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The Stages of Sleep

The Stages of Sleep

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Published by: theamack on Feb 27, 2011
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07/06/2013

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The Stages of Sleep

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y Relaxed Wakefulness -Slower. . rhythmic waves called alpha waves Key Feature: State of resting quietly with eyes closed. low amplitude beta waves Key Feature: State of focused attention or active thought.y Ordinary Wakefulness -Fast.

y Stage 1 Sleep -Small. . irregular brain waves -easily be awakened -may not even realize you are already sleeping. the EEG shows that you progress through several distinct stages of sleep characterized by different brain wave patterns.When you slip into sleep.

y Key Feature: Light sleep from which the person can easily be awakened. . y Breathing becomes slow and even y The heartbeat becomes regular y Blood pressure falls y Brain temperature decreases y Blood flow to the brain is reduced Little or no body movement.

Key Feature: Deeper sleep. y Larger brain waves and occasional quick bursts of activity. -Appearance of spindle-shaped waves called sleep spindles. .y Stage 2 Sleep -Begins 2 minutes after Stage 1. but the sleep is still readily awakened.

y Blood pressure.y A sleeper can easily be awakened by sounds. secretions. and cardiac activity decrease. y Bodily functions slow down. . y The sleeper will not see anything even if the eyes are opened. metabolism.

-difficult to arouse you. .y Stages 3 and 4 -appearance of large. slow brain waves called delta waves.

Differences: STAGE 3: Delta waves constitute 50% or fewer of the brain wave patterns. . The sleeper is far more difficult to awaken as compared to stage 1 or 2. It takes a louder noise or an active attempt to wake him or her.

. If the sleeper is a sleepwalker or a bed wetter.Deep sleep (called delta sleep or slow-wave sleep) from which it is difficult to arouse the sleeper. The sleeper experiences virtual oblivion. STAGE 4: They constitute more than 50%. those activities will begin in this phase. Deepest level of sleep.

.Bodily functions continue to decline to the deepest possible state of physical rest.

RAPID. y After stage 4 sleep. y Dreams also occur in Stage 1-4. it repeats to Stage 3 and 2 and from there enters REM sleep. y Closely associated with dreaming. . which are collectively called non-REM (NREM) sleep.MOVEMENT SLEEP (REM) y The stuff of which dreams are made.EYE. y One¶s eyes dart about under closed eyelids.

. Sleep cycles generally repeat about every ninety minutes. which is why it is called active sleep. y Also called paradoxical sleep. The average person has about 4 or 5 sleep cycles during a night¶s sleep.y Brain becomes more active in REM sleep. y Similar to those during states of wakefulness.

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the amount of time spent in REM sleep increases. Stage 4 sleep disappears during the course of the night. As the night goes on. which means that we progress faster to REM sleep as the night wears on. Moreover.It may take about an hour to reach Stage 4 sleep in the first cycle then another 30 or 40 to reach REM. .

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