SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF ACCOUNTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS

,
ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY, KUSHTIA, BANGLADESH FOR PARTIAL FULFILMENT FOR THE
AWARD OF THE DEGREE OF BBA (HON’S) ACCOUNTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS.

SU SU SU SUP PP PERVISED BY: ERVISED BY: ERVISED BY: ERVISED BY:

MD. IBRAHIM HOSSAIN
Associate Professor
Department of Accounting &
Information Systems,
Islamic University
Kushtia-7003,
Bangladesh.
Cell No: +8801718265101.
E-mail: ibrahimiu1967@yahoo.com

PREPARED BY: PREPARED BY: PREPARED BY: PREPARED BY:
SHEIKH MD. RASEL
Student,
BBA (Bachelor of Business Administration)
Department of Accounting &
Information Systems.
Islamic University, Kushtia-7003,
Bangladesh.
Cell No: +8801818333510.
E-mail: sheikhmdrasel@yahoo.com



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”

II












To MY
Reverend Parents
&
Honorable Supervisor



“Whom I am always drying for and crying my eyes”





Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”

III







To
The Honorable Supervisor
Department of Accounting & Information Systems.
Islamic University
Kushtia-7003


Subject: Submission of Internship Report on “Training and Action
Research of Rural Development Academy (RDA), Bogra.”


Dear Sir,

I have the honor to invite your kind attention to the fact that, I am
very glad to submit you my Internship Report titled “Training and
Action Research of Rural Development Academy (RDA), Bogra.” I have
tried my best to prepare and complete the report with relevant data,
which have been collected during my three-month Internship
programme of “Training and Action Research of Rural Development
Academy (RDA), Bogra.”I am offering you with thanks to permit me
such an attractive topic.

I hope that you would be kind enough to receive this report and bless
me heartily.


Sheikh Md. Rasel
B.B.A (Hon’s) Accounting & Information Systems.
Roll No. 0104037
Session –2001-2002
Department of Accounting & Information Systems.
Islamic University,
Kushtia-7003.
LETTER OF SUBMISSION


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”

IV






I declare that the Internship Report on “Training and Action Research of
Rural Development Academy (RDA), Bogra.” of my own research works,
under the supervision of Md. Ibrahim Hossain, Associate Professor,
Department of Accounting & Information Systems in Islamic University,
Kushtia.



I further affirm that work reported in this Internship is original and no
part or whole has been submitted to, in any form, any other university or
institution for any degree or any other purpose




Sheikh Md. Rasel
B.B.A (Hon’s) Accounting & Information Systems
Roll No.: 0104037
Reg. no- 243
Session –2001-2002
Department of Accounting & Information Systems.
Islamic University,
Kushtia-7003.







DECLARATION


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”

V












This is to certify that Sheikh Md. Rasel is a student of BBA Department of
Accounting & Information Systems in Islamic University, bearing Roll No.
0104037, Session 2001-2002. He has completed his” Internship Program
entitled “Training and Action Research of Rural Development Academy
(RDA), Bogra.”During the time extending from 01.04.07 to 30.06.07, He
has completed this internship satisfactory under my supervision as the partial
fulfillment for the award of BBA (Hons) degree.


He has done his job according to my supervision and guidance. He
has tried his best to do this successfully. I think his program will assist him
in the future to build up his career.

I wish his success and prosperity.

Md. Ibrahim Hossain
Associate Professor
Department of Accounting & Information Systems
Faculty of Business administration
Islamic University
Kushtia-7003
Bangladesh.



Certificate of Supervisor



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”

VI





This report concerns the Training and Action Research performances of
Rural Development Academy (RDA), Bogra for 1999-2006. RDA (Bogra)
has been engaged in Training & Action Research. Since the day of its
inception as its mandatory function. By any standard of measurement, it can
be said that the academy has marched ahead this year compared to the
previous years and with the increasing tempo RDA will be marched ahead in
the 21
st
century. During the period under review the academy has made
several commendable jobs for which it has won national and international
awards. In my view this document will enable the readers to get an inside
into the various report of the Academy in the fields of training, research and
experimental project.

Bangladesh is characterized by the world's large portion of people
living in poverty. Therefore, most of the activities of RDAs are focused on
rural areas and they are playing an important role in the development in
respective areas RDA's achievements in various areas over the last three
decades in the field of development are well known.

Infect, Bangladesh is one of the poorest countries in the world, where
most of the people (about 80%) live in the villages and half of them are
women. About half of the rural people live below poverty line and their
average per capita income is vary low (US $470)rural people are in lakh of
education and employment opportunities are reflected the low productivity,
high population pressure, unemployment problem etc. And still today
communication and infrastructure facilities are quite far from their reach.
Without development of the remote areas no countrywide progress is
possible and breaking up the curse of ‘vicious circle of poverty. The study
based on theoretical aspects of RDA which has been collected from various
remote areas and RDA office. This report express about Training and Action
Research activities of Rural Development Academy.

Sheikh Md. Rasel
PREFACE


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”

VII







First of all, I remember the omnipotent Allah and my dignified parents- Md.
Abjal Hossain & Mst. Razia Abjal, would like to place on record the
valuable help, which I have received from different quarters in the
completion of the present study. First and foremost I owe an obvious large
debt of gratitude to my deferential supervisor Md. Ibrahim Hossain,
Associate Professor, Department of Accounting & Information Systems,
Islamic University, Kushtia for the readiness with which he has helped me in
preparing this internship report. My sincere thanks should go to honorable
him.

To prepare this report, I have got helps and assistance from different
persons; particularly I am grateful to Director General of RDA, Bogra. Md.
Ferdous Alam, asst. director of irrigation and water management wing, Md.
Abid Hossain Mridha, and other officials (H.M. Alauddin & Pijush Kanti
Nag) for their constructive criticisms and suggestion for substantial revision,
which contributed to the quality of the internship report.

At last acknowledge my best friend Md. Nurul Islam Sarker
(BABOO), my little brother Md. Ashraful Haque (RUBEL) and well
wishes for their collaboration advice. Thanks a lot to all concerned.


Sheikh Md. Rasel
B.B.A (Hon’s) Accounting & Information Systems.
Roll No.: 0104037
Reg. no- 243
Session –2001-2002
Department of Accounting & Information Systems.
Islamic University,
Kushtia-7003.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA,.”**** By RASEL

VII






Dedication I
Letter of Submission II
Declaration III
Certificate of Supervisor IV
Preface V
Acknowledgement
Acronyms A-E

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1-11
1.1. Introduction 2
1.2. Training 3
1.3. Action Research 5
1.4. A Few Remarkable Events 7
1.5. Collaboration with others agencies 8
1.6. Implications of national and international Events/issues 9
for the academy
1.7. Objectives of the study 11
1.8. Methodology of the Study 11

CHAPTER TWO: TRAINING 12-33
2.1. Introduction 13
2.2. Categories of training courses 13
2.3. Number of courses 14
2.4. Review of Training Activities during 2003-2004 15


CHAPTER THREE: ACTION RESEARCH 34-75
1. ADP Projects (On-going)
1.1 Creation of Additional Employment, Increase in Marginal
Productivity of Labour in Rural Economic Activities and Poverty
Alleviation Through Irrigation and Water Management. 35
CONTENTS



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA,.”**** By RASEL

VIII
1.2 Expansion, Renovation and Modernization of Physical Infrastructure
of the Rural Development Academy, Bogra (2
nd
Phase). 39
1.3 Action Research Project on Poverty Alleviation through Improved
Irrigation Technology Transfer in Southern and Hill Tracts Area. 40
1.4 Comprehensive Village Development Programme (RDA-Part). 42

2. ADP Projects (Completed during 2005-06)
2.1. Socio-Economic Development and Improvement of Quality of Life
through arsenic Free Safe Drinking Water Supply. 45
2.2 Expansion and Modernization of RDA
Demonstration Farm.
3. Non-ADP Projects (On-going)
3.1 Donor Assisted 55
3.1.1 Good Seed Initiative (GSI) in
South Asia
3.1.2 Women in Seed Extension (WISE)
3.1.3 Rural Plant Clinic (RPC)
3.2 Self Assisted 61
3.2.1 RDA Demonstration Farm
3.2.2 Centre for Irrigation and Water Management (CIWM)

4. Non-ADP Projects (Completed during 2005-06)
4.1 Model Village in Rural Development (MVRD) 74


CHAPTER FOUR: CONCLUSION & RECOMMENDATIONS
4.1. Conclusion 77
4.2. Recommendations 81

Bibliography 82-83
Appendix 84-88



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”

I



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”

J



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”

K

















































Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”

L
























































Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”

M




































Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
1













1.1. Introduction
1.2. Training
1.3. Action Research
1.4. A Few Remarkable Events
1.5. Collaboration with others agencies
1.6. Implications of national and
international Events/issues for the academy
1.7. Objectives of the study
1.8. Methodology of the Study




















Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
2

1.1. Introduction:
The Rural Development Academy (RDA), Bogra was established in 1974
as a specialized national institution for training, research and action research
related to rural development. It is located 16 kilometers away from Bogra town
by the Asian Highway towards Dhaka. The academy campus covers an area of
48.50 ha. Besides offices and residential buildings a large part of it is under
demonstration farm, nursery, school, playground, Children Park etc. The well-
panned campus surrounded by villages with almost all modern amenities of
urban life has the unique advantage of conducting action research and training.


RDA is attached to the Rural Development and Co-operatives Division of
the M/O Local Government, Rural Development (LGRD) & co-operatives, it is
an autonomous institution governed by a Board of Governors. The Minister for
Rural Development and co-operatives division of the M/O LGRD & co-
operatives is the chairman and the director General of the academy is the
Member-secretary of the Board. Since rural development is multi-disciplinary
in nature, the faculty of RDA is composed of different academy disciplines.

Since its inception in 1974, the Academy has been doing its three
mandate and mutually supportive functions in full compliance with the national
needs and priorities of the government. Over the years it has successfully
completed 263 research projects addressing different socio-economic issues of
the rural areas of the country. During the period under review, it has conducted
17 researches into different fields. Its research activities may be classified into
two categories: survey and evaluation. Major areas as subsumed under the



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
3

research are local government, women in development, cooperatives, social
forestry, primary health, rural education, population and family planning,
fisheries, irrigation and water management, village child development, rural
credit programme, land ownership pattern, cropping pattern and crop
production, seed production and preservation, livestock and poultry, rural
institution and leadership pattern, local level planning, mass communication
and so on. In recent years, its research efforts are targeted on the issues like
gender and good governance, human resources development, environmental
problems, crop production, impact of training programme, social forestry,
education, evaluation of development programme of both government and non-
government organizations. Many of research findings are used n updating the
training programmes of the Academy and in informing the government and the
relevant organizations to make necessary changes in their respective
development initiatives thereof.

1.2. Training:
The Academy also imparts training to the officials of government and
non-government agencies, elected functionaries of local government bodies,
cooperators, unemployed women and youths and others aiming at creation of
skilled and efficient manpower in the field of rural development. The training
courses offered by the Academy are broadly categorized into four: job training,
orientation course, skill development programme and workshop, conference
and seminar. Course contents of each programme are selected considering the
needs of the participants, their level in terms of literacy and professional



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
4

background and experience and duration of the course. The broad areas as
included in the training programmes of the Academy are development

administration and local government; rural economics and accounting, rural
sociology, social psychology and communication, cooperatives; institution
building, agricultural development including fisheries, horticulture, livestock
and poultry development, crop production, soil management etc; rural
education. Health, nutrition and population control;, women in development
and gender analysis; local level planning, irrigation and water management, and
rural development concepts, policies, strategies, problems, institutions for rural
development, poverty focused development etc. different types of training
methods are used at the Academy depending on overall background of the
participants and the experience of the trainers. Some of the methods used
frequently are lecture discussion, role play, panel presentation, practical
experiences, demonstration and field observations etc. till June 2004, the
Academy has successfully completed 1689 training programmes attended by
94970 participants of different categories. During 2003-2004 the Academy
conducted 101 training courses covering 26881 participants with different
background. In each course the training courses are evaluated at different stages
of the training course. At the initial stages, a pre-course evaluation is done to
assess the baseline knowledge of the trainees. This is followed by mid-term and
final evaluation. The evaluation tools include written examinations, practical
tests and written reports on return from field attachment or field visits. The
tools used for evaluation depends on the nature of the course, level of the
participants and duration of the course. The trainees also evaluate the
performance of trainers and the overall course management.


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
5

1.3. Action Research:
Action research is another major function of the Academy. The main
purpose of undertaking action research is to find out appropriate solutions to
socio-economic problems of the country side and develop replicable models for
rural development As on June 2004, the academy has undertaken as many as 26
action research projects on different aspects of rural development and out of
those 16 are completed and the rest ten ongoing projects are under
implementation in various places mostly in the northern region of the country.
The completed projects include: small farmers and landless laborers
development projects; local level planning; village child development projects;
local level planning; village child development project; integrated action for
out-of-school children and their families; social forestry in integrated rural
development; water resources development for small scale irrigation and
household purposes; landless women development project; development of
destitute women; joint study on rural development experiment; rural
development through village organizations; public health education; support for
tube well command area development; irrigation management programme;
poverty alleviation through village organizations; public health education;
support for tube well command area development; irrigation management
programme; poverty alleviation through social forestry; community
empowerment for poverty alleviation; Rural housing project; home gardening
project; crop diversification project; low-cost deep tube well with water
filtration plant. As regards the ten ongoing experiment projects, three are
funded by different international donors.



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
6

The ongoing projects include comprehensive village development
programme (CVDP); Action research project on Multipurpose use of Low-cost
DTW for long-term post-flood rehabilitation, socio-economic development and
improvement of quality of life through arsenic safe drinking water supply;
model village in rural development (MVRD); seed health improvement project;
women to women extension project; variety screening and production
technology development of grape; apiculture in RDA; demonstration farm; and
center for irrigation and water management.

The experiment of the academy in respect of all these experiments
represents a mixed picture having both success and challenges. Some of the
success may be highlighted here. First, the projects like CVDP, community
empowerment for poverty alleviation and poverty alleviation through social
forestry have successfully demonstrated a congenial atmosphere for
undertaking income generating activities and awareness for self-employment.
Second a perceptible change has taken place in respect of institution building,
health and sanitation and poverty alleviation in the projects areas. Beside, there
has been a growing awareness among the rural community, especially the
women segment of the community. Third, irrigation and water management
related projects like integrated training, research and technology transfer under
irrigation management programme (ITRTT IMP) and tube well command area
development (TCAD) have done a significant achievement in boosting up
agricultural production and diversification of crops through improved water
distribution system and improvement of irrigation management programme in
tandem with dissemination of technology transfer by way of giving skill
development training. Fourth, the academy has also innovated the technology of


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
7

low-cost DTW with appropriate water filtration system and it has been
successfully replicated in different resettlement villages under the Jamuna
multipurpose bridge authority (JMBA). Finally, some of the projects in socio-
economic fields have demonstrated a significance success in building
institutional infrastructure and streamlining a successful interface between
service deliveries and receiving mechanisms. Among these completed projects,
some have made successful achievement with subsequent replication across the
country and even one-multiple use of DTW project- has been its replication in
eleven countries of the center for integrated rural development for Asia and
pacific (CIRDAP) region.

1.4. A Few Remarkable Events:
During the period under review, the academy has witnessed several
important events that serve as a great source of encouragement for it. The
academy has own the independence award, 2004 for its outstanding
performance in the field of rural development and it is definitely a recorded
incident in its history. Besides, the academy has also won the international
communication award, 2004 for its remarkable and effective method of rural
communication specially for involving women in seed health improvement at
farm level. The academy has also established a new wing known as the centre
for irrigation and water management (CIWM) in compliance with the decision
made at the 30
th
meeting of the board of Governors. This centre is expected to
go a long way in popularizing and extension of RDA’s irrigation and water
management technologies in different parts of Bangladesh. All these events
undoubtedly bear great grant honour and prestige for the academy and a clear


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
8

proof of its professional proficiency as well. However, there is no scope for
complacence over this. There still lies a lot of things to be done in the coming
years and in the process the academy needs the full support and cooperation
from concerned organizations.

1.5. Collaboration with others agencies:
In carrying out its training, research and experimental projects, the
academy is always interested in building linkage with agencies. This
collaboration allows the academy to develop professional contact with various
national and international agencies. Over the last 30 years, the academy has
done collaborative work with a number of international organizations. These
are: united Nations centre for regional development (UNCRD), international
labour organization (ILO), united Nations international children’s emergency
fund (UNICEF), centre for integrated rural development for Asia and the
pacific (CIRDAP), economic and social council for Asia and the pacific
(ESCAP), food and agriculture organization (FAO), world food programme
(WEP), united nations development programme (UNDP), world Bank, world
fish centre, Winlock international, Canadian international development agency
(CIDA), Japan international cooperation agency (JAICA) and caritas
international. Besides, it maintains collaboration with many national agencies
like planning commission, ministry of health and family welfare, Bangladesh
public administration training centre (BPATC), BCS administration academy,
department of agriculture extension, Bangladesh rural development board
(BRDB), disaster management bureau, local government engineering
department, Bangladesh Small and Cottage Industries Corporation (BSCIC),


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
9

Bangladesh agricultural Research Council (BARC), Bangladesh Agricultural
University (BAU), National Institute of Local Government (NILG), department
of forest and concerned ministries. The collaborative efforts with all these
organizations has been found highly instrument not only for professional
development of the faculty members of the Academy but also for achieving
desired level of efficiency in research, training and experiments. Given the
situation, the Academy is determined to continue the similar process of
collaboration with all the relevant national and international organizations in the
years to come.
1.6. Implications of national and international events/issues for
the academy:
It may be pertinent to turn attention to a few issues from the national and
international perspective. The new century has opened with the declaration of
solidarity and determination to rid the world of poverty. In 2000 the un
millennium declaration, adopted at the largest-ever gathering of heads of state,
committed countries-rich and poor-to doing all they can to eradicate poverty,
promote human dignity and equality and achieve peace, democracy and
environmental sustainability. World leaders have promised to work together to
meet concrete targets for advancing development and reducing poverty by 2015
or earlier. Emanating from the millennium declaration, the millennium
development goals bind countries to do more in the attack on inadequate
incomes, widespread hunger, gender inequality, environmental deterioration
and lack op education, health care and safe water. Bangladesh is a signatory to
all international conventions to translate them into action. Very recently it has
also announced its interim poverty reduction strategy papers [IPRSP] in which


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
10

it has made its firm commitment to reduction of poverty by way of adopting
certain concrete strategies in this respect. Meanwhile full-fielded PRSP is also
underway. Simultaneously Bangladesh is also committed to complying with the
norms and principles of globalization. Though global strategy of development
promises greater employment opportunities to the people of poor countries, it
also promises high returns to capital.
The exploited and impoverished workers of the developing countries are
no match for globalizing powerful capitalism. At one end, the country is under
constant pressure for good governance, gender equity and establishment of
democracy, poverty alleviation etc. on the other hand; the country is
encountered with a number of challenges from the present trend of
globalization. This is likely to get compounded with end of multi-fiber
agreement (MFA) by January 2005. This may put the least developing countries
like Bangladesh in a very challenging situation with severe threat to the existing
unskilled women labour force of the countryside. Viewed from this standpoint,
Bangladesh is going to face a number of challenges for which it needs timely
preparation. This again calls for serious investigation to understand the situation
through research and experimental projects in tandem with proper measures for
human resources development. All these combined together have some
implications for undertaking several strategic measures for insulting the rural
economy of Bangladesh against the possible pernicious effect of globalization
and meeting the requirements of enabling environment for good governance,
sine qua non for poverty reduction and successful execution of all development
interventions. In view of this situation, the academy is to formulate its plan of
action in respect of training; research and action research in a manner so that it
may make some fruitful contribution to the government efforts for


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
11

strengthening the process of rural development with due attention to the issues
like gender and local governance, efficiency in management of resources and
service delivery, institutional development, diversification of crops, agriculture
and rural development, disaster management and so on.

1.7. Objectives of the study:
I. To analyze the activities of RDA during 1999-2006.
II. To indicate the non-financial aspects of RDA during 1999-2006.
III. To find out the growth and role of RDA during 1999-2006.
1.8. Methodology of the Study:
This study covered the period during 1999-2006. All types of information
are collected from both primary and secondary sources.

Primary Data: Personal visit.
Secondary Data:
I. Annual report
II. Bulletin
III. Magazine.
IV. Special Issues.
V. Planning Reports.
VI. Journals.










Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
12




















2.1. Introduction:
2.2. Categories of training courses:
2.3. Number of courses:
2.4. Review of Training Activities during
2005-2006:

























Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
13
2.1. Introduction:
RDA, Bogra is an autonomous organization that offering training
research and action research in the field of rural development. It offers training
to the personnel of nation building departments, people’s representatives. NGO
personnel, cooperators and farmers to create a cadre of professionals in the field
of rural development.

2.2. Categories of training courses:
The wide variety of training and related programs at RDA may
broadly be categorized under the following heads:-
a) Skill development and awareness building course.
b) On-the-job and functional training course.
c) Orientation course and study tour.
d) Workshop seminar or conference.
In terms of organizations and sponsorships. These programs may be
classified into three broad types, viz:
Self sponsored course.
Joint sponsored course.
Course organized at RDA by external agencies through using
physical facilities on payment.



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
14


2.3. Number of courses:
From June, 1974 to June 2006, RDA provided training to1,03,169 participants
in 1846 batches and during July 2005 – June 2006 the academy organized
training courses which are shown in a table.

Table-1: Summary of Training Activities for the year 2005-2006:
No. of participants Sponsorship Types of courses No. of
courses
Male Female Total
Training
person
days
1.1 Skill development
& awareness building
course
18 287
(55.51%)
230
(44.49%)
517
(100%)
6070
1.2 Project level
course

05 152

- 152
(100%)
1560
1.3 Workshop/
Seminar/ Conference
01 71
(94.67%)
04
(5.33%)
75
(100%)
150
1. Self-
sponsored
Sub-Total 24 510
(68.55%)
234
(31.45%)
744
(100%)
7780
2.1 On-the-job and
functional courses
27 737
(78.07%)
207
(21.93%)
944
(100%)
11096
2.2 Orientation
course/ Study tour/
workshop
15 1252
(74.04%)
439
(25.96%)
1691
(100%)
7308
Conference/
workshop
06 394 367 761
(100%)
850
Sub-Total 48 1673
(64.15%)
935
(35.85%)
2608
(100%)
14430
2. Joint-
sponsored



Total 72 2183
(65.13%)
1169
(34.87%)
3352
(100%)
22210

Training Person days= Duration of a course (in days) × Number Participants




Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
15
2.4. Review of Training Activities during 2005-2006:
A. Self-sponsored training courses:
The self sponsored training courses are usually proposed at the APC
and later on designed and conducted by faculty members of the academy.
The courses held during 2005-2006 are discussed under the following
heads.

I. Skill development and awareness building and Orientation courses:
The Skill development courses were undertaken by the faculty members
of one academy and financial by the GOB from the revenue budget. . The
number of Skill Development and Awareness Building and Orientation Courses
organized during the year 2005-2006 were 18 and the numbers of participants
were 517 which generated 6070 training person days. The majority of the
courses were intended for skill development of the unemployed rural youths
both male and female to enable them to undertaken IGAS with their own means
of production with the ultimate aim of alleviation poverty in rural areas. The
courses undertaken under this category were: (I) Livestock Rearing and Primary
Treatment; (2) Horticultural Nursery Development Technology; (3) Technology
Transfer on Improved Fish Culture; (4) Homestead Vegetables and Banana
Production; (5) Modern Technology of Maize Cultivation and Processing, (6)
Seed Technology for Women; (7) Production Technology of Organic
Fertilizers; (8) Fruits and Vegetables Processing, Preservation and Marketing;
(9) Modern Technology of Pulses and Oil Seeds Cultivation; (10) Seed Potato
Technologies and Marketing; and (11) Poverty Alleviation through Apiculture.

Awareness building and Orientation courses were: (1) Awareness of
Environment; (2) Development of Women: Empowerment and Leadership; (3)
Cooperative Development and Management; (4) Cooperative Accounts
keeping: (5) Orientation Course on Anti-Dowry Awareness Building; and (6)
Orientation Course on Anti-Drugs Awareness Building. The focus of the
courses was especially on the creation of awareness for the UP Members, Local
Leaders, Teachers, Women Leaders and Cooperators of the RDA project areas.




Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
16
The courses on Poverty Alleviation through Apiculture: Orientation
Course on Anti-Dowry Awareness Building; and Orientation Course on Anti-
Drugs Awareness Building were organized in accordance with the Suggestion
and recommendation of the last APC. According to the decision of the
government the Academy has conducted a four-month Foundation Training
Course for the newly recruited Assistant Directors of RDA in addition to the
proposed Training Schedule of the last year APC. Details of Skill Development
and Awareness Building, Orientation and Foundation Courses are given in
Table- 2.

Table-2:

Self-Sponsored Skill Development, Awareness Building and
Orientation Courses

during 2005-2006
No. pf Participants SL.
No.
Title of the
course
Spon
sored
N0
of
course
Male Female
Durati
on
(days)
Training
person
days
Types of
participants
1.
Livestock-
Poultry
Rearing and
Primary
Treatment
RDA 1 25 5 42 1260
Unemployed
Educated
Rural Youths and
Beneficiaries of
Action
Research Projects
of
RDA.
2.
Seed potato
production
technologies
Marketing
RDA 1 28 - 05 140
Potato Seed
Growers and
Beneficiaries of
different
Action Research
Projects
of RDA.
3.
Modern
techniques of
maize
cultivation
RDA 1 25 5 09 270
Interested Maize
Growers,
Unemployed
Educated rural
Youths
and Beneficiaries
of
Action Research
Projects
of RDA.



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
17
4. Homestead
vegetables&
banana
production
RDA 1 13
17
12 360 Beneficiaries of
different action
research projects of
RDA
5.
Seed
Technology
RDA 1 40 4 160
Women
Beneficiaries of
Action Research
Projects
Of RDA.
6
Technology
transfer on
improved fish
culture
RDA 1 28 2 12 360
Beneficiaries of
different action
research projects of
RDA
7.
Training
Course
on Poverty
Alleviation
Through
Apiculture
RDA 1 20 10 10 300
Interested Honey-
bee
Rearers and
Unemployed
Educated
Rural Youths.
8. Awareness of
Environment
RDA 1 9 21 3 90
UP Members.
Teachers.
Imams and
Beneficiaries of
different Action
Research
Projects of RDA.
9.
Orientation
course on
hybrid rice
production
technology&
different
activities of
RDA firm
RDA 1 17 2 34
Upazila&Union
level leaders, ideal
farmers
10.
Cooperative
Accounts
Keeping
RDA 1 25 3 75
Managers and
Accounts
Keeping
Personnel of
Cooperative
Societies.


11.

Production
technology of
organic
fertilizers from
agricultural
resides

RDA

1

23

7

5

150

Beneficiaries of
different action
research projects of
RDA
12. Cooperative
Management
RDA 1 26 4 4 120
Chairmen.
Managers,
Members and
Leaders of
Cooperative
Societies.
13.
Fruits
&vegetables
RDA 1 30 10 300
Beneficiaries of
different action


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
18
processing,
preservation &
Marketing
research projects of
RDA
14.
Orientation
Course on Anti
Dowry
Awareness
Building
RDA 1 27 2 54
Women
Beneficiaries
leaders of
different
Action Research
Projects
of RDA.
15.
Women
empowerment&
leadership
development
RDA 1 30 3 90
Woman
Beneficiaries of
different action
research projects of
RDA
16.
Orientation
Course on Anti
Drugs
Awareness
Building
RDA 1 23 5 1 28
UP Chairmen and
Members,
Teachers,
Imams and
Leaders of
different Action
Researcl
Projects of RDA.
17.
Modern
technologies of
pulse& oil seeds
cultivation
RDA 1 19 8 9 243
Beneficiaries of
different action
research projects of
RDA
18.
Horticultural
nursery
development
technology
RDA 1 12 18 21 630
Beneficiaries of
different action
research projects of
RDA and
unemployed rural
youth and women.
19. Total 18 287 230 - 6070


A' total of 22 courses were proposed and recommended in the last APC
to conduct during the reporting period. Out of these 22 courses 17 courses were
organized by the Academy and the remaining five courses could not be
conducted mainly due to financial constraints. These were: (D Poultry Rearing
and Management Including Treatment; (2) Training Course on Health and
Nutrition; (3) Soil and Fertilizer Management of Major Field Crops; (4) Union
Parishad in Good Governance; and (5) Research Methodology.



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
19


II. Project level course:
During the period under review the action research project on Arsenic
Free Safe Drinking Water Supply project (AWSP) provided training to 134
persons on three courses in four batches and Comprehensive Village
Development Programme (CVDP) of the Academy provided TOT to 18 District
and Upazila level Officials. The courses organized by AWSP were on Plumbing
and Electrical; Livestock Rearing and Primary Treatment; and Role of
NGO/Sanity to implement the Sub-project activities with varying duration of 01
to 20 days. The project was Arsenic free safe drinking water supply (AFSWSP)
that is shown in the table-3.

Table-3:

Self-Sponsored Project Level Courses during 2005-2006

No. of participants
Sl. No.
Title of the
Course
Sponsor
No. of
Course
Male female Total
Duration
(days)
Training
Person days
Types of
Participants
1
Plumbing and
Electrical
Training
Course
AWSP 2 58 - 58 20 1160
Beneficiaries of
the Project.
2.
Livestock Rearing
and Primary
Treatment
AWSP 1 30 - 30 10
300
Beneficiaries of
the Project.
3
Role of NGO/
Sarnity to
Implement the
Sub-Project
AWSP 1 46 -
46 1 46
Executive
Directors,
Chairmen and
Secretaries of
Sub-projects.
4.
Training of
Trainers (TOT) on
CVDP
CVDP 1 18 - 18 3 54
ADC, UNO, DCO
and DD of BRDB.

Total - 5 152
-
152 - 1560 -



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
20


III. Workshop/ Seminar/ Conference:
The Annual Planning Conference (2005-2006) was organized by the
Academy. The Conference was attended by 150 participants from RDA,
different Training and Research Organizations, Ministries and NGOs.

Table-4: Self-sponsored workshop/ seminar/ conference of the year 2005-
2006.
No. of
participants
SL.
No.
Title of the
course
Sponsored No. of
course
Male Female
Duration Training
person
days
Type of
participants
1.
Annual
planning
conference of
RDA bogra
(2005-2006)
RDA 1 71 4 2 150
Faculty
members of
RDA,
preventatives
from traini ng
and research
organization
University
teachers, officers
from relevant
link department
of government
and NGO
Representatives.
Total - 1 71 4 2 150

B. Joint sponsored training courses:
As an integral part of its mandated training functions, the academy plans
and organizes training courses and other relevant programmes for the interested
government and the Non-government agencies upon request from them. These
programmes are arranged through mutual discussions and under agreed


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
21

conditions for meeting the mutual interest of the collaborating agencies. In such
programmes training course, course contents, course management,
methodology and financial modalities are settled in consultation with the
sponsoring agencies. Programmes of this category are discussed under the
following sub-heads;
I.On-the-job and Functional Training courses:
In the preceding year 27 such courses were organized. These courses
were attended by 944 participants generating 11,096 raining person days
(Table-5). Under this category, a two month long BCS foundation training
course for the officers of health cadre was organized in the collaborating with
the directories of health. Five TOT courses of two-day duration on Birth
Registration were organized for the District and Upazila Level Officials and
NGO Officials in collaboration with the Birth and Death Registration Project of
Local Government Division. LGED organized one TOT course on Labour
Contracting Society (LCS) for the Upazila Engineers, Socio-Economists,
Community Organizers and Sub-Assistant Engineers. Four TOT Courses were
organized on Fund Management Guidelines for the Socio Economists.
Community Organizers, Facilitators, Chairmen, Secretaries and Accountants of
Water Management Cooperative Association (WMCA) in collaboration with
LGED during the period under review. NCDP and RDA organized four trailing
courses on Post Harvest Management, Marketing of High Value Crops and
Agri-business Development. These courses were attended by 119 Officials of
Department of Agricultural Extension, Marketing and NGO Personnel. RDA
organized Training courses on Improved Fish Culture Technology Transfer,
Homestead Vegetables Cultivation and Training Course on Sewing for Women,
Poultry Rearing and Management, Livestock Rearing, Primary Level Computer
Operation Course in collaboration with the Palli Progati Prokalpa. RDA
conducted Training Course on Seed Production and Preservation and TOT
Course on CVDP in collaboration with World Vision and BRDB respectively.

A field-level participatory research course in two batches titled Live-in-
Field Experience (LFE) of 13-day duration for the students of Independent
University of Bangladesh (IUB) was organized during the reporting period.


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
22

Besides this Grafting technique practical for the gardeners of BARD and
learning local knowledge on pest diseases for the officers of DAE, TMSS,
RDA, ACT, AAS were organized in collaboration with BARD and global plant
clinic, UK.
Joint sponsored on the job functional training course during
2005-2006.
No. of
participants
SL.
No.
Title of the
course
Sponsored No. of
course
Male
Femal
e
Duration Training
person
days
Type of
participant
s
1.
Seed Production
and
Preservation
World
Vision
1 13 17
5 150
Technical
Staff and
Women
Farmers.
2.
BCS (Health)
Special
Foundation
Training-
Course
Directorate
of Health
1 46 14
60 3600
BCS
(Health)
Cadre
Officers.
3
TOT Course on
CVDP
BRDB 1 24 4
3 84
ADC,UNO,
DCO and
DD URDO
of BRDB.
4
TOT Course on
Birth
Registration
LG
Division
5 114 7 3 363
District and
Upazila
Level
Officials
and
NGO
Officials
5
TOT on Labour
Contracting
Society
(LCS)
LGED 1 31 1
3 96
Upazila
Engineers,
Socio-
economists,
Community
Organizers
and Sub-
Assistant
Engineers:
6
Fund
Management
Guidelines
LIPP-
LGED
4
128
5 2
266
Socio-
economists.
Community
Oryanizers,
Chairmen,


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
23
Secretaries,
Accountant
s and
Facilitators
of WMCA.
7
Post Harvest
Management,
Marketing of
HVCs
and Agri-
business
Development

NCDP 4 116 3


3 357
Upazila
Agriculture
and
Agriculture
Officers
Marketing
Officers
and
NGO
Personnel.
8
Improved Fish
Culture
Technology
Transfer
Palli
Progati
Prokalpa
2 77

2
10 790
Beneficiari
es of PPP.
9.
Homestead
Vegetables
Cultivation
Palli
Progati
Prokalpa
1 13 27 12 480
Beneficiari
es of PPP.
10
Training Course
on
Sewing for
Women
Palli
Progati
Prokalpa

1

39 38
1482
Beneficiari
es of PPP.
11
Poultry Rearing
and
Management
Palli
Progati
Prokalpa
2 40 34 6 444
Beneficiari
es of PPP.
12
Livestock
Rearing
Palli
Progati
Prokalpa
1 33 7 13 520
Beneficiari
es of PPP.
13
Primary Level
Computer
Operating
Course
Palli
Progati
Prokalpa
1 28 3 30 930 Beneficiari
es of PPP.
14
Live-in Field
Experience
IUB 2 74 44 13
1534
Students of
IUB
(Islamic
University
Of
Bangladesh
)

Total
-
27

737

207
- 11096 -




Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
24


II. Orientation course/ study tour/ workshop:
In all 15 Orientation Courses/Study Tours were organized by the
Academy in collaboration with the concerned agencies during the reporting
year. These were attended by 903 participants generating 2484 training person
days. Five RDA Attachment Programmes of six-day duration for the
participants of BCS and NARS Foundation Training Courses were organized in
collaboration with BPATC, NAEM and BARD during the reporting period. The
rest 10 Orientation Courses and Study Tours were organized for the students of
Islamic University, Eden Women College, Kumudini Mahilla College,
Advocacy on Reproductive Health Project and NAEM, Dhaka. Arranged by
IRRI-RDA the delegates of different countries like Myanmar, India, Pakistan,
Thailand, Srilanka, Nepal, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam and Bangladesh
visited RDA under the sponsorship of Consortium of Unfavorable Environment
in Asia. They were briefed about the activities of RDA. Two Orientation
Courses of one-day each on On-Farm Rice Seed Health Improvement and
Women Led Seed Business were organized for the Scientists and Farmers and
Women Seed Entrepreneurs in collaboration with CURE-BRRI and
SID/DANIDA respectively. DAE organized two Motivational Tour for farmers
of Noakhali district.
Orientation course/ study tour/ workshops were organized by the
academy in collaboration with the concerned agencies during the preceding
year which are shown in the following table:








Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
25


Table No-6: Joint sponsored orientation course/ study tours/ Visits during
2005-2006
No. of participants SL.
No
Title of the
course
Spons
or
No.
of
cours
e
Male
Fem
ale
Total
Durati
on
(days)
Training
person
days
Type of
participan
ts
1.
RDA
Attachment
Programme
for the
Officers of
BCS Foun-
dation
Training
Course
BPATC

2
138 27 165 6 960
Officers
of
Different
BCS
Cadres.
2.
RDA
Attachment
Programme
for the
Officers of
BCS
Foundation
Training
Course
NAEM
1 41 19 60 6 360
BCS
Education
Cadre
Officers.
3.
RDA
Attachment
Programme
for the
Officers of
NARS Foun-
dation
Training
Course
BARD
Comilla

2
66 13 79 5 395
Scientific
Officers.
4.
On Farm
Rice Seed
Health
Improvement
CURE-
BRRI
1 26 4 30
4 120
Scientists
and
Farmers.
5.
Women Led
Seed
Business

SID/
DANID
A
1 100 120 220 1 220 Women
Seed
Entrepren
eurs.
6.
Study Tour
of Advocacy
on
ARHP 1

34 34 1 34
Volunteers
of


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
26
Reproductive
Health
Project
ARHP.
7.
Study Tour
of NAEM
Participants
NAEM
1 35 5 40 1 40
Head
Masters of
Secondary
Schools.
8.
Study Tour
Islamc
Univers
-ity,
Kushti
a.
l 48 4 54 1

54
Students
of
BBA in
AIS.
9.
Farmers
Motivation
Tour
DAE

2 53 - 53
1 53
Farmers
of
Noakhali
District.
10.
Field Visit
Programme
under the
Consortium of
Unfavorable
Environment
in Asia
IRRI 1
25 5 40 1 40
Scientists,
High
Officials
of 10
Countries
of
South and
East
Asia.
11.
Study Tour
Eden
Women
College
1

80 80 2
160
Students
of
Social
Welfare
Departme
nt.
12.
Study Tour
Kumudini
Women
College l

50

50
I 50
Students
of the
College.




Total - 15 542 361 905 - 2486 -

III. Conference/Workshop
A total of six conferences and workshops were organized during the
reporting period. These were: Conference on Women Led Seed Business
organized by WISE, Workshop on Women Seed Entrepreneurs organized by
SID/ DANIDA, Workshop on Good Seed Initiative organized by CABI Bio-
science UK, Workshop-cum-Field Visit of SID/ DANIDA Appraisal Mission
organized by SID/ DANIDA, Workshop on Community Based Rural Plant


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
27

Clinic organized by CABI Bio-science UK and Workshop on Good Seed
Initiative organized by GSI South Asia. These Conferences and Workshops
were attended by 761 Women and Men Seed Business Professionals, Women
Seed Entrepreneurs, Delegates from IRRI, CABI Warda, Officials of Denmark
Foreign Ministry, Agriculture Ministry. DAE. RDA and NGO Officials from
AAS. TMSS, HKI and Farmers.

Table No-7: Joint-Sponsored Conferences/Workshops during 2005-2006

No. of participants SL.
No
Title of the
course
Sponsor
No.
of
cours
e
Male
Fe
mal
e
Total
Duratio
n
(days)
Training
person
days
Type of
participant
s




Conference
on
Women
Led
Seed
Business
WISE 1 200 200 400 1 400
Women
and Men
Seed
Business
Professio
nals
under
WISE
Project
Workshop
on
Women
Seed
Entreprene
urs
SID/
DANI
DA
1 100 150 250 1 250
Women
Seed
Entrepre
neurs.

Workshop
on
Good Seed
Initiative
CABI
Bio-
science
UK
1 43 7 50 2 100
Delegate
s from
IRRI.
CABI
Warda
and
Farmers.







Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
28


Workshop
cum
Field Visit
of
SID/
DANIDA
Appraisal
Mission
SID/
DANI
DA
1 20

22 1 22
Officials
of
Denmark
Foreign
Ministry,
Seed
Technolo
gy,
Agricultu
re
Ministry
and
RDA.
Workshop
on
Community
Based Rural
Plant Clinic
CABI
Bio-
science
UK
1 15 3 18 2
36
Officials
of DAE,
RDA and
NGO.
_
Workshop
on Good
Seed
Initiative
GSI
South
Asia
1 16 5 21 2 42 Officials
from
AAS,
TMSS,
HKI and
RDA.

Total
-
6 394
367 761 - 850 -


C. Audio-visual services:
For facilitating transactions in training sessions audio-visual section of the
academy provides different kinds of support- services under the categories of:
I. Graphic works
II. Photographic works and Mass communication; and
III. Audio-visual support services. Performance of Audio-visual services is
shown in table-8.



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
29

Table No-8: Audio-Visual Services during 2005-2006
Sl. No. Services Volume of Work (No./Hours)
01. Graphic Works:
No.
a) Poster 50
b) Name Card/ Badge 350
c) Certificate Writing 150
d) Transparency Writing 20
e) Book Cover Writing 20
f) Indicator 100
g) Banner (Paper) 30
h) Engineering Drawing 350


i) Map 150
j) Network Drawing 50
k) Miscellaneous 400
02 Photographic Works and Mass
Communication
a) Colour Film Exposed
(Roll/ No.)
10 rolls
b) Digital Photo Exposed 3200 nos.

c) Picture Displayed
110
d) Picture in Album 120 "
e) Picture Distributed 665 "
f) Picture Supplied to Press/News Letters 80 "
g) News Published in Local /National Dailies
h) News Broadcast - Radio/TV/Local Cable TV
20/18 "
05/0l "
03 Audio-Visual Support Services
Hours
a) P.A. System 83
b) Cordless P.A. System 3167
c) Conference System 342
d) Overhead Projector 2180
e) Slide Projector 03
f) Tape Recorder 20
g) Video Camera 50
h) Video Show (TV/VCP) 30
i) Multimedia Projector 840






Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
30


D. Library services:
The Academy has a rich library with more than 22,923 books on rural
development and related fields. It supplies relevant books, periodicals and
research materials to the faculty members, other officers and staff and the
trainees of the Academy.

During 2005-2006 a total of 417 books, reports and periodicals were
collected by the library from different sources which are shown in the Table-2.

Table-9: Books, Reports and Periodicals Collected by the Library during
2005- 2006
Source Books Reports Periodicals Total
Donation 79 23 102
Local Purchase 208 - 5 213
Exchange - - 75 75
RDA Publication 27 - - 27
Total 314 23 80 417


Other activities of the library during the year were as follows:
During this period a total of 635 books, periodicals were issued among
the faculty members and staff of the Academy.
245 clippings on different subjects had been compiled and preserved in the
library. In all 505 books were catalogued.
A total of 1604 books, reports, journals, workshop papers etc. were
bound. In total 5084 readers used the library.
Books and periodicals issued to the faculty members were 436.
A list of bibliography on the newly arrived books, journals had been prepared
and Supplied to the members of the faculty council.
• Journal article content services on current issues were made available
to the faculty members.


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
31

E. Observations:
The training performance of the Academy was quite satisfactory
during the period under review. It has provided training to 3,352
persons in 72 batches. The attendance of female participants
increased tremendously in the reporting year. It was 34.87% in
the year under review as against 23.88% in the preceding year
(2004-2005).

In accordance with the decision of the government RDA
organized the Foundation Training course for the newly
recruited Assistant Directors of the Academy. Out of 13 newly
recruited Assistant Directors 12 attended the course and all of
them came out successful. The course has created a strong
administrative, training and research base for them.

The Academy has been providing skill development training to
the beneficiaries of the Pall] Progati Prokalpa on regular basis.
The project beneficiaries will be given training on 20 different
trades following 20 training manuals prepared by the Academy.
In the reporting year training was provided to 303 beneficiaries
on 6 trades in 8 batches.


With the increase in facilities of the Academy the demand
for RDA as a training venue has also increased manifold.
Linkages with relevant organizations like BPATC,
Directorate of Health, LGED, IUB, BRDB, Palli Progati
Prokalpa, BARD, NAEM, WISE, SID/DANIDA. NCDP, and
so on have been established for continuously holding
training programmes at the Academy. The number of
Faculty Members has also been increased reasonably to
cope with the increased training and research load.




Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
32

Skill development courses are the important components of the
training programmes of the Academy. The courses are
conducted on regular basis and in many cases followed up in
applied areas. Most of the skill development courses are found
effective in achieving the objectives of creating employment
and generating income for the unemployed rural women and
youths. It has been confirmed through follow-up studies that
training in all the areas of skill development are in high demand
and we cannot accommodate all the applicants in their chosen
courses. People are very much eager to undergo skill
development training as a means of self-employment and
additional income. It is very difficult to accommodate extra
courses with the existing budget Training budget should be
increased substantially so that number of skill development
training courses- and number of trainees can be increased.

In fact, the schedules of training events, as depicted in the working
paper, traditionally remain tentative and incomplete. Training demand
may be coming from different agencies throughout the year and the
Academy will have to cater to their needs inspite of all constraints.



















Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
33
















Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
34

Introduction
Action research is one of the major functions of the Academy. The main
objective of undertaking action research project is to find out appropriate
solutions of socio-economic problems. Action research project also aims at
developing replicable models for rural development. The Academy
implemented as many as twelve action research projects during 2005-06. This
paper deals with the performance of action research projects implemented
during 2005-06.
Out of the twelve projects, six were under ADP and the rest were under
Non-ADP. A short account of the major achievements of all those projects is
highlighted in the paper. Progress
of Action Research Projects during 2005-2006 is given in Appendix-A. List of
Faculty Members who contributed in writing reports on respective action
research project is given in Appendix-B. The title of all the projects are
categorically classified and presented
below:

1. ADP Projects (On-going)
1.1 Creation of Additional Employment, Increase in Marginal Productivity
of Labour in Rural Economic Activities and Poverty Alleviation
Through Irrigation and Water Management.
1.2 Expansion, Renovation and Modernization of Physical Infrastructure of
the Rural Development Academy, Bogra (2
nd
Phase).
1.3 Action Research Project on Poverty Alleviation through Improved
Irrigation Technology Transfer in Southern and Hill Tracts Area.
1.4 Comprehensive Village Development Programme (RDA-Part).

2. ADP Projects (Completed during 2005-06)
2.1. Socio-Economic Development and Improvement of Quality of Life
through Arsenic Free Safe Drinking Water Supply.
2.2 Expansion and Modernization of RDA
Demonstration Farm.







Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
35



3. Non-ADP Projects (On-going)
3.1 Donor Assisted
3.1.1 Good Seed Initiative (GSI) in South
Asia
3.1.2 Women in Seed Extension (WISE)
3.1.3 Rural Plant Clinic (RPC)
3.2 Self Assisted
3.2.1 RDA Demonstration Farm
3.2.2 Centre for Irrigation and Water Management (CIWM)

4. Non-ADP Projects (Completed during 2005-06)
4.1 Model Village in Rural Development (MVRD)


1. ADP Projects (On going)
1.1. Creation of Additional Employment, Increase in Marginal
Productivity of Labour in Rural Economic Activities and Poverty
Alleviation through Irrigation and Water Management.
Centre for Irrigation and Water Management (CIWM), Rural
Development Academy, Bogra has started a 3-year GOB funded Project (July
2005-June 2008) on Creation of Additional Employment, Increase in Marginal
Productivity of Labour in Rural Economic Activities and Poverty Alleviation
through Irrigation and Water Management. The main objective of the project is
to alleviate poverty through quick extension of RDA-developed irrigation and
water management model by creating additional employment of the rural
people for better rural livelihoods.
The specific objectives of the project are as follows:
i. To extend RDA-developed low-cost multipurpose use of DTW model;
ii. To extend/replicate RDA-developed low-cost water filtration plant
model for supplying safe drinking water in the rural areas;
iii. To ensure highest production through safe water supply, training, and
micro credit assistance;


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
36

iv. To ensure multipurpose use of water resources like irrigation, drinking
water supply, horticulture and nursery development, poultry and
livestock rearing, fish culture, food processing and preservation etc.;
v. To create additional employment for the rural people;
vi. To increase additional food production for meeting up incremental
national food demand;
vii. To ensure proper processing in agricultural production;
viii. To ensure proper marketing network including export through co-
ordination between production, processing and modern irrigation
technology; and
ix. To develop socio-economic and quality of life of the rural people.
Major activities of the project (July 2005-June 2006)
Table-3: Training Courses Conducted in the Year 2005-2006
No. of
Participants

SL.NO
Title of the Course
No. of
Courses
Duration
(Days)
Target Achievement
1.

Orientation Course on Anti-dowry
Awareness Building
-
02 - 10
2. Aaro-based IGA selection (FFS) 06 03 540 960
3.
Maize Cultivation, Processing and
Technology Transfer
-
10 - 04
4.
Livestock-Poultry Rearing and
Primary Treatment
-
10 - 08
5.

Orientation Course on Anti-drugs
Awareness Building
_
01 - 10
6.
Production Technology of Organic
Fertilizers from Agricultural Residues
-
10 - 03
7. Homestead Vegetables and Banana
Cultivation

10 - 05
8. Awareness of Environment - 03 - 05
9.
Women Empowerment and
Leadership
_
10 - 05
10. Practical Training Course on RDA
Low-cost DTW (BAU)
-
02


08

Total - - 540
1018
(188%)



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
37

Action Research (2005-2006)
Table- 4: Location Wise Sub-Project Area
_
District Sl. No. Location
Kolakopa, Gabtoli, Bogra Bogra
2 Sonahata, Dhunot, Bogra
3 Solonga Bazar, Raigonj, Sirajgonj
4 Penguari, Tarash, Sirajgonj
Sirajgonj
5 Kazipur Paurashova, Kazipur, Sirajgonj
B-Baria 6 Shahpur, Nabinagar, B-Baria
Comilla 7 Chowhoddi, Muradnagar, Comilla
Jhenaidah 8 Salia, Jhenaidah Sadar, Jhenaidah
Mymensingh 9 Mosholi Nayapara, Nandail, Mymensingh
Tangail 10 JhordiQhi, Ghatail, Tangail
Pirozpur 11 Kowkhali Upazila, Kowkhali, Pirozpur

Observations
1. Employment in different agro-based sectors has already been started in
the project villages.
2. On the basis of IGA training cum RDA credit provision, micro
entrepreneurship has been developed in the project area.
3. Beneficiaries are using the DTW water for different purposes i.e,
irrigation, drinking, pisciculture, livestock and poultry rearing and also
for other domestic and industrial purposes.
4. The overall achievement of the training course is quite satisfactory.
5. The beneficiaries are directly involved in implementing the project in the
following ways:
(a) Deposited 10% of the total capital cost of the project i.e,
Tk.2,20,000.00 to the Academy at the initial stage;
(b) Cost of electric connection charge is completely borne by the
management group;
(c) The internal domestic pipe networks along with fittings are
completely done by the individual users;
(d) The operation and maintenance cost of the sub-projects are also borne
by the groups;



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
38

1.2 Expansion, Renovation and Modernization of Physical Infrastructure
of the Rural Development Academy, Bogra (2"
d
Phase).
Rural Development Academy has undertaken a 3-year GOB funded
Project (July 2005-June 2008) on Expansion, Renovation and Modernization of
Physical Infrastructure of the Rural Development Academy, Bogra (2
nd
Phase).
The main objective of the project is to expand and develop the physical
infrastructure of the Rural Development Academy. Bogra including
procurement of modern equipment and materials for training. Research and
action research in order to facing the challenge of rural development in the 21"
century. The specific objectives of the project are as follows:
i) To develop training, research and action research facilities of the
Academy;
ii) To facilitate institutional capacity in terms of human resources
development;
iii) To strengthen the physical infrastructure for improving service quality
of the Academy.

Table-5: Main Components of the Project
Financial (Tk. in Lakh)
2005-2006 2006-2007 Main Component
Target Achievement Target
Manpower 5.497
Acquisition of assets -
_
19.50
Renovation of existing infrastructure 25.00 25.00 (100%) 55.00
Construction work 75.00 75.00 (100%) 368.00
Total 100.00 (100%) 100.00 (100%) 448.00












Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
39

Observations
Implementation of this project will enable to maximize pre-planned use
of land in the campus of the Academy to demonstrate the participants of
training courses. Most of the Skill Development Training Courses conducted
by the Academy aim at self-employment generation and micro-enterprise
development through government and other interventions which will be
stressed to increase employment and income earning opportunities for the poor.

Proposed renovation works of Auditorium, Hostels, Medical Centre,
Library, Faculty and Residential Building; acquisition of furniture and
construction of selected office and other buildings which will increase at least
10% of training participants' accommodation.


1.3 Action Research Project on Poverty Alleviation through Improved
Irrigation Technology Transfer in Southern and Hill Tracts Area.
Another 3-year GOB funded Project (July 2006-June 2009) on Action
Research Project on Poverty Alleviation through Improved Irrigation
Technology Transfer in Southern and Hill Tracts Areas has started its
implementation by the Centre for Irrigation and Water Management (CIWM),
Rural Development Academy, Bogra. The main objective of the project is to
meet up increasing demand of food and provides food security for uplifting the
socio-economic condition of the rural people by transferring RDA- model of
irrigation and water management technology in the non-irrigated areas of
Southern and Hill District Areas.

The specific objectives of the project are as follows:
i. To explore the possibility of the best use of surface and sub-surface water
in the non irrigated area;
ii. To undertake exploratory drilling for finding best aquifer for DTW
installation; iii. To install observation well for ground water monitoring;
iv. To demonstrate and disseminate RDA-developed irrigation and water
management technology for irrigated command area development;
v. To conduct training programmes for stakeholders on skill development
IGAs for their capacity building and poverty alleviation;


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
40


vi. To enhance food production by increasing irrigated area within the
project area.
vii. To ensure enhanced crop production by selecting appropriate cropping
patterns in the costal and hill areas.

Table- 6: Main Components of the Project

Main Component Target
Exploratory test drilling 40
Observation well 12
Model demonstration 12
Baseline survey 02
Training 500
Machinery and equipment (Hydraulic Rig) 2


Table- 7: Proposed Location of the Project

Division/District Sub-District/Ilpazila Comments
Chittagong (Hill District) At least 4 (four) sites from Sites/schemes (sub-proaecCs that
suitable Upazilas fulfill the selection criteria and
Sylhet (Hill District) At least 2 (two) sites from able to deposit 10
1
7
-
c (minimum ~
suitable Upazilas of the capital sharing cost within
Dhaka (Hill District) At least 2 (two) sites from the sub-district/upazila subject to
suitable Upazilas availability of surface/ground
Khulna (Southern District) At least 2 (two) sites from water.
suitable Upazilas
Barisal (Southern District) At least 2 (two) sites from
suitable Upazilas

Observations
• "Feasibility Study on Application of RDA-developed Multipurpose Use
of DTW Technology in Rangamati Hill District" by Rangamati Hill
District Council revealed that RDA model is suitable in that area.


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
41

• Irrigation coverage under the proposed area will contribute to additional
food production in Bangladesh.

1.4 Comprehensive Village Development Programme (RDA Part)
Introduction

Comprehensive Village Development Programme was initiated by
BARD, Comilla in 1975 in the name of `Total Village Development
Programme (TVDP)' with a view to examining one village one organization in
a village. The main thrust was given to mobilization of local resources and its
utilization so that the villagers would be self-reliant irrespective of age, sex,
class and professions. The project was included in the 3
rd
FYP and renamed as
Comprehensive Village Development Programme (CVDP). In the second
phase during the Fourth FYP, Rural Development Academy (RDA), Bogra was
involved with the implementation of the project in 1991-92.
CVDP was one of the action research projects of the Academy being
implemented in 40 villages of four Upazilas under Rajshahi and Khulna
divisions since 1991-92. BARD has been implementing the project in Dhaka,
Chittagong and Sylhet divisions. The main objectives of the project were to (i)
promote overall development of all segments of population of a village by
bringing them under a single co-operative organization and (ii) evolve a
replicable rural development model. The Experimental Phase of the project was
wound up in June 2004.
At the experimental phase CVDP was able to create some positive results
for the betterment of the rural people under the project. With the intention of
extending its results throughout the country a series of discussions and seminars
on the results, problems and potentials of CVDP were held in the Ministry of
LGRD and Co-operatives and Planning Commission. Finally,, the government
was convinced to adopt CVDP as a model concept for rural development, but
recommended for further implementation for more three years on pilot basis
before replication throughout the country.

The pilot phase of the project started in July 2005. The project is being
sponsored by the Rural Development and Co-operatives Division of the
Ministry of LGRD & Co-operatives. RDA, BARD, BRDB and Co-operatives
Department are working as implementing agencies. In all,, the project will


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
42

cover 1575 villages of 21 Upazilas from 21 districts. RDA will implement the
project in 300 villages of four Upazilas of Bogra, Gaibandha, Kushtia and
Jhenaidah districts.


The progress of the project during 2005-06 could not reach the level of
expectation. The table-8 shows the achievement of 2005-06.


Table-8: Achievement in 2005-2006

2005-06
Sl.
No
Activities PP Target
Target Achievement Percentage
1. Recruitment of Manpower 26 26 I S 57%
Selection of Villages (no.) 300 100 104 104%
3. Formation of Co-operative Societies
(no.)
300 100 104
104%
4. Bench Mark Survey (no.) 300 100 100 100%
5. Family Coverage (no.) 30000 9000 3021 34%
6. Membership Enrolment (person) 30000 9000 3861 43%
7. Capital Accumulation (lakh Taka) - 25.20 7.57 30%
a) Savings 234.00 23.40 3.69 16%
b) Share 7.20 1.80 1.28 71%

c)Miscellaneous 2.60
8. Training and related activities (person) 1620 2097 129%
a) Training of the project staff 17
b) Orientation Course for Upazila level
officials anal UP Chairmen
100 100
100 100%









Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
43

2005-06
Activities
PP 1arget
1arget Achievement Percentage

Orientation Course for Development
Worker of the village societies like
Maria-ec, Accountant, Dev. Workers, 3000 - -
Cooperators and Members of Union
Parishad.

Orientation Course (Members of the 15
permanent committee of Gram Sacker)
32400

TOT Course for district level officers 20 20 17 85%
Mindset change for Development
Activists

9000 500 500 100%

Village Workers selection and their
orientation
600 200 200
100 %


Monthly Joint and Union co-ordination
43200 800 1065 133%

Special training for co-operators 10800 - -
Training for co-operators sponsored by
other institutes
-
_
215 -



Observations
I. CVDP has completed its experimental phase in June 2004. It has
started its piloting phase in July 2005. The achievement of the project
is not up to the level of expectation due to delay in approval of the
project. Shortage of manpower is another limitation. It is hoped that
this year CVDP would be able to create a momentum in its
performance.
II. There is no provision for credit in the on going phase. It may create
some reluctance among the cooperators. RDA can use its RLF of the
previous phase for credit.





Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
44

III. Villagers eager to be members of CVDP society. This is a positive
indication and the project should give priority to institutional
development and awareness building programme through training.
IV. There observed a lot of differences between the performances of old
and new CVDP co-operative societies. To share the experience and
knowledge of the old societies. The members of the new societies may
be taken to the old but good societies through study tour.
V. Four organizations are involved in the implementation of CVDP.
There should be dose coordination among the implementing agencies.

2. ADP Projects (Completed during 2.005-06)

2.1 Socio-Economic Development and Improvement of Quality of Life
through Arsenic Free Safe Drinking Water Supply.
This is a GOB-funded project which started jn July 2001 and continued up to
June 2006. The main objective of the project is to improve socio-economic
condition and quality of rural life through ensuring arsenic free safe potable
drinking water supply through expansion/replication of RDA-developed safe
water model (low-cost DTW with or without filtration plant). The specific
objectives of the project were as follows:

i. To install low-cost DTW with or without filtration plant for ensuring safe
potable arsenic free drinking water supply according to the guidelines of
WHO/ Bangladesh standard.
ii. To develop health status of the rural people by increasing per-capita water
consumption.
vi. To reduce the level of water borne-diseases.
iv. To uplift socio-economic status of the rural people by engaging them in
different income generating activities like irrigation, crop production,
poultry and livestock rearing, vegetables and nursery production,
aquaculture and development of small cottage industries etc.





Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
45
At Glance Major Activities of the Project:
Main Activities Target Achievement
Training Activities (Table-9) 1400 1429(102%)
Action Research sites (Table-10) 24 24(100%)
Workshop/Seminar (Table-11) 04. 5(125%)
Evaluation and Publication Reports (Table-12) 04 5(125%)


Table- 9: Training Activities

No. of participants
Target Achiveme
nt
Upto 2006
Sl. No Title of the Course
Duration
(days)


1 Orientation course on Arsenic Free Safe Drinking Water
Supply Project
01 100 103
2 On-Farm Water Management (Farmer's Field School) 10 300 337
3 Plumbing and Electrical Training 28 200 184
4 Poultry Rearing and Management 20 20 17
5 Horticulture Nursery Development Technology 21 150 141
6 Credit Operation and Management 04 80 80
7 Livestock & Poultry Rearing and Primary Treatment 40 80 73
8 Cultivate Land and Fertilizer Management 10 20 15
9 Maize Production, Preservation and Technology Transfer 10 - 06
10 Modern Potato Seed Production, Preservation &
Marketing

06 40 45
11 Modern Fish Culture 1.0 60 55
12 Green Fertilizer Production Technology 04 - 04
13 Goat Rearing and Primary Treatment 10 - 09
14 Modern Cultivation of Pulses and Oil Seeds 10 - 10
15 On-Farm Water Management (FFS) 03 250 240
16 Project Activities Reviewing 01 100 110

Grand Total

1400
1429
(102%)



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
46

Table-10: Action Research Sites
Year wise sub-project areas with responsible management
organization (NGO/ Samity) are listed herewith:

Sl.
No.
Site Year Name and address of NGO/Samity
1.
Pakunda. Sonargaon,
NarayangonJ
2002 Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAG)
2 Sayedpur. Sujanagar. Pahna 2003 Society for Social welfare (SSW), Mazira, Bogs.
3
Vhangura. Pabna 2003
Local Female Development Society (LFDS). Vhangura,
Pabna.
4. Pirizpur. Godagari. Rajshahi 2003 Gram Unnayan Samity (GUS). Godagm
-
i, Rajshahi.
5
GARB Village Godagari,
(Rajshahi
2003 Centre for Action Research Barind (GARB), Rajshahi
6. Kolaroa. Satkhira 2004 JESH Foundation, Kolaroa. Satkhira
7. Homna. Comilla 2004 Homna Pauroshuva, Comilla.
S Ulipur, Bogra 2004
Uchapa Adarsha Bahumukhi Samabaya Samity, Ulipur,
Bogra.
9.
Pallimongal Hat. Bogs Sadar.
Bogra

TMSS. Bogs
10 Kowkhali. Pirozpur 2005
Community Development Centre of Bangladesh (CDCB).
Pirozpur.
11. Majbari, Gabtoli, Bogra. 2005 Majbari Gram Unnayan Samity, Majbari, Gabtoli, Bogra
12. Kendua, Madaripur 2005 DISA, Barisal





Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
47
1l
Kalia. Norail
2005
Environment and Population Research Centre (EPRC),
Dhaka.
14
Doharpara, Jessore Sadar,
Jessore
2005 Gram Unnayan, Doharpara, Jessore Sadar, Jessore
15
Chowbari, Kamarkandha.
Sirajgonj
2006
Chowbari Socio-Economic Development Organization
(CEDO). Chowbari, Kamarkandha, Sirajgogj
16
Faridpur, Pabna 2006 Chalonbil Uddog, Chatmohor. Pabna
17
Chandaikona, Raigonj,
Sirajgonj
2006
Chandaikona and Chalksucra Soinobay Samity Ltd.,
Raigonj, Sirajgonj
18
Kushiani. Gopalgonj 2006
Centre for Health and Development (CHAD), Kashiani.
Gopalgonj
19
Uaudundi, Comilla 2006 Palli Renasa SanEstha Eliots.;onj. Daudandh, Comilla
20
Dasherkandi, Khilgaon, Dhaka 2006
Prottasha Samaj Unnayan Sangstha Dasherkandi
Khilgaon, Dhaka
21
Singair, Manikgonj, 2006
Association for Under Preveleged People (AUP). Singair.
Manikaonj
22
Haluagh at, Mymensingh
2006 Gobracura.Village Development Sangstha, Haluahat,
Mymensingh
23
Durgapur. Naogaon 2006 Durgapur Gram Unnayan Samity. Durgapur, Naogaon
24
Bagerhat Sadar. Bagerhat 2006 Save the Villegers (SV), Bagerhat Sadar. Bagerhat








Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
48
Table-11: List of Workshop/Seminar

Sl. No
SI.No.
I
Title
Duration (Days) Venue
1
Workshop on Role of RDA in Integrated
Water Management
5 April. 2003 Andarbari Sub-proiect.
Shariakandi
2
National Seminar on Extension of RDA-
developed low-cost DTW Technology
10 September, 2003 CIRDAP Auditorium,
Dhaka
3 Workshop on Multipurpose Arsenic free
Piped Water Supply System for Rural
Community in Bangladesh
15 February, 2004

RDA Conference Room.
Bogra
4 Workshop on Extension of RDA-
developed Arsenic free Water Supply
Technology
27 August, 2004 RDA Conference Room.
Bogra
5 Workshop on Role of concern
NGOs/Samity for Sub-project
Implementation
15 February 2006 RDA Conference Room,
Bogra



Table-12: Evaluation and Publication Reports


1
Generating Computerized Database using GIS and SPSS for Assessing
Changing Livelihood Pattern in RDA Water Management Project Area.
2
Safe Drinking Water Supply through RDA-developed Low-cost Deep
Tubewell.
3 RDA-developed Low-cost DTW Technology.
4 Documentary Film on Arsenic free Safe Drinking Water Supply

5
Documentary Film and Add on Low-cost DTW and its Multipurpose Use
and Arsenic removal.





Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
49
Observations

1. Two distinct RDA approach of Arsenic mitigation had already been
identified which need further validation.
2. This model has been attracted by different National and International
agencies. A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) has already been signed
between the World Bank and RDA, Bogra to replicate this model in South
Asia Region.
3. Three hundred villages of the country already selected for replicas on of this
model by WB fund.
4. The management organization (NGO/Samity) is directly involved in
implementing the project in the following ways:
4.1 Deposited 10% of the total capital cost of the project i.e.
Tk. l, 80,000.00 to the Academy at the initial stage;
4.2 Cost of electric connection charge was completely borne by the group;
4.3 The internal domestic pipe networks along with fittings are completely
borne by the individual users;
4.4 The operation and maintenance cost of the project are also borne by the
groups;
5. The capital cost of RDA-developed DTW ranges from Tk.3.00 lakh to Tk.
5.00 lakh depending on different discharge capacity and depth of the well.
At least 30-40% cost could be reduced compared to traditional one having
the same capacity.
6. Beneficiaries are using the DTW water for different purposes i.e., irrigation,
drinking, pisciculture, livestock and poultry rearing and also for other
domestic and industrial
Purposes.
7. The overall achievement of the training course was quite satisfactory.








Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
50
2.2 Expansions and Modernization of RDA Demonstration Farm

Bangladeshi farmers are usually the mufti-purpose farmers. They
produce crops of various kinds, rear animals and birds, culture fishes and what
not. And as such they need integrated extension advice from a single person or
institution. A farmer definitely prefers a unified extension agent who would be
able to provide information on almost all the disciplines of agriculture. But it
must be remembered that a single unified extension agent can never be
considered on expert of different disciplines. Keeping these views in mind, a
multidisciplinary theme of crop, irrigation, dairy, poultry, nursery, fisheries etc.
putting in one basket, a project was formulated and established in July 2000 in
the name of "Expansion and Modernization of RDA Demonstration Farm"
to accumulate and disseminate technology. It is a GOB funded project and
already ended in June 2006.
The major objectives of the project were as follows:
a) To introduce and disseminate modern technology in agricultural production;
b) To develop facilities for improved and practical training on different
disciplines of agriculture; and
c) To develop extension agent and increase the overall agricultural production.

The facilities created under Expansion and Modernization of RDA
demonstration Farm is stated below:
2.2.1 Crop unit
• Instead of draught power farm is facilitated with mechanical power.
• Academy started mechanical cultivation with high value crops and data
is using as a source of extension and training information.
2.2.2 Dairy unit
In the context of Bangladesh farming system, the major two sub-sectors
are crop and livestock. These two sub-sectors are closely inter related i.e.
changes which occur in one sub-sector affect the other. In examining the
benefits, the output of one sub-sector becomes the input of the others e.g. use of
animal power for crop production is followed by the use of animal manure to
improve the soil fertility by decomposition and in turn, crop byproducts are
mainly used as animal feed. Keeping in mind, 51 numbers of milk cows with
calves, four numbers of sheds, storehouse were developed. Daily about 180
liters of milk is produced and cow dung as a by-product is used for biogas
production and farm manure.


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
51
2.2.3 Poultry unit
Under these unit four numbers of poultry sheds, one storehouse cum-
office was developed. Among the four sheds one is assigned for brooder house
and other three is earmarked for laying house. In brooder house at a time 1000-
day-old chickens can be reared. At present in two other laying sheds 1100
laying hens are reared and daily 800 eggs are produced. Droppings are used for
farm manure.
2.2.4 Fisheries unit
A hatchery outlay was developed in the farm where fingerlings are
produced from eggs of brood fishes. Brood fishes are mostly Rui, Katla, Mrigel,
Pungash, Siler carp, Mirror carp, Grass carp, Thai shar puti, Bata etc. It is one
of the new arena in the RDA farm. For Fingerling production a deep tubewell
was installed with overhead tank for regular supply of water.

A pond of 0.65 acre and a ditch of 2.50 acres around North periphery of the
farm were dug for brood fish cultivation. In addition to that aerator, air blower,
02 cylinder. O2 meter, pHmeter, microscope, refrigerator etc. were purchased
for smooth running of the fish fry production.
2.2.5 Nursery unit/Tissue culture unit
Under this unit a tissue culture laboratory with two Green houses sheds
of 1600 sq ft. each and two Hydroponics shed of 1600 sq ft. each were
prepared.
2.2.6 Farm complex
Under farm modernization project a four-storied building with office,
conference room, and laboratory. 6-faculty rooms and one seed Godown was
built. To speed up and enhance the work 6 computers and one pick-up was also
purchased for RDA Demonstration Farm. A refrigerated storage was also built
in front of the Academy.
2.2.7 Agricultural machinery and equipment unit
Agricultural Machinery and Equipment unit of RDA Demonstration
Farm has been setup to increase production, processing and marketing of
agricultural commodities.
The activities under this unit are as follows:
• Buried pipe irrigation system has been installed in the farm; as a result,
95% water loss has been minimized.



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
52


• Under modernization of project deep tubewells were reinstalled with
submersible pumps and thus water supply was ensured with low cost.
• A number of agricultural implements like tractor, power tiller, combined
harvester, potato grading machine, seed grader and driller, transplanter,
weeder, thresher was purchased and agriculture-engineering workshop
was built.
• Two modern biogas plants were developed under this project from where
biogas is supplied to cafeteria, VIP hostel, DG's Banglow and Faculty
Quarter (D, E & F type) for cooking of about 200 people and facilities
already ensured to convert gas into electric power.
• On experimental basis both sprinkler and drip irrigation systems have
been developed for grass, maize and horticultural crops.
A brief description of the newly installed refrigerated storage and its
equipments are presented herewith. The components are classified as:
• Food processing section
• Food preservation section
• Quality control laboratory section
• Marketing section
• Technology training section
2.2.7.1 Food Processing Section:
a) Milk chilling and pasteurization plant
• Milk receiving capacity 250 liters.
• Milk cooler tank capacity 500 liters.
• Cream separator.
• Batch pasteurizer (chilling at 4°C) capacity 250-300 litres/hr.
• Batch pasteurizer (heating at 70°C) capacity 250-300 litres/hr.
• Milk storage tank capacity 1000 litres.
• Milk filling machine for 250, 500, 1000 ml (tetra poly Pac).
b) Fruits and vegetables washing plant (Conveyor type)
Under this plant, various types of fruits and vegetables will be washed by
filtered water and packed for storage and marketing.



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
53

c) Broiler dressing plant
Under this plant, broilers both exotic and indigenous birds will be
dressed by filtered water and packed for storage and marketing.
d) Water treatment plant
Under this plant, the fresh water will be treated and used not only
in the processing unit but also preserved in plastic bottle for marketing.
The capacity of the plant will be 5000 litres/hr., which include pressure
filter, carbon filter, micron filter, ultra violet ray and sodium hypo
chloride dosing component.
e) Meat and fish processing plant
Under this plant, various types of fishes and meat will be processed
manually and packed for storage and marketing. The locally fabricated
instruments will be used for processing and packaging.

2.2.7.2 Food Preservation Section
a) Milk refrigeration compartment
• Capacity: 20,000litres.
• Temperature ranges between +1 to + 4
0
C.
• The unit will be used for storage of milk only.
b) Fruits and vegetables refrigeration compartment
• Capacity of each compartment: 16,000 litres.
• Total no. of compartments: 03.
• Temperature ranges between +l to +15
°
C.
• These compartments will be used for storage of fruits and vegetables.
c) Meat and fish refrigeration compartment
• Capacity of each compartment: 20,000 litres.
• Total no. of compartments: 02.
• Temperature ranges between +1 to - 15
0
C.
• These compartments will be used for storage of meat and fish.
2.2.7.3 Quality Control Laboratory Section:
• The laboratory will be used for testing the food quality.
• Modern testing kits will be furnished in the laboratory.
• Tests will be performed both mechanically and manually.


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
54

2.2.7.4 Marketing Section:
• There will be two product display and sales shops.
• Modern equipments will be furnished in the shops.
• The shops will provide retail and wholesale marketing.
2.2.7.5 Technology Training Section
The technologies which will be developed that will be disseminated
among the trainees, visitors, GOs & NGOs, high officials through
training and visit system. After fullfledged establishment of the
refrigerated storage, RDA farm can earn more revenue as well as these
technologies can be replicated by the private entrepreneurs.

3. Non-ADP Projects (On-going)
3.1 Donor Assisted
3.1.1 Good Seed Initiative (GSI) in South Asia
Good Seed Initiative (GSI) is a Global Forum co-ordinated by CABI Bio-
Science in UK. The main focus of GSI is to develop farmer centered seed
system allover the world. Rural Development Academy, Bogra is one of the
most important GSI member and co-orninator for GSI South Asia since
January, 2005. In Bangladesh RDA operates GSI activities in collaboration with
WARDA, West Africa, TMSS, AAS, BRRI, BARI, IRRI-FoSHoL, AIS, and
BTV (Mati-O-Manush). GSI South Asia explores seed related farmers
innovations and disseminates those knowledge resources to a wider farming
community via video communication in a cost effective way, assess their
impact and capture emerging local innovations for new videos. In 2006 GSI has
a target to reach one million farmers through video communication. The set
agenda for 2006 is presented in the Table- 13.








Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
55

Table-13: GSI. South Asia-Agenda 2006

GSI Agenda: 2006 Status
1 Assess Uptake Pathways of Videos Ongoing
2 Assess Local Ownership of Videos Ongoing
3 Assess Additional Impact of Video Through KAP
Survey

Ongoing
4
Collect Farmers Rice Seed Production Related
Innovations

Completed
5 Pretest Rice Seed Production Videos in 5 Villages November'06
6
Show Rice Seed Production Video in Video
Villages & Feedback Through KAP & FGD

November'06
7
Assess Impact of Rice Seed Production Video in Video
Villages Through KAP Survey & FGD

December'06
8 Assess Farmers Information Need for Vegetables
Seed Production

Ongoing
9 Collect Farmers Vegetables Seed Related
Innovations

Ongoing
10
Script Research for Video on Healthy Seedling
Production

Completed
11
Development of Video on Healthy Seedling
Production

Completed


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
56
12
Development of TV Clips on Healthy Seedling
Production

Ongoing
13
Development of Web Clips on Healthy Seedling
Production

Ongoing
14 Script Research for Video on step by step Rice Seec
Production

Completed
15
Development of Video on step by step Rice Seed
Production

Completed
16 Development of TV Clips on step by step Rice Seec
Production

Ongoing
17 Development of Web Clips on step by step Rice
Seed Production

Ongoing
18
Script Research for Video on Harvesting and
Threshing for Rice Seed Production

Completed
19
Development of Video on Harvesting and
Threshing for Rice Seed Production

Completed
20 Development of TV Clips on Harvesting and
Threshing for Rice Seed Production

Ongoing
21
Development of Web Clips on Harvesting and
for Rice Seed Production

Ongoing
going
22
Script Research for Video on Wheat Seed
Production for WRC

Ongoing
23 Development of Video on Wheat Seed Production
with WRC

November' 06
24
Development of TV Clips on Wheat Seed
Production with WRC

November' 06


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
57
25
Development of Web Clips on Wheat Seed
Production with WRC

November' 06
26
Modification of Video on Manual Seed Sorting
New Video
Developed
27
Development of TV Clips on Manual Seed Sorting
New TV Clips
Developed
28 Development of Web Clips on Manual Seed Sorting
New Web Clips
Developed
29
Modification of Video on Seed Sorting by salt
water Floatation
New Video
Developed
30 Development of TV Clips on Seed Sorting by salt-
water Floatation
New TV Clips
Developed
31 Development of Web Clips on Seed Sorting by salt
water Floatation
New Web Clips
Developed
32
Modification of Video on Seed Drying

Ongoing
33
Development of TV Clips on Seed Drying
Ongoing
34 Development of Web Clips on Seed Drying
Ongoing
35 Modification of Video on Seed Storage
Ongoing
36 Development of TV Clips on Seed Storage Ongoing
37 Development of Web Clips on Seed Storage Ongoing

38 Scaling-up in 2006 & Monitor through FGD Ongoing


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
58
39 Launch Web Clips in Different Websites November'06
40
Telecast Video Clips Through BTV Regular
Programme

October' 06
41
Telecast Video Films Through BTV Mati-O-
Manush Programme
October
November'06
42 Distribution of Video CD by Different Partners

Completed
43
Promote GSI Through News Paper & Electronic
Media

Ongoing
44
Expand GSI Horizon in National & International
Level
Expand -India,
Nepal, Cambodia,
West Africa
45 GSI Action Plan Development

Completed
46 GSI Calendar Development

Completed
47 GSI Target Book Development

Completed
48 GSI Inception & Planning Workshop

Completed
49 GSI Evaluation & Planning Workshop

December End,06


3.1.2 Women in Seed Extension (WISE)
Traditionally, women in rural Bangladesh are highly involved in seed
management activities. Women play the role of seed manager in their family.
But most of the seed related interventions/ activities are frequently exposed to
men. This picture gives clear indication to open more doors for women in seed
sector.
Considering the contribution of rural women in seed management
activities and recognizing the core need of women participation in all kind of
seed related interventions the Rural Development Academy (RDA) has
developed an active linkage with SID/DANIDA/MOA in March, 2005 for
supporting women in seed production and marketing through a project titled
Women in Seed Extension (WISE).

Objective
To develop a model of community based women entrepreneurship in
seed sector. In the first year, the project dealt with Aman rice seed production
with 100 women in five groups. The women members produced and market 5
tons very high quality TFL Aman seed.


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
59

Activities
In the second year the project adopted a diversified agenda broadly
categorized as Aman, Boro and Summer Vegetables Seed Production and
Marketing. Keeping the main theme is to develop a women-lead seed business
model.
1. Based on interest and experience 220 women were selected from 11
villages under Sherpur, Shajahanpur, Kahaloo, Sadar upazila of Bogra
district and Raigonj upazila of Sirajgonj district.
2. Eleven Women Seed Group is now active in 11 villages under a
community based women seed federation.

3. The selected Women were provided intensive training on seed
production, preservation and marketing.
4. The project has provided foundation seed, technical and promotional
backup services.
3.1.3 Rural Plant Clinic Project
In Bangladesh pests and diseases are real threats to production causing on
an average up to 30% crop losses in farmer's fields. In order to protect crops
from damage, farmers are becoming increasingly dependent on the use of
dangerous and highly toxic pesticides, used with increasing frequency. In most
cases, farmers use pesticides on the basis of recommendations and advice from
the local pesticide dealers, who themselves are not professionals. Overuse of
pesticides comes from a misunderstanding of what is causing the problem, and
is often attributed to insect pests due to their high visibility. Farmers also have
common misconceptions believe all insects to be pests.

Reviewing the plant health services of Bangladesh the Rural
Development Academy (RDA) in collaboration with the Global Plant Clinic
started an action research project in March, 2004.







Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
60

Objective
To develop a community owned and women-lead rural plant clinic model
for Bangladesh using local government (UP) platform.
Operational Structure:
Three Rural Plant Clinics, (RPCs) have been set up in a Union named
Amrool on experimental basis. Each of the RPC is providing plant health
service to the farmers of surrounding 6-8 villages. The clinics are being set up
in the premises of elected women member of Union Parishad who were
undergone an intensive training on how to organize, run and maintain simple
but effective Local Plant Clinic. RPCs are providing written prescription to the
farmers for solving their plant health problems. After a considerable period a
nominal fee will be charged to run the clinics self-sustained. Initially RDA is
providing technical back up and finally RDA is intended to establish linkages
between RPCs, national plant protection laboratories and DAE as a means of
sustainable exit strategy.
3.2 Self Assisted
3.2.1 RDA Demonstration Farm
The demonstration farm was created shortly after the establishment of the
Academy with the following broad objectives:
i) Conducting adaptive and demonstration trials on the farm and
dissemination of improved agro-technologies to the farming community;
ii) Holding practical sessions of the broad agro-based skill development
training courses of the Academy; and
iii) Producing quality seeds of high valued alternative crops to aid
Government as well as seed programmes for agricultural development.
The demonstration farm measures about 76.0 acres of land of which 70.1
acres are under action research. The rest of the land covers the farm
infrastructure. Currently, the farm has 7 agriculturally divided production Units:
(i) Crop (ii) Dairy, (iii) Poultry, (iv) Fisheries, (v) Horticulture & Nursery, (vi)
Agricultural Equipment and (vii) Tissue culture and Hydroponics unit. The
Crop Unit operates on 52 .0 acres and the Horticulture & Nursery on 3.0 acres
of land. The Fisheries Unit runs its activities on 4.6 acres water bodies that
include six ponds and two canals.



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
61

The activities of this unit the Horticulture & Nursery on 3.0 acres of land.
The Fisheries Unit runs its activities on 4.6 acres water bodies that include six
ponds and two canals. The activities of this unit cover both mono and poly-
culture experimentation of different indigenous and exotic species of fish
adapted to local environments.

Both experimentally and generally the Crop Unit produces grain crops,
mainly Aman and Boro paddy as well as maize, potato, wheat and different
seasonal vegetables across the year. The produced seeds of rice, maize and
potato are regularly sold to BADC under its Contract Growers Programme.
RDA is a member of that Programme and has been producing quality seeds in
the quoted areas.

The Horticulture & Nursery Unit produces seedlings/saplings of a great
variety of indigenous and exotic fruit and timber species as well as vegetables.
The two other Units, Dairy and Poultry are located along the western side of the
Farm campus. The Dairy Unit's activity currently is confined to milk
production. The Poultry Unit produces eggs from improved exotic fowl breeds.
Agricultural Equipment Unit is a support service unit of the other- units of the
farm. Recently, a new Unit, called Tissue culture and Hydroponic Unit has been
added to experiment on alternative potential of the Farm.
Management
A Farm Development Committee chaired by the Director General of the
Academy runs the Demonstration Farm. All faculty members of the
Agricultural Sciences Division are members of this Committee. Its entire
programme from planning to implementation is materialized under the overall
guidance of the Director of Agricultural Sciences. The immediate next
implementer of the planned activities is the Farm Manager who acts under
overall guidance and care of the Farm In-Charge. The Farm In-Charge is
nominated and assigned for a 4-year term from among the faculty members of
the Agricultural Sciences Division. Relevant faculty members render their
services in crop production, soil fertility management, horticulture, vegetables
gardening, dairy, poultry, fisheries, mechanization and irrigation.




Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
62


Activities Preformed During July 2005- June 2006
A brief description of the unit-wise farm activities performed during the
last financial year is given in the following pages:

Table- 14: Production, Income and Expenditure of Crop Unit (2005-2006)

Crops
Name
Variety
Area
(acre)
Total
Production
Gross Income
(Tk.)
Expenditure
(Tk.)
Net Profit
(Tk.)
BR-11 21.33 32500
BRRI-31 7.10 6506
BRRI-32 8.57 8880
Aman
Paddy
Aromatic rice 1.00 940
591105.00 405349 185756.00
Tissue culture 2.00 16978 177698.00 104749.00 72949.00
Potato
Diamont (BADC) 10.00 79447 981689.00 495385.00 486304.00
Boro
Paddy
BRRI-29 19.07 38193 593391.00 330250.00 263141.00
BART-7 (Composite) 5.00 7920 133325.00 112895.00 20430.00
Maize
pacific-11(Hybrid)
BRAG
2.00 3200 35000.00 25810.00 9190.00
Vegetable - 1.00 30975 40975.00 29810.00 11165.00
Total - - - 2553183.00
1504248.00 1048935.00

During the year, the crop unit supplies 35 tons Aman, 50 tons Potato, 8 tons Maize and 20 tons Boro seeds to
BADC, Bogra,fnr supporting the government seed multiplication programme.









Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
63



Table- 15: Production, Income and Expenditure of Nursery Unit
(2005-2006)

Items
Gross income
(Tk.)
Expenditure
(Tk.)
Net Profit
(Tk.)
Seedlings, saplings and
vegetables of different species
485724.00 344214.00 141510.00
Others saplings stock 5000 Nos - 350000.00
During the year, the Nursery Unit produced 48250 seedlings and saplings of varied species of timber andfruit
trees and also offered training to 100 trainees on Horticulture Nursery Development. Technologies.

Table-16: Production, Income and Expenditure of Dairy Unit (2005-2006)

Total cattle
heads
Average
no.
of milch
cows
Total milk
Production
( Litre)
Average milk
Production
( Litre)
Gross income
(Tk.)
Expenditure
(Tk.)
Net Profit
(Tk.)
892039.25 Thrusters
90 20 53692 147 (Milk). 1100030.00 216309.25
174300.00 Food purchase
(Cattle sale)
25 Calf Value
250000.00

Total 20 53692 147 1316339.25 1100030.00 216309.25

During the year, the Unit held 43 cows (including dry), female calves 25 and male calves 13. There were, on
an average, 20 milch cows that produced a total of 53692 litres of milk. Per day av. milk production was 147
litres. A net profit stood at Tk. 276309 was earned from the sale proceeds of milk arzd ruzproductive cattle.


Table-17: Production, Income and Expenditure of Poultry


Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
64
Unit (2005-2006)

Average
no.
of laying
hens/mont
h
Total :
production
(Nos.)
Daily average
egg
production
(Nos.)
Gross income
(Tk.)
Expenditure
(Tk.)
Grows
margin
(Tk.)
800 220513 604
661655.50
(Egg sale)
52821.00
(Discarded bird sale)
*Present Laying Bird
value- 280`b582/
162960.00/
Others 6682/
Food
Purchase &
other
Expenditure
642223.50
78935.00
Total 220513 604 721158.50 642223.50 78935.00

There were 800 laying hens on average with daily av. production of 604 eggs in
2005-2006. Total number of eggs produced was 220513. Total gross margin from
eggs and discarded birds sale stood at Tk. 78935.00. Present laying bird's value is
Tk. 162960.00

Fisheries /Hatchery Unit
There are six ponds and one canal under this unit. Of these, four ponds
are perennial having 2.50 acres of water area used for rearing brood fish. The
rest two ponds and one canal are seasonal having 2.10 acres of water area used
for rearing fish spawn. A fisheries hatchery was established in this unit during
2005-06 under "Expansion and Modernization of RDA Demonstration Farm
Project". Production of fish seed (spawn) was started in the hatchery from
February, 05. Production, expenditure and income of Fisheries Hatchery Unit
during 2005-2006 are shown in Table-18.









Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
65
Table-18: Production, Income and Expenditure of Fisheries Unit
(200-5-2006)
Number
of ponds
Total water
area of pond
(acre)
Total fish
production
(Kg.)
Gross
income
(Tk.)
Expenditure Net Profit
(Tk.) l Tk. t
7 4.60 4377 511074.00 290097.00 220977.00
There are altogether 7 ponds including 2 canals. Total water area measures 4.60 acres. Total fish produced in
2005-2006 was 4377 kg that earned a net profit of Tk. 220977.00

Refrigerated Storage and Agricultural Equipment Unit (2005-2006)
In RDA demonstration farm this unit has been setup as activities related
to agricultural production, processing and marketing of product. Under
Expansion and Modernization of RDA Demonstration Farm Project, some
agricultural machinery and equipments like Tractor, Power tiller, Reaper,
Sprinkler and Drip Irrigation equipments have been procured for better
agricultural mechanization. Under this unit, the proposed refrigerated storage
and other agricultural units were furnished last financial year (2005-2006) and
then the income and as well as technology transfer from this farm can be
started. Net income from this unit was Tk.' 87,964.00 in the last year (2005-
2006) and deposited in a separate bank account. The principles of using the
agricultural equipments have already been prepared. Therefore, in the near
future RDA demonstration farm will be self-sufficient in respect of agricultural
mechanization.
RDA Biotechnology Laboratory Unit
Rural Development Academy under its Demonstration Farm Expansion
and Modernization Project has recently established a new unit "RDA
Biotechnology Laboratory". Tissue culture micro propagation has been one of



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
66
the most important way to reproduce crops that are difficult to propagate by
conventional methods, such as by seed, division, cutting, grafting etc.

It offers many advantages over other propagation methods, such as
disease free and rapid multiplication are most important. At present, its
application is mainly in potato seed production, orchid multiplication etc. in
Bangladesh. However, systems for successfully producing fruit/food crops such
as banana, jack fruit. Pineapple, strawberry, asparagus and bamboo have been
defined and are currently replacing traditional methods of vegetative
propagations.
RDA biotechnology laboratory has already started potato seed
multiplication activities on experimental basis. Very soon RDA will be
organized Time Culture Training an
Potato and Orchid Seed Production. In this regard RDA developed a training
manual on tissue culture.
3.2.2 Centre for Irrigation and Water Management (CIWM)
Centre for Irrigation and Water Management (CIWM) has been set up in
2003 for popularizing and extension of RDA innovated irrigation and water
management technologies for enhancing -the socio-economic condition of the
rural people. The specific objectives of the Centre are: (i) to ensure multiple use
of water resources such as irrigation, drinking water supply, horticulture and
nursery development, poultry and livestock rearing, aquaculture development,
food technology etc. (ii) to integrate credit programme-into the water
management sector (iii) to build up institutional linkage with different national
and international organizations; (iv) to conduct workshops, seminars and skill
development training; (v) to generate fund through consultancy services for
making the centre financially self-sustained; (vi) to ensure environment friendly
irrigation and water management activities; and (vii) to transform the water
management activities of RDA into programmatic approach.
Centre for Irrigation and Water Management is mainly run with the
professional manpower drawn from Agricultural and Social Science Divisions
of RDA. Some other officials and supporting staff will be procured on
temporary basis subject to the generation of adequate fund of the centre.



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
67
The centre will be run with its own income. The major sources of income
are: service charge of its credit programme, consultancy charge from replication
of the RDA model of water management and income from training courses on
skill development.

Centre has started functioning by replicating different technologies like
low-cost DTW, buried pipe irrigation system, arsenic free safe drinking water
supply plant, community based biogas plant etc. and also conducting regaled
studies. The model has already been replicated in different GOs/NGOs and
private institutions in Bangladesh. A list of RDA developed low cost DTW and
safe drinking water supply model already replicated in different organizations
under CIWM during the financial year 2005-2006 has been shown in Table-19.
On Going Activities
• Command Area development through buried pipe irrigation system using
surface water has been undertaken in the Small Scale Water Resources
Development Sector Project (SSWRDSP) of LGED at Charipara,
Gaforgaon, Mymensingh.
• A total of 17 nos. arsenic free water supply system have been completed
under Nationwide Water Supply Project of Department of Public Health
Engineering (DPHE).
• A list of on going RDA developed low cost DTW and safe drinking
water supply model for the financial year 2005-2006 are presented in
Table-20.
• Also a list of proposal on RDA developed low cost DTW and safe
drinking water supply given to different organizations under
consideration has been shown in Table-21.
Achievement
• Extension and popularization of RDA developed irrigation and water
resources technology seems to be more demandable to the different
GOs/NGOs/Private owners and the demand has been increased day by
day.




Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
68
• At present a total of 36-skill manpower have been employed from the
own income of CIWM.
• CIWM has earned a significant amount by replicating the technologies.
• Feasibility study of multipurpose use of Low-cost DTW at Rangamati
Hill District under the sponsorship of Rangamati Hill District Council
has been completed successfully.
• A three years (2005-2008) GOB funded project (Tk. 24.09 crore) namely
"Creation of Additional Employment, Increase in Marginal Productivity
of Labour in Rural Economic Activities and Poverty Alleviation
Through Irrigation and Water Management Project" implemented by
CIWM has already been implementing at RDA, Bogra.
• Another three years (2006-2009) GOB funded project (Tk. 14.13 crore)
namely "Action Research Project on Increasing Irrigated Area through
Transfering RDA model of Irrigation and Water Management
Technology in Southern and Hill Districts of Bangladesh" implemented
by CIWM has been implementing recently at RDA, Bogra with
establishing two sub-project office at Rangamati and Khulna.

• Recently two GOB funded Projects entitled "Multipurpose use of Low-cost
DTW for Long Term Post Flood Rehabilitation" and "Socio-Economic
Development & Improvement of Quality of Life through Arsenic Free Safe
Drinking Water Supply" project has successfully been completed. To
continue the projects activities and make them sustainable, all activities
have been undertaken by CIWM for future continuation and smooth
operation.

• Integration of credit concepts of all completed projects (i.e. SFDP, CVDP,
CEPA, MVRD) implemented by RDA, Bogra in the past has given the
ability to operate a credit programme called as RDA-credit. The fund for the
credit programme has been accumulated from the seed capital and service
charges of completed ADP projects. The main objective of RDA-credit is to
enable the beneficiaries to handle with the living expenditure including
payment of the water charges for domestic and other uses. Hence, water is
being used as production item instead of consumable for improvement of



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
69
livelihood of rural people. Different IGAs are shown in Table-22. At a glance
the detailed picture of RDA credit programme and credit operation under
different sub-projects are attached herewith in Table-23 & 24 respectively.

Table-19: List of RDA-developed Low-cost DTW and safe
drinking water supply model already replicated in different
Organizations under CIWM (During year 2005-2006)

SI. No. Name of the Organization Type of Work
Type of
Organization
1 Ahmedpur, Sujanagar, Pabna (DPHE) WFP GO
2 Alinagar, Gomostapur, Chapai Nawabgonj (DPHE) WFP NGO
3 Aqua Breeds Project, Majipara, Panchagarh DTW Private
4 Bangladesh Small Scale Industries Corporation
(BSCIC),
Kanchpur, Narayongonj
WFP GO
5 Bangladesh Small Scale Industries Corporation
(BSCIC)
DTW & WFP GO
6 Bangladesh Small Scale Industries Corporation
(BSCIC)
DTW & WFP GO
7 Bangladesh Small Scale Industries Corporation
(BSCIC)
WFP GO
8 Bangladesh University Grant Commission, R/A,
Mirpur,
DTW GO
9 Bengal Meet Processing Ltd. Sathia, Pabna DTW & WFP Private
10 BIAM Foundation, Bogra DTW GO
I 1 Flaming Agro Tech Ltd. Tilokpur, Joypurhat DTW Private
12 Jalalabad Gas Transmission and Distribution Ltd. WFP GO
13 Moulavibazar Palli Biddut Samity, Moulavibazar; PBS DTW & WFP NGO
14 National Training & Research Academy for
Multilingual
DTW GO
15 National Heart Foundation Hospital, Dhaka DTW GO
16 Parchimanchal Gas Co. Ltd, Baghabari, Sirajgonj DTW & WFP GO
17 Rural Electrification Board, Rajshahi; REB DTW & WFP GO
18 FNB Goshaibari, Bogra DTW NGO
19 Cattle Breeding Centre, Shavar, Dhaka DTW GO
20 Youth Training Centre, Bogra DTW GO
21 China-Bangladesh Friendship Bridge DTW & WFP GO
22 Khamarkandi, Sherpur, Bogra DTW Private





Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
70
23 Satak bast, Sathia, Pabna (DPHE) WFP GO
24 World Vision, Bogra DTW NGO
25 Chapai Nawabgonj Pourashava, Chapai Nawabgonj DTW GO
26 Department of Public Health Engineering (GOB-4) 17
sites
WFP GO
27 Northen Poultry farm, Sabgram, Bogra WFP Private


Table-20: List of on going RDA-developed low-cost DTW and safe
drinking water supply model (During year 2005 - 2006)

Sl. No.
Name of the Organization Type of work
Type of
Organization
1
Bangabandhu Shekh Muzibur Rahman Agricultural
University, Gazipur
DTW
GO
2 Rural Electrification Board, Jessore
WFP
GO
3 BRAG, TARC, Pirer Bazar, Sylhet
DTW NGO


Table-21: List of Proposal of RDA-developed low-cost DTW and safe
drinking water supply submitted to different organizations under
consideration (During year 2005- 2006)

Sl. No. Name of the Organization Type of work
Type of
Organization
I Chittagong EPZ, BEPZA DTW & WFP GO
2 BSCIC Tannery Estate, Savar, Dhaka DTW & WFP GO
3 BRAC Fish Hatchary, Patina DTW NGO
4 Satkhira Palli Biddut Samity WFP GO
5 Bogra Palli Biddut Samity, Bogra DTW GO
6 Chittagong Power Centre WFP GO
7 Gaibandha Jail Campus WFP GO
8 Satkhira Polytechnic Institute DTW & WFP GO
9 Bikrampur Aluminium Industry Ltd. DTW Private
10 B N S B Eye Hospital, Moulavibazar DTW & WFP GO
I I Bangladesh Fertilizer & Agro Chemicals Ltd. DTW & WFP Private
12 27, Rifle Battalion, Kurigram WFP GO
13 Manikgonj Palli Biddut Samity WFP GO
14 PROSHIKA, Mithapukur, Rangpur DTW & WFP NGO
15 PURBANI Fisheries Ltd. Cox's-Bazar WFP Private
16 River Research Institute, Faridpur WFP GO
17 Impact Foundation. Meherpur DTW & WFP NGO




Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
71
18 Chittagong Palli Biddut Samity WFP GO
19 ROTARY Club, Mahasthangorh, Bogra DTW Private
20 Sylhet Palli Biddut Samity-1 WFP GO
_
21 Sunamgonj Palli Biddut Samity WFP GO
22 BSCIC Tannery DTW & WFP GO
23 BRAC, TARC, Rangpur WFP NGO
24 Scampi World Ltd. Vengri, Sirajgonj WFP Private
25 Regional Scout Training Centre, Bogra DTW GO
26 PROSHIKA, Satkania, Chittagong WFP NGO
27 BSCIC, Tangail WFP GO
28 Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS) DTW GO


Table-22: List of IGAs


1. Agriculture 10. Mechanics
2. Beef Fattening 11. Paddy Husking
3. Carpentry/Masonry 12. Poultry
4. Cottage Industries 13. Pisciculture
5. Cattle Rearing 14. Ricksha/Van pulling
6. Duck Farming 15. Small Trade
7. Electrical/Welding 16. Tailoring/Sewing
8. Goat Rearing 17. Vegetable Gardening
9. Grocery Shop 18. Weaving

Table-23: At a Glance RDA-Credit Programme

Key Points/Activities Progress
Total sub -project area (No.) 24
A. MUDP sub-project area 12
B. Arsenic sub-project area 1 1
C. PAP sub-project area 1
Total seed capital released (Tk. in lakh) 207.25
A. MUDP Sub-project area 84.00

B. Arsenic sub-project area 112.75
C. PAP sub-project area 10.50
Cumulative revolving seed capital (Tk. in lakh) 477.82
A. MUDAub-project area 292.04

B. Arsenic sub-project area 175.51
C. PAP sub-project area 10.27




Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
72
Total members involved in credit (No.) 3388
A. Male 2160(64%)
B. Female 1228(36%)
Credit due for realization (Tk. in lakh including service charge) 380.36
Credit realized (Tk. in lakh) 361.72
A. Principal 324.65
B. Service charge 37.07
Out standing (Tk. in lakh) 153.33
A. Principal 153.17
B. Service charge 0.16
Realization (%) 95.00


Table-24: Status of Credit Operation as on June/2006 (CIWM)
[Seed Capital MUDP = Tk. 7.00 lakh, AWSP = Tk. 10.25 lakh & PAP = Tk.
10.50 lakh/Sub-project]
TK. In Lakh
Credit Realised
Service Charge
SI'
No.
Name of sub-project
Starting
Year
Seed
Capt.
Released
Cumu.
Member
enrolled
Cumu.
Credit
Dish.
Princip
al NGO
24%
CIW
M
Total
Total
1 Baraichara DTW,
Ranirhat, Sirajgong
2003 7.00 106 24.11 19.57 0.40 1.80 2.20 21.77
2 Tarta DTW, Naogaon 2004 7.00 129 14.99 9.14 0 22 0.99 1.21 10.35
Ramnagar DTW,
Mymensingh
2004 7.00 185 17.76 1.24 0.29 1.29 1.58 2.82
4 Durgapur DTW,
Naogaon
2004 7.00 120 29.70 21.56 0.41 1.84 2.25 23.81
5 Mahasthangorh DTW,
Shibgonj, Bogra.
2004 7.00 211 26.02 20.97 0 43 1.92 2.35 23.32
6 Raghurampur DTW,
Nabab,onj, Dinajpur
2004 7.00 186 28.49 23.86 0.48
2 14
2 62
26.48
7 Bashubihar DTW,
Shibgonj, Bogra.
2002 7.00 113 28 22 23.94 0.45 2.01 2.46 26.40.
8 Fulbari DTW,
Gabindagonj,
2004 7.00 188 19.41 13.94 0.29 1.28 1.57 15.51
9 Chandaikona DTW,
Raigonj, Sirajgonj
2003 17.25 264 63.04 47.90 0.90 4.04 4.94 52.84
10 Andarbari DTW,
Shariakandi,Bogra.
2002 7.00 35 14.11 9.23 0 17 0.79 0.96
10.19
1 1 Nirchintapur,
Nalitabari,
2
2
004 7.00 219 17.70 12.18 0 25 1.11 1.16
13.54
12 Atail Action Research,
Sheipw
2005 7.00 94 8.49 5.33 0 1 1 0.48 0 59 5.92
13 Sayedpur Arsenic,
Kashinathpur, Pabna
2004 10.25 154 22.85 14.47 0.30 1.36 1 66 16.13




Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
73
14 Kalaroa Arsenic,
Satkhira
2004 10.25 194 22.77 18.26 0.39 1.76 2.15 20.41
15 Bhangura Arsenic.
Pabna
2004 10.25 169 31.64 24.69 0.97 1 71 2.68 27.37
16 Majbari Arsenic,
Gabtoli,
2004 10.25 213 25.43 17.97 0 16 1 61 1.97 19.94
17 Dahatpara Arsenic,
Jessor
2004 10.25 157 21.04 11.90 0.25 1 15 1.40 13.30
18 CARB Village.
Ra,jshahi
2004 10.25 109 14.98 8.22 0.16 0.74 0.90 9.12
19 UCHAPA, Ulipur,
Bogra
2005 10.25 147 13.94 9 19 0.18 0.82 1 00 10.19
20 Pirizpur Arsenic,
Godagari. Rajshahi
2005 10.25 57 5.59 2.40 0.05 0.21 0.26 2.66
21 Haluaghat Arsenic.
Mymensingh
2005
10.25 120 9.17 4.25 0.09 0.38 0 47 4.72
22 Dasherkandi Arsenic,
Khilgaon, Dhaka
2005 10.25 82 8 10 2.37 005 0.21 0.26 2.63
23 Shalanga,PAP. Sirajganj
.
2005
10.50
136 10.27

2.07 10.04 0. l9 0.23 2.30

4. Non-ADP Projects (Completed during 2005-06)

4.1 Model Village in Rural Development (MVRD)

Model village in Rural Development (MVRD) project was sponsored by
CIRDAP (Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific) in
11 of its member countries in the Asia-Pacific Region. Its objective was to
develop a model for uplifting the socio-economic condition of the rural people.
The first phase of the project was implemented from January, 1991 to October,
1996. In January, 1997 a four-member evaluation team from CIRDAP
evaluated the project and expressed satisfaction over the performance of the
project. It may be mentioned here that out of eleven projects three MVRD
Projects in Bangladesh, Srilanka and Pakistan were evaluated by CIRDAP
during 1997 and on the basis of their evaluation the performance of MVRD
project at Bogra, Bangladesh was considered the best. From CIRDAP's point of
view the project had completed within its scheduled period. However, RDA,
Bogra and the beneficiaries agreed to continue the project up to June 2006 using
the rolled up fund as seed capital. The project had completed its scheduled
period and all activities of the project ended in June 2006. A brief progress of
the project is given below:





Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
74
Formation of Groups
One village named Magurgari under Sherpur Upazila of Bogra district
was selected as project village. After benchmark survey, the beneficiaries
(landless) were formed into eight groups-six female and two male - covering
159 members of whom 94 were female and 65 were male.
Training
The beneficiaries were given training on Leadership, Skill development,
Accounts Keeping, Social Forestry, Environment, Crop Production, Seed
Production and preservation Technology and Women empowerment. Till June
2006, 190 beneficiaries were given training on various IGAs.
Micro-Credit Support
The beneficiaries were supported by micro-credit for undertaking 12
profitable Income Generating Activities. One study reveals that all IGAs were
found profitable but profitability varies from IGAs to IGAs. Percentage of
profit ranges from 100% upto 250%. An amount of Tk. 30,12,500.00 was given
as loan for undertaking IGAs and repayment was almost 100%.


Other Activities of the Project
The project supplied 33 sets of water sealed latrine, 10 hand tubewells,
contraceptives to 105 eligible couples and 2892 plant saplings among the
beneficiaries of the project.
Findings
1. Rural people can be formed into groups and through groups profitable
IGAs can be undertaken.
2. Group discipline and cohesion among group members can be transformed
into group pressure for timely loan repayment.
3. Training on skill development supported by micro credit had positive
impact on poverty alleviation.
4. Increased income through IGAs has positive impact on improved housing,
health, education, nutrition, sanitation and adoption of family planning.





Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
75


























Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
76
4.1. CONCLUSION
The academy has three mandatory functions to do Training, Research and
Action research. It provides training to the personnel of the nation building
departments; cooperation, people’s representatives and NGO personnel to
create a cadre of professionals in the field of rural development

Since its inception in June, 1974 RDA has made all out efforts to perform
the responsibilities to reach the national goals of the rural development quite
satisfactory.
The training program of the academy aims at creating rural
development professionals/workers as BRDB field level, civil administration,
health department officers NGO officers co-operators, farmers, and peoples
representatives. In order to alleviate rural poverty through creation of self-
employment, the academy has started providing skill development training on
nursery development, livestock, and poultry rearing, pisciculture, irrigation,
mechanics, tailoring, carpentry, masonry, and so on. These courses always
encourage the participation of less educated and unemployed youths and
woman.
In order to evolve models for agricultural development, the
academy has undertaken a number of action research projects. The
comprehensive village development program (CVDP) is being implemented by
the academy in 4 villages of Rajshahi and Khulna divisions to evolve a co-
operative based rural development model. Along with the organizational




Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
77
endeavor, For raising food production in agriculture, the academy has been
implementing program has emphasized on IGA training for creation of self

employment. A project on multipurpose use of low cost DTWs. By this, it
covers not only growing of crops but also other related activities of agriculture
which include development of horticulture nursery, fish culture, live stock, and
poultry rearing. Besides this, DTW water is also used for household purposes
including drinking. This project has covered 20 villages of 10 Districts in flood
affected areas. It has earned immense reputation and a good number of
organizations have replicated the concept in their areas. The rural housing
projects test the possibility of providing to the destitute households basing on
their loan repayment behavior. It started in 1993 and provides houses to 107
destitute households. The results so far achieved from the project are not up to
the level of expectation.

The model village development program has emphasized the need
for undertaking non-crop agriculture and non firm activities as way for poverty
alleviation. The project has made a good success in health and sanitation
aspects. The crop diversification has become imperative for Bangladesh.
Realizing the fact, the academy was involved in this program. For variety of
screening of maize, oil, seeds, pulse, potato etc. The academy has 80 acre
Demonstration farm. Since its inception in nearly 1975 it has been engaged in
trial and demonstration of newly developed crops variety with adaptable
technologies. Now it includes seed production, live stock, poultry, horticulture,
nursery, fisheries, and ornamental nursery. All this activities have been linked
with different training programs of the academy and thus, in addition to



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
78
farmers, the farm has become a real learning ground for the trainees of different
courses. All the practical classes related to agriculture are being arranged at the
different units of the farm. The demonstration farm is also being used as the

field for action research on irrigation technologies launched by the ITRTT
project of the academy. Especially, the experimentation with the different types
of irrigation channel is providing the farmers, trainees and concerned visitors
the opportunity of choosing the low- cost suitable water distribution system for
this areas. With a view to strengthening its agricultural activities, the academy
has stepped into collaboration with NGOs and multinational agencies like
Hellen Killer international, Proshika and Advanced chemical Industries (ACI)
in the field of seed production including vegetative propagation. The academy
has conducts research on various problems of agriculture and rural development
in order to provide policy insights to the Government. To this end, it collets
field level data covering a wide range of areas like land and agriculture, dairy
and fishery, health and sanitation, education and employment, women and
children, irrigation and so on. The academy has also conducted a good deal of
evaluation studies on development programs of the government and NGOs and
training programs of the academy. The studies have been able to see the
effectiveness of the programs and provide necessary direction and guidance
towards smooth running of the similar programs in the future. The Academy
has been well handling its assigned tasks in the field of training, research and
action research. However, in course of time, the training and the research
demand of the academy have gone up tremendously. Side by side with the
government, the non-government organizations have also become very active in
the field of rural development. In addition, along with the normal programmes



Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
79
the academy has to entertain and accommodate instant training request from the
government. At the top, the opening of the Bangabandhu Bridge has offered a
new horizon and dimension of thinking and as a result the work intensity of the
academy is sure to be enhanced manifold. Because of developed
communication and easy linkage the role of the academy in conducting
research, organizing training, holding seminar and workshop has been elevated.
The academy can hardly cope with the increased workload unless it plans its
schedule of work, priorities both the areas and activities to be undertaken. Thus,
the academy assumes crucial importance in fixing up the priorities and in
achieving its objectives through making proper utilization of its limited human
and material resources.
























Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
80
Recommendations:


In light of various types of problem and discussion mentioned in previous
chapter, the following recommendations are given below-

I. More involvement should be needed for the development of the quality
of life of the rural people.

II. The adopted various programme for the development of the rural area
should be more flexible.


III. To launch more easily term oriented loan programme.

IV. To recruit more skill man power.


V. Awareness building course among farmer for adopting new technologies
of cultivation.

VI. More scientific method should be applied in RDA’s demonstration farm.


VII. All the activity of RDA should be free from corruption and biasness.




Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
81





































Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
82



1) Annual report of RDA in 1999-2006.
a) Director General, Annual report of RDA, Bogra; Royal
Printers & Publishers, 1999.
b) a) Director General, Annual report of RDA, Bogra; Royal
Printers & Publishers, 2000.
c) a) Director General, Annual report of RDA, Bogra; Royal
Printers & Publishers, 2001.
d) a) Director General, Annual report of RDA, Bogra; Royal
Printers & Publishers, 2002.
e) a) Director General, Annual report of RDA, Bogra; Royal
Printers & Publishers, 2003.
f) a) Director General, Annual report of RDA, Bogra; Royal
Printers & Publishers, 2004.
g) a) Director General, Annual report of RDA, Bogra; Royal
Printers & Publishers, 2005.
h) a) Director General, Annual report of RDA, Bogra; Royal
Printers & Publishers, 2006.

2) Journal of RDA in 2005.
A) Matin, M.A,
Mahrnud Hossain Khan,
Md. Nazrul Islam Khan, Socio-Economic Development and Improvement of
Quality of Lifethrough Arsenic Free Safe DrinkingWater Suppl; Royal
Printers & Publishers, Chak Jadu Cross Lane, Bogra, Bangladesh,
2005.

3) Various Bulletin of RDA.
4) Planning Reports.






Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
83
















































Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
84

Appendix- A
Progress of Action Research Projects (2005-2006)

Sl. No. Name of the Action Research Project ADP/ Non-ADP . Sponsor(s) Remarks
1
Socio-Economic Development and
Improvement of Quality of Life
through Arsenic Free Safe Drinking
Water Supply.
ADP GOB Completed
2 Expansion and Modernization of RDA
Demonstration Farm.
ADP GOB
Completed
3.
Creation of Additional Employment,
Increase in Marginal Productivity of
Labour in Rural Economic Activities
and Poverty Alleviation Through
Irrigation and Water Management.
ADP GOB
On-going
(30.6.2008)
4.
Expansion, Renovation and
Modernization of Physical
Infrastructure of the Rural
Development Academy, Bogra
(2
°d
Phase).
ADP GOB
On-going
(30.6.2008)
5
Comprehensive Village Development
Programme (RDA-Part)
ADP GOB
On-going
(30.6.2008)
6
Model Village in Rural Development
(MVRD)
Non -ADP CIRDAP Completed
7.
Good Seed Initiative (GSI) in South
Asia
Non -ADP CABI, UK
On-going
(31.12.2007)
8. Women in Seed Extension (WISE) Non -ADP
SID-DANIDA,
Seed Wings,
MOA.
On-going
(30.6.2007)

Rural Plant Clinic (RPC) Non -ADP GPC,CABI,UK
On gong
(31.12.2007)
10. RDA Demonstration Farm Non -ADP Self sponsored On-going
1 1
Centre for Irrigation and Water
Management (CIWM).
Non -ADP Self sponsored On-going




Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
85

Appendix-B

List of Faculty Members who prepared the Reports on different projects

SI. No. Name of the Project Name of Reporter(s)
ADP Projects (on-going)
1. Creation of Additional Employment, Increase in
Marginal Productivity of Labour in Rural
Economic Activities and Poverty Alleviation
through Irrigation and Water Management.
M.A. Matin
Project Director
Mahmud Hossain Khan
Deputy Project Director
Md. Nazrul [slam Khan
Deputy Project Director
2. Expansion, Renovation and Modernisation of
Physical Infrastructure of Rural Development
Academy Bogs (2
nd
Phase).
M.A. Matin
Project Director
Mahrnud Hossain Khan
Deputy Project Director
3. Action Research Project on Poverty Alleviation through
Improved Irrigation Technology Transfer in Southern
and Hill Tracts Area.
M.A. Matin
Project Director
Mahmud Hossain Khan
Deputy Project Director
4. Comprehensive Village Development Programme
(RDA-Part).
Md. Ali MostaPa Chowdhury
Project Director
Md. Habibur Rahman
Deputy Project Director
ADP Projects (Completed)
1. Socio Economic Development through Arsenic
Free Safe Water Supply Project.
M.A. Matin
Project Director
Mahrnud Hossain Khan
Deputy Project Director
Md. Nazrul Islam Khan
Deputy Project Director
2. Expansion and Modernisation of RDA
Demonstration Farm.
Dr. Rangjit Chandra Adhikary
Project Director
M.A. Matin
Deputy Project Director







Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
86


Non-ADP Projects (on-going)
I . Good Seed Initiative (GSI) in South Asia AKM Zakaria
Project Director




2
Women in Seed Extension (WISE) AKM Zakaria
Project Director
3. Rural Plant Clinic (RPC) AKM Zakaria
Project Director
4. RDA Demonstration Farm Dr. Md. Abdur Rashid
Deputy Director
Centre for Irrigation and Water Management
(CIWM)
M.A. Matin, Director
Mahmud Hossain Khan
Deputy Director
Md. Nazrul Islam Khan
Deputy Director
Non-ADP Project (Completed)
I . Model Village in Rural Development (MVRD) M. Fazlul Haq
Project Director.




Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“TRAINING AND ACTION RESEARCH OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (RDA), BOGRA.”***** BY Rasel
87


BOARD OF GOVERNORS
Rural Development Academy, Bogra
Chairman:
Honorable Minister for Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives,
Government of the people’s Republic of Bangladesh.
Members:
Secretary, Rural Development and Co-operatives Division
Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture
Secretary, Ministry of finance
Secretary, Local Government Division
Secretary, Ministry of Establishment
Member, Rural Institution wing, Bangladesh Planning Commission
Rector, Bangladesh Public Administration Training Sector
Director General, Bangladesh Rural Development Board
Director General, Bangladesh academy for Rural Development, Comilla
Commissioner, Rajshahi Division
Registrar, Cooperative Societies
Director Institute of Bangladesh studies, Rajshahi University.
Vice-Chancellor, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh
Director General, National Institute of Local Government
Four Persons Nominated by the Government
Member-Secretary
Director General, Rural Development Academy, Bogra
THE FACULTY
Director General
Additional Director General
Directors
Joint Directors
Assistant Directors
Medical Officers
Librarian

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer: Get 4 months of Scribd and The New York Times for just $1.87 per week!

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times