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Posted in Formwork/Shuttering Print This Post
Formwork is an ancillary construction, used as a mould for a structure. Into this mould, fresh concrete is placed only to harden subsequently. The construction of formwork takes time and involves
expenditure upto 20 to 25% of the cost of the structure or even more. Design of these temporary structures are made to economic expenditure. The operation of removing the formwork is known as
stripping. Stripped formwork can be reused. Reusable forms are known as panel forms and non-usable are called stationary forms.
Timber is the most common material used for formwork. The disadvantage with timber formwork is that it will warp, swell and shrink. Application of water impermeable cost to the surface of wood mitigates
A good formwork should satisfy the following requirements:
It should be strong enough to withstand all types of dead and live loads.
It should be rigidly constructed and efficiently propped and braced both horizontally and vertically, so as to retain its shape.
The joints in the formwork should be tight against leakage of cement grout.
Construction of formwork should permit removal of various parts in desired sequences without damage to the concrete.
The material of the formwork should be cheap, easily available and should be suitable for reuse.
The formwork should be set accurately to the desired line and levels should have plane surface.
It should be as light as possible.
The material of the formwork should not warp or get distorted when exposed to the elements.
It should rest on firm base.
Economy in Formwork
The following points are to be kept in view to effect economy in the cost of formwork:
The plan of the building should imply minimum number of variations in the size of rooms, floor area etc. so as to permit reuse of the formwork repeatedly.
Design should be perfect to use slender sections only in a most economical way.
Minimum sawing and cutting of wooden pieces should be made to enable reuse of the material a number of times. The quantity of surface finish depends on the quality of the formwork.
Formwork can be made out of timber, plywood, steel, precast concrete or fibre glass used separately or in combination. Steel forms are used in situation where large numbers of re-use of the same forms
are necessary. For small works, timber formwork proves useful. Fibre glass made of pre-cast concrete and aluminium are used in cast-in-situ construction such as slabs or members involving curved
Timber for formwork should satisfy the following requirement:
It should be
light in weight
easily workable with nails without splitting
free from loose knots
Steel formwork does not shrink or warp. Provision of camber 4. 4. For estimation purpose. The panel units can be held together through the use of suitable clamps or bolts and nuts. ledges 150 mm 75 x 100mm to 100 x Posts Plywood Formwork 100 mm Resin bonded plywood sheets are attached to timber frames to make up panels of required sizes. 3. 5. Propping and centring 2. number of reuses can be taken as 20 to 25. The quality of exposed concrete surface by using steel forms is good and such surfaces need no further treatment. Steel Formwork This consist of panels fabricated out of thin steel plates stiffened along the edges by small steel angles. 3. Steel formwork does not absorb moisture from concrete. This type of shuttering is considered most suitable for circular or curved structures. . 2. Shuttering forming the vertical faces of walls. It is possible to have smooth finish in which case on cost in surface finishing is there. Steel forms are stronger. Normal sizes of members for timber formwork: Sheeting for slabs. column side and beam bottom Joints. Shuttering 3. By use of large size panels it is possible to effect saving in the labour cost of fixing and dismantling. durable and have longer life than timber formwork and their reuses are more in number. beams and column sides should be removed first as they bear no load but only retain the concrete. Cleaning and surface treatment Order and method of removing formwork: The sequence of orders and method of removal of formwork are as follows: 1. Steel forms compared with timber formwork: 1. The cost of plywood formwork compares favourably with that of timber shuttering and it may even prove cheaper in certain cases in view of the following considerations: 1. The panels can be fabricated in large number in any desired modular shape or size. Steel forms can be installed and dismantled with greater ease and speed.Timber used for shuttering for exposed concrete work should have smooth and even surface on all faces which come in contact with concrete. Number of reuses are more as compared with timber shuttering. 2. 25 mm to 40mm thick 50 x 70 mm to 50 x beam. Steel forms are largely used in large projects or in situation where large number reuses of the shuttering is possible. Construction of formwork: This normally involves the following operations: 1.
warm weather and light loading conditions allow early removal of formwork. Figure 1(a): Details of timber formwork for RCC beam and slab floor . Rapid hardening cement. Figure 1 to 6 shows formwork for different types of members in civil engineering construction. The formwork should under no circumstances be allowed to be removed until all the concrete reaches strength of atleast twice the stresses to which the concrete may be subjected at the time of removal of formwork.2. 3. All formworks should be eased gradually and carefully in order to prevent the load being suddenly transferred to concrete. girders or other heavily loaded shuttering should be removed in the end. Shuttering forming soffit of slabs should be removed next. Shuttering forming soffit of beams.
Figure 1(b): Details at section (A) shown in above figure .
Figure 2(a): Elevation Figure 2(b): Details of timber formwork for circular RCC column Figure 3(a): 150 3D View .
Figure 3(b): Details of timber formwork for square or rectangular RCC column Figure 4: Sectional plan showing details of timber formwork for an octagonal column .
Figure 5: Details of formwork for stair .
No. 1 2 3 4 Description of structural member Period time of Walls. columns and vertical sides of beams 1 to 2 days Slabs (props left under) Beam soffits (props left under) Removal of props to slabs 3 days 7 days .Figure 6: Timber formwork for RCC wall Table: Period of removal of formwork S.
suggestions just add your comments below. Top of Form .SUBSCRIBE NOW.5 m 5 Removal of props to beams and arches (a) Spanning upto 6 m (b) spanning over 6 m Did you like this? Share it: Related Topics ○ SCAFFOLDING / FORMWORK 7 days 14 days 14 days 21 days ○ Types of Bridges ○ TYPES OF CONCRETE ○ PRECIPITATION AND ITS TYPES Looking For Something Else.5 m (b) For slabs spanning over 4.ly/cHz9DH Reply Leave a Reply For any query. Type your email. used as a mould for a structure.. Into this … http://bit.. The Constructor says: 30/09/2010 at 06:20 TYPES OF FORMWORK (SHUTTERING): Formwork is an ancillary construction. request. Just Search Here Top of Form Search Bottom of Form Top of Form GET LATEST TOPICS IN YOUR EMAIL. Sign Up Bottom of Form • • • • • • • • • • • • Related Searches on Web: types of formwork? shuttering guide types of shuttering system for slab quality of shuttering formwork Formwork design staircase shuttering details ppt on DESIGN DEFICIENCIES OF FORMWORK removeing shuttering in construction form work shuttering shuttering ppt how to make a formwork shutter days for removal of formwork on bridges formwork shuttering design method different types of form work? material used for formwork • • • 1 Comment 1.(a) For slabs spanning upto 4. help.
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