This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
1. JUSTIFYING CIRCUMSTANCES - a person may not incur criminal liability under the following circumstances: 1.1. When she/he acts in defense of his/her person or rights provided that a. there is an unlawful aggression on the part of the offended or injury party. b. there is reasonable necessity for the means employed by the person defending himself/ herself to prevent such aggression. c. there is lack of sufficient provocation on the part of the person defending himself. 1.2. When she/he acts in defense of the person or the rights of his/her spouse, ascendants, descendants or legitimate or natural or adopted brothers or sisters or relatives by affinity in the same degree, provided that the first and second requisites prescribed in the next preceding circumstances are present and further requisite. In the case of provocation was given by the person attacked that the one making defense had no part therein. 1.3. When she/he acts in defense of the person or rights of a stranger provided that the first and second requisites mentioned in the first circumstances and that the person defending is not induced by revenge, resentment or other evil motives. 1.4. When any person who, in order to avoid an evil or injury, does an act which causes damage to another provided that the evil sought to be avoided actually exists, the injury feared is greater than the done to avoid it and there is no other practical and less harmful means to prevent it. 1.5. When he/she acts in the fulfillment of a duty or in lawful exercise of a right or office. Anyone who acts in defense of the person or the rights of his/her spouse does not likewise incur any criminal liability. Any person who acts in the fulfillment of a duty or in the lawful exercise or right of office shall not also incur any criminal liability where such acts result in the commission of a crime. When a nurse in under an order from his/her superior, he/she shall be able to discern whether the order is lawful or not, because if such order will be result in the commission of a crime, he/she shall be criminally liable.
3. when prevented by some lawful or insuperable cause. b. . MITIGATING CIRCUMSTANCES – are those which do not constitute justification or excuse of the offense in question. a person under nine years of age. descendants. b. e. when sufficient provocation or threat on the part of the offended party immediately precedes the act. Following are some of the circumstances considered by law to be mitigating and as such lessen the criminal liability of the offenders. c. a person over nine years of age and under fifteen unless he/she acted with discernment. d. c. natural or adopted brothers or sisters or relatives by affinity within the same degree. his/her spouse . EXEMPTING CIRCUMSTANCES .2. e. The following persons under the circumstances stated are expressly exempted by law from criminal liability for the crime they may committed: a. ascendants. Any person who acts under the compulsion of an irresistible force. Any person who fails to perform an act required by law. but which in fairness and mercy may be considered as extenuating or reducing the degree of moral culpability. Any person who. when the offender is under 18 years of age or over 70 years old. a. when the offender has no intention to commit so grave a wrong as the one committed. f. d. while performing a lawful act with due care. causes an injury which is merely an accident without fault or intention of causing it. circumstances which are otherwise justifying or exempting were it not for the fact that all requisites necessary to justify that act or to exempt the offender from criminal liability in the respective cases are not attendant. Any person who acts under the impulse of an uncontrollable fear of an equal or greater injury. an imbecile or an insane person unless the later has acted during a lucid interval. g. when the act is committed in the immediate vindication of a grave offense to the one committing the felony.there are certain circumstances under which the law exempts a person from criminal liability for the commission of a crime. legitimate.
derailment of a locomotive. poison. e. fire. sex. when the offender is suffering from illness as would diminish the exercise of his/her willpower without. defense or communication with her/his fellow beings. i. Some of the circumstances considered by law as aggravating the guilt of the offender are the following: a. h. When the act is committed with insult or in disregard of the respect of the offended party on account of his/her rank. epidemic or other calamity or misfortune. h. when a person acts upon an impulse so powerful as naturally to have produced an obfuscation. or that it is committed in the dwelling of the offended party if the latter has not yet given provocation. When an offender takes advantage of his public position. When the act is committed with the abuse or confidence or obvious ungratefulness. earthquake. explosion. g. b. f. standings of a vessel or intentional damage thereto. reward or promise. shipwreck.f. when the defender is deaf and dumb. c. age. When the crime is committed in contempt of or with insult to public authorities. When the crime is committed in a place of worship. when the offender voluntarily surrenders himself to a person in authority or his agents or that he/she voluntarily confesses his/her guilt before the court prior to the presentation of the evidence for the prosecution. AGGRAVATING CISCUMSTANCES .are those attending the commission of a crime and which increases the criminal liability of the offender or make his guilt more severe. When the crime is committed in consideration of a price. When the crime is committed by means of inundation. i. or the use of any other artifice involving great waste and ruin. When the act is committed with the evident premeditation or after an unlawful entry. however depriving him/her of consciousness of his/her acts. blind or otherwise suffering from some physical defect which thus restricts his/her means of a action. . 4. g. d. When the crime is committed on the occasion of a conflagration.
if the same is not habitual or subsequently plan to commit said felony. intoxication and degree of instruction and education of the offender. Those acts committed in a merciless or heinous manner. or relative by affinity in the same degree of the offender. . At the start of employment. 2.are those which must be taken into consideration as aggravating or mitigating according to the nature and effects of the crime and other conditions attending its commission. natural or adopted brother or sister. RAPE FORCIBLE ABDUCTION ARSON TREASON In crimes against chastity like seduction and acts of lasciviousness. 5. Beware of laws that affect nursing practice. It is mitigating when an accused aided his/her brother in the flight against the offended party. The intoxication of the offender shall be taken into consideration as a mitigating circumstance when the offender has committed a felony in a state of intoxication.j. POINTS TO ONSERVE IN ORDER TO AVOID CRIMINAL LIABILITY 1. 5. 4. legitimate. get a copy of your job description. Relationship is aggravating in physical injuries inflicted by a descendant upon an ascendant. ascendants. The alternative circumstances of relationship shall be taken into consideration when the offended party is the spouse. 3. When the wrong done in the commission of the crime is deliberately augmented by causing other wrongs not necessary for its commission. Be very familiar with the Philippine Nursing Law.ignorance of the law excuses no one. LACK OF EDUCATION IS NOT MITIGATING IN: 1. When the intoxication is habitual or intentional. it shall be considered as an aggravating circumstances. 2. the agency’s rules. ALTERNATIVE CIRCUMSTANCES . k. 6. When craft fraud. Upgrade your skills and competence. 4. These are the relationship.guide in practicing nursing. 3. regulations and policies. or disguise is employed. or descendants.
7. Develop good interpersonal relationships with co workers. 11. 10. 9. Patients are entitled to an informed consent. 12. The doctors should be informed about the patient’s conditions. . whether they be your supervisors. 6. Verify orders that are not clear to you or those that seem to be erroneous. Accept only such as responsibility that is within the scope of your employment and your job description. peers. Do not delegate your responsibility to others. 8.5. Keep in mind the value and necessity of keeping accurate and adequate records. Consult your superiors for problems that may be too big for you to handle. or sub ordinates. 13. Determine whether your sub ordinates are competent in the work you are assigning them.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.