fJIACHIIK 53 1-2200999-106

ISSN 0583-4961

YD.K 27-31 27-64(044)

IUICMATA HA AITEKCAHD:PHCKI10T I1ATPI1JAPX KI1PMJI AO MAKEAOHCKHTE EITI1CKOTII1 <pJIABI1JAH H PY<P KAKO CBEAOlliTBO 3A lI,PKOBHI1TE IIPI1ITI1KI1 BO MAKEUOHHJA

BO IIPBATA TIOJIOBI1HA HA V BEK

Ilpaiau 3ajK0(3CKlt

I1oMJIa~ aCliCTeHT BO HHCTIITYTOT sa rrannonanaa acropaja ~ Cxonje

ileTTHOT BeK, 0)1; acnexr na I1,pKosHHTe ;IJ;OrMH, e nepnon na pacnpasn sa npnponara na Hcyc XPHCTOC: OgHOCOT aa 60)l(eCTSeHOTO H 'IOSe'IKOTO. TOIQ,IY OElIe pacnpasa ocraaane cepH03HH nOCJIe;IJ;HQR Bp3 BeeJIeHCKaTa upxsa H uej- 3HHOTO egHHcTBO. Haxo HaBH;O:YM Hag:MHHaTH na I1pBHOT BCeJIeHeKH eo6op, onp)l(aH BO Haxeja, 325 rO,!!;HHa, H na BTOPHOT BCeJIeHCKH cooop, onpzcan so KOHCTaHTHHOnOJI, 381 rOAHHa, XPHCTOJIOlIIKHTe cnopona u06HJIe ,!!;onOJIHHTeJIHa axTyeJIHOCT BO npsara nOJIOSUHa na V BeK. Bo CJIep;HHTe TpH sexa THe ie 6~aT enna 0):1 oeHOSHHTe npWIHHH aa nOp;eJI6HTe BO UpKBaTa.

Axryermaauajara ua XPliCTOJIOllIKHTe p;e6aTH ee noapaysa co H360pOT aa Hecropnj (386 - 451) sa HOB KOHCTaHTHHonOJICKH rrarpnjapx BO 428 ronaaa. Toj, KaKO socnaraaax na AHTHoxHeKaTa 60rOCJIOBeKa IIIKOJIa H 6mI30K no TeOJIOllIKlITe IIOrJIep;H na D,HO,[lOP Tapcacxn H aa Teonop Moncyecracxa, ro aKTyeJIH- 3HpaJI npamarsero aa npaponara aa Hcyc XpHCTOC. Hecropaj ro ¢opMyJIHpaJI Y1.JeIbeTO ~ no HerOBOTO liMe uapexeao aecropajancrso - cnopeg xoe BO JIH'IROCTa na Hcyc XpHCTOC nocrojar nse pa3JIlf'-IHH II He3aBUCHH Mefy ee6e npapoAn: enaara EO)J(ja, a npyrara 'IOBe'IKa. I10atajKH og osaa norwaraxa TOj CMeTaJI AeKa TepMHHoT Boroponnna 'rpefia na ce 3aMeHH co XPHCTOp0;IJ;nn;a (Xptoro-

• ) I 'tOlCo~ •

Hacnporn Hecropzj H HerOBOTO y-rerse ncrarran anexcamrpacxaor rrarpajapx KHPHJI (0. 376 - 444), enen on najpeaaocanre rrpaspaaaarra na HHKejcKHoT

I Nestorius, The Bazaar of Heracleides, translated from the Syriac and edited with an Introduction by G. R. DRIVER and Leonard HODGSON, Oxford 1925; Aubrey R. VINE, The Nestorian Churches, London 1937, 23; I'eopra OCTPOrOPCKH, Hciuopuia na Busanmuja, Cxonje 1992,79; Apxnerracxon Hnapaou (AJ11>EEB), Tajeaiua na eepaiiia, BOBeo flO iipaeocnaeuoiiio 002.WaLUCICO 6020c,lo611e, Cxortje 2009, 104.

99

TJlACHHK 53 1-22009

Ilpaian 3ajKo6Clat

cIIM60n aa BepaTa H npOTJIBHHK aa uecropajancrsoro. Toj eaepra-rao ce cnpoTJIBCTaBIDI na eeKaKBO MeH)'BaIhe aa ):I"OTMIITe aa U;pKBaTa, 6eeKoMIIpoMHCHO aacranyaajxa aan yxeieero sa aenerrasara rrpapona aa EOrOtIOBeKOT Hcyc XpHCTOC. Bo ro;a:1-UmTe llITO cnenene OBa uecornacysaa.e npepacuano BO OTBOpeHa 60p6a Mefy rrpJIBP3aH~HTe na Hecropnj H cane IlITO iI. OCTaHaJIe nojanan na IIpaBOBepHaTa U;pKBa.

XPHCTOJIOWKHOT errop BO BpCKa co HeCTopHjaHcKoTO yqelhe )l;orrOJIHHTeJIHO ;a:06Hn aa Te)I(HHa OTKaKO BO aero ce BMellIaJI PHMCKIIOT rrana Kanecrua I (422 - 432). Toj, JIeTOTO 430 rOAHHa, CBHKaJI rrOMeCTeH rrpxosea cooop BO PIIM aa KOj 6HJIe npaeparean aprysterrrrrre na aJIeKCaHApHcKHOT narpajapx KHpIDI H 6nJIo ocyneao y-teise'ro na Hecropaj.' Ha TOj HatIHH nanara, 6e3 JIH'IHO ,n;a ro COCJIYllIa, ro OCYAHJI y=ren.e'ro aa KOHCTaHTHHOIIOJICKHOT narpajapx Hecropaj, OBa, Mery ApyrOTo, rrpeTCTaBYBaJIO CHJIRa IIOJIHTH'IKa nopaxa OA PIIM .0;0 KOHCTaHTHHOrrOJI OKOJIY Toa KOj ro HMa npIIMaTOT so pemaaarsero aa AOfMaTCKHTe rrpaman,a BO BCeJIeHCKaTa npxsa.

Ha crpaaara na KHpHJI AJIeKCaHAPHCKH, noxpaj pHMCKHOT nana, 3aCTaHaJIe pe'IHCH CHTe Manoa3HCKH Iq>KBH, nxny-rysajxa ja H IIpHlInqHO BJIHjaTenHaTa Eepenrxa erracxormja, KaKO If erHneTCKOTO MOHalliTBO? CHTe THe 6H.JIe aesanoaorraa 0.0; Iq>KOBHaTa rrOJIllTHKa aa KOHCTaHTHHOrrOJI If rrocefino OA 06HAOT aa Heeropaj na ja HCKOPHCTH csojara noaanaja na narpajapx BO HaMeTHYBalbeTO ua HerOBOTO HOBO p;OTMaTCKO ysen,e.

OTTYKa npoasneryna nexa crropor OKOJIY ysersero na Hecropnj, HaKO HaBHJl:YM .o;OThIaTCKH, ra MHHan rpananare aa Jl:OrMaTHKaTa H A06HJI CllJIHli nOJIHTH'IKH KOHOTau;nlI, npercraayeajxa cepaoaaa orraCHOCT ll,a nosene AO HOBH noAeJI6H BO U;pKBaTa. Cranano jacao nexa OBOj cnop e,!l;lIHCTBeHO MO)Ke J(a ce pelliH aa enea OIImT u;pKOBeH co6op co Y'IeCTBO na ermCKOIDI 0.0; nerrara Beeneacxa u;pKBa.

Co nen na HM crasa xpaj aa p;OTMaTCKllTe uecornacynassa, IIMIIepaTopOT Teonocaj II, BO 431 rOAHHa, fO CBIIKaJI Tperaor sceneacxa c060p, KOj ee oAP)KaJI BO Erpec." Ha Hero npacycrayaane 197 errIlCKOIIH: Mefy HJIB mIano rpojua erracxorra 0):( Maxenoanja, 0.0; KOIl eAHHCTBeHO e rr03HaTO RMeTO aa <PnaBHjaH 0):1 cI>HJIllIIlI, KOj aacrarran KaKO rrpeTCTaBHHK aa OTCYTHHOT enncxon 0.0; COnyH, Py<p.5 0):( cosryaamrre 3aIDICHHD;JI 0):( C060pOT ce noaaasa nexa <flnaBHjaH

2 Epistola XIII. Coelistini Papae I ad Nestorium. (PL 50); AHTOH BJIA.r:r.ilMlifPOBHq KAPTAIDOB, Baceaseucxu Catiopu, TOM J, Beorpan 1995,289.

3 Timothy E. GREGORY, Popular opinion and violence in the religious controversies of the 5'h century A.D., Ohio State University Press, Columbus, Ohio, 1986, 102.

4 Sacrorum Conciliorum Nova Amplissima Collectio, Sanctum Ephesinum Concilium Tertium, 567. (ed. Joannes Dominicus Mansi, tomus IV, Florentiae 1760); The Seven Ecumenical Councils, 297 (Nicene and Post - Nicene Fathers, Second Series, Vol. 14, ed. Philip SCHAFF and Henry WACE, Hendrickson Publishers, 1994); Socrates Scholasticus, Historia Ecclesiastica, VII, 34.

S " ••• Flaviano Philippenslum qui Rufi quoque reverendisimi Thessalonicemsium episcopi locum geberat ... ". (Sacrorum Conciliorum Nova Amplissima Collectio, 1123-1124. [ed. Joannes DOMINICUS MANSI, tomus IV, Florentiae 1760]).

100

IIllCMmua T-W aAeKCal-lOpltCKUOlU fiai"Lipujapx KUpUA 00 MaKeOOI-lCKllilie eflltCKOzlU ." 6eCKOMTIpOMHCHO 3aCTaHaJI BO onripana aa HlIKejcKHoT CHM60JI aa sepa'ra." Toj na HeKOJIKY IIaTH ce jaBYBaJI sa 360p, H3HeCYBajKH ro CTaBOT nexa Y'"relbeTO aa Hecropaj e norpennro, Boe~HO, naaajxa HM ja csoja-ra 6e3pe3epBHa rronnpunca aa CTaBOBIITe mTO rn sacrarryaane Kaparr AJIeKCaH,[IpHCKH II IIarrCKHTe nerarn,

Peureanjara p;OHeCHH aa TpeTHOT BCeJIeHCKH c060p u;eJIOCHO 6HJIe BO 110JI3a aa IIOJIHTHKaTa na PHMCKHOT nana H aa aneKcaHApHCKHOT narpajapx: Hecropnj 6HJI eKCKOMYHIIu;HpaH 0,[1 U;pKBaTa H MY 6HJIe onsexemr eIIIICKorrCKHOT H csenrTeHH'IKHOT "'IIIH.7

Ho, Toa He 3Ha'leJIO H Hap;MlIHYBalbe na CIIOpOT. I1MeHo, BaKBaTa Op;JIYKa 6HJIa Be~HalU OCilopeHa 0,[1 CTpaHa Ha IIpHBp3aHnU;HTe Ha HecTopHjaHCTBOTO. Cenax, IIO IIHTeH3HBHHOT nannoscarcxa IIpHTHCOK 0,[1 crpana na HMnepaTOpOT Teonocaj II, BO 433 ronnaa, enacxonare IIITO My OCTaHaJIe JIojaJIHH na HeCTopHjaHCTBoTO ra nparparnne o,uJIYKHTe on TpeTIIOT BCeJIeHCKII c060p. QBOj l.J:HH BO ncropaorparpajara e rr03HaT KaKO AHTHOXHCKa YHHja.8 Toa rrpaKTU'IHO 3Ha<.reJIO notiena na Haxejcxara ,uorMa sa He.ueJIHBOCTa aa JIHl.J:HOCTa na I1cyc XPHCTOC: .. «o] A-Iy e eonocytuiiien na Oiiieuoiii iio Boxceciueenociua, Toj uciiiuoiii e eOHOcyuuiieu co Hac iio «oee-ucoiilo, 6uoejKu ce CJ1yt.tUJ10 coeouuyeaiee na oeeiUe iipupoou. OiUiU.Vlca uciioeeoaue Eoen Xpuciiioc, Eoen Om, EOeH Tociioo ".9

XPHCTOJIOIIIKHOT crrop, He~rnHOBHO, CBOj onpas HamOJI II BO U;PKOBHlITe IIpIDIHKH BO COJIYHCKJlOT B.HKapHjaT, non l.J:lIja jYPHCp;H:lCIl;l:Ija 6HJI nennor I1CTOqeH Hnapnx, I1MeHo, YUITe BO 412 ronaaa, co uen na ro 3aU;BpcTII CBoeTO BJUIjanae BO Maxenonaja H BOOrrIllTO BO I1CTOl.IeH I1JIHPHK, PHMCKHOT IIaIIa I1HOKeHTHj I (401 - 417) ro IIporJIaCHJI COJIYHCKHOT saxapajar, npenasno onpenerryBajKM ja aerosara jYPlIc)J;UKIl;Hja, xoja ra onrpaxana U;pKBIITe, 'r.e. errnCKOIDIHTe, BO npoaamraare Maxenoaaja, Axaja, Tecannja, Crap II HOB EIIHP, KpHT, Kpaj-

6 Sacrorum Conciliorum Nova Amplissima Collectio, tomus IV, 1123; The Seven Ecumenical Councils, 334; Rajko BRA TOZ, Zgodnjekrscanska cerkev v Makedoniji in njen odnos do Rima, Zgodovinski casopis 44, Ljubjana 1990, 10; MnTKo E. nAHOB, Boptiaiiia ua Pusccxaiiia IIPf(611 sa lWKOI:l1lO 2ocilooczu(JO 60 Maxeoouuja lUI ilpesuucoiii 00 auiiiutcaiila 60 cpedHUOlU BeK (IV - VI), Hcropnja, 6p. 1-4 (1995/1996), Cxonje 1996,67; Hcropzja aa MaKep:OHCKHOT aapon ... , 227; Timothy E. GREGORY, Op.cit., 17; J.N.D. KELLY, Early Christian Doctrines, London 1977,327; Stephen M.ULRlCH, The Lynching of Nestorius, A Feature Article, Institute for Holy Land Studies, on line edition (http://www.metamind.netinestor.html).

7 cf. The Seven Ecumenical Councils, 332; Christianity In Late Antiquity, selected sources, ed. and trans!' Bart D. EHRMAN and Andrew S. JACOBS, New York 2004, 260-261; TOTbO KOEB, I'eopra EAKAnOB, Bseeoenue (3 xpuciilunnciiieotiio, COCPHJI 1992, 106; AlITOH BJIAJ);I1MHPOBl1Q KAPT AIIIOB, Op. cit., 298; Timothy E. GREGORY, Op.cit .. 104.

8 Socrates SCHOLASTICUS, Historia Ecclesiastica, VII, 34; Sacrorum Conciliorum Nova Amplissima Collectio, tomus IV, 572; AlITOH BnAAMMHPOBlftf KAPTAIIIOB, Op. cit., 300; J.N.D. KELLY, Op. cit., 250. TOTbO KOEB, Feopra EAKAJIOB, Op. cit., 108; Aubrey R. VINE. Op. cit., 33.

9" 'OIlOOUGLOV 'C41 UaTQL rov Aurov Ka'ta TI]v eeQ-ul'Ca, KClL o, . .lOOUULOV Tlf.lLV Ka'Ca 'tTjv iw$QwTto'tTj'Ca Mo YCtQ qnJaE:wv EVWUU;: yiyove. 6.l0 Eva XQLaTOV, eva lLov, eva KUQlOV of1oAoyouJ..lev" (Cyrillus Alexandrinus, Epistola XU-IX, col. 0174 [PG 77]); cf. AHTOB B.JIAAl1MMPOBl1lJ KAPTAlliOB, Op. cit., 309; Torso KOEB, Teopra EAKAJIOB, Op. cit., l08.

101

TJIACHHK 531-22009

JI:pazaH 3ajK06cKu

6pe)1(Ha H BHaTpeIIIHa Ilaxaja, MH:3Hja, ,D;apAaHlIja H Tlpaesanaraaa.l'' CIlTe Tile, naxo BO aJ(M.llHlICTpanrneH rrOrJIeLJ; BJIeryBaJIe BO paMKHTe aa BH3aHTHja, BO u_pKOBeH nomen, HaMeCTO nOA KOHCT3HTIIHOnOJI, 6HJle nOA jypacnaxrraja aa PHMCKHOT nana.'! Co cpopMHpalDeTO aa COJIYHCKHOT saxapajar, crropen O'IeKYBaIDaTa na PlIM, 3Ha'IHTeJIHO 3ajaKHaJIO rranCKOTO BJIHjaHHe BO I1cTO'IeH I1JIHpHK sa CMeTKa aa KOHCTaHTHHOnOJICKllOT narpajapx, Cenax, KOHCTaHTlIHonOJICKaTa npxna He ce nosmpana co BaKBaTa cocrojtia H KOHTHHyHpaHO 6apaJIa Ha'llIH na ja HCTHCHe jYPHCLJ;HK-UHjaTa aa PITM HaA n;pKBHTe BO I1nllpIIK.

3a I1pKOBHHTe npHJIHKlI BO COJlYHCKHOT naxapajar sa spesre na XPHCTOJIOIIIKJITe crtoposa BO V BeK CBeJ(O'-IaT nacsra'ra aa pHMCKHTe naITH ynarerra AO erracxomrre BO Maxenonaja (BO HajrOJIeM 6poj LJ;O COJIYHCKlITe eIIHCKOillI) KaKO II T.R. Acta consiliorum, T.e. axra a samrcnana OLJ; BCeJIeHCKllTe H nOMeCHlI c060-

6 . M' 12

pH na KOll aKTHBHO Y'IeCTBO sesrane H3BeceH PO] eIIRCKOIllI OA aKe)];OHH]a.

Bo onaa rpyna llCTOPHCKH H3BOPH ce B6pojYBaaT H TpHTe mrcsra na aJIeKCaHApHCKHOT narpajapx KHpllJI: eAHO ynaT~Ho )::(0 <pHJUrrIHCKHOT eIlllCKOII IPJIaBHjaH H ABe LJ;O conYHcKIIOT eIIRCKOn Pyrp, b COAP)KIfHaTa na OBHe TpH IDICMa npercraaysa CBeAOllTBO sa n;pKOBHHTe npHJIIIKH BO MaKeAOHl'Ija so IIpBaTa nOJIOBHaa aa V BeK, nepnon HCrrOJIHeT co TeOJIOIlIKO-AOI'MaTCKlI, HO BO HCTO spesre H ~KOBHO-nOJIHTW1KH KOH¢JIHKTll Mery 3anaAOT H ilCTOKOT. TOKMY OBHe TpH IIRCMa na KHpIDI AJIeKCaHAPllCKII ce rrpenxer na uanrao r mrrepec.

I1MeHo, XPRCTOJIOIIIKHOT cnop nospaan co aecropajaacxara epee, HO BOeLJ;HO II D;pKOBHO-TIOJIRTIf<IKHTe rrpanaxa BO V BeK, He MO)KaT na ce pasoepar 6e3 na ce sesre npe)J;BJI,IJ; IDITeH3HBHaTa xopecnonemraja aa aJIeKCaHJJ:pnCKlIOT narpnjapx KIIpllJI co I'OJIeM 6poj nnnjarerraa eIDICKonH on Bcerrencxara npxsa. 0):1 BKYIIHO nocera n03HaTHTe 110 rracsra, KOH ja co-raaynaar KOpeCnO)1;eHlI;IIjaTa aa KHplfJI AneKCaHAPHCKH, rrpenste'r aa HaIIIHOT anrepec ce IDIe,MOTO ynarerro ):10 MaKeAOHCKHOT ermcxon <PJI.aBHjaH on <pnJIHIIH H LJ;Be IIHCMa )1;0 COJIYHCKHOT erracxon Pyep. THe ce B6pojYBaaT BO rpynara mICMa KOH ce narzpaar BO nepaOLJ;OT Mety TpeTHOT BCeJIeHCKll co6op onpxcaa BO Erpec, 431 rOAlIHa, H IIOCTHTHYBaEbeTO aa AHTlIOXnCKaT_a yrraja, 433 rO)1;lIHa, ace O}J;HeeYBaaT na npamarsara nOBp3aRH co rronenriare a KOHepJIHKTOT BO U:pKBaTa no EcpeIIlKHoT c060p o,!{ 431 rO~HHa II 66n;I:(OT aa Ha;I:(MmryBalDe aa HCTnTe.14

to Inocentius, ep. Lectissimo et glorisissimo Moysi Rufo, col. 0619A - col. 0619B (PL 20). 11 Rajko BRATOZ, Op.cit., 10; MJITKO B. IIAHOB, Boptiaiua IW Pusicxaiiia uptcea sa lfPK06HO ZOClIOOCiU60 60 Matceoonuja ... , 66; MUZUKO E.IIAHOB, JYCUtlIHujaHa [JPUMOTecaAOHUKa - CUPMUYM: iiapane/ut tlO.JKeiy fiOIlUZUUKmua H(l Jyclllwwjm-l 1 u Teooocuj II, D1HH ron. 51, 6p. 1, Cxonje 2007, 8; Hcwopuja!-lll uaxeooucxuoiii HUpOa, TOM I, Gwnje 2000, 226; The Cambridge History Of Christianity, Volume 2, Constantine to c.600, ed. Augustine CASIDA Y and Frederick W.NORRIS, Cambridge 2008, 10-11.

12 Sacrorum Conciliorum Nova Amplissima Collectio (ed. Joannes Dominicus MANSI, tornus IV, Florentiae 1760); cf. Patrologia Latina, tomus 20 H 50 (ed. MIGNE, Paris 1857).

lJ CyriIIus Alexandrinus, Epistola XXXII, col. 0155; Epistola XLII, col. 0222; Epistola XLIII, col. 0222 - 0223 (PO 77); E. SCHWARTZ, Codex vaticanus gr. 1431: Eine antichalkedonische Sammlung aus der Zeit Kaiser Zenas in Abhandlungen der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften philosophisch-philologische und historische Klasse, N2. 6 (Munich, 1927), 19 -20; St. Cyril of Alexandria, Letters 1-50, trans!' Jonh I. McENERNEY, Washington 1987.

14 3a npsnar, 88 OJ( ImCMaTa Ha KHpRJI AJIeKCaH;n;pHCKH ce ny6JIHKYBaHH BO Pauologiae cursus completus, series Graecae, ed. J. P. iVHGNE, tomus LXXVI, col. 385-390; col.

102

fIllC./datUa Ha aAeKCa1l0pllCKumu ftatTipujapx KUpUA 00 scaxeooncxuiiie eftllcKofiu ...

Crropen XPOHOJIOIIIKHOT pep;OCJIe)1;, rrpso cncna IIHCMOTO ynareao )1;0 ce)1;YMMHHa ermCKOIIH II ezten npesaarep, xrery KGH e elIHCKorrOT na <PHJIHIIH - <PJIaBHjaa. Toa e co=ryaaao BO aeronara naTHHCKa sepaaja, a npsnar e ny6JUIKYBaHo 0)1; crpaaa rra Mmse BO 1859 rO)1;HHa,15 )1;O)1;eKa Illaapn e npsnor mTO Ha~aBlm COO)1;BeTHa H MeTO)1;onOllIKH 1I3)1;p)l(aHa KplITWlKa aHaJIH3a aa TeKCTOT. 6 Kaj )Kepap OBa IIHCMO e H)'MepHpaHO nO)1; 6pojOT 5332.17 OCBeH )1;0 <PrraBHjaH 0)1; <I>HJIlIrm, IIHCMOTO 6H1I0 anpecapano H )1;0 epYCaJIHMCKHOT narpajapx Jyseaarr, nOHaTaM)' p;o eIIHCKorrHTe non jypHC)1;HKIJ;Hja aa PHMCKaTa D;pKBa ApKa)1;Hj H Ilpojexr, )1;0 <I>HpM - elIHCKOIIOT na Kajcapnja, )1;0 TeO)1;OpeT - elIHCKOIIOT aa KHP, )1;0 MeJIlITeHCKHOT enacxon AKaKHj H )1;0 PHMCKHOT npessarep <PHJIHll (Dominis desiderabilibus et Dei cultoribus et comministris Juvenali, Flaviano, Arcadio, Projecto, Firmo, Theodoreto, Acacia. et Philippo presbytero, Cyrillus in Domino salutern). /8

Kapaxrepacra-rao sa OBOj BH)1; TeKCTOBH e mTO IIHCMOTO sano-rayaa co QHTaT 0)1; CTapHOT 3aBeT, RJlH nOTO~O, co H3Ba)1;OK 0)1; CTap03aBeTHaTa npsa KHHra na npopoxor Espa 19. Bo osoj rrps nen 0)1; IUICMOTO narpajapxor KHPHJI, a.rry)1;Hpajm na nooena-ra Ha)1; HeCTopHjaHCTBoTo, ce IIOBHKYBa aa EO)KjaTa rrpoMHCJIa H serra nexa Bozcjara BHCTHHa "UM ZU saiaeopu. yciuuine ua onue tuiiio Ioeopea ue6UCLUUHlI U 3aBplUU iiieununaiiia 00 satipaneiiiotuo 602oxYAefbe'' {. .. ecce ennim, false quidem loquentium ora obstruxit, et illicitarum blasphemiarum

li .) 20

ca IgO cessavit.: .

OHa IIITO e noceeao Ba)J(}IO e )1;eJIOT 0)1; IIHCMOTO xane ce BeJIR nexa Ce)1;YMMHHaTa eIIHCKonH P;O xoa e ynareno llRCMOTO, Mety xoa <PJIaBHjaH 0)1; <PHJlHIIH, nHqHO y~eCTByBaJIe npH 1I36opOT Ha HOBHOT KOHCTaHTHHOrrOJICKH IIaTplIjapx MaKCHMHjaH (431 - 434) KOj nonron ua MeCTOTO na CMeHeTHOT Hecropaj, Bo TOj KOHTeKCT KHpHJI lIM aapasyaa 6JIarO)1;apHOCT mTO nosroraarre na ce "OC8eLU.flU y6aBuHaiiia na BltciIlLlHCKOiTIO ywene ", aacraayaajxa aan H360pOT na HOBliOT KOHCTaHTHHOnOJICKH narpajapx. Bo IIHCMOTO ce BeJIH )1;eKa "cftopeo ustiopoiii na Boia, HO U iipexy OOAYKCl na Bauiaiiia ceeiiiociii. tietue iiociiiaeeu 3Q eiiucxoii HajupeoaHuoiii u 602o6oja3eH MClKcUMujaH" (. .. resplendiut autem veritatis dogma-

1065-1077 H tomus LXXVII, col. 9-390, Paris 1859 H 1863. 0,[1 nOHOB ,[IaT)'M e Acta Conci[iorum Oecumeniorum, ed. E. SCHWARTZ, Berlin und Leipzig 1924. Bo penaxnnja na HCTHOTaBTOp e KpHTWlKOTO H3~aHHe aa Codex Vaticanus gr.1431 H3,r(ageH BO MUHxeH BO 1927 rOllHHa (E. SCHWARTZ. Codex vatican us gr. 1431: Eine antichalkedonische Sammlung aus der Zeit Kaiser Zenos in Abhandlungen der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften philo-

~''SOI'hisl:h-I'hilolo,gislche und historische Klasse, N2. 6 [Munich, 1927], 19-20). KopecnonemrajaTa aa KuPHJI AJleKCaHJIPHCKH e conpzcaaa II BO TpeTIIOT TOM 0,[1 Clavis Patrum Graecorum H3p;ageHa BO 1974 ronaaa, (Clovis Patrum Graecorum, ed. M.OEERARD, t. III, BrepotsTumnout 1974).

IS Ibidem.

16 ActaConciliorum Oecumeniorum, 1.1.7. p. 137 (ed. E. SCHWARTZ, Berlin and Leipzig

Clevis Patrum Graecorum, T. III, 55 (ed. M. GEERARD, Brepots - Turnhout 1974). II Cyrillus Alexandrinus, Epistola XXXII, col. 0155 (PG 77).

19 1 Espa 4, 38.

2D Cyrillus Alexandrinus, Epistola XXXI1, col. 0155 (PG 77).

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FJIACHHK 53 1-22009

Ilpaian Gaixoecru

tum pulchritudo, ordinato episcopo secumdum decretum Dei atque concilium per sanctitatem vestram reverendissimo et Dei cultore Maximiano .. ).11

Conpacaaara aa IDICMOTO 'He MO)l(e ,n:a ce pasrnenyaa onnoeao on IWKOBHOnOlIHTH~IIGITe npHIIHKH, aKTyeJIHH BO npsara nOJIOBHHa aa V BeK. I1MeHo, no TpeTHoT BCeJIeHCKH c060p BO 431 ronaaa H pacxaayaarsero na Hecropaj sane-rHarre no,n:rOTOBKHTe sa H360p aa HOB KOHCTaHTHHOnOJICKH narpajapx. On n03Huaja aa n06e,n:HHWI, K:HPHJI AJIeKCaH,n:pHCKH H narrara KaJIeCTHH I (422 - 432) ro IICKOpHCTHIIe u;eJIOTO caoe BJIHjaHHe co uerr na KOHCTaHTHHOnOJICKHOT narpajapnracxa npecron na ,n:OHecaT JIojaJIHa lIH'lHOCT xoja Ke ra aacrarrysa HHTepecare aa rrpaaonepaa'ra IWKBa. ITo qeTHpHMeCe'lHH pa3MHCJIYBalba H HHTeH- 3HBHa KOp~CnO,lJ,eHU;Hja Mefy Kapan ArreKCaH,lJ,pHCKH II narrara KarreCTHH 6HJIO peIIIeHO 3<f .HOB KOHCTaHTHHononCKII rrarpajapx na ce H36epe MOHaXOT MaKCH}.-mjaH.22 Xapcronajara 6HJIa H3BpIIIeHa aa 25 OKTOMBpn 431 ronana, rronarox KOj ynaryaa aa 3aKJIYQOKOT nexa nHCMOTO na Kapan Anexcaanpacxa no COJIYHCKHOT eIDICKorr Py<p Tpe6a na ce narapa BO noesrspa - ,n:eKeMBpH 431 ronaaa, nenocpenao no H360pOT na HOB HOT KOHCTaHTHHOnOJICKH narpnjapx.

AKO ce liMa npenaan nexa <pnaBHjaH yqeCTBYBaJI ua TpeTHoT BCeJIeHCKlI c060p KaKO rrpeTCTaBHlIK aa COJIYHCKHOT enliCKOII Pycp, Torarn co rOJIeMa Cu:ryPHOCT MO)Ke na ce npeTnOCTaSH nexa BO HCTaTa cpYHKI.J;lIja rrpHCYCTBYBaJI II npn H36opOT na HOBHOT KOHCTaHTHHOnOJICKM rra'rpajapx. <PaKTOT UITO na xHpOTomjaTa mlaJIO npeTCTaBHlIK on COJIYHCKlIOT BIIKapHjaT ynarysa na 3aKJIYl.IOKOT nexa no TpeTIIOT BCeJIeHCKH c060p, a rrpen ce KaKO pesyrrrar aa peIIIHTeJIHHOT eras aa MaKe,n:OHCKHTe eIIHCKOIIH so ocynara aa aecropajancraoro, HHBHOTO anasea,e BO pasoorre aa Bceneacxara npxsa )l;OIIOJIHMTeJIHO ce 3rOJIe~JIo.

Bo OBOj KOHTeKCT MO)KaT ,[Ia ce pasfiepa'r a nsere rracsra aa anexcaanpaCKHOT narpajapx KHPHJI, ynareaa ,[10 COJIYHCKHOT eIDICKon Pyrp. IIlIC~IaTa ce CO'IYBaHH aa craporpxxa H naraacxa jaaax, npsnar ce ny6mIKYBaHH BO Ce.rlYMnecer H censraor TOM aa Patrologiae cursus completus, series Graecae, BO penaxnaja aa Marse, asnaneaa BO 1859 rO.rlHHa.23 KpHTH'IKa aHaJIH3a KOH craporpsrxaor TeKCT rra IDICMaTa coapzcaaa BO Codex Vaticanus gr.1431 aanpaaan Enaapn Illnapn BO 1927 ro,n:HHa/4 xaj )l(epap OBHe nHCMa ce ayseepapaaa KaKO 5342 II 5343.25 l1MajKM ru npensan conpscraara II HaCTaHHTe cnOMHaTH BO nacsrara, HCTHTe ce narapaar BO 433 ronaaa.

Bo npBOTO nacvo KlIPHJI AJIeKCaHnpnCKH ro H3BeCTYBa COJIYHCKHOT ermcxon Pyrp sa 06H)l;HTe aa rrOCTIITHYBalbe e,n:HHCTBO BO separa Mefy erracxonare lllTO it 6HJIe JIojaJIHH aa rrpasoaepnara U;pKBa, on enaa, H eIIHCKomiTe lIITO IIpBWIHO He f'H I1pH3HaJIe onnyxare na TpeTHOT BCeJIeHCKH c060p, on npyra crpaaa. 0;0: nlICMOTO ce ,n:03HaBa nexa KaKO nocpennax BO rroeaapyaarse'ro ce jaBHJ1 MeJIllTeHCKlIOT erracxorr AKaKlIj, KOj H3BeCTIDI nexa "eiiucKouuUie 00 Rallo-

21 Ibidem.

22 Sacrorum Conciliorum Nova Amplissima Collectio, tomus IV, 257-351. (ed. Joannes

Dominicus MANSI, Florentiae 1760).

23 Cyrillus Alexandrinus, Epistola XUI, col. 0222; Epistola XLIII, col. 0222 - 0223 (pG 77). 24E. SCHWARTZ, Codex vaticanus gr. 1431, 19-20.

25 C/avis Patrum Graecorum, T. III, 60-62 (ed. M. GEERARD, Brepots - Turnhout 1974).

104

lluc.'1wtua Ha a.lleKCaHdpucKUOLTi ilmupujapx KUplW do AWKedoHcKl.tifie e{iUCKOltlt ...

KotU 6ea naiiuuuiae tiapane sa ynuja u jacuo ja usuecoa ceojaiua eepa, u oiueopeno xascaa oexa Bozopoouua e uajxaiiia Boscia, U oetca CUHOLTi EOJICju, natuuom Tociioo Hcyc Xpuciiioc e eben U 00 eennociiia eonocyuuueu co otueuota. II na xpajoiu e pooen KaKO uoeetc 00 »cena. U oetca e eoua /lutiHociU, a He GBe" (Scripserunt itaque Orientales cornmunionem petentes. et lidem suam perspicuam exponentes, dicentesque aperte et deiparam esse sanctam Virginem, et unum Filium Dei Dominum nostrum Jesum Chris tum, qui et ante omne aevumde Patre ineffabiliter fuerit genitus, et postremis temporibus idem homo ex muliere exstiterit; unamque esse perso-

. d) 26

nam ejus, non uasi.

Bo BTOPOTO rmCMO acnpareno ,UO Pyrp, anexcannpacxaor narpzjapx nOBTOpHO ce HaBpaK3 H3 H3CTaHHTe no TpeTHOT acerreacxn c060p, H3BeCTYBajKH aa AHTIIOXHCKaTa yaaja H aa nOCTHrHaTo e,UHHCTBO BO U;pKBaTa. Boe,UHO My 6rraroJlapH aa corrYHCKHOT eIDICKon IlITO aa n;eJIO spexre CTOeJI 3a)J, CTaBOBHTe H3 npaBOBepHaTa npxsa H HHKejcKJloT CHM60rr aa separa.

AKO ce nMa rrpenann nexa Anexcannpacxara npxsa BO V BeK Ba)KeJIa aa enaa 0)1, aajanajarenaare, ToraIlI cpaKTOT llITO rrarpajapxor Knpnn AnexcanJlpnCKH IIOqYBCTBYBarr rrorpefia na ro HHcpopMlIpa COJIYHCKJlOT enncxon Pyrp aa HaCTaHHTe nOBp3aHH co IIOCTlIrHYBaJ-heTO aa e)1,HHCTBOTO BO U;pKBaTa MOIIIHe jacao yna'rysa aa yrneaor IlITO ro ysorsane corrYHCKIITe eIIHCKOIIII II BOOIIIIITO COJIYHCKJlOT aaxapajar BO V BeK. 3a erm:CKOIDITe <PrraBHjaH II Pydi 31IaeMe co ClIT)'PHOCT, a sa .upyrnTe MaKegoHcKJI erm:CKOIIH IIpeTIIOCTaBYBaMe co rorrexra sepojaraocr nexa Tne, YIlITe O)J, nO~IeTOKOT, 6eCKOMIIpOMHCHO sacrauane san CTaBOBHTe aa PJI:lt..1CKaTa H Anexcaanpncxara upxsa - II06e)J,HH"'iKJI BO cnopor co Hecropaj - IllTO snajaeno aa jaxaerse aa yrrrenor na emICKOIIHHTe BO MaxeAOHHja cpen npyrara xpacrnjancxa eKYJ\cIeHa.

16 Cyrillus Alexandrinus, Epistola XLII, col. 0222. (PG 77).

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Ilpaian 3ajKoBcKu

Dragan ZAJKO VSKl

LETTERS FROM CYRIL, PATRIARCH OF ALEXANDRIA, TO MACEDONIAN EPISCOPS FLA VIAN AND RUF AS A SOURCE FOR CHURCH AFF AIRES IN MACEDONIA IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE V CENTURY

.. Summary

Based on the analysis of correspondence of the Alexandrian patriarch Cyril, which includes letters to the Macedonian bishops Flavian and Rufus, we come to the conclusion that 5th century is characterized by the Christo logical debates that caused serious divisions in the Christian Church.

Christological debates in the 5th century, inevitably, found its reflection in the church situation in Vicariate of Thessalonica under whose jurisdiction was the whole East IlIyricum. Testimonies to this are the three letters of the Alexandrian Patriarch Cyril: one addressed to the bishop of Philippi Flavian and two of them to the bishop of Thessalonica Rufus. According to the chronological order, first letter is addressed to the seven bishops and one priest, including the bishop of Philippi - Flavian. The letter reveals that Flavian from Philippi personally participated in the election of Maxirnian (431 - 434) as the new Patriarch of Constantinople. Hence, we believe that the letter should be dated from November to December 431.

In 433, the Patriarch of Alexandria Cyril sent two letters to bishop Rufus from Thessalonica. The first letter reports on attempts to achieve unity in faith among the bishops loyal to the Orthodox Church and the bishops who did not initially recognized decisions of the Third Ecumenical Council. In the second letter sent to Rufus, bishop of Alexandria recalls the events after the Third Ecumenical Council reporting on Antioch Union and achieved unity in the Church.

The letters of the Alexandrian patriarch Cyril sent to the Macedonian bishops suggests that the episcopates in Macedonia in 5th century represented a prominent and infl uential Christian centres. Starting from 412, with the formation of the Vicariate of Thessalonica, they entered under the jurisdiction of the Roman Church. This condition in the years that followed was one of the reasons for serious disputes between Rome and Constantinople.

106