# Remember: Before doing the calculation, convert units of measurement to one system.

Basic Formula: Frequently used to calculate drug dosages. D (Desired dose) H (Dose on hand) Q (Quantity -tablet or liquid) D H x Q = Amount to Give D = dose ordered or desired dose H = dose on container label or dose on hand Q = form and amount in which drug comes (tablet, capsule, liquid) Example: Order-Dilantin 50 mg p.o. TID Drug available-Dilantin 125 mg/5ml D=50 mg H=125 mg 50 125 x 5 = 250 125 = 2 ml Q=5 ml

3. Premarin 1.25 mg is ordered daily for your patient. The only available tablet strength is 625 mcg. What amount will you give? 4. You are to give 90 mg. of Inderal. The available dosage strength is a scored 60mg. tablet. What amount will you give? 5. A Potassium penicillin 1,200,000 u has been ordered for your patient. The available tablets are 400,000 u each. What amount will you give? 6. Azulfidine two grams has been ordered every twelve hours. The available tablets are 500 mg each. What amount will you give? 7. Potassium penicillin 800,000 u has been ordered for your patient. The available tablets are 400,000 u each. How many will you give? 8. Azulfidine 1.0 g has been ordered every twelve hours. The available tablets are 500 mg each. How many tablets will you give? 9. Dymelor 0.75 g is ordered. Scored tablets are labeled 500 mg. each. How many tablets will you give? 10. 100 mg per tablet is available; how much will you administer if the dosage ordered is 0.1 gram? 11. Sodium Seconal capsules are labeled 100 mg. How many will be administer if the order is for gr 1 1/2? 12. Clinoril 0.1 g is ordered; available tablets contain 200 mg. How many tablets will you administer?

13. Imipramine HCL is available in 50 mg tablets. How many tablets will you administer if the order of for .05 g? 14. Ergotrate maleate 200 mcg is ordered. Dosage strength is 0.2 mg. How many tablets will you administer? 15. Ritalin 30 mg is ordered; available tablets are labeled 20 mg. How many tablets will you administer? 16. Clinoril 125 mg is ordered; available tablets are 0.5 g. How many tablets will you give? 17. Elavil 75 mg is ordered; available tablets contain 25 mg. How many tablets will you give? 18. Brethine 10 mg is ordered; available tablets contain 2.5 mg. How many tablets will you give? 19. Digoxin 0.5 mg is ordered; available tablets contain 250 mcg. per tablet. How many tablets will you give? 20. Motrin 0.6g is ordered; available tablets contain 600 mg. How many tablets will you give? KEY: 1/2 tab 3 tabs 2 tabs 1 1/2 tabs 3 tabs 4 tabs 2 tabs 2 tabs 1.5 tabs 1 tab 0.9=1 tab 1/2 tab 1 tab 1 tab

Tablet Dosage Calculations: Use Ratio and Proportion OR Formula Method In Class Exercise: 1. You are to give 30 mg. of Inderal. The available dosage strength is a scored 60mg. tablet. What amount will you give? 2. Azulfidine 1.5 g has been ordered every twelve hours. The available tablets are 500 mg each. What amount will you give?

How many tablets will you give? 10. 2 milligram tablets are available.5 TABS 3 TABS 2 TABS 1/2 TABS 1.25 mg tablets are available. 25 milligram tablets are available.5 TABS 2 TABS 4 TABS . A client is ordered 100 milligrams of Thioridazine. 60 milligram tablets are available.2 mL 0. How many tablets will you give? 3. A client is ordered 300 milligrams of Carbamazepine. How many tablets will you give? 2. How many tablets will you give? 19. A client is ordered 2. 7.5 grams of Neomycin sulphate.75 mL 1. How many tablets will you give? 6. 0. 3. 5 milligram tablets are available. A client is ordered 60 milligrams of Phenelzine. A client is ordered 100 milligrams of Pehthidine HCL. A client is ordered 1 milligram of Diazepam. 2.5 milligrams of Haloperidol. 100 milligram tablets are available. 4. 60 milligram tablets are available. How many tablets will you give? 8.5 mL 2. A client is ordered 50 milligrams of Amitriptyline.5 milligram tablets are available. A client is ordered 2.25 milligrams of Clonazepam.Home Exercise: 1. How many tablets will you give? 13. How many tablets will you give? 12. How many tablets will you give? 7. 250 microgram tablets are available.25 mL 1 mL 3 mL 4 mL 4 mL 2. 0. 8. How many tablets will you give KEY: 1.5 milligrams of Bendrofluazide. 9. How many tablets will you give? 18. 25 milligram tablets are available. 2 TABS 1/2 TAB 1. A client is ordered 37. 5. How many tablets will you give? 9. How many tablets will you give? 17. 100 milligram tablets are available. How many tablets will you give? 5.5 milligrams of Digoxin.5 micrograms of Benztropine Mesylate.5 milligrams of Clomipramine. How many tablets will you give? 16.2 mL 2. 10 milligram tablets are available.5 milligram tablets are available. A client is ordered 37. A client is ordered 1. A client is ordered 0. 2. A client is ordered 37.6 mL 2. 15 milligram tablets are available. How many tablets will you give? 20. A client is ordered 40 milligrams of Imipramine. 6. 25 milligram tablets are available. A client is ordered 62. A client is ordered 200 milligrams of Sodium Valproate.5 milligrams of Nortriptyline. A client is ordered 30 milligrams of Codeine phosphate. A client is ordered 300 milligrams of Thioridazine. 25 milligram tablets are available. 500 milligram tablets are available. How many tablets will you give? 4. 75 milligram tablets are available. How many tablets will you give? 15. 200 milligram tablets are available. A client is ordered 30 milligrams of Diltiazem hydrochloride. 50 milligram tablets are available.5 milligrams of Dothiepin. A client is ordered 7.5 mL Tablet Dosage Calculations: Ratio and Proportion/ Formula Method Take . How many tablets will you give? 14.How many tablets will you give? 11.

Infuse Ampicillin 500 mg IVPB mixed in 50 cc NS over 10 minutes. 1440 = Step 2: Using formula 2 167 mL/hr x 20 gtts/mL ***Calculate drip rates to the nearest whole number*** Example 2: Calculate the drip rate in drops/minute for 50 ml of 0. 100 cc/hr cc/hr 9. Infuse 30 cc of 3% NS IVPB over 15 minutes. 50 mL x 60 gtts/mL 30 min = 100 gtts/min = 3000 30 = 100 10. 133 10. 7. Drip factor of administration set: 15 gtts/cc. Infuse 1500 cc NS over 24 hours. 67 cc/hr 3. 2.6 or 167 8. 2L (or 2000 mL) 12 hours mL/hr = 166. Infuse Ampicillin 500 mg IVPB mixed in 50 cc NS over 30 minutes. 3000 x 15 gtts/mL 24 hr X 60 min 31. .9% Saline over 12 hours. Order: 1000 cc NS to infuse in 8 hours. _________________________________________ _________________________________________ ______ Practice Problems Determine the infusion rate in gtts/min for the following: 1.25 = 31gtts/min = 45000 Step 1: First calculate mL/hr by dividing the total volume by the number of hours to be infused. Formula 2: Two Step 2. Step 1 . Drip factor of tubing: 15 gtts/mL. Order: 1000 cc NS to infuse in 6 hours. Infuse 600 cc LR over 3 hours. 60 minutes 55. 120 2. 4. IV therapy is ordered for Mr R. 63 cc/hr 100 cc/hr = 4. Infuse Granisetron 20 mg IVPB mixed in 75 cc NS over 45 minutes. The IV set delivers 20 drops per ml.6 or 56 gtts/min IV FLOW RATES Practice Problems: Calculate the flow rate when using an electronic pump (mL/hr): 1. Drip factor of administration set: 20 gtts/cc. Answers: 1. He is to have 2 litres of 0. 100 cc/hr 6. Infuse 2000 cc ½ NS over 24 hours.9% sodium chloride containing 1 g of Ancef to be infused over a period of 30 minutes. Infuse 1000 cc NS over 10 hours. ml/hr x Drop Factor (gtts/ml) = gtts/min 3. calculate the rate of infusion in drops per minute. Infuse Cimetidine 300 mg IVPB mixed in 100 cc NS over 45 minutes. 9. The tubing has a drop factor of 60 drops/ml.Example 1: Order: 3000 mL NS IV over 24 hrs. Infuse1000 cc D5W over 15 hours. 200 cc/hr 5. 83 cc/hr cc/hr 7. 5.Amount of fluid divided by hours to administer = ml/hr Step 2 60 min Example: 1. 6. 300 cc/hr 8.

5. Using a giving set which delivers 10 drops/ml how many drops per minute will need to be given? 9. How many drops per minute are required to start the flow off at the correct rate? 12. 9. 38 gtts/min 7. You are required to administer 100 mls of IV Fluids over 1 hour. 5. Order: Famotidine 40 mg IVPB mixed in 100 cc NS to infuse over 30 minutes. Drip factor of administration set: 20 gtts/cc. . 6. 85 gtts/min 6. 83 gtts/min IV Flow Rate Calculations: In-Class Exercise: 1. 31 gtts/min 5. Order: Vancomycin 500 mg IVPB in 250 cc to infuse over 45 minutes. Order: 85 cc NS to infuse in 1 hour. Drip factor of administration set: 15 gtts/cc. Calculate the rate in drops/minute. 42 gtts/min 8. Drip factor: 15 gtts/cc. 8. Order: 1000 cc NS to infuse in 10 hours. How many drops per minute are required to start the flow off at the correct rate? 10. 3.3. Calculate the drip rate for 100 mls of IV Fluids to be given over a half hour via a giving set which delivers 10 drops/ml. 11. You are required to administer 1 litre of Normal Saline over 7 hours.Calculate the drip rate for 500 mls of Normal Saline to be given over 4. 31 gtts/min 2. Administration set is a micro set. 6. The drop factor is 10. You are required to administer 3 litres of IV Fluids over 12 hours. Ordered: 1 litre of Dextrose 5% in water over 8 hours using a giving set which delivers 10 drops/ml. Calculate the number of drops per minute. 10. 25 gtts/min 4. Order: 500 cc NS to infuse in 4 hours. The drop factor is 10. Drip factor: 10 gtts/cc. One litre of Dextrose 5% in water is charted over 8 hours. Calculate the drip rate for 2 litres of IV Fluids to be given over 5 hours via a giving set which delivers 10 drops/ml. The drop factor is 15. 56 gtts/min 4. Drip factor: 20 gtts/cc. 7. One litre of Normal Saline is charted over 9 hours. 4. 33 gtts/min 10. 2. How many drops per minute are required to start the flow off at the correct rate? 8. The drop factor is 10.5 hours via a giving set which delivers 15 drops/ml. The drop factor is 10. Drip factor of administration set: 15 gtts/cc. The drop factor is 15.5 hours. One and a half litres of Normal Saline is required to be given over 4 hours. Calculate the drip rate for 500 mls of Dextrose 5% in water to be given over 4 Drip factor of administration set: 15 gtts/cc. Calculate the number of drops per minute. Order: 1000 cc NS to infuse in 8 hours. Answers: 1. 3. 67 gtts/min 9. How many drops per minute are required to start the flow off at the correct rate? 7. You are required to administer 500 mls of Normal Saline over 3. Order: 1500 cc D5W to infuse in 10 hours. Order: Doxycycline 200 mg IVPB mixed in 100 cc NS to infuse over 30 minutes.