TAMU - Pemex Offshore Drilling

Lesson 5A The Drilling Riser
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Lesson 5A - The Drilling Riser 
Riser Components  Riser Tensioning  Fatigue  Kill/Choke Lines  Inspection & Maintenance  Reentry
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RISER TENSION SLIP JOINT INNER BARREL SLIP JOINT OUTER BARREL UPPER BALL JOINT KILL AND CHOICE LINES

RISER JOINTS

LOWER BALL JOINT

BOP

Mudline

Riser system for a floating drilling rig
Marine riser = drilling riser, get returns to surface, well control, communications link
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Integral Marine Riser Joints Choke and kill lines are integral with the marine riser . etc 4 . flanged connections. clamp.

inspect when running 5 .6 bolts NOTE: Choke and Kill Lines O-ring type seals .Integral Marine Riser Connector Flanged connection .

Integral Marine Riser Connector 6 .

500.000 lbf! 7 . inject lubricant. up to 1. binding from high tensile forces.Marine Riser Flexible Joint Flexible joint.

FLEXIBLE JOINT TELESCOPIC JOINT MARINE RISER DIVERTER ASSEMBLY RISER TENSIONING LINES KILL AND CHOKE LINES Upper Section Marine Riser System. 8 .

P.Mud returns L. do not shut in. downwind. erosion -108 9 . Re-directs flow from rig floor to blooey line (10´+). Annular Control valve Vent line A diverter system.

Subsea BOP Stack Vertical steel loops used for kill / choke line transition around the ball joint. 10 .Figure 6-6.

The Drilling Riser MEAN WATER LEVEL RISER ELEMENT Schematic diagram of riser with imposed forces Optimum riser tension to minimize damage to riser and wear-and-tear on tensioners. 11 sag .

Insufficient Tension (too much sag) Maximum stress Mean tension Minimum stress Applied tension in riser. Set at 118 kips .will fluctuate 100-136 kips ~12 15% . kips Tension in riser must be not too low and not too high.

Combined Effect of Mean Stress and Alternating Stress Consider: Max Stress of 40 ksi Alternating Stress: 10 or 20 ksi Mean Stress: ? Life: ? 13 .

If Mean stress is high. 20 s 20 (0-40 ksi) => 105 cycles. 14 low . alt.Yield strength Mean stress. ksi Modified Goodman diagram 30 s 10 (20-40 ksi) => 106.

. 11 ksi.Vessel offset. at 10%. 30 ksi. % of water depth 15 Need adequate tension: Tensioned to 225 kips for 6% offset: at 3%.

(196 * 5/6 = 163) (225 * 5/6 = 188) The effects of losing one-sixth tensioning capacity on the riser system of previous slide Need adequate tension: Tensioning to 296 kips looks the most advantageous. 16 .

Most drilling fluids are Non-Newtonian. The Bingham Plastic or Power-Law models may be used.Estimating Pressure Drop in Choke Lines It is important to be able to determine if the pressure drop in the choke line will be a problem (excessive). 17 . More about this later.

 80.Riser Considerations  Riser Metallurgy is very important.  Correct heat treatment is essential. 18 .  Preheating.000 psi min. welding & normalizing after welding is critical for riser integrity & long life. yield strength and good toughness is preferred.

 Routine inspection required. 19 .Riser Considerations ± cont¶d  No Field Welding on Riser!  Fatigue of riser cannot be measured prior to some indication of failure.

 Fatigue is caused by cyclic loading.Riser Considerations ± cont¶d  Fatigue is an embrittlement of the metal. 20 . It often starts in the vicinity of welds or other places of high stress concentration.

Riser Inspection  Visual Inspection of the riser should occur every time the riser is run. .

Check all the seals .

Check all the sealing areas 21 .

.Riser Inspection ± cont¶d  A complete inspection should be made annually.

To use dyes. paint must be removed.Dyes: Will detect cracks. .

22 .Magnetic Particle Inspection: Sand blast areas around welds prior to magnetic particle inspection.

This test is run inside pipe.  X-Ray Inspection: Is for cracks inside the metal. 23 .Riser Inspection ± cont¶d  Ultra-Sonic Inspection: May detect cracks below the surface. It may miss surface cracks.  No one technique will find all the cracks. Paint removal is not necessary.

 Riser Angle Indicator (at ball joint): 2 2 U $ Ux Uy .Riser Instrumentation  Heave Gauge: Pointer attached to guide line moving in front of graduated board.

1/ 2 U ! tan 1 tan 2 U x  tan 2 U y ? A 1/ 2 24 .

Riser Instrumentation ± cont¶d Accurate Positioning System:  For detecting and monitoring vessel position. 25 .

Ball Joint  A Ball Joint Angle > 4 degrees is an indication that something is wrong!  Vessel has excessive offset  Riser tension is inadequate 26 .

 Remedial Action: Decrease Offset Increase Riser Tension 27 .Ball Joint ± cont¶d  Must decrease ball joint angle before operations are resumed.

Vessel to Seafloor Guidance System  Guidelines are used for guiding equipment from the vessel to the seafloor (except in deepwater)  Selection and care of guidelines is critical 28 .

Vessel to Seafloor Guidance System ± cont¶d  Guidelines should not be tensioned beyond 1/3 of breaking capacity  But«inadequate tension is the most common cause of failure in guidelines 29 .

Vessel to Seafloor Guidance System .cont¶d  Tension should be maximum when landing the BOP stack. tension may be slacked off to ~ twice the weight of the line in seawater.  When the guidelines are not being used to run equipment. or when landing the riser onto the stack. 30 .

31 . larger diameter guidelines must be used. Recommendations for Conventionally Used Guidelines As water depth increases. Higher tensioning is required.Table 6-1. Don¶t forget to limit tension to < 1/3 of breaking strength.

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