Tenses

. I shall sing a song. I sing a song.   I sang a song yesterday.

 Past tense  Present tense  Future tense .

 Simple past  Past continuous  Past perfect  Past perfect continuous .

. Example: I wrote a letter.Simple past subject + past form of the verb +object.

 Past continuous  Subject + Past form of the verb be + ing form of the main verb + object. .  We were writing a letter.  Example: I was writing a letter.

 Example: I had written a letter. Past perfect tense  Subject + had +past participle form of the main verb +object. .

.Past perfect continuous tense Subject + had been + ing form of the main verb + object. Example: I had been writing a letter.

Present perfect tense.Present Tense     Simple present tense. Present continuous tense. Present perfect continuous tense .

‡ They write a letter. ‡ Examples: ‡ I write a letter. . ‡ He writes a letter.‡ Simple present tense ‡ Subject + present form of the verb + object.

‡ We are writing a letter. ‡ Examples: ‡ I am writing a letter. ‡ He is writing a letter. .‡ Present continuous tense ‡ Subject + present form of the verb ³be´+ ³ing´ form of the main verb + object.

Examples: I have written a letter.Present  perfect tense Subject + has/have + past participle form of the main verb + object.    . He has written a letter.

. ‡ Examples: ‡ I have been writing a letter. ‡ He has been writing a letter.‡ Present perfect continuous tense ‡ Subject + has/have + been + ´ingµ form of the main verb +object.

Future Tense ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Simple future tense. Future perfect tense. Future continuous tense. . Future perfect continuous tense.

Examples: I shall write a letter. He will write a letter.  Simple future Subject +shall/will + base form of the verb.    .

   . He will be writing a letter. Examples: I shall be writing a letter. Future  continuous tense Subject + shall/will + be + ing form of the main verb + object.

He will have written a letter.    .Future  perfect tense Subject + shall/will + have + past participle form of the main verb + object. Examples: I shall have written a letter.

 Future perfect continuous tense Subject + shall/will + have been + ³ing´ form of the main verb + object. He will have been writing a letter. Examples: I shall have been writing a letter.     .

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