be used then to calculate the actual rate

of discharge:

The value of Cd is usually less than 1, for the Venturi Meter it is close to

one, and for the Orifice it is about 0.65, due to the larger losses in the

case of Orifice meter.

Apparatus:

• Hydraulic bench

• Venturi Meter

• Orifice Meter

• Rota Meter

• Peizometers connected to several points on both meter

Procedures:

1. Provide water to the hydraulic bench.

2. Take readings of volume vs. time to calculate the rate of discharge.

3. Take reading to the heads in the required Peizometers.

4. Repeat the past procedures with increasing the discharge rate each

time by using the valve.

Conclusions:

• For both meters it was noted from plots that the difference in

pressures are directly related to the rate of discharge.

• Coefficient of discharge have a varying value depending on the

rate of discharge, where in the Venturi meter the value of Cd

increase gradually at first with increasing the rate of discharge till a

point approaching one, then started to descend with further

increment in the rate of discharge. For the Orifice meter the same

scheme was noticed but with the ultimate value of 0.7.

• The Coefficient of discharge " Cd " for the Venturi Meter was

greater than that for the Orifice Meter, which indicates that the

head losses occurred in the Orifice are larger that them in the

Venturi, this result was predicted theoretically.

• When the Head losses where plotted with the discharge rate, the

following results were accomplished;

increased for both meters.

When the rate of discharge was taken to be the

theoretical value, an unexpected result was obtained

that the head losses for the Venturi meter were larger

than them for the Orifice which is not possible.

The actual rate of discharge was taken the relation was

corrected some how.

that reading was calculated, which showed increasing value of Cd

of the previous results.

• The arrangement of Orifice Meter is much economical than the

use of the Venturi meter, but as seen in this experiment the Venturi

meter provide more accurate results that the Orifice meter, So the

choice of which to use in a specified laboratory depends on the

financial ability of the organization occupying the device and on

the accuracy needed.

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